Derniers billets 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11600 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/19/11600.aspx Travail en mouvement Effets sur les travailleurs Organisation de la production Organisational climate and employee health outcomes: A systematic review <p>Organisational climate, particularly safety climate, has been documented as a crucial element in promoting occupational health and safety. However, most previous studies have focused more on safety issues (e.g., injuries and accidents) rather than health outcomes (e.g., illnesses, stress, etc). A comprehensive review is also lacking in relation to understanding the organisational climate&ndash;health relationship between different levels of analysis, different data sources and different analytical procedures. We conducted a systematic review to investigate previous scholarly contributions to organisational climate and health. The reviewed articles were obtained from three databases: ISI Web of Knowledge, PsycINFO and EBSCOHost Academic Premier Search. After reading the abstracts and full texts, we included 56 articles in our review. We found that the influence of organisational climate on employee health has been supported in prior research. However, hypotheses at the individual level are more frequently supported than those at the organisational level. Even though most studies analysed self-reported data and, thus, possibly suffered from common method bias, half of the studies were explicitly or implicitly trying to reduce the bias. Studies with and without remedies for reducing common method bias yielded similar results, suggesting that common method bias has little impact on organisational climate research. Overall, almost no differences were found among the different organisational climate constructs. The current review includes several recommendations for future research.</p> <p>Source: Loh, M. Y., Idris, M. A., Dormann, C.&nbsp;et Muhamad, H. (2019).&nbsp;<em>Safety Science, 118</em>, 442-452.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.05.052" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.05.052">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.05.052</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 19 Jul 2019 19:39:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/19/11600.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-19T19:39:00Z 2019-07-19 19:39 +00:00 2019-07-19 15:39 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11603 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2019/07/19/11603.aspx Stress Secteur de l'éducation Secteurs d'activités Travail des femmes Hyperacousie Working in preschool increases the risk of hearing-related symptoms <p><strong>A&nbsp;cohort study among Swedish women</strong><br />Purpose: To assess whether working in preschools increases the risk of hearing-related symptoms and whether age, occupational noise, and stressful working conditions affect the risk.<br />Methods: Questionnaire data on hearing-related symptoms were analysed in women aged 24&ndash;65 (4718 preschool teachers, and 4122 randomly selected general population controls). Prevalence and risk ratio (RR) of self-reported hearing loss, tinnitus, difficulty perceiving speech, hyperacusis and sound-induced auditory fatigue were assessed by comparing the cohorts in relation to age and self-reported occupational noise and stressful working conditions (effort&ndash;reward imbalance and emotional demands). RR was calculated using log-binomial regression models adjusted for age, education, income, smoking, hearing protection, and leisure noise. Incidence rates and incidence rate ratios (IRR) were calculated for retrospectively reported onset of all symptoms except sound-induced auditory fatigue.<br />Results: Compared to the controls, preschool teachers had overall more than twofold RR of sound-induced auditory fatigue (RR 2.4, 95% confidence interval 2.2&ndash;2.5) and hyperacusis (RR 2.3, 2.1&ndash;2.5) and almost twofold for difficulty perceiving speech (RR 1.9, 1.7&ndash;2.0). Preschool teachers had a threefold IRR of hyperacusis (IRR 3.1, 2.8&ndash;3.4) and twofold for difficulty perceiving speech (IRR 2.4, 2.2&ndash;2.6). Significantly although slightly less increased RR and IRR were observed for hearing loss and tinnitus. RR and IRR were generally still increased for preschool teachers when stratified by age and occupational exposure to noise and stress.<br />Conclusions: This large cohort study showed that working as preschool teacher increases the risk of self-reported hearing-related symptoms, indicating a need of preventative measures.</p> <p>Source: Fredriksson, S., Kim, J. L., Tor&eacute;n, K., Magnusson, L., K&auml;h&auml;ri, K., S&ouml;derberg, M.&nbsp;et Waye, K. P. (2019). <em>International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-019-01453-0" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-019-01453-0 ">https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-019-01453-0</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 19 Jul 2019 18:54:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2019/07/19/11603.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-19T18:54:00Z 2019-07-19 18:54 +00:00 2019-07-19 14:54 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11602 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/07/19/11602.aspx Conception sécuritaire Systèmes de commande et automatisation Guide Principes de conception des systèmes de commande <p>Cette brochure traite des principes de conception des syst&egrave;mes de commande de machines, concernant les parties relatives &agrave; la s&eacute;curit&eacute; : informations permettant l&#39;assimilation et l&#39;application des r&eacute;f&eacute;rentiels normatifs, rappel des notions relatives &agrave; l&#39;appr&eacute;ciation du risque et &agrave; sa r&eacute;duction.<br />Un exemple d&#39;application de la d&eacute;marche globale de conception d&#39;un syst&egrave;me de commande est &eacute;galement pr&eacute;sent&eacute;.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206310" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206310">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206310</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 19 Jul 2019 18:38:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/07/19/11602.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-19T18:38:00Z 2019-07-19 18:38 +00:00 2019-07-19 14:38 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11596 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/07/19/11596.aspx Couvre-face Appareils filtrants Protection respiratoire Appareils pour la protection respiratoire Assessment of respirator fit capability test criteria for full-facepiece air-purifying respirators <p>An ASTM International subcommittee on Respiratory Protection, F23.65 is currently developing a consensus standard for assessing respirator fit capability (RFC) criteria of half-facepiece air-purifying particulate respirators. The objective of this study was to evaluate if the test methods being developed for half-facepiece respirators can reasonably be applied to nonpowered full-facepiece&ndash;air-purifying respirators (FF&ndash;APR).<br />Benchmark RFC test data were collected for three families of FF&ndash;APRs (a one-size-only family, a two-size family, and a three-size family). All respirators were equipped with P100 class particulate filters. Respirators were outfitted with a sampling probe to collect an in-mask particle concentration sample in the breathing zone of the wearer. Each of the six respirator facepieces was tested on the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health 25-subject Bivariate Panel. The RFC test assessed face seal leakage using a PortaCount fit test. Subjects followed the corresponding Occupational Safety and Health Administration-accepted fit test protocol.<br />Two donnings per subject/respirator model combination were performed. The panel passing rate (PPR) (number or percentage of subjects in the panel achieving acceptable fit on at least one of two donnings) was determined for each respirator family at specified fit factor passing levels of 500, 1,000, and 2,000. As a reasonable expectation based on a previous analysis of alpha and beta fit test errors for various panel sizes, the selected PPR benchmark for our study was &gt;75%.<br />At the fit factor passing level of 500 obtained on at least one of two donnings, the PPRs for three-, two-, and one-size families were 100, 79, and 88%, respectively. As the fit factor passing criterion increased from 500 to 1,000 or 2,000, PPRs followed a decreasing trend. Each of the three tested families of FF&ndash;APRs are capable of fitting &ge;75% of the intended user population at the 500 fit factor passing level obtained on at least one of two donnings. The methods presented here can be used as a reference for standards development organizations considering developing RFC test requirements.</p> <p>Source: Bergman, M. S., Zhuang, Z., Xu, S. S., Rengasamy, S., Lawrence, R. B., Boutin, B.&nbsp;et Harris, J. R. (2019). <em>Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 16</em>(7), 489-497.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2019.1609006" title="https://doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2019.1609006">https://doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2019.1609006</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 19 Jul 2019 18:23:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/07/19/11596.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-19T18:23:00Z 2019-07-19 18:23 +00:00 2019-07-19 14:23 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11597 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/07/19/11597.aspx Indemnisation Europe Maladies professionnelles Coûts des lésions professionnelles Lésions professionnelles Allemagne Italie Régions géographiques Finlande Pays-Bas Pologne The value of occupational safety and health and the societal costs of work-related injuries and diseases <p>This report details the findings of the second stage of EU-OSHA&rsquo;s project to estimate the costs of occupational injuries, diseases and deaths at European level. Two approaches are developed to estimate costs:<br />1.a bottom-up approach based on individual components of costs &mdash; direct, indirect and intangible costs<br />2.a top-down approach based on international data on the economic burden of injury and disease.<br />The cost estimations focus on five countries &mdash; Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Italy and Poland &mdash; for which sufficient data are available and which are representative of Europe&rsquo;s diverse geography, industries and social systems. The results of each model are compared, the strengths and weaknesses considered, and implications for policy-makers explored.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/value-occupational-safety-and-health-and-societal-costs-work/view" title="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/value-occupational-safety-and-health-and-societal-costs-work/view">https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/value-occupational-safety-and-health-and-societal-costs-work/view</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 19 Jul 2019 14:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/07/19/11597.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-19T14:48:00Z 2019-07-19 14:48 +00:00 2019-07-19 10:48 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11587 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/19/11587.aspx Agents chimiques Prévention et contrôle Control banding Évaluation du risque The NIOSH Occupational Exposure Banding Process for Chemical Risk Management <p>Occupational exposure banding, also known as hazard banding or health hazard banding, is a systematic process that uses qualitative and quantitative hazard information on selected health-effect endpoints to identify potential exposure ranges or categories. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) occupational exposure banding process seeks to create a consistent and documented process with a decision logic to characterize chemical hazards so that timely, well-informed risk management decisions can be made for chemical substances that lack OELs. Users can band a chemical manually or by using the occupational exposure banding e-Tool. Overall, this document provides the background, rationale, and instructions for the occupational exposure banding process and gives guidance for risk managers to identify control levels for chemicals without authoritative OELs.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2019-132/default.html" title="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2019-132/default.html">https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2019-132/default.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 19 Jul 2019 14:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/19/11587.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-19T14:17:00Z 2019-07-19 14:17 +00:00 2019-07-19 10:17 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11595 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/07/18/11595.aspx Développements technologiques Prospective L'industrie du futur <p>L&#39;usine du futur est &agrave; nos portes. La transition de l&#39;industrie fran&ccedil;aise vers le mod&egrave;le de l&#39;usine connect&eacute;e, dans le sillage du projet &laquo; Industrie 4.0 &raquo;, dont l&#39;Allemagne a donn&eacute; le coup d&#39;envoi d&egrave;s 2011, est d&eacute;sormais une r&eacute;alit&eacute;. Et pour &ecirc;tre porteuse d&#39;espoirs, elle n&#39;en suscite pas moins nombre d&#39;interrogations. Comment les entreprises appr&eacute;hendent-elles cette 4&thinsp;e r&eacute;volution industrielle&thinsp;? L&#39;industrie fran&ccedil;aise y trouvera-t-elle un nouveau souffle face &agrave; la concurrence internationale&thinsp;? L&#39;humain est-il menac&eacute; par la machine&thinsp;? Quelle place pour la pr&eacute;vention des risques professionnels dans les mutations en cours&thinsp;?</p> <p>Source: (2019). <em>Travail &amp; S&eacute;curit&eacute;</em>,&nbsp;(806).<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier/L%E2%80%99INDUSTRIE%20DU%20FUTUR.html" title="http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier/L%E2%80%99INDUSTRIE%20DU%20FUTUR.html">http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier/L%E2%80%99INDUSTRIE%20DU%20FUTUR.html</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 18 Jul 2019 20:02:00 Z 0 Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-18T20:02:00Z 2019-07-18 20:02 +00:00 2019-07-18 16:02 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11594 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/18/11594.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Formation à la prévention Outils de prise en charge Les salariés utilisent-ils les outils de prévention des risques professionnels ? <p>Pr&egrave;s de neuf salari&eacute;s sur dix re&ccedil;oivent des informations sur les risques que leur travail fait courir &agrave; leur sant&eacute; ou &agrave; leur s&eacute;curit&eacute;, notamment via des formations sp&eacute;cifiques ou lors de visites avec un m&eacute;decin du travail. Cependant, les femmes en b&eacute;n&eacute;ficient moins souvent que les hommes, comme si les risques qui les concernaient &eacute;taient moins visibles. Les consignes de s&eacute;curit&eacute; et les &eacute;quipements de protection individuelle contre le bruit ou les risques chimiques ne sont pas toujours bien utilis&eacute;s, notamment quand l&rsquo;intensit&eacute; du travail est &eacute;lev&eacute;e et le rythme des changements tr&egrave;s rapide.<br />Parmi les salari&eacute;s les plus expos&eacute;s, 38 % sont dans une situation de pr&eacute;vention d&eacute;faillante : 6 % n&rsquo;ont ni information ni consigne, 19 % ne peuvent pas appliquer les consignes et 19 % n&rsquo;ont pas des &eacute;quipements de protection suffisants. Les mesures de pr&eacute;vention sont mieux appliqu&eacute;es quand l&rsquo;&eacute;tablissement tient des r&eacute;unions r&eacute;guli&egrave;res de service, suit des normes de qualit&eacute; ou dispose d&rsquo;un comit&eacute; d&rsquo;hygi&egrave;ne, de s&eacute;curit&eacute; et des conditions de travail (CHSCT).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/dares_analyses_salaries_outils_prevention_risques_professionnels.pdf" title="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/dares_analyses_salaries_outils_prevention_risques_professionnels.pdf">https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/dares_analyses_salaries_outils_prevention_risques_professionnels.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 18 Jul 2019 19:21:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/18/11594.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-18T19:21:00Z 2019-07-18 19:21 +00:00 2019-07-18 15:21 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11593 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/07/18/11593.aspx Entretien Protection contre le feu Outil de sélection Normes et réglementation Utilisation Vêtements de protection Vêtements de protection contre la chaleur Vêtements de protection contre le feu Guide FD CEN/TR 14560 - Guide pour la sélection, l'utilisation, l'entretien et la maintenance des vêtements de protection contre la chaleur et la flamme <p>Le pr&eacute;sent document fournit des recommandations aux employeurs, aux utilisateurs et aux acheteurs en ce qui concerne les exigences relatives &agrave; la s&eacute;lection, l&#39;utilisation, l&#39;entretien et la maintenance des v&ecirc;tements de protection contre la chaleur et la flamme, et il est conforme &agrave; la l&eacute;gislation europ&eacute;enne. Le pr&eacute;sent document ne traite pas de fa&ccedil;on exhaustive tous les probl&egrave;mes de s&eacute;curit&eacute; associ&eacute;s &agrave; l&#39;utilisation d&#39;&eacute;quipements conformes de protection individuelle contre la chaleur, la flamme et les autres risques connexes. Il est important de ne pas consid&eacute;rer le pr&eacute;sent document comme traitant l&#39;ensemble des questions de s&eacute;curit&eacute; associ&eacute;es &agrave; l&#39;utilisation du pr&eacute;sent document par des installations d&#39;essai ou de r&eacute;paration. Il incombe aux personnes et aux organismes qui utilisent ce document et tout autre rapport technique sur les normes relatives aux EPI de : r&eacute;aliser une &eacute;valuation des risques ; s&eacute;lectionner les v&ecirc;tements de protection et autres EPI ; s&#39;assurer qu&#39;ils fournissent une protection compl&egrave;te, seulement lorsque la compatibilit&eacute; a &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;valu&eacute;e, y compris une compr&eacute;hension du lieu et de l&#39;environnement de travail afin de d&eacute;terminer les propri&eacute;t&eacute;s des v&ecirc;tements de protection contre la chaleur et la flamme, en vue d&#39;&eacute;tablir des pratiques en mati&egrave;re de sant&eacute; et de s&eacute;curit&eacute; ; et d&eacute;terminer l&#39;applicabilit&eacute; des limitations r&egrave;glementaires avant d&#39;utiliser le pr&eacute;sent rapport technique pour toute conception, fabrication et essai. Le pr&eacute;sent guide est destin&eacute; &agrave; tous les utilisateurs finaux qui peuvent &ecirc;tre confront&eacute;s &agrave; des risques li&eacute;s &agrave; la chaleur et &agrave; la flamme, bien qu&#39;il se concentre sur les quatre premiers utilisateurs de la liste ci-dessous : industries p&eacute;trochimique et chimique ; soudeurs et fonderies ; services publics (&eacute;lectricit&eacute;, gaz, eau) ; sapeurs-pompiers et services de secours ; sports (sports m&eacute;caniques, navigation de plaisance, etc.) ; forces de s&eacute;curit&eacute; (arm&eacute;e, police et organismes priv&eacute;s) . Il est important qu&#39;aucune partie des pr&eacute;sentes n&#39;emp&ecirc;che une autorit&eacute; d&#39;aller au-del&agrave; des exigences minimales indiqu&eacute;es dans les normes correspondantes.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/fd-cen-tr-14560/guide-pour-la-selection-l-utilisation-l-entretien-et-la-maintenance-des-vetements-de-protection-contre-la-chaleur-et-la-flamme/article/928843/fa196289" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/fd-cen-tr-14560/guide-pour-la-selection-l-utilisation-l-entretien-et-la-maintenance-des-vetements-de-protection-contre-la-chaleur-et-la-flamme/article/928843/fa196289">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/fd-cen-tr-14560/guide-pour-la-selection-l-utilisation-l-entretien-et-la-maintenance-des-vetements-de-protection-contre-la-chaleur-et-la-flamme/article/928843/fa196289</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 18 Jul 2019 16:02:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/07/18/11593.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-18T16:02:00Z 2019-07-18 16:02 +00:00 2019-07-18 12:02 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11584 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/18/11584.aspx Agents chimiques Mesure Méthode et technique Surface Contamination Évaluation de l'exposition aux produits chimiques par les prélèvements surfaciques <p>De nombreuses activit&eacute;s professionnelles g&eacute;n&egrave;rent des d&eacute;p&ocirc;ts sur les surfaces et les objets. Cette pollution surfacique peut alors conduire &agrave; une contamination des travailleurs par passage percutan&eacute; et par ingestion. Une &eacute;tude a &eacute;t&eacute; conduite dans le but de proposer une m&eacute;thodologie d&#39;&eacute;valuation des polluants pr&eacute;sents sur les surfaces de travail. Issue de travaux exp&eacute;rimentaux ayant permis d&#39;identifier les param&egrave;tres influents, cette m&eacute;thodologie est actuellement mise en oeuvre sur des cas professionnels r&eacute;els afin de l&#39;affiner et de la valider. Enfin, des outils d&#39;&eacute;valuation des contaminations surfaciques automatis&eacute;s sont actuellement &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;tude afin de s&#39;affranchir d&#39;&eacute;ventuels biais op&eacute;ratoires, ce qui permettrait d&#39;harmoniser encore davantage les pratiques. </p> <p>Source: Esteve,&nbsp;W.,&nbsp;Brochard,&nbsp;C.,&nbsp;Matera,&nbsp;V.,&nbsp;Melins,&nbsp;S.,&nbsp;Poirot,&nbsp;H. et&nbsp;Ravera,&nbsp;C. (2019). <em>R&eacute;f&eacute;rences en sant&eacute; au travail</em> (158), 85-94.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20270" title="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20270">http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20270</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 18 Jul 2019 15:35:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/18/11584.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-18T15:35:00Z 2019-07-18 15:35 +00:00 2019-07-18 11:35 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11580 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/17/11580.aspx Agents chimiques Mesure Méthode et technique Composés organiques volatils (COV) Particules ultrafines Measuring and controlling emissions from polymer filament desktop 3D printers <p>Affordable desktop 3D printers are being widely used in businesses, schools and colleges. Some of these printers use filaments to deposit polymer through a heated nozzle to build three dimensional objects. This type of desktop printer is generally unenclosed and some published studies have raised concerns that they may release potentially harmful fumes and particles. The scientific evidence base on exposures and potential health endpoints is being developed internationally.<br />This report describes initial research in a laboratory setting to a) measure emissions of particulates and volatile organic compounds from desktop 3D printers and b) investigate the effectiveness of control measures to reduce these printer emissions. Two common filament materials were investigated: polylactic acid (PLA) which is generally used in schools, and acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS).<br />The research found that the heated filaments emitted large numbers of very small particles and volatile organic chemicals which could be breathed in. However, more research is required to establish if under real use conditions these printers release sufficient concentration of emissions to cause harm.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1146.htm" title="https://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1146.htm">https://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1146.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 17 Jul 2019 14:52:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/17/11580.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-17T14:52:00Z 2019-07-17 14:52 +00:00 2019-07-17 10:52 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11591 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/07/17/11591.aspx Régions anatomiques Types de tâches Genre Manutention manuelle Membres supérieurs Biomécanique Instrument de mesure Caractéristiques de la population et de l’entreprise Épaule Sex Differences in Glenohumeral Muscle Activation and Coactivation During a Box Lifting Task <p>Manual material handling is associated with shoulder musculoskeletal disorders, especially for women. Sex differences in glenohumeral muscle activity may contribute to women&#39;s higher injury risk by affecting shoulder load and stability. We assessed the effects of sex (25 women vs 26 men) and lifting load (6&thinsp;kg vs 12&thinsp;kg) on muscle activation during box lifting from hip to eye level. Surface and intramuscular electromyography were recorded from 10 glenohumeral muscles. Most muscles were more activated for the heavier box and for women. These effects were larger for &ldquo;prime movers&rdquo; than for stabilisers and antagonists. Despite their apparently heterogeneous effects on muscle activity, sex and mass did not affect Muscle Focus, a metric of coactivation. This may be partly related to the limited sensitivity of the Muscle Focus. Nevertheless, sex differences in strength, more than in coactivation patterns, may contribute to the sex imbalance in the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders.</p> <p>Source: Bouffard, J., Martinez, R., Plamondon, A., C&ocirc;t&eacute;, J. N.&nbsp;et Begon, M. (2019). <em>Ergonomics</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2019.1640396" title="https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2019.1640396">https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2019.1640396</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 17 Jul 2019 14:21:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/07/17/11591.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-17T14:21:00Z 2019-07-17 14:21 +00:00 2019-07-17 10:21 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11589 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/11/11589.aspx Main d’œuvre en mutation Travailleurs Organisation temporelle Travail des femmes Organisation de la production Enquêtes Travail des hommes Ségrégation professionnelle entre les femmes et les hommes : quels liens avec le temps partiel ? <p>La s&eacute;gr&eacute;gation professionnelle entre les femmes et les hommes et la concentration du temps partiel dans les m&eacute;tiers f&eacute;minis&eacute;s questionnent sur les r&ocirc;les respectifs des facteurs li&eacute;s &agrave; la demande et &agrave; l&#39;offre de travail. Les femmes et les hommes exercent-ils des m&eacute;tiers diff&eacute;rents en raison de leurs pr&eacute;f&eacute;rences et attitudes diff&eacute;renci&eacute;es ou plut&ocirc;t en raison de m&eacute;canismes de s&eacute;lection sur le march&eacute; du travail ? Les femmes exercent-elles de fa&ccedil;on privil&eacute;gi&eacute;e certaines professions parce qu&#39;elles leur offrent la possibilit&eacute; de travailler &agrave; temps partiel ou est-ce plut&ocirc;t parce que les femmes exercent majoritairement certaines professions que le temps partiel y est plus r&eacute;pandu ?<br />L&#39;exploitation des enqu&ecirc;tes Emploi de l&#39;Insee de 2013 &agrave; 2016 atteste d&#39;une s&eacute;gr&eacute;gation sexu&eacute;e importante en France : plus d&#39;une femme sur quatre devrait &eacute;changer sa profession avec un homme pour parvenir &agrave; une distribution &eacute;quilibr&eacute;e de chaque</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/dares_etudes_segregation_professionnelle_femmes_hommes_temps_partiel.pdf" title="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/dares_etudes_segregation_professionnelle_femmes_hommes_temps_partiel.pdf">https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/dares_etudes_segregation_professionnelle_femmes_hommes_temps_partiel.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 11 Jul 2019 13:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/11/11589.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-11T13:09:00Z 2019-07-11 13:09 +00:00 2019-07-11 09:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11588 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/07/11/11588.aspx Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Canada Québec Secteurs d'activités Normes et législation Québec - Modifications réglementaires au Code de sécurité pour les travaux de construction <p>Le 3 juillet dernier, des changements r&eacute;glementaires ont &eacute;t&eacute; apport&eacute;s au Code de s&eacute;curit&eacute; pour les travaux de la construction (CSTC). Ces changements impacteront prochainement le cours Sant&eacute; et s&eacute;curit&eacute; g&eacute;n&eacute;rale sur les chantiers de construction (SSGCC).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.asp-construction.org/component/content/article?id=135" title="https://www.asp-construction.org/component/content/article?id=135">https://www.asp-construction.org/component/content/article?id=135</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 11 Jul 2019 12:56:00 Z 0 Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-11T12:56:00Z 2019-07-11 12:56 +00:00 2019-07-11 08:56 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11578 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/11/11578.aspx Agents chimiques Effets sur la santé Toxicité Cancérogénicité Législation et réglementation Systèmes et maladies Système reproducteur Génotoxicité Study on reprotoxic chemicals <p>A range of legislative instruments are in place at EU level to manage and minimise the risks from occupational exposure to carcinogenic, mutagenic and reprotoxic substances. Carcinogenic chemicals can cause or promote cancers. Mutagenic chemicals can cause genetic mutations. Reprotoxic chemicals can damage the reproductive process.<br />This study assesses a number of options for moderning the current EU legislation, in particular regarding reprotoxic chemicals </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=738&amp;langId=en&amp;pubId=8220&amp;furtherPubs=yes" title="https://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=738&amp;langId=en&amp;pubId=8220&amp;furtherPubs=yes">https://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=738&amp;langId=en&amp;pubId=8220&amp;furtherPubs=yes</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 11 Jul 2019 12:22:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/11/11578.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-11T12:22:00Z 2019-07-11 12:22 +00:00 2019-07-11 08:22 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11583 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/10/11583.aspx Agents physiques Chaleur Législation et réglementation Travailler dans une ambiance thermique chaude <p>Nombre de salari&eacute;s peuvent travailler dans une ambiance thermique chaude, &agrave; l&#39;ext&eacute;rieur ou &agrave; leur poste de travail, li&eacute;e directement &agrave; leur activit&eacute; professionnelle ou au climat, lors d&#39;une canicule par exemple. Ils sont ainsi expos&eacute;s &agrave; des risques pour la sant&eacute; parfois<br />graves et &agrave; des accidents de travail. Ce dossier rappelle les effets physiologiques de la chaleur sur le corps humain et les risques pour la sant&eacute;. Sont ensuite pr&eacute;sent&eacute;s les diff&eacute;rents param&egrave;tres des &eacute;changes thermiques et leurs m&eacute;canismes. L&#39;&eacute;valuation des risques peut se faire &agrave; partir de la mesure de la contrainte thermique ou de la d&eacute;termination de l&#39;astreinte thermique au poste de travail. La pr&eacute;vention fait appel &agrave; des actions techniques, organisationnelles et individuelles, s&#39;appuyant sur des dispositions r&eacute;glementaires sp&eacute;cifiques et sur le r&ocirc;le des services de sant&eacute; au travail.</p> <p>Source: Robert,&nbsp;L., Turpin-Legendre, E., Shettle,&nbsp;J.,&nbsp;Tissot,&nbsp;C.,&nbsp;Aubry,&nbsp;C. et&nbsp;Siano,&nbsp;B. (2019). <em>R&eacute;f&eacute;rences en sant&eacute; au travail</em> (158), 31-55.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TC%20165" title="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TC%20165">http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TC%20165</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 10 Jul 2019 13:13:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/10/11583.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-10T13:13:00Z 2019-07-10 13:13 +00:00 2019-07-10 09:13 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11586 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/07/10/11586.aspx Europe Décès Lésions professionnelles Grande-Bretagne HSE - Fatal injuries in Great Britain <p>The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has released its annual figures for work-related fatal injuries for 2018/19 as well as the number of people known to have died from the asbestos-related cancer, mesothelioma, in 2017.<br />The provisional annual data for work-related fatal injuries revealed that 147 workers were fatally injured between April 2018 and March 2019 (a rate of 0.45 per 100,000 workers).<br />There has been a long-term reduction in the number of fatalities since 1981. Although 2018/19 saw an increase of 6 workplace fatalities from 2017/18, the number has remained broadly level in recent years.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/fatals.htm" title="https://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/fatals.htm">https://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/fatals.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 10 Jul 2019 13:13:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/07/10/11586.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-10T13:13:00Z 2019-07-10 13:13 +00:00 2019-07-10 09:13 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11585 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/07/09/11585.aspx Évaluation Aide à la décision Équipement de protection individuel Système de protection individuelle intelligent (SPII) : définition, analyse, choix <p>L&#39;&eacute;mergence de syst&egrave;mes de protection individuelle dits &quot; intelligents &quot; (SPII) soul&egrave;ve de nouvelles questions vis-&agrave;-vis de la pr&eacute;vention des risques professionnels. Si les fabricants s&#39;interrogent sur les exigences de s&eacute;curit&eacute; applicables lors de la conception de tels &eacute;quipements, les entreprises utilisatrices se questionnent &eacute;galement sur les performances et les limites de ces &eacute;quipements ainsi que sur d&#39;&eacute;ventuels risques li&eacute;s &agrave; leur utilisation.<br />Afin de clarifier les &eacute;changes entre les parties prenantes, cet article propose dans un premier temps, une d&eacute;finition d&#39;un SPII. Il pr&eacute;sente ensuite des &eacute;l&eacute;ments d&#39;analyse permettant de guider les futurs utilisateurs et employeurs dans leur choix lors de l&#39;acquisition de ce type de produit ainsi que les services de sant&eacute; au travail (SST) dans le conseil donn&eacute; aux employeurs. </p> <p>Source: Marchal,&nbsp;P.&nbsp;et Baudoin,&nbsp;J. (2019). <em>R&eacute;f&eacute;rences en sant&eacute; au travail</em> (158), 117-124.<br /><a href="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TP%2034">http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TP%2034</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Jul 2019 16:16:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/07/09/11585.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-09T16:16:00Z 2019-07-09 16:16 +00:00 2019-07-09 12:16 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11582 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/07/09/11582.aspx Réduction du risque Sécurité des machines Guide technique relatif aux opérations de modification des machines ou des ensembles de machines en service <p>Les machines et ensembles de machines utilis&eacute;s dans les entreprises sont fr&eacute;quemment modifi&eacute;s par les employeurs pour des raisons diverses : ad&eacute;quation des machines avec les exigences de production et d&#39;organisation du travail, assemblage avec d&#39;autres machines, am&eacute;lioration du niveau de s&eacute;curit&eacute;, extension d&#39;une ligne de production, etc&hellip; En l&#39;absence de texte sp&eacute;cifique relatif aux op&eacute;rations de modification dans le code du travail, le pr&eacute;sent guide technique apporte les &eacute;clairages n&eacute;cessaires sur la notion de &laquo; modification &raquo;. Il rappelle &eacute;galement les objectifs r&eacute;glementaires en mati&egrave;re de pr&eacute;vention des risques relativement &agrave; l&#39;utilisation des machines. Enfin, il pr&eacute;sente les proc&eacute;dures qu&#39;il est recommand&eacute; d&#39;appliquer aux op&eacute;rations de modification.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/guide_operations_modification_machines.pdf" title="https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/guide_operations_modification_machines.pdf">https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/guide_operations_modification_machines.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Jul 2019 15:18:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/07/09/11582.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-09T15:18:00Z 2019-07-09 15:18 +00:00 2019-07-09 11:18 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11581 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/07/09/11581.aspx Orientations stratégiques Grande-Bretagne HSE - Annual Report and Accounts for 2018/19 <p>The Health and Safety Executive publishes an Annual Report on the performance of its functions, as required by the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974. It shows how the organisation has performed against published work plans so that stakeholders can see how we are delivering. It also includes a section on the HSE Accounts.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.hse.gov.uk/aboutus/reports/ara-2018-19.pdf" title="https://www.hse.gov.uk/aboutus/reports/ara-2018-19.pdf">https://www.hse.gov.uk/aboutus/reports/ara-2018-19.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Jul 2019 14:36:00 Z 0 Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-09T14:36:00Z 2019-07-09 14:36 +00:00 2019-07-09 10:36 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11577 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/09/11577.aspx Agents chimiques Méthodes et outils Secteur de l'industrie extractive Méthode et technique Secteurs d'activités Échantillonnage Uranium Human exposure to uranium in South African gold mining areas using barber-based hair sampling <p>Uranium (U) measurements in water, soil, and food related to gold mining activities in populated areas in Gauteng Province, South Africa, suggest the possibility of exposure levels that may lead to adverse health consequences, including cancer. Theoretical considerations on pathways of human uptake of significant exposures are plausible, but few data on directly measured human exposure are available. A cross-sectional study was conducted using human measurements to compare U levels with other settings around the globe (based on literature review), to explore potential exposure variability within the province, and to test the feasibility of recruiting subjects partially coming from vulnerable and difficult-to-reach populations. Wards of potentially high (HE) and low exposure (LE) were identified. Composite hair samples representing the respective local populations were collected from regular customers of selected barber shops over a period of 1&ndash;2 months. A total of 70 U concentrations were determined in 27 composite samples from 1332 individuals. U concentrations ranged from 31 &mu;g/kg to 2524 &mu;g/kg, with an arithmetic mean of 192 &mu;g/kg (standard deviation, 310 &mu;g/kg) and a median of 122 &mu;g/kg. Although HE wards collectively showed higher U levels than LE wards (184 vs 134 &mu;g/kg), differences were smaller than expected. In conclusion, detected U levels were higher than those from most other surveys of the general public. The barber-based approach was an efficient hair collection approach. Composite hair samples are not recommended, due to technical challenges in measuring U, and individual hair samples are needed in follow-up studies to determine predictors of exposure.</p> <p>Source: Winde, F., Geipel, G., Espina, C.&nbsp;et Sch&uuml;z, J. (2019).&nbsp;<em>PloS one, 14</em>(6).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0219059" title="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0219059">https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0219059</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Jul 2019 14:07:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/09/11577.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-09T14:07:00Z 2019-07-09 14:07 +00:00 2019-07-09 10:07 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11579 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/07/09/11579.aspx Évaluation et mesure Types de tâches Manutention manuelle Identification des facteurs de risque Secteur de l'administration publique Secteurs d'activités Comparative analysis of manual handling practices in kerbside collection of recyclable waste <p>Government targets for reducing waste going to landfill h ave led to an increase in the processing of domestic waste to reclaim recyclable materials. Manual sorting tasks can occur at the kerbside during waste collection and, if poorly designed, can introduce manual handling risks.<br />This report describes research to better understand the kerbside collection and sorting methods currently employed by the waste industry and to determine how manual handling risks can best be reduced or controlled. Six detailed case studies are presented showing a range of vehicles and processes in operation.<br />Manual handling risks were influenced by both vehicle and waste collection container design and some encouraged poor handling approaches. The Researchers make recommendations that the waste management industry capture the key features of best equipment design in a &lsquo;design principles&#39; document that would form an industry benchmark for designers and customers and that the industry continue to seek to design out manual handling risks before new waste collection vehicles enter widespread use.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1141.htm" title="https://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1141.htm">https://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1141.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Jul 2019 13:55:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/07/09/11579.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-09T13:55:00Z 2019-07-09 13:55 +00:00 2019-07-09 09:55 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11575 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/08/11575.aspx Agents chimiques Effets sur la santé Amiante Système respiratoire Systèmes et maladies Prévention et contrôle Mésothéliome Surveillance Moyens physiques et techniques Programme national de surveillance du mésothéliome pleural (PNSM) <p><strong>Vingt ann&eacute;es de surveillance (1998-2017) des cas de m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome, de leurs expositions et des processus d&#39;indemnisation</strong> <br />En 1998, la Direction g&eacute;n&eacute;rale du travail (DGT) et la Direction g&eacute;n&eacute;rale de la sant&eacute; (DGS) des minist&egrave;res respectifs ont saisi Sant&eacute; publique France pour mettre en place un programme national de surveillance des effets sanitaires de l&#39;amiante : le programme national de surveillance du m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome pleural (PNSM), marqueur sp&eacute;cifique des expositions pass&eacute;es &agrave; l&#39;amiante.<br />&Agrave; ce jour, le PNSM fonctionne depuis vingt ans. Ce rapport dresse un bilan essentiel de l&#39;&eacute;volution de la situation &eacute;pid&eacute;miologique des m&eacute;soth&eacute;liomes pleuraux entre 1998 et 2017, en France, en termes d&#39;incidence, de survie, d&#39;expositions des patients atteints et de leur reconnaissance m&eacute;dico-sociale.<br />Malgr&eacute; l&#39;interdiction de l&#39;usage de l&#39;amiante en 1997 et du fait de l&#39;effet diff&eacute;r&eacute; de trente &agrave; quarante ans entre la premi&egrave;re exposition et la survenue d&#39;un m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome, l&#39;incidence du m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome pleural continue &agrave; augmenter en France et cette augmentation est encore plus marqu&eacute;e chez les femmes, avec un doublement du nombre de nouveaux cas annuel depuis 1998.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Programme-national-de-surveillance-du-mesotheliome-pleural-PNSM-vingt-annees-de-surveillance-1998-2017-des-cas-de-mesotheliome-de-leurs-expositions-et-des-processus-d-indemnisation" title="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Programme-national-de-surveillance-du-mesotheliome-pleural-PNSM-vingt-annees-de-surveillance-1998-2017-des-cas-de-mesotheliome-de-leurs-expositions-et-des-processus-d-indemnisation">http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Programme-national-de-surveillance-du-mesotheliome-pleural-PNSM-vingt-annees-de-surveillance-1998-2017-des-cas-de-mesotheliome-de-leurs-expositions-et-des-processus-d-indemnisation</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 08 Jul 2019 16:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/08/11575.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-08T16:04:00Z 2019-07-08 16:04 +00:00 2019-07-08 12:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11576 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/07/08/11576.aspx Indemnisation Europe Maladies professionnelles Lésions professionnelles Agents chimiques France Champs de recherche Régions géographiques Données administratives Amiante Mésothéliome Programme national de surveillance du mésothéliome pleural (PNSM) <p><strong>Vingt ann&eacute;es de surveillance (1998-2017) des cas de m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome, de leurs expositions et des processus d&#39;indemnisation</strong> <br />En 1998, la Direction g&eacute;n&eacute;rale du travail (DGT) et la Direction g&eacute;n&eacute;rale de la sant&eacute; (DGS) des minist&egrave;res respectifs ont saisi Sant&eacute; publique France pour mettre en place un programme national de surveillance des effets sanitaires de l&#39;amiante : le programme national de surveillance du m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome pleural (PNSM), marqueur sp&eacute;cifique des expositions pass&eacute;es &agrave; l&#39;amiante.<br />&Agrave; ce jour, le PNSM fonctionne depuis vingt ans. Ce rapport dresse un bilan essentiel de l&#39;&eacute;volution de la situation &eacute;pid&eacute;miologique des m&eacute;soth&eacute;liomes pleuraux entre 1998 et 2017, en France, en termes d&#39;incidence, de survie, d&#39;expositions des patients atteints et de leur reconnaissance m&eacute;dico-sociale.<br />Malgr&eacute; l&#39;interdiction de l&#39;usage de l&#39;amiante en 1997 et du fait de l&#39;effet diff&eacute;r&eacute; de trente &agrave; quarante ans entre la premi&egrave;re exposition et la survenue d&#39;un m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome, l&#39;incidence du m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome pleural continue &agrave; augmenter en France et cette augmentation est encore plus marqu&eacute;e chez les femmes, avec un doublement du nombre de nouveaux cas annuel depuis 1998.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Programme-national-de-surveillance-du-mesotheliome-pleural-PNSM-vingt-annees-de-surveillance-1998-2017-des-cas-de-mesotheliome-de-leurs-expositions-et-des-processus-d-indemnisation" title="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Programme-national-de-surveillance-du-mesotheliome-pleural-PNSM-vingt-annees-de-surveillance-1998-2017-des-cas-de-mesotheliome-de-leurs-expositions-et-des-processus-d-indemnisation">http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Programme-national-de-surveillance-du-mesotheliome-pleural-PNSM-vingt-annees-de-surveillance-1998-2017-des-cas-de-mesotheliome-de-leurs-expositions-et-des-processus-d-indemnisation</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 08 Jul 2019 16:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/07/08/11576.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-08T16:04:00Z 2019-07-08 16:04 +00:00 2019-07-08 12:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11574 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/07/08/11574.aspx Europe Orientations stratégiques Eurofound - Consolidated annual activity report of the Authorising Officer for the year 2018 <p>This report describes Eurofound&#39;s activities, particularly its research, information and communication programmes and policy achievements, in relation to the objectives set in the Work Programme 2018. It also covers the management and external evaluation control systems, key performance indicators, and financial and HR information. Eurofound&#39;s key research findings and how they are embedded in the current policy context are also presented in <em>Living and working in Europe 2015-18</em>, Eurofound&#39;s yearbook.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/fr/publications/annual-report/2019/consolidated-annual-activity-report-of-the-authorising-officer-for-the-year-2018" title="https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/fr/publications/annual-report/2019/consolidated-annual-activity-report-of-the-authorising-officer-for-the-year-2018">https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/fr/publications/annual-report/2019/consolidated-annual-activity-report-of-the-authorising-officer-for-the-year-2018</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 08 Jul 2019 15:06:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/07/08/11574.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-08T15:06:00Z 2019-07-08 15:06 +00:00 2019-07-08 11:06 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11573 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/05/11573.aspx Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Organisation de l’entreprise Conditions de travail Le présentéisme au travail. Mieux évaluer pour mieux prévenir <p>Le pr&eacute;sent&eacute;isme au travail, ou le fait de venir travailler alors que l&#39;on est malade, est un ph&eacute;nom&egrave;ne rarement &eacute;tudi&eacute; en France car sa mesure de grande &eacute;chelle &eacute;tait impossible jusqu&#39;&agrave; r&eacute;cemment. Dans ce document de travail, nous utilisons les donn&eacute;es de l&#39;enqu&ecirc;te Conditions de Travail 2013, premi&egrave;re enqu&ecirc;te nationale en population g&eacute;n&eacute;rale permettant une mesure du ph&eacute;nom&egrave;ne afin d&#39;&eacute;valuer les d&eacute;terminants de sa dur&eacute;e sur une ann&eacute;e. D&eacute;terminer les caract&eacute;ristiques de l&#39;emploi qui favorisent le pr&eacute;sent&eacute;isme permet d&#39;orienter les pratiques permettant de le limiter. En effet, la litt&eacute;rature a montr&eacute; que ce ph&eacute;nom&egrave;ne entra&icirc;nait des pertes importantes pour l&#39;employeur comme l&#39;employ&eacute;, en termes de productivit&eacute; d&#39;une part, de bien-&ecirc;tre et de sant&eacute; d&#39;autre part.<br />&Agrave; l&#39;aide de mod&egrave;les de comptage, nous montrons que le pr&eacute;sent&eacute;isme est un ph&eacute;nom&egrave;ne assez marqu&eacute; en termes de qualit&eacute; de vie au travail. En effet, il est positivement corr&eacute;l&eacute; d&#39;abord &agrave; une charge de travail &eacute;lev&eacute;e, &agrave; de fortes contraintes de temps, de rythme ; ensuite, il est aussi li&eacute; &agrave; l&#39;absence d&#39;autonomie, de latitude d&eacute;cisionnelle. De surcro&icirc;t, le soutien des coll&egrave;gues et des superviseurs, qui vient parfois att&eacute;nuer la combinaison d&eacute;l&eacute;t&egrave;re charge de travail-faible latitude d&eacute;cisionnelle, appara&icirc;t limiter &eacute;galement la dur&eacute;e du pr&eacute;sent&eacute;isme.<br />Si la r&eacute;duction du ph&eacute;nom&egrave;ne de pr&eacute;sent&eacute;isme est un objectif pour les organisations productives, ces r&eacute;sultats sugg&egrave;rent que les employeurs devraient consid&eacute;rer comment limiter la charge de travail impos&eacute;e aux salari&eacute;s et leur conc&eacute;der une v&eacute;ritable autonomie de d&eacute;cision dans l&#39;organisation de leur travail au jour le jour.<br />De plus, l&#39;ins&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail est &eacute;galement corr&eacute;l&eacute;e au pr&eacute;sent&eacute;isme des travailleurs, tandis qu&#39;au contraire les indicateurs d&#39;un travail int&eacute;ressant, comme d&#39;un travail bien reconnu, les incitent &agrave; s&#39;absenter lorsqu&#39;ils sont malades.<br />Enfin, cette &eacute;tude montre &eacute;galement qu&#39;une part importante de l&#39;influence des conditions et du v&eacute;cu au travail sur le pr&eacute;sent&eacute;isme peut avoir un effet d&eacute;l&eacute;t&egrave;re sur la sant&eacute; des travailleurs. N&eacute;anmoins elle ne permet pas d&eacute;terminer le sens de causalit&eacute; entre sant&eacute; et pr&eacute;sence au travail mais il s&#39;agit d&#39;une piste importante de recherche future.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://ceet.cnam.fr/publications/documents-de-travail/le-presenteisme-au-travail-mieux-evaluer-pour-mieux-prevenir-1094542.kjsp" title="http://ceet.cnam.fr/publications/documents-de-travail/le-presenteisme-au-travail-mieux-evaluer-pour-mieux-prevenir-1094542.kjsp">http://ceet.cnam.fr/publications/documents-de-travail/le-presenteisme-au-travail-mieux-evaluer-pour-mieux-prevenir-1094542.kjsp</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 05 Jul 2019 14:55:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/05/11573.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-05T14:55:00Z 2019-07-05 14:55 +00:00 2019-07-05 10:55 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11572 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/04/11572.aspx Agents chimiques Secteur de l'administration publique Méthodes et outils Méthode et technique Esters Secteurs d'activités Ethers Halogenated flame retardants and organophosphate esters in the air of electronic waste recycling facilities <p><strong>Evidence of high concentrations and multiple exposures</strong><br />Background: In response to a worldwide increase in production of electronic waste, the e-recycling industry is rapidly rowing. E-recycling workers are exposed to many potentially toxic contaminants, among which flame retardants (FRs), mainly suspected of being endocrine disruptors, are thought to be the most prevalent.<br />Objective: To conduct an exposure assessment of four chemical groups of FRs in Canadian e-recycling facilities, and to identify the main cofactors of exposure.<br />Methods: Personal air samples were collected over a workday for 85 workers in six e-recycling facilities, grouped into three facility sizes, and for 15 workers in control commercial waste facilities. Total particulate matter was measured by gravimetry with stationary air samples. FRs were collected on OSHA versatile samplers, which allow particulate and vapor phases collection. Fifteen polybrominated diphenyl ether congeners (PBDEs), nine novel brominated (NBFRs), two chlorinated (ClFRs), and fourteen organophosphate ester (OPEs) flame retardants were analysed by gas chromatography&ndash;mass spectrometry. Sociodemographic data, tasks performed and materials processed by participating workers were recorded. Tobit regressions were used to identify cofactors of exposure, and their conclusions were corroborated using semi-parametric reverse Cox regressions.<br />Results: Thirty-nine of the 40 FRs analysed were detected in at least one air sample in e-recycling, and workers in this industry were exposed on average to 26 (range 12 to 39) different substances. The most detected chemical group of FRs in e-recycling was PBDEs with geometric mean sums of all congeners ranging from 120 to 5100?ng/m3, followed by OPEs with 740 to 1000?ng/m3, NBFRs with 7.6 to 100?ng/m3, and finally ClFRs with 3.9 to 32?mg/m3. The most important cofactor of exposure was the size of the e-recycling facility, with the largest one presenting on average 12 times the concentrations found in the control facility. Among tasks as potential cofactors of exposure, manual dismantling and baler operation exposed workers to some of the highest concentrations of PBDEs and ClFRs. There was a reduction of up to 27% in exposure to FRs associated with a 3-year increase in seniority. Finally, particulate matter concentrations in e-recycling facilities were highly correlated with all chemical classes except OPEs, and were higher in the large facility.<br />Conclusions: Among the FRs analysed, PBDE exposure was particularly high in e-recycling. Dust and particulate matter reduction strategies in these workplaces, together with training on proper working practices would certainly be important first steps to lower occupational exposures and prevent potential health effects.</p> <p>Source: Gravel, S., Lavou&eacute;, J., Bakhiyi, B., Diamond, M. L., Jantunen, L. M., Lavoie, J., ...&nbsp;et Labr&egrave;che, F. (2019).&nbsp;<em>Environment international, 128</em>, 244-253.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.04.027" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.04.027">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.04.027</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 04 Jul 2019 15:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/04/11572.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-04T15:17:00Z 2019-07-04 15:17 +00:00 2019-07-04 11:17 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11571 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/04/11571.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Santé psychologique Outils de prise en charge Effectiveness of occupational e-mental health interventions <p><strong>A&nbsp;systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials</strong><br />Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis investigated the effectiveness of occupational e-mental health interventions aimed at stress, depression, anxiety, burnout, insomnia, mindfulness, well-being, and alcohol misuse and their potential treatment moderators.<br />Methods: We systematically reviewed randomized control trials published in English using three electronic databases (MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL) and three register trials. A pooled effect size for each mental health area was calculated using random-effects modelling. For each meta-analysis, we conducted an analysis of potential moderators (ie, type of recruitment, age, gender, initial psychological symptoms, guidance, therapy type, and study quality).<br />Results: In total, 50 studies were included in the systematic review, and 34 studies were included in the metaanalyses. We noted moderate treatment effects on stress (Hedges&rsquo;g=0.54), insomnia (g=0.70), and burnout<br />(g=0.51) and small treatment effects on depression (g=0.30), anxiety (g=0.34), well-being (g=0.35), and mindfulness (g=0.42). The pooled effect on alcohol intake was small and nonsignificant.<br />Conclusions: Our results suggest that occupational e-mental health interventions are associated with significant health improvements. However, more research is required to understand which factors contribute to the variation in effectiveness of particular interventions depending on the mental health area and characteristics of participants and interventions.</p> <p>Source: Phillips, E. A., Gordeev, V. S.&nbsp;et Schrey&ouml;gg, J. (2019). <em>Scandinavian journal of work, environment &amp; health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3839" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3839">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3839</a>10.5271/sjweh.3839</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 04 Jul 2019 14:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/04/11571.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-04T14:19:00Z 2019-07-04 14:19 +00:00 2019-07-04 10:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11570 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/07/04/11570.aspx Facteurs de risque Membres supérieurs TMS membres TMS Syndrome du tunnel carpien Risk factors of hospitalization for carpal tunnel syndrome among the general working population <p>Objectives: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) causes a considerable amount of sick leave and healthcare costs. The etiology of CTS is multifactorial, involving both personal and occupational risk factors. To date, few prospective cohort studies on occupational risk factors of CTS have examined the general working population.<br />Methods: The study population consisted of participants from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort of 1966 who attended the 31-year follow-up in 1997 and were working &ge;3 days a week in a paid job (N=6326). Information<br />on socio-economic status, weight and height, smoking, exposure to occupational physical factors, and long-term illnesses was collected at baseline in 1997. Data on hospitalizations due to CTS came from the Care Register for Health Care, 1997&ndash;2016.<br />Results: Between 1997 and 2016, 3.4% of the participants had been hospitalized (attended secondary care) for CTS. After adjusting for confounders, women [hazard ratio (HR) 3.77, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.70&ndash;5.25], overweight/obese participants (HR 1.69, 95% CI 1.29&ndash;2.22), smokers (HR 1.48, 95% CI 1.12&ndash;1.96), farmers and manual workers (HR 3.02, 95% CI 1.85&ndash;4.92 compared with upper clerical workers), lower clerical workers (HR 1.74, 95% CI=1.08&ndash;2.80), workers exposed to hand vibration (HR 2.29, 95% CI 1.48&ndash;3.54) and participants with physically demanding jobs (HR 1.71, CI 1.06&ndash;2.76) were at increased risk of hospitalization for CTS. Physically demanding work increased the risk of hospitalization for CTS for overweight/obese participants at baseline, but not for participants of normal weight.<br />Conclusions: Excess body mass and occupational physical factors increase the risk of hospitalization for CTS. Excess body mass potentiates the adverse effects of strenuous work on CTS.</p> <p>Source: Hulkkonen, S., Shiri, R., Auvinen, J., Miettunen, J., Karppinen, J.&nbsp;et Ryh&auml;nen, J. (2019). <em>Scandinavian journal of work, environment &amp; health.</em><br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3835" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3835">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3835</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 04 Jul 2019 14:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/07/04/11570.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-04T14:05:00Z 2019-07-04 14:05 +00:00 2019-07-04 10:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11569 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/07/03/11569.aspx Canada Indicateurs Régions géographiques Données administratives Ontario Les lieux de travail de l’Ontario sont-ils sécuritaires et le deviennent-ils davantage? <p>Il s&rsquo;agit d&rsquo;une mesure unique et simple. Notre indice de sant&eacute; et de s&eacute;curit&eacute; combine de multiples indicateurs de rendement en sant&eacute; et s&eacute;curit&eacute; en une seule mesure fond&eacute;e sur les preuves. Cette mesure ou note permet de mieux sensibiliser le public et d&rsquo;aider les partenaires du syst&egrave;me &agrave; concentrer leurs efforts et ressources de sant&eacute; et de s&eacute;curit&eacute;.<br />Les gens se sentent habilit&eacute;s au travail et le nombre moins &eacute;lev&eacute; de demandes pour l&eacute;sions graves a eu l&rsquo;effet positif le plus important sur l&rsquo;indice. Le temps qu&rsquo;il faut &agrave; certaines personnes pour retourner travailler et le total des l&eacute;sions ont eu un effet n&eacute;gatif sur les notes de toutes les industries.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.wsib.ca/fr/indice-sante-et-securite" title="https://www.wsib.ca/fr/indice-sante-et-securite">https://www.wsib.ca/fr/indice-sante-et-securite</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 03 Jul 2019 15:52:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/07/03/11569.