Derniers billets 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11517 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/24/11517.aspx Santé psychologique Gestion des ressources humaines Effets sur les travailleurs Conditions de travail Méthodologie Stress Le stress au travail : du paradigme des risques psychosociaux à celui de la qualité de vie au travail <p>&nbsp;</p> <div class="abstract author" id="abs0005" lang="en"></div> <p>&nbsp;</p> <div class="abstract author" id="abs0010"> <div id="abst0005"> <p id="spar0005">Une recherche-action utilisant trois mod&egrave;les classiques du stress au travail nous a permis de v&eacute;rifier l&#39;impact sur les r&eacute;sultats obtenus du choix du mod&egrave;le et du paradigme&nbsp;: risques psychosociaux versus qualit&eacute; de vie au travail. Quatre cent trente-six salari&eacute;s de la grande distribution ont r&eacute;pondu &agrave; un questionnaire incluant ces trois mesures du stress, les cons&eacute;quences (satisfaction, fatigue) et une cause possible (tensions de r&ocirc;le). Nos r&eacute;sultats valident les hypoth&egrave;ses de diff&eacute;rences significatives des niveaux de pr&eacute;valence du stress selon le mod&egrave;le, comme des liens avec le facteur et les cons&eacute;quences, ainsi que l&#39;importance de la perception de stress pour expliquer le v&eacute;cu n&eacute;gatif.</p> <p>Source : Psychologie du travail et des organisations, (2019), 25(2), 86-99.&nbsp;<a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pto.2018.11.002" target="_blank" rel="noreferrer noopener" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pto.2018.11.002">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pto.2018.11.002</a></p> </div> </div><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 24 May 2019 13:46:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/24/11517.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-24T13:46:00Z 2019-05-24 13:46 +00:00 2019-05-24 09:46 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11516 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/22/11516.aspx Normes et législation Conditions de travail Ontario Contexte de travail Prévention et contrôle Workers continue to pay high price for exercising OHS rights, study Employer reprisals against workers attempting to exercise their health and safety rights remains a top concern according to a new, soon-to-be published study. <p><span>Employer reprisals against workers attempting to exercise their health and safety rights remains a top concern according to a new, soon-to-be published study.</span><br /><span>&nbsp;</span><br /><span>Despite a few improvements to the complaints process some eight years ago, workers are still being fired illegally for exercising health and safety rights, rarely do they get their jobs back, and rarer still do employers suffer legal consequences.</span><br /><span>&nbsp;</span><br /><span>&quot;What we heard is a pretty strong indication the system designed to protect workers who advocate for safer, healthier work is broken,&rdquo; says Andy King, McMaster University-based researcher and lead author of&nbsp;</span><a href="https://labourstudies.mcmaster.ca/documents/the-reality-of-workers-voice-in-hs_one-page-summary_rev-2.pdf">the study</a><span>&nbsp;funded by a grant from the Prevention Branch of the Ontario Ministry of Labour (Ministry).</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="https://www.whsc.on.ca/What-s-new/News-Archive/Workers-continue-to-pay-high-price-for-exercising-OHS-rights-study-en" title="https://www.whsc.on.ca/What-s-new/News-Archive/Workers-continue-to-pay-high-price-for-exercising-OHS-rights-study-en" target="_blank">https://www.whsc.on.ca/What-s-new/News-Archive/Workers-continue-to-pay-high-price-for-exercising-OHS-rights-study-en</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 22 May 2019 20:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/22/11516.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-22T20:26:00Z 2019-05-22 20:26 +00:00 2019-05-22 16:26 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11515 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/05/22/11515.aspx Santé psychologique France Enquêtes Indicateurs Conflits de valeurs et exigences émotionnelles <p align="justify">Ce num&eacute;ro de Synth&egrave;se.Stat&#39; pr&eacute;sente les r&eacute;sultats de l&#39;<a href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/enquetes/article/risques-psycho-sociaux-rps-edition-2015-2016" class="spip_in">enqu&ecirc;te Conditions de travail &ndash; Risques psychosociaux de 2016</a>&nbsp;concernant les indicateurs relatifs aux conflits de valeurs et aux exigences &eacute;motionnelles.</p> <p align="justify">Ce volume recouvre deux des six axes d&#39;analyse des risques psychosociaux construits par le coll&egrave;ge d&#39;expertise sur le suivi statistique des risques psychosociaux au travail1&nbsp;: les conflits de valeurs (axe 5) et les exigences &eacute;motionnelles (axe 2). Les exigences &eacute;motionnelles couvrent non seulement la partie qui porte le m&ecirc;me nom dans le pr&eacute;sent volume, mais aussi les difficult&eacute;s dans les relations avec le public qui sont abord&eacute;es dans le volume concernant les rapports sociaux au travail.</p> <p align="justify">Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/synthese-stat-synthese-eval/article/conflits-de-valeurs-et-exigences-emotionnelles" title="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/synthese-stat-synthese-eval/article/conflits-de-valeurs-et-exigences-emotionnelles" target="_blank">https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/synthese-stat-synthese-eval/article/conflits-de-valeurs-et-exigences-emotionnelles</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 22 May 2019 20:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/05/22/11515.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-22T20:17:00Z 2019-05-22 20:17 +00:00 2019-05-22 16:17 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11514 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/22/11514.aspx Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Charge mentale Europe Enquêtes Évaluation des facteurs de risque Conflits de valeurs et exigences émotionnelles <p align="justify">Ce num&eacute;ro de Synth&egrave;se.Stat&#39; pr&eacute;sente les r&eacute;sultats de l&#39;<a href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/enquetes/article/risques-psycho-sociaux-rps-edition-2015-2016" class="spip_in">enqu&ecirc;te Conditions de travail &ndash; Risques psychosociaux de 2016</a>&nbsp;concernant les indicateurs relatifs aux conflits de valeurs et aux exigences &eacute;motionnelles.</p> <p align="justify">Ce volume recouvre deux des six axes d&#39;analyse des risques psychosociaux construits par le coll&egrave;ge d&#39;expertise sur le suivi statistique des risques psychosociaux au travail1&nbsp;: les conflits de valeurs (axe 5) et les exigences &eacute;motionnelles (axe 2). Les exigences &eacute;motionnelles couvrent non seulement la partie qui porte le m&ecirc;me nom dans le pr&eacute;sent volume, mais aussi les difficult&eacute;s dans les relations avec le public qui sont abord&eacute;es dans le volume concernant les rapports sociaux au travail. </p> <p align="justify">Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/synthese-stat-synthese-eval/article/conflits-de-valeurs-et-exigences-emotionnelles" title="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/synthese-stat-synthese-eval/article/conflits-de-valeurs-et-exigences-emotionnelles" target="_blank">https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/synthese-stat-synthese-eval/article/conflits-de-valeurs-et-exigences-emotionnelles</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 22 May 2019 14:38:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/22/11514.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-22T14:38:00Z 2019-05-22 14:38 +00:00 2019-05-22 10:38 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11513 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/22/11513.aspx Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Gestion des ressources humaines Environnement de travail Conditions psychologiques Enquêtes Psychosocial Work Conditions and Mental Health: Examining Differences Across Mental Illness and Well-Being Outcomes <p><strong><span lang="EN-CA">Objectives</span></strong><span lang="EN-CA">&nbsp; Psychosocial work conditions are determinants of mental illness among worker populations. However, while the focus on negative aspects of mental health has generated important contributions to the development of workplace interventions, there is less evidence on the factors that support the positive aspects of mental well-being. This study aimed to examine the association between psychosocial work conditions and mental health Outcomes among a representative sample of Canadian workers; and to assess whether the relationships are consistent across measures of mental illness versus mental well-being.</span></p> <p><strong><span lang="EN-CA">Methods&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-CA">Population-based data were obtained from the cross-sectional 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey. Psychosocial work conditions were measured using an abbreviated version of the Job Content Questionnaire. For mental illness, we focused on major depressive episodes, generalized anxiety disorders, and bipolar disorders in the past 12 months, as measured using Composite International Diagnostic Interview criteria. Mental well-being was defined as having flourishing mental health, based on items from the Mental Health Continuum&mdash;Short Form. Regression models provided odds ratios (ORs) and fitted probabilities for the relationship between work conditions and mental health, adjusting for covariates.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong><span lang="EN-CA">Results&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-CA">Higher levels of&nbsp;<em>job control</em>,&nbsp;<em>social support</em>, and&nbsp;<em>job security</em>&nbsp;were associated with being free of disorders (ORs ranging from 1.08 to 1.15) as well as having flourishing mental health (ORs ranging from 1.10 to 1.14). Lower&nbsp;<em>physical effort</em>was associated with decreased odds of having flourishing mental health (OR 0.89).&nbsp;<em>Psychological demands</em>&nbsp;were not associated with any of the mental health outcomes in the fully-adjusted models. The overall pattern of these relationships was consistent across the two outcome models, although there was evidence of heterogeneity on the absolute probability scale. Specifically, there was a relatively&nbsp;<em>stronger</em>&nbsp;relationship between job control/social support/physical demands and well-being outcomes, compared with disorder outcomes.</span></p> <p> <strong><span lang="EN-CA">Conclusions&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-CA">Psychosocial work conditions were associated with both negative and positive measures of mental health. However, mental illness and mental well-being may represent complementary, yet distinct, aspects in relation to psychosocial work conditions. Interventions targeting the psychosocial work environment may serve to improve both of these dimensions, although the measurement and examination of specific dimensions may be required to obtain an integrated and comprehensive understanding of mental health in the workplace.</span></p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<em>Annals of Work Exposures and Health </em><em>(2019)</em>, 63(5), 546&ndash;559,<a href="https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxz028" title="https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxz028" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxz028</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 22 May 2019 13:56:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/22/11513.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-22T13:56:00Z 2019-05-22 13:56 +00:00 2019-05-22 09:56 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11511 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/05/21/11511.aspx Équipements Normes Matériel agricole Secteur de l’agriculture et de la sylviculture Secteurs d'activités NF ISO 8759 - Tracteurs agricoles - Équipement monté à l'avant <p>Domaine d&#39;application: Le pr&eacute;sent document sp&eacute;cifie des exigences de s&eacute;curit&eacute; relatives aux prises de force mont&eacute;es &agrave; l&#39;avant des tracteurs agricoles, ainsi que des zones de d&eacute;gagement autour de ces prises de force. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-8759-1/tracteurs-agricoles-equipement-monte-a-l-avant-partie-1-prise-de-force-exigences-de-securite-et-zone-de-degagement-autour-de-la-/article/903419/fa191294" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-8759-1/tracteurs-agricoles-equipement-monte-a-l-avant-partie-1-prise-de-force-exigences-de-securite-et-zone-de-degagement-autour-de-la-/article/903419/fa191294">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-8759-1/tracteurs-agricoles-equipement-monte-a-l-avant-partie-1-prise-de-force-exigences-de-securite-et-zone-de-degagement-autour-de-la-/article/903419/fa191294</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 21 May 2019 19:21:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/05/21/11511.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-21T19:21:00Z 2019-05-21 19:21 +00:00 2019-05-21 15:21 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11510 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/05/21/11510.aspx TMS Santé psychologique au travail Affections Maintien en emploi Évaluation d’intervention en réadaptation Efficacité/impact The effectiveness of vocational rehabilitation on work participation <p><strong>A&nbsp;propensity score matched analysis using nationwide register data</strong><br />Objective: Research on the effectiveness of vocational rehabilitation has focused on small and selected groups, lacked proper controls, or not captured dynamic changes in work participation. Using rich nationwide data on vocational rehabilitees and matched controls, long-term changes in work participation before and after vocational rehabilitation were examined to assess its effectiveness. Methods: Representative Finnish register data were used to examine 3199 recently employed individuals aged 30-55 years with histories of musculoskeletal- and mental-related work disability starting vocational rehabilitation in 2008-2010 (intervention group), and 3199 propensity score matched non-rehabilitees (control group). Sociodemographic and work-related factors and detailed 3-year work disability and other labor market history were used for matching. Generalized estimation equations were used to examine differences in the proportion of time spent at work between periods before and after rehabilitation among the intervention and control group and the difference in these differences (DID). Results: Vocational rehabilitation resulted in gains in work participation, the total 1-, 2-, and 3-year DID being 11.8 [95% confidence interval (CI) 10.0-13.7], 8.9 (95% CI 7.6-10.2), and 7.2 (95% CI 6.1-8.3) percentage points, respectively. Contrary to this overall pattern, larger DID was observed over the long term for those whose rehabilitation lasted &gt;10 months. The DID was lowest among women with musculoskeletal diseases. Conclusions :Vocational rehabilitation after musculoskeletal- or mental-related work disability showed modest effectiveness on work participation. To promote sustained work participation after shorter rehabilitation (likely comprising workplace interventions) and faster work resumption after longer rehabilitation (likely comprising training), enhanced and complementary interventions should be considered.</p> <p>Source: Leinonen, T., Viikari-Juntura, E., Husgafvel-Pursiainen, K., Juvonen-Posti, P., Laaksonen, M. et&nbsp;Solovieva, S. (2019). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health</em>. <br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3823" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3823">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3823</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 21 May 2019 18:11:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/05/21/11510.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-21T18:11:00Z 2019-05-21 18:11 +00:00 2019-05-21 14:11 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11509 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/21/11509.aspx Législation Organisation temporelle Organisation de la production Conditions de travail Europe Rest breaks from work: Overview of regulations, research and practice <p>This report addresses the rarely discussed issue of rest breaks at work across the European Union. Based on input from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents, it reveals some of the complexities involved in defining whether such breaks should be paid or unpaid, how long they should be and where they should be taken. The report compares different approaches among Member States, gives examples of judicial rulings, highlights some types of work that attract special consideration and looks into causal relationships between breaks, health and performance at work. When rest breaks are of an appropriate duration and appropriately scheduled, they can reduce some of the harmful effects of work on health and well-being while contributing to improved performance and productivity.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://eurofound.link/ef19018" title="http://eurofound.link/ef19018">http://eurofound.link/ef19018</a>&nbsp;&nbsp; </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 21 May 2019 15:18:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/21/11509.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-21T15:18:00Z 2019-05-21 15:18 +00:00 2019-05-21 11:18 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11508 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/05/21/11508.aspx Nanotechnologies Effets sur la santé Toxicité Évaluation épidémiologique Mesure Nanotubes Méthode et technique Carbone Revue de littérature Méthodologie du document Indicateur biologique Dose Current state of knowledge on the health effects of engineered nanomaterials in workers <p><strong>A&nbsp;systematic review of human studies and epidemiological investigations</strong><br />Objectives: The widespread application of nano-enabled products and the increasing likelihood for workplace exposures make understanding engineered nanomaterial (ENM) effects in exposed workers a public and occupational health priority. The aim of this study was to report on the current state of knowledge on possible adverse effects induced by ENM in humans to determine the toxicological profile of each type of ENM and potential biomarkers for early detection of such effects in workers.<br />Methods: A systematic review of human studies and epidemiological investigations of exposed workers relative to the possible adverse effects for the most widely used ENM was performed through searches of major scientific databases including Web of Science, Scopus, and PubMed.<br />Results: Twenty-seven studies were identified. Most of the epidemiological investigations were cross-sectional. The review found limited evidence of adverse effects in workers exposed to the most commonly used ENM. However, some biological alterations are suggestive for possible adverse impacts. The primary targets of some ENM exposures were the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. Changes in biomarker levels compared with controls were also observed; however, limited exposure data and the relatively short period since the first exposure may have influenced the incidence of adverse effects found in epidemiological studies.<br />Conclusions: There is a need for longitudinal epidemiologic investigations with clear exposure characterizations for various ENM to discover potential adverse health effects and identify possible indicators of early biological alterations. In this state of uncertainty, precautionary controls for each ENM are warranted while further study of potential health effects continues.</p> <p>Source: Schulte, P. A., Leso, V., Niang, M.,&nbsp;et Iavicoli, I. (2019).&nbsp;<em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health,45</em>(3):217-238<em>.<br /><span style="font-size:x-small;font-family:AktivGroteskCd-LightItalic;"><span style="font-size:x-small;font-family:AktivGroteskCd-LightItalic;"><a title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3800" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3800" target="_blank">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3800</a></span></span></em></p> <p><span style="font-size:x-small;font-family:AktivGroteskCd-LightItalic;"><span style="font-size:x-small;font-family:AktivGroteskCd-LightItalic;"></span></span></p> <p><em></em></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 21 May 2019 14:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/05/21/11508.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-21T14:19:00Z 2019-05-21 14:19 +00:00 2019-05-21 10:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11507 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/15/11507.aspx Europe Normes et législation Développements technologiques Prospective Les plateformes de travail numériques doivent-elles être traitées comme des agences d’emploi privées? <p>Historiquement, l&rsquo;interm&eacute;diation en mati&egrave;re d&rsquo;emploi &mdash; le fait de mettre en contact des demandeurs d&rsquo;emploi et des employeurs &mdash; a toujours &eacute;t&eacute; une question importante pour l&rsquo;Organisation internationale du travail (OIT). L&rsquo;un des objectifs strat&eacute;giques de l&rsquo;OIT est en effet de promouvoir l&rsquo;emploi en cr&eacute;ant un environnement institutionnel et &eacute;conomique stable. &Agrave; cette fin, les services publics pour l&rsquo;emploi et les agences priv&eacute;es ont un r&ocirc;le &agrave; jouer, avec l&rsquo;objectif de parvenir &agrave; une situation de plein emploi, productif et librement choisi. Dans cet article, nous nous penchons sur l&rsquo;un des principes centraux des normes internationales du travail relatives aux agences d&rsquo;emploi, en vertu duquel les demandeurs d&rsquo;emploi ne peuvent &ecirc;tre tenus de supporter des honoraires ou des frais pour les services de recherche d&rsquo;un emploi, &agrave; moins que ces honoraires ou frais n&rsquo;aient fait l&rsquo;objet d&rsquo;une approbation d&rsquo;une autorit&eacute; comp&eacute;tente. Cette r&egrave;gle constitue un principe fondamental dans le d&eacute;veloppement de la r&eacute;glementation relative aux agences d&rsquo;emploi priv&eacute;es. Il est utile de la rappeler car les plateformes de travail num&eacute;riques l&rsquo;ignorent fr&eacute;quemment en proposant contre paiement &agrave; leurs utilisateurs (&agrave; savoir des travailleurs ind&eacute;pendants) la possibilit&eacute; d&rsquo;accro&icirc;tre leur visibilit&eacute; ou d&rsquo;assurer<br />une meilleure fonctionnalit&eacute; de la plateforme, etc.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.etui.org/Publications2/Foresight-briefs/Should-digital-labour-platforms-be-treated-as-private-employment-agencies" title="https://www.etui.org/Publications2/Foresight-briefs/Should-digital-labour-platforms-be-treated-as-private-employment-agencies">https://www.etui.org/Publications2/Foresight-briefs/Should-digital-labour-platforms-be-treated-as-private-employment-agencies</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 15 May 2019 15:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/15/11507.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2019-05-15T15:14:00Z 2019-05-15 15:14 +00:00 2019-05-15 11:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11506 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/05/06/11506.aspx Machinerie des mines Lois et réglementations Systèmes de commande et automatisation Risque machine Secteur de l'industrie extractive Sécurité des machines d’extraction commandées par des systèmes programmables électroniques - Fiche technique et Annexe <p><span><span style="color:#000000;">Avec l&#39;&eacute;volution rapide des nouvelles technologies et la recherche de rentabilit&eacute; des investissements, les syst&egrave;mes &eacute;lectroniques programmables (PES) ont &eacute;t&eacute; implant&eacute;s progressivement dans toutes les industries. Le secteur minier n&#39;&eacute;chappe pas &agrave; cette tendance et au fil du temps presque toutes les mines du Qu&eacute;bec ont &eacute;quip&eacute; leurs machines d&#39;extraction de tels syst&egrave;mes. Toutefois, l&#39;introduction de ces nouvelles technologies, requises pour l&#39;am&eacute;lioration de la productivit&eacute; mini&egrave;re au Qu&eacute;bec, doit aller de pair avec la sant&eacute; et la s&eacute;curit&eacute; des travailleurs.</span></span></p> <p><span><span style="color:#000000;">Une recension des machines d&#39;extraction en service en 2016 au Qu&eacute;bec a montr&eacute; que le portrait g&eacute;n&eacute;ral de l&#39;industrie a &eacute;volu&eacute; depuis la publication de la premi&egrave;re version de la fiche technique RF-412, en 2005 : la grande majorit&eacute; des machines d&#39;extraction sont contr&ocirc;l&eacute;es et supervis&eacute;es par des PES et pr&egrave;s du tiers des machines d&#39;extraction sont en op&eacute;ration depuis moins de 10 ans. D&#39;autre part, de nombreuses machines d&#39;extraction anciennes ont vu leur syst&egrave;me de commande &ecirc;tre mis &agrave; jour. &Agrave; la lumi&egrave;re de ces observations, et des incidents survenus dans les derni&egrave;res ann&eacute;es, il apparaissait n&eacute;cessaire de proposer une nouvelle version de la fiche technique RF-412, tenant compte &agrave; la fois de la situation actuelle au Qu&eacute;bec (des disparit&eacute;s encore importantes entre les machines les plus modernes et les plus anciennes), et des tendances de l&#39;industrie (augmentation des charges et de la vitesse d&#39;extraction, syst&egrave;mes de plus en plus automatis&eacute;s).</span></span></p> <p><span><span style="color:#000000;">La nouvelle fiche technique a &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;labor&eacute;e de concert avec des experts en machine d&#39;extraction et des sp&eacute;cialistes en s&eacute;curit&eacute; des machines. Bien qu&#39;une partie importante de son contenu soit issue de la fiche technique RF-412, la mise &agrave; jour du document a permis de revoir sa structure et son organisation afin de reproduire autant que possible le d&eacute;coupage de l&#39;information que l&#39;on peut retrouver dans les normes internationales. La r&eacute;flexion sous-jacente &agrave; la r&eacute;daction de cette nouvelle fiche &eacute;tait de concilier &agrave; la fois l&#39;&eacute;tat actuel des machines d&#39;extraction en service, tout en permettant une &eacute;volution vers plus d&#39;automatisation et une int&eacute;gration des pratiques modernes relatives &agrave; la robustesse (ou &agrave; la fiabilit&eacute;) des syst&egrave;mes de commande des futures machines d&#39;extraction.</span></span></p> <p class="ParagNormal"><span><span style="color:#000000;">La pr&eacute;sente fiche technique contient les r&egrave;gles de l&#39;art actuelles relativement &agrave; la fiabilit&eacute; des PES et leur utilisation pour la commande de machines d&#39;extraction alors que le rapport annexe fait &eacute;tat de la d&eacute;marche et de la r&eacute;flexion ayant men&eacute; &agrave; la r&eacute;daction de cette nouvelle fiche technique. La fiche technique est destin&eacute;e aux utilisateurs, aux propri&eacute;taires et aux concepteurs de machines d&#39;extraction command&eacute;es par des PES. Elle recense les informations sur les objectifs &agrave; atteindre en mati&egrave;re de s&eacute;curit&eacute; des syst&egrave;mes pour les machines d&#39;extraction command&eacute;es par PES. Ce document ne soustrait pas le concepteur, ou l&#39;utilisateur &agrave; l&#39;obligation de se conformer &agrave; toutes exigences l&eacute;gales ou r&eacute;glementaires reli&eacute;es &agrave; leurs activit&eacute;s.</span></span></p> <p class="ParagNormal"><span><span style="color:#000000;">Source :&nbsp;</span></span></p> <p class="ParagNormal"><span><span style="color:#000000;"></span></span><a href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101028/n/securite-machines-extraction-systemes-programmables-electroniques-fiche-technique" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101028/n/securite-machines-extraction-systemes-programmables-electroniques-fiche-technique" target="_blank">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101028/n/securite-machines-extraction-systemes-programmables-electroniques-fiche-technique</a>&nbsp;</p> <p class="ParagNormal"><a href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101027/n/securite-machines-extraction-systemes-programmables-electroniques" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101027/n/securite-machines-extraction-systemes-programmables-electroniques" target="_blank">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101027/n/securite-machines-extraction-systemes-programmables-electroniques</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 06 May 2019 14:58:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/05/06/11506.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-06T14:58:00Z 2019-05-06 14:58 +00:00 2019-05-06 10:58 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11505 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/05/06/11505.aspx Évaluation Étude de fiabilité Conception Garde-corps Protection contre les chutes de hauteur Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Chute de hauteur Résistance des garde-corps en bois fixés sur des structures neuves et comportement sous charges de garde-corps métalliques fixés sur des structures existantes <p><span>Malgr&eacute; les r&eacute;glementations nationales et internationales qui exigent de prot&eacute;ger les travailleurs expos&eacute;s &agrave; un risque de chute, les chutes de hauteur restent l&#39;une des principales causes de d&eacute;c&egrave;s pour les travailleurs de la construction. Elles sont la deuxi&egrave;me cause d&#39;accidents en ce qui a trait aux co&ucirc;ts (397&nbsp;millions de dollars par an sur la p&eacute;riode 2010-2012) et repr&eacute;sentent 16,1&nbsp;% des d&eacute;c&egrave;s au travail en 2017. Les garde-corps temporaires sont un moyen efficace de protection contre les chutes de hauteur, par ailleurs, s&#39;agissant d&#39;un moyen de protection passif, ils permettent de maintenir une productivit&eacute; &eacute;lev&eacute;e.&nbsp;</span>[...]&nbsp;<span>En ce qui concerne les garde-corps en bois install&eacute;s sur des solives ajour&eacute;es ou murs pr&eacute;fabriqu&eacute;s (lors de la construction du b&acirc;timent), aucune &eacute;tude n&#39;a &eacute;t&eacute; men&eacute;e &agrave; ce jour, il est donc difficile de s&#39;assurer de leur r&eacute;sistance aux charges prescrites par le Code de s&eacute;curit&eacute; pour les travaux de construction (CSTC) en vigueur au Qu&eacute;bec. Pour les garde-corps m&eacute;talliques g&eacute;n&eacute;ralement utilis&eacute;s pour les travaux d&#39;&eacute;tanch&eacute;it&eacute; sur des b&acirc;timents existants, la r&eacute;sistance d&eacute;pendra du fond de vissage, qui est souvent inconnu de l&#39;entrepreneur. Il est possible d&#39;effectuer une estimation de la r&eacute;sistance des garde-corps m&eacute;talliques en se basant sur des formules empiriques caract&eacute;risant la r&eacute;sistance &agrave; l&#39;arrachement des vis. Cependant, la variabilit&eacute; de la r&eacute;sistance &agrave; l&#39;arrachement &eacute;tablie selon ces formules empiriques peut &ecirc;tre importante. De plus, les conditions du bois&nbsp;</span><em>in situ</em><span>&nbsp;sont la plupart du temps inconnues (type de bois, humidit&eacute;, pourrissement, pr&eacute;sence de n&oelig;uds). Ainsi, la r&eacute;sistance de la fixation de garde-corps sur des structures r&eacute;elles est tr&egrave;s souvent approximative. Les objectifs des travaux de recherche sont (i) de v&eacute;rifier la r&eacute;sistance des garde-corps en bois fix&eacute;s sur des structures neuves reconstitu&eacute;es en laboratoire, de type solives ajour&eacute;es, (ii) de v&eacute;rifier la r&eacute;sistance des garde-corps en bois fix&eacute;s sur mur pr&eacute;fabriqu&eacute; reconstitu&eacute; en laboratoire, (iii) de comparer le comportement sous charges de garde-corps m&eacute;talliques install&eacute;s sur des toits plats de structures existantes de diff&eacute;rents &acirc;ges.