Derniers billets 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11675 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/09/13/11675.aspx Appareils filtrants Masque respiratoire Protection respiratoire Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Appareils pour la protection respiratoire Secteurs d'activités Appareil de protection respiratoire de type P100 - Les contraintes liées à l’intensité du travail et aux conditions ambiantes <p>Dans le secteur de la construction, l&#39;exposition professionnelle &agrave; divers contaminants tels que l&#39;amiante, la silice cristalline et les moisissures est pr&eacute;sente dans plusieurs m&eacute;tiers. Dans ces milieux, lorsque le contr&ocirc;le &agrave; la source et les mesures administratives et d&#39;ing&eacute;nierie s&#39;av&egrave;rent insuffisants, le port d&#39;un appareil de protection respiratoire (APR) est essentiel pour r&eacute;duire les risques d&#39;exposition aux contaminants a&eacute;roport&eacute;s. Dans certaines situations de travail et de temp&eacute;ratures ambiantes contraignantes, le port d&#39;un APR pourrait augmenter la p&eacute;nibilit&eacute; des t&acirc;ches, poussant les travailleurs &agrave; vouloir le retirer, alors qu&#39;ils sont toujours expos&eacute;s &agrave; certains contaminants. Cette &eacute;tude avait comme objectif de quantifier les contraintes physiologiques, physiques et perceptivomotrices associ&eacute;es au port d&#39;APR de type demi-masque avec filtre P100 selon la temp&eacute;rature et l&#39;humidit&eacute; relative ambiante lorsqu&#39;un effort physique est exig&eacute;.<br />L&#39;&eacute;tude comportait trois volets. Dans les deux premiers volets, des essais avec et sans le port d&#39;un APR de type demi-masque avec filtre P100 ont &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;s avec huit sujets masculins lors de tests d&#39;effort progressif (30 &agrave; 80 % du co&ucirc;t cardiaque relatif) sur un tapis roulant, dans une chambre &agrave; environnement contr&ocirc;l&eacute;. Pour le volet 1, les participants ont r&eacute;alis&eacute; les essais dans trois conditions de temp&eacute;rature ambiante (23&deg;, 29&deg; et 35 &deg;C) &agrave; une humidit&eacute; relative constante &agrave; 50 %. Pour le volet 2, les participants ont r&eacute;alis&eacute; les essais dans trois conditions d&#39;humidit&eacute; relative ambiante (30 %, 50 %, 80 %) &agrave; une temp&eacute;rature de 29 &deg;C. Pour le volet 3, quatre mod&egrave;les diff&eacute;rents d&#39;APR de type demi-masque avec filtre P100, parmi les plus utilis&eacute;s dans le secteur de la construction au Qu&eacute;bec, ont &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;valu&eacute;s dans des conditions ambiantes contr&ocirc;l&eacute;es (temp&eacute;rature &agrave; 29 &deg;C et 50 % d&#39;humidit&eacute; relative).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101037/" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101037/">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101037/</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 13 Sep 2019 13:56:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/09/13/11675.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-09-13T13:56:00Z 2019-09-13 13:56 +00:00 2019-09-13 09:56 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11674 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/09/13/11674.aspx Cadenassage Réduction du risque Sécurité des machines Bilan sur la pratique du cadenassage sur des machines industrielles <p>Les travailleurs appel&eacute;s &agrave; intervenir dans la zone dangereuse d&#39;une machine pendant tout travail de type hors production (ex. maintenance, r&eacute;paration) doivent appliquer une proc&eacute;dure de cadenassage ou &agrave; d&eacute;faut une autre m&eacute;thode de contr&ocirc;le des &eacute;nergies. La r&eacute;glementation au Qu&eacute;bec sur le sujet a &eacute;t&eacute; renforc&eacute;e en janvier 2016. Des points additionnels, conformes &agrave; la norme canadienne CSA Z460 sur le cadenassage ont &eacute;t&eacute; incorpor&eacute;s dans le R&egrave;glement sur la sant&eacute; et la s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail (RSST, art. 188.1 &agrave; 189.1) et le Code de s&eacute;curit&eacute; pour les travaux de construction (CSTC, sous-section 2.20).<br />En 2015, la CNESST a r&eacute;v&eacute;l&eacute; que pr&egrave;s de quatre d&eacute;c&egrave;s et 1 000 accidents ont lieu annuellement lors de tels travaux sur des machines mal ou non cadenass&eacute;es. Par cons&eacute;quent, l&#39;objectif de cette &eacute;tude &eacute;tait de faire un bilan sur la pratique du cadenassage sur des machines industrielles dans diff&eacute;rents secteurs d&#39;activit&eacute;s et de d&eacute;velopper un outil pour l&#39;audit de l&#39;application du cadenassage.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101038" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101038">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101038</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 13 Sep 2019 13:38:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/09/13/11674.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-09-13T13:38:00Z 2019-09-13 13:38 +00:00 2019-09-13 09:38 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11673 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/09/13/11673.aspx Agents chimiques Méthode et technique Nanoparticules Caractérisation Particules ultrafines Caractérisation des particules nanométriques non intentionnelles émises dans différents milieux de travail <p>Les particules nanom&eacute;triques &eacute;mises non intentionnellement (PNNI) en milieux de travail pr&eacute;sentent un potentiel de toxicit&eacute; pour les travailleurs. Elles montrent une importante capacit&eacute; de se d&eacute;poser dans le syst&egrave;me respiratoire et se distinguent par leur grande surface sp&eacute;cifique et un potentiel &eacute;lev&eacute; d&#39;inflammation pulmonaire. Cette &eacute;tude vise &agrave; caract&eacute;riser les PNNI &eacute;mises dans six milieux de travail &agrave; travers un large &eacute;ventail d&#39;indicateurs.<br />Les concentrations ont &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;valu&eacute;es selon les m&eacute;triques num&eacute;riques et massiques &agrave; l&#39;aide d&#39;une panoplie d&#39;instruments &agrave; lecture directe (ILD). Des mesures int&eacute;gr&eacute;es ont aussi &eacute;t&eacute; effectu&eacute;es en tenant compte du type de contaminant sp&eacute;cifique &agrave; chaque milieu. Ces mesures incluent : (i) les mesures de carbone (&eacute;l&eacute;mentaire et organique) des fractions sous-microniques et respirables ainsi que des poussi&egrave;res combustibles respirables pour les &eacute;manations de moteur diesel (&Eacute;MD) trouv&eacute;es dans une mine souterraine (M1), dans un atelier de r&eacute;paration de camions (M2) et dans le contexte d&#39;activit&eacute;s d&#39;entretien dans un r&eacute;seau souterrain de transport (M3); (ii) les mesures gravim&eacute;triques et les concentrations de 12 m&eacute;taux (aluminium, cadmium, chrome, cobalt, cuivre, fer, magn&eacute;sium, mangan&egrave;se, nickel, plomb, vanadium, zinc) dans les fum&eacute;es et poussi&egrave;res m&eacute;talliques &eacute;mises dans une fonderie (M4) ainsi que dans un atelier d&#39;usinage (soudage, meulage et coupage) (M5); (iii) la mesure de cire de paraffine (C18-C36) des fum&eacute;es &eacute;mises dans un atelier de moulage &agrave; la cire (M6). En parall&egrave;le, des mesures de caract&eacute;risation en microscopie ont &eacute;t&eacute; effectu&eacute;es dans les six milieux.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101040" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101040">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101040</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 13 Sep 2019 13:34:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/09/13/11673.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-09-13T13:34:00Z 2019-09-13 13:34 +00:00 2019-09-13 09:34 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11669 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/09/12/11669.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Formation à la prévention Stratégies SST Organisation temporelle Secteur des services de santé Organisation de l’entreprise Mécanismes de formation Secteurs d'activités Une forme de gestion désincarnée de l’activité <p><strong>L&#39;exemple d&#39;une formation en sant&eacute; et s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail destin&eacute;e aux pr&eacute;pos&eacute;s aux b&eacute;n&eacute;ficiaires au Qu&eacute;bec</strong><br />Cet article a pour objectif d&#39;illustrer les limites d&#39;un mode de gestion d&eacute;sincarn&eacute; de l&#39;activit&eacute; r&eacute;elle de travail. Nous prenons l&#39;exemple d&#39;un mode de gestion &laquo; top-down &raquo; d&#39;une formation en sant&eacute; au travail destin&eacute;e aux pr&eacute;pos&eacute;s aux b&eacute;n&eacute;ficiaires travaillant dans les organisations g&eacute;riatriques au Qu&eacute;bec. &Agrave; partir d&#39;une &eacute;tude qualitative (neuf entrevues semi-dirig&eacute;es avec des pr&eacute;pos&eacute;s) visant &agrave; d&eacute;terminer les facteurs favorables &agrave; l&#39;application de cette formation, nous d&eacute;crivons trois r&eacute;sultats principaux. D&#39;une part, l&#39;activit&eacute; des pr&eacute;pos&eacute;s est structur&eacute;e quotidiennement en mati&egrave;re de rythmes de travail et de balises temporelles. D&#39;autre part, les pr&eacute;pos&eacute;s utilisent des strat&eacute;gies de r&eacute;gulation des temporalit&eacute;s qui contreviennent en partie aux savoirs transmis lors de la formation initiale. Enfin, le contenu du programme de formation n&#39;est pas fr&eacute;quemment respect&eacute;. Nous &eacute;mettons deux recommandations visant le d&eacute;veloppement d&#39;autres formations en nous basant sur la participation directe des pr&eacute;pos&eacute;s.</p> <p>Source: Aubry, F.&nbsp;et Feillou, I. (2019). <em>Perspectives interdisciplinaires sur le travail et la sant&eacute;</em>, (21-1).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://journals.openedition.org/pistes/6177" title="https://journals.openedition.org/pistes/6177">https://journals.openedition.org/pistes/6177</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 12 Sep 2019 20:00:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/09/12/11669.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-09-12T20:00:00Z 2019-09-12 20:00 +00:00 2019-09-12 16:00 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11672 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/09/12/11672.aspx Conséquences Facteurs de risque Types de tâches Charge physique Effets sur la santé Effort Enquêtes épidémiologiques Manutention manuelle Population et entreprise Does occupational lifting affect the risk of hypertension? <p><strong>Cross-sectional and prospective associations in the Copenhagen City Heart Study</strong><br />Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate cross-sectional and prospective associations between heavy occupational lifting and hypertension.<br />Methods: Data from the third, fourth and fifth examinations of the Copenhagen City Heart Study were included. Multivariable logistic regression models were applied to adjust for sex, age, body mass index (BMI), smoking, education, self-rated cardiorespiratory fitness, vital exhaustion and baseline blood pressure, and were used to estimate (i) the cross-sectional association between heavy occupational lifting and hypertension, defined as using anti-hypertensives or having a systolic blood pressure (SBP) &ge;140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) &ge;90 mmHg, and (ii) the prospective association between heavy occupational lifting and risk of becoming a systolic blood pressure case, defined as an above median change (from baseline to follow-up) and/or a shift from no use of anti-hypertensives at baseline to use of anti-hypertensives at a ten-year follow-up.<br />Results: Both cross-sectional [odds ratio (OR) 1.06, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.94&ndash;1.20] and prospective (OR 1.10, 95% CI 0.92&ndash;1.31) analysis indicated no relations. Explorative prospective analyses suggested linear associations between heavy occupational lifting and systolic blood pressure among participants using antihypertensives. Exposure to heavy occupational lifting tended to increase the incidence of hypertension (OR 1.30, 95% CI 0.97&ndash;1.73) among participants &ge;50 years.<br />Conclusions: No associations were seen among the general population. Positive associations were seen among users of anti-hypertensives and participants &ge;50 years, indicating these groups as vulnerable to increases in blood pressure when exposed to occupational lifting.</p> <p>Source: Korsh&oslash;j, M., Hannerz, H., Marott, J. L., Schnohr, P., Prescott, E., Clays, E.&nbsp;et Holtermann, A. (2019). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3850" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3850">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3850</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 12 Sep 2019 15:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/09/12/11672.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-09-12T15:09:00Z 2019-09-12 15:09 +00:00 2019-09-12 11:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11668 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/09/11/11668.aspx Orientations stratégiques Canada CCHST - Rapport annuel 2018-2019 <p>Le Centre canadien d&#39;hygi&egrave;ne et de s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail (CCHST) a publi&eacute; son Rapport annuel du Conseil 2018-2019, qui souligne les progr&egrave;s accomplis, les &eacute;tapes franchies et les contributions apport&eacute;es par le CCHST dans le cadre de ses activit&eacute;s de promotion de la sant&eacute; et du mieux-&ecirc;tre physiques et psychologiques globaux des travailleurs canadiens. Le rapport, qui porte sur la p&eacute;riode allant du 1er avril 2018 au 31 mars 2019, fait &eacute;tat d&#39;une augmentation importante du rayonnement et de l&#39;incidence du CCHST sur les travailleurs partout au pays. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cchst.ca/newsroom/news_releases/AnnualReport_9Sept2019.html" title="https://www.cchst.ca/newsroom/news_releases/AnnualReport_9Sept2019.html">https://www.cchst.ca/newsroom/news_releases/AnnualReport_9Sept2019.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 11 Sep 2019 19:22:00 Z 0 Maryse Gagnon 2019-09-11T19:22:00Z 2019-09-11 19:22 +00:00 2019-09-11 15:22 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11667 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/09/10/11667.aspx Cadenassage Réduction du risque Sécurité des machines Design of a Self-Audit Tool for the Application of Lockout on Machinery in the Province of Quebec, Canada to Control Hazardous Energies <p>Failure to apply lockout procedures for the control of hazardous energies is one of the main causes of machinery-related fatal and serious injuries in North America. The absence of audits of lockout or the lack of proper tools for auditing lockout is prevalent, and thus the application of lockout is often not fully in compliance with standards and regulations. A self-audit tool for the application of lockout procedures for machinery was developed on the basis of the current standards and regulations, and previous research. The tool was then tested for content validity through experts&rsquo; opinions and qualitative feedback from six organizations in the province of Quebec in Canada. The developed audit tool defines the actual procedures to audit, as well as the surrounding conditions that are needed and the prerequisites based on standards, regulations, and findings from previous research. The results showed that the tool displayed a high content validity index and demonstrated that the usability, applicability, and comprehensiveness of the tool were adequate. This self-audit tool helps organizations monitor the application of lockout on machinery for the safety of workers and to ensure that the actual practice of controlling hazardous energy is in compliance with relevant standards and r&eacute;gulations</p> <p>Source: Karimi, B., Burlet-Vienney, D., Chinniah, Y.&nbsp;et Aucourt, B. (2019).&nbsp;<em>Safety, 5</em>(3), 53.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/safety5030053" title="https://doi.org/10.3390/safety5030053">https://doi.org/10.3390/safety5030053</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 10 Sep 2019 18:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/09/10/11667.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-09-10T18:14:00Z 2019-09-10 18:14 +00:00 2019-09-10 14:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11666 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/09/10/11666.aspx Agents biologiques Mesure Secteur des services de santé Méthode et technique Secteurs d'activités Surface How to carry out microbiological sampling of healthcare environment surfaces? <p><strong>A review of current evidence</strong><br />Background: There is increasing evidence that the hospital surface environment contributes to the spread of pathogens. However, evidence on how best to sample these surfaces is patchy and there is no guidance or legislation in place on how to do this.<br />Aim: The aim of this review was to assess current literature on surface sampling methodologies, including the devices used, processing methods, the environmental and biological factors that might influence results.<br />Methods: Studies published prior to March 2019 were selected using relevant keywords from ScienceDirect, Web of Science and PubMed. Abstracts were reviewed and all data-based studies in peer-reviewed journals in the English language were included. Microbiological air and water sampling in the hospital environment were not included.<br />Findings: Although the numbers of cells or virions recovered from hospital surface environments were generally low, the majority of surfaces sampled were microbiologically contaminated. Of the organisms detected, multi-drug resistant organisms and clinically significant pathogens were frequently isolated and could, therefore, present a risk to vulnerable patients. Great variation was found between methods and the available data was incomplete and incomparable.<br />Conclusion: Available literature on sampling methods demonstrated deficits with potential improvements for future research. Many of the studies included in the review were laboratory based and not undertaken in the real hospital environment where sampling recoveries could be affected by the many variables present in a clinical environment. It was therefore difficult to draw overall conclusions, however some recommendations for the design of routine protocols for surface sampling of healthcare environments can be made.</p> <p>Source: Rawlinson, S., Ciric, L.&nbsp;et Cloutman-Green, E. (2019). <em>Journal of Hospital Infection</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2019.07.015" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2019.07.015">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2019.07.015</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 10 Sep 2019 17:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/09/10/11666.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-09-10T17:48:00Z 2019-09-10 17:48 +00:00 2019-09-10 13:48 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11664 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/09/10/11664.aspx Agents physiques Prospective Changements climatiques Chaleur Travailler sur une planète plus chaude: L’impact du stress thermique sur la productivité du travail et le travail décent <p>Les projections climatiques indiquent une augmentation de la fr&eacute;quence et de l&#39;intensit&eacute; des ph&eacute;nom&egrave;nes m&eacute;t&eacute;orologiques extr&ecirc;mes, avec notamment pour cons&eacute;quence une perte d&#39;emplois et de productivit&eacute;. La hausse des temp&eacute;ratures &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;chelle du globe due au changement climatique rendra &eacute;galement plus courant le ph&eacute;nom&egrave;ne du &laquo;stress thermique&raquo;. On entend par stress thermique une chaleur excessive par rapport &agrave; celle que le corps peut tol&eacute;rer sans souffrir d&#39;alt&eacute;ration physiologique. Un tel exc&egrave;s de chaleur augmente la vuln&eacute;rabilit&eacute; et les risques professionnels des travailleurs; il peut entra&icirc;ner des coups de chaleur, voire la mort. La multiplication des &laquo;&icirc;lots de chaleur urbains&raquo; &ndash; des zones o&ugrave; la chaleur se concentre &agrave; l&#39;int&eacute;rieur des villes en raison de la croissance d&eacute;mographique et de l&#39;urbanisation &ndash; renforcera l&#39;impact des vagues de chaleur, aggravant les risques auxquels sont expos&eacute;s les travailleurs. Les mesures que le monde du travail doit prendre face au r&eacute;chauffement plan&eacute;taire sont notamment: politiques d&#39;adaptation et mesures visant &agrave; prot&eacute;ger les travailleurs contre ces risques; strat&eacute;gie globale pour att&eacute;nuer les changements climatiques et limiter la hausse des temp&eacute;ratures; r&eacute;formes structurelles pour aider les travailleurs agricoles &agrave; effectuer la transition vers d&#39;autres secteurs; et mesures pour se pr&eacute;parer face aux al&eacute;as climatiques. Une approche coh&eacute;rente du d&eacute;veloppement &eacute;conomique durable est tout aussi importante.</p> <p>Rapport (en anglais): <a target="_blank" href="https://www.ilo.org/global/publications/books/WCMS_711919/lang--fr/index.htm" title="https://www.ilo.org/global/publications/books/WCMS_711919/lang--fr/index.htm">https://www.ilo.org/global/publications/books/WCMS_711919/lang--fr/index.htm</a><br />R&eacute;sum&eacute; (en fran&ccedil;ais): <a target="_blank" href="https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---dcomm/---publ/documents/publication/wcms_712010.pdf" title="https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---dcomm/---publ/documents/publication/wcms_712010.pdf">https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---dcomm/---publ/documents/publication/wcms_712010.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 10 Sep 2019 16:18:00 Z 0 Maryse Gagnon 2019-09-10T16:18:00Z 2019-09-10 16:18 +00:00 2019-09-10 12:18 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11663 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/09/10/11663.aspx Conséquences Modes de prévention Régions anatomiques Effets sur la santé Membres supérieurs TMS membres TMS Transfert de connaissances Syndrome du tunnel carpien Information/Guide Poignet-main Normes Modeling the Effect of the 2018 Revised ACGIH® Hand Activity Threshold Limit Value® (TLV) at Reducing Risk for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome <p>Recent studies have shown the 2001 American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH&reg;) Threshold Limit Value (TLV&reg;) for Hand Activity was not sufficiently protective for workers at risk of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). These studies led to a revision of the TLV and Action Limit. This study compares the effect of applying the 2018 TLV vs. the 2001 TLV to predict incident CTS within a large occupational pooled cohort study (n = 4,321 workers). Time from study enrollment to first occurrence of CTS was modeled using Cox proportional hazard regression. Adjusted and unadjusted hazard ratios for incident CTS were calculated using three exposure categories: below the Action Limit, between the Action Limit and TLV, and above the TLV. Workers exposed above the 2001 Action Limit demonstrated significant excess risk of carpal tunnel syndrome, while the 2018 TLV demonstrated significant excess risk only above the TLV. Of 186 total cases of CTS, 52 cases occurred among workers exposed above the 2001 TLV vs. 100 among those exposed above the 2018 value. Eliminating exposures above the 2001 TLV might have prevented 11.2% of all cases of CTS seen in our pooled cohort, vs. 25.1% of cases potentially prevented by keeping exposures below the 2018 value. The 2018 revision of the TLV better protects workers from CTS, a recognized occupational health indicator important to public health. A significant number of workers are currently exposed to forceful repetitive hand activity above these guidelines. Public health professionals should promulgate these new guidelines and encourage employers to reduce hand intensive exposures to prevent CTS and other musculoskeletal disorders.</p> <p>Source: Yung, M., Dale, A. M., Kapellusch, J., Bao, S., Harris-Adamson, C., Meyers, A. R., ...&nbsp;et Evanoff, B. A. (2019).&nbsp;<em>Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2019.1640366" title="https://doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2019.1640366">https://doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2019.1640366</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 10 Sep 2019 15:36:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/09/10/11663.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-09-10T15:36:00Z 2019-09-10 15:36 +00:00 2019-09-10 11:36 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11659 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/09/09/11659.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Environnement SST Environnement socio-économique Législation Causal inferences of external–contextual domains on complex construction, safety, health and environment regulation <p>A robust and pragmatic regulatory framework that is based on a good understanding of the external&ndash;context domains of countries is fundamental for Safety, Health and Environment (SHE). However, in many developing and emerging economies the regulatory framework for SHE is complex and the external&ndash;context domains are poorly understood and not factored in SHE. Using Nigeria as a case, the study examines the causal inferences of the social, cultural, political, religious and institutional contexts on the complex Construction Safety, Health and Environment (CSHE) regulatory framework using a qualitative research approach. The findings show that the external-context domain factors are indirect determinants of CSHE regulation. There is evidence that the main external-context factors include the dysfunctional and fragmented health and safety (H&amp;S) regulatory environments, which is exacerbated by the poor governmental and political attention on H&amp;S. While political influence results in the low threat of regulation, &lsquo;Nigerian factors&#39; such as &lsquo;the no follow-up culture&#39; result in inadequate governmental and political involvement, among many, poor regulation and inadequate H&amp;S laws. Although the need for a consolidated CSHE regulatory framework is emphasised hence recommended, it should be resilient to social and political pressure.</p> <p>Source: Umeokafor, N., Windapo, A.&nbsp;et Evangelinos, K. (2019). <em>Safety Science, 118</em>, 379-388.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.05.033" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.05.033">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.05.033</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 09 Sep 2019 20:25:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/09/09/11659.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-09-09T20:25:00Z 2019-09-09 20:25 +00:00 2019-09-09 16:25 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11662 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/09/06/11662.aspx Organisation de l’entreprise Culture d'entreprise Safety Culture: An Integration of Existing Models and a Framework for Understanding Its Development <p>Objective: This study reviews theoretical models of organizational safety culture to uncover key factors in safety culture development.<br />Background: Research supports the important role of safety culture in organizations, but theoretical progress has been stunted by a disjointed literature base. It is currently unclear how different elements of an organizational system function to influence safety culture, limiting the practical utility of important research findings.<br />Method: We reviewed existing models of safety culture and categorized model dimensions by the proposed function they serve in safety culture development. We advance a framework grounded in theory on organizational culture, social identity, and social learning to facilitate convergence toward a unified approach to studying and supporting safety culture.<br />Results: Safety culture is a relatively stable social construct, gradually shaped over time by multilevel influences. We identify seven enabling factors that create conditions allowing employees to adopt safety culture values, assumptions, and norms; and four behaviors used to enact them. The consequences of these enacting behaviors provide feedback that may reinforce or revise held values, assumptions, and norms.<br />Conclusion: This framework synthesizes information across fragmented conceptualizations to clearly depict the dynamic nature of safety culture and specific drivers of its development. We suggest that safety culture development may depend on employee learning from behavioral outcomes, conducive enabling factors, and consistency over time.</p> <p>Source: Bisbey, T. M., Kilcullen, M. P., Thomas, E. J., Ottosen, M. J., Tsao, K.&nbsp;et Salas, E. (2019). <em>Human Factors</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1177/0018720819868878" title="https://doi.org/10.1177/0018720819868878 ">https://doi.org/10.1177/0018720819868878</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 06 Sep 2019 16:31:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/09/06/11662.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-09-06T16:31:00Z 2019-09-06 16:31 +00:00 2019-09-06 12:31 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11661 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/09/05/11661.aspx Santé psychologique Secteur des services de santé Bilans statistiques Secteurs d'activités Suicides and deaths of undetermined intent among veterinary professionals from 2003 through 2014 <p>OBJECTIVE: To analyze data for death of veterinary professionals and veterinary students, with manner of death characterized as suicide or undetermined intent from 2003 through 2014. SAMPLE: Death records for 202 veterinary professionals and veterinary students. PROCEDURES: Decedents employed as veterinarians, veterinary technicians or technologists, or veterinary assistants or laboratory animal caretakers and veterinary students who died by suicide or of undetermined intent were identified through retrospective review of National Violent Death Reporting System records. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) and 95% confidence intervals were calculated, and mechanisms and circumstances of death were compared among veterinary occupational groups. RESULTS: 197 veterinary professionals and 5 veterinary students had deaths by suicide or of undetermined intent. Among decedents employed at the time of death, SMRs for suicide of male and female veterinarians (1.6 and 2.4, respectively) and male and female veterinary technicians or technologists (5.0 and 2.3, respectively) were significantly greater than those for the general US population, whereas SMRs for suicide of male and female veterinary assistants or laboratory animal caretakers were not. Poisoning was the most common mechanism of death among veterinarians; the drug most commonly used was pentobarbital. For most (13/18) veterinarians who died of pentobarbital poisoning, the death-related injury occurred at home. When decedents with pentobarbital poisoning were excluded from analyses, SMRs for suicide of male and female veterinarians, but not veterinary technicians or technologists, did not differ significantly from results for the general population. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Results suggested higher SMRs for suicide among veterinarians might be attributable to pentobarbital access. Improving administrative controls for pentobarbital might be a promising suicide prevention strategy among veterinarians; however, different strategies are likely needed for veterinary technicians or technologists.</p> <p>Source: Witte, T. K., Spitzer, E. G., Edwards, N., Fowler, K. A.&nbsp;et Nett, R. J. (2019). <em>Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 255</em>(5), 595-608.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.255.5.595" title="https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.255.5.595">https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.255.5.595</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 05 Sep 2019 13:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/09/05/11661.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-09-05T13:19:00Z 2019-09-05 13:19 +00:00 2019-09-05 09:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11660 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/09/05/11660.aspx États-Unis Santé psychologique Décès Lésions professionnelles Régions géographiques Secteurs d'activités Secteur des services de santé Suicides and deaths of undetermined intent among veterinary professionals from 2003 through 2014 <p>OBJECTIVE: To analyze data for death of veterinary professionals and veterinary students, with manner of death characterized as suicide or undetermined intent from 2003 through 2014. SAMPLE: Death records for 202 veterinary professionals and veterinary students. PROCEDURES: Decedents employed as veterinarians, veterinary technicians or technologists, or veterinary assistants or laboratory animal caretakers and veterinary students who died by suicide or of undetermined intent were identified through retrospective review of National Violent Death Reporting System records. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) and 95% confidence intervals were calculated, and mechanisms and circumstances of death were compared among veterinary occupational groups. RESULTS: 197 veterinary professionals and 5 veterinary students had deaths by suicide or of undetermined intent. Among decedents employed at the time of death, SMRs for suicide of male and female veterinarians (1.6 and 2.4, respectively) and male and female veterinary technicians or technologists (5.0 and 2.3, respectively) were significantly greater than those for the general US population, whereas SMRs for suicide of male and female veterinary assistants or laboratory animal caretakers were not. Poisoning was the most common mechanism of death among veterinarians; the drug most commonly used was pentobarbital. For most (13/18) veterinarians who died of pentobarbital poisoning, the death-related injury occurred at home. When decedents with pentobarbital poisoning were excluded from analyses, SMRs for suicide of male and female veterinarians, but not veterinary technicians or technologists, did not differ significantly from results for the general population. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Results suggested higher SMRs for suicide among veterinarians might be attributable to pentobarbital access. Improving administrative controls for pentobarbital might be a promising suicide prevention strategy among veterinarians; however, different strategies are likely needed for veterinary technicians or technologists.</p> <p>Source: Witte, T. K., Spitzer, E. G., Edwards, N., Fowler, K. A.&nbsp;et Nett, R. J. (2019). <em>Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 255</em>(5), 595-608.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.255.5.595" title="https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.255.5.595">https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.255.5.595</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 05 Sep 2019 13:18:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/09/05/11660.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-09-05T13:18:00Z 2019-09-05 13:18 +00:00 2019-09-05 09:18 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11658 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/09/04/11658.aspx Intervention Types d'interventions Évaluation d’intervention en réadaptation Efficience/coûts Physiothérapie The Relationship of the Amount of Physical Therapy to Time Lost From Work and Costs in the Workers’ Compensation System <p>Physical therapy (PT) is perceived as a cost driver in the US workers&#39; compensation system. We conducted a 5-year (2013 to 2017) retrospective analysis utilizing 192,197 claims from a large Texas based workers&#39; compensation insurance company to describe the relationship between the amount of physical therapy delivered and workers&#39; compensation costs and lost-time. Closed, indemnity claims with 15 or more PT visits were six times more likely (95% confidence interval [CI]: 5.50, 86.58) to result in high medical costs (&gt;$7000, excluding PT costs) and were four times more likely (95% CI: 3.77, 4.42) to result in more than or equal to 6 months of lost-time, when controlling for confounders. When the number of PT visits more than or equal to 15 visits for a lost time claim, this level of PT exceeds all other predictors (opioid use, comorbidities, legal involvement, surgery, etc) of medical cost and extended time out from work.</p> <p>Source: Leung, N., Tao, X. G.&nbsp;et Bernacki, E. J. (2019). <em>Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 61</em>(8), 635-640.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001630" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001630">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001630</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 04 Sep 2019 14:13:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/09/04/11658.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-09-04T14:13:00Z 2019-09-04 14:13 +00:00 2019-09-04 10:13 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11657 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/09/04/11657.aspx Main d’œuvre en mutation Santé psychologique Travailleurs Effets sur les travailleurs Conditions psychologiques Mental Illness, Social Suffering and Structural Antagonism in the Labour Process <p>Workplace conditions and experiences powerfully influence mental health and individuals experiencing mental illness, including the extent to which people experiencing mental ill-health are &lsquo;disabled&#39; by their work environments. This article explains how examination of the social suffering experienced in workplaces by people with mental illness could enhance understanding of the inter-relationships between mental health and workplace conditions, including experiences and characteristics of the overarching labour process. It examines how workplace perceptions and narratives around mental illness act as discursive resources to influence the social realities of people with mental ill-health. It applies Labour Process Theory to highlight how such discursive resources could be used by workers and employers to influence the power, agency and control in workplace environments and the labour process, and the implications such attempts might have for social suffering. It concludes with an agenda for future research exploring these issues.</p> <p>Source: Woods, M., Macklin, R., Dawkins, S.&nbsp;et Martin, A. (2019). <em>Work, Employment and Society</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0950017019866650" title="https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0950017019866650">https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0950017019866650</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 04 Sep 2019 13:40:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/09/04/11657.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-09-04T13:40:00Z 2019-09-04 13:40 +00:00 2019-09-04 09:40 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11656 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/08/30/11656.aspx Orientations stratégiques Océanie Australie Safe Work Australia Operational Plan 2019–2020 <p>This plan describes the activities to be undertaken by Safe Work Australia in performing its statutory functions during 2019&ndash;2020, within the total operating budget of $21M.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/safe-work-australia-corporate-plan-2019-2023" title="https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/safe-work-australia-corporate-plan-2019-2023">https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/safe-work-australia-corporate-plan-2019-2023</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 30 Aug 2019 14:09:00 Z 0 Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-30T14:09:00Z 2019-08-30 14:09 +00:00 2019-08-30 10:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11651 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/08/30/11651.aspx Conséquences Évaluation et mesure Effets sur la santé Évaluation d'outils et d’équipements Exosquelettes Les conséquences de l’utilisation d‘exosquelettes en termes de sécurité et de santé au travail <p>Ce document de r&eacute;flexion examine le r&ocirc;le que pourraient jouer les exosquelettes dans l&#39;environnement de travail du futur et les possibles incidences de leur utilisation sur la s&eacute;curit&eacute; et la sant&eacute; des travailleurs. Il examine le r&ocirc;le que pourraient jouer les exosquelettes dans la pr&eacute;vention des troubles musculo-squelettiques, et se penche sur les risques potentiels de leur application dans diff&eacute;rents domaines.<br />Le document reconna&icirc;t l&#39;incertitude qui entoure leurs effets &agrave; long terme sur la sant&eacute; et les difficult&eacute;s rencontr&eacute;es pour &eacute;tablir une certification uniforme, et met en &eacute;vidence la n&eacute;cessit&eacute; de r&eacute;aliser des &eacute;tudes plus compl&egrave;tes. L&#39;approche consistant &agrave; pr&eacute;f&eacute;rer une hi&eacute;rarchisation des priorit&eacute;s en mati&egrave;re de pr&eacute;vention lors de la conception des futurs lieux de travail, plut&ocirc;t que de s&#39;en remettre aux exosquelettes pour cr&eacute;er des environnements de travail ergonomiques, est &eacute;galement abord&eacute;e.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/impact-using-exoskeletons-occupational-safety-and-health/view" title="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/impact-using-exoskeletons-occupational-safety-and-health/view">https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/impact-using-exoskeletons-occupational-safety-and-health/view</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 30 Aug 2019 13:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/08/30/11651.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-30T13:19:00Z 2019-08-30 13:19 +00:00 2019-08-30 09:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11655 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/08/30/11655.aspx Travail en mouvement Charge mentale Développements technologiques Télépression au travail, relation entre l’utilisation de la messagerie électronique au travail et les échanges leader-membres <p><strong>R&ocirc;les de la reconnaissance et de la charge de travail</strong> <br />La messagerie &eacute;lectronique (ME) au travail est l&rsquo;outil de communication le plus utilis&eacute; au sein des entreprises actuelles. Cette &eacute;tude exploratoire tente de comprendre la relation entre l&rsquo;utilisation per&ccedil;ue de la messagerie &eacute;lectronique et la qualit&eacute; des relations leader-membres, d&rsquo;une part, et la t&eacute;l&eacute;pression, d&rsquo;autre part, en testant les effets m&eacute;diateurs de la reconnaissance et de la charge de travail. Les r&eacute;sultats aupr&egrave;s de 56 salari&eacute;s juniors indiquent que l&rsquo;utilisation de la messagerie &eacute;lectronique est li&eacute;e positivement &agrave; la qualit&eacute; des &eacute;changes leader-membres et n&eacute;gativement &agrave; la t&eacute;l&eacute;pression. Les effets de l&rsquo;utilisation per&ccedil;ue de la messagerie &eacute;lectronique sur les &eacute;changes entre leader et membres sont m&eacute;diatis&eacute;s par la reconnaissance. Les effets de l&rsquo;utilisation per&ccedil;ue de la ME sur la t&eacute;l&eacute;pression sont m&eacute;diatis&eacute;s par la charge de travail. La pr&eacute;sente &eacute;tude expose ces relations complexes et &eacute;quivoques, tout en apportant de nouvelles pistes de recherches.</p> <p>Source: Dose, &Eacute;., Desrumaux, P.&nbsp;et Rekik, M. (2019). <em>Le travail humain, 82</em>(2), 151-181.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.3917/th.822.0151" title="https://doi.org/10.3917/th.822.0151 ">https://doi.org/10.3917/th.822.0151</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 30 Aug 2019 12:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/08/30/11655.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-30T12:49:00Z 2019-08-30 12:49 +00:00 2019-08-30 08:49 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11654 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/08/29/11654.aspx États-Unis Bruit et vibrations Secteur de l'industrie extractive Lésions professionnelles Champs de recherche Régions géographiques Secteurs d'activités Secteur de la production d'énergie Prevalence of hearing loss among noise-exposed workers within the Mining and Oil and Gas Extraction sectors, 2006-2015 <p>Background: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss (HL) among noise‐exposed US workers within the Mining, and Oil and Gas Extraction (OGE) sectors.<br />Methods: Audiograms of 1.9 million workers across all industries (including 9389 in Mining and 1076 in OGE) from 2006 to 2015 were examined. Prevalence and adjusted risk as compared to a reference industry (Couriers and Messengers) were estimated for all industries combined and the Mining and OGE sectors and subsectors.<br />Results: The prevalences of HL in Mining and OGE were 24% and 14%, respectively, compared with 16% for all industries combined. Many Mining and one OGE subsector exceeded these prevalences and most had an adjusted risk (prevalence ratio) significantly greater than the reference industry. Some subsectors, particularly in OGE, could not be examined due to low sample size. The prevalences in Construction Sand and Gravel Mining and Natural Gas Liquid Extraction were 36% and 28%, respectively. Workers within Support Activities for Coal Mining had double the risk of HL than workers in the reference industry.<br />Conclusions: The many subsectors identified with high prevalences and/or worker risks for HL well above risks in the reference industry need critical attention to conserve worker hearing and maintain worker quality of life. Administrative and engineering controls can reduce worker hazardous noise exposures. Noise and ototoxic chemical exposure information is needed for many subsectors, as is audiometric testing results for OGE workers. Additional research is also needed to further characterize exposures and improve hearing conservation measures.</p> <p>Source: Lawson, S. M., Masterson, E. A.&nbsp;et Azman, A. S. (2019). <em>American journal of industrial medicine</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.23031" title="https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.23031">https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.23031</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 29 Aug 2019 16:07:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/08/29/11654.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-29T16:07:00Z 2019-08-29 16:07 +00:00 2019-08-29 12:07 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11653 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2019/08/29/11653.aspx Surdité Risques dus au bruit Secteur de l'industrie extractive Atteinte auditive Secteur de la production d'énergie Secteurs d'activités Prevalence of hearing loss among noise-exposed workers within the Mining and Oil and Gas Extraction sectors, 2006-2015 <p>Background: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss (HL) among noise‐exposed US workers within the Mining, and Oil and Gas Extraction (OGE) sectors.<br />Methods: Audiograms of 1.9 million workers across all industries (including 9389 in Mining and 1076 in OGE) from 2006 to 2015 were examined. Prevalence and adjusted risk as compared to a reference industry (Couriers and Messengers) were estimated for all industries combined and the Mining and OGE sectors and subsectors.<br />Results: The prevalences of HL in Mining and OGE were 24% and 14%, respectively, compared with 16% for all industries combined. Many Mining and one OGE subsector exceeded these prevalences and most had an adjusted risk (prevalence ratio) significantly greater than the reference industry. Some subsectors, particularly in OGE, could not be examined due to low sample size. The prevalences in Construction Sand and Gravel Mining and Natural Gas Liquid Extraction were 36% and 28%, respectively. Workers within Support Activities for Coal Mining had double the risk of HL than workers in the reference industry.<br />Conclusions: The many subsectors identified with high prevalences and/or worker risks for HL well above risks in the reference industry need critical attention to conserve worker hearing and maintain worker quality of life. Administrative and engineering controls can reduce worker hazardous noise exposures. Noise and ototoxic chemical exposure information is needed for many subsectors, as is audiometric testing results for OGE workers. Additional research is also needed to further characterize exposures and improve hearing conservation measures.</p> <p>Source: Lawson, S. M., Masterson, E. A.&nbsp;et Azman, A. S. (2019). <em>American journal of industrial medicine</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.23031" title="https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.23031">https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.23031</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 29 Aug 2019 16:06:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2019/08/29/11653.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-29T16:06:00Z 2019-08-29 16:06 +00:00 2019-08-29 12:06 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11652 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/08/29/11652.aspx Protection respiratoire 100 Years of Respiratory Protection History <p>In 1919, the U.S. Bureau of Mines (USBM) initiated the first respirator certification program. Several months later, on January 15, 1920, this federal body certified the first respirator. To recognize the important milestones of the past 100 years, this webpage documents a general historical overview of respiratory protection research and the evolution of the certification program as undertaken by the U.S. federal government.<br />Around the world, scientific minds recognized the need for respiratory protection long before the U.S. Bureau of Mines. The history of respiratory protection traces back as far as Pliny the Elder (23-79 AD), a Roman philosopher and naturalist, who made use of loose animal bladder skins to filter dust from being inhaled while crushing cinnabar, which is a toxic, mercuric sulfide mineral used at the time for pigmentation in decorations. Many centuries later, Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) recommended the use of wet cloths over the mouth and nose as a form of protection against inhaling harmful agents (Spelce et al., &ldquo;History,&rdquo; 2018; Cohen and Birkner, 2012).<br />Further scientific inquiry and discovery led to the use of early atmosphere-supplying respirators. While ancient divers used hoses and tubes for supplied air, seventeenth century scientists added bellows to these devices as a way of providing positive pressure breathing. Although science has Pliny the Elder, photo courtesy of Shutterstock made advancements over time, the need for proper respiratory protection became increasingly apparent. In the 1700s, Bernadino Ramazzini, known as the father of occupational medicine, described the inadequacy of respiratory protection against the hazards of arsenic, gypsum, lime, tobacco, and silica (Spelce et al., &ldquo;History,&rdquo; 2018; Cohen and Birkner, 2012).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npptl/Respiratory-Protection-history.html" title="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npptl/Respiratory-Protection-history.html">https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npptl/Respiratory-Protection-history.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 29 Aug 2019 15:51:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/08/29/11652.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-29T15:51:00Z 2019-08-29 15:51 +00:00 2019-08-29 11:51 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11650 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/08/29/11650.aspx Europe Développements technologiques Prospective La quatrième révolution industrielle et l’innovation sociale sur le lieu de travail <p>Les &eacute;l&eacute;ments fondamentaux du d&eacute;bat sur l&#39;avenir du travail sont, dans leur grande majorit&eacute;, les &eacute;volutions techniques. Dans le pr&eacute;sent document de r&eacute;flexion, nous nous concentrons sur l&#39;innovation sociale dans le contexte de la num&eacute;risation et ses r&eacute;percussions sur les emplois, les travailleurs et les lieux de travail de l&#39;avenir, ainsi que sur les d&eacute;fis que ces &eacute;volutions posent aux r&eacute;glementations et &agrave; la gouvernance en mati&egrave;re de s&eacute;curit&eacute; et de sant&eacute; au travail (SST).<br />Le document d&eacute;crit la nouvelle soci&eacute;t&eacute; innovante et les nouveaux mod&egrave;les d&#39;entreprise, dans lesquels une partie accrue du travail est effectu&eacute;e en ligne et en dehors des environnements de bureau, souvent par des travailleurs ind&eacute;pendants. Le besoin de r&eacute;silience et de capacit&eacute; d&#39;adaptation des individus, les nouvelles cat&eacute;gories de travailleurs qui font leur apparition, ainsi que les d&eacute;fis sp&eacute;cifiques auxquels sont confront&eacute;s les nouvelles recrues et les travailleurs plus &acirc;g&eacute;s sont &eacute;galement examin&eacute;s, de m&ecirc;me que la n&eacute;cessit&eacute;, pour les organisations actives dans le domaine de la SST, de r&eacute;orienter leur action vers un soutien personnalis&eacute; aux travailleurs.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/new-technology-and-social-innovation-work/view" title="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/new-technology-and-social-innovation-work/view">https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/new-technology-and-social-innovation-work/view</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 29 Aug 2019 14:21:00 Z 0 Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-29T14:21:00Z 2019-08-29 14:21 +00:00 2019-08-29 10:21 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11648 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/08/28/11648.aspx Modes de prévention Régions anatomiques Absentéisme Membres supérieurs Cou Intervention Workplace Interventions can Reduce Sickness Absence for Persons With Work-Related Neck and Upper Extremity Disorders <p><strong>A One-Year Prospective Cohort Study</strong><br />Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate whether workplace interventions are effective in reducing sickness absence in persons with work-related neck and upper extremity disorders and whether disorder improvement after intervention reduces sickness absence.<br />Methods: This study was a prospective cohort study of workers with work-related neck pain or upper extremity disorders. Data were obtained from the Swedish &ldquo;Work-related disorders&rdquo; and &ldquo;Work environment&rdquo; surveys. Register data on sickness-absence 1 year after the surveys were made and obtained from the Swedish health insurance database.<br />Results: A significant lower number of sickness-absence days were found for workers reporting improvement after intervention.<br />Conclusion: The findings in this study suggest that workplace intervention can reduce sickness absence for workers with neck or upper extremity disorders only if the intervention improves the disorder. The interventions were most effective in reducing medium long sickness absence periods.</p> <p>Source: Oliv, S., Gustafsson, E., Baloch, A. N., Hagberg, M.&nbsp;et Sand&eacute;n, H. (2019).&nbsp;<em>Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 61</em>(7), 559-564.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001608" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001608">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001608</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 28 Aug 2019 14:42:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/08/28/11648.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-28T14:42:00Z 2019-08-28 14:42 +00:00 2019-08-28 10:42 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11649 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/08/27/11649.aspx Indemnisation Coûts des lésions professionnelles Accidents du travail Lésions professionnelles Indicateurs économiques Indicateurs Références en ligne Prévention Health Risk Calculator <p><strong>An Online, Interactive Tool to Estimate how Health Impacts Workers&rsquo; Compensation Claim Incidence and Cost</strong><br />Objective: The purpose of this paper is to describe and evaluate a web-based, educational Health Risk Calculator that communicates the value of investing in employee health and well-being for the prevention of work-related injuries, illnesses, and fatalities.<br />Methods: We developed and evaluated the calculator following the RE-AIM framework. We assessed effectiveness via focus groups (n = 15) and a post-use survey (n = 33) and reach via website analytics.<br />Results: We observed evidence for the calculator&#39;s usability, educational benefit, and encouragement of action to improve worker health and safety. Website analytics data demonstrated that we reached over 300 users equally in urban and rural areas within 3 months after launch.<br />Conclusion: We urge researchers to consider the ways in which they can communicate their empirical research findings to their key stakeholders and to evaluate their communication efforts.</p> <p>Source: Schwatka, N. V., Tenney, L., Dally, M.&nbsp;et Brockbank, C. (2019).&nbsp;<em>Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 61</em>(7), 597-604.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001619" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001619">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001619</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 27 Aug 2019 15:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/08/27/11649.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-27T15:49:00Z 2019-08-27 15:49 +00:00 2019-08-27 11:49 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11643 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/08/27/11643.aspx Agents chimiques Méthodes et outils Normes Méthode et technique Appareils et équipements Vapeur Gaz Pompes et débitmètres ISO 22065 - Air des lieux de travail - Gaz et vapeurs - Exigences pour l'évaluation des procédures de mesure à l'aide de dispositifs de prélèvement par pompage <p>Le pr&eacute;sent document sp&eacute;cifie les exigences de performances et les m&eacute;thodes d&#39;essai, dans des conditions de laboratoires sp&eacute;cifi&eacute;es, pour l&#39;&eacute;valuation des dispositifs de pr&eacute;l&egrave;vement par pompage employ&eacute;s conjointement avec une pompe de pr&eacute;l&egrave;vement d&#39;air, ainsi que pour l&#39;&eacute;valuation des proc&eacute;dures utilisant ces dispositifs de pr&eacute;l&egrave;vement pour la d&eacute;termination des gaz et des vapeurs dans les atmosph&egrave;res des lieux de travail.<br />Le pr&eacute;sent document traite des exigences &agrave; destination des d&eacute;veloppeurs de m&eacute;thodes et/ou des fabricants.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.iso.org/fr/standard/72487.html" title="https://www.iso.org/fr/standard/72487.html">https://www.iso.org/fr/standard/72487.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 27 Aug 2019 15:08:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/08/27/11643.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-27T15:08:00Z 2019-08-27 15:08 +00:00 2019-08-27 11:08 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11647 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/08/27/11647.aspx Développements technologiques Prospective Artificial Intelligence: Implications for the Future of Work <p>What does Artificial Intelligence (AI) have to do with workplace safety and health? NIOSH has been at the forefront of workplace safety and robotics, creating the Center for Occupational Robotics Research (CORR) and posting blogs such as A Robot May Not Injure a Worker: Working safely with robots. However, much remains unknown regarding the related field of AI, specifically the application of AI at work. AI is a broad transdisciplinary field with roots in logic, statistics, cognitive psychology, decision theory, neuroscience, linguistics, cybernetics, and computer engineering.&nbsp;&nbsp; Machine learning (ML), a sub-discipline of AI, has led to the application of internet searches, ecommerce sites, goods and services recommender systems, image and speech recognition, sensor technologies, robotic devices, and cognitive decision support systems.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2019/08/26/ai/" title="https://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2019/08/26/ai/">https://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2019/08/26/ai/</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 27 Aug 2019 15:07:00 Z 0 Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-27T15:07:00Z 2019-08-27 15:07 +00:00 2019-08-27 11:07 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11646 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/08/26/11646.aspx Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Effets sur les travailleurs Revue de littérature Sickness presenteeism: Are we sure about what we are studying? <p><strong>A research based on a literature review and an empirical illustration</strong><br />Background: There has been an increasing interest in studying sickness presenteeism (SP). An ever‐increasing amount of scientific literature is published using this term, yet there appears to be considerable heterogeneity in how it is assessed, which could result in substantial differences in the definition and interpretation of the phenomenon really being studied. We aim to discuss what really is being studied, depending on how the phenomenon is operationalized, measured, and analyzed.<br />Methods: A study based on a literature review and an empirical illustration using data of the third Spanish Psychosocial Risks Survey (2016).<br />Results: Differences are observed based on the population in which SP is measured, the cut‐off points used to define a worker as presenteeist, the reasons for an SP episode and even an analysis of the phenomenon treated as a count or as a dichotomous.<br />Conclusions: Without being completely exclusive, it seems that restricting the population of analysis to only those workers who consider that they should not have gone to work due to their health, and/or establishing low cut‐off points to define someone as presenteeist, would more clearly delimit the study of SP to the exercise of a right to sick leave. In contrast, working with the entire population or using high cut‐off points appears to relate the study of SP more with health status and less with the exercise of rights. On the other hand, taking the reasons for SP into account would probably help to improve interpretation of the phenomenon.</p> <p>Source: Navarro, A., Salas‐Nic&aacute;s, S., Llorens, C., Moncada, S., Molinero‐Ru&iacute;z, E.&nbsp;et Mori&ntilde;a, D. (2019).