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-03T15:52:00Z 2019-07-03 15:52 +00:00 2019-07-03 11:52 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11568 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/03/11568.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Santé psychologique Formation à la prévention Outils de prise en charge Effectiveness of psychological and educational interventions for the prevention of depression in the workplace <p><strong>A systematic review and meta-analysis</strong><br />Objectives :Psychological and educational interventions for the prevention of depression have a small-to-moderate effect. However, little is known about their effectiveness in the workplace. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of such interventions through a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT).<br />Methods: We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, CENTRAL, CIS-DOC and Open Grey for RCT. Search was supplemented with manual searches of reference lists of relevant meta-analyses and trials. We included RCT that assessed either the incidence of depression or the reduction of depressive symptoms, which excluded participants with baseline depression. Measurements were required to have been made using validated instruments and participants recruited in the workplace. Independent evaluators selected studies, evaluated risk bias (Cochrane Collaboration&#39;s tool) and extracted from RCT. The combined OR was estimated using the fixed-effects model. Heterogeneity was measured by I2 and Cochrane&#39;s Q.<br />Results: Of the 1963 abstracts reviewed, 69 were selected for review in fulltext. Only three RCT met our inclusion criteria, representing 1246 workers from three different countries and continents. The combined odds ratio was 0.25 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.11&ndash;0.60, P=0.002]; I2=0% and Q=0.389 (P=0.823). The risk of bias was low in one RCT and moderate and high in the other two, respectively.<br />Conclusion: Psychological or educational interventions in the workplace may prevent depression, although the quality of evidence was low.</p> <p>Source: Bell&oacute;n, J. A., Conejo-Cer&oacute;n, S., Cort&eacute;s-Abela, C., Pena-Andreu, J. M., Garc&iacute;a-Rodr&iacute;guez, A.&nbsp;et Moreno-Peral, P. (2019). <em>Scandinavian journal of work, environment &amp; health, 35</em>(1),7-18.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3791" title="https://doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3791">https://doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3791</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 03 Jul 2019 14:53:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/03/11568.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-03T14:53:00Z 2019-07-03 14:53 +00:00 2019-07-03 10:53 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11567 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/03/11567.aspx Agents chimiques Méthodes et outils Fumées Méthode et technique Analyse Bitume Asphaltes Caractérisation Chromatographie phase gazeuse Caractérisation des émissions de bitume haute résistance au désenrobage (HRD) avec dope d'adhésivité <p>Produit de distillation du p&eacute;trole, le bitume est chauff&eacute; puis m&eacute;lang&eacute; &agrave; de la mati&egrave;re min&eacute;rale broy&eacute;e (le granulat) pour former l&#39;enrob&eacute; bitumineux qui est utilis&eacute; pour le pavage de la grande majorit&eacute; des routes. Les gaz, vapeurs et particules &eacute;mis lorsque le bitume ou l&#39;enrob&eacute; est chauff&eacute; sont constitu&eacute;s d&#39;un groupe complexe de compos&eacute;s chimiques r&eacute;glement&eacute;s sous le nom de fum&eacute;es d&#39;asphalte (ou de bitume), notamment dans le R&egrave;glement sur la sant&eacute; et la s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail du Qu&eacute;bec. Si le bitume d&eacute;montre un manque d&#39;adh&eacute;sivit&eacute; au granulat selon la norme prescrite, une dope d&#39;adh&eacute;sivit&eacute; (additif chimique) y est ajout&eacute;e. Ce type de bitume, que l&#39;on nommera bitume haute r&eacute;sistance au d&eacute;senrobage (HRD), est utilis&eacute; au Qu&eacute;bec depuis environ 15 ans.<br />Depuis quelques ann&eacute;es, des travailleurs du pavage se plaignent de probl&egrave;mes d&#39;irritation des yeux et du syst&egrave;me respiratoire &agrave; la suite de l&#39;utilisation de bitume HRD avec ce type d&#39;additif. Cependant, les substances &eacute;mises lors de la mise en &oelig;uvre d&#39;un enrob&eacute; avec bitume HRD avec dope d&#39;adh&eacute;sivit&eacute; ont fait l&#39;objet de peu d&#39;&eacute;tudes. Les deux premiers objectifs de la pr&eacute;sente &eacute;tude &eacute;taient de caract&eacute;riser en laboratoire les fum&eacute;es &eacute;mises par un bitume HRD avec additif pour ensuite identifier les compos&eacute;s chimiques sp&eacute;cifiques &agrave; ce type de bitume et qui sont soup&ccedil;onn&eacute;s irritants ou sensibilisants. Le troisi&egrave;me objectif &eacute;tait de d&eacute;velopper une m&eacute;thode de pr&eacute;l&egrave;vement et d&#39;analyse des compos&eacute;s mis en &eacute;vidence par cette recherche pour &eacute;valuation ult&eacute;rieure en milieu de travail.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101036/n/caracterisation-emissions-bitume-haute-resistance-desenrobage-dope-adhesivite" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101036/n/caracterisation-emissions-bitume-haute-resistance-desenrobage-dope-adhesivite">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101036/n/caracterisation-emissions-bitume-haute-resistance-desenrobage-dope-adhesivite</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 03 Jul 2019 14:01:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/03/11567.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-03T14:01:00Z 2019-07-03 14:01 +00:00 2019-07-03 10:01 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11566 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/02/11566.aspx Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Charge mentale Effets sur les travailleurs Psychosocial Work Conditions and Mental Health: Examining Differences Across Mental Illness and Well-Being Outcomes <p>Objectives: Psychosocial work conditions are determinants of mental illness among worker populations. However, while the focus on negative aspects of mental health has generated important contributions to the development of workplace interventions, there is less evidence on the factors that support the positive aspects of mental well-being. This study aimed to examine the association between psychosocial work conditions and mental health outcomes among a representative sample of Canadian workers; and to assess whether the relationships are consistent across measures of mental illness versus mental well-being.<br /> Methods: Population-based data were obtained from the cross-sectional 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey. Psychosocial work conditions were measured using an abbreviated version of the Job Content Questionnaire. For mental illness, we focused on major depressive episodes, generalized anxiety disorders, and bipolar disorders in the past 12 months, as measured using Composite International Diagnostic Interview criteria. Mental well-being was defined as having flourishing mental health, based on items from the Mental Health Continuum&mdash;Short Form. Regression models provided odds ratios (ORs) and fitted probabilities for the relationship between work conditions and mental health, adjusting for covariates.<br /> Results: Higher levels of job control, social support, and job security were associated with being free of disorders (ORs ranging from 1.08 to 1.15) as well as having flourishing mental health (ORs ranging from 1.10 to 1.14). Lower physical effort was associated with decreased odds of having flourishing mental health (OR 0.89). Psychological demands were not associated with any of the mental health outcomes in the fully-adjusted models. The overall pattern of these relationships was consistent across the two outcome models, although there was evidence of heterogeneity on the absolute probability scale. Specifically, there was a relatively stronger relationship between job control/social support/physical demands and well-being outcomes, compared with disorder outcomes.<br /> Conclusions: Psychosocial work conditions were associated with both negative and positive measures of mental health. However, mental illness and mental well-being may represent complementary, yet distinct, aspects in relation to psychosocial work conditions. Interventions targeting the psychosocial work environment may serve to improve both of these dimensions, although the measurement and examination of specific dimensions may be required to obtain an integrated and comprehensive understanding of mental health in the workplace.</p> <div>Source:&nbsp;Fan, J. K., Mustard, C. et Smith, P. M. (2019). <i>Annals of work exposures and health, 63</i>(5), 546-559.</div> <div><a href="https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxz028" title="https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxz028" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxz028</a></div><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 02 Jul 2019 15:35:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/02/11566.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-02T15:35:00Z 2019-07-02 15:35 +00:00 2019-07-02 11:35 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11565 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/07/02/11565.aspx Équipements Machines mobiles et véhicules Lois et réglementations Modifications réglementaires : dispositifs de sécurité des bennes basculantes <p>Le 18 avril 2019, l&#39;article 257.1 a &eacute;t&eacute; inclus dans le Code de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; routi&egrave;re. Cet article, qui vise l&#39;installation de dispositifs de s&eacute;curit&eacute; avisant l&#39;op&eacute;rateur que la benne est en position lev&eacute;e, fait r&eacute;f&eacute;rence au D&eacute;cret 408-2019 - Dispositifs de s&eacute;curit&eacute; des bennes basculantes qui a adopt&eacute; le R&egrave;glement sur les dispositifs de s&eacute;curit&eacute; de bennes basculantes, le 24 avril 2019. Le d&eacute;cret pr&eacute;cise quels v&eacute;hicules sont vis&eacute;s par l&#39;obligation, les caract&eacute;ristiques de l&#39;avertisseur sonore et du t&eacute;moin rouge clignotant agissant comme dispositif de s&eacute;curit&eacute; ainsi que la date limite pour installer ces dispositifs. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.apsam.com/blogue/modifications-reglementaires-dispositifs-de-securite-des-bennes-basculantes" title="https://www.apsam.com/blogue/modifications-reglementaires-dispositifs-de-securite-des-bennes-basculantes">https://www.apsam.com/blogue/modifications-reglementaires-dispositifs-de-securite-des-bennes-basculantes</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 02 Jul 2019 14:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/07/02/11565.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-02T14:09:00Z 2019-07-02 14:09 +00:00 2019-07-02 10:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11555 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/07/02/11555.aspx Orientations stratégiques Canada Québec La CNESST en bref - année 2018 <p>Cette publication pr&eacute;sente un portrait sommaire d&#39;information financi&egrave;re ainsi que diverses statistiques sur les grands secteurs de la mission de la CNESST. Elle contient des informations relatives aux l&eacute;sions professionnelles, au programme Pour une maternit&eacute; sans danger, des donn&eacute;es portant sur les normes du travail et sur l&#39;&eacute;quit&eacute; salariale, quelques donn&eacute;es sur la pr&eacute;vention, un portrait financier, certaines donn&eacute;es sur les recours ainsi que quelques comparaisons interprovinciales. Les donn&eacute;es sont soit extraites de rapports comptables ou statistiques existants soit produites &agrave; partir des syst&egrave;mes respectifs.? </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_1047.aspx" title="https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_1047.aspx">https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_1047.aspx</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 02 Jul 2019 13:12:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/07/02/11555.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-02T13:12:00Z 2019-07-02 13:12 +00:00 2019-07-02 09:12 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11563 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/06/28/11563.aspx Main d’œuvre en mutation Travailleurs Parcours Conditions physiques Quels liens entre les actions de prévention et le maintien en emploi des personnes à santé fragile ? <p>Les salari&eacute;s qui sont en emploi en 2013 et qui pr&eacute;sentent une sant&eacute; alt&eacute;r&eacute;e sont 83 % &agrave; &ecirc;tre en emploi trois ans plus tard, contre 89 % des personnes en bonne sant&eacute;.<br />Comme pour les salari&eacute;s en bonne sant&eacute;, les plus dipl&ocirc;m&eacute;s et les fonctionnaires ont plus de chances e se maintenir en emploi malgr&eacute; une sant&eacute; alt&eacute;r&eacute;e que les salari&eacute;s moins dipl&ocirc;m&eacute;s ou en contrat de droit priv&eacute; (CDD, CDI).<br />Avoir connu tr&egrave;s peu d&#39;interruptions de carri&egrave;re pour inactivit&eacute;, ou encore avoir de bons rapports sociaux dans son travail, sont des facteurs favorables au maintien en emploi des salari&eacute;s &agrave; la sant&eacute; alt&eacute;r&eacute;e. De m&ecirc;me, les salari&eacute;s qui, en 2013, avaient b&eacute;n&eacute;fici&eacute; r&eacute;cemment d&#39;une visite aupr&egrave;s d&#39;un m&eacute;decin du travail, sont plus nombreux &agrave; se maintenir en emploi en 2016 malgr&eacute; des probl&egrave;mes de sant&eacute;.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/dares-analyses-dares-indicateurs-dares-resultats/article/quels-liens-entre-les-actions-de-prevention-et-le-maintien-en-emploi-des" title="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/dares-analyses-dares-indicateurs-dares-resultats/article/quels-liens-entre-les-actions-de-prevention-et-le-maintien-en-emploi-des">https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/dares-analyses-dares-indicateurs-dares-resultats/article/quels-liens-entre-les-actions-de-prevention-et-le-maintien-en-emploi-des</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 28 Jun 2019 15:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/06/28/11563.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-28T15:44:00Z 2019-06-28 15:44 +00:00 2019-06-28 11:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11564 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/28/11564.aspx Europe Orientations stratégiques France Anses - Rapports d'activité 2018 <p>2018 a &eacute;t&eacute; une ann&eacute;e riche en termes d&#39;enjeux de s&eacute;curit&eacute; sanitaire. Sollicit&eacute;e sur de nombreuses questions, l&#39;Anses s&#39;est sans rel&acirc;che mobilis&eacute;e pour assurer ses missions afin de mieux conna&icirc;tre et &eacute;valuer les risques auxquels les populations et l&#39;environnement sont confront&eacute;s au quotidien.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/RA2018.pdf" title="https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/RA2018.pdf">https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/RA2018.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 28 Jun 2019 13:25:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/28/11564.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-28T13:25:00Z 2019-06-28 13:25 +00:00 2019-06-28 09:25 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11562 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/06/27/11562.aspx Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Secteur du transport et de l’entreposage Effets sur les travailleurs Développements technologiques Secteurs d'activités TMS Stress Stressful by design: Exploring health risks of ride-share work <p>Introduction: For-hire driving work, such as taxi driving, is characterized by long hours of sedentary behaviour, passenger assault, lack of benefits or support, and isolating working conditions that jeopardize good health. The for-hire driving industry has recently expanded to include a new group of ride-share drivers from digital platforms such as Uber and Lyft; this has substantially increased the number of people engaged in for-hire driving. However, there is very little existing research on ride-share drivers&#39; health and safety in relation to their work, and no research on the Canadian context.<br />Methods: This paper draws from a qualitative study consisting of in-depth interviews and focus groups with ride-share drivers and passengers, taxi drivers, taxi and ride-share managers, and other industry key informants in a large Canadian city. This paper focuses on ride-share drivers&#39; health risks on the job.<br />Results: This study finds that ride-share drivers face physical and mental health risks resulting from ride-sharing work that are distinct to ride-share work, as well as ones similar to taxi driving and other transportation work. We find that the nature of the work is stressful by design: ride-share drivers face regular stressors and pressures from passengers, such as to speed and drive young children without proper booster seats. They also describe weight gain and muscle pain.<br />Conclusion: As greater numbers of passengers opt for ride-share transportation and more people take up ride-share work, understanding potential short- and long-term health implications is an important area of inquiry. Understanding the working conditions of ride-share drivers can support the development of appropriate policy and practice tools to improve ride-share drivers&#39; health and safety.</p> <p>Source: Bartel, E., MacEachen, E., Reid-Musson, E., Meyer, S. B., Saunders, R., Bigelow, P., ...&nbsp;et Varatharajan, S. (2019). <em>Journal of Transport &amp; Health</em>, 14.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2019.100571" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2019.100571">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2019.100571</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 27 Jun 2019 18:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/06/27/11562.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-27T18:05:00Z 2019-06-27 18:05 +00:00 2019-06-27 14:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11560 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/06/27/11560.aspx Modes de prévention Types de tâches Manutention manuelle Intervention spécifique Secteur de l'administration publique Secteurs d'activités Conception des équipements Comparative analysis of manual handling practices in kerbside collection of recyclable waste <p>Government targets for reducing waste going to landfill h ave led to an increase in the processing of domestic waste to reclaim recyclable materials. Manual sorting tasks can occur at the kerbside during waste collection and, if poorly designed, can introduce manual handling risks.<br />This report describes research to better understand the kerbside collection and sorting methods currently employed by the waste industry and to determine how manual handling risks can best be reduced or controlled. Six detailed case studies are presented showing a range of vehicles and processes in operation.<br />Manual handing risks were influenced by both vehicle and waste collection container design and some encouraged poor handling approaches. The Researchers make recommendations that the waste management industry capture the key features of best equipment design in a &lsquo;design principles&#39; document that would form an industry benchmark for designers and customers and that the industry continue to seek to design out manual handling risks before new waste collection vehicles enter widespread use.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1141.htm" title="https://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1141.htm">https://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1141.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 27 Jun 2019 13:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/06/27/11560.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-27T13:49:00Z 2019-06-27 13:49 +00:00 2019-06-27 09:49 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11558 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/06/27/11558.aspx Agents chimiques Nanotechnologies Prévention et contrôle Guide Nanomatériaux De la production au traitement des déchets de nanomatériaux manufacturés <p>Les nanod&eacute;chets peuvent pr&eacute;senter un risque potentiel pour les salari&eacute;s qui les produisent, mais &eacute;galement pour les travailleurs amen&eacute;s &agrave; les collecter, &agrave; les entreposer, &agrave; les transporter et &agrave; les traiter, que ce soit dans les usines d&#39;incin&eacute;ration, les installations d&#39;enfouissement ou les entreprises de recyclage.<br />Ce guide est destin&eacute; &agrave; apporter des &eacute;l&eacute;ments d&#39;aide au rep&eacute;rage des risques et au choix des mesures de pr&eacute;vention adapt&eacute;es &agrave; l&#39;ensemble des salari&eacute;s concern&eacute;s par la production et la gestion de nanod&eacute;chets, en s&#39;appuyant sur les diff&eacute;rentes fili&egrave;res de collecte, de valorisation et d&#39;&eacute;limination possibles.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206331" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206331">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206331</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 27 Jun 2019 13:47:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/06/27/11558.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-27T13:47:00Z 2019-06-27 13:47 +00:00 2019-06-27 09:47 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11557 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/27/11557.aspx Europe Orientations stratégiques EU-OSHA - Rapport annuel 2018 <p>Le rapport annuel 2018 explique comment l&#39;EU-OSHA a poursuivi son objectif visant &agrave; garantir l&#39;existence de lieux de travail plus s&ucirc;rs et plus sains en Europe. <br />Parmi les &eacute;tapes importantes figurent le lancement de la campagne 2018-2019 &laquo;Lieux de travail sains - Ma&icirc;triser l&#39;usage des substances dangereuses&raquo;, ainsi que les publications relatives au projet sur la sant&eacute; et la s&eacute;curit&eacute; dans les micro et petites entreprises et au projet prospectif sur le risque nouveau et &eacute;mergent que pr&eacute;sente la num&eacute;risation. Les conclusions tir&eacute;es dans le cadre de ces projets serviront de base &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;laboration des politiques et d&#39;inspiration pour la mise au point d&#39;une future campagne sur les lieux de travail sains.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/highlights/annual-report-2018-year-collaboration-commitment-and-campaigning" title="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/highlights/annual-report-2018-year-collaboration-commitment-and-campaigning">https://osha.europa.eu/fr/highlights/annual-report-2018-year-collaboration-commitment-and-campaigning</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 27 Jun 2019 13:46:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/27/11557.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-27T13:46:00Z 2019-06-27 13:46 +00:00 2019-06-27 09:46 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11556 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/06/26/11556.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Travailleurs Environnement socio-économique Structure démographique Mécanismes de formation Travailleurs immigrants Safe Employment Integration of Recent Immigrants and Refugees <p>This study examined the employment preparation and work experiences of recent immigrants and refugees in Ontario, Canada, to determine key resource needs and opportunities related to safe work integration. In-depth interviews were conducted with 22 service providers, program developers, and policy-makers from the immigration and employment fields. Eighteen focus groups were held with 110 recent immigrants and refugees who were looking for work or who had recently found work. An exploratory qualitative approach was used to collect and analyze the data. First jobs were often characterized by precarity and poor working conditions. Most recent immigrants and refugees had little knowledge about their rights at work and were not sure what to do when mistreated or were asked to do something unsafe at work. The settlement and employment programs that included occupational health and safety information were not systematic and were hindered by a lack of consistent funding and diffusion of responsibility. We identify optimal points in the settlement process where information can be provided, and some of the roles that can be played most effectively by service agencies, regulatory bodies, and employers.</p> <p>Source: Kosny, A., Yanar, B., Begum, M., Al-khooly, D., Premji, S., Lay, M. A.&nbsp;et Smith, P. M. (2019).&nbsp;<em>Journal of International Migration and Integration</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s12134-019-00685-w" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s12134-019-00685-w">https://doi.org/10.1007/s12134-019-00685-w</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 26 Jun 2019 12:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/06/26/11556.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-26T12:05:00Z 2019-06-26 12:05 +00:00 2019-06-26 08:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11553 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/06/26/11553.aspx Agents chimiques Amiante Secteur des services Prévention et contrôle Surveillance Secteurs d'activités Évaluation du suivi post-exposition amiante de techniciens en télécommunications <p>Objectifs: Nous avons cherch&eacute; &agrave; &eacute;valuer les avantages de la surveillance post-exposition &agrave; l&#39;amiante apr&egrave;s application des directives de la Haute Autorit&eacute; de sant&eacute; (HAS). Nous avons &eacute;valu&eacute; le suivi et les r&eacute;sultats des scanners thoraciques (CTscan) r&eacute;alis&eacute;s dans ce cadre pour une entreprise de t&eacute;l&eacute;communications, ainsi que ces cons&eacute;quences sur le nombre de d&eacute;clarations en maladies professionnelles.<br />M&eacute;thode: Il s&#39;agit d&#39;une enqu&ecirc;te r&eacute;trospective pour des salari&eacute;s toujours en activit&eacute; (anciennet&eacute; moyenne dans l&#39;entreprise 35 ans) men&eacute;e sur l&#39;&eacute;tude des dossiers m&eacute;dicaux entre janvier 2012 et d&eacute;cembre 2017. Un questionnaire, rempli par le m&eacute;decin ou l&#39;infirmi&egrave;re, concernait tous les salari&eacute;s pour lesquels une notion d&#39;exposition &agrave; l&#39;amiante avait &eacute;t&eacute; trac&eacute;e (exposition faible, interm&eacute;diaire ou forte au sens de la conf&eacute;rence de consensus). &Eacute;taient notamment recherch&eacute;es la r&eacute;alisation de scanners thoraciques et l&#39;orientation en consultation de pathologie professionnelle, ainsi que l&#39;analyse des r&eacute;sultats.<br />R&eacute;sultats: Deux-mille questionnaires ont &eacute;t&eacute; compl&eacute;t&eacute;s, on compte 749 r&eacute;sultats de scanners : 97 % pour des salari&eacute;s ayant &eacute;t&eacute; expos&eacute;s de fa&ccedil;on interm&eacute;diaire et 3 % en exposition forte. Dans le cadre du suivi, il y a 50 % de scanners directement prescrits par le m&eacute;decin du travail dont 18 % n&#39;ont pas &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;s soit par refus du salari&eacute;, soit ult&eacute;rieurement programm&eacute;. La moiti&eacute; d&#39;entre eux a &eacute;t&eacute; orient&eacute;e directement en consultation de pathologie professionnelle dont 22 % sans retour de scanner (refus du salari&eacute; ou estimation d&#39;exposition jug&eacute;e trop faible par le sp&eacute;cialiste). Sur les 749 scanners r&eacute;alis&eacute;s : 33 % pr&eacute;sentaient des r&eacute;sultats anormaux ; 4,2 % montraient des anomalies pleurales (en particulier 2,6 % &eacute;paississement/plaques) ; 27 % montraient des anomalies parenchymateuses (essentiellement des nodules pour 16 %, 5,5 % d&#39;emphys&egrave;mes et 0,4 % de carcinomes bronchopulmonaires) et 1,3 % montraient des images interstitielles. Une d&eacute;claration de maladie professionnelle a &eacute;t&eacute; faite pour 30 % des salari&eacute;s ayant pr&eacute;sent&eacute; une anomalie scanographique pouvant &ecirc;tre suppos&eacute;e due &agrave; l&#39;exposition (plaque, image interstitielle, carcinome).<br />Discussion: Le suivi post-exposition tel que recommand&eacute; par la HAS est pertinent pour cette entreprise. Les r&eacute;sultats sugg&egrave;rent qu&#39;il existe une sous-d&eacute;claration en maladie professionnelle notamment pour les salari&eacute;s fonctionnaires.</p> <p>Source: Ruiz, J. F., Gouyet, T., Couchoud, C. C., Nayrat, C., Vuillaume, F., Jouvenne, I., ...&nbsp;et Husson, B. (2019).&nbsp;<em>Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de l&#39;Environnement, 80</em>(3),&nbsp;210-221.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2019.01.009" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2019.01.009">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2019.01.009</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 26 Jun 2019 12:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/06/26/11553.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-26T12:04:00Z 2019-06-26 12:04 +00:00 2019-06-26 08:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11561 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/26/11561.aspx Orientations stratégiques Canada Québec IRSST - Rapport d'activité 2018 <p><strong>La science en action</strong><br />R&eacute;dig&eacute; sous le th&egrave;me La science en action, le rapport annuel 2018 de l&rsquo;IRSST pr&eacute;sente les principales r&eacute;alisations scientifiques et techniques de l&rsquo;ann&eacute;e et liste, par champ de recherche, l&rsquo;ensemble des projets dont les travaux ont d&eacute;but&eacute; en 2018, les rapports &eacute;dit&eacute;s, les vid&eacute;os tourn&eacute;es et les articles publi&eacute;s dans des revues scientifiques.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/institut/organisation/rapport-activite" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/institut/organisation/rapport-activite">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/institut/organisation/rapport-activite</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 26 Jun 2019 11:58:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/26/11561.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-26T11:58:00Z 2019-06-26 11:58 +00:00 2019-06-26 07:58 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11559 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/06/25/11559.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Caractéristiques des travailleurs Âge Maintien en emploi Caractéristiques sociodémographiques Travailleurs vieillissants Le retour à l'emploi diminue-t-il avec l'âge ? <p><strong>Le cas des travailleurs &acirc;g&eacute;s en Grande-Bretagne</strong><br />L&#39;objectif d&#39;accro&icirc;tre le taux d&#39;emploi des seniors soul&egrave;ve la question de leur retour &agrave; l&#39;emploi en cas de ch&ocirc;mage. &Agrave; partir des donn&eacute;es issues des enqu&ecirc;tes emploi anglaises, ce Connaissance de l&#39;emploi tente de d&eacute;terminer si le faible taux de r&eacute;emploi des seniors est d&ucirc; &agrave; leur &acirc;ge.<br />Les r&eacute;sultats montrent que la variable d&#39;&acirc;ge est effectivement un facteur important dans le retour &agrave; l&#39;emploi des seniors si bien que les chances de retrouver un emploi diminuent &agrave; mesure que les travailleurs vieillissent. Ceci peut &ecirc;tre en partie attribuable &agrave; des diff&eacute;rences de comportement des entreprises en fonction de l&#39;&acirc;ge des candidats &agrave; l&#39;embauche. Une simulation de la dur&eacute;e pass&eacute;e au ch&ocirc;mage, bas&eacute;e sur l&#39;&acirc;ge, soutient le r&ocirc;le cl&eacute; de ce facteur dans l&#39;&eacute;cart de dur&eacute;e de ch&ocirc;mage entre les seniors et le reste de la population active.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://ceet.cnam.fr/publications/connaissance-de-l-emploi/le-retour-a-l-emploi-diminue-t-il-avec-l-age-le-cas-des-travailleurs-ages-en-grande-bretagne-1089083.kjsp" title="http://ceet.cnam.fr/publications/connaissance-de-l-emploi/le-retour-a-l-emploi-diminue-t-il-avec-l-age-le-cas-des-travailleurs-ages-en-grande-bretagne-1089083.kjsp">http://ceet.cnam.fr/publications/connaissance-de-l-emploi/le-retour-a-l-emploi-diminue-t-il-avec-l-age-le-cas-des-travailleurs-ages-en-grande-bretagne-1089083.kjsp</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 25 Jun 2019 19:54:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/06/25/11559.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-25T19:54:00Z 2019-06-25 19:54 +00:00 2019-06-25 15:54 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11554 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/25/11554.aspx Orientations stratégiques Canada Québec CNESST - Rapport annuel de gestion 2018 <p>Le Rapport annuel de gestion de la CNESST fait &eacute;tat des r&eacute;sultats obtenus pour l&rsquo;exercice financier 2018 &agrave; l&rsquo;&eacute;gard des objectifs du Plan strat&eacute;gique 2017-2019. De plus, ce document fait le point sur la gestion des ressources et r&eacute;pond aux diff&eacute;rentes exigences l&eacute;gislatives et gouvernementales en vigueur. Enfin, il pr&eacute;sente les &eacute;tats financiers audit&eacute;s, dont ceux du Fonds de la sant&eacute; et de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/400/Pages/DC-400-2032-12.aspx" title="https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/400/Pages/DC-400-2032-12.aspx">https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/400/Pages/DC-400-2032-12.aspx</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 25 Jun 2019 16:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/25/11554.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-25T16:24:00Z 2019-06-25 16:24 +00:00 2019-06-25 12:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11551 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/06/25/11551.aspx Facteurs de risque Charge mentale Charge physique Facteurs psychosociaux Stress TMS Secteur des services de santé Santé mentale Troubles musculosquelettiques et risques psychosociaux dans une population de conducteurs ambulanciers hospitaliers <p>Objectif: L&#39;objectif de notre &eacute;tude a &eacute;t&eacute; de d&eacute;terminer la pr&eacute;valence des TMS et des RPS au sein d&#39;une population de conducteurs ambulanciers (CA) d&#39;un centre hospitalier public et d&#39;&eacute;valuer les liens entre eux.<br />M&eacute;thodologie: Nous avons &eacute;tudi&eacute; une population de 65 agents de la Fonction publique, &agrave; l&#39;aide d&#39;un h&eacute;t&eacute;ro-questionnaire tir&eacute; du guide des bonnes pratiques de l&#39;INRS. Les caract&eacute;ristiques g&eacute;n&eacute;rales des sujets, les plaintes li&eacute;es aux TMS, le v&eacute;cu au travail et les facteurs potentiels de RPS ont &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;tudi&eacute;s.<br />R&eacute;sultats: Au total 61 des 65 agents ont particip&eacute; &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;tude. Plus des trois-quarts des agents pr&eacute;sentent des sympt&ocirc;mes de TMS, plus des deux tiers rapportent l&#39;existence d&#39;au moins un &eacute;pisode douloureux par semaine et plus de 90 % au moins une fois par mois. Plus de la moiti&eacute; des CA pr&eacute;sente au moins une localisation douloureuse d&#39;intensit&eacute; &laquo; forte &raquo;. Les troubles les plus fr&eacute;quemment rencontr&eacute;s sont les lombalgies basses all&eacute;gu&eacute;es par pr&egrave;s de trois-quarts des agents ; viennent ensuite les cervicalgies qui concernent un tiers des agents, puis les douleurs des &eacute;paules (20 %). Pr&egrave;s de 80 % des CA disent devoir travailler vite &laquo; parfois ou souvent &raquo;, et pr&egrave;s des trois-quarts signalent &ecirc;tre &laquo; souvent &raquo; soumis &agrave; des contraintes de d&eacute;lai. Environ 90 % estiment ne pouvoir moduler que &laquo; rarement &raquo; leur quantit&eacute; de travail, et les deux tiers &laquo; jamais &raquo;. Moins de la moiti&eacute; des agents peuvent compter ou m&ecirc;me discuter facilement avec leur hi&eacute;rarchie, alors qu&#39;ils sont plus des trois-quarts &agrave; pouvoir le faire avec leurs coll&egrave;gues.<br />Conclusion: L&#39;association entre sollicitations physiques et psychologiques sugg&egrave;re que l&#39;apparition de troubles musculosquelettiques chez les chauffeurs-ambulanciers hospitaliers est fortement impact&eacute;e par la pr&eacute;sence de risques psychosociaux.</p> <p>Source: Solitaire, C. et&nbsp;Martin, F. (2019). <em>Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de l&#39;Environnement,&nbsp;80</em>(3),&nbsp;191-198.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2019.01.006" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2019.01.006">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2019.01.006</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 25 Jun 2019 15:46:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/06/25/11551.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-25T15:46:00Z 2019-06-25 15:46 +00:00 2019-06-25 11:46 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11552 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/06/25/11552.aspx Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Charge mentale Secteur des services de santé Charge physique Secteurs d'activités Évaluation des facteurs de risque TMS Stress Troubles musculosquelettiques et risques psychosociaux dans une population de conducteurs ambulanciers hospitaliers <p>Objectif: L&#39;objectif de notre &eacute;tude a &eacute;t&eacute; de d&eacute;terminer la pr&eacute;valence des TMS et des RPS au sein d&#39;une population de conducteurs ambulanciers (CA) d&#39;un centre hospitalier public et d&#39;&eacute;valuer les liens entre eux.<br />M&eacute;thodologie: Nous avons &eacute;tudi&eacute; une population de 65 agents de la Fonction publique, &agrave; l&#39;aide d&#39;un h&eacute;t&eacute;ro-questionnaire tir&eacute; du guide des bonnes pratiques de l&#39;INRS. Les caract&eacute;ristiques g&eacute;n&eacute;rales des sujets, les plaintes li&eacute;es aux TMS, le v&eacute;cu au travail et les facteurs potentiels de RPS ont &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;tudi&eacute;s.<br />R&eacute;sultats: Au total 61 des 65 agents ont particip&eacute; &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;tude. Plus des trois-quarts des agents pr&eacute;sentent des sympt&ocirc;mes de TMS, plus des deux tiers rapportent l&#39;existence d&#39;au moins un &eacute;pisode douloureux par semaine et plus de 90 % au moins une fois par mois. Plus de la moiti&eacute; des CA pr&eacute;sente au moins une localisation douloureuse d&#39;intensit&eacute; &laquo; forte &raquo;. Les troubles les plus fr&eacute;quemment rencontr&eacute;s sont les lombalgies basses all&eacute;gu&eacute;es par pr&egrave;s de trois-quarts des agents ; viennent ensuite les cervicalgies qui concernent un tiers des agents, puis les douleurs des &eacute;paules (20 %). Pr&egrave;s de 80 % des CA disent devoir travailler vite &laquo; parfois ou souvent &raquo;, et pr&egrave;s des trois-quarts signalent &ecirc;tre &laquo; souvent &raquo; soumis &agrave; des contraintes de d&eacute;lai. Environ 90 % estiment ne pouvoir moduler que &laquo; rarement &raquo; leur quantit&eacute; de travail, et les deux tiers &laquo; jamais &raquo;. Moins de la moiti&eacute; des agents peuvent compter ou m&ecirc;me discuter facilement avec leur hi&eacute;rarchie, alors qu&#39;ils sont plus des trois-quarts &agrave; pouvoir le faire avec leurs coll&egrave;gues.<br />Conclusion: L&#39;association entre sollicitations physiques et psychologiques sugg&egrave;re que l&#39;apparition de troubles musculosquelettiques chez les chauffeurs-ambulanciers hospitaliers est fortement impact&eacute;e par la pr&eacute;sence de risques psychosociaux.</p> <p>Source: Solitaire, C. et&nbsp;Martin, F. (2019). <em>Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de l&#39;Environnement,&nbsp;80</em>(3),&nbsp;191-198.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2019.01.006" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2019.01.006">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2019.01.006</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 25 Jun 2019 15:45:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/06/25/11552.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-25T15:45:00Z 2019-06-25 15:45 +00:00 2019-06-25 11:45 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11550 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/06/25/11550.aspx Facteurs de risque Chariot automoteur Équipements Machines mobiles et véhicules Normes Instabilité NF ISO 22915 - Chariots de manutention - Vérification de la stabilité <p><strong>Partie 4 : chariots &agrave; fourche recouvrante, chariots &agrave; double fourche et chariots pr&eacute;parateurs de commandes avec un poste de conduite &eacute;levable ayant une hauteur de lev&eacute;e de 1 200 mm inclus</strong> <br />La pr&eacute;sente partie de l&#39;ISO 22915 sp&eacute;cifie des essais pour v&eacute;rifier la stabilit&eacute; des - chariots &agrave; fourche recouvrante, - chariots &agrave; double fourche, et - chariots pr&eacute;parateurs de commandes avec un poste de conduite ayant une hauteur de lev&eacute;e jusqu&#39; &agrave; 1 200 mm inclus mesur&eacute;e du sol au plancher de la plate-forme. Elle est applicable aux types de chariots de manutention, soit &agrave; m&acirc;ts, soit &agrave; bras de fourche, inclinables ou non inclinables, ayant une capacit&eacute; nominale jusqu&#39; &agrave; 5 000 kg inclus. Elle est &eacute;galement applicable aux chariots travaillant dans les m&ecirc;mes conditions lorsqu&#39;ils sont &eacute;quip&eacute;s d&#39;&eacute;quipements de manutention de charges et aux chariots pr&eacute;parateurs de commandes avec un poste de conduite ayant une hauteur de lev&eacute;e jusqu&#39;&agrave; 1 200 mm inclus lorsqu&#39;ils sont &eacute;quip&eacute;s d&#39;un ou plusieurs dispositifs &eacute;l&eacute;vateurs de charge suppl&eacute;mentaires.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-22915-4/chariots-de-manutention-verification-de-la-stabilite-partie-4-chariots-a-fourche-recouvrante-chariots-a-double-fourche-et-chario/article/910425/fa193262" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-22915-4/chariots-de-manutention-verification-de-la-stabilite-partie-4-chariots-a-fourche-recouvrante-chariots-a-double-fourche-et-chario/article/910425/fa193262">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-22915-4/chariots-de-manutention-verification-de-la-stabilite-partie-4-chariots-a-fourche-recouvrante-chariots-a-double-fourche-et-chario/article/910425/fa193262</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 25 Jun 2019 14:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/06/25/11550.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-25T14:48:00Z 2019-06-25 14:48 +00:00 2019-06-25 10:48 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11549 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/06/25/11549.aspx Mesure Normes Méthode et technique Nanoparticules Description du produit Forme Agrégat Resuspension NF EN 17199-3 - Mesurage du pouvoir de resuspension des matériaux en vrac contenant des nano-objets et leurs agrégats et agglomérats (NOAA) ou autres particules en fraction alvéolaire <p>Le pr&eacute;sent document d&eacute;crit la m&eacute;thodologie permettant de mesurer le pouvoir de resuspension de mat&eacute;riaux en vrac contenant ou &eacute;mettant des NOAA ou autres particules en fraction alv&eacute;olaire dans des conditions normalis&eacute;es et reproductibles et sp&eacute;cifie, &agrave; cette fin, le but de la m&eacute;thode de la chute continue. Le pr&eacute;sent document sp&eacute;cifie le choix des instruments et dispositifs ainsi que les proc&eacute;dures de calcul et d&#39;expression des r&eacute;sultats. Il fournit &eacute;galement des lignes directrices concernant l&#39;&eacute;valuation et la consignation des donn&eacute;es. La m&eacute;thodologie d&eacute;crite dans le pr&eacute;sent document permet : le mesurage des fractions massiques des poussi&egrave;res alv&eacute;olaires et, facultativement, inhalables ; le mesurage de l&#39;indice du pouvoir de resuspension en nombre des particules dans la plage granulom&eacute;trique comprise entre environ 10 nm et 1 micron m ; le mesurage du taux d&#39;&eacute;mission en nombre des particules dans la plage granulom&eacute;trique comprise entre environ 10 nm et 1 micron m ; le mesurage de la distribution granulom&eacute;trique en nombre des particules d&#39;a&eacute;rosol lib&eacute;r&eacute;es dans la plage granulom&eacute;trique comprise entre environ 10 nm et 10 micron m ; et la collecte des particules en suspension dans l&#39;air lib&eacute;r&eacute;es dans la fraction massique des poussi&egrave;res alv&eacute;olaires pour des observations et une analyse suppl&eacute;mentaires par microscopie &eacute;lectronique. Le pr&eacute;sent document est applicable aux essais relatifs &agrave; une gamme &eacute;tendue de mat&eacute;riaux en vrac, y compris des mat&eacute;riaux granulaires, en poudre ou sous forme de pastilles contenant ou &eacute;mettant des NOAA ou autres particules en fraction alv&eacute;olaire sous formes rev&ecirc;tues, non rev&ecirc;tues, li&eacute;es et non li&eacute;es. Aucun syst&egrave;me de classification bas&eacute; sur le nombre en termes d&#39;indices de pouvoir de resuspension ou de taux d&#39;&eacute;mission n&#39;a encore &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;tabli. D&egrave;s lors que des donn&eacute;es de mesure seront disponibles en grand nombre, il est pr&eacute;vu de r&eacute;viser le pr&eacute;sent document et d&#39;introduire un tel syst&egrave;me de classification, le cas &eacute;ch&eacute;ant. Les m&eacute;thodes sp&eacute;cifi&eacute;es dans le pr&eacute;sent document n&#39;ont pas &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;valu&eacute;es pour les nanofibres et les nanofeuillets.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-17199-3/exposition-sur-les-lieux-de-travail-mesurage-du-pouvoir-de-resuspension-des-materiaux-en-vrac-contenant-des-nano-objets-et-leurs/article/910813/fa187163" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-17199-3/exposition-sur-les-lieux-de-travail-mesurage-du-pouvoir-de-resuspension-des-materiaux-en-vrac-contenant-des-nano-objets-et-leurs/article/910813/fa187163">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-17199-3/exposition-sur-les-lieux-de-travail-mesurage-du-pouvoir-de-resuspension-des-materiaux-en-vrac-contenant-des-nano-objets-et-leurs/article/910813/fa187163</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 25 Jun 2019 14:25:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/06/25/11549.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-25T14:25:00Z 2019-06-25 14:25 +00:00 2019-06-25 10:25 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11548 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/06/25/11548.aspx Protection contre l’effondrement des tranchées et des excavations Protection contre l’effondrement des structures Secteur de l'industrie extrative Type de protection Vers une conception de barricades plus sécuritaire dans les mines <p><strong>&Eacute;tude de l&#39;interaction entre le remblai et les structures encaissantes</strong><br />Le remblayage souterrain est couramment utilis&eacute; dans l&#39;industrie mini&egrave;re pour am&eacute;liorer les conditions de terrain, et ainsi assurer un espace de travail plus s&eacute;curitaire aux travailleurs &oelig;uvrant sous terre. N&eacute;anmoins, l&#39;application de cette technique requiert la construction de barricades dans les galeries d&#39;entr&eacute;e aux points de soutirage pour retenir les remblais en place. Or, des cas de rupture de barricades r&eacute;cents indiquent que celles-ci peuvent pr&eacute;senter un danger pour la sant&eacute; et la s&eacute;curit&eacute; de l&#39;ensemble des travailleurs miniers utilisant le remblayage souterrain.<br />Comme toutes les autres structures de construction, la stabilit&eacute; d&#39;une barricade pour retenir un remblai dans un chantier d&eacute;pend de sa capacit&eacute; et de la demande. La capacit&eacute; varie selon les mat&eacute;riaux utilis&eacute;s, la g&eacute;om&eacute;trie (forme et dimensions) de la barricade et la m&eacute;thode de construction. La demande se traduit essentiellement par la pression exerc&eacute;e sur la barricade par le remblai. Une d&eacute;faillance d&#39;un de ces facteurs, que ce soit &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;gard de la conception ou de la construction d&#39;une barricade, peut constituer un danger important pour la sant&eacute; et la s&eacute;curit&eacute; des travailleurs &oelig;uvrant sous terre.<br />Dans le but ultime de fournir &agrave; l&#39;industrie mini&egrave;re un outil de conception de barricades plus fiable et plus &eacute;conomique, le projet consiste &agrave; approfondir l&#39;&eacute;tat des connaissances sur l&#39;interaction entre le remblai et les structures encaissantes, incluant notamment les parois rocheuses et les barricades. La majeure partie du projet porte sur les analyses th&eacute;oriques et num&eacute;riques permettant l&#39;estimation des pressions et des contraintes dans les chantiers remblay&eacute;s et sur les barricades install&eacute;es dans la galerie d&#39;acc&egrave;s &agrave; la mine. Cela a conduit au d&eacute;veloppement de nouvelles solutions analytiques et num&eacute;riques pour mieux estimer les pressions et les contraintes dans les chantiers et sur les barricades.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101035/n/conception-barricades-securitaire-mines" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101035/n/conception-barricades-securitaire-mines">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101035/n/conception-barricades-securitaire-mines</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 25 Jun 2019 13:36:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/06/25/11548.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-25T13:36:00Z 2019-06-25 13:36 +00:00 2019-06-25 09:36 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11547 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/06/13/11547.aspx Agents chimiques Silice Poussières Méthodes et outils Ventilation Prévention et contrôle Réduction à la source Méthode et technique Caractérisation Moyens physiques et techniques Taille des particules Aspiration Transformation du granit - Caractérisation et contrôle de la poussière de la silice émise par le polissage <p>La pr&eacute;sente &eacute;tude contribue &agrave; l&#39;avancement des connaissances n&eacute;cessaires pour d&eacute;terminer des moyens d&#39;&eacute;limination et de r&eacute;duction &agrave; la source des poussi&egrave;res fines et ultrafines contenant de la silice cristalline et qui sont &eacute;mises lors de la transformation du granit. L&#39;&eacute;limination et la r&eacute;duction &agrave; la source des &eacute;missions sont les moyens privil&eacute;gi&eacute;s pour assurer un environnement de travail sain et s&eacute;curitaire; l&#39;utilisation des &eacute;quipements de protection individuelle demeurant la derni&egrave;re solution &agrave; adopter en milieu de travail.<br />Pour parvenir &agrave; des solutions efficaces, une &eacute;tude a d&#39;abord &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;e en laboratoire, portant sur 1) la caract&eacute;risation, 2) le contr&ocirc;le de la poussi&egrave;re de silice cristalline &eacute;mise par les op&eacute;rations de polissage &agrave; sec et humide. La caract&eacute;risation des poussi&egrave;res fines et ultrafines &eacute;mises par le polissage &eacute;tait n&eacute;cessaire puisque les solutions de contr&ocirc;le des &eacute;missions d&eacute;pendent de la granulom&eacute;trie et de la concentration des polluants &eacute;mis par le proc&eacute;d&eacute; de polissage. Les moyens de contr&ocirc;le des &eacute;missions incluaient la modification de certains param&egrave;tres de travail (vitesse de rotation et vitesse d&#39;avance du proc&eacute;d&eacute; de polissage, polissage &agrave; sec ou par voie humide, quantit&eacute; d&#39;eau).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101030/n/granit-controle-de-poussiere-silice-polissage" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101030/n/granit-controle-de-poussiere-silice-polissage">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101030/n/granit-controle-de-poussiere-silice-polissage</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 13 Jun 2019 12:56:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/06/13/11547.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-13T12:56:00Z 2019-06-13 12:56 +00:00 2019-06-13 08:56 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11546 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/06/11/11546.aspx Travail en mouvement Travailleurs Organisation temporelle Travail des femmes Effets sur les travailleurs Organisation de la production Cancer The impact of night shift work on breast cancer <p><strong>Results from the Burden of Occupational Cancer in Canada Study</strong><br />Background: We estimated the proportion and number of female breast cancer cases in Canada attributable to night shift work, a probable cause of breast cancer.<br />Methods: Levin&#39;s equation was used to calculate population attributable fractions (PAFs) among Canadian women who ever worked night/rotating shifts from 1961 to 2000, accounting for labor turnover and survival to the year 2011. The calculated PAFs were applied to 2011 Canadian breast cancer incidence statistics to obtain the number of attributable cases.<br />Results: Approximately 1.5 million women ever worked night/rotating shifts during 1961-2000 and survived to 2011. The PAFs ranged from 2.0% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.4-6.2) to 5.2% (95% CI: 3.7-13.6), and 470 to 1200 incident breast cancer cases in 2011 were likely due to shift work, of which 38% would have been diagnosed among women in health-related occupations.<br />Conclusions: More research is needed to increase the certainty of this association, but current evidence supports workplace-based prevention.</p> <p>Source: Pahwa, M., Labr&egrave;che, F., Kim, J., Harris, M. A., Song, C., Peters, C. E., ...&nbsp;et Demers, P. A.&nbsp;(2019). <em>American Journal of Industrial Medicine</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22999" title="https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22999">https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22999</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 11 Jun 2019 14:28:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/06/11/11546.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-11T14:28:00Z 2019-06-11 14:28 +00:00 2019-06-11 10:28 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11545 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/06/11/11545.aspx Agents chimiques Méthodes et outils Méthode et technique Revue de littérature Échantillonnage Assessment of Occupational Exposure to Organic Flame Retardants: A Systematic Review <p>Background: Flame retardants (FRs) are widespread in common goods, and workers in some industries can be exposed to high concentrations. Numerous studies describe occupational exposure to FRs, but the diversity of methods and of reported results renders their interpretation difficult for researchers, occupational hygienists, and decision makers.<br />Objectives: The objectives of this paper are to compile and summarize the scientific knowledge on occupational exposure to FRs as well as to identify research gaps and to formulate recommendations.<br />Methods: Five databases were consulted for this systematic literature review (Embase, Medline [Pubmed], Global health, Web of Science, and Google Scholar), with terms related to occupational exposure and to FRs. Selected studies report quantitative measurements of exposure to organic FRs in a workplace, either in air, dust, or in workers&#39; biological fluids. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses statement guidelines were followed.<br />Results: The search yielded 1540 published articles, of which 58 were retained. The most frequently sampled FRs were polybrominated diphenyl ethers and novel brominated FRs. Offices and electronic waste recycling facilities were the most studied occupational settings, and the highest reported exposures were found in the latter, as well as in manufacturing of printed circuit boards, in aircrafts, and in firefighters. There were recurrent methodological issues, such as unstandardized and ill-described air and dust sampling, as well as deficient statistical analyses.<br />Conclusions: This review offers several recommendations. Workplaces such as electronic waste recycling or manufacturing of electronics as well as firefighters and aircraft personnel should be granted more attention from researchers and industrial hygienists. Methodical and standardized occupational exposure assessment approaches should be employed, and data analysis and reporting should be more systematic. Finally, more research is needed on newer chemical classes of FRs, on occupational exposure pathways, and on airborne FR particle distribution.</p> <p>Source: Gravel, S., Aubin, S.&nbsp;et Labr&egrave;che, F. (2019).&nbsp;<em>Annals of work exposures and health, 63</em>, 386-406.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxz012" title="https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxz012">https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxz012</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 11 Jun 2019 14:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/06/11/11545.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-11T14:04:00Z 2019-06-11 14:04 +00:00 2019-06-11 10:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11544 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/06/07/11544.aspx Europe Cancer Maladies professionnelles Lésions professionnelles France Cancers reconnus d’origine professionnelle <p><strong>&Eacute;volution statistique, actions de pr&eacute;vention et d&#39;accompagnement des salari&eacute;s expos&eacute;s</strong><br />Sur la p&eacute;riode 2013-2017, 1 840 cancers d&#39;origine professionnelle ont &eacute;t&eacute; reconnus en moyenne chaque ann&eacute;e en France. La part des cancers li&eacute;e &agrave; l&#39;amiante est pr&eacute;pond&eacute;rante (80 %). Il s&#39;agit de cancers du poumon dans 70 % des cas et de m&eacute;soth&eacute;liomes dans 30 % des cas. Ces chiffres sont issus d&#39;un rapport publi&eacute; en avril par l&#39;Assurance maladie &ndash; Risques professionnels. Ils indiquent une progression de la reconnaissance des cancers d&#39;origine professionnelle d&#39;un facteur 3,6 en l&#39;espace de vingt ans. Celle-ci intervient en g&eacute;n&eacute;ral tardivement &ndash; &agrave; l&#39;&acirc;ge de 68 ans en moyenne &ndash; alors que les personnes sont d&eacute;j&agrave; &agrave; la retraite. Les hommes sont tr&egrave;s majoritairement concern&eacute;s (96 %), notamment les anciens ouvriers (80 % de cas) issus des secteurs de la m&eacute;tallurgie, du BTP, de l&#39;industrie chimique et du bois. Il faut toutefois pr&eacute;ciser que cette situation est le reflet de la structure d&#39;emploi des cinquante derni&egrave;res ann&eacute;es et non de l&#39;exposition actuelle des salari&eacute;s. Ce rapport comporte &eacute;galement deux chapitres sur les actions de pr&eacute;vention et d&#39;accompagnement des salari&eacute;s expos&eacute;s &agrave; des risques canc&eacute;rog&egrave;nes.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fileadmin/user_upload/document_PDF_a_telecharger/brochures/Rapport%20Enjeux%20et%20actions%20cancers%20pros.pdf" title="http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fileadmin/user_upload/document_PDF_a_telecharger/brochures/Rapport%20Enjeux%20et%20actions%20cancers%20pros.pdf">http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fileadmin/user_upload/document_PDF_a_telecharger/brochures/Rapport%20Enjeux%20et%20actions%20cancers%20pros.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 07 Jun 2019 14:45:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/06/07/11544.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-07T14:45:00Z 2019-06-07 14:45 +00:00 2019-06-07 10:45 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11543 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2019/06/07/11543.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Prévention du bruit Risques dus au bruit Nuisances sonores <p>Trop souvent, le bruit reste le parent pauvre de la pr&eacute;vention. Soit il est ignor&eacute;, soit il ne fait l&#39;objet que d&#39;une protection individuelle &agrave; travers les casques et bouchons d&#39;oreilles. Pourtant, ce risque aux cons&eacute;quences diverses, de la g&ecirc;ne, source de mal-&ecirc;tre, &agrave; la l&eacute;sion irr&eacute;versible, en fonction de sa puissance, peut &ecirc;tre trait&eacute; facilement.<br />Trois millions de salari&eacute;s expos&eacute;s. Pr&egrave;s de six actifs sur dix qui se disent g&ecirc;n&eacute;s sur leur lieu de travail, tous secteurs confondus (industries, BTP, services, administrations&hellip;). Le bruit constitue une nuisance majeure en milieu professionnel. Il reste pourtant insuffisamment pris en compte en tant que risque professionnel.</p> <p><br />Source: (2019). <em>Travail et s&eacute;curit&eacute;</em>, (905), 12-24.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier/NUISANCES%20SONORES.html" title="http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier/NUISANCES%20SONORES.html">http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier/NUISANCES%20SONORES.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 07 Jun 2019 14:08:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2019/06/07/11543.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-07T14:08:00Z 2019-06-07 14:08 +00:00 2019-06-07 10:08 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11542 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/06/07/11542.aspx Cadenassage Réduction du risque Risque machine Hazardous energy control on machinery <p><strong>Understanding the use of alternative methods to lockout</strong><br />National standards and regulations in many countries establish requirements for controlling hazardous energy related to machinery that could cause accidents linked to the release of these energies, unexpected energization or start-up of machines or equipment. These standards and regulations describe alternative methods to lockout and the conditions for using them. The purpose of the study is to understand the application of alternative methods to lockout and investigate how they are implemented in accordance with the Canadian standard and regulation in force. Therefore, in this qualitative research, the application of alternative methods for control of hazardous energies was studied in 14 organizations in Quebec (Canada). A questionnaire that included 15 questions on the application of alternative methods was designed and used. In each organization, the research team conducted a group interview, collected additional data from observations and documentation, and completed the questionnaire. Results indicated the need to increase knowledge about alternative methods to lockout and the regulation. Actual practices in the organizations visited demonstrated that alternative methods were used without being compliant with the standard and regulation. A risk assessment was not carried out before applying an alternative method. Moreover, a general working procedure for alternative methods was missing or incomplete in all the organizations. There was a lack of training in alternative methods as well as lack of audit/inspections of their application. In this regard, recommendations for addressing identified shortcomings are proposed.</p> <p>Source: Karimi, Benyamin,&nbsp;Burlet-Vienney, Damien,&nbsp;Chinniah, Yuvin et&nbsp;Aucourt, Barthelemy. (2019). <em>Safety Science,&nbsp;118</em>,&nbsp;519-529.&nbsp;&nbsp;<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.06.003" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.06.003">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.06.003</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 07 Jun 2019 13:13:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/06/07/11542.