&nbsp;</span><span>Lors de cette &eacute;tude, 262 essais de r&eacute;sistance sur des garde-corps en bois construits &agrave; partir de 2&nbsp;po x 4&nbsp;po et fix&eacute;s sur des solives ajour&eacute;es ont &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;s en laboratoire. Ces essais ont permis d&#39;analyser l&#39;influence des variables suivantes&nbsp;: hauteur du garde-corps (1&nbsp;m ou 1,2&nbsp;m), hauteur de la solive (9,5&nbsp;po, 12&nbsp;po, 14&nbsp;po, 16&nbsp;po), configuration d&#39;essai (1 trav&eacute;e, 3 trav&eacute;es, 2 trav&eacute;es avec force appliqu&eacute;e directement sur le montant), et types de fixation (&agrave; l&#39;aide de clous lisses, clous annel&eacute;s, clous vrill&eacute;s, vis &agrave; bois, tirefonds). L&#39;influence de ces param&egrave;tres a aussi &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;tudi&eacute;e en laboratoire lors de 98 essais de r&eacute;sistance pour des garde-corps en bois fix&eacute;s sur un mur pr&eacute;fabriqu&eacute; construit &agrave; partir de 2&nbsp;po x 4&nbsp;po. Au cours de ces essais sur solives ajour&eacute;es et sur mur pr&eacute;fabriqu&eacute;, la force horizontale &eacute;tait appliqu&eacute;e sur la lisse sup&eacute;rieure du garde-corps &agrave; l&#39;aide d&#39;un treuil manuel et mesur&eacute;e &agrave; l&#39;aide d&#39;une cellule de charge et d&#39;un syst&egrave;me d&#39;acquisition des donn&eacute;es avec une fr&eacute;quence de 10&nbsp;Hz. La charge verticale &eacute;tait un poids mort appliqu&eacute; sur la lisse sup&eacute;rieure du garde-corps. Enfin, 36 essais ont &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;s sur le terrain avec des garde-corps m&eacute;talliques install&eacute;s sur des structures r&eacute;elles&nbsp;: deux b&acirc;timents (l&#39;un de 2008 et l&#39;autre de 2013), et quatre parapets diff&eacute;rents (dimensions et construction diff&eacute;rentes), tous en bon &eacute;tat avant les essais (taux d&#39;humidit&eacute; inf&eacute;rieur &agrave; 10&nbsp;% et absence de dommage apparent). Trois mod&egrave;les de garde-corps m&eacute;talliques ont &eacute;t&eacute; mis &agrave; l&#39;essai, dont deux avaient d&eacute;j&agrave; fait l&#39;objet d&#39;une &eacute;tude pr&eacute;c&eacute;dente en laboratoire. Pour ces garde-corps, plusieurs moyens de fixation sur les parapets ont &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;tudi&eacute;s&nbsp;: fixation sur une face ou deux faces (avec serre-parapet ou plaque stabilisatrice), diff&eacute;rents types de vis (vis noire, vis autotaraudeuse et tirefonds)&nbsp;</span>[...]&nbsp;</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101026/n/resistance-garde-corps-bois-metalliques" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101026/n/resistance-garde-corps-bois-metalliques" target="_blank">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101026/n/resistance-garde-corps-bois-metalliques</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 06 May 2019 13:52:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/05/06/11505.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-06T13:52:00Z 2019-05-06 13:52 +00:00 2019-05-06 09:52 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11504 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/06/11504.aspx Main d’œuvre en mutation Organisation temporelle Travailleurs vieillissants Modification des outils ou équipements de travail L’intensification du travail, et l’intensification des changements dans le travail : quels enjeux pour les travailleurs expérimentés ? <p><span>Cet article examine, sur la base de recherches en ergonomie, en psychologie du travail et en d&eacute;mographie du travail, les enjeux de la confrontation entre deux tendances en cours : le vieillissement structurel de la population au travail d&#39;une part, l&#39;intensification du travail et celle des changements dans le travail d&#39;autre part. Cette analyse comporte un rappel des constats sur ces &eacute;volutions elles-m&ecirc;mes, et une synth&egrave;se des connaissances sur les difficult&eacute;s que l&#39;intensification du travail, ou celle des changements, peut provoquer pour les travailleurs vieillissants, mais aussi sur les strat&eacute;gies op&eacute;ratoires qu&#39;ils peuvent &eacute;laborer, sur la base de leur exp&eacute;rience, afin de ma&icirc;triser au mieux ces contraintes.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="https://veille-travail.anact.fr/osiros/result/notice.php?queryosiros=id:97927&amp;referer=home&amp;referer=home" title="https://veille-travail.anact.fr/osiros/result/notice.php?queryosiros=id:97927&amp;referer=home&amp;referer=home" target="_blank">https://veille-travail.anact.fr/osiros/result/notice.php?queryosiros=id:97927&amp;referer=home&amp;referer=home</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 06 May 2019 13:41:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/05/06/11504.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-06T13:41:00Z 2019-05-06 13:41 +00:00 2019-05-06 09:41 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11503 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/06/11503.aspx Conditions de travail Charge physique France Charge mentale Prévention et contrôle L'exposition aux risques du travail : quels écarts de perception entre les salariés et leurs employeurs ? une analyse comparée des volets "salariés" et "employeurs" de l'enquête Conditions de travail 2013 <p><span>Les employeurs ont une obligation de pr&eacute;vention des atteintes &agrave; la sant&eacute; au travail pour assurer la s&eacute;curit&eacute; des salari&eacute;s. Mais leurs perceptions de ces risques sont encore peu &eacute;tudi&eacute;es. En s&#39;int&eacute;ressant &agrave; la subjectivit&eacute; des personnes, cette &eacute;tude a pour objectif de d&eacute;crire les &eacute;carts entre les perceptions des employeurs et de leurs salari&eacute;s en termes d&#39;exposition aux risques physiques et psychosociaux. Des mod&egrave;les logistiques permettent ensuite d&#39;identifier les caract&eacute;ristiques et contextes de travail associ&eacute;s &agrave; la divergence de perception de ces risques.</span><br /><span>L&#39;enqu&ecirc;te &quot;Conditions de travail 2013&quot;, qui interroge les salari&eacute;s d&#39;une part et leurs employeurs d&#39;autre part, permet d&#39;en rendre compte gr&acirc;ce &agrave; des questions comparables. Les perceptions divergent pour les risques physiques comme psychosociaux. Les employeurs sous-estiment ces risques par-rapport &agrave; la perception qu&#39;en ont les salari&eacute;s. Ces &eacute;carts concernent particuli&egrave;rement le risque chimique : 16% des salari&eacute;s se d&eacute;clarent expos&eacute;s &agrave; des produits chimiques dangereux alors que leur employeur ne d&eacute;clare aucun salari&eacute; expos&eacute; au cours des 12 derniers mois. En revanche, les &eacute;carts de perceptions entre les employeurs et leurs salari&eacute;s sont moindres pour le travail de nuit et le travail en &eacute;quipe alternantes. Les divergences de perceptions de la p&eacute;nibilit&eacute; physique et mentale sont &eacute;galement moindres lorsque l&#39;employeur met en place des dispositifs de pr&eacute;vention des risques et lorsque l&#39;&eacute;tablissement est couvert par des d&eacute;l&eacute;gu&eacute;s syndicaux.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="https://veille-travail.anact.fr/osiros/result/notice.php?queryosiros=id:97926&amp;referer=home&amp;referer=home" title="https://veille-travail.anact.fr/osiros/result/notice.php?queryosiros=id:97926&amp;referer=home&amp;referer=home" target="_blank">https://veille-travail.anact.fr/osiros/result/notice.php?queryosiros=id:97926&amp;referer=home&amp;referer=home</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 06 May 2019 13:18:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/05/06/11503.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-06T13:18:00Z 2019-05-06 13:18 +00:00 2019-05-06 09:18 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11502 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/05/01/11502.aspx Québec Indemnisation Maladies professionnelles Troubles musculo-squelettiques Lésions professionnelles Indicateurs Secteurs d'activités Données administratives Analyse des différences de durées d’indemnisation selon le sexe et le groupe d’âge <p class="lead">Les indicateurs statistiques de sant&eacute; et de s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail produits depuis plusieurs ann&eacute;es par l&#39;Institut de recherche Robert-Sauv&eacute; en sant&eacute; et en s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail (IRSST) montrent que la dur&eacute;e moyenne d&#39;indemnisation des l&eacute;sions professionnelles ayant occasionn&eacute; une perte de temps indemnis&eacute;e (PTI) a presque doubl&eacute; en 15 ans. Alors que l&#39;&eacute;cart de dur&eacute;es moyennes d&#39;indemnisation entre les femmes et les hommes diminue au fil des ann&eacute;es, celui entre chaque groupe d&#39;&acirc;ge change tr&egrave;s peu.</p> <p>L&#39;&eacute;tude vise &agrave; identifier, pour la p&eacute;riode 2005-2012, les facteurs les plus fortement li&eacute;s aux &eacute;carts de dur&eacute;es moyennes d&#39;indemnisation observ&eacute;s selon le sexe ou le groupe d&#39;&acirc;ge, ainsi que ceux associ&eacute;s &agrave; l&#39;augmentation de la dur&eacute;e moyenne d&#39;indemnisation au fil des ann&eacute;es. Outre le sexe, le groupe d&#39;&acirc;ge et l&#39;ann&eacute;e de survenue de la l&eacute;sion, les facteurs retenus incluent notamment la cat&eacute;gorie de dossier, la pr&eacute;sence d&#39;un trouble musculosquelettique (TMS), l&#39;existence d&#39;une atteinte permanente &agrave; l&#39;int&eacute;grit&eacute; physique ou psychique (APIPP), une somme positive de d&eacute;bours au sein de certaines cat&eacute;gories comptables, l&#39;industrie, la cat&eacute;gorie professionnelle et la taille de l&#39;employeur.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101022/n/differences-indemnisation-sexe-age" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101022/n/differences-indemnisation-sexe-age" target="_blank">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101022/n/differences-indemnisation-sexe-age</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 01 May 2019 13:28:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/05/01/11502.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-05-01T13:28:00Z 2019-05-01 13:28 +00:00 2019-05-01 09:28 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11501 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/30/11501.aspx Travail en mouvement Programmes de formation Environnement socio-économique Jeunes travailleurs Occupational safety and health interventions to protect young workers from hazardous work – A scoping review <p><span style="font-weight:bold;">Abstract</span></p> <div class="Abstracts u-font-serif" id="abstracts"> <p>Occupational injury rates are higher among young people when compared to older age groups.<br /><strong>Objective&nbsp;</strong>Identifying preventive occupational safety and health interventions that aim at protecting young workers from hazards at work while considering their ongoing physical and mental maturation.<br /><strong>Methods&nbsp;</strong>We ran a sensitive search strategy in twelve electronic databases to locate studies. Two review authors independently screened titles and abstracts, and later full texts for eligibility. One person extracted the details of studies and another checked for errors. Data were analyzed in an iterative process.<br /><strong>Results&nbsp;</strong>We included 39 studies. Three studies evaluated environmental interventions, 29 evaluated behavioral, one evaluated clinical and six combined more than one type of intervention. Developmental characteristics of young workers that could contribute to risk were addressed in 13 studies. Thirty-five studies were from high income countries, one was from an upper middle-income country and three were from lower middle- income countries. We found no studies from low income countries.<br /><strong>Conclusions&nbsp;</strong>There is a dearth of evidence when it comes to evaluating interventions in low and lower middle income countries and adapting interventions developed in high income countries to the needs of low and middle income ones. A higher and more integrated participation of young workers themselves, parents and other key social actors such as policy makers, employers and occupational safety and health regulators is required to optimally protect young workers. We recommend developing and evaluating interventions that specifically address the risks that youth face at work due to their ongoing developmental process. Further we need systematic reviews of the interventions identified in this review such as for young workers in the service sector.</p> <div id="as030"> <p>Source : Safety Science (2019) 113,&nbsp;389-403&nbsp; &nbsp;<a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.11.024" target="_blank" rel="noreferrer noopener" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.11.024">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.11.024</a></p> </div> <p>&nbsp;</p> </div><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 30 Apr 2019 14:06:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/30/11501.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-30T14:06:00Z 2019-04-30 14:06 +00:00 2019-04-30 10:06 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11500 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/04/30/11500.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Environnement de travail Communication Enquête Secteurs d'activités Work Disability Management Communication Bottlenecks Within Large and Complex Public Service Organizations: A Sociotechnical Systems Study <p><em>Purpose</em><span>&nbsp;Within large and complex organizations work disability (WD) communication bottlenecks emerge and contribute to avoidable disability days. Our study utilized soft systems methods to better understand communication problems in WD management.&nbsp;</span><em>Methods</em><span>&nbsp;Semi-structured interviews were conducted with disability case managers (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;10), frontline supervisors (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;15) and human resource/labor relations specialists (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;5) within three public service organizations. Interview questions asked about organizational WD system structure and communication practices. Thematic analysis was conducted to examine system structure and emergent communication bottlenecks.&nbsp;</span><em>Results</em><span>&nbsp;WD communication took place across a number of internal and external stakeholders. Communication bottlenecks tended to concentrate within WD case manager and frontline supervisor activities. Inconsistent communication across organizations, challenges interacting with external stakeholders, mental health disability information exchange, lack of WD communication experience and previous worker performance represented communication bottlenecks that contributed to avoidable disability days.&nbsp;</span><em>Conclusions</em><span>&nbsp;To strengthen communication practices, systems-focused responses towards organizational WD management are required.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><span>Jetha, A., Yanar, B., Lay, A.M. et al. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation (2019). <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-019-09836-3" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-019-09836-3" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-019-09836-3</a></span></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 30 Apr 2019 13:31:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/04/30/11500.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-30T13:31:00Z 2019-04-30 13:31 +00:00 2019-04-30 09:31 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11498 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/26/11498.aspx Cancer Maladies professionnelles Agents chimiques France Secteurs d'activités Données administratives Santé travail : enjeux et actions. Les cancers reconnus d'origine professionnelle. Evolution statistique, actions de prévention et d'accompagnement des salariés exposés <p><span>Sur la p&eacute;riode 2013-2017, l&#39;Assurance Maladie - Risques professionnels a reconnu, en moyenne 1 840 cancers d&#39;origine professionnelle par an,soit 0,5 % des nouveaux cas de cancers recens&eacute;s en France. Sur la m&ecirc;me p&eacute;riode, plus de 50 000 maladies professionnelles ont &eacute;t&eacute; reconnues par an, li&eacute;es majoritairement &agrave; des troubles musculo-squelettiques.<br />Parmi les cancers professionnels reconnus, la part li&eacute;e &agrave; l&#39;amiante est pr&eacute;pond&eacute;rante (80 % sur la p&eacute;riode 2013-2017). Il s&#39;agit de cancers du poumon dans 70 % des cas et de m&eacute;soth&eacute;liomes dans 30 % des cas.<br />Du fait de la pr&eacute;dominance des cancers li&eacute;s &agrave; l&#39;amiante, la majorit&eacute; des cas reconnus sont des cancers du poumon (57 %). Viennent ensuite les cancers de la pl&egrave;vre (21 %) et de la vessie (11 %).95 % des cancers d&#39;origine professionnelle sont reconnus par le syst&egrave;me des tableaux de maladies professionnelles :<br />- dont 80 % correspondent strictement aux modalit&eacute;s des tableaux (alin&eacute;a 5 de l&#39;article L461-1 du code de la S&eacute;curit&eacute; sociale),<br />- et 15 % correspondent partiellement &agrave; celles-ci (alin&eacute;a 6). Les 5 % restants (environ 90 cas par an) sont reconnus hors tableaux par le syst&egrave;me compl&eacute;mentaire (dit de l&#39;alin&eacute;a 7 faisant r&eacute;f&eacute;rence au m&ecirc;me article). Tous types de cancers confondus, l&#39;&acirc;ge moyen et m&eacute;dian des personnes touch&eacute;es au moment de la reconnaissance en maladie professionnelle est de 68 ans. Il s&#39;agit donc majoritairement de retrait&eacute;s.Les patients atteints d&#39;un m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome ou d&#39;un cancer broncho-pulmonaire du tableau 30 (amiante) sont les plus &acirc;g&eacute;s au moment de cette reconnaissance (&acirc;ge moyen et m&eacute;dian de 73 ans), tandis que les patients atteints d&#39;une h&eacute;mopathie maligne du tableau 4 (benz&egrave;ne) sont les plus jeunes (moyenne &agrave; 56,5 ans et m&eacute;diane &agrave; 56 ans).Il existe une forte diff&eacute;renciation selon le sexe : les hommes sont tr&egrave;s majoritairement les plus concern&eacute;s (96 %). Il s&#39;agit majoritairement d&#39;ouvriers (80 % de cas). Les hommes ne pr&eacute;sentent en effet pas les m&ecirc;mes expositions au risque de cancers professionnels du fait de la sp&eacute;cificit&eacute; de leurs emplois. A titre de comparaison, toutes causes de cancers confondues, les hommes repr&eacute;sentent seulement 55 % des cas dans la cartographie des cancers &eacute;tablie par Sant&eacute; publique France.&nbsp;<br />Cette situation est le reflet de la structure d&#39;emploi des cinquante derni&egrave;res ann&eacute;es et ne refl&egrave;te pas l&#39;exposition actuelle des salari&eacute;s.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" href="http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fileadmin/user_upload/document_PDF_a_telecharger/brochures/Rapport%20Enjeux%20et%20actions%20cancers%20pros.pdf" title="http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fileadmin/user_upload/document_PDF_a_telecharger/brochures/Rapport%20Enjeux%20et%20actions%20cancers%20pros.pdf">http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fileadmin/user_upload/document_PDF_a_telecharger/brochures/Rapport%20Enjeux%20et%20actions%20cancers%20pros.pdf</a></span></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 26 Apr 2019 14:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/26/11498.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-26T14:26:00Z 2019-04-26 14:26 +00:00 2019-04-26 10:26 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11497 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/26/11497.aspx Agents chimiques Évaluation épidémiologique Cancer Surveillance Secteurs d'activités Santé travail : enjeux et actions. Les cancers reconnus d'origine professionnelle. Evolution statistique, actions de prévention et d'accompagnement des salariés exposés <p><span>Sur la p&eacute;riode 2013-2017, l&#39;Assurance Maladie - Risques professionnels a reconnu, en moyenne 1 840 cancers d&#39;origine professionnelle par an,soit 0,5 % des nouveaux cas de cancers recens&eacute;s en France. Sur la m&ecirc;me p&eacute;riode, plus de 50 000 maladies professionnelles ont &eacute;t&eacute; reconnues par an, li&eacute;es majoritairement &agrave; des troubles musculo-squelettiques.</span><br /><span>Parmi les cancers professionnels reconnus, la part li&eacute;e &agrave; l&#39;amiante est pr&eacute;pond&eacute;rante (80 % sur la p&eacute;riode 2013-2017). Il s&#39;agit de cancers du poumon dans 70 % des cas et de m&eacute;soth&eacute;liomes dans 30 % des cas.</span><br /><span>Du fait de la pr&eacute;dominance des cancers li&eacute;s &agrave; l&#39;amiante, la majorit&eacute; des cas reconnus sont des cancers du poumon (57 %). Viennent ensuite les cancers de la pl&egrave;vre (21 %) et de la vessie (11 %).95 % des cancers d&#39;origine professionnelle sont reconnus par le syst&egrave;me des tableaux de maladies professionnelles :</span><br /><span>- dont 80 % correspondent strictement aux modalit&eacute;s des tableaux (alin&eacute;a 5 de l&#39;article L461-1 du code de la S&eacute;curit&eacute; sociale),</span><br /><span>- et 15 % correspondent partiellement &agrave; celles-ci (alin&eacute;a 6). Les 5 % restants (environ 90 cas par an) sont reconnus hors tableaux par le syst&egrave;me compl&eacute;mentaire (dit de l&#39;alin&eacute;a 7 faisant r&eacute;f&eacute;rence au m&ecirc;me article). Tous types de cancers confondus, l&#39;&acirc;ge moyen et m&eacute;dian des personnes touch&eacute;es au moment de la reconnaissance en maladie professionnelle est de 68 ans. Il s&#39;agit donc majoritairement de retrait&eacute;s.Les patients atteints d&#39;un m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome ou d&#39;un cancer broncho-pulmonaire du tableau 30 (amiante) sont les plus &acirc;g&eacute;s au moment de cette reconnaissance (&acirc;ge moyen et m&eacute;dian de 73 ans), tandis que les patients atteints d&#39;une h&eacute;mopathie maligne du tableau 4 (benz&egrave;ne) sont les plus jeunes (moyenne &agrave; 56,5 ans et m&eacute;diane &agrave; 56 ans).Il existe une forte diff&eacute;renciation selon le sexe : les hommes sont tr&egrave;s majoritairement les plus concern&eacute;s (96 %). Il s&#39;agit majoritairement d&#39;ouvriers (80 % de cas). Les hommes ne pr&eacute;sentent en effet pas les m&ecirc;mes expositions au risque de cancers professionnels du fait de la sp&eacute;cificit&eacute; de leurs emplois. A titre de comparaison, toutes causes de cancers confondues, les hommes repr&eacute;sentent seulement 55 % des cas dans la cartographie des cancers &eacute;tablie par Sant&eacute; publique France.&nbsp;</span><br /><span>Cette situation est le reflet de la structure d&#39;emploi des cinquante derni&egrave;res ann&eacute;es et ne refl&egrave;te pas l&#39;exposition actuelle des salari&eacute;s.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="https://veille-travail.anact.fr/osiros/result/notice.php?queryosiros=id:97937&amp;referer=home&amp;referer=home" title="https://veille-travail.anact.fr/osiros/result/notice.php?queryosiros=id:97937&amp;referer=home&amp;referer=home" target="_blank">https://veille-travail.anact.fr/osiros/result/notice.php?queryosiros=id:97937&amp;referer=home&amp;referer=home</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 26 Apr 2019 13:46:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/26/11497.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-26T13:46:00Z 2019-04-26 13:46 +00:00 2019-04-26 09:46 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11496 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/25/11496.aspx Agents chimiques Effets sur la santé Secteur de l'administration publique Plomb Stratégies d'évaluation Secteurs d'activités Occupational Exposure to Metals in Shooting Ranges: A Biomonitoring Study <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span style="font-weight:bold;">Background&nbsp;</span><br />Lead (Pb) exposure in shooting ranges has been reduced by various measures such as jacketed ammunition and lead-free primers. Nevertheless, this may lead to exposure to other metals, potentially resulting in adverse health effects.<br /><span style="font-weight:bold;">Methods</span><br />In a cross-sectional study, 35 subjects from seven different shooting ranges were studied: four shooting instructors, 10 police officers, 15 Special Forces, and six maintenance staff members. Metals and metalloids were determined in blood and urine by inductively coupled plasma&ndash;mass spectrometry.<br /><span style="font-weight:bold;">Results</span><br />The concentrations of most elements did not differ significantly between groups or compared to reference values, except for Sb and Pt in urine and Pb in blood. Mean values for Sb were considerably higher in urine from the Special Forces (0.34 &mu;g/L), the maintenance staff (0.13 &mu;g/L), and shooting instructors (0.32 &mu;g/L) compared to the police officers before shooting (0.06 &mu;g/L) and a Belgian reference value (0.04 &mu;g/L). For Pt, the Special Forces showed higher mean urinary concentrations (0.078 &mu;g/L) compared to a Belgian reference value (&lt;0.061 &mu;g/L). Mean values for blood lead were markedly higher in the Special Forces (3.9 &mu;g/dL), maintenance staff (5.7 &mu;g/dL), and instructors (11.7 &mu;g/dL) compared to police officers (1.4 &mu;g/dL). One instructor exceeded the biological exposure index for blood Pb (38.8 &mu;g/dL).<br /><span style="font-weight:bold;">Conclusion</span><br />Since both Pb and Sb were found to be higher in shooting range employees, especially among frequent shooters, it is advisable to provide appropriate protective equipment, education, and medical follow-up for shooting range personnel in addition to careful choice of ammunition.</p> <p><span style="font-weight:normal;" lang="EN-CA"><span lang="EN-CA">Source : Vandebroek, E., Haufroid, V., Smolders, E., Hons, L. et Nemery, B. (2019) <i>Safety and Health at Work.</i> 10(1), 87-94. </span><span><a target="_blank" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2018.05.006" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2018.05.006"><span lang="EN-CA">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2018.05.006</span></a></span></span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 25 Apr 2019 14:34:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/25/11496.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-25T14:34:00Z 2019-04-25 14:34 +00:00 2019-04-25 10:34 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11495 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/25/11495.aspx Santé psychologique Secteur de l’administration publique Enquêtes Évaluation des facteurs de risque TMS Quebec Serve and Protect Low Back Pain Study: What About Mental Quality of Life? <p><span style="font-weight:bold;">Background&nbsp;</span>As of now, the impact of low back pain (LBP) and its chronic state, chronic low back pain (CLBP), on mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has never been investigated among police officers. The present investigation aims at studying this relationship using a biopsychosocial model.</p> <p><span lang="EN-CA"><strong>Methods&nbsp;</strong></span>Between May and October 2014, a Web-based cross-sectional study was conducted among Quebec police officers (Quebec, Canada). Mental HRQOL was measured using the role emotional (RE) and the mental health (MH) domains of the SF-12v2 Health Survey. The impact of CLBP on mental HRQOL (as opposed to acute/subacute LBP or no LBP) was studied with a multivariate linear regression model.</p> <p><span style="font-weight:bold;">Results&nbsp;</span>Our results underscore how frequent CLBP is among police officers and how burdensome it is. Considering the importance of good physical and mental health for this occupational population, police organizations should be aware of this issue and contribute to the efforts toward CLBP prevention and management in the workplace.&nbsp;</p> <p><span style="font-weight:bold;">Conclusion&nbsp;</span>Our results underscore how frequent CLBP is among police officers and how burdensome it is. Considering the importance of good physical and mental health for this occupational population, police organizations should be aware of this issue and contribute to the efforts toward CLBP prevention and management in the workplace</p> <p><span lang="EN-CA"><span lang="EN-CA">Source :&nbsp;</span></span>Douma, N.B., C&ocirc;t&eacute;, C. et Lacasse, A. (2019). <i><span lang="EN-CA">Safety and Health at Work</span></i><span lang="EN-CA">, 10, (1), 39-46. </span><a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2018.08.006">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2018.08.006</a></p> <h1></h1><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 25 Apr 2019 14:08:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/25/11495.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-25T14:08:00Z 2019-04-25 14:08 +00:00 2019-04-25 10:08 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11494 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/25/11494.aspx Travail en mouvement Environnement SST Jeunes travailleurs Effets sur les travailleurs Conditions de travail Évaluation des facteurs de risque Occupational Safety and Health Among Young Workers in the Nordic Countries: A Systematic Literature Review <p><span lang="EN-CA">This review aimed to identify risk factors for occupational accidents and illnesses among young workers in the Nordic countries and to attain knowledge on specific vulnerable groups within the young working force that may need special attention. We conducted a systematic review from 1994 to 2014 using five online databases. Of the 12,528 retrieved articles, 54 met the review criteria and were quality assessed, in which data were extracted focusing on identifying occupational safety, health risk factors, and vulnerable groups among the young workers. The review shows that mechanical factors such as heavy lifting, psychosocial factors such as low control over work pace, and organizational factors such as safety climate are all associated with increased injury risk for young Nordic workers. Results show that exposures to chemical substances were associated with skin reactions, e.g., hand eczema. Heavy lifting and awkward postures were risk factors for low back pain, and high job demands were risk factors for mental health outcomes. The review identified young unskilled workers including school drop-out workers as particularly vulnerable groups when it comes to occupational accidents. In addition, apprentices and young skilled workers were found to be vulnerable to work-related illnesses. It is essential to avoid stereotyping young Nordic workers into one group using only age as a factor, as young workers are a heterogeneous group and their vulnerabilities to occupational safety and health risks are contextual. Politicians, researchers, and practitioners should account for this complexity in the education, training and organization of work, and workplace health and safety culture.</span></p> <p><span lang="EN-CA"> <p><span lang="EN-CA">Source : Hanvold, T.N., Kines, P., Nyk&auml;nen, M., Thom&eacute;e, S., Holte, K.A., Vuori, J., W&aelig;rsted, M., Veiersted, K.B.&nbsp;</span><span>(2019) </span><i>Safety and Health at Work.&nbsp; 1</i><span lang="EN-CA">0(1), 3-20. </span><a target="_blank" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2018.12.003" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2018.12.003"><span lang="EN-CA">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2018.12.003</span></a></p> </span></p> <p><span lang="EN-CA"> <p> <h1></h1> </p> </span></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 25 Apr 2019 13:36:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/25/11494.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-25T13:36:00Z 2019-04-25 13:36 +00:00 2019-04-25 09:36 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11493 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/04/25/11493.aspx Enquêtes épidémiologiques Facteurs psychosociaux TMS dos Secteur de l'administration publique Santé mentale Quebec Serve and Protect Low Back Pain Study: What About Mental Quality of Life? <p><span lang="EN-CA"><strong>Background</strong><br /></span><span lang="EN-CA" style="font-weight:normal;">As of now, the impact of low back pain (LBP) and its chronic state, chronic low back pain (CLBP), on mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has never been investigated among police officers. The present investigation aims at studying this relationship using a biopsychosocial model.<br /></span><span lang="EN-CA"><strong>Methods</strong><br /></span><span lang="EN-CA" style="font-weight:normal;">Between May and October 2014, a Web-based cross-sectional study was conducted among Quebec police officers (Quebec, Canada). Mental HRQOL was measured using the role emotional (RE) and the mental health (MH) domains of the SF-12v2 Health Survey. The impact of CLBP on mental HRQOL (as opposed to acute/subacute LBP or no LBP) was studied with a multivariate linear regression model.<br /></span><span lang="EN-CA"><strong>Results</strong><br /></span><span lang="EN-CA" style="font-weight:normal;">Of the 3,589 police officers who participated in the study, 1,013 (28.4%) reported CLBP. The mean age of respondents was 38.5 &plusmn; 8.7 years, and 32.0% were females. The RE (44.1/100) and MH (49.0/100) mean scores of the CLBP group were comparable with the scores found in populations suffering from cancer or heart diseases. Compared to officers without LBP, the presence of CLBP was significantly associated with lower RE (&beta;: &minus;0.068; p = 0.003) and MH (&beta;: &minus;0.062; p = 0.002) scores. These relationships were not found in the acute/subacute LBP group.