&nbsp;<em>American journal of industrial medicine, 62</em>(7), 580-589.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22982" title="https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22982">https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22982</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 26 Aug 2019 15:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/08/26/11646.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-26T15:26:00Z 2019-08-26 15:26 +00:00 2019-08-26 11:26 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11645 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/08/26/11645.aspx Effets sur la santé Système respiratoire Systèmes et maladies Revue de littérature The Occupational Burden of Nonmalignant Respiratory Diseases <p><strong>An Official American Thoracic Society and European Respiratory Society Statement</strong> <br />Rationale: Workplace inhalational hazards remain common worldwide, even though they are ameliorable. Previous American Thoracic Society documents have assessed the contribution of workplace exposures to asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on a population level, but not to other chronic respiratory diseases. The goal of this document is to report an in-depth literature review and data synthesis of the occupational contribution to the burden of the major nonmalignant respiratory diseases, including airway diseases; interstitial fibrosis; hypersensitivity pneumonitis; other noninfectious granulomatous lung diseases, including sarcoidosis; and selected respiratory infections.<br />Methods: Relevant literature was identified for each respiratory condition. The occupational population attributable fraction (PAF) was estimated for those conditions for which there were sufficient population-based studies to allow pooled estimates. For the other conditions, the occupational burden of disease was estimated on the basis of attribution in case series, incidence rate ratios, or attributable fraction within an exposed group.<br />Results: Workplace exposures contribute substantially to the burden of multiple chronic respiratory diseases, including asthma (PAF, 16%); chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (PAF, 14%); chronic bronchitis (PAF, 13%); idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (PAF, 26%); hypersensitivity pneumonitis (occupational burden, 19%); other granulomatous diseases, including sarcoidosis (occupational burden, 30%); pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (occupational burden, 29%); tuberculosis (occupational burden, 2.3% in silica-exposed workers and 1% in healthcare workers); and community-acquired pneumonia in working-age adults (PAF, 10%).<br />Conclusions: Workplace exposures contribute to the burden of disease across a range of nonmalignant lung conditions in adults (in addition to the 100% burden for the classic occupational pneumoconioses). This burden has important clinical, research, and policy implications. There is a pressing need to improve clinical recognition and public health awareness of the contribution of occupational factors across a range of nonmalignant respiratory diseases.</p> <p>Source: Blanc, P. D., Annesi-Maesano, I., Balmes, J. R., Cummings, K. J., Fishwick, D., Miedinger, D., ...&nbsp;et Tor&eacute;n, K. (2019).&nbsp;<em>American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care M&eacute;dicine, 199</em>(11), 1312-1334.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201904-0717ST" title="https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201904-0717ST">https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201904-0717ST</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 26 Aug 2019 15:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/08/26/11645.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-26T15:14:00Z 2019-08-26 15:14 +00:00 2019-08-26 11:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11644 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/08/26/11644.aspx Facteurs de risque Normes Travail collaboratif hommes-robots ISO 9241-220 - Ergonomie de l'intéraction homme-système <p><strong>Partie 220: Processus de validation, d&#39;ex&eacute;cution et d&#39;&eacute;valuation de la conception centr&eacute;e sur l&#39;op&eacute;rateur humain au sein des organisations</strong><br />Le pr&eacute;sent document d&eacute;crit les processus et sp&eacute;cifie les r&eacute;sultats permettant &agrave; la conception centr&eacute;e sur l&#39;op&eacute;rateur humain (human-centred design ? HCD) d&#39;&ecirc;tre r&eacute;alis&eacute;e au sein des organisations. La conception centr&eacute;e sur l&#39;op&eacute;rateur humain vise &agrave; satisfaire aux exigences relatives &agrave; la qualit&eacute; centr&eacute;e sur l&#39;op&eacute;rateur humain (voir l&#39;Annexe E) tout au long du cycle de vie des syst&egrave;mes interactifs. Les processus sont d&eacute;crits du point de vue de ceux qui sont en charge de l&#39;analyse, de la conception et de l&#39;&eacute;valuation de l&#39;utilisation des syst&egrave;mes interactifs par l&#39;homme. Les descriptions de processus comprennent l&#39;objectif, les avantages, les r&eacute;sultats, les activit&eacute;s types et les produits fabriqu&eacute;s de chaque processus, et sont destin&eacute;es &agrave; la sp&eacute;cification, la mise en &oelig;uvre, l&#39;&eacute;valuation et l&#39;am&eacute;lioration des activit&eacute;s utilis&eacute;es pour la conception et l&#39;exploitation centr&eacute;es sur l&#39;op&eacute;rateur humain dans tout type de cycle de vie d&#39;un syst&egrave;me. Ces descriptions peuvent &eacute;galement servir de base &agrave; la formation continue et &agrave; la certification professionnelle.<br />Les processus sont associ&eacute;s aux domaines traitant des facteurs ergonomiques/humains, de l&#39;interaction homme-syst&egrave;me, de l&#39;utilisabilit&eacute; et de l&#39;exp&eacute;rience de l&#39;utilisateur. Le pr&eacute;sent document n&#39;inclut pas de m&eacute;thodes sp&eacute;cifiques de conception centr&eacute;e sur l&#39;op&eacute;rateur humain et ne d&eacute;crit pas non plus les processus relatifs &agrave; la restructuration de l&#39;organisation.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.iso.org/fr/standard/63462.html" title="https://www.iso.org/fr/standard/63462.html">https://www.iso.org/fr/standard/63462.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 26 Aug 2019 14:51:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/08/26/11644.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-26T14:51:00Z 2019-08-26 14:51 +00:00 2019-08-26 10:51 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11641 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/08/26/11641.aspx Conséquences Facteurs de risque Types de tâches Effets sur la santé Travail assis Sedentary work and risk of venous thromboembolism <p>Objective: Prolonged seated immobility during long-distance flights is related to an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), but little, if anything, is known about the risk related to sedentary work. The objective of this paper was to examine the risk of VTE according to sitting posture at work.<br />Methods: This prospective study includes a total of 78 936 participants from the Copenhagen City Heart Study and the Copenhagen General Population Study, all without previous thromboembolic events and aged &lt;65 years. An assessment of the number of hours spent in sitting position at work was assigned each participant at Baseline using a job exposure matrix. VTE was identified through national patient registries. Survival analyses were performed to determine the risk of VTE according to sedentary position at work with adjustment for a range of known determinants including lifestyle and coagulation factors.<br />Results: During the follow-up period of 582 411 person years (mean follow-up, 7.4 years) 911 participants experienced their first VTE event. Multivariable adjusted analyses showed no difference in risk of VTE between<br />occupational sitting &ge;6.5 hours/day and occupational sitting &le;3.5 hours/day (hazard ratio 1.11, 95% confidence interval 0.92&ndash;1.34).<br />Conclusion: This study does not support the hypothesis that sedentary work is a risk factor for VTE in the general population. Whether certain occupations with particularly high exposure to immobilized sitting positions are associated with thromboembolic events is not addressed.</p> <p>Source: Johannesen, C. D. L., Flachs, E. M., Ebbeh&oslash;j, N. E., Marott, J. L., Jensen, G. B., Nordestgaard, B. G., ...&nbsp;et Bonde, J. P. E. (2019).&nbsp;<em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3841" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3841">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3841</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 26 Aug 2019 13:52:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/08/26/11641.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-26T13:52:00Z 2019-08-26 13:52 +00:00 2019-08-26 09:52 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11642 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/08/26/11642.aspx Interventions Cancer Milieux de pratique Affections Affections non associées au travail Milieu clinique Breast cancer specialists' perspective on their role in their patients' return to work: A qualitative study <p>Objectives: This study aimed to explore the views of breast cancer (BC) specialists as to their role in the returnto-work (RTW) process of their BC patients.<br />Methods: A qualitative study using semi-structured interviews was conducted in a sample of 20 BC specialists selected according to age, gender, medical specialty (medical oncology, radiation oncology, gynecological<br />surgery), and healthcare organization (regional cancer center, university or private hospital). All interviews were audiotaped and transcribed for qualitative thematic content analysis.<br />Results: BC specialists had heterogeneous representations and practices regarding their role in their patients&#39; RTW process, ranging from non-involvement to frequent discussion. Most BC specialists had concerns regarding the &ldquo;right time and right way&rdquo; to address patient&#39;s RTW. They hardly mentioned workplace and job factors as potential barriers but rather stressed motivation. The main reported barriers to involvement in the RTW process were lack of time, lack of knowledge, lack of skills, and a professional attitude exclusively focused on cancer care issues.<br />Conclusion: While our study showed varying representations and practices among BC specialists, participants consistently identified barriers in supporting BC survivors&#39; RTW. The results will guide the development of an intervention to facilitate the role of BC specialists in the RTW process as part of a multicomponent intervention to facilitate BC survivors&#39; RTW.</p> <p>Source: Lamort-Bouch&eacute; M, P&eacute;ron J, Broc G, Kochan A, Jordan C, Letrilliart L, Fervers B, Fassier J-B, FASTRACS study group.&nbsp;<em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp;&nbsp;Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3847" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3847">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3847</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 26 Aug 2019 13:50:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/08/26/11642.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-26T13:50:00Z 2019-08-26 13:50 +00:00 2019-08-26 09:50 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11640 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/08/26/11640.aspx Conception Performance Protection contre le feu Protection électrique Vêtements de protection Vêtements de protection contre la chaleur Vêtements de protection contre le feu Normes et législation Caractéristiques de conception des équipements ASTM F1506 - Standard Performance Specification for Flame Resistant and Electric Arc Rated Protective Clothing Worn by Workers Exposed to Flames and Electric Arcs <p>This performance specification covers the design characteristics and associated test methods that relate specifically to the flame resistance of textile materials used in the fabrication of basic protection level occupational apparel worn by electrical workers who are exposed to momentary electric arc and related thermal hazards such as exposure to open flame and radiant heat. When evaluated in accordance with the test procedures enlisted herein, knit fabrics and woven fabrics of different fabric weights shall conform to individually specified values of the following properties: colorfastness such as laundering shade change, dry-cleaning shade change, and dimensional change; initial flammability characteristics and flammability characteristics after 25 washes/dry-cleaning such as char length and afterflame time; and arc test rating. Knit fabrics shall additionally be tested and adhere accordingly to bursting strength characteristics. Conversely, woven fabrics shall also be tested and adhere accordingly to breaking load, tear resistance, and seam slippage characteristics.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F1506.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F1506.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/F1506.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 26 Aug 2019 13:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/08/26/11640.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-26T13:49:00Z 2019-08-26 13:49 +00:00 2019-08-26 09:49 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11639 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/08/23/11639.aspx Normes et législation Indicateur ASTM E2920 - Standard Guide for Recording Occupational Injuries and Illnesses <p>This guide is intended to define work-related injuries and illnesses in a way that can be easily understood and measured across countries. These injuries and illnesses can be used to evaluate, compare, and continually improve management systems and programs related to worker safety and health. Although several levels of severity may be defined, the primary objective is to identify cases with meaningful connection to work and cases with such potential consequence that they have value for prevention purposes. The resultant data and incidence rates should improve global benchmarking consistency.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2920.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2920.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2920.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 23 Aug 2019 19:24:00 Z 0 Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-23T19:24:00Z 2019-08-23 19:24 +00:00 2019-08-23 15:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11638 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/08/23/11638.aspx Agents chimiques Silice Particules et poussières Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Normes Secteurs d'activités Quartz ASTM E2625 - Standard Practice for Controlling Occupational Exposure to Respirable Crystalline Silica for Construction and Demolition Activities <p>These practices and criteria were developed for occupational exposures during construction and demolition activities. They are intended to (1) protect against clinically significant disease from exposure to respirable crystalline silica, (2) be measurable by techniques that are valid, reproducible, and readily available, and (3) be attainable with existing technology and protective practices.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2625.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2625.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2625.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 23 Aug 2019 19:20:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/08/23/11638.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-23T19:20:00Z 2019-08-23 19:20 +00:00 2019-08-23 15:20 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11637 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/08/20/11637.aspx Modes de prévention Information / Guide Transfert de connaissances Lanceurs de discussion sur le lieu de travail concernant les troubles musculo-squelettiques <p>Les lanceurs de discussion peuvent faciliter les d&eacute;bats en groupes sur le lieu de travail ou pendant la formation professionnelle. Les sc&eacute;narios qui y figurent sont con&ccedil;us pour les travailleurs r&eacute;alisant des t&acirc;ches susceptibles de leur causer des troubles musculo-squelettiques (TMS), ainsi que pour leurs sup&eacute;rieurs hi&eacute;rarchiques et superviseurs.<br />Cette ressource r&eacute;pond &eacute;galement &agrave; la n&eacute;cessit&eacute; d&rsquo;&eacute;tablir une communication rapide et efficace entre le travailleur et son sup&eacute;rieur concernant un probl&egrave;me de sant&eacute; li&eacute; &agrave; des troubles musculo-squelettiques.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/conversation-starters-workplace-discussions-about/view" title="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/conversation-starters-workplace-discussions-about/view">https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/conversation-starters-workplace-discussions-about/view</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 20 Aug 2019 14:28:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/08/20/11637.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-20T14:28:00Z 2019-08-20 14:28 +00:00 2019-08-20 10:28 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11636 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/08/20/11636.aspx Orientations stratégiques Indicateur New OSH indicator proposed for the UN Sustainable Development Goals <p>The World Health Organisation (WHO) and the International Labour Office (ILO) have developed a proposal for a new occupational safety and health (OSH) indicator for the United Nations&#39; Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), relating to Goal 8: &ldquo;Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all&rdquo;.<br />The new indicator captures deaths from diseases attributed to occupational risk factors (accounting for an estimated 73.3% of all work-related deaths), filling a substantial gap in coverage of Target 8.8 in the SDG Global Indicator Framework: &ldquo;Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment&rdquo;.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/oshnews/new-osh-indicator-proposed-un-sustainable-development-goals" title="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/oshnews/new-osh-indicator-proposed-un-sustainable-development-goals">https://osha.europa.eu/fr/oshnews/new-osh-indicator-proposed-un-sustainable-development-goals</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 20 Aug 2019 14:01:00 Z 0 Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-20T14:01:00Z 2019-08-20 14:01 +00:00 2019-08-20 10:01 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11635 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/08/19/11635.aspx Main d’œuvre en mutation PME Comportements sécuritaires Structure démographique Demographic differences in safety proactivity behaviors and safety management in Chinese small-scale enterprises <p>The study examines demographic differences in safety proactivity behaviors (i.e., safety whistleblowing, safety voice, and safety initiative) and safety procedure, safety management, and safety hazards identification. The data was collected from 503 employees in Chinese small&ndash;scale enterprises by using one&ndash;way ANOVA. The results showed that safety proactivity behaviors were significantly correlated with age groups, safety initiative with education level, and safety management with gender. Safety procedure, safety management and safety hazards identification were significantly correlated with age groups and safety hazards identification with education level. However, there were no gender&ndash;based differences in safety proactivity behaviors, safety procedures, and safety hazards identification, and none in safety whistleblowing and safety voice, safety management, and safety procedure based on the education level. There were also no differences in safety proactivity behaviors, safety procedure, safety management, and safety hazards identification based on tenure. This offers practical suggestions to owner&ndash;managers of small&ndash;scale enterprises to address the current situation and to improve the safety proactivity behaviors of employees as well as improve the safety procedure, safety management, and safety hazards identification.</p> <p>Source: Wang, Q., Mei, Q., Liu, S., Zhou, Q.&nbsp;et Zhang, J. (2019).&nbsp;<em>Safety Science, 120</em>, 179-184.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.06.016" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.06.016">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.06.016</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 19 Aug 2019 20:54:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/08/19/11635.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-19T20:54:00Z 2019-08-19 20:54 +00:00 2019-08-19 16:54 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11634 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/08/19/11634.aspx Agents physiques Radiations non-ionisantes Ultraviolets Solar Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure among Outdoor Workers in Three Canadian Provinces <p>Introduction: Solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure places outdoor workers at risk of skin cancer and exposure is difficult to control. In response, the Sun Safety at Work Canada (SSAWC) project was undertaken (2014&ndash;2016). The purpose of this substudy was to characterize the UVR exposure levels of outdoor workers in the SSAWC project.<br />Methods: Thirteen workplaces in the provinces of British Columbia, Ontario, and Nova Scotia participated in an exposure monitoring campaign (late summer/early fall 2016). Study participants were workers from power utilities and municipalities. Participants wore a UVR measurement badge (light-sensitive polysulfone plastic) on their wrist, shoulder, or hardhat. Badge calibration and absorbance measurements were performed in the AusSun Research Lab. Personal UVR doses are presented as standard erythemal doses (SED) and compared with the internationally recommended exposure limit (1.3 SED), as well as to the total available UVR by date. Generalized linear models were used to examine determinants of solar UVR for personal UVR dose (for both SED and percent of ambient UVR). Models considered badge placement, date, province, industry, main job task, and the hours spent outdoors.<br />Results: Mean personal UVR dose of participating workers was 6.1 SED (nearly 5&times; the recommended limit). Just 14% of workers experienced &lsquo;acceptable&#39; levels of solar radiation; 10% were exposed at &gt;10 times the limit. In univariate analyses, workers in Ontario had the highest levels (mean 7.3 SED), but even in the lowest exposed province (British Columbia), the mean personal UVR dose was 4.5 SED. Utility workers had double the exposure of municipal workers (10.4 and 5.5 SED, respectively). In the determinants of exposure models, the differences by province were muted, but utility line workers and those in general maintenance had higher predicted exposures. Those who wore their badge on their hardhat also had higher values of SED in the fully adjusted determinants models.<br />Conclusions: Solar ultraviolet overexposure among outdoor workers is a concern, even in a country like Canada with relatively low ambient UVR. Implementation of sun safety programs should be supported in an effort to reduce exposure in this vulnerable group of workers.</p> <p>Source: Peters, C. E., Pasko, E., Strahlendorf, P., Holness, D. L.&nbsp;et Tenkate, T. (2019). <em>Annals of work exposures and health, 63</em>(6),&nbsp;679-688. <br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxz044" title="https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxz044">https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxz044</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 19 Aug 2019 16:02:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/08/19/11634.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-19T16:02:00Z 2019-08-19 16:02 +00:00 2019-08-19 12:02 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11633 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/08/15/11633.aspx Orientations stratégiques Océanie Nouvelle-Zélande The evolution of the OHS profession in New Zealand <p>This article examines the evolution of the OHS profession in Aotearoa New Zealand (hereafter New Zealand) and we argue that development of a profession cannot be considered in isolation at one moment in time. We show that an occupational group develops as a result of historical contextual issues that shape how stakeholders perceive the need for, status, and role of that group, and whether it should be seen as a distinct trade or a profession. We also provide a working definition of &ldquo;a profession&rdquo; and outline the early development of New Zealand&rsquo;s generalist OHS professions in New Zealand. We conclude with a discussion of the key themes and future challenges facing the OHS profession in New Zealand. We commence, however, with a brief explanation of the methodology applied in this exercise.</p> <p>Source: Peace, C., Lamm, F., Dearsly, G.&nbsp;et Parkes, H. (2019). <em>Safety Science, 120</em>, 254-262.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.07.005" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.07.005">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.07.005</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 15 Aug 2019 19:45:00 Z 0 Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-15T19:45:00Z 2019-08-15 19:45 +00:00 2019-08-15 15:45 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11631 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/08/15/11631.aspx Québec Canada Travail des femmes Régions géographiques Pour une maternité sans danger : Statistiques 2014-2017 <p>Les statistiques pr&eacute;sent&eacute;es dans le document concernent les principales caract&eacute;ristiques des travailleuses dont les r&eacute;clamations relatives au programme Pour une maternit&eacute; sans danger ont &eacute;t&eacute; re&ccedil;ues et accept&eacute;es. Le document porte notamment sur les risques les plus fr&eacute;quents pour la femme enceinte ou l&#39;enfant &agrave; na&icirc;tre et sur la r&eacute;partition des r&eacute;clamations selon le secteur d&#39;activit&eacute;, la profession, l&#39;&acirc;ge de la travailleuse et l&#39;&eacute;tat d&#39;avancement de la grossesse. ?</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Pages/DC_300_254.aspx" title="https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Pages/DC_300_254.aspx">https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Pages/DC_300_254.aspx</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 15 Aug 2019 16:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/08/15/11631.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-15T16:49:00Z 2019-08-15 16:49 +00:00 2019-08-15 12:49 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11632 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/08/15/11632.aspx Amélioration des procédés Techniques de sécurité Réduction du risque Risque machine A holistic assessment tool to estimate the probability of bypassing safeguards on machinery <p>Bypassing safeguards is a contributing cause of work-related accidents. Organizations must pay attention to the incentives of bypassing and ways to prevent it. This paper proposes a holistic assessment tool that estimates the probability of bypassing safeguards on machinery as high, significant, moderate or low based on a comprehensive list of literature-based incentives to bypass safeguards. The proposed tool is developed in four steps. Step 1 identifies all activities and operation modes associated with the machine. Step 2 investigates whether bypassing exists. Step 3 identifies and estimates the existing incentives to bypass. Step 4 estimates the probability of bypassing to help occupational health and safety (OHS) practitioners determine the corrective and preventive actions to promote the use of safeguards in industries. The tool is tested with five scenarios. Some of the results illustrate that: (i) OHS practitioners could identify the existing incentives in enterprises among a comprehensive list of incentives presented in the tool; next, they could determine the impact of the incentives; (ii) OHS organizations and practitioners from enterprises with limited resources could prioritize improvement actions to reduce or eliminate the incentives to bypass based on the probability levels estimated with the tool. The bypassing issue should be integrated with the elements of the OHS management system in organizations to promote the use of safeguards and to reduce accidents due to bypassing of safeguards on machinery.</p> <p>Source: Haghighi, A., Jocelyn, S.&nbsp;et Chinniah, Y. (2019).&nbsp;<em>Safety Science, 120</em>, 561-574.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.08.009" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.08.009">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.08.009</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 15 Aug 2019 15:56:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/08/15/11632.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-15T15:56:00Z 2019-08-15 15:56 +00:00 2019-08-15 11:56 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11630 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/08/15/11630.aspx Poussières Prévention et contrôle Réduction à la source Moyens physiques et techniques Le captage des poussières <p>Dans de nombreux secteurs, l&#39;activit&eacute; professionnelle est source d&#39;expositions &agrave; des poussi&egrave;res dont les effets sur la sant&eacute; peuvent &ecirc;tre vari&eacute;s selon le type de poussi&egrave;res et d&#39;exposition&thinsp;: irritation respiratoire, allergie, fibrose pulmonaire, cancer&hellip; La ventilation et l&#39;aspiration &agrave; la source sont les piliers d&#39;une pr&eacute;vention efficace.</p> <p>Source: (2019). Travail &amp; S&eacute;curit&eacute; (807).<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier/LE%20CAPTAGE%20DES%20POUSSI%C3%88RES.html" title="http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier/LE%20CAPTAGE%20DES%20POUSSI%C3%88RES.html">http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier/LE%20CAPTAGE%20DES%20POUSSI%C3%88RES.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 15 Aug 2019 15:02:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/08/15/11630.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-15T15:02:00Z 2019-08-15 15:02 +00:00 2019-08-15 11:02 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11629 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/08/15/11629.aspx Masque respiratoire Propriétés physiques des matériaux Normes et législation Caractéristiques de conception des équipements Conception des équipements de protection ASTM F2100 - Standard Specification for Performance of Materials Used in Medical Face Masks <p>This specification covers the classifications, performance requirements, and test methods for the materials used in the construction of medical face masks that are used in health care services such as surgery and patient care. Medical face mask material performance is based on testing for bacterial filtration efficiency, differential pressure, sub-micron particulate filtration efficiency, resistance to penetration by synthetic blood, and flammability. This specification does not address all aspects of medical face mask design and performance, the effectiveness of medical face mask designs as related to the barrier and breathability properties, and respiratory protection, which may be necessary for some health care services.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2100.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2100.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2100.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 15 Aug 2019 13:55:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/08/15/11629.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-15T13:55:00Z 2019-08-15 13:55 +00:00 2019-08-15 09:55 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11627 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/08/15/11627.aspx Travail en mouvement Organisation temporelle Effets sur les travailleurs Organisation de la production Cancer Carcinogenicity of night shift work <p>In June, 2019, a Working Group of 27 scientists from 16 countries met at the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in Lyon, France, to finalise their evaluation of the carcinogenicity of night shift work. This assessment will be published in volume 124 of the IARC Monographs.<br />In 2007, shift work involving circadian disruption was classified as &ldquo;probably carcinogenic to humans&rdquo; (Group 2A), on the basis of sufficient evidence in experimental animals and limited evidence of breast cancer in humans. In this updated evaluation, the Working Group chose the name &ldquo;night shift work&rdquo; to better describe the exposure circumstances and to reflect the main evidence base for the human cancer studies. The re-evaluation was motivated by the large number of new, high-quality epidemiologic studies including additional cancer sites. However, the Working Group noted the considerable variability in the detail and quality of exposure information on night shift work reported in these studies. Exposure information was more detailed in case-control studies, including in those nested within cohorts, than in cohort studies. A number of occupational, individual, Carcinogenicity of night shift work lifestyle, and environmental factors might mediate, confound, or moderate potential cancer risk in night shift workers.<br />The Working Group concluded there was limited evidence that night shift work causes breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer. This evaluation was based on comprehensive searches of the literature, screening of the studies using established inclusion criteria, and evaluation of study quality, including a standardised review of exposure assessment. Greater weight was given to the most informative human cancer studies based on methodologic considerations, including study size, potential selection bias, night work assessment quality (most notably, potential for misclassification), and control for potential confounding factors. The largest number of informative studies examined breast cancer, several examined prostate and colorectal cancer, while fewer were done on other cancers.</p> <p>Source: Carcinogenicity of night shift work. (2019). <em>Lancet, 20</em>(8),&nbsp;1058-1059.&nbsp;<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://www.etui.org/fr/content/download/36983/371131/file/lancet.pdf" title="https://www.etui.org/fr/content/download/36983/371131/file/lancet.pdf">https://www.etui.org/fr/content/download/36983/371131/file/lancet.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 15 Aug 2019 12:52:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/08/15/11627.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-15T12:52:00Z 2019-08-15 12:52 +00:00 2019-08-15 08:52 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11628 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/08/14/11628.aspx Australie Décès Accidents du travail Lésions professionnelles Océanie Régions géographiques Safe Work Australia - Number and incidence rate of work-related traumatic injury fatalities by Occupation - 2013-2017 <p>This table provides work-related traumatic injury fatality numbers and rates by occupation major and sub-major groups.<br />This table has been updated with the latest data (from 2013-2017).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/number-and-incidence-rate-work-related-traumatic-injury-fatalities-occupation-2013-2017" title="https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/number-and-incidence-rate-work-related-traumatic-injury-fatalities-occupation-2013-2017">https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/number-and-incidence-rate-work-related-traumatic-injury-fatalities-occupation-2013-2017</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 14 Aug 2019 19:59:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/08/14/11628.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-14T19:59:00Z 2019-08-14 19:59 +00:00 2019-08-14 15:59 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11626 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/08/14/11626.aspx Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Charge mentale Effets sur les travailleurs Secteur de l’enseignement Secteurs d'activités Violence Workplace violence and development of burnout symptoms <p><strong>A&nbsp;prospective cohort study on 1823 social educators</strong><br />Purpose: Burnout and workplace violence (WPV) have been associated in cross-sectional studies, but longitudinal studies with solid methods and adequate sample sizes are lacking. This study investigates whether WPV increases burnout symptoms during a 12-month period.<br />Methods: Questionnaire data were collected on 1823 social educators at baseline and 12-month follow-up, coupled with additionally 12 monthly text-message surveys on exposure to WPV. Using general linear modelling for repeated measures, we estimated change over time in burnout symptoms in three WPV exposure groups (none, low, high).<br />Results: A time by exposure to WPV interaction existed for development of burnout; F(2)&thinsp;=&thinsp;7.2, p&thinsp;=&thinsp;0.001 &eta;2&thinsp;=&thinsp;0.011. Burnout increased significantly within the group of low exposure; F(1)&thinsp;=&thinsp;6.8, p&thinsp;=&thinsp;0.01 and high exposure; F(1)&thinsp;=&thinsp;6.7 p&thinsp;=&thinsp;0.001, but not within the non-exposed F(1)&thinsp;=&thinsp;2.1 p&thinsp;=&thinsp;0.15. At follow-up, both the low exposed and high exposed had significantly higher levels of burnout compared to the non-exposed.<br />Conclusion: Exposure to WPV increases level of burnout within a 12-month period. We propose that assessment of burnout in future studies should utilize instruments capable of detecting small changes. We further propose that prevention against employee burnout could be improved using monitoring targeted at employees exposed to WPV.</p> <p>Source: Pihl-Thingvad, J., Elklit, A., Brandt, L. P. A.&nbsp;et Andersen, L. L. (2019). <em>International archives of occupational and environmental health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-019-01424-5" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-019-01424-5">https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-019-01424-5</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 14 Aug 2019 13:20:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/08/14/11626.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-14T13:20:00Z 2019-08-14 13:20 +00:00 2019-08-14 09:20 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11625 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/08/13/11625.aspx Agents chimiques Effets sur la santé Poussières Système respiratoire Fumées Systèmes et maladies Poumon Vapeur Gaz Heme oxygenase 1 polymorphism, occupational vapor, gas, dust, and fume exposure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in a Danish population-based study <p>Objectives: The number of dinucleotide repeats (GT)n modulate expression of heme oxygenase 1 (HMOX1), a stress response gene. Multiple repeats might affect chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) susceptibility. We aimed to investigate the association of this polymorphism with COPD and its interaction with occupational exposures (vapor, gas, dust, or fumes).<br />Methods: This population-based cross-sectional study included 4703 Danes, aged 45&ndash;84 years. HMOX1 (GT)n was genotyped and grouped as short: &le;26, medium: 27&ndash;32 and long: &ge;33 alleles. COPD was defined by the lower limit of normal (2.5th FEV1/FVC and FEV1 centiles). Occupational exposure was defined as ever exposed to vapor, gas, dust, or fume in expert-selected jobs. Associations were analyzed by adjusted mixed logistic regression.<br />Results: The population included 6% with COPD, 48% who had smoked &ge;10 pack-years, and 46% with occupational exposure. HMOX1 was genotyped in 4423 participants. The adjusted odds ratio (OR) for the association between HMOX1 long allele and COPD was 1.75 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.18&ndash;2.60]. An interaction was evident between HMOX1 long allele and occupational exposure, OR 2.38 (95% CI 1.04&ndash;5.46), versus HMOX1 short/medium without exposure. Analyses were replicated in another cohort, aged 20&ndash;44 years, N=1168, including 3% with COPD, 25% who had smoked &ge;10 pack-years and 20% with occupational exposure. No associations were seen between COPD and HMOX1 long allele here.<br />Conclusions: Long alleles in HMOX1 alone and in interaction with occupational exposure seem to be associated with COPD. Failure to replicate data may be due to premature age for COPD development and low occupational exposure prevalence. We propose this long allele may be a genetic contributor to the COPD pathogenesis.</p> <p>Source: W&uuml;rtz ET, Brasch-Andersen C, Steffensen R, Hansen JG, Malling TH, Schl&uuml;nssen V, et Omland &Oslash;. (2019). <em>Scandinavian Journal of&nbsp;Work, Environment &amp;&nbsp;Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3846" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3846">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3846</a>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 13 Aug 2019 13:29:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/08/13/11625.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-13T13:29:00Z 2019-08-13 13:29 +00:00 2019-08-13 09:29 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11623 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/08/13/11623.aspx Évaluation Appareils filtrants Normes et réglementation Méthodes d'évaluation de l'étanchéité Appareils pour la protection respiratoire NF EN 13274 - Appareils de protection respiratoire - Méthodes d'essai <p><strong>Partie 7 : d&eacute;termination de la p&eacute;n&eacute;tration des filtres &agrave; particules - Appareils de protection respiratoire</strong> <br />Le pr&eacute;sent document sp&eacute;cifie le mode op&eacute;ratoire utilis&eacute; pour v&eacute;rifier la p&eacute;n&eacute;tration des filtres &agrave; particules pour appareils de protection respiratoire.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-13274-7/appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-methodes-d-essai-partie-7-determination-de-la-penetration-des-filtres-a-particules/article/913982/fa188013" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-13274-7/appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-methodes-d-essai-partie-7-determination-de-la-penetration-des-filtres-a-particules/article/913982/fa188013">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-13274-7/appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-methodes-d-essai-partie-7-determination-de-la-penetration-des-filtres-a-particules/article/913982/fa188013</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 13 Aug 2019 13:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/08/13/11623.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-13T13:09:00Z 2019-08-13 13:09 +00:00 2019-08-13 09:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11624 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/08/12/11624.aspx États-Unis Indemnisation Santé psychologique Décès Lésions professionnelles Données administratives Drogues psychotropes Suicide Suicide and drug-related mortality following occupational injury <p>BACKGROUND: Drug overdoses and suicides have been rising since 2000 and are major contributors to a 3-year decline in US life expectancy. Studies suggest that injured workers have elevated rates of depression and opioid use, but no studies have measured excess mortality related to these risks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We linked New Mexico workers&#39; compensation data for 100 806 workers injured in 1994 through 2000 with Social Security Administration earnings and mortality data through 2013 and National Death Index cause of death data. We then estimated the association between receiving lost-time workers&#39; compensation benefits and mortality hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) based on Fine and Gray cause-specific subdistribution hazards for common causes of death and for drug-related, suicide, and alcohol-related mortality. RESULTS: There was almost a 3-fold increase in combined drug-related and suicide mortality hazard among women (HR = 2.63, 95% CI = 1.91-3.64) and a substantial increase among men (HR = 1.42, 95% CI = 1.13-1.79). Circulatory disease mortality hazard was elevated for men (HR = 1.25, 95% CI = 1.05-1.50). CONCLUSION: Workplace injuries severe enough to require more than a week off work may impair workers&#39; long-term health and well-being. Drug-related deaths and suicides may be important contributors to the long-term excess mortality of injured workers. Improved workplace conditions, improved pain treatment, better treatment of substance use disorders, and treatment of postinjury depression may substantially reduce mortality consequent to workplace injuries. </p> <p>Source: Applebaum, K. M., Asfaw, A., O&#39;Leary, P. K., Busey, A., Tripodis, Y.&nbsp;et Boden, L. I. (2019).&nbsp;<em>American Journal of Industrial Medicine</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.23021" title="https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.23021">https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.23021</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 12 Aug 2019 19:28:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/08/12/11624.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-12T19:28:00Z 2019-08-12 19:28 +00:00 2019-08-12 15:28 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11622 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/08/12/11622.aspx Travail en mouvement Travailleurs Comportements sécuritaires Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Conditions physiques Secteurs d'activités Enquêtes Fatigue The effects of sleep on workplace cognitive failure and safety <p>Healthy employee sleep is important for occupational safety, but the mechanisms that explain the relationships among sleep and safety-related behaviors remain unknown. We draw from Crain, Brossoit, and Fisher&#39;s (in press) work, nonwork, and sleep (WNS) framework and Barnes&#39; (2012) model of sleep and self-regulation in organizations to investigate the influence of construction workers&#39; self-reported sleep quantity (i.e., duration) and quality (i.e., feeling well-rest upon awakening, ability to fall asleep and remain asleep) on workplace cognitive failures (i.e., lapses in attention, memory, and action at work) and subsequent workplace safety behaviors (i.e., safety compliance and safety participation) and reports of minor injuries. Construction workers from two public works agencies completed surveys at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months. Our results suggest that workers with more insomnia symptoms on average reported engaging in fewer required and voluntary safety behaviors and were at a greater risk for workplace injuries. These effects were mediated by workplace cognitive failures. In addition, workers with greater sleep insufficiency on average reported lower safety compliance, but this effect was not mediated by workplace cognitive failures. These results have implications for future workplace interventions, suggesting that organizations striving to improve safety should prioritize interventions that will reduce workers&#39; insomnia symptoms and improve their ability to quickly fall asleep and stay asleep throughout the night.</p> <p>Source: Brossoit, R. M., Crain, T. L., Leslie, J. J., Hammer, L. B., Truxillo, D. M.&nbsp;et Bodner, T. E. (2019).&nbsp;<em>Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 24</em>(4), 411-422.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ocp0000139" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ocp0000139 ">http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ocp0000139</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 12 Aug 2019 15:33:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/08/12/11622.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-12T15:33:00Z 2019-08-12 15:33 +00:00 2019-08-12 11:33 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11618 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/08/12/11618.aspx Orientations stratégiques Coûts de la SST The Value of Occupational Health Research <p><strong>History, Evolution and Way Forward</strong><br />This report has approached the &lsquo;value&#39; of OH research from a general OH perspective i.e. improving health, wellbeing and functional capability of the working age population, a societal and public health perspective and an economic perspective.<br />These elements have been addressed by: a brief scoping review of workplace interventions with economic evaluations, qualitative interviews of key stakeholders in the field of OH research, and supplemented by an overview of related reports and publications, including those on occupational epidemiology and other OH research areas.<br />Systematic reviews to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of OH interventions6-9 have identified poor methodological quality as a key barrier to drawing meaningful conclusions. It has been five years since the most recent review so we undertook a brief scope of the literature and its methodological quality to explore whether there had been any improvement since then in the quality of economic evaluations. We found a relatively low number of intervention studies in OH research that incorporated economic evaluations. Few were cost-effective or costbeneficial.<br />For the majority, the economic evaluations were typically of low methodological quality and often from an &lsquo;employer&#39; perspective only. Only a small number included a broader societal perspective. The majority of studies did not consider a long-term time horizon nor use any extrapolation or modelling approaches.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.som.org.uk/sites/som.org.uk/files/SOM_Value_OH_Research_June2019.pdf" title="https://www.som.org.uk/sites/som.org.uk/files/SOM_Value_OH_Research_June2019.pdf">https://www.som.org.uk/sites/som.org.uk/files/SOM_Value_OH_Research_June2019.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 12 Aug 2019 14:22:00 Z 0 Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-12T14:22:00Z 2019-08-12 14:22 +00:00 2019-08-12 10:22 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11620 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2019/08/12/11620.aspx Équipement de protection Équipement de protection individuel Confort Prévention du bruit Revue de littérature A critical review of the literature on comfort of hearing protection devices <p><strong>Definition of comfort and identification of its main attributes for earplug types</strong><br />Objective: This article presents a comprehensive literature review of past works addressing Hearing Protection Devices (HPD) comfort and to put them into perspective regarding a proposed holistic multidimensional construct of HPD comfort.<br />Design: Literature review.<br />Study samples: Documents were hand searched and Internet searched using &ldquo;PubMed&rdquo;, &ldquo;Web of Science&rdquo;, &ldquo;Google Scholar&rdquo;, &ldquo;ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Professional&rdquo;, &ldquo;Scopus&rdquo; or &ldquo;Google&rdquo; search engines. While comfort constructs and measurement methods are reviewed for both earplugs and earmuff types, results and analyses are provided for the earplug type only.<br />Results: This article proposed a multidimensional construct of HPD comfort based on four dimensions: physical, functional, acoustical and psychological. Seen through the prism of the proposed holistic construct of HPD comfort, the main comfort attributes of earplugs have been identified for each comfort dimension.<br />Conclusions: The observed lack of consensus on the definition of HPD comfort in the scientific community makes it difficult to prioritise the importance of comfort attributes yet necessary for future design of comfortable earplugs.</p> <p>Source: Doutres, O., Sgard, F., Terroir, J., Perrin, N., Jolly, C., Gauvin, C.&nbsp;et Negrini, A. (2019).&nbsp;<em>International journal of audiology</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2019.1646930" title="https://doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2019.1646930">https://doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2019.1646930</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 12 Aug 2019 14:10:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2019/08/12/11620.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-12T14:10:00Z 2019-08-12 14:10 +00:00 2019-08-12 10:10 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11621 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/08/12/11621.aspx Évaluation Confort Protection de l'ouïe Équipement de protection individuel Revue de littérature A critical review of the literature on comfort of hearing protection devices <p><strong>Definition of comfort and identification of its main attributes for earplug types</strong><br />Objective: This article presents a comprehensive literature review of past works addressing Hearing Protection Devices (HPD) comfort and to put them into perspective regarding a proposed holistic multidimensional construct of HPD comfort.<br />Design: Literature review.<br />Study samples: Documents were hand searched and Internet searched using &ldquo;PubMed&rdquo;, &ldquo;Web of Science&rdquo;, &ldquo;Google Scholar&rdquo;, &ldquo;ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Professional&rdquo;, &ldquo;Scopus&rdquo; or &ldquo;Google&rdquo; search engines. While comfort constructs and measurement methods are reviewed for both earplugs and earmuff types, results and analyses are provided for the earplug type only.<br />Results: This article proposed a multidimensional construct of HPD comfort based on four dimensions: physical, functional, acoustical and psychological. Seen through the prism of the proposed holistic construct of HPD comfort, the main comfort attributes of earplugs have been identified for each comfort dimension.<br />Conclusions: The observed lack of consensus on the definition of HPD comfort in the scientific community makes it difficult to prioritise the importance of comfort attributes yet necessary for future design of comfortable earplugs.</p> <p>Source: Doutres, O., Sgard, F., Terroir, J., Perrin, N., Jolly, C., Gauvin, C.&nbsp;et Negrini, A. (2019).&nbsp;<em>International journal of audiology</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2019.1646930" title="https://doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2019.1646930">https://doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2019.1646930</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 12 Aug 2019 14:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/08/12/11621.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-12T14:09:00Z 2019-08-12 14:09 +00:00 2019-08-12 10:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11619 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/08/02/11619.aspx Organisation temporelle Effets sur les travailleurs Organisation de la production Association Between Reported Long Working Hours and History of Stroke in the CONSTANCES Cohort <p>Background and Purpose: Long working hours (LWHs) are a potential risk factor for stroke. The aim of this study was to investigate this association in a large general population cohort.<br />Methods: We used the French population-based cohort, CONSTANCES (Cohorte des Consultants des Centres d&#39;Examens de Sant&eacute;), to retrieve information on age, sex, smoking, and working hours from the baseline, self-administered questionnaire. Other cardiovascular risk factors and previous occurrence of stroke were taken from a parallel medical interview. We defined LWH as working time &gt;10 hours daily for at least 50 days per year. Participants with primarily part-time jobs were excluded as were those with stroke before LWH exposure. We used logistic models to estimate the association between LWH and stroke, stratified by age, sex, and occupation. In additional modeling, we excluded subjects whose stroke occurred within 5 years of the first reported work exposure.<br />Results: Among the 143&thinsp;592 participants in the analyses, there were 1224 (0.9%) strokes, 42&thinsp;542 (29.6%) reported LWH, and 14&thinsp;481 (10.1%) reported LWH for 10 years or more. LWH was associated with an increased risk of stroke: adjusted odds ratio of 1.29 (95% CI, 1.11&ndash;1.49). Being exposed to LWH for 10 years or more was more strongly associated with stroke, adjusted odds ratio of 1.45 (95% CI, 1.21&ndash;1.74). The association showed no differences between men and women but was stronger in white-collar workers under 50 years of age.<br />Conclusions: This large analysis reveals a significant association between stroke and exposure to LWH for 10 years or more. The findings are relevant for individual and global prevention.</p> <p>Source: Fadel, M., Sembajwe, G., Gagliardi, D., Pico, F., Li, J., Ozguler, A., ...&nbsp;et Iavicoli, S. (2019).&nbsp;<em>Stroke</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.119.025454" title="https://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.119.025454">https://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.119.025454</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 02 Aug 2019 20:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/08/02/11619.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-02T20:48:00Z 2019-08-02 20:48 +00:00 2019-08-02 16:48 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11617 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/08/02/11617.aspx Europe Normes et législation Développements technologiques France Vers un droit du travail 3.0 <p>Le droit du travail se retrouve aujourd&rsquo;hui confront&eacute; aux bouleversements sans pr&eacute;c&eacute;dents engendr&eacute;s par les r&eacute;volutions des technologies de l&rsquo;information et de la biotechnologie. Moyens de contr&ocirc;le &laquo; augment&eacute;s &raquo; de l&rsquo;activit&eacute; des salari&eacute;s, essor des plateformes num&eacute;riques, implantation croissante de l&rsquo;intelligence artificielle :autant de d&eacute;fis pos&eacute;s aussi bien aux entreprises et aux partenaires sociaux qu&rsquo;aux pouvoirs publics.<br />C&rsquo;est que le fait (num&eacute;rique) pr&eacute;c&egrave;de le droit, qui plus est dans un contexte de mondialisation des &eacute;conomies o&ugrave; par exemple le march&eacute; des Chatbots &ndash; les assistants virtuels en ligne &ndash; repr&eacute;sente d&rsquo;ores et d&eacute;j&agrave; un poids &eacute;conomique consid&eacute;rable, et accuse une croissance constante.<br />Mais loin d&rsquo;une simple utilisation statique de l&rsquo;outil, la diversit&eacute; des fonctionnalit&eacute;s offertes en fait &eacute;galement un vecteur d&rsquo;&eacute;volutions soci&eacute;tales qui questionnent au plus profond sur la nature m&ecirc;me de la relation de travail, jusqu&rsquo;&agrave; la place du travailleur salari&eacute;.<br />En effet, un droit du travail 3.0 aux interactions humaines de plus en plus limit&eacute;es, semble ainsi se dessiner, et n&eacute;cessite d&rsquo;ores et d&eacute;j&agrave; d&rsquo;&ecirc;tre examin&eacute; &agrave; travers ses diff&eacute;rentes manifestations.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.institutdiderot.fr/vers-un-droit-du-travail-3-0/" title="https://www.institutdiderot.fr/vers-un-droit-du-travail-3-0/">https://www.institutdiderot.fr/vers-un-droit-du-travail-3-0/</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 02 Aug 2019 19:52:00 Z 0 Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-02T19:52:00Z 2019-08-02 19:52 +00:00 2019-08-02 15:52 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11616 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/08/01/11616.aspx Méthodes et outils Mesure Méthode et technique Surface Protocole de mise au point des méthodes de prélèvement surfacique et d’analyse des substances chimiques sur les surfaces de travail <p>Ce guide d&eacute;crit un protocole pour la mise au point et la validation des m&eacute;thodes de pr&eacute;l&egrave;vement et d&#39;analyse des substances chimiques pr&eacute;sentes sur les surfaces de travail. Ce protocole peut &ecirc;tre appliqu&eacute; par tout laboratoire souhaitant mettre au point ses propres m&eacute;thodes. Il est conforme aux exigences normatives et aux pratiques courantes sur le sujet.<br />Ce protocole r&eacute;pond &agrave; plusieurs objectifs :<br /> - permettre &agrave; tout laboratoire d&rsquo;effectuer lui-m&ecirc;me la mise au point d&rsquo;une m&eacute;thode, dans le respect des proc&eacute;dures normalis&eacute;es, selon des crit&egrave;res communs, bien d&eacute;finis et valid&eacute;s ;<br /> - informer les utilisateurs des m&eacute;thodes M&eacute;troPol des conditions dans lesquelles elles ont &eacute;t&eacute; mises au point, &agrave; charge pour eux de la valider dans les conditions r&eacute;elles de mesurage ;<br /> - donner au pr&eacute;venteur les &eacute;l&eacute;ments lui permettant d&#39;&eacute;laborer sa strat&eacute;gie exp&eacute;rimentale, en fonction des param&egrave;tres d&#39;exposition ;<br /> - assurer la validation des m&eacute;thodes publi&eacute;es dans le recueil M&eacute;troPol pour qu&rsquo;elles soient mieux exportables et choisies comme m&eacute;thodes de r&eacute;f&eacute;rence.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/dms/inrs/PDF/metropol-analyse-validation-surfaces/metropol-analyse-validation-surfaces.pdf" title="http://www.inrs.fr/dms/inrs/PDF/metropol-analyse-validation-surfaces/metropol-analyse-validation-surfaces.pdf">http://www.inrs.fr/dms/inrs/PDF/metropol-analyse-validation-surfaces/metropol-analyse-validation-surfaces.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 01 Aug 2019 15:51:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/08/01/11616.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-01T15:51:00Z 2019-08-01 15:51 +00:00 2019-08-01 11:51 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11615 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/08/01/11615.aspx Vêtements de protection Normes et législation ASTM D8248 - Standard Terminology for Smart Textiles <p>This terminology standard covers terms related to smart textiles, technical textiles, electronic textiles, and wearable electronics including fibers, yarns, and end products.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/D8248.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/D8248.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/D8248.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 01 Aug 2019 12:46:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/08/01/11615.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-08-01T12:46:00Z 2019-08-01 12:46 +00:00 2019-08-01 08:46 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11614 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/07/31/11614.aspx Évaluation Aide à la décision Protection biologique Protection respiratoire Appareils pour la protection respiratoire Équipement de protection individuel Appareils de protection respiratoire et risques biologiques <p>Dans certains secteurs d&#39;activit&eacute; (soins, laboratoires, biotechnologies, &eacute;levage, abattoirs, assainissement...), les personnels peuvent &ecirc;tre expos&eacute;s &agrave; des agents biologiques transmissibles par voie respiratoire. Cette fiche indique les crit&egrave;res de choix et les conditions d&#39;utilisation des appareils de protection respiratoire (APR).