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-07T13:13:00Z 2019-06-07 13:13 +00:00 2019-06-07 09:13 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11541 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/05/11541.aspx Orientations stratégiques Canada Colombie-Britannique WorkSafe BC - 2018 Annual Report and 2019–2021 Service Plan <p>Our annual reports share our performance results and financial highlights for the previous year. Our current annual report, noted below, also includes information about our service plan. </p> <p>Source: <a href="https://www.worksafebc.com/en/about-us/what-we-do/our-annual-report">https://www.worksafebc.com/en/about-us/what-we-do/our-annual-report</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 05 Jun 2019 13:58:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/05/11541.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-05T13:58:00Z 2019-06-05 13:58 +00:00 2019-06-05 09:58 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11540 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/06/05/11540.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Travail en mouvement Prise en charge Outils de prise en charge Évaluation du risque Développements technologiques Le rôle futur des mégadonnées et de l’apprentissage automatique dans l’amélioration de l’efficacité des inspections de santé et de sécurité <p>Cet article examine la mani&egrave;re dont les inspections du travail pourraient utiliser les m&eacute;gadonn&eacute;es afin de d&eacute;terminer efficacement les cibles des inspections de sant&eacute; et de s&eacute;curit&eacute;. Il expose la mani&egrave;re dont les autorit&eacute;s d&eacute;terminent actuellement les objets des inspections et utilisent les nouvelles technologies num&eacute;riques afin de recenser les entreprises &agrave; haut risque.<br />L&rsquo;article passe en revue des exemples de technologies pertinentes mises en pratique, notamment un outil d&eacute;velopp&eacute; par l&rsquo;Autorit&eacute; de l&rsquo;inspection du travail norv&eacute;gienne qui semble cibler les entreprises &agrave; haut risque avec un degr&eacute; de pr&eacute;cision consid&eacute;rable.<br />Il recense les d&eacute;fis &agrave; relever et conclut qu&rsquo;une association de l&rsquo;intelligence artificielle et de l&rsquo;intelligence humaine sera probablement la solution id&eacute;ale pour le ciblage fond&eacute; sur les risques.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/future-role-big-data-and-machine-learning-health-and-safety/view" title="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/future-role-big-data-and-machine-learning-health-and-safety/view">https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/future-role-big-data-and-machine-learning-health-and-safety/view</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 05 Jun 2019 13:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/06/05/11540.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-05T13:48:00Z 2019-06-05 13:48 +00:00 2019-06-05 09:48 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11539 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/06/05/11539.aspx Agents chimiques Effets sur la santé Poussières Secteur de l'industrie extractive Systèmes et maladies Secteurs d'activités Affections cardiovasculaires Quartz Effects of occupational exposure to respirable quartz dust on acute myocardial infarction <p>Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of occupational exposure to respirable quartz (RQ) on first acute myocardial infarction (AMI). RQ causes pulmonary diseases like silicosis and has also been linked to cardiovascular diseases. Inflammation is hypothesised as the underlying pathway.<br />Methods: We performed a 1:3 matched case&ndash;control study nested in a cohort of male uranium miners. We included cases (identified from hospital records and validated according to WHO criteria) who had suffered their first AMI while still employed and &lt;65 years of age. Controls were matched by date of birth and Wismut recruitment era. RQ exposure was derived from a job-exposure matrix. We performed a conditional logistic regression adjusted for smoking, metabolic syndrome and baseline erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Subgroups by date of birth and Wismut recruitment era were analysed to minimise the impact of pre-exposures.br&gt; Results: The study base comprised 292 matched sets. The cumulative exposure ranged from 0 to 38.9 mg/m&sup3;-years RQ. The adjusted OR of the highest RQ tertile (&gt;14.62 mg/m&sup3;-years) was 1.27 (95% CI 0.82 to 1.98). However, for miners born after 1928 and hired in the earliest recruitment era (1946&ndash;1954), a significantly elevated risk was seen in the highest RQ tertile (OR=6.47 [95% CI 1.33 to 31.5]; 50 matched sets).<br />Conclusions: An impact of quartz dust on first AMI was observed only in a small subgroup that had virtually no pre-exposure to RQ. Further studies on the basis of complete occupational history are required to substantiate this finding.</p> <p>Source: Gellissen, J., Pattloch, D.&nbsp;et M&ouml;hner, M. (2019). <em>Occupational and environmental medicine, 76</em>(6), 370-375.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105540" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105540">http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105540</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 05 Jun 2019 13:30:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/06/05/11539.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-05T13:30:00Z 2019-06-05 13:30 +00:00 2019-06-05 09:30 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11538 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/06/03/11538.aspx Europe Conditions de travail Enquêtes Régions géographiques Working conditions and workers’ health <p>Ensuring the sustainability of pension systems in the&nbsp;context of ageing populations has become a priority: it requires that more people enter employment and that they work longer. At the same time, pressure on workers is rising due partly to ongoing change in how work is organised and performed; in turn, this impacts on the type and nature of risks associated with work. For workers to remain longer in the labour force, work must be made sustainable by reducing health-impairing conditions and fostering health-promoting ones. To this end, understanding the relationships between working conditions and workers&rsquo; health and well-being is key. This report examines these relationships in the EU28 using data from the European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/sites/default/files/ef_publication/field_ef_document/ef18041en.pdf" title="https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/sites/default/files/ef_publication/field_ef_document/ef18041en.pdf">https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/sites/default/files/ef_publication/field_ef_document/ef18041en.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 03 Jun 2019 19:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/06/03/11538.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-03T19:48:00Z 2019-06-03 19:48 +00:00 2019-06-03 15:48 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11537 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/03/11537.aspx Europe Orientations stratégiques Grande-Bretagne A national Health and Work Strategy: a search for evidence <p>Background: The Health and Safety Executive&rsquo;s new Health and Work Strategy is based on an up-to-date assessment of workplace health priorities. Rather than replicating traditional prioritization approaches, a broader assessment of health and work priorities was carried out using a range of stakeholders.<br />Aims: To develop a set of health priorities for further research and intervention activity.<br />Methods: Four exercises were carried out, including internal prioritization, two external web-hosted questionnaire studies of younger workers and occupational health professionals, focus groups and tele-depth interviews with workplace health and safety professionals.<br />Results: The highest rated internal priorities (weighted priority scores) were identified as mesothelioma (70), lung cancer (69.25), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; 69), musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs; 66.25), hearing loss (65.75), stress (65.5), asthma (64.5) and hand-arm vibration syndrome (61.5). Using the three highest ranked criteria developed by occupational health professionals ((i) the preventability of the condition, (ii) the impact of the condition and (iii) the number of workers affected), mesothelioma, lung cancer, COPD, MSDs, hearing loss, stress and asthma were identified as the top seven priorities. Generic issues identified included ageing and work, obesity, newer technologies, and ethnicity and cultures of workforces. Apprentices identified stress, depression, anxiety, musculoskeletal and respiratory disorders, fatigue and workload as important workplace health considerations.<br />Conclusions: This process identified a number of expected and new areas of health research interest. We believe the findings reflect the real world requirements of work as assessed by occupational health and safety practitioners and workers.</p> <p>Source: Fishwick, D., Bradshaw, L., Bishop, B., Burger, M., Frost, G., Warren, N.&nbsp;et Curran, A. (2019).&nbsp;<i>Occupational Medicine</i>, <i>69</i>(2), 118-125.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqz001" title="https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqz001">https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqz001</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 03 Jun 2019 15:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/03/11537.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-03T15:48:00Z 2019-06-03 15:48 +00:00 2019-06-03 11:48 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11536 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/06/03/11536.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Prise en charge Clinical guideline for the diagnosis and management of work-related mental health conditions in general practice <p>Work related mental health conditions are the second most common cause of workers&rsquo; compensation, however, these conditions are typically challenging to diagnose and treat. In Australia, most injured workers seek care from their general practitioner (GP).<br />The <em>Clinical guideline for the diagnosis and management of work-related mental health conditions</em> (the Guideline) has been developed to assist GPs with the diagnosis and management of work-related mental health conditions. The guideline recommendations were approved by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) in late 2018. It is endorsed by the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP) and the Australian College of Rural and Remote Medicine (ACRRM).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.monash.edu/medicine/spahc/general-practice/work-related-mental-health-guideline" title="https://www.monash.edu/medicine/spahc/general-practice/work-related-mental-health-guideline">https://www.monash.edu/medicine/spahc/general-practice/work-related-mental-health-guideline</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 03 Jun 2019 14:13:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/06/03/11536.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-03T14:13:00Z 2019-06-03 14:13 +00:00 2019-06-03 10:13 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11534 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/31/11534.aspx Conditions de travail Contexte de travail Working conditions in a global perspective <p>Job quality is a major focus of policymakers around the world. For workers, the enterprises that employ them and for societies, there are benefits associated with high-quality jobs, and costs associated with poor-quality jobs. This report &ndash; the result of a pioneering project by the International Labour Organization and Eurofound &ndash; provides a comparative analysis of job quality covering approximately 1.2 billion workers in Europe, Asia and the Americas. It analyses seven dimensions of job quality: the physical environment, work intensity, working time quality, the social environment, skills and development, prospects, and earnings, finding both important differences and similarities between countries. By analysing positive and negative aspects of job quality in different countries and societies, the report provides a way to look beyond national explanations, to see how some groups of workers are affected more than others and understand the particular issues for women workers around the world &ndash; in support of evidence-based policymaking to improve job quality.</p> <p>Source:&nbsp;<a href="https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/fr/publications/report/2019/working-conditions-in-a-global-perspective" title="https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/fr/publications/report/2019/working-conditions-in-a-global-perspective" target="_blank">https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/fr/publications/report/2019/working-conditions-in-a-global-perspective</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 31 May 2019 12:11:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/31/11534.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-31T12:11:00Z 2019-05-31 12:11 +00:00 2019-05-31 08:11 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11535 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/31/11535.aspx Travailleurs Environnement socio-économique Structure démographique Travailleurs vieillissants Effets sur les travailleurs Conditions de travail Working conditions and workers' health <p>This report uses European Working Conditions Survey data to examine working conditions and their implications for worker&#39;s health. Ensuring the sustainability of work in the context of ageing populations implies a greater number of people in employment who can remain in the workforce for longer. The report examines the interplay between work demands &ndash; which carry an increased risk of exhaustion &ndash; and work resources &ndash; which support workers in greater engagement and well-being. The findings indicate that physical risks have not increased but remain important, while emotional demands have increased, underlining the growing importance of psychosocial risks at work. Changes over time suggest that although the risk of poor health is concentrated in certain occupations, those occupations traditionally considered to be protected are increasingly exposed to risks that are likely to affect workers&#39; health and well-being.</p> <p>Source:&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/fr/publications/report/2019/working-conditions-and-workers-health" href="https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/fr/publications/report/2019/working-conditions-and-workers-health">https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/fr/publications/report/2019/working-conditions-and-workers-health</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 31 May 2019 12:11:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/31/11535.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-31T12:11:00Z 2019-05-31 12:11 +00:00 2019-05-31 08:11 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11533 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/29/11533.aspx Développements technologiques Prospective Changements climatiques Organisation du travail Structure démographique La sécurité et la santé au coeur de l’avenir du travail <p><strong>Mettre &agrave; profit 100 ans d&#39;exp&eacute;rience</strong><br /> Au moment o&ugrave; l&#39;OIT c&eacute;l&egrave;bre son centenaire, le premier chapitre du pr&eacute;sent rapport revient sur l&#39;&eacute;volution de ces connaissances depuis un si&egrave;cle et sur le r&ocirc;le jou&eacute; par l&#39;OIT &agrave; cet &eacute;gard depuis sa cr&eacute;ation en 1919.<br /> Dans le contexte des enjeux de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; et de la sant&eacute; au travail, le chapitre 2 s&#39;int&eacute;resse aux tendances qui entra&icirc;nent des changements dans le monde du travail et &agrave; leur impact sur la s&eacute;curit&eacute; et la sant&eacute; au travail. Il se concentre sur quatre &eacute;volutions majeures du monde du travail &ndash; li&eacute;es &agrave; la technologie, &agrave; la d&eacute;mographie, au d&eacute;veloppement durable (et au changement climatique) et &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;volution de l&#39;organisation du travail. A partir de chacune de ces &eacute;volutions, le rapport s&#39;emploie &agrave; identifier les opportunit&eacute;s et les d&eacute;fis cl&eacute;s pour la s&eacute;curit&eacute; et la sant&eacute; au travail et pour la pr&eacute;vention et la ma&icirc;trise des risques.<br /> Le chapitre 3 &eacute;tudie la fa&ccedil;on dont la s&eacute;curit&eacute; et la sant&eacute; au travail &eacute;voluent et rel&egrave;vent le d&eacute;fi d&#39;un avenir du travail s&ucirc;r et sain pour tous.</p> <p>Source:&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="https://www.ilo.org/global/about-the-ilo/how-the-ilo-works/departments-and-offices/governance/labadmin-osh/events/world-day-for-safety/WCMS_687619/lang--fr/index.htm" href="https://www.ilo.org/global/about-the-ilo/how-the-ilo-works/departments-and-offices/governance/labadmin-osh/events/world-day-for-safety/WCMS_687619/lang--fr/index.htm">https://www.ilo.org/global/about-the-ilo/how-the-ilo-works/departments-and-offices/governance/labadmin-osh/events/world-day-for-safety/WCMS_687619/lang--fr/index.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 29 May 2019 14:59:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/29/11533.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-29T14:59:00Z 2019-05-29 14:59 +00:00 2019-05-29 10:59 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11526 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/29/11526.aspx Travail en mouvement Organisation temporelle Secteur des services de santé Organisation de la production Secteurs d'activités Travail posté Healthy working time arrangements for healthcare personnel and patients <p><strong>A&nbsp;systematic literature review</strong><br />Background: A number of working time arrangements have been linked to negative consequences for both health personnel and their patients. A common hypothesis put forth to explain these findings suggests that certain working time arrangements lead to negative patient consequences due to the adverse impact they have on employee health. The purpose of this study is to use systematic reviews to investigate whether employee health explains the relationship between working time arrangements and patient safety.<br />Methods: A systematic literature review was performed including published reviews and original studies from MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Cinahl and Web of Science investigating working time arrangements for healthcare personnel, employee health and patient safety. In addition, we screened reference lists of identified reviews. Two reviewers independently identified relevant publications according to inclusion criteria, extracted findings and assessed quality.<br />Results: Six thousand nine hundred thirty papers were identified, of which 52 studies met our criteria. Articles were categorized into five groups according to how they approached the research question: 1) independent analyses of relationship between working time arrangements and employee health, and of working time arrangements and patient safety (5 studies); 2) relationship between working time arrangements on both employee health and patient safety (21 studies); 3) working time arrangements and employee health as two explanatory variables for patient safety (8 studies); 4) combinations of the above analyses (7 studies); 5) other relevant studies (5 studies). Studies that find that working time is detrimental to employee health, generally also find detrimental results for patient safety. This is particularly shown through increases in errors by health personnel. When controlling for employee health, the relationship between working time arrangements and patient safety is reduced, but still significant.<br />Conclusions: Results suggest that employee health partially (but not completely) mediates the relationship between working time arrangements and patient safety. However, there is a lack of studies directly investigating employee health as a mediator between working time arrangements and patient safety. Future studies should address this research gap.</p> <p>Source: Bernstr&oslash;m, V. H., Alves, D. E., Ellingsen, D.&nbsp;et Ingelsrud, M. H. (2019).&nbsp;<em>BMC health services research, 19</em>(1), 193.<br /><a title="https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-019-3993-5" href="https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-019-3993-5" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-019-3993-5</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 29 May 2019 13:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/29/11526.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-29T13:14:00Z 2019-05-29 13:14 +00:00 2019-05-29 09:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11532 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/05/29/11532.aspx Agents chimiques Effets sur la santé Mesure Pesticides Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture Méthode et technique Indicateur biologique Secteurs d'activités Dose Toxicocinétique La lambda-cyhalothrine comme insecticide en milieu agricole <p><strong>&Eacute;tude de la toxicocin&eacute;tique de biomarqueurs pour le suivi de l&#39;exposition des travailleurs</strong><br /> L&#39;objectif g&eacute;n&eacute;ral du pr&eacute;sent projet de recherche a &eacute;t&eacute; de combler le manque de connaissance sur la toxicocin&eacute;tique de biomarqueurs d&#39;exposition &agrave; la lambda-cyhalothrine chez l&#39;humain, pour une meilleure interpr&eacute;tation des donn&eacute;es de biosurveillance des travailleurs expos&eacute;s &agrave; ce pesticide et une meilleure &eacute;valuation des risques associ&eacute;s.<br /> Ce projet a &eacute;t&eacute; divis&eacute; en deux volets. Dans le premier volet, une &eacute;tude cin&eacute;tique contr&ocirc;l&eacute;e a &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;e chez des volontaires expos&eacute;s &agrave; la lambda-cyhalothrine de fa&ccedil;on aigu&euml;, &agrave; de faibles doses orale (dose de r&eacute;f&eacute;rence orale) et cutan&eacute;e (formulation &agrave; base de lambda-cyhalothrine), afin d&#39;analyser les profils temporels des biomarqueurs d&#39;exposition (le CFMP et le 3-PBA), dans le plasma et l&#39;urine. Dans le second volet, un mod&egrave;le toxicocin&eacute;tique a &eacute;t&eacute; d&eacute;velopp&eacute; &agrave; partir des donn&eacute;es de l&#39;&eacute;tude chez les volontaires, afin de simuler la cin&eacute;tique de biomarqueurs d&#39;exposition &agrave; la lambda-cyhalothrine pour diff&eacute;rents sc&eacute;narios d&#39;exposition et de fournir un outil permettant de reconstruire les doses absorb&eacute;es chez des travailleurs expos&eacute;s.</p> <p>Source:&nbsp;<a href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101029/n/lambda-cyhalothrine" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101029/n/lambda-cyhalothrine" target="_blank">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101029/n/lambda-cyhalothrine</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 29 May 2019 13:02:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/05/29/11532.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-29T13:02:00Z 2019-05-29 13:02 +00:00 2019-05-29 09:02 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11531 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/28/11531.aspx Travail en mouvement Comportements sécuritaires Secteur de l’industrie extractive Enquêtes Évaluation des facteurs de risque Risk Perception Key to Workplace Safety and Health <p>A recent study of 1,334 workers from 20 mine sites found that miners who avoid risk were less likely to experience near-miss incidents, according to a paper published in the Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries. Why is it important to know about near-miss incidents? Previous NIOSH research showed that the likelihood of future injury may increase with the number of near misses. A near miss, otherwise known as a &ldquo;close call,&rdquo; is an occurrence that could have caused harm but did not. In high-risk occupations, near-miss incidents must be reported. Risk management, including near-miss reporting, serves as an integral part of workplace safety and health, particularly in hazardous industries such as mining and chemical processing. Near-miss reports do not necessarily reveal the role that workers&#39; attitudes play in risk-related behavior. To understand this relationship, NIOSH researchers recently surveyed mine workers to compare their attitudes towards risks and their feelings of personal control over events&mdash;defined as &ldquo;locus of control&rdquo;&mdash;with their individual likelihood of risk avoidance. Researchers found a strong relationship between near misses and attitudes toward risk and locus of control. </p> <p>Based on published studies, researchers developed a survey of specific attitudes toward safety and health. The survey included statements such as whether or not workers put safety first and prefer to avoid risks, or whether they consider themselves regular risk-takers. Respondents were asked to rate these statements from 1 to 6 on the commonly used Likert scale. In addition, respondents reported their frequency of experiencing near miss incidents in the preceding 6 months, and the researchers confirmed near misses with mining company reports. Most respondents were males and ranged in age from 18 to 54. The in-person surveys occurred between April 2015 and April 2017. </p> <p>Source : Haas, E.J. , Lorio, P.L. (2019). Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 59, 91-99. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlp.2019.03.005" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlp.2019.03.005" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlp.2019.03.005</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 28 May 2019 20:31:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/28/11531.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-28T20:31:00Z 2019-05-28 20:31 +00:00 2019-05-28 16:31 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11530 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/28/11530.aspx Effets sur les travailleurs Développements technologiques Prospective La SST et l’avenir du travail: avantages et risques des outils d’intelligence artificielle sur les lieux de travail <p class="Textfo">Cet article traite des r&eacute;percussions potentielles de l&#39;utilisation de nouvelles technologies num&eacute;riques, telles que l&#39;intelligence artificielle&nbsp;(IA) et les &laquo;m&eacute;gadonn&eacute;es&raquo;, en mati&egrave;re de s&eacute;curit&eacute; et de sant&eacute; sur le lieu de travail&nbsp;(SST).</p> <p class="Textfo">S&#39;il est &eacute;vident que les nouvelles technologies num&eacute;riques changeront consid&eacute;rablement notre mani&egrave;re de travailler, il reste &agrave; savoir quelles seront leurs cons&eacute;quences sur le bien-&ecirc;tre, la s&eacute;curit&eacute; et la sant&eacute; sur le lieu de travail. L&#39;article donne des exemples de la mani&egrave;re dont l&#39;IA est utilis&eacute;e sur les lieux de travail, par exemple pour les proc&eacute;dures de recrutement et le&nbsp;<em>People Analytics</em>&nbsp;dans les ressources humaines; en robotique intelligente; pour les chatbots dans les centres de soutien; ou les technologies portables sur les cha&icirc;nes de montage et de production.</p> <p class="Textfo">L&#39;article porte sur les cons&eacute;quences potentielles de la mise en &oelig;uvre inefficace d&#39;une telle technologie et sur les conditions n&eacute;cessaires &agrave; sa bonne mise en &oelig;uvre.&nbsp;</p> <p class="Textfo">Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/osh-and-future-work-benefits-and-risks-artificial-intelligence/view" title="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/osh-and-future-work-benefits-and-risks-artificial-intelligence/view" target="_blank">https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/osh-and-future-work-benefits-and-risks-artificial-intelligence/view</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 28 May 2019 15:36:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/28/11530.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-28T15:36:00Z 2019-05-28 15:36 +00:00 2019-05-28 11:36 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11527 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/05/28/11527.aspx Agents chimiques Secteur de l'industrie manufacturière Prévention et contrôle Secteurs d'activités Potential Hazards of Additive Manufacturing <p>Additive manufacturing (AM), commonly referred to as 3-D printing, is becoming more prevalent in industry. AM is a set of processes for making products by selectively joining small amounts of material, using a computer-aided design file. [1,2] The advantages for industry include: shortened production cycles, reduced tooling costs, reduced waste material, easier product customization, novel design options, and new possibilities in distribution and fulfilment. [2&ndash;6] The automotive, aerospace, medical device, and electronics manufacturing industries are already using AM, and biomedical applications are expected to grow. Additionally, AM is found in construction, offices, and libraries. It is also important to note the rapid rise of AM in schools, including&nbsp;K&ndash;12, as a teaching tool for advanced design and manufacturing technologies.</p> <p>Though progress has been made in understanding exposures and risks in this field, there is still a need for research on the potential health and safety implications for workers. A new paper from NIOSH researchers, &ldquo;<a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15459624.2019.1591627" class="tp-link-policy tp-external-link-fix" target="_self">Potential Occupational Hazards of Additive Manufacturing</a><a href="https://www.cdc.gov/Other/disclaimer.html" class="external" title="External Web Site Icon"></a>&rdquo; published in the&nbsp;<em>Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene</em>&nbsp;highlights AM processes, identifies potential hazards, and discusses research needs for protecting workers.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2019/04/09/am/" title="https://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2019/04/09/am/" target="_blank">https://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2019/04/09/am/</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 28 May 2019 14:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/05/28/11527.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-28T14:05:00Z 2019-05-28 14:05 +00:00 2019-05-28 10:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11512 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/27/11512.aspx Santé psychologique Prise en charge Outils de prise en charge Étiologie et symptomatologie Effets sur les travailleurs Bilans statistiques Évolution 2010-2018 du burnout en Belgique et intérêt de l’utilisation conjointe de deux outils de diagnostic <p>Le projet se structure en diff&eacute;rentes &eacute;tapes :<br />- &Eacute;tablir une revue de la litt&eacute;rature scientifique des cinq derni&egrave;res ann&eacute;es sur le burnout et les troubles mentaux associ&eacute;s (stress, d&eacute;pression, workaholisme, fatigue chronique, fibromyalgie, brown-out, bore-out) ;<br />- Faire le point sur des concepts fortement m&eacute;diatis&eacute;s comme le bore-out ou le brownout;<br />- Mesurer l&#39;ampleur du burnout dans la population belge ;<br />- Adapter l&#39;outil &agrave; l&#39;intention des m&eacute;decins permettant d&#39;aider &agrave; la d&eacute;tection pr&eacute;coce du burnout.<br />Au niveau de la revue de la litt&eacute;rature scientifique, le pr&eacute;sent rapport comprend (1) une actualisation de la d&eacute;finition du burnout, (2) une synth&egrave;se des causes, manifestations et cons&eacute;quences du burnout, avec un focus sur le mod&egrave;le th&eacute;orique du burnout, le &lsquo;Job Demands-Resources Model&#39; (mod&egrave;le JD-R), (3) les diff&eacute;rentes outils auto-rapport&eacute;s permettant de mesurer du burnout, (4) une revue des possibilit&eacute;s de pr&eacute;vention et d&#39;intervention face au burnout, (5) une actualisation des &eacute;l&eacute;ments permettant le diagnostic diff&eacute;rentiel du burnout par rapport &agrave; d&#39;autres troubles de psychopathologie g&eacute;n&eacute;rale ou de psychopathologie du travail. La<br />partie empirique du rapport comprend (6) une description de la m&eacute;thodologie permettant (7) une analyse comparative 2010-2018 des cas de burnout r&eacute;colt&eacute;s en consultation de m&eacute;decine g&eacute;n&eacute;rale et de m&eacute;decine du travail et (8) une analyse de l&#39;int&eacute;r&ecirc;t d&#39;une utilisation conjointe de deux outils de diagnostic de burnout, i.e. le jugement clinique des m&eacute;decins et l&#39;&eacute;valuation autorapport&eacute;e par les travailleurs, et enfin (7) une courte discussion. Les versions actualis&eacute;es de l&#39;outil de d&eacute;tection pr&eacute;coce ainsi que du guide d&#39;utilisation sont annex&eacute;es &agrave; cette synth&egrave;se.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.emploi.belgique.be/moduleDefault.aspx?id=45872" title="http://www.emploi.belgique.be/moduleDefault.aspx?id=45872">http://www.emploi.belgique.be/moduleDefault.aspx?id=45872</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 27 May 2019 15:50:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/27/11512.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-27T15:50:00Z 2019-05-27 15:50 +00:00 2019-05-27 11:50 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11525 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/05/27/11525.aspx Agents chimiques Effets sur la santé Silice Dangers, expositions et risques relatifs à la silice cristalline <p>L&#39;expertise visait &agrave; d&eacute;ployer les actions suivantes :<br />- R&eacute;aliser un &eacute;tat des lieux des &eacute;tudes et donn&eacute;es concernant les dangers et effets sur la sant&eacute; de la silice cristalline en se focalisant en particulier sur les &eacute;tudes de canc&eacute;rog&eacute;nicit&eacute;, la silice cristalline ayant &eacute;t&eacute; class&eacute;e par le CIRC en canc&eacute;rog&egrave;ne de Cat&eacute;gorie 1 ;<br />- Identifier l&#39;ensemble des pathologies associ&eacute;es &agrave; une exposition &agrave; la silice cristalline et en &eacute;valuer la pertinence et le lien de cause &agrave; effet ;<br />- Sur la base de cet &eacute;tat des lieux, &eacute;tudier la faisabilit&eacute; d&#39;une proposition de classification et &eacute;tiquetage au niveau europ&eacute;en dans le cadre du r&egrave;glement n&deg; 1272/2008 (CLP) en tenant compte des travaux du CIRC, du contexte r&egrave;glementaire en particulier les activit&eacute;s dans le cadre de REACH et des discussions concernant la forme nanom&eacute;trique de la silice cristalline ;<br />- Conduire une &eacute;tude de fili&egrave;re concernant la silice cristalline afin d&#39;identifier les diff&eacute;rents usages de cette substance depuis son extraction jusqu&#39;&agrave; la production et la commercialisation de produits en contenant, principalement pour les professionnels mais &eacute;galement pour les consommateurs ;<br />- &Eacute;valuer les expositions aux diff&eacute;rentes formes de silice cristalline en r&eacute;alisant une &eacute;tude bibliographique des &eacute;tudes disponibles ;<br />- Identifier les pratiques/usages les plus exposants pour les professionnels et proc&eacute;der au besoin &agrave; des mesures sur le terrain. Une attention toute particuli&egrave;re sera port&eacute;e sur l&#39;&eacute;mergence de nouveaux modes d&#39;exposition ainsi que sur l&#39;&eacute;volution des expositions concernant les activit&eacute;s exposantes d&eacute;j&agrave; bien connues ;<br />- R&eacute;aliser un &eacute;tat des lieux des principales dispositions r&egrave;glementaires de pr&eacute;vention, de protection et de r&eacute;parations des affections li&eacute;es &agrave; une exposition professionnelle &agrave; la silice cristalline ;<br />- Apr&egrave;s avoir consid&eacute;r&eacute; la pertinence de r&eacute;aliser une &eacute;valuation quantitative des risques pour la sant&eacute; des professionnels expos&eacute;s &agrave; la silice cristalline, l&#39;Agence proposera, le cas &eacute;ch&eacute;ant, toute mesure permettant de supprimer ou r&eacute;duire les risques identifi&eacute;s.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/AIR2015SA0236Ra.pdf" title="https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/AIR2015SA0236Ra.pdf">https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/AIR2015SA0236Ra.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 27 May 2019 15:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/05/27/11525.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-27T15:17:00Z 2019-05-27 15:17 +00:00 2019-05-27 11:17 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11524 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/05/27/11524.aspx Vêtements de protection Normes et législation NF EN 943-1+A1 - Exigences de performance des combinaisons de protection chimique étanches aux gaz <p>Domaine d&#39;application: La pr&eacute;sente Norme europ&eacute;enne d&eacute;finit les exigences minimales, les m&eacute;thodes d&#39;essai, le marquage ainsi que les informations fournies par le fabricant concernant les combinaisons de protection chimique ventil&eacute;es et non ventil&eacute;es &eacute;tanches aux gaz. Elle d&eacute;crit les combinaisons individuelles prot&eacute;geant tout le corps destin&eacute;es &agrave; &ecirc;tre port&eacute;es pour se pr&eacute;munir des produits chimiques solides, liquides et gazeux, y compris les a&eacute;rosols liquides et les particules solides.&nbsp;La pr&eacute;sente norme n&#39;&eacute;tablit pas de crit&egrave;res minimums pour la protection contre les dangers non chimiques, par exemple les dangers radiologiques, d&#39;incendie, d&#39;explosion, li&eacute;s &agrave; la chaleur ou &agrave; des agents infectieux. &quot; Ce type d&#39;&eacute;quipement n&#39;est pas pr&eacute;vu pour une immersion totale dans des liquides.&nbsp;Les coutures, les jonctions et les assemblages servant &agrave; fixer les accessoires font partie du domaine d&#39;application de la pr&eacute;sente norme. Les crit&egrave;res de performance de base pour les composants que sont les gants, les bottes ou les &eacute;quipements de protection respiratoire sont d&eacute;finis dans d&#39;autres normes; des exigences suppl&eacute;mentaires pour les composants sont fournies dans la pr&eacute;sente norme. &quot; La protection contre les particules se limite exclusivement &agrave; la p&eacute;n&eacute;tration physique des particules.&nbsp;Les produits chimiques tels que les substances tr&egrave;s r&eacute;actives &agrave; l&#39;air, les explosifs instables et les liquides cryog&eacute;niques n&#39;ont pas &eacute;t&eacute; pris en compte, car la protection contre ces dangers suppl&eacute;mentaires ne rel&egrave;ve pas du domaine d&#39;application de la pr&eacute;sente norme. &quot;</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-943-1a1/vetements-de-protection-contre-les-produits-chimiques-dangereux-solides-liquides-et-gazeux-y-compris-les-aerosols-liquides-et-le/article/926377/fa195982" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-943-1a1/vetements-de-protection-contre-les-produits-chimiques-dangereux-solides-liquides-et-gazeux-y-compris-les-aerosols-liquides-et-le/article/926377/fa195982">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-943-1a1/vetements-de-protection-contre-les-produits-chimiques-dangereux-solides-liquides-et-gazeux-y-compris-les-aerosols-liquides-et-le/article/926377/fa195982</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 27 May 2019 14:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/05/27/11524.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-27T14:44:00Z 2019-05-27 14:44 +00:00 2019-05-27 10:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11523 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/24/11523.aspx Normes et législation Agents chimiques Amiante Prévention et contrôle Exposition à l'amiante lors du traitement des déchets : nouvelle édition du guide de prévention de l’INRS <p>L&#39;INRS publie une nouvelle &eacute;dition du guide pour pr&eacute;venir les expositions &agrave; l&#39;amiante lors du traitement des d&eacute;chets (ED 6028). Ce guide fournit des conseils pratiques de pr&eacute;vention &agrave; tous les professionnels qui, travaillant dans les d&eacute;ch&egrave;teries ou les installations de stockage des d&eacute;chets, peuvent &ecirc;tre amen&eacute;s &agrave; manipuler et &agrave; intervenir sur des d&eacute;chets contenant de l&#39;amiante. Il informe &eacute;galement sur le cadre r&eacute;glementaire ou les fili&egrave;res d&#39;&eacute;limination de ces d&eacute;chets. Il dresse &eacute;galement un inventaire (non exhaustif) des d&eacute;chets contenant de l&#39;amiante.</p> <p class="titre">Principaux &eacute;l&eacute;ments mis &agrave; jour dans le guide de pr&eacute;vention ED 6028</p> <ul> <li>R&egrave;glementation</li> <li>Fili&egrave;res d&#39;&eacute;limination des d&eacute;chets contenant de l&#39;amiante</li> <li>Inventaire des d&eacute;chets contenant de l&#39;amiante</li> <li>Mesures de pr&eacute;vention, notamment celles concernant l&#39;hygi&egrave;ne (d&eacute;contamination des personnes et des engins)</li> </ul> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/nouveau-guide-prevention-exposition-amiante-traitement-dechet.html" href="http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/nouveau-guide-prevention-exposition-amiante-traitement-dechet.html">http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/nouveau-guide-prevention-exposition-amiante-traitement-dechet.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 24 May 2019 18:00:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/24/11523.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-24T18:00:00Z 2019-05-24 18:00 +00:00 2019-05-24 14:00 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11522 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/05/24/11522.aspx Agents chimiques Fibres minérales Amiante Prévention et contrôle Normes Exposition à l'amiante lors du traitement des déchets : nouvelle édition du guide de prévention de l’INRS <p>L&#39;INRS publie une nouvelle &eacute;dition du guide pour pr&eacute;venir les expositions &agrave; l&#39;amiante lors du traitement des d&eacute;chets (ED 6028). Ce guide fournit des conseils pratiques de pr&eacute;vention &agrave; tous les professionnels qui, travaillant dans les d&eacute;ch&egrave;teries ou les installations de stockage des d&eacute;chets, peuvent &ecirc;tre amen&eacute;s &agrave; manipuler et &agrave; intervenir sur des d&eacute;chets contenant de l&#39;amiante. Il informe &eacute;galement sur le cadre r&eacute;glementaire ou les fili&egrave;res d&#39;&eacute;limination de ces d&eacute;chets. Il dresse &eacute;galement un inventaire (non exhaustif) des d&eacute;chets contenant de l&#39;amiante.</p> <p class="titre">Principaux &eacute;l&eacute;ments mis &agrave; jour dans le guide de pr&eacute;vention ED 6028</p> <div class="editorial"> <ul> <li>R&egrave;glementation</li> <li>Fili&egrave;res d&#39;&eacute;limination des d&eacute;chets contenant de l&#39;amiante</li> <li>Inventaire des d&eacute;chets contenant de l&#39;amiante</li> <li>Mesures de pr&eacute;vention, notamment celles concernant l&#39;hygi&egrave;ne (d&eacute;contamination des personnes et des engins)</li> </ul> Source :&nbsp;<a href="http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/nouveau-guide-prevention-exposition-amiante-traitement-dechet.html" title="http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/nouveau-guide-prevention-exposition-amiante-traitement-dechet.html" target="_blank">http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/nouveau-guide-prevention-exposition-amiante-traitement-dechet.html</a></div><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 24 May 2019 17:54:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/05/24/11522.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-24T17:54:00Z 2019-05-24 17:54 +00:00 2019-05-24 13:54 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11520 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/24/11520.aspx Main d’œuvre en mutation Comportements sécuritaires Travailleurs vieillissants Enquêtes A meta-analysis of the relationship between ageing and occupational safety and health <p><span>Existing studies show contradictory evidence on the relationship between&nbsp;</span><a title="Learn more about Aging from ScienceDirect&#39;s AI-generated Topic Pages" href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/aging">ageing</a><span><span>and&nbsp;<a title="Learn more about Occupational Diseases from ScienceDirect&#39;s AI-generated Topic Pages" href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/social-sciences/occupational-diseases">occupational safety and health</a>&nbsp;(OSH). The present study presents a systematic review of international research on age-related&nbsp;</span><a title="Learn more about Occupational Accident from ScienceDirect&#39;s AI-generated Topic Pages" href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/occupational-accident">occupational accident</a><span>&nbsp;risks for the last 30?years using meta-analysis technique. A summary of odds ratios on occupational risk incidence of older workers versus younger workers were grouped by outcome of occupational accidents. Potential moderators that could influence the relationship of&nbsp;<a title="Learn more about Ageing from ScienceDirect&#39;s AI-generated Topic Pages" href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/social-sciences/ageing">ageing</a>&nbsp;and OSH were analysed. Results showed that older workers are more vulnerable than younger workers in the workplace. The occurrence of severe/fatal accidents among older workers is twice as much as that of younger ones. However, the incidence of non-fatal accident among older workers is slightly (5.8%) lower than that of younger workers. Occupation and measurement of accidents are two important moderators that significantly influence the relationship of ageing and OSH. The results here show the need to promote OSH management specifically for older workers and have profound implications for planning work for an ageing workforce.</span></span></p> <p><span><span>Source : Safety Science (2019), 112, 162-172&nbsp;</span></span><a title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.10.030" rel="noreferrer noopener" target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.10.030">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.10.030</a></p> <p><span><span><br /></span></span></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 24 May 2019 14:43:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/24/11520.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-24T14:43:00Z 2019-05-24 14:43 +00:00 2019-05-24 10:43 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11518 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/24/11518.aspx Références en ligne Lésions professionnelles Travailleurs vieillissants A meta-analysis of the relationship between ageing and occupational safety and health <p>Existing studies show contradictory evidence on the relationship between&nbsp;<a title="Learn more about Aging from ScienceDirect&#39;s AI-generated Topic Pages" href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/aging">ageing</a>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<a title="Learn more about Occupational Diseases from ScienceDirect&#39;s AI-generated Topic Pages" href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/social-sciences/occupational-diseases">occupational safety and health</a>&nbsp;(OSH). The present study presents a systematic review of international research on age-related&nbsp;<a title="Learn more about Occupational Accident from ScienceDirect&#39;s AI-generated Topic Pages" href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/occupational-accident">occupational accident</a>&nbsp;risks for the last 30?years using meta-analysis technique. A summary of odds ratios on occupational risk incidence of older workers versus younger workers were grouped by outcome of occupational accidents. Potential moderators that could influence the relationship of&nbsp;<a title="Learn more about Ageing from ScienceDirect&#39;s AI-generated Topic Pages" href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/social-sciences/ageing">ageing</a>&nbsp;and OSH were analysed. Results showed that older workers are more vulnerable than younger workers in the workplace. The occurrence of severe/fatal accidents among older workers is twice as much as that of younger ones. However, the incidence of non-fatal accident among older workers is slightly (5.8%) lower than that of younger workers. Occupation and measurement of accidents are two important moderators that significantly influence the relationship of ageing and OSH. The results here show the need to promote OSH management specifically for older workers and have profound implications for planning work for an ageing workforce.</p> <div id="abstracts" class="Abstracts u-font-serif"> <div lang="en" id="ab010" class="abstract author"> <p><span><span>Source : Safety Science (2019), 112, 162-172&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span><a title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.10.030" rel="noreferrer noopener" target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.10.030">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.10.030</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </div> </div><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 24 May 2019 14:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/24/11518.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-24T14:26:00Z 2019-05-24 14:26 +00:00 2019-05-24 10:26 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11517 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/24/11517.aspx Santé psychologique Gestion des ressources humaines Effets sur les travailleurs Conditions de travail Méthodologie Stress Le stress au travail : du paradigme des risques psychosociaux à celui de la qualité de vie au travail <p>Une recherche-action utilisant trois mod&egrave;les classiques du stress au travail nous a permis de v&eacute;rifier l&#39;impact sur les r&eacute;sultats obtenus du choix du mod&egrave;le et du paradigme&nbsp;: risques psychosociaux versus qualit&eacute; de vie au travail. Quatre cent trente-six salari&eacute;s de la grande distribution ont r&eacute;pondu &agrave; un questionnaire incluant ces trois mesures du stress, les cons&eacute;quences (satisfaction, fatigue) et une cause possible (tensions de r&ocirc;le). Nos r&eacute;sultats valident les hypoth&egrave;ses de diff&eacute;rences significatives des niveaux de pr&eacute;valence du stress selon le mod&egrave;le, comme des liens avec le facteur et les cons&eacute;quences, ainsi que l&#39;importance de la perception de stress pour expliquer le v&eacute;cu n&eacute;gatif.</p> <div id="abs0010" class="abstract author"> <div id="abst0005"> <p>Source : Psychologie du travail et des organisations, (2019), 25(2), 86-99.&nbsp;<a title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pto.2018.11.002" rel="noreferrer noopener" target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pto.2018.11.002">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pto.2018.11.002</a></p> </div> </div><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 24 May 2019 13:46:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/24/11517.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-24T13:46:00Z 2019-05-24 13:46 +00:00 2019-05-24 09:46 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11516 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/22/11516.aspx Normes et législation Conditions de travail Ontario Contexte de travail Prévention et contrôle Workers continue to pay high price for exercising OHS rights, study Employer reprisals against workers attempting to exercise their health and safety rights remains a top concern according to a new, soon-to-be published study. <p><span>Employer reprisals against workers attempting to exercise their health and safety rights remains a top concern according to a new, soon-to-be published study.</span><br /><span>&nbsp;</span><br /><span>Despite a few improvements to the complaints process some eight years ago, workers are still being fired illegally for exercising health and safety rights, rarely do they get their jobs back, and rarer still do employers suffer legal consequences.</span><br /><span>&nbsp;</span><br /><span>&quot;What we heard is a pretty strong indication the system designed to protect workers who advocate for safer, healthier work is broken,&rdquo; says Andy King, McMaster University-based researcher and lead author of&nbsp;</span><a href="https://labourstudies.mcmaster.ca/documents/the-reality-of-workers-voice-in-hs_one-page-summary_rev-2.pdf">the study</a><span>&nbsp;funded by a grant from the Prevention Branch of the Ontario Ministry of Labour (Ministry).</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="https://www.whsc.on.ca/What-s-new/News-Archive/Workers-continue-to-pay-high-price-for-exercising-OHS-rights-study-en" title="https://www.whsc.on.ca/What-s-new/News-Archive/Workers-continue-to-pay-high-price-for-exercising-OHS-rights-study-en" target="_blank">https://www.whsc.on.ca/What-s-new/News-Archive/Workers-continue-to-pay-high-price-for-exercising-OHS-rights-study-en</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 22 May 2019 20:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/22/11516.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-22T20:26:00Z 2019-05-22 20:26 +00:00 2019-05-22 16:26 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11515 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/05/22/11515.aspx Santé psychologique France Enquêtes Indicateurs Conflits de valeurs et exigences émotionnelles <p align="justify">Ce num&eacute;ro de Synth&egrave;se.Stat&#39; pr&eacute;sente les r&eacute;sultats de l&#39;<a href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/enquetes/article/risques-psycho-sociaux-rps-edition-2015-2016" class="spip_in">enqu&ecirc;te Conditions de travail &ndash; Risques psychosociaux de 2016</a>&nbsp;concernant les indicateurs relatifs aux conflits de valeurs et aux exigences &eacute;motionnelles.</p> <p align="justify">Ce volume recouvre deux des six axes d&#39;analyse des risques psychosociaux construits par le coll&egrave;ge d&#39;expertise sur le suivi statistique des risques psychosociaux au travail1&nbsp;: les conflits de valeurs (axe 5) et les exigences &eacute;motionnelles (axe 2). Les exigences &eacute;motionnelles couvrent non seulement la partie qui porte le m&ecirc;me nom dans le pr&eacute;sent volume, mais aussi les difficult&eacute;s dans les relations avec le public qui sont abord&eacute;es dans le volume concernant les rapports sociaux au travail.</p> <p align="justify">Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/synthese-stat-synthese-eval/article/conflits-de-valeurs-et-exigences-emotionnelles" title="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/synthese-stat-synthese-eval/article/conflits-de-valeurs-et-exigences-emotionnelles" target="_blank">https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/synthese-stat-synthese-eval/article/conflits-de-valeurs-et-exigences-emotionnelles</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 22 May 2019 20:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/05/22/11515.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-22T20:17:00Z 2019-05-22 20:17 +00:00 2019-05-22 16:17 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11514 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/22/11514.aspx Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Charge mentale Europe Enquêtes Évaluation des facteurs de risque Conflits de valeurs et exigences émotionnelles <p align="justify">Ce num&eacute;ro de Synth&egrave;se.Stat&#39; pr&eacute;sente les r&eacute;sultats de l&#39;<a href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/enquetes/article/risques-psycho-sociaux-rps-edition-2015-2016" class="spip_in">enqu&ecirc;te Conditions de travail &ndash; Risques psychosociaux de 2016</a>&nbsp;concernant les indicateurs relatifs aux conflits de valeurs et aux exigences &eacute;motionnelles.</p> <p align="justify">Ce volume recouvre deux des six axes d&#39;analyse des risques psychosociaux construits par le coll&egrave;ge d&#39;expertise sur le suivi statistique des risques psychosociaux au travail1&nbsp;: les conflits de valeurs (axe 5) et les exigences &eacute;motionnelles (axe 2). Les exigences &eacute;motionnelles couvrent non seulement la partie qui porte le m&ecirc;me nom dans le pr&eacute;sent volume, mais aussi les difficult&eacute;s dans les relations avec le public qui sont abord&eacute;es dans le volume concernant les rapports sociaux au travail. </p> <p align="justify">Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/synthese-stat-synthese-eval/article/conflits-de-valeurs-et-exigences-emotionnelles" title="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/synthese-stat-synthese-eval/article/conflits-de-valeurs-et-exigences-emotionnelles" target="_blank">https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/synthese-stat-synthese-eval/article/conflits-de-valeurs-et-exigences-emotionnelles</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 22 May 2019 14:38:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/22/11514.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-22T14:38:00Z 2019-05-22 14:38 +00:00 2019-05-22 10:38 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11513 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/22/11513.aspx Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Gestion des ressources humaines Environnement de travail Conditions psychologiques Enquêtes Psychosocial Work Conditions and Mental Health: Examining Differences Across Mental Illness and Well-Being Outcomes <p><strong><span lang="EN-CA">Objectives</span></strong><span lang="EN-CA">&nbsp; Psychosocial work conditions are determinants of mental illness among worker populations. However, while the focus on negative aspects of mental health has generated important contributions to the development of workplace interventions, there is less evidence on the factors that support the positive aspects of mental well-being. This study aimed to examine the association between psychosocial work conditions and mental health Outcomes among a representative sample of Canadian workers; and to assess whether the relationships are consistent across measures of mental illness versus mental well-being.</span></p> <p><strong><span lang="EN-CA">Methods&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-CA">Population-based data were obtained from the cross-sectional 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey. Psychosocial work conditions were measured using an abbreviated version of the Job Content Questionnaire. For mental illness, we focused on major depressive episodes, generalized anxiety disorders, and bipolar disorders in the past 12 months, as measured using Composite International Diagnostic Interview criteria. Mental well-being was defined as having flourishing mental health, based on items from the Mental Health Continuum&mdash;Short Form. Regression models provided odds ratios (ORs) and fitted probabilities for the relationship between work conditions and mental health, adjusting for covariates.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong><span lang="EN-CA">Results&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-CA">Higher levels of&nbsp;<em>job control</em>,&nbsp;<em>social support</em>, and&nbsp;<em>job security</em>&nbsp;were associated with being free of disorders (ORs ranging from 1.08 to 1.15) as well as having flourishing mental health (ORs ranging from 1.10 to 1.14). Lower&nbsp;<em>physical effort</em>was associated with decreased odds of having flourishing mental health (OR 0.89).&nbsp;<em>Psychological demands</em>&nbsp;were not associated with any of the mental health outcomes in the fully-adjusted models. The overall pattern of these relationships was consistent across the two outcome models, although there was evidence of heterogeneity on the absolute probability scale. Specifically, there was a relatively&nbsp;<em>stronger</em>&nbsp;relationship between job control/social support/physical demands and well-being outcomes, compared with disorder outcomes.</span></p> <p> <strong><span lang="EN-CA">Conclusions&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-CA">Psychosocial work conditions were associated with both negative and positive measures of mental health. However, mental illness and mental well-being may represent complementary, yet distinct, aspects in relation to psychosocial work conditions. Interventions targeting the psychosocial work environment may serve to improve both of these dimensions, although the measurement and examination of specific dimensions may be required to obtain an integrated and comprehensive understanding of mental health in the workplace.</span></p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<em>Annals of Work Exposures and Health </em><em>(2019)</em>, 63(5), 546&ndash;559,<a href="https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxz028" title="https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxz028" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxz028</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 22 May 2019 13:56:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/22/11513.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-22T13:56:00Z 2019-05-22 13:56 +00:00 2019-05-22 09:56 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11511 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/05/21/11511.aspx Équipements Normes Matériel agricole Secteur de l’agriculture et de la sylviculture Secteurs d'activités NF ISO 8759 - Tracteurs agricoles - Équipement monté à l'avant <p>Domaine d&#39;application: Le pr&eacute;sent document sp&eacute;cifie des exigences de s&eacute;curit&eacute; relatives aux prises de force mont&eacute;es &agrave; l&#39;avant des tracteurs agricoles, ainsi que des zones de d&eacute;gagement autour de ces prises de force. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-8759-1/tracteurs-agricoles-equipement-monte-a-l-avant-partie-1-prise-de-force-exigences-de-securite-et-zone-de-degagement-autour-de-la-/article/903419/fa191294" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-8759-1/tracteurs-agricoles-equipement-monte-a-l-avant-partie-1-prise-de-force-exigences-de-securite-et-zone-de-degagement-autour-de-la-/article/903419/fa191294">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-8759-1/tracteurs-agricoles-equipement-monte-a-l-avant-partie-1-prise-de-force-exigences-de-securite-et-zone-de-degagement-autour-de-la-/article/903419/fa191294</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 21 May 2019 19:21:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/05/21/11511.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-21T19:21:00Z 2019-05-21 19:21 +00:00 2019-05-21 15:21 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11510 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/05/21/11510.aspx TMS Santé psychologique au travail Affections Maintien en emploi Évaluation d’intervention en réadaptation Efficacité/impact The effectiveness of vocational rehabilitation on work participation <p><strong>A&nbsp;propensity score matched analysis using nationwide register data</strong><br />Objective: Research on the effectiveness of vocational rehabilitation has focused on small and selected groups, lacked proper controls, or not captured dynamic changes in work participation. Using rich nationwide data on vocational rehabilitees and matched controls, long-term changes in work participation before and after vocational rehabilitation were examined to assess its effectiveness. Methods: Representative Finnish register data were used to examine 3199 recently employed individuals aged 30-55 years with histories of musculoskeletal- and mental-related work disability starting vocational rehabilitation in 2008-2010 (intervention group), and 3199 propensity score matched non-rehabilitees (control group). Sociodemographic and work-related factors and detailed 3-year work disability and other labor market history were used for matching. Generalized estimation equations were used to examine differences in the proportion of time spent at work between periods before and after rehabilitation among the intervention and control group and the difference in these differences (DID). Results: Vocational rehabilitation resulted in gains in work participation, the total 1-, 2-, and 3-year DID being 11.8 [95% confidence interval (CI) 10.0-13.7], 8.9 (95% CI 7.6-10.2), and 7.2 (95% CI 6.1-8.3) percentage points, respectively. Contrary to this overall pattern, larger DID was observed over the long term for those whose rehabilitation lasted &gt;10 months. The DID was lowest among women with musculoskeletal diseases. Conclusions :Vocational rehabilitation after musculoskeletal- or mental-related work disability showed modest effectiveness on work participation. To promote sustained work participation after shorter rehabilitation (likely comprising workplace interventions) and faster work resumption after longer rehabilitation (likely comprising training), enhanced and complementary interventions should be considered.