<br /></span><span lang="EN-CA"><strong>Conclusion</strong><br /></span><span lang="EN-CA"><span style="font-weight:normal;">Our results underscore how frequent CLBP is among police officers and how burdensome it is. Considering the importance of good physical and mental health for this occupational population, police organizations should be aware of this issue and contribute to the efforts toward CLBP prevention and management in the workplace.</span></span></p> <p> <span>Source : Douma, N.B., C&ocirc;t&eacute;, C. et Lacasse, A. (2019). </span><i><span lang="EN-CA">Safety and Health at Work</span></i><span lang="EN-CA">, 10, (1), 39-46. </span><span><a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2018.08.006" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2018.08.006"><span>https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2018.08.006</span></a></span></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 25 Apr 2019 13:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/04/25/11493.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-25T13:24:00Z 2019-04-25 13:24 +00:00 2019-04-25 09:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11492 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/24/11492.aspx Agents chimiques Secteur de l'enseignement Prévention et contrôle Aérosol Composés organiques volatils (COV) Styrène MDI Confinement Measuring and controlling emissions from polymer filament desktop 3D printers <p>Affordable desktop 3D printers are being widely used in businesses, schools and colleges. Some of these printers use filaments to deposit polymer through a heated nozzle to build three dimensional objects. This type of desktop printer is generally unenclosed and some published studies have raised concerns that they may release potentially harmful fumes and particles. The scientific evidence base on exposures and potential health endpoints is being developed internationally.</p> <p>This report describes initial research in a laboratory setting to a) measure emissions of particulates and volatile organic compounds from desktop 3D printers and b) investigate the effectiveness of control measures to reduce these printer emissions. Two common filament materials were investigated: polylactic acid (PLA) which is generally used in schools, and acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS). </p> <p>Source:&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1146.htm#utm_source=govdelivery&amp;utm_medium=email&amp;utm_campaign=research-reports-1604&amp;utm_content=rr1146" href="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1146.htm#utm_source=govdelivery&amp;utm_medium=email&amp;utm_campaign=research-reports-1604&amp;utm_content=rr1146">http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1146.htm#utm_source=govdelivery&amp;utm_medium=email&amp;utm_campaign=research-reports-1604&amp;utm_content=rr1146</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 24 Apr 2019 15:07:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/24/11492.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-24T15:07:00Z 2019-04-24 15:07 +00:00 2019-04-24 11:07 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11491 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/24/11491.aspx Santé psychologique Environnement de travail Organisation temporelle Effets sur les travailleurs Long working hours and depressive symptoms: moderating effects of gender, socioeconomic status, and job resources <div id="ASec1" class="AbstractSection"> <h3 class="Heading">Purpose <span style="font-weight:normal;">Systematic reviews and meta-analyses have found inconsistent associations between working hours and depressive symptoms. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible moderators of this association, using data from a large-scale cross-sectional survey.</span></h3> </div> <div id="ASec2" class="AbstractSection"> <h3 class="Heading">Methods <span style="font-weight:normal;">A total of 16,136 Japanese employees (men 83.5%; women 16.5%) responded to a self-administered questionnaire inquiring about overtime working hours during the previous month and depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale), as well as moderating factors including gender, age, marital status, socioeconomic status, commuting time, sleeping hours per day, job control and worksite social support (Job Content Questionnaire), neuroticism (Eysenck&#39;s Personality Questionnaire Revised), and social desirability (Social Desirability Scale) (response rate, 85%). We conducted sequential regression analyses to investigate the main effects and interaction effects of all moderating variables.</span></h3> </div> <div id="ASec3" class="AbstractSection"> <h3 class="Heading">Results <span style="font-weight:normal;">The association between overtime working hours and depressive symptoms was significantly moderated by gender (interaction effect:&nbsp;<em>&beta;</em><span style="font-size:12px;">&thinsp;=&thinsp;0.03), age (</span><em>&beta;</em><span style="font-size:12px;">&thinsp;=&thinsp;&minus;&thinsp;0.02), manager (</span><em>&beta;</em><span style="font-size:12px;">&thinsp;=&thinsp;0.03), sleeping hours (</span><em>&beta;</em><span style="font-size:12px;">&thinsp;=&thinsp;&minus;&thinsp;0.02), job control (</span><em>&beta;</em><span style="font-size:12px;">&thinsp;=&thinsp;&minus;&thinsp;0.03), and neuroticism (</span><em>&beta;</em><span style="font-size:12px;">&thinsp;=&thinsp;0.02). Among workers engaged in 80&thinsp;+&thinsp;hours of overtime, higher depressive symptoms were reported by women, younger employees, non-managers, employees with low job control, low worksite social support, and high neuroticism. A significant main effect of long overtime working hours on depressive symptoms was also observed even after controlling for all independent variables (</span><em>&beta;</em><span style="font-size:12px;">&thinsp;=&thinsp;0.02).</span></span></h3> </div> <div id="ASec4" class="AbstractSection"> <h3 class="Heading"><span style="font-weight:normal;">Conclusions</span><span style="font-weight:normal;">&nbsp;</span><span style="font-weight:normal;">Long overtime working hours is associated with depressive symptoms. We also found significant heterogeneity in the association according to employee characteristics, which may explain the inconsistent findings in previous literature.</span></h3> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><span>Tsuno, K., Kawachi, I., Inoue, A., Nakai, S.,&nbsp; Tanigaki, T., Nagotami, H. et N. Kawakami.&nbsp;&nbsp;</span>International Archives of Occupational&nbsp; and Environmental Health (2019).&nbsp;<span><a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-019-01401-y" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-019-01401-y" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-019-01401-y</a></span></p> </div><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 24 Apr 2019 14:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/24/11491.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-24T14:17:00Z 2019-04-24 14:17 +00:00 2019-04-24 10:17 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11490 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/24/11490.aspx Travail en mouvement Organisation temporelle Secteur des services de santé Effets sur les travailleurs Travail posté Short rest between shifts (quick returns) and night work is associated with work-related accidents <p><span style="font-size:1.17em;"><b>Purpose</b> </span><span style="font-weight:normal;">The aim of this study was to examine whether less than 11&nbsp;h between shifts (i.e., quick returns, QRs) and night shifts is associated with self-reported work-related accidents, near accidents or dozing off at work in a sample of nurses.</span></p> <p> <div class="AbstractSection" id="ASec2"> <p><b>Methods</b> <span style="font-weight:normal;">The study was based on cross-sectional data from 1784 nurses (response rate&thinsp;=&thinsp;60%; mean age&thinsp;=&thinsp;40.1&nbsp;years, SD&thinsp;=&thinsp;8.4; 91% female). Negative binomial regression analyses were conducted to investigate the association between the shift exposures, and eight different self-reported work-related items on accidents, near accidents and dozing off at work, controlling for demographics and work factors.</span></p> </div> <div class="AbstractSection" id="ASec3"> <p><b>Results</b> <span style="font-weight:normal;">The number of QRs during a year was positively associated with seven of the eight items on work-related accidents, near-accidents and dozing off at work, and number of night shifts was positively associated with five items. Some of the key findings were that QRs were associated with nurses causing harm to themselves (incidence rate ratio [IRR]&thinsp;=&thinsp;1.009; 95% CI&thinsp;=&thinsp;1.005&ndash;1.013), causing harm to patients/others (IRR&thinsp;=&thinsp;1.006; 95% CI&thinsp;=&thinsp;1.002&ndash;1.010) and causing harm to equipment (IRR&thinsp;=&thinsp;1.004; 95% CI&thinsp;=&thinsp;1.001&ndash;1.007); while night shifts were associated with nurses involuntarily dozing off at work (IRR&thinsp;=&thinsp;1.015; 95% CI&thinsp;=&thinsp;1.013&ndash;1.018), dozing off while driving to/from work (IRR&thinsp;=&thinsp;1.009; 95% CI&thinsp;=&thinsp;1.006&ndash;1.011), and harming patients/others (IRR&thinsp;=&thinsp;1.005; 95% CI&thinsp;=&thinsp;1.001&ndash;1.009).<br /></span>Conclusion <span style="font-weight:normal;">QRs and night shifts were both associated with the self-reported work-related accidents, near-accidents and dozing off at work. Studies that can establish the causal relationship between QRs and accidents are called for.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight:normal;"></span>Source :&nbsp;<span>Vedaa, &Oslash;., Harris, A., Erevik, E.K. et al. Int Arch Occup Environ Health (2019).&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-019-01421-8" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-019-01421-8">https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-019-01421-8</a></p> </div> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 24 Apr 2019 13:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/24/11490.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-24T13:49:00Z 2019-04-24 13:49 +00:00 2019-04-24 09:49 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11489 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/18/11489.aspx Secteurs d'activités Agents chimiques Agents physiques Machines mobiles et véhicules Guide Prévention et contrôle Les ateliers de moulage de pièces en alliages d'aluminium <p>Dans les ateliers de moulage de pi&egrave;ces&nbsp;<span>en alliages d&#39;aluminium, les salari&eacute;s sont expos&eacute;s &agrave; des risques susceptibles d&#39;entra&icirc;ner des atteintes graves &agrave; leur sant&eacute;.&nbsp;</span><span>Cette brochure recense les principaux risques et propose des mesures de pr&eacute;vention adapt&eacute;es concernant l&#39;organisation (circulation des personnes et des v&eacute;hicules, maintenance), la conception des b&acirc;timents et pour chaque phase de production. Les entreprises plus particuli&egrave;rement vis&eacute;es sont les PME r&eacute;alisant des petites, moyennes ou grandes s&eacute;ries, pour les diff&eacute;rents secteurs industriels.L&#39;organisation du document est calqu&eacute; sur l&#39;encha&icirc;nement des op&eacute;rations&nbsp;</span><span>qui permettent d&#39;obtenir des pi&egrave;ces en alliages d&#39;aluminium par moulage.</span>&nbsp;</p> <p>Source : <a target="_blank" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%20908" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%20908">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%20908</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 18 Apr 2019 15:15:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/18/11489.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-18T15:15:00Z 2019-04-18 15:15 +00:00 2019-04-18 11:15 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11488 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/18/11488.aspx Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Conditions psychologiques Conditions de travail Enquêtes Évaluation des facteurs de risque Caractérisation des effets des expositions aux facteurs psychosociaux sur la santé mentale et l'état de santé général perçu - Analyses à partir de l'enquête "Santé et itinéraire professionnel&quot <p><span>Bas&eacute;e sur l&#39;enqu&ecirc;te nationale &quot; Sant&eacute; et itin&eacute;raire professionnel &quot;, cette &eacute;tude avait l&#39;objectif d&#39;apporter des r&eacute;ponses quant &agrave; la nature des effets de 17 facteurs psychosociaux sur la survenue de troubles de la sant&eacute; mentale et sur la d&eacute;gradation de l&#39;&eacute;tat de sant&eacute; g&eacute;n&eacute;ral per&ccedil;u. L&#39;effet se produit-il au moment de l&#39;exposition ou apr&egrave;s un certain temps ? La sant&eacute; mentale et la&nbsp;</span><span>sant&eacute; g&eacute;n&eacute;rale per&ccedil;ue sont elles plus alt&eacute;r&eacute;es dans le cas d&#39;une exposition prolong&eacute;e ?</span><br /><span>Les troubles de sant&eacute; surviennent-ils si l&#39;exposition est r&eacute;duite ou dispara&icirc;t ? Selon les facteurs psychosociaux et le genre, les r&eacute;sultats sugg&egrave;rent un effet principalement &agrave; court terme de l&#39;exposition psychosociale plut&ocirc;t qu&#39;un effet d&eacute;cal&eacute; sur la survenue de troubles de la sant&eacute;. Aucun sur-risque en cas d&#39;exposition r&eacute;p&eacute;t&eacute;e compar&eacute;e &agrave; une exposition actuelle ponctuelle n&#39;a &eacute;t&eacute; mis en &eacute;vidence.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" title="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20267" href="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20267">http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20267</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 18 Apr 2019 14:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/18/11488.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-18T14:49:00Z 2019-04-18 14:49 +00:00 2019-04-18 10:49 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11487 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/18/11487.aspx Agents chimiques Mesure Prévention et contrôle Surveillance Indicateur biologique Surveillance biologique des expositions professionnelles aux agents chimiques : les pratiques des équipes de santé au travail <p><span>Les recommandations de bonne pratique pour la surveillance biologique des expositions (SBEP) aux risques chimiques ont &eacute;t&eacute; publi&eacute;es en mai 2016. Afin de conna&icirc;tre leur utilisation, une enqu&ecirc;te par questionnaire a &eacute;t&eacute; entreprise aupr&egrave;s de services&nbsp;</span><span>de sant&eacute; au travail (SST).</span><br /><span>Cette enqu&ecirc;te met en &eacute;vidence une bonne ma&icirc;trise du contenu des recommandations par les m&eacute;decins en SST autonome.&nbsp;</span><span>En SST interentreprises, le besoin de formation sur la mise en oeuvre de la SBEP selon ces recommandations est manifeste, notamment concernant l&#39;usage de la fiche de renseignements m&eacute;dicaux et professionnels (FRMP), la pratique de la pluridisciplinarit&eacute;, la tra&ccedil;abilit&eacute; collective des r&eacute;sultats.</span><br /><span>La mise en place de m&eacute;decins r&eacute;f&eacute;rents r&eacute;gionaux, form&eacute;s aux risques chimiques et, en particulier &agrave; la SBEP, avec une bonne connaissance de ces recommandations, devrait permettre de d&eacute;velopper une SBEP de qualit&eacute;.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" title="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20266" href="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20266">http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20266</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 18 Apr 2019 14:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/18/11487.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-18T14:24:00Z 2019-04-18 14:24 +00:00 2019-04-18 10:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11486 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/04/18/11486.aspx Machines à scier Risque machine Secteurs d'activités Sécurité des machines Nouvelle publication de l’INRS : scies à ruban à table <p><span>Destin&eacute; aux chefs d&#39;entreprise, aux cadres et &agrave; la ma&icirc;trise, cet aide-m&eacute;moire technique examine les risques du poste de travail sur les scies &agrave; ruban &agrave; table, ainsi que les moyens de les pr&eacute;venir.</span></p> <p><span>Au sommaire : fonction ; terminologie ; description ; conditions d&#39;acquisition, de r&eacute;ception, d&#39;implantation, d&#39;installation et de conseils d&#39;utilisation des machines en service ; conseils pour l&#39;utilisation et la mise en oeuvre des scies &agrave; ruban &agrave; table.</span></p> <p> <span><span>Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/aide-memoire-technique-scie-ruban-table.html" href="http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/aide-memoire-technique-scie-ruban-table.html">http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/aide-memoire-technique-scie-ruban-table.html</a></span></span></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 18 Apr 2019 13:13:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/04/18/11486.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-18T13:13:00Z 2019-04-18 13:13 +00:00 2019-04-18 09:13 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11484 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/17/11484.aspx Europe Cancer Maladies professionnelles France Enquêtes Secteurs d'activités Prévention Cancers reconnus d'origine professionnelle : Évolution statistique, actions de prévention et d’accompagnement des salariés exposés <p><span style="font-weight:normal;">Le site Ameli - Risques professionnels met en ligne un num&eacute;ro de &quot;Sant&eacute; travail : enjeux et actions&quot; sur les cancers reconnus d&#39;origine professionnelle. Sont abord&eacute;s notamment l&#39;&eacute;volution du nombre de cancers reconnus d&#39;origine professionnelle sur la p&eacute;riode 1997-2017, les r&eacute;sultats de l&#39;enqu&ecirc;te SUMER de 2010, la reconnaissance des cancers professionnels en Europe ainsi que les actions de pr&eacute;vention et d&#39;accompagnement des salari&eacute;s expos&eacute;s.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight:normal;">Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="https://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Facteurs-de-risque-et-de-protection/Expositions-professionnelles/Ressources-et-veille-documentaires/Cancers-Pro-Actu/Cancers-Pro-Actu-26/Cancers-reconnus-d-origine-professionnelle-Evolution-statistique-actions-de-prevention-et-d-accompagnement-des-salaries-exposes" title="https://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Facteurs-de-risque-et-de-protection/Expositions-professionnelles/Ressources-et-veille-documentaires/Cancers-Pro-Actu/Cancers-Pro-Actu-26/Cancers-reconnus-d-origine-professionnelle-Evolution-statistique-actions-de-prevention-et-d-accompagnement-des-salaries-exposes" target="_blank">https://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Facteurs-de-risque-et-de-protection/Expositions-professionnelles/Ressources-et-veille-documentaires/Cancers-Pro-Actu/Cancers-Pro-Actu-26/Cancers-reconnus-d-origine-professionnelle-Evolution-statistique-actions-de-prevention-et-d-accompagnement-des-salaries-exposes</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 17 Apr 2019 20:28:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/17/11484.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-17T20:28:00Z 2019-04-17 20:28 +00:00 2019-04-17 16:28 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11483 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/17/11483.aspx Références en ligne Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Agents chimiques Prévention et contrôle Poussières de silice dans les activités de travaux publics <p><span>La F&eacute;d&eacute;ration des travaux publics de Lorraine et ses partenaires publient un guide proposant des mesures pour pr&eacute;venir le risque d&#39;exposition aux poussi&egrave;res de silice durant les activit&eacute;s de travaux publics. Sont rappel&eacute;s dans un premier temps les lieux o&ugrave; l&#39;on peut trouver de la silice, les professions susceptibles d&#39;&ecirc;tre expos&eacute;es, les effets sur la sant&eacute; et les moyens de se prot&eacute;ger. Les mesures de pr&eacute;vention sont ensuite d&eacute;taill&eacute;es pour les activit&eacute;s et situations de travail suivantes : terrassement, recyclage de mat&eacute;riaux sur chantier, pose de canalisation, assainissement, interventions sur chauss&eacute;es, travaux de voirie, construction d&#39;ouvrage d&#39;art, confortement de paroi et d&eacute;molition.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="https://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Facteurs-de-risque-et-de-protection/Expositions-professionnelles/Ressources-et-veille-documentaires/Cancers-Pro-Actu/Cancers-Pro-Actu-26/Poussieres-de-silice-dans-les-activites-de-travaux-publics" title="https://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Facteurs-de-risque-et-de-protection/Expositions-professionnelles/Ressources-et-veille-documentaires/Cancers-Pro-Actu/Cancers-Pro-Actu-26/Poussieres-de-silice-dans-les-activites-de-travaux-publics" target="_blank">https://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Facteurs-de-risque-et-de-protection/Expositions-professionnelles/Ressources-et-veille-documentaires/Cancers-Pro-Actu/Cancers-Pro-Actu-26/Poussieres-de-silice-dans-les-activites-de-travaux-publics</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 17 Apr 2019 20:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/17/11483.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-17T20:19:00Z 2019-04-17 20:19 +00:00 2019-04-17 16:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11481 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/17/11481.aspx Agents chimiques Solvants Substitution Surveillance Indicateur biologique Perchloroéthylène Valeurs biologiques d'exposition en milieu professionnel - Le perchloroéthylène <div> <div class="ezxmltext_content"> <p>Le site Substitution CMR r&eacute;sume les recommandations de l&#39;ANSES concernant les valeurs biologiques pour la surveillance biologique des expositions en milieu professionnel du perchloro&eacute;thyl&egrave;ne. Le rapport de l&#39;ANSES est t&eacute;l&eacute;chargeable &agrave; l&#39;adresse suivante :&nbsp;</p> </div> <div>Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/VSR2014SA0057Ra.pdf" href="https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/VSR2014SA0057Ra.pdf">https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/VSR2014SA0057Ra.pdf</a></div> </div><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 17 Apr 2019 19:34:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/17/11481.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-17T19:34:00Z 2019-04-17 19:34 +00:00 2019-04-17 15:34 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11480 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/17/11480.aspx Agents chimiques Agents physiques Évaluation épidémiologique Cancer Systèmes et maladies Références en ligne Surveillance Secteurs d'activités Description par type de cancer des situations professionnelles à risque : synthèse des données du réseau RNV3P <p><span>L&#39;ANSES (Agence nationale de s&eacute;curit&eacute; sanitaire de l&#39;alimentation, de l&#39;environnement et du travail) et le RNV3P (R&eacute;seau National de Vigilance et de Pr&eacute;vention des Pathologies Professionnelles) mettent en ligne un rapport identifiant les situations professionnelles &agrave; risque pour plusieurs types de cancers. Sont abord&eacute;s les cancers broncho-pulmonaires, les cancers uroth&eacute;liaux, les h&eacute;mopathies lympho&iuml;des matures, les leuc&eacute;mies my&eacute;lo&iuml;des, le cancer du larynx, le cancer des fosses nasales et des sinus, le cancer du rein, les cancers primitifs de la peau non m&eacute;lanocytaires, les cancers du syst&egrave;me nerveux central, le cancer colorectal et le cancer du sein.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" title="https://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Facteurs-de-risque-et-de-protection/Expositions-professionnelles/Ressources-et-veille-documentaires/Cancers-Pro-Actu/Cancers-Pro-Actu-26/Description-par-type-de-cancer-des-situations-professionnelles-a-risque-synthese-des-donnees-du-reseau-RNV3P" href="https://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Facteurs-de-risque-et-de-protection/Expositions-professionnelles/Ressources-et-veille-documentaires/Cancers-Pro-Actu/Cancers-Pro-Actu-26/Description-par-type-de-cancer-des-situations-professionnelles-a-risque-synthese-des-donnees-du-reseau-RNV3P">https://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Facteurs-de-risque-et-de-protection/Expositions-professionnelles/Ressources-et-veille-documentaires/Cancers-Pro-Actu/Cancers-Pro-Actu-26/Description-par-type-de-cancer-des-situations-professionnelles-a-risque-synthese-des-donnees-du-reseau-RNV3P</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 17 Apr 2019 19:08:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/17/11480.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-17T19:08:00Z 2019-04-17 19:08 +00:00 2019-04-17 15:08 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11479 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/17/11479.aspx Références en ligne Conditions de travail Cancer Organisation temporelle Travail des femmes Prévention et contrôle Le risque de cancer du sein chez les travailleuses de nuit : état des connaissances <p><span style="font-weight:normal;">L&#39;exposition professionnelle au travail de nuit, fixe ou post&eacute;, entra&icirc;nant des perturbations de l&#39;horloge biologique et des rythmes circadiens, a &eacute;t&eacute; associ&eacute;e dans plusieurs &eacute;tudes &agrave; un risque accru de cancer du sein chez les femmes. N&eacute;anmoins, la qualit&eacute;&nbsp;m&eacute;thodologique des &eacute;tudes &eacute;pid&eacute;miologiques fait parfois d&eacute;faut et le d&eacute;bat scientifique reste toujours d&#39;actualit&eacute; concernant cette association statistique, sa grandeur, les cons&eacute;quences en termes de morbidit&eacute;-mortalit&eacute;, les recommandations pratiques&nbsp;de surveillance m&eacute;dicale et les pr&eacute;conisations pour la pr&eacute;vention des risques professionnels. La plausibilit&eacute; biologique de ce risque et les voies physiopathologiques ont &eacute;t&eacute; de mieux en mieux &eacute;lucid&eacute;es. Cette revue de la litt&eacute;rature fait le point des connaissances sur le sujet et propose une analyse dans la perspective de la sant&eacute; au travail.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight:normal;">Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=TC%20164" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=TC%20164">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=TC%20164</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 17 Apr 2019 18:29:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/17/11479.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-17T18:29:00Z 2019-04-17 18:29 +00:00 2019-04-17 14:29 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11478 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/17/11478.aspx Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Environnement socio-économique Environnement de travail Enquêtes Associations Between Systemic Quality of Life and Burnout Among French Canadian Workers <p>Burnout has very often been studied from a work-life specific perspective. However, a recent field of research leads to wonder about the impact that life events can have on the development of burnout. This study therefore investigated the associations between five domains of systemic quality of life and the three dimensions of burnout proposed by Maslach and colleagues. An analysis of correlations and multiple hierarchical regressions were performed on a sample of 202 French Canadian workers. These analyses report inverse associations between quality of life and burnout, with strong negative correlations between quality of life domains and burnout dimensions. The results also suggest that physical health and psychological health are strongly associated with the burnout dimensions and that systemic quality of life significantly adds variance into the risk factors model of emotional exhaustion and reduced personal accomplishment. This study provides empirical data supporting the belief that burnout is not work-life specific; burnout seems to have interactions with other life domains. These results point to the importance of raising awareness about the different life domains involved in the development of burnout, whether at the level of organizations, workers or practitioners.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;Vachon, M., Papineau, M., Dupuis, G. et al. (2019). Social Indicators Research,&nbsp;<span class="ArticleCitation_Year">1</span><span class="ArticleCitation_Volume">42(3)&nbsp;</span>,&nbsp;<span class="ArticleCitation_Pages">1193&ndash;1210</span>&nbsp;<a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-018-1944-x" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-018-1944-x" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-018-1944-x</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 17 Apr 2019 18:06:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/17/11478.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-17T18:06:00Z 2019-04-17 18:06 +00:00 2019-04-17 14:06 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11475 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/17/11475.aspx Québec Canada Contexte de travail Santé psychologique Indicateurs de santé Enquêtes Régions géographiques Associations Between Systemic Quality of Life and Burnout Among French Canadian Workers <p><span>Burnout has very often been studied from a work-life specific perspective. However, a recent field of research leads to wonder about the impact that life events can have on the development of burnout. This study therefore investigated the associations between five domains of systemic quality of life and the three dimensions of burnout proposed by Maslach and colleagues. An analysis of correlations and multiple hierarchical regressions were performed on a sample of 202 French Canadian workers. These analyses report inverse associations between quality of life and burnout, with strong negative correlations between quality of life domains and burnout dimensions. The results also suggest that physical health and psychological health are strongly associated with the burnout dimensions and that systemic quality of life significantly adds variance into the risk factors model of emotional exhaustion and reduced personal accomplishment. This study provides empirical data supporting the belief that burnout is not work-life specific; burnout seems to have interactions with other life domains. These results point to the importance of raising awareness about the different life domains involved in the development of burnout, whether at the level of organizations, workers or practitioners.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><span>Vachon, M., Papineau, M., Dupuis, G. et al. (2019). Social Indicators Research,&nbsp;</span><span class="ArticleCitation_Year">1</span><span class="ArticleCitation_Volume">42(3)&nbsp;</span><span>,</span><span>&nbsp;</span><span class="ArticleCitation_Pages">1193&ndash;1210</span><span>&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-018-1944-x" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-018-1944-x">https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-018-1944-x</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 17 Apr 2019 17:43:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/17/11475.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-17T17:43:00Z 2019-04-17 17:43 +00:00 2019-04-17 13:43 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11474 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/04/16/11474.aspx Normes et réglementation Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Analyse d'accidents/incidents Chute de hauteur Regulated working at heights training works and needed: studies <p><span style="font-weight:bold;">Special Report</span><br />Two recently released Ontario studies demonstrate why mandatory, standardized working at heights training is so critical to worker well-being.&nbsp;<br />One study undertaken by the Institute for Work &amp; Health (IWH) conducted an evaluation of the impact the province&#39;s working at heights training standard had on workers and their work sites. A second and earlier probe prepared by the Ministry of Labour (MOL) for the Chief Prevention Officer undertook root cause analysis of worker deaths from falls from heights.