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%20146" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%20146">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%20146</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 31 Jul 2019 13:28:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/07/31/11614.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-31T13:28:00Z 2019-07-31 13:28 +00:00 2019-07-31 09:28 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11613 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/30/11613.aspx Agents chimiques Plomb Méthodes et outils Normes Méthode et technique Analyse Échantillonnage Surface Spectrophotométrie atomique ASTM E3193 - Standard Test Method for Measurement of Lead (Pb) in Dust by Wipe, Paint, and Soil by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (FAAS) <p>This test method covers the determination of lead (Pb) in dust by wipe, paint, and soil collected in and around buildings and related structures by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry (FAAS) and is derived from Test Methods D4185 and E1613. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E3193.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E3193.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/E3193.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 30 Jul 2019 16:16:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/30/11613.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-30T16:16:00Z 2019-07-30 16:16 +00:00 2019-07-30 12:16 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11612 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/07/29/11612.aspx Europe Secteurs d'activités Secteur de l’administration publique Travailler derrière les barreaux <p>Dans cette &eacute;dition de <em>HesaMag</em>, nous avons mis l&#39;accent sur les conditions de travail derri&egrave;re les barreaux. Travailler en prison, c&#39;est travailler en marge de la soci&eacute;t&eacute;. Travailler en tant que prisonnier et travailler avec les d&eacute;tenus est un travail tr&egrave;s ordinaire en termes d&#39;actions et de t&acirc;ches r&eacute;elles accomplies. Mais le contexte dans lequel le travail est effectu&eacute; est radicalement diff&eacute;rent du monde &quot;ext&eacute;rieur&quot;. C&#39;est une question qui est rarement abord&eacute;e dans le domaine de la sant&eacute; au travail. </p> <p>Source: (2019). <em>HesMag</em> (19).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://www.etui.org/fr/Themes/Sante-et-securite-Conditions-de-travail/HesaMag/?utm_source=Hesamail_July2019" title="https://www.etui.org/fr/Themes/Sante-et-securite-Conditions-de-travail/HesaMag/?utm_source=Hesamail_July2019">https://www.etui.org/fr/Themes/Sante-et-securite-Conditions-de-travail/HesaMag/?utm_source=Hesamail_July2019</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 29 Jul 2019 15:30:00 Z 0 Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-29T15:30:00Z 2019-07-29 15:30 +00:00 2019-07-29 11:30 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11609 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/26/11609.aspx Agents biologiques Micro-organismes Normes ASTM E3214 - Standard Classification for Industrial Microorganisms <p>The technology to engineer industrial microorganisms (IMs) is evolving rapidly and the public, regulatory bodies, and industrial sectors require new tools to help evaluate the products of biotechnology. In particular, there is a need to clarify the nature and intent of genetic alterations present in many industrial microbial strains.<br />Currently, there is no systematic classification system to help differentiate among the many subtypes of engineered industrial microorganisms. In response, a classification system for industrial microorganisms has been developed with the intent of facilitating the commercial use and development of industrial microorganisms and the biotechnology sector in general.<br />This classification will be applied to all microorganisms for which there is an intended use, broadly referred to as &ldquo;industrial microorganisms.&rdquo; This classification covers both viable and non-viable microorganisms, in addition to any product that contains microbial DNA.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E3214.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E3214.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/E3214.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 26 Jul 2019 13:32:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/26/11609.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-26T13:32:00Z 2019-07-26 13:32 +00:00 2019-07-26 09:32 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11611 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/07/25/11611.aspx Canada Contexte de travail Travailleurs vieillissants Champs de recherche Régions géographiques Structure démographique Résultats du Recensement de 2016 : les professions comptant des travailleurs âgés <p>Au cours des 20 derni&egrave;res ann&eacute;es, la part des travailleurs &acirc;g&eacute;s de 55 ans et plus a augment&eacute; de fa&ccedil;on significative. La pr&eacute;sente &eacute;tude s&#39;appuie sur les donn&eacute;es du Recensement de la population et de l&#39;Enqu&ecirc;te sur la population active afin d&#39;examiner l&#39;&eacute;volution de la composition par &acirc;ge des travailleurs parmi les professions les plus r&eacute;pandues (comptant au moins 10 000 travailleurs), de m&ecirc;me que les professions qui connaissent les variations d&#39;effectifs les plus &eacute;lev&eacute;es et les moins &eacute;lev&eacute;es.</p> <p>Source: <a href="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/fr/pub/75-006-x/2019001/article/00011-fra.pdf?st=15mn2dA2">https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/fr/pub/75-006-x/2019001/article/00011-fra.pdf?st=15mn2dA2</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 25 Jul 2019 16:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/07/25/11611.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-25T16:14:00Z 2019-07-25 16:14 +00:00 2019-07-25 12:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11605 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/07/25/11605.aspx Couvre-face Performance Protection biologique Masque respiratoire Normes et réglementation Secteur des services de santé Équipement de protection individuel Secteurs d'activités ASTM F2101 - Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Bacterial Filtration Efficiency (BFE) of Medical Face Mask Materials, Using a Biological Aerosol of Staphylococcus aureus <p>This test method is used to measure the bacterial filtration efficiency (BFE) of medical face mask materials, employing a ratio of the upstream bacterial challenge to downstream residual concentration to determine filtration efficiency of medical face mask materials.<br />This test method is a quantitative method that allows filtration efficiency for medical face mask materials to be determined. The maximum filtration efficiency that can be determined by this method is 99.9&thinsp;%.<br />This test method does not apply to all forms or conditions of biological aerosol exposure. Users of the test method should review modes for worker exposure and assess the appropriateness of the method for their specific applications.<br />This test method evaluates medical face mask materials as an item of protective clothing but does not evaluate materials for regulatory approval as respirators. If respiratory protection for the wearer is needed, a NIOSH-certified respirator should be used. Relatively high bacterial filtration efficiency measurements for a particular medical face mask material does not ensure that the wearer will be protected from biological aerosols, since this test method primarily evaluates the performance of the composite materials used in the construction of the medical face mask and not its design, fit, or facial-sealing properties.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2101.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2101.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2101.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 25 Jul 2019 13:32:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/07/25/11605.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-25T13:32:00Z 2019-07-25 13:32 +00:00 2019-07-25 09:32 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11610 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2019/07/24/11610.aspx Instrumentation Vibrations main-bras Méthodes de mesure Vibrations globales - corps entier Exposition aux vibrations Normalisation et réglementation des vibrations FD CEN ISO/TR 19664 - Réponse des individus aux vibrations <p><strong>Recommandations et terminologie pour les instruments et l&#39;&eacute;quipement d&#39;&eacute;valuation de l&#39;exposition quotidienne aux vibrations sur le lieu de travail selon les exigences de sant&eacute; et de s&eacute;curit&eacute;</strong><br />L&#39;&eacute;valuation de l&#39;exposition des individus aux vibrations transmises &agrave; la fois au niveau du syst&egrave;me main-bras et au niveau de l&#39;ensemble du corps, sur le lieu de travail, repose sur l&#39;&eacute;valuation combin&eacute;e des amplitudes de vibration et des temps d&#39;exposition. Plusieurs types d&#39;instruments et sources de donn&eacute;es peuvent &ecirc;tre utilis&eacute;s pour d&eacute;terminer ces valeurs. Le pr&eacute;sent document fournit des recommandations et une explication des concepts utilis&eacute;s pour: - les processus de mesure; - les types d&#39;instruments; - la source de l&#39;amplitude de vibration.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/fd-cen-iso-tr-19664/reponse-des-individus-aux-vibrations-recommandations-et-terminologie-pour-les-instruments-et-l-equipement-d-evaluation-de-l-ex/article/929296/fa196444" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/fd-cen-iso-tr-19664/reponse-des-individus-aux-vibrations-recommandations-et-terminologie-pour-les-instruments-et-l-equipement-d-evaluation-de-l-ex/article/929296/fa196444">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/fd-cen-iso-tr-19664/reponse-des-individus-aux-vibrations-recommandations-et-terminologie-pour-les-instruments-et-l-equipement-d-evaluation-de-l-ex/article/929296/fa196444</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 24 Jul 2019 13:55:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2019/07/24/11610.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-24T13:55:00Z 2019-07-24 13:55 +00:00 2019-07-24 09:55 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11606 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/24/11606.aspx Agents chimiques Amiante Normes Échantillonnage Microscopie Microscopie électronique Surface ASTM D6480 - Standard Test Method for Wipe Sampling of Surfaces, Indirect Preparation, and Analysis for Asbestos Structure Number Surface Loading by Transmission Electron Microscopy <p>This test method covers a procedure to identify asbestos in samples wiped from surfaces and to provide an estimate of the concentration of asbestos reported as the number of asbestos structures per unit area of sampled surface. The procedure outlined in this test method employs an indirect sample preparation technique. It is intended to disperse aggregated asbestos into fundamental fibrils, fiber bundles, clusters, or matrices. However, as with all indirect sample preparation techniques, the asbestos observed for quantification may not represent the physical form of the asbestos as sampled. More specifically, the procedure described neither creates nor destroys asbestos, but it may alter the physical form of the mineral fiber aggregates.<br />This test method describes the equipment and procedures necessary for wipe sampling of surfaces for levels of asbestos structures. The sample is collected onto a particle-free wipe material (wipe) from the surface of a sampling area that may contain asbestos.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/D6480.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/D6480.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/D6480.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 24 Jul 2019 13:18:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/24/11606.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-24T13:18:00Z 2019-07-24 13:18 +00:00 2019-07-24 09:18 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11604 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/23/11604.aspx Santé psychologique Organisation temporelle Effets sur les travailleurs Organisation de la production Travail posté Shift work and mental health: a systematic review and meta-analysis <p>Background: Shift work is common. However, research findings are mixed regarding the impact of shift work on mental health. This systematic review sought to provide a comprehensive summary of existing research examining the association between different types of shift work and mental health. The review included large-scale, non-occupation-specific research.<br />Methods: Four electronic databases PubMed, PsycINFO, Web of Science and SCOPUS were searched to identify studies that reported on the statistical association between shift work and mental health and that used population-based samples. Two reviewers extracted information about study characteristics and data on the association between shift work and mental health. A meta-analysis was performed for longitudinal studies adopting a &lsquo;broad binary&#39; measure of shift work.<br />Results: Thirty-three studies were included in the final review&mdash;10 cross-sectional studies, 22 longitudinal studies, and 1 study that included both. Findings were grouped based on whether the measure of shift work focussed on: (1) night/evening work, (2) weekend work, (3) irregular/unpredictable work schedule, or (4) a broad binary measure. There was a reasonable level of evidence that overall, when a broad binary measure was adopted, shift work was associated with poorer mental health&mdash;this finding was supported by the meta-analysis results. There was also some evidence that irregular/unpredictable work was associated with poorer mental health. There was less evidence for night/evening and minimal evidence for weekend work. Inconsistencies in study methodology, limited contrasting and combining the results.<br />Conclusions: The association between shift work and mental health is different across types of shift work. The evidence is strongest for a broad binary, general measure of shift work and for irregular or unpredictable shift work. There is a need for continued research that adopts consistent and clear measures of shift work.</p> <p>Source: Zhao, Y., Richardson, A., Poyser, C., Butterworth, P., Strazdins, L.&nbsp;et Leach, L. S. (2019). <em>International Achives of Occupational and Environmental Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-019-01434-3" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-019-01434-3 ">https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-019-01434-3</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 23 Jul 2019 13:31:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/23/11604.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-23T13:31:00Z 2019-07-23 13:31 +00:00 2019-07-23 09:31 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11599 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/07/23/11599.aspx Couvre-face Conception Masque respiratoire Méthodes d'évaluation de l'étanchéité Protection respiratoire Appareils pour la protection respiratoire Équipement de protection individuel In Search of a Performing Seal: Rethinking the Design of Tight-Fitting Respiratory Protective Equipment Facepieces for Users With Facial Hair <p>Background: Air-purifying, tight-fitting facepieces are examples of respiratory protective equipment and are worn to protect workers from potentially harmful particulate and vapors. Research shows that the presence of facial hair on users&#39; face significantly reduces the efficacy of these devices. This article sets out to establish if an acceptable seal could be achieved between facial hair and the facepiece. The team also created and investigated a low-cost &ldquo;pressure testing&rdquo; method for assessing the efficacy of a seal to be used during the early design process for a facepiece designed to overcome the facial hair issue<br />Methods: Nine new designs for face mask seals were prototyped as flat samples. A researcher developed a test rig, and a test protocol was used to evaluate the efficacy of the new seal designs against facial hair. Six of the seal designs were also tested using a version of the conventional fit test. The results were compared with those of the researcher-developed test to look for a correlation between the two test methods.<br />Results: None of the seals performed any better against facial hair than a typical, commercially available facepiece. The pressure testing method devised by the researchers performed well but was not as robust as the fit factor testing.<br />Conclusion: The results show that sealing against facial hair is extremely problematic unless an excessive force is applied to the facepiece&#39;s seal area pushing it against the face. The means of pressure testing devised by the researchers could be seen as a low-cost technique to be used at the early stages of a the design process, before fit testing is viable. </p> <p>Source: &nbsp;Meadwell, J., Paxman-Clarke, L., Terris, D.&nbsp;et Ford, P. (2019).&nbsp;<em>Safety and Health at Work</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2019.05.001" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2019.05.001">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2019.05.001</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 23 Jul 2019 13:31:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/07/23/11599.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-23T13:31:00Z 2019-07-23 13:31 +00:00 2019-07-23 09:31 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11592 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/23/11592.aspx Agents physiques Radiations ionisantes Méthodes et outils Normes Appareils et équipements Dosimètre Rayons-X NF ISO 4037- Radioprotection - Rayonnements X et gamma de référence pour l'étalonnage des dosimètres et des débitmètres <p>Le pr&eacute;sent document donne des indications concernant les aspects compl&eacute;mentaires de la caract&eacute;risation des rayonnements de photons de faible &eacute;nergie et les proc&eacute;dures pour l&#39;&eacute;talonnage et la d&eacute;termination de la r&eacute;ponse des dosim&egrave;tres ou d&eacute;bitm&egrave;tres de zone et individuels en fonction de l&#39;&eacute;nergie des photons et de l&#39;angle d&#39;incidence. Le pr&eacute;sent document traite de la d&eacute;termination pr&eacute;cise des coefficients de conversion du kerma dans l&#39;air en &eacute;quivalents de dose H p (10) , H* (10) , H p (3) et H&#39; (3) et pour les spectres de rayonnement de photons de faible &eacute;nergie. Une m&eacute;thode d&#39;&eacute;talonnage direct de ces grandeurs au moyen d&#39;instruments de r&eacute;f&eacute;rence appropri&eacute;s est donn&eacute;e comme alternative &agrave; l&#39;utilisation des coefficients de conversion.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-4037-4/radioprotection-rayonnements-x-et-gamma-de-reference-pour-l-etalonnage-des-dosimetres-et-des-debitmetres-et-pour-la-determinatio/article/904954/fa190942" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-4037-4/radioprotection-rayonnements-x-et-gamma-de-reference-pour-l-etalonnage-des-dosimetres-et-des-debitmetres-et-pour-la-determinatio/article/904954/fa190942">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-4037-4/radioprotection-rayonnements-x-et-gamma-de-reference-pour-l-etalonnage-des-dosimetres-et-des-debitmetres-et-pour-la-determinatio/article/904954/fa190942</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 23 Jul 2019 13:30:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/23/11592.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-23T13:30:00Z 2019-07-23 13:30 +00:00 2019-07-23 09:30 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11608 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/07/22/11608.aspx Modes de prévention Types de tâches Travail de bureau Intervention spécifique Modification des outils ou équipements de travail Value Stream Maps - Improving Procurement of Ergonomic Office Equipment <p>This article presents research that shows how value stream maps (VSMs) were used to document the procurement process for office equipment to establish better methods of helping users obtain equipment to reduce the risk of overuse injuries in their office jobs.<br />&bull; The research consisted of two parts: 1) a survey to employees regarding office equipment; and 2) three focus groups with employees who were active in the procurement process. VSMs of the current process were created from the survey data and improved with focus group input.<br />&bull; The benefits of using a VSM include obtaining user input, creating better documentation and offering recommendations to streamline the process.<br />&bull; VSMs are recommended as a structured way for OSH professionals to obtain information about user needs and ways to improve processes to reduce workplace injuries. </p> <p>Source: Hayden, M. A.&nbsp;et Schwerha, D. J. (2019). <em>Professional Safety, 64</em>(5), 53-58.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://www.onepetro.org/journal-paper/ASSE-19-05-53" title="https://www.onepetro.org/journal-paper/ASSE-19-05-53">https://www.onepetro.org/journal-paper/ASSE-19-05-53</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 22 Jul 2019 14:40:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/07/22/11608.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-22T14:40:00Z 2019-07-22 14:40 +00:00 2019-07-22 10:40 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11598 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/07/22/11598.aspx Protection biologique Secteur des services de santé Équipement de protection individuel Secteurs d'activités Environmental and Personal Protective Equipment Contamination during Simulated Healthcare Activities <p>Providing care to patients with an infectious disease can result in the exposure of healthcare workers (HCWs) to pathogen-containing bodily fluids. We performed a series of experiments to characterize the magnitude of environmental contamination&mdash;in air, on surfaces and on participants&mdash;associated with seven common healthcare activities. The seven activities studied were bathing, central venous access, intravenous access, intubation, physical examination, suctioning and vital signs assessment. HCWs with experience in one or more activities were recruited to participate and performed one to two activities in the laboratory using task trainers that contained or were contaminated with fluorescein-containing simulated bodily fluid. Fluorescein was quantitatively measured in the air and on seven environmental surfaces. Fluorescein was quantitatively and qualitatively measured on the personal protective equipment (PPE) worn by participants. A total of 39 participants performed 74 experiments, involving 10&ndash;12 experimental trials for each healthcare activity. Healthcare activities resulted in diverse patterns and levels of contamination in the environment and on PPE that are consistent with the nature of the activity. Glove and gown contamination were ubiquitous, affirming the value of wearing these pieces of PPE to protect HCW&#39;s clothing and skin. Though intubation and suctioning are considered aerosol-generating procedures, fluorescein was detected less frequently in air and at lower levels on face shields and facemasks than other activities, which suggests that the definition of aerosol-generating procedure may need to be revised. Face shields may protect the face and facemask from splashes and sprays of bodily fluids and should be used for more healthcare activities.</p> <p>Source: Weber, R. T., Phan, L. T., Fritzen-Pedicini, C.&nbsp;et Jones, R. M. (2018). <em>Annals of work exposures and health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxz048" title="https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxz048">https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxz048</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 22 Jul 2019 12:53:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/07/22/11598.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-22T12:53:00Z 2019-07-22 12:53 +00:00 2019-07-22 08:53 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11601 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/22/11601.aspx Main d’œuvre en mutation Travailleurs Formation à la prévention Travailleurs immigrants Safe Employment Integration of Recent Immigrants and Refugees <p>This study examined the employment preparation and work experiences of recent immigrants and refugees in Ontario, Canada, to determine key resource needs and opportunities related to safe work integration. In-depth interviews were conducted with 22 service providers, program developers, and policy-makers from the immigration and employment fields. Eighteen focus groups were held with 110 recent immigrants and refugees who were looking for work or who had recently found work. An exploratory qualitative approach was used to collect and analyze the data. First jobs were often characterized by precarity and poor working conditions. Most recent immigrants and refugees had little knowledge about their rights at work and were not sure what to do when mistreated or were asked to do something unsafe at work. The settlement and employment programs that included occupational health and safety information were not systematic and were hindered by a lack of consistent funding and diffusion of responsibility. We identify optimal points in the settlement process where information can be provided, and some of the roles that can be played most effectively by service agencies, regulatory bodies, and employers.</p> <p>Source: Kosny, A., Yanar, B., Begum, M., Al-khooly, D., Premji, S., Lay, M. A.&nbsp;et Smith, P. M. (2019).&nbsp;<em>Journal of International Migration and Integration</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s12134-019-00685-w" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s12134-019-00685-w ">https://doi.org/10.1007/s12134-019-00685-w</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 22 Jul 2019 12:52:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/22/11601.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-22T12:52:00Z 2019-07-22 12:52 +00:00 2019-07-22 08:52 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11590 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/22/11590.aspx Agents chimiques Méthodes et outils Exposition cutanée Méthode et technique Analyse SysDEA: Systematic analysis of dermal exposure to hazardous chemical agents at the workplace <p>The overall objective of the SysDEA study is to generate scientific knowledge for improvement and standardization of measurement methods for dermal exposure to chemicals at the workplace. To this end, five different tasks (transfer, spreading, spraying, handling immersed objects, and handling contaminated objects) were performed with three different product types: a dusty powder (solids) and high viscosity (HV) and low viscosity (LV) liquids. The investigated exposure situations (product-task combinations) were: dumping powder, pouring LV and HV (transfer), rolling LV and HV (spreading), surface spraying LV and HV (spraying), manually handling objects immersed in LV and HV (immersion/dipping) and handling objects contaminated with powder. The measurement methods investigated were: whole body dosimeter (coverall) versus patches for body exposure, gloves versus hand wash for hand exposure, and head bands versus head wipes for head exposure. In addition, a fluorescence method was used for all body parts. Each of these exposure situations was performed four times by four different test subjects each for all of the three different measurement methods (including body, hand and head exposure). In total 320 individual experiments were performed.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.baua.de/EN/Service/Publications/Report/F2349.html" title="https://www.baua.de/EN/Service/Publications/Report/F2349.html">https://www.baua.de/EN/Service/Publications/Report/F2349.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 22 Jul 2019 12:51:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/22/11590.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-22T12:51:00Z 2019-07-22 12:51 +00:00 2019-07-22 08:51 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11600 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/19/11600.aspx Travail en mouvement Effets sur les travailleurs Organisation de la production Organisational climate and employee health outcomes: A systematic review <p>Organisational climate, particularly safety climate, has been documented as a crucial element in promoting occupational health and safety. However, most previous studies have focused more on safety issues (e.g., injuries and accidents) rather than health outcomes (e.g., illnesses, stress, etc). A comprehensive review is also lacking in relation to understanding the organisational climate&ndash;health relationship between different levels of analysis, different data sources and different analytical procedures. We conducted a systematic review to investigate previous scholarly contributions to organisational climate and health. The reviewed articles were obtained from three databases: ISI Web of Knowledge, PsycINFO and EBSCOHost Academic Premier Search. After reading the abstracts and full texts, we included 56 articles in our review. We found that the influence of organisational climate on employee health has been supported in prior research. However, hypotheses at the individual level are more frequently supported than those at the organisational level. Even though most studies analysed self-reported data and, thus, possibly suffered from common method bias, half of the studies were explicitly or implicitly trying to reduce the bias. Studies with and without remedies for reducing common method bias yielded similar results, suggesting that common method bias has little impact on organisational climate research. Overall, almost no differences were found among the different organisational climate constructs. The current review includes several recommendations for future research.</p> <p>Source: Loh, M. Y., Idris, M. A., Dormann, C.&nbsp;et Muhamad, H. (2019).&nbsp;<em>Safety Science, 118</em>, 442-452.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.05.052" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.05.052">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.05.052</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 19 Jul 2019 19:39:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/19/11600.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-19T19:39:00Z 2019-07-19 19:39 +00:00 2019-07-19 15:39 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11603 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2019/07/19/11603.aspx Stress Secteur de l'éducation Secteurs d'activités Travail des femmes Hyperacousie Working in preschool increases the risk of hearing-related symptoms <p><strong>A&nbsp;cohort study among Swedish women</strong><br />Purpose: To assess whether working in preschools increases the risk of hearing-related symptoms and whether age, occupational noise, and stressful working conditions affect the risk.<br />Methods: Questionnaire data on hearing-related symptoms were analysed in women aged 24&ndash;65 (4718 preschool teachers, and 4122 randomly selected general population controls). Prevalence and risk ratio (RR) of self-reported hearing loss, tinnitus, difficulty perceiving speech, hyperacusis and sound-induced auditory fatigue were assessed by comparing the cohorts in relation to age and self-reported occupational noise and stressful working conditions (effort&ndash;reward imbalance and emotional demands). RR was calculated using log-binomial regression models adjusted for age, education, income, smoking, hearing protection, and leisure noise. Incidence rates and incidence rate ratios (IRR) were calculated for retrospectively reported onset of all symptoms except sound-induced auditory fatigue.<br />Results: Compared to the controls, preschool teachers had overall more than twofold RR of sound-induced auditory fatigue (RR 2.4, 95% confidence interval 2.2&ndash;2.5) and hyperacusis (RR 2.3, 2.1&ndash;2.5) and almost twofold for difficulty perceiving speech (RR 1.9, 1.7&ndash;2.0). Preschool teachers had a threefold IRR of hyperacusis (IRR 3.1, 2.8&ndash;3.4) and twofold for difficulty perceiving speech (IRR 2.4, 2.2&ndash;2.6). Significantly although slightly less increased RR and IRR were observed for hearing loss and tinnitus. RR and IRR were generally still increased for preschool teachers when stratified by age and occupational exposure to noise and stress.<br />Conclusions: This large cohort study showed that working as preschool teacher increases the risk of self-reported hearing-related symptoms, indicating a need of preventative measures.</p> <p>Source: Fredriksson, S., Kim, J. L., Tor&eacute;n, K., Magnusson, L., K&auml;h&auml;ri, K., S&ouml;derberg, M.&nbsp;et Waye, K. P. (2019). <em>International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-019-01453-0" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-019-01453-0 ">https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-019-01453-0</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 19 Jul 2019 18:54:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2019/07/19/11603.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-19T18:54:00Z 2019-07-19 18:54 +00:00 2019-07-19 14:54 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11602 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/07/19/11602.aspx Conception sécuritaire Systèmes de commande et automatisation Guide Principes de conception des systèmes de commande <p>Cette brochure traite des principes de conception des syst&egrave;mes de commande de machines, concernant les parties relatives &agrave; la s&eacute;curit&eacute; : informations permettant l&#39;assimilation et l&#39;application des r&eacute;f&eacute;rentiels normatifs, rappel des notions relatives &agrave; l&#39;appr&eacute;ciation du risque et &agrave; sa r&eacute;duction.<br />Un exemple d&#39;application de la d&eacute;marche globale de conception d&#39;un syst&egrave;me de commande est &eacute;galement pr&eacute;sent&eacute;.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206310" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206310">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206310</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 19 Jul 2019 18:38:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/07/19/11602.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-19T18:38:00Z 2019-07-19 18:38 +00:00 2019-07-19 14:38 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11596 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/07/19/11596.aspx Couvre-face Appareils filtrants Protection respiratoire Appareils pour la protection respiratoire Assessment of respirator fit capability test criteria for full-facepiece air-purifying respirators <p>An ASTM International subcommittee on Respiratory Protection, F23.65 is currently developing a consensus standard for assessing respirator fit capability (RFC) criteria of half-facepiece air-purifying particulate respirators. The objective of this study was to evaluate if the test methods being developed for half-facepiece respirators can reasonably be applied to nonpowered full-facepiece&ndash;air-purifying respirators (FF&ndash;APR).<br />Benchmark RFC test data were collected for three families of FF&ndash;APRs (a one-size-only family, a two-size family, and a three-size family). All respirators were equipped with P100 class particulate filters. Respirators were outfitted with a sampling probe to collect an in-mask particle concentration sample in the breathing zone of the wearer. Each of the six respirator facepieces was tested on the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health 25-subject Bivariate Panel. The RFC test assessed face seal leakage using a PortaCount fit test. Subjects followed the corresponding Occupational Safety and Health Administration-accepted fit test protocol.<br />Two donnings per subject/respirator model combination were performed. The panel passing rate (PPR) (number or percentage of subjects in the panel achieving acceptable fit on at least one of two donnings) was determined for each respirator family at specified fit factor passing levels of 500, 1,000, and 2,000. As a reasonable expectation based on a previous analysis of alpha and beta fit test errors for various panel sizes, the selected PPR benchmark for our study was &gt;75%.<br />At the fit factor passing level of 500 obtained on at least one of two donnings, the PPRs for three-, two-, and one-size families were 100, 79, and 88%, respectively. As the fit factor passing criterion increased from 500 to 1,000 or 2,000, PPRs followed a decreasing trend. Each of the three tested families of FF&ndash;APRs are capable of fitting &ge;75% of the intended user population at the 500 fit factor passing level obtained on at least one of two donnings. The methods presented here can be used as a reference for standards development organizations considering developing RFC test requirements.</p> <p>Source: Bergman, M. S., Zhuang, Z., Xu, S. S., Rengasamy, S., Lawrence, R. B., Boutin, B.&nbsp;et Harris, J. R. (2019). <em>Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 16</em>(7), 489-497.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2019.1609006" title="https://doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2019.1609006">https://doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2019.1609006</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 19 Jul 2019 18:23:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/07/19/11596.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-19T18:23:00Z 2019-07-19 18:23 +00:00 2019-07-19 14:23 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11597 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/07/19/11597.aspx Indemnisation Europe Maladies professionnelles Coûts des lésions professionnelles Lésions professionnelles Allemagne Italie Régions géographiques Finlande Pays-Bas Pologne The value of occupational safety and health and the societal costs of work-related injuries and diseases <p>This report details the findings of the second stage of EU-OSHA&rsquo;s project to estimate the costs of occupational injuries, diseases and deaths at European level. Two approaches are developed to estimate costs:<br />1.a bottom-up approach based on individual components of costs &mdash; direct, indirect and intangible costs<br />2.a top-down approach based on international data on the economic burden of injury and disease.<br />The cost estimations focus on five countries &mdash; Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Italy and Poland &mdash; for which sufficient data are available and which are representative of Europe&rsquo;s diverse geography, industries and social systems. The results of each model are compared, the strengths and weaknesses considered, and implications for policy-makers explored.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/value-occupational-safety-and-health-and-societal-costs-work/view" title="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/value-occupational-safety-and-health-and-societal-costs-work/view">https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/value-occupational-safety-and-health-and-societal-costs-work/view</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 19 Jul 2019 14:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/07/19/11597.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-19T14:48:00Z 2019-07-19 14:48 +00:00 2019-07-19 10:48 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11587 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/19/11587.aspx Agents chimiques Prévention et contrôle Control banding Évaluation du risque The NIOSH Occupational Exposure Banding Process for Chemical Risk Management <p>Occupational exposure banding, also known as hazard banding or health hazard banding, is a systematic process that uses qualitative and quantitative hazard information on selected health-effect endpoints to identify potential exposure ranges or categories. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) occupational exposure banding process seeks to create a consistent and documented process with a decision logic to characterize chemical hazards so that timely, well-informed risk management decisions can be made for chemical substances that lack OELs. Users can band a chemical manually or by using the occupational exposure banding e-Tool. Overall, this document provides the background, rationale, and instructions for the occupational exposure banding process and gives guidance for risk managers to identify control levels for chemicals without authoritative OELs.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2019-132/default.html" title="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2019-132/default.html">https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2019-132/default.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 19 Jul 2019 14:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/19/11587.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-19T14:17:00Z 2019-07-19 14:17 +00:00 2019-07-19 10:17 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11595 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/07/18/11595.aspx Développements technologiques Prospective L'industrie du futur <p>L&#39;usine du futur est &agrave; nos portes. La transition de l&#39;industrie fran&ccedil;aise vers le mod&egrave;le de l&#39;usine connect&eacute;e, dans le sillage du projet &laquo; Industrie 4.0 &raquo;, dont l&#39;Allemagne a donn&eacute; le coup d&#39;envoi d&egrave;s 2011, est d&eacute;sormais une r&eacute;alit&eacute;. Et pour &ecirc;tre porteuse d&#39;espoirs, elle n&#39;en suscite pas moins nombre d&#39;interrogations. Comment les entreprises appr&eacute;hendent-elles cette 4&thinsp;e r&eacute;volution industrielle&thinsp;? L&#39;industrie fran&ccedil;aise y trouvera-t-elle un nouveau souffle face &agrave; la concurrence internationale&thinsp;? L&#39;humain est-il menac&eacute; par la machine&thinsp;? Quelle place pour la pr&eacute;vention des risques professionnels dans les mutations en cours&thinsp;?</p> <p>Source: (2019). <em>Travail &amp; S&eacute;curit&eacute;</em>,&nbsp;(806).<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier/L%E2%80%99INDUSTRIE%20DU%20FUTUR.html" title="http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier/L%E2%80%99INDUSTRIE%20DU%20FUTUR.html">http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier/L%E2%80%99INDUSTRIE%20DU%20FUTUR.html</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 18 Jul 2019 20:02:00 Z 0 Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-18T20:02:00Z 2019-07-18 20:02 +00:00 2019-07-18 16:02 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11594 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/18/11594.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Formation à la prévention Outils de prise en charge Les salariés utilisent-ils les outils de prévention des risques professionnels ? <p>Pr&egrave;s de neuf salari&eacute;s sur dix re&ccedil;oivent des informations sur les risques que leur travail fait courir &agrave; leur sant&eacute; ou &agrave; leur s&eacute;curit&eacute;, notamment via des formations sp&eacute;cifiques ou lors de visites avec un m&eacute;decin du travail. Cependant, les femmes en b&eacute;n&eacute;ficient moins souvent que les hommes, comme si les risques qui les concernaient &eacute;taient moins visibles. Les consignes de s&eacute;curit&eacute; et les &eacute;quipements de protection individuelle contre le bruit ou les risques chimiques ne sont pas toujours bien utilis&eacute;s, notamment quand l&rsquo;intensit&eacute; du travail est &eacute;lev&eacute;e et le rythme des changements tr&egrave;s rapide.<br />Parmi les salari&eacute;s les plus expos&eacute;s, 38 % sont dans une situation de pr&eacute;vention d&eacute;faillante : 6 % n&rsquo;ont ni information ni consigne, 19 % ne peuvent pas appliquer les consignes et 19 % n&rsquo;ont pas des &eacute;quipements de protection suffisants. Les mesures de pr&eacute;vention sont mieux appliqu&eacute;es quand l&rsquo;&eacute;tablissement tient des r&eacute;unions r&eacute;guli&egrave;res de service, suit des normes de qualit&eacute; ou dispose d&rsquo;un comit&eacute; d&rsquo;hygi&egrave;ne, de s&eacute;curit&eacute; et des conditions de travail (CHSCT).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/dares_analyses_salaries_outils_prevention_risques_professionnels.pdf" title="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/dares_analyses_salaries_outils_prevention_risques_professionnels.pdf">https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/dares_analyses_salaries_outils_prevention_risques_professionnels.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 18 Jul 2019 19:21:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/18/11594.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-18T19:21:00Z 2019-07-18 19:21 +00:00 2019-07-18 15:21 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11593 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/07/18/11593.aspx Entretien Protection contre le feu Outil de sélection Normes et réglementation Utilisation Vêtements de protection Vêtements de protection contre la chaleur Vêtements de protection contre le feu Guide FD CEN/TR 14560 - Guide pour la sélection, l'utilisation, l'entretien et la maintenance des vêtements de protection contre la chaleur et la flamme <p>Le pr&eacute;sent document fournit des recommandations aux employeurs, aux utilisateurs et aux acheteurs en ce qui concerne les exigences relatives &agrave; la s&eacute;lection, l&#39;utilisation, l&#39;entretien et la maintenance des v&ecirc;tements de protection contre la chaleur et la flamme, et il est conforme &agrave; la l&eacute;gislation europ&eacute;enne. Le pr&eacute;sent document ne traite pas de fa&ccedil;on exhaustive tous les probl&egrave;mes de s&eacute;curit&eacute; associ&eacute;s &agrave; l&#39;utilisation d&#39;&eacute;quipements conformes de protection individuelle contre la chaleur, la flamme et les autres risques connexes. Il est important de ne pas consid&eacute;rer le pr&eacute;sent document comme traitant l&#39;ensemble des questions de s&eacute;curit&eacute; associ&eacute;es &agrave; l&#39;utilisation du pr&eacute;sent document par des installations d&#39;essai ou de r&eacute;paration. Il incombe aux personnes et aux organismes qui utilisent ce document et tout autre rapport technique sur les normes relatives aux EPI de : r&eacute;aliser une &eacute;valuation des risques ; s&eacute;lectionner les v&ecirc;tements de protection et autres EPI ; s&#39;assurer qu&#39;ils fournissent une protection compl&egrave;te, seulement lorsque la compatibilit&eacute; a &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;valu&eacute;e, y compris une compr&eacute;hension du lieu et de l&#39;environnement de travail afin de d&eacute;terminer les propri&eacute;t&eacute;s des v&ecirc;tements de protection contre la chaleur et la flamme, en vue d&#39;&eacute;tablir des pratiques en mati&egrave;re de sant&eacute; et de s&eacute;curit&eacute; ; et d&eacute;terminer l&#39;applicabilit&eacute; des limitations r&egrave;glementaires avant d&#39;utiliser le pr&eacute;sent rapport technique pour toute conception, fabrication et essai. Le pr&eacute;sent guide est destin&eacute; &agrave; tous les utilisateurs finaux qui peuvent &ecirc;tre confront&eacute;s &agrave; des risques li&eacute;s &agrave; la chaleur et &agrave; la flamme, bien qu&#39;il se concentre sur les quatre premiers utilisateurs de la liste ci-dessous : industries p&eacute;trochimique et chimique ; soudeurs et fonderies ; services publics (&eacute;lectricit&eacute;, gaz, eau) ; sapeurs-pompiers et services de secours ; sports (sports m&eacute;caniques, navigation de plaisance, etc.) ; forces de s&eacute;curit&eacute; (arm&eacute;e, police et organismes priv&eacute;s) . Il est important qu&#39;aucune partie des pr&eacute;sentes n&#39;emp&ecirc;che une autorit&eacute; d&#39;aller au-del&agrave; des exigences minimales indiqu&eacute;es dans les normes correspondantes.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/fd-cen-tr-14560/guide-pour-la-selection-l-utilisation-l-entretien-et-la-maintenance-des-vetements-de-protection-contre-la-chaleur-et-la-flamme/article/928843/fa196289" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/fd-cen-tr-14560/guide-pour-la-selection-l-utilisation-l-entretien-et-la-maintenance-des-vetements-de-protection-contre-la-chaleur-et-la-flamme/article/928843/fa196289">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/fd-cen-tr-14560/guide-pour-la-selection-l-utilisation-l-entretien-et-la-maintenance-des-vetements-de-protection-contre-la-chaleur-et-la-flamme/article/928843/fa196289</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 18 Jul 2019 16:02:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/07/18/11593.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-18T16:02:00Z 2019-07-18 16:02 +00:00 2019-07-18 12:02 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11584 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/18/11584.aspx Agents chimiques Mesure Méthode et technique Surface Contamination Évaluation de l'exposition aux produits chimiques par les prélèvements surfaciques <p>De nombreuses activit&eacute;s professionnelles g&eacute;n&egrave;rent des d&eacute;p&ocirc;ts sur les surfaces et les objets. Cette pollution surfacique peut alors conduire &agrave; une contamination des travailleurs par passage percutan&eacute; et par ingestion. Une &eacute;tude a &eacute;t&eacute; conduite dans le but de proposer une m&eacute;thodologie d&#39;&eacute;valuation des polluants pr&eacute;sents sur les surfaces de travail. Issue de travaux exp&eacute;rimentaux ayant permis d&#39;identifier les param&egrave;tres influents, cette m&eacute;thodologie est actuellement mise en oeuvre sur des cas professionnels r&eacute;els afin de l&#39;affiner et de la valider. Enfin, des outils d&#39;&eacute;valuation des contaminations surfaciques automatis&eacute;s sont actuellement &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;tude afin de s&#39;affranchir d&#39;&eacute;ventuels biais op&eacute;ratoires, ce qui permettrait d&#39;harmoniser encore davantage les pratiques. </p> <p>Source: Esteve,&nbsp;W.,&nbsp;Brochard,&nbsp;C.,&nbsp;Matera,&nbsp;V.,&nbsp;Melins,&nbsp;S.,&nbsp;Poirot,&nbsp;H. et&nbsp;Ravera,&nbsp;C. (2019). <em>R&eacute;f&eacute;rences en sant&eacute; au travail</em> (158), 85-94.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20270" title="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20270">http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20270</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 18 Jul 2019 15:35:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/18/11584.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-18T15:35:00Z 2019-07-18 15:35 +00:00 2019-07-18 11:35 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11580 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/17/11580.aspx Agents chimiques Mesure Méthode et technique Composés organiques volatils (COV) Particules ultrafines Measuring and controlling emissions from polymer filament desktop 3D printers <p>Affordable desktop 3D printers are being widely used in businesses, schools and colleges. Some of these printers use filaments to deposit polymer through a heated nozzle to build three dimensional objects. This type of desktop printer is generally unenclosed and some published studies have raised concerns that they may release potentially harmful fumes and particles. The scientific evidence base on exposures and potential health endpoints is being developed internationally.<br />This report describes initial research in a laboratory setting to a) measure emissions of particulates and volatile organic compounds from desktop 3D printers and b) investigate the effectiveness of control measures to reduce these printer emissions. Two common filament materials were investigated: polylactic acid (PLA) which is generally used in schools, and acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS).<br />The research found that the heated filaments emitted large numbers of very small particles and volatile organic chemicals which could be breathed in. However, more research is required to establish if under real use conditions these printers release sufficient concentration of emissions to cause harm.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1146.htm" title="https://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1146.htm">https://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1146.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 17 Jul 2019 14:52:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/17/11580.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-17T14:52:00Z 2019-07-17 14:52 +00:00 2019-07-17 10:52 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11591 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/07/17/11591.aspx Régions anatomiques Types de tâches Genre Manutention manuelle Membres supérieurs Biomécanique Instrument de mesure Caractéristiques de la population et de l’entreprise Épaule Sex Differences in Glenohumeral Muscle Activation and Coactivation During a Box Lifting Task <p>Manual material handling is associated with shoulder musculoskeletal disorders, especially for women. Sex differences in glenohumeral muscle activity may contribute to women&#39;s higher injury risk by affecting shoulder load and stability. We assessed the effects of sex (25 women vs 26 men) and lifting load (6&thinsp;kg vs 12&thinsp;kg) on muscle activation during box lifting from hip to eye level. Surface and intramuscular electromyography were recorded from 10 glenohumeral muscles. Most muscles were more activated for the heavier box and for women. These effects were larger for &ldquo;prime movers&rdquo; than for stabilisers and antagonists. Despite their apparently heterogeneous effects on muscle activity, sex and mass did not affect Muscle Focus, a metric of coactivation. This may be partly related to the limited sensitivity of the Muscle Focus. Nevertheless, sex differences in strength, more than in coactivation patterns, may contribute to the sex imbalance in the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders.</p> <p>Source: Bouffard, J., Martinez, R., Plamondon, A., C&ocirc;t&eacute;, J. N.&nbsp;et Begon, M. (2019). <em>Ergonomics</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2019.1640396" title="https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2019.1640396">https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2019.1640396</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 17 Jul 2019 14:21:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/07/17/11591.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-17T14:21:00Z 2019-07-17 14:21 +00:00 2019-07-17 10:21 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11589 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/11/11589.aspx Main d’œuvre en mutation Travailleurs Organisation temporelle Travail des femmes Organisation de la production Enquêtes Travail des hommes Ségrégation professionnelle entre les femmes et les hommes : quels liens avec le temps partiel ? <p>La s&eacute;gr&eacute;gation professionnelle entre les femmes et les hommes et la concentration du temps partiel dans les m&eacute;tiers f&eacute;minis&eacute;s questionnent sur les r&ocirc;les respectifs des facteurs li&eacute;s &agrave; la demande et &agrave; l&#39;offre de travail. Les femmes et les hommes exercent-ils des m&eacute;tiers diff&eacute;rents en raison de leurs pr&eacute;f&eacute;rences et attitudes diff&eacute;renci&eacute;es ou plut&ocirc;t en raison de m&eacute;canismes de s&eacute;lection sur le march&eacute; du travail ? Les femmes exercent-elles de fa&ccedil;on privil&eacute;gi&eacute;e certaines professions parce qu&#39;elles leur offrent la possibilit&eacute; de travailler &agrave; temps partiel ou est-ce plut&ocirc;t parce que les femmes exercent majoritairement certaines professions que le temps partiel y est plus r&eacute;pandu ?<br />L&#39;exploitation des enqu&ecirc;tes Emploi de l&#39;Insee de 2013 &agrave; 2016 atteste d&#39;une s&eacute;gr&eacute;gation sexu&eacute;e importante en France : plus d&#39;une femme sur quatre devrait &eacute;changer sa profession avec un homme pour parvenir &agrave; une distribution &eacute;quilibr&eacute;e de chaque</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/dares_etudes_segregation_professionnelle_femmes_hommes_temps_partiel.pdf" title="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/dares_etudes_segregation_professionnelle_femmes_hommes_temps_partiel.pdf">https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/dares_etudes_segregation_professionnelle_femmes_hommes_temps_partiel.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 11 Jul 2019 13:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/11/11589.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-11T13:09:00Z 2019-07-11 13:09 +00:00 2019-07-11 09:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11588 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/07/11/11588.aspx Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Canada Québec Secteurs d'activités Normes et législation Québec - Modifications réglementaires au Code de sécurité pour les travaux de construction <p>Le 3 juillet dernier, des changements r&eacute;glementaires ont &eacute;t&eacute; apport&eacute;s au Code de s&eacute;curit&eacute; pour les travaux de la construction (CSTC). Ces changements impacteront prochainement le cours Sant&eacute; et s&eacute;curit&eacute; g&eacute;n&eacute;rale sur les chantiers de construction (SSGCC).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.asp-construction.org/component/content/article?id=135" title="https://www.asp-construction.org/component/content/article?id=135">https://www.asp-construction.org/component/content/article?id=135</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 11 Jul 2019 12:56:00 Z 0 Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-11T12:56:00Z 2019-07-11 12:56 +00:00 2019-07-11 08:56 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11578 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/11/11578.aspx Agents chimiques Effets sur la santé Toxicité Cancérogénicité Législation et réglementation Systèmes et maladies Système reproducteur Génotoxicité Study on reprotoxic chemicals <p>A range of legislative instruments are in place at EU level to manage and minimise the risks from occupational exposure to carcinogenic, mutagenic and reprotoxic substances. Carcinogenic chemicals can cause or promote cancers. Mutagenic chemicals can cause genetic mutations. Reprotoxic chemicals can damage the reproductive process.<br />This study assesses a number of options for moderning the current EU legislation, in particular regarding reprotoxic chemicals </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=738&amp;langId=en&amp;pubId=8220&amp;furtherPubs=yes" title="https://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=738&amp;langId=en&amp;pubId=8220&amp;furtherPubs=yes">https://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=738&amp;langId=en&amp;pubId=8220&amp;furtherPubs=yes</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 11 Jul 2019 12:22:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/11/11578.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-11T12:22:00Z 2019-07-11 12:22 +00:00 2019-07-11 08:22 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11583 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/10/11583.aspx Agents physiques Chaleur Législation et réglementation Travailler dans une ambiance thermique chaude <p>Nombre de salari&eacute;s peuvent travailler dans une ambiance thermique chaude, &agrave; l&#39;ext&eacute;rieur ou &agrave; leur poste de travail, li&eacute;e directement &agrave; leur activit&eacute; professionnelle ou au climat, lors d&#39;une canicule par exemple. Ils sont ainsi expos&eacute;s &agrave; des risques pour la sant&eacute; parfois<br />graves et &agrave; des accidents de travail. Ce dossier rappelle les effets physiologiques de la chaleur sur le corps humain et les risques pour la sant&eacute;. Sont ensuite pr&eacute;sent&eacute;s les diff&eacute;rents param&egrave;tres des &eacute;changes thermiques et leurs m&eacute;canismes. L&#39;&eacute;valuation des risques peut se faire &agrave; partir de la mesure de la contrainte thermique ou de la d&eacute;termination de l&#39;astreinte thermique au poste de travail. La pr&eacute;vention fait appel &agrave; des actions techniques, organisationnelles et individuelles, s&#39;appuyant sur des dispositions r&eacute;glementaires sp&eacute;cifiques et sur le r&ocirc;le des services de sant&eacute; au travail.</p> <p>Source: Robert,&nbsp;L., Turpin-Legendre, E., Shettle,&nbsp;J.,&nbsp;Tissot,&nbsp;C.,&nbsp;Aubry,&nbsp;C. et&nbsp;Siano,&nbsp;B. (2019). <em>R&eacute;f&eacute;rences en sant&eacute; au travail</em> (158), 31-55.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TC%20165" title="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TC%20165">http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TC%20165</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 10 Jul 2019 13:13:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/10/11583.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-10T13:13:00Z 2019-07-10 13:13 +00:00 2019-07-10 09:13 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11586 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/07/10/11586.aspx Europe Décès Lésions professionnelles Grande-Bretagne HSE - Fatal injuries in Great Britain <p>The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has released its annual figures for work-related fatal injuries for 2018/19 as well as the number of people known to have died from the asbestos-related cancer, mesothelioma, in 2017.<br />The provisional annual data for work-related fatal injuries revealed that 147 workers were fatally injured between April 2018 and March 2019 (a rate of 0.45 per 100,000 workers).<br />There has been a long-term reduction in the number of fatalities since 1981. Although 2018/19 saw an increase of 6 workplace fatalities from 2017/18, the number has remained broadly level in recent years.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/fatals.htm" title="https://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/fatals.htm">https://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/fatals.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 10 Jul 2019 13:13:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/07/10/11586.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-10T13:13:00Z 2019-07-10 13:13 +00:00 2019-07-10 09:13 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11585 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/07/09/11585.aspx Évaluation Aide à la décision Équipement de protection individuel Système de protection individuelle intelligent (SPII) : définition, analyse, choix <p>L&#39;&eacute;mergence de syst&egrave;mes de protection individuelle dits &quot; intelligents &quot; (SPII) soul&egrave;ve de nouvelles questions vis-&agrave;-vis de la pr&eacute;vention des risques professionnels. Si les fabricants s&#39;interrogent sur les exigences de s&eacute;curit&eacute; applicables lors de la conception de tels &eacute;quipements, les entreprises utilisatrices se questionnent &eacute;galement sur les performances et les limites de ces &eacute;quipements ainsi que sur d&#39;&eacute;ventuels risques li&eacute;s &agrave; leur utilisation.