</p> <p>Source: Leinonen, T., Viikari-Juntura, E., Husgafvel-Pursiainen, K., Juvonen-Posti, P., Laaksonen, M. et&nbsp;Solovieva, S. (2019). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health</em>. <br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3823" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3823">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3823</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 21 May 2019 18:11:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/05/21/11510.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-21T18:11:00Z 2019-05-21 18:11 +00:00 2019-05-21 14:11 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11509 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/21/11509.aspx Législation Organisation temporelle Organisation de la production Conditions de travail Europe Rest breaks from work: Overview of regulations, research and practice <p>This report addresses the rarely discussed issue of rest breaks at work across the European Union. Based on input from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents, it reveals some of the complexities involved in defining whether such breaks should be paid or unpaid, how long they should be and where they should be taken. The report compares different approaches among Member States, gives examples of judicial rulings, highlights some types of work that attract special consideration and looks into causal relationships between breaks, health and performance at work. When rest breaks are of an appropriate duration and appropriately scheduled, they can reduce some of the harmful effects of work on health and well-being while contributing to improved performance and productivity.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://eurofound.link/ef19018" title="http://eurofound.link/ef19018">http://eurofound.link/ef19018</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 21 May 2019 15:18:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/21/11509.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-21T15:18:00Z 2019-05-21 15:18 +00:00 2019-05-21 11:18 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11508 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/05/21/11508.aspx Nanotechnologies Effets sur la santé Toxicité Évaluation épidémiologique Mesure Nanotubes Méthode et technique Carbone Revue de littérature Méthodologie du document Indicateur biologique Dose Current state of knowledge on the health effects of engineered nanomaterials in workers <p><strong>A&nbsp;systematic review of human studies and epidemiological investigations</strong><br />Objectives: The widespread application of nano-enabled products and the increasing likelihood for workplace exposures make understanding engineered nanomaterial (ENM) effects in exposed workers a public and occupational health priority. The aim of this study was to report on the current state of knowledge on possible adverse effects induced by ENM in humans to determine the toxicological profile of each type of ENM and potential biomarkers for early detection of such effects in workers.<br />Methods: A systematic review of human studies and epidemiological investigations of exposed workers relative to the possible adverse effects for the most widely used ENM was performed through searches of major scientific databases including Web of Science, Scopus, and PubMed.<br />Results: Twenty-seven studies were identified. Most of the epidemiological investigations were cross-sectional. The review found limited evidence of adverse effects in workers exposed to the most commonly used ENM. However, some biological alterations are suggestive for possible adverse impacts. The primary targets of some ENM exposures were the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. Changes in biomarker levels compared with controls were also observed; however, limited exposure data and the relatively short period since the first exposure may have influenced the incidence of adverse effects found in epidemiological studies.<br />Conclusions: There is a need for longitudinal epidemiologic investigations with clear exposure characterizations for various ENM to discover potential adverse health effects and identify possible indicators of early biological alterations. In this state of uncertainty, precautionary controls for each ENM are warranted while further study of potential health effects continues.</p> <p>Source: Schulte, P. A., Leso, V., Niang, M.,&nbsp;et Iavicoli, I. (2019).&nbsp;<em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health,45</em>(3):217-238<em>.<br /><span style="font-size:x-small;font-family:AktivGroteskCd-LightItalic;"><span style="font-size:x-small;font-family:AktivGroteskCd-LightItalic;"><a title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3800" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3800" target="_blank">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3800</a></span></span></em></p> <p><span style="font-size:x-small;font-family:AktivGroteskCd-LightItalic;"><span style="font-size:x-small;font-family:AktivGroteskCd-LightItalic;"></span></span></p> <p><em></em></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 21 May 2019 14:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/05/21/11508.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-21T14:19:00Z 2019-05-21 14:19 +00:00 2019-05-21 10:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11507 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/15/11507.aspx Europe Normes et législation Développements technologiques Prospective Les plateformes de travail numériques doivent-elles être traitées comme des agences d’emploi privées? <p>Historiquement, l&rsquo;interm&eacute;diation en mati&egrave;re d&rsquo;emploi &mdash; le fait de mettre en contact des demandeurs d&rsquo;emploi et des employeurs &mdash; a toujours &eacute;t&eacute; une question importante pour l&rsquo;Organisation internationale du travail (OIT). L&rsquo;un des objectifs strat&eacute;giques de l&rsquo;OIT est en effet de promouvoir l&rsquo;emploi en cr&eacute;ant un environnement institutionnel et &eacute;conomique stable. &Agrave; cette fin, les services publics pour l&rsquo;emploi et les agences priv&eacute;es ont un r&ocirc;le &agrave; jouer, avec l&rsquo;objectif de parvenir &agrave; une situation de plein emploi, productif et librement choisi. Dans cet article, nous nous penchons sur l&rsquo;un des principes centraux des normes internationales du travail relatives aux agences d&rsquo;emploi, en vertu duquel les demandeurs d&rsquo;emploi ne peuvent &ecirc;tre tenus de supporter des honoraires ou des frais pour les services de recherche d&rsquo;un emploi, &agrave; moins que ces honoraires ou frais n&rsquo;aient fait l&rsquo;objet d&rsquo;une approbation d&rsquo;une autorit&eacute; comp&eacute;tente. Cette r&egrave;gle constitue un principe fondamental dans le d&eacute;veloppement de la r&eacute;glementation relative aux agences d&rsquo;emploi priv&eacute;es. Il est utile de la rappeler car les plateformes de travail num&eacute;riques l&rsquo;ignorent fr&eacute;quemment en proposant contre paiement &agrave; leurs utilisateurs (&agrave; savoir des travailleurs ind&eacute;pendants) la possibilit&eacute; d&rsquo;accro&icirc;tre leur visibilit&eacute; ou d&rsquo;assurer<br />une meilleure fonctionnalit&eacute; de la plateforme, etc.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.etui.org/Publications2/Foresight-briefs/Should-digital-labour-platforms-be-treated-as-private-employment-agencies" title="https://www.etui.org/Publications2/Foresight-briefs/Should-digital-labour-platforms-be-treated-as-private-employment-agencies">https://www.etui.org/Publications2/Foresight-briefs/Should-digital-labour-platforms-be-treated-as-private-employment-agencies</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 15 May 2019 15:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/15/11507.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-15T15:14:00Z 2019-05-15 15:14 +00:00 2019-05-15 11:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11506 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/05/06/11506.aspx Machinerie des mines Lois et réglementations Systèmes de commande et automatisation Risque machine Secteur de l'industrie extractive Sécurité des machines d’extraction commandées par des systèmes programmables électroniques - Fiche technique et Annexe <p><span><span style="color:#000000;">Avec l&#39;&eacute;volution rapide des nouvelles technologies et la recherche de rentabilit&eacute; des investissements, les syst&egrave;mes &eacute;lectroniques programmables (PES) ont &eacute;t&eacute; implant&eacute;s progressivement dans toutes les industries. Le secteur minier n&#39;&eacute;chappe pas &agrave; cette tendance et au fil du temps presque toutes les mines du Qu&eacute;bec ont &eacute;quip&eacute; leurs machines d&#39;extraction de tels syst&egrave;mes. Toutefois, l&#39;introduction de ces nouvelles technologies, requises pour l&#39;am&eacute;lioration de la productivit&eacute; mini&egrave;re au Qu&eacute;bec, doit aller de pair avec la sant&eacute; et la s&eacute;curit&eacute; des travailleurs.</span></span></p> <p><span><span style="color:#000000;">Une recension des machines d&#39;extraction en service en 2016 au Qu&eacute;bec a montr&eacute; que le portrait g&eacute;n&eacute;ral de l&#39;industrie a &eacute;volu&eacute; depuis la publication de la premi&egrave;re version de la fiche technique RF-412, en 2005 : la grande majorit&eacute; des machines d&#39;extraction sont contr&ocirc;l&eacute;es et supervis&eacute;es par des PES et pr&egrave;s du tiers des machines d&#39;extraction sont en op&eacute;ration depuis moins de 10 ans. D&#39;autre part, de nombreuses machines d&#39;extraction anciennes ont vu leur syst&egrave;me de commande &ecirc;tre mis &agrave; jour. &Agrave; la lumi&egrave;re de ces observations, et des incidents survenus dans les derni&egrave;res ann&eacute;es, il apparaissait n&eacute;cessaire de proposer une nouvelle version de la fiche technique RF-412, tenant compte &agrave; la fois de la situation actuelle au Qu&eacute;bec (des disparit&eacute;s encore importantes entre les machines les plus modernes et les plus anciennes), et des tendances de l&#39;industrie (augmentation des charges et de la vitesse d&#39;extraction, syst&egrave;mes de plus en plus automatis&eacute;s).</span></span></p> <p><span><span style="color:#000000;">La nouvelle fiche technique a &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;labor&eacute;e de concert avec des experts en machine d&#39;extraction et des sp&eacute;cialistes en s&eacute;curit&eacute; des machines. Bien qu&#39;une partie importante de son contenu soit issue de la fiche technique RF-412, la mise &agrave; jour du document a permis de revoir sa structure et son organisation afin de reproduire autant que possible le d&eacute;coupage de l&#39;information que l&#39;on peut retrouver dans les normes internationales. La r&eacute;flexion sous-jacente &agrave; la r&eacute;daction de cette nouvelle fiche &eacute;tait de concilier &agrave; la fois l&#39;&eacute;tat actuel des machines d&#39;extraction en service, tout en permettant une &eacute;volution vers plus d&#39;automatisation et une int&eacute;gration des pratiques modernes relatives &agrave; la robustesse (ou &agrave; la fiabilit&eacute;) des syst&egrave;mes de commande des futures machines d&#39;extraction.</span></span></p> <p class="ParagNormal"><span><span style="color:#000000;">La pr&eacute;sente fiche technique contient les r&egrave;gles de l&#39;art actuelles relativement &agrave; la fiabilit&eacute; des PES et leur utilisation pour la commande de machines d&#39;extraction alors que le rapport annexe fait &eacute;tat de la d&eacute;marche et de la r&eacute;flexion ayant men&eacute; &agrave; la r&eacute;daction de cette nouvelle fiche technique. La fiche technique est destin&eacute;e aux utilisateurs, aux propri&eacute;taires et aux concepteurs de machines d&#39;extraction command&eacute;es par des PES. Elle recense les informations sur les objectifs &agrave; atteindre en mati&egrave;re de s&eacute;curit&eacute; des syst&egrave;mes pour les machines d&#39;extraction command&eacute;es par PES. Ce document ne soustrait pas le concepteur, ou l&#39;utilisateur &agrave; l&#39;obligation de se conformer &agrave; toutes exigences l&eacute;gales ou r&eacute;glementaires reli&eacute;es &agrave; leurs activit&eacute;s.</span></span></p> <p class="ParagNormal"><span><span style="color:#000000;">Source :&nbsp;</span></span></p> <p class="ParagNormal"><span><span style="color:#000000;"></span></span><a href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101028/n/securite-machines-extraction-systemes-programmables-electroniques-fiche-technique" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101028/n/securite-machines-extraction-systemes-programmables-electroniques-fiche-technique" target="_blank">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101028/n/securite-machines-extraction-systemes-programmables-electroniques-fiche-technique</a>&nbsp;</p> <p class="ParagNormal"><a href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101027/n/securite-machines-extraction-systemes-programmables-electroniques" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101027/n/securite-machines-extraction-systemes-programmables-electroniques" target="_blank">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101027/n/securite-machines-extraction-systemes-programmables-electroniques</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 06 May 2019 14:58:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/05/06/11506.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-06T14:58:00Z 2019-05-06 14:58 +00:00 2019-05-06 10:58 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11505 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/05/06/11505.aspx Évaluation Étude de fiabilité Conception Garde-corps Protection contre les chutes de hauteur Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Chute de hauteur Résistance des garde-corps en bois fixés sur des structures neuves et comportement sous charges de garde-corps métalliques fixés sur des structures existantes <p><span>Malgr&eacute; les r&eacute;glementations nationales et internationales qui exigent de prot&eacute;ger les travailleurs expos&eacute;s &agrave; un risque de chute, les chutes de hauteur restent l&#39;une des principales causes de d&eacute;c&egrave;s pour les travailleurs de la construction. Elles sont la deuxi&egrave;me cause d&#39;accidents en ce qui a trait aux co&ucirc;ts (397&nbsp;millions de dollars par an sur la p&eacute;riode 2010-2012) et repr&eacute;sentent 16,1&nbsp;% des d&eacute;c&egrave;s au travail en 2017. Les garde-corps temporaires sont un moyen efficace de protection contre les chutes de hauteur, par ailleurs, s&#39;agissant d&#39;un moyen de protection passif, ils permettent de maintenir une productivit&eacute; &eacute;lev&eacute;e.&nbsp;</span>[...]&nbsp;<span>En ce qui concerne les garde-corps en bois install&eacute;s sur des solives ajour&eacute;es ou murs pr&eacute;fabriqu&eacute;s (lors de la construction du b&acirc;timent), aucune &eacute;tude n&#39;a &eacute;t&eacute; men&eacute;e &agrave; ce jour, il est donc difficile de s&#39;assurer de leur r&eacute;sistance aux charges prescrites par le Code de s&eacute;curit&eacute; pour les travaux de construction (CSTC) en vigueur au Qu&eacute;bec. Pour les garde-corps m&eacute;talliques g&eacute;n&eacute;ralement utilis&eacute;s pour les travaux d&#39;&eacute;tanch&eacute;it&eacute; sur des b&acirc;timents existants, la r&eacute;sistance d&eacute;pendra du fond de vissage, qui est souvent inconnu de l&#39;entrepreneur. Il est possible d&#39;effectuer une estimation de la r&eacute;sistance des garde-corps m&eacute;talliques en se basant sur des formules empiriques caract&eacute;risant la r&eacute;sistance &agrave; l&#39;arrachement des vis. Cependant, la variabilit&eacute; de la r&eacute;sistance &agrave; l&#39;arrachement &eacute;tablie selon ces formules empiriques peut &ecirc;tre importante. De plus, les conditions du bois&nbsp;</span><em>in situ</em><span>&nbsp;sont la plupart du temps inconnues (type de bois, humidit&eacute;, pourrissement, pr&eacute;sence de n&oelig;uds). Ainsi, la r&eacute;sistance de la fixation de garde-corps sur des structures r&eacute;elles est tr&egrave;s souvent approximative. Les objectifs des travaux de recherche sont (i) de v&eacute;rifier la r&eacute;sistance des garde-corps en bois fix&eacute;s sur des structures neuves reconstitu&eacute;es en laboratoire, de type solives ajour&eacute;es, (ii) de v&eacute;rifier la r&eacute;sistance des garde-corps en bois fix&eacute;s sur mur pr&eacute;fabriqu&eacute; reconstitu&eacute; en laboratoire, (iii) de comparer le comportement sous charges de garde-corps m&eacute;talliques install&eacute;s sur des toits plats de structures existantes de diff&eacute;rents &acirc;ges.&nbsp;</span><span>Lors de cette &eacute;tude, 262 essais de r&eacute;sistance sur des garde-corps en bois construits &agrave; partir de 2&nbsp;po x 4&nbsp;po et fix&eacute;s sur des solives ajour&eacute;es ont &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;s en laboratoire. Ces essais ont permis d&#39;analyser l&#39;influence des variables suivantes&nbsp;: hauteur du garde-corps (1&nbsp;m ou 1,2&nbsp;m), hauteur de la solive (9,5&nbsp;po, 12&nbsp;po, 14&nbsp;po, 16&nbsp;po), configuration d&#39;essai (1 trav&eacute;e, 3 trav&eacute;es, 2 trav&eacute;es avec force appliqu&eacute;e directement sur le montant), et types de fixation (&agrave; l&#39;aide de clous lisses, clous annel&eacute;s, clous vrill&eacute;s, vis &agrave; bois, tirefonds). L&#39;influence de ces param&egrave;tres a aussi &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;tudi&eacute;e en laboratoire lors de 98 essais de r&eacute;sistance pour des garde-corps en bois fix&eacute;s sur un mur pr&eacute;fabriqu&eacute; construit &agrave; partir de 2&nbsp;po x 4&nbsp;po. Au cours de ces essais sur solives ajour&eacute;es et sur mur pr&eacute;fabriqu&eacute;, la force horizontale &eacute;tait appliqu&eacute;e sur la lisse sup&eacute;rieure du garde-corps &agrave; l&#39;aide d&#39;un treuil manuel et mesur&eacute;e &agrave; l&#39;aide d&#39;une cellule de charge et d&#39;un syst&egrave;me d&#39;acquisition des donn&eacute;es avec une fr&eacute;quence de 10&nbsp;Hz. La charge verticale &eacute;tait un poids mort appliqu&eacute; sur la lisse sup&eacute;rieure du garde-corps. Enfin, 36 essais ont &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;s sur le terrain avec des garde-corps m&eacute;talliques install&eacute;s sur des structures r&eacute;elles&nbsp;: deux b&acirc;timents (l&#39;un de 2008 et l&#39;autre de 2013), et quatre parapets diff&eacute;rents (dimensions et construction diff&eacute;rentes), tous en bon &eacute;tat avant les essais (taux d&#39;humidit&eacute; inf&eacute;rieur &agrave; 10&nbsp;% et absence de dommage apparent). Trois mod&egrave;les de garde-corps m&eacute;talliques ont &eacute;t&eacute; mis &agrave; l&#39;essai, dont deux avaient d&eacute;j&agrave; fait l&#39;objet d&#39;une &eacute;tude pr&eacute;c&eacute;dente en laboratoire. Pour ces garde-corps, plusieurs moyens de fixation sur les parapets ont &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;tudi&eacute;s&nbsp;: fixation sur une face ou deux faces (avec serre-parapet ou plaque stabilisatrice), diff&eacute;rents types de vis (vis noire, vis autotaraudeuse et tirefonds)&nbsp;</span>[...]&nbsp;</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101026/n/resistance-garde-corps-bois-metalliques" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101026/n/resistance-garde-corps-bois-metalliques" target="_blank">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101026/n/resistance-garde-corps-bois-metalliques</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 06 May 2019 13:52:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/05/06/11505.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-06T13:52:00Z 2019-05-06 13:52 +00:00 2019-05-06 09:52 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11504 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/06/11504.aspx Main d’œuvre en mutation Organisation temporelle Travailleurs vieillissants Modification des outils ou équipements de travail L’intensification du travail, et l’intensification des changements dans le travail : quels enjeux pour les travailleurs expérimentés ? <p><span>Cet article examine, sur la base de recherches en ergonomie, en psychologie du travail et en d&eacute;mographie du travail, les enjeux de la confrontation entre deux tendances en cours : le vieillissement structurel de la population au travail d&#39;une part, l&#39;intensification du travail et celle des changements dans le travail d&#39;autre part. Cette analyse comporte un rappel des constats sur ces &eacute;volutions elles-m&ecirc;mes, et une synth&egrave;se des connaissances sur les difficult&eacute;s que l&#39;intensification du travail, ou celle des changements, peut provoquer pour les travailleurs vieillissants, mais aussi sur les strat&eacute;gies op&eacute;ratoires qu&#39;ils peuvent &eacute;laborer, sur la base de leur exp&eacute;rience, afin de ma&icirc;triser au mieux ces contraintes.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="https://veille-travail.anact.fr/osiros/result/notice.php?queryosiros=id:97927&amp;referer=home&amp;referer=home" title="https://veille-travail.anact.fr/osiros/result/notice.php?queryosiros=id:97927&amp;referer=home&amp;referer=home" target="_blank">https://veille-travail.anact.fr/osiros/result/notice.php?queryosiros=id:97927&amp;referer=home&amp;referer=home</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 06 May 2019 13:41:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/06/11504.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-06T13:41:00Z 2019-05-06 13:41 +00:00 2019-05-06 09:41 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11503 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/06/11503.aspx Conditions de travail Charge physique France Charge mentale Prévention et contrôle L'exposition aux risques du travail : quels écarts de perception entre les salariés et leurs employeurs ? une analyse comparée des volets "salariés" et "employeurs" de l'enquête Conditions de travail 2013 <p><span>Les employeurs ont une obligation de pr&eacute;vention des atteintes &agrave; la sant&eacute; au travail pour assurer la s&eacute;curit&eacute; des salari&eacute;s. Mais leurs perceptions de ces risques sont encore peu &eacute;tudi&eacute;es. En s&#39;int&eacute;ressant &agrave; la subjectivit&eacute; des personnes, cette &eacute;tude a pour objectif de d&eacute;crire les &eacute;carts entre les perceptions des employeurs et de leurs salari&eacute;s en termes d&#39;exposition aux risques physiques et psychosociaux. Des mod&egrave;les logistiques permettent ensuite d&#39;identifier les caract&eacute;ristiques et contextes de travail associ&eacute;s &agrave; la divergence de perception de ces risques.</span><br /><span>L&#39;enqu&ecirc;te &quot;Conditions de travail 2013&quot;, qui interroge les salari&eacute;s d&#39;une part et leurs employeurs d&#39;autre part, permet d&#39;en rendre compte gr&acirc;ce &agrave; des questions comparables. Les perceptions divergent pour les risques physiques comme psychosociaux. Les employeurs sous-estiment ces risques par-rapport &agrave; la perception qu&#39;en ont les salari&eacute;s. Ces &eacute;carts concernent particuli&egrave;rement le risque chimique : 16% des salari&eacute;s se d&eacute;clarent expos&eacute;s &agrave; des produits chimiques dangereux alors que leur employeur ne d&eacute;clare aucun salari&eacute; expos&eacute; au cours des 12 derniers mois. En revanche, les &eacute;carts de perceptions entre les employeurs et leurs salari&eacute;s sont moindres pour le travail de nuit et le travail en &eacute;quipe alternantes. Les divergences de perceptions de la p&eacute;nibilit&eacute; physique et mentale sont &eacute;galement moindres lorsque l&#39;employeur met en place des dispositifs de pr&eacute;vention des risques et lorsque l&#39;&eacute;tablissement est couvert par des d&eacute;l&eacute;gu&eacute;s syndicaux.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="https://veille-travail.anact.fr/osiros/result/notice.php?queryosiros=id:97926&amp;referer=home&amp;referer=home" title="https://veille-travail.anact.fr/osiros/result/notice.php?queryosiros=id:97926&amp;referer=home&amp;referer=home" target="_blank">https://veille-travail.anact.fr/osiros/result/notice.php?queryosiros=id:97926&amp;referer=home&amp;referer=home</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 06 May 2019 13:18:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/06/11503.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-06T13:18:00Z 2019-05-06 13:18 +00:00 2019-05-06 09:18 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11502 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/05/01/11502.aspx Québec Indemnisation Maladies professionnelles Troubles musculo-squelettiques Lésions professionnelles Indicateurs Secteurs d'activités Données administratives Analyse des différences de durées d’indemnisation selon le sexe et le groupe d’âge <p class="lead">Les indicateurs statistiques de sant&eacute; et de s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail produits depuis plusieurs ann&eacute;es par l&#39;Institut de recherche Robert-Sauv&eacute; en sant&eacute; et en s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail (IRSST) montrent que la dur&eacute;e moyenne d&#39;indemnisation des l&eacute;sions professionnelles ayant occasionn&eacute; une perte de temps indemnis&eacute;e (PTI) a presque doubl&eacute; en 15 ans. Alors que l&#39;&eacute;cart de dur&eacute;es moyennes d&#39;indemnisation entre les femmes et les hommes diminue au fil des ann&eacute;es, celui entre chaque groupe d&#39;&acirc;ge change tr&egrave;s peu.</p> <p>L&#39;&eacute;tude vise &agrave; identifier, pour la p&eacute;riode 2005-2012, les facteurs les plus fortement li&eacute;s aux &eacute;carts de dur&eacute;es moyennes d&#39;indemnisation observ&eacute;s selon le sexe ou le groupe d&#39;&acirc;ge, ainsi que ceux associ&eacute;s &agrave; l&#39;augmentation de la dur&eacute;e moyenne d&#39;indemnisation au fil des ann&eacute;es. Outre le sexe, le groupe d&#39;&acirc;ge et l&#39;ann&eacute;e de survenue de la l&eacute;sion, les facteurs retenus incluent notamment la cat&eacute;gorie de dossier, la pr&eacute;sence d&#39;un trouble musculosquelettique (TMS), l&#39;existence d&#39;une atteinte permanente &agrave; l&#39;int&eacute;grit&eacute; physique ou psychique (APIPP), une somme positive de d&eacute;bours au sein de certaines cat&eacute;gories comptables, l&#39;industrie, la cat&eacute;gorie professionnelle et la taille de l&#39;employeur.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101022/n/differences-indemnisation-sexe-age" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101022/n/differences-indemnisation-sexe-age" target="_blank">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101022/n/differences-indemnisation-sexe-age</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 01 May 2019 13:28:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/05/01/11502.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-01T13:28:00Z 2019-05-01 13:28 +00:00 2019-05-01 09:28 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11501 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/30/11501.aspx Travail en mouvement Programmes de formation Environnement socio-économique Jeunes travailleurs Occupational safety and health interventions to protect young workers from hazardous work – A scoping review <p><span style="font-weight:bold;">Abstract</span></p> <div class="Abstracts u-font-serif" id="abstracts"> <p>Occupational injury rates are higher among young people when compared to older age groups.<br /><strong>Objective&nbsp;</strong>Identifying preventive occupational safety and health interventions that aim at protecting young workers from hazards at work while considering their ongoing physical and mental maturation.<br /><strong>Methods&nbsp;</strong>We ran a sensitive search strategy in twelve electronic databases to locate studies. Two review authors independently screened titles and abstracts, and later full texts for eligibility. One person extracted the details of studies and another checked for errors. Data were analyzed in an iterative process.<br /><strong>Results&nbsp;</strong>We included 39 studies. Three studies evaluated environmental interventions, 29 evaluated behavioral, one evaluated clinical and six combined more than one type of intervention. Developmental characteristics of young workers that could contribute to risk were addressed in 13 studies. Thirty-five studies were from high income countries, one was from an upper middle-income country and three were from lower middle- income countries. We found no studies from low income countries.<br /><strong>Conclusions&nbsp;</strong>There is a dearth of evidence when it comes to evaluating interventions in low and lower middle income countries and adapting interventions developed in high income countries to the needs of low and middle income ones. A higher and more integrated participation of young workers themselves, parents and other key social actors such as policy makers, employers and occupational safety and health regulators is required to optimally protect young workers. We recommend developing and evaluating interventions that specifically address the risks that youth face at work due to their ongoing developmental process. Further we need systematic reviews of the interventions identified in this review such as for young workers in the service sector.</p> <div id="as030"> <p>Source : Safety Science (2019) 113,&nbsp;389-403&nbsp; &nbsp;<a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.11.024" target="_blank" rel="noreferrer noopener" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.11.024">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.11.024</a></p> </div> <p>&nbsp;</p> </div><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 30 Apr 2019 14:06:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/30/11501.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-30T14:06:00Z 2019-04-30 14:06 +00:00 2019-04-30 10:06 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11500 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/04/30/11500.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Environnement de travail Communication Enquête Secteurs d'activités Work Disability Management Communication Bottlenecks Within Large and Complex Public Service Organizations: A Sociotechnical Systems Study <p><em>Purpose</em><span>&nbsp;Within large and complex organizations work disability (WD) communication bottlenecks emerge and contribute to avoidable disability days. Our study utilized soft systems methods to better understand communication problems in WD management.&nbsp;</span><em>Methods</em><span>&nbsp;Semi-structured interviews were conducted with disability case managers (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;10), frontline supervisors (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;15) and human resource/labor relations specialists (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;5) within three public service organizations. Interview questions asked about organizational WD system structure and communication practices. Thematic analysis was conducted to examine system structure and emergent communication bottlenecks.&nbsp;</span><em>Results</em><span>&nbsp;WD communication took place across a number of internal and external stakeholders. Communication bottlenecks tended to concentrate within WD case manager and frontline supervisor activities. Inconsistent communication across organizations, challenges interacting with external stakeholders, mental health disability information exchange, lack of WD communication experience and previous worker performance represented communication bottlenecks that contributed to avoidable disability days.&nbsp;</span><em>Conclusions</em><span>&nbsp;To strengthen communication practices, systems-focused responses towards organizational WD management are required.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><span>Jetha, A., Yanar, B., Lay, A.M. et al. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation (2019). <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-019-09836-3" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-019-09836-3" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-019-09836-3</a></span></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 30 Apr 2019 13:31:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/04/30/11500.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-30T13:31:00Z 2019-04-30 13:31 +00:00 2019-04-30 09:31 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11498 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/26/11498.aspx Cancer Maladies professionnelles Agents chimiques France Secteurs d'activités Données administratives Santé travail : enjeux et actions. Les cancers reconnus d'origine professionnelle. Evolution statistique, actions de prévention et d'accompagnement des salariés exposés <p><span>Sur la p&eacute;riode 2013-2017, l&#39;Assurance Maladie - Risques professionnels a reconnu, en moyenne 1 840 cancers d&#39;origine professionnelle par an,soit 0,5 % des nouveaux cas de cancers recens&eacute;s en France. Sur la m&ecirc;me p&eacute;riode, plus de 50 000 maladies professionnelles ont &eacute;t&eacute; reconnues par an, li&eacute;es majoritairement &agrave; des troubles musculo-squelettiques.<br />Parmi les cancers professionnels reconnus, la part li&eacute;e &agrave; l&#39;amiante est pr&eacute;pond&eacute;rante (80 % sur la p&eacute;riode 2013-2017). Il s&#39;agit de cancers du poumon dans 70 % des cas et de m&eacute;soth&eacute;liomes dans 30 % des cas.<br />Du fait de la pr&eacute;dominance des cancers li&eacute;s &agrave; l&#39;amiante, la majorit&eacute; des cas reconnus sont des cancers du poumon (57 %). Viennent ensuite les cancers de la pl&egrave;vre (21 %) et de la vessie (11 %).95 % des cancers d&#39;origine professionnelle sont reconnus par le syst&egrave;me des tableaux de maladies professionnelles :<br />- dont 80 % correspondent strictement aux modalit&eacute;s des tableaux (alin&eacute;a 5 de l&#39;article L461-1 du code de la S&eacute;curit&eacute; sociale),<br />- et 15 % correspondent partiellement &agrave; celles-ci (alin&eacute;a 6). Les 5 % restants (environ 90 cas par an) sont reconnus hors tableaux par le syst&egrave;me compl&eacute;mentaire (dit de l&#39;alin&eacute;a 7 faisant r&eacute;f&eacute;rence au m&ecirc;me article). Tous types de cancers confondus, l&#39;&acirc;ge moyen et m&eacute;dian des personnes touch&eacute;es au moment de la reconnaissance en maladie professionnelle est de 68 ans. Il s&#39;agit donc majoritairement de retrait&eacute;s.Les patients atteints d&#39;un m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome ou d&#39;un cancer broncho-pulmonaire du tableau 30 (amiante) sont les plus &acirc;g&eacute;s au moment de cette reconnaissance (&acirc;ge moyen et m&eacute;dian de 73 ans), tandis que les patients atteints d&#39;une h&eacute;mopathie maligne du tableau 4 (benz&egrave;ne) sont les plus jeunes (moyenne &agrave; 56,5 ans et m&eacute;diane &agrave; 56 ans).Il existe une forte diff&eacute;renciation selon le sexe : les hommes sont tr&egrave;s majoritairement les plus concern&eacute;s (96 %). Il s&#39;agit majoritairement d&#39;ouvriers (80 % de cas). Les hommes ne pr&eacute;sentent en effet pas les m&ecirc;mes expositions au risque de cancers professionnels du fait de la sp&eacute;cificit&eacute; de leurs emplois. A titre de comparaison, toutes causes de cancers confondues, les hommes repr&eacute;sentent seulement 55 % des cas dans la cartographie des cancers &eacute;tablie par Sant&eacute; publique France.&nbsp;<br />Cette situation est le reflet de la structure d&#39;emploi des cinquante derni&egrave;res ann&eacute;es et ne refl&egrave;te pas l&#39;exposition actuelle des salari&eacute;s.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" href="http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fileadmin/user_upload/document_PDF_a_telecharger/brochures/Rapport%20Enjeux%20et%20actions%20cancers%20pros.pdf" title="http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fileadmin/user_upload/document_PDF_a_telecharger/brochures/Rapport%20Enjeux%20et%20actions%20cancers%20pros.pdf">http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fileadmin/user_upload/document_PDF_a_telecharger/brochures/Rapport%20Enjeux%20et%20actions%20cancers%20pros.pdf</a></span></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 26 Apr 2019 14:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/26/11498.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-26T14:26:00Z 2019-04-26 14:26 +00:00 2019-04-26 10:26 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11497 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/26/11497.aspx Agents chimiques Évaluation épidémiologique Cancer Surveillance Secteurs d'activités Santé travail : enjeux et actions. Les cancers reconnus d'origine professionnelle. Evolution statistique, actions de prévention et d'accompagnement des salariés exposés <p><span>Sur la p&eacute;riode 2013-2017, l&#39;Assurance Maladie - Risques professionnels a reconnu, en moyenne 1 840 cancers d&#39;origine professionnelle par an,soit 0,5 % des nouveaux cas de cancers recens&eacute;s en France. Sur la m&ecirc;me p&eacute;riode, plus de 50 000 maladies professionnelles ont &eacute;t&eacute; reconnues par an, li&eacute;es majoritairement &agrave; des troubles musculo-squelettiques.</span><br /><span>Parmi les cancers professionnels reconnus, la part li&eacute;e &agrave; l&#39;amiante est pr&eacute;pond&eacute;rante (80 % sur la p&eacute;riode 2013-2017). Il s&#39;agit de cancers du poumon dans 70 % des cas et de m&eacute;soth&eacute;liomes dans 30 % des cas.</span><br /><span>Du fait de la pr&eacute;dominance des cancers li&eacute;s &agrave; l&#39;amiante, la majorit&eacute; des cas reconnus sont des cancers du poumon (57 %). Viennent ensuite les cancers de la pl&egrave;vre (21 %) et de la vessie (11 %).95 % des cancers d&#39;origine professionnelle sont reconnus par le syst&egrave;me des tableaux de maladies professionnelles :</span><br /><span>- dont 80 % correspondent strictement aux modalit&eacute;s des tableaux (alin&eacute;a 5 de l&#39;article L461-1 du code de la S&eacute;curit&eacute; sociale),</span><br /><span>- et 15 % correspondent partiellement &agrave; celles-ci (alin&eacute;a 6). Les 5 % restants (environ 90 cas par an) sont reconnus hors tableaux par le syst&egrave;me compl&eacute;mentaire (dit de l&#39;alin&eacute;a 7 faisant r&eacute;f&eacute;rence au m&ecirc;me article). Tous types de cancers confondus, l&#39;&acirc;ge moyen et m&eacute;dian des personnes touch&eacute;es au moment de la reconnaissance en maladie professionnelle est de 68 ans. Il s&#39;agit donc majoritairement de retrait&eacute;s.Les patients atteints d&#39;un m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome ou d&#39;un cancer broncho-pulmonaire du tableau 30 (amiante) sont les plus &acirc;g&eacute;s au moment de cette reconnaissance (&acirc;ge moyen et m&eacute;dian de 73 ans), tandis que les patients atteints d&#39;une h&eacute;mopathie maligne du tableau 4 (benz&egrave;ne) sont les plus jeunes (moyenne &agrave; 56,5 ans et m&eacute;diane &agrave; 56 ans).Il existe une forte diff&eacute;renciation selon le sexe : les hommes sont tr&egrave;s majoritairement les plus concern&eacute;s (96 %). Il s&#39;agit majoritairement d&#39;ouvriers (80 % de cas). Les hommes ne pr&eacute;sentent en effet pas les m&ecirc;mes expositions au risque de cancers professionnels du fait de la sp&eacute;cificit&eacute; de leurs emplois. A titre de comparaison, toutes causes de cancers confondues, les hommes repr&eacute;sentent seulement 55 % des cas dans la cartographie des cancers &eacute;tablie par Sant&eacute; publique France.&nbsp;</span><br /><span>Cette situation est le reflet de la structure d&#39;emploi des cinquante derni&egrave;res ann&eacute;es et ne refl&egrave;te pas l&#39;exposition actuelle des salari&eacute;s.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="https://veille-travail.anact.fr/osiros/result/notice.php?queryosiros=id:97937&amp;referer=home&amp;referer=home" title="https://veille-travail.anact.fr/osiros/result/notice.php?queryosiros=id:97937&amp;referer=home&amp;referer=home" target="_blank">https://veille-travail.anact.fr/osiros/result/notice.php?queryosiros=id:97937&amp;referer=home&amp;referer=home</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 26 Apr 2019 13:46:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/26/11497.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-26T13:46:00Z 2019-04-26 13:46 +00:00 2019-04-26 09:46 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11496 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/25/11496.aspx Agents chimiques Effets sur la santé Secteur de l'administration publique Plomb Stratégies d'évaluation Secteurs d'activités Occupational Exposure to Metals in Shooting Ranges: A Biomonitoring Study <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span style="font-weight:bold;">Background&nbsp;</span><br />Lead (Pb) exposure in shooting ranges has been reduced by various measures such as jacketed ammunition and lead-free primers. Nevertheless, this may lead to exposure to other metals, potentially resulting in adverse health effects.<br /><span style="font-weight:bold;">Methods</span><br />In a cross-sectional study, 35 subjects from seven different shooting ranges were studied: four shooting instructors, 10 police officers, 15 Special Forces, and six maintenance staff members. Metals and metalloids were determined in blood and urine by inductively coupled plasma&ndash;mass spectrometry.<br /><span style="font-weight:bold;">Results</span><br />The concentrations of most elements did not differ significantly between groups or compared to reference values, except for Sb and Pt in urine and Pb in blood. Mean values for Sb were considerably higher in urine from the Special Forces (0.34 &mu;g/L), the maintenance staff (0.13 &mu;g/L), and shooting instructors (0.32 &mu;g/L) compared to the police officers before shooting (0.06 &mu;g/L) and a Belgian reference value (0.04 &mu;g/L). For Pt, the Special Forces showed higher mean urinary concentrations (0.078 &mu;g/L) compared to a Belgian reference value (&lt;0.061 &mu;g/L). Mean values for blood lead were markedly higher in the Special Forces (3.9 &mu;g/dL), maintenance staff (5.7 &mu;g/dL), and instructors (11.7 &mu;g/dL) compared to police officers (1.4 &mu;g/dL). One instructor exceeded the biological exposure index for blood Pb (38.8 &mu;g/dL).<br /><span style="font-weight:bold;">Conclusion</span><br />Since both Pb and Sb were found to be higher in shooting range employees, especially among frequent shooters, it is advisable to provide appropriate protective equipment, education, and medical follow-up for shooting range personnel in addition to careful choice of ammunition.</p> <p><span style="font-weight:normal;" lang="EN-CA"><span lang="EN-CA">Source : Vandebroek, E., Haufroid, V., Smolders, E., Hons, L. et Nemery, B. (2019) <i>Safety and Health at Work.</i> 10(1), 87-94. </span><span><a target="_blank" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2018.05.006" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2018.05.006"><span lang="EN-CA">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2018.05.006</span></a></span></span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 25 Apr 2019 14:34:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/25/11496.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-25T14:34:00Z 2019-04-25 14:34 +00:00 2019-04-25 10:34 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11493 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/04/25/11493.aspx Enquêtes épidémiologiques Facteurs psychosociaux TMS dos Secteur de l'administration publique Santé mentale Quebec Serve and Protect Low Back Pain Study: What About Mental Quality of Life? <p><span lang="EN-CA"><strong>Background</strong><br /></span><span lang="EN-CA" style="font-weight:normal;">As of now, the impact of low back pain (LBP) and its chronic state, chronic low back pain (CLBP), on mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has never been investigated among police officers. The present investigation aims at studying this relationship using a biopsychosocial model.<br /></span><span lang="EN-CA"><strong>Methods</strong><br /></span><span lang="EN-CA" style="font-weight:normal;">Between May and October 2014, a Web-based cross-sectional study was conducted among Quebec police officers (Quebec, Canada). Mental HRQOL was measured using the role emotional (RE) and the mental health (MH) domains of the SF-12v2 Health Survey. The impact of CLBP on mental HRQOL (as opposed to acute/subacute LBP or no LBP) was studied with a multivariate linear regression model.<br /></span><span lang="EN-CA"><strong>Results</strong><br /></span><span lang="EN-CA" style="font-weight:normal;">Of the 3,589 police officers who participated in the study, 1,013 (28.4%) reported CLBP. The mean age of respondents was 38.5 &plusmn; 8.7 years, and 32.0% were females. The RE (44.1/100) and MH (49.0/100) mean scores of the CLBP group were comparable with the scores found in populations suffering from cancer or heart diseases. Compared to officers without LBP, the presence of CLBP was significantly associated with lower RE (&beta;: &minus;0.068; p = 0.003) and MH (&beta;: &minus;0.062; p = 0.002) scores. These relationships were not found in the acute/subacute LBP group.<br /></span><span lang="EN-CA"><strong>Conclusion</strong><br /></span><span lang="EN-CA"><span style="font-weight:normal;">Our results underscore how frequent CLBP is among police officers and how burdensome it is. Considering the importance of good physical and mental health for this occupational population, police organizations should be aware of this issue and contribute to the efforts toward CLBP prevention and management in the workplace.</span></span></p> <p> <span>Source : Douma, N.B., C&ocirc;t&eacute;, C. et Lacasse, A. (2019). </span><i><span lang="EN-CA">Safety and Health at Work</span></i><span lang="EN-CA">, 10, (1), 39-46. </span><span><a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2018.08.006" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2018.08.006"><span>https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2018.08.006</span></a></span></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 25 Apr 2019 13:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/04/25/11493.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-25T13:24:00Z 2019-04-25 13:24 +00:00 2019-04-25 09:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11492 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/24/11492.aspx Agents chimiques Secteur de l'enseignement Prévention et contrôle Aérosol Composés organiques volatils (COV) Styrène MDI Confinement Measuring and controlling emissions from polymer filament desktop 3D printers <p>Affordable desktop 3D printers are being widely used in businesses, schools and colleges. Some of these printers use filaments to deposit polymer through a heated nozzle to build three dimensional objects. This type of desktop printer is generally unenclosed and some published studies have raised concerns that they may release potentially harmful fumes and particles. The scientific evidence base on exposures and potential health endpoints is being developed internationally.</p> <p>This report describes initial research in a laboratory setting to a) measure emissions of particulates and volatile organic compounds from desktop 3D printers and b) investigate the effectiveness of control measures to reduce these printer emissions. Two common filament materials were investigated: polylactic acid (PLA) which is generally used in schools, and acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS). </p> <p>Source:&nbsp;<a target="_blank" href="https://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1146.htm" title="https://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1146.htm">https://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1146.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 24 Apr 2019 15:07:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/24/11492.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-24T15:07:00Z 2019-04-24 15:07 +00:00 2019-04-24 11:07 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11489 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/18/11489.aspx Secteurs d'activités Agents chimiques Agents physiques Machines mobiles et véhicules Guide Prévention et contrôle Les ateliers de moulage de pièces en alliages d'aluminium <p>Dans les ateliers de moulage de pi&egrave;ces&nbsp;<span>en alliages d&#39;aluminium, les salari&eacute;s sont expos&eacute;s &agrave; des risques susceptibles d&#39;entra&icirc;ner des atteintes graves &agrave; leur sant&eacute;.&nbsp;</span><span>Cette brochure recense les principaux risques et propose des mesures de pr&eacute;vention adapt&eacute;es concernant l&#39;organisation (circulation des personnes et des v&eacute;hicules, maintenance), la conception des b&acirc;timents et pour chaque phase de production. Les entreprises plus particuli&egrave;rement vis&eacute;es sont les PME r&eacute;alisant des petites, moyennes ou grandes s&eacute;ries, pour les diff&eacute;rents secteurs industriels.L&#39;organisation du document est calqu&eacute; sur l&#39;encha&icirc;nement des op&eacute;rations&nbsp;</span><span>qui permettent d&#39;obtenir des pi&egrave;ces en alliages d&#39;aluminium par moulage.</span>&nbsp;</p> <p>Source : <a target="_blank" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%20908" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%20908">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%20908</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 18 Apr 2019 15:15:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/18/11489.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-18T15:15:00Z 2019-04-18 15:15 +00:00 2019-04-18 11:15 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11487 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/18/11487.aspx Agents chimiques Mesure Prévention et contrôle Surveillance Indicateur biologique Surveillance biologique des expositions professionnelles aux agents chimiques : les pratiques des équipes de santé au travail <p><span>Les recommandations de bonne pratique pour la surveillance biologique des expositions (SBEP) aux risques chimiques ont &eacute;t&eacute; publi&eacute;es en mai 2016. Afin de conna&icirc;tre leur utilisation, une enqu&ecirc;te par questionnaire a &eacute;t&eacute; entreprise aupr&egrave;s de services&nbsp;</span><span>de sant&eacute; au travail (SST).</span><br /><span>Cette enqu&ecirc;te met en &eacute;vidence une bonne ma&icirc;trise du contenu des recommandations par les m&eacute;decins en SST autonome.&nbsp;</span><span>En SST interentreprises, le besoin de formation sur la mise en oeuvre de la SBEP selon ces recommandations est manifeste, notamment concernant l&#39;usage de la fiche de renseignements m&eacute;dicaux et professionnels (FRMP), la pratique de la pluridisciplinarit&eacute;, la tra&ccedil;abilit&eacute; collective des r&eacute;sultats.</span><br /><span>La mise en place de m&eacute;decins r&eacute;f&eacute;rents r&eacute;gionaux, form&eacute;s aux risques chimiques et, en particulier &agrave; la SBEP, avec une bonne connaissance de ces recommandations, devrait permettre de d&eacute;velopper une SBEP de qualit&eacute;.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" title="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20266" href="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20266">http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20266</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 18 Apr 2019 14:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/18/11487.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-18T14:24:00Z 2019-04-18 14:24 +00:00 2019-04-18 10:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11486 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/04/18/11486.aspx Machines à scier Risque machine Secteurs d'activités Sécurité des machines Nouvelle publication de l’INRS : scies à ruban à table <p><span>Destin&eacute; aux chefs d&#39;entreprise, aux cadres et &agrave; la ma&icirc;trise, cet aide-m&eacute;moire technique examine les risques du poste de travail sur les scies &agrave; ruban &agrave; table, ainsi que les moyens de les pr&eacute;venir.</span></p> <p><span>Au sommaire : fonction ; terminologie ; description ; conditions d&#39;acquisition, de r&eacute;ception, d&#39;implantation, d&#39;installation et de conseils d&#39;utilisation des machines en service ; conseils pour l&#39;utilisation et la mise en oeuvre des scies &agrave; ruban &agrave; table.</span></p> <p> <span><span>Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/aide-memoire-technique-scie-ruban-table.html" href="http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/aide-memoire-technique-scie-ruban-table.html">http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/aide-memoire-technique-scie-ruban-table.html</a></span></span></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 18 Apr 2019 13:13:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/04/18/11486.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-18T13:13:00Z 2019-04-18 13:13 +00:00 2019-04-18 09:13 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11484 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/17/11484.aspx Europe Cancer Maladies professionnelles France Enquêtes Secteurs d'activités Prévention Cancers reconnus d'origine professionnelle : Évolution statistique, actions de prévention et d’accompagnement des salariés exposés <p><span style="font-weight:normal;">Le site Ameli - Risques professionnels met en ligne un num&eacute;ro de &quot;Sant&eacute; travail : enjeux et actions&quot; sur les cancers reconnus d&#39;origine professionnelle. Sont abord&eacute;s notamment l&#39;&eacute;volution du nombre de cancers reconnus d&#39;origine professionnelle sur la p&eacute;riode 1997-2017, les r&eacute;sultats de l&#39;enqu&ecirc;te SUMER de 2010, la reconnaissance des cancers professionnels en Europe ainsi que les actions de pr&eacute;vention et d&#39;accompagnement des salari&eacute;s expos&eacute;s.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight:normal;">Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="https://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Facteurs-de-risque-et-de-protection/Expositions-professionnelles/Ressources-et-veille-documentaires/Cancers-Pro-Actu/Cancers-Pro-Actu-26/Cancers-reconnus-d-origine-professionnelle-Evolution-statistique-actions-de-prevention-et-d-accompagnement-des-salaries-exposes" title="https://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Facteurs-de-risque-et-de-protection/Expositions-professionnelles/Ressources-et-veille-documentaires/Cancers-Pro-Actu/Cancers-Pro-Actu-26/Cancers-reconnus-d-origine-professionnelle-Evolution-statistique-actions-de-prevention-et-d-accompagnement-des-salaries-exposes" target="_blank">https://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Facteurs-de-risque-et-de-protection/Expositions-professionnelles/Ressources-et-veille-documentaires/Cancers-Pro-Actu/Cancers-Pro-Actu-26/Cancers-reconnus-d-origine-professionnelle-Evolution-statistique-actions-de-prevention-et-d-accompagnement-des-salaries-exposes</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 17 Apr 2019 20:28:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/17/11484.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-17T20:28:00Z 2019-04-17 20:28 +00:00 2019-04-17 16:28 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11483 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/17/11483.aspx Références en ligne Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Agents chimiques Prévention et contrôle Poussières de silice dans les activités de travaux publics <p><span>La F&eacute;d&eacute;ration des travaux publics de Lorraine et ses partenaires publient un guide proposant des mesures pour pr&eacute;venir le risque d&#39;exposition aux poussi&egrave;res de silice durant les activit&eacute;s de travaux publics. Sont rappel&eacute;s dans un premier temps les lieux o&ugrave; l&#39;on peut trouver de la silice, les professions susceptibles d&#39;&ecirc;tre expos&eacute;es, les effets sur la sant&eacute; et les moyens de se prot&eacute;ger. Les mesures de pr&eacute;vention sont ensuite d&eacute;taill&eacute;es pour les activit&eacute;s et situations de travail suivantes : terrassement, recyclage de mat&eacute;riaux sur chantier, pose de canalisation, assainissement, interventions sur chauss&eacute;es, travaux de voirie, construction d&#39;ouvrage d&#39;art, confortement de paroi et d&eacute;molition.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="https://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Facteurs-de-risque-et-de-protection/Expositions-professionnelles/Ressources-et-veille-documentaires/Cancers-Pro-Actu/Cancers-Pro-Actu-26/Poussieres-de-silice-dans-les-activites-de-travaux-publics" title="https://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Facteurs-de-risque-et-de-protection/Expositions-professionnelles/Ressources-et-veille-documentaires/Cancers-Pro-Actu/Cancers-Pro-Actu-26/Poussieres-de-silice-dans-les-activites-de-travaux-publics" target="_blank">https://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Facteurs-de-risque-et-de-protection/Expositions-professionnelles/Ressources-et-veille-documentaires/Cancers-Pro-Actu/Cancers-Pro-Actu-26/Poussieres-de-silice-dans-les-activites-de-travaux-publics</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 17 Apr 2019 20:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/17/11483.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-17T20:19:00Z 2019-04-17 20:19 +00:00 2019-04-17 16:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11481 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/17/11481.aspx Agents chimiques Solvants Substitution Surveillance Indicateur biologique Perchloroéthylène Valeurs biologiques d'exposition en milieu professionnel - Le perchloroéthylène <div> <div class="ezxmltext_content"> <p>Le site Substitution CMR r&eacute;sume les recommandations de l&#39;ANSES concernant les valeurs biologiques pour la surveillance biologique des expositions en milieu professionnel du perchloro&eacute;thyl&egrave;ne. Le rapport de l&#39;ANSES est t&eacute;l&eacute;chargeable &agrave; l&#39;adresse suivante :&nbsp;</p> </div> <div>Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/VSR2014SA0057Ra.pdf" href="https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/VSR2014SA0057Ra.pdf">https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/VSR2014SA0057Ra.pdf</a></div> </div><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 17 Apr 2019 19:34:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/17/11481.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-17T19:34:00Z 2019-04-17 19:34 +00:00 2019-04-17 15:34 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11479 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/17/11479.aspx Références en ligne Conditions de travail Cancer Organisation temporelle Travail des femmes Prévention et contrôle Le risque de cancer du sein chez les travailleuses de nuit : état des connaissances <p><span style="font-weight:normal;">L&#39;exposition professionnelle au travail de nuit, fixe ou post&eacute;, entra&icirc;nant des perturbations de l&#39;horloge biologique et des rythmes circadiens, a &eacute;t&eacute; associ&eacute;e dans plusieurs &eacute;tudes &agrave; un risque accru de cancer du sein chez les femmes. N&eacute;anmoins, la qualit&eacute;&nbsp;m&eacute;thodologique des &eacute;tudes &eacute;pid&eacute;miologiques fait parfois d&eacute;faut et le d&eacute;bat scientifique reste toujours d&#39;actualit&eacute; concernant cette association statistique, sa grandeur, les cons&eacute;quences en termes de morbidit&eacute;-mortalit&eacute;, les recommandations pratiques&nbsp;de surveillance m&eacute;dicale et les pr&eacute;conisations pour la pr&eacute;vention des risques professionnels. La plausibilit&eacute; biologique de ce risque et les voies physiopathologiques ont &eacute;t&eacute; de mieux en mieux &eacute;lucid&eacute;es. Cette revue de la litt&eacute;rature fait le point des connaissances sur le sujet et propose une analyse dans la perspective de la sant&eacute; au travail.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight:normal;">Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=TC%20164" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=TC%20164">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=TC%20164</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 17 Apr 2019 18:29:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/17/11479.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-17T18:29:00Z 2019-04-17 18:29 +00:00 2019-04-17 14:29 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11475 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/17/11475.aspx Québec Canada Contexte de travail Santé psychologique Indicateurs de santé Enquêtes Régions géographiques Associations Between Systemic Quality of Life and Burnout Among French Canadian Workers <p><span>Burnout has very often been studied from a work-life specific perspective. However, a recent field of research leads to wonder about the impact that life events can have on the development of burnout. This study therefore investigated the associations between five domains of systemic quality of life and the three dimensions of burnout proposed by Maslach and colleagues. An analysis of correlations and multiple hierarchical regressions were performed on a sample of 202 French Canadian workers. These analyses report inverse associations between quality of life and burnout, with strong negative correlations between quality of life domains and burnout dimensions. The results also suggest that physical health and psychological health are strongly associated with the burnout dimensions and that systemic quality of life significantly adds variance into the risk factors model of emotional exhaustion and reduced personal accomplishment. This study provides empirical data supporting the belief that burnout is not work-life specific; burnout seems to have interactions with other life domains. These results point to the importance of raising awareness about the different life domains involved in the development of burnout, whether at the level of organizations, workers or practitioners.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><span>Vachon, M., Papineau, M., Dupuis, G. et al. (2019). Social Indicators Research,&nbsp;</span><span class="ArticleCitation_Year">1</span><span class="ArticleCitation_Volume">42(3)&nbsp;</span><span>,</span><span>&nbsp;</span><span class="ArticleCitation_Pages">1193&ndash;1210</span><span>&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-018-1944-x" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-018-1944-x">https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-018-1944-x</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 17 Apr 2019 17:43:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/17/11475.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-17T17:43:00Z 2019-04-17 17:43 +00:00 2019-04-17 13:43 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11474 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/04/16/11474.aspx Normes et réglementation Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Analyse d'accidents/incidents Chute de hauteur Regulated working at heights training works and needed: studies <p><span style="font-weight:bold;">Special Report</span><br />Two recently released Ontario studies demonstrate why mandatory, standardized working at heights training is so critical to worker well-being.&nbsp;<br />One study undertaken by the Institute for Work &amp; Health (IWH) conducted an evaluation of the impact the province&#39;s working at heights training standard had on workers and their work sites. A second and earlier probe prepared by the Ministry of Labour (MOL) for the Chief Prevention Officer undertook root cause analysis of worker deaths from falls from heights.<br /><span style="font-weight:bold;">Significant results from WAH training standard</span><br />The IWH evaluation consisted of surveys with working at heights training participants, training providers and employers in construction. Interviews with MOL inspectors, an examination of MOL administrative records and lost-time workers&#39; compensation claims were also taken into account.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="https://www.whsc.on.ca/What-s-new/News-Archive/Regulated-working-at-heights-training-works-i-and-i-needed-studies" href="https://www.whsc.on.ca/What-s-new/News-Archive/Regulated-working-at-heights-training-works-i-and-i-needed-studies">https://www.whsc.on.ca/What-s-new/News-Archive/Regulated-working-at-heights-training-works-i-and-i-needed-studies</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 16 Apr 2019 15:58:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/04/16/11474.