<br /><span style="font-weight:bold;">Significant results from WAH training standard</span><br />The IWH evaluation consisted of surveys with working at heights training participants, training providers and employers in construction. Interviews with MOL inspectors, an examination of MOL administrative records and lost-time workers&#39; compensation claims were also taken into account.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="https://www.whsc.on.ca/What-s-new/News-Archive/Regulated-working-at-heights-training-works-i-and-i-needed-studies" href="https://www.whsc.on.ca/What-s-new/News-Archive/Regulated-working-at-heights-training-works-i-and-i-needed-studies">https://www.whsc.on.ca/What-s-new/News-Archive/Regulated-working-at-heights-training-works-i-and-i-needed-studies</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 16 Apr 2019 15:58:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/04/16/11474.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-16T15:58:00Z 2019-04-16 15:58 +00:00 2019-04-16 11:58 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11473 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/16/11473.aspx Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Normes et législation Formation à la SST Ontario Prévention et contrôle Regulated working at heights training works and needed: studies <p><span>Special Report</span><br /><span>Two recently released Ontario studies demonstrate why mandatory, standardized working at heights training is so critical to worker well-being.</span><br /><span>&nbsp;</span><br /><span>One study undertaken by the Institute for Work &amp; Health (IWH) conducted an evaluation of the impact the province&#39;s working at heights training standard had on workers and their work sites. A second and earlier probe prepared by the Ministry of Labour (MOL) for the Chief Prevention Officer undertook root cause analysis of worker deaths from falls from heights.</span></p> <p>Significant results from WAH training standard</p> <p><span>The IWH evaluation consisted of surveys with working at heights training participants, training providers and employers in construction. Interviews with MOL inspectors, an examination of MOL administrative records and lost-time workers&#39; compensation claims were also taken into account.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" title="https://www.whsc.on.ca/What-s-new/News-Archive/Regulated-working-at-heights-training-works-i-and-i-needed-studies" href="https://www.whsc.on.ca/What-s-new/News-Archive/Regulated-working-at-heights-training-works-i-and-i-needed-studies">https://www.whsc.on.ca/What-s-new/News-Archive/Regulated-working-at-heights-training-works-i-and-i-needed-studies</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 16 Apr 2019 15:51:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/16/11473.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-16T15:51:00Z 2019-04-16 15:51 +00:00 2019-04-16 11:51 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11472 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/16/11472.aspx Références en ligne Effets sur les travailleurs France Médicaments Prévention et contrôle Benzodiazépines et travail : mise au point de l’INRS <p><span style="font-weight:normal;">La revue </span><strong>R&eacute;f&eacute;rences en sant&eacute; au travail</strong><span style="font-weight:normal;"> de l&#39;INRS vient de publier une mise au point sur les benzodiaz&eacute;pines et le travail, une des familles de m&eacute;dicaments psychotropes les plus consomm&eacute;s en France. Des donn&eacute;es sur l&#39;usage et l&#39;impact des mol&eacute;cules &agrave; vis&eacute;e anxiolytique et hypnotique sont pr&eacute;sent&eacute;es dans un premier temps. Plusieurs recommandations sont ensuite donn&eacute;es afin que les services de sant&eacute; au travail puissent proposer des mesures de pr&eacute;vention, tant sur le plan collectif qu&#39;individuel.</span></p> <p>Il s&#39;agit d&#39;une revue de la litt&eacute;rature, qui&nbsp;:</p> <ul> <li>fait le point sur la consommation dans la population g&eacute;n&eacute;rale (avec un tableau des benzodiaz&eacute;pines et apparent&eacute;s commercialis&eacute;s en France en 2015, incluant le nom des substances actives et son &eacute;quivalence en nom de sp&eacute;cialit&eacute;s commercialis&eacute;es),</li> <li>pr&eacute;sente les risques li&eacute;s &agrave; la consommation de benzodiaz&eacute;pines (tol&eacute;rance,&nbsp;<strong>pharmacod&eacute;pendance&nbsp;</strong>et sevrage,&nbsp;<strong>risque routier</strong>,&nbsp;<strong>risque de chute</strong>, atteinte des fonctions cognitives et psychomotrices),</li> <li>rappelle le&nbsp;<strong>cadre de prescription</strong>&nbsp;de ces m&eacute;dicaments,</li> <li>fournit des donn&eacute;es sp&eacute;cifiques en&nbsp;<strong>milieu de travail</strong>&nbsp;(niveaux de consommation, liens entre facteurs li&eacute;s au travail et consommation de benzodiaz&eacute;pines,&nbsp;<strong><span class="definition tooltipParent tooltipstered">accidentologie</span></strong>&nbsp;au travail),</li> <li>pr&eacute;cise le r&ocirc;le des&nbsp;<strong>services de sant&eacute; au travail</strong>, avec des actions &agrave; vis&eacute;e collective (exemple en cas de travail en&nbsp;<strong>horaires atypiques</strong>) ou individuelle (notamment les informations qu&#39;il convient de fournir aux salari&eacute;s).</li> </ul> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/benzodiazepines-mise-au-point-rst.html" title="http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/benzodiazepines-mise-au-point-rst.html" target="_blank">http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/benzodiazepines-mise-au-point-rst.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 16 Apr 2019 14:42:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/16/11472.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-16T14:42:00Z 2019-04-16 14:42 +00:00 2019-04-16 10:42 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11471 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/16/11471.aspx Santé psychologique Charge mentale Secteur des services de santé Effets sur les travailleurs Conditions de travail Enquêtes Violence Breaking Point: Violence Against Long-Term Care Staff <p><span>Direct resident care in long-term care facilities is carried out predominantly by personal support workers and registered practical nurses, the majority of whom are women. They experience physical, verbal, and sexual violence from residents on a regular basis. To explore this widespread problem, fifty-six staff in seven communities in Ontario, Canada, were consulted. They identified such immediate causes of violence as resident fear, confusion, and agitation and such underlying causes as task-driven organization of work, understaffing, inappropriate resident placement, and inadequate time for relational care. They saw violence as symptomatic of an institution that undervalues both its staff and residents. They described how violence affects their own health and well-being&mdash;causing injuries, unaddressed emotional trauma, job dissatisfaction, and burnout. They outlined barriers to preventing violence, such as insufficient training and resources, systemic underfunding, lack of recognition of the severity and ubiquity of the phenomenon, and limited public awareness.</span></p> <p><span>Source : New Solutions : A Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy,&nbsp;</span><a href="http://doi.org/10.1177/1048291118824872" title="http://doi.org/10.1177/1048291118824872" target="_blank">10.1177/1048291118824872</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 16 Apr 2019 14:23:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/16/11471.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-16T14:23:00Z 2019-04-16 14:23 +00:00 2019-04-16 10:23 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11470 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/16/11470.aspx Travail en mouvement Charge mentale Environnement de travail Stratégies SST Secteur des services de santé Charge physique The role of collective affective commitment in the relationship between work–family conflict and emotional exhaustion among nurses: a multilevel modeling approach <p><span>Work&ndash;family conflict (WFC) is a crucial problem in nursing because of the demanding conditions of the job, such as strenuous shifts, physical and emotional workload, and intense patient involvement. Using a multilevel approach, this study investigated the moderating role of collective affective commitment as a protective resource in the relationship between WFC and emotional exhaustion.</span></p> <p>Source : <i>BMC Nursing</i>,&nbsp;<span>18(1), 2/18/2019.&nbsp;</span><a href="http://doi.org/10.1186/s12912-019-0329-z" title="10.1186/s12912-019-0329-z" target="_blank">10.1186/s12912-019-0329-z</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 16 Apr 2019 14:07:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/16/11470.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-16T14:07:00Z 2019-04-16 14:07 +00:00 2019-04-16 10:07 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11469 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/16/11469.aspx Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Style de direction Âge Organisation de l'équipe Too sick or not too sick?: The importance of stress and satisfaction with supervisor support on the prevalence of sickness presenteeism <p><span>In a sample of 3,274 full-time Belgian workers, this article found that 62% of workers went to work while being sick (sickness presenteeism) at least once over the past 12 months. Of all workers who did not show sickness presenteeism themselves, another 6 out of 10 saw or heard about sickness presenteeism in their own organization. This turns sickness presenteeism into an important physical and mental health risk, demanding new policy measures from organizational and governmental decision makers. Women were more likely to report sickness presenteeism than men and junior workers were more prone to sickness presenteeism than senior workers. Education did not explain the choice for sickness presenteeism. Satisfaction with the supervisor had a direct negative effect on sickness presenteeism. Finally, indirect effects were found between satisfaction with the supervisor and sickness presenteeism via the prevalence of stress. While previous studies showed that good supervisor support could make sick workers more productive when they show up at work anyway, this study shows that good supervisor support lowers the probability that sick workers turn up at work at all.</span></p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<i>International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics</i>,&nbsp;Mars 2019.&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="http://doi.org/10.1080/10803548.2019.1570720" href="http://doi.org/10.1080/10803548.2019.1570720">10.1080/10803548.2019.1570720</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 16 Apr 2019 13:39:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/16/11469.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-16T13:39:00Z 2019-04-16 13:39 +00:00 2019-04-16 09:39 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11468 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/04/12/11468.aspx Facteurs de risque Absentéisme Charge physique Manutention manuelle TMS Syndrome du tunnel carpien Secteurs d'activités Caractéristiques socioprofessionnelles, reconnaissance en maladie professionnelle et devenir fonctionnel et professionnel de patients opérés d’un syndrome du canal carpien en Île-de-France (2009-2012) <p>Points cl&eacute;s</p> <ul> <li>&nbsp;Cette &eacute;tude men&eacute;e par Sant&eacute; publique France en partenariat avec le R&eacute;seau Pr&eacute;vention Main &Icirc;le-de-France (IdF), chez des patients op&eacute;r&eacute;s d&#39;un syndrome du canal carpien (SCC), d&eacute;crit les caract&eacute;ristiques socio-professionnelles (CSP, d&eacute;claration en maladie professionnelle&hellip;) des patients et leurs liens avec la dur&eacute;e d&#39;arr&ecirc;t de travail.</li> <li>&nbsp;Parmi les patients en activit&eacute; au cours des 10 ans pr&eacute;c&eacute;dant l&#39;intervention, 59 % consid&eacute;raient leur travail comme cause probable principale du SCC. Mais seuls 25 % des patients salari&eacute;s avaient effectu&eacute; une demande de reconnaissance en maladie professionnelle (MP).</li> <li>&nbsp;La dur&eacute;e m&eacute;diane d&#39;arr&ecirc;t de travail chez les salari&eacute;s en emploi &eacute;tait de 30 jours, variant de 21 jours pour les non-manuels &agrave; 40 jours pour les manuels lourds.</li> <li>&nbsp;La dur&eacute;e d&#39;arr&ecirc;t de travail &eacute;tait plus longue chez les patients ayant r&eacute;alis&eacute; une d&eacute;claration en MP que chez les autres patients salari&eacute;s (dur&eacute;e m&eacute;diane de 44 jours contre 30 jours).</li> <li>&nbsp;Elle &eacute;tait plus longue &eacute;galement chez les patients soumis &agrave; un job strain, manipulant ou portant souvent au travail des charges de plus de 4 kg ou utilisant des outils vibrants en dehors du travail.</li> <li>&nbsp;Pour favoriser le retour au travail des patients op&eacute;r&eacute;s d&#39;un SCC en IdF, la pr&eacute;vention devrait viser &agrave; r&eacute;duire les expositions professionnelles telles que le port de charges ou les situations de job strain.</li> <li>&nbsp;L&#39;augmentation de la dur&eacute;e d&#39;arr&ecirc;t de travail li&eacute;e &agrave; la d&eacute;claration en MP justifie une attention particuli&egrave;re pour le retour au travail, avec une plus grande synergie entre les services de sant&eacute; au travail, les soignants, l&#39;assurance maladie et les employeurs.</li> </ul> <p> Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Caracteristiques-socioprofessionnelles-reconnaissance-en-maladie-professionnelle-et-devenir-fonctionnel-et-professionnel-de-patients-operes-d-un-syndrome-du-canal-carpien-en-Ile-de-France-2009-2012" href="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Caracteristiques-socioprofessionnelles-reconnaissance-en-maladie-professionnelle-et-devenir-fonctionnel-et-professionnel-de-patients-operes-d-un-syndrome-du-canal-carpien-en-Ile-de-France-2009-2012">http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Caracteristiques-socioprofessionnelles-reconnaissance-en-maladie-professionnelle-et-devenir-fonctionnel-et-professionnel-de-patients-operes-d-un-syndrome-du-canal-carpien-en-Ile-de-France-2009-2012</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 12 Apr 2019 14:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/04/12/11468.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-12T14:44:00Z 2019-04-12 14:44 +00:00 2019-04-12 10:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11467 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/12/11467.aspx Travail en mouvement Secteur des services de santé Développements technologiques Europe Technologies numériques et travail médico-social : retour d’expérience à partir d’une recherche action formation <p><span>Dans le cadre d&#39;un programme de recherche, &laquo; Les technologies NUm&eacute;riques au SERvice des USagers dans les &eacute;tablissements sociaux et m&eacute;dico-sociaux &raquo; (NUSERUS, septembre 2015 - d&eacute;cembre 2018), qui a pour objectif de recenser et d&#39;analyser les dispositifs sociotechniques utilis&eacute;s dans les &eacute;tablissements ou services sociaux ou m&eacute;dico-sociaux (ESSMS), notre r&eacute;flexion se focalise sur les innovations num&eacute;riques et sociales qui se d&eacute;veloppent dans ces organisations. Nous mettons en oeuvre une Recherche Action Formation (RAF) compos&eacute;e de deux phases successives, en partenariat avec le CREAI PACA et Corse (Centre inter-r&eacute;gional d&#39;&eacute;tudes, d&#39;actions et d&#39;informations en faveur des personnes en situation de vuln&eacute;rabilit&eacute; Paca et Corse).</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="https://veille-travail.anact.fr/osiros/result/notice.php?queryosiros=id:97893&amp;referer=home&amp;referer=home" title="https://veille-travail.anact.fr/osiros/result/notice.php?queryosiros=id:97893&amp;referer=home&amp;referer=home" target="_blank">https://veille-travail.anact.fr/osiros/result/notice.php?queryosiros=id:97893&amp;referer=home&amp;referer=home</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 12 Apr 2019 14:35:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/12/11467.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-12T14:35:00Z 2019-04-12 14:35 +00:00 2019-04-12 10:35 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11466 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/12/11466.aspx Agents chimiques Effets sur la santé Secteur de l'administration publique Évaluation épidémiologique Qualité de l'air Investigation d’un syndrome collectif inexpliqué parmi le personnel d’un centre de recherche dans l’Hérault <p>En f&eacute;vrier 2017, Sant&eacute; publique France (r&eacute;gion Occitanie) est contact&eacute;e pour un signalement concernant un probl&egrave;me d&#39;odeur dans un centre de recherche. Depuis le mois d&#39;avril 2016, des &eacute;pisodes d&#39;odeurs (d&eacute;crites comme des odeurs de solvants ou d&#39;&eacute;ther) incommodent fortement les personnels travaillant dans le b&acirc;timent de l&#39;animalerie. La plupart de ces personnels d&eacute;crit des sympt&ocirc;mes tels que maux de t&ecirc;te, naus&eacute;es, vomissement, irritations des voies a&eacute;riennes&hellip;</p> <div class="contentResume"> <div class="cadre_text"> <p class=" text-justify">Une r&eacute;union, organis&eacute;e en avril 2017, a permis de pr&eacute;senter et proposer &agrave; l&#39;ensemble des acteurs la d&eacute;marche d&#39;investigation propos&eacute;e par Sant&eacute; publique France selon le guide de diagnostic et prise en charge des syndromes collectifs inexpliqu&eacute;s. Les investigations ont &eacute;t&eacute; men&eacute;es par un groupe multidisciplinaire et se composaient de 4 volets : &eacute;pid&eacute;miologique, clinique, environnemental et psycho-social.</p> <p class=" text-justify">Six personnes sur huit travaillant dans l&#39;animalerie au moment de l&#39;enqu&ecirc;te &eacute;pid&eacute;miologique ont ressenti des sympt&ocirc;mes. En 2017, cinq salari&eacute;s sur huit ont &eacute;t&eacute; affect&eacute;s, en moyenne une fois par semaine. Les sympt&ocirc;mes sont sans gravit&eacute;, relativement brefs, r&eacute;versibles, majoritairement sans aggravation dans le temps mais peuvent &ecirc;tre handicapants pour le travail quotidien. La simultan&eacute;it&eacute; des odeurs et des sympt&ocirc;mes n&#39;est pas en faveur d&#39;un ph&eacute;nom&egrave;ne exclusivement psychosocial. L&#39;hypoth&egrave;se la plus plausible concerne une contamination du r&eacute;seau des eaux us&eacute;es. Des mesures r&eacute;alis&eacute;es fin 2017 dans le r&eacute;seau d&#39;eaux us&eacute;es ont montr&eacute; la pr&eacute;sence de chloroforme, &agrave; des niveaux toutefois relativement faibles, odeur coh&eacute;rente avec l&#39;odeur &eacute;th&eacute;r&eacute;e d&eacute;crite par les salari&eacute;s. Le chloroforme ou d&#39;autres sous-produits chlor&eacute;s peuvent en effet se former par action du chlore sur la mati&egrave;re organique, des laboratoires de biologie rejetant &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;vier de grandes quantit&eacute;s d&#39;eau de javel en amont de l&#39;animalerie. Plusieurs propositions pour guider les mesures de gestion au niveau des effluents ont &eacute;t&eacute; avanc&eacute;es &agrave; l&#39;issue de ces investigations.</p> <p class=" text-justify">Source :&nbsp;<a href="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Investigation-d-un-syndrome-collectif-inexplique-parmi-le-personnel-d-un-centre-de-recherche-dans-l-Herault" title="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Investigation-d-un-syndrome-collectif-inexplique-parmi-le-personnel-d-un-centre-de-recherche-dans-l-Herault" target="_blank">http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2019/Investigation-d-un-syndrome-collectif-inexplique-parmi-le-personnel-d-un-centre-de-recherche-dans-l-Herault</a></p> </div> </div><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 12 Apr 2019 14:22:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/12/11466.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-12T14:22:00Z 2019-04-12 14:22 +00:00 2019-04-12 10:22 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11465 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/12/11465.aspx Agents chimiques Toxicité Normes Aérosol Nanoparticules Analyse de risques Dioxyde de titane(TiO2) Dioxyde de titane sous forme nanoparticulaire : l’Anses définit une Valeur Toxicologique de Référence (VTR) pour l’exposition chronique par inhalation <p>Le dioxyde de titane sous forme nanoparticulaire est utilis&eacute; dans de nombreuses applications industrielles et commerciales. Dans le cadre de sa mission nationale d&#39;&eacute;laboration de valeurs sanitaires de r&eacute;f&eacute;rence, l&#39;Anses a &eacute;t&eacute; charg&eacute;e de d&eacute;finir une Valeur Toxicologique de R&eacute;f&eacute;rence (VTR) pour le dioxyde de titane sous forme nanoparticulaire (TiO<sub>2&nbsp;</sub>-NP). Suite &agrave; une analyse approfondie de l&#39;ensemble des donn&eacute;es de toxicit&eacute; disponibles, l&#39;Agence recommande une VTR chronique par inhalation pour la forme P25 du TiO<sub>2</sub>-NP de 0,12 &micro;g.m<sup>-3</sup>. A partir de cette valeur de r&eacute;f&eacute;rence, des &eacute;valuations de risques sanitaires seront men&eacute;es dans le cadre des actions de gestion des installations et sites industriels en France. Il s&#39;agit par ailleurs, de la premi&egrave;re VTR &eacute;labor&eacute;e pour un nanomat&eacute;riau en France.</p> <div><span>Source </span><strong>:&nbsp;</strong><a href="https://www.anses.fr/fr/content/dioxyde-de-titane-sous-forme-nanoparticulaire-l%E2%80%99anses-d%C3%A9finit-une-valeur-toxicologique-de" title="https://www.anses.fr/fr/content/dioxyde-de-titane-sous-forme-nanoparticulaire-l%E2%80%99anses-d%C3%A9finit-une-valeur-toxicologique-de" target="_blank">https://www.anses.fr/fr/content/dioxyde-de-titane-sous-forme-nanoparticulaire-l%E2%80%99anses-d%C3%A9finit-une-valeur-toxicologique-de</a></div><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 12 Apr 2019 13:53:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/12/11465.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-12T13:53:00Z 2019-04-12 13:53 +00:00 2019-04-12 09:53 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11464 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/12/11464.aspx Normes et législation Finlande Finland adopts a new policy for safer and healthier working conditions <p>In pursuit of better working life in Finland, the&nbsp;<a href="https://stm.fi/en/frontpage" target="_blank">Ministry of Social Affairs and Health<span class="osha_target_external_link">&nbsp;</span></a>&nbsp;published a new&nbsp;<a href="https://stm.fi/julkaisu?pubid=URN:ISBN:978-952-00-4045-1" target="_blank">policy for the work environment and wellbeing at work until 2030<span class="osha_target_external_link">&nbsp;</span></a>, which sets out a strategy for ensuring safe and healthy workplaces, regardless of the form of employment. The policy defines better integration of occupational safety and health issues into the strategic management of the organisation.</p> <p>Due to the constant changes in the world of work, the government endeavours long-term efforts to reduce work-related accidents and diseases, and at the same time improve the sustainability of society.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/oshnews/finland-adopts-new-policy-safer-and-healthier-working-conditions" title="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/oshnews/finland-adopts-new-policy-safer-and-healthier-working-conditions" target="_blank">https://osha.europa.eu/fr/oshnews/finland-adopts-new-policy-safer-and-healthier-working-conditions</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 12 Apr 2019 13:34:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/12/11464.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-12T13:34:00Z 2019-04-12 13:34 +00:00 2019-04-12 09:34 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11463 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/04/11/11463.aspx Facteurs de risque Normes Espace clos NFPA 350: Guide for Safe Confined Space Entry and Work <p>Guide sur les meilleures pratiques &agrave; adopter lorsqu&#39;on travaille en espace clos.</p> <p><strong>1.1&nbsp; Scope.<br /></strong><br />1.1.1 &nbsp;This guide provides information to protect workers from confined space hazards.<br />1.1.2&nbsp; This&nbsp; guide&nbsp; supplements&nbsp; existing confined space regulations, standards, and work practices by&nbsp; providing&nbsp; additional guidance&nbsp; for&nbsp; safe confined space entry&nbsp; and&nbsp; work.&nbsp; References are&nbsp; provided&nbsp; throughout the&nbsp; guide and annexes to&nbsp; direct&nbsp; the reader to other regulations and standards or other content that might be applicable.<br />1.1.3&nbsp; This guide provides information to identify, evaluate, assess, and then eliminate, mitigate, or control hazards that are present&nbsp; or that may occur during&nbsp; entry into or work&nbsp; in&nbsp; and around confined spaces.<br />1.1.4&nbsp; This&nbsp; guide&nbsp; provides&nbsp; information&nbsp; on&nbsp; how&nbsp; to&nbsp; understand confined space safety and safeguard personnel from fire, explosion, and other health hazards that are uniquely associated with confined spaces.<br />1.1.5 This guide provides information regarding training, qualifications, and competencies required for personnel responsible&nbsp; for confined space&nbsp; hazard identification, hazard evaluation, and hazard control for personnel who work in and around confined spaces.<br />1.1.6&nbsp;This guide provides information on confined space rescue best practices.</p> <p>On peut visionner cette norme gratuitement en se cr&eacute;ant un profil sur le site Web de NFPA mais certaines fonctionnalit&eacute;s sont restreintes.</p> <p>Source:&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=350" href="https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=350">https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=350</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 11 Apr 2019 15:55:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/04/11/11463.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-11T15:55:00Z 2019-04-11 15:55 +00:00 2019-04-11 11:55 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11462 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/11/11462.aspx Normes et législation Prévention et contrôle NFPA 350: Guide for Safe Confined Space Entry and Work <p><span style="font-weight:bold;">1.1&nbsp; Scope</span></p> <p>1.1.1&nbsp; This guide provides information to protect workers from confined space hazards.<br />1.1.2&nbsp; This&nbsp; guide&nbsp; supplements&nbsp; existing confined space regulations, standards, and work practices by&nbsp; providing&nbsp; additional guidance&nbsp; for&nbsp; safe confined space entry&nbsp; and&nbsp; work.&nbsp; References are&nbsp; provided&nbsp; throughout the&nbsp; guide and annexes to&nbsp; direct&nbsp; the reader to other regulations and standards or other content that might be applicable.<br />1.1.3&nbsp; This guide provides information to identify, evaluate, assess, and then eliminate, mitigate, or control hazards that are present&nbsp; or that may occur during&nbsp; entry into or work&nbsp; in&nbsp; and around confined spaces.&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; 1.1.4 This&nbsp; guide&nbsp; provides&nbsp; information&nbsp; on&nbsp; how&nbsp; to&nbsp; understand confined space safety and safeguard personnel from fire, explosion, and other health hazards that are uniquely associated with confined spaces.<br />1.1.5&nbsp;This guide provides information regarding training, qualifications, and competencies required for personnel responsible&nbsp; for confined space&nbsp; hazard identification, hazard evaluation, and hazard control for personnel who work in and around confined spaces.<br />1.1.6&nbsp;This guide provides information on confined space rescue best practices.<span style="font-weight:bold;"></span></p> <p>On peut visionner cette norme gratuitement en se cr&eacute;ant un profil sur le site Web de NFPA mais certaines fonctionnalit&eacute;s sont restreintes.</p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" title="https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=350" href="https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=350">https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=350</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 11 Apr 2019 15:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/11/11462.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-11T15:48:00Z 2019-04-11 15:48 +00:00 2019-04-11 11:48 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11461 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/11/11461.aspx Travail en mouvement Secteur des services de santé Effets sur les travailleurs Europe Enquêtes Violence Workplace bullying among healthcare professionals in Sweden: a descriptive study <p><span>Workplace bullying is a taboo event which occurs worldwide, although the prevalence varies significantly between and within countries. Nurses have been regarded an occupational risk group for bullying at the work place. Bullying in health and social care contexts is sometimes reported as frequent and, other times, as not occurring, which sparked our interest in mapping the occurrence of bullying in the health and social care system in Sweden. Thus, the purpose of the study was to examine the prevalence of bullying, and to discuss cultural traditions and environmental factors that affect bullying in workplaces. The sample (n&nbsp;=&nbsp;2810) consisted of employees at inpatient wards at four hospitals, and employees at municipal eldercare wards in Sweden. A questionnaire including NAQ‐22 R was distributed and subsequently analysed with descriptive statistics using SPSS. The youngest group of respondents scored higher than the older groups. Using contrasting estimates of bullying, the prevalence varied between 4.1 and 18.5%, with the lowest prevalence in regards to self‐reported exposure. According to the cut‐off scores, NAQ‐22 R, 8.6% of the respondents were occasionally exposed to bullying while 2.3% were considered to be victims of severe bullying. Work‐related negative acts were more common than personal negative acts. The variations in prevalence of bullying as a result of contrasting estimation strategies are discussed from perspective of the &lsquo;law of Jante&rsquo;, the &lsquo;tall poppy syndrome&rsquo; and shame. Bullying deteriorates the working conditions which may have an impact on quality of patient care.</span></p> <p>Source : <i>Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences </i>(2019).&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="https://doi.org/10.1111/scs.12633" href="https://doi.org/10.1111/scs.12633">https://doi.org/10.1111/scs.12633</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 11 Apr 2019 15:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/11/11461.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-11T15:09:00Z 2019-04-11 15:09 +00:00 2019-04-11 11:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11460 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/04/11/11460.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Vieillissement de la main d'oeuvre Caractéristiques des travailleurs Âge Secteur des services de santé Évaluation de la capacité fonctionnelle Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Facteurs physiologiques Tests cliniques Physical capacity, occupational physical demands, and relative physical strain of older employees in construction and healthcare <div class="AbstractSection" id="ASec1"> <p><strong>Purpose&nbsp;</strong>To assess age-related differences in physical capacity, occupational physical demands, and relative physical strain at a group level, and the balance between capacity and demands at an individual level, for construction and healthcare workers.&nbsp;<span style="font-size:1.17em;"><strong>Methods</strong>&nbsp;</span>Shoulder strength, back strength, and aerobic capacity were assessed among construction (<em>n</em>&thinsp;=&thinsp;62) and healthcare workers (<em>n</em>&thinsp;=&thinsp;64). During a full working day, accelerometers estimated upper-arm elevation, trunk flexion, and occupational physical activity as indicators of occupational physical demands. Simultaneously, normalised surface electromyography (%sEMG<span>max</span>) of the upper trapezius and erector spinae muscles, and normalised electrocardiography (percentage heart rate reserve (%HRR)) estimated relative physical strain. Differences between younger (&le;&thinsp;44&nbsp;years) and older (&ge;&thinsp;45&nbsp;years) workers, as well as the moderating effect of age on the associations between capacity and demands, were analysed per sector.