<br />Afin de clarifier les &eacute;changes entre les parties prenantes, cet article propose dans un premier temps, une d&eacute;finition d&#39;un SPII. Il pr&eacute;sente ensuite des &eacute;l&eacute;ments d&#39;analyse permettant de guider les futurs utilisateurs et employeurs dans leur choix lors de l&#39;acquisition de ce type de produit ainsi que les services de sant&eacute; au travail (SST) dans le conseil donn&eacute; aux employeurs. </p> <p>Source: Marchal,&nbsp;P.&nbsp;et Baudoin,&nbsp;J. (2019). <em>R&eacute;f&eacute;rences en sant&eacute; au travail</em> (158), 117-124.<br /><a href="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TP%2034">http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TP%2034</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Jul 2019 16:16:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/07/09/11585.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-09T16:16:00Z 2019-07-09 16:16 +00:00 2019-07-09 12:16 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11582 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/07/09/11582.aspx Réduction du risque Sécurité des machines Guide technique relatif aux opérations de modification des machines ou des ensembles de machines en service <p>Les machines et ensembles de machines utilis&eacute;s dans les entreprises sont fr&eacute;quemment modifi&eacute;s par les employeurs pour des raisons diverses : ad&eacute;quation des machines avec les exigences de production et d&#39;organisation du travail, assemblage avec d&#39;autres machines, am&eacute;lioration du niveau de s&eacute;curit&eacute;, extension d&#39;une ligne de production, etc&hellip; En l&#39;absence de texte sp&eacute;cifique relatif aux op&eacute;rations de modification dans le code du travail, le pr&eacute;sent guide technique apporte les &eacute;clairages n&eacute;cessaires sur la notion de &laquo; modification &raquo;. Il rappelle &eacute;galement les objectifs r&eacute;glementaires en mati&egrave;re de pr&eacute;vention des risques relativement &agrave; l&#39;utilisation des machines. Enfin, il pr&eacute;sente les proc&eacute;dures qu&#39;il est recommand&eacute; d&#39;appliquer aux op&eacute;rations de modification.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/guide_operations_modification_machines.pdf" title="https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/guide_operations_modification_machines.pdf">https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/guide_operations_modification_machines.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Jul 2019 15:18:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/07/09/11582.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-09T15:18:00Z 2019-07-09 15:18 +00:00 2019-07-09 11:18 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11581 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/07/09/11581.aspx Orientations stratégiques Grande-Bretagne HSE - Annual Report and Accounts for 2018/19 <p>The Health and Safety Executive publishes an Annual Report on the performance of its functions, as required by the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974. It shows how the organisation has performed against published work plans so that stakeholders can see how we are delivering. It also includes a section on the HSE Accounts.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.hse.gov.uk/aboutus/reports/ara-2018-19.pdf" title="https://www.hse.gov.uk/aboutus/reports/ara-2018-19.pdf">https://www.hse.gov.uk/aboutus/reports/ara-2018-19.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Jul 2019 14:36:00 Z 0 Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-09T14:36:00Z 2019-07-09 14:36 +00:00 2019-07-09 10:36 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11577 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/09/11577.aspx Agents chimiques Méthodes et outils Secteur de l'industrie extractive Méthode et technique Secteurs d'activités Échantillonnage Uranium Human exposure to uranium in South African gold mining areas using barber-based hair sampling <p>Uranium (U) measurements in water, soil, and food related to gold mining activities in populated areas in Gauteng Province, South Africa, suggest the possibility of exposure levels that may lead to adverse health consequences, including cancer. Theoretical considerations on pathways of human uptake of significant exposures are plausible, but few data on directly measured human exposure are available. A cross-sectional study was conducted using human measurements to compare U levels with other settings around the globe (based on literature review), to explore potential exposure variability within the province, and to test the feasibility of recruiting subjects partially coming from vulnerable and difficult-to-reach populations. Wards of potentially high (HE) and low exposure (LE) were identified. Composite hair samples representing the respective local populations were collected from regular customers of selected barber shops over a period of 1&ndash;2 months. A total of 70 U concentrations were determined in 27 composite samples from 1332 individuals. U concentrations ranged from 31 &mu;g/kg to 2524 &mu;g/kg, with an arithmetic mean of 192 &mu;g/kg (standard deviation, 310 &mu;g/kg) and a median of 122 &mu;g/kg. Although HE wards collectively showed higher U levels than LE wards (184 vs 134 &mu;g/kg), differences were smaller than expected. In conclusion, detected U levels were higher than those from most other surveys of the general public. The barber-based approach was an efficient hair collection approach. Composite hair samples are not recommended, due to technical challenges in measuring U, and individual hair samples are needed in follow-up studies to determine predictors of exposure.</p> <p>Source: Winde, F., Geipel, G., Espina, C.&nbsp;et Sch&uuml;z, J. (2019).&nbsp;<em>PloS one, 14</em>(6).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0219059" title="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0219059">https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0219059</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Jul 2019 14:07:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/09/11577.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-09T14:07:00Z 2019-07-09 14:07 +00:00 2019-07-09 10:07 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11579 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/07/09/11579.aspx Évaluation et mesure Types de tâches Manutention manuelle Identification des facteurs de risque Secteur de l'administration publique Secteurs d'activités Comparative analysis of manual handling practices in kerbside collection of recyclable waste <p>Government targets for reducing waste going to landfill h ave led to an increase in the processing of domestic waste to reclaim recyclable materials. Manual sorting tasks can occur at the kerbside during waste collection and, if poorly designed, can introduce manual handling risks.<br />This report describes research to better understand the kerbside collection and sorting methods currently employed by the waste industry and to determine how manual handling risks can best be reduced or controlled. Six detailed case studies are presented showing a range of vehicles and processes in operation.<br />Manual handling risks were influenced by both vehicle and waste collection container design and some encouraged poor handling approaches. The Researchers make recommendations that the waste management industry capture the key features of best equipment design in a &lsquo;design principles&#39; document that would form an industry benchmark for designers and customers and that the industry continue to seek to design out manual handling risks before new waste collection vehicles enter widespread use.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1141.htm" title="https://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1141.htm">https://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1141.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Jul 2019 13:55:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/07/09/11579.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-09T13:55:00Z 2019-07-09 13:55 +00:00 2019-07-09 09:55 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11575 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/08/11575.aspx Agents chimiques Effets sur la santé Amiante Système respiratoire Systèmes et maladies Prévention et contrôle Mésothéliome Surveillance Moyens physiques et techniques Programme national de surveillance du mésothéliome pleural (PNSM) <p><strong>Vingt ann&eacute;es de surveillance (1998-2017) des cas de m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome, de leurs expositions et des processus d&#39;indemnisation</strong> <br />En 1998, la Direction g&eacute;n&eacute;rale du travail (DGT) et la Direction g&eacute;n&eacute;rale de la sant&eacute; (DGS) des minist&egrave;res respectifs ont saisi Sant&eacute; publique France pour mettre en place un programme national de surveillance des effets sanitaires de l&#39;amiante : le programme national de surveillance du m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome pleural (PNSM), marqueur sp&eacute;cifique des expositions pass&eacute;es &agrave; l&#39;amiante.<br />&Agrave; ce jour, le PNSM fonctionne depuis vingt ans. Ce rapport dresse un bilan essentiel de l&#39;&eacute;volution de la situation &eacute;pid&eacute;miologique des m&eacute;soth&eacute;liomes pleuraux entre 1998 et 2017, en France, en termes d&#39;incidence, de survie, d&#39;expositions des patients atteints et de leur reconnaissance m&eacute;dico-sociale.<br />Malgr&eacute; l&#39;interdiction de l&#39;usage de l&#39;amiante en 1997 et du fait de l&#39;effet diff&eacute;r&eacute; de trente &agrave; quarante ans entre la premi&egrave;re exposition et la survenue d&#39;un m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome, l&#39;incidence du m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome pleural continue &agrave; augmenter en France et cette augmentation est encore plus marqu&eacute;e chez les femmes, avec un doublement du nombre de nouveaux cas annuel depuis 1998.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Programme-national-de-surveillance-du-mesotheliome-pleural-PNSM-vingt-annees-de-surveillance-1998-2017-des-cas-de-mesotheliome-de-leurs-expositions-et-des-processus-d-indemnisation" title="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Programme-national-de-surveillance-du-mesotheliome-pleural-PNSM-vingt-annees-de-surveillance-1998-2017-des-cas-de-mesotheliome-de-leurs-expositions-et-des-processus-d-indemnisation">http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Programme-national-de-surveillance-du-mesotheliome-pleural-PNSM-vingt-annees-de-surveillance-1998-2017-des-cas-de-mesotheliome-de-leurs-expositions-et-des-processus-d-indemnisation</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 08 Jul 2019 16:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/08/11575.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-08T16:04:00Z 2019-07-08 16:04 +00:00 2019-07-08 12:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11576 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/07/08/11576.aspx Indemnisation Europe Maladies professionnelles Lésions professionnelles Agents chimiques France Champs de recherche Régions géographiques Données administratives Amiante Mésothéliome Programme national de surveillance du mésothéliome pleural (PNSM) <p><strong>Vingt ann&eacute;es de surveillance (1998-2017) des cas de m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome, de leurs expositions et des processus d&#39;indemnisation</strong> <br />En 1998, la Direction g&eacute;n&eacute;rale du travail (DGT) et la Direction g&eacute;n&eacute;rale de la sant&eacute; (DGS) des minist&egrave;res respectifs ont saisi Sant&eacute; publique France pour mettre en place un programme national de surveillance des effets sanitaires de l&#39;amiante : le programme national de surveillance du m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome pleural (PNSM), marqueur sp&eacute;cifique des expositions pass&eacute;es &agrave; l&#39;amiante.<br />&Agrave; ce jour, le PNSM fonctionne depuis vingt ans. Ce rapport dresse un bilan essentiel de l&#39;&eacute;volution de la situation &eacute;pid&eacute;miologique des m&eacute;soth&eacute;liomes pleuraux entre 1998 et 2017, en France, en termes d&#39;incidence, de survie, d&#39;expositions des patients atteints et de leur reconnaissance m&eacute;dico-sociale.<br />Malgr&eacute; l&#39;interdiction de l&#39;usage de l&#39;amiante en 1997 et du fait de l&#39;effet diff&eacute;r&eacute; de trente &agrave; quarante ans entre la premi&egrave;re exposition et la survenue d&#39;un m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome, l&#39;incidence du m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome pleural continue &agrave; augmenter en France et cette augmentation est encore plus marqu&eacute;e chez les femmes, avec un doublement du nombre de nouveaux cas annuel depuis 1998.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Programme-national-de-surveillance-du-mesotheliome-pleural-PNSM-vingt-annees-de-surveillance-1998-2017-des-cas-de-mesotheliome-de-leurs-expositions-et-des-processus-d-indemnisation" title="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Programme-national-de-surveillance-du-mesotheliome-pleural-PNSM-vingt-annees-de-surveillance-1998-2017-des-cas-de-mesotheliome-de-leurs-expositions-et-des-processus-d-indemnisation">http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Programme-national-de-surveillance-du-mesotheliome-pleural-PNSM-vingt-annees-de-surveillance-1998-2017-des-cas-de-mesotheliome-de-leurs-expositions-et-des-processus-d-indemnisation</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 08 Jul 2019 16:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/07/08/11576.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-08T16:04:00Z 2019-07-08 16:04 +00:00 2019-07-08 12:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11574 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/07/08/11574.aspx Europe Orientations stratégiques Eurofound - Consolidated annual activity report of the Authorising Officer for the year 2018 <p>This report describes Eurofound&#39;s activities, particularly its research, information and communication programmes and policy achievements, in relation to the objectives set in the Work Programme 2018. It also covers the management and external evaluation control systems, key performance indicators, and financial and HR information. Eurofound&#39;s key research findings and how they are embedded in the current policy context are also presented in <em>Living and working in Europe 2015-18</em>, Eurofound&#39;s yearbook.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/fr/publications/annual-report/2019/consolidated-annual-activity-report-of-the-authorising-officer-for-the-year-2018" title="https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/fr/publications/annual-report/2019/consolidated-annual-activity-report-of-the-authorising-officer-for-the-year-2018">https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/fr/publications/annual-report/2019/consolidated-annual-activity-report-of-the-authorising-officer-for-the-year-2018</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 08 Jul 2019 15:06:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/07/08/11574.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-08T15:06:00Z 2019-07-08 15:06 +00:00 2019-07-08 11:06 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11573 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/05/11573.aspx Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Organisation de l’entreprise Conditions de travail Le présentéisme au travail. Mieux évaluer pour mieux prévenir <p>Le pr&eacute;sent&eacute;isme au travail, ou le fait de venir travailler alors que l&#39;on est malade, est un ph&eacute;nom&egrave;ne rarement &eacute;tudi&eacute; en France car sa mesure de grande &eacute;chelle &eacute;tait impossible jusqu&#39;&agrave; r&eacute;cemment. Dans ce document de travail, nous utilisons les donn&eacute;es de l&#39;enqu&ecirc;te Conditions de Travail 2013, premi&egrave;re enqu&ecirc;te nationale en population g&eacute;n&eacute;rale permettant une mesure du ph&eacute;nom&egrave;ne afin d&#39;&eacute;valuer les d&eacute;terminants de sa dur&eacute;e sur une ann&eacute;e. D&eacute;terminer les caract&eacute;ristiques de l&#39;emploi qui favorisent le pr&eacute;sent&eacute;isme permet d&#39;orienter les pratiques permettant de le limiter. En effet, la litt&eacute;rature a montr&eacute; que ce ph&eacute;nom&egrave;ne entra&icirc;nait des pertes importantes pour l&#39;employeur comme l&#39;employ&eacute;, en termes de productivit&eacute; d&#39;une part, de bien-&ecirc;tre et de sant&eacute; d&#39;autre part.<br />&Agrave; l&#39;aide de mod&egrave;les de comptage, nous montrons que le pr&eacute;sent&eacute;isme est un ph&eacute;nom&egrave;ne assez marqu&eacute; en termes de qualit&eacute; de vie au travail. En effet, il est positivement corr&eacute;l&eacute; d&#39;abord &agrave; une charge de travail &eacute;lev&eacute;e, &agrave; de fortes contraintes de temps, de rythme ; ensuite, il est aussi li&eacute; &agrave; l&#39;absence d&#39;autonomie, de latitude d&eacute;cisionnelle. De surcro&icirc;t, le soutien des coll&egrave;gues et des superviseurs, qui vient parfois att&eacute;nuer la combinaison d&eacute;l&eacute;t&egrave;re charge de travail-faible latitude d&eacute;cisionnelle, appara&icirc;t limiter &eacute;galement la dur&eacute;e du pr&eacute;sent&eacute;isme.<br />Si la r&eacute;duction du ph&eacute;nom&egrave;ne de pr&eacute;sent&eacute;isme est un objectif pour les organisations productives, ces r&eacute;sultats sugg&egrave;rent que les employeurs devraient consid&eacute;rer comment limiter la charge de travail impos&eacute;e aux salari&eacute;s et leur conc&eacute;der une v&eacute;ritable autonomie de d&eacute;cision dans l&#39;organisation de leur travail au jour le jour.<br />De plus, l&#39;ins&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail est &eacute;galement corr&eacute;l&eacute;e au pr&eacute;sent&eacute;isme des travailleurs, tandis qu&#39;au contraire les indicateurs d&#39;un travail int&eacute;ressant, comme d&#39;un travail bien reconnu, les incitent &agrave; s&#39;absenter lorsqu&#39;ils sont malades.<br />Enfin, cette &eacute;tude montre &eacute;galement qu&#39;une part importante de l&#39;influence des conditions et du v&eacute;cu au travail sur le pr&eacute;sent&eacute;isme peut avoir un effet d&eacute;l&eacute;t&egrave;re sur la sant&eacute; des travailleurs. N&eacute;anmoins elle ne permet pas d&eacute;terminer le sens de causalit&eacute; entre sant&eacute; et pr&eacute;sence au travail mais il s&#39;agit d&#39;une piste importante de recherche future.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://ceet.cnam.fr/publications/documents-de-travail/le-presenteisme-au-travail-mieux-evaluer-pour-mieux-prevenir-1094542.kjsp" title="http://ceet.cnam.fr/publications/documents-de-travail/le-presenteisme-au-travail-mieux-evaluer-pour-mieux-prevenir-1094542.kjsp">http://ceet.cnam.fr/publications/documents-de-travail/le-presenteisme-au-travail-mieux-evaluer-pour-mieux-prevenir-1094542.kjsp</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 05 Jul 2019 14:55:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/05/11573.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-05T14:55:00Z 2019-07-05 14:55 +00:00 2019-07-05 10:55 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11572 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/04/11572.aspx Agents chimiques Secteur de l'administration publique Méthodes et outils Méthode et technique Esters Secteurs d'activités Ethers Halogenated flame retardants and organophosphate esters in the air of electronic waste recycling facilities <p><strong>Evidence of high concentrations and multiple exposures</strong><br />Background: In response to a worldwide increase in production of electronic waste, the e-recycling industry is rapidly rowing. E-recycling workers are exposed to many potentially toxic contaminants, among which flame retardants (FRs), mainly suspected of being endocrine disruptors, are thought to be the most prevalent.<br />Objective: To conduct an exposure assessment of four chemical groups of FRs in Canadian e-recycling facilities, and to identify the main cofactors of exposure.<br />Methods: Personal air samples were collected over a workday for 85 workers in six e-recycling facilities, grouped into three facility sizes, and for 15 workers in control commercial waste facilities. Total particulate matter was measured by gravimetry with stationary air samples. FRs were collected on OSHA versatile samplers, which allow particulate and vapor phases collection. Fifteen polybrominated diphenyl ether congeners (PBDEs), nine novel brominated (NBFRs), two chlorinated (ClFRs), and fourteen organophosphate ester (OPEs) flame retardants were analysed by gas chromatography&ndash;mass spectrometry. Sociodemographic data, tasks performed and materials processed by participating workers were recorded. Tobit regressions were used to identify cofactors of exposure, and their conclusions were corroborated using semi-parametric reverse Cox regressions.<br />Results: Thirty-nine of the 40 FRs analysed were detected in at least one air sample in e-recycling, and workers in this industry were exposed on average to 26 (range 12 to 39) different substances. The most detected chemical group of FRs in e-recycling was PBDEs with geometric mean sums of all congeners ranging from 120 to 5100?ng/m3, followed by OPEs with 740 to 1000?ng/m3, NBFRs with 7.6 to 100?ng/m3, and finally ClFRs with 3.9 to 32?mg/m3. The most important cofactor of exposure was the size of the e-recycling facility, with the largest one presenting on average 12 times the concentrations found in the control facility. Among tasks as potential cofactors of exposure, manual dismantling and baler operation exposed workers to some of the highest concentrations of PBDEs and ClFRs. There was a reduction of up to 27% in exposure to FRs associated with a 3-year increase in seniority. Finally, particulate matter concentrations in e-recycling facilities were highly correlated with all chemical classes except OPEs, and were higher in the large facility.<br />Conclusions: Among the FRs analysed, PBDE exposure was particularly high in e-recycling. Dust and particulate matter reduction strategies in these workplaces, together with training on proper working practices would certainly be important first steps to lower occupational exposures and prevent potential health effects.</p> <p>Source: Gravel, S., Lavou&eacute;, J., Bakhiyi, B., Diamond, M. L., Jantunen, L. M., Lavoie, J., ...&nbsp;et Labr&egrave;che, F. (2019).&nbsp;<em>Environment international, 128</em>, 244-253.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.04.027" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.04.027">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.04.027</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 04 Jul 2019 15:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/04/11572.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-04T15:17:00Z 2019-07-04 15:17 +00:00 2019-07-04 11:17 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11571 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/04/11571.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Santé psychologique Outils de prise en charge Effectiveness of occupational e-mental health interventions <p><strong>A&nbsp;systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials</strong><br />Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis investigated the effectiveness of occupational e-mental health interventions aimed at stress, depression, anxiety, burnout, insomnia, mindfulness, well-being, and alcohol misuse and their potential treatment moderators.<br />Methods: We systematically reviewed randomized control trials published in English using three electronic databases (MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL) and three register trials. A pooled effect size for each mental health area was calculated using random-effects modelling. For each meta-analysis, we conducted an analysis of potential moderators (ie, type of recruitment, age, gender, initial psychological symptoms, guidance, therapy type, and study quality).<br />Results: In total, 50 studies were included in the systematic review, and 34 studies were included in the metaanalyses. We noted moderate treatment effects on stress (Hedges&rsquo;g=0.54), insomnia (g=0.70), and burnout<br />(g=0.51) and small treatment effects on depression (g=0.30), anxiety (g=0.34), well-being (g=0.35), and mindfulness (g=0.42). The pooled effect on alcohol intake was small and nonsignificant.<br />Conclusions: Our results suggest that occupational e-mental health interventions are associated with significant health improvements. However, more research is required to understand which factors contribute to the variation in effectiveness of particular interventions depending on the mental health area and characteristics of participants and interventions.</p> <p>Source: Phillips, E. A., Gordeev, V. S.&nbsp;et Schrey&ouml;gg, J. (2019). <em>Scandinavian journal of work, environment &amp; health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3839" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3839">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3839</a>10.5271/sjweh.3839</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 04 Jul 2019 14:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/04/11571.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-04T14:19:00Z 2019-07-04 14:19 +00:00 2019-07-04 10:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11570 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/07/04/11570.aspx Facteurs de risque Membres supérieurs TMS membres TMS Syndrome du tunnel carpien Risk factors of hospitalization for carpal tunnel syndrome among the general working population <p>Objectives: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) causes a considerable amount of sick leave and healthcare costs. The etiology of CTS is multifactorial, involving both personal and occupational risk factors. To date, few prospective cohort studies on occupational risk factors of CTS have examined the general working population.<br />Methods: The study population consisted of participants from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort of 1966 who attended the 31-year follow-up in 1997 and were working &ge;3 days a week in a paid job (N=6326). Information<br />on socio-economic status, weight and height, smoking, exposure to occupational physical factors, and long-term illnesses was collected at baseline in 1997. Data on hospitalizations due to CTS came from the Care Register for Health Care, 1997&ndash;2016.<br />Results: Between 1997 and 2016, 3.4% of the participants had been hospitalized (attended secondary care) for CTS. After adjusting for confounders, women [hazard ratio (HR) 3.77, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.70&ndash;5.25], overweight/obese participants (HR 1.69, 95% CI 1.29&ndash;2.22), smokers (HR 1.48, 95% CI 1.12&ndash;1.96), farmers and manual workers (HR 3.02, 95% CI 1.85&ndash;4.92 compared with upper clerical workers), lower clerical workers (HR 1.74, 95% CI=1.08&ndash;2.80), workers exposed to hand vibration (HR 2.29, 95% CI 1.48&ndash;3.54) and participants with physically demanding jobs (HR 1.71, CI 1.06&ndash;2.76) were at increased risk of hospitalization for CTS. Physically demanding work increased the risk of hospitalization for CTS for overweight/obese participants at baseline, but not for participants of normal weight.<br />Conclusions: Excess body mass and occupational physical factors increase the risk of hospitalization for CTS. Excess body mass potentiates the adverse effects of strenuous work on CTS.</p> <p>Source: Hulkkonen, S., Shiri, R., Auvinen, J., Miettunen, J., Karppinen, J.&nbsp;et Ryh&auml;nen, J. (2019). <em>Scandinavian journal of work, environment &amp; health.</em><br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3835" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3835">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3835</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 04 Jul 2019 14:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/07/04/11570.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-04T14:05:00Z 2019-07-04 14:05 +00:00 2019-07-04 10:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11569 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/07/03/11569.aspx Canada Indicateurs Régions géographiques Données administratives Ontario Les lieux de travail de l’Ontario sont-ils sécuritaires et le deviennent-ils davantage? <p>Il s&rsquo;agit d&rsquo;une mesure unique et simple. Notre indice de sant&eacute; et de s&eacute;curit&eacute; combine de multiples indicateurs de rendement en sant&eacute; et s&eacute;curit&eacute; en une seule mesure fond&eacute;e sur les preuves. Cette mesure ou note permet de mieux sensibiliser le public et d&rsquo;aider les partenaires du syst&egrave;me &agrave; concentrer leurs efforts et ressources de sant&eacute; et de s&eacute;curit&eacute;.<br />Les gens se sentent habilit&eacute;s au travail et le nombre moins &eacute;lev&eacute; de demandes pour l&eacute;sions graves a eu l&rsquo;effet positif le plus important sur l&rsquo;indice. Le temps qu&rsquo;il faut &agrave; certaines personnes pour retourner travailler et le total des l&eacute;sions ont eu un effet n&eacute;gatif sur les notes de toutes les industries.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.wsib.ca/fr/indice-sante-et-securite" title="https://www.wsib.ca/fr/indice-sante-et-securite">https://www.wsib.ca/fr/indice-sante-et-securite</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 03 Jul 2019 15:52:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/07/03/11569.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-03T15:52:00Z 2019-07-03 15:52 +00:00 2019-07-03 11:52 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11568 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/03/11568.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Santé psychologique Formation à la prévention Outils de prise en charge Effectiveness of psychological and educational interventions for the prevention of depression in the workplace <p><strong>A systematic review and meta-analysis</strong><br />Objectives :Psychological and educational interventions for the prevention of depression have a small-to-moderate effect. However, little is known about their effectiveness in the workplace. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of such interventions through a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT).<br />Methods: We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, CENTRAL, CIS-DOC and Open Grey for RCT. Search was supplemented with manual searches of reference lists of relevant meta-analyses and trials. We included RCT that assessed either the incidence of depression or the reduction of depressive symptoms, which excluded participants with baseline depression. Measurements were required to have been made using validated instruments and participants recruited in the workplace. Independent evaluators selected studies, evaluated risk bias (Cochrane Collaboration&#39;s tool) and extracted from RCT. The combined OR was estimated using the fixed-effects model. Heterogeneity was measured by I2 and Cochrane&#39;s Q.<br />Results: Of the 1963 abstracts reviewed, 69 were selected for review in fulltext. Only three RCT met our inclusion criteria, representing 1246 workers from three different countries and continents. The combined odds ratio was 0.25 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.11&ndash;0.60, P=0.002]; I2=0% and Q=0.389 (P=0.823). The risk of bias was low in one RCT and moderate and high in the other two, respectively.<br />Conclusion: Psychological or educational interventions in the workplace may prevent depression, although the quality of evidence was low.</p> <p>Source: Bell&oacute;n, J. A., Conejo-Cer&oacute;n, S., Cort&eacute;s-Abela, C., Pena-Andreu, J. M., Garc&iacute;a-Rodr&iacute;guez, A.&nbsp;et Moreno-Peral, P. (2019). <em>Scandinavian journal of work, environment &amp; health, 35</em>(1),7-18.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3791" title="https://doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3791">https://doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3791</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 03 Jul 2019 14:53:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/03/11568.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-03T14:53:00Z 2019-07-03 14:53 +00:00 2019-07-03 10:53 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11567 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/03/11567.aspx Agents chimiques Méthodes et outils Fumées Méthode et technique Analyse Bitume Asphaltes Caractérisation Chromatographie phase gazeuse Caractérisation des émissions de bitume haute résistance au désenrobage (HRD) avec dope d'adhésivité <p>Produit de distillation du p&eacute;trole, le bitume est chauff&eacute; puis m&eacute;lang&eacute; &agrave; de la mati&egrave;re min&eacute;rale broy&eacute;e (le granulat) pour former l&#39;enrob&eacute; bitumineux qui est utilis&eacute; pour le pavage de la grande majorit&eacute; des routes. Les gaz, vapeurs et particules &eacute;mis lorsque le bitume ou l&#39;enrob&eacute; est chauff&eacute; sont constitu&eacute;s d&#39;un groupe complexe de compos&eacute;s chimiques r&eacute;glement&eacute;s sous le nom de fum&eacute;es d&#39;asphalte (ou de bitume), notamment dans le R&egrave;glement sur la sant&eacute; et la s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail du Qu&eacute;bec. Si le bitume d&eacute;montre un manque d&#39;adh&eacute;sivit&eacute; au granulat selon la norme prescrite, une dope d&#39;adh&eacute;sivit&eacute; (additif chimique) y est ajout&eacute;e. Ce type de bitume, que l&#39;on nommera bitume haute r&eacute;sistance au d&eacute;senrobage (HRD), est utilis&eacute; au Qu&eacute;bec depuis environ 15 ans.<br />Depuis quelques ann&eacute;es, des travailleurs du pavage se plaignent de probl&egrave;mes d&#39;irritation des yeux et du syst&egrave;me respiratoire &agrave; la suite de l&#39;utilisation de bitume HRD avec ce type d&#39;additif. Cependant, les substances &eacute;mises lors de la mise en &oelig;uvre d&#39;un enrob&eacute; avec bitume HRD avec dope d&#39;adh&eacute;sivit&eacute; ont fait l&#39;objet de peu d&#39;&eacute;tudes. Les deux premiers objectifs de la pr&eacute;sente &eacute;tude &eacute;taient de caract&eacute;riser en laboratoire les fum&eacute;es &eacute;mises par un bitume HRD avec additif pour ensuite identifier les compos&eacute;s chimiques sp&eacute;cifiques &agrave; ce type de bitume et qui sont soup&ccedil;onn&eacute;s irritants ou sensibilisants. Le troisi&egrave;me objectif &eacute;tait de d&eacute;velopper une m&eacute;thode de pr&eacute;l&egrave;vement et d&#39;analyse des compos&eacute;s mis en &eacute;vidence par cette recherche pour &eacute;valuation ult&eacute;rieure en milieu de travail.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101036/n/caracterisation-emissions-bitume-haute-resistance-desenrobage-dope-adhesivite" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101036/n/caracterisation-emissions-bitume-haute-resistance-desenrobage-dope-adhesivite">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101036/n/caracterisation-emissions-bitume-haute-resistance-desenrobage-dope-adhesivite</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 03 Jul 2019 14:01:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/07/03/11567.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-03T14:01:00Z 2019-07-03 14:01 +00:00 2019-07-03 10:01 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11566 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/02/11566.aspx Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Charge mentale Effets sur les travailleurs Psychosocial Work Conditions and Mental Health: Examining Differences Across Mental Illness and Well-Being Outcomes <p>Objectives: Psychosocial work conditions are determinants of mental illness among worker populations. However, while the focus on negative aspects of mental health has generated important contributions to the development of workplace interventions, there is less evidence on the factors that support the positive aspects of mental well-being. This study aimed to examine the association between psychosocial work conditions and mental health outcomes among a representative sample of Canadian workers; and to assess whether the relationships are consistent across measures of mental illness versus mental well-being.<br /> Methods: Population-based data were obtained from the cross-sectional 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey. Psychosocial work conditions were measured using an abbreviated version of the Job Content Questionnaire. For mental illness, we focused on major depressive episodes, generalized anxiety disorders, and bipolar disorders in the past 12 months, as measured using Composite International Diagnostic Interview criteria. Mental well-being was defined as having flourishing mental health, based on items from the Mental Health Continuum&mdash;Short Form. Regression models provided odds ratios (ORs) and fitted probabilities for the relationship between work conditions and mental health, adjusting for covariates.<br /> Results: Higher levels of job control, social support, and job security were associated with being free of disorders (ORs ranging from 1.08 to 1.15) as well as having flourishing mental health (ORs ranging from 1.10 to 1.14). Lower physical effort was associated with decreased odds of having flourishing mental health (OR 0.89). Psychological demands were not associated with any of the mental health outcomes in the fully-adjusted models. The overall pattern of these relationships was consistent across the two outcome models, although there was evidence of heterogeneity on the absolute probability scale. Specifically, there was a relatively stronger relationship between job control/social support/physical demands and well-being outcomes, compared with disorder outcomes.<br /> Conclusions: Psychosocial work conditions were associated with both negative and positive measures of mental health. However, mental illness and mental well-being may represent complementary, yet distinct, aspects in relation to psychosocial work conditions. Interventions targeting the psychosocial work environment may serve to improve both of these dimensions, although the measurement and examination of specific dimensions may be required to obtain an integrated and comprehensive understanding of mental health in the workplace.</p> <div>Source:&nbsp;Fan, J. K., Mustard, C. et Smith, P. M. (2019). <i>Annals of work exposures and health, 63</i>(5), 546-559.</div> <div><a href="https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxz028" title="https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxz028" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxz028</a></div><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 02 Jul 2019 15:35:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/07/02/11566.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-02T15:35:00Z 2019-07-02 15:35 +00:00 2019-07-02 11:35 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11565 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/07/02/11565.aspx Équipements Machines mobiles et véhicules Lois et réglementations Modifications réglementaires : dispositifs de sécurité des bennes basculantes <p>Le 18 avril 2019, l&#39;article 257.1 a &eacute;t&eacute; inclus dans le Code de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; routi&egrave;re. Cet article, qui vise l&#39;installation de dispositifs de s&eacute;curit&eacute; avisant l&#39;op&eacute;rateur que la benne est en position lev&eacute;e, fait r&eacute;f&eacute;rence au D&eacute;cret 408-2019 - Dispositifs de s&eacute;curit&eacute; des bennes basculantes qui a adopt&eacute; le R&egrave;glement sur les dispositifs de s&eacute;curit&eacute; de bennes basculantes, le 24 avril 2019. Le d&eacute;cret pr&eacute;cise quels v&eacute;hicules sont vis&eacute;s par l&#39;obligation, les caract&eacute;ristiques de l&#39;avertisseur sonore et du t&eacute;moin rouge clignotant agissant comme dispositif de s&eacute;curit&eacute; ainsi que la date limite pour installer ces dispositifs. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.apsam.com/blogue/modifications-reglementaires-dispositifs-de-securite-des-bennes-basculantes" title="https://www.apsam.com/blogue/modifications-reglementaires-dispositifs-de-securite-des-bennes-basculantes">https://www.apsam.com/blogue/modifications-reglementaires-dispositifs-de-securite-des-bennes-basculantes</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 02 Jul 2019 14:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/07/02/11565.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-02T14:09:00Z 2019-07-02 14:09 +00:00 2019-07-02 10:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11555 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/07/02/11555.aspx Orientations stratégiques Canada Québec La CNESST en bref - année 2018 <p>Cette publication pr&eacute;sente un portrait sommaire d&#39;information financi&egrave;re ainsi que diverses statistiques sur les grands secteurs de la mission de la CNESST. Elle contient des informations relatives aux l&eacute;sions professionnelles, au programme Pour une maternit&eacute; sans danger, des donn&eacute;es portant sur les normes du travail et sur l&#39;&eacute;quit&eacute; salariale, quelques donn&eacute;es sur la pr&eacute;vention, un portrait financier, certaines donn&eacute;es sur les recours ainsi que quelques comparaisons interprovinciales. Les donn&eacute;es sont soit extraites de rapports comptables ou statistiques existants soit produites &agrave; partir des syst&egrave;mes respectifs.? </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_1047.aspx" title="https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_1047.aspx">https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_1047.aspx</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 02 Jul 2019 13:12:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/07/02/11555.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-07-02T13:12:00Z 2019-07-02 13:12 +00:00 2019-07-02 09:12 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11563 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/06/28/11563.aspx Main d’œuvre en mutation Travailleurs Parcours Conditions physiques Quels liens entre les actions de prévention et le maintien en emploi des personnes à santé fragile ? <p>Les salari&eacute;s qui sont en emploi en 2013 et qui pr&eacute;sentent une sant&eacute; alt&eacute;r&eacute;e sont 83 % &agrave; &ecirc;tre en emploi trois ans plus tard, contre 89 % des personnes en bonne sant&eacute;.<br />Comme pour les salari&eacute;s en bonne sant&eacute;, les plus dipl&ocirc;m&eacute;s et les fonctionnaires ont plus de chances e se maintenir en emploi malgr&eacute; une sant&eacute; alt&eacute;r&eacute;e que les salari&eacute;s moins dipl&ocirc;m&eacute;s ou en contrat de droit priv&eacute; (CDD, CDI).<br />Avoir connu tr&egrave;s peu d&#39;interruptions de carri&egrave;re pour inactivit&eacute;, ou encore avoir de bons rapports sociaux dans son travail, sont des facteurs favorables au maintien en emploi des salari&eacute;s &agrave; la sant&eacute; alt&eacute;r&eacute;e. De m&ecirc;me, les salari&eacute;s qui, en 2013, avaient b&eacute;n&eacute;fici&eacute; r&eacute;cemment d&#39;une visite aupr&egrave;s d&#39;un m&eacute;decin du travail, sont plus nombreux &agrave; se maintenir en emploi en 2016 malgr&eacute; des probl&egrave;mes de sant&eacute;.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/dares-analyses-dares-indicateurs-dares-resultats/article/quels-liens-entre-les-actions-de-prevention-et-le-maintien-en-emploi-des" title="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/dares-analyses-dares-indicateurs-dares-resultats/article/quels-liens-entre-les-actions-de-prevention-et-le-maintien-en-emploi-des">https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/dares-analyses-dares-indicateurs-dares-resultats/article/quels-liens-entre-les-actions-de-prevention-et-le-maintien-en-emploi-des</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 28 Jun 2019 15:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/06/28/11563.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-28T15:44:00Z 2019-06-28 15:44 +00:00 2019-06-28 11:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11564 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/28/11564.aspx Europe Orientations stratégiques France Anses - Rapports d'activité 2018 <p>2018 a &eacute;t&eacute; une ann&eacute;e riche en termes d&#39;enjeux de s&eacute;curit&eacute; sanitaire. Sollicit&eacute;e sur de nombreuses questions, l&#39;Anses s&#39;est sans rel&acirc;che mobilis&eacute;e pour assurer ses missions afin de mieux conna&icirc;tre et &eacute;valuer les risques auxquels les populations et l&#39;environnement sont confront&eacute;s au quotidien.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/RA2018.pdf" title="https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/RA2018.pdf">https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/RA2018.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 28 Jun 2019 13:25:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/28/11564.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-28T13:25:00Z 2019-06-28 13:25 +00:00 2019-06-28 09:25 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11562 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/06/27/11562.aspx Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Secteur du transport et de l’entreposage Effets sur les travailleurs Développements technologiques Secteurs d'activités TMS Stress Stressful by design: Exploring health risks of ride-share work <p>Introduction: For-hire driving work, such as taxi driving, is characterized by long hours of sedentary behaviour, passenger assault, lack of benefits or support, and isolating working conditions that jeopardize good health. The for-hire driving industry has recently expanded to include a new group of ride-share drivers from digital platforms such as Uber and Lyft; this has substantially increased the number of people engaged in for-hire driving. However, there is very little existing research on ride-share drivers&#39; health and safety in relation to their work, and no research on the Canadian context.<br />Methods: This paper draws from a qualitative study consisting of in-depth interviews and focus groups with ride-share drivers and passengers, taxi drivers, taxi and ride-share managers, and other industry key informants in a large Canadian city. This paper focuses on ride-share drivers&#39; health risks on the job.<br />Results: This study finds that ride-share drivers face physical and mental health risks resulting from ride-sharing work that are distinct to ride-share work, as well as ones similar to taxi driving and other transportation work. We find that the nature of the work is stressful by design: ride-share drivers face regular stressors and pressures from passengers, such as to speed and drive young children without proper booster seats. They also describe weight gain and muscle pain.<br />Conclusion: As greater numbers of passengers opt for ride-share transportation and more people take up ride-share work, understanding potential short- and long-term health implications is an important area of inquiry. Understanding the working conditions of ride-share drivers can support the development of appropriate policy and practice tools to improve ride-share drivers&#39; health and safety.</p> <p>Source: Bartel, E., MacEachen, E., Reid-Musson, E., Meyer, S. B., Saunders, R., Bigelow, P., ...&nbsp;et Varatharajan, S. (2019). <em>Journal of Transport &amp; Health</em>, 14.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2019.100571" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2019.100571">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2019.100571</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 27 Jun 2019 18:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/06/27/11562.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-27T18:05:00Z 2019-06-27 18:05 +00:00 2019-06-27 14:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11560 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/06/27/11560.aspx Modes de prévention Types de tâches Manutention manuelle Intervention spécifique Secteur de l'administration publique Secteurs d'activités Conception des équipements Comparative analysis of manual handling practices in kerbside collection of recyclable waste <p>Government targets for reducing waste going to landfill h ave led to an increase in the processing of domestic waste to reclaim recyclable materials. Manual sorting tasks can occur at the kerbside during waste collection and, if poorly designed, can introduce manual handling risks.<br />This report describes research to better understand the kerbside collection and sorting methods currently employed by the waste industry and to determine how manual handling risks can best be reduced or controlled. Six detailed case studies are presented showing a range of vehicles and processes in operation.<br />Manual handing risks were influenced by both vehicle and waste collection container design and some encouraged poor handling approaches. The Researchers make recommendations that the waste management industry capture the key features of best equipment design in a &lsquo;design principles&#39; document that would form an industry benchmark for designers and customers and that the industry continue to seek to design out manual handling risks before new waste collection vehicles enter widespread use.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1141.htm" title="https://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1141.htm">https://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1141.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 27 Jun 2019 13:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/06/27/11560.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-27T13:49:00Z 2019-06-27 13:49 +00:00 2019-06-27 09:49 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11558 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/06/27/11558.aspx Agents chimiques Nanotechnologies Prévention et contrôle Guide Nanomatériaux De la production au traitement des déchets de nanomatériaux manufacturés <p>Les nanod&eacute;chets peuvent pr&eacute;senter un risque potentiel pour les salari&eacute;s qui les produisent, mais &eacute;galement pour les travailleurs amen&eacute;s &agrave; les collecter, &agrave; les entreposer, &agrave; les transporter et &agrave; les traiter, que ce soit dans les usines d&#39;incin&eacute;ration, les installations d&#39;enfouissement ou les entreprises de recyclage.<br />Ce guide est destin&eacute; &agrave; apporter des &eacute;l&eacute;ments d&#39;aide au rep&eacute;rage des risques et au choix des mesures de pr&eacute;vention adapt&eacute;es &agrave; l&#39;ensemble des salari&eacute;s concern&eacute;s par la production et la gestion de nanod&eacute;chets, en s&#39;appuyant sur les diff&eacute;rentes fili&egrave;res de collecte, de valorisation et d&#39;&eacute;limination possibles.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206331" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206331">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206331</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 27 Jun 2019 13:47:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/06/27/11558.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-27T13:47:00Z 2019-06-27 13:47 +00:00 2019-06-27 09:47 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11557 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/27/11557.aspx Europe Orientations stratégiques EU-OSHA - Rapport annuel 2018 <p>Le rapport annuel 2018 explique comment l&#39;EU-OSHA a poursuivi son objectif visant &agrave; garantir l&#39;existence de lieux de travail plus s&ucirc;rs et plus sains en Europe. <br />Parmi les &eacute;tapes importantes figurent le lancement de la campagne 2018-2019 &laquo;Lieux de travail sains - Ma&icirc;triser l&#39;usage des substances dangereuses&raquo;, ainsi que les publications relatives au projet sur la sant&eacute; et la s&eacute;curit&eacute; dans les micro et petites entreprises et au projet prospectif sur le risque nouveau et &eacute;mergent que pr&eacute;sente la num&eacute;risation. Les conclusions tir&eacute;es dans le cadre de ces projets serviront de base &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;laboration des politiques et d&#39;inspiration pour la mise au point d&#39;une future campagne sur les lieux de travail sains.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/highlights/annual-report-2018-year-collaboration-commitment-and-campaigning" title="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/highlights/annual-report-2018-year-collaboration-commitment-and-campaigning">https://osha.europa.eu/fr/highlights/annual-report-2018-year-collaboration-commitment-and-campaigning</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 27 Jun 2019 13:46:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/27/11557.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-27T13:46:00Z 2019-06-27 13:46 +00:00 2019-06-27 09:46 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11556 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/06/26/11556.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Travailleurs Environnement socio-économique Structure démographique Mécanismes de formation Travailleurs immigrants Safe Employment Integration of Recent Immigrants and Refugees <p>This study examined the employment preparation and work experiences of recent immigrants and refugees in Ontario, Canada, to determine key resource needs and opportunities related to safe work integration. In-depth interviews were conducted with 22 service providers, program developers, and policy-makers from the immigration and employment fields. Eighteen focus groups were held with 110 recent immigrants and refugees who were looking for work or who had recently found work. An exploratory qualitative approach was used to collect and analyze the data. First jobs were often characterized by precarity and poor working conditions. Most recent immigrants and refugees had little knowledge about their rights at work and were not sure what to do when mistreated or were asked to do something unsafe at work. The settlement and employment programs that included occupational health and safety information were not systematic and were hindered by a lack of consistent funding and diffusion of responsibility. We identify optimal points in the settlement process where information can be provided, and some of the roles that can be played most effectively by service agencies, regulatory bodies, and employers.</p> <p>Source: Kosny, A., Yanar, B., Begum, M., Al-khooly, D., Premji, S., Lay, M. A.&nbsp;et Smith, P. M. (2019).&nbsp;<em>Journal of International Migration and Integration</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s12134-019-00685-w" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s12134-019-00685-w">https://doi.org/10.1007/s12134-019-00685-w</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 26 Jun 2019 12:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/06/26/11556.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-26T12:05:00Z 2019-06-26 12:05 +00:00 2019-06-26 08:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11553 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/06/26/11553.aspx Agents chimiques Amiante Secteur des services Prévention et contrôle Surveillance Secteurs d'activités Évaluation du suivi post-exposition amiante de techniciens en télécommunications <p>Objectifs: Nous avons cherch&eacute; &agrave; &eacute;valuer les avantages de la surveillance post-exposition &agrave; l&#39;amiante apr&egrave;s application des directives de la Haute Autorit&eacute; de sant&eacute; (HAS). Nous avons &eacute;valu&eacute; le suivi et les r&eacute;sultats des scanners thoraciques (CTscan) r&eacute;alis&eacute;s dans ce cadre pour une entreprise de t&eacute;l&eacute;communications, ainsi que ces cons&eacute;quences sur le nombre de d&eacute;clarations en maladies professionnelles.<br />M&eacute;thode: Il s&#39;agit d&#39;une enqu&ecirc;te r&eacute;trospective pour des salari&eacute;s toujours en activit&eacute; (anciennet&eacute; moyenne dans l&#39;entreprise 35 ans) men&eacute;e sur l&#39;&eacute;tude des dossiers m&eacute;dicaux entre janvier 2012 et d&eacute;cembre 2017. Un questionnaire, rempli par le m&eacute;decin ou l&#39;infirmi&egrave;re, concernait tous les salari&eacute;s pour lesquels une notion d&#39;exposition &agrave; l&#39;amiante avait &eacute;t&eacute; trac&eacute;e (exposition faible, interm&eacute;diaire ou forte au sens de la conf&eacute;rence de consensus). &Eacute;taient notamment recherch&eacute;es la r&eacute;alisation de scanners thoraciques et l&#39;orientation en consultation de pathologie professionnelle, ainsi que l&#39;analyse des r&eacute;sultats.<br />R&eacute;sultats: Deux-mille questionnaires ont &eacute;t&eacute; compl&eacute;t&eacute;s, on compte 749 r&eacute;sultats de scanners : 97 % pour des salari&eacute;s ayant &eacute;t&eacute; expos&eacute;s de fa&ccedil;on interm&eacute;diaire et 3 % en exposition forte. Dans le cadre du suivi, il y a 50 % de scanners directement prescrits par le m&eacute;decin du travail dont 18 % n&#39;ont pas &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;s soit par refus du salari&eacute;, soit ult&eacute;rieurement programm&eacute;. La moiti&eacute; d&#39;entre eux a &eacute;t&eacute; orient&eacute;e directement en consultation de pathologie professionnelle dont 22 % sans retour de scanner (refus du salari&eacute; ou estimation d&#39;exposition jug&eacute;e trop faible par le sp&eacute;cialiste). Sur les 749 scanners r&eacute;alis&eacute;s : 33 % pr&eacute;sentaient des r&eacute;sultats anormaux ; 4,2 % montraient des anomalies pleurales (en particulier 2,6 % &eacute;paississement/plaques) ; 27 % montraient des anomalies parenchymateuses (essentiellement des nodules pour 16 %, 5,5 % d&#39;emphys&egrave;mes et 0,4 % de carcinomes bronchopulmonaires) et 1,3 % montraient des images interstitielles. Une d&eacute;claration de maladie professionnelle a &eacute;t&eacute; faite pour 30 % des salari&eacute;s ayant pr&eacute;sent&eacute; une anomalie scanographique pouvant &ecirc;tre suppos&eacute;e due &agrave; l&#39;exposition (plaque, image interstitielle, carcinome).<br />Discussion: Le suivi post-exposition tel que recommand&eacute; par la HAS est pertinent pour cette entreprise. Les r&eacute;sultats sugg&egrave;rent qu&#39;il existe une sous-d&eacute;claration en maladie professionnelle notamment pour les salari&eacute;s fonctionnaires.</p> <p>Source: Ruiz, J. F., Gouyet, T., Couchoud, C. C., Nayrat, C., Vuillaume, F., Jouvenne, I., ...&nbsp;et Husson, B. (2019).&nbsp;<em>Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de l&#39;Environnement, 80</em>(3),&nbsp;210-221.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2019.01.009" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2019.01.009">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2019.01.009</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 26 Jun 2019 12:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/06/26/11553.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-26T12:04:00Z 2019-06-26 12:04 +00:00 2019-06-26 08:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11561 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/26/11561.aspx Orientations stratégiques Canada Québec IRSST - Rapport d'activité 2018 <p><strong>La science en action</strong><br />R&eacute;dig&eacute; sous le th&egrave;me La science en action, le rapport annuel 2018 de l&rsquo;IRSST pr&eacute;sente les principales r&eacute;alisations scientifiques et techniques de l&rsquo;ann&eacute;e et liste, par champ de recherche, l&rsquo;ensemble des projets dont les travaux ont d&eacute;but&eacute; en 2018, les rapports &eacute;dit&eacute;s, les vid&eacute;os tourn&eacute;es et les articles publi&eacute;s dans des revues scientifiques.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/institut/organisation/rapport-activite" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/institut/organisation/rapport-activite">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/institut/organisation/rapport-activite</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 26 Jun 2019 11:58:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/26/11561.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-26T11:58:00Z 2019-06-26 11:58 +00:00 2019-06-26 07:58 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11559 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/06/25/11559.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Caractéristiques des travailleurs Âge Maintien en emploi Caractéristiques sociodémographiques Travailleurs vieillissants Le retour à l'emploi diminue-t-il avec l'âge ? <p><strong>Le cas des travailleurs &acirc;g&eacute;s en Grande-Bretagne</strong><br />L&#39;objectif d&#39;accro&icirc;tre le taux d&#39;emploi des seniors soul&egrave;ve la question de leur retour &agrave; l&#39;emploi en cas de ch&ocirc;mage. &Agrave; partir des donn&eacute;es issues des enqu&ecirc;tes emploi anglaises, ce Connaissance de l&#39;emploi tente de d&eacute;terminer si le faible taux de r&eacute;emploi des seniors est d&ucirc; &agrave; leur &acirc;ge.<br />Les r&eacute;sultats montrent que la variable d&#39;&acirc;ge est effectivement un facteur important dans le retour &agrave; l&#39;emploi des seniors si bien que les chances de retrouver un emploi diminuent &agrave; mesure que les travailleurs vieillissent. Ceci peut &ecirc;tre en partie attribuable &agrave; des diff&eacute;rences de comportement des entreprises en fonction de l&#39;&acirc;ge des candidats &agrave; l&#39;embauche. Une simulation de la dur&eacute;e pass&eacute;e au ch&ocirc;mage, bas&eacute;e sur l&#39;&acirc;ge, soutient le r&ocirc;le cl&eacute; de ce facteur dans l&#39;&eacute;cart de dur&eacute;e de ch&ocirc;mage entre les seniors et le reste de la population active.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://ceet.cnam.fr/publications/connaissance-de-l-emploi/le-retour-a-l-emploi-diminue-t-il-avec-l-age-le-cas-des-travailleurs-ages-en-grande-bretagne-1089083.kjsp" title="http://ceet.cnam.fr/publications/connaissance-de-l-emploi/le-retour-a-l-emploi-diminue-t-il-avec-l-age-le-cas-des-travailleurs-ages-en-grande-bretagne-1089083.kjsp">http://ceet.cnam.fr/publications/connaissance-de-l-emploi/le-retour-a-l-emploi-diminue-t-il-avec-l-age-le-cas-des-travailleurs-ages-en-grande-bretagne-1089083.kjsp</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 25 Jun 2019 19:54:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/06/25/11559.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-25T19:54:00Z 2019-06-25 19:54 +00:00 2019-06-25 15:54 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11554 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/25/11554.aspx Orientations stratégiques Canada Québec CNESST - Rapport annuel de gestion 2018 <p>Le Rapport annuel de gestion de la CNESST fait &eacute;tat des r&eacute;sultats obtenus pour l&rsquo;exercice financier 2018 &agrave; l&rsquo;&eacute;gard des objectifs du Plan strat&eacute;gique 2017-2019. De plus, ce document fait le point sur la gestion des ressources et r&eacute;pond aux diff&eacute;rentes exigences l&eacute;gislatives et gouvernementales en vigueur. Enfin, il pr&eacute;sente les &eacute;tats financiers audit&eacute;s, dont ceux du Fonds de la sant&eacute; et de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/400/Pages/DC-400-2032-12.aspx" title="https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/400/Pages/DC-400-2032-12.aspx">https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/400/Pages/DC-400-2032-12.aspx</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 25 Jun 2019 16:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/25/11554.