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-16T15:58:00Z 2019-04-16 15:58 +00:00 2019-04-16 11:58 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11473 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/16/11473.aspx Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Normes et législation Formation à la SST Ontario Prévention et contrôle Regulated working at heights training works and needed: studies <p><span>Special Report</span><br /><span>Two recently released Ontario studies demonstrate why mandatory, standardized working at heights training is so critical to worker well-being.</span><br /><span>&nbsp;</span><br /><span>One study undertaken by the Institute for Work &amp; Health (IWH) conducted an evaluation of the impact the province&#39;s working at heights training standard had on workers and their work sites. A second and earlier probe prepared by the Ministry of Labour (MOL) for the Chief Prevention Officer undertook root cause analysis of worker deaths from falls from heights.</span></p> <p>Significant results from WAH training standard</p> <p><span>The IWH evaluation consisted of surveys with working at heights training participants, training providers and employers in construction. Interviews with MOL inspectors, an examination of MOL administrative records and lost-time workers&#39; compensation claims were also taken into account.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" title="https://www.whsc.on.ca/What-s-new/News-Archive/Regulated-working-at-heights-training-works-i-and-i-needed-studies" href="https://www.whsc.on.ca/What-s-new/News-Archive/Regulated-working-at-heights-training-works-i-and-i-needed-studies">https://www.whsc.on.ca/What-s-new/News-Archive/Regulated-working-at-heights-training-works-i-and-i-needed-studies</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 16 Apr 2019 15:51:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/16/11473.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-16T15:51:00Z 2019-04-16 15:51 +00:00 2019-04-16 11:51 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11472 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/16/11472.aspx Références en ligne Effets sur les travailleurs France Médicaments Prévention et contrôle Benzodiazépines et travail : mise au point de l’INRS <p><span style="font-weight:normal;">La revue </span><strong>R&eacute;f&eacute;rences en sant&eacute; au travail</strong><span style="font-weight:normal;"> de l&#39;INRS vient de publier une mise au point sur les benzodiaz&eacute;pines et le travail, une des familles de m&eacute;dicaments psychotropes les plus consomm&eacute;s en France. Des donn&eacute;es sur l&#39;usage et l&#39;impact des mol&eacute;cules &agrave; vis&eacute;e anxiolytique et hypnotique sont pr&eacute;sent&eacute;es dans un premier temps. Plusieurs recommandations sont ensuite donn&eacute;es afin que les services de sant&eacute; au travail puissent proposer des mesures de pr&eacute;vention, tant sur le plan collectif qu&#39;individuel.</span></p> <p>Il s&#39;agit d&#39;une revue de la litt&eacute;rature, qui&nbsp;:</p> <ul> <li>fait le point sur la consommation dans la population g&eacute;n&eacute;rale (avec un tableau des benzodiaz&eacute;pines et apparent&eacute;s commercialis&eacute;s en France en 2015, incluant le nom des substances actives et son &eacute;quivalence en nom de sp&eacute;cialit&eacute;s commercialis&eacute;es),</li> <li>pr&eacute;sente les risques li&eacute;s &agrave; la consommation de benzodiaz&eacute;pines (tol&eacute;rance,&nbsp;<strong>pharmacod&eacute;pendance&nbsp;</strong>et sevrage,&nbsp;<strong>risque routier</strong>,&nbsp;<strong>risque de chute</strong>, atteinte des fonctions cognitives et psychomotrices),</li> <li>rappelle le&nbsp;<strong>cadre de prescription</strong>&nbsp;de ces m&eacute;dicaments,</li> <li>fournit des donn&eacute;es sp&eacute;cifiques en&nbsp;<strong>milieu de travail</strong>&nbsp;(niveaux de consommation, liens entre facteurs li&eacute;s au travail et consommation de benzodiaz&eacute;pines,&nbsp;<strong><span class="definition tooltipParent tooltipstered">accidentologie</span></strong>&nbsp;au travail),</li> <li>pr&eacute;cise le r&ocirc;le des&nbsp;<strong>services de sant&eacute; au travail</strong>, avec des actions &agrave; vis&eacute;e collective (exemple en cas de travail en&nbsp;<strong>horaires atypiques</strong>) ou individuelle (notamment les informations qu&#39;il convient de fournir aux salari&eacute;s).</li> </ul> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/benzodiazepines-mise-au-point-rst.html" title="http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/benzodiazepines-mise-au-point-rst.html" target="_blank">http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/benzodiazepines-mise-au-point-rst.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 16 Apr 2019 14:42:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/16/11472.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-16T14:42:00Z 2019-04-16 14:42 +00:00 2019-04-16 10:42 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11468 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/04/12/11468.aspx Facteurs de risque Absentéisme Charge physique Manutention manuelle TMS Syndrome du tunnel carpien Secteurs d'activités Caractéristiques socioprofessionnelles, reconnaissance en maladie professionnelle et devenir fonctionnel et professionnel de patients opérés d’un syndrome du canal carpien en Île-de-France (2009-2012) <p>Points cl&eacute;s</p> <ul> <li>&nbsp;Cette &eacute;tude men&eacute;e par Sant&eacute; publique France en partenariat avec le R&eacute;seau Pr&eacute;vention Main &Icirc;le-de-France (IdF), chez des patients op&eacute;r&eacute;s d&#39;un syndrome du canal carpien (SCC), d&eacute;crit les caract&eacute;ristiques socio-professionnelles (CSP, d&eacute;claration en maladie professionnelle&hellip;) des patients et leurs liens avec la dur&eacute;e d&#39;arr&ecirc;t de travail.</li> <li>&nbsp;Parmi les patients en activit&eacute; au cours des 10 ans pr&eacute;c&eacute;dant l&#39;intervention, 59 % consid&eacute;raient leur travail comme cause probable principale du SCC. Mais seuls 25 % des patients salari&eacute;s avaient effectu&eacute; une demande de reconnaissance en maladie professionnelle (MP).</li> <li>&nbsp;La dur&eacute;e m&eacute;diane d&#39;arr&ecirc;t de travail chez les salari&eacute;s en emploi &eacute;tait de 30 jours, variant de 21 jours pour les non-manuels &agrave; 40 jours pour les manuels lourds.</li> <li>&nbsp;La dur&eacute;e d&#39;arr&ecirc;t de travail &eacute;tait plus longue chez les patients ayant r&eacute;alis&eacute; une d&eacute;claration en MP que chez les autres patients salari&eacute;s (dur&eacute;e m&eacute;diane de 44 jours contre 30 jours).</li> <li>&nbsp;Elle &eacute;tait plus longue &eacute;galement chez les patients soumis &agrave; un job strain, manipulant ou portant souvent au travail des charges de plus de 4 kg ou utilisant des outils vibrants en dehors du travail.</li> <li>&nbsp;Pour favoriser le retour au travail des patients op&eacute;r&eacute;s d&#39;un SCC en IdF, la pr&eacute;vention devrait viser &agrave; r&eacute;duire les expositions professionnelles telles que le port de charges ou les situations de job strain.</li> <li>&nbsp;L&#39;augmentation de la dur&eacute;e d&#39;arr&ecirc;t de travail li&eacute;e &agrave; la d&eacute;claration en MP justifie une attention particuli&egrave;re pour le retour au travail, avec une plus grande synergie entre les services de sant&eacute; au travail, les soignants, l&#39;assurance maladie et les employeurs.</li> </ul> <p> Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Caracteristiques-socioprofessionnelles-reconnaissance-en-maladie-professionnelle-et-devenir-fonctionnel-et-professionnel-de-patients-operes-d-un-syndrome-du-canal-carpien-en-Ile-de-France-2009-2012" href="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Caracteristiques-socioprofessionnelles-reconnaissance-en-maladie-professionnelle-et-devenir-fonctionnel-et-professionnel-de-patients-operes-d-un-syndrome-du-canal-carpien-en-Ile-de-France-2009-2012">http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Caracteristiques-socioprofessionnelles-reconnaissance-en-maladie-professionnelle-et-devenir-fonctionnel-et-professionnel-de-patients-operes-d-un-syndrome-du-canal-carpien-en-Ile-de-France-2009-2012</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 12 Apr 2019 14:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/04/12/11468.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-12T14:44:00Z 2019-04-12 14:44 +00:00 2019-04-12 10:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11464 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/12/11464.aspx Normes et législation Finlande Finland adopts a new policy for safer and healthier working conditions <p>In pursuit of better working life in Finland, the&nbsp;<a href="https://stm.fi/en/frontpage" target="_blank">Ministry of Social Affairs and Health<span class="osha_target_external_link">&nbsp;</span></a>&nbsp;published a new&nbsp;<a href="https://stm.fi/julkaisu?pubid=URN:ISBN:978-952-00-4045-1" target="_blank">policy for the work environment and wellbeing at work until 2030<span class="osha_target_external_link">&nbsp;</span></a>, which sets out a strategy for ensuring safe and healthy workplaces, regardless of the form of employment. The policy defines better integration of occupational safety and health issues into the strategic management of the organisation.</p> <p>Due to the constant changes in the world of work, the government endeavours long-term efforts to reduce work-related accidents and diseases, and at the same time improve the sustainability of society.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/oshnews/finland-adopts-new-policy-safer-and-healthier-working-conditions" title="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/oshnews/finland-adopts-new-policy-safer-and-healthier-working-conditions" target="_blank">https://osha.europa.eu/fr/oshnews/finland-adopts-new-policy-safer-and-healthier-working-conditions</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 12 Apr 2019 13:34:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/12/11464.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-12T13:34:00Z 2019-04-12 13:34 +00:00 2019-04-12 09:34 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11463 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/04/11/11463.aspx Facteurs de risque Normes Espace clos NFPA 350: Guide for Safe Confined Space Entry and Work <p>Guide sur les meilleures pratiques &agrave; adopter lorsqu&#39;on travaille en espace clos.</p> <p><strong>1.1&nbsp; Scope.<br /></strong><br />1.1.1 &nbsp;This guide provides information to protect workers from confined space hazards.<br />1.1.2&nbsp; This&nbsp; guide&nbsp; supplements&nbsp; existing confined space regulations, standards, and work practices by&nbsp; providing&nbsp; additional guidance&nbsp; for&nbsp; safe confined space entry&nbsp; and&nbsp; work.&nbsp; References are&nbsp; provided&nbsp; throughout the&nbsp; guide and annexes to&nbsp; direct&nbsp; the reader to other regulations and standards or other content that might be applicable.<br />1.1.3&nbsp; This guide provides information to identify, evaluate, assess, and then eliminate, mitigate, or control hazards that are present&nbsp; or that may occur during&nbsp; entry into or work&nbsp; in&nbsp; and around confined spaces.<br />1.1.4&nbsp; This&nbsp; guide&nbsp; provides&nbsp; information&nbsp; on&nbsp; how&nbsp; to&nbsp; understand confined space safety and safeguard personnel from fire, explosion, and other health hazards that are uniquely associated with confined spaces.<br />1.1.5 This guide provides information regarding training, qualifications, and competencies required for personnel responsible&nbsp; for confined space&nbsp; hazard identification, hazard evaluation, and hazard control for personnel who work in and around confined spaces.<br />1.1.6&nbsp;This guide provides information on confined space rescue best practices.</p> <p>On peut visionner cette norme gratuitement en se cr&eacute;ant un profil sur le site Web de NFPA mais certaines fonctionnalit&eacute;s sont restreintes.</p> <p>Source:&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=350" href="https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=350">https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=350</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 11 Apr 2019 15:55:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/04/11/11463.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-11T15:55:00Z 2019-04-11 15:55 +00:00 2019-04-11 11:55 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11460 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/04/11/11460.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Vieillissement de la main d'oeuvre Caractéristiques des travailleurs Âge Secteur des services de santé Évaluation de la capacité fonctionnelle Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Facteurs physiologiques Tests cliniques Physical capacity, occupational physical demands, and relative physical strain of older employees in construction and healthcare <div class="AbstractSection" id="ASec1"> <p><strong>Purpose&nbsp;</strong>To assess age-related differences in physical capacity, occupational physical demands, and relative physical strain at a group level, and the balance between capacity and demands at an individual level, for construction and healthcare workers.&nbsp;<span style="font-size:1.17em;"><strong>Methods</strong>&nbsp;</span>Shoulder strength, back strength, and aerobic capacity were assessed among construction (<em>n</em>&thinsp;=&thinsp;62) and healthcare workers (<em>n</em>&thinsp;=&thinsp;64). During a full working day, accelerometers estimated upper-arm elevation, trunk flexion, and occupational physical activity as indicators of occupational physical demands. Simultaneously, normalised surface electromyography (%sEMG<span>max</span>) of the upper trapezius and erector spinae muscles, and normalised electrocardiography (percentage heart rate reserve (%HRR)) estimated relative physical strain. Differences between younger (&le;&thinsp;44&nbsp;years) and older (&ge;&thinsp;45&nbsp;years) workers, as well as the moderating effect of age on the associations between capacity and demands, were analysed per sector.&nbsp;<span style="font-size:1.17em;"><strong>Results</strong>&nbsp;</span>Compared to younger workers, older workers had similar strength and lower aerobic capacity; older construction workers had similar demands while older healthcare workers had higher demands. Compared to younger workers, older employees had unfavourable muscle activity patterns; %HRR had a tendency to be lower for older construction workers and higher for older healthcare workers. Among construction workers, age moderated the associations between shoulder strength and arm elevation (<em>p</em>&thinsp;=&thinsp;0.021), and between aerobic capacity and occupational physical activity (<em>p</em>&thinsp;=&thinsp;0.040). Age did not moderate these associations among healthcare workers.&nbsp;<span style="font-size:1.17em;"><strong>Conclusions</strong>&nbsp;</span><span style="font-size:1.17em;">In both sectors, the level of occupational physical demands and the higher relative physical strain in older employees require addressing to promote sustainable work participation among an aging population.</span></p> </div> <p class="Para">Source :&nbsp;<span>Merkus, S.L., Lunde, LK., Koch, M. et al. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health&nbsp;</span>(2019) 92: 295.</p> <p class="Para"><span><a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1377-5" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1377-5" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1377-5</a></span></p> <p class="Para">&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 11 Apr 2019 14:25:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/04/11/11460.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-11T14:25:00Z 2019-04-11 14:25 +00:00 2019-04-11 10:25 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11457 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/09/11457.aspx États-Unis Maladies professionnelles Agents chimiques Secteurs d'activités Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Prevalence Among Adults Who Have Never Smoked, by Industry and Occupation — United States, 2013–2017 <h4><span>Summary</span></h4> <p><span></span>What is already known about this topic?</p> <p>Approximately 25% of adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have never smoked, and workplace exposures likely contribute to much of their disease.</p> <p><span>What is added by this report?</span></p> <p>During 2013&ndash;2017, an estimated 2.4 million (2.2%) U.S. working adults aged &ge;18 years who never smoked had COPD. The highest COPD prevalences among persons who never smoked were in the information (3.3%) and mining (3.1%) industries and office and administrative support occupation workers (3.3%). Women had higher COPD prevalences than did men.</p> <p><span>What are the implications for public health practice?</span></p> <p>Efforts to reduce adverse workplace exposures and promote research to characterize the many contributing risk factors for COPD are needed to improve efforts to prevent and reduce risk for COPD among nonsmoking workers.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<span>Syamlal G, Doney B, Mazurek JM. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Prevalence Among Adults Who Have Never Smoked, by Industry and Occupation &mdash; United States, 2013&ndash;2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019;68:303&ndash;307. DOI:&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6813a2" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6813a2">http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6813a2</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Apr 2019 15:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/09/11457.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-09T15:09:00Z 2019-04-09 15:09 +00:00 2019-04-09 11:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11455 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/04/05/11455.aspx Évaluation d'outils et d’équipements Perception du risque TMS Biomécanique Questionnaire Appréciation subjective Exosquelettes Acceptation des exosquelettes par les opérateurs : étude exploratoire <p><span>L&#39;introduction des exosquelettes, comme toute nouvelle technologie, constitue un changement au niveau de l&#39;organisation et de l&#39;activit&eacute; des op&eacute;rateurs. C&#39;est dans ce cadre qu&#39;est abord&eacute;e la question sp&eacute;cifique de l&#39;acceptabilit&eacute; et de l&#39;acceptation de ces dispositifs par les op&eacute;rateurs. Pour cela, un questionnaire a &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;labor&eacute; et administr&eacute; &agrave; des utilisateurs, anciens utilisateurs et nonutilisateurs d&#39;exosquelettes.</span><br /><span>En termes de sant&eacute; et s&eacute;curit&eacute;, les r&eacute;sultats pr&eacute;liminaires pr&eacute;sent&eacute;s permettent de recueillir des informations sur la qualit&eacute; de l&#39;interaction op&eacute;rateur-exosquelette, d&#39;identifier des points bloquants et/ou facilitateurs de l&#39;usage de ces dispositifs et d&#39;envisager certains facteurs de risques psychosociaux, physiques et accidentels chez les utilisateurs.</span></p> <p><span>Source:&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" title="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20264" href="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20264">http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20264</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 05 Apr 2019 15:50:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/04/05/11455.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-05T15:50:00Z 2019-04-05 15:50 +00:00 2019-04-05 11:50 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11443 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/02/11443.aspx Santé psychologique France Enquêtes Secteurs d'activités Données administratives Prévention Risques psychosociaux : peu d'employeurs agissent sur les causes <p>Selon une &eacute;tude men&eacute;e par la DGFAP, les politiques de pr&eacute;vention des risques psychosociaux combinant des actions de type secondaire et tertiaire sont les plus r&eacute;pandues, dans le secteur public comme dans le priv&eacute;.</p> <p>Cette &eacute;tude men&eacute;e en 2016 s&#39;est int&eacute;ress&eacute;e aussi bien &agrave; la vision des employeurs qu&#39;&agrave; celle des salari&eacute;s. Selon les employeurs, pr&egrave;s de 90 % des agents du secteur public et pr&egrave;s de 70 % des salari&eacute;s du secteur priv&eacute; travaillent dans un &eacute;tablissement ayant pris, au cours des trois derni&egrave;res ann&eacute;es, des mesures pour pr&eacute;venir les risques psychosociaux au travail. Ces actions ne sont pas toujours men&eacute;es dans le cadre d&#39;une d&eacute;marche formalis&eacute;e d&#39;&eacute;valuation des risques. En effet, seule la moiti&eacute; des &eacute;tablissements ont &eacute;labor&eacute; ou mis &agrave; jour, au cours des douze derniers mois, un document unique d&#39;&eacute;valuation des risques professionnels incluant les risques psychosociaux. De ce fait, la pr&eacute;vention primaire tendant &agrave; modifier l&#39;origine du risque en travaillant sur l&#39;organisation du travail est peu pr&eacute;sente. Les politiques de pr&eacute;vention des risques psychosociaux sont plus ax&eacute;es sur la pr&eacute;vention secondaire portant sur la sensibilisation et identification des risques, voire tertiaire pour favoriser le retour au travail du salari&eacute; une fois le risque r&eacute;alis&eacute;. Autre enseignement de cette &eacute;tude, les &eacute;tablissements o&ugrave; l&#39;employeur d&eacute;clare une faible exposition de ses salari&eacute;s, petits ou moyens &eacute;tablissements du secteur priv&eacute;, ont plus souvent une tr&egrave;s faible activit&eacute; en mati&egrave;re de pr&eacute;vention. Les &eacute;tablissements de taille moyenne notamment de la fonction publique hospitali&egrave;re et de l&#39;enseignement ou les grands &eacute;tablissements des services du secteur priv&eacute; m&egrave;nent une politique active et vari&eacute;e dans le domaine de la pr&eacute;vention, m&ecirc;me si l&#39;exposition des salari&eacute;s est &eacute;galement relativement faible.</p> <p>Les &eacute;tablissements signalant une exposition forte de leurs salari&eacute;s aux risques psychosociaux peuvent &ecirc;tre class&eacute;s en trois groupes.<br />Dans le premier groupe, on retrouve surtout de petits et moyens &eacute;tablissements publics qui sont relativement peu actifs dans la pr&eacute;vention malgr&eacute; des expositions signal&eacute;es par les employeurs. Les risques psychosociaux constat&eacute;s concernant en particulier le travail dans l&#39;urgence, les conflits de valeurs et l&#39;intensit&eacute; du travail.<br />Le deuxi&egrave;me groupe comprend de petits &eacute;tablissements de la fonction publique de l&#39;&Eacute;tat et de la fonction publique territoriale et se distingue par une concentration des &laquo; risques g&eacute;n&eacute;ralis&eacute;s &raquo; (pour plus de 50 % des salari&eacute;s), notamment de ceux li&eacute;s aux tensions sociales, et par une insuffisance de pr&eacute;vention pour y faire face.<br />Enfin, les &eacute;tablissements du troisi&egrave;me groupe, constitu&eacute; plus souvent de grands &eacute;tablissements du public dans lesquels les salari&eacute;s sont massivement expos&eacute;s &agrave; un &laquo; risque localis&eacute; &raquo; (de 10 &agrave; 50 % des salari&eacute;s) mais &agrave; tous les risques psychosociaux, se caract&eacute;risent par un climat social en tension et m&egrave;nent une politique active de pr&eacute;vention des risques.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="https://www.fonction-publique.gouv.fr/files/files/statistiques/point_stat/prevention_risques_psychosociaux.pdf" href="https://www.fonction-publique.gouv.fr/files/files/statistiques/point_stat/prevention_risques_psychosociaux.pdf">https://www.fonction-publique.gouv.fr/files/files/statistiques/point_stat/prevention_risques_psychosociaux.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 02 Apr 2019 13:15:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/02/11443.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-02T13:15:00Z 2019-04-02 13:15 +00:00 2019-04-02 09:15 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11437 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/03/28/11437.aspx Travailleurs vieillissants Marché du travail France Références en ligne Régions géographiques Les séniors et le marché du travail <p><span>Le&nbsp;</span><strong>tableau de bord trimestriel</strong><span>&nbsp;sur l&#39;activit&eacute; des seniors et les politiques d&#39;emploi pr&eacute;sente les derni&egrave;res donn&eacute;es disponibles sur la situation des seniors le march&eacute; du travail&nbsp;: emploi-ch&ocirc;mage-inactivit&eacute; au sens du BIT, taux d&#39;emploi, acc&egrave;s aux mesures d&#39;aide &agrave; l&#39;emploi, &agrave; la formation et aux dispositifs de retraite anticip&eacute;e, demandeurs d&#39;emploi inscrits &agrave; P&ocirc;le emploi&hellip;</span></p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/tableaux-de-bord/le-marche-du-travail-les-jeunes-et-les-seniors/article/les-seniors-et-le-marche-du-travail" title="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/tableaux-de-bord/le-marche-du-travail-les-jeunes-et-les-seniors/article/les-seniors-et-le-marche-du-travail" target="_blank">https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/tableaux-de-bord/le-marche-du-travail-les-jeunes-et-les-seniors/article/les-seniors-et-le-marche-du-travail</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 28 Mar 2019 13:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/03/28/11437.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-28T13:04:00Z 2019-03-28 13:04 +00:00 2019-03-28 09:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11431 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2019/03/19/11431.aspx Caractérisation du bruit des machines Appareils de mesure Prévention du bruit Méthodes de mesure Secteur de l’industrie manufacturière Développement d’une antenne microphonique intégrant un système optique pour identifier la position des sources sonores les plus bruyantes en milieu industriel <div class="col-md-8 container-resume"> <p>Dans un contexte industriel, le bruit &eacute;mis par des machines peut nuire &agrave; la sant&eacute; des travailleurs et g&eacute;n&eacute;rer des probl&egrave;mes de surdit&eacute; ou de pertes auditives. Pour pallier ces probl&egrave;mes, des solutions acoustiques efficaces doivent &ecirc;tre mises en place en amont. La premi&egrave;re &eacute;tape d&#39;une &eacute;tude acoustique de r&eacute;duction de bruit consiste &agrave; localiser la position des sources et &agrave; hi&eacute;rarchiser leurs contributions. Dans un environnement industriel, les travailleurs sont r&eacute;partis autour des machines et le nombre de celles-ci peut &ecirc;tre important. Cela rend le champ acoustique complexe &agrave; cause des multiples r&eacute;flexions sur les murs et objets; il est donc souvent difficile d&#39;identifier les sources de bruit principales. La localisation des positions des sources peut &ecirc;tre r&eacute;alis&eacute;e &agrave; l&#39;aide d&#39;un r&eacute;seau de microphones appel&eacute; antenne acoustique. La performance des techniques de localisation de sources d&eacute;pend du nombre de microphones, de leur r&eacute;partition et du traitement du signal associ&eacute;.</p> <p>L&#39;objectif de cette activit&eacute; &eacute;tait de d&eacute;velopper une antenne acoustique sph&eacute;rique associ&eacute;e &agrave; une technique temporelle bas&eacute;e sur les intercorr&eacute;lations des signaux microphoniques, appel&eacute;e Generalized Cross-Correlation (GCC) dans la litt&eacute;rature anglo-saxonne, pour identifier la position des sources sonores les plus bruyantes en milieu industriel. La technique du GCC n&eacute;cessite un segment temporel des signaux microphoniques pour g&eacute;n&eacute;rer une cartographie des sources; elle est reconnue comme &eacute;tant robuste m&ecirc;me dans des environnements acoustiques complexes o&ugrave; le champ r&eacute;verb&eacute;r&eacute; a une contribution significative (cas g&eacute;n&eacute;ral des locaux industriels). Quant &agrave; l&#39;antenne sph&eacute;rique, elle permet une localisation des sources sonores dans la totalit&eacute; de l&#39;espace.</p> <p>Dans cette &eacute;tude, des crit&egrave;res permettant d&#39;&eacute;valuer la qualit&eacute; de la cartographie des sources sont pr&eacute;sent&eacute;s. Puis, un crit&egrave;re d&#39;optimisation de la g&eacute;om&eacute;trie de l&#39;antenne est propos&eacute;. L&#39;antenne optimis&eacute;e est ensuite fabriqu&eacute;e et une cam&eacute;ra panoramique (permettant de prendre des photos ou vid&eacute;os) est ajout&eacute;e pour pouvoir superposer la photographie du local &agrave; la cartographie des sources. Finalement, l&#39;antenne sph&eacute;rique d&eacute;velopp&eacute;e, associ&eacute;e &agrave; la technique du GCC, est test&eacute;e dans des conditions contr&ocirc;l&eacute;es (chambres h&eacute;mi-an&eacute;cho&iuml;que et r&eacute;verb&eacute;rante), puis dans un atelier o&ugrave; plusieurs op&eacute;rateurs utilisent des machines. Les r&eacute;sultats montrent qu&#39;il est possible de localiser la position des diff&eacute;rentes machines malgr&eacute; leurs contenus sonores diff&eacute;rents et les multiples r&eacute;flexions.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101020/n/antenne-microphonique-systeme-optique-milieu-industriel" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101020/n/antenne-microphonique-systeme-optique-milieu-industriel" target="_blank">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101020/n/antenne-microphonique-systeme-optique-milieu-industriel</a></p> <h3 class="title_inner"></h3> </div> <div class="col-md-4"> <div id="dnn_ctr551_ViewPublicationIrsstDetails_pnlRight" class="wrapper-bottom"> <div class="panel-group accordion_2 plus-publications" id="accordion3"> <div id="dnn_ctr551_ViewPublicationIrsstDetails_pnlDuMemeProjet" class="irsst_pub_irsst_det_right_content"> <div class="panel panel-default"> <div class="panel-heading"> <h4 class="panel-title"><a href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101020/n/antenne-microphonique-systeme-optique-milieu-industriel#item1"></a></h4> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 19 Mar 2019 14:42:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2019/03/19/11431.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-19T14:42:00Z 2019-03-19 14:42 +00:00 2019-03-19 10:42 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11426 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/03/19/11426.aspx Modes de prévention TMS Évaluation d'outils Intervention spécifique Modification des outils ou équipements de travail Exosquelettes Acquisition et intégration d'un exosquelette en entreprise <p><span style="font-weight:normal;">Ce guide, destin&eacute; aux pr&eacute;venteurs, permet &agrave; l&#39;entreprise d&#39;appr&eacute;hender les nombreuses questions pos&eacute;es par l&#39;int&eacute;gration d&#39;un exosquelette. Il propose une d&eacute;marche allant de la d&eacute;finition du besoin d&#39;assistance physique jusqu&#39;&agrave; son int&eacute;gration en situation r&eacute;elle de travail.<br />Structur&eacute;e en trois phases, cette m&eacute;thode vise &agrave; accompagner l&#39;entreprise dans sa r&eacute;flexion d&#39;acquisition d&#39;un exosquelette, &agrave; cr&eacute;er les conditions permettant son int&eacute;gration dans la situation de travail et &agrave; &eacute;valuer les usages de l&#39;exosquelette au cours du temps.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight:normal;">Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206315" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206315" target="_blank">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206315</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 19 Mar 2019 12:58:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/03/19/11426.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-19T12:58:00Z 2019-03-19 12:58 +00:00 2019-03-19 08:58 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11423 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/03/14/11423.aspx Santé au travail Santé psychologique Conditions de travail Agents physiques France Enquêtes Contraintes physiques et intensité du travail <p>Ce num&eacute;ro de Synth&egrave;se. Stat&#39; pr&eacute;sente les r&eacute;sultats de l&#39;enqu&ecirc;te Conditions de travail &ndash; Risques psychosociaux de 2016 concernant les indicateurs relatifs aux contraintes physiques et &agrave; l&#39;intensit&eacute; du travail. Cette partie recouvre un des six axes d&#39;analyse des risques psychosociaux construits par le coll&egrave;ge d&#39;expertise sur le suivi statistique des risques psychosociaux au travail1 : l&#39;intensit&eacute; du travail et temps de travail (axe 1).</p> <p>Conform&eacute;ment aux principes de l&#39;enqu&ecirc;te Conditions de travail depuis sa cr&eacute;ation en 1978, c&#39;est le point de vue et les connaissances du salari&eacute; sur son travail qui sont recueillis. Les r&eacute;sultats sont syst&eacute;matiquement ventil&eacute;s par sexe, &acirc;ge, cat&eacute;gorie socioprofessionnelle, secteur d&#39;activit&eacute;, type d&#39;employeur (distinguant les trois versants de la fonction publique). Afin de pr&eacute;senter des &eacute;volutions sur les questions rest&eacute;es identiques (les deux tiers des questions sont identiques &agrave; l&#39;enqu&ecirc;te CT 2013), les r&eacute;sultats sont fournis pour les ann&eacute;es 1984, 1991, 1998, 2005, 2013 et 2016.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/synthese_stat_no24.pdf" title="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/synthese_stat_no24.pdf" target="_blank">https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/synthese_stat_no24.pdf</a>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 14 Mar 2019 13:15:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/03/14/11423.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-14T13:15:00Z 2019-03-14 13:15 +00:00 2019-03-14 09:15 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11419 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/03/13/11419.aspx Facteurs de risque Risque machine Références en ligne Dossier «Le risque machine» <h4><span style="font-weight:normal;">Omnipr&eacute;sentes et indispensables &agrave; l&#39;activit&eacute; des entreprises, les machines peuvent &ecirc;tre &agrave; l&#39;origine d&#39;accidents du travail et de maladies professionnelles tout au long de leur cycle de vie&thinsp;&nbsp;: production, r&eacute;glage, maintenance&hellip; Des risques &agrave; analyser et prendre en compte.</span></h4> <p>Source : (2019) . Travail &amp; S&eacute;curit&eacute; (802)</p> <p><span style="font-weight:normal;"></span><a target="_blank" title="http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/numero-fevrier-2019-revue-TS.html" href="http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/numero-fevrier-2019-revue-TS.html">http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/numero-fevrier-2019-revue-TS.html</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 13 Mar 2019 14:31:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/03/13/11419.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-13T14:31:00Z 2019-03-13 14:31 +00:00 2019-03-13 10:31 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11399 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/02/11/11399.aspx États-Unis Décès Lésions professionnelles Références en ligne Secteurs d'activités Des informations en ligne sur les tendances en matière de blessures au travail (É-U) <p><span>Le Conseil national de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; (&Eacute;tats-Unis) a mis en ligne une version en ligne du&nbsp;</span><em>Injury Facts reference book,</em><span>&nbsp;une r&eacute;f&eacute;rence en mati&egrave;re de donn&eacute;es statistiques en s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail. Cette ressource gratuite comprend une section sur la s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail qui inclut les tendances en mati&egrave;re de blessures et de d&eacute;c&egrave;s li&eacute;s au travail et la mani&egrave;re de comparer les taux d&rsquo;incidence des blessures et des maladies d&rsquo;une organisation aux moyennes nationales. Les informations sont class&eacute;es par sujets de s&eacute;curit&eacute;, tels que les chutes, la fatigue li&eacute;e au travail et les chariots &eacute;l&eacute;vateurs.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" title="https://injuryfacts.nsc.org/work/work-overview/work-safety-introduction/" href="https://injuryfacts.nsc.org/work/work-overview/work-safety-introduction/">https://injuryfacts.nsc.org/work/work-overview/work-safety-introduction/</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 11 Feb 2019 18:33:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/02/11/11399.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-02-11T18:33:00Z 2019-02-11 18:33 +00:00 2019-02-11 13:33 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11396 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/02/11/11396.aspx Entretien Vêtements de protection Secteurs d'activités Évaluation de l'usure Vêtements de protection en salle blanche, une performance parfois compromise <p><span>Une &eacute;tude r&eacute;cente r&eacute;v&egrave;le que que les v&ecirc;tements r&eacute;utilisables sont vuln&eacute;rables aux dommages caus&eacute;s par le blanchissage et la st&eacute;rilisation.</span></p> <p><span>Les v&ecirc;tements r&eacute;utilisables utilis&eacute;s dans la production st&eacute;rile et aseptique n&eacute;cessitent des cycles r&eacute;p&eacute;t&eacute;s de lavage et de st&eacute;rilisation pour maintenir leur efficacit&eacute;, en utilisant des techniques telles que l&#39;irradiation gamma. Les donn&eacute;es de propri&eacute;t&eacute;s physiques sont souvent disponibles pour les nouveaux v&ecirc;tements de salles blanches : cependant, elles le sont moins tout au long du cycle de vie du v&ecirc;tement. Une &eacute;tude r&eacute;alis&eacute;e par DuPont vise &agrave; combler cette lacune d&#39;information.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="https://www.preventica.com/actu-enbref-vetements-protection-salles-blanches-271118.php" title="https://www.preventica.com/actu-enbref-vetements-protection-salles-blanches-271118.php" target="_blank">https://www.preventica.com/actu-enbref-vetements-protection-salles-blanches-271118.php</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 11 Feb 2019 14:52:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/02/11/11396.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-02-11T14:52:00Z 2019-02-11 14:52 +00:00 2019-02-11 09:52 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11393 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/02/07/11393.aspx TMS Membres supérieurs Évaluation coûts/bénéfices Interventions Références en ligne Cou Dos Bilan des connaissances Interventions ergonomiques pour prévenir les troubles musculo-squelettiques des membres supérieurs et du cou liés au travail chez les employés de bureau <p><span>Les troubles musculo‐squelettiques (TMS) des membres sup&eacute;rieurs et du cou li&eacute;s au travail sont l&#39;un des troubles professionnels les plus courants au monde. Des &eacute;tudes ont montr&eacute; que le pourcentage d&#39;employ&eacute;s de bureau souffrant de TMS varie de 20 &agrave; 60 pour cent. Les co&ucirc;ts directs et indirects des TMS des membres sup&eacute;rieurs li&eacute;s au travail sont &eacute;lev&eacute;s en Europe, en Australie et aux &Eacute;tats‐Unis. Bien que les interventions ergonomiques soient susceptibles de r&eacute;duire le risque que les employ&eacute;s de bureau d&eacute;veloppent des TMS des membres sup&eacute;rieurs et du cou li&eacute;s &agrave; leur travail, les donn&eacute;es probantes manquent de clart&eacute;. Il s&#39;agit d&#39;une mise &agrave; jour d&#39;une revue Cochrane dont la derni&egrave;re version a &eacute;t&eacute; publi&eacute;e en 2012.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" href="https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008570.pub3/full/fr#CD008570-abs-0002">https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008570.pub3/full/fr#CD008570-abs-0002</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 07 Feb 2019 20:08:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/02/07/11393.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-02-07T20:08:00Z 2019-02-07 20:08 +00:00 2019-02-07 15:08 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11392 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/02/07/11392.aspx Facteurs de risque Modes de prévention Enquêtes épidémiologiques Facteurs psychosociaux Références en ligne TMS Troubles musculo-squelettiques et facteurs psychosociaux au travail <h2><span style="font-size:10pt;font-family:&#39;Calibri&#39;,&#39;sans-serif&#39;;line-height:115%;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-ansi-language:FR-CA;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA;"><span style="font-size:10pt;font-family:&#39;Calibri&#39;,&#39;sans-serif&#39;;line-height:115%;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-ansi-language:FR-CA;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA;">Ce rapport pr&eacute;sente l&#39;&eacute;tat des connaissances scientifiques sur la fa&ccedil;on dont les facteurs psychosociaux influencent les troubles musculo-squelettiques (TMS). Il analyse l&#39;impact des TMS sur l&#39;aptitude au travail et la qualit&eacute; du travail. Pr&egrave;s de 40 millions de travailleurs en Europe souffrent de TMS des membres et du dos, ce qui en fait la maladie professionnelle la plus r&eacute;pandue dans l&#39;UE. L&#39;objectif de ce rapport est d&#39;influencer les efforts d&#39;intervention et de fournir des recommandations scientifiquement fond&eacute;es pour am&eacute;liorer la sant&eacute; des travailleurs europ&eacute;ens</span></span></h2> <p><span style="font-size:10pt;font-family:&#39;Calibri&#39;,&#39;sans-serif&#39;;line-height:115%;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-ansi-language:FR-CA;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA;"><span style="font-size:10pt;font-family:&#39;Calibri&#39;,&#39;sans-serif&#39;;line-height:115%;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-ansi-language:FR-CA;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA;"> </span></span></p> <h1 style="background:white;margin:0cm 0cm 0pt;"><span style="font-size:10pt;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;"><span style="font-family:Times New Roman;">Source :&nbsp;</span></span><a target="_blank" title="https://www.etui.org/fr/Publications2/Rapports/Troubles-musculo-squelettiques-et-facteurs-psychosociaux-au-travail" style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;font-size:12px;font-weight:normal;" href="https://www.etui.org/fr/Publications2/Rapports/Troubles-musculo-squelettiques-et-facteurs-psychosociaux-au-travail">https://www.etui.org/fr/Publications2/Rapports/Troubles-musculo-squelettiques-et-facteurs-psychosociaux-au-travail</a></h1> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 07 Feb 2019 14:23:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/02/07/11392.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-02-07T14:23:00Z 2019-02-07 14:23 +00:00 2019-02-07 09:23 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11385 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/01/28/11385.aspx Protection respiratoire Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Report Explores New Types of Respiratory Protection for Use in Health Care <p><span>A new report from the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine explores the potential for use of half-facepiece elastomeric respirators in the U.S. health care system with a focus on the economic, policy, and implementation challenges and opportunities.&nbsp;The report examines two circumstances, routine and surge use, in which half-facepiece reusable elastomeric respirators could be considered in health care settings. A free prepublication copy of the report is&nbsp;</span><a target="_self" href="https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25275/reusable-elastomeric-respirators-in-health-care-considerations-for-routine-and" class="tp-link-policy tp-external-link-fix">available online</a><a href="https://www.cdc.gov/Other/disclaimer.html" class="external tp-link-policy" title="External Web Site Icon"></a><span>.&nbsp;The study was done at the request of NIOSH and the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, both at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25275/reusable-elastomeric-respirators-in-health-care-considerations-for-routine-and" title="https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25275/reusable-elastomeric-respirators-in-health-care-considerations-for-routine-and" target="_self">https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25275/reusable-elastomeric-respirators-in-health-care-considerations-for-routine-and</a></span></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 28 Jan 2019 16:41:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/01/28/11385.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-01-28T16:41:00Z 2019-01-28 16:41 +00:00 2019-01-28 11:41 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11378 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/29/11378.aspx Secteur du transport et de l'entreposage Conséquences TMS Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders, a tri-sector exploration <p>High rates of WRMSD-related sick leave put pressure on employers and businesses, hitting their bottom lines and potentially leading to understaffing, reduced productivity and lower staff morale. Directly affected workers not only suffer pain but also consequences that can be felt across their working, home and social lives.<br />The construction, healthcare and transportation and storage industries were selected as the focus of this research because they have significantly higher rates of WRMSDs compared with the average rate for all industry. Qualitative research was commissioned to:<br />-&nbsp;Explore what employers and workers knew about WRMSDs and regulation.<br />- Explore employers&#39; attitudes and perceptions of WRMSDs, their approaches to prevention and management and what was limiting engagement with health and safety issues.<br />-&nbsp;Explore the journeys of workers and how they have managed health challenges in relation to WRMSDs.<br />-&nbsp;Uncover the needs of &lsquo;both sides&#39; to highlight barriers and opportunities regarding future intervention, communication and campaign strategies.<br />-&nbsp;Understand current workplace practice and inspire improvements in WRMSD prevention and management.</p> <p>Source: <a href="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/insight/msd-report.pdf" target="_blank">http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/insight/msd-report.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 29 Nov 2018 15:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/29/11378.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-29T15:09:00Z 2018-11-29 15:09 +00:00 2018-11-29 10:09 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11376 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/29/11376.aspx Facteurs de risque Régions anatomiques Charge mentale Charge physique Dos Facteurs psychosociaux Stress Lombalgie Mechanical and psychosocial work exposures: the construction and evaluation of a gender-specific job exposure matrix (JEM) <p>Objectives: The aim of this study was to (i) construct and evaluate a gender-specific job exposure matrix (JEM) for mechanical and psychosocial work exposures and (ii) test its predictive validity for low-back pain.<br />Methods: We utilized data from the Norwegian nationwide Survey of Living Conditions on work environment in 2006 and 2009. We classified occupations on a 4-digit level based on the Norwegian version of the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88). The mechanical and psychosocial exposure information was collected by personal telephone interviews and included exposures that were known risk factors for low-back pain. We evaluated the agreement between the individual- and JEM-based exposure estimates, with kappa, sensitivity and specificity measures. We assessed the JEM&#39;s predictive validity by testing the associations between low-back pain and the individual- and JEM-based exposure.<br />Results: The results showed an overall fair-to-moderate agreement between the constructed JEM and individual work exposures. The JEM performed considerably better for mechanical work exposures compared with psychosocial work exposures. The predictive validity of the mechanical and psychosocial JEM showed a consistently lower but predominantly reproducible association with low-back pain for both genders.<br />Conclusions: The mechanical estimates and psychosocial stressors, such as psychological demands, monotonous work and decision latitude in the constructed JEM, may be useful in large epidemiological register studies. The predictive validity of the matrix was evaluated as being overall acceptable and can be an effective and versatile approach to estimate the relationship work exposures and low-back pain.</p> <p>Source: Hanvold, T. N., Sterud, T., Kristensen, P.&nbsp;et Mehlum, I. S. (2018). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3774" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3774">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3774</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 29 Nov 2018 13:54:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/29/11376.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-29T13:54:00Z 2018-11-29 13:54 +00:00 2018-11-29 08:54 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11372 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/11/26/11372.aspx États-Unis Contexte de travail Santé psychologique Champs de recherche Régions géographiques Suicide Rates by Major Occupational Group - 17 States, 2012 and 2015 <p>During 2000&ndash;2016, the suicide rate among the U.S. working age population (persons aged 16&ndash;64 years) increased 34%, from 12.9 per 100,000 population to 17.3 (<a href="https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars">https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars</a>). To better understand suicide among different occupational groups and inform suicide prevention efforts, CDC analyzed suicide deaths by Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) major groups for decedents aged 16&ndash;64 years from the 17 states participating in both the 2012 and 2015 National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) (<a href="https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/nvdrs">https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/nvdrs</a>). The occupational group with the highest male suicide rate in 2012 and 2015 was Construction and Extraction (43.6 and 53.2 per 100,000 civilian noninstitutionalized working persons, respectively), whereas the group with the highest female suicide rate was Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media (11.7 [2012] and 15.6 [2015]). The largest suicide rate increase among males from 2012 to 2015 (47%) occurred in the Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media occupational group (26.9 to 39.7) and among females, in the Food Preparation and Serving Related group, from 6.1 to 9.4 (54%). CDC&rsquo;s technical package of strategies to prevent suicide is a resource for communities, including workplace settings.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6745a1.htm" title="https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6745a1.htm">https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6745a1.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 26 Nov 2018 19:31:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/11/26/11372.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-26T19:31:00Z 2018-11-26 19:31 +00:00 2018-11-26 14:31 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11369 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/21/11369.aspx Modes de prévention Régions anatomiques Dos TMS membres TMS Lombaire Intervention spécifique Modification des outils ou équipements de travail Lombalgie Revue de littérature Exosquelettes Exosquelettes au travail : impact sur la santé et la sécurité des opérateurs état des connaissances <p>Ce guide, destin&eacute; aux pr&eacute;venteurs, fait un point sur les connaissances actuelles des exosquelettes afin de mettre en &eacute;vidence les int&eacute;r&ecirc;ts et les limites de leur usage en mati&egrave;re de pr&eacute;vention des troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS).<br />L&#39;objectif est d&#39;aider &agrave; mieux appr&eacute;hender l&#39;impact des exosquelettes pour accompagner efficacement l&#39;entreprise dans sa d&eacute;marche d&#39;acquisition et d&#39;int&eacute;gration d&#39;un exosquelette.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206311" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206311">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206311</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 21 Nov 2018 14:29:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/21/11369.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-21T14:29:00Z 2018-11-21 14:29 +00:00 2018-11-21 09:29 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11368 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/21/11368.aspx Utilisation Vêtements de protection Secteur de l'administration publique Équipement de protection individuel Secteurs d'activités Vêtement de flottaison individuel A 10-year descriptive analysis of UK Maritime and Coastguard data on lifejacket use and drowning prevention <p>The study investigated if incidences of death by drowning in the UK could have been prevented through the use of lifejackets over a ten year period. This study was a retrospective analysis of fatal maritime incident data collected by the Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA) between the years 2007 and 2016. A Casualty Review Panel (CRP) met annually to categorise incidents into five groups based on the likelihood of a lifejacket preventing death. Descriptive analyses were performed on the overall fatalities, data were stratified by year, sex, age, and activity. Ten year data were categorised based on the outcome of the CRP, these data were further stratified by year and activity, with trends being reported. Potentially 180 lives (82% of all cases successfully categorised) could have been saved if a lifejacket had been worn. An 18% reduction in the number of cases referred to the CRP was observed from the first 5?years (2007&ndash;2011?=?59% of all referrals) to the last 5?years (2007&ndash;2011?=?41% of all referrals), with 42% less cases referred in 2016 compared to 2007. The data generated by the CRP over the ten years has provided a unique insight into coastal deaths, it has provided a clear rationale for the use of lifejackets and has helped target national and activity-specific campaigns for water safety and lifejacket use.</p> <p>Source: Pointer, K., Milligan, G. S., Garratt, K. L., Clark, S. P. et&nbsp;Tipton, M. J. (2018). <em>Safety Science, 109</em>, 195-200.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.003" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.003">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.003</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 21 Nov 2018 14:22:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/21/11368.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-21T14:22:00Z 2018-11-21 14:22 +00:00 2018-11-21 09:22 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11366 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/21/11366.aspx Appréciation du risque Méthodes Risque machine Risk assessment in safety of machinery <p><strong>Impact of construction flaws in risk estimation parameters</strong><br />In the risk assessment approach as defined in the International Standard ISO 12100: 2010, risk estimation is an essential step that allows machinery designers and users to determine the level of risk, and to identify the most critical hazardous situations. Previous studies demonstrated that the numerous qualitative tools proposed to estimate risks in safety of machinery take several forms, and that many of their features can significantly influence the level of risk obtained.<br />In this study, the impact of some of these features was assessed, and construction rules regarding the parameters used in risk estimation tools were validated through an experimental study involving several users mainly from the industry. Five potential construction flaws of the risk estimation parameters were analyzed. The experimental results show that when the users perceive a certain challenge in the utilization of a risk estimation parameter, they are usually able to associate it with the presence of the flaw affecting the parameter. The results also demonstrate quite clearly that the impact of the construction flaws in the parameters is not uniform. In addition to the presence of the flaws within these parameters, the results obtained suggest that the assessment of the probability of harm is a problematic aspect of the risk estimation process in safety of machinery that requires further research. These results could contribute to the improvement of the robustness and the reliability of the existing tools, and help to support the training actually given by the partners in the risk assessment field.</p> <p>Source: Gauthier, F., Chinniah, Y., Burlet-Vienney, D., Aucourt, B. et&nbsp;Larouche, S. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety Science, 109</em>, 421-433.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.024" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.024">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.024</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 21 Nov 2018 13:52:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/21/11366.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-21T13:52:00Z 2018-11-21 13:52 +00:00 2018-11-21 08:52 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11362 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/19/11362.aspx Facteurs de risque Équipements Formation Maintenance Organisation de la prévention Réduction du risque Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Risque machine Guide Secteurs d'activités Guidance on Safety in Concrete Pumping <p>The aim of this guidance is to improve standards of safety during concrete pumping and reduce the incidence of collapse of concrete pump rigs and injuries due to incidents involving pressurisation of pipework or other equipment. <br /><br />As with all construction equipment, the safe operation of concrete pumps depends on a number of factors including the selection and maintenance of the pump and placing boom, the planning and supervision of their<br />use and the competence of the operator and other personnel. If any of these are deficient, the risk of a serious accident increases significantly, so it is essential that site managers ensure that all concrete pumping operations are planned, supervised and carried out safely.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/guidance_on_safety_in_concrete_pumping.81983.shortcut.html" title="https://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/guidance_on_safety_in_concrete_pumping.81983.shortcut.html">https://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/guidance_on_safety_in_concrete_pumping.81983.shortcut.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 19 Nov 2018 14:08:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/19/11362.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-19T14:08:00Z 2018-11-19 14:08 +00:00 2018-11-19 09:08 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11355 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/16/11355.aspx Estimation du niveau sonore Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Bruit impulsif Prévention du bruit Méthodes de mesure Outils portatifs Réduction du bruit Réduction à la source Réduction des vibrations main-bras Réduction des vibrations Nivaux vibratoires des outils portatifs Niveaux d'exposition et caractérisation Estimation du niveau sonore des outils portatifs Cloueuses portatives - Développement de méthodes de diagnostic vibratoire et acoustique <p>Le fonctionnement des cloueuses portatives &eacute;tant bas&eacute; sur un processus d&#39;impact visant &agrave; enfoncer un clou, l&#39;utilisation de ces outils expose les travailleurs &agrave; des bruits et &agrave; des vibrations &agrave; caract&egrave;re impulsionnel, en g&eacute;n&eacute;rant des niveaux tr&egrave;s &eacute;lev&eacute;s pendant un tr&egrave;s court laps de temps. Par ailleurs, l&#39;exposition aux bruits et aux vibrations impulsionnels engendre un risque de d&eacute;velopper des maladies professionnelles. Des &eacute;changes avec l&#39;Association paritaire pour la sant&eacute; et la s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail du secteur de la construction (ASP Construction) ont confirm&eacute; que ce type d&#39;outil est tr&egrave;s utilis&eacute; par les travailleurs de la construction qui, au Qu&eacute;bec, se classent parmi les 5 premiers groupes de travailleurs en ce qui concerne le nombre d&#39;indemnisations pour surdit&eacute; professionnelle. Il est donc n&eacute;cessaire de choisir et de concevoir des cloueuses<br />moins bruyantes et pour lesquelles le niveau de vibration &agrave; la poign&eacute;e est r&eacute;duit. Il s&#39;agit d&#39;une t&acirc;che difficile &agrave; r&eacute;aliser, car tr&egrave;s peu d&#39;information existe sur les niveaux de bruit et de vibrations de ces outils, ainsi que sur les moyens de les r&eacute;duire.<br />Ce projet vise trois objectifs : (i) v&eacute;rifier si les normes actuelles pour le bruit (EN 12549) et les vibrations (ISO 8662) permettent de mesurer en laboratoire des valeurs d&#39;&eacute;mission acoustique et vibratoire comparables aux valeurs mesur&eacute;es sur le terrain; (ii) d&eacute;velopper et utiliser des m&eacute;thodes de diagnostic des sources de bruit et vibrations en laboratoire; (iii) formuler des pistes de solution visant &agrave; r&eacute;duire les niveaux de bruit et de vibrations des cloueuses.</p> <p>Source: <a href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101011/n/cloueuses-portatives">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101011/n/cloueuses-portatives</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 16 Nov 2018 13:16:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/16/11355.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-16T13:16:00Z 2018-11-16 13:16 +00:00 2018-11-16 08:16 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11359 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/13/11359.aspx Équipements Machines fixes Presses Risque machine Secteur de l'industrie manufacturière Guide Secteurs d'activités Presses plieuses hydrauliques pour le travail à froid des métaux <p><strong>Am&eacute;lioration de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; sur les machines en service dans le cadre de leur r&eacute;novation. Sp&eacute;cifications techniques &agrave; l&#39;usage des utilisateurs, des pr&eacute;venteurs et des r&eacute;novateurs</strong><br />Ce guide concerne les presses plieuses hydrauliques &agrave; chargement et/ou &agrave; d&eacute;chargement manuel, non marqu&eacute;es &quot;CE&quot;.<br />Il est destin&eacute; &agrave; guider les utilisateurs et les pr&eacute;venteurs, aid&eacute;s du r&eacute;novateur, dans le diagnostic de s&eacute;curit&eacute; des presses plieuses hydrauliques, et &agrave; d&eacute;finir les points sur lesquels la s&eacute;curit&eacute; peut &ecirc;tre am&eacute;lior&eacute;e, tout en prenant en compte les contraintes de la production.<br />Il se veut une aide au choix des solutions les mieux adapt&eacute;es &agrave; la s&eacute;curit&eacute; des op&eacute;rateurs, tout en conservant autant que possible les circuits existants.<br />Il pr&eacute;sente au r&eacute;novateur les solutions techniques &agrave; mettre en oeuvre pour am&eacute;liorer la s&eacute;curit&eacute;.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%20927" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%20927">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%20927</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 13 Nov 2018 13:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/13/11359.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-13T13:49:00Z 2018-11-13 13:49 +00:00 2018-11-13 08:49 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11354 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/11/09/11354.