&nbsp;<span style="font-size:1.17em;"><strong>Results</strong>&nbsp;</span>Compared to younger workers, older workers had similar strength and lower aerobic capacity; older construction workers had similar demands while older healthcare workers had higher demands. Compared to younger workers, older employees had unfavourable muscle activity patterns; %HRR had a tendency to be lower for older construction workers and higher for older healthcare workers. Among construction workers, age moderated the associations between shoulder strength and arm elevation (<em>p</em>&thinsp;=&thinsp;0.021), and between aerobic capacity and occupational physical activity (<em>p</em>&thinsp;=&thinsp;0.040). Age did not moderate these associations among healthcare workers.&nbsp;<span style="font-size:1.17em;"><strong>Conclusions</strong>&nbsp;</span><span style="font-size:1.17em;">In both sectors, the level of occupational physical demands and the higher relative physical strain in older employees require addressing to promote sustainable work participation among an aging population.</span></p> </div> <p class="Para">Source :&nbsp;<span>Merkus, S.L., Lunde, LK., Koch, M. et al. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health&nbsp;</span>(2019) 92: 295.</p> <p class="Para"><span><a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1377-5" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1377-5" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1377-5</a></span></p> <p class="Para">&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 11 Apr 2019 14:25:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/04/11/11460.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-11T14:25:00Z 2019-04-11 14:25 +00:00 2019-04-11 10:25 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11459 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/09/11459.aspx Références en ligne Conditions de travail Organisation temporelle Effets sur les travailleurs Prise en charge Un outil en ligne gratuit pour aider les travailleurs de nuit à mieux gérer leur sommeil <p>La professeure Marie Dumont, de l&#39;UdeM, lance un outil en ligne gratuit destin&eacute; aux travailleurs de nuit pour les aider &agrave; mieux g&eacute;rer leur sommeil. Il repose sur ses 30 ans de recherche sur le sujet.</p> <p>Accessible gratuitement, &laquo;Mieux vivre le travail de nuit&raquo; comprend quatre modules que l&#39;usager peut parcourir &agrave; son rythme. &laquo;Bas&eacute; sur des connaissances scientifiques plut&ocirc;t que sur des opinions comme c&#39;est souvent le cas sur Internet, il propose &eacute;galement plusieurs ressources et r&eacute;f&eacute;rences qui permettront &agrave; ceux qui le d&eacute;sirent d&#39;aller plus loin&raquo;, indique Marie Dumont, qui est professeure au D&eacute;partement de psychiatrie et d&#39;addictologie de la Facult&eacute; de m&eacute;decine de l&#39;Universit&eacute; de Montr&eacute;al.&nbsp;Le premier module permet d&#39;&eacute;valuer l&#39;effet du travail de nuit sur la personne, tandis que, dans le deuxi&egrave;me, elle apprend &agrave; conna&icirc;tre son cycle du sommeil. Le troisi&egrave;me module aide &agrave; d&eacute;signer les obstacles &agrave; un bon sommeil et le dernier &agrave; choisir ses strat&eacute;gies pour mieux vivre le travail de nuit.</p> <p>&laquo;Ainsi, l&#39;outil se veut &agrave; la fois interactif et adapt&eacute; &agrave; la r&eacute;alit&eacute; de chacun pour que le travailleur puisse prendre son sommeil en main et &agrave; sa fa&ccedil;on: les notes qu&#39;il int&egrave;gre &agrave; son carnet personnalis&eacute; lui permettent de mieux comprendre sa situation et de moduler les strat&eacute;gies qui lui conviennent&raquo;, poursuit Mme&nbsp;Dumont. &Agrave; noter que le carnet personnalis&eacute; est confidentiel, puisqu&#39;aucune information n&#39;est enregistr&eacute;e ni conserv&eacute;e par l&#39;outil en ligne.</p> <p>La sp&eacute;cialiste de la compr&eacute;hension de l&#39;horloge biologique ajoute que l&#39;outil qu&#39;elle a cr&eacute;&eacute; a &eacute;t&eacute; test&eacute; aupr&egrave;s de travailleurs de nuit, qui l&#39;ont &eacute;valu&eacute; favorablement. La plupart ont rapport&eacute; que le plan d&#39;action propos&eacute; &eacute;tait r&eacute;aliste et donnait envie de l&#39;essayer. &laquo;L&#39;une des choses les plus importantes, lorsqu&#39;on cherche &agrave; modifier ses habitudes de vie, c&#39;est d&#39;y aller graduellement, recommande-t-elle. Si l&#39;on essaie de tout changer en m&ecirc;me temps, on risque de ne pas y parvenir.&raquo;</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="http://formations.ceams-carsm.ca/travailleurs_de_nuits/" title="http://formations.ceams-carsm.ca/travailleurs_de_nuits/" target="_blank">http://formations.ceams-carsm.ca/travailleurs_de_nuits/</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Apr 2019 15:42:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/09/11459.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-09T15:42:00Z 2019-04-09 15:42 +00:00 2019-04-09 11:42 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11458 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/09/11458.aspx Travail en mouvement Outils de prise en charge Conditions de travail Travail posté Un outil en ligne gratuit pour aider les travailleurs de nuit à mieux gérer leur sommeil <p>La professeure Marie Dumont, de l&rsquo;UdeM, lance un outil en ligne gratuit destin&eacute; aux travailleurs de nuit pour les aider &agrave; mieux g&eacute;rer leur sommeil. Il repose sur ses 30 ans de recherche sur le sujet.</p> <p><span>Accessible gratuitement, &laquo;Mieux vivre le travail de nuit&raquo; comprend quatre modules que l&rsquo;usager peut parcourir &agrave; son rythme. &laquo;Bas&eacute; sur des connaissances scientifiques plut&ocirc;t que sur des opinions comme c&rsquo;est souvent le cas sur Internet, il propose &eacute;galement plusieurs ressources et r&eacute;f&eacute;rences qui permettront &agrave; ceux qui le d&eacute;sirent d&rsquo;aller plus loin&raquo;, indique Marie Dumont, qui est professeure au D&eacute;partement de psychiatrie et d&#39;addictologie de la Facult&eacute; de m&eacute;decine de l&rsquo;Universit&eacute; de Montr&eacute;al.&nbsp;</span>Le premier module permet d&rsquo;&eacute;valuer l&rsquo;effet du travail de nuit sur la personne, tandis que, dans le deuxi&egrave;me, elle apprend &agrave; conna&icirc;tre son cycle du sommeil. Le troisi&egrave;me module aide &agrave; d&eacute;signer les obstacles &agrave; un bon sommeil et le dernier &agrave; choisir ses strat&eacute;gies pour mieux vivre le travail de nuit.</p> <p><span>&laquo;Ainsi, l&rsquo;outil se veut &agrave; la fois interactif et adapt&eacute; &agrave; la r&eacute;alit&eacute; de chacun pour que le travailleur puisse prendre son sommeil en main et &agrave; sa fa&ccedil;on: les notes qu&rsquo;il int&egrave;gre &agrave; son carnet personnalis&eacute; lui permettent de mieux comprendre sa situation et de moduler les strat&eacute;gies qui lui conviennent&raquo;, poursuit M</span><span>me</span><span>&nbsp;Dumont. &Agrave; noter que le carnet personnalis&eacute; est confidentiel, puisqu&rsquo;aucune information n&rsquo;est enregistr&eacute;e ni conserv&eacute;e par l&rsquo;outil en ligne.</span></p> <p><span>La sp&eacute;cialiste de la compr&eacute;hension de l&rsquo;horloge biologique ajoute que l&rsquo;outil qu&rsquo;elle a cr&eacute;&eacute; a &eacute;t&eacute; test&eacute; aupr&egrave;s de travailleurs de nuit, qui l&rsquo;ont &eacute;valu&eacute; favorablement. La plupart ont rapport&eacute; que le plan d&rsquo;action propos&eacute; &eacute;tait r&eacute;aliste et donnait envie de l&rsquo;essayer. &laquo;L&rsquo;une des choses les plus importantes, lorsqu&rsquo;on cherche &agrave; modifier ses habitudes de vie, c&rsquo;est d&rsquo;y aller graduellement, recommande-t-elle. Si l&rsquo;on essaie de tout changer en m&ecirc;me temps, on risque de ne pas y parvenir.&raquo;</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" title="https://nouvelles.umontreal.ca/article/2019/04/05/un-outil-en-ligne-gratuit-pour-aider-les-travailleurs-de-nuit-a-mieux-gerer-leur-sommeil/" href="https://nouvelles.umontreal.ca/article/2019/04/05/un-outil-en-ligne-gratuit-pour-aider-les-travailleurs-de-nuit-a-mieux-gerer-leur-sommeil/">https://nouvelles.umontreal.ca/article/2019/04/05/un-outil-en-ligne-gratuit-pour-aider-les-travailleurs-de-nuit-a-mieux-gerer-leur-sommeil/</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Apr 2019 15:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/09/11458.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-09T15:26:00Z 2019-04-09 15:26 +00:00 2019-04-09 11:26 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11457 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/09/11457.aspx États-Unis Maladies professionnelles Agents chimiques Secteurs d'activités Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Prevalence Among Adults Who Have Never Smoked, by Industry and Occupation — United States, 2013–2017 <h4><span>Summary</span></h4> <p><span></span>What is already known about this topic?</p> <p>Approximately 25% of adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have never smoked, and workplace exposures likely contribute to much of their disease.</p> <p><span>What is added by this report?</span></p> <p>During 2013&ndash;2017, an estimated 2.4 million (2.2%) U.S. working adults aged &ge;18 years who never smoked had COPD. The highest COPD prevalences among persons who never smoked were in the information (3.3%) and mining (3.1%) industries and office and administrative support occupation workers (3.3%). Women had higher COPD prevalences than did men.</p> <p><span>What are the implications for public health practice?</span></p> <p>Efforts to reduce adverse workplace exposures and promote research to characterize the many contributing risk factors for COPD are needed to improve efforts to prevent and reduce risk for COPD among nonsmoking workers.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<span>Syamlal G, Doney B, Mazurek JM. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Prevalence Among Adults Who Have Never Smoked, by Industry and Occupation &mdash; United States, 2013&ndash;2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019;68:303&ndash;307. DOI:&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6813a2" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6813a2">http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6813a2</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Apr 2019 15:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/09/11457.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-09T15:09:00Z 2019-04-09 15:09 +00:00 2019-04-09 11:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11456 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/09/11456.aspx Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Indicateurs Organisation de l’équipe Conditions de travail Prevention through job design: Identifying high-risk job characteristics associated with workplace bullying. <p><span>Work environment hypothesis, a predominant theoretical framework in workplace bullying literature, postulates that job characteristics may trigger workplace bullying. Yet, these characteristics are often assessed by employees based on their experience of the job. This study aims to assess how job characteristics, independently assessed via Occupational Information Network (O*NET), are related to perceived job characteristics reported by employees, which, in turn, are associated with self-reported workplace bullying. Multilevel mediation analyses from 3,829 employees in 209 occupations confirmed that employees, whose work schedules are more irregular and whose work involves a higher level of conflictual contact (as assessed by O*NET), report experiencing higher job demands, which are associated with higher exposure to bullying. Moreover, employees working in jobs structured to allow for more discretion in decision-making (as assessed by O*NET) report experiencing more job autonomy and are less likely to experience bullying. The results offer some clues as to how the way in which a job is structured is related to how that job is perceived, which in turn is associated with exposure to bullying. Our findings also suggest that a job design perspective to redesign certain job characteristics may offer an additional viable approach to prevent workplace bullying.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><span>Li, Y., Chen, P. Y., Tuckey, M. R., McLinton, S. S., &amp; Dollard, M. F. (2019). Prevention through job design: Identifying high-risk job characteristics associated with workplace bullying.</span><span>&nbsp;</span><em>Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 24</em><span>(2), 297-306.&nbsp;</span><a title="Li, Y., Chen, P. Y., Tuckey, M. R., McLinton, S. S., &amp; Dollard, M. F. (2019). Prevention through job design: Identifying high-risk job characteristics associated with workplace bullying. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 24(2), 297-306. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ocp0000133" href="https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1037/ocp0000133" target="_blank">http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ocp0000133</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Apr 2019 14:45:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/09/11456.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-09T14:45:00Z 2019-04-09 14:45 +00:00 2019-04-09 10:45 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11455 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/04/05/11455.aspx Évaluation d'outils et d’équipements Perception du risque TMS Biomécanique Questionnaire Appréciation subjective Exosquelettes Acceptation des exosquelettes par les opérateurs : étude exploratoire <p><span>L&#39;introduction des exosquelettes, comme toute nouvelle technologie, constitue un changement au niveau de l&#39;organisation et de l&#39;activit&eacute; des op&eacute;rateurs. C&#39;est dans ce cadre qu&#39;est abord&eacute;e la question sp&eacute;cifique de l&#39;acceptabilit&eacute; et de l&#39;acceptation de ces dispositifs par les op&eacute;rateurs. Pour cela, un questionnaire a &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;labor&eacute; et administr&eacute; &agrave; des utilisateurs, anciens utilisateurs et nonutilisateurs d&#39;exosquelettes.</span><br /><span>En termes de sant&eacute; et s&eacute;curit&eacute;, les r&eacute;sultats pr&eacute;liminaires pr&eacute;sent&eacute;s permettent de recueillir des informations sur la qualit&eacute; de l&#39;interaction op&eacute;rateur-exosquelette, d&#39;identifier des points bloquants et/ou facilitateurs de l&#39;usage de ces dispositifs et d&#39;envisager certains facteurs de risques psychosociaux, physiques et accidentels chez les utilisateurs.</span></p> <p><span>Source:&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" title="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20264" href="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20264">http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TF%20264</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 05 Apr 2019 15:50:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/04/05/11455.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-05T15:50:00Z 2019-04-05 15:50 +00:00 2019-04-05 11:50 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11454 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/05/11454.aspx Références en ligne Secteur des services de santé Systèmes et maladies Agents chimiques Prévention et contrôle Illicit Drugs and Preventing Occupational Exposure to Emergency Responders <p><em>NIOSH and partners produce video with real-life footage and safety recommendations</em></p> <p><span>Emergency responders are often the first on the scene when we need help, and now a new resource from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is available to help keep them safe on the job. NIOSH, in collaboration with the Fredericksburg, VA Police and Fire Departments, and the FBI Laboratory,&nbsp;</span><a href="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/video/2019-126/">released a new video</a><span>&nbsp;today to help first responders understand the risks of exposures to illicit drugs and communicate what they can do to protect themselves from exposure during a response.</span></p> <p><span>First responders are at risk of inhalation; mucous membrane contact through nose, eye, and mouth; ingestion; dermal and needlestick exposure to these drugs. As seen in the video, these exposures could result in lightheadedness, drowsiness, nausea and vomiting, dizziness, and the rapid onset of life-threatening respiratory depression, a slow and shallow breathing, often creating the need for medical attention and preventing emergency responders from performing their duties as needed.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/updates/upd-03-28-19.html" title="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/updates/upd-03-28-19.html" target="_blank">https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/updates/upd-03-28-19.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 05 Apr 2019 15:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/05/11454.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-05T15:05:00Z 2019-04-05 15:05 +00:00 2019-04-05 11:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11453 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/05/11453.aspx Références en ligne Secteur des services de santé Conditions de travail Charge physique Prise en charge TMS Charge mentale Prévention et contrôle Centres d'hébergement et de soins de longue durée - Ensemble en prévention ! <p>&nbsp;</p> <h3><span style="font-weight:normal;">Retrouvez les textes des conf&eacute;rences et enregistrements vid&eacute;os r&eacute;alis&eacute;s lors de ce colloque pr&eacute;sent&eacute; &agrave; Montr&eacute;al le 30 octobre 2018 en collaboration avec la Communaut&eacute; de pratique en SST - Centres d&#39;h&eacute;bergement et de soins de longue dur&eacute;e.</span></h3> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span>Les travailleurs en CHSLD publics, priv&eacute;s et priv&eacute;s conventionn&eacute;, accueillent et soignent, chaque jour, des milliers de personnes qui ne peuvent plus vivre de fa&ccedil;on autonome &agrave; la maison. Comment donner les meilleurs soins tout en pr&eacute;servant leur sant&eacute; et leur s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail ?&nbsp;</span>[&hellip;]</p> <p>Depuis des d&eacute;cennies, il est d&eacute;montr&eacute; que r&eacute;aliser des actes de soins et d&#39;assistance portent atteinte &agrave; la sant&eacute; et &agrave; la s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail (SST). Les pr&eacute;pos&eacute;s aux b&eacute;n&eacute;ficiaires, les infirmi&egrave;res auxiliaires et les infirmi&egrave;res sont les principales victimes des troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS) et des agressions. Ces travailleurs s&#39;exposent aussi &agrave; un risque &eacute;lev&eacute; de d&eacute;tresse psychologique.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="http://asstsas.qc.ca/centres-dhebergement-et-de-soins-de-longue-duree-ensemble-en-prevention-0" title="http://asstsas.qc.ca/centres-dhebergement-et-de-soins-de-longue-duree-ensemble-en-prevention-0" target="_blank">http://asstsas.qc.ca/centres-dhebergement-et-de-soins-de-longue-duree-ensemble-en-prevention-0</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 05 Apr 2019 14:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/05/11453.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-05T14:49:00Z 2019-04-05 14:49 +00:00 2019-04-05 10:49 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11452 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/05/11452.aspx Agents physiques Radiations ionisantes Prévention et contrôle Références en ligne New OSHA Resources on Radiation Emergency Preparedness and Response <p> <h4><span style="font-weight:normal;">The new webpage provided by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) on radiation emergency preparedness is intended to help protect the health and safety of workers during situations ranging from small, isolated incidents in laboratories to potentially catastrophic radiation releases at nuclear facilities. The webpage also provides resources on health and safety planning, medical monitoring and dosimetry, and other relevant topics.</span></h4> Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/emergencypreparedness/radiation/index.html" href="https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/emergencypreparedness/radiation/index.html">https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/emergencypreparedness/radiation/index.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 05 Apr 2019 14:39:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/05/11452.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-05T14:39:00Z 2019-04-05 14:39 +00:00 2019-04-05 10:39 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11451 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/05/11451.aspx Agents chimiques Législation et réglementation Prévention et contrôle Stratégies d'évaluation EPA Identifies 40 Chemicals to Prioritize for Risk Evaluation <p> <h4><span style="font-weight:normal;">The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is publishing a list of 40 chemicals to begin the prioritization process &ndash; the initial step in a new process of reviewing chemicals currently in commerce under the amended Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). EPA is releasing this list to provide the public an opportunity to submit relevant information, such as the uses, hazards, and exposure for these chemicals. A docket has been opened for each of the 40 chemicals. The publication of this list in the Federal Register initiates a 90-day public comment period.</span></h4> <p></p> </p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="https://www.epa.gov/assessing-and-managing-chemicals-under-tsca/list-chemicals-undergoing-prioritization" href="https://www.epa.gov/assessing-and-managing-chemicals-under-tsca/list-chemicals-undergoing-prioritization">https://www.epa.gov/assessing-and-managing-chemicals-under-tsca/list-chemicals-undergoing-prioritization</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 05 Apr 2019 14:33:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/05/11451.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-05T14:33:00Z 2019-04-05 14:33 +00:00 2019-04-05 10:33 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11450 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/05/11450.aspx Agents chimiques Agents biologiques Agents physiques Prévention et contrôle Stratégies d'évaluation Santé au travail : vers une meilleure prise en compte de la poly-exposition <p>De par leurs m&eacute;tiers, les travailleurs sont susceptibles d&#39;&ecirc;tre expos&eacute;s &agrave; de multiples facteurs de risques sanitaires. La question de la poly-exposition repr&eacute;sente un d&eacute;fi majeur pour l&#39;ensemble des acteurs de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; sanitaire et de la pr&eacute;vention en mati&egrave;re de sant&eacute; au travail. Dans le cadre du Plan Sant&eacute; au Travail 2016-2020, est publi&eacute; ce jour un &eacute;tat des lieux des actions men&eacute;es par les principaux acteurs sur la question de la poly-exposition en France et &agrave; l&#39;international.&nbsp;Ces travaux ont permis de d&eacute;finir l&#39;&eacute;tat des connaissances et les enjeux autour de cette probl&eacute;matique.</p> <p><strong>Le Plan Sant&eacute; au Travail (PST3)</strong>d&eacute;finit les orientations du gouvernement en mati&egrave;re de sant&eacute; au travail pour la p&eacute;riode de 2016 &agrave; 2020. L&#39;action 1.11, qui concerne la question de la poly-exposition, est mise en &oelig;uvre par plusieurs partenaires&nbsp;dont l&#39;Agence nationale de l&#39;am&eacute;lioration des conditions de travail (Anact), l&#39;Agence nationale de s&eacute;curit&eacute; sanitaire alimentation, environnement, travail (Anses), la Caisse nationale de l&#39;assurance maladie (Cnam), la direction de l&#39;animation de la recherche, des &eacute;tudes et des statistiques (Dares), la direction g&eacute;n&eacute;rale du travail (DGT), la direction g&eacute;n&eacute;rale de la pr&eacute;vention des risques (DGPR), la direction g&eacute;n&eacute;rale de la sant&eacute; (DGS), l&#39;Institut national de recherche et de s&eacute;curit&eacute; pour la pr&eacute;vention des accidents du travail et des maladies professionnelles &nbsp;(INRS) et Sant&eacute; Publique France (SPF).</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/PST3_Etatdeslieux_Polyexposition.pdf" title="https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/PST3_Etatdeslieux_Polyexposition.pdf" target="_blank">https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/PST3_Etatdeslieux_Polyexposition.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 05 Apr 2019 13:50:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/04/05/11450.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-05T13:50:00Z 2019-04-05 13:50 +00:00 2019-04-05 09:50 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11448 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/02/11448.aspx Références en ligne Systèmes et maladies Lésions professionnelles Un nouveau site Web pour prévenir les maladies professionnelles <p>Les maladies professionnelles sont des probl&egrave;mes de sant&eacute; comme le cancer, les troubles musculo-squelettiques et les maladies respiratoires caus&eacute;s par une exposition &agrave; des substances ou &agrave; des environnements dangereux en milieu de travail ou dans le cadre d&#39;activit&eacute;s professionnelles.&nbsp;La reconnaissance et la pr&eacute;vention des maladies professionnelles pr&eacute;sentent des d&eacute;fis particuliers et exigent l&#39;&eacute;limination ou la r&eacute;duction des expositions dangereuses, et le contr&ocirc;le des risques.</p> <p>Le Centre canadien d&#39;hygi&egrave;ne et de s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail (CCHST) s&#39;est associ&eacute; avec les Centres de sant&eacute; des travailleurs de l&#39;Ontario pour cr&eacute;er le site Web&nbsp;<a href="https://preventoccdisease.ca/fr/index.html">Pr&eacute;venir les maladies professionnelles</a>, un centre d&#39;&eacute;change en ligne de ressources actuelles et cr&eacute;dibles sur les maladies professionnelles au Canada et dans le monde.</p> <p>Les maladies professionnelles sont fr&eacute;quentes et sont issues de l&#39;exposition &agrave; des agents chimiques, biologiques et physiques sur le lieu de travail. Selon l&#39;Association des commissions des accidents du travail au Canada, 592 d&eacute;c&egrave;s en raison d&#39;une maladie professionnelle ont &eacute;t&eacute; enregistr&eacute;s au Canada comparativement &agrave; 312 accidents mortels en 2016, et ce taux augmente dans la plupart des provinces. La protection des travailleurs commence par le d&eacute;pistage et la pr&eacute;vention. Le site Web, qui vise &agrave; r&eacute;duire les maladies et les d&eacute;c&egrave;s d&#39;origine professionnelle, peut aider les employeurs, les superviseurs, les intervenants en sant&eacute; et s&eacute;curit&eacute; et les travailleurs &agrave; mieux comprendre les maladies professionnelles et les fa&ccedil;ons de les pr&eacute;venir.</p> <p>Les ressources pr&eacute;sent&eacute;es sur le nouveau site Web ont trait &agrave; la science et aux rouages de la pr&eacute;vention; aux dangers fr&eacute;quents et &agrave; leur d&eacute;pistage, &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;valuation des expositions et &agrave; leur contr&ocirc;le; aux emplois et aux industries o&ugrave; le risque de d&eacute;velopper une maladie professionnelle est plus &eacute;lev&eacute;; et aux maladies professionnelles reconnues &agrave; l&#39;international y compris le cancer, les maladies respiratoires et cutan&eacute;es et les troubles musculo-squelettiques.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="https://preventoccdisease.ca/fr/index.html" href="https://preventoccdisease.ca/fr/index.html">https://preventoccdisease.ca/fr/index.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 02 Apr 2019 14:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/02/11448.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-02T14:19:00Z 2019-04-02 14:19 +00:00 2019-04-02 10:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11446 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/02/11446.aspx Agents chimiques Agents biologiques Agents physiques Prévention et contrôle Stratégies d'évaluation Santé au travail : vers une meilleure prise en compte de la poly-exposition <p>De par leurs m&eacute;tiers, les travailleurs sont susceptibles d&#39;&ecirc;tre expos&eacute;s &agrave; de multiples facteurs de risques sanitaires. La question de la poly-exposition repr&eacute;sente un d&eacute;fi majeur pour l&#39;ensemble des acteurs de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; sanitaire et de la pr&eacute;vention en mati&egrave;re de sant&eacute; au travail. Dans le cadre du Plan Sant&eacute; au Travail 2016-2020, est publi&eacute; ce jour un &eacute;tat des lieux des actions men&eacute;es par les principaux acteurs sur la question de la poly-exposition en France et &agrave; l&#39;international.&nbsp;Ces travaux ont permis de d&eacute;finir l&#39;&eacute;tat des connaissances et les enjeux autour de cette probl&eacute;matique.</p> <p><strong>Le Plan Sant&eacute; au Travail (PST3)</strong>d&eacute;finit les orientations du gouvernement en mati&egrave;re de sant&eacute; au travail pour la p&eacute;riode de 2016 &agrave; 2020. L&#39;action 1.11, qui concerne la question de la poly-exposition, est mise en &oelig;uvre par plusieurs partenaires&nbsp;dont l&#39;Agence nationale de l&#39;am&eacute;lioration des conditions de travail (Anact), l&#39;Agence nationale de s&eacute;curit&eacute; sanitaire alimentation, environnement, travail (Anses), la Caisse nationale de l&#39;assurance maladie (Cnam), la direction de l&#39;animation de la recherche, des &eacute;tudes et des statistiques (Dares), la direction g&eacute;n&eacute;rale du travail (DGT), la direction g&eacute;n&eacute;rale de la pr&eacute;vention des risques (DGPR), la direction g&eacute;n&eacute;rale de la sant&eacute; (DGS), l&#39;Institut national de recherche et de s&eacute;curit&eacute; pour la pr&eacute;vention des accidents du travail et des maladies professionnelles &nbsp;(INRS) et Sant&eacute; Publique France (SPF).</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/PST3_Etatdeslieux_Polyexposition.pdf" title="https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/PST3_Etatdeslieux_Polyexposition.pdf" target="_blank">https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/PST3_Etatdeslieux_Polyexposition.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 02 Apr 2019 13:58:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/04/02/11446.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-02T13:58:00Z 2019-04-02 13:58 +00:00 2019-04-02 09:58 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11444 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/02/11444.aspx Travail en mouvement Charge mentale Organisation de l’équipe Gestion SST Secteurs d'activités Évaluation des facteurs de risque Risques psychosociaux : peu d'employeurs agissent sur les causes <p>Selon une &eacute;tude men&eacute;e par la DGFAP, les politiques de pr&eacute;vention des risques psychosociaux combinant des actions de type secondaire et tertiaire sont les plus r&eacute;pandues, dans le secteur public comme dans le priv&eacute;.</p> <p>Cette &eacute;tude men&eacute;e en 2016 s&#39;est int&eacute;ress&eacute;e aussi bien &agrave; la vision des employeurs qu&#39;&agrave; celle des salari&eacute;s. Selon les employeurs, pr&egrave;s de 90 % des agents du secteur public et pr&egrave;s de 70 % des salari&eacute;s du secteur priv&eacute; travaillent dans un &eacute;tablissement ayant pris, au cours des trois derni&egrave;res ann&eacute;es, des mesures pour pr&eacute;venir les risques psychosociaux au travail. Ces actions ne sont pas toujours men&eacute;es dans le cadre d&#39;une d&eacute;marche formalis&eacute;e d&#39;&eacute;valuation des risques. En effet, seule la moiti&eacute; des &eacute;tablissements ont &eacute;labor&eacute; ou mis &agrave; jour, au cours des douze derniers mois, un document unique d&#39;&eacute;valuation des risques professionnels incluant les risques psychosociaux. De ce fait, la pr&eacute;vention primaire tendant &agrave; modifier l&#39;origine du risque en travaillant sur l&#39;organisation du travail est peu pr&eacute;sente. Les politiques de pr&eacute;vention des risques psychosociaux sont plus ax&eacute;es sur la pr&eacute;vention secondaire portant sur la sensibilisation et identification des risques, voire tertiaire pour favoriser le retour au travail du salari&eacute; une fois le risque r&eacute;alis&eacute;.&nbsp;Autre enseignement de cette &eacute;tude, les &eacute;tablissements o&ugrave; l&#39;employeur d&eacute;clare une faible exposition de ses salari&eacute;s, petits ou moyens &eacute;tablissements du secteur priv&eacute;, ont plus souvent une tr&egrave;s faible activit&eacute; en mati&egrave;re de pr&eacute;vention. Les &eacute;tablissements de taille moyenne notamment de la fonction publique hospitali&egrave;re et de l&#39;enseignement ou les grands &eacute;tablissements des services du secteur priv&eacute; m&egrave;nent une politique active et vari&eacute;e dans le domaine de la pr&eacute;vention, m&ecirc;me si l&#39;exposition des salari&eacute;s est &eacute;galement relativement faible.