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-25T16:24:00Z 2019-06-25 16:24 +00:00 2019-06-25 12:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11551 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/06/25/11551.aspx Facteurs de risque Charge mentale Charge physique Facteurs psychosociaux Stress TMS Secteur des services de santé Santé mentale Troubles musculosquelettiques et risques psychosociaux dans une population de conducteurs ambulanciers hospitaliers <p>Objectif: L&#39;objectif de notre &eacute;tude a &eacute;t&eacute; de d&eacute;terminer la pr&eacute;valence des TMS et des RPS au sein d&#39;une population de conducteurs ambulanciers (CA) d&#39;un centre hospitalier public et d&#39;&eacute;valuer les liens entre eux.<br />M&eacute;thodologie: Nous avons &eacute;tudi&eacute; une population de 65 agents de la Fonction publique, &agrave; l&#39;aide d&#39;un h&eacute;t&eacute;ro-questionnaire tir&eacute; du guide des bonnes pratiques de l&#39;INRS. Les caract&eacute;ristiques g&eacute;n&eacute;rales des sujets, les plaintes li&eacute;es aux TMS, le v&eacute;cu au travail et les facteurs potentiels de RPS ont &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;tudi&eacute;s.<br />R&eacute;sultats: Au total 61 des 65 agents ont particip&eacute; &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;tude. Plus des trois-quarts des agents pr&eacute;sentent des sympt&ocirc;mes de TMS, plus des deux tiers rapportent l&#39;existence d&#39;au moins un &eacute;pisode douloureux par semaine et plus de 90 % au moins une fois par mois. Plus de la moiti&eacute; des CA pr&eacute;sente au moins une localisation douloureuse d&#39;intensit&eacute; &laquo; forte &raquo;. Les troubles les plus fr&eacute;quemment rencontr&eacute;s sont les lombalgies basses all&eacute;gu&eacute;es par pr&egrave;s de trois-quarts des agents ; viennent ensuite les cervicalgies qui concernent un tiers des agents, puis les douleurs des &eacute;paules (20 %). Pr&egrave;s de 80 % des CA disent devoir travailler vite &laquo; parfois ou souvent &raquo;, et pr&egrave;s des trois-quarts signalent &ecirc;tre &laquo; souvent &raquo; soumis &agrave; des contraintes de d&eacute;lai. Environ 90 % estiment ne pouvoir moduler que &laquo; rarement &raquo; leur quantit&eacute; de travail, et les deux tiers &laquo; jamais &raquo;. Moins de la moiti&eacute; des agents peuvent compter ou m&ecirc;me discuter facilement avec leur hi&eacute;rarchie, alors qu&#39;ils sont plus des trois-quarts &agrave; pouvoir le faire avec leurs coll&egrave;gues.<br />Conclusion: L&#39;association entre sollicitations physiques et psychologiques sugg&egrave;re que l&#39;apparition de troubles musculosquelettiques chez les chauffeurs-ambulanciers hospitaliers est fortement impact&eacute;e par la pr&eacute;sence de risques psychosociaux.</p> <p>Source: Solitaire, C. et&nbsp;Martin, F. (2019). <em>Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de l&#39;Environnement,&nbsp;80</em>(3),&nbsp;191-198.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2019.01.006" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2019.01.006">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2019.01.006</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 25 Jun 2019 15:46:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/06/25/11551.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-25T15:46:00Z 2019-06-25 15:46 +00:00 2019-06-25 11:46 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11552 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/06/25/11552.aspx Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Charge mentale Secteur des services de santé Charge physique Secteurs d'activités Évaluation des facteurs de risque TMS Stress Troubles musculosquelettiques et risques psychosociaux dans une population de conducteurs ambulanciers hospitaliers <p>Objectif: L&#39;objectif de notre &eacute;tude a &eacute;t&eacute; de d&eacute;terminer la pr&eacute;valence des TMS et des RPS au sein d&#39;une population de conducteurs ambulanciers (CA) d&#39;un centre hospitalier public et d&#39;&eacute;valuer les liens entre eux.<br />M&eacute;thodologie: Nous avons &eacute;tudi&eacute; une population de 65 agents de la Fonction publique, &agrave; l&#39;aide d&#39;un h&eacute;t&eacute;ro-questionnaire tir&eacute; du guide des bonnes pratiques de l&#39;INRS. Les caract&eacute;ristiques g&eacute;n&eacute;rales des sujets, les plaintes li&eacute;es aux TMS, le v&eacute;cu au travail et les facteurs potentiels de RPS ont &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;tudi&eacute;s.<br />R&eacute;sultats: Au total 61 des 65 agents ont particip&eacute; &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;tude. Plus des trois-quarts des agents pr&eacute;sentent des sympt&ocirc;mes de TMS, plus des deux tiers rapportent l&#39;existence d&#39;au moins un &eacute;pisode douloureux par semaine et plus de 90 % au moins une fois par mois. Plus de la moiti&eacute; des CA pr&eacute;sente au moins une localisation douloureuse d&#39;intensit&eacute; &laquo; forte &raquo;. Les troubles les plus fr&eacute;quemment rencontr&eacute;s sont les lombalgies basses all&eacute;gu&eacute;es par pr&egrave;s de trois-quarts des agents ; viennent ensuite les cervicalgies qui concernent un tiers des agents, puis les douleurs des &eacute;paules (20 %). Pr&egrave;s de 80 % des CA disent devoir travailler vite &laquo; parfois ou souvent &raquo;, et pr&egrave;s des trois-quarts signalent &ecirc;tre &laquo; souvent &raquo; soumis &agrave; des contraintes de d&eacute;lai. Environ 90 % estiment ne pouvoir moduler que &laquo; rarement &raquo; leur quantit&eacute; de travail, et les deux tiers &laquo; jamais &raquo;. Moins de la moiti&eacute; des agents peuvent compter ou m&ecirc;me discuter facilement avec leur hi&eacute;rarchie, alors qu&#39;ils sont plus des trois-quarts &agrave; pouvoir le faire avec leurs coll&egrave;gues.<br />Conclusion: L&#39;association entre sollicitations physiques et psychologiques sugg&egrave;re que l&#39;apparition de troubles musculosquelettiques chez les chauffeurs-ambulanciers hospitaliers est fortement impact&eacute;e par la pr&eacute;sence de risques psychosociaux.</p> <p>Source: Solitaire, C. et&nbsp;Martin, F. (2019). <em>Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de l&#39;Environnement,&nbsp;80</em>(3),&nbsp;191-198.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2019.01.006" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2019.01.006">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2019.01.006</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 25 Jun 2019 15:45:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/06/25/11552.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-25T15:45:00Z 2019-06-25 15:45 +00:00 2019-06-25 11:45 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11550 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/06/25/11550.aspx Facteurs de risque Chariot automoteur Équipements Machines mobiles et véhicules Normes Instabilité NF ISO 22915 - Chariots de manutention - Vérification de la stabilité <p><strong>Partie 4 : chariots &agrave; fourche recouvrante, chariots &agrave; double fourche et chariots pr&eacute;parateurs de commandes avec un poste de conduite &eacute;levable ayant une hauteur de lev&eacute;e de 1 200 mm inclus</strong> <br />La pr&eacute;sente partie de l&#39;ISO 22915 sp&eacute;cifie des essais pour v&eacute;rifier la stabilit&eacute; des - chariots &agrave; fourche recouvrante, - chariots &agrave; double fourche, et - chariots pr&eacute;parateurs de commandes avec un poste de conduite ayant une hauteur de lev&eacute;e jusqu&#39; &agrave; 1 200 mm inclus mesur&eacute;e du sol au plancher de la plate-forme. Elle est applicable aux types de chariots de manutention, soit &agrave; m&acirc;ts, soit &agrave; bras de fourche, inclinables ou non inclinables, ayant une capacit&eacute; nominale jusqu&#39; &agrave; 5 000 kg inclus. Elle est &eacute;galement applicable aux chariots travaillant dans les m&ecirc;mes conditions lorsqu&#39;ils sont &eacute;quip&eacute;s d&#39;&eacute;quipements de manutention de charges et aux chariots pr&eacute;parateurs de commandes avec un poste de conduite ayant une hauteur de lev&eacute;e jusqu&#39;&agrave; 1 200 mm inclus lorsqu&#39;ils sont &eacute;quip&eacute;s d&#39;un ou plusieurs dispositifs &eacute;l&eacute;vateurs de charge suppl&eacute;mentaires.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-22915-4/chariots-de-manutention-verification-de-la-stabilite-partie-4-chariots-a-fourche-recouvrante-chariots-a-double-fourche-et-chario/article/910425/fa193262" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-22915-4/chariots-de-manutention-verification-de-la-stabilite-partie-4-chariots-a-fourche-recouvrante-chariots-a-double-fourche-et-chario/article/910425/fa193262">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-22915-4/chariots-de-manutention-verification-de-la-stabilite-partie-4-chariots-a-fourche-recouvrante-chariots-a-double-fourche-et-chario/article/910425/fa193262</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 25 Jun 2019 14:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/06/25/11550.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-25T14:48:00Z 2019-06-25 14:48 +00:00 2019-06-25 10:48 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11548 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/06/25/11548.aspx Protection contre l’effondrement des tranchées et des excavations Protection contre l’effondrement des structures Secteur de l'industrie extrative Type de protection Vers une conception de barricades plus sécuritaire dans les mines <p><strong>&Eacute;tude de l&#39;interaction entre le remblai et les structures encaissantes</strong><br />Le remblayage souterrain est couramment utilis&eacute; dans l&#39;industrie mini&egrave;re pour am&eacute;liorer les conditions de terrain, et ainsi assurer un espace de travail plus s&eacute;curitaire aux travailleurs &oelig;uvrant sous terre. N&eacute;anmoins, l&#39;application de cette technique requiert la construction de barricades dans les galeries d&#39;entr&eacute;e aux points de soutirage pour retenir les remblais en place. Or, des cas de rupture de barricades r&eacute;cents indiquent que celles-ci peuvent pr&eacute;senter un danger pour la sant&eacute; et la s&eacute;curit&eacute; de l&#39;ensemble des travailleurs miniers utilisant le remblayage souterrain.<br />Comme toutes les autres structures de construction, la stabilit&eacute; d&#39;une barricade pour retenir un remblai dans un chantier d&eacute;pend de sa capacit&eacute; et de la demande. La capacit&eacute; varie selon les mat&eacute;riaux utilis&eacute;s, la g&eacute;om&eacute;trie (forme et dimensions) de la barricade et la m&eacute;thode de construction. La demande se traduit essentiellement par la pression exerc&eacute;e sur la barricade par le remblai. Une d&eacute;faillance d&#39;un de ces facteurs, que ce soit &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;gard de la conception ou de la construction d&#39;une barricade, peut constituer un danger important pour la sant&eacute; et la s&eacute;curit&eacute; des travailleurs &oelig;uvrant sous terre.<br />Dans le but ultime de fournir &agrave; l&#39;industrie mini&egrave;re un outil de conception de barricades plus fiable et plus &eacute;conomique, le projet consiste &agrave; approfondir l&#39;&eacute;tat des connaissances sur l&#39;interaction entre le remblai et les structures encaissantes, incluant notamment les parois rocheuses et les barricades. La majeure partie du projet porte sur les analyses th&eacute;oriques et num&eacute;riques permettant l&#39;estimation des pressions et des contraintes dans les chantiers remblay&eacute;s et sur les barricades install&eacute;es dans la galerie d&#39;acc&egrave;s &agrave; la mine. Cela a conduit au d&eacute;veloppement de nouvelles solutions analytiques et num&eacute;riques pour mieux estimer les pressions et les contraintes dans les chantiers et sur les barricades.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101035/n/conception-barricades-securitaire-mines" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101035/n/conception-barricades-securitaire-mines">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101035/n/conception-barricades-securitaire-mines</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 25 Jun 2019 13:36:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/06/25/11548.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-25T13:36:00Z 2019-06-25 13:36 +00:00 2019-06-25 09:36 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11544 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/06/07/11544.aspx Europe Cancer Maladies professionnelles Lésions professionnelles France Cancers reconnus d’origine professionnelle <p><strong>&Eacute;volution statistique, actions de pr&eacute;vention et d&#39;accompagnement des salari&eacute;s expos&eacute;s</strong><br />Sur la p&eacute;riode 2013-2017, 1 840 cancers d&#39;origine professionnelle ont &eacute;t&eacute; reconnus en moyenne chaque ann&eacute;e en France. La part des cancers li&eacute;e &agrave; l&#39;amiante est pr&eacute;pond&eacute;rante (80 %). Il s&#39;agit de cancers du poumon dans 70 % des cas et de m&eacute;soth&eacute;liomes dans 30 % des cas. Ces chiffres sont issus d&#39;un rapport publi&eacute; en avril par l&#39;Assurance maladie &ndash; Risques professionnels. Ils indiquent une progression de la reconnaissance des cancers d&#39;origine professionnelle d&#39;un facteur 3,6 en l&#39;espace de vingt ans. Celle-ci intervient en g&eacute;n&eacute;ral tardivement &ndash; &agrave; l&#39;&acirc;ge de 68 ans en moyenne &ndash; alors que les personnes sont d&eacute;j&agrave; &agrave; la retraite. Les hommes sont tr&egrave;s majoritairement concern&eacute;s (96 %), notamment les anciens ouvriers (80 % de cas) issus des secteurs de la m&eacute;tallurgie, du BTP, de l&#39;industrie chimique et du bois. Il faut toutefois pr&eacute;ciser que cette situation est le reflet de la structure d&#39;emploi des cinquante derni&egrave;res ann&eacute;es et non de l&#39;exposition actuelle des salari&eacute;s. Ce rapport comporte &eacute;galement deux chapitres sur les actions de pr&eacute;vention et d&#39;accompagnement des salari&eacute;s expos&eacute;s &agrave; des risques canc&eacute;rog&egrave;nes.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fileadmin/user_upload/document_PDF_a_telecharger/brochures/Rapport%20Enjeux%20et%20actions%20cancers%20pros.pdf" title="http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fileadmin/user_upload/document_PDF_a_telecharger/brochures/Rapport%20Enjeux%20et%20actions%20cancers%20pros.pdf">http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fileadmin/user_upload/document_PDF_a_telecharger/brochures/Rapport%20Enjeux%20et%20actions%20cancers%20pros.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 07 Jun 2019 14:45:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/06/07/11544.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-07T14:45:00Z 2019-06-07 14:45 +00:00 2019-06-07 10:45 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11543 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2019/06/07/11543.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Prévention du bruit Risques dus au bruit Nuisances sonores <p>Trop souvent, le bruit reste le parent pauvre de la pr&eacute;vention. Soit il est ignor&eacute;, soit il ne fait l&#39;objet que d&#39;une protection individuelle &agrave; travers les casques et bouchons d&#39;oreilles. Pourtant, ce risque aux cons&eacute;quences diverses, de la g&ecirc;ne, source de mal-&ecirc;tre, &agrave; la l&eacute;sion irr&eacute;versible, en fonction de sa puissance, peut &ecirc;tre trait&eacute; facilement.<br />Trois millions de salari&eacute;s expos&eacute;s. Pr&egrave;s de six actifs sur dix qui se disent g&ecirc;n&eacute;s sur leur lieu de travail, tous secteurs confondus (industries, BTP, services, administrations&hellip;). Le bruit constitue une nuisance majeure en milieu professionnel. Il reste pourtant insuffisamment pris en compte en tant que risque professionnel.</p> <p><br />Source: (2019). <em>Travail et s&eacute;curit&eacute;</em>, (905), 12-24.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier/NUISANCES%20SONORES.html" title="http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier/NUISANCES%20SONORES.html">http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier/NUISANCES%20SONORES.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 07 Jun 2019 14:08:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2019/06/07/11543.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-07T14:08:00Z 2019-06-07 14:08 +00:00 2019-06-07 10:08 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11542 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/06/07/11542.aspx Cadenassage Réduction du risque Risque machine Hazardous energy control on machinery <p><strong>Understanding the use of alternative methods to lockout</strong><br />National standards and regulations in many countries establish requirements for controlling hazardous energy related to machinery that could cause accidents linked to the release of these energies, unexpected energization or start-up of machines or equipment. These standards and regulations describe alternative methods to lockout and the conditions for using them. The purpose of the study is to understand the application of alternative methods to lockout and investigate how they are implemented in accordance with the Canadian standard and regulation in force. Therefore, in this qualitative research, the application of alternative methods for control of hazardous energies was studied in 14 organizations in Quebec (Canada). A questionnaire that included 15 questions on the application of alternative methods was designed and used. In each organization, the research team conducted a group interview, collected additional data from observations and documentation, and completed the questionnaire. Results indicated the need to increase knowledge about alternative methods to lockout and the regulation. Actual practices in the organizations visited demonstrated that alternative methods were used without being compliant with the standard and regulation. A risk assessment was not carried out before applying an alternative method. Moreover, a general working procedure for alternative methods was missing or incomplete in all the organizations. There was a lack of training in alternative methods as well as lack of audit/inspections of their application. In this regard, recommendations for addressing identified shortcomings are proposed.</p> <p>Source: Karimi, Benyamin,&nbsp;Burlet-Vienney, Damien,&nbsp;Chinniah, Yuvin et&nbsp;Aucourt, Barthelemy. (2019). <em>Safety Science,&nbsp;118</em>,&nbsp;519-529.&nbsp;&nbsp;<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.06.003" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.06.003">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.06.003</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 07 Jun 2019 13:13:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/06/07/11542.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-07T13:13:00Z 2019-06-07 13:13 +00:00 2019-06-07 09:13 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11541 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/05/11541.aspx Orientations stratégiques Canada Colombie-Britannique WorkSafe BC - 2018 Annual Report and 2019–2021 Service Plan <p>Our annual reports share our performance results and financial highlights for the previous year. Our current annual report, noted below, also includes information about our service plan. </p> <p>Source: <a href="https://www.worksafebc.com/en/about-us/what-we-do/our-annual-report">https://www.worksafebc.com/en/about-us/what-we-do/our-annual-report</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 05 Jun 2019 13:58:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/05/11541.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-05T13:58:00Z 2019-06-05 13:58 +00:00 2019-06-05 09:58 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11538 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/06/03/11538.aspx Europe Conditions de travail Enquêtes Régions géographiques Working conditions and workers’ health <p>Ensuring the sustainability of pension systems in the&nbsp;context of ageing populations has become a priority: it requires that more people enter employment and that they work longer. At the same time, pressure on workers is rising due partly to ongoing change in how work is organised and performed; in turn, this impacts on the type and nature of risks associated with work. For workers to remain longer in the labour force, work must be made sustainable by reducing health-impairing conditions and fostering health-promoting ones. To this end, understanding the relationships between working conditions and workers&rsquo; health and well-being is key. This report examines these relationships in the EU28 using data from the European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/sites/default/files/ef_publication/field_ef_document/ef18041en.pdf" title="https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/sites/default/files/ef_publication/field_ef_document/ef18041en.pdf">https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/sites/default/files/ef_publication/field_ef_document/ef18041en.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 03 Jun 2019 19:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/06/03/11538.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-03T19:48:00Z 2019-06-03 19:48 +00:00 2019-06-03 15:48 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11537 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/03/11537.aspx Europe Orientations stratégiques Grande-Bretagne A national Health and Work Strategy: a search for evidence <p>Background: The Health and Safety Executive&rsquo;s new Health and Work Strategy is based on an up-to-date assessment of workplace health priorities. Rather than replicating traditional prioritization approaches, a broader assessment of health and work priorities was carried out using a range of stakeholders.<br />Aims: To develop a set of health priorities for further research and intervention activity.<br />Methods: Four exercises were carried out, including internal prioritization, two external web-hosted questionnaire studies of younger workers and occupational health professionals, focus groups and tele-depth interviews with workplace health and safety professionals.<br />Results: The highest rated internal priorities (weighted priority scores) were identified as mesothelioma (70), lung cancer (69.25), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; 69), musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs; 66.25), hearing loss (65.75), stress (65.5), asthma (64.5) and hand-arm vibration syndrome (61.5). Using the three highest ranked criteria developed by occupational health professionals ((i) the preventability of the condition, (ii) the impact of the condition and (iii) the number of workers affected), mesothelioma, lung cancer, COPD, MSDs, hearing loss, stress and asthma were identified as the top seven priorities. Generic issues identified included ageing and work, obesity, newer technologies, and ethnicity and cultures of workforces. Apprentices identified stress, depression, anxiety, musculoskeletal and respiratory disorders, fatigue and workload as important workplace health considerations.<br />Conclusions: This process identified a number of expected and new areas of health research interest. We believe the findings reflect the real world requirements of work as assessed by occupational health and safety practitioners and workers.</p> <p>Source: Fishwick, D., Bradshaw, L., Bishop, B., Burger, M., Frost, G., Warren, N.&nbsp;et Curran, A. (2019).&nbsp;<i>Occupational Medicine</i>, <i>69</i>(2), 118-125.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqz001" title="https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqz001">https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqz001</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 03 Jun 2019 15:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/06/03/11537.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-06-03T15:48:00Z 2019-06-03 15:48 +00:00 2019-06-03 11:48 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11534 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/31/11534.aspx Conditions de travail Contexte de travail Working conditions in a global perspective <p>Job quality is a major focus of policymakers around the world. For workers, the enterprises that employ them and for societies, there are benefits associated with high-quality jobs, and costs associated with poor-quality jobs. This report &ndash; the result of a pioneering project by the International Labour Organization and Eurofound &ndash; provides a comparative analysis of job quality covering approximately 1.2 billion workers in Europe, Asia and the Americas. It analyses seven dimensions of job quality: the physical environment, work intensity, working time quality, the social environment, skills and development, prospects, and earnings, finding both important differences and similarities between countries. By analysing positive and negative aspects of job quality in different countries and societies, the report provides a way to look beyond national explanations, to see how some groups of workers are affected more than others and understand the particular issues for women workers around the world &ndash; in support of evidence-based policymaking to improve job quality.</p> <p>Source:&nbsp;<a href="https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/fr/publications/report/2019/working-conditions-in-a-global-perspective" title="https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/fr/publications/report/2019/working-conditions-in-a-global-perspective" target="_blank">https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/fr/publications/report/2019/working-conditions-in-a-global-perspective</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 31 May 2019 12:11:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/31/11534.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-31T12:11:00Z 2019-05-31 12:11 +00:00 2019-05-31 08:11 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11533 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/29/11533.aspx Développements technologiques Prospective Changements climatiques Organisation du travail Structure démographique La sécurité et la santé au coeur de l’avenir du travail <p><strong>Mettre &agrave; profit 100 ans d&#39;exp&eacute;rience</strong><br /> Au moment o&ugrave; l&#39;OIT c&eacute;l&egrave;bre son centenaire, le premier chapitre du pr&eacute;sent rapport revient sur l&#39;&eacute;volution de ces connaissances depuis un si&egrave;cle et sur le r&ocirc;le jou&eacute; par l&#39;OIT &agrave; cet &eacute;gard depuis sa cr&eacute;ation en 1919.<br /> Dans le contexte des enjeux de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; et de la sant&eacute; au travail, le chapitre 2 s&#39;int&eacute;resse aux tendances qui entra&icirc;nent des changements dans le monde du travail et &agrave; leur impact sur la s&eacute;curit&eacute; et la sant&eacute; au travail. Il se concentre sur quatre &eacute;volutions majeures du monde du travail &ndash; li&eacute;es &agrave; la technologie, &agrave; la d&eacute;mographie, au d&eacute;veloppement durable (et au changement climatique) et &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;volution de l&#39;organisation du travail. A partir de chacune de ces &eacute;volutions, le rapport s&#39;emploie &agrave; identifier les opportunit&eacute;s et les d&eacute;fis cl&eacute;s pour la s&eacute;curit&eacute; et la sant&eacute; au travail et pour la pr&eacute;vention et la ma&icirc;trise des risques.<br /> Le chapitre 3 &eacute;tudie la fa&ccedil;on dont la s&eacute;curit&eacute; et la sant&eacute; au travail &eacute;voluent et rel&egrave;vent le d&eacute;fi d&#39;un avenir du travail s&ucirc;r et sain pour tous.</p> <p>Source:&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="https://www.ilo.org/global/about-the-ilo/how-the-ilo-works/departments-and-offices/governance/labadmin-osh/events/world-day-for-safety/WCMS_687619/lang--fr/index.htm" href="https://www.ilo.org/global/about-the-ilo/how-the-ilo-works/departments-and-offices/governance/labadmin-osh/events/world-day-for-safety/WCMS_687619/lang--fr/index.htm">https://www.ilo.org/global/about-the-ilo/how-the-ilo-works/departments-and-offices/governance/labadmin-osh/events/world-day-for-safety/WCMS_687619/lang--fr/index.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 29 May 2019 14:59:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/29/11533.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-29T14:59:00Z 2019-05-29 14:59 +00:00 2019-05-29 10:59 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11530 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/28/11530.aspx Effets sur les travailleurs Développements technologiques Prospective La SST et l’avenir du travail: avantages et risques des outils d’intelligence artificielle sur les lieux de travail <p class="Textfo">Cet article traite des r&eacute;percussions potentielles de l&#39;utilisation de nouvelles technologies num&eacute;riques, telles que l&#39;intelligence artificielle&nbsp;(IA) et les &laquo;m&eacute;gadonn&eacute;es&raquo;, en mati&egrave;re de s&eacute;curit&eacute; et de sant&eacute; sur le lieu de travail&nbsp;(SST).</p> <p class="Textfo">S&#39;il est &eacute;vident que les nouvelles technologies num&eacute;riques changeront consid&eacute;rablement notre mani&egrave;re de travailler, il reste &agrave; savoir quelles seront leurs cons&eacute;quences sur le bien-&ecirc;tre, la s&eacute;curit&eacute; et la sant&eacute; sur le lieu de travail. L&#39;article donne des exemples de la mani&egrave;re dont l&#39;IA est utilis&eacute;e sur les lieux de travail, par exemple pour les proc&eacute;dures de recrutement et le&nbsp;<em>People Analytics</em>&nbsp;dans les ressources humaines; en robotique intelligente; pour les chatbots dans les centres de soutien; ou les technologies portables sur les cha&icirc;nes de montage et de production.</p> <p class="Textfo">L&#39;article porte sur les cons&eacute;quences potentielles de la mise en &oelig;uvre inefficace d&#39;une telle technologie et sur les conditions n&eacute;cessaires &agrave; sa bonne mise en &oelig;uvre.&nbsp;</p> <p class="Textfo">Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/osh-and-future-work-benefits-and-risks-artificial-intelligence/view" title="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/osh-and-future-work-benefits-and-risks-artificial-intelligence/view" target="_blank">https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/osh-and-future-work-benefits-and-risks-artificial-intelligence/view</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 28 May 2019 15:36:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/28/11530.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-28T15:36:00Z 2019-05-28 15:36 +00:00 2019-05-28 11:36 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11524 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/05/27/11524.aspx Vêtements de protection Normes et législation NF EN 943-1+A1 - Exigences de performance des combinaisons de protection chimique étanches aux gaz <p>Domaine d&#39;application: La pr&eacute;sente Norme europ&eacute;enne d&eacute;finit les exigences minimales, les m&eacute;thodes d&#39;essai, le marquage ainsi que les informations fournies par le fabricant concernant les combinaisons de protection chimique ventil&eacute;es et non ventil&eacute;es &eacute;tanches aux gaz. Elle d&eacute;crit les combinaisons individuelles prot&eacute;geant tout le corps destin&eacute;es &agrave; &ecirc;tre port&eacute;es pour se pr&eacute;munir des produits chimiques solides, liquides et gazeux, y compris les a&eacute;rosols liquides et les particules solides.&nbsp;La pr&eacute;sente norme n&#39;&eacute;tablit pas de crit&egrave;res minimums pour la protection contre les dangers non chimiques, par exemple les dangers radiologiques, d&#39;incendie, d&#39;explosion, li&eacute;s &agrave; la chaleur ou &agrave; des agents infectieux. &quot; Ce type d&#39;&eacute;quipement n&#39;est pas pr&eacute;vu pour une immersion totale dans des liquides.&nbsp;Les coutures, les jonctions et les assemblages servant &agrave; fixer les accessoires font partie du domaine d&#39;application de la pr&eacute;sente norme. Les crit&egrave;res de performance de base pour les composants que sont les gants, les bottes ou les &eacute;quipements de protection respiratoire sont d&eacute;finis dans d&#39;autres normes; des exigences suppl&eacute;mentaires pour les composants sont fournies dans la pr&eacute;sente norme. &quot; La protection contre les particules se limite exclusivement &agrave; la p&eacute;n&eacute;tration physique des particules.&nbsp;Les produits chimiques tels que les substances tr&egrave;s r&eacute;actives &agrave; l&#39;air, les explosifs instables et les liquides cryog&eacute;niques n&#39;ont pas &eacute;t&eacute; pris en compte, car la protection contre ces dangers suppl&eacute;mentaires ne rel&egrave;ve pas du domaine d&#39;application de la pr&eacute;sente norme. &quot;</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-943-1a1/vetements-de-protection-contre-les-produits-chimiques-dangereux-solides-liquides-et-gazeux-y-compris-les-aerosols-liquides-et-le/article/926377/fa195982" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-943-1a1/vetements-de-protection-contre-les-produits-chimiques-dangereux-solides-liquides-et-gazeux-y-compris-les-aerosols-liquides-et-le/article/926377/fa195982">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-943-1a1/vetements-de-protection-contre-les-produits-chimiques-dangereux-solides-liquides-et-gazeux-y-compris-les-aerosols-liquides-et-le/article/926377/fa195982</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 27 May 2019 14:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/05/27/11524.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-27T14:44:00Z 2019-05-27 14:44 +00:00 2019-05-27 10:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11515 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/05/22/11515.aspx Santé psychologique France Enquêtes Indicateurs Conflits de valeurs et exigences émotionnelles <p align="justify">Ce num&eacute;ro de Synth&egrave;se.Stat&#39; pr&eacute;sente les r&eacute;sultats de l&#39;<a href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/enquetes/article/risques-psycho-sociaux-rps-edition-2015-2016" class="spip_in">enqu&ecirc;te Conditions de travail &ndash; Risques psychosociaux de 2016</a>&nbsp;concernant les indicateurs relatifs aux conflits de valeurs et aux exigences &eacute;motionnelles.</p> <p align="justify">Ce volume recouvre deux des six axes d&#39;analyse des risques psychosociaux construits par le coll&egrave;ge d&#39;expertise sur le suivi statistique des risques psychosociaux au travail1&nbsp;: les conflits de valeurs (axe 5) et les exigences &eacute;motionnelles (axe 2). Les exigences &eacute;motionnelles couvrent non seulement la partie qui porte le m&ecirc;me nom dans le pr&eacute;sent volume, mais aussi les difficult&eacute;s dans les relations avec le public qui sont abord&eacute;es dans le volume concernant les rapports sociaux au travail.</p> <p align="justify">Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/synthese-stat-synthese-eval/article/conflits-de-valeurs-et-exigences-emotionnelles" title="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/synthese-stat-synthese-eval/article/conflits-de-valeurs-et-exigences-emotionnelles" target="_blank">https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/synthese-stat-synthese-eval/article/conflits-de-valeurs-et-exigences-emotionnelles</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 22 May 2019 20:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/05/22/11515.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-22T20:17:00Z 2019-05-22 20:17 +00:00 2019-05-22 16:17 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11511 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/05/21/11511.aspx Équipements Normes Matériel agricole Secteur de l’agriculture et de la sylviculture Secteurs d'activités NF ISO 8759 - Tracteurs agricoles - Équipement monté à l'avant <p>Domaine d&#39;application: Le pr&eacute;sent document sp&eacute;cifie des exigences de s&eacute;curit&eacute; relatives aux prises de force mont&eacute;es &agrave; l&#39;avant des tracteurs agricoles, ainsi que des zones de d&eacute;gagement autour de ces prises de force. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-8759-1/tracteurs-agricoles-equipement-monte-a-l-avant-partie-1-prise-de-force-exigences-de-securite-et-zone-de-degagement-autour-de-la-/article/903419/fa191294" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-8759-1/tracteurs-agricoles-equipement-monte-a-l-avant-partie-1-prise-de-force-exigences-de-securite-et-zone-de-degagement-autour-de-la-/article/903419/fa191294">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-8759-1/tracteurs-agricoles-equipement-monte-a-l-avant-partie-1-prise-de-force-exigences-de-securite-et-zone-de-degagement-autour-de-la-/article/903419/fa191294</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 21 May 2019 19:21:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/05/21/11511.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-21T19:21:00Z 2019-05-21 19:21 +00:00 2019-05-21 15:21 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11510 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/05/21/11510.aspx TMS Santé psychologique au travail Affections Maintien en emploi Évaluation d’intervention en réadaptation Efficacité/impact The effectiveness of vocational rehabilitation on work participation <p><strong>A&nbsp;propensity score matched analysis using nationwide register data</strong><br />Objective: Research on the effectiveness of vocational rehabilitation has focused on small and selected groups, lacked proper controls, or not captured dynamic changes in work participation. Using rich nationwide data on vocational rehabilitees and matched controls, long-term changes in work participation before and after vocational rehabilitation were examined to assess its effectiveness. Methods: Representative Finnish register data were used to examine 3199 recently employed individuals aged 30-55 years with histories of musculoskeletal- and mental-related work disability starting vocational rehabilitation in 2008-2010 (intervention group), and 3199 propensity score matched non-rehabilitees (control group). Sociodemographic and work-related factors and detailed 3-year work disability and other labor market history were used for matching. Generalized estimation equations were used to examine differences in the proportion of time spent at work between periods before and after rehabilitation among the intervention and control group and the difference in these differences (DID). Results: Vocational rehabilitation resulted in gains in work participation, the total 1-, 2-, and 3-year DID being 11.8 [95% confidence interval (CI) 10.0-13.7], 8.9 (95% CI 7.6-10.2), and 7.2 (95% CI 6.1-8.3) percentage points, respectively. Contrary to this overall pattern, larger DID was observed over the long term for those whose rehabilitation lasted &gt;10 months. The DID was lowest among women with musculoskeletal diseases. Conclusions :Vocational rehabilitation after musculoskeletal- or mental-related work disability showed modest effectiveness on work participation. To promote sustained work participation after shorter rehabilitation (likely comprising workplace interventions) and faster work resumption after longer rehabilitation (likely comprising training), enhanced and complementary interventions should be considered.</p> <p>Source: Leinonen, T., Viikari-Juntura, E., Husgafvel-Pursiainen, K., Juvonen-Posti, P., Laaksonen, M. et&nbsp;Solovieva, S. (2019). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health</em>. <br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3823" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3823">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3823</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 21 May 2019 18:11:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/05/21/11510.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-21T18:11:00Z 2019-05-21 18:11 +00:00 2019-05-21 14:11 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11506 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/05/06/11506.aspx Machinerie des mines Lois et réglementations Systèmes de commande et automatisation Risque machine Secteur de l'industrie extractive Sécurité des machines d’extraction commandées par des systèmes programmables électroniques - Fiche technique et Annexe <p><span><span style="color:#000000;">Avec l&#39;&eacute;volution rapide des nouvelles technologies et la recherche de rentabilit&eacute; des investissements, les syst&egrave;mes &eacute;lectroniques programmables (PES) ont &eacute;t&eacute; implant&eacute;s progressivement dans toutes les industries. Le secteur minier n&#39;&eacute;chappe pas &agrave; cette tendance et au fil du temps presque toutes les mines du Qu&eacute;bec ont &eacute;quip&eacute; leurs machines d&#39;extraction de tels syst&egrave;mes. Toutefois, l&#39;introduction de ces nouvelles technologies, requises pour l&#39;am&eacute;lioration de la productivit&eacute; mini&egrave;re au Qu&eacute;bec, doit aller de pair avec la sant&eacute; et la s&eacute;curit&eacute; des travailleurs.</span></span></p> <p><span><span style="color:#000000;">Une recension des machines d&#39;extraction en service en 2016 au Qu&eacute;bec a montr&eacute; que le portrait g&eacute;n&eacute;ral de l&#39;industrie a &eacute;volu&eacute; depuis la publication de la premi&egrave;re version de la fiche technique RF-412, en 2005 : la grande majorit&eacute; des machines d&#39;extraction sont contr&ocirc;l&eacute;es et supervis&eacute;es par des PES et pr&egrave;s du tiers des machines d&#39;extraction sont en op&eacute;ration depuis moins de 10 ans. D&#39;autre part, de nombreuses machines d&#39;extraction anciennes ont vu leur syst&egrave;me de commande &ecirc;tre mis &agrave; jour. &Agrave; la lumi&egrave;re de ces observations, et des incidents survenus dans les derni&egrave;res ann&eacute;es, il apparaissait n&eacute;cessaire de proposer une nouvelle version de la fiche technique RF-412, tenant compte &agrave; la fois de la situation actuelle au Qu&eacute;bec (des disparit&eacute;s encore importantes entre les machines les plus modernes et les plus anciennes), et des tendances de l&#39;industrie (augmentation des charges et de la vitesse d&#39;extraction, syst&egrave;mes de plus en plus automatis&eacute;s).</span></span></p> <p><span><span style="color:#000000;">La nouvelle fiche technique a &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;labor&eacute;e de concert avec des experts en machine d&#39;extraction et des sp&eacute;cialistes en s&eacute;curit&eacute; des machines. Bien qu&#39;une partie importante de son contenu soit issue de la fiche technique RF-412, la mise &agrave; jour du document a permis de revoir sa structure et son organisation afin de reproduire autant que possible le d&eacute;coupage de l&#39;information que l&#39;on peut retrouver dans les normes internationales. La r&eacute;flexion sous-jacente &agrave; la r&eacute;daction de cette nouvelle fiche &eacute;tait de concilier &agrave; la fois l&#39;&eacute;tat actuel des machines d&#39;extraction en service, tout en permettant une &eacute;volution vers plus d&#39;automatisation et une int&eacute;gration des pratiques modernes relatives &agrave; la robustesse (ou &agrave; la fiabilit&eacute;) des syst&egrave;mes de commande des futures machines d&#39;extraction.</span></span></p> <p class="ParagNormal"><span><span style="color:#000000;">La pr&eacute;sente fiche technique contient les r&egrave;gles de l&#39;art actuelles relativement &agrave; la fiabilit&eacute; des PES et leur utilisation pour la commande de machines d&#39;extraction alors que le rapport annexe fait &eacute;tat de la d&eacute;marche et de la r&eacute;flexion ayant men&eacute; &agrave; la r&eacute;daction de cette nouvelle fiche technique. La fiche technique est destin&eacute;e aux utilisateurs, aux propri&eacute;taires et aux concepteurs de machines d&#39;extraction command&eacute;es par des PES. Elle recense les informations sur les objectifs &agrave; atteindre en mati&egrave;re de s&eacute;curit&eacute; des syst&egrave;mes pour les machines d&#39;extraction command&eacute;es par PES. Ce document ne soustrait pas le concepteur, ou l&#39;utilisateur &agrave; l&#39;obligation de se conformer &agrave; toutes exigences l&eacute;gales ou r&eacute;glementaires reli&eacute;es &agrave; leurs activit&eacute;s.</span></span></p> <p class="ParagNormal"><span><span style="color:#000000;">Source :&nbsp;</span></span></p> <p class="ParagNormal"><span><span style="color:#000000;"></span></span><a href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101028/n/securite-machines-extraction-systemes-programmables-electroniques-fiche-technique" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101028/n/securite-machines-extraction-systemes-programmables-electroniques-fiche-technique" target="_blank">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101028/n/securite-machines-extraction-systemes-programmables-electroniques-fiche-technique</a>&nbsp;</p> <p class="ParagNormal"><a href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101027/n/securite-machines-extraction-systemes-programmables-electroniques" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101027/n/securite-machines-extraction-systemes-programmables-electroniques" target="_blank">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101027/n/securite-machines-extraction-systemes-programmables-electroniques</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 06 May 2019 14:58:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/05/06/11506.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-06T14:58:00Z 2019-05-06 14:58 +00:00 2019-05-06 10:58 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11505 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/05/06/11505.aspx Évaluation Étude de fiabilité Conception Garde-corps Protection contre les chutes de hauteur Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Chute de hauteur Résistance des garde-corps en bois fixés sur des structures neuves et comportement sous charges de garde-corps métalliques fixés sur des structures existantes <p><span>Malgr&eacute; les r&eacute;glementations nationales et internationales qui exigent de prot&eacute;ger les travailleurs expos&eacute;s &agrave; un risque de chute, les chutes de hauteur restent l&#39;une des principales causes de d&eacute;c&egrave;s pour les travailleurs de la construction. Elles sont la deuxi&egrave;me cause d&#39;accidents en ce qui a trait aux co&ucirc;ts (397&nbsp;millions de dollars par an sur la p&eacute;riode 2010-2012) et repr&eacute;sentent 16,1&nbsp;% des d&eacute;c&egrave;s au travail en 2017. Les garde-corps temporaires sont un moyen efficace de protection contre les chutes de hauteur, par ailleurs, s&#39;agissant d&#39;un moyen de protection passif, ils permettent de maintenir une productivit&eacute; &eacute;lev&eacute;e.&nbsp;</span>[...]&nbsp;<span>En ce qui concerne les garde-corps en bois install&eacute;s sur des solives ajour&eacute;es ou murs pr&eacute;fabriqu&eacute;s (lors de la construction du b&acirc;timent), aucune &eacute;tude n&#39;a &eacute;t&eacute; men&eacute;e &agrave; ce jour, il est donc difficile de s&#39;assurer de leur r&eacute;sistance aux charges prescrites par le Code de s&eacute;curit&eacute; pour les travaux de construction (CSTC) en vigueur au Qu&eacute;bec. Pour les garde-corps m&eacute;talliques g&eacute;n&eacute;ralement utilis&eacute;s pour les travaux d&#39;&eacute;tanch&eacute;it&eacute; sur des b&acirc;timents existants, la r&eacute;sistance d&eacute;pendra du fond de vissage, qui est souvent inconnu de l&#39;entrepreneur. Il est possible d&#39;effectuer une estimation de la r&eacute;sistance des garde-corps m&eacute;talliques en se basant sur des formules empiriques caract&eacute;risant la r&eacute;sistance &agrave; l&#39;arrachement des vis. Cependant, la variabilit&eacute; de la r&eacute;sistance &agrave; l&#39;arrachement &eacute;tablie selon ces formules empiriques peut &ecirc;tre importante. De plus, les conditions du bois&nbsp;</span><em>in situ</em><span>&nbsp;sont la plupart du temps inconnues (type de bois, humidit&eacute;, pourrissement, pr&eacute;sence de n&oelig;uds). Ainsi, la r&eacute;sistance de la fixation de garde-corps sur des structures r&eacute;elles est tr&egrave;s souvent approximative. Les objectifs des travaux de recherche sont (i) de v&eacute;rifier la r&eacute;sistance des garde-corps en bois fix&eacute;s sur des structures neuves reconstitu&eacute;es en laboratoire, de type solives ajour&eacute;es, (ii) de v&eacute;rifier la r&eacute;sistance des garde-corps en bois fix&eacute;s sur mur pr&eacute;fabriqu&eacute; reconstitu&eacute; en laboratoire, (iii) de comparer le comportement sous charges de garde-corps m&eacute;talliques install&eacute;s sur des toits plats de structures existantes de diff&eacute;rents &acirc;ges.&nbsp;</span><span>Lors de cette &eacute;tude, 262 essais de r&eacute;sistance sur des garde-corps en bois construits &agrave; partir de 2&nbsp;po x 4&nbsp;po et fix&eacute;s sur des solives ajour&eacute;es ont &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;s en laboratoire. Ces essais ont permis d&#39;analyser l&#39;influence des variables suivantes&nbsp;: hauteur du garde-corps (1&nbsp;m ou 1,2&nbsp;m), hauteur de la solive (9,5&nbsp;po, 12&nbsp;po, 14&nbsp;po, 16&nbsp;po), configuration d&#39;essai (1 trav&eacute;e, 3 trav&eacute;es, 2 trav&eacute;es avec force appliqu&eacute;e directement sur le montant), et types de fixation (&agrave; l&#39;aide de clous lisses, clous annel&eacute;s, clous vrill&eacute;s, vis &agrave; bois, tirefonds). L&#39;influence de ces param&egrave;tres a aussi &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;tudi&eacute;e en laboratoire lors de 98 essais de r&eacute;sistance pour des garde-corps en bois fix&eacute;s sur un mur pr&eacute;fabriqu&eacute; construit &agrave; partir de 2&nbsp;po x 4&nbsp;po. Au cours de ces essais sur solives ajour&eacute;es et sur mur pr&eacute;fabriqu&eacute;, la force horizontale &eacute;tait appliqu&eacute;e sur la lisse sup&eacute;rieure du garde-corps &agrave; l&#39;aide d&#39;un treuil manuel et mesur&eacute;e &agrave; l&#39;aide d&#39;une cellule de charge et d&#39;un syst&egrave;me d&#39;acquisition des donn&eacute;es avec une fr&eacute;quence de 10&nbsp;Hz. La charge verticale &eacute;tait un poids mort appliqu&eacute; sur la lisse sup&eacute;rieure du garde-corps. Enfin, 36 essais ont &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;s sur le terrain avec des garde-corps m&eacute;talliques install&eacute;s sur des structures r&eacute;elles&nbsp;: deux b&acirc;timents (l&#39;un de 2008 et l&#39;autre de 2013), et quatre parapets diff&eacute;rents (dimensions et construction diff&eacute;rentes), tous en bon &eacute;tat avant les essais (taux d&#39;humidit&eacute; inf&eacute;rieur &agrave; 10&nbsp;% et absence de dommage apparent). Trois mod&egrave;les de garde-corps m&eacute;talliques ont &eacute;t&eacute; mis &agrave; l&#39;essai, dont deux avaient d&eacute;j&agrave; fait l&#39;objet d&#39;une &eacute;tude pr&eacute;c&eacute;dente en laboratoire. Pour ces garde-corps, plusieurs moyens de fixation sur les parapets ont &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;tudi&eacute;s&nbsp;: fixation sur une face ou deux faces (avec serre-parapet ou plaque stabilisatrice), diff&eacute;rents types de vis (vis noire, vis autotaraudeuse et tirefonds)&nbsp;</span>[...]&nbsp;</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101026/n/resistance-garde-corps-bois-metalliques" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101026/n/resistance-garde-corps-bois-metalliques" target="_blank">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101026/n/resistance-garde-corps-bois-metalliques</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 06 May 2019 13:52:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/05/06/11505.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-06T13:52:00Z 2019-05-06 13:52 +00:00 2019-05-06 09:52 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11502 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/05/01/11502.aspx Québec Indemnisation Maladies professionnelles Troubles musculo-squelettiques Lésions professionnelles Indicateurs Secteurs d'activités Données administratives Analyse des différences de durées d’indemnisation selon le sexe et le groupe d’âge <p class="lead">Les indicateurs statistiques de sant&eacute; et de s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail produits depuis plusieurs ann&eacute;es par l&#39;Institut de recherche Robert-Sauv&eacute; en sant&eacute; et en s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail (IRSST) montrent que la dur&eacute;e moyenne d&#39;indemnisation des l&eacute;sions professionnelles ayant occasionn&eacute; une perte de temps indemnis&eacute;e (PTI) a presque doubl&eacute; en 15 ans. Alors que l&#39;&eacute;cart de dur&eacute;es moyennes d&#39;indemnisation entre les femmes et les hommes diminue au fil des ann&eacute;es, celui entre chaque groupe d&#39;&acirc;ge change tr&egrave;s peu.</p> <p>L&#39;&eacute;tude vise &agrave; identifier, pour la p&eacute;riode 2005-2012, les facteurs les plus fortement li&eacute;s aux &eacute;carts de dur&eacute;es moyennes d&#39;indemnisation observ&eacute;s selon le sexe ou le groupe d&#39;&acirc;ge, ainsi que ceux associ&eacute;s &agrave; l&#39;augmentation de la dur&eacute;e moyenne d&#39;indemnisation au fil des ann&eacute;es. Outre le sexe, le groupe d&#39;&acirc;ge et l&#39;ann&eacute;e de survenue de la l&eacute;sion, les facteurs retenus incluent notamment la cat&eacute;gorie de dossier, la pr&eacute;sence d&#39;un trouble musculosquelettique (TMS), l&#39;existence d&#39;une atteinte permanente &agrave; l&#39;int&eacute;grit&eacute; physique ou psychique (APIPP), une somme positive de d&eacute;bours au sein de certaines cat&eacute;gories comptables, l&#39;industrie, la cat&eacute;gorie professionnelle et la taille de l&#39;employeur.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101022/n/differences-indemnisation-sexe-age" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101022/n/differences-indemnisation-sexe-age" target="_blank">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101022/n/differences-indemnisation-sexe-age</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 01 May 2019 13:28:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/05/01/11502.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-01T13:28:00Z 2019-05-01 13:28 +00:00 2019-05-01 09:28 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11500 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/04/30/11500.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Environnement de travail Communication Enquête Secteurs d'activités Work Disability Management Communication Bottlenecks Within Large and Complex Public Service Organizations: A Sociotechnical Systems Study <p><em>Purpose</em><span>&nbsp;Within large and complex organizations work disability (WD) communication bottlenecks emerge and contribute to avoidable disability days. Our study utilized soft systems methods to better understand communication problems in WD management.&nbsp;</span><em>Methods</em><span>&nbsp;Semi-structured interviews were conducted with disability case managers (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;10), frontline supervisors (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;15) and human resource/labor relations specialists (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;5) within three public service organizations. Interview questions asked about organizational WD system structure and communication practices. Thematic analysis was conducted to examine system structure and emergent communication bottlenecks.&nbsp;</span><em>Results</em><span>&nbsp;WD communication took place across a number of internal and external stakeholders. Communication bottlenecks tended to concentrate within WD case manager and frontline supervisor activities. Inconsistent communication across organizations, challenges interacting with external stakeholders, mental health disability information exchange, lack of WD communication experience and previous worker performance represented communication bottlenecks that contributed to avoidable disability days.&nbsp;</span><em>Conclusions</em><span>&nbsp;To strengthen communication practices, systems-focused responses towards organizational WD management are required.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><span>Jetha, A., Yanar, B., Lay, A.M. et al. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation (2019). <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-019-09836-3" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-019-09836-3" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-019-09836-3</a></span></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 30 Apr 2019 13:31:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/04/30/11500.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-30T13:31:00Z 2019-04-30 13:31 +00:00 2019-04-30 09:31 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11498 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/26/11498.aspx Cancer Maladies professionnelles Agents chimiques France Secteurs d'activités Données administratives Santé travail : enjeux et actions. Les cancers reconnus d'origine professionnelle. Evolution statistique, actions de prévention et d'accompagnement des salariés exposés <p><span>Sur la p&eacute;riode 2013-2017, l&#39;Assurance Maladie - Risques professionnels a reconnu, en moyenne 1 840 cancers d&#39;origine professionnelle par an,soit 0,5 % des nouveaux cas de cancers recens&eacute;s en France. Sur la m&ecirc;me p&eacute;riode, plus de 50 000 maladies professionnelles ont &eacute;t&eacute; reconnues par an, li&eacute;es majoritairement &agrave; des troubles musculo-squelettiques.<br />Parmi les cancers professionnels reconnus, la part li&eacute;e &agrave; l&#39;amiante est pr&eacute;pond&eacute;rante (80 % sur la p&eacute;riode 2013-2017). Il s&#39;agit de cancers du poumon dans 70 % des cas et de m&eacute;soth&eacute;liomes dans 30 % des cas.<br />Du fait de la pr&eacute;dominance des cancers li&eacute;s &agrave; l&#39;amiante, la majorit&eacute; des cas reconnus sont des cancers du poumon (57 %). Viennent ensuite les cancers de la pl&egrave;vre (21 %) et de la vessie (11 %).95 % des cancers d&#39;origine professionnelle sont reconnus par le syst&egrave;me des tableaux de maladies professionnelles :<br />- dont 80 % correspondent strictement aux modalit&eacute;s des tableaux (alin&eacute;a 5 de l&#39;article L461-1 du code de la S&eacute;curit&eacute; sociale),<br />- et 15 % correspondent partiellement &agrave; celles-ci (alin&eacute;a 6). Les 5 % restants (environ 90 cas par an) sont reconnus hors tableaux par le syst&egrave;me compl&eacute;mentaire (dit de l&#39;alin&eacute;a 7 faisant r&eacute;f&eacute;rence au m&ecirc;me article). Tous types de cancers confondus, l&#39;&acirc;ge moyen et m&eacute;dian des personnes touch&eacute;es au moment de la reconnaissance en maladie professionnelle est de 68 ans. Il s&#39;agit donc majoritairement de retrait&eacute;s.Les patients atteints d&#39;un m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome ou d&#39;un cancer broncho-pulmonaire du tableau 30 (amiante) sont les plus &acirc;g&eacute;s au moment de cette reconnaissance (&acirc;ge moyen et m&eacute;dian de 73 ans), tandis que les patients atteints d&#39;une h&eacute;mopathie maligne du tableau 4 (benz&egrave;ne) sont les plus jeunes (moyenne &agrave; 56,5 ans et m&eacute;diane &agrave; 56 ans).Il existe une forte diff&eacute;renciation selon le sexe : les hommes sont tr&egrave;s majoritairement les plus concern&eacute;s (96 %). Il s&#39;agit majoritairement d&#39;ouvriers (80 % de cas). Les hommes ne pr&eacute;sentent en effet pas les m&ecirc;mes expositions au risque de cancers professionnels du fait de la sp&eacute;cificit&eacute; de leurs emplois. A titre de comparaison, toutes causes de cancers confondues, les hommes repr&eacute;sentent seulement 55 % des cas dans la cartographie des cancers &eacute;tablie par Sant&eacute; publique France.&nbsp;<br />Cette situation est le reflet de la structure d&#39;emploi des cinquante derni&egrave;res ann&eacute;es et ne refl&egrave;te pas l&#39;exposition actuelle des salari&eacute;s.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" href="http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fileadmin/user_upload/document_PDF_a_telecharger/brochures/Rapport%20Enjeux%20et%20actions%20cancers%20pros.pdf" title="http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fileadmin/user_upload/document_PDF_a_telecharger/brochures/Rapport%20Enjeux%20et%20actions%20cancers%20pros.pdf">http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fileadmin/user_upload/document_PDF_a_telecharger/brochures/Rapport%20Enjeux%20et%20actions%20cancers%20pros.pdf</a></span></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 26 Apr 2019 14:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/26/11498.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-26T14:26:00Z 2019-04-26 14:26 +00:00 2019-04-26 10:26 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11493 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/04/25/11493.aspx Enquêtes épidémiologiques Facteurs psychosociaux TMS dos Secteur de l'administration publique Santé mentale Quebec Serve and Protect Low Back Pain Study: What About Mental Quality of Life? <p><span lang="EN-CA"><strong>Background</strong><br /></span><span lang="EN-CA" style="font-weight:normal;">As of now, the impact of low back pain (LBP) and its chronic state, chronic low back pain (CLBP), on mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has never been investigated among police officers. The present investigation aims at studying this relationship using a biopsychosocial model.<br /></span><span lang="EN-CA"><strong>Methods</strong><br /></span><span lang="EN-CA" style="font-weight:normal;">Between May and October 2014, a Web-based cross-sectional study was conducted among Quebec police officers (Quebec, Canada). Mental HRQOL was measured using the role emotional (RE) and the mental health (MH) domains of the SF-12v2 Health Survey. The impact of CLBP on mental HRQOL (as opposed to acute/subacute LBP or no LBP) was studied with a multivariate linear regression model.<br /></span><span lang="EN-CA"><strong>Results</strong><br /></span><span lang="EN-CA" style="font-weight:normal;">Of the 3,589 police officers who participated in the study, 1,013 (28.4%) reported CLBP. The mean age of respondents was 38.5 &plusmn; 8.7 years, and 32.0% were females. The RE (44.1/100) and MH (49.0/100) mean scores of the CLBP group were comparable with the scores found in populations suffering from cancer or heart diseases. Compared to officers without LBP, the presence of CLBP was significantly associated with lower RE (&beta;: &minus;0.068; p = 0.003) and MH (&beta;: &minus;0.062; p = 0.002) scores. These relationships were not found in the acute/subacute LBP group.