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Accidents Recension des écrits Méthodes et types d’études Affections Recension systématique des écrits Tête Affections non associées au travail A systematic review and meta-analysis of return to work after mild Traumatic brain injury <p>Objective: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of return to work (RTW) times for adult patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).<br />Methods: Six databases and six trials registries were searched. Inclusion: studies reporting RTW, &gt; 30 patients, adults, with mTBI. Exclusion: final measurement RTW &lt; 30 days after injury, first measurement &gt; 1 year.<br />Results: Of 978 records, 14 eligible studies were identified. Two included patients exclusively in paid employment pre-injury; four included paid employment, students, homemakers or other activities; seven included pre-injury occupational status described but unclear; one included patients whose pre-injury occupational status not described. Three reported average RTW, 12 reported proportions of patients RTW at pre-specified time-points (1 both). Average RTW times varied from 13 to 93 days. At 1 month the proportion of patients RTW (three pooled studies) was 0.56 (95% CI 0.30&ndash;0.79), at 6 months (six studies) 0.83 (0.74&ndash;0.89), at 12 months (seven studies) 0.89 (0.83&ndash;0.93).<br />Conclusion: More than half of patients with mTBI have returned to work by 1 month after injury, and more than 80% by 6 months. Most studies had poor internal validity. Reporting of outcomes in mTBI is variable, and this accounted for some of the heterogeneity found in this review.</p> <p>Source: Bloom, B., Thomas, S., Ahrensberg, J. M., Weaver, R., Fowler, A., Bestwick, J., ...&nbsp;et Pearse, R. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Brain injury</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2018.1532111" title="https://doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2018.1532111">https://doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2018.1532111</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 09 Nov 2018 15:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/11/09/11354.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-09T15:48:00Z 2018-11-09 15:48 +00:00 2018-11-09 10:48 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11351 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/09/11351.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Effets sur la santé Évaluation des risques Surdité Risques dus au bruit Atteinte auditive Occupational Noise-Induced Hearing Loss <p>Occupational hearing loss is preventable through a hierarchy of controls, which prioritize the use of engineering controls over administrative controls and personal protective equipment. The occupational and environmental medicine (OEM) physician plays a critical role in the prevention of occupational noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). This position statement clarifies current best practices in the diagnosis of occupational NIHL.</p> <p>Source: Mirza, R., Kirchner, D. B., Dobie, R. A., Crawford, J.&nbsp;et ACOEM Task Force on Occupational Hearing Loss. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 60</em>(9), e498-e501.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001423" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001423">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001423</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 09 Nov 2018 15:21:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/09/11351.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-09T15:21:00Z 2018-11-09 15:21 +00:00 2018-11-09 10:21 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11352 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/08/11352.aspx Protection contre les chutes de même niveau Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Slips, Trips, and Falls Among Home Care Aides <p><strong>A Mixed-Methods Study</strong><br />Objective: To address the gap of knowledge about slips, trips, and falls (STFs) among home care aides (HCAs) who work in clients&#39; homes.<br />Methods: This mixed method study used survey and focus group data of HCAs in a Medicaid-funded homecare program.<br />Results: STFs were common with over 12% of HCAs reporting occurrence in the previous 12 months, of whom 58% fell to the ground. Both survey and focus group data identified ice, clutter, workload, rushing and other hazards. Focus group data explained the reasons for not reporting STFs, even among those who sustained injury, and added HCAs&#39; voices to the understanding of causes, consequences and prevention strategies for STFs.<br />Conclusions: Empowering HCAs with knowledge, training, and involvement may transform &ldquo;near miss&rdquo; STFs into opportunities to prevent STFs among care workers and their clients.</p> <p>Source: Muramatsu, N., Sokas, R. K., Chakraborty, A., Zanoni, J. P.&nbsp;et Lipscomb, J. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 60</em>(9), 796-803.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001355" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001355">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001355</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 08 Nov 2018 15:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/08/11352.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-08T15:17:00Z 2018-11-08 15:17 +00:00 2018-11-08 10:17 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11348 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/08/11348.aspx Équipements Machines mobiles et véhicules Normes Matériel agricole Matériel de travaux forestiers Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture Secteurs d'activités Improving farm safety: standards for agricultural machinery just updated <p>The series of standards ISO 25119, Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry &ndash; Safety-related parts of control systems, is widely used by the agricultural industry and its suppliers and has recently been updated. It sets out the general principles for the design and development of safety-related parts of control systems on tractors and self-propelled ride-on machines used in agriculture and forestry. It can even be applied to mobile equipment used in municipalities such as street-sweeping machines.<br />The standards in the series are:<br />&middot;&nbsp; ISO 25119-1, <em>Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry &ndash; Safety-related parts of control systems &ndash; Part 1: General principles for design and development</em><br />&middot;&nbsp; ISO 25119-2, <em>Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry &ndash; Safety-related parts of control systems &ndash; Part 2: Concept phase</em><br />&middot;&nbsp; ISO 25119-3, <em>Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry &ndash; Safety-related parts of control systems &ndash; Part 3: Series development, hardware and softw</em>are<br />&middot;&nbsp; ISO 25119-4, <em>Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry &ndash; Safety-related parts of control systems &ndash; Part 4: Production, operation, modification and supporting processes</em></p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.iso.org/news/ref2343.html" title="https://www.iso.org/news/ref2343.html">https://www.iso.org/news/ref2343.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 08 Nov 2018 13:23:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/08/11348.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-08T13:23:00Z 2018-11-08 13:23 +00:00 2018-11-08 08:23 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11344 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/07/11344.aspx Évaluation et mesure Évaluation des facteurs de risque Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture TMS Secteurs d'activités Musculoskeletal disorders of agricultural workers in the greenhouses of Almería (Southeast Spain) <p>In southeast Spain (Almer&iacute;a), we find the highest concentration of greenhouse crops in Europe, an agricultural sector that directly employs 55,000 people. The objective of this research was to evaluate the musculoskeletal working conditions of greenhouse workers through the standardized Nordic questionnaire. This questionnaire presents 28 multiple choice questions referring to different parts of the body. A total of 1002 questionnaires were completed, and information was collected on nine socio-demographic variables for each worker: sex, age, height, weight, surface area, cultivation, staking, greenhouse and nationality. Although the results show a high overall rate of symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), these findings do not mean that the workers are unable to perform agricultural tasks.</p> <p>Source: L&oacute;pez-Arag&oacute;n, L., L&oacute;pez-Liria, R., Callej&oacute;n-Ferre, &Aacute;. J.&nbsp;et P&eacute;rez-Alonso, J. (2018). <em>Safety Science, 109</em>, 219-235.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.023" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.023">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.023</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 07 Nov 2018 13:32:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/07/11344.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-07T13:32:00Z 2018-11-07 13:32 +00:00 2018-11-07 08:32 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11349 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/11/06/11349.aspx Australie Réadaptation au travail Océanie Enquêtes Champs de recherche Australia - National Return to Work survey 2018 <p>The National Return to Work survey is undertaken on a biannual basis and compares the return to work experiences and outcomes of injured workers against a number of variables, including returning to work, workplace rehabilitation and employer support.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/media-centre/news/new-national-return-work-survey-report-released" title="https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/media-centre/news/new-national-return-work-survey-report-released">https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/media-centre/news/new-national-return-work-survey-report-released</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 06 Nov 2018 21:35:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/11/06/11349.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-06T21:35:00Z 2018-11-06 21:35 +00:00 2018-11-06 16:35 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11347 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/06/11347.aspx Appareils de levage Équipements Appréciation du risque Machines fixes Secteur de l'industrie extractive Secteurs d'activités Treuil Fault tree analysis and risk mitigation strategies for mine hoists <p>Mine hoist are an essential part of an underground mine. In addition to extracting the ore from the mine, this machine transports the miners from the surface to the various underground levels of the mine. The two main hazards to which minors in the cage are exposed to are rope severance and loss of control of the hoisting machine. In both cases, the risk is the crashing of the cage at one end of the shaft. Hoisting accident and fatalities are rare but still happen despite the use of safety catches to retain the cage in the event of rope severance. The objective of this article is to improve mine hoist safety and to prevent the crash of a cage (of more generally any conveyance) at the shaft boundaries. Fault Trees (FT) are used to analyze the accidents scenarios of a cage crash in a shaft. Two generic fault trees are presented: one based on rope severance and the other based on loss-of-control of the conveyance. Results of the study indicate that, in the case of a rope severance, most of the root causes are based on secondary failure of the safety catches. In the case of a loss-of-control of the conveyance, most of the root causes are based on command failures that prevent the cage from stopping before reaching the shaft boundaries. This article suggests general mitigation measures and recommends the use of machinery safety standards in order to improve the reliability of hoisting machines.</p> <p>Source: Giraud, L.&nbsp;et Galy, B. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety science, 110</em>, 222-234.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.08.010" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.08.010">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.08.010</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 06 Nov 2018 15:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/06/11347.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-06T15:26:00Z 2018-11-06 15:26 +00:00 2018-11-06 10:26 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11343 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/06/11343.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Effets sur la santé Études épidémiologiques Risques dus au bruit Neurinome de l'acoustique Exposure to loud noise and risk of vestibular schwannoma <p><strong>Results from the INTERPHONE international case-control study</strong><br />Objective: Studies of loud noise exposure and vestibular schwannomas (VS) have shown conflicting results. The population-based INTERPHONE case?control study was conducted in 13 countries during 2000&ndash;2004. In this paper, we report the results of analyses on the association between VS and self-reported loud noise exposure.<br />Methods: Self-reported noise exposure was analyzed in 1024 VS cases and 1984 matched controls. Life-long noise exposure was estimated through detailed questions. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using adjusted conditional logistic regression for matched sets.<br />Results: The OR for total work and leisure noise exposure was 1.6 (95% CI 1.4&ndash;1.9). OR were 1.5 (95% CI 1.3&ndash;1.9) for only occupational noise, 1.9 (95% CI 1.4&ndash;2.6) for only leisure noise and 1.7 (95% CI 1.2&ndash;2.2) for<br />exposure in both contexts. OR increased slightly with increasing lag-time. For occupational exposures, duration, time since exposure start and a metric combining lifetime duration and weekly exposure showed significant trends of increasing risk with increasing exposure. OR did not differ markedly by source or other characteristics of noise.<br />Conclusion: The consistent associations seen are likely to reflect either recall bias or a causal association, or potentially indicate a mixture of both.</p> <p>Source: Deltour, I., Schlehofer, B., Massardier-Pilonch&eacute;ry, A., Schlaefer, K., Armstrong, B. Giles,G.G.,&nbsp;...&nbsp;INTERPHONE Study Group (2018). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3781" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3781">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3781</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 06 Nov 2018 14:34:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/06/11343.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-06T14:34:00Z 2018-11-06 14:34 +00:00 2018-11-06 09:34 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11338 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/05/11338.aspx Types de tâches Travail assis Travail de bureau Travail statique Intervention Acute Effects of Interrupting Sitting on Discomfort and Alertness of Office Workers <p>Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of 4 hours of sitting interrupted with hourly bouts of standing and/or pedaling versus uninterrupted sitting on alertness and discomfort among sedentary office workers.<br />Methods: Fifteen middle-aged sedentary workers were randomized to three 4-hour conditions: (1) uninterrupted sitting; (2) sitting interrupted with 10 minutes of standing/hour; and (3) sitting interrupted with 10 minutes of pedaling/hour. Self-reported measures of alertness and discomfort were collected.<br />Results: Uninterrupted sitting significantly increased discomfort (P &lt; 0.001). Discomfort was lower in both the standing (P &lt; 0.001) and pedaling (P &lt; 0.001) conditions than the uninterrupted sitting condition. Short-lived improvements in alertness were observed immediately following several standing (50%) and pedaling (100%) interruptions.<br />Conclusion: Prolonged sitting increases discomfort while brief standing and pedaling interruptions attenuate impairments in discomfort among sedentary workers.</p> <p>Source: Benzo, R. M., Kruse, N. T., Hughes, W. E., Casey, D. P.&nbsp;et Carr, L. J. (2018). <em>Journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 60</em>(9), 804-809.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001329" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001329">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001329</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 05 Nov 2018 14:37:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/05/11338.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-05T14:37:00Z 2018-11-05 14:37 +00:00 2018-11-05 09:37 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11335 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/02/11335.aspx Vêtements de protection Vêtements de protection contre le feu Guide Les vêtements de protection appropriés aux travaux de soudage et de techniques connexes <p>Ce guide porte sur les v&ecirc;tements de protection qui doivent &ecirc;tre port&eacute;s par les soudeurs et tous les travailleurs et employeurs qui utilisent des proc&eacute;d&eacute;s de soudage ou des techniques connexes, r&eacute;guli&egrave;rement ou &agrave; l&#39;occasion. Les techniques connexes sont les op&eacute;rations qui pr&eacute;sentent des risques semblables &agrave; ceux du soudage, par exemple l&#39;oxycoupage, le gougeage &agrave; la flamme ou &agrave; l&#39;arc et la projection thermique. Il s&#39;adresse &agrave; l&#39;ensemble des responsables intervenant dans la cha&icirc;ne de fabrication, de distribution, d&#39;achat, d&#39;entretien et d&#39;utilisation des v&ecirc;tements de protection pour les travaux de soudage et de techniques connexes. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC-200-995.aspx" title="https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC-200-995.aspx">https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC-200-995.aspx</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 02 Nov 2018 15:35:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/02/11335.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-02T15:35:00Z 2018-11-02 15:35 +00:00 2018-11-02 11:35 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11336 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/11/02/11336.aspx Europe Contexte de travail Conditions de travail France Champs de recherche Bilans du Conseil d’orientation sur les conditions de travail <p>Ces ouvrages, pr&eacute;par&eacute;s annuellement par le minist&egrave;re charg&eacute; du travail et pr&eacute;sent&eacute; aux partenaires sociaux r&eacute;unis au sein du Conseil d&rsquo;orientation sur les conditions de travail (COCT), dessinent un panorama global de l&rsquo;action en faveur de la pr&eacute;vention des risques professionnels et de l&rsquo;am&eacute;lioration des conditions de travail.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/ministere/documentation-et-publications-officielles/rapports/article/rapports-bilans-du-conseil-d-orientation-sur-les-conditions-de-travail-coct" title="https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/ministere/documentation-et-publications-officielles/rapports/article/rapports-bilans-du-conseil-d-orientation-sur-les-conditions-de-travail-coct">https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/ministere/documentation-et-publications-officielles/rapports/article/rapports-bilans-du-conseil-d-orientation-sur-les-conditions-de-travail-coct</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 02 Nov 2018 15:32:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/11/02/11336.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-02T15:32:00Z 2018-11-02 15:32 +00:00 2018-11-02 11:32 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11329 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/01/11329.aspx Modes de prévention Types de tâches Manutention manuelle Secteur des services de santé Intervention spécifique Modification des outils ou équipements de travail Secteurs d'activités Participatory organizational intervention for improved use of assistive devices in patient transfer <p><strong>A&nbsp;single-blinded cluster randomized controlled trial</strong><br />Objectives: This randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluated the effect of a participatory organizational intervention for improved use of assistive devices (AD) in patient transfer. <br />Methods: We randomly allocated 27 departments from five hospitals in Denmark to a participatory intervention (14 clusters, 316 healthcare workers) or a control group (13 clusters, 309 healthcare workers). The intervention consisted of 2&times;2 hour workshops with managers, the hospital&#39;s health and safety staff, and 2&ndash;5 healthcare workers from each department. Based on an assessment of barriers and solutions conducted prior to randomization, participants developed an action plan for implementing department-specific solutions for improving the use of AD. Use of necessary AD (using digital counters as primary outcome), and general use of AD (using accelerometers as secondary outcome), pain intensity in the low-back, work-related back injuries during patient transfer, and communication and guidance in the use of AD were measured at baseline, 6 and 12 months.<br />Results: Use of necessary AD (primary outcome), low-back pain, and back injuries did not change in the intervention compared with control group at 12-month follow-up. However, general use of AD measured with accelerometers as well as communication and guidance improved significantly in the intervention versus control group.<br />Conclusion: The intervention did not result in more frequent use of the necessary AD but led to more general use of AD, as well as increased communication and guidance.</p> <p>Source: Jakobsen, M. D., Aust, B., Kines, P., Madeleine, P.&nbsp;et Andersen, L. L. (2018). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp;&nbsp;Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3769" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3769">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3769</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 01 Nov 2018 14:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/01/11329.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-01T14:04:00Z 2018-11-01 14:04 +00:00 2018-11-01 10:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11332 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/31/11332.aspx Protection de la face et des yeux Visières Normes et législation Casque de protection NF EN 14458 - Visières haute performance uniquement destinées à une utilisation avec des casques de protection <p>La pr&eacute;sente Norme europ&eacute;enne sp&eacute;cifie les exigences minimales s&#39;appliquant aux visi&egrave;res sp&eacute;cifiquement con&ccedil;ues pour une utilisation exclusive avec des casques de protection, tels que des casques de sapeurs-pompiers, conformes &agrave; l&#39;EN 443, l&#39;EN 16471 et l&#39;EN 16473 et des casques de protection &agrave; haute performance pour l&#39;industrie conformes &agrave; l&#39;EN 14052. Il peut s&#39;agir de visi&egrave;res fix&eacute;es de mani&egrave;re permanente au casque, ou de visi&egrave;res amovibles.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/pr-nf-en-14458/equipement-de-protection-des-yeux-visieres-haute-performance-uniquement-destinees-a-une-utilisation-avec-des-casques-de-protec/article/870026/fa163575" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/pr-nf-en-14458/equipement-de-protection-des-yeux-visieres-haute-performance-uniquement-destinees-a-une-utilisation-avec-des-casques-de-protec/article/870026/fa163575">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/pr-nf-en-14458/equipement-de-protection-des-yeux-visieres-haute-performance-uniquement-destinees-a-une-utilisation-avec-des-casques-de-protec/article/870026/fa163575</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 31 Oct 2018 13:28:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/31/11332.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-31T13:28:00Z 2018-10-31 13:28 +00:00 2018-10-31 09:28 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11326 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/30/11326.aspx Régions anatomiques Types de tâches Membres supérieurs Travail de bureau TMS Analyse ergonomique du travail Cou Intervention spécifique Intervention Revue de littérature Ergonomic interventions for preventing work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the upper limb and neck among office workers <p>Work-related upper limb and neck musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the most common occupational disorders worldwide. Studies have shown that the percentage of office workers that suffer from MSDs ranges from 20 to 60 per cent. The direct and indirect costs of work-related upper limb MSDs have been reported to be high in Europe, Australia, and the United States. Although ergonomic interventions are likely to reduce the risk of office workers developing work-related upper limb and neck MSDs, the evidence is unclear. This is an update of a Cochrane Review which was last published in 2012. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008570.pub3/full" title="https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008570.pub3/full">https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008570.pub3/full</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 30 Oct 2018 14:06:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/30/11326.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-30T14:06:00Z 2018-10-30 14:06 +00:00 2018-10-30 10:06 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11325 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/29/11325.aspx Réduction du risque Systèmes de commande et automatisation Risque machine Congrès Sécurité des systèmes industriels automatisés (SIAS) 2018 <p>Organis&eacute; par l&#39;INRS &agrave; Nancy du 10 au 12 octobre 2018, le congr&egrave;s international S&eacute;curit&eacute; des syst&egrave;mes industriels automatis&eacute;s (SIAS) a accueilli plus de 110 participants originaires de 13 pays. Il a apport&eacute; un &eacute;clairage sur l&#39;industrie du futur et les usages des nouvelles technologies. <br />Cette neuvi&egrave;me &eacute;dition de la conf&eacute;rence a permis de faire le point sur les avanc&eacute;es concernant la s&eacute;curit&eacute; des syst&egrave;mes industriels automatis&eacute;s tant du point de vue de l&#39;ing&eacute;nierie (d&eacute;marche de conception, outils de simulation, analyse des risques, mesures de pr&eacute;vention, etc.) que de la place de l&#39;Homme dans les syst&egrave;mes de production.<br />Car l&#39;&eacute;mergence des nouvelles technologies, comme la mise en r&eacute;seau des machines, la robotique collaborative ou encore les syst&egrave;mes autonomes, impacte profond&eacute;ment les industries qui&nbsp; en multiplient l&#39;usage. Cette &eacute;volution fait appara&icirc;tre de nouveaux risques professionnels.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs-sias2018.fr/index.php" title="http://www.inrs-sias2018.fr/index.php">http://www.inrs-sias2018.fr/index.php</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 29 Oct 2018 14:10:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/29/11325.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-29T14:10:00Z 2018-10-29 14:10 +00:00 2018-10-29 10:10 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11316 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/29/11316.aspx Évaluation des interventions TMS Intervention SST Analyse ergonomique du travail Intervention spécifique Intervention Évaluation des processus : comprendre comment le contexte des entreprises influence le déroulement des premières étapes d’interventions ergonomiques <p>Bien qu&#39;il soit g&eacute;n&eacute;ralement convenu que les ergonomes adaptent leur intervention au contexte de chaque entreprise, la fa&ccedil;on pr&eacute;cise dont ils y parviennent et sur quels crit&egrave;res cette adaptation se base sont peu renseign&eacute;s au plan scientifique. Une &eacute;valuation des processus a &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;e en adoptant un devis d&#39;&eacute;tude de cas multiple, en vue d&#39;identifier les indicateurs de contexte ayant influenc&eacute; quatre interventions du courant de l&#39;ergonomie de l&#39;activit&eacute;, r&eacute;alis&eacute;es par des ergonomes en formation. L&#39;&eacute;valuation a port&eacute; sur les &eacute;tapes de l&#39;intervention pr&eacute;c&eacute;dant l&#39;implantation des changements, soit de l&#39;analyse de la demande jusqu&#39;au moment o&ugrave; le plan d&#39;action est convenu avec les acteurs-cl&eacute;s. La collecte des donn&eacute;es a &eacute;t&eacute; effectu&eacute;e gr&acirc;ce &agrave; un journal de bord, des documents produits dans le cadre de l&#39;intervention, ainsi que des entretiens avec les intervenants et les acteurs-cl&eacute;s impliqu&eacute;s dans l&#39;intervention. Nos r&eacute;sultats pr&eacute;sent&eacute;s sous forme de mod&egrave;les logiques font ressortir 12 indicateurs de contexte ayant repr&eacute;sent&eacute; des leviers ou des obstacles au d&eacute;roulement de l&#39;intervention ou au plan d&#39;action. Des combinaisons d&#39;indicateurs ont eu un effet synergique positif ou n&eacute;gatif sur les cas. Le mod&egrave;le d&#39;&eacute;valuation propos&eacute; dans cette &eacute;tude interdisciplinaire pourrait &ecirc;tre repris lors d&#39;&eacute;tudes subs&eacute;quentes pour bonifier la compr&eacute;hension de l&#39;influence du contexte dans d&#39;autres situations d&#39;interventions ergonomiques. </p> <p>Source: Albert, V., V&eacute;zina, N., Bilodeau, H.&nbsp;et Coutarel, F. (2018). <em>Activit&eacute;s</em>, (15-2).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3411" title="https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3411">https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3411</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 29 Oct 2018 12:11:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/29/11316.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-29T12:11:00Z 2018-10-29 12:11 +00:00 2018-10-29 08:11 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11314 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/26/11314.aspx Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture TMS Intervention SST Intervention spécifique Programme d'exercices physiques Intervention Secteurs d'activités Intégration de la préparation physique dans l’approche ergonomique <p><strong>Quel dispositif pour quel(s) objectif(s)?</strong><br />L&#39;article pr&eacute;sente un cas d&#39;intervention ergonomique proposant la pr&eacute;paration physiologique des ouvriers comme levier de pr&eacute;vention des Troubles Musculo-Squelettiques dans le secteur agroalimentaire. Dans une entreprise dont les activit&eacute;s pr&eacute;sentent de fortes contraintes organisationnelles et physiologiques, la place des marges de man&oelig;uvre dans un tel dispositif est questionn&eacute;e. La mise en &oelig;uvre d&#39;&eacute;chauffements au sein d&#39;une entreprise n&eacute;cessite d&#39;une part de disposer de comp&eacute;tences tant ergonomiques que sur la pr&eacute;paration physiologique. D&#39;autre part, l&#39;int&eacute;gration des &eacute;chauffements, forme de pr&eacute;paration physiologique ici mise en &oelig;uvre, imposerait une construction sociale sp&eacute;cifique de l&#39;intervention. Enfin, les conditions de r&eacute;ussite du projet tant du point de vue des intervenants que de l&#39;entreprise devraient &ecirc;tre pos&eacute;es au pr&eacute;alable afin de garantir le succ&egrave;s du dispositif global de pr&eacute;vention.</p> <p>Source: Uguen, C., Sablon, S.&nbsp;et Carballeda, G. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Activit&eacute;s</em>, (15-2).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3537" title="https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3537">https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3537</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 26 Oct 2018 18:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/26/11314.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-26T18:04:00Z 2018-10-26 18:04 +00:00 2018-10-26 14:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11318 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/25/11318.aspx Lois et réglementations Organisation de la prévention Risques électriques Code de construction du Québec, Chapitre V - Électricité - Code canadien de l'électricité <p>L&#39;&eacute;dition 2018 du Chapitre V - &Eacute;lectricit&eacute; du Code de construction du Qu&eacute;bec comprend le Code canadien de l&#39;&eacute;lectricit&eacute;, Premi&egrave;re partie (vingt-troisi&egrave;me &eacute;dition) de 2015, adopt&eacute; par la province du Qu&eacute;bec et comporte des exigences modifi&eacute;es propres au Qu&eacute;bec. Cette 23e &eacute;dition a subi une refonte majeure et compte toutes les importantes modifications et mises &agrave; jour d&eacute;coulant des deux &eacute;ditions pr&eacute;c&eacute;dentes du Code (publi&eacute;es en 2012 et en 2015). <br />Dans cette &eacute;dition, bon nombre de sections ont fait l&#39;objet d&#39;importantes r&eacute;visions. Ainsi, la section 4 &eacute;nonce maintenant des exigences visant le courant admissible des c&acirc;bles haute tension et les articles visant la temp&eacute;rature &agrave; l&#39;extr&eacute;mit&eacute; des conducteurs ont &eacute;t&eacute; clarifi&eacute;s. En outre, le nouveau tableau 39 simplifie le choix des conducteurs de branchement et d&#39;art&egrave;re destin&eacute;s &agrave; un usage r&eacute;sidentiel. Plus d&#39;options sont donn&eacute;es pour le calcul de la charge et de la chute de tension.<br />Des clarifications ont &eacute;t&eacute; apport&eacute;es au choix du conducteur de continuit&eacute; des masses gr&acirc;ce &agrave; l&#39;ajout des tableaux 16A et 16B. En outre, dans la section 12 on a ajout&eacute; et r&eacute;vis&eacute; des exigences visant les m&eacute;thodes de c&acirc;blage et on a augment&eacute; les tableaux visant le nombre de conducteurs dans un conduit.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://store.csagroup.org/ccrz__ProductDetails?viewState=DetailView&amp;cartID=&amp;sku=C22.10-18&amp;isCSRFlow=true&amp;portalUser=&amp;store=&amp;cclcl=fr_CA" title="https://store.csagroup.org/ccrz__ProductDetails?viewState=DetailView&amp;cartID=&amp;sku=C22.10-18&amp;isCSRFlow=true&amp;portalUser=&amp;store=&amp;cclcl=fr_CA">https://store.csagroup.org/ccrz__ProductDetails?viewState=DetailView&amp;cartID=&amp;sku=C22.10-18&amp;isCSRFlow=true&amp;portalUser=&amp;store=&amp;cclcl=fr_CA</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 25 Oct 2018 14:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/25/11318.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-25T14:04:00Z 2018-10-25 14:04 +00:00 2018-10-25 10:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11313 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/25/11313.aspx TMS Intervention SST Analyse ergonomique du travail Intervention spécifique Intervention Ergonomie Intervention, conception et transformations : comment construire une prévention durable des TMS <p>Cet article a pour but de participer aux r&eacute;flexions sur le r&ocirc;le de l&#39;ergonome dans l&#39;intervention en entreprise. Il pr&eacute;sente une intervention-formation relative &agrave; la pr&eacute;vention de la p&eacute;nibilit&eacute; et des TMS au travail. Cette intervention, men&eacute;e comme une conduite de projet, s&#39;est bas&eacute;e sur l&#39;adoption de principes fondamentaux pour l&#39;ergonomie dite centr&eacute;e sur l&#39;activit&eacute; (Daniellou &amp; Rabardel, 2005). Ces principes portent sur (1) la conception et la p&eacute;rennisation des d&eacute;marches de pr&eacute;vention durable, (2) la conduite et l&#39;efficacit&eacute; des interventions en ergonomie. Sur la base de ce corps de connaissances et de nos pratiques d&#39;intervention ant&eacute;rieures, nous postulons que la mobilisation des acteurs et la transformation des repr&eacute;sentations/perceptions sur le travail et la sant&eacute; participent &agrave; l&#39;augmentation du pouvoir d&#39;agir des acteurs en mati&egrave;re de pr&eacute;vention. Ces principes sont illustr&eacute;s et discut&eacute;s &agrave; partir des r&eacute;sultats d&#39;une intervention men&eacute;e dans un abattoir de canards.</p> <p>Source: Ciccone, E., Cuvelier, L., Decortis, F.&nbsp;et Bationo-Tillon, A. (2018). <em>Activit&eacute;s</em>, (15-2).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3450" title="https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3450">https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3450</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 25 Oct 2018 14:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/25/11313.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-25T14:04:00Z 2018-10-25 14:04 +00:00 2018-10-25 10:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11312 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/23/11312.aspx Cadenassage Réduction du risque Risque machine Secteur de l'industrie manufacturière Références en ligne Guide Secteurs d'activités Hazardous Energy Control (Lockout and Other Means) <p>It is a matter of life and death. Hazardous energy control is more than Lockout. It encompasses Machine Guarding, Alternative Measures (alternative guarding arrangement that prevents exposure to hazardous energy), Lockout, and other methods of ensuring worker safety from contact with hazardous energy. Here you will find information on regulatory requirements, general guidance and procedures that your company can use to implement an effective Hazardous Energy Control (Lockout/Tagout) Program and prevent unexpected energizing, start-up or release of stored energy which could cause serious injury or death to workers. Injuries related to Lockout often occur when an employee services or repairs a machine or tries to clear a jam but fails to de-energize the machine and lockout sources of energy.&nbsp; Problems can also occur during the process of re-energizing.<br />Sources of energy are not only electrical; they can also include mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, chemical, thermal, or other sources of energy. The failure to develop and use hazardous energy control (Lockout) procedures is one of OSHA&#39;s annual top 10 most frequently cited workplace safety violations. Injuries and fatalities that happen for failure to implement a Lockout Program are much more costly than the citations (not only in economic terms). A comprehensive, written, diligently planned and executed Hazardous Energy Control (Lockout) Program protects the life, and the safety and health of workers; it is a very important part of machine maintenance and production servicing operations.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/nora/councils/manuf/loto/default.html" title="https://www.cdc.gov/nora/councils/manuf/loto/default.html">https://www.cdc.gov/nora/councils/manuf/loto/default.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 23 Oct 2018 17:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/23/11312.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-23T17:19:00Z 2018-10-23 17:19 +00:00 2018-10-23 13:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11308 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/22/11308.aspx Évaluation et mesure Régions anatomiques Dos Surveillance Recurrent back pain during working life and exit from paid employment <p><strong>A&nbsp;28-year follow-up of the Whitehall II Study</strong> <br />Objectives To examine the impact of recurrent, as compared with single, reports of back pain on exit from paid employment over decades of follow-up.<br />Methods The study sample was from the British Whitehall II Study cohort (n=8665, 69% men, aged 35&ndash;55 at baseline), who had provided information about their reports of back pain between 1985 and 1994. Data about exit from paid employment (health-related and non-health related exit, unemployment and other exit) were collected between 1995 and 2013. Repeated measures logistic regression models were fitted to examine the associations, and adjust for covariates.<br />Results Recurrent pain was reported by 18% of participants, while 26% reported pain on an occasion and 56% did not report pain. Report of back pain on an occasion was not associated with health-related job exit, whereas recurrent pain was associated with such an exit (OR 1.51; 95%&thinsp;CI 1.15 to 1.99), when compared with those who did not report pain. These associations were somewhat stronger among middle-grade and lower-grade employees, while these associations were not seen among higher-grade employees. Differences in associations by age and psychosocial working conditions were small.<br />Conclusions These results highlight the need for early detection of recurrent back pain to prevent exit out of paid employment for health reasons. As the risk varies by occupational grade, this emphasises the importance of identification of high-risk groups and finding ways to address their modifiable risk factors.</p> <p>Source: Lallukka, T., M&auml;nty, M., Cooper, C., Fleischmann, M., Kouvonen, A., Walker-Bone, K. E., ...&nbsp;et Halonen, J. I. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Occupational &amp; Environmental Medicine, 75</em>(11), 786-791.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105202" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105202">http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105202</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 22 Oct 2018 15:42:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/22/11308.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-22T15:42:00Z 2018-10-22 15:42 +00:00 2018-10-22 11:42 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11307 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/18/11307.aspx Europe Agents physiques France Champs de recherche Régions géographiques La radioprotection des travailleurs <p><strong>Exposition professionnelle aux rayonnements ionisants en France: bilan 2017</strong><br />Le bilan de la surveillance des expositions professionnelles aux rayonnements ionisants concerne l&#39;ensemble des secteurs d&#39;activit&eacute; soumis &agrave; un r&eacute;gime d&#39;autorisation ou de d&eacute;claration, y compris ceux de la d&eacute;fense, dans les domaines des activit&eacute;s m&eacute;dicales et v&eacute;t&eacute;rinaires, de l&#39;industrie nucl&eacute;aire ou non nucl&eacute;aire, de la recherche et de l&#39;enseignement, ainsi que les secteurs concern&eacute;s par une exposition &agrave; la radioactivit&eacute; naturelle.<br />L&#39;effectif suivi en 2017 dans le cadre des activit&eacute;s soumises &agrave; autorisation ou &agrave; d&eacute;claration est en augmentation de 0,9 % par rapport &agrave; 2016, avec 360 694 travailleurs. Parall&egrave;lement, la dose collective1 mesur&eacute;e par<br />dosim&eacute;trie externe passive s&#39;&eacute;tablit &agrave; 53,5 h.Sv pour 2017, contre 66,7 h.Sv en 2016. Avec une forte baisse par rapport &agrave; 2016 (- 20 %), cette valeur marque une rupture par rapport &agrave; celles observ&eacute;es en 2015 et 2016. Cette baisse significative de la dose collective est li&eacute;e majoritairement &agrave; une baisse d&#39;activit&eacute; dans le domaine du nucl&eacute;aire (volume de travaux de maintenance chez EDF moindre qu&#39;en 2016) et de fa&ccedil;on compl&eacute;mentaire &agrave; un changement m&eacute;thodologique de plusieurs laboratoires de dosim&eacute;trie, intervenu courant 2017, qui &eacute;vite de sousestimer le bruit de fond lorsque le dosim&egrave;tre t&eacute;moin n&#39;est pas retourn&eacute; par l&#39;employeur avec les dosim&egrave;tres individuels. La dose individuelle annuelle moyenne, d&#39;une valeur de 0,72 mSv, est quant &agrave; elle stable par rapport &agrave; l&#39;ann&eacute;e pr&eacute;c&eacute;dente. Parmi les 12 712 travailleurs ayant re&ccedil;u plus de 1 mSv (limite annuelle r&eacute;glementaire fix&eacute;e pour la population g&eacute;n&eacute;rale), 2 079 travailleurs ont re&ccedil;u une dose annuelle sup&eacute;rieure &agrave; 5 mSv2. Une dose externe annuelle sup&eacute;rieure &agrave; 20 mSv (limite r&eacute;glementaire de la dose efficace fix&eacute;e pour les travailleurs) a &eacute;t&eacute; enregistr&eacute;e pour 2 travailleurs. Quatre cas de d&eacute;passement de la limite de dose &eacute;quivalente aux extr&eacute;mit&eacute;s (500 mSv) ont &eacute;galement &eacute;t&eacute; enregistr&eacute;s.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.irsn.fr/FR/expertise/rapports_expertise/Documents/radioprotection/IRSN_Rapport-Exposition-travailleurs-2017.pdf" title="https://www.irsn.fr/FR/expertise/rapports_expertise/Documents/radioprotection/IRSN_Rapport-Exposition-travailleurs-2017.pdf">https://www.irsn.fr/FR/expertise/rapports_expertise/Documents/radioprotection/IRSN_Rapport-Exposition-travailleurs-2017.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 18 Oct 2018 12:51:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/18/11307.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-18T12:51:00Z 2018-10-18 12:51 +00:00 2018-10-18 08:51 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11292 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/10/16/11292.aspx TMS Interventions Méthodes et types d’études Milieux de pratique Pourvoyeurs de services Affections Types d'interventions Recherche qualitative Physiothérapie Milieu clinique Physiotherapy for injured workers in Canada: are insurers’ and clinics’ policies threatening good quality and equity of care? <p><strong>Results of a qualitative study</strong><br />In recent years, significant efforts have been made to improve the provision of care for compensated injured workers internationally. However, despite increasing efforts at implementing best practices in this field, some studies show that policies overseeing the organisation of care for injured workers can have perverse influences on healthcare providers&#39; practices and can prevent workers from receiving the best care possible. The influence of these policies on physiotherapists&#39; practices has yet to be investigated. Our objectives were thus to explore the influence of 1) workers&#39; compensation boards&#39; and 2) physiotherapy clinics&#39; policies on the care physiotherapists provide to workers with musculoskeletal injuries in three large Canadian provinces.<br />The Interpretive Description framework, a qualitative methodological approach, guided this inquiry. Forty participants (30 physiotherapists and 10 leaders and administrators from physiotherapy professional groups and workers&#39; compensation boards) were recruited in British Columbia, Ontario and Quebec to participate in an in-depth interview. Inductive analysis was conducted using constant comparative techniques.<br />Narratives from participants show that policies of workers&#39; compensation boards and individual physiotherapy clinics have significant impacts on physiotherapists&#39; clinical practices. Policies found at both levels often place physiotherapists in uncomfortable positions where they cannot always do what they believe to be best for their patients. Because of these policies, treatments provided to compensated injured workers markedly differ from those provided to other patients receiving physiotherapy care at the same clinic. Workers&#39; compensation board policies such as reimbursement rates, end points for treatment and communication mechanisms, and clinic policies such as physiotherapists&#39; remuneration schemes and restrictions on the choice of professionals had negative influences on care. Policies that were viewed as positive were board policies that recognize, promote and support physiotherapists&#39; duties and clinics that provide organisational support for administrative tasks.<br />In Canada, workers&#39; compensation play a significant role in financing physiotherapy care for people injured at work. Despite the best intentions in promoting evidence-based guidelines and procedures regarding rehabilitation care for injured workers, complex policy factors currently limit the application of these recommendations in practice. Research that targets these policies could contribute to significant changes in clinical settings.</p> <p>Source: Hudon, A., Hunt, M.&nbsp;et Feldman, D. E. (2018). <em>BMC Health Services Research, 18</em>(1), 682.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-3491-1" title="https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-3491-1">https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-3491-1</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 16 Oct 2018 12:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/10/16/11292.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-16T12:44:00Z 2018-10-16 12:44 +00:00 2018-10-16 08:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11299 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/12/11299.aspx Machines fixes Lois et réglementations Techniques de sécurité Risque machine Guide Ponts roulants - Manuel de sécurité <p>Longtemps rest&eacute;e dans le domaine de l&#39;empirisme, l&#39;utilisation des engins fait aujourd&#39;hui l&#39;objet de r&egrave;gles nombreuses touchant &agrave; la fois au choix, aux v&eacute;rifications et &agrave; la maintenance du mat&eacute;riel, &agrave; la formation du personnel, ainsi qu&#39;&agrave; la conduite proprement dite.<br />C&#39;est pourquoi ce manuel comprend deux parties : l&#39;une consacr&eacute;e aux aspects purement r&eacute;glementaires, l&#39;autre plus sp&eacute;cifiquement d&eacute;di&eacute;e aux r&egrave;gles de bonnes pratiques en mati&egrave;re de conduite d&#39;engins.<br />Un large public pourra ainsi trouver dans ce manuel les r&eacute;f&eacute;rences qui lui seront n&eacute;cessaires : chefs d&#39;&eacute;tablissements, charg&eacute;s de s&eacute;curit&eacute;, formateurs, et bien s&ucirc;r les conducteurs eux-m&ecirc;mes (pontiers, conducteurs de ponts roulants, de portiques et semi-portiques).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206105" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206105">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206105</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 12 Oct 2018 13:46:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/12/11299.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-12T13:46:00Z 2018-10-12 13:46 +00:00 2018-10-12 09:46 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11298 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/12/11298.aspx Évaluation et mesure Analyse ergonomique du travail Secteur de l'administration publique Analyse du travail Intervention Secteurs d'activités Démarche multidisciplinaire appliquée à l’analyse d’une activité dans un environnement dynamique <p><strong>La conduite de v&eacute;hicules l&eacute;gers &agrave; La Poste pour la distribution du courrier et des colis</strong><br />Activit&eacute; complexe diff&eacute;rente de la conduite personnelle, la conduite professionnelle de v&eacute;hicules l&eacute;gers prend une importance croissante dans le secteur de la livraison/messagerie confront&eacute; aux nouveaux modes de consommation. Peu &eacute;tudi&eacute;s, les risques pour la sant&eacute; autres que les accidents de la route ont &eacute;t&eacute; approch&eacute;s dans une &eacute;tude exploratoire multidisciplinaire men&eacute;e en collaboration avec le groupe La Poste. Son objectif a &eacute;t&eacute; d&#39;explorer, en situation de travail, les diff&eacute;rentes composantes de l&#39;activit&eacute; de distribution de courrier/colis, et particuli&egrave;rement l&#39;activit&eacute; de conduite comme partie structurante de l&#39;activit&eacute; de distribution. La d&eacute;marche m&eacute;thodologique alliant des analyses ergonomiques et une approche m&eacute;dicale a mis en &eacute;vidence des contraintes ainsi que des plaintes en relation principalement avec les caract&eacute;ristiques des tourn&eacute;es de distribution. Ces r&eacute;sultats ont permis d&#39;orienter la construction d&#39;une &eacute;tude &eacute;pid&eacute;miologique visant &agrave; analyser les facteurs de risque sp&eacute;cifiques &agrave; la conduite de v&eacute;hicules l&eacute;gers dans les activit&eacute;s de distribution.</p> <p>Source: Hella, F., Radauceanu, A., Atain-Kouadio, J. J., Payet, R.&nbsp;et Colin, R. (2018). <em>Perspectives interdisciplinaires sur le travail et la sant&eacute;</em>, (20-2).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://journals.openedition.org/pistes/5733" title="https://journals.openedition.org/pistes/5733">https://journals.openedition.org/pistes/5733</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 12 Oct 2018 13:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/12/11298.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-12T13:44:00Z 2018-10-12 13:44 +00:00 2018-10-12 09:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11295 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/11/11295.aspx États-Unis Indemnisation Maladies professionnelles Lésions professionnelles Champs de recherche TMS Rates of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome in a State Workers’ Compensation Information System, by Industry and Occupation <p><strong>California, 2007&ndash;2014</strong><br />Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) occurs when the median nerve becomes compressed as it passes through the wrist within the carpal tunnel, resulting in pain, tingling, weakness, or numbness in the hand or the wrist. Occupational risk factors for CTS include engaging in work activities that require forceful, repetitive tasks, prolonged use of the hands or wrists in an awkward posture, or vibration. To assess trends and identify high-risk industries and occupations for CTS, the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) analyzed California workers&#39; compensation claims for CTS by industry (2007&ndash;2014) and occupation (2014) and calculated rates per full-time equivalent (FTE) worker. During 2007&ndash;2014, a total of 139,336 CTS cases were reported (incidence = 6.3 cases per 10,000 FTE) in California workers; the rate among women (8.2) was 3.3 times higher than that among men (2.5). Industries with the highest rates of CTS were textile, fabric finishing, and coating mills (44.9), apparel accessories and other apparel manufacturing (43.1), and animal slaughtering and processing (39.8). Industries with high rates of CTS should consider implementing intervention measures, including ergonomic evaluations and development of tools and instruments that require less repetition and force and that correct awkward postures.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6739a4.htm" title="https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6739a4.htm">https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6739a4.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 11 Oct 2018 13:28:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/11/11295.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-11T13:28:00Z 2018-10-11 13:28 +00:00 2018-10-11 09:28 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11284 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/11/11284.aspx Appareils à adduction d'air Protection respiratoire Appareils pour la protection respiratoire Normes et législation NF EN 14594 - Appareils de protection respiratoire <p>Le pr&eacute;sent document sp&eacute;cifie les caract&eacute;ristiques minimales exig&eacute;es des appareils de protection respiratoire (APR) isolants &agrave; adduction d&#39;air comprim&eacute; &agrave; d&eacute;bit continu utilis&eacute;s avec des masques complets, des demi-masques, des cagoules, des casques ou des combinaisons, ainsi que des appareils utilis&eacute;s dans les op&eacute;rations de projection d&#39;abrasifs en tant qu&#39;appareils de protection respiratoire.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-14594/appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-isolants-a-adduction-d-air-comprime-a-debit-continu-ex/article/875333/fa188028" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-14594/appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-isolants-a-adduction-d-air-comprime-a-debit-continu-ex/article/875333/fa188028">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-14594/appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-isolants-a-adduction-d-air-comprime-a-debit-continu-ex/article/875333/fa188028</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 11 Oct 2018 13:27:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/11/11284.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-11T13:27:00Z 2018-10-11 13:27 +00:00 2018-10-11 09:27 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11294 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/10/11294.aspx Régions anatomiques Membres supérieurs TMS Épaule Cou Santé mentale Bi-directional relation between effort-reward imbalance and risk of neck-shoulder pain <p><strong>Assessment of mediation through depressive symptoms using occupational longitudinal data</strong><br />Objectives: Bi-directional associations between perceived effort?reward imbalance (ERI) at work and neckshoulder pain have been reported. There is also evidence of associations between ERI and depressive symptoms, and between depressive symptoms and pain while the links between ERI, depressive symptoms and pain have not been tested. We aimed to assess whether depressive symptoms mediate the association between ERI and neck-shoulder pain, as well as the association between neck-shoulder pain and ERI.<br />Methods: We used prospective data from three consecutive surveys of the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH) study. ERI was assessed with a short version of the ERI questionnaire, and pain was defined as having had neck-shoulder pain that affected daily life during the past three months. Depressive symptoms were assessed with a continuous scale based on six-items of the (Hopkins) Symptom Checklist. Counterfactual mediation analyses were applied using exposure measures from 2010/2012 (T1), depressive symptoms from 2012/2014 (T2), and outcomes from 2014/2016 (T3), and including only those free of outcome at T1 and T2 (N=2876?3239).<br />Results: ERI was associated with a higher risk of neck-shoulder pain [risk ratio (RR) for total effect 1.24, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.02&ndash;1.50] and 40% of this total effect was mediated through depressive symptoms.<br />Corresponding RR for association between neck-shoulder pain and ERI was 1.36 (95% CI 1.13&ndash;1.65), but the mediating role of depressive symptoms was less consistent.<br />Conclusions: Depressive symptoms appear to be an intermediate factor in the relationship between ERI and neck-shoulder pain.</p> <p>Source: Halonen, J. I., Lallukka, T., Virtanen, M., Rod, N. H.&nbsp;et Hanson, L. L. M. (2018). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3768" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3768">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3768</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 10 Oct 2018 18:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/10/11294.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-10T18:17:00Z 2018-10-10 18:17 +00:00 2018-10-10 14:17 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11291 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/10/10/11291.aspx Accidents cérébrovasculaires Méthodes et types d’études Affections Méthodes non-expérimentales Étude longitudinale Étude épidémiologique Recherche quantitative Intervention Types d'interventions Affections non associées au travail Return to work after specialized rehabilitation <p><strong>An explorative longitudinal study in a cohort of severely disabled persons with stroke in seven countries</strong><br />Introduction: Stroke may impose disabilities with severe consequences for the individual, with physical, psychological, social, and work-related consequences. The objective with the current study was to investigate to what extent persons with stroke were able to return to work, to maintain their financial situation, and to describe the follow-up services and participation in social networks and recreational activities.<br />Methods: The design was a prospective, descriptive study of specialized stroke rehabilitation in nine rehabilitation centers in seven countries. Semistructured interviews, which focused on the return to work, the financial situation, follow-up services, the maintenance of recreational activities, and networks, were performed 6 and 12 months post discharge from rehabilitation.<br />Results: The working rate before the onset of stroke ranged from 27% to 86%. At 12 months post stroke, the return to work varied from 11% to 43%. Consequently, many reported a reduced financial situation from 10% to 70% at 6 months and from 10% to 80% at 12 months. Access to postrehabilitation follow-up services varied in the different countries from 24% to 100% at 6 months and from 21% to 100% at 12 months. Physical therapy was the most common follow-up services reported. Persons with stroke were less active in recreational activities and experienced reduced social networks. Associations between results from the semistructured interviews and related themes in LiSat-11 were small to moderate. The study shows that education, age, and disability are predictors for return to work. Differences between countries were observed in the extent of unemployment.<br />Conclusions: In this international multicentre study, return to work after severe stroke and specialized/comprehensive rehabilitation was possible, depending on the extent of the disability, age, and education. Altered financial situation, reduced social networks, and reduced satisfaction with life were common psychosocial situations for these patients.</p> <p>Source: Langhammer, B., Sunnerhagen, K. S., S&auml;llstr&ouml;m, S., Becker, F.&nbsp;et Stanghelle, J. K. (2018). <em>Brain and Behavior, 8</em>(8).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://dx.doi.org/10.1002%2Fbrb3.1055" title="https://dx.doi.org/10.1002%2Fbrb3.1055">https://dx.doi.org/10.1002%2Fbrb3.1055</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 10 Oct 2018 17:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/10/10/11291.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-10T17:19:00Z 2018-10-10 17:19 +00:00 2018-10-10 13:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11282 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/09/11282.aspx Europe Accidents du travail Régions géographiques Eurostat - Accidents at work statistics 2015 <p>Highlights:<br />There were 3 876 fatal accidents at work in the EU-28 during 2015, an increase of 102 deaths compared with the year before. <br />More than one fifth of all fatal accidents at work in the EU-28 took place within the construction sector. <br />In 2015, three quarters of all non-fatal accidents at work in the EU-28 concerned: wounds and superficial injuries; dislocations, sprains and strains; or concussion and internal injuries. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/pdfscache/11539.pdf" title="https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/pdfscache/11539.pdf">https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/pdfscache/11539.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Oct 2018 12:10:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/09/11282.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-09T12:10:00Z 2018-10-09 12:10 +00:00 2018-10-09 08:10 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11283 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/09/11283.aspx Évaluation Performance Protection chimique Vêtements de protection Vêtements de protection chimique Normes et législation NF EN 14325 - Habillement de protection contre les produits chimiques <p>La pr&eacute;sente Norme europ&eacute;enne sp&eacute;cifie la classification de la performance et les m&eacute;thodes d&#39;essai pour les mat&eacute;riaux utilis&eacute;s dans les v&ecirc;tements de protection chimique, y compris les gants et les chaussures. Lorsque les gants et les bottes font partie int&eacute;grante du v&ecirc;tement, il convient que les exigences en mati&egrave;re de barri&egrave;re de protection chimique auxquelles ils sont soumis soient les m&ecirc;mes pour que pour les &eacute;toffes. Il s&#39;agit d&#39;une norme de r&eacute;f&eacute;rence &agrave; laquelle les normes de performance des v&ecirc;tements de protection chimique peuvent faire r&eacute;f&eacute;rence en tout ou partie, mais cette norme n&#39;est pas exhaustive, au sens o&ugrave; les normes de produits peuvent aussi exiger des essais selon des normes de m&eacute;thodes d&#39;essai qui ne figurent pas dans la pr&eacute;sente norme.