</p> <p>Les &eacute;tablissements signalant une exposition forte de leurs salari&eacute;s aux risques psychosociaux peuvent &ecirc;tre class&eacute;s en trois groupes.<br />Dans le premier groupe, on retrouve surtout de petits et moyens &eacute;tablissements publics qui sont relativement peu actifs dans la pr&eacute;vention malgr&eacute; des expositions signal&eacute;es par les employeurs. Les risques psychosociaux constat&eacute;s concernant en particulier le travail dans l&#39;urgence, les conflits de valeurs et l&#39;intensit&eacute; du travail.<br />Le deuxi&egrave;me groupe comprend de petits &eacute;tablissements de la fonction publique de l&#39;&Eacute;tat et de la fonction publique territoriale et se distingue par une concentration des &laquo; risques g&eacute;n&eacute;ralis&eacute;s &raquo; (pour plus de 50 % des salari&eacute;s), notamment de ceux li&eacute;s aux tensions sociales, et par une insuffisance de pr&eacute;vention pour y faire face.<br />Enfin, les &eacute;tablissements du troisi&egrave;me groupe, constitu&eacute; plus souvent de grands &eacute;tablissements du public dans lesquels les salari&eacute;s sont massivement expos&eacute;s &agrave; un &laquo; risque localis&eacute; &raquo; (de 10 &agrave; 50 % des salari&eacute;s) mais &agrave; tous les risques psychosociaux, se caract&eacute;risent par un climat social en tension et m&egrave;nent une politique active de pr&eacute;vention des risques.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://www.fonction-publique.gouv.fr/files/files/statistiques/point_stat/prevention_risques_psychosociaux.pdf" title="https://www.fonction-publique.gouv.fr/files/files/statistiques/point_stat/prevention_risques_psychosociaux.pdf" target="_blank">https://www.fonction-publique.gouv.fr/files/files/statistiques/point_stat/prevention_risques_psychosociaux.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 02 Apr 2019 13:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/04/02/11444.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-02T13:24:00Z 2019-04-02 13:24 +00:00 2019-04-02 09:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11443 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/02/11443.aspx Santé psychologique France Enquêtes Secteurs d'activités Données administratives Prévention Risques psychosociaux : peu d'employeurs agissent sur les causes <p>Selon une &eacute;tude men&eacute;e par la DGFAP, les politiques de pr&eacute;vention des risques psychosociaux combinant des actions de type secondaire et tertiaire sont les plus r&eacute;pandues, dans le secteur public comme dans le priv&eacute;.</p> <p>Cette &eacute;tude men&eacute;e en 2016 s&#39;est int&eacute;ress&eacute;e aussi bien &agrave; la vision des employeurs qu&#39;&agrave; celle des salari&eacute;s. Selon les employeurs, pr&egrave;s de 90 % des agents du secteur public et pr&egrave;s de 70 % des salari&eacute;s du secteur priv&eacute; travaillent dans un &eacute;tablissement ayant pris, au cours des trois derni&egrave;res ann&eacute;es, des mesures pour pr&eacute;venir les risques psychosociaux au travail. Ces actions ne sont pas toujours men&eacute;es dans le cadre d&#39;une d&eacute;marche formalis&eacute;e d&#39;&eacute;valuation des risques. En effet, seule la moiti&eacute; des &eacute;tablissements ont &eacute;labor&eacute; ou mis &agrave; jour, au cours des douze derniers mois, un document unique d&#39;&eacute;valuation des risques professionnels incluant les risques psychosociaux. De ce fait, la pr&eacute;vention primaire tendant &agrave; modifier l&#39;origine du risque en travaillant sur l&#39;organisation du travail est peu pr&eacute;sente. Les politiques de pr&eacute;vention des risques psychosociaux sont plus ax&eacute;es sur la pr&eacute;vention secondaire portant sur la sensibilisation et identification des risques, voire tertiaire pour favoriser le retour au travail du salari&eacute; une fois le risque r&eacute;alis&eacute;. Autre enseignement de cette &eacute;tude, les &eacute;tablissements o&ugrave; l&#39;employeur d&eacute;clare une faible exposition de ses salari&eacute;s, petits ou moyens &eacute;tablissements du secteur priv&eacute;, ont plus souvent une tr&egrave;s faible activit&eacute; en mati&egrave;re de pr&eacute;vention. Les &eacute;tablissements de taille moyenne notamment de la fonction publique hospitali&egrave;re et de l&#39;enseignement ou les grands &eacute;tablissements des services du secteur priv&eacute; m&egrave;nent une politique active et vari&eacute;e dans le domaine de la pr&eacute;vention, m&ecirc;me si l&#39;exposition des salari&eacute;s est &eacute;galement relativement faible.</p> <p>Les &eacute;tablissements signalant une exposition forte de leurs salari&eacute;s aux risques psychosociaux peuvent &ecirc;tre class&eacute;s en trois groupes.<br />Dans le premier groupe, on retrouve surtout de petits et moyens &eacute;tablissements publics qui sont relativement peu actifs dans la pr&eacute;vention malgr&eacute; des expositions signal&eacute;es par les employeurs. Les risques psychosociaux constat&eacute;s concernant en particulier le travail dans l&#39;urgence, les conflits de valeurs et l&#39;intensit&eacute; du travail.<br />Le deuxi&egrave;me groupe comprend de petits &eacute;tablissements de la fonction publique de l&#39;&Eacute;tat et de la fonction publique territoriale et se distingue par une concentration des &laquo; risques g&eacute;n&eacute;ralis&eacute;s &raquo; (pour plus de 50 % des salari&eacute;s), notamment de ceux li&eacute;s aux tensions sociales, et par une insuffisance de pr&eacute;vention pour y faire face.<br />Enfin, les &eacute;tablissements du troisi&egrave;me groupe, constitu&eacute; plus souvent de grands &eacute;tablissements du public dans lesquels les salari&eacute;s sont massivement expos&eacute;s &agrave; un &laquo; risque localis&eacute; &raquo; (de 10 &agrave; 50 % des salari&eacute;s) mais &agrave; tous les risques psychosociaux, se caract&eacute;risent par un climat social en tension et m&egrave;nent une politique active de pr&eacute;vention des risques.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="https://www.fonction-publique.gouv.fr/files/files/statistiques/point_stat/prevention_risques_psychosociaux.pdf" href="https://www.fonction-publique.gouv.fr/files/files/statistiques/point_stat/prevention_risques_psychosociaux.pdf">https://www.fonction-publique.gouv.fr/files/files/statistiques/point_stat/prevention_risques_psychosociaux.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 02 Apr 2019 13:15:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/04/02/11443.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-04-02T13:15:00Z 2019-04-02 13:15 +00:00 2019-04-02 09:15 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11442 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/03/28/11442.aspx Références en ligne Normes et législation Formation à la SST Effets sur les travailleurs Prospective Systematic literature review on the effects of occupational safety and health (OSH) interventions at the workplace <p><span>Objectives</span>&nbsp;The aim of this review was to assess the evidence that occupational safety and health (OSH) legislative and regulatory policy could improve the working environment in terms of reduced levels of industrial injuries and fatalities, musculoskeletal disorders, worker complaints, sick leave and adverse occupational exposures.</p> <p><span>Methods</span>&nbsp;A systematic literature review covering the years 1966?2017 (February) was undertaken to capture both published and gray literature studies of OSH work environment interventions with quantitative measures of intervention effects. Studies that met specified in- and exclusion criteria went through an assessment of methodological quality. Included studies were grouped into five thematic domains: (i) introduction of OHS legislation, (ii) inspection/enforcement activity, (iii) training, such as improving knowledge, (iv), campaigns, and (v) introduction of technical device, such as mechanical lifting aids. The evidence synthesis was based on meta-analysis and a modified Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach.</p> <p><span>Results</span>&nbsp;The search for peer-reviewed literature identified 14 743 journal articles of which 45 fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were eligible for meta-analysis. We identified 5181 articles and reports in the gray literature, of which 16 were evaluated qualitatively. There was moderately strong evidence for improvement by OHS legislation and inspections with respect to injuries and compliance.</p> <p><span>Conclusions</span>&nbsp;This review indicates that legislative and regulatory policy may reduce injuries and fatalities and improve compliance with OHS regulation. A major research gap was identified with respect to the effects of OSH regulation targeting psychological and musculoskeletal disorders.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<span>Scand J Work Environ Health&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.sjweh.fi/show_issue.php?issue_id=335" title="Show contents of this issue" class="issue">2019;45(2)</a><span>:103-113</span></p> <p><a href="http://www.sjweh.fi/show_abstract.php?abstract_id=3775" title="http://www.sjweh.fi/show_abstract.php?abstract_id=3775" target="_blank">http://www.sjweh.fi/show_abstract.php?abstract_id=3775</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 28 Mar 2019 15:55:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/03/28/11442.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-28T15:55:00Z 2019-03-28 15:55 +00:00 2019-03-28 11:55 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11441 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/03/28/11441.aspx Santé psychologique Gestion des ressources humaines Charge mentale Environnement de travail Organisation de l’entreprise Gestion SST Organizational change and employee mental health: A prospective multilevel study of the associations between organizational changes and clinically relevant mental distress <p><span><strong>Objective</strong></span><span>&nbsp;The aim of the present paper was to elucidate the relationship between exposure to separate, multiple or repeated organizational change at both individual- and work-unit level and subsequent clinically relevant mental distress amongst employees two years after change had taken place.</span></p> <p><span><strong>Methods</strong></span>&nbsp;A full panel, prospective design was utilized. Data were collected at two time-points two years apart, by self-administered, online questionnaires. Organizational change was measured by six items pertaining to separate types of change. Mental distress was measured using HSCL-10, with cut-off set to &ge;1.85 to identify clinically relevant distress. Baseline sample consisted of 7985 respondents, of whom 5297 participated at follow-up. A multilevel analytic strategy was chosen as data were nested within work-units. Effects associated with exposure to organizational change at both individual- and work-unit level were estimated.</p> <p><span><strong>Results</strong></span>&nbsp;Separate change: At the individual level, company reorganization [odds ratio (OR) 1.29, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.01?1.65], downsizing (1.51, 95% CI 1.12?2.03) and layoffs (OR 1.46, 95% CI 1.01?2.12) were prospectively associated with mental distress. At work-unit level, company reorganization (OR 1.46, 95% CI 1.04-2.04) was associated with mental distress, but the statistically significant association diminished when adjusting for the work factors job control, job demands and support. Multiple changes: At the individual level, exposure to multiple organizational changes at baseline were associated with mental distress at follow-up (OR 1.75, 95% CI 1.28?2.38). Repeated change: At the individual level, exposure to repeated organizational change was associated with mental distress at follow-up (OR 1.84, 95% CI 1.29?2.63).</p> <p><span><strong>Conclusions</strong></span>&nbsp;Exposure to organizational changes at the individual level indicated an elevated risk of subsequent clinically relevant mental distress following both separate, multiple and repeated organizational changes. These associations were also present at work-unit level, but diminished when adjusting for certain work factors, indicating a possible mediating effect.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;Flovik, L.,&nbsp;<span>Knardahl, S.&nbsp;</span>et JO<span>&nbsp;Christensen. (2019)&nbsp;</span><em>Scandinavian journal of work, environment &amp; health</em><span>.</span></p> <p><a href="http://www.sjweh.fi/show_abstract.php?abstract_id=3777" title="http://www.sjweh.fi/show_abstract.php?abstract_id=3777" target="_blank">http://www.sjweh.fi/show_abstract.php?abstract_id=3777</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span><br /></span></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 28 Mar 2019 15:32:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/03/28/11441.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-28T15:32:00Z 2019-03-28 15:32 +00:00 2019-03-28 11:32 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11440 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/28/11440.aspx Agents biologiques Évaluation épidémiologique Secteur des services Secteur des services de santé Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture Systèmes et maladies Prévention et contrôle Revue de littérature NIOSH Reviews Scientific Literature on Infectious Diseases in the Workplace <p><span>NIOSH recently&nbsp;</span><span style="text-decoration:underline;"><a href="https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/3/18-0708_article">published a study</a></span><span>&nbsp;conducting a review of infectious disease investigations in workplaces across the United States to better understand the range of cases, the risk factors for workers, and the ways to prevent infectious disease transmission on the job.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/3/18-0708_article" title="https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/3/18-0708_article" target="_blank">https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/3/18-0708_article</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 28 Mar 2019 14:06:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/28/11440.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-28T14:06:00Z 2019-03-28 14:06 +00:00 2019-03-28 10:06 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11439 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/03/28/11439.aspx Travail en mouvement Gestion des ressources humaines Organisation de l’équipe Conditions de travail Enquêtes L’amélioration des conditions de travail des aidants par le prisme de la conciliation des temps sociaux : vecteur d’un meilleur climat organisationnel et de la rétention des employés <p><span>Cet article rend compte d&#39;une recherche men&eacute;e aupr&egrave;s d&#39;un vaste &eacute;chantillon de 1910 employeurs qu&eacute;b&eacute;cois par l&#39;entremise d&#39;une enqu&ecirc;te &eacute;lectronique. Les r&eacute;sultats permettent de d&eacute;gager les perceptions des employeurs &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;gard de la main-d&#39;&oelig;uvre proche aidante, ainsi que les mesures et les pratiques que ces employeurs d&eacute;ploient afin de s&#39;ajuster aux besoins de leurs salari&eacute;s et d&#39;aider ces derniers &agrave; articuler leurs responsabilit&eacute;s de soins avec celles du travail, ces deux sph&egrave;res &eacute;tant des vases communicants.</span></p> <p><span class="label">Source : Gagnon, M., Beaudry, C. et J. Bois . (2018).&nbsp;<i>Ad Machina</i>.&nbsp;</span><span class="value"><a href="https://doi.org/10.1522/radm.no1.915" title="https://doi.org/10.1522/radm.no1.915" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1522/radm.no1.915</a></span>&nbsp;</p> <p><br /><span></span></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 28 Mar 2019 13:38:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/03/28/11439.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-28T13:38:00Z 2019-03-28 13:38 +00:00 2019-03-28 09:38 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11438 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/03/28/11438.aspx Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Charge mentale Secteur des services de santé Charge physique Effets sur les travailleurs Conditions de travail Compassion Fatigue in Palliative Care Nursing. A Concept Analysis <p><span>Parue dans le Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing, cette &eacute;tude visait &agrave; d&eacute;finir la fatigue de compassion dans le contexte des soins infirmiers palliatifs. &Agrave; la suite de la r&eacute;alisation d&#39;une revue de la litt&eacute;rature, les auteurs ont &eacute;t&eacute; en mesure de proposer une d&eacute;finition du concept. Pour les soins infirmiers palliatifs, la fatigue de compassion a &eacute;t&eacute; d&eacute;finie comme &eacute;tant l&#39;&eacute;tat dans lequel l&#39;empathie et la compassion sont perdues. Cet &eacute;tat est d&eacute;montr&eacute; par des caract&eacute;ristiques &eacute;motionnelles et psychologiques, intellectuelles et professionnelles, physiques, sociales et spirituelles qui entra&icirc;nent d&eacute;sint&eacute;r&ecirc;t, d&eacute;tresse morale et &eacute;puisement. Selon les chercheurs, ces r&eacute;sultats faciliteront l&#39;identification et la prise en charge de la fatigue de compassion dans un contexte professionnel.</span></p> <p><span>Source : Cross, L. A. </span><span>(2019).&nbsp;</span>Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing&nbsp;<a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343956/" title="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343956/" target="_blank">https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343956/</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><br /><span></span></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 28 Mar 2019 13:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/03/28/11438.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-28T13:14:00Z 2019-03-28 13:14 +00:00 2019-03-28 09:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11437 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/03/28/11437.aspx Travailleurs vieillissants Marché du travail France Références en ligne Régions géographiques Les séniors et le marché du travail <p><span>Le&nbsp;</span><strong>tableau de bord trimestriel</strong><span>&nbsp;sur l&#39;activit&eacute; des seniors et les politiques d&#39;emploi pr&eacute;sente les derni&egrave;res donn&eacute;es disponibles sur la situation des seniors le march&eacute; du travail&nbsp;: emploi-ch&ocirc;mage-inactivit&eacute; au sens du BIT, taux d&#39;emploi, acc&egrave;s aux mesures d&#39;aide &agrave; l&#39;emploi, &agrave; la formation et aux dispositifs de retraite anticip&eacute;e, demandeurs d&#39;emploi inscrits &agrave; P&ocirc;le emploi&hellip;</span></p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/tableaux-de-bord/le-marche-du-travail-les-jeunes-et-les-seniors/article/les-seniors-et-le-marche-du-travail" title="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/tableaux-de-bord/le-marche-du-travail-les-jeunes-et-les-seniors/article/les-seniors-et-le-marche-du-travail" target="_blank">https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/tableaux-de-bord/le-marche-du-travail-les-jeunes-et-les-seniors/article/les-seniors-et-le-marche-du-travail</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 28 Mar 2019 13:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/03/28/11437.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-28T13:04:00Z 2019-03-28 13:04 +00:00 2019-03-28 09:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11433 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/22/11433.aspx Nanotechnologies Références en ligne Revue de littérature Lignes directrices de l'OMS pour la protection des travailleurs contre les risques potentiels des nanomatériaux manufacturés <p>L&rsquo;Organisation mondiale de la Sant&eacute; (OMS) a mis en place un groupe de travail dans le but d&rsquo;&eacute;laborer des lignes directrices qui s&rsquo;expriment sous forme de recommandations visant &agrave; prot&eacute;ger les travailleurs contre les risques potentiels des nanomat&eacute;riaux manufactur&eacute;s (NMM) pour la sant&eacute;. Ces lignes directrices s&rsquo;appuient sur une s&eacute;rie de revues syst&eacute;matiques de la litt&eacute;rature effectu&eacute;es par des &eacute;quipes de recherche affili&eacute;es &agrave; diff&eacute;rents centres internationaux. L&rsquo;Institut de recherche Robert-Sauv&eacute; en sant&eacute; et s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail (IRSST) et l&rsquo;Universit&eacute; de Montr&eacute;al ont particip&eacute; &agrave; ce processus d&rsquo;&eacute;laboration des lignes directrices, notamment en r&eacute;alisant une revue syst&eacute;matique&nbsp;portant sur l&rsquo;identification des situations d&rsquo;exposition.</p> <div> <p>Le pr&eacute;sent document est une traduction conforme &agrave; la&nbsp;<a href="https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/259671/9789241550048-eng.pdf">version originale en anglais</a>&nbsp;produite par l&rsquo;OMS, qui a autoris&eacute; sa publication dans le but de favoriser la diffusion du document aupr&egrave;s de la communaut&eacute; francophone. Les recommandations visent &agrave; aider les responsables de l&rsquo;&eacute;laboration des politiques, les professionnels de la sant&eacute; et de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail, les travailleurs et les employeurs &agrave; prendre des d&eacute;cisions en mati&egrave;re de protection des travailleurs contre les risques potentiels des NMM &agrave; la sant&eacute; et &agrave; la s&eacute;curit&eacute;.</p> <p>Le document de l&rsquo;OMS se base sur le principe de pr&eacute;caution afin de r&eacute;duire l&rsquo;exposition des travailleurs au niveau le plus bas atteignable.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101017/n/protection-nanomateriaux-manufactures" href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101017/n/protection-nanomateriaux-manufactures">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101017/n/protection-nanomateriaux-manufactures</a></p> </div><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 22 Mar 2019 15:36:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/22/11433.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-22T15:36:00Z 2019-03-22 15:36 +00:00 2019-03-22 11:36 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11434 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/22/11434.aspx Agents chimiques Législation et réglementation Publication de la directive introduisant de nouvelles valeurs-limites dans la législation européenne sur les agents cancérigènes <p><span>Le Journal officiel de l&#39;Union europ&eacute;enne a publi&eacute; le 31 janvier 2019 le texte de la directive 2019/130. Cette directive s&#39;inscrit dans le processus de r&eacute;vision de la directive sur la protection des travailleurs contre les agents canc&eacute;rig&egrave;nes et mutag&egrave;nes (CMD). Elle en constitue la deuxi&egrave;me &eacute;tape.</span></p> <p>La r&eacute;vision de la directive CMD a &eacute;t&eacute; lanc&eacute;e en mai 2016. La premi&egrave;re &eacute;tape s&#39;est conclue par l&#39;adoption de la directive 2017/2398 du 12 d&eacute;cembre 2017.</p> <p>La deuxi&egrave;me &eacute;tape qui se conclut actuellement introduit six nouvelles valeurs-limites d&#39;exposition professionnelles pour des substances canc&eacute;rog&egrave;nes. Le texte final, r&eacute;sultat d&#39;un compromis entre le Parlement europ&eacute;en et le Conseil des ministres, am&eacute;liore nettement la proposition initiale de la Commission europ&eacute;enne qui avait &eacute;t&eacute; introduite en ao&ucirc;t 2017. Gr&acirc;ce &agrave; des amendements vot&eacute;s &agrave; une tr&egrave;s large majorit&eacute; par le Parlement europ&eacute;en, les &eacute;missions des moteurs diesel sur les lieux de travail entrent dans le champ d&#39;application de la directive. La valeur limite d&#39;exposition professionnelle contraignante (VLEPC) pour les &eacute;missions de moteur diesel est fix&eacute;e &agrave; 0,05 mg/m&sup3;. Cette valeur est calcul&eacute;e sur la base du carbone &eacute;l&eacute;mentaire. Elle devra &ecirc;tre mise en place dans les diff&eacute;rents Etats membres au plus tard pour le 21 f&eacute;vrier 2023, avec la possibilit&eacute; de retarder cette mise en application d&#39;une p&eacute;riode de trois dans les activit&eacute;s extractives et le percement de tunnel. La deuxi&egrave;me &eacute;tape fait &eacute;galement entrer dans le champ d&#39;application de la CMD les travaux entra&icirc;nant une exposition cutan&eacute;e &agrave; des huiles min&eacute;rales qui ont &eacute;t&eacute; auparavant utilis&eacute;es dans des moteurs. Cette exposition professionnelle concerne environ un million de travailleurs en Europe.</p> <p><span>Les Etats membres doivent transposer la nouvelle directive pour le 21 f&eacute;vrier 2021 au plus tard. La directive &eacute;tablit des prescriptions minimales. Les organisations syndicales s&#39;efforceront d&#39;obtenir un niveau de protection plus &eacute;lev&eacute; de la vie et de la sant&eacute; dans les l&eacute;gislations nationales de transposition.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="https://www.etui.org/fr/Themes/Sante-et-securite/Actualites/Publication-de-la-directive-introduisant-de-nouvelles-valeurs-limites-dans-la-legislation-europeenne-sur-les-agents-cancerigenes/?utm_source=Hesamail_March2019" title="https://www.etui.org/fr/Themes/Sante-et-securite/Actualites/Publication-de-la-directive-introduisant-de-nouvelles-valeurs-limites-dans-la-legislation-europeenne-sur-les-agents-cancerigenes/?utm_source=Hesamail_March2019" target="_blank">https://www.etui.org/fr/Themes/Sante-et-securite/Actualites/Publication-de-la-directive-introduisant-de-nouvelles-valeurs-limites-dans-la-legislation-europeenne-sur-les-agents-cancerigenes/?utm_source=Hesamail_March2019</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 22 Mar 2019 13:03:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/22/11434.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-22T13:03:00Z 2019-03-22 13:03 +00:00 2019-03-22 09:03 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11428 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/21/11428.aspx Agents chimiques Substitution État Analyse de risques New reports on alternatives assessment and substitution of harmful chemicals <p>A Cross Country Analysis of Approaches to Support Alternatives Assessment and Substitution of Chemicals of Concern that describes and gives a list of approaches developed across countries and by different stakeholders to support alternatives assessment and substitution of chemicals of concern.</p> <p><span style="font-weight:normal;" lang="EN-CA">Source :&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" title="http://www.oecd.org/fr/securitechimique/substitution-of-hazardous-chemicals.htm" href="http://www.oecd.org/fr/securitechimique/substitution-of-hazardous-chemicals.htm">http://www.oecd.org/fr/securitechimique/substitution-of-hazardous-chemicals.htm</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 21 Mar 2019 13:56:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/21/11428.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-21T13:56:00Z 2019-03-21 13:56 +00:00 2019-03-21 09:56 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11436 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/03/20/11436.aspx Références en ligne Secteur de l'industrie extractive Secteurs d'activités Normes et législation Irlande Safe Quarry - A Guide for Quarry Workers <p>Quarries vary greatly from small operations to large pits excavating large amounts of material and include a number of manufacturing plants. Although there are often a greater number of hazards at larger quarries, you may be at more risk at a smaller operation &ndash; depending on how well safety, health and welfare matters are controlled at the quarry. Every quarry must have an Operator. The Owner must appoint the Operator of the quarry. At most quarries the Owner is the Operator and is self-appointed. The Operator must be competent and have the necessary resources to operate the quarry. This booklet highlights some of the risks that quarry workers may encounter at work and explains how they should be addressed.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://www.hsa.ie/eng/publications_and_forms/publications/mines_and_quarries/safe_quarry_-_a_guide_for_quarry_workers.pdf" title="https://www.hsa.ie/eng/publications_and_forms/publications/mines_and_quarries/safe_quarry_-_a_guide_for_quarry_workers.pdf" target="_blank">https://www.hsa.ie/eng/publications_and_forms/publications/mines_and_quarries/safe_quarry_-_a_guide_for_quarry_workers.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 20 Mar 2019 15:30:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/03/20/11436.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-20T15:30:00Z 2019-03-20 15:30 +00:00 2019-03-20 11:30 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11432 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/03/20/11432.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Santé psychologique Charge mentale Stratégies SST Secteur des services de santé Conditions psychologiques Une démarche paritaire de prévention pour contrer les effets du travail émotionnellement exigeant dans les centres jeunesse <p>Certains secteurs d&#39;activit&eacute; sont particuli&egrave;rement touch&eacute;s par des probl&egrave;mes qui affectent la sant&eacute; et la s&eacute;curit&eacute; des travailleurs. C&#39;est le cas, entre autres, des centres jeunesse o&ugrave; le travail est g&eacute;n&eacute;ralement caract&eacute;ris&eacute; par une demande &eacute;motionnelle &eacute;lev&eacute;e, attribuable aux contacts fr&eacute;quents avec des enfants et des familles en crise, et par le manque de ressources n&eacute;cessaires pour g&eacute;rer cette demande &eacute;motionnelle. On reconna&icirc;t d&#39;ailleurs de plus en plus les effets attribuables au &laquo; travail &eacute;motionnellement exigeant &raquo; (T&Eacute;E), que ce soit sur le plan de la sant&eacute; physique ou psychologique (stress post-traumatique, troubles musculosquelettiques, d&eacute;tresse psychologique, absent&eacute;isme, roulement de personnel, etc.). Des effets qui touchent les travailleurs, mais aussi, les organisations qui les emploient. L&#39;importance de d&eacute;velopper des interventions organisationnelles afin d&#39;agir de fa&ccedil;on pr&eacute;ventive sur les effets potentiels de l&#39;exposition au T&Eacute;E est donc bien document&eacute;e, mais il existe peu de connaissances sp&eacute;cifiques sur les interventions &agrave; mettre en place pour pr&eacute;venir les effets de ce travail &eacute;motionnellement exigeant.</p> <p>L&#39;&eacute;tude, qui visait &agrave; combler en partie cette lacune, avait pour objectif principal d&#39;implanter et d&#39;&eacute;valuer une intervention pr&eacute;ventive paritaire visant &agrave; contrer les effets du T&Eacute;E chez les travailleurs des centres jeunesse. L&#39;&eacute;quipe de recherche visait plus particuli&egrave;rement &agrave; 1) cerner les contraintes psychosociales (facteurs de risque) pr&eacute;sentes dans l&#39;organisation cibl&eacute;e ainsi que les facteurs de protection; 2) d&eacute;velopper des interventions appropri&eacute;es pour &agrave; la fois diminuer les contraintes psychosociales au travail et optimiser les facteurs de protection existants; 3) &eacute;valuer le processus d&#39;implantation de l&#39;intervention; 4) mesurer les effets de l&#39;intervention. La population &eacute;tudi&eacute;e se compose de travailleurs d&#39;un centre jeunesse ainsi que des cadres de premier niveau qui supervisent les &eacute;quipes en contact &eacute;troit avec la client&egrave;le.</p> <p>L&#39;&eacute;tude s&#39;est d&eacute;roul&eacute;e en trois phases : a) la phase de d&eacute;veloppement, durant laquelle a eu lieu l&#39;identification des cibles concr&egrave;tes d&#39;intervention, b) la phase d&#39;implantation o&ugrave; les interventions privil&eacute;gi&eacute;es ont &eacute;t&eacute; mises en place, c) la phase d&#39;&eacute;valuation durant laquelle le processus d&#39;intervention et les effets de la d&eacute;marche d&#39;intervention ont &eacute;t&eacute; appr&eacute;ci&eacute;s. Des m&eacute;thodes de recherche quantitatives et qualitatives ont &eacute;t&eacute; utilis&eacute;es pour r&eacute;aliser ces trois phases. Des interventions sp&eacute;cifiques ont &eacute;t&eacute; d&eacute;velopp&eacute;es par un groupe paritaire mis sur pied dans le contexte de la d&eacute;marche : le Groupe de soutien &agrave; l&#39;intervention (GSI)...