<br /></span><span lang="EN-CA"><strong>Conclusion</strong><br /></span><span lang="EN-CA"><span style="font-weight:normal;">Our results underscore how frequent CLBP is among police officers and how burdensome it is. Considering the importance of good physical and mental health for this occupational population, police organizations should be aware of this issue and contribute to the efforts toward CLBP prevention and management in the workplace.</span></span></p> <p> <span>Source : Douma, N.B., C&ocirc;t&eacute;, C. et Lacasse, A. (2019). </span><i><span lang="EN-CA">Safety and Health at Work</span></i><span lang="EN-CA">, 10, (1), 39-46. </span><span><a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2018.08.006" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2018.08.006"><span>https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2018.08.006</span></a></span></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 25 Apr 2019 13:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/04/25/11493.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-25T13:24:00Z 2019-04-25 13:24 +00:00 2019-04-25 09:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11486 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/04/18/11486.aspx Machines à scier Risque machine Secteurs d'activités Sécurité des machines Nouvelle publication de l’INRS : scies à ruban à table <p><span>Destin&eacute; aux chefs d&#39;entreprise, aux cadres et &agrave; la ma&icirc;trise, cet aide-m&eacute;moire technique examine les risques du poste de travail sur les scies &agrave; ruban &agrave; table, ainsi que les moyens de les pr&eacute;venir.</span></p> <p><span>Au sommaire : fonction ; terminologie ; description ; conditions d&#39;acquisition, de r&eacute;ception, d&#39;implantation, d&#39;installation et de conseils d&#39;utilisation des machines en service ; conseils pour l&#39;utilisation et la mise en oeuvre des scies &agrave; ruban &agrave; table.</span></p> <p> <span><span>Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/aide-memoire-technique-scie-ruban-table.html" href="http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/aide-memoire-technique-scie-ruban-table.html">http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/aide-memoire-technique-scie-ruban-table.html</a></span></span></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 18 Apr 2019 13:13:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/04/18/11486.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-18T13:13:00Z 2019-04-18 13:13 +00:00 2019-04-18 09:13 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11484 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/17/11484.aspx Europe Cancer Maladies professionnelles France Enquêtes Secteurs d'activités Prévention Cancers reconnus d'origine professionnelle : Évolution statistique, actions de prévention et d’accompagnement des salariés exposés <p><span style="font-weight:normal;">Le site Ameli - Risques professionnels met en ligne un num&eacute;ro de &quot;Sant&eacute; travail : enjeux et actions&quot; sur les cancers reconnus d&#39;origine professionnelle. Sont abord&eacute;s notamment l&#39;&eacute;volution du nombre de cancers reconnus d&#39;origine professionnelle sur la p&eacute;riode 1997-2017, les r&eacute;sultats de l&#39;enqu&ecirc;te SUMER de 2010, la reconnaissance des cancers professionnels en Europe ainsi que les actions de pr&eacute;vention et d&#39;accompagnement des salari&eacute;s expos&eacute;s.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight:normal;">Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="https://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Facteurs-de-risque-et-de-protection/Expositions-professionnelles/Ressources-et-veille-documentaires/Cancers-Pro-Actu/Cancers-Pro-Actu-26/Cancers-reconnus-d-origine-professionnelle-Evolution-statistique-actions-de-prevention-et-d-accompagnement-des-salaries-exposes" title="https://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Facteurs-de-risque-et-de-protection/Expositions-professionnelles/Ressources-et-veille-documentaires/Cancers-Pro-Actu/Cancers-Pro-Actu-26/Cancers-reconnus-d-origine-professionnelle-Evolution-statistique-actions-de-prevention-et-d-accompagnement-des-salaries-exposes" target="_blank">https://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Facteurs-de-risque-et-de-protection/Expositions-professionnelles/Ressources-et-veille-documentaires/Cancers-Pro-Actu/Cancers-Pro-Actu-26/Cancers-reconnus-d-origine-professionnelle-Evolution-statistique-actions-de-prevention-et-d-accompagnement-des-salaries-exposes</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 17 Apr 2019 20:28:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/17/11484.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-17T20:28:00Z 2019-04-17 20:28 +00:00 2019-04-17 16:28 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11475 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/17/11475.aspx Québec Canada Contexte de travail Santé psychologique Indicateurs de santé Enquêtes Régions géographiques Associations Between Systemic Quality of Life and Burnout Among French Canadian Workers <p><span>Burnout has very often been studied from a work-life specific perspective. However, a recent field of research leads to wonder about the impact that life events can have on the development of burnout. This study therefore investigated the associations between five domains of systemic quality of life and the three dimensions of burnout proposed by Maslach and colleagues. An analysis of correlations and multiple hierarchical regressions were performed on a sample of 202 French Canadian workers. These analyses report inverse associations between quality of life and burnout, with strong negative correlations between quality of life domains and burnout dimensions. The results also suggest that physical health and psychological health are strongly associated with the burnout dimensions and that systemic quality of life significantly adds variance into the risk factors model of emotional exhaustion and reduced personal accomplishment. This study provides empirical data supporting the belief that burnout is not work-life specific; burnout seems to have interactions with other life domains. These results point to the importance of raising awareness about the different life domains involved in the development of burnout, whether at the level of organizations, workers or practitioners.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><span>Vachon, M., Papineau, M., Dupuis, G. et al. (2019). Social Indicators Research,&nbsp;</span><span class="ArticleCitation_Year">1</span><span class="ArticleCitation_Volume">42(3)&nbsp;</span><span>,</span><span>&nbsp;</span><span class="ArticleCitation_Pages">1193&ndash;1210</span><span>&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-018-1944-x" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-018-1944-x">https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-018-1944-x</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 17 Apr 2019 17:43:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/17/11475.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-17T17:43:00Z 2019-04-17 17:43 +00:00 2019-04-17 13:43 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11474 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/04/16/11474.aspx Normes et réglementation Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Analyse d'accidents/incidents Chute de hauteur Regulated working at heights training works and needed: studies <p><span style="font-weight:bold;">Special Report</span><br />Two recently released Ontario studies demonstrate why mandatory, standardized working at heights training is so critical to worker well-being.&nbsp;<br />One study undertaken by the Institute for Work &amp; Health (IWH) conducted an evaluation of the impact the province&#39;s working at heights training standard had on workers and their work sites. A second and earlier probe prepared by the Ministry of Labour (MOL) for the Chief Prevention Officer undertook root cause analysis of worker deaths from falls from heights.<br /><span style="font-weight:bold;">Significant results from WAH training standard</span><br />The IWH evaluation consisted of surveys with working at heights training participants, training providers and employers in construction. Interviews with MOL inspectors, an examination of MOL administrative records and lost-time workers&#39; compensation claims were also taken into account.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="https://www.whsc.on.ca/What-s-new/News-Archive/Regulated-working-at-heights-training-works-i-and-i-needed-studies" href="https://www.whsc.on.ca/What-s-new/News-Archive/Regulated-working-at-heights-training-works-i-and-i-needed-studies">https://www.whsc.on.ca/What-s-new/News-Archive/Regulated-working-at-heights-training-works-i-and-i-needed-studies</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 16 Apr 2019 15:58:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/04/16/11474.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-16T15:58:00Z 2019-04-16 15:58 +00:00 2019-04-16 11:58 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11468 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/04/12/11468.aspx Facteurs de risque Absentéisme Charge physique Manutention manuelle TMS Syndrome du tunnel carpien Secteurs d'activités Caractéristiques socioprofessionnelles, reconnaissance en maladie professionnelle et devenir fonctionnel et professionnel de patients opérés d’un syndrome du canal carpien en Île-de-France (2009-2012) <p>Points cl&eacute;s</p> <ul> <li>&nbsp;Cette &eacute;tude men&eacute;e par Sant&eacute; publique France en partenariat avec le R&eacute;seau Pr&eacute;vention Main &Icirc;le-de-France (IdF), chez des patients op&eacute;r&eacute;s d&#39;un syndrome du canal carpien (SCC), d&eacute;crit les caract&eacute;ristiques socio-professionnelles (CSP, d&eacute;claration en maladie professionnelle&hellip;) des patients et leurs liens avec la dur&eacute;e d&#39;arr&ecirc;t de travail.</li> <li>&nbsp;Parmi les patients en activit&eacute; au cours des 10 ans pr&eacute;c&eacute;dant l&#39;intervention, 59 % consid&eacute;raient leur travail comme cause probable principale du SCC. Mais seuls 25 % des patients salari&eacute;s avaient effectu&eacute; une demande de reconnaissance en maladie professionnelle (MP).</li> <li>&nbsp;La dur&eacute;e m&eacute;diane d&#39;arr&ecirc;t de travail chez les salari&eacute;s en emploi &eacute;tait de 30 jours, variant de 21 jours pour les non-manuels &agrave; 40 jours pour les manuels lourds.</li> <li>&nbsp;La dur&eacute;e d&#39;arr&ecirc;t de travail &eacute;tait plus longue chez les patients ayant r&eacute;alis&eacute; une d&eacute;claration en MP que chez les autres patients salari&eacute;s (dur&eacute;e m&eacute;diane de 44 jours contre 30 jours).</li> <li>&nbsp;Elle &eacute;tait plus longue &eacute;galement chez les patients soumis &agrave; un job strain, manipulant ou portant souvent au travail des charges de plus de 4 kg ou utilisant des outils vibrants en dehors du travail.</li> <li>&nbsp;Pour favoriser le retour au travail des patients op&eacute;r&eacute;s d&#39;un SCC en IdF, la pr&eacute;vention devrait viser &agrave; r&eacute;duire les expositions professionnelles telles que le port de charges ou les situations de job strain.</li> <li>&nbsp;L&#39;augmentation de la dur&eacute;e d&#39;arr&ecirc;t de travail li&eacute;e &agrave; la d&eacute;claration en MP justifie une attention particuli&egrave;re pour le retour au travail, avec une plus grande synergie entre les services de sant&eacute; au travail, les soignants, l&#39;assurance maladie et les employeurs.</li> </ul> <p> Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Caracteristiques-socioprofessionnelles-reconnaissance-en-maladie-professionnelle-et-devenir-fonctionnel-et-professionnel-de-patients-operes-d-un-syndrome-du-canal-carpien-en-Ile-de-France-2009-2012" href="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Caracteristiques-socioprofessionnelles-reconnaissance-en-maladie-professionnelle-et-devenir-fonctionnel-et-professionnel-de-patients-operes-d-un-syndrome-du-canal-carpien-en-Ile-de-France-2009-2012">http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Caracteristiques-socioprofessionnelles-reconnaissance-en-maladie-professionnelle-et-devenir-fonctionnel-et-professionnel-de-patients-operes-d-un-syndrome-du-canal-carpien-en-Ile-de-France-2009-2012</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 12 Apr 2019 14:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/04/12/11468.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-12T14:44:00Z 2019-04-12 14:44 +00:00 2019-04-12 10:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11463 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/04/11/11463.aspx Facteurs de risque Normes Espace clos NFPA 350: Guide for Safe Confined Space Entry and Work <p>Guide sur les meilleures pratiques &agrave; adopter lorsqu&#39;on travaille en espace clos.</p> <p><strong>1.1&nbsp; Scope.<br /></strong><br />1.1.1 &nbsp;This guide provides information to protect workers from confined space hazards.<br />1.1.2&nbsp; This&nbsp; guide&nbsp; supplements&nbsp; existing confined space regulations, standards, and work practices by&nbsp; providing&nbsp; additional guidance&nbsp; for&nbsp; safe confined space entry&nbsp; and&nbsp; work.&nbsp; References are&nbsp; provided&nbsp; throughout the&nbsp; guide and annexes to&nbsp; direct&nbsp; the reader to other regulations and standards or other content that might be applicable.<br />1.1.3&nbsp; This guide provides information to identify, evaluate, assess, and then eliminate, mitigate, or control hazards that are present&nbsp; or that may occur during&nbsp; entry into or work&nbsp; in&nbsp; and around confined spaces.<br />1.1.4&nbsp; This&nbsp; guide&nbsp; provides&nbsp; information&nbsp; on&nbsp; how&nbsp; to&nbsp; understand confined space safety and safeguard personnel from fire, explosion, and other health hazards that are uniquely associated with confined spaces.<br />1.1.5 This guide provides information regarding training, qualifications, and competencies required for personnel responsible&nbsp; for confined space&nbsp; hazard identification, hazard evaluation, and hazard control for personnel who work in and around confined spaces.<br />1.1.6&nbsp;This guide provides information on confined space rescue best practices.</p> <p>On peut visionner cette norme gratuitement en se cr&eacute;ant un profil sur le site Web de NFPA mais certaines fonctionnalit&eacute;s sont restreintes.</p> <p>Source:&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=350" href="https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=350">https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=350</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 11 Apr 2019 15:55:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/04/11/11463.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-11T15:55:00Z 2019-04-11 15:55 +00:00 2019-04-11 11:55 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11460 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/04/11/11460.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Vieillissement de la main d'oeuvre Caractéristiques des travailleurs Âge Secteur des services de santé Évaluation de la capacité fonctionnelle Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Facteurs physiologiques Tests cliniques Physical capacity, occupational physical demands, and relative physical strain of older employees in construction and healthcare <div class="AbstractSection" id="ASec1"> <p><strong>Purpose&nbsp;</strong>To assess age-related differences in physical capacity, occupational physical demands, and relative physical strain at a group level, and the balance between capacity and demands at an individual level, for construction and healthcare workers.&nbsp;<span style="font-size:1.17em;"><strong>Methods</strong>&nbsp;</span>Shoulder strength, back strength, and aerobic capacity were assessed among construction (<em>n</em>&thinsp;=&thinsp;62) and healthcare workers (<em>n</em>&thinsp;=&thinsp;64). During a full working day, accelerometers estimated upper-arm elevation, trunk flexion, and occupational physical activity as indicators of occupational physical demands. Simultaneously, normalised surface electromyography (%sEMG<span>max</span>) of the upper trapezius and erector spinae muscles, and normalised electrocardiography (percentage heart rate reserve (%HRR)) estimated relative physical strain. Differences between younger (&le;&thinsp;44&nbsp;years) and older (&ge;&thinsp;45&nbsp;years) workers, as well as the moderating effect of age on the associations between capacity and demands, were analysed per sector.&nbsp;<span style="font-size:1.17em;"><strong>Results</strong>&nbsp;</span>Compared to younger workers, older workers had similar strength and lower aerobic capacity; older construction workers had similar demands while older healthcare workers had higher demands. Compared to younger workers, older employees had unfavourable muscle activity patterns; %HRR had a tendency to be lower for older construction workers and higher for older healthcare workers. Among construction workers, age moderated the associations between shoulder strength and arm elevation (<em>p</em>&thinsp;=&thinsp;0.021), and between aerobic capacity and occupational physical activity (<em>p</em>&thinsp;=&thinsp;0.040). Age did not moderate these associations among healthcare workers.&nbsp;<span style="font-size:1.17em;"><strong>Conclusions</strong>&nbsp;</span><span style="font-size:1.17em;">In both sectors, the level of occupational physical demands and the higher relative physical strain in older employees require addressing to promote sustainable work participation among an aging population.</span></p> </div> <p class="Para">Source :&nbsp;<span>Merkus, S.L., Lunde, LK., Koch, M. et al. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health&nbsp;</span>(2019) 92: 295.</p> <p class="Para"><span><a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1377-5" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1377-5" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1377-5</a></span></p> <p class="Para">&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 11 Apr 2019 14:25:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/04/11/11460.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-11T14:25:00Z 2019-04-11 14:25 +00:00 2019-04-11 10:25 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11457 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/09/11457.aspx États-Unis Maladies professionnelles Agents chimiques Secteurs d'activités Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Prevalence Among Adults Who Have Never Smoked, by Industry and Occupation — United States, 2013–2017 <h4><span>Summary</span></h4> <p><span></span>What is already known about this topic?</p> <p>Approximately 25% of adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have never smoked, and workplace exposures likely contribute to much of their disease.</p> <p><span>What is added by this report?</span></p> <p>During 2013&ndash;2017, an estimated 2.4 million (2.2%) U.S. working adults aged &ge;18 years who never smoked had COPD. The highest COPD prevalences among persons who never smoked were in the information (3.3%) and mining (3.1%) industries and office and administrative support occupation workers (3.3%). Women had higher COPD prevalences than did men.</p> <p><span>What are the implications for public health practice?</span></p> <p>Efforts to reduce adverse workplace exposures and promote research to characterize the many contributing risk factors for COPD are needed to improve efforts to prevent and reduce risk for COPD among nonsmoking workers.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<span>Syamlal G, Doney B, Mazurek JM. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Prevalence Among Adults Who Have Never Smoked, by Industry and Occupation &mdash; United States, 2013&ndash;2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019;68:303&ndash;307. DOI:&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6813a2" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6813a2">http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6813a2</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Apr 2019 15:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/09/11457.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-09T15:09:00Z 2019-04-09 15:09 +00:00 2019-04-09 11:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11455 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/04/05/11455.aspx Évaluation d'outils et d’équipements Perception du risque TMS Biomécanique Questionnaire Appréciation subjective Exosquelettes Acceptation des exosquelettes par les opérateurs : étude exploratoire <p><span>L&#39;introduction des exosquelettes, comme toute nouvelle technologie, constitue un changement au niveau de l&#39;organisation et de l&#39;activit&eacute; des op&eacute;rateurs. C&#39;est dans ce cadre qu&#39;est abord&eacute;e la question sp&eacute;cifique de l&#39;acceptabilit&eacute; et de l&#39;acceptation de ces dispositifs par les op&eacute;rateurs. Pour cela, un questionnaire a &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;labor&eacute; et administr&eacute; &agrave; des utilisateurs, anciens utilisateurs et nonutilisateurs d&#39;exosquelettes.</span><br /><span>En termes de sant&eacute; et s&eacute;curit&eacute;, les r&eacute;sultats pr&eacute;liminaires pr&eacute;sent&eacute;s permettent de recueillir des informations sur la qualit&eacute; de l&#39;interaction op&eacute;rateur-exosquelette, d&#39;identifier des points bloquants et/ou facilitateurs de l&#39;usage de ces dispositifs et d&#39;envisager certains facteurs de risques psychosociaux, physiques et accidentels chez les utilisateurs.</span></p> <p><span>Source:&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" title="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20264" href="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20264">http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20264</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 05 Apr 2019 15:50:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/04/05/11455.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-05T15:50:00Z 2019-04-05 15:50 +00:00 2019-04-05 11:50 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11443 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/02/11443.aspx Santé psychologique France Enquêtes Secteurs d'activités Données administratives Prévention Risques psychosociaux : peu d'employeurs agissent sur les causes <p>Selon une &eacute;tude men&eacute;e par la DGFAP, les politiques de pr&eacute;vention des risques psychosociaux combinant des actions de type secondaire et tertiaire sont les plus r&eacute;pandues, dans le secteur public comme dans le priv&eacute;.</p> <p>Cette &eacute;tude men&eacute;e en 2016 s&#39;est int&eacute;ress&eacute;e aussi bien &agrave; la vision des employeurs qu&#39;&agrave; celle des salari&eacute;s. Selon les employeurs, pr&egrave;s de 90 % des agents du secteur public et pr&egrave;s de 70 % des salari&eacute;s du secteur priv&eacute; travaillent dans un &eacute;tablissement ayant pris, au cours des trois derni&egrave;res ann&eacute;es, des mesures pour pr&eacute;venir les risques psychosociaux au travail. Ces actions ne sont pas toujours men&eacute;es dans le cadre d&#39;une d&eacute;marche formalis&eacute;e d&#39;&eacute;valuation des risques. En effet, seule la moiti&eacute; des &eacute;tablissements ont &eacute;labor&eacute; ou mis &agrave; jour, au cours des douze derniers mois, un document unique d&#39;&eacute;valuation des risques professionnels incluant les risques psychosociaux. De ce fait, la pr&eacute;vention primaire tendant &agrave; modifier l&#39;origine du risque en travaillant sur l&#39;organisation du travail est peu pr&eacute;sente. Les politiques de pr&eacute;vention des risques psychosociaux sont plus ax&eacute;es sur la pr&eacute;vention secondaire portant sur la sensibilisation et identification des risques, voire tertiaire pour favoriser le retour au travail du salari&eacute; une fois le risque r&eacute;alis&eacute;. Autre enseignement de cette &eacute;tude, les &eacute;tablissements o&ugrave; l&#39;employeur d&eacute;clare une faible exposition de ses salari&eacute;s, petits ou moyens &eacute;tablissements du secteur priv&eacute;, ont plus souvent une tr&egrave;s faible activit&eacute; en mati&egrave;re de pr&eacute;vention. Les &eacute;tablissements de taille moyenne notamment de la fonction publique hospitali&egrave;re et de l&#39;enseignement ou les grands &eacute;tablissements des services du secteur priv&eacute; m&egrave;nent une politique active et vari&eacute;e dans le domaine de la pr&eacute;vention, m&ecirc;me si l&#39;exposition des salari&eacute;s est &eacute;galement relativement faible.</p> <p>Les &eacute;tablissements signalant une exposition forte de leurs salari&eacute;s aux risques psychosociaux peuvent &ecirc;tre class&eacute;s en trois groupes.<br />Dans le premier groupe, on retrouve surtout de petits et moyens &eacute;tablissements publics qui sont relativement peu actifs dans la pr&eacute;vention malgr&eacute; des expositions signal&eacute;es par les employeurs. Les risques psychosociaux constat&eacute;s concernant en particulier le travail dans l&#39;urgence, les conflits de valeurs et l&#39;intensit&eacute; du travail.<br />Le deuxi&egrave;me groupe comprend de petits &eacute;tablissements de la fonction publique de l&#39;&Eacute;tat et de la fonction publique territoriale et se distingue par une concentration des &laquo; risques g&eacute;n&eacute;ralis&eacute;s &raquo; (pour plus de 50 % des salari&eacute;s), notamment de ceux li&eacute;s aux tensions sociales, et par une insuffisance de pr&eacute;vention pour y faire face.<br />Enfin, les &eacute;tablissements du troisi&egrave;me groupe, constitu&eacute; plus souvent de grands &eacute;tablissements du public dans lesquels les salari&eacute;s sont massivement expos&eacute;s &agrave; un &laquo; risque localis&eacute; &raquo; (de 10 &agrave; 50 % des salari&eacute;s) mais &agrave; tous les risques psychosociaux, se caract&eacute;risent par un climat social en tension et m&egrave;nent une politique active de pr&eacute;vention des risques.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="https://www.fonction-publique.gouv.fr/files/files/statistiques/point_stat/prevention_risques_psychosociaux.pdf" href="https://www.fonction-publique.gouv.fr/files/files/statistiques/point_stat/prevention_risques_psychosociaux.pdf">https://www.fonction-publique.gouv.fr/files/files/statistiques/point_stat/prevention_risques_psychosociaux.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 02 Apr 2019 13:15:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/02/11443.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-02T13:15:00Z 2019-04-02 13:15 +00:00 2019-04-02 09:15 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11437 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/03/28/11437.aspx Travailleurs vieillissants Marché du travail France Références en ligne Régions géographiques Les séniors et le marché du travail <p><span>Le&nbsp;</span><strong>tableau de bord trimestriel</strong><span>&nbsp;sur l&#39;activit&eacute; des seniors et les politiques d&#39;emploi pr&eacute;sente les derni&egrave;res donn&eacute;es disponibles sur la situation des seniors le march&eacute; du travail&nbsp;: emploi-ch&ocirc;mage-inactivit&eacute; au sens du BIT, taux d&#39;emploi, acc&egrave;s aux mesures d&#39;aide &agrave; l&#39;emploi, &agrave; la formation et aux dispositifs de retraite anticip&eacute;e, demandeurs d&#39;emploi inscrits &agrave; P&ocirc;le emploi&hellip;</span></p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/tableaux-de-bord/le-marche-du-travail-les-jeunes-et-les-seniors/article/les-seniors-et-le-marche-du-travail" title="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/tableaux-de-bord/le-marche-du-travail-les-jeunes-et-les-seniors/article/les-seniors-et-le-marche-du-travail" target="_blank">https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/tableaux-de-bord/le-marche-du-travail-les-jeunes-et-les-seniors/article/les-seniors-et-le-marche-du-travail</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 28 Mar 2019 13:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/03/28/11437.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-28T13:04:00Z 2019-03-28 13:04 +00:00 2019-03-28 09:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11431 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2019/03/19/11431.aspx Caractérisation du bruit des machines Appareils de mesure Prévention du bruit Méthodes de mesure Secteur de l’industrie manufacturière Développement d’une antenne microphonique intégrant un système optique pour identifier la position des sources sonores les plus bruyantes en milieu industriel <div class="col-md-8 container-resume"> <p>Dans un contexte industriel, le bruit &eacute;mis par des machines peut nuire &agrave; la sant&eacute; des travailleurs et g&eacute;n&eacute;rer des probl&egrave;mes de surdit&eacute; ou de pertes auditives. Pour pallier ces probl&egrave;mes, des solutions acoustiques efficaces doivent &ecirc;tre mises en place en amont. La premi&egrave;re &eacute;tape d&#39;une &eacute;tude acoustique de r&eacute;duction de bruit consiste &agrave; localiser la position des sources et &agrave; hi&eacute;rarchiser leurs contributions. Dans un environnement industriel, les travailleurs sont r&eacute;partis autour des machines et le nombre de celles-ci peut &ecirc;tre important. Cela rend le champ acoustique complexe &agrave; cause des multiples r&eacute;flexions sur les murs et objets; il est donc souvent difficile d&#39;identifier les sources de bruit principales. La localisation des positions des sources peut &ecirc;tre r&eacute;alis&eacute;e &agrave; l&#39;aide d&#39;un r&eacute;seau de microphones appel&eacute; antenne acoustique. La performance des techniques de localisation de sources d&eacute;pend du nombre de microphones, de leur r&eacute;partition et du traitement du signal associ&eacute;.</p> <p>L&#39;objectif de cette activit&eacute; &eacute;tait de d&eacute;velopper une antenne acoustique sph&eacute;rique associ&eacute;e &agrave; une technique temporelle bas&eacute;e sur les intercorr&eacute;lations des signaux microphoniques, appel&eacute;e Generalized Cross-Correlation (GCC) dans la litt&eacute;rature anglo-saxonne, pour identifier la position des sources sonores les plus bruyantes en milieu industriel. La technique du GCC n&eacute;cessite un segment temporel des signaux microphoniques pour g&eacute;n&eacute;rer une cartographie des sources; elle est reconnue comme &eacute;tant robuste m&ecirc;me dans des environnements acoustiques complexes o&ugrave; le champ r&eacute;verb&eacute;r&eacute; a une contribution significative (cas g&eacute;n&eacute;ral des locaux industriels). Quant &agrave; l&#39;antenne sph&eacute;rique, elle permet une localisation des sources sonores dans la totalit&eacute; de l&#39;espace.</p> <p>Dans cette &eacute;tude, des crit&egrave;res permettant d&#39;&eacute;valuer la qualit&eacute; de la cartographie des sources sont pr&eacute;sent&eacute;s. Puis, un crit&egrave;re d&#39;optimisation de la g&eacute;om&eacute;trie de l&#39;antenne est propos&eacute;. L&#39;antenne optimis&eacute;e est ensuite fabriqu&eacute;e et une cam&eacute;ra panoramique (permettant de prendre des photos ou vid&eacute;os) est ajout&eacute;e pour pouvoir superposer la photographie du local &agrave; la cartographie des sources. Finalement, l&#39;antenne sph&eacute;rique d&eacute;velopp&eacute;e, associ&eacute;e &agrave; la technique du GCC, est test&eacute;e dans des conditions contr&ocirc;l&eacute;es (chambres h&eacute;mi-an&eacute;cho&iuml;que et r&eacute;verb&eacute;rante), puis dans un atelier o&ugrave; plusieurs op&eacute;rateurs utilisent des machines. Les r&eacute;sultats montrent qu&#39;il est possible de localiser la position des diff&eacute;rentes machines malgr&eacute; leurs contenus sonores diff&eacute;rents et les multiples r&eacute;flexions.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101020/n/antenne-microphonique-systeme-optique-milieu-industriel" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101020/n/antenne-microphonique-systeme-optique-milieu-industriel" target="_blank">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101020/n/antenne-microphonique-systeme-optique-milieu-industriel</a></p> <h3 class="title_inner"></h3> </div> <div class="col-md-4"> <div id="dnn_ctr551_ViewPublicationIrsstDetails_pnlRight" class="wrapper-bottom"> <div class="panel-group accordion_2 plus-publications" id="accordion3"> <div id="dnn_ctr551_ViewPublicationIrsstDetails_pnlDuMemeProjet" class="irsst_pub_irsst_det_right_content"> <div class="panel panel-default"> <div class="panel-heading"> <h4 class="panel-title"><a href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101020/n/antenne-microphonique-systeme-optique-milieu-industriel#item1"></a></h4> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 19 Mar 2019 14:42:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2019/03/19/11431.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-19T14:42:00Z 2019-03-19 14:42 +00:00 2019-03-19 10:42 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11426 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/03/19/11426.aspx Modes de prévention TMS Évaluation d'outils Intervention spécifique Modification des outils ou équipements de travail Exosquelettes Acquisition et intégration d'un exosquelette en entreprise <p><span style="font-weight:normal;">Ce guide, destin&eacute; aux pr&eacute;venteurs, permet &agrave; l&#39;entreprise d&#39;appr&eacute;hender les nombreuses questions pos&eacute;es par l&#39;int&eacute;gration d&#39;un exosquelette. Il propose une d&eacute;marche allant de la d&eacute;finition du besoin d&#39;assistance physique jusqu&#39;&agrave; son int&eacute;gration en situation r&eacute;elle de travail.<br />Structur&eacute;e en trois phases, cette m&eacute;thode vise &agrave; accompagner l&#39;entreprise dans sa r&eacute;flexion d&#39;acquisition d&#39;un exosquelette, &agrave; cr&eacute;er les conditions permettant son int&eacute;gration dans la situation de travail et &agrave; &eacute;valuer les usages de l&#39;exosquelette au cours du temps.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight:normal;">Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206315" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206315" target="_blank">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206315</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 19 Mar 2019 12:58:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/03/19/11426.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-19T12:58:00Z 2019-03-19 12:58 +00:00 2019-03-19 08:58 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11423 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/03/14/11423.aspx Santé au travail Santé psychologique Conditions de travail Agents physiques France Enquêtes Contraintes physiques et intensité du travail <p>Ce num&eacute;ro de Synth&egrave;se. Stat&#39; pr&eacute;sente les r&eacute;sultats de l&#39;enqu&ecirc;te Conditions de travail &ndash; Risques psychosociaux de 2016 concernant les indicateurs relatifs aux contraintes physiques et &agrave; l&#39;intensit&eacute; du travail. Cette partie recouvre un des six axes d&#39;analyse des risques psychosociaux construits par le coll&egrave;ge d&#39;expertise sur le suivi statistique des risques psychosociaux au travail1 : l&#39;intensit&eacute; du travail et temps de travail (axe 1).</p> <p>Conform&eacute;ment aux principes de l&#39;enqu&ecirc;te Conditions de travail depuis sa cr&eacute;ation en 1978, c&#39;est le point de vue et les connaissances du salari&eacute; sur son travail qui sont recueillis. Les r&eacute;sultats sont syst&eacute;matiquement ventil&eacute;s par sexe, &acirc;ge, cat&eacute;gorie socioprofessionnelle, secteur d&#39;activit&eacute;, type d&#39;employeur (distinguant les trois versants de la fonction publique). Afin de pr&eacute;senter des &eacute;volutions sur les questions rest&eacute;es identiques (les deux tiers des questions sont identiques &agrave; l&#39;enqu&ecirc;te CT 2013), les r&eacute;sultats sont fournis pour les ann&eacute;es 1984, 1991, 1998, 2005, 2013 et 2016.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/synthese_stat_no24.pdf" title="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/synthese_stat_no24.pdf" target="_blank">https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/synthese_stat_no24.pdf</a>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 14 Mar 2019 13:15:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/03/14/11423.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-14T13:15:00Z 2019-03-14 13:15 +00:00 2019-03-14 09:15 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11419 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/03/13/11419.aspx Facteurs de risque Risque machine Références en ligne Dossier «Le risque machine» <h4><span style="font-weight:normal;">Omnipr&eacute;sentes et indispensables &agrave; l&#39;activit&eacute; des entreprises, les machines peuvent &ecirc;tre &agrave; l&#39;origine d&#39;accidents du travail et de maladies professionnelles tout au long de leur cycle de vie&thinsp;&nbsp;: production, r&eacute;glage, maintenance&hellip; Des risques &agrave; analyser et prendre en compte.</span></h4> <p>Source : (2019) . Travail &amp; S&eacute;curit&eacute; (802)</p> <p><span style="font-weight:normal;"></span><a target="_blank" title="http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/numero-fevrier-2019-revue-TS.html" href="http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/numero-fevrier-2019-revue-TS.html">http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/numero-fevrier-2019-revue-TS.html</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 13 Mar 2019 14:31:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/03/13/11419.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-13T14:31:00Z 2019-03-13 14:31 +00:00 2019-03-13 10:31 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11399 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/02/11/11399.aspx États-Unis Décès Lésions professionnelles Références en ligne Secteurs d'activités Des informations en ligne sur les tendances en matière de blessures au travail (É-U) <p><span>Le Conseil national de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; (&Eacute;tats-Unis) a mis en ligne une version en ligne du&nbsp;</span><em>Injury Facts reference book,</em><span>&nbsp;une r&eacute;f&eacute;rence en mati&egrave;re de donn&eacute;es statistiques en s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail. Cette ressource gratuite comprend une section sur la s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail qui inclut les tendances en mati&egrave;re de blessures et de d&eacute;c&egrave;s li&eacute;s au travail et la mani&egrave;re de comparer les taux d&rsquo;incidence des blessures et des maladies d&rsquo;une organisation aux moyennes nationales. Les informations sont class&eacute;es par sujets de s&eacute;curit&eacute;, tels que les chutes, la fatigue li&eacute;e au travail et les chariots &eacute;l&eacute;vateurs.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" title="https://injuryfacts.nsc.org/work/work-overview/work-safety-introduction/" href="https://injuryfacts.nsc.org/work/work-overview/work-safety-introduction/">https://injuryfacts.nsc.org/work/work-overview/work-safety-introduction/</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 11 Feb 2019 18:33:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/02/11/11399.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-02-11T18:33:00Z 2019-02-11 18:33 +00:00 2019-02-11 13:33 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11396 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/02/11/11396.aspx Entretien Vêtements de protection Secteurs d'activités Évaluation de l'usure Vêtements de protection en salle blanche, une performance parfois compromise <p><span>Une &eacute;tude r&eacute;cente r&eacute;v&egrave;le que que les v&ecirc;tements r&eacute;utilisables sont vuln&eacute;rables aux dommages caus&eacute;s par le blanchissage et la st&eacute;rilisation.</span></p> <p><span>Les v&ecirc;tements r&eacute;utilisables utilis&eacute;s dans la production st&eacute;rile et aseptique n&eacute;cessitent des cycles r&eacute;p&eacute;t&eacute;s de lavage et de st&eacute;rilisation pour maintenir leur efficacit&eacute;, en utilisant des techniques telles que l&#39;irradiation gamma. Les donn&eacute;es de propri&eacute;t&eacute;s physiques sont souvent disponibles pour les nouveaux v&ecirc;tements de salles blanches : cependant, elles le sont moins tout au long du cycle de vie du v&ecirc;tement. Une &eacute;tude r&eacute;alis&eacute;e par DuPont vise &agrave; combler cette lacune d&#39;information.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="https://www.preventica.com/actu-enbref-vetements-protection-salles-blanches-271118.php" title="https://www.preventica.com/actu-enbref-vetements-protection-salles-blanches-271118.php" target="_blank">https://www.preventica.com/actu-enbref-vetements-protection-salles-blanches-271118.php</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 11 Feb 2019 14:52:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/02/11/11396.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-02-11T14:52:00Z 2019-02-11 14:52 +00:00 2019-02-11 09:52 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11393 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/02/07/11393.aspx TMS Membres supérieurs Évaluation coûts/bénéfices Interventions Références en ligne Cou Dos Bilan des connaissances Interventions ergonomiques pour prévenir les troubles musculo-squelettiques des membres supérieurs et du cou liés au travail chez les employés de bureau <p><span>Les troubles musculo‐squelettiques (TMS) des membres sup&eacute;rieurs et du cou li&eacute;s au travail sont l&#39;un des troubles professionnels les plus courants au monde. Des &eacute;tudes ont montr&eacute; que le pourcentage d&#39;employ&eacute;s de bureau souffrant de TMS varie de 20 &agrave; 60 pour cent. Les co&ucirc;ts directs et indirects des TMS des membres sup&eacute;rieurs li&eacute;s au travail sont &eacute;lev&eacute;s en Europe, en Australie et aux &Eacute;tats‐Unis. Bien que les interventions ergonomiques soient susceptibles de r&eacute;duire le risque que les employ&eacute;s de bureau d&eacute;veloppent des TMS des membres sup&eacute;rieurs et du cou li&eacute;s &agrave; leur travail, les donn&eacute;es probantes manquent de clart&eacute;. Il s&#39;agit d&#39;une mise &agrave; jour d&#39;une revue Cochrane dont la derni&egrave;re version a &eacute;t&eacute; publi&eacute;e en 2012.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" href="https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008570.pub3/full/fr#CD008570-abs-0002">https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008570.pub3/full/fr#CD008570-abs-0002</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 07 Feb 2019 20:08:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/02/07/11393.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-02-07T20:08:00Z 2019-02-07 20:08 +00:00 2019-02-07 15:08 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11392 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/02/07/11392.aspx Facteurs de risque Modes de prévention Enquêtes épidémiologiques Facteurs psychosociaux Références en ligne TMS Troubles musculo-squelettiques et facteurs psychosociaux au travail <h2><span style="font-size:10pt;font-family:&#39;Calibri&#39;,&#39;sans-serif&#39;;line-height:115%;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-ansi-language:FR-CA;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA;"><span style="font-size:10pt;font-family:&#39;Calibri&#39;,&#39;sans-serif&#39;;line-height:115%;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-ansi-language:FR-CA;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA;">Ce rapport pr&eacute;sente l&#39;&eacute;tat des connaissances scientifiques sur la fa&ccedil;on dont les facteurs psychosociaux influencent les troubles musculo-squelettiques (TMS). Il analyse l&#39;impact des TMS sur l&#39;aptitude au travail et la qualit&eacute; du travail. Pr&egrave;s de 40 millions de travailleurs en Europe souffrent de TMS des membres et du dos, ce qui en fait la maladie professionnelle la plus r&eacute;pandue dans l&#39;UE. L&#39;objectif de ce rapport est d&#39;influencer les efforts d&#39;intervention et de fournir des recommandations scientifiquement fond&eacute;es pour am&eacute;liorer la sant&eacute; des travailleurs europ&eacute;ens</span></span></h2> <p><span style="font-size:10pt;font-family:&#39;Calibri&#39;,&#39;sans-serif&#39;;line-height:115%;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-ansi-language:FR-CA;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA;"><span style="font-size:10pt;font-family:&#39;Calibri&#39;,&#39;sans-serif&#39;;line-height:115%;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-ansi-language:FR-CA;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA;"> </span></span></p> <h1 style="background:white;margin:0cm 0cm 0pt;"><span style="font-size:10pt;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;"><span style="font-family:Times New Roman;">Source :&nbsp;</span></span><a target="_blank" title="https://www.etui.org/fr/Publications2/Rapports/Troubles-musculo-squelettiques-et-facteurs-psychosociaux-au-travail" style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;font-size:12px;font-weight:normal;" href="https://www.etui.org/fr/Publications2/Rapports/Troubles-musculo-squelettiques-et-facteurs-psychosociaux-au-travail">https://www.etui.org/fr/Publications2/Rapports/Troubles-musculo-squelettiques-et-facteurs-psychosociaux-au-travail</a></h1> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 07 Feb 2019 14:23:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/02/07/11392.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-02-07T14:23:00Z 2019-02-07 14:23 +00:00 2019-02-07 09:23 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11385 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/01/28/11385.aspx Protection respiratoire Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Report Explores New Types of Respiratory Protection for Use in Health Care <p><span>A new report from the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine explores the potential for use of half-facepiece elastomeric respirators in the U.S. health care system with a focus on the economic, policy, and implementation challenges and opportunities.&nbsp;The report examines two circumstances, routine and surge use, in which half-facepiece reusable elastomeric respirators could be considered in health care settings. A free prepublication copy of the report is&nbsp;</span><a target="_self" href="https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25275/reusable-elastomeric-respirators-in-health-care-considerations-for-routine-and" class="tp-link-policy tp-external-link-fix">available online</a><a href="https://www.cdc.gov/Other/disclaimer.html" class="external tp-link-policy" title="External Web Site Icon"></a><span>.&nbsp;The study was done at the request of NIOSH and the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, both at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25275/reusable-elastomeric-respirators-in-health-care-considerations-for-routine-and" title="https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25275/reusable-elastomeric-respirators-in-health-care-considerations-for-routine-and" target="_self">https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25275/reusable-elastomeric-respirators-in-health-care-considerations-for-routine-and</a></span></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 28 Jan 2019 16:41:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/01/28/11385.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-01-28T16:41:00Z 2019-01-28 16:41 +00:00 2019-01-28 11:41 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11378 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/29/11378.aspx Secteur du transport et de l'entreposage Conséquences TMS Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders, a tri-sector exploration <p>High rates of WRMSD-related sick leave put pressure on employers and businesses, hitting their bottom lines and potentially leading to understaffing, reduced productivity and lower staff morale. Directly affected workers not only suffer pain but also consequences that can be felt across their working, home and social lives.<br />The construction, healthcare and transportation and storage industries were selected as the focus of this research because they have significantly higher rates of WRMSDs compared with the average rate for all industry. Qualitative research was commissioned to:<br />-&nbsp;Explore what employers and workers knew about WRMSDs and regulation.<br />- Explore employers&#39; attitudes and perceptions of WRMSDs, their approaches to prevention and management and what was limiting engagement with health and safety issues.<br />-&nbsp;Explore the journeys of workers and how they have managed health challenges in relation to WRMSDs.<br />-&nbsp;Uncover the needs of &lsquo;both sides&#39; to highlight barriers and opportunities regarding future intervention, communication and campaign strategies.<br />-&nbsp;Understand current workplace practice and inspire improvements in WRMSD prevention and management.</p> <p>Source: <a href="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/insight/msd-report.pdf" target="_blank">http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/insight/msd-report.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 29 Nov 2018 15:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/29/11378.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-29T15:09:00Z 2018-11-29 15:09 +00:00 2018-11-29 10:09 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11376 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/29/11376.aspx Facteurs de risque Régions anatomiques Charge mentale Charge physique Dos Facteurs psychosociaux Stress Lombalgie Mechanical and psychosocial work exposures: the construction and evaluation of a gender-specific job exposure matrix (JEM) <p>Objectives: The aim of this study was to (i) construct and evaluate a gender-specific job exposure matrix (JEM) for mechanical and psychosocial work exposures and (ii) test its predictive validity for low-back pain.<br />Methods: We utilized data from the Norwegian nationwide Survey of Living Conditions on work environment in 2006 and 2009. We classified occupations on a 4-digit level based on the Norwegian version of the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88). The mechanical and psychosocial exposure information was collected by personal telephone interviews and included exposures that were known risk factors for low-back pain. We evaluated the agreement between the individual- and JEM-based exposure estimates, with kappa, sensitivity and specificity measures. We assessed the JEM&#39;s predictive validity by testing the associations between low-back pain and the individual- and JEM-based exposure.<br />Results: The results showed an overall fair-to-moderate agreement between the constructed JEM and individual work exposures. The JEM performed considerably better for mechanical work exposures compared with psychosocial work exposures. The predictive validity of the mechanical and psychosocial JEM showed a consistently lower but predominantly reproducible association with low-back pain for both genders.<br />Conclusions: The mechanical estimates and psychosocial stressors, such as psychological demands, monotonous work and decision latitude in the constructed JEM, may be useful in large epidemiological register studies. The predictive validity of the matrix was evaluated as being overall acceptable and can be an effective and versatile approach to estimate the relationship work exposures and low-back pain.</p> <p>Source: Hanvold, T. N., Sterud, T., Kristensen, P.&nbsp;et Mehlum, I. S. (2018). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3774" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3774">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3774</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 29 Nov 2018 13:54:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/29/11376.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-29T13:54:00Z 2018-11-29 13:54 +00:00 2018-11-29 08:54 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11372 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/11/26/11372.aspx États-Unis Contexte de travail Santé psychologique Champs de recherche Régions géographiques Suicide Rates by Major Occupational Group - 17 States, 2012 and 2015 <p>During 2000&ndash;2016, the suicide rate among the U.S. working age population (persons aged 16&ndash;64 years) increased 34%, from 12.9 per 100,000 population to 17.3 (<a href="https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars">https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars</a>). To better understand suicide among different occupational groups and inform suicide prevention efforts, CDC analyzed suicide deaths by Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) major groups for decedents aged 16&ndash;64 years from the 17 states participating in both the 2012 and 2015 National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) (<a href="https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/nvdrs">https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/nvdrs</a>). The occupational group with the highest male suicide rate in 2012 and 2015 was Construction and Extraction (43.6 and 53.2 per 100,000 civilian noninstitutionalized working persons, respectively), whereas the group with the highest female suicide rate was Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media (11.7 [2012] and 15.6 [2015]). The largest suicide rate increase among males from 2012 to 2015 (47%) occurred in the Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media occupational group (26.9 to 39.7) and among females, in the Food Preparation and Serving Related group, from 6.1 to 9.4 (54%). CDC&rsquo;s technical package of strategies to prevent suicide is a resource for communities, including workplace settings.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6745a1.htm" title="https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6745a1.htm">https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6745a1.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 26 Nov 2018 19:31:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/11/26/11372.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-26T19:31:00Z 2018-11-26 19:31 +00:00 2018-11-26 14:31 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11369 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/21/11369.aspx Modes de prévention Régions anatomiques Dos TMS membres TMS Lombaire Intervention spécifique Modification des outils ou équipements de travail Lombalgie Revue de littérature Exosquelettes Exosquelettes au travail : impact sur la santé et la sécurité des opérateurs état des connaissances <p>Ce guide, destin&eacute; aux pr&eacute;venteurs, fait un point sur les connaissances actuelles des exosquelettes afin de mettre en &eacute;vidence les int&eacute;r&ecirc;ts et les limites de leur usage en mati&egrave;re de pr&eacute;vention des troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS).<br />L&#39;objectif est d&#39;aider &agrave; mieux appr&eacute;hender l&#39;impact des exosquelettes pour accompagner efficacement l&#39;entreprise dans sa d&eacute;marche d&#39;acquisition et d&#39;int&eacute;gration d&#39;un exosquelette.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206311" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206311">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206311</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 21 Nov 2018 14:29:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/21/11369.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-21T14:29:00Z 2018-11-21 14:29 +00:00 2018-11-21 09:29 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11368 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/21/11368.aspx Utilisation Vêtements de protection Secteur de l'administration publique Équipement de protection individuel Secteurs d'activités Vêtement de flottaison individuel A 10-year descriptive analysis of UK Maritime and Coastguard data on lifejacket use and drowning prevention <p>The study investigated if incidences of death by drowning in the UK could have been prevented through the use of lifejackets over a ten year period. This study was a retrospective analysis of fatal maritime incident data collected by the Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA) between the years 2007 and 2016. A Casualty Review Panel (CRP) met annually to categorise incidents into five groups based on the likelihood of a lifejacket preventing death. Descriptive analyses were performed on the overall fatalities, data were stratified by year, sex, age, and activity. Ten year data were categorised based on the outcome of the CRP, these data were further stratified by year and activity, with trends being reported. Potentially 180 lives (82% of all cases successfully categorised) could have been saved if a lifejacket had been worn. An 18% reduction in the number of cases referred to the CRP was observed from the first 5?years (2007&ndash;2011?=?59% of all referrals) to the last 5?years (2007&ndash;2011?=?41% of all referrals), with 42% less cases referred in 2016 compared to 2007. The data generated by the CRP over the ten years has provided a unique insight into coastal deaths, it has provided a clear rationale for the use of lifejackets and has helped target national and activity-specific campaigns for water safety and lifejacket use.</p> <p>Source: Pointer, K., Milligan, G. S., Garratt, K. L., Clark, S. P. et&nbsp;Tipton, M. J. (2018). <em>Safety Science, 109</em>, 195-200.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.003" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.003">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.003</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 21 Nov 2018 14:22:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/21/11368.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-21T14:22:00Z 2018-11-21 14:22 +00:00 2018-11-21 09:22 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11366 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/21/11366.aspx Appréciation du risque Méthodes Risque machine Risk assessment in safety of machinery <p><strong>Impact of construction flaws in risk estimation parameters</strong><br />In the risk assessment approach as defined in the International Standard ISO 12100: 2010, risk estimation is an essential step that allows machinery designers and users to determine the level of risk, and to identify the most critical hazardous situations. Previous studies demonstrated that the numerous qualitative tools proposed to estimate risks in safety of machinery take several forms, and that many of their features can significantly influence the level of risk obtained.<br />In this study, the impact of some of these features was assessed, and construction rules regarding the parameters used in risk estimation tools were validated through an experimental study involving several users mainly from the industry. Five potential construction flaws of the risk estimation parameters were analyzed. The experimental results show that when the users perceive a certain challenge in the utilization of a risk estimation parameter, they are usually able to associate it with the presence of the flaw affecting the parameter. The results also demonstrate quite clearly that the impact of the construction flaws in the parameters is not uniform. In addition to the presence of the flaws within these parameters, the results obtained suggest that the assessment of the probability of harm is a problematic aspect of the risk estimation process in safety of machinery that requires further research. These results could contribute to the improvement of the robustness and the reliability of the existing tools, and help to support the training actually given by the partners in the risk assessment field.</p> <p>Source: Gauthier, F., Chinniah, Y., Burlet-Vienney, D., Aucourt, B. et&nbsp;Larouche, S. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety Science, 109</em>, 421-433.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.024" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.024">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.024</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 21 Nov 2018 13:52:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/21/11366.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-21T13:52:00Z 2018-11-21 13:52 +00:00 2018-11-21 08:52 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11362 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/19/11362.aspx Facteurs de risque Équipements Formation Maintenance Organisation de la prévention Réduction du risque Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Risque machine Guide Secteurs d'activités Guidance on Safety in Concrete Pumping <p>The aim of this guidance is to improve standards of safety during concrete pumping and reduce the incidence of collapse of concrete pump rigs and injuries due to incidents involving pressurisation of pipework or other equipment. <br /><br />As with all construction equipment, the safe operation of concrete pumps depends on a number of factors including the selection and maintenance of the pump and placing boom, the planning and supervision of their<br />use and the competence of the operator and other personnel. If any of these are deficient, the risk of a serious accident increases significantly, so it is essential that site managers ensure that all concrete pumping operations are planned, supervised and carried out safely.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/guidance_on_safety_in_concrete_pumping.81983.shortcut.html" title="https://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/guidance_on_safety_in_concrete_pumping.81983.shortcut.html">https://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/guidance_on_safety_in_concrete_pumping.81983.shortcut.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 19 Nov 2018 14:08:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/19/11362.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-19T14:08:00Z 2018-11-19 14:08 +00:00 2018-11-19 09:08 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11355 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/16/11355.aspx Estimation du niveau sonore Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Bruit impulsif Prévention du bruit Méthodes de mesure Outils portatifs Réduction du bruit Réduction à la source Réduction des vibrations main-bras Réduction des vibrations Nivaux vibratoires des outils portatifs Niveaux d'exposition et caractérisation Estimation du niveau sonore des outils portatifs Cloueuses portatives - Développement de méthodes de diagnostic vibratoire et acoustique <p>Le fonctionnement des cloueuses portatives &eacute;tant bas&eacute; sur un processus d&#39;impact visant &agrave; enfoncer un clou, l&#39;utilisation de ces outils expose les travailleurs &agrave; des bruits et &agrave; des vibrations &agrave; caract&egrave;re impulsionnel, en g&eacute;n&eacute;rant des niveaux tr&egrave;s &eacute;lev&eacute;s pendant un tr&egrave;s court laps de temps. Par ailleurs, l&#39;exposition aux bruits et aux vibrations impulsionnels engendre un risque de d&eacute;velopper des maladies professionnelles. Des &eacute;changes avec l&#39;Association paritaire pour la sant&eacute; et la s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail du secteur de la construction (ASP Construction) ont confirm&eacute; que ce type d&#39;outil est tr&egrave;s utilis&eacute; par les travailleurs de la construction qui, au Qu&eacute;bec, se classent parmi les 5 premiers groupes de travailleurs en ce qui concerne le nombre d&#39;indemnisations pour surdit&eacute; professionnelle. Il est donc n&eacute;cessaire de choisir et de concevoir des cloueuses<br />moins bruyantes et pour lesquelles le niveau de vibration &agrave; la poign&eacute;e est r&eacute;duit. Il s&#39;agit d&#39;une t&acirc;che difficile &agrave; r&eacute;aliser, car tr&egrave;s peu d&#39;information existe sur les niveaux de bruit et de vibrations de ces outils, ainsi que sur les moyens de les r&eacute;duire.