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/pr-nf-en-14325/vetements-de-protection-contre-les-produits-chimiques-methodes-d-essai-et-classification-de-performance-des-materiaux-couture/article/867700/fa163979" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/pr-nf-en-14325/vetements-de-protection-contre-les-produits-chimiques-methodes-d-essai-et-classification-de-performance-des-materiaux-couture/article/867700/fa163979">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/pr-nf-en-14325/vetements-de-protection-contre-les-produits-chimiques-methodes-d-essai-et-classification-de-performance-des-materiaux-couture/article/867700/fa163979</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Oct 2018 12:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/09/11283.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-09T12:09:00Z 2018-10-09 12:09 +00:00 2018-10-09 08:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11286 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/09/11286.aspx Appareils de levage Équipements Machines fixes Normes NF EN 13135+A1 - Appareils de levage à charge suspendue <p>La pr&eacute;sente Norme europ&eacute;enne sp&eacute;cifie des prescriptions pour la conception et le choix des &eacute;quipements &eacute;lectriques, m&eacute;caniques, hydrauliques et pneumatiques utilis&eacute;s pour tous les types d&#39;appareils de levage &agrave; charge suspendue et leurs accessoires fixes de levage de charge, dans le but de s&#39;assurer de la fiabilit&eacute; des fonctions et de prot&eacute;ger le personnel des ph&eacute;nom&egrave;nes dangereux qui pourraient affecter leur sant&eacute; et leur s&eacute;curit&eacute;.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-13135a1/appareils-de-levage-a-charge-suspendue-securite-conception-prescriptions-relatives-a-l-equipement/article/913052/fa190546" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-13135a1/appareils-de-levage-a-charge-suspendue-securite-conception-prescriptions-relatives-a-l-equipement/article/913052/fa190546">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-13135a1/appareils-de-levage-a-charge-suspendue-securite-conception-prescriptions-relatives-a-l-equipement/article/913052/fa190546</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Oct 2018 12:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/09/11286.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-09T12:09:00Z 2018-10-09 12:09 +00:00 2018-10-09 08:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11288 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/05/11288.aspx Québec Indemnisation Canada Coûts des lésions professionnelles Lésions professionnelles Régions géographiques CNESST - Statistiques annuelles 2017 <p>Ce document contient une s&eacute;rie de tableaux et graphiques qui pr&eacute;sentent les diff&eacute;rentes activit&eacute;s de la CNESST au cours de l&#39;ann&eacute;e 2017, en regard des &eacute;l&eacute;ments de sa mission, soit la pr&eacute;vention-inspection, la r&eacute;paration, le financement, les normes du travail et l&#39;&eacute;quit&eacute; salariale.??? </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_1046.aspx" title="http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_1046.aspx">http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_1046.aspx</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 05 Oct 2018 14:33:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/05/11288.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-05T14:33:00Z 2018-10-05 14:33 +00:00 2018-10-05 10:33 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11285 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/05/11285.aspx Engins de terrassement Équipements Machines mobiles et véhicules Normes NF ISO 5006 - Engins de terrassement <p>Le pr&eacute;sent document sp&eacute;cifie une m&eacute;thode d&#39;essai statique qui permet de d&eacute;terminer et d&#39;&eacute;valuer le champ de vision de l&#39;op&eacute;rateur, mesur&eacute;e sur un contour rectangulaire entourant l&#39;engin et sur un cercle d&#39;essai de visibilit&eacute; (VTC) de 12 m de rayon. Il s&#39;applique aux engins de terrassement tels que d&eacute;finis dans l&#39;ISO 6165, qui ont un poste de l&#39;op&eacute;rateur assis, et qui sont destin&eacute;s &agrave; fonctionner sur des chantiers et circuler sur les voies publiques. Il fournit des crit&egrave;res de performance de visibilit&eacute; pour des engins ayant une masse en service maximale selon l&#39;ISO 6016, d&eacute;pendant du type de la famille d&#39;engins &eacute;num&eacute;r&eacute;s dans le Tableau 1. Pour les engins non mentionn&eacute;s dans le Tableau 1, y compris les engins de grand gabarit, les engins de terrassement d&eacute;riv&eacute;s et autres types d&#39;engins de terrassement, les modes op&eacute;ratoires d&#39;essai de visibilit&eacute; peuvent &ecirc;tre utilis&eacute;s avec le processus de l&#39;appr&eacute;ciation du risque d&eacute;fini en 10.4.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-5006/engins-de-terrassement-visibilite-du-conducteur-methode-d-essai-et-criteres-de-performance/article/914157/fa194622" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-5006/engins-de-terrassement-visibilite-du-conducteur-methode-d-essai-et-criteres-de-performance/article/914157/fa194622">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-5006/engins-de-terrassement-visibilite-du-conducteur-methode-d-essai-et-criteres-de-performance/article/914157/fa194622</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 05 Oct 2018 13:02:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/05/11285.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-05T13:02:00Z 2018-10-05 13:02 +00:00 2018-10-05 09:02 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11281 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/04/11281.aspx Québec Indemnisation Canada Lésions professionnelles Régions géographiques CNESST - Appendice statistique 2017 (version préliminaire) <p>L&rsquo;appendice statistique est un compl&eacute;ment d&rsquo;information aux donn&eacute;es d&rsquo;exploitation, sous forme de tableaux et graphiques uniquement, regroupant quelques informations de base relatives au secteur SST. Notamment, la Direction des communications et des relations publiques y r&eacute;f&egrave;re pour r&eacute;pondre &agrave; des demandes m&eacute;dias. On y retrouve entre autres :<br />&middot; Statistiques r&eacute;gionales et sectorielles sur les &eacute;tablissements, dossiers d&rsquo;intervention en pr&eacute;vention-inspection, dossiers accept&eacute;s pour l&eacute;sions professionnelles, d&eacute;c&egrave;s et donn&eacute;es financi&egrave;res ;<br />&middot; Historique sur 10 ans de l&rsquo;&Eacute;tat du r&eacute;sultat global du FSST et &eacute;l&eacute;ments relatifs &agrave; la situation financi&egrave;re de celui-ci ;<br />&middot; Historique depuis l&rsquo;ann&eacute;e 2000 de l&rsquo;estimation du nombre de travailleurs couverts par la LSST.</p> <p>Source: <a href="http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Pages/DC-300-328.aspx">http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Pages/DC-300-328.aspx</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 04 Oct 2018 14:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/04/11281.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-04T14:24:00Z 2018-10-04 14:24 +00:00 2018-10-04 10:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11270 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/01/11270.aspx Conséquences Facteurs de risque Absentéisme Facteurs psychosociaux TMS Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Santé mentale Comorbid symptoms of depression and musculoskeletal pain and risk of long term sickness absence <p>Background: Symptoms of depression and musculoskeletal pain have both been found to be associated with increased risk of long term sickness absence (LTSA). The comorbidity between depression and pain i.e. simultaneous presence of both symptoms, is well established in the literature. The aim for the current investigation was to investigate whether the presence of comorbid pain influences the associations between depressive symptoms and LTSA or if the presence of comorbid depressive symptoms influences associations between musculoskeletal pain and LTSA.<br />Methods: A sample of 6572 Danish female health care workers responding to a questionnaire about health and working conditions were followed up in a national register of social transfer payments (DREAM) for 550 days. We estimated the risk for LTSA of four weeks or more, associated with depressive symptoms and number of musculoskeletal pain locations using a Cox proportional hazards model allowing multiple observations per individual. We conducted a test for multiplicative interaction between musculoskeletal pain locations and depressive symptoms, and presented stratified regression models to facilitate the interpretation of the results.<br />Results: The severity of depressive symptoms was correlated with the number of pain locations reported (Spearman&#39;s rho&thinsp;=&thinsp;.24, p&thinsp;&lt;&thinsp;0.001). We found a significant multiplicative interaction between depressive symptoms and musculoskeletal pain in predicting the risk of LTSA. Depressive symptoms and number of musculoskeletal pain locations were associated with increased risk of LTSA for individuals who did not have comorbid symptoms. However, we found no significant associations between the two predictors and LTSA among participants who reported comorbid symptoms.<br />Conclusions: The risk of LTSA associated with depressive symptoms and musculoskeletal pain appears to be moderated by the presence of comorbid symptoms. The modified risk for LTSA among workers with comorbid symptoms requires further investigation.</p> <p>Source: Melkevik, O., Clausen, T., Pedersen, J., Garde, A. H., Holtermann, A.&nbsp;et Rugulies, R. (2018). <em>BMC public health, 18</em>(1).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5740-y" title="https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5740-y">https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5740-y</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 01 Oct 2018 12:30:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/01/11270.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-01T12:30:00Z 2018-10-01 12:30 +00:00 2018-10-01 08:30 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11278 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/01/11278.aspx Conception Vêtements de protection Conception des textiles Analyse du potentiel d’application des textiles intelligents en santé et en sécurité au travail <p>Les textiles intelligents sont des structures capables de d&eacute;tecter, de r&eacute;agir et de s&#39;adapter &agrave; un grand nombre de stimuli : &eacute;lectriques, magn&eacute;tiques, thermiques, optiques, acoustiques, m&eacute;caniques, chimiques, etc. Ils offrent potentiellement des perspectives tr&egrave;s int&eacute;ressantes dans le domaine de la sant&eacute; et de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail, par exemple, pour des syst&egrave;mes de localisation int&eacute;gr&eacute;s, le suivi des conditions physiologiques des travailleurs, des syst&egrave;mes chauffants et refroidissants int&eacute;gr&eacute;s, des dispositifs de communication, la captation d&#39;&eacute;nergie, etc. Cette &eacute;tude avait pour objectif de r&eacute;aliser une synth&egrave;se des connaissances tir&eacute;es de la litt&eacute;rature technique et scientifique et d&#39;identifier les technologies, solutions et produits sur le march&eacute; des textiles intelligents qui peuvent avoir des applications en sant&eacute; et en s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail (SST), afin de mettre en &eacute;vidence des pistes de recherche et de d&eacute;veloppement dans ce domaine.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101008/n/textiles-intelligents" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101008/n/textiles-intelligents">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101008/n/textiles-intelligents</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 01 Oct 2018 12:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/01/11278.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-01T12:05:00Z 2018-10-01 12:05 +00:00 2018-10-01 08:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11277 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/09/28/11277.aspx Outils d'évaluation de la santé TMS Incapacité Patient-oriented outcomes Santé psychologique au travail Affections Évaluation de la capacité fonctionnelle Étude des qualités psychométriques de l’Outil d’identification de la situation de handicap au travail (OISHT) utilisé auprès de travailleurs ayant un trouble musculosquelettique ou un trouble mental courant <p>L&#39;outil d&#39;identification de la situation de handicap au travail (OISHT) consiste en une entrevue structur&eacute;e qui a &eacute;t&eacute; d&eacute;velopp&eacute;e pour aider les cliniciens &agrave; identifier de fa&ccedil;on syst&eacute;matique les facteurs li&eacute;s &agrave; l&#39;incapacit&eacute; au travail. L&#39;OISHT est un des rares outils disponibles en r&eacute;adaptation pour la client&egrave;le en phase chronique d&#39;incapacit&eacute; au travail. Il tient compte de l&#39;influence de diff&eacute;rents syst&egrave;mes (personnel, sant&eacute;, travail, indemnisation) et a &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;labor&eacute; pour les deux principales probl&eacute;matiques de sant&eacute; associ&eacute;es &agrave; l&#39;incapacit&eacute; au travail, soit les troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS) et les troubles mentaux courants (TMC).<br />L&#39;objectif de cette &eacute;tude visait la validation de l&#39;OISHT aupr&egrave;s de personnes absentes du travail, en raison de TMS ou de TMC. Plus pr&eacute;cis&eacute;ment, il s&#39;agissait de d&eacute;crire les qualit&eacute;s psychom&eacute;triques suivantes de l&#39;OISHT : 1) la validit&eacute; de construit, 2) la coh&eacute;rence interne, 3) la fid&eacute;lit&eacute; interjuges et 4) la validit&eacute; convergente.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101007/n/outil-identification-de-la-situation-handicap-au-travail-oisht-trouble-musculosquelettique-trouble-mental-courant" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101007/n/outil-identification-de-la-situation-handicap-au-travail-oisht-trouble-musculosquelettique-trouble-mental-courant">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101007/n/outil-identification-de-la-situation-handicap-au-travail-oisht-trouble-musculosquelettique-trouble-mental-courant</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 28 Sep 2018 13:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/09/28/11277.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-28T13:24:00Z 2018-09-28 13:24 +00:00 2018-09-28 09:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11262 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/27/11262.aspx Évaluation et mesure Types de tâches Charge physique Manutention manuelle Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Overall risk index for patient transfers in total assistance mode executed by emergency medical technician-paramedics in real work situations <p>Few studies have quantified the risk of musculoskeletal disorders during patient transfers in total assistance mode in real-life prehospital emergency care situations. An index to assess the overall risk of patient transfers was created; it makes it possible to quantify risk based on the patient&#39;s position and the height of the patient&#39;s location. An analysis of 71 transfers executed by paramedics in actual work situations showed that moving a patient from the ground was characterized by acute sagittal flexions and axial rotations, respectively, 42% and 12% of the time. When the patient was lying on a raised surface, the lifting index and perceived exertion were the lowest (2.55; easy). According to the overall risk index, patient transfers from the ground are the riskiest. Paramedics execute many risky lifts even in favorable patient handling contexts.</p> <p>Source: Larouche, D., Bellemare, M., Prairie, J., Hegg-Deloye, S. et&nbsp;Corbeil, P. (2019). <em>Applied Ergonomics, 74</em>, 177-185.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.08.029" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.08.029">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.08.029</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 27 Sep 2018 17:43:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/27/11262.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-27T17:43:00Z 2018-09-27 17:43 +00:00 2018-09-27 13:43 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11273 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/25/11273.aspx Traitement acoustique des locaux Prévention du bruit Réduction du bruit Étude de terrain pour l'évaluation de l'effet du masquage sonore sur la santé et le bien-être au travail dans les bureaux ouverts. <p>Les syst&egrave;mes de masquage sonore d&#39;aujourd&#39;hui sont pr&eacute;sent&eacute;s comme des outils pour r&eacute;duire les nuisances sonores dans les bureaux ouverts. Ces syst&egrave;mes comprennent des haut-parleurs qui augmentent artificiellement le bruit de fond pour r&eacute;duire l&#39;intelligibilit&eacute; de la parole et, selon leurs fabricants, ils r&eacute;duisent les perturbations et la fatigue cognitive. Ces arguments reposent sur des &eacute;tudes dont la repr&eacute;sentativit&eacute; reste limit&eacute;e puisqu&#39;elle ne repose que sur des exp&eacute;riences de laboratoire impliquant des temps d&#39;exposition courts. C&#39;est ce manque de donn&eacute;es repr&eacute;sentatives qui justifie la pr&eacute;sente &eacute;tude, dont l&#39;objectif est d&#39;&eacute;valuer in situ les effets d&#39;un syst&egrave;me de masquage sur diff&eacute;rents &eacute;tats psychologiques (fatigue, stress, charge mentale) et sur les nuisances sonores. Pour atteindre cet objectif, un syst&egrave;me de masquage acoustique du commerce a &eacute;t&eacute; s&eacute;lectionn&eacute; sur la base de crit&egrave;res techniques tels que la possibilit&eacute; de g&eacute;n&eacute;rer un champ acoustique uniforme dans la pi&egrave;ce ou la possibilit&eacute; d&#39;ajuster automatiquement le niveau &eacute;mis au niveau sonore environnant. Le syst&egrave;me a &eacute;t&eacute; install&eacute; pendant plusieurs semaines dans un bureau ouvert d&#39;une grande soci&eacute;t&eacute; bancaire fran&ccedil;aise. Deux types de mesures ont &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;s tout au long de la p&eacute;riode de mise en oeuvre du syst&egrave;me. (1) Mesures objectives : les caract&eacute;ristiques de performance acoustique de la pi&egrave;ce ont &eacute;t&eacute; mesur&eacute;es (d&eacute;gradation spatiale du niveau sonore - D2, S et DL2 - et temps de r&eacute;verb&eacute;ration) ainsi que le bruit ambiant &agrave; diff&eacute;rents moments de fonctionnement du syst&egrave;me. (2) Mesures subjectives &agrave; l&#39;aide de questionnaires. Ces mesures subjectives nous ont permis d&#39;&eacute;valuer les effets du masquage sonore sur les diff&eacute;rents &eacute;tats psychologiques susmentionn&eacute;s. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/dms/inrs/Presse/presse-2018/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR.pdf" title="http://www.inrs.fr/dms/inrs/Presse/presse-2018/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR.pdf">http://www.inrs.fr/dms/inrs/Presse/presse-2018/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 25 Sep 2018 12:38:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/25/11273.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-25T12:38:00Z 2018-09-25 12:38 +00:00 2018-09-25 08:38 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11265 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/09/20/11265.aspx États-Unis Indemnisation Coûts des lésions professionnelles Lésions professionnelles Régions géographiques Reoccurring Injury, Chronic Health Conditions, and Behavioral Health <p><strong>Gender Differences in the Causes of Workers&#39; Compensation Claims</strong><br />Objective: The aim of this study was o examine how work and nonwork health-related factors contribute to workers&#39; compensation (WC) claims by gender.<br />Methods: Workers (N = 16,926) were enrolled in the Pinnacol Assurance Health Risk Management study, a multiyear, longitudinal research program assessing small and medium-sized enterprises in Colorado. Hypotheses were tested using gender-stratified logistic regression models.<br />Results: For both women and men, having incurred a prior WC claim increased the odds of a future claim. The combination of incurring a prior claim and having metabolic health conditions resulted in lower odds of a future claim. Behavioral health risk factors increased the odds of having a claim more so among women than among men.<br />Conclusion: This study provides data to support multifactorial injury theories, and the need for injury prevention efforts that consider workplace conditions as well as worker health.</p> <p>Source: Schwatka, N. V., Shore, E., Atherly, A., Weitzenkamp, D., Dally, M. J., vS Brockbank, C., ...&nbsp;et Newman, L. S. (2018). <em>Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 60</em>(8), 710-716.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001301" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001301">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001301</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 20 Sep 2018 12:27:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/09/20/11265.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-20T12:27:00Z 2018-09-20 12:27 +00:00 2018-09-20 08:27 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11247 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/19/11247.aspx Dextérité Conception Gants de protection Protection des mains et des bras Caractéristiques de conception des équipements ASTM F2010 / F2010M - 18 - Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Glove Effects on Wearer Finger Dexterity Using a Modified Pegboard Test <p>Scope:&nbsp;This test method is used for evaluating finger dexterity while wearing gloves.<br />This test method covers procedures in which the wearer picks up small objects between the thumb and index finger.<br />This test method is suitable for evaluating gloves and other forms of hand protection that allow the wearer to pick up small objects between their thumb and index finger.<br />This test method does not address all effects of glove use on hand function. Other methods should be considered to evaluate the effects of gloves on grip, tactility, and other hand functions of interest.<br />The values stated in SI units or in other units shall be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system must be used independently of the other, without combining values in any way.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2010.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2010.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2010.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 19 Sep 2018 12:40:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/19/11247.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-19T12:40:00Z 2018-09-19 12:40 +00:00 2018-09-19 08:40 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11251 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/09/17/11251.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Facteurs organisationnels Méthodes et types d’études Méthodes non-expérimentales Étude longitudinale Étude épidémiologique Facteurs liés à l’environnement de travail Workplace Social System and Sustained Return-to-Work: A Study of Supervisor and Co-worker Supportiveness and Injury Reaction <p>Objective: To examine the impact of the social workplace system on sustained return-to-work (SRTW). Methods: A random sample of workers&#39; compensation claimants was recruited to complete a survey following claim acceptance (baseline), and 6 months later (time 2). SRTW, at baseline and time 2, was classified as those reporting being back at work for &gt;28 days. Co-worker and supervisor support were assessed using five and seven items, respectively, and total scores were produced. A list of potential supervisory and co-worker reactions were presented to participants who were asked whether the reaction applied to them; response were coded as positive or non-positive. Demographic and injury characteristics, and work context factors were collected. Baseline and at time 2 multivariable models were conducted to examine the impact of supervisory and coworker support and injury reaction on SRTW. Results: 551 (baseline) and 403 (time 2) participants from the overall cohort met study eligibility criteria. At baseline, 59% of all participants indicated SRTW; 70% reported SRTW at time 2. Participants reported moderate support from their supervisor (mean&thinsp;=&thinsp;8.5&thinsp;&plusmn;&thinsp;3.9; median&thinsp;=&thinsp;8.2; range&thinsp;=&thinsp;5&ndash;15) and co-workers (mean&thinsp;=&thinsp;10.2&thinsp;&plusmn;&thinsp;4.5; median&thinsp;=&thinsp;10.3; range&thinsp;=&thinsp;5&ndash;25). Over half reported a positive supervisor (59%) or co-worker injury reaction (71%). Multivariable models found that a positive supervisor injury reaction was significantly associated with SRTW at baseline (OR 2.3; 95% CI 1.4&ndash;3.9) and time 2 (OR 1.6; 95% CI 1.1&ndash;2.3). Conclusions: Promoting supervisor positivity towards an injured worker is an important organizational work disability management strategy.</p> <p>Source: Jetha, A., LaMontagne, A. D., Lilley, R., Hogg-Johnson, S., Sim, M.&nbsp;et Smith, P. (2018). <em>Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 28</em>(3),&nbsp;486-494.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9724-z" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9724-z ">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9724-z</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 17 Sep 2018 18:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/09/17/11251.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-17T18:44:00Z 2018-09-17 18:44 +00:00 2018-09-17 14:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11237 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/17/11237.aspx Protection biologique Secteur des services de santé Utilisation Équipement de protection individuel Secteurs d'activités Risk of self-contamination during doffing of personal protective equipment <p>Background: The aim of this study was to describe the risk of self-contamination associated with doffing of personal protective equipment (PPE) and to compare self-contamination with various PPE protocols.<br />Methods: We tested 10 different PPE donning and doffing protocols, recommended by various health organizations for Ebola. Ten participants were recruited for this study and randomly assigned to use 3 different PPE protocols. After donning of PPE, fluorescent lotion and spray were applied on the external surface of the PPE to simulate contamination, and ultraviolet light was used to count fluorescent patches on the skin.<br />Results: After testing 30 PPE sequences, large fluorescent patches were recorded after using &ldquo;WHO coverall and 95&rdquo; and &ldquo;North Carolina coverall and N95&rdquo; sequences, and small patches were recorded after using &ldquo;CDC coverall and N95&rdquo; and &ldquo;Health Canada gown and N95&rdquo; sequences. Commonly reported problems with PPE use were breathing difficulty, suffocation, heat stress, and fogging-up glasses. Most participants rated PPE high (18/30) or medium (11/30) for ease of donning/doffing and comfort. PPE sequences with powered air-purifying respirators (PAPRs) and assisted doffing were generally associated with fewer problems and were rated the highest.<br />Conclusion: This study confirmed the risk of self-contamination associated with the doffing of PPE. PAPR-containing protocols and assisted doffing should be preferred whenever possible during the outbreak of highly infectious pathogens.</p> <p>Source: Chughtai, A. A., Chen, X.&nbsp;et Macintyre, C. R. (2018).&nbsp;<em>American journal of infection control</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2018.06.003" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2018.06.003">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2018.06.003</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 17 Sep 2018 14:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/17/11237.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-17T14:14:00Z 2018-09-17 14:14 +00:00 2018-09-17 10:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11245 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/17/11245.aspx Matériaux acoustiques Prévention du bruit Méthodes de mesure Réduction du bruit Méthodologie innovante pour la caractérisation des matériaux acoustiques en laboratoire et étude de son applicabilité sur le terrain <p>La performance d&#39;un traitement insonorisant se traduit par un coefficient d&#39;absorption, qui est d&eacute;fini th&eacute;oriquement entre une valeur de 0 (mat&eacute;riau non absorbant) et une valeur de 1 (mat&eacute;riau parfaitement absorbant). Peu pr&eacute;cise &agrave; plusieurs &eacute;gards, la mesure de ce coefficient est uniquement r&eacute;alis&eacute;e en laboratoire. Elle est caract&eacute;ris&eacute;e par la grande variabilit&eacute; des r&eacute;sultats entre les laboratoires de test et les valeurs d&#39;absorption obtenues atteignent souvent des valeurs non physiques en pratique (sup&eacute;rieures &agrave; 1). Pourtant, ces valeurs servent actuellement &agrave; choisir des mat&eacute;riaux pour des traitements absorbants, ou pour r&eacute;aliser des calculs pr&eacute;visionnels de bruit (pour lesquels la principale source d&#39;erreur reste la connaissance pr&eacute;cise de ces coefficients).<br />Sur la base d&#39;une premi&egrave;re preuve de concept, la pr&eacute;sente &eacute;tude propose une m&eacute;thode de caract&eacute;risation robuste et fiable des traitements absorbants en laboratoire et &eacute;value son applicabilit&eacute; sur le terrain, afin de pouvoir mesurer les performances r&eacute;elles des mat&eacute;riaux apr&egrave;s leur installation. L&#39;approche propos&eacute;e repose sur la mesure de la propagation acoustique entre une source mobile (formant une &laquo; antenne &raquo; virtuelle) et un doublet microphonique fixe &agrave; faible distance d&#39;un &eacute;chantillon du mat&eacute;riau test&eacute;. Dans une &eacute;tape de post-traitement ult&eacute;rieure, ces donn&eacute;es sont utilis&eacute;es pour obtenir le coefficient d&#39;absorption dans des conditions de champ acoustique diffus.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101005/n/caracterisation-materiaux-acoustiques" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101005/n/caracterisation-materiaux-acoustiques">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101005/n/caracterisation-materiaux-acoustiques</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 17 Sep 2018 12:53:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/17/11245.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-17T12:53:00Z 2018-09-17 12:53 +00:00 2018-09-17 08:53 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11236 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/13/11236.aspx Évaluation Profil d’accidents/incidents Protection biologique Secteur des services de santé Équipement de protection individuel Secteurs d'activités Identification and Characterization of Failures in Infectious Agent Transmission Precaution Practices in Hospitals <p><strong>A Qualitative Study</strong><br />Importance:&nbsp;Using personal protective equipment (PPE) and transmission-based precautions are primary strategies for reducing the transmission of infectious agents.<br />Objective: To identify and characterize failures in transmission-based precautions, including PPE use, by health care personnel that could result in self-contamination or transmission during routine, everyday hospital care.<br />Design, Setting, and Participants: This qualitative study involved direct observation inside and outside patient rooms on clinical units from March 1, 2016, to November 30, 2016. Observations occurred in the medical and/or surgical units and intensive care units at an academic medical center and a Veterans Affairs hospital, as well as the emergency department of the university hospital. Trained observers recorded extensive field notes while personnel provided care for patients in precautions for a pathogen transmitted through contact (eg, Clostridium difficile, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) or respiratory droplet (eg, influenza). Specific occurrences involving potential personnel self-contamination were identified through a directed content analysis. These occurrences were further categorized, using a human factors model of human error, as active failures, such as violations, mistakes, or slips.<br />Conclusions and Relevance: Active failures in PPE use and transmission-based precautions, potentially leading to self-contamination, were commonly observed. The factors that contributed to these failures varied widely, suggesting the need for a range of strategies to reduce potential transmission risk during routine hospital care.</p> <p>Source: Krein, S. L., Mayer, J., Harrod, M., Weston, L. E., Gregory, L., Petersen, L., ...&nbsp;et Drews, F. A. (2018). <em>JAMA Intern Med.,&nbsp;178</em>(8), 1051-1057. <a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/0.1001/jamainternmed.2018.1898%20" title="http://dx.doi.org/0.1001/jamainternmed.2018.1898 ">http://dx.doi.org/0.1001/jamainternmed.2018.1898 </a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 13 Sep 2018 14:38:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/13/11236.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-13T14:38:00Z 2018-09-13 14:38 +00:00 2018-09-13 10:38 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11234 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/12/11234.aspx Protection biologique Secteur des services de santé Vêtements de protection Équipement de protection individuel Secteurs d'activités Normes et législation Vêtements de protection d'urgence médicale NFPA 1999 - Standard on Protective Clothing and Ensembles for Emergency Medical Operations <p>This standard specifies requirements for EMS protective clothing to protect personnel performing patient care during emergency medical operations from contact with blood and body fluid-borne pathogens. It also includes additional requirements that provide limited protection from specified CBRN terrorism agents.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=1999" title="https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=1999">https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=1999</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 12 Sep 2018 17:37:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/12/11234.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-12T17:37:00Z 2018-09-12 17:37 +00:00 2018-09-12 13:37 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11233 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/11/11233.aspx Vêtements de protection Vêtements de protection chimique Secteurs d'activités Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture NF EN ISO 27065 - Habillement de protection - Exigences de performance pour les vêtements de protection portés par les opérateurs appliquant des pesticides et pour les travailleurs de rentrée <p>Le pr&eacute;sent document &eacute;tablit les exigences de performance minimale, de classification et de marquage pour les v&ecirc;tements de protection port&eacute;s par les op&eacute;rateurs manipulant des pesticides ainsi que par les travailleurs de rentr&eacute;e. Aux fins du pr&eacute;sent document, le terme &quot;pesticide&quot; s&#39;applique aux insecticides, herbicides, fongicides et autres substances appliqu&eacute;es sous forme liquide qui sont destin&eacute;s &agrave; pr&eacute;venir, d&eacute;truire, repousser ou contenir les organismes nuisibles ou les mauvaises herbes en milieu agricole, dans les espaces verts, sur les bords de routes, etc. Il ne couvre pas les produits biocides utilis&eacute;s en milieu agricole et non agricole. La manipulation des pesticides inclut les op&eacute;rations de m&eacute;lange et chargement et d&#39;application, et d&#39;autres activit&eacute;s telles que le nettoyage des &eacute;quipements et r&eacute;cipients contamin&eacute;s. Les pesticides concentr&eacute;s font g&eacute;n&eacute;ralement l&#39;objet de manipulations lors du m&eacute;lange et du chargement. Les v&ecirc;tements de protection concern&eacute;s par le pr&eacute;sent document comprennent, entre autres, les chemises, vestes, pantalons, combinaisons, tabliers, manchettes de protection, casquettes/chapeaux et autres couvre-chefs (exclusion faite des casques de protection constitu&eacute;s de mat&eacute;riaux rigides, par exemple les casques port&eacute;s par les travailleurs du b&acirc;timent) , ainsi que les accessoires utilis&eacute;s en dessous des pulv&eacute;risateurs &agrave; dos. Le pr&eacute;sent document ne traite pas des articles utilis&eacute;s pour la protection des voies respiratoires, des mains et des pieds. Il ne traite pas de la protection contre les fumigants.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-iso-27065/habillement-de-protection-exigences-de-performance-pour-les-vetements-de-protection-portes-par-les-operateurs-appliquant-des-pes/article/822857/fa176009" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-iso-27065/habillement-de-protection-exigences-de-performance-pour-les-vetements-de-protection-portes-par-les-operateurs-appliquant-des-pes/article/822857/fa176009">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-iso-27065/habillement-de-protection-exigences-de-performance-pour-les-vetements-de-protection-portes-par-les-operateurs-appliquant-des-pes/article/822857/fa176009</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 11 Sep 2018 17:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/11/11233.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-11T17:26:00Z 2018-09-11 17:26 +00:00 2018-09-11 13:26 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11230 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/09/10/11230.aspx Équipements Machines fixes Grues Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Secteurs d'activités Tower crane safety on construction sites: A complex sociotechnical system perspective <p>Tower crane is the lifeline of the construction industry, but tower crane accidents are still too frequent. Despite the significant progress in tower crane safety research, system thinking-based approaches are lacking. The aim of this paper is to analyze tower crane safety from a complex sociotechnical system perspective through implementing both qualitative and quantitative analysis methods. Characteristics of five tower crane safety system components are summarized with a new framework comprised of five system-based levels based on Rasmussen&#39;s risk management theory. Fifty-six contributing factors of tower crane safety were identified. The AcciMap technique was applied to qualitatively build a generic model for tower crane safety, which comprehensively presents the systems levels and casual paths of the contributing factors. A survey was conducted to quantitatively research the tower crane safety system. Nine main dimensions and 25 critical factors were found pertaining to the tower crane safety system. These results provide a new lens for tower crane safety and contribute new systems thinking applications in tower crane safety management.</p> <p>Source: Zhou, W., Zhao, T., Liu, W.&nbsp;et Tang, J. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety Science, 109</em>, 95-108.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.001" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.001">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.001</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 10 Sep 2018 13:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/09/10/11230.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-10T13:17:00Z 2018-09-10 13:17 +00:00 2018-09-10 09:17 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11232 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/10/11232.aspx Chaussures de sécurité Normes et réglementation Protection des pieds ASTM F2412 - 18a - Standard Test Methods for Foot Protection <p>These test methods contain requirements to evaluate the performance of footwear for the following:<br />- Impact resistance for the toe area of footwear (I),<br />- Compression resistance for the toe area of footwear (C),<br />- Metatarsal protection that reduces the chance of injury to the metatarsal bones at the top of the foot (Mt),<br />- Conductive properties which reduce hazards that may result from static electricity buildup, and reduce the possibility of ignition of explosives and volatile chemicals (Cd),<br />- Electric hazard to protect the wearer when accidentally stepping on live electric wires (EH),<br />- Static dissipative properties to reduce hazards that result from a build up of static charge where there is an underlying risk of accidental contact with live electrical circuits (SD), and<br />- Puncture resistance footwear devices (PR).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2412.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2412.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2412.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 10 Sep 2018 13:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/10/11232.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-10T13:14:00Z 2018-09-10 13:14 +00:00 2018-09-10 09:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11231 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/09/06/11231.aspx Facteurs humains Facteurs de risque Protecteurs ou dispositifs de protection Appréciation du risque Risque machine Sécurité des machines Literature review on the incentives and solutions for the bypassing of guards and protective devices on machinery <p>Bypassing guards and protective devices on machinery can lead to serious and fatal accidents. The aim of this paper is to conduct a comprehensive review that sheds light on the definition of bypassing, related regulations and standards, workers&#39; incentives to bypass, and possible solutions to overcome this issue. The review generated 72 incentives to bypass guards and protective devices and 82 solutions. Some of the most frequent incentives included the necessity to remove safeguards in order to perform activities (e.g. adjustment, troubleshooting, maintenance, and installation), a lack of visibility, failures and a lack of reliability of the safeguards. This literature analysis suggests classifying the incentives into five categories: ergonomics, productivity, machine or safeguarding, behavior, and corporate climate. The solutions, which are related to the design, manufacturing, and usage phases, are classified into technical, organizational, and individual factors. These are all factors that influence the prevention of bypassing. The review shows that there is a lack of an integrated tool to prevent bypassing. This paper serves as a foundation to develop such a tool, as well as to provide useful insights into the incentives for bypassing, as well as preventive solutions that could be used as a guideline for researchers and OHS preventionists.</p> <p>Source: Haghighi, A., Chinniah, Y.&nbsp;et Jocelyn, S. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety Science</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.07.010" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.07.010">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.07.010</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 06 Sep 2018 19:38:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/09/06/11231.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-06T19:38:00Z 2018-09-06 19:38 +00:00 2018-09-06 15:38 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11229 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/06/11229.aspx Effets sur la santé Force de préhension Vibrations main-bras TMS Outils portatifs Facteurs de risque Occupational biomechanical risk factors for surgically treated ulnar nerve entrapment in a prospective study of male construction workers <p>Evidence was provided for forceful hand-grip work, with and without vibration, as a risk factor for ulnar nerve entrapment (UNE) surgery in a large cohort of Swedish construction&nbsp; workers. Several individual biomechanical factors comprising such work were associated with increased risk of UNE, including: increased grip force, upper extremity load, frequency of hand-held tool use, and hand arm vibration.</p> <p>Source: Jackson, J. A., Olsson, D., Punnett, L., Burdorf, A., J&auml;rvholm, B.&nbsp;et Wahlstr&ouml;m, J. (2018). <em>Scandinavian journal of work, environment &amp; health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3757" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3757">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3757</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 06 Sep 2018 18:29:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/06/11229.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-06T18:29:00Z 2018-09-06 18:29 +00:00 2018-09-06 14:29 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11225 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/05/11225.aspx Évaluation Garde-corps Protection contre les chutes de hauteur Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Secteurs d'activités Preventing falls: Choosing compatible Fall Protection Supplementary Devices (FPSD) for bridge maintenance work using virtual prototyping <p>Apart from struck-by safety incidents, fall-related injuries are a major concern in bridge maintenance work. To protect against falls from bridge decks, maintenance workers largely rely on existing bridge guardrails. However, a large number of bridge guardrails do not comply with the regulatory height requirement of 42 &plusmn; 3 in. for sufficient fall protection &ndash; although appropriate for vehicular traffic. To address this fall protection issue, a few departments of transportation (DOTs) have adopted Fall Protection Supplementary Devices (FPSDs). These devices are temporarily installed on existing bridge guardrails to sufficiently increase the barrier height while work is performed on bridge decks. However, not all FPSDs are compatible with every bridge guardrail. Therefore, to provide sufficient protection, DOT decision makers are tasked with identifying FPSDs that are compatible for each guardrail application. This generally has involved physically installing FPSDs and assessing compatibility on a trial-and-error basis. The use of such inefficient techniques have resulted in significant errors, wasted resources, productivity losses, and an increased likelihood of struck-by safety incidents. To address this issue, the objective of this study is to propose an efficient, cost-effective, and safe approach to assessing compatibility using virtual prototyping methods. In addition, to illustrate the use of the proposed method, a case example of the compatibility testing between two bridge guardrails in North Carolina and three separate FPSDs is presented. It is expected that the proposed method will provide a useful mechanism for DOTs to select suitable FPSDs to protect their workforce.</p> <p>Source: Zuluaga, C. M.&nbsp;et Albert, A. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety science, 108</em>, 238-247.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.08.006" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.08.006">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.08.006</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 05 Sep 2018 19:33:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/05/11225.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-05T19:33:00Z 2018-09-05 19:33 +00:00 2018-09-05 15:33 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11218 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/09/04/11218.aspx Appréciation du risque Méthodes Risque machine Sécurité des machines Estimation of probability of harm in safety of machinery using an investigation systemic approach and Logical Analysis of Data <p>In safety of machinery, estimating the probability of occurrence of harm is a recurrent problem. This paper proposes and applies a new method to estimate that probability. Information regarding accidents involving machinery that is gathered and analyzed by experts is formatted based on a systemic-inspired model using the MELITO concept. Then, Logical Analysis of Data (LAD) is used to extract knowledge automatically to characterize accidents. MELITO describes the context in which the accident has occurred, gathering information about the moment (M), equipment (E), location (L), individual (I), task (T) and organization (O). LAD is a data mining algorithm that infers knowledge learning from a database. In this paper, a case study consisting of twenty-three fatal and serious accident reports involving belt conveyors is presented. Data on these accidents is classified according to MELITO. The inferred knowledge is presented in the form of interpretable patterns that characterize and distinguish fatalities from non-fatal harm. Each pattern consists of a Boolean equation from MELITO and covers a subset of accidents. Based on each pattern, the probability of the occurrence of harm related to a hazardous situation is estimated. Such probability is useful in monitoring risk behavior after the occurrence of a new accident, for instance.</p> <p>Source: Jocelyn, S., Ouali, M. S.&nbsp;et Chinniah, Y. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety science, 105</em>, 32-45.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.01.018" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.01.018">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.01.018</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 04 Sep 2018 12:56:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/09/04/11218.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-04T12:56:00Z 2018-09-04 12:56 +00:00 2018-09-04 08:56 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11212 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/31/11212.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Équipement de protection Équipement de protection individuel Canadiens vulnérables au bruit en milieu de travail <p>Contexte : Les lois relatives &agrave; la sant&eacute; et &agrave; la s&eacute;curit&eacute; visent &agrave; prot&eacute;ger les travailleurs des dangers, y compris du bruit excessif. Cependant, certains travailleurs ne sont pas tenus d&#39;utiliser des dispositifs de protection de l&#39;ou&iuml;e en cas d&#39;exposition &agrave; du bruit intense et ils peuvent en subir les r&eacute;percussions n&eacute;fastes, notamment des troubles auditifs et des acouph&egrave;nes.<br />Donn&eacute;es et m&eacute;thodes : Les donn&eacute;es pour les personnes &acirc;g&eacute;es de 19 &agrave; 79 ans (n = 6 571) ont &eacute;t&eacute; recueillies de 2012 &agrave; 2015 dans le cadre de l&#39;Enqu&ecirc;te canadienne sur les mesures de la sant&eacute;. Les personnes expos&eacute;es &agrave; du bruit intense en milieu de travail sont celles qui doivent &eacute;lever la voix pour communiquer avec une personne se trouvant &agrave; la distance d&#39;un bras. Les travailleurs vuln&eacute;rables sont ceux qui ne sont pas tenus d&#39;utiliser, pendant leur travail dans des environnements bruyants, des dispositifs de protection de l&#39;ou&iuml;e et qui ne les utilisent que parfois, rarement ou jamais.<br />R&eacute;sultats : On estime que 11 millions de Canadiens (43 %) ont travaill&eacute; dans des environnements bruyants et que plus de 6 millions d&#39;entre eux (56 %) sont class&eacute;s comme &eacute;tant vuln&eacute;rables au bruit en milieu de travail. M&ecirc;me si le pourcentage de femmes vuln&eacute;rables (72 %) &eacute;tait sup&eacute;rieur &agrave; celui des hommes (48 %), le nombre d&#39;hommes d&eacute;passait celui des femmes dans ce contexte pour atteindre 3,7 millions (par rapport &agrave; 2,4 millions de femmes). Les travailleurs autonomes &eacute;taient plus susceptibles d&#39;&ecirc;tre vuln&eacute;rables que les employ&eacute;s, tout comme les cols blancs &eacute;taient plus susceptibles d&#39;&ecirc;tre vuln&eacute;rables que les cols bleus. Les travailleurs vuln&eacute;rables &eacute;taient plus enclins &agrave; d&eacute;clarer souffrir de troubles auditifs et d&#39;acouph&egrave;nes que les personnes n&#39;ayant jamais travaill&eacute; dans un environnement bruyant.<br />Interpr&eacute;tation : Un pourcentage &eacute;lev&eacute; de travailleurs expos&eacute;s &agrave; un milieu de travail bruyant &eacute;tait vuln&eacute;rable parce que l&#39;utilisation d&#39;un dispositif de protection de l&#39;ou&iuml;e n&#39;&eacute;tait pas obligatoire ni courante</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/fr/pub/82-003-x/2018008/article/00002-fra.pdf" title="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/fr/pub/82-003-x/2018008/article/00002-fra.pdf">https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/fr/pub/82-003-x/2018008/article/00002-fra.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 31 Aug 2018 13:59:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/31/11212.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-31T13:59:00Z 2018-08-31 13:59 +00:00 2018-08-31 09:59 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11211 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/27/11211.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Caractérisation du bruit des machines Émission du bruit Secteur de l’industrie manufacturière Exposition au bruit industriel Secteurs d'activités Control of noise risk in the printing industry <p>Machinery used in the printing industry is inherently noisy. Noise levels in this industry have the potential to cause work-related hearing damage, if the risks are not properly assessed and managed. HSE has undertaken a study of noise levels and exposures in the printing industry, to determine noise risks and identify control measures.<br />The noise levels measured in this study indicate that print workers are exposed to hazardous levels of noise: 93% of the study population had noise exposure estimates exceeding the lower exposure action value (LEP,d 80 dB) specified in the Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005.<br />However, many effective noise control features were observed, which, when fully and properly used, can be effective in reducing noise exposures.<br />The inherently noisy nature of the industry, even in more modern print works where quieter machinery is used, means that there is likely to be an ongoing requirement for the use of hearing protection. Although hearing protection was observed to be widely provided and used, failure to correctly fit plug-type protection was commonly observed.<br />Instruction handbooks, obtained for a sample of printing machinery, were found, in most cases, to contain declared noise emission information that would help the user assess and manage real-use risk.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1102.htm" title="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1102.htm">http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1102.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 27 Aug 2018 18:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/27/11211.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-27T18:19:00Z 2018-08-27 18:19 +00:00 2018-08-27 14:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11193 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/13/11193.aspx Prévention du bruit Secteur des services de santé Fatigue auditive Équipement de protection individuel et collectif Secteurs d'activités Alarme sonore The impact of workload on the ability to localize audible alarms <p>Very little is known about people&#39;s ability to localize sound under varying workload conditions, though it would be expected that increasing workload should degrade performance. A set of eight auditory clinical alarms already known to have relatively high localizability (the ease with which their location is identified) when tested alone were tested in six conditions where workload was varied. Participants were required to indicate the location of a series of alarms emanating at random from one of eight speaker locations. Additionally, they were asked to read, carry out mental arithmetic tasks, be exposed to typical ICU noise, or carry out either the reading task or the mental arithmetic task in ICU noise. Performance in the localizability task was best in the control condition (no secondary task) and worst in those tasks which involved both a secondary task and noise. The data does therefore demonstrate the typical pattern of increasing workload affecting a primary task in an area where there is little data. In addition, the data demonstrates that performance in the control condition results in a missed alarm on one in ten occurrences, whereas performance in the heaviest workload conditions results in a missed alarm on every fourth occurrence. This finding has implications for the understanding of both &lsquo;inattentional deafness&#39; and &lsquo;alarm fatigue&#39; in clinical environments.</p> <p>Source: Edworthy, J., Reid, S., Peel, K., Lock, S., Williams, J., Newbury, C., ...&nbsp;et Farrington, M. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Applied ergonomics, 72</em>, 88-93.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.05.006" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.05.006">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.05.006</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 13 Aug 2018 15:10:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/13/11193.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-13T15:10:00Z 2018-08-13 15:10 +00:00 2018-08-13 11:10 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11192 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/08/13/11192.aspx TMS Membres supérieurs Recension des écrits Méthodes et types d’études Affections Main Sickness absence after carpal tunnel release <p><strong>A&nbsp;systematic review of the literature</strong><br />Objectives: The aim of this systematic review was to provide an overview of time to return to work (RTW) after carpal tunnel release (CTR), including return to different occupations and working patterns.<br />Methods: A systematic search from inception to 2016 was conducted using nine electronic databases, trial registries and grey literature repositories. Randomized controlled trials and observational studies reporting RTW times after CTR were included. Study risk of bias was assessed using Cochrane risk of bias assessment tools. Time to RTW was summarized using median and range.<br />Results: A total of 56 relevant studies were identified: 18 randomized controlled trials and 38 observational studies. Only 4 studies were rated as having a low risk of bias. Reported RTW times ranged from 4&ndash;168 days. Few studies reported occupational information. Among 6 studies, median time to return to non-manual work was 21 days (range 7&ndash;41), compared with 39 days for manual work (range 18&ndash;101). Median time to return to modified or full duties was 23 days (ranges 12&ndash;50 and 17&ndash;64, respectively), as reported by 3 studies. There was no common method of defining, collecting or reporting RTW data.<br />Conclusions: This review highlights wide variation in reported RTW times after CTR. Whilst occupational factors may play a role, these were poorly reported, and there is currently limited evidence to inform individual<br />patients of their expected duration of work absence after CTR. A standardized definition of RTW is needed, as well as an agreed method of collecting and reporting related data.</p> <p>Source: Newington L., Stevens M., Warwick D., Adams J. et&nbsp;Walker-Bone K. (2018). <em>Scand J Work Environ Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3762" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3762">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3762</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 13 Aug 2018 14:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/08/13/11192.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-13T14:14:00Z 2018-08-13 14:14 +00:00 2018-08-13 10:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11174 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/08/11174.aspx Pénétration Vêtements de protection Vêtements de protection chimique Pesticides Secteurs d'activités Normes et législation Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture ASTM F903 - 18 - Standard Test Method for Resistance of Materials Used in Protective Clothing to Penetration by Liquids <p>Significance and Use:&nbsp;This test method is normally used to evaluate the barrier effectiveness against penetration of liquids through materials, seams, closures, or other planar assemblies used in protective clothing and specimens from finished items of protective clothing.&nbsp;Finished items of protective clothing include gloves, arm protectors, aprons, coveralls, suits, hoods, boots, and similar items.<br />Scope: This test method is used to test specimens of protective clothing materials, assemblies such as seams and closures, or interfaces used in the construction of protective clothing. The resistance to visible penetration of the test liquid is determined with the liquid in continuous contact with the normally outside (exterior) surface of the test specimen.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F903.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F903.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/F903.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 08 Aug 2018 18:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/08/11174.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-08T18:24:00Z 2018-08-08 18:24 +00:00 2018-08-08 14:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11173 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/06/11173.aspx Protection chimique Vêtements de protection Vêtements de protection chimique Secteurs d'activités Normes et législation Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture ASTM F2669 - 12(2018) - Standard Performance Specification for Protective Clothing Worn by Operators Applying Pesticides <p>Scope: <br />This specification establishes minimum performance, classification, and labeling requirements for protective clothing worn by operators applying pesticide products, primarily field strength, in liquid form. Protective clothing items covered by this specification include, but are not necessarily limited to, liquid-tight or spray-tight garments, coveralls, jackets, shirts, and pants. This specification addresses protection provided by protective accessories, with the exception of those used for the protection of the head, hands, and feet.&nbsp;This specification does not address protection against biocides, fumigants, or highly volatile liquids.&nbsp;The values given in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2669.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2669.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2669.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 06 Aug 2018 14:22:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/06/11173.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-06T14:22:00Z 2018-08-06 14:22 +00:00 2018-08-06 10:22 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11169 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/07/31/11169.aspx Recension des écrits Méthodes et types d’études Recension systématique des écrits Évaluation d’intervention en réadaptation Interventions Developed with the Intervention Mapping Protocol in Work Disability Prevention <p><strong>A Systematic Review of the Literature</strong><br />Purposes Intervention mapping (IM) is a protocol for developing effective behavior change interventions. It has been used for 10 years to develop work disability prevention (WDP) interventions, but it is not known to what extent and with what success. The main objective of this study was to review the effectiveness of these interventions. Secondary objectives were to review their fidelity to the IM protocol, their theoretical frameworks and their content. Methods A search strategy was conducted in MEDLINE, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Pascal, Francis, and BDSP. All titles and abstracts were reviewed. A standardized extraction form was developed. All included studies were reviewed by two reviewers blinded to each other. Results Eight WDP interventions were identified aimed at return to work (RTW; n&thinsp;=&thinsp;6) and self-management at work (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;2). RTW interventions targeted workers with stress-related mental disorders (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;1), low back pain (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;1), musculoskeletal disorders (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;1), cancer (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;2) and gynecological surgery (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;1). The fidelity to the IM protocol was weaker for the participatory planning group. Matrices of change, change methods, and applications were systematically reported. The main theoretical frameworks used were the attitude-social influence-self efficacy model (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;4) and the theory of planned behavior (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;2). Half of the interventions included a workplace component (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;4). Two interventions were reported as effective, and one partially effective. Conclusion The IM protocol is used in WDP since 2007. The participative dimension appears underused. Few theoretical frameworks were used. Implications are to better consider the stakeholders involvement, and mobilize theoretical frameworks with greater attempts to intervene on the work environment.