</p> <div> <p>Au-del&agrave; des projets d&eacute;velopp&eacute;s par le GSI, par exemple l&#39;obtention d&#39;un local pour les employ&eacute;s, l&#39;acc&egrave;s &agrave; une ressource sp&eacute;cialis&eacute;e du programme d&#39;aide aux employ&eacute;s ou la constitution d&#39;un programme de pairs aidants, l&#39;&eacute;quipe de recherche a &eacute;galement pu observer que la d&eacute;marche globale de recherche-intervention, amorc&eacute;e d&egrave;s 2012, semble avoir eu un effet particuli&egrave;rement &laquo; porteur &raquo; pour le milieu. Cet effet porteur s&#39;explique par le fait qu&#39;il y ait eu, par l&#39;ensemble des acteurs du milieu (travailleurs, syndicats, gestionnaires et direction), une reconnaissance formelle de l&#39;exposition des travailleurs &ndash; et des personnes qui les encadrent &ndash; &agrave; un contexte de travail &eacute;motionnellement exigeant et, cons&eacute;quemment, une volont&eacute; partag&eacute;e d&#39;agir de fa&ccedil;on pr&eacute;ventive.</p> <p>L&#39;originalit&eacute; de la pr&eacute;sente recherche reposait sur une d&eacute;marche participative d&#39;intervention en milieu de travail appuy&eacute;e sur des assises th&eacute;oriques et m&eacute;thodologiques rigoureuses, laquelle a fait l&#39;objet d&#39;un processus d&#39;&eacute;valuation syst&eacute;matique &agrave; l&#39;aide d&#39;un mod&egrave;le d&#39;&eacute;valuation reconnu. Bien qu&#39;elle ait &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;e dans un centre jeunesse, les connaissances th&eacute;oriques et pratiques d&eacute;velopp&eacute;es pourront &ecirc;tre utiles dans de nombreux autres milieux de travail touch&eacute;s par le travail &eacute;motionnellement exigeant tels les centres d&#39;h&eacute;bergement et de soins de longue dur&eacute;e (CHSLD), les milieux hospitaliers, les services d&#39;urgence ou le secteur des d&eacute;ficiences intellectuelle et physique, par exemple.</p> <p>Source :<a target="_blank" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101021/n/travail-emotionnellement-exigeant" href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101021/n/travail-emotionnellement-exigeant">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101021/n/travail-emotionnellement-exigeant</a></p> </div><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 20 Mar 2019 14:57:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/03/20/11432.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-20T14:57:00Z 2019-03-20 14:57 +00:00 2019-03-20 10:57 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11430 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/20/11430.aspx Agents chimiques Secteur de l'administration publique Évaluation épidémiologique Cancer Fumées Revue de littérature Revue de la littérature épidémiologique sur le risque de cancer chez les pompiers <p>Une revue des publications sur le cancer chez les pompiers parues depuis l&#39;analyse documentaire r&eacute;alis&eacute;e en 2007 par le CIRC a &eacute;t&eacute; entreprise dans le but de mettre en &eacute;vidence de nouvelles preuves de liens ou des indicateurs d&#39;associations possibles entre la profession de pompier et le cancer. Cette revue de la litt&eacute;rature a port&eacute; sur 21&nbsp;si&egrave;ges de cancer &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;gard desquels certaines preuves de lien non concluantes &eacute;taient ressorties des revues ant&eacute;rieures.</p> <div> <p>Plus de 600 publications sur l&#39;exposition et l&#39;&eacute;pid&eacute;miologie ont ainsi &eacute;t&eacute; d&eacute;pouill&eacute;es en qu&ecirc;te de donn&eacute;es reli&eacute;es au cancer chez les pompiers. Parmi elles, 11&nbsp;&eacute;tudes cl&eacute;s ont &eacute;t&eacute; retenues comme sources de donn&eacute;es &eacute;pid&eacute;miologiques primaires, auxquelles se sont ajout&eacute;es 14&nbsp;&eacute;tudes cas-t&eacute;moins justificatives. Chacune des publications examin&eacute;es mais non retenues est pr&eacute;sent&eacute;e en annexe et assortie d&#39;un bref motif d&#39;exclusion dans le cadre de l&#39;analyse d&eacute;taill&eacute;e de cette revue de la litt&eacute;rature...</p> <div> <p>Les conclusions de ce rapport reposent uniquement sur les donn&eacute;es probantes publi&eacute;es depuis 2007, hormis celles de quelques publications l&eacute;g&egrave;rement ant&eacute;rieures non prises en compte dans l&#39;analyse documentaire du CIRC. Plus pr&eacute;cis&eacute;ment, aucun effort n&#39;a &eacute;t&eacute; d&eacute;ploy&eacute; pour revoir et int&eacute;grer toutes les donn&eacute;es probantes publi&eacute;es &agrave; ce jour. Une &eacute;valuation compl&egrave;te des preuves d&#39;association et de risque relatives &agrave; un type de cancer particulier exigerait un examen exhaustif de toutes les donn&eacute;es disponibles sur ce type de cancer, assorti d&#39;une m&eacute;ta-analyse des donn&eacute;es de l&#39;ensemble des &eacute;tudes afin de rehausser la puissance statistique de la d&eacute;marche. Les preuves d&#39;association relatives &agrave; chaque type de cancer abord&eacute; dans ce rapport ne s&#39;appuient que sur la p&eacute;riode de publication restreinte couverte par la pr&eacute;sente revue de la litt&eacute;rature, de sorte que les conclusions s&#39;en trouvent limit&eacute;es d&#39;autant.</p> <p>La plus forte preuve d&#39;association qui ressort de cette analyse documentaire concerne un exc&egrave;s de m&eacute;soth&eacute;liomes chez les pompiers actifs il y a plus de 30&nbsp;ans, probablement d&ucirc; &agrave; l&#39;exposition &agrave; l&#39;amiante. Le cancer du poumon ne pr&eacute;sente pas une association aussi marqu&eacute;e, mais comme on le sait reli&eacute; aux m&ecirc;mes expositions, son lien avec la profession ne peut &ecirc;tre enti&egrave;rement &eacute;cart&eacute;. Il n&#39;existe aucune preuve concluante d&#39;association entre la profession de pompier et quelque autre type de cancer, mais la pr&eacute;sente revue de la litt&eacute;rature et la revue ant&eacute;rieure du CIRC (2010a) font toutes deux &eacute;tat de cas plus fr&eacute;quents de LNH et de cancer de la prostate chez les pompiers.</p> <p>Sauf en ce qui concerne le m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome, les donn&eacute;es issues de la pr&eacute;sente analyse documentaire se sont av&eacute;r&eacute;es insuffisantes pour confirmer ou infirmer de fa&ccedil;on concluante quelque association que ce soit entre le cancer et la profession. Il existe n&eacute;anmoins certaines preuves d&#39;association entre la profession de pompier et les cancers de la vessie, du cerveau, du c&ocirc;lon/rectum, de la t&ecirc;te et du cou, des reins, de l&#39;&oelig;sophage, de la peau et de l&#39;intestin gr&ecirc;le, de m&ecirc;me qu&#39;avec la leuc&eacute;mie et le my&eacute;lome multiple. Une m&eacute;ta-analyse effectu&eacute;e en 2007 indiquait que certains de ces cancers (cerveau, c&ocirc;lon/rectum et peau) pouvaient &ecirc;tre reli&eacute;s &agrave; la profession de pompier, mais pas l&#39;analyse documentaire du CIRC. Les liens entre la profession et d&#39;autres types de cancer relev&eacute;s dans la pr&eacute;sente revue de la litt&eacute;rature ne sont pas &eacute;tay&eacute;s par les revues ant&eacute;rieures, de sorte qu&#39;on ne peut en tirer aucune autre conclusion.</p> <p><span style="font-weight:normal;">Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101015/n/risque-cancer-pompiers" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101015/n/risque-cancer-pompiers" target="_blank">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101015/n/risque-cancer-pompiers</a></p> </div> </div><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 20 Mar 2019 14:23:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/20/11430.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-20T14:23:00Z 2019-03-20 14:23 +00:00 2019-03-20 10:23 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11429 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/20/11429.aspx Agents biologiques Moisissures Micro-organismes Prévention et contrôle Surveillance Revue de littérature Échantillonnage Composés organiques volatils (COV) Utilisation des composés organiques volatils microbiens comme biomarqueurs de l'exposition aux moisissures en milieu de travail ? Étude de faisabilité <p>La probl&eacute;matique de la qualit&eacute; de l&#39;air est un aspect important de la sant&eacute; et de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail. Les moisissures et leurs compos&eacute;s sont des contaminants auxquels les travailleurs peuvent &ecirc;tre expos&eacute;s. Ces microorganismes sont responsables de nombreux probl&egrave;mes de sant&eacute; (maladies ou inconforts), incluant des allergies aigu&euml;s, de l&#39;asthme, des sinusites/rhinites, des c&eacute;phal&eacute;es, de l&#39;hypersensibilit&eacute; environnementale, des irritations et des inflammations.</p> <p>La surveillance classique de la pr&eacute;sence fongique se base sur des m&eacute;thodes d&#39;&eacute;valuation directe de la flore mycologique ou sur l&#39;exploitation de la m&eacute;thode PCR quantitative. Ces approches requi&egrave;rent n&eacute;anmoins le recours &agrave; une proc&eacute;dure minutieuse d&#39;&eacute;chantillonnage et &agrave; l&#39;intervention de personnel hautement exp&eacute;riment&eacute;. Elles exigent aussi l&#39;acc&egrave;s aux lieux contamin&eacute;s pendant de longues dur&eacute;es, &agrave; des moyens techniques co&ucirc;teux, et entra&icirc;nent des d&eacute;lais relativement longs.</p> <p>Une nouvelle approche consiste &agrave; mesurer les compos&eacute;s organiques volatils &eacute;mis sp&eacute;cifiquement par les microchampignons pr&eacute;sents dans les lieux. Toutefois, la mesure directe de ces compos&eacute;s organiques volatils microbiens (COVM) pr&eacute;sente elle aussi des contraintes similaires &agrave; celles de l&#39;approche classique. L&#39;alternative propos&eacute;e dans cette activit&eacute; a pour principe de mesurer des COVM dans les matrices biologiques des personnes expos&eacute;es, avant et apr&egrave;s un quart de travail. Cette approche de biosurveillance serait compl&eacute;mentaire aux approches existantes.</p> <p>Lors de ce bilan de connaissances, une revue de la litt&eacute;rature permettant de documenter le sujet et d&#39;&eacute;valuer la pertinence de cette approche est men&eacute;e. La mesure des COVM dans les matrices biologiques, les concentrations dans l&#39;air int&eacute;rieur des COVM et leur sp&eacute;cificit&eacute; sont discut&eacute;es. De plus, 548 COVM, provenant des &eacute;missions de nombreuses esp&egrave;ces de moisissures, ont &eacute;t&eacute; collig&eacute;s. Un examen minutieux de plusieurs param&egrave;tres (c.-&agrave;-d. d&#39;int&eacute;r&ecirc;t pour la sant&eacute;, occurrence d&#39;&eacute;mission, param&egrave;tres physicochimiques et pharmacocin&eacute;tiques, etc.) a permis de r&eacute;duire ce nombre &agrave; 21 COVM potentiels pour une approche de biosurveillance (baisse de 96&nbsp;%). Enfin, des recommandations concernant la mise en place pratique de la pr&eacute;sente approche sont formul&eacute;es et des perspectives sont trac&eacute;es.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101014/n/biomarqueurs-exposition-moisissures" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101014/n/biomarqueurs-exposition-moisissures" target="_blank">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101014/n/biomarqueurs-exposition-moisissures</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 20 Mar 2019 14:13:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/20/11429.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-20T14:13:00Z 2019-03-20 14:13 +00:00 2019-03-20 10:13 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11431 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2019/03/19/11431.aspx Caractérisation du bruit des machines Appareils de mesure Prévention du bruit Méthodes de mesure Secteur de l’industrie manufacturière Développement d’une antenne microphonique intégrant un système optique pour identifier la position des sources sonores les plus bruyantes en milieu industriel <div class="col-md-8 container-resume"> <p>Dans un contexte industriel, le bruit &eacute;mis par des machines peut nuire &agrave; la sant&eacute; des travailleurs et g&eacute;n&eacute;rer des probl&egrave;mes de surdit&eacute; ou de pertes auditives. Pour pallier ces probl&egrave;mes, des solutions acoustiques efficaces doivent &ecirc;tre mises en place en amont. La premi&egrave;re &eacute;tape d&#39;une &eacute;tude acoustique de r&eacute;duction de bruit consiste &agrave; localiser la position des sources et &agrave; hi&eacute;rarchiser leurs contributions. Dans un environnement industriel, les travailleurs sont r&eacute;partis autour des machines et le nombre de celles-ci peut &ecirc;tre important. Cela rend le champ acoustique complexe &agrave; cause des multiples r&eacute;flexions sur les murs et objets; il est donc souvent difficile d&#39;identifier les sources de bruit principales. La localisation des positions des sources peut &ecirc;tre r&eacute;alis&eacute;e &agrave; l&#39;aide d&#39;un r&eacute;seau de microphones appel&eacute; antenne acoustique. La performance des techniques de localisation de sources d&eacute;pend du nombre de microphones, de leur r&eacute;partition et du traitement du signal associ&eacute;.</p> <p>L&#39;objectif de cette activit&eacute; &eacute;tait de d&eacute;velopper une antenne acoustique sph&eacute;rique associ&eacute;e &agrave; une technique temporelle bas&eacute;e sur les intercorr&eacute;lations des signaux microphoniques, appel&eacute;e Generalized Cross-Correlation (GCC) dans la litt&eacute;rature anglo-saxonne, pour identifier la position des sources sonores les plus bruyantes en milieu industriel. La technique du GCC n&eacute;cessite un segment temporel des signaux microphoniques pour g&eacute;n&eacute;rer une cartographie des sources; elle est reconnue comme &eacute;tant robuste m&ecirc;me dans des environnements acoustiques complexes o&ugrave; le champ r&eacute;verb&eacute;r&eacute; a une contribution significative (cas g&eacute;n&eacute;ral des locaux industriels). Quant &agrave; l&#39;antenne sph&eacute;rique, elle permet une localisation des sources sonores dans la totalit&eacute; de l&#39;espace.</p> <p>Dans cette &eacute;tude, des crit&egrave;res permettant d&#39;&eacute;valuer la qualit&eacute; de la cartographie des sources sont pr&eacute;sent&eacute;s. Puis, un crit&egrave;re d&#39;optimisation de la g&eacute;om&eacute;trie de l&#39;antenne est propos&eacute;. L&#39;antenne optimis&eacute;e est ensuite fabriqu&eacute;e et une cam&eacute;ra panoramique (permettant de prendre des photos ou vid&eacute;os) est ajout&eacute;e pour pouvoir superposer la photographie du local &agrave; la cartographie des sources. Finalement, l&#39;antenne sph&eacute;rique d&eacute;velopp&eacute;e, associ&eacute;e &agrave; la technique du GCC, est test&eacute;e dans des conditions contr&ocirc;l&eacute;es (chambres h&eacute;mi-an&eacute;cho&iuml;que et r&eacute;verb&eacute;rante), puis dans un atelier o&ugrave; plusieurs op&eacute;rateurs utilisent des machines. Les r&eacute;sultats montrent qu&#39;il est possible de localiser la position des diff&eacute;rentes machines malgr&eacute; leurs contenus sonores diff&eacute;rents et les multiples r&eacute;flexions.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101020/n/antenne-microphonique-systeme-optique-milieu-industriel" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101020/n/antenne-microphonique-systeme-optique-milieu-industriel" target="_blank">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101020/n/antenne-microphonique-systeme-optique-milieu-industriel</a></p> <h3 class="title_inner"></h3> </div> <div class="col-md-4"> <div id="dnn_ctr551_ViewPublicationIrsstDetails_pnlRight" class="wrapper-bottom"> <div class="panel-group accordion_2 plus-publications" id="accordion3"> <div id="dnn_ctr551_ViewPublicationIrsstDetails_pnlDuMemeProjet" class="irsst_pub_irsst_det_right_content"> <div class="panel panel-default"> <div class="panel-heading"> <h4 class="panel-title"><a href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101020/n/antenne-microphonique-systeme-optique-milieu-industriel#item1"></a></h4> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 19 Mar 2019 14:42:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2019/03/19/11431.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-19T14:42:00Z 2019-03-19 14:42 +00:00 2019-03-19 10:42 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11427 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/19/11427.aspx Agents chimiques Effets sur la santé Diesel Cancer Dutch Committee On Occupational Safety Releases Report On Diesel Engine Exhaust <p><span style="font-weight:normal;" lang="EN-CA">The Dutch Committee on Occupational Safety (DECOS) of the Health Council of the Netherlands has released a report summarizing the health effects of diesel engine exhaust. The report includes estimates of health-based occupational cancer risk values, and concludes that there is no safe exposure concentration below which no adverse health effects occur.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight:normal;" lang="EN-CA">Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="https://www.healthcouncil.nl/documents/advisory-reports/2019/03/13/diesel-engine-exhaust" title="https://www.healthcouncil.nl/documents/advisory-reports/2019/03/13/diesel-engine-exhaust" target="_blank">https://www.healthcouncil.nl/documents/advisory-reports/2019/03/13/diesel-engine-exhaust</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 19 Mar 2019 13:13:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/19/11427.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-19T13:13:00Z 2019-03-19 13:13 +00:00 2019-03-19 09:13 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11426 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/03/19/11426.aspx Modes de prévention TMS Évaluation d'outils Intervention spécifique Modification des outils ou équipements de travail Exosquelettes Acquisition et intégration d'un exosquelette en entreprise <p><span style="font-weight:normal;">Ce guide, destin&eacute; aux pr&eacute;venteurs, permet &agrave; l&#39;entreprise d&#39;appr&eacute;hender les nombreuses questions pos&eacute;es par l&#39;int&eacute;gration d&#39;un exosquelette. Il propose une d&eacute;marche allant de la d&eacute;finition du besoin d&#39;assistance physique jusqu&#39;&agrave; son int&eacute;gration en situation r&eacute;elle de travail.<br />Structur&eacute;e en trois phases, cette m&eacute;thode vise &agrave; accompagner l&#39;entreprise dans sa r&eacute;flexion d&#39;acquisition d&#39;un exosquelette, &agrave; cr&eacute;er les conditions permettant son int&eacute;gration dans la situation de travail et &agrave; &eacute;valuer les usages de l&#39;exosquelette au cours du temps.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight:normal;">Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206315" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206315" target="_blank">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206315</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 19 Mar 2019 12:58:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/03/19/11426.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-19T12:58:00Z 2019-03-19 12:58 +00:00 2019-03-19 08:58 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11425 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/15/11425.aspx Agents chimiques Cancérogénicité Cancer Revue de littérature Secteurs d'activités IARC Scientific Publication No. 165: Tumour Site Concordance and Mechanisms of Carcinogenesis <p>The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has published a new Scientific Publication that reviews the information on cancer sites and mechanistic events for the more than 100 agents classified in Group&nbsp;1 (carcinogenic to humans) by the IARC Monographs Programme. This publication is based on a systematic identification and comparison of the cancer sites observed in humans and those observed in experimental animals, as well as a compilation of mechanistic events for agents known to cause cancer in humans.</p> <p>Relevant information was analysed on all the agents classified in Group&nbsp;1 in IARC Monographs up to and including Volume 109, most of which were reviewed in Volume 100A&ndash;F. These reviews and analyses were discussed during a two-part Workshop on Tumour Site Concordance and Mechanisms of Carcinogenesis convened by IARC.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="http://publications.iarc.fr/578" href="http://publications.iarc.fr/578">http://publications.iarc.fr/578</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 15 Mar 2019 14:10:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/15/11425.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-15T14:10:00Z 2019-03-15 14:10 +00:00 2019-03-15 10:10 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11418 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/03/14/11418.aspx Main d’œuvre en mutation Références en ligne Organisation de l’équipe Travailleurs vieillissants Âge Conditions physiques Boomers with and without chronic conditions have similar needs for workplace supports IWH study of older workers finds those in good health similar to those with arthritis or diabetes in using&mdash;and benefiting from&mdash;programs such as flex-time and telework But an older workforce does present other challenges related to health and accommodation issues. Research to date has shown that age-related chronic health conditions such as diabetes and arthritis can create problems for workplaces in the form of increased absenteeism and lost productivity. To understand some of those challenges, a study led by Institute for Work &amp; Health (IWH) Senior Scientist Dr. Monique Gignac...(<a href="http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/03/14/11418.aspx">read more</a>) Thu, 14 Mar 2019 14:18:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2019/03/14/11418.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-14T14:18:00Z 2019-03-14 14:18 +00:00 2019-03-14 10:18 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11424 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/14/11424.aspx Agents chimiques Agents physiques Bruit Systèmes et maladies Ototoxicité Affections auditives Risques pour l’audition d’une exposition combinée bruit et solvants <p><span style="font-weight:normal;">R&eacute;sultats d&#39;&eacute;tude INRS sur le disulfure de carbone et les bruits impulsionnels.&nbsp;</span><span style="font-weight:normal;">Une &eacute;tude de l&#39;INRS montre que l&#39;exposition au disulfure de carbone, solvant a priori sans effet ototoxique, et aux bruits impulsionnels (non continus) peut entra&icirc;ner un risque accru de pertes auditives, ce m&ecirc;me en dessous de la valeur limite d&#39;exposition au bruit. D&#39;autres effets r&eacute;versibles peuvent aussi &ecirc;tre observ&eacute;s, comme une augmentation de la fatigue auditive en pr&eacute;sence de bruit continu. Ces m&eacute;canismes non identifi&eacute;s jusqu&#39;&agrave; pr&eacute;sent laissent penser que d&#39;autres solvants a priori sans danger pourraient avoir les m&ecirc;mes effets d&eacute;l&eacute;t&egrave;res sur l&#39;audition.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight:normal;"></span>Source :&nbsp;<a href="http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/risque-audition-exposition-bruit-solvant.html" title="http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/risque-audition-exposition-bruit-solvant.html" target="_blank">http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/risque-audition-exposition-bruit-solvant.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 14 Mar 2019 13:47:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/14/11424.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-14T13:47:00Z 2019-03-14 13:47 +00:00 2019-03-14 09:47 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11423 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/03/14/11423.aspx Santé au travail Santé psychologique Conditions de travail Agents physiques France Enquêtes Contraintes physiques et intensité du travail <p>Ce num&eacute;ro de Synth&egrave;se. Stat&#39; pr&eacute;sente les r&eacute;sultats de l&#39;enqu&ecirc;te Conditions de travail &ndash; Risques psychosociaux de 2016 concernant les indicateurs relatifs aux contraintes physiques et &agrave; l&#39;intensit&eacute; du travail. Cette partie recouvre un des six axes d&#39;analyse des risques psychosociaux construits par le coll&egrave;ge d&#39;expertise sur le suivi statistique des risques psychosociaux au travail1 : l&#39;intensit&eacute; du travail et temps de travail (axe 1).</p> <p>Conform&eacute;ment aux principes de l&#39;enqu&ecirc;te Conditions de travail depuis sa cr&eacute;ation en 1978, c&#39;est le point de vue et les connaissances du salari&eacute; sur son travail qui sont recueillis. Les r&eacute;sultats sont syst&eacute;matiquement ventil&eacute;s par sexe, &acirc;ge, cat&eacute;gorie socioprofessionnelle, secteur d&#39;activit&eacute;, type d&#39;employeur (distinguant les trois versants de la fonction publique). Afin de pr&eacute;senter des &eacute;volutions sur les questions rest&eacute;es identiques (les deux tiers des questions sont identiques &agrave; l&#39;enqu&ecirc;te CT 2013), les r&eacute;sultats sont fournis pour les ann&eacute;es 1984, 1991, 1998, 2005, 2013 et 2016.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/synthese_stat_no24.pdf" title="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/synthese_stat_no24.pdf" target="_blank">https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/synthese_stat_no24.pdf</a>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 14 Mar 2019 13:15:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/03/14/11423.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-14T13:15:00Z 2019-03-14 13:15 +00:00 2019-03-14 09:15 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11420 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/13/11420.aspx Agents chimiques Prévention et contrôle Références en ligne Mieux prévenir le risque toxique : dossier <p><span>&quot;Sur le risque chimique, on a l&#39;impression que la pr&eacute;vention a toujours un train de retard. Comme si les catastrophes sanitaires pass&eacute;es ? amiante et chlord&eacute;cone ? ou annonc&eacute;es ? perturbateurs endocriniens et nanomat&eacute;riaux ? n&#39;occasionnaient pas de prise de conscience ou de sursaut. La progression des connaissances scientifiques et de l&#39;&eacute;valuation des risques ainsi que l&#39;&eacute;volution des modalit&eacute;s d&#39;exposition devraient pourtant imposer un cadre r&eacute;glementaire plus strict et des pratiques professionnelles plus ambitieuses pour prot&eacute;ger les salari&eacute;s. Le lobbying des industriels, la faiblesse des moyens des organismes de contr&ocirc;le et des agences sanitaires, la pression sur l&#39;emploi constituent autant d&#39;obstacles &agrave; la r&eacute;duction des risques. Il devient urgent de changer de mod&egrave;le de pr&eacute;vention.&quot; (Editorial, r&eacute;daction Sant&eacute; et Travail).</span></p> <p><span>Source : Dossier th&eacute;matique,&nbsp;</span><em>Sant&eacute; &amp; Travail</em><span>, n&deg; 105, janvier 2019</span></p> <p><a href="http://www.sante-et-travail.fr/mieux-prevenir-risque-toxique" title="http://www.sante-et-travail.fr/mieux-prevenir-risque-toxique" target="_blank">http://www.sante-et-travail.fr/mieux-prevenir-risque-toxique</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 13 Mar 2019 15:02:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/13/11420.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-13T15:02:00Z 2019-03-13 15:02 +00:00 2019-03-13 11:02 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11419 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/03/13/11419.aspx Facteurs de risque Risque machine Références en ligne Dossier «Le risque machine» <h4><span style="font-weight:normal;">Omnipr&eacute;sentes et indispensables &agrave; l&#39;activit&eacute; des entreprises, les machines peuvent &ecirc;tre &agrave; l&#39;origine d&#39;accidents du travail et de maladies professionnelles tout au long de leur cycle de vie&thinsp;&nbsp;: production, r&eacute;glage, maintenance&hellip; Des risques &agrave; analyser et prendre en compte.</span></h4> <p>Source : (2019) . Travail &amp; S&eacute;curit&eacute; (802)</p> <p><span style="font-weight:normal;"></span><a target="_blank" title="http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/numero-fevrier-2019-revue-TS.html" href="http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/numero-fevrier-2019-revue-TS.html">http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/numero-fevrier-2019-revue-TS.html</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 13 Mar 2019 14:31:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2019/03/13/11419.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-13T14:31:00Z 2019-03-13 14:31 +00:00 2019-03-13 10:31 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11417 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/13/11417.aspx Agents biologiques Ventilation Bioaérosols Systèmes et maladies Références en ligne Improved Ventilation System for Removal of Airborne Contamination in Airborne Infectious Isolation Rooms <p><span style="font-size:1em;">The study discussed in this article evaluated the ventilation performance of three strategies for HVAC control for airborne infectious diseases induced by contaminated exhaled air from patients in an airborne infectious isolation room (AIIR). This article examines airflow path and airborne pollutant distribution by computational fluid dynamics modeling and field measurement. In hospitals, the risk of airborne virus diffusion mainly depends on airflow behavior and changes in direction caused by supply air and exhaust air locations. An improved isolation room ventilation strategy has been developed, and is found to be the most efficient in removing contaminants based on observations and simulation results from three ventilation systems.</span></p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://www.ashrae.org/technical-resources/ashrae-journal/featured-articles/improved-ventilation-system-for-removal-of-airborne-contamination-in-airborne-infectious-isolation-rooms" title="https://www.ashrae.org/technical-resources/ashrae-journal/featured-articles/improved-ventilation-system-for-removal-of-airborne-contamination-in-airborne-infectious-isolation-rooms" target="_blank">https://www.ashrae.org/technical-resources/ashrae-journal/featured-articles/improved-ventilation-system-for-removal-of-airborne-contamination-in-airborne-infectious-isolation-rooms</a></p> <p><span style="font-weight:normal;"><br /></span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 13 Mar 2019 13:36:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/13/11417.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-13T13:36:00Z 2019-03-13 13:36 +00:00 2019-03-13 09:36 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11415 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/06/11415.aspx Agents biologiques Systèmes et maladies Revue de littérature Secteurs d'activités Programme de prévention NIOSH Reviews Scientific Literature on Infectious Diseases in the Workplace <p>It may be obvious when people get injured at work, but it may not always be apparent when people acquire infections resulting from exposures at work. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) recently published a study conducting a review of infectious disease investigations in U.S. workplaces to better understand the range of cases, the risk factors for workers, and the ways to prevent infectious disease transmission on the job.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a title="https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/3/18-0708_article" href="https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/3/18-0708_article">https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/3/18-0708_article</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 06 Mar 2019 15:40:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/06/11415.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-06T15:40:00Z 2019-03-06 15:40 +00:00 2019-03-06 10:40 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11411 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/04/11411.aspx Agents chimiques Secteur de l'administration publique Diesel Mesure Prévention et contrôle Secteurs d'activités OCRC report: assessment of diesel exhaust exposure in municipal fire halls in Ontario <p>This report summarizes the diesel exhaust exposure levels assessed in 12 fire halls from six fire services departments in Ontario and reviews how these exposures vary among the fire halls. The report also includes information on the exposure control strategies currently in place in the participating fire departments.</p> <p>The study was requested and funded by the Prevention Office of the Ontario Ministry of Labour.&nbsp;The research was performed in collaboration with Dr. Tracy Kirkham from the University of Toronto&#39;s Dalla Lana School of Public Health.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a href="http://www.occupationalcancer.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/DEE-Fire-Halls-Report.pdf" title="http://www.occupationalcancer.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/DEE-Fire-Halls-Report.pdf" target="_blank">http://www.occupationalcancer.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/DEE-Fire-Halls-Report.