<br />Ce projet vise trois objectifs : (i) v&eacute;rifier si les normes actuelles pour le bruit (EN 12549) et les vibrations (ISO 8662) permettent de mesurer en laboratoire des valeurs d&#39;&eacute;mission acoustique et vibratoire comparables aux valeurs mesur&eacute;es sur le terrain; (ii) d&eacute;velopper et utiliser des m&eacute;thodes de diagnostic des sources de bruit et vibrations en laboratoire; (iii) formuler des pistes de solution visant &agrave; r&eacute;duire les niveaux de bruit et de vibrations des cloueuses.</p> <p>Source: <a href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101011/n/cloueuses-portatives">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101011/n/cloueuses-portatives</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 16 Nov 2018 13:16:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/16/11355.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-16T13:16:00Z 2018-11-16 13:16 +00:00 2018-11-16 08:16 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11359 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/13/11359.aspx Équipements Machines fixes Presses Risque machine Secteur de l'industrie manufacturière Guide Secteurs d'activités Presses plieuses hydrauliques pour le travail à froid des métaux <p><strong>Am&eacute;lioration de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; sur les machines en service dans le cadre de leur r&eacute;novation. Sp&eacute;cifications techniques &agrave; l&#39;usage des utilisateurs, des pr&eacute;venteurs et des r&eacute;novateurs</strong><br />Ce guide concerne les presses plieuses hydrauliques &agrave; chargement et/ou &agrave; d&eacute;chargement manuel, non marqu&eacute;es &quot;CE&quot;.<br />Il est destin&eacute; &agrave; guider les utilisateurs et les pr&eacute;venteurs, aid&eacute;s du r&eacute;novateur, dans le diagnostic de s&eacute;curit&eacute; des presses plieuses hydrauliques, et &agrave; d&eacute;finir les points sur lesquels la s&eacute;curit&eacute; peut &ecirc;tre am&eacute;lior&eacute;e, tout en prenant en compte les contraintes de la production.<br />Il se veut une aide au choix des solutions les mieux adapt&eacute;es &agrave; la s&eacute;curit&eacute; des op&eacute;rateurs, tout en conservant autant que possible les circuits existants.<br />Il pr&eacute;sente au r&eacute;novateur les solutions techniques &agrave; mettre en oeuvre pour am&eacute;liorer la s&eacute;curit&eacute;.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%20927" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%20927">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%20927</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 13 Nov 2018 13:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/13/11359.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-13T13:49:00Z 2018-11-13 13:49 +00:00 2018-11-13 08:49 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11354 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/11/09/11354.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Accidents Recension des écrits Méthodes et types d’études Affections Recension systématique des écrits Tête Affections non associées au travail A systematic review and meta-analysis of return to work after mild Traumatic brain injury <p>Objective: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of return to work (RTW) times for adult patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).<br />Methods: Six databases and six trials registries were searched. Inclusion: studies reporting RTW, &gt; 30 patients, adults, with mTBI. Exclusion: final measurement RTW &lt; 30 days after injury, first measurement &gt; 1 year.<br />Results: Of 978 records, 14 eligible studies were identified. Two included patients exclusively in paid employment pre-injury; four included paid employment, students, homemakers or other activities; seven included pre-injury occupational status described but unclear; one included patients whose pre-injury occupational status not described. Three reported average RTW, 12 reported proportions of patients RTW at pre-specified time-points (1 both). Average RTW times varied from 13 to 93 days. At 1 month the proportion of patients RTW (three pooled studies) was 0.56 (95% CI 0.30&ndash;0.79), at 6 months (six studies) 0.83 (0.74&ndash;0.89), at 12 months (seven studies) 0.89 (0.83&ndash;0.93).<br />Conclusion: More than half of patients with mTBI have returned to work by 1 month after injury, and more than 80% by 6 months. Most studies had poor internal validity. Reporting of outcomes in mTBI is variable, and this accounted for some of the heterogeneity found in this review.</p> <p>Source: Bloom, B., Thomas, S., Ahrensberg, J. M., Weaver, R., Fowler, A., Bestwick, J., ...&nbsp;et Pearse, R. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Brain injury</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2018.1532111" title="https://doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2018.1532111">https://doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2018.1532111</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 09 Nov 2018 15:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/11/09/11354.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-09T15:48:00Z 2018-11-09 15:48 +00:00 2018-11-09 10:48 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11351 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/09/11351.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Effets sur la santé Évaluation des risques Surdité Risques dus au bruit Atteinte auditive Occupational Noise-Induced Hearing Loss <p>Occupational hearing loss is preventable through a hierarchy of controls, which prioritize the use of engineering controls over administrative controls and personal protective equipment. The occupational and environmental medicine (OEM) physician plays a critical role in the prevention of occupational noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). This position statement clarifies current best practices in the diagnosis of occupational NIHL.</p> <p>Source: Mirza, R., Kirchner, D. B., Dobie, R. A., Crawford, J.&nbsp;et ACOEM Task Force on Occupational Hearing Loss. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 60</em>(9), e498-e501.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001423" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001423">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001423</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 09 Nov 2018 15:21:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/09/11351.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-09T15:21:00Z 2018-11-09 15:21 +00:00 2018-11-09 10:21 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11352 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/08/11352.aspx Protection contre les chutes de même niveau Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Slips, Trips, and Falls Among Home Care Aides <p><strong>A Mixed-Methods Study</strong><br />Objective: To address the gap of knowledge about slips, trips, and falls (STFs) among home care aides (HCAs) who work in clients&#39; homes.<br />Methods: This mixed method study used survey and focus group data of HCAs in a Medicaid-funded homecare program.<br />Results: STFs were common with over 12% of HCAs reporting occurrence in the previous 12 months, of whom 58% fell to the ground. Both survey and focus group data identified ice, clutter, workload, rushing and other hazards. Focus group data explained the reasons for not reporting STFs, even among those who sustained injury, and added HCAs&#39; voices to the understanding of causes, consequences and prevention strategies for STFs.<br />Conclusions: Empowering HCAs with knowledge, training, and involvement may transform &ldquo;near miss&rdquo; STFs into opportunities to prevent STFs among care workers and their clients.</p> <p>Source: Muramatsu, N., Sokas, R. K., Chakraborty, A., Zanoni, J. P.&nbsp;et Lipscomb, J. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 60</em>(9), 796-803.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001355" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001355">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001355</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 08 Nov 2018 15:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/08/11352.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-08T15:17:00Z 2018-11-08 15:17 +00:00 2018-11-08 10:17 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11348 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/08/11348.aspx Équipements Machines mobiles et véhicules Normes Matériel agricole Matériel de travaux forestiers Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture Secteurs d'activités Improving farm safety: standards for agricultural machinery just updated <p>The series of standards ISO 25119, Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry &ndash; Safety-related parts of control systems, is widely used by the agricultural industry and its suppliers and has recently been updated. It sets out the general principles for the design and development of safety-related parts of control systems on tractors and self-propelled ride-on machines used in agriculture and forestry. It can even be applied to mobile equipment used in municipalities such as street-sweeping machines.<br />The standards in the series are:<br />&middot;&nbsp; ISO 25119-1, <em>Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry &ndash; Safety-related parts of control systems &ndash; Part 1: General principles for design and development</em><br />&middot;&nbsp; ISO 25119-2, <em>Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry &ndash; Safety-related parts of control systems &ndash; Part 2: Concept phase</em><br />&middot;&nbsp; ISO 25119-3, <em>Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry &ndash; Safety-related parts of control systems &ndash; Part 3: Series development, hardware and softw</em>are<br />&middot;&nbsp; ISO 25119-4, <em>Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry &ndash; Safety-related parts of control systems &ndash; Part 4: Production, operation, modification and supporting processes</em></p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.iso.org/news/ref2343.html" title="https://www.iso.org/news/ref2343.html">https://www.iso.org/news/ref2343.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 08 Nov 2018 13:23:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/08/11348.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-08T13:23:00Z 2018-11-08 13:23 +00:00 2018-11-08 08:23 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11344 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/07/11344.aspx Évaluation et mesure Évaluation des facteurs de risque Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture TMS Secteurs d'activités Musculoskeletal disorders of agricultural workers in the greenhouses of Almería (Southeast Spain) <p>In southeast Spain (Almer&iacute;a), we find the highest concentration of greenhouse crops in Europe, an agricultural sector that directly employs 55,000 people. The objective of this research was to evaluate the musculoskeletal working conditions of greenhouse workers through the standardized Nordic questionnaire. This questionnaire presents 28 multiple choice questions referring to different parts of the body. A total of 1002 questionnaires were completed, and information was collected on nine socio-demographic variables for each worker: sex, age, height, weight, surface area, cultivation, staking, greenhouse and nationality. Although the results show a high overall rate of symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), these findings do not mean that the workers are unable to perform agricultural tasks.</p> <p>Source: L&oacute;pez-Arag&oacute;n, L., L&oacute;pez-Liria, R., Callej&oacute;n-Ferre, &Aacute;. J.&nbsp;et P&eacute;rez-Alonso, J. (2018). <em>Safety Science, 109</em>, 219-235.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.023" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.023">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.023</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 07 Nov 2018 13:32:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/07/11344.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-07T13:32:00Z 2018-11-07 13:32 +00:00 2018-11-07 08:32 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11349 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/11/06/11349.aspx Australie Réadaptation au travail Océanie Enquêtes Champs de recherche Australia - National Return to Work survey 2018 <p>The National Return to Work survey is undertaken on a biannual basis and compares the return to work experiences and outcomes of injured workers against a number of variables, including returning to work, workplace rehabilitation and employer support.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/media-centre/news/new-national-return-work-survey-report-released" title="https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/media-centre/news/new-national-return-work-survey-report-released">https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/media-centre/news/new-national-return-work-survey-report-released</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 06 Nov 2018 21:35:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/11/06/11349.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-06T21:35:00Z 2018-11-06 21:35 +00:00 2018-11-06 16:35 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11347 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/06/11347.aspx Appareils de levage Équipements Appréciation du risque Machines fixes Secteur de l'industrie extractive Secteurs d'activités Treuil Fault tree analysis and risk mitigation strategies for mine hoists <p>Mine hoist are an essential part of an underground mine. In addition to extracting the ore from the mine, this machine transports the miners from the surface to the various underground levels of the mine. The two main hazards to which minors in the cage are exposed to are rope severance and loss of control of the hoisting machine. In both cases, the risk is the crashing of the cage at one end of the shaft. Hoisting accident and fatalities are rare but still happen despite the use of safety catches to retain the cage in the event of rope severance. The objective of this article is to improve mine hoist safety and to prevent the crash of a cage (of more generally any conveyance) at the shaft boundaries. Fault Trees (FT) are used to analyze the accidents scenarios of a cage crash in a shaft. Two generic fault trees are presented: one based on rope severance and the other based on loss-of-control of the conveyance. Results of the study indicate that, in the case of a rope severance, most of the root causes are based on secondary failure of the safety catches. In the case of a loss-of-control of the conveyance, most of the root causes are based on command failures that prevent the cage from stopping before reaching the shaft boundaries. This article suggests general mitigation measures and recommends the use of machinery safety standards in order to improve the reliability of hoisting machines.</p> <p>Source: Giraud, L.&nbsp;et Galy, B. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety science, 110</em>, 222-234.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.08.010" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.08.010">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.08.010</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 06 Nov 2018 15:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/06/11347.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-06T15:26:00Z 2018-11-06 15:26 +00:00 2018-11-06 10:26 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11343 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/06/11343.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Effets sur la santé Études épidémiologiques Risques dus au bruit Neurinome de l'acoustique Exposure to loud noise and risk of vestibular schwannoma <p><strong>Results from the INTERPHONE international case-control study</strong><br />Objective: Studies of loud noise exposure and vestibular schwannomas (VS) have shown conflicting results. The population-based INTERPHONE case?control study was conducted in 13 countries during 2000&ndash;2004. In this paper, we report the results of analyses on the association between VS and self-reported loud noise exposure.<br />Methods: Self-reported noise exposure was analyzed in 1024 VS cases and 1984 matched controls. Life-long noise exposure was estimated through detailed questions. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using adjusted conditional logistic regression for matched sets.<br />Results: The OR for total work and leisure noise exposure was 1.6 (95% CI 1.4&ndash;1.9). OR were 1.5 (95% CI 1.3&ndash;1.9) for only occupational noise, 1.9 (95% CI 1.4&ndash;2.6) for only leisure noise and 1.7 (95% CI 1.2&ndash;2.2) for<br />exposure in both contexts. OR increased slightly with increasing lag-time. For occupational exposures, duration, time since exposure start and a metric combining lifetime duration and weekly exposure showed significant trends of increasing risk with increasing exposure. OR did not differ markedly by source or other characteristics of noise.<br />Conclusion: The consistent associations seen are likely to reflect either recall bias or a causal association, or potentially indicate a mixture of both.</p> <p>Source: Deltour, I., Schlehofer, B., Massardier-Pilonch&eacute;ry, A., Schlaefer, K., Armstrong, B. Giles,G.G.,&nbsp;...&nbsp;INTERPHONE Study Group (2018). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3781" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3781">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3781</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 06 Nov 2018 14:34:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/06/11343.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-06T14:34:00Z 2018-11-06 14:34 +00:00 2018-11-06 09:34 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11338 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/05/11338.aspx Types de tâches Travail assis Travail de bureau Travail statique Intervention Acute Effects of Interrupting Sitting on Discomfort and Alertness of Office Workers <p>Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of 4 hours of sitting interrupted with hourly bouts of standing and/or pedaling versus uninterrupted sitting on alertness and discomfort among sedentary office workers.<br />Methods: Fifteen middle-aged sedentary workers were randomized to three 4-hour conditions: (1) uninterrupted sitting; (2) sitting interrupted with 10 minutes of standing/hour; and (3) sitting interrupted with 10 minutes of pedaling/hour. Self-reported measures of alertness and discomfort were collected.<br />Results: Uninterrupted sitting significantly increased discomfort (P &lt; 0.001). Discomfort was lower in both the standing (P &lt; 0.001) and pedaling (P &lt; 0.001) conditions than the uninterrupted sitting condition. Short-lived improvements in alertness were observed immediately following several standing (50%) and pedaling (100%) interruptions.<br />Conclusion: Prolonged sitting increases discomfort while brief standing and pedaling interruptions attenuate impairments in discomfort among sedentary workers.</p> <p>Source: Benzo, R. M., Kruse, N. T., Hughes, W. E., Casey, D. P.&nbsp;et Carr, L. J. (2018). <em>Journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 60</em>(9), 804-809.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001329" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001329">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001329</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 05 Nov 2018 14:37:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/05/11338.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-05T14:37:00Z 2018-11-05 14:37 +00:00 2018-11-05 09:37 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11335 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/02/11335.aspx Vêtements de protection Vêtements de protection contre le feu Guide Les vêtements de protection appropriés aux travaux de soudage et de techniques connexes <p>Ce guide porte sur les v&ecirc;tements de protection qui doivent &ecirc;tre port&eacute;s par les soudeurs et tous les travailleurs et employeurs qui utilisent des proc&eacute;d&eacute;s de soudage ou des techniques connexes, r&eacute;guli&egrave;rement ou &agrave; l&#39;occasion. Les techniques connexes sont les op&eacute;rations qui pr&eacute;sentent des risques semblables &agrave; ceux du soudage, par exemple l&#39;oxycoupage, le gougeage &agrave; la flamme ou &agrave; l&#39;arc et la projection thermique. Il s&#39;adresse &agrave; l&#39;ensemble des responsables intervenant dans la cha&icirc;ne de fabrication, de distribution, d&#39;achat, d&#39;entretien et d&#39;utilisation des v&ecirc;tements de protection pour les travaux de soudage et de techniques connexes. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC-200-995.aspx" title="https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC-200-995.aspx">https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC-200-995.aspx</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 02 Nov 2018 15:35:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/02/11335.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-02T15:35:00Z 2018-11-02 15:35 +00:00 2018-11-02 11:35 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11329 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/01/11329.aspx Modes de prévention Types de tâches Manutention manuelle Secteur des services de santé Intervention spécifique Modification des outils ou équipements de travail Secteurs d'activités Participatory organizational intervention for improved use of assistive devices in patient transfer <p><strong>A&nbsp;single-blinded cluster randomized controlled trial</strong><br />Objectives: This randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluated the effect of a participatory organizational intervention for improved use of assistive devices (AD) in patient transfer. <br />Methods: We randomly allocated 27 departments from five hospitals in Denmark to a participatory intervention (14 clusters, 316 healthcare workers) or a control group (13 clusters, 309 healthcare workers). The intervention consisted of 2&times;2 hour workshops with managers, the hospital&#39;s health and safety staff, and 2&ndash;5 healthcare workers from each department. Based on an assessment of barriers and solutions conducted prior to randomization, participants developed an action plan for implementing department-specific solutions for improving the use of AD. Use of necessary AD (using digital counters as primary outcome), and general use of AD (using accelerometers as secondary outcome), pain intensity in the low-back, work-related back injuries during patient transfer, and communication and guidance in the use of AD were measured at baseline, 6 and 12 months.<br />Results: Use of necessary AD (primary outcome), low-back pain, and back injuries did not change in the intervention compared with control group at 12-month follow-up. However, general use of AD measured with accelerometers as well as communication and guidance improved significantly in the intervention versus control group.<br />Conclusion: The intervention did not result in more frequent use of the necessary AD but led to more general use of AD, as well as increased communication and guidance.</p> <p>Source: Jakobsen, M. D., Aust, B., Kines, P., Madeleine, P.&nbsp;et Andersen, L. L. (2018). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp;&nbsp;Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3769" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3769">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3769</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 01 Nov 2018 14:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/01/11329.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-01T14:04:00Z 2018-11-01 14:04 +00:00 2018-11-01 10:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11332 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/31/11332.aspx Protection de la face et des yeux Visières Normes et législation Casque de protection NF EN 14458 - Visières haute performance uniquement destinées à une utilisation avec des casques de protection <p>La pr&eacute;sente Norme europ&eacute;enne sp&eacute;cifie les exigences minimales s&#39;appliquant aux visi&egrave;res sp&eacute;cifiquement con&ccedil;ues pour une utilisation exclusive avec des casques de protection, tels que des casques de sapeurs-pompiers, conformes &agrave; l&#39;EN 443, l&#39;EN 16471 et l&#39;EN 16473 et des casques de protection &agrave; haute performance pour l&#39;industrie conformes &agrave; l&#39;EN 14052. Il peut s&#39;agir de visi&egrave;res fix&eacute;es de mani&egrave;re permanente au casque, ou de visi&egrave;res amovibles.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/pr-nf-en-14458/equipement-de-protection-des-yeux-visieres-haute-performance-uniquement-destinees-a-une-utilisation-avec-des-casques-de-protec/article/870026/fa163575" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/pr-nf-en-14458/equipement-de-protection-des-yeux-visieres-haute-performance-uniquement-destinees-a-une-utilisation-avec-des-casques-de-protec/article/870026/fa163575">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/pr-nf-en-14458/equipement-de-protection-des-yeux-visieres-haute-performance-uniquement-destinees-a-une-utilisation-avec-des-casques-de-protec/article/870026/fa163575</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 31 Oct 2018 13:28:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/31/11332.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-31T13:28:00Z 2018-10-31 13:28 +00:00 2018-10-31 09:28 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11326 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/30/11326.aspx Régions anatomiques Types de tâches Membres supérieurs Travail de bureau TMS Analyse ergonomique du travail Cou Intervention spécifique Intervention Revue de littérature Ergonomic interventions for preventing work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the upper limb and neck among office workers <p>Work-related upper limb and neck musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the most common occupational disorders worldwide. Studies have shown that the percentage of office workers that suffer from MSDs ranges from 20 to 60 per cent. The direct and indirect costs of work-related upper limb MSDs have been reported to be high in Europe, Australia, and the United States. Although ergonomic interventions are likely to reduce the risk of office workers developing work-related upper limb and neck MSDs, the evidence is unclear. This is an update of a Cochrane Review which was last published in 2012. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008570.pub3/full" title="https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008570.pub3/full">https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008570.pub3/full</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 30 Oct 2018 14:06:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/30/11326.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-30T14:06:00Z 2018-10-30 14:06 +00:00 2018-10-30 10:06 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11325 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/29/11325.aspx Réduction du risque Systèmes de commande et automatisation Risque machine Congrès Sécurité des systèmes industriels automatisés (SIAS) 2018 <p>Organis&eacute; par l&#39;INRS &agrave; Nancy du 10 au 12 octobre 2018, le congr&egrave;s international S&eacute;curit&eacute; des syst&egrave;mes industriels automatis&eacute;s (SIAS) a accueilli plus de 110 participants originaires de 13 pays. Il a apport&eacute; un &eacute;clairage sur l&#39;industrie du futur et les usages des nouvelles technologies. <br />Cette neuvi&egrave;me &eacute;dition de la conf&eacute;rence a permis de faire le point sur les avanc&eacute;es concernant la s&eacute;curit&eacute; des syst&egrave;mes industriels automatis&eacute;s tant du point de vue de l&#39;ing&eacute;nierie (d&eacute;marche de conception, outils de simulation, analyse des risques, mesures de pr&eacute;vention, etc.) que de la place de l&#39;Homme dans les syst&egrave;mes de production.<br />Car l&#39;&eacute;mergence des nouvelles technologies, comme la mise en r&eacute;seau des machines, la robotique collaborative ou encore les syst&egrave;mes autonomes, impacte profond&eacute;ment les industries qui&nbsp; en multiplient l&#39;usage. Cette &eacute;volution fait appara&icirc;tre de nouveaux risques professionnels.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs-sias2018.fr/index.php" title="http://www.inrs-sias2018.fr/index.php">http://www.inrs-sias2018.fr/index.php</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 29 Oct 2018 14:10:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/29/11325.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-29T14:10:00Z 2018-10-29 14:10 +00:00 2018-10-29 10:10 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11316 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/29/11316.aspx Évaluation des interventions TMS Intervention SST Analyse ergonomique du travail Intervention spécifique Intervention Évaluation des processus : comprendre comment le contexte des entreprises influence le déroulement des premières étapes d’interventions ergonomiques <p>Bien qu&#39;il soit g&eacute;n&eacute;ralement convenu que les ergonomes adaptent leur intervention au contexte de chaque entreprise, la fa&ccedil;on pr&eacute;cise dont ils y parviennent et sur quels crit&egrave;res cette adaptation se base sont peu renseign&eacute;s au plan scientifique. Une &eacute;valuation des processus a &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;e en adoptant un devis d&#39;&eacute;tude de cas multiple, en vue d&#39;identifier les indicateurs de contexte ayant influenc&eacute; quatre interventions du courant de l&#39;ergonomie de l&#39;activit&eacute;, r&eacute;alis&eacute;es par des ergonomes en formation. L&#39;&eacute;valuation a port&eacute; sur les &eacute;tapes de l&#39;intervention pr&eacute;c&eacute;dant l&#39;implantation des changements, soit de l&#39;analyse de la demande jusqu&#39;au moment o&ugrave; le plan d&#39;action est convenu avec les acteurs-cl&eacute;s. La collecte des donn&eacute;es a &eacute;t&eacute; effectu&eacute;e gr&acirc;ce &agrave; un journal de bord, des documents produits dans le cadre de l&#39;intervention, ainsi que des entretiens avec les intervenants et les acteurs-cl&eacute;s impliqu&eacute;s dans l&#39;intervention. Nos r&eacute;sultats pr&eacute;sent&eacute;s sous forme de mod&egrave;les logiques font ressortir 12 indicateurs de contexte ayant repr&eacute;sent&eacute; des leviers ou des obstacles au d&eacute;roulement de l&#39;intervention ou au plan d&#39;action. Des combinaisons d&#39;indicateurs ont eu un effet synergique positif ou n&eacute;gatif sur les cas. Le mod&egrave;le d&#39;&eacute;valuation propos&eacute; dans cette &eacute;tude interdisciplinaire pourrait &ecirc;tre repris lors d&#39;&eacute;tudes subs&eacute;quentes pour bonifier la compr&eacute;hension de l&#39;influence du contexte dans d&#39;autres situations d&#39;interventions ergonomiques. </p> <p>Source: Albert, V., V&eacute;zina, N., Bilodeau, H.&nbsp;et Coutarel, F. (2018). <em>Activit&eacute;s</em>, (15-2).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3411" title="https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3411">https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3411</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 29 Oct 2018 12:11:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/29/11316.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-29T12:11:00Z 2018-10-29 12:11 +00:00 2018-10-29 08:11 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11318 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/25/11318.aspx Lois et réglementations Organisation de la prévention Risques électriques Code de construction du Québec, Chapitre V - Électricité - Code canadien de l'électricité <p>L&#39;&eacute;dition 2018 du Chapitre V - &Eacute;lectricit&eacute; du Code de construction du Qu&eacute;bec comprend le Code canadien de l&#39;&eacute;lectricit&eacute;, Premi&egrave;re partie (vingt-troisi&egrave;me &eacute;dition) de 2015, adopt&eacute; par la province du Qu&eacute;bec et comporte des exigences modifi&eacute;es propres au Qu&eacute;bec. Cette 23e &eacute;dition a subi une refonte majeure et compte toutes les importantes modifications et mises &agrave; jour d&eacute;coulant des deux &eacute;ditions pr&eacute;c&eacute;dentes du Code (publi&eacute;es en 2012 et en 2015). <br />Dans cette &eacute;dition, bon nombre de sections ont fait l&#39;objet d&#39;importantes r&eacute;visions. Ainsi, la section 4 &eacute;nonce maintenant des exigences visant le courant admissible des c&acirc;bles haute tension et les articles visant la temp&eacute;rature &agrave; l&#39;extr&eacute;mit&eacute; des conducteurs ont &eacute;t&eacute; clarifi&eacute;s. En outre, le nouveau tableau 39 simplifie le choix des conducteurs de branchement et d&#39;art&egrave;re destin&eacute;s &agrave; un usage r&eacute;sidentiel. Plus d&#39;options sont donn&eacute;es pour le calcul de la charge et de la chute de tension.<br />Des clarifications ont &eacute;t&eacute; apport&eacute;es au choix du conducteur de continuit&eacute; des masses gr&acirc;ce &agrave; l&#39;ajout des tableaux 16A et 16B. En outre, dans la section 12 on a ajout&eacute; et r&eacute;vis&eacute; des exigences visant les m&eacute;thodes de c&acirc;blage et on a augment&eacute; les tableaux visant le nombre de conducteurs dans un conduit.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://store.csagroup.org/ccrz__ProductDetails?viewState=DetailView&amp;cartID=&amp;sku=C22.10-18&amp;isCSRFlow=true&amp;portalUser=&amp;store=&amp;cclcl=fr_CA" title="https://store.csagroup.org/ccrz__ProductDetails?viewState=DetailView&amp;cartID=&amp;sku=C22.10-18&amp;isCSRFlow=true&amp;portalUser=&amp;store=&amp;cclcl=fr_CA">https://store.csagroup.org/ccrz__ProductDetails?viewState=DetailView&amp;cartID=&amp;sku=C22.10-18&amp;isCSRFlow=true&amp;portalUser=&amp;store=&amp;cclcl=fr_CA</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 25 Oct 2018 14:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/25/11318.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-25T14:04:00Z 2018-10-25 14:04 +00:00 2018-10-25 10:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11312 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/23/11312.aspx Cadenassage Réduction du risque Risque machine Secteur de l'industrie manufacturière Références en ligne Guide Secteurs d'activités Hazardous Energy Control (Lockout and Other Means) <p>It is a matter of life and death. Hazardous energy control is more than Lockout. It encompasses Machine Guarding, Alternative Measures (alternative guarding arrangement that prevents exposure to hazardous energy), Lockout, and other methods of ensuring worker safety from contact with hazardous energy. Here you will find information on regulatory requirements, general guidance and procedures that your company can use to implement an effective Hazardous Energy Control (Lockout/Tagout) Program and prevent unexpected energizing, start-up or release of stored energy which could cause serious injury or death to workers. Injuries related to Lockout often occur when an employee services or repairs a machine or tries to clear a jam but fails to de-energize the machine and lockout sources of energy.&nbsp; Problems can also occur during the process of re-energizing.<br />Sources of energy are not only electrical; they can also include mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, chemical, thermal, or other sources of energy. The failure to develop and use hazardous energy control (Lockout) procedures is one of OSHA&#39;s annual top 10 most frequently cited workplace safety violations. Injuries and fatalities that happen for failure to implement a Lockout Program are much more costly than the citations (not only in economic terms). A comprehensive, written, diligently planned and executed Hazardous Energy Control (Lockout) Program protects the life, and the safety and health of workers; it is a very important part of machine maintenance and production servicing operations.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/nora/councils/manuf/loto/default.html" title="https://www.cdc.gov/nora/councils/manuf/loto/default.html">https://www.cdc.gov/nora/councils/manuf/loto/default.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 23 Oct 2018 17:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/23/11312.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-23T17:19:00Z 2018-10-23 17:19 +00:00 2018-10-23 13:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11292 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/10/16/11292.aspx TMS Interventions Méthodes et types d’études Milieux de pratique Pourvoyeurs de services Affections Types d'interventions Recherche qualitative Physiothérapie Milieu clinique Physiotherapy for injured workers in Canada: are insurers’ and clinics’ policies threatening good quality and equity of care? <p><strong>Results of a qualitative study</strong><br />In recent years, significant efforts have been made to improve the provision of care for compensated injured workers internationally. However, despite increasing efforts at implementing best practices in this field, some studies show that policies overseeing the organisation of care for injured workers can have perverse influences on healthcare providers&#39; practices and can prevent workers from receiving the best care possible. The influence of these policies on physiotherapists&#39; practices has yet to be investigated. Our objectives were thus to explore the influence of 1) workers&#39; compensation boards&#39; and 2) physiotherapy clinics&#39; policies on the care physiotherapists provide to workers with musculoskeletal injuries in three large Canadian provinces.<br />The Interpretive Description framework, a qualitative methodological approach, guided this inquiry. Forty participants (30 physiotherapists and 10 leaders and administrators from physiotherapy professional groups and workers&#39; compensation boards) were recruited in British Columbia, Ontario and Quebec to participate in an in-depth interview. Inductive analysis was conducted using constant comparative techniques.<br />Narratives from participants show that policies of workers&#39; compensation boards and individual physiotherapy clinics have significant impacts on physiotherapists&#39; clinical practices. Policies found at both levels often place physiotherapists in uncomfortable positions where they cannot always do what they believe to be best for their patients. Because of these policies, treatments provided to compensated injured workers markedly differ from those provided to other patients receiving physiotherapy care at the same clinic. Workers&#39; compensation board policies such as reimbursement rates, end points for treatment and communication mechanisms, and clinic policies such as physiotherapists&#39; remuneration schemes and restrictions on the choice of professionals had negative influences on care. Policies that were viewed as positive were board policies that recognize, promote and support physiotherapists&#39; duties and clinics that provide organisational support for administrative tasks.<br />In Canada, workers&#39; compensation play a significant role in financing physiotherapy care for people injured at work. Despite the best intentions in promoting evidence-based guidelines and procedures regarding rehabilitation care for injured workers, complex policy factors currently limit the application of these recommendations in practice. Research that targets these policies could contribute to significant changes in clinical settings.</p> <p>Source: Hudon, A., Hunt, M.&nbsp;et Feldman, D. E. (2018). <em>BMC Health Services Research, 18</em>(1), 682.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-3491-1" title="https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-3491-1">https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-3491-1</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 16 Oct 2018 12:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/10/16/11292.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-16T12:44:00Z 2018-10-16 12:44 +00:00 2018-10-16 08:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11299 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/12/11299.aspx Machines fixes Lois et réglementations Techniques de sécurité Risque machine Guide Ponts roulants - Manuel de sécurité <p>Longtemps rest&eacute;e dans le domaine de l&#39;empirisme, l&#39;utilisation des engins fait aujourd&#39;hui l&#39;objet de r&egrave;gles nombreuses touchant &agrave; la fois au choix, aux v&eacute;rifications et &agrave; la maintenance du mat&eacute;riel, &agrave; la formation du personnel, ainsi qu&#39;&agrave; la conduite proprement dite.<br />C&#39;est pourquoi ce manuel comprend deux parties : l&#39;une consacr&eacute;e aux aspects purement r&eacute;glementaires, l&#39;autre plus sp&eacute;cifiquement d&eacute;di&eacute;e aux r&egrave;gles de bonnes pratiques en mati&egrave;re de conduite d&#39;engins.<br />Un large public pourra ainsi trouver dans ce manuel les r&eacute;f&eacute;rences qui lui seront n&eacute;cessaires : chefs d&#39;&eacute;tablissements, charg&eacute;s de s&eacute;curit&eacute;, formateurs, et bien s&ucirc;r les conducteurs eux-m&ecirc;mes (pontiers, conducteurs de ponts roulants, de portiques et semi-portiques).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206105" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206105">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206105</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 12 Oct 2018 13:46:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/12/11299.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-12T13:46:00Z 2018-10-12 13:46 +00:00 2018-10-12 09:46 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11284 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/11/11284.aspx Appareils à adduction d'air Protection respiratoire Appareils pour la protection respiratoire Normes et législation NF EN 14594 - Appareils de protection respiratoire <p>Le pr&eacute;sent document sp&eacute;cifie les caract&eacute;ristiques minimales exig&eacute;es des appareils de protection respiratoire (APR) isolants &agrave; adduction d&#39;air comprim&eacute; &agrave; d&eacute;bit continu utilis&eacute;s avec des masques complets, des demi-masques, des cagoules, des casques ou des combinaisons, ainsi que des appareils utilis&eacute;s dans les op&eacute;rations de projection d&#39;abrasifs en tant qu&#39;appareils de protection respiratoire.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-14594/appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-isolants-a-adduction-d-air-comprime-a-debit-continu-ex/article/875333/fa188028" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-14594/appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-isolants-a-adduction-d-air-comprime-a-debit-continu-ex/article/875333/fa188028">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-14594/appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-isolants-a-adduction-d-air-comprime-a-debit-continu-ex/article/875333/fa188028</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 11 Oct 2018 13:27:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/11/11284.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-11T13:27:00Z 2018-10-11 13:27 +00:00 2018-10-11 09:27 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11291 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/10/10/11291.aspx Accidents cérébrovasculaires Méthodes et types d’études Affections Méthodes non-expérimentales Étude longitudinale Étude épidémiologique Recherche quantitative Intervention Types d'interventions Affections non associées au travail Return to work after specialized rehabilitation <p><strong>An explorative longitudinal study in a cohort of severely disabled persons with stroke in seven countries</strong><br />Introduction: Stroke may impose disabilities with severe consequences for the individual, with physical, psychological, social, and work-related consequences. The objective with the current study was to investigate to what extent persons with stroke were able to return to work, to maintain their financial situation, and to describe the follow-up services and participation in social networks and recreational activities.<br />Methods: The design was a prospective, descriptive study of specialized stroke rehabilitation in nine rehabilitation centers in seven countries. Semistructured interviews, which focused on the return to work, the financial situation, follow-up services, the maintenance of recreational activities, and networks, were performed 6 and 12 months post discharge from rehabilitation.<br />Results: The working rate before the onset of stroke ranged from 27% to 86%. At 12 months post stroke, the return to work varied from 11% to 43%. Consequently, many reported a reduced financial situation from 10% to 70% at 6 months and from 10% to 80% at 12 months. Access to postrehabilitation follow-up services varied in the different countries from 24% to 100% at 6 months and from 21% to 100% at 12 months. Physical therapy was the most common follow-up services reported. Persons with stroke were less active in recreational activities and experienced reduced social networks. Associations between results from the semistructured interviews and related themes in LiSat-11 were small to moderate. The study shows that education, age, and disability are predictors for return to work. Differences between countries were observed in the extent of unemployment.<br />Conclusions: In this international multicentre study, return to work after severe stroke and specialized/comprehensive rehabilitation was possible, depending on the extent of the disability, age, and education. Altered financial situation, reduced social networks, and reduced satisfaction with life were common psychosocial situations for these patients.</p> <p>Source: Langhammer, B., Sunnerhagen, K. S., S&auml;llstr&ouml;m, S., Becker, F.&nbsp;et Stanghelle, J. K. (2018). <em>Brain and Behavior, 8</em>(8).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://dx.doi.org/10.1002%2Fbrb3.1055" title="https://dx.doi.org/10.1002%2Fbrb3.1055">https://dx.doi.org/10.1002%2Fbrb3.1055</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 10 Oct 2018 17:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/10/10/11291.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-10T17:19:00Z 2018-10-10 17:19 +00:00 2018-10-10 13:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11286 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/09/11286.aspx Appareils de levage Équipements Machines fixes Normes NF EN 13135+A1 - Appareils de levage à charge suspendue <p>La pr&eacute;sente Norme europ&eacute;enne sp&eacute;cifie des prescriptions pour la conception et le choix des &eacute;quipements &eacute;lectriques, m&eacute;caniques, hydrauliques et pneumatiques utilis&eacute;s pour tous les types d&#39;appareils de levage &agrave; charge suspendue et leurs accessoires fixes de levage de charge, dans le but de s&#39;assurer de la fiabilit&eacute; des fonctions et de prot&eacute;ger le personnel des ph&eacute;nom&egrave;nes dangereux qui pourraient affecter leur sant&eacute; et leur s&eacute;curit&eacute;.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-13135a1/appareils-de-levage-a-charge-suspendue-securite-conception-prescriptions-relatives-a-l-equipement/article/913052/fa190546" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-13135a1/appareils-de-levage-a-charge-suspendue-securite-conception-prescriptions-relatives-a-l-equipement/article/913052/fa190546">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-13135a1/appareils-de-levage-a-charge-suspendue-securite-conception-prescriptions-relatives-a-l-equipement/article/913052/fa190546</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Oct 2018 12:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/09/11286.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-09T12:09:00Z 2018-10-09 12:09 +00:00 2018-10-09 08:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11285 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/05/11285.aspx Engins de terrassement Équipements Machines mobiles et véhicules Normes NF ISO 5006 - Engins de terrassement <p>Le pr&eacute;sent document sp&eacute;cifie une m&eacute;thode d&#39;essai statique qui permet de d&eacute;terminer et d&#39;&eacute;valuer le champ de vision de l&#39;op&eacute;rateur, mesur&eacute;e sur un contour rectangulaire entourant l&#39;engin et sur un cercle d&#39;essai de visibilit&eacute; (VTC) de 12 m de rayon. Il s&#39;applique aux engins de terrassement tels que d&eacute;finis dans l&#39;ISO 6165, qui ont un poste de l&#39;op&eacute;rateur assis, et qui sont destin&eacute;s &agrave; fonctionner sur des chantiers et circuler sur les voies publiques. Il fournit des crit&egrave;res de performance de visibilit&eacute; pour des engins ayant une masse en service maximale selon l&#39;ISO 6016, d&eacute;pendant du type de la famille d&#39;engins &eacute;num&eacute;r&eacute;s dans le Tableau 1. Pour les engins non mentionn&eacute;s dans le Tableau 1, y compris les engins de grand gabarit, les engins de terrassement d&eacute;riv&eacute;s et autres types d&#39;engins de terrassement, les modes op&eacute;ratoires d&#39;essai de visibilit&eacute; peuvent &ecirc;tre utilis&eacute;s avec le processus de l&#39;appr&eacute;ciation du risque d&eacute;fini en 10.4.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-5006/engins-de-terrassement-visibilite-du-conducteur-methode-d-essai-et-criteres-de-performance/article/914157/fa194622" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-5006/engins-de-terrassement-visibilite-du-conducteur-methode-d-essai-et-criteres-de-performance/article/914157/fa194622">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-5006/engins-de-terrassement-visibilite-du-conducteur-methode-d-essai-et-criteres-de-performance/article/914157/fa194622</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 05 Oct 2018 13:02:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/05/11285.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-05T13:02:00Z 2018-10-05 13:02 +00:00 2018-10-05 09:02 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11277 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/09/28/11277.aspx Outils d'évaluation de la santé TMS Incapacité Patient-oriented outcomes Santé psychologique au travail Affections Évaluation de la capacité fonctionnelle Étude des qualités psychométriques de l’Outil d’identification de la situation de handicap au travail (OISHT) utilisé auprès de travailleurs ayant un trouble musculosquelettique ou un trouble mental courant <p>L&#39;outil d&#39;identification de la situation de handicap au travail (OISHT) consiste en une entrevue structur&eacute;e qui a &eacute;t&eacute; d&eacute;velopp&eacute;e pour aider les cliniciens &agrave; identifier de fa&ccedil;on syst&eacute;matique les facteurs li&eacute;s &agrave; l&#39;incapacit&eacute; au travail. L&#39;OISHT est un des rares outils disponibles en r&eacute;adaptation pour la client&egrave;le en phase chronique d&#39;incapacit&eacute; au travail. Il tient compte de l&#39;influence de diff&eacute;rents syst&egrave;mes (personnel, sant&eacute;, travail, indemnisation) et a &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;labor&eacute; pour les deux principales probl&eacute;matiques de sant&eacute; associ&eacute;es &agrave; l&#39;incapacit&eacute; au travail, soit les troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS) et les troubles mentaux courants (TMC).<br />L&#39;objectif de cette &eacute;tude visait la validation de l&#39;OISHT aupr&egrave;s de personnes absentes du travail, en raison de TMS ou de TMC. Plus pr&eacute;cis&eacute;ment, il s&#39;agissait de d&eacute;crire les qualit&eacute;s psychom&eacute;triques suivantes de l&#39;OISHT : 1) la validit&eacute; de construit, 2) la coh&eacute;rence interne, 3) la fid&eacute;lit&eacute; interjuges et 4) la validit&eacute; convergente.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101007/n/outil-identification-de-la-situation-handicap-au-travail-oisht-trouble-musculosquelettique-trouble-mental-courant" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101007/n/outil-identification-de-la-situation-handicap-au-travail-oisht-trouble-musculosquelettique-trouble-mental-courant">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101007/n/outil-identification-de-la-situation-handicap-au-travail-oisht-trouble-musculosquelettique-trouble-mental-courant</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 28 Sep 2018 13:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/09/28/11277.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-28T13:24:00Z 2018-09-28 13:24 +00:00 2018-09-28 09:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11273 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/25/11273.aspx Traitement acoustique des locaux Prévention du bruit Réduction du bruit Étude de terrain pour l'évaluation de l'effet du masquage sonore sur la santé et le bien-être au travail dans les bureaux ouverts. <p>Les syst&egrave;mes de masquage sonore d&#39;aujourd&#39;hui sont pr&eacute;sent&eacute;s comme des outils pour r&eacute;duire les nuisances sonores dans les bureaux ouverts. Ces syst&egrave;mes comprennent des haut-parleurs qui augmentent artificiellement le bruit de fond pour r&eacute;duire l&#39;intelligibilit&eacute; de la parole et, selon leurs fabricants, ils r&eacute;duisent les perturbations et la fatigue cognitive. Ces arguments reposent sur des &eacute;tudes dont la repr&eacute;sentativit&eacute; reste limit&eacute;e puisqu&#39;elle ne repose que sur des exp&eacute;riences de laboratoire impliquant des temps d&#39;exposition courts. C&#39;est ce manque de donn&eacute;es repr&eacute;sentatives qui justifie la pr&eacute;sente &eacute;tude, dont l&#39;objectif est d&#39;&eacute;valuer in situ les effets d&#39;un syst&egrave;me de masquage sur diff&eacute;rents &eacute;tats psychologiques (fatigue, stress, charge mentale) et sur les nuisances sonores. Pour atteindre cet objectif, un syst&egrave;me de masquage acoustique du commerce a &eacute;t&eacute; s&eacute;lectionn&eacute; sur la base de crit&egrave;res techniques tels que la possibilit&eacute; de g&eacute;n&eacute;rer un champ acoustique uniforme dans la pi&egrave;ce ou la possibilit&eacute; d&#39;ajuster automatiquement le niveau &eacute;mis au niveau sonore environnant. Le syst&egrave;me a &eacute;t&eacute; install&eacute; pendant plusieurs semaines dans un bureau ouvert d&#39;une grande soci&eacute;t&eacute; bancaire fran&ccedil;aise. Deux types de mesures ont &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;s tout au long de la p&eacute;riode de mise en oeuvre du syst&egrave;me. (1) Mesures objectives : les caract&eacute;ristiques de performance acoustique de la pi&egrave;ce ont &eacute;t&eacute; mesur&eacute;es (d&eacute;gradation spatiale du niveau sonore - D2, S et DL2 - et temps de r&eacute;verb&eacute;ration) ainsi que le bruit ambiant &agrave; diff&eacute;rents moments de fonctionnement du syst&egrave;me. (2) Mesures subjectives &agrave; l&#39;aide de questionnaires. Ces mesures subjectives nous ont permis d&#39;&eacute;valuer les effets du masquage sonore sur les diff&eacute;rents &eacute;tats psychologiques susmentionn&eacute;s. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/dms/inrs/Presse/presse-2018/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR.pdf" title="http://www.inrs.fr/dms/inrs/Presse/presse-2018/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR.pdf">http://www.inrs.fr/dms/inrs/Presse/presse-2018/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 25 Sep 2018 12:38:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/25/11273.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-25T12:38:00Z 2018-09-25 12:38 +00:00 2018-09-25 08:38 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11251 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/09/17/11251.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Facteurs organisationnels Méthodes et types d’études Méthodes non-expérimentales Étude longitudinale Étude épidémiologique Facteurs liés à l’environnement de travail Workplace Social System and Sustained Return-to-Work: A Study of Supervisor and Co-worker Supportiveness and Injury Reaction <p>Objective: To examine the impact of the social workplace system on sustained return-to-work (SRTW). Methods: A random sample of workers&#39; compensation claimants was recruited to complete a survey following claim acceptance (baseline), and 6 months later (time 2). SRTW, at baseline and time 2, was classified as those reporting being back at work for &gt;28 days. Co-worker and supervisor support were assessed using five and seven items, respectively, and total scores were produced. A list of potential supervisory and co-worker reactions were presented to participants who were asked whether the reaction applied to them; response were coded as positive or non-positive. Demographic and injury characteristics, and work context factors were collected. Baseline and at time 2 multivariable models were conducted to examine the impact of supervisory and coworker support and injury reaction on SRTW. Results: 551 (baseline) and 403 (time 2) participants from the overall cohort met study eligibility criteria. At baseline, 59% of all participants indicated SRTW; 70% reported SRTW at time 2. Participants reported moderate support from their supervisor (mean&thinsp;=&thinsp;8.5&thinsp;&plusmn;&thinsp;3.9; median&thinsp;=&thinsp;8.2; range&thinsp;=&thinsp;5&ndash;15) and co-workers (mean&thinsp;=&thinsp;10.2&thinsp;&plusmn;&thinsp;4.5; median&thinsp;=&thinsp;10.3; range&thinsp;=&thinsp;5&ndash;25). Over half reported a positive supervisor (59%) or co-worker injury reaction (71%). Multivariable models found that a positive supervisor injury reaction was significantly associated with SRTW at baseline (OR 2.3; 95% CI 1.4&ndash;3.9) and time 2 (OR 1.6; 95% CI 1.1&ndash;2.3). Conclusions: Promoting supervisor positivity towards an injured worker is an important organizational work disability management strategy.</p> <p>Source: Jetha, A., LaMontagne, A. D., Lilley, R., Hogg-Johnson, S., Sim, M.&nbsp;et Smith, P. (2018). <em>Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 28</em>(3),&nbsp;486-494.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9724-z" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9724-z ">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9724-z</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 17 Sep 2018 18:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/09/17/11251.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-17T18:44:00Z 2018-09-17 18:44 +00:00 2018-09-17 14:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11245 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/17/11245.aspx Matériaux acoustiques Prévention du bruit Méthodes de mesure Réduction du bruit Méthodologie innovante pour la caractérisation des matériaux acoustiques en laboratoire et étude de son applicabilité sur le terrain <p>La performance d&#39;un traitement insonorisant se traduit par un coefficient d&#39;absorption, qui est d&eacute;fini th&eacute;oriquement entre une valeur de 0 (mat&eacute;riau non absorbant) et une valeur de 1 (mat&eacute;riau parfaitement absorbant). Peu pr&eacute;cise &agrave; plusieurs &eacute;gards, la mesure de ce coefficient est uniquement r&eacute;alis&eacute;e en laboratoire. Elle est caract&eacute;ris&eacute;e par la grande variabilit&eacute; des r&eacute;sultats entre les laboratoires de test et les valeurs d&#39;absorption obtenues atteignent souvent des valeurs non physiques en pratique (sup&eacute;rieures &agrave; 1). Pourtant, ces valeurs servent actuellement &agrave; choisir des mat&eacute;riaux pour des traitements absorbants, ou pour r&eacute;aliser des calculs pr&eacute;visionnels de bruit (pour lesquels la principale source d&#39;erreur reste la connaissance pr&eacute;cise de ces coefficients).<br />Sur la base d&#39;une premi&egrave;re preuve de concept, la pr&eacute;sente &eacute;tude propose une m&eacute;thode de caract&eacute;risation robuste et fiable des traitements absorbants en laboratoire et &eacute;value son applicabilit&eacute; sur le terrain, afin de pouvoir mesurer les performances r&eacute;elles des mat&eacute;riaux apr&egrave;s leur installation. L&#39;approche propos&eacute;e repose sur la mesure de la propagation acoustique entre une source mobile (formant une &laquo; antenne &raquo; virtuelle) et un doublet microphonique fixe &agrave; faible distance d&#39;un &eacute;chantillon du mat&eacute;riau test&eacute;. Dans une &eacute;tape de post-traitement ult&eacute;rieure, ces donn&eacute;es sont utilis&eacute;es pour obtenir le coefficient d&#39;absorption dans des conditions de champ acoustique diffus.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101005/n/caracterisation-materiaux-acoustiques" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101005/n/caracterisation-materiaux-acoustiques">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101005/n/caracterisation-materiaux-acoustiques</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 17 Sep 2018 12:53:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/17/11245.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-17T12:53:00Z 2018-09-17 12:53 +00:00 2018-09-17 08:53 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11229 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/06/11229.aspx Effets sur la santé Force de préhension Vibrations main-bras TMS Outils portatifs Facteurs de risque Occupational biomechanical risk factors for surgically treated ulnar nerve entrapment in a prospective study of male construction workers <p>Evidence was provided for forceful hand-grip work, with and without vibration, as a risk factor for ulnar nerve entrapment (UNE) surgery in a large cohort of Swedish construction&nbsp; workers. Several individual biomechanical factors comprising such work were associated with increased risk of UNE, including: increased grip force, upper extremity load, frequency of hand-held tool use, and hand arm vibration.</p> <p>Source: Jackson, J. A., Olsson, D., Punnett, L., Burdorf, A., J&auml;rvholm, B.&nbsp;et Wahlstr&ouml;m, J. (2018). <em>Scandinavian journal of work, environment &amp; health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3757" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3757">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3757</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 06 Sep 2018 18:29:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/06/11229.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-06T18:29:00Z 2018-09-06 18:29 +00:00 2018-09-06 14:29 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11212 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/31/11212.