</p> <p>Source: Fassier, J. B., Sarnin, P., Rouat, S., P&eacute;ron, J., Kok, G., Letrilliart, L.&nbsp;et Lamort-Bouch&eacute;, M. (2018). <em>Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-018-9776-8" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-018-9776-8">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-018-9776-8</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 31 Jul 2018 13:34:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/07/31/11169.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-31T13:34:00Z 2018-07-31 13:34 +00:00 2018-07-31 09:34 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11141 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/07/23/11141.aspx Engins de terrassement Équipements Appréciation du risque Machines mobiles et véhicules Sécurité des machines Worker safety and injury severity analysis of earthmoving equipment accidents <p>Introduction: Research on construction worker safety associated with construction equipment has mostly focused on accident type rather than injury severity and the embedded factor relationships. Significant variables and their effects on the degree of injury are examined for earthmoving equipment using data from OSHA. Four types of equipment, backhoe, bulldozer, excavator, and scraper are included in the study. Accidents involving on-foot workers and equipment operators are investigated collectively, as well as separately. Methods: Cross tabulation analysis was conducted to establish the associations between selected categorical variables, using degree of injury as a dichotomous dependent variable (fatal vs. nonfatal) and a number of independent variables having different values. Odds ratios were calculated to determine how much a certain variable/factor increases the odds of fatality in an accident, and the odds ratios were ranked to determine the relative impact of a given factor. Results: It was found that twelve variables were significantly associated with injury severity. Rankings based on odds ratios showed that inadequate safety training (2.54), missing equipment protective system (2.38), being a non-union worker (2.26), being an equipment operator (1.93), and being on or around inadequately maintained equipment (1.58) produced higher odds for fatality. Conclusion: A majority of the earthmoving equipment accidents resulted in fatality. Backhoes were the most common equipment involved in accidents and fatalities. Struck-by accidents were the most prevalent and most fatal. Non-OSHA compliant safety training, missing seatbelt, operator not using seatbelt, malfunctioning back-up alarms, and poorly maintained equipment were factors contributing to accidents and fatalities. On-foot workers experienced a higher number of accidents than operators, while fatality odds were higher for the operators. Practical applications: Safety professionals should benefit from our findings in planning and delivering training and providing oversight to workers in earthmoving equipment operations.</p> <p>Source: Kazan, E.&nbsp;et Usmen, M. A. (2018). <em>Journal of safety research, 65</em>, 73-81.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2018.02.008" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2018.02.008">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2018.02.008</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 23 Jul 2018 19:38:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/07/23/11141.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-23T19:38:00Z 2018-07-23 19:38 +00:00 2018-07-23 15:38 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11112 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/07/10/11112.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Absentéisme Cancer Affections Maintien en emploi Trajectoires professionnelles Inégalités sociales de santé Affections non associées au travail Conséquences de la survenue du cancer sur les parcours professionnels <p><strong>Une analyse sur donn&eacute;es m&eacute;dico-administratives</strong><br />Ce rapport &eacute;tudie les effets &agrave; court et moyen termes de la survenue d&#39;un cancer sur l&#39;emploi et l&#39;activit&eacute;. Il utilise la base de donn&eacute;es Hygie, produite par l&#39;Irdes &agrave; partir des donn&eacute;es administratives de la Caisse nationale de l&#39;Assurance maladie et de la Caisse nationale d&#39;assurance vieillesse. Hygie permet de reconstituer la carri&egrave;re de l&#39;individu ainsi que les &eacute;v&eacute;nements de sant&eacute;.<br />Une premi&egrave;re partie exploite la dimension r&eacute;trospective li&eacute;e &agrave; la carri&egrave;re et confirme l&#39;effet p&eacute;nalisant du cancer sur l&#39;activit&eacute; et l&#39;augmentation des arr&ecirc;ts maladie. Les r&eacute;sultats d&#39;un mod&egrave;le de double diff&eacute;rence avec appariement exact montrent la persistance des effets de la maladie sur l&#39;&eacute;loignement du march&eacute; du travail, la probabilit&eacute; d&#39;&ecirc;tre employ&eacute; au moins un trimestre dans l&#39;ann&eacute;e diminuant jusqu&#39;&agrave; un horizon de cinq ans. Nous mesurons &eacute;galement l&#39;effet des douze cancers les plus pr&eacute;valents dans la base Hygie et de maladies chroniques ayant un impact potentiel sur le march&eacute; du travail. Les effets les plus marqu&eacute;s sont relatifs au cancer du poumon et des bronches, &agrave; la schizophr&eacute;nie et au VIH. Les maladies chroniques autres que le cancer ont des effets nettement plus att&eacute;nu&eacute;s probablement parce que leurs traitements au long cours am&eacute;liorent la qualit&eacute; de vie.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irdes.fr/recherche/rapports/568-consequences-de-la-survenue-du-cancer-sur-les-parcours-professionnels.pdf" title="http://www.irdes.fr/recherche/rapports/568-consequences-de-la-survenue-du-cancer-sur-les-parcours-professionnels.pdf">http://www.irdes.fr/recherche/rapports/568-consequences-de-la-survenue-du-cancer-sur-les-parcours-professionnels.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 10 Jul 2018 13:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/07/10/11112.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-10T13:49:00Z 2018-07-10 13:49 +00:00 2018-07-10 09:49 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11061 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/06/12/11061.aspx Surdité Risques dus au bruit Revue de littérature Revue de la littérature sur les liens entre la surdité professionnelle et la presbyacousie <p>Cette&nbsp;revue de la litt&eacute;rature a &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;e pour r&eacute;pondre &agrave; une s&eacute;rie de questions concernant le processus d&#39;acquisition de la surdit&eacute; professionnelle. L&#39;objectif g&eacute;n&eacute;ral du projet visait &agrave; documenter comment s&#39;acquiert la surdit&eacute; professionnelle en relation, plus particuli&egrave;rement, avec la presbyacousie.<br />La&nbsp;revue de la litt&eacute;rature visait plus sp&eacute;cifiquement &agrave; 1) d&eacute;terminer si l&#39;exposition au bruit peut acc&eacute;l&eacute;rer le processus de la presbyacousie; 2) &eacute;tablir si l&#39;utilisation de facteurs de correction peut permettre de discriminer la surdit&eacute; professionnelle de la presbyacousie; 3) &eacute;valuer comment &eacute;volue la surdit&eacute; apr&egrave;s l&#39;arr&ecirc;t de l&#39;exposition &agrave; un bruit excessif au travail.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100984/n/revue-litterature-liens-surdite-professionnelle-presbyacousie" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100984/n/revue-litterature-liens-surdite-professionnelle-presbyacousie">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100984/n/revue-litterature-liens-surdite-professionnelle-presbyacousie</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 12 Jun 2018 12:35:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/06/12/11061.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-12T12:35:00Z 2018-06-12 12:35 +00:00 2018-06-12 08:35 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11039 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/06/05/11039.aspx TMS Interventions Essais randomisés Affections Épaules Cou Types d'interventions Thérapie multidisciplinaire Essais comparatifs Return to Work in Employees on Sick Leave due to Neck or Shoulder Pain <p><strong>A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Multidisciplinary and Brief Intervention with One-Year Register-Based Follow-Up</strong><br />Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a multidisciplinary intervention (MDI) compared to a brief intervention (BI) with respect to return to work (RTW), pain and disability in workers on sick leave because of neck or shoulder pain. Methods: 168 study participants with sickness absence for 4&ndash;16 weeks due to neck or shoulder pain were enrolled in a hospital-based clinical study and randomized to either MDI or BI. The primary outcome was RTW obtained by a national registry on public transfer payments. Secondary outcomes were self-reported pain and disability levels. One-year follow-up RTW rates were estimated by Cox proportional hazard regression adjusted for gender, age, sick leave prior to inclusion, part-time sick leave and clinical diagnosis. Secondary outcomes were analysed using logistic and linear regression analysis for pain and disability, respectively. Results: In the MDI group, 50 participants (59%) experienced four or more continuous weeks of RTW while 48 (58%) returned to work in the BI group during the 1 year of follow-up. Results showed a statistically non significant tendency towards a lower rate of RTW in the MDI group than in the BI group (adjusted HR&thinsp;=&thinsp;0.84, 95% CI 0.54, 1.31). There were no statistically significant differences in secondary outcomes between the MDI and BI groups. Conclusion: The brief and the multidisciplinary interventions performed equally with respect to both primary and secondary outcomes. The added focus on RTW in the multidisciplinary group did not improve RTW rates in this group.</p> <p>Source: Moll, L. T., Jensen, O. K., Schi&oslash;ttz-Christensen, B., Stapelfeldt, C. M., Christiansen, D. H., Nielsen, C. V.&nbsp;et Labriola, M. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Journal of occupational rehabilitation</em>, 28,(2),&nbsp;346-356.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9727-9" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9727-9">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9727-9</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 05 Jun 2018 12:42:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/06/05/11039.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-05T12:42:00Z 2018-06-05 12:42 +00:00 2018-06-05 08:42 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11037 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/06/01/11037.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Recension des écrits Facteurs cognitifs et émotionnels Détresse psychologique Méthodes et types d’études Cancer Affections Facteurs liés à la personne Affections non associées au travail Common Psychosocial Factors Predicting Return to Work After Common Mental Disorders, Cardiovascular Diseases, and Cancers <p><strong>A Review of Reviews Supporting a Cross-Disease Approach</strong><br />Purpose: This systematic review aimed at identifying the common psychosocial factors that facilitate or hinder the return to work (RTW) after a sick leave due to common mental disorders (CMDs), cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), or cancers (CAs). Methods: We conducted a review of reviews searching 13 databases from 1994 to 2016 for peer-reviewed, quantitative, cohort studies investigating factors influencing RTW after a CMD, CVD, or CA. Then, for each disease we identified additional cohort studies published after the date of the latest review included. Data were extracted following a three steps best-evidence synthesis method: the extraction of results about each predictor from studies within each single review and in the additional papers; the synthesis of results across the reviews and additional papers investigating the same disease; and the synthesis of results across the diseases. Results: The search strategy identified 1029 unique records from which 27 reviews and 75 additional studies underwent comprehensive review. 14 reviews and 32 additional cohort studies met eligibility criteria. Specific predictors of RTW with different levels of evidence are provided for each disease. We found four common facilitators of RTW (job control, work ability, perceived good health and high socioeconomic status), and six barriers of RTW (job strain, anxiety, depression, comorbidity, older age and low education). Conclusion: This is the first review to systematically analyze commonalities in RTW after CMDs, CVDs, or CAs. The common factors identified indicate that the RTW process presents many similarities across various diseases, thus supporting the validity of a cross-disease approach.</p> <p>Source: Gragnano, A., Negrini, A., Miglioretti, M. et&nbsp;Corbi&egrave;re, M. (2018). <em>Journal of occupational rehabilitation,&nbsp;28</em>(2),&nbsp;215-231.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9714-1" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9714-1 ">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9714-1</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 01 Jun 2018 17:29:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/06/01/11037.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-01T17:29:00Z 2018-06-01 17:29 +00:00 2018-06-01 13:29 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11038 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/31/11038.aspx Outils d'évaluation de la santé TMS Patient-oriented outcomes Affections Validation de questionnaire Validation of the Readiness for Return-To-Work Scale in outpatient occupational rehabilitation in Canada <p>Purpose: To examine construct and concurrent validity of the Readiness for Return-To-Work (RRTW) Scale with injured workers participating in an outpatient occupational rehabilitation program. Methods: Lost-time claimants (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;389) with sub-acute or chronic musculoskeletal disorders completed the RRTW Scale on their first day of their occupational rehabilitation program. Statistical analysis included exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of the readiness items, reliability analyses, and correlation with related scales and questionnaires. Results: For claimants in the non-job attached/not working group (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;165), three factors were found (1) Contemplation (2) Prepared for Action-Self-evaluative and (3) Prepared for Action-Behavioural. The precontemplation stage was not identified within this sample of injured workers. For claimants who were job attached/working group in some capacity (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;224), two factors were identified (1) Uncertain Maintenance and (2) Proactive Maintenance. Expected relationships and statistically significant differences were found among the identified Return-To-Work (RTW) readiness factors and related constructs of pain, physical and mental health and RTW expectations. Conclusion: Construct and concurrent validity of the RRTW Scale were supported in this study. The results of this study indicate the construct of readiness for RTW can vary by disability duration and occupational category. Physical health appears to be a significant barrier to RRTW for the job attached/working group while mental health significantly compromises RRTW with the non-job attached/not working group.</p> <p>Source: Park, J., Roberts, M. R., Esmail, S., Rayani, F., Norris, C. M.&nbsp;et Gross, D. P. (2018). <em>Journal of occupational rehabilitation, 28</em>(2),&nbsp;332-345.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9721-2" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9721-2">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9721-2</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 31 May 2018 17:32:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/31/11038.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-05-31T17:32:00Z 2018-05-31 17:32 +00:00 2018-05-31 13:32 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11040 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/30/11040.aspx Interventions Cancer Affections Affections non associées au travail Rehabilitation and return to work after cancer - Instruments and practices <p>Being diagnosed with cancer has immediate and long-lasting effects, even after the completion of treatment.<br />This project explores the occupational safety and health challenges that employers and employees face when workers return to work after a diagnosis of cancer. The report provides national examples of successful instruments and practices that help prevent long-term sickness absence and unemployment.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/rehabilitation-and-return-work-after-cancer-instruments-and/view" title="https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/rehabilitation-and-return-work-after-cancer-instruments-and/view">https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/rehabilitation-and-return-work-after-cancer-instruments-and/view</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 30 May 2018 18:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/30/11040.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-05-30T18:14:00Z 2018-05-30 18:14 +00:00 2018-05-30 14:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11036 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/29/11036.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Épuisement professionnel Détresse psychologique Santé psychologique au travail Affections Facteurs liés à l’environnement de travail How Can Supervisors Contribute to the Return to Work of Employees Who have Experienced Depression? <p>Background: In Western countries, work disability due to depression is a widespread problem that generates enormous costs. Objective: The goal of this study was to determine the types and prevalence of supervisor contributions during the different phases of the return-to-work (RTW) process (before and during the sick-leave absence, and during the RTW preparations) of employees diagnosed with depression. Moreover, we sought to determine which contributions actually facilitate employees&#39; RTW, and to identify the work accommodations most frequently implemented by supervisors at the actual time of their employee&#39;s RTW. Methods: Telephone interviews were conducted in Qu&eacute;bec (Canada) with 74 supervisors working with employees who were already back at work or still on sick leave due to depression. A sub-sample of 46 supervisors who had already taken measures to facilitate their employees&#39; RTW was questioned about the work accommodations implemented. Results: Most of the supervisors got along well with their employees before their sick leave and 72% stayed in contact with them during their leave. Nearly 90% of the supervisors encouraged their employees to focus primarily on their recovery before their RTW, but 43% pressured their employees to RTW as soon as possible. Cox regression analyses performed for the entire sample revealed that &ldquo;the supervisors&#39; intention to take measures to facilitate their employees&#39; RTW&rdquo; was the only significant predictor of the RTW at the time of the interview. The Kaplan&ndash;Meier survival curve showed that 50% of the employees were expected to RTW within the first 8 months of absence. Four of the most frequently implemented work accommodations were actions directly involving the supervisor (i.e. providing assistance, feedback, recognition, and emotional support to the employee). Conclusions: This study shed light on the less explored point of view of the supervisor involved in the RTW process of employees post-depression. It highlighted the most frequent and effective supervisor contributions to the process. These results can be used to develop concrete action plans for training supervisors to contribute to the sustainable RTW of employees on sick leave due to depression.</p> <p>Source: Negrini, A., Corbi&egrave;re, M., Lecomte, T., Coutu, M. F., Nieuwenhuijsen, K., St-Arnaud, L., ...&nbsp;et Berbiche, D. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Journal of occupational rehabilitation, 28</em>(2),&nbsp;279-288.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9715-0" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9715-0">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9715-0</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 29 May 2018 17:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/29/11036.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-05-29T17:05:00Z 2018-05-29 17:05 +00:00 2018-05-29 13:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11035 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/05/28/11035.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Agents ototoxiques Prévention du bruit Use of the kurtosis statistic in an evaluation of the effects of noise and solvent exposures on the hearing thresholds of workers <p><strong>An exploratory study</strong><br />The aim of this exploratory study was to examine whether the kurtosis metric can contribute to investigations of the effects of combined exposure to noise and solvents on human hearing thresholds. Twenty factory workers exposed to noise and solvents along with 20 workers of similar age exposed only to noise in eastern China were investigated using pure-tone audiometry (1000&ndash;8000&thinsp;Hz). Exposure histories and shift-long noise recording files were obtained for each participant. The data were used in the calculation of the cumulative noise exposure (CNE) and CNE adjusted by the kurtosis metric for each participant. Passive samplers were used to measure solvent concentrations for each worker exposed to solvents over the full work shift. Results showed an interaction between noise exposure and solvents for the hearing threshold at 6000&thinsp;Hz. This effect was observed only when the CNE level was adjusted by the kurtosis metric.</p> <p>Source: Fuente, A., Qiu, W., Zhang, M., Xie, H., Kardous, C. A., Campo, P.&nbsp;et Morata, T. C. (2018).&nbsp;<em>The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 143</em>(3), 1704-1710.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5028368" title="https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5028368 ">https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5028368</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 28 May 2018 19:23:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/05/28/11035.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-05-28T19:23:00Z 2018-05-28 19:23 +00:00 2018-05-28 15:23 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11031 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/24/11031.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Vieillissement de la main d'oeuvre Caractéristiques des travailleurs Santé psychologique au travail Caractéristiques sociales Âge Facteurs sociodémographiques Maintien en emploi Facteurs liés à l’environnement de travail Secteurs d'activités Secteur de l'enseignement Quels sont les facilitateurs du maintien en emploi en santé des travailleurs seniors dans un milieu d’éducation au Québec? <p>Le pourcentage de travailleurs seniors &acirc;g&eacute;s de 45 ans et plus augmente sans cesse sur le march&eacute; du travail au Qu&eacute;bec. Dans le secteur de l&#39;&eacute;ducation, une large portion de la main-d&#39;&oelig;uvre est &acirc;g&eacute;e de 45 ans et plus (41 %) et un tiers du personnel aura quitt&eacute; son poste entre 2009 et 2018 (Grenier, 2009). Des statistiques r&eacute;centes montrent aussi que les l&eacute;sions tant de nature physique que psychologique des travailleurs qu&eacute;b&eacute;cois du secteur de l&#39;&eacute;ducation sont souvent associ&eacute;es &agrave; une perte de temps indemnis&eacute;e par la Commission des normes, de l&#39;&eacute;quit&eacute;, de la sant&eacute; et de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail (CNESST). Ces l&eacute;sions touchent davantage des travailleurs seniors qui occupent diverses fonctions (p. ex., enseignants, personnel administratif) (Busque, 2012). L&#39;objectif g&eacute;n&eacute;ral de cette &eacute;tude est d&#39;identifier les d&eacute;terminants du maintien en emploi en sant&eacute; des travailleurs seniors &acirc;g&eacute;s de 45 ans et plus &oelig;uvrant dans une commission scolaire (CS) qu&eacute;b&eacute;coise.<br />Cette &eacute;tude a permis de mieux comprendre comment les conditions de travail caract&eacute;ris&eacute;es par la pr&eacute;sence de facteurs psychosociaux favorisent la sant&eacute; psychologique des travailleurs seniors et les encouragent &agrave; rester en emploi &agrave; la CS plut&ocirc;t que de d&eacute;cider &agrave; prendre une retraite h&acirc;tive. Les r&eacute;sultats de la Phase 1 ont mis en &eacute;vidence que les travailleurs en fin de carri&egrave;re montrent de plus hauts niveaux de stresseurs ressentis au travail et d&#39;amotivation comparativement &agrave; ceux qui se trouvent dans l&#39;&eacute;tape interm&eacute;diaire de leur carri&egrave;re. Pour les travailleurs retrait&eacute;s, l&#39;autonomie et la flexibilit&eacute; des horaires contribuaient &agrave; leur satisfaction au travail et &agrave; leur motivation introject&eacute;e. Ces aspects positifs de la sant&eacute; psychologique au travail, &agrave; leur tour, ont d&eacute;termin&eacute; leur choix de se maintenir en emploi &agrave; la CS, et ce, jusqu&#39;&agrave; leur retraite r&eacute;guli&egrave;re. Comparativement au groupe qui a opt&eacute; pour une retraite h&acirc;tive avec des p&eacute;nalit&eacute;s financi&egrave;res, celui des travailleurs qui ont choisi une retraite r&eacute;guli&egrave;re se caract&eacute;rise par des niveaux plus &eacute;lev&eacute;s de satisfaction au travail et de satisfaction envers l&#39;&eacute;tablissement.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100983/n/facilitateurs-maintien-emploi-sante-travailleurs-seniors-milieu-education-quebec" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100983/n/facilitateurs-maintien-emploi-sante-travailleurs-seniors-milieu-education-quebec">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100983/n/facilitateurs-maintien-emploi-sante-travailleurs-seniors-milieu-education-quebec</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 24 May 2018 12:11:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/24/11031.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-05-24T12:11:00Z 2018-05-24 12:11 +00:00 2018-05-24 08:11 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10955 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/23/10955.aspx Troubles cardio-vasculaires Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Effets sur la santé Exposition - dose Risques dus au bruit Fatigue auditive Cardiovascular conditions, hearing difficulty, and occupational noise exposure within US industries and occupations <p>Background: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of occupational noise exposure, hearing difficulty and cardiovascular conditions within US industries and occupations, and to examine any associations of these outcomes with occupational noise exposure. <br />Methods: National Health Interview Survey data from 2014 were examined. Weighted prevalence and adjusted prevalence ratios of self-reported hearing difficulty, hypertension, elevated cholesterol, and coronary heart disease or stroke were estimated by level of occupational noise exposure, industry, and occupation. <br />Results: Twenty-five percent of current workers had a history of occupational noise exposure (14% exposed in the last year), 12% had hearing difficulty, 24% had hypertension, 28% had elevated cholesterol; 58%, 14%, and 9% of these cases can be attributed to occupational noise exposure, respectively. <br />Conclusions: Hypertension, elevated cholesterol, and hearing difficulty are more prevalent among noise-exposed workers. Reducing workplace noise levels is critical. Workplace-based health and wellness programs should also be considered. </p> <p>Source: Kerns, E., Masterson, E. A., Themann, C. L.&nbsp;et Calvert, G. M. (2018).&nbsp;<em>American journal of industrial medicine</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22833" title="https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22833">https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22833</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 23 Apr 2018 19:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/23/10955.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-23T19:05:00Z 2018-04-23 19:05 +00:00 2018-04-23 15:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10949 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/20/10949.aspx Agents ototoxiques Risques dus au bruit Preventing Hearing Loss Caused by Chemical (Ototoxicity) and Noise Exposure <p>Millions of workers are exposed to noise in the workplace every day and when uncontrolled, noise exposure may cause permanent hearing loss. Research demonstrates exposure to certain chemicals, called ototoxicants, may cause hearing loss or balance problems, regardless of noise exposure. Substances including certain pesticides, solvents, and pharmaceuticals that contain ototoxicants can negatively affect how the ear functions, causing hearing loss, and/or affect balance. The risk of hearing loss is increased when workers are exposed to these chemicals while working around elevated noise levels. This combination often results in hearing loss that can be temporary or permanent, depending on the level of noise, the dose of the chemical, and the duration of the exposure. This hearing impairment affects many occupations and industries, from machinists to firefighters.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2018-124/" title="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2018-124/">https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2018-124/</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 20 Apr 2018 13:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/20/10949.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-20T13:49:00Z 2018-04-20 13:49 +00:00 2018-04-20 09:49 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10933 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/04/12/10933.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Absentéisme Environnement de travail Santé psychologique au travail Exigence du travail Secteur des services de santé Facteurs liés à l’environnement de travail Secteurs d'activités Psychosocial work environment and mental health-related long-term sickness absence among nurses <p>Purpose: We investigated which job demands and job resources were predictive of mental health-related long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in nurses.<br />Methods: The data of 2059 nurses were obtained from the Norwegian survey of Shift work, Sleep and Health. Job demands (psychological demands, role conflict, and harassment at the workplace) and job resources (social support at work, role clarity, and fair leadership) were measured at baseline and linked to mental health-related LTSA during 2-year follow-up. Cox regression models estimated hazard ratios (HR) and related 95% confidence intervals (CI). The c-statistic was used to investigate the discriminative ability of the Cox regression models.<br />Results: A total of 1533 (75%) nurses were included in the analyses; 103 (7%) of them had mental health-related LTSA during 2-year follow-up. Harassment (HR = 1.07; 95% CI 1.01&ndash;1.17) and social support (HR = 0.92; 95% CI 0.87&ndash;0.98) were associated with mental health-related LTSA. However, the Cox regression model did not discriminate between nurses with and without mental health-related LTSA (c = 0.59; 95% CI 0.53&ndash;0.65).<br />Conclusions: Harassment was positively and social support at the workplace was negatively related to mental health-related LTSA, but both failed to discriminate between nurses with and without mental health-related LTSA during 2-year follow-up.</p> <p>Source: Roelen, C. A., van Hoffen, M. F., Waage, S., Schaufeli, W. B., Twisk, J. W., Bjorvatn, B., ...&nbsp;et Pallesen, S. (2018).&nbsp;<em>International archives of occupational and environmental health, 91</em>(2), 195-203.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-017-1268-1" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-017-1268-1 ">https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-017-1268-1</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 12 Apr 2018 14:59:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/04/12/10933.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-12T14:59:00Z 2018-04-12 14:59 +00:00 2018-04-12 10:59 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10924 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/12/10924.aspx Surdité Risques dus au bruit Secteur de l’agriculture et de la sylviculture Atteinte auditive Secteurs d'activités Prevalence of hearing loss among noise-exposed workers within the agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting sector, 2003-2012 <p>Background: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss among noise-exposed US workers within the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting (AFFH) sector. <br />Methods: Audiograms for 1.4 million workers (17&thinsp;299 within AFFH) from 2003 to 2012 were examined. Prevalence, and the adjusted risk for hearing loss as compared with the reference industry (Couriers and Messengers), were estimated. <br />Results: The overall AFFH sector prevalence was 15% compared to 19% for all industries combined, but many of the AFFH sub-sectors exceeded the overall prevalence. Forestry sub-sector prevalences were highest with Forest Nurseries and Gathering of Forest Products at 36% and Timber Tract Operations at 22%. The Aquaculture sub-sector had the highest adjusted risk of all AFFH sub-sectors (PR&thinsp;=&thinsp;1.70; CI&thinsp;=&thinsp;1.42-2.04). <br />Conclusions: High risk industries within the AFFH sector need continued hearing conservation efforts. Barriers to hearing loss prevention and early detection of hearing loss need to be recognized and addressed. <p> <p>Source: Masterson, E. A., Themann, C. L., &amp; Calvert, G. M. (2018). <em>American journal of industrial medicine, 61</em>(1), 42-50.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22792" title="|https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22792">https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22792</a><br />&nbsp;</p> </p> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 12 Apr 2018 14:22:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/12/10924.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-12T14:22:00Z 2018-04-12 14:22 +00:00 2018-04-12 10:22 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10922 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/10/10922.aspx Surdité Risques dus au bruit Secteur de l'administration publique Secteur des services de santé Atteinte auditive Secteurs d'activités Prevalence of Hearing Loss Among Noise-Exposed Workers Within the Health Care and Social Assistance Sector, 2003 to 2012 <p>Objective: The purpose was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss for noise-exposed U.S. workers within the Health Care and Social Assistance (HSA) sector.<br />Methods: Audiograms for 1.4 million workers (8702 within HSA) from 2003 to 2012 were examined. Prevalences and adjusted risks for hearing loss as compared with a reference industry were estimated for the HSA sector and all industries combined.<br />Results: While the overall HSA sector prevalence for hearing loss was 19%, the prevalences in the Medical Laboratories subsector and the Offices of All Other Miscellaneous Health Practitioners subsector were 31% and 24%, respectively. The Child Day Care Services subsector had a 52% higher risk than the reference industry.<br />Conclusion: High-risk industries for hearing loss exist within the HSA sector. Further work is needed to identify the sources of noise exposure and protect worker hearing.</p> <p>Source: Masterson, Elizabeth, A., Themann, Christa, L., Calvert, Geoffrey, M. (2018). <em>Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine,&nbsp;60</em>(4),&nbsp;350&ndash;356.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001214" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001214">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001214</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 10 Apr 2018 19:27:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/10/10922.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-10T19:27:00Z 2018-04-10 19:27 +00:00 2018-04-10 15:27 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10901 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/03/10901.aspx Normalisation et réglementation du bruit Guide ASTM E1374 - Standard Guide for Office Acoustics and Applicable ASTM Standards <p>This guide is intended for the use of architects, engineers, office managers, and others interested in designing, specifying, or operating office environments.<br />It is not intended to be applied to other environments, for example, open plan schools.<br />While this guide attempts to clarify the many interacting variables that influence acoustical performance, it is not intended to supplant the experience and judgment of experts in the field of acoustics. Competent technical advice should be sought for success in the design of offices, including comparisons of test results carried out according to ASTM standards.<br />This guide discusses the principles and interactions that affect the acoustical performance of open and closed offices. It describes the application and use of the relevant series of ASTM standards.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E1374.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E1374.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/E1374.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 03 Apr 2018 17:03:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/03/10901.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-03T17:03:00Z 2018-04-03 17:03 +00:00 2018-04-03 13:03 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10872 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/02/06/10872.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Absentéisme Méthodes et types d’études Facteurs de risque d'incapacité prolongée Méthodes non-expérimentales Étude épidémiologique Recherche quantitative Prediction of long-term absence due to sickness in employees <p><strong>Development and validation of a multifactorial risk score in two cohort studies</strong><br />Objectives: This study aimed to develop and validate a risk prediction model for long-term sickness absence.<br />Methods: Survey responses on work- and lifestyle-related questions from 65 775 public-sector employees were linked to sickness absence records to develop a prediction score for medically-certified sickness absence lasting &gt;9 days and &ge;90 days. The score was externally validated using data from an independent population-based cohort of 13 527 employees. For both sickness absence outcomes, a full model including 46 candidate predictors was reduced to a parsimonious model using least-absolute-shrinkage-and-selection-operator (LASSO) regression. Predictive performance of the model was evaluated using C-index and calibration plots.<br />Results: Variance explained in &ge;90-day sickness absence by the full model was 12.5%. In the parsimonious model, the predictors included self-rated health (linear and quadratic term), depression, sex, age (linear and quadratic), socioeconomic position, previous sickness absences, number of chronic diseases, smoking, shift work, working night shift, and quadratic terms for body mass index and Jenkins sleep scale. The discriminative ability of the score was good (C-index 0.74 in internal and 0.73 in external validation). Calibration plots confirmed high correspondence between the predicted and observed risk. In &gt;9-day sickness absence, the full model explained 15.2% of the variance explained, but the C-index of the parsimonious model was poor (&lt;0.65).<br />Conclusions: Individuals&#39; risk of a long-term sickness absence that lasts &ge;90 days can be estimated using a brief risk score. The predictive performance of this score is comparable to those for established multifactorial risk algorithms for cardiovascular disease, such as the Framingham risk score.</p> <p>Source: Airaksinen, J., Jokela, M., Virtanen, M., Oksanen, T., Koskenvuo, M., Pentti, J., ...&nbsp;et Kivim&auml;ki, M. (2018). <em>Scandinavian journal of work, environment &amp; health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3713" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3713">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3713</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 06 Feb 2018 20:00:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/02/06/10872.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-02-06T20:00:00Z 2018-02-06 20:00 +00:00 2018-02-06 15:00 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10867 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/01/31/10867.aspx Santé psychologique au travail Intervention précoce Intervention psychosociale Secteur du transport et de l'entreposage Intervention Secteurs d'activités Évaluation de différents protocoles de gestion d’incident et de soutien aux employés après un incident grave <p>L&#39;industrie ferroviaire canadienne fait r&eacute;guli&egrave;rement face &agrave; des incidents critiques (IC) associ&eacute;s &agrave; des collisions avec des personnes ou des v&eacute;hicules. Ces incidents peuvent occasionner des blessures graves, ou des d&eacute;c&egrave;s, parmi les victimes, mais aussi des probl&egrave;mes de sant&eacute; mentale chez les ing&eacute;nieurs et conducteurs op&eacute;rant les locomotives. Chaque ann&eacute;e, environ 20 personnes d&eacute;c&egrave;dent lors de collisions avec un train au Qu&eacute;bec et une centaine au Canada. &Agrave; ces incidents mortels s&#39;ajoute un nombre inconnu d&#39;incidents lors desquels des personnes ont &eacute;t&eacute; bless&eacute;es ou des d&eacute;g&acirc;ts mat&eacute;riels ont &eacute;t&eacute; constat&eacute;s. La plupart des ing&eacute;nieurs et conducteurs de train seront expos&eacute;s au moins une fois dans leur carri&egrave;re &agrave; ce type d&#39;&eacute;v&egrave;nement. Ils sont &agrave; la fois t&eacute;moins, victimes, parties prenantes et souvent premiers r&eacute;pondants lorsqu&#39;un tel incident critique se produit.<br />Quelques &eacute;tudes se sont int&eacute;ress&eacute;es aux protocoles de gestion d&#39;IC et de soutien (PGICS) offerts par les employeurs et leurs recommandations visaient souvent &agrave; mettre de l&#39;avant des pratiques visant &agrave; r&eacute;duire l&#39;impact potentiel des IC sur les employ&eacute;s et &agrave; acc&eacute;l&eacute;rer le retour au travail. Par contre, ces protocoles, m&ecirc;me s&#39;ils sont fond&eacute;s sur des &eacute;tudes des cons&eacute;quences des IC et des besoins des employ&eacute;s, n&#39;ont pas encore fait l&#39;objet d&#39;&eacute;valuations empiriques. De telles &eacute;valuations sont n&eacute;cessaires pour d&eacute;terminer les &eacute;l&eacute;ments importants qui g&eacute;n&egrave;rent des effets positifs sur la r&eacute;cup&eacute;ration des employ&eacute;s et pour promouvoir les recommandations fond&eacute;es sur des connaissances scientifiques.<br />Ce projet vise &agrave; &eacute;valuer les PGICS d&eacute;j&agrave; en place au Canada dans l&#39;industrie ferroviaire et leurs effets sur les trajectoires de r&eacute;cup&eacute;ration des employ&eacute;s victimes d&#39;un incident critique et de proposer les pratiques cl&eacute;s pour en r&eacute;duire les effets n&eacute;gatifs.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100968/n/gestion-incident-soutien-employes-incident-grave" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100968/n/gestion-incident-soutien-employes-incident-grave">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100968/n/gestion-incident-soutien-employes-incident-grave</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 31 Jan 2018 20:51:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/01/31/10867.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-01-31T20:51:00Z 2018-01-31 20:51 +00:00 2018-01-31 15:51 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10853 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/01/29/10853.aspx Prévention du bruit Réduction du bruit Sound Advice: a Guide to Hearing Conservation Programs <p>Noise is a serious and widespread problem in many workplaces. Over time, if noise from machinery, processes, and equipment is too loud it can cause permanent hearing loss in workers. But occupational hearing loss ca be prevented if employers, supervisors, workers,&nbsp;and WokSafe BC work together to control noise exposure. <br />The most effective way to do that - and to protect workers hearing- is to implement a noise control and hearing conservation program. Such a program is required whenever noise is above regulated limits.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.worksafebc.com/en/resources/health-safety/books-guides/sound-advice-a-guide-to-hearing-conservation-programs" title="https://www.worksafebc.com/en/resources/health-safety/books-guides/sound-advice-a-guide-to-hearing-conservation-programs">https://www.worksafebc.com/en/resources/health-safety/books-guides/sound-advice-a-guide-to-hearing-conservation-programs</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 29 Jan 2018 15:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/01/29/10853.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-01-29T15:26:00Z 2018-01-29 15:26 +00:00 2018-01-29 10:26 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10836 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/01/19/10836.aspx TMS Affections Tronc Dos Lombalgie Effets psychologiques et biomécaniques immédiats de deux catégories de ceintures lombaires chez des travailleurs en santé et des travailleurs avec maux de dos <p>Bien que les ceintures lombaires (CL) soient inefficaces pour pr&eacute;venir un premier &eacute;pisode de lombalgie, l&#39;avancement des connaissances soutient leur utilisation chez les travailleurs souffrant d&eacute;j&agrave; de ce mal. Dans la perspective o&ugrave; un retour au travail tardif risque de nuire &agrave; la condition de sant&eacute; des travailleurs, l&#39;option du port de la CL peut potentiellement &ecirc;tre avantageuse, car elle pourrait permettre, lors du retour progressif au travail, d&#39;apporter un soutien psychologique afin de rassurer le patient. Cela pourrait donc repr&eacute;senter un outil additionnel, parmi les moyens entrepris pour intervenir sur les facteurs psychosociaux reli&eacute;s &agrave; l&#39;individu et son environnement de travail, pour faciliter ce retour au travail et &eacute;galement pour aider le travailleur &agrave; se maintenir au travail. Cependant, il importe aussi que la CL apporte un support biom&eacute;canique en mati&egrave;re de stabilit&eacute; m&eacute;canique de la colonne vert&eacute;brale lombaire afin de rehausser la s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travailleur. Deux cat&eacute;gories de ceintures souples permettent un niveau suffisant de confort pour &ecirc;tre utilis&eacute;es en milieu de travail, soit les ceintures (1) extensibles (&eacute;lastiques) ou CL-E; (2) non extensibles ou CL-NE. La pr&eacute;sente &eacute;tude a pour but de comparer ces deux cat&eacute;gories de CL en ce qui a trait aux soutiens psychologique et biom&eacute;canique qu&#39;elles prodiguent, cela autant chez des sujets en sant&eacute; que chez des sujets avec maux de dos (lombalgies). &Agrave; titre exploratoire, il devenait aussi pertinent de v&eacute;rifier si diff&eacute;rents sous-groupes de sujets lombalgiques, d&eacute;termin&eacute;s en fonction d&#39;hypoth&egrave;ses biom&eacute;canique (instabilit&eacute; lombaire) ou psychologique (peurs du mouvement ou de la douleur), pr&eacute;senteraient des effets biom&eacute;caniques diff&eacute;rents.&nbsp; Dans la perspective de l&#39;&eacute;valuation de l&#39;effet du port d&#39;une CL dans un &eacute;ventuel essai clinique, il &eacute;tait n&eacute;cessaire d&#39;&eacute;valuer, aussi &agrave; titre exploratoire, certaines variables associ&eacute;es &agrave; l&#39;adoption &agrave; ce type d&#39;intervention.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100962/n/effets-psychologiques-biomecaniques-ceintures-lombaires-travailleurs-maux-dos" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100962/n/effets-psychologiques-biomecaniques-ceintures-lombaires-travailleurs-maux-dos">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100962/n/effets-psychologiques-biomecaniques-ceintures-lombaires-travailleurs-maux-dos</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 19 Jan 2018 12:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/01/19/10836.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-01-19T12:49:00Z 2018-01-19 12:49 +00:00 2018-01-19 07:49 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10790 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/01/04/10790.aspx TMS Absentéisme Méthodes et types d’études Trajectoires thérapeutiques Affections Méthodes non-expérimentales Étude épidémiologique Recherche quantitative Identifying return-to-work trajectories using sequence analysis in a cohort of workers with work-related musculoskeletal disorders <p>Objectives: This study aimed to identify return-to-work (RTW) trajectories among workers with work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) and examine the associations between different MSD and these RTW trajectories.<br />Methods: We used administrative workers&#39; compensation data to identify accepted MSD lost-time claims with an injury date between 2010&ndash;2012 in British Columbia, Canada. Cox regression analyses were used to investigate differences in time to RTW between MSD. Validated day-to-day calendar measures of four RTW states (sickness absence, modified RTW, RTW, and non-RTW) were grouped into RTW trajectories spanning a one-year period using sequence analysis. RTW trajectories were clustered using decision rules that identified a shared trajectory structure. Poisson regression with robust standard errors was used to estimate relative risk ratios (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) between MSD and RTW trajectory clusters.<br />Results: In a cohort of 81 062 claims, 2132 unique RTW trajectories were identified and clustered into nine RTW trajectory clusters. Half of the workers sustainably returned to work within one month. Workers with back<br />strains were most likely to have trajectories characterized by early sustained RTW, while workers with fractures or dislocations were more likely to have prolonged sickness absence trajectories (RR 4.9&ndash;9.9) or non-RTW trajectories (RR 1.4&ndash;7.6).<br />Conclusion: This is the first study that has characterized different types of RTW trajectories of workers with MSD using sequence analysis. The application of sequence analysis and the identification of RTW trajectories<br />yielded a number of key insights not found using conventional cox regression analysis.</p> <p>Source: McLeod C., Reiff E., Maas E., B&uuml;ltmann U. (2017). <em>Scand J Work Environ Health</em>. <br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3701" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3701">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3701</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 04 Jan 2018 14:00:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/01/04/10790.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-01-04T14:00:00Z 2018-01-04 14:00 +00:00 2018-01-04 09:00 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10776 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/12/14/10776.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Facteur d'accident du travail Risques dus au bruit Occupational Noise Exposure and the Risk for Work-Related Injury <p><strong>A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis</strong> <br />Objectives: Occupational noise exposure has been linked to work-related injuries. Strategies to control occupational hazards often rely on dose-response relationships needed to inform policy, but quantitative synthesis of the relevant literature has not been done so far. This study aimed to systematically review the epidemiological literature and to perform meta-analysis of the risk for work-related injury due to occupational noise exposure.<br />Methods: PRISMA and MOOSE guidelines were followed. PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar were searched up until 15 December 2016 in English, Russian, and Spanish. Reference lists, grey literature, and expert archives were searched as well. The risk of bias was assessed for each study and incorporated into the meta-analysis weights using the quality effects model.<br />Results: Overall, 21 studies were included at the qualitative review stage: 9 cross-sectional, 6 case-control, 4 cohort, 1 case-crossover, and 1 ecological. Noise exposure was assessed objectively in 13 studies. Information on occupational injuries was elicited from medical records/registry in 13 studies. Meta-analyses showed RR = 1.22 (95% CI: 1.15, 1.29) (n = 59028) per 5 dB increase in noise exposure (Cochran&#39;s Q = 27.26, P &lt; 0.001, I2 = 67%) and RR = 2.16 (95% CI: 1.61, 2.90) (n = 96023) in the most exposed group (&gt;90&ndash;95 dB) compared with the least exposed group (Cochran&#39;s Q = 180.46, P &lt; 0.001, I2 = 90%). Subgroup analysis with meta-regression revealed an overall robust pooled risk per 5 dB.<br />Conclusions: There is a dose-response association between occupational noise exposure and work-related injury risk. However, the quality of evidence is &lsquo;very low&#39;; therefore, the magnitude of this association should be interpreted with caution.</p> <p>Source: Dzhambov, A., &amp; Dimitrova, D. (2017).&nbsp;<em>Annals of work exposures and health, 61</em>(9), 1037-1053.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxx078" title="https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxx078">https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxx078</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 14 Dec 2017 20:23:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/12/14/10776.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-12-14T20:23:00Z 2017-12-14 20:23 +00:00 2017-12-14 15:23 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10768 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2017/12/12/10768.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Facteurs cognitifs et émotionnels Affections Affections non associées au travail Factors associated with return to work in patients with long-term disabilities due to neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders <p>The current study explores factors predicting return to work in a sample of patients with neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders who have attended a prevocational readiness and social skills training programme many years after trauma. Participants were community-dwelling adults with long-term disabilities (N&thinsp;=&thinsp;67). Results of univariate analyses followed by multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that both pre-injury (prior) and post-injury (current) factors influenced the likelihood of employment in our sample: prior employment, current employment readiness, current cognitive competence (particularly memory and executive functioning) and emotional adjustment. Our findings demonstrate that both pre-trauma and current factors interact in predicting return to work not only for individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI), but also for a broader group of patients with long-term disabilities due to a variety of neurological and neuropsychiatric conditions. Thus, our findings provide preliminary support for ongoing long-term management of individuals with long-term disabilities and warrant close attention of future investigators to potential benefits of cognitive remediation, psychotherapy and vocational rehabilitation in terms of maintenance of initial gains and increased probability of return to work many years after trauma.</p> <p>Source: Mitrushina, M., &amp; Tomaszewski, R. (2017). <em>Neuropsychological rehabilitation</em>, 1-19.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/09602011.2017.1395746">https://doi.org/10.1080/09602011.2017.1395746</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 12 Dec 2017 19:25:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2017/12/12/10768.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-12-12T19:25:00Z 2017-12-12 19:25 +00:00 2017-12-12 14:25 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10706 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/11/06/10706.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Hearing loss associated with repeated MRI acquisition procedure-related acoustic noise exposure <p><strong>An occupational cohort study</strong><br />Objective: To study the effects of repeated exposure to MRI-related acoustic noise during image acquisition procedures (scans) on hearing.<br />Methods: A retrospective occupational cohort study was performed among workers of an MRI manufacturing facility (n=474). Longitudinal audiometry data from the facility&#39;s medical surveillance scheme collected from 1973 to 2010 were analysed by studying the association of cumulative exposure to MRI-related acoustic noise from voluntary (multiple) MRI scans and the hearing threshold of the volunteer.<br />Results: Repeated acoustic noise exposure during volunteer MRI scans was found to be associated with a small exposure-dependent increased rate change of hearing threshold level (dB/year), but the association was only found related to the number of voluntary MRI scans and not to modelled cumulative noise exposure (dB*hour) based on MRI-system type. The increased rate change of hearing threshold level was found to be statistically significant for the frequencies 500, 1000, 2000, 3000 and 4000&thinsp;Hz in the right ear.<br />Conclusions: From our longitudinal cohort study, it appeared that exposure to noise from voluntarily MRI scans may have resulted in a slight amount of hearing loss. Mandatory use of hearing protection might have prevented more severe hearing loss. Lack of consistency in findings between the left and right ears and between the two exposure measures prohibits definitive conclusions. Further research that addresses the study&#39;s methodological limitations is warranted to corroborate our findings.</p> <p>Source: Bongers, S., Slottje, P.&nbsp;et Kromhout, H. (2017).&nbsp;<em>Occup Environ Med</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2016-103750" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2016-103750">http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2016-103750</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 06 Nov 2017 20:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/11/06/10706.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-11-06T20:17:00Z 2017-11-06 20:17 +00:00 2017-11-06 15:17 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10672 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/10/23/10672.aspx Outils prédictifs Prévention du bruit Réduction du bruit Secteurs d'activités Questionnaire GABO (gêne acoustique dans les bureaux ouverts) <p>Le questionnaire GABO (G&ecirc;ne Acoustique dans les Bureaux Ouverts) permet de recueillir le ressenti des salari&eacute;s vis-&agrave;-vis du bruit dans les open-spaces (type de sources sonores g&ecirc;nantes, type de t&acirc;che perturb&eacute;e, &eacute;chelle de sensibilit&eacute; au bruit, perception de leur sant&eacute;, etc.).<br />Il est accompagn&eacute; d&#39;une grille Excel destin&eacute;e &agrave; faciliter l&#39;analyse et la synth&egrave;se des r&eacute;ponses.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=outil62" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=outil62">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=outil62</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 23 Oct 2017 17:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/10/23/10672.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-10-23T17:48:00Z 2017-10-23 17:48 +00:00 2017-10-23 13:48 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10618 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/09/28/10618.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Stratégies de mesure de l'exposition Risques dus au bruit Fatigue auditive Mesure de la fatigue auditive chez les téléopérateurs travaillant avec un casque téléphonique <p>L&#39;&eacute;tude a &eacute;t&eacute; men&eacute;e dans 5 centres d&#39;appels (service client, assistance technique et urgence m&eacute;dicale) chez des salari&eacute;s travaillant avec un casque t&eacute;l&eacute;phonique. L&#39;objectif de l&#39;&eacute;tude &eacute;tait de d&eacute;terminer si cette population souffrait de fatigue auditive &agrave; la fin d&#39;une journ&eacute;e de travail et si le mode d&#39;exposition au bruit : sous casque ou exposition environnementale, pouvait influencer la fatigue.<br />L&#39;audition des volontaires a &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;valu&eacute;e avant et apr&egrave;s leur p&eacute;riode de travail par deux tests compl&eacute;mentaires : une audiom&eacute;trie tonale liminaire et le test EchoScan qui s&#39;appuie sur la mesure du seuil de d&eacute;clenchement des r&eacute;flexes auditifs. Les variations de performance &agrave; ces deux tests r&eacute;alis&eacute;s avant et apr&egrave;s la journ&eacute;e de travail a &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;tudi&eacute;e en fonction de l&#39;exposition sonore re&ccedil;ue par l&#39;op&eacute;rateur sous son casque t&eacute;l&eacute;phonique. </p> <p>Source:&nbsp;Venet, T.,&nbsp;Thomas, A. (2017). <em>R&eacute;f&eacute;rences en sant&eacute; au travail</em>, (151), p. 63-69.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/VuDuTerrain/TI-RST-TF-248/tf248.pdf" title="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/VuDuTerrain/TI-RST-TF-248/tf248.pdf">http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/VuDuTerrain/TI-RST-TF-248/tf248.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 28 Sep 2017 19:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/09/28/10618.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-09-28T19:17:00Z 2017-09-28 19:17 +00:00 2017-09-28 15:17 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10617 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/09/27/10617.aspx Prévention du bruit Réduction du bruit Normes nationales Réduction de la nuisance sonore dans les bureaux ouverts <p><strong>Un exemple d&#39;utilisation de la norme NF S31-199 en entreprise</strong><br />Dans le secteur tertiaire, les salari&eacute;s des bureaux ouverts se plaignent tr&egrave;s souvent du bruit. Le m&eacute;decin du travail ou le pr&eacute;venteur d&#39;entreprise sont g&eacute;n&eacute;ralement d&eacute;munis pour accompagner une d&eacute;marche globale de r&eacute;duction de cette nuisance. Des &eacute;tudes de terrain ont permis de construire une approche compl&egrave;te permettant &agrave; la fois d&#39;objectiver l&#39;acoustique du local et d&#39;&eacute;clairer les difficult&eacute;s ressenties par les salari&eacute;s. L&#39;analyse de l&#39;activit&eacute; est un point cl&eacute; de cette approche, car les besoins de collaboration<br />ou au contraire d&#39;isolement acoustique sont tr&egrave;s diff&eacute;rents d&#39;une typologie de bureau ouvert &agrave; une autre.<br />Cette approche, d&eacute;clin&eacute;e aujourd&#39;hui dans une norme fran&ccedil;aise, est d&eacute;taill&eacute;e dans cet article et illustr&eacute;e en s&#39;appuyant sur un exemple de la d&eacute;marche engag&eacute;e chez l&#39;op&eacute;rateur Orange. </p> <p>Source:&nbsp;Chevret, P.,&nbsp;Chatillon, J.,&nbsp;Amato, J.N.,&nbsp;Ottaviani, P. (2017). <em>R&eacute;f&eacute;rences en sant&eacute; au travail</em>, (151), p. 43-61.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/InfosARetenir/TI-RST-TF-247/tf247.pdf" title="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/InfosARetenir/TI-RST-TF-247/tf247.pdf">http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/InfosARetenir/TI-RST-TF-247/tf247.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 27 Sep 2017 15:47:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/09/27/10617.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-09-27T15:47:00Z 2017-09-27 15:47 +00:00 2017-09-27 11:47 -04:00