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Équipement de protection Équipement de protection individuel Canadiens vulnérables au bruit en milieu de travail <p>Contexte : Les lois relatives &agrave; la sant&eacute; et &agrave; la s&eacute;curit&eacute; visent &agrave; prot&eacute;ger les travailleurs des dangers, y compris du bruit excessif. Cependant, certains travailleurs ne sont pas tenus d&#39;utiliser des dispositifs de protection de l&#39;ou&iuml;e en cas d&#39;exposition &agrave; du bruit intense et ils peuvent en subir les r&eacute;percussions n&eacute;fastes, notamment des troubles auditifs et des acouph&egrave;nes.<br />Donn&eacute;es et m&eacute;thodes : Les donn&eacute;es pour les personnes &acirc;g&eacute;es de 19 &agrave; 79 ans (n = 6 571) ont &eacute;t&eacute; recueillies de 2012 &agrave; 2015 dans le cadre de l&#39;Enqu&ecirc;te canadienne sur les mesures de la sant&eacute;. Les personnes expos&eacute;es &agrave; du bruit intense en milieu de travail sont celles qui doivent &eacute;lever la voix pour communiquer avec une personne se trouvant &agrave; la distance d&#39;un bras. Les travailleurs vuln&eacute;rables sont ceux qui ne sont pas tenus d&#39;utiliser, pendant leur travail dans des environnements bruyants, des dispositifs de protection de l&#39;ou&iuml;e et qui ne les utilisent que parfois, rarement ou jamais.<br />R&eacute;sultats : On estime que 11 millions de Canadiens (43 %) ont travaill&eacute; dans des environnements bruyants et que plus de 6 millions d&#39;entre eux (56 %) sont class&eacute;s comme &eacute;tant vuln&eacute;rables au bruit en milieu de travail. M&ecirc;me si le pourcentage de femmes vuln&eacute;rables (72 %) &eacute;tait sup&eacute;rieur &agrave; celui des hommes (48 %), le nombre d&#39;hommes d&eacute;passait celui des femmes dans ce contexte pour atteindre 3,7 millions (par rapport &agrave; 2,4 millions de femmes). Les travailleurs autonomes &eacute;taient plus susceptibles d&#39;&ecirc;tre vuln&eacute;rables que les employ&eacute;s, tout comme les cols blancs &eacute;taient plus susceptibles d&#39;&ecirc;tre vuln&eacute;rables que les cols bleus. Les travailleurs vuln&eacute;rables &eacute;taient plus enclins &agrave; d&eacute;clarer souffrir de troubles auditifs et d&#39;acouph&egrave;nes que les personnes n&#39;ayant jamais travaill&eacute; dans un environnement bruyant.<br />Interpr&eacute;tation : Un pourcentage &eacute;lev&eacute; de travailleurs expos&eacute;s &agrave; un milieu de travail bruyant &eacute;tait vuln&eacute;rable parce que l&#39;utilisation d&#39;un dispositif de protection de l&#39;ou&iuml;e n&#39;&eacute;tait pas obligatoire ni courante</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/fr/pub/82-003-x/2018008/article/00002-fra.pdf" title="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/fr/pub/82-003-x/2018008/article/00002-fra.pdf">https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/fr/pub/82-003-x/2018008/article/00002-fra.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 31 Aug 2018 13:59:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/31/11212.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-31T13:59:00Z 2018-08-31 13:59 +00:00 2018-08-31 09:59 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11211 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/27/11211.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Caractérisation du bruit des machines Émission du bruit Secteur de l’industrie manufacturière Exposition au bruit industriel Secteurs d'activités Control of noise risk in the printing industry <p>Machinery used in the printing industry is inherently noisy. Noise levels in this industry have the potential to cause work-related hearing damage, if the risks are not properly assessed and managed. HSE has undertaken a study of noise levels and exposures in the printing industry, to determine noise risks and identify control measures.<br />The noise levels measured in this study indicate that print workers are exposed to hazardous levels of noise: 93% of the study population had noise exposure estimates exceeding the lower exposure action value (LEP,d 80 dB) specified in the Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005.<br />However, many effective noise control features were observed, which, when fully and properly used, can be effective in reducing noise exposures.<br />The inherently noisy nature of the industry, even in more modern print works where quieter machinery is used, means that there is likely to be an ongoing requirement for the use of hearing protection. Although hearing protection was observed to be widely provided and used, failure to correctly fit plug-type protection was commonly observed.<br />Instruction handbooks, obtained for a sample of printing machinery, were found, in most cases, to contain declared noise emission information that would help the user assess and manage real-use risk.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1102.htm" title="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1102.htm">http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1102.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 27 Aug 2018 18:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/27/11211.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-27T18:19:00Z 2018-08-27 18:19 +00:00 2018-08-27 14:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11193 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/13/11193.aspx Prévention du bruit Secteur des services de santé Fatigue auditive Équipement de protection individuel et collectif Secteurs d'activités Alarme sonore The impact of workload on the ability to localize audible alarms <p>Very little is known about people&#39;s ability to localize sound under varying workload conditions, though it would be expected that increasing workload should degrade performance. A set of eight auditory clinical alarms already known to have relatively high localizability (the ease with which their location is identified) when tested alone were tested in six conditions where workload was varied. Participants were required to indicate the location of a series of alarms emanating at random from one of eight speaker locations. Additionally, they were asked to read, carry out mental arithmetic tasks, be exposed to typical ICU noise, or carry out either the reading task or the mental arithmetic task in ICU noise. Performance in the localizability task was best in the control condition (no secondary task) and worst in those tasks which involved both a secondary task and noise. The data does therefore demonstrate the typical pattern of increasing workload affecting a primary task in an area where there is little data. In addition, the data demonstrates that performance in the control condition results in a missed alarm on one in ten occurrences, whereas performance in the heaviest workload conditions results in a missed alarm on every fourth occurrence. This finding has implications for the understanding of both &lsquo;inattentional deafness&#39; and &lsquo;alarm fatigue&#39; in clinical environments.</p> <p>Source: Edworthy, J., Reid, S., Peel, K., Lock, S., Williams, J., Newbury, C., ...&nbsp;et Farrington, M. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Applied ergonomics, 72</em>, 88-93.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.05.006" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.05.006">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.05.006</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 13 Aug 2018 15:10:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/13/11193.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-13T15:10:00Z 2018-08-13 15:10 +00:00 2018-08-13 11:10 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11192 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/08/13/11192.aspx TMS Membres supérieurs Recension des écrits Méthodes et types d’études Affections Main Sickness absence after carpal tunnel release <p><strong>A&nbsp;systematic review of the literature</strong><br />Objectives: The aim of this systematic review was to provide an overview of time to return to work (RTW) after carpal tunnel release (CTR), including return to different occupations and working patterns.<br />Methods: A systematic search from inception to 2016 was conducted using nine electronic databases, trial registries and grey literature repositories. Randomized controlled trials and observational studies reporting RTW times after CTR were included. Study risk of bias was assessed using Cochrane risk of bias assessment tools. Time to RTW was summarized using median and range.<br />Results: A total of 56 relevant studies were identified: 18 randomized controlled trials and 38 observational studies. Only 4 studies were rated as having a low risk of bias. Reported RTW times ranged from 4&ndash;168 days. Few studies reported occupational information. Among 6 studies, median time to return to non-manual work was 21 days (range 7&ndash;41), compared with 39 days for manual work (range 18&ndash;101). Median time to return to modified or full duties was 23 days (ranges 12&ndash;50 and 17&ndash;64, respectively), as reported by 3 studies. There was no common method of defining, collecting or reporting RTW data.<br />Conclusions: This review highlights wide variation in reported RTW times after CTR. Whilst occupational factors may play a role, these were poorly reported, and there is currently limited evidence to inform individual<br />patients of their expected duration of work absence after CTR. A standardized definition of RTW is needed, as well as an agreed method of collecting and reporting related data.</p> <p>Source: Newington L., Stevens M., Warwick D., Adams J. et&nbsp;Walker-Bone K. (2018). <em>Scand J Work Environ Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3762" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3762">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3762</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 13 Aug 2018 14:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/08/13/11192.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-13T14:14:00Z 2018-08-13 14:14 +00:00 2018-08-13 10:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11169 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/07/31/11169.aspx Recension des écrits Méthodes et types d’études Recension systématique des écrits Évaluation d’intervention en réadaptation Interventions Developed with the Intervention Mapping Protocol in Work Disability Prevention <p><strong>A Systematic Review of the Literature</strong><br />Purposes Intervention mapping (IM) is a protocol for developing effective behavior change interventions. It has been used for 10 years to develop work disability prevention (WDP) interventions, but it is not known to what extent and with what success. The main objective of this study was to review the effectiveness of these interventions. Secondary objectives were to review their fidelity to the IM protocol, their theoretical frameworks and their content. Methods A search strategy was conducted in MEDLINE, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Pascal, Francis, and BDSP. All titles and abstracts were reviewed. A standardized extraction form was developed. All included studies were reviewed by two reviewers blinded to each other. Results Eight WDP interventions were identified aimed at return to work (RTW; n&thinsp;=&thinsp;6) and self-management at work (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;2). RTW interventions targeted workers with stress-related mental disorders (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;1), low back pain (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;1), musculoskeletal disorders (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;1), cancer (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;2) and gynecological surgery (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;1). The fidelity to the IM protocol was weaker for the participatory planning group. Matrices of change, change methods, and applications were systematically reported. The main theoretical frameworks used were the attitude-social influence-self efficacy model (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;4) and the theory of planned behavior (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;2). Half of the interventions included a workplace component (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;4). Two interventions were reported as effective, and one partially effective. Conclusion The IM protocol is used in WDP since 2007. The participative dimension appears underused. Few theoretical frameworks were used. Implications are to better consider the stakeholders involvement, and mobilize theoretical frameworks with greater attempts to intervene on the work environment.</p> <p>Source: Fassier, J. B., Sarnin, P., Rouat, S., P&eacute;ron, J., Kok, G., Letrilliart, L.&nbsp;et Lamort-Bouch&eacute;, M. (2018). <em>Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-018-9776-8" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-018-9776-8">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-018-9776-8</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 31 Jul 2018 13:34:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/07/31/11169.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-31T13:34:00Z 2018-07-31 13:34 +00:00 2018-07-31 09:34 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11112 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/07/10/11112.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Absentéisme Cancer Affections Maintien en emploi Trajectoires professionnelles Inégalités sociales de santé Affections non associées au travail Conséquences de la survenue du cancer sur les parcours professionnels <p><strong>Une analyse sur donn&eacute;es m&eacute;dico-administratives</strong><br />Ce rapport &eacute;tudie les effets &agrave; court et moyen termes de la survenue d&#39;un cancer sur l&#39;emploi et l&#39;activit&eacute;. Il utilise la base de donn&eacute;es Hygie, produite par l&#39;Irdes &agrave; partir des donn&eacute;es administratives de la Caisse nationale de l&#39;Assurance maladie et de la Caisse nationale d&#39;assurance vieillesse. Hygie permet de reconstituer la carri&egrave;re de l&#39;individu ainsi que les &eacute;v&eacute;nements de sant&eacute;.<br />Une premi&egrave;re partie exploite la dimension r&eacute;trospective li&eacute;e &agrave; la carri&egrave;re et confirme l&#39;effet p&eacute;nalisant du cancer sur l&#39;activit&eacute; et l&#39;augmentation des arr&ecirc;ts maladie. Les r&eacute;sultats d&#39;un mod&egrave;le de double diff&eacute;rence avec appariement exact montrent la persistance des effets de la maladie sur l&#39;&eacute;loignement du march&eacute; du travail, la probabilit&eacute; d&#39;&ecirc;tre employ&eacute; au moins un trimestre dans l&#39;ann&eacute;e diminuant jusqu&#39;&agrave; un horizon de cinq ans. Nous mesurons &eacute;galement l&#39;effet des douze cancers les plus pr&eacute;valents dans la base Hygie et de maladies chroniques ayant un impact potentiel sur le march&eacute; du travail. Les effets les plus marqu&eacute;s sont relatifs au cancer du poumon et des bronches, &agrave; la schizophr&eacute;nie et au VIH. Les maladies chroniques autres que le cancer ont des effets nettement plus att&eacute;nu&eacute;s probablement parce que leurs traitements au long cours am&eacute;liorent la qualit&eacute; de vie.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irdes.fr/recherche/rapports/568-consequences-de-la-survenue-du-cancer-sur-les-parcours-professionnels.pdf" title="http://www.irdes.fr/recherche/rapports/568-consequences-de-la-survenue-du-cancer-sur-les-parcours-professionnels.pdf">http://www.irdes.fr/recherche/rapports/568-consequences-de-la-survenue-du-cancer-sur-les-parcours-professionnels.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 10 Jul 2018 13:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/07/10/11112.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-10T13:49:00Z 2018-07-10 13:49 +00:00 2018-07-10 09:49 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11061 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/06/12/11061.aspx Surdité Risques dus au bruit Revue de littérature Revue de la littérature sur les liens entre la surdité professionnelle et la presbyacousie <p>Cette&nbsp;revue de la litt&eacute;rature a &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;e pour r&eacute;pondre &agrave; une s&eacute;rie de questions concernant le processus d&#39;acquisition de la surdit&eacute; professionnelle. L&#39;objectif g&eacute;n&eacute;ral du projet visait &agrave; documenter comment s&#39;acquiert la surdit&eacute; professionnelle en relation, plus particuli&egrave;rement, avec la presbyacousie.<br />La&nbsp;revue de la litt&eacute;rature visait plus sp&eacute;cifiquement &agrave; 1) d&eacute;terminer si l&#39;exposition au bruit peut acc&eacute;l&eacute;rer le processus de la presbyacousie; 2) &eacute;tablir si l&#39;utilisation de facteurs de correction peut permettre de discriminer la surdit&eacute; professionnelle de la presbyacousie; 3) &eacute;valuer comment &eacute;volue la surdit&eacute; apr&egrave;s l&#39;arr&ecirc;t de l&#39;exposition &agrave; un bruit excessif au travail.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100984/n/revue-litterature-liens-surdite-professionnelle-presbyacousie" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100984/n/revue-litterature-liens-surdite-professionnelle-presbyacousie">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100984/n/revue-litterature-liens-surdite-professionnelle-presbyacousie</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 12 Jun 2018 12:35:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/06/12/11061.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-12T12:35:00Z 2018-06-12 12:35 +00:00 2018-06-12 08:35 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11039 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/06/05/11039.aspx TMS Interventions Essais randomisés Affections Épaules Cou Types d'interventions Thérapie multidisciplinaire Essais comparatifs Return to Work in Employees on Sick Leave due to Neck or Shoulder Pain <p><strong>A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Multidisciplinary and Brief Intervention with One-Year Register-Based Follow-Up</strong><br />Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a multidisciplinary intervention (MDI) compared to a brief intervention (BI) with respect to return to work (RTW), pain and disability in workers on sick leave because of neck or shoulder pain. Methods: 168 study participants with sickness absence for 4&ndash;16 weeks due to neck or shoulder pain were enrolled in a hospital-based clinical study and randomized to either MDI or BI. The primary outcome was RTW obtained by a national registry on public transfer payments. Secondary outcomes were self-reported pain and disability levels. One-year follow-up RTW rates were estimated by Cox proportional hazard regression adjusted for gender, age, sick leave prior to inclusion, part-time sick leave and clinical diagnosis. Secondary outcomes were analysed using logistic and linear regression analysis for pain and disability, respectively. Results: In the MDI group, 50 participants (59%) experienced four or more continuous weeks of RTW while 48 (58%) returned to work in the BI group during the 1 year of follow-up. Results showed a statistically non significant tendency towards a lower rate of RTW in the MDI group than in the BI group (adjusted HR&thinsp;=&thinsp;0.84, 95% CI 0.54, 1.31). There were no statistically significant differences in secondary outcomes between the MDI and BI groups. Conclusion: The brief and the multidisciplinary interventions performed equally with respect to both primary and secondary outcomes. The added focus on RTW in the multidisciplinary group did not improve RTW rates in this group.</p> <p>Source: Moll, L. T., Jensen, O. K., Schi&oslash;ttz-Christensen, B., Stapelfeldt, C. M., Christiansen, D. H., Nielsen, C. V.&nbsp;et Labriola, M. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Journal of occupational rehabilitation</em>, 28,(2),&nbsp;346-356.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9727-9" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9727-9">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9727-9</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 05 Jun 2018 12:42:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/06/05/11039.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-05T12:42:00Z 2018-06-05 12:42 +00:00 2018-06-05 08:42 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11037 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/06/01/11037.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Recension des écrits Facteurs cognitifs et émotionnels Détresse psychologique Méthodes et types d’études Cancer Affections Facteurs liés à la personne Affections non associées au travail Common Psychosocial Factors Predicting Return to Work After Common Mental Disorders, Cardiovascular Diseases, and Cancers <p><strong>A Review of Reviews Supporting a Cross-Disease Approach</strong><br />Purpose: This systematic review aimed at identifying the common psychosocial factors that facilitate or hinder the return to work (RTW) after a sick leave due to common mental disorders (CMDs), cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), or cancers (CAs). Methods: We conducted a review of reviews searching 13 databases from 1994 to 2016 for peer-reviewed, quantitative, cohort studies investigating factors influencing RTW after a CMD, CVD, or CA. Then, for each disease we identified additional cohort studies published after the date of the latest review included. Data were extracted following a three steps best-evidence synthesis method: the extraction of results about each predictor from studies within each single review and in the additional papers; the synthesis of results across the reviews and additional papers investigating the same disease; and the synthesis of results across the diseases. Results: The search strategy identified 1029 unique records from which 27 reviews and 75 additional studies underwent comprehensive review. 14 reviews and 32 additional cohort studies met eligibility criteria. Specific predictors of RTW with different levels of evidence are provided for each disease. We found four common facilitators of RTW (job control, work ability, perceived good health and high socioeconomic status), and six barriers of RTW (job strain, anxiety, depression, comorbidity, older age and low education). Conclusion: This is the first review to systematically analyze commonalities in RTW after CMDs, CVDs, or CAs. The common factors identified indicate that the RTW process presents many similarities across various diseases, thus supporting the validity of a cross-disease approach.</p> <p>Source: Gragnano, A., Negrini, A., Miglioretti, M. et&nbsp;Corbi&egrave;re, M. (2018). <em>Journal of occupational rehabilitation,&nbsp;28</em>(2),&nbsp;215-231.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9714-1" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9714-1 ">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9714-1</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 01 Jun 2018 17:29:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/06/01/11037.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-01T17:29:00Z 2018-06-01 17:29 +00:00 2018-06-01 13:29 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11038 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/31/11038.aspx Outils d'évaluation de la santé TMS Patient-oriented outcomes Affections Validation de questionnaire Validation of the Readiness for Return-To-Work Scale in outpatient occupational rehabilitation in Canada <p>Purpose: To examine construct and concurrent validity of the Readiness for Return-To-Work (RRTW) Scale with injured workers participating in an outpatient occupational rehabilitation program. Methods: Lost-time claimants (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;389) with sub-acute or chronic musculoskeletal disorders completed the RRTW Scale on their first day of their occupational rehabilitation program. Statistical analysis included exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of the readiness items, reliability analyses, and correlation with related scales and questionnaires. Results: For claimants in the non-job attached/not working group (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;165), three factors were found (1) Contemplation (2) Prepared for Action-Self-evaluative and (3) Prepared for Action-Behavioural. The precontemplation stage was not identified within this sample of injured workers. For claimants who were job attached/working group in some capacity (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;224), two factors were identified (1) Uncertain Maintenance and (2) Proactive Maintenance. Expected relationships and statistically significant differences were found among the identified Return-To-Work (RTW) readiness factors and related constructs of pain, physical and mental health and RTW expectations. Conclusion: Construct and concurrent validity of the RRTW Scale were supported in this study. The results of this study indicate the construct of readiness for RTW can vary by disability duration and occupational category. Physical health appears to be a significant barrier to RRTW for the job attached/working group while mental health significantly compromises RRTW with the non-job attached/not working group.</p> <p>Source: Park, J., Roberts, M. R., Esmail, S., Rayani, F., Norris, C. M.&nbsp;et Gross, D. P. (2018). <em>Journal of occupational rehabilitation, 28</em>(2),&nbsp;332-345.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9721-2" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9721-2">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9721-2</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 31 May 2018 17:32:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/31/11038.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-05-31T17:32:00Z 2018-05-31 17:32 +00:00 2018-05-31 13:32 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11040 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/30/11040.aspx Interventions Cancer Affections Affections non associées au travail Rehabilitation and return to work after cancer - Instruments and practices <p>Being diagnosed with cancer has immediate and long-lasting effects, even after the completion of treatment.<br />This project explores the occupational safety and health challenges that employers and employees face when workers return to work after a diagnosis of cancer. The report provides national examples of successful instruments and practices that help prevent long-term sickness absence and unemployment.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/rehabilitation-and-return-work-after-cancer-instruments-and/view" title="https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/rehabilitation-and-return-work-after-cancer-instruments-and/view">https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/rehabilitation-and-return-work-after-cancer-instruments-and/view</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 30 May 2018 18:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/30/11040.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-05-30T18:14:00Z 2018-05-30 18:14 +00:00 2018-05-30 14:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11036 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/29/11036.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Épuisement professionnel Détresse psychologique Santé psychologique au travail Affections Facteurs liés à l’environnement de travail How Can Supervisors Contribute to the Return to Work of Employees Who have Experienced Depression? <p>Background: In Western countries, work disability due to depression is a widespread problem that generates enormous costs. Objective: The goal of this study was to determine the types and prevalence of supervisor contributions during the different phases of the return-to-work (RTW) process (before and during the sick-leave absence, and during the RTW preparations) of employees diagnosed with depression. Moreover, we sought to determine which contributions actually facilitate employees&#39; RTW, and to identify the work accommodations most frequently implemented by supervisors at the actual time of their employee&#39;s RTW. Methods: Telephone interviews were conducted in Qu&eacute;bec (Canada) with 74 supervisors working with employees who were already back at work or still on sick leave due to depression. A sub-sample of 46 supervisors who had already taken measures to facilitate their employees&#39; RTW was questioned about the work accommodations implemented. Results: Most of the supervisors got along well with their employees before their sick leave and 72% stayed in contact with them during their leave. Nearly 90% of the supervisors encouraged their employees to focus primarily on their recovery before their RTW, but 43% pressured their employees to RTW as soon as possible. Cox regression analyses performed for the entire sample revealed that &ldquo;the supervisors&#39; intention to take measures to facilitate their employees&#39; RTW&rdquo; was the only significant predictor of the RTW at the time of the interview. The Kaplan&ndash;Meier survival curve showed that 50% of the employees were expected to RTW within the first 8 months of absence. Four of the most frequently implemented work accommodations were actions directly involving the supervisor (i.e. providing assistance, feedback, recognition, and emotional support to the employee). Conclusions: This study shed light on the less explored point of view of the supervisor involved in the RTW process of employees post-depression. It highlighted the most frequent and effective supervisor contributions to the process. These results can be used to develop concrete action plans for training supervisors to contribute to the sustainable RTW of employees on sick leave due to depression.</p> <p>Source: Negrini, A., Corbi&egrave;re, M., Lecomte, T., Coutu, M. F., Nieuwenhuijsen, K., St-Arnaud, L., ...&nbsp;et Berbiche, D. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Journal of occupational rehabilitation, 28</em>(2),&nbsp;279-288.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9715-0" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9715-0">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9715-0</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 29 May 2018 17:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/29/11036.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-05-29T17:05:00Z 2018-05-29 17:05 +00:00 2018-05-29 13:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11035 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/05/28/11035.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Agents ototoxiques Prévention du bruit Use of the kurtosis statistic in an evaluation of the effects of noise and solvent exposures on the hearing thresholds of workers <p><strong>An exploratory study</strong><br />The aim of this exploratory study was to examine whether the kurtosis metric can contribute to investigations of the effects of combined exposure to noise and solvents on human hearing thresholds. Twenty factory workers exposed to noise and solvents along with 20 workers of similar age exposed only to noise in eastern China were investigated using pure-tone audiometry (1000&ndash;8000&thinsp;Hz). Exposure histories and shift-long noise recording files were obtained for each participant. The data were used in the calculation of the cumulative noise exposure (CNE) and CNE adjusted by the kurtosis metric for each participant. Passive samplers were used to measure solvent concentrations for each worker exposed to solvents over the full work shift. Results showed an interaction between noise exposure and solvents for the hearing threshold at 6000&thinsp;Hz. This effect was observed only when the CNE level was adjusted by the kurtosis metric.</p> <p>Source: Fuente, A., Qiu, W., Zhang, M., Xie, H., Kardous, C. A., Campo, P.&nbsp;et Morata, T. C. (2018).&nbsp;<em>The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 143</em>(3), 1704-1710.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5028368" title="https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5028368 ">https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5028368</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 28 May 2018 19:23:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/05/28/11035.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-05-28T19:23:00Z 2018-05-28 19:23 +00:00 2018-05-28 15:23 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11031 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/24/11031.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Vieillissement de la main d'oeuvre Caractéristiques des travailleurs Santé psychologique au travail Caractéristiques sociales Âge Facteurs sociodémographiques Maintien en emploi Facteurs liés à l’environnement de travail Secteurs d'activités Secteur de l'enseignement Quels sont les facilitateurs du maintien en emploi en santé des travailleurs seniors dans un milieu d’éducation au Québec? <p>Le pourcentage de travailleurs seniors &acirc;g&eacute;s de 45 ans et plus augmente sans cesse sur le march&eacute; du travail au Qu&eacute;bec. Dans le secteur de l&#39;&eacute;ducation, une large portion de la main-d&#39;&oelig;uvre est &acirc;g&eacute;e de 45 ans et plus (41 %) et un tiers du personnel aura quitt&eacute; son poste entre 2009 et 2018 (Grenier, 2009). Des statistiques r&eacute;centes montrent aussi que les l&eacute;sions tant de nature physique que psychologique des travailleurs qu&eacute;b&eacute;cois du secteur de l&#39;&eacute;ducation sont souvent associ&eacute;es &agrave; une perte de temps indemnis&eacute;e par la Commission des normes, de l&#39;&eacute;quit&eacute;, de la sant&eacute; et de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail (CNESST). Ces l&eacute;sions touchent davantage des travailleurs seniors qui occupent diverses fonctions (p. ex., enseignants, personnel administratif) (Busque, 2012). L&#39;objectif g&eacute;n&eacute;ral de cette &eacute;tude est d&#39;identifier les d&eacute;terminants du maintien en emploi en sant&eacute; des travailleurs seniors &acirc;g&eacute;s de 45 ans et plus &oelig;uvrant dans une commission scolaire (CS) qu&eacute;b&eacute;coise.<br />Cette &eacute;tude a permis de mieux comprendre comment les conditions de travail caract&eacute;ris&eacute;es par la pr&eacute;sence de facteurs psychosociaux favorisent la sant&eacute; psychologique des travailleurs seniors et les encouragent &agrave; rester en emploi &agrave; la CS plut&ocirc;t que de d&eacute;cider &agrave; prendre une retraite h&acirc;tive. Les r&eacute;sultats de la Phase 1 ont mis en &eacute;vidence que les travailleurs en fin de carri&egrave;re montrent de plus hauts niveaux de stresseurs ressentis au travail et d&#39;amotivation comparativement &agrave; ceux qui se trouvent dans l&#39;&eacute;tape interm&eacute;diaire de leur carri&egrave;re. Pour les travailleurs retrait&eacute;s, l&#39;autonomie et la flexibilit&eacute; des horaires contribuaient &agrave; leur satisfaction au travail et &agrave; leur motivation introject&eacute;e. Ces aspects positifs de la sant&eacute; psychologique au travail, &agrave; leur tour, ont d&eacute;termin&eacute; leur choix de se maintenir en emploi &agrave; la CS, et ce, jusqu&#39;&agrave; leur retraite r&eacute;guli&egrave;re. Comparativement au groupe qui a opt&eacute; pour une retraite h&acirc;tive avec des p&eacute;nalit&eacute;s financi&egrave;res, celui des travailleurs qui ont choisi une retraite r&eacute;guli&egrave;re se caract&eacute;rise par des niveaux plus &eacute;lev&eacute;s de satisfaction au travail et de satisfaction envers l&#39;&eacute;tablissement.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100983/n/facilitateurs-maintien-emploi-sante-travailleurs-seniors-milieu-education-quebec" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100983/n/facilitateurs-maintien-emploi-sante-travailleurs-seniors-milieu-education-quebec">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100983/n/facilitateurs-maintien-emploi-sante-travailleurs-seniors-milieu-education-quebec</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 24 May 2018 12:11:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/24/11031.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-05-24T12:11:00Z 2018-05-24 12:11 +00:00 2018-05-24 08:11 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10955 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/23/10955.aspx Troubles cardio-vasculaires Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Effets sur la santé Exposition - dose Risques dus au bruit Fatigue auditive Cardiovascular conditions, hearing difficulty, and occupational noise exposure within US industries and occupations <p>Background: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of occupational noise exposure, hearing difficulty and cardiovascular conditions within US industries and occupations, and to examine any associations of these outcomes with occupational noise exposure. <br />Methods: National Health Interview Survey data from 2014 were examined. Weighted prevalence and adjusted prevalence ratios of self-reported hearing difficulty, hypertension, elevated cholesterol, and coronary heart disease or stroke were estimated by level of occupational noise exposure, industry, and occupation. <br />Results: Twenty-five percent of current workers had a history of occupational noise exposure (14% exposed in the last year), 12% had hearing difficulty, 24% had hypertension, 28% had elevated cholesterol; 58%, 14%, and 9% of these cases can be attributed to occupational noise exposure, respectively. <br />Conclusions: Hypertension, elevated cholesterol, and hearing difficulty are more prevalent among noise-exposed workers. Reducing workplace noise levels is critical. Workplace-based health and wellness programs should also be considered. </p> <p>Source: Kerns, E., Masterson, E. A., Themann, C. L.&nbsp;et Calvert, G. M. (2018).&nbsp;<em>American journal of industrial medicine</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22833" title="https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22833">https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22833</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 23 Apr 2018 19:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/23/10955.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-23T19:05:00Z 2018-04-23 19:05 +00:00 2018-04-23 15:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10949 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/20/10949.aspx Agents ototoxiques Risques dus au bruit Preventing Hearing Loss Caused by Chemical (Ototoxicity) and Noise Exposure <p>Millions of workers are exposed to noise in the workplace every day and when uncontrolled, noise exposure may cause permanent hearing loss. Research demonstrates exposure to certain chemicals, called ototoxicants, may cause hearing loss or balance problems, regardless of noise exposure. Substances including certain pesticides, solvents, and pharmaceuticals that contain ototoxicants can negatively affect how the ear functions, causing hearing loss, and/or affect balance. The risk of hearing loss is increased when workers are exposed to these chemicals while working around elevated noise levels. This combination often results in hearing loss that can be temporary or permanent, depending on the level of noise, the dose of the chemical, and the duration of the exposure. This hearing impairment affects many occupations and industries, from machinists to firefighters.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2018-124/" title="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2018-124/">https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2018-124/</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 20 Apr 2018 13:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/20/10949.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-20T13:49:00Z 2018-04-20 13:49 +00:00 2018-04-20 09:49 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10933 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/04/12/10933.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Absentéisme Environnement de travail Santé psychologique au travail Exigence du travail Secteur des services de santé Facteurs liés à l’environnement de travail Secteurs d'activités Psychosocial work environment and mental health-related long-term sickness absence among nurses <p>Purpose: We investigated which job demands and job resources were predictive of mental health-related long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in nurses.<br />Methods: The data of 2059 nurses were obtained from the Norwegian survey of Shift work, Sleep and Health. Job demands (psychological demands, role conflict, and harassment at the workplace) and job resources (social support at work, role clarity, and fair leadership) were measured at baseline and linked to mental health-related LTSA during 2-year follow-up. Cox regression models estimated hazard ratios (HR) and related 95% confidence intervals (CI). The c-statistic was used to investigate the discriminative ability of the Cox regression models.<br />Results: A total of 1533 (75%) nurses were included in the analyses; 103 (7%) of them had mental health-related LTSA during 2-year follow-up. Harassment (HR = 1.07; 95% CI 1.01&ndash;1.17) and social support (HR = 0.92; 95% CI 0.87&ndash;0.98) were associated with mental health-related LTSA. However, the Cox regression model did not discriminate between nurses with and without mental health-related LTSA (c = 0.59; 95% CI 0.53&ndash;0.65).<br />Conclusions: Harassment was positively and social support at the workplace was negatively related to mental health-related LTSA, but both failed to discriminate between nurses with and without mental health-related LTSA during 2-year follow-up.</p> <p>Source: Roelen, C. A., van Hoffen, M. F., Waage, S., Schaufeli, W. B., Twisk, J. W., Bjorvatn, B., ...&nbsp;et Pallesen, S. (2018).&nbsp;<em>International archives of occupational and environmental health, 91</em>(2), 195-203.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-017-1268-1" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-017-1268-1 ">https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-017-1268-1</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 12 Apr 2018 14:59:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/04/12/10933.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-12T14:59:00Z 2018-04-12 14:59 +00:00 2018-04-12 10:59 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10924 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/12/10924.aspx Surdité Risques dus au bruit Secteur de l’agriculture et de la sylviculture Atteinte auditive Secteurs d'activités Prevalence of hearing loss among noise-exposed workers within the agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting sector, 2003-2012 <p>Background: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss among noise-exposed US workers within the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting (AFFH) sector. <br />Methods: Audiograms for 1.4 million workers (17&thinsp;299 within AFFH) from 2003 to 2012 were examined. Prevalence, and the adjusted risk for hearing loss as compared with the reference industry (Couriers and Messengers), were estimated. <br />Results: The overall AFFH sector prevalence was 15% compared to 19% for all industries combined, but many of the AFFH sub-sectors exceeded the overall prevalence. Forestry sub-sector prevalences were highest with Forest Nurseries and Gathering of Forest Products at 36% and Timber Tract Operations at 22%. The Aquaculture sub-sector had the highest adjusted risk of all AFFH sub-sectors (PR&thinsp;=&thinsp;1.70; CI&thinsp;=&thinsp;1.42-2.04). <br />Conclusions: High risk industries within the AFFH sector need continued hearing conservation efforts. Barriers to hearing loss prevention and early detection of hearing loss need to be recognized and addressed. <p> <p>Source: Masterson, E. A., Themann, C. L., &amp; Calvert, G. M. (2018). <em>American journal of industrial medicine, 61</em>(1), 42-50.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22792" title="|https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22792">https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22792</a><br />&nbsp;</p> </p> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 12 Apr 2018 14:22:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/12/10924.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-12T14:22:00Z 2018-04-12 14:22 +00:00 2018-04-12 10:22 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10922 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/10/10922.aspx Surdité Risques dus au bruit Secteur de l'administration publique Secteur des services de santé Atteinte auditive Secteurs d'activités Prevalence of Hearing Loss Among Noise-Exposed Workers Within the Health Care and Social Assistance Sector, 2003 to 2012 <p>Objective: The purpose was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss for noise-exposed U.S. workers within the Health Care and Social Assistance (HSA) sector.<br />Methods: Audiograms for 1.4 million workers (8702 within HSA) from 2003 to 2012 were examined. Prevalences and adjusted risks for hearing loss as compared with a reference industry were estimated for the HSA sector and all industries combined.<br />Results: While the overall HSA sector prevalence for hearing loss was 19%, the prevalences in the Medical Laboratories subsector and the Offices of All Other Miscellaneous Health Practitioners subsector were 31% and 24%, respectively. The Child Day Care Services subsector had a 52% higher risk than the reference industry.<br />Conclusion: High-risk industries for hearing loss exist within the HSA sector. Further work is needed to identify the sources of noise exposure and protect worker hearing.</p> <p>Source: Masterson, Elizabeth, A., Themann, Christa, L., Calvert, Geoffrey, M. (2018). <em>Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine,&nbsp;60</em>(4),&nbsp;350&ndash;356.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001214" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001214">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001214</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 10 Apr 2018 19:27:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/10/10922.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-10T19:27:00Z 2018-04-10 19:27 +00:00 2018-04-10 15:27 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10901 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/03/10901.aspx Normalisation et réglementation du bruit Guide ASTM E1374 - Standard Guide for Office Acoustics and Applicable ASTM Standards <p>This guide is intended for the use of architects, engineers, office managers, and others interested in designing, specifying, or operating office environments.<br />It is not intended to be applied to other environments, for example, open plan schools.<br />While this guide attempts to clarify the many interacting variables that influence acoustical performance, it is not intended to supplant the experience and judgment of experts in the field of acoustics. Competent technical advice should be sought for success in the design of offices, including comparisons of test results carried out according to ASTM standards.<br />This guide discusses the principles and interactions that affect the acoustical performance of open and closed offices. It describes the application and use of the relevant series of ASTM standards.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E1374.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E1374.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/E1374.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 03 Apr 2018 17:03:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/03/10901.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-03T17:03:00Z 2018-04-03 17:03 +00:00 2018-04-03 13:03 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10872 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/02/06/10872.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Absentéisme Méthodes et types d’études Facteurs de risque d'incapacité prolongée Méthodes non-expérimentales Étude épidémiologique Recherche quantitative Prediction of long-term absence due to sickness in employees <p><strong>Development and validation of a multifactorial risk score in two cohort studies</strong><br />Objectives: This study aimed to develop and validate a risk prediction model for long-term sickness absence.<br />Methods: Survey responses on work- and lifestyle-related questions from 65 775 public-sector employees were linked to sickness absence records to develop a prediction score for medically-certified sickness absence lasting &gt;9 days and &ge;90 days. The score was externally validated using data from an independent population-based cohort of 13 527 employees. For both sickness absence outcomes, a full model including 46 candidate predictors was reduced to a parsimonious model using least-absolute-shrinkage-and-selection-operator (LASSO) regression. Predictive performance of the model was evaluated using C-index and calibration plots.<br />Results: Variance explained in &ge;90-day sickness absence by the full model was 12.5%. In the parsimonious model, the predictors included self-rated health (linear and quadratic term), depression, sex, age (linear and quadratic), socioeconomic position, previous sickness absences, number of chronic diseases, smoking, shift work, working night shift, and quadratic terms for body mass index and Jenkins sleep scale. The discriminative ability of the score was good (C-index 0.74 in internal and 0.73 in external validation). Calibration plots confirmed high correspondence between the predicted and observed risk. In &gt;9-day sickness absence, the full model explained 15.2% of the variance explained, but the C-index of the parsimonious model was poor (&lt;0.65).<br />Conclusions: Individuals&#39; risk of a long-term sickness absence that lasts &ge;90 days can be estimated using a brief risk score. The predictive performance of this score is comparable to those for established multifactorial risk algorithms for cardiovascular disease, such as the Framingham risk score.</p> <p>Source: Airaksinen, J., Jokela, M., Virtanen, M., Oksanen, T., Koskenvuo, M., Pentti, J., ...&nbsp;et Kivim&auml;ki, M. (2018). <em>Scandinavian journal of work, environment &amp; health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3713" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3713">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3713</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 06 Feb 2018 20:00:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/02/06/10872.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-02-06T20:00:00Z 2018-02-06 20:00 +00:00 2018-02-06 15:00 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10867 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/01/31/10867.aspx Santé psychologique au travail Intervention précoce Intervention psychosociale Secteur du transport et de l'entreposage Intervention Secteurs d'activités Évaluation de différents protocoles de gestion d’incident et de soutien aux employés après un incident grave <p>L&#39;industrie ferroviaire canadienne fait r&eacute;guli&egrave;rement face &agrave; des incidents critiques (IC) associ&eacute;s &agrave; des collisions avec des personnes ou des v&eacute;hicules. Ces incidents peuvent occasionner des blessures graves, ou des d&eacute;c&egrave;s, parmi les victimes, mais aussi des probl&egrave;mes de sant&eacute; mentale chez les ing&eacute;nieurs et conducteurs op&eacute;rant les locomotives. Chaque ann&eacute;e, environ 20 personnes d&eacute;c&egrave;dent lors de collisions avec un train au Qu&eacute;bec et une centaine au Canada. &Agrave; ces incidents mortels s&#39;ajoute un nombre inconnu d&#39;incidents lors desquels des personnes ont &eacute;t&eacute; bless&eacute;es ou des d&eacute;g&acirc;ts mat&eacute;riels ont &eacute;t&eacute; constat&eacute;s. La plupart des ing&eacute;nieurs et conducteurs de train seront expos&eacute;s au moins une fois dans leur carri&egrave;re &agrave; ce type d&#39;&eacute;v&egrave;nement. Ils sont &agrave; la fois t&eacute;moins, victimes, parties prenantes et souvent premiers r&eacute;pondants lorsqu&#39;un tel incident critique se produit.<br />Quelques &eacute;tudes se sont int&eacute;ress&eacute;es aux protocoles de gestion d&#39;IC et de soutien (PGICS) offerts par les employeurs et leurs recommandations visaient souvent &agrave; mettre de l&#39;avant des pratiques visant &agrave; r&eacute;duire l&#39;impact potentiel des IC sur les employ&eacute;s et &agrave; acc&eacute;l&eacute;rer le retour au travail. Par contre, ces protocoles, m&ecirc;me s&#39;ils sont fond&eacute;s sur des &eacute;tudes des cons&eacute;quences des IC et des besoins des employ&eacute;s, n&#39;ont pas encore fait l&#39;objet d&#39;&eacute;valuations empiriques. De telles &eacute;valuations sont n&eacute;cessaires pour d&eacute;terminer les &eacute;l&eacute;ments importants qui g&eacute;n&egrave;rent des effets positifs sur la r&eacute;cup&eacute;ration des employ&eacute;s et pour promouvoir les recommandations fond&eacute;es sur des connaissances scientifiques.<br />Ce projet vise &agrave; &eacute;valuer les PGICS d&eacute;j&agrave; en place au Canada dans l&#39;industrie ferroviaire et leurs effets sur les trajectoires de r&eacute;cup&eacute;ration des employ&eacute;s victimes d&#39;un incident critique et de proposer les pratiques cl&eacute;s pour en r&eacute;duire les effets n&eacute;gatifs.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100968/n/gestion-incident-soutien-employes-incident-grave" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100968/n/gestion-incident-soutien-employes-incident-grave">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100968/n/gestion-incident-soutien-employes-incident-grave</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 31 Jan 2018 20:51:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/01/31/10867.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-01-31T20:51:00Z 2018-01-31 20:51 +00:00 2018-01-31 15:51 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10853 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/01/29/10853.aspx Prévention du bruit Réduction du bruit Sound Advice: a Guide to Hearing Conservation Programs <p>Noise is a serious and widespread problem in many workplaces. Over time, if noise from machinery, processes, and equipment is too loud it can cause permanent hearing loss in workers. But occupational hearing loss ca be prevented if employers, supervisors, workers,&nbsp;and WokSafe BC work together to control noise exposure. <br />The most effective way to do that - and to protect workers hearing- is to implement a noise control and hearing conservation program. Such a program is required whenever noise is above regulated limits.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.worksafebc.com/en/resources/health-safety/books-guides/sound-advice-a-guide-to-hearing-conservation-programs" title="https://www.worksafebc.com/en/resources/health-safety/books-guides/sound-advice-a-guide-to-hearing-conservation-programs">https://www.worksafebc.com/en/resources/health-safety/books-guides/sound-advice-a-guide-to-hearing-conservation-programs</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 29 Jan 2018 15:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/01/29/10853.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-01-29T15:26:00Z 2018-01-29 15:26 +00:00 2018-01-29 10:26 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10836 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/01/19/10836.aspx TMS Affections Tronc Dos Lombalgie Effets psychologiques et biomécaniques immédiats de deux catégories de ceintures lombaires chez des travailleurs en santé et des travailleurs avec maux de dos <p>Bien que les ceintures lombaires (CL) soient inefficaces pour pr&eacute;venir un premier &eacute;pisode de lombalgie, l&#39;avancement des connaissances soutient leur utilisation chez les travailleurs souffrant d&eacute;j&agrave; de ce mal. Dans la perspective o&ugrave; un retour au travail tardif risque de nuire &agrave; la condition de sant&eacute; des travailleurs, l&#39;option du port de la CL peut potentiellement &ecirc;tre avantageuse, car elle pourrait permettre, lors du retour progressif au travail, d&#39;apporter un soutien psychologique afin de rassurer le patient. Cela pourrait donc repr&eacute;senter un outil additionnel, parmi les moyens entrepris pour intervenir sur les facteurs psychosociaux reli&eacute;s &agrave; l&#39;individu et son environnement de travail, pour faciliter ce retour au travail et &eacute;galement pour aider le travailleur &agrave; se maintenir au travail. Cependant, il importe aussi que la CL apporte un support biom&eacute;canique en mati&egrave;re de stabilit&eacute; m&eacute;canique de la colonne vert&eacute;brale lombaire afin de rehausser la s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travailleur. Deux cat&eacute;gories de ceintures souples permettent un niveau suffisant de confort pour &ecirc;tre utilis&eacute;es en milieu de travail, soit les ceintures (1) extensibles (&eacute;lastiques) ou CL-E; (2) non extensibles ou CL-NE. La pr&eacute;sente &eacute;tude a pour but de comparer ces deux cat&eacute;gories de CL en ce qui a trait aux soutiens psychologique et biom&eacute;canique qu&#39;elles prodiguent, cela autant chez des sujets en sant&eacute; que chez des sujets avec maux de dos (lombalgies). &Agrave; titre exploratoire, il devenait aussi pertinent de v&eacute;rifier si diff&eacute;rents sous-groupes de sujets lombalgiques, d&eacute;termin&eacute;s en fonction d&#39;hypoth&egrave;ses biom&eacute;canique (instabilit&eacute; lombaire) ou psychologique (peurs du mouvement ou de la douleur), pr&eacute;senteraient des effets biom&eacute;caniques diff&eacute;rents.&nbsp; Dans la perspective de l&#39;&eacute;valuation de l&#39;effet du port d&#39;une CL dans un &eacute;ventuel essai clinique, il &eacute;tait n&eacute;cessaire d&#39;&eacute;valuer, aussi &agrave; titre exploratoire, certaines variables associ&eacute;es &agrave; l&#39;adoption &agrave; ce type d&#39;intervention.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100962/n/effets-psychologiques-biomecaniques-ceintures-lombaires-travailleurs-maux-dos" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100962/n/effets-psychologiques-biomecaniques-ceintures-lombaires-travailleurs-maux-dos">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100962/n/effets-psychologiques-biomecaniques-ceintures-lombaires-travailleurs-maux-dos</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 19 Jan 2018 12:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/01/19/10836.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-01-19T12:49:00Z 2018-01-19 12:49 +00:00 2018-01-19 07:49 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10776 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/12/14/10776.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Facteur d'accident du travail Risques dus au bruit Occupational Noise Exposure and the Risk for Work-Related Injury <p><strong>A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis</strong> <br />Objectives: Occupational noise exposure has been linked to work-related injuries. Strategies to control occupational hazards often rely on dose-response relationships needed to inform policy, but quantitative synthesis of the relevant literature has not been done so far. This study aimed to systematically review the epidemiological literature and to perform meta-analysis of the risk for work-related injury due to occupational noise exposure.<br />Methods: PRISMA and MOOSE guidelines were followed. PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar were searched up until 15 December 2016 in English, Russian, and Spanish. Reference lists, grey literature, and expert archives were searched as well. The risk of bias was assessed for each study and incorporated into the meta-analysis weights using the quality effects model.<br />Results: Overall, 21 studies were included at the qualitative review stage: 9 cross-sectional, 6 case-control, 4 cohort, 1 case-crossover, and 1 ecological. Noise exposure was assessed objectively in 13 studies. Information on occupational injuries was elicited from medical records/registry in 13 studies. Meta-analyses showed RR = 1.22 (95% CI: 1.15, 1.29) (n = 59028) per 5 dB increase in noise exposure (Cochran&#39;s Q = 27.26, P &lt; 0.001, I2 = 67%) and RR = 2.16 (95% CI: 1.61, 2.90) (n = 96023) in the most exposed group (&gt;90&ndash;95 dB) compared with the least exposed group (Cochran&#39;s Q = 180.46, P &lt; 0.001, I2 = 90%). Subgroup analysis with meta-regression revealed an overall robust pooled risk per 5 dB.<br />Conclusions: There is a dose-response association between occupational noise exposure and work-related injury risk. However, the quality of evidence is &lsquo;very low&#39;; therefore, the magnitude of this association should be interpreted with caution.</p> <p>Source: Dzhambov, A., &amp; Dimitrova, D. (2017).&nbsp;<em>Annals of work exposures and health, 61</em>(9), 1037-1053.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxx078" title="https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxx078">https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxx078</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 14 Dec 2017 20:23:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/12/14/10776.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-12-14T20:23:00Z 2017-12-14 20:23 +00:00 2017-12-14 15:23 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10706 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/11/06/10706.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Hearing loss associated with repeated MRI acquisition procedure-related acoustic noise exposure <p><strong>An occupational cohort study</strong><br />Objective: To study the effects of repeated exposure to MRI-related acoustic noise during image acquisition procedures (scans) on hearing.<br />Methods: A retrospective occupational cohort study was performed among workers of an MRI manufacturing facility (n=474). Longitudinal audiometry data from the facility&#39;s medical surveillance scheme collected from 1973 to 2010 were analysed by studying the association of cumulative exposure to MRI-related acoustic noise from voluntary (multiple) MRI scans and the hearing threshold of the volunteer.<br />Results: Repeated acoustic noise exposure during volunteer MRI scans was found to be associated with a small exposure-dependent increased rate change of hearing threshold level (dB/year), but the association was only found related to the number of voluntary MRI scans and not to modelled cumulative noise exposure (dB*hour) based on MRI-system type. The increased rate change of hearing threshold level was found to be statistically significant for the frequencies 500, 1000, 2000, 3000 and 4000&thinsp;Hz in the right ear.<br />Conclusions: From our longitudinal cohort study, it appeared that exposure to noise from voluntarily MRI scans may have resulted in a slight amount of hearing loss. Mandatory use of hearing protection might have prevented more severe hearing loss. Lack of consistency in findings between the left and right ears and between the two exposure measures prohibits definitive conclusions. Further research that addresses the study&#39;s methodological limitations is warranted to corroborate our findings.</p> <p>Source: Bongers, S., Slottje, P.&nbsp;et Kromhout, H. (2017).&nbsp;<em>Occup Environ Med</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2016-103750" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2016-103750">http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2016-103750</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 06 Nov 2017 20:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/11/06/10706.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-11-06T20:17:00Z 2017-11-06 20:17 +00:00 2017-11-06 15:17 -05:00