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 04 Mar 2019 21:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2019/03/04/11411.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-03-04T21:19:00Z 2019-03-04 21:19 +00:00 2019-03-04 16:19 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11405 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/02/18/11405.aspx Secteur des services de santé Québec Secteurs d'activités Gestion SST Indicateurs en prévention SST <p>Ce guide a pour but de pr&eacute;senter les diff&eacute;rents indicateurs existants qui permettent d&#39;appr&eacute;cier la performance en sant&eacute; et s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail (SST) ainsi que le r&eacute;sultat des actions pr&eacute;ventives. Il s&#39;adresse aux personnes responsables de la sant&eacute; et de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail dans les &eacute;tablissements du secteur de la sant&eacute; et des services sociaux ainsi qu&#39;aux membres de comit&eacute;s paritaires de SST (CPSST).</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="http://asstsas.qc.ca/sites/default/files/publications/documents/Guides_Broch_Depl/GP75-Indicateurs.pdf" href="http://asstsas.qc.ca/sites/default/files/publications/documents/Guides_Broch_Depl/GP75-Indicateurs.pdf">http://asstsas.qc.ca/sites/default/files/publications/documents/Guides_Broch_Depl/GP75-Indicateurs.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 18 Feb 2019 15:29:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/02/18/11405.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-02-18T15:29:00Z 2019-02-18 15:29 +00:00 2019-02-18 10:29 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11404 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/02/18/11404.aspx Europe Conditions de travail Lésions professionnelles Gestion SST Prospective Détecter les maladies d’origine professionnelle à l’aide de systèmes d’alerte et de sentinelle: un rapport de l’Agence européenne pour la sécurité et la santé au travail <p><span lang="FR">Un rapport de l&#39;Agence europ&eacute;enne pour la s&eacute;curit&eacute; et la sant&eacute; au travail (EU-OSHA) analyse les syst&egrave;mes d&#39;alerte et de vigilance mis en place dans diff&eacute;rents pays europ&eacute;ens afin de d&eacute;tecter de mani&egrave;re pr&eacute;coce des maladies d&#39;origine professionnelle. Ce rapport est bas&eacute; sur l&#39;analyse de douze dispositifs nationaux diff&eacute;rents mis en place dans des pays d&#39;Europe ou aux Etats-Unis qui ont en commun de contribuer &agrave; une mise en visibilit&eacute; des probl&egrave;mes de sant&eacute; caus&eacute;s par les mauvaises conditions de travail et une pr&eacute;vention insuffisante des entreprises. </span><span lang="FR"></span></p> <p>Source :&nbsp;</p> <p><a href="https://www.etui.org/fr/Themes/Sante-et-securite/Actualites/Detecter-les-maladies-d-origine-professionnelle-a-l-aide-de-systemes-d-alerte-et-de-sentinelle-un-rapport-de-l-Agence-europeenne-pour-la-securite-et-la-sante-au-travail" title="https://www.etui.org/fr/Themes/Sante-et-securite/Actualites/Detecter-les-maladies-d-origine-professionnelle-a-l-aide-de-systemes-d-alerte-et-de-sentinelle-un-rapport-de-l-Agence-europeenne-pour-la-securite-et-la-sante-au-travail" target="_blank">https://www.etui.org/fr/Themes/Sante-et-securite/Actualites/Detecter-les-maladies-d-origine-professionnelle-a-l-aide-de-systemes-d-alerte-et-de-sentinelle-un-rapport-de-l-Agence-europeenne-pour-la-securite-et-la-sante-au-travail</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 18 Feb 2019 14:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/02/18/11404.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-02-18T14:44:00Z 2019-02-18 14:44 +00:00 2019-02-18 09:44 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11403 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/02/18/11403.aspx Références en ligne États-Unis Lésions professionnelles Serious Injury and Fatality Prevention: Perspectives and Practices <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span lang="EN-US">In the past twenty years, the US has seen gains in workplace safety, particularly regarding total recordable incident rate (TRIR). This reduction in workplace injuries should not be overshadowed by another more disturbing trend, namely that the number of life-altering injuries and fatal incidents has been on a much slower decline, and in fact has increased for the past three years. The next step in the journey to safety excellence, and one that Institute companies are currently pursuing, is the elimination of serious injuries and life-altering events. This paper summarizes the current state of research on serious injury and fatality (SIF) prevention and provides insight into how Institute organizations are protecting their workers from harm.</span><span lang="EN-US"></span></p> <p> Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://www.thecampbellinstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/9000013466_CI_Serious-Injury-and-Fatality-Prevention_WP_FNL_single_UPDATED-11-14-18_optimized.pdf" title="https://www.thecampbellinstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/9000013466_CI_Serious-Injury-and-Fatality-Prevention_WP_FNL_single_UPDATED-11-14-18_optimized.pdf" target="_blank">https://www.thecampbellinstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/9000013466_CI_Serious-Injury-and-Fatality-Prevention_WP_FNL_single_UPDATED-11-14-18_optimized.pdf</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 18 Feb 2019 14:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/02/18/11403.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-02-18T14:26:00Z 2019-02-18 14:26 +00:00 2019-02-18 09:26 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11399 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/02/11/11399.aspx États-Unis Décès Lésions professionnelles Références en ligne Secteurs d'activités Des informations en ligne sur les tendances en matière de blessures au travail (É-U) <p><span>Le Conseil national de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; (&Eacute;tats-Unis) a mis en ligne une version en ligne du&nbsp;</span><em>Injury Facts reference book,</em><span>&nbsp;une r&eacute;f&eacute;rence en mati&egrave;re de donn&eacute;es statistiques en s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail. Cette ressource gratuite comprend une section sur la s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail qui inclut les tendances en mati&egrave;re de blessures et de d&eacute;c&egrave;s li&eacute;s au travail et la mani&egrave;re de comparer les taux d&rsquo;incidence des blessures et des maladies d&rsquo;une organisation aux moyennes nationales. Les informations sont class&eacute;es par sujets de s&eacute;curit&eacute;, tels que les chutes, la fatigue li&eacute;e au travail et les chariots &eacute;l&eacute;vateurs.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" title="https://injuryfacts.nsc.org/work/work-overview/work-safety-introduction/" href="https://injuryfacts.nsc.org/work/work-overview/work-safety-introduction/">https://injuryfacts.nsc.org/work/work-overview/work-safety-introduction/</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 11 Feb 2019 18:33:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2019/02/11/11399.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-02-11T18:33:00Z 2019-02-11 18:33 +00:00 2019-02-11 13:33 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11398 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/02/11/11398.aspx Normes et législation Formation à la SST Effets sur les travailleurs Systematic literature review on the effects of occupational safety and health (OSH) interventions at the workplace <p><span>Objectives The aim of this review was to assess the evidence that occupational safety and health (OSH) legislative and regulatory policy could improve the working environment in terms of reduced levels of industrial injuries and fatalities, musculoskeletal disorders, worker complaints, sick leave and adverse occupational exposures.</span></p> <p><span>Methods</span><span>&nbsp;A systematic literature review covering the years 1966?2017 (February) was undertaken to capture both published and gray literature studies of OSH work environment interventions with quantitative measures of intervention effects. Studies that met specified in- and exclusion criteria went through an assessment of methodological quality. Included studies were grouped into five thematic domains: (i) introduction of OHS legislation, (ii) inspection/enforcement activity, (iii) training, such as improving knowledge, (iv), campaigns, and (v) introduction of technical device, such as mechanical lifting aids. The evidence synthesis was based on meta-analysis and a modified Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.sjweh.fi/show_abstract.php?abstract_id=3775" title="http://www.sjweh.fi/show_abstract.php?abstract_id=3775" target="_blank">http://www.sjweh.fi/show_abstract.php?abstract_id=3775</a>&nbsp;doi:10.5271/sjweh.3775</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 11 Feb 2019 18:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/02/11/11398.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-02-11T18:14:00Z 2019-02-11 18:14 +00:00 2019-02-11 13:14 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11396 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/02/11/11396.aspx Entretien Vêtements de protection Secteurs d'activités Évaluation de l'usure Vêtements de protection en salle blanche, une performance parfois compromise <p><span>Une &eacute;tude r&eacute;cente r&eacute;v&egrave;le que que les v&ecirc;tements r&eacute;utilisables sont vuln&eacute;rables aux dommages caus&eacute;s par le blanchissage et la st&eacute;rilisation.</span></p> <p><span>Les v&ecirc;tements r&eacute;utilisables utilis&eacute;s dans la production st&eacute;rile et aseptique n&eacute;cessitent des cycles r&eacute;p&eacute;t&eacute;s de lavage et de st&eacute;rilisation pour maintenir leur efficacit&eacute;, en utilisant des techniques telles que l&#39;irradiation gamma. Les donn&eacute;es de propri&eacute;t&eacute;s physiques sont souvent disponibles pour les nouveaux v&ecirc;tements de salles blanches : cependant, elles le sont moins tout au long du cycle de vie du v&ecirc;tement. Une &eacute;tude r&eacute;alis&eacute;e par DuPont vise &agrave; combler cette lacune d&#39;information.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a href="https://www.preventica.com/actu-enbref-vetements-protection-salles-blanches-271118.php" title="https://www.preventica.com/actu-enbref-vetements-protection-salles-blanches-271118.php" target="_blank">https://www.preventica.com/actu-enbref-vetements-protection-salles-blanches-271118.php</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 11 Feb 2019 14:52:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/02/11/11396.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-02-11T14:52:00Z 2019-02-11 14:52 +00:00 2019-02-11 09:52 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11393 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/02/07/11393.aspx TMS Membres supérieurs Évaluation coûts/bénéfices Interventions Références en ligne Cou Dos Bilan des connaissances Interventions ergonomiques pour prévenir les troubles musculo-squelettiques des membres supérieurs et du cou liés au travail chez les employés de bureau <p><span>Les troubles musculo‐squelettiques (TMS) des membres sup&eacute;rieurs et du cou li&eacute;s au travail sont l&#39;un des troubles professionnels les plus courants au monde. Des &eacute;tudes ont montr&eacute; que le pourcentage d&#39;employ&eacute;s de bureau souffrant de TMS varie de 20 &agrave; 60 pour cent. Les co&ucirc;ts directs et indirects des TMS des membres sup&eacute;rieurs li&eacute;s au travail sont &eacute;lev&eacute;s en Europe, en Australie et aux &Eacute;tats‐Unis. Bien que les interventions ergonomiques soient susceptibles de r&eacute;duire le risque que les employ&eacute;s de bureau d&eacute;veloppent des TMS des membres sup&eacute;rieurs et du cou li&eacute;s &agrave; leur travail, les donn&eacute;es probantes manquent de clart&eacute;. Il s&#39;agit d&#39;une mise &agrave; jour d&#39;une revue Cochrane dont la derni&egrave;re version a &eacute;t&eacute; publi&eacute;e en 2012.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;</span><a target="_blank" href="https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008570.pub3/full/fr#CD008570-abs-0002">https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008570.pub3/full/fr#CD008570-abs-0002</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 07 Feb 2019 20:08:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2019/02/07/11393.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-02-07T20:08:00Z 2019-02-07 20:08 +00:00 2019-02-07 15:08 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11391 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/02/07/11391.aspx Références en ligne Europe Secteurs d'activités Normes et législation Systèmes et maladies Cancer Agents chimiques Indemnisation Cancer et travail : comprendre et agir pour éliminer les cancers professionnels <p><span>Dans l&#39;Union europ&eacute;enne, plus de 100,000 d&eacute;c&egrave;s par an sont attribuables &agrave; des cancers d&#39;origine professionnelle. Tous ces cancers sont &eacute;vitables par l&#39;&eacute;limination des risques dans les processus de production. Cet ouvrage rassemble les contributions de 28 experts pour faire le point sur l&#39;&eacute;tat des connaissances, les nouvelles pratiques de pr&eacute;vention, l&#39;&eacute;volution de la l&eacute;gislation et la reconnaissance des cancers comme maladies professionnelles. Ce livre vient &agrave; son heure dans le contexte de la r&eacute;vision de la directive europ&eacute;enne sur la protection des travailleurs expos&eacute;s &agrave; des agents canc&eacute;rog&egrave;nes. Il contribue, par des recherches factuelles, aux d&eacute;bats visant &agrave; &eacute;liminer les risques de cancer au travail.</span></p> <p>Source :&nbsp;<a target="_blank" title="https://www.etui.org/fr/Publications2/Livres/Cancer-et-travail-comprendre-et-agir-pour-eliminer-les-cancers-professionnels" href="https://www.etui.org/fr/Publications2/Livres/Cancer-et-travail-comprendre-et-agir-pour-eliminer-les-cancers-professionnels">https://www.etui.org/fr/Publications2/Livres/Cancer-et-travail-comprendre-et-agir-pour-eliminer-les-cancers-professionnels</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 07 Feb 2019 19:10:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/02/07/11391.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-02-07T19:10:00Z 2019-02-07 19:10 +00:00 2019-02-07 14:10 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11392 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/02/07/11392.aspx Facteurs de risque Modes de prévention Enquêtes épidémiologiques Facteurs psychosociaux Références en ligne TMS Troubles musculo-squelettiques et facteurs psychosociaux au travail <h2><span style="font-size:10pt;font-family:&#39;Calibri&#39;,&#39;sans-serif&#39;;line-height:115%;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-ansi-language:FR-CA;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA;"><span style="font-size:10pt;font-family:&#39;Calibri&#39;,&#39;sans-serif&#39;;line-height:115%;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-ansi-language:FR-CA;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA;">Ce rapport pr&eacute;sente l&#39;&eacute;tat des connaissances scientifiques sur la fa&ccedil;on dont les facteurs psychosociaux influencent les troubles musculo-squelettiques (TMS). Il analyse l&#39;impact des TMS sur l&#39;aptitude au travail et la qualit&eacute; du travail. Pr&egrave;s de 40 millions de travailleurs en Europe souffrent de TMS des membres et du dos, ce qui en fait la maladie professionnelle la plus r&eacute;pandue dans l&#39;UE. L&#39;objectif de ce rapport est d&#39;influencer les efforts d&#39;intervention et de fournir des recommandations scientifiquement fond&eacute;es pour am&eacute;liorer la sant&eacute; des travailleurs europ&eacute;ens</span></span></h2> <p><span style="font-size:10pt;font-family:&#39;Calibri&#39;,&#39;sans-serif&#39;;line-height:115%;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-ansi-language:FR-CA;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA;"><span style="font-size:10pt;font-family:&#39;Calibri&#39;,&#39;sans-serif&#39;;line-height:115%;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-ansi-language:FR-CA;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA;"> </span></span></p> <h1 style="background:white;margin:0cm 0cm 0pt;"><span style="font-size:10pt;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;"><span style="font-family:Times New Roman;">Source :&nbsp;</span></span><a target="_blank" title="https://www.etui.org/fr/Publications2/Rapports/Troubles-musculo-squelettiques-et-facteurs-psychosociaux-au-travail" style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;font-size:12px;font-weight:normal;" href="https://www.etui.org/fr/Publications2/Rapports/Troubles-musculo-squelettiques-et-facteurs-psychosociaux-au-travail">https://www.etui.org/fr/Publications2/Rapports/Troubles-musculo-squelettiques-et-facteurs-psychosociaux-au-travail</a></h1> <p>&nbsp;</p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 07 Feb 2019 14:23:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2019/02/07/11392.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-02-07T14:23:00Z 2019-02-07 14:23 +00:00 2019-02-07 09:23 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11385 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/01/28/11385.aspx Protection respiratoire Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Report Explores New Types of Respiratory Protection for Use in Health Care <p><span>A new report from the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine explores the potential for use of half-facepiece elastomeric respirators in the U.S. health care system with a focus on the economic, policy, and implementation challenges and opportunities.&nbsp;The report examines two circumstances, routine and surge use, in which half-facepiece reusable elastomeric respirators could be considered in health care settings. A free prepublication copy of the report is&nbsp;</span><a target="_self" href="https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25275/reusable-elastomeric-respirators-in-health-care-considerations-for-routine-and" class="tp-link-policy tp-external-link-fix">available online</a><a href="https://www.cdc.gov/Other/disclaimer.html" class="external tp-link-policy" title="External Web Site Icon"></a><span>.&nbsp;The study was done at the request of NIOSH and the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, both at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.</span></p> <p><span>Source :&nbsp;<a href="https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25275/reusable-elastomeric-respirators-in-health-care-considerations-for-routine-and" title="https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25275/reusable-elastomeric-respirators-in-health-care-considerations-for-routine-and" target="_self">https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25275/reusable-elastomeric-respirators-in-health-care-considerations-for-routine-and</a></span></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 28 Jan 2019 16:41:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2019/01/28/11385.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-01-28T16:41:00Z 2019-01-28 16:41 +00:00 2019-01-28 11:41 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11384 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/01/28/11384.aspx Orientations stratégiques Canada Québec Données d'exploitation - version finale 2017 <p><span style="font-size:1.17em;">Les donn&eacute;es d&#39;exploitation constituent un document d&#39;accompagnement au RAG, qui trace un portrait sommaire des activit&eacute;s r&eacute;alis&eacute;es au cours de l&#39;ann&eacute;e relativement au secteur SST. On y pr&eacute;sente du texte, accompagn&eacute; de tableaux et graphiques, portant sur les sujets suivants :</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <div class="ms-rtestate-field" id="ctl00_PlaceHolderMain_ctl01__ControlWrapper_RichHtmlField">&middot; Financement<br />&middot; R&eacute;adaptation et indemnisation<br />&middot; Pr&eacute;vention-inspection<br />&middot; Recours et conciliation en sant&eacute; et s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail<br />&middot; R&eacute;vision administrative<br />&middot; Mutuelles de pr&eacute;vention</div> <h4><span style="font-weight:normal;">Source:&nbsp;<a href="https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Pages/DC-300-329.aspx" title="https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Pages/DC-300-329.aspx" target="_blank">https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Pages/DC-300-329.aspx</a></span></h4><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 28 Jan 2019 16:08:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/01/28/11384.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-01-28T16:08:00Z 2019-01-28 16:08 +00:00 2019-01-28 11:08 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11383 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/01/28/11383.aspx Secteur du transport et de l'entreposage Secteurs d'activités France Sécurité routière Couches de neige sur les toits des véhicules : un risque souvent sous-estimé <p>L&#39;arriv&eacute;e du mauvais temps et des temp&eacute;ratures hivernales doit alerter les professionnels du transport sur le risque malconnu des plaques de glace et des couches de neiges qui se forment et s&#39;amonc&egrave;lent sur les toitures des v&eacute;hicules.</p> <p>G&eacute;n&eacute;ralement, le principal probl&egrave;me caus&eacute; par la neige ou par la glace auquel on pense est celui de l&#39;adh&eacute;rence &agrave; la surface de route, et malheureusement les professsionnels du tramsport pr&ecirc;tent trop peu d&#39;attention &agrave; l&#39;un des autres dangers caus&eacute;s par ces m&ecirc;mes &eacute;l&eacute;ments, &agrave; savoir : le d&eacute;crochage de plaques form&eacute;es sur le toit des v&eacute;hicules.</p> <p>Source :&nbsp;&nbsp;<a target="_blank" href="https://www.preventica.com/actu-enbref-risque-neige-toit-camion-280119.php">https://www.preventica.com/actu-enbref-risque-neige-toit-camion-280119.php</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 28 Jan 2019 16:02:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/01/28/11383.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-01-28T16:02:00Z 2019-01-28 16:02 +00:00 2019-01-28 11:02 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11382 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/01/28/11382.aspx Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture Europe Secteurs d'activités Cancer Agents chimiques Prévalences de l’exposition des viticulteurs aux pesticides arsenicaux entre 1979 et 2001 <h4><span style="font-weight:normal;">L&#39;&eacute;valuation r&eacute;trospective des expositions aux pesticides des travailleurs agricoles est une d&eacute;marche n&eacute;cessaire pour comprendre et &eacute;tablir des liens entre leurs activit&eacute;s tout le long de leur carri&egrave;re et de potentielles pathologies graves telles les cancers ou les maladies neurod&eacute;g&eacute;n&eacute;ratives. Les outils fiables soutenus par une m&eacute;thodologie pr&eacute;cise et structur&eacute;e sont peu nombreux.</span></h4> <p class=" text-justify">L&#39;arsenic inorganique est consid&eacute;r&eacute; comme un canc&eacute;rog&egrave;ne av&eacute;r&eacute; pour l&#39;homme par le Circ (Centre international de recherche sur le cancer) et au niveau de l&#39;union europ&eacute;enne ; les principaux d&eacute;riv&eacute;s arsenicaux inorganiques utilis&eacute;s en agriculture sont l&#39;ars&eacute;niate de plomb, l&#39;ars&eacute;niate de calcium et l&#39;ars&eacute;nite de soude. Ils ont une action fongicide et insecticide. L&#39;ars&eacute;nite de sodium a &eacute;t&eacute; particuli&egrave;rement utilis&eacute; sur la vigne dans les traitements contre les maladies du bois.</p> <p class=" text-justify">&Agrave; travers la construction d&#39;une matrice cultures expositions (MCE) vigne-pesticides arsenicaux, nous avons &eacute;valu&eacute; l&#39;utilisation des d&eacute;riv&eacute;s arsenicaux en viticulture en France m&eacute;tropolitaine et d&eacute;termin&eacute; une pr&eacute;valence d&#39;usage de ceux-ci de 1945 &agrave; 2001, date de leur interdiction. Cette pr&eacute;valence d&#39;usage a permis une estimation de la pr&eacute;valence d&#39;exposition aux pesticides arsenicaux qui varie de 20 &agrave; 35% en viticulture pour les personnes pr&eacute;sentes au sein des exploitations professionnelles de la vigne. Le croisement de cette MCE avec les recensements agricoles (RA) de 1979, 1988 et 2000 fournit un nombre d&#39;expos&eacute;s aux pesticides arsenicaux parmi les travailleurs viticoles pour chaque ann&eacute;e du recensement, ainsi qu&#39;un descriptif (&acirc;ge, sexe, temps de travail etc.) de cette population.</p> <p class=" text-justify">Nos travaux permettent d&#39;estimer, que sur les p&eacute;riodes consid&eacute;r&eacute;es, entre 60 000 et 100 000 personnes ont travaill&eacute; sur des exploitations agricoles utilisant des pesticides arsenicaux pour le traitement de la vigne. Ces personnes travaillaient dans des exploitations viticoles ayant utilis&eacute;, d&#39;apr&egrave;s la MCE vigne-pesticides arsenicaux, pr&egrave;s de 15 kg d&#39;arsenic en 1979, 18,4 kg en 1988 et 26,8 kg en 2000. Ces chiffres sont des quantit&eacute;s moyennes d&#39;arsenic utilis&eacute;es par exploitation et il est important de noter que l&#39;augmentation de ces quantit&eacute;s n&#39;est pas due &agrave; une augmentation de la dose par hectare mais &agrave; une surface moyenne de vigne par exploitation qui augmente : 4,2 ha en 1979, 5,3 ha en 1988 et 7,6 ha en 2000.</p> <p class=" text-justify">Source:&nbsp;<a href="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2018/Prevalences-de-l-exposition-des-viticulteurs-aux-pesticides-arsenicaux-entre-1979-et-2001">http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2018/Prevalences-de-l-exposition-des-viticulteurs-aux-pesticides-arsenicaux-entre-1979-et-2001</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 28 Jan 2019 15:54:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2019/01/28/11382.aspx#comments Ginette Vadnais 2019-01-28T15:54:00Z 2019-01-28 15:54 +00:00 2019-01-28 10:54 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11378 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/29/11378.aspx Secteur du transport et de l'entreposage Conséquences TMS Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders, a tri-sector exploration <p>High rates of WRMSD-related sick leave put pressure on employers and businesses, hitting their bottom lines and potentially leading to understaffing, reduced productivity and lower staff morale. Directly affected workers not only suffer pain but also consequences that can be felt across their working, home and social lives.<br />The construction, healthcare and transportation and storage industries were selected as the focus of this research because they have significantly higher rates of WRMSDs compared with the average rate for all industry. Qualitative research was commissioned to:<br />-&nbsp;Explore what employers and workers knew about WRMSDs and regulation.<br />- Explore employers&#39; attitudes and perceptions of WRMSDs, their approaches to prevention and management and what was limiting engagement with health and safety issues.<br />-&nbsp;Explore the journeys of workers and how they have managed health challenges in relation to WRMSDs.<br />-&nbsp;Uncover the needs of &lsquo;both sides&#39; to highlight barriers and opportunities regarding future intervention, communication and campaign strategies.<br />-&nbsp;Understand current workplace practice and inspire improvements in WRMSD prevention and management.</p> <p>Source: <a href="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/insight/msd-report.pdf" target="_blank">http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/insight/msd-report.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 29 Nov 2018 15:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/29/11378.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-29T15:09:00Z 2018-11-29 15:09 +00:00 2018-11-29 10:09 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11376 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/29/11376.aspx Facteurs de risque Régions anatomiques Charge mentale Charge physique Dos Facteurs psychosociaux Stress Lombalgie Mechanical and psychosocial work exposures: the construction and evaluation of a gender-specific job exposure matrix (JEM) <p>Objectives: The aim of this study was to (i) construct and evaluate a gender-specific job exposure matrix (JEM) for mechanical and psychosocial work exposures and (ii) test its predictive validity for low-back pain.<br />Methods: We utilized data from the Norwegian nationwide Survey of Living Conditions on work environment in 2006 and 2009. We classified occupations on a 4-digit level based on the Norwegian version of the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88). The mechanical and psychosocial exposure information was collected by personal telephone interviews and included exposures that were known risk factors for low-back pain. We evaluated the agreement between the individual- and JEM-based exposure estimates, with kappa, sensitivity and specificity measures. We assessed the JEM&#39;s predictive validity by testing the associations between low-back pain and the individual- and JEM-based exposure.<br />Results: The results showed an overall fair-to-moderate agreement between the constructed JEM and individual work exposures. The JEM performed considerably better for mechanical work exposures compared with psychosocial work exposures. The predictive validity of the mechanical and psychosocial JEM showed a consistently lower but predominantly reproducible association with low-back pain for both genders.<br />Conclusions: The mechanical estimates and psychosocial stressors, such as psychological demands, monotonous work and decision latitude in the constructed JEM, may be useful in large epidemiological register studies. The predictive validity of the matrix was evaluated as being overall acceptable and can be an effective and versatile approach to estimate the relationship work exposures and low-back pain.</p> <p>Source: Hanvold, T. N., Sterud, T., Kristensen, P.&nbsp;et Mehlum, I. S. (2018). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3774" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3774">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3774</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 29 Nov 2018 13:54:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/29/11376.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-29T13:54:00Z 2018-11-29 13:54 +00:00 2018-11-29 08:54 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11372 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/11/26/11372.aspx États-Unis Contexte de travail Santé psychologique Champs de recherche Régions géographiques Suicide Rates by Major Occupational Group - 17 States, 2012 and 2015 <p>During 2000&ndash;2016, the suicide rate among the U.S. working age population (persons aged 16&ndash;64 years) increased 34%, from 12.9 per 100,000 population to 17.3 (<a href="https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars">https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars</a>). To better understand suicide among different occupational groups and inform suicide prevention efforts, CDC analyzed suicide deaths by Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) major groups for decedents aged 16&ndash;64 years from the 17 states participating in both the 2012 and 2015 National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) (<a href="https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/nvdrs">https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/nvdrs</a>). The occupational group with the highest male suicide rate in 2012 and 2015 was Construction and Extraction (43.6 and 53.2 per 100,000 civilian noninstitutionalized working persons, respectively), whereas the group with the highest female suicide rate was Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media (11.7 [2012] and 15.6 [2015]). The largest suicide rate increase among males from 2012 to 2015 (47%) occurred in the Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media occupational group (26.9 to 39.7) and among females, in the Food Preparation and Serving Related group, from 6.1 to 9.4 (54%). CDC&rsquo;s technical package of strategies to prevent suicide is a resource for communities, including workplace settings.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6745a1.htm" title="https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6745a1.htm">https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6745a1.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 26 Nov 2018 19:31:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/11/26/11372.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-26T19:31:00Z 2018-11-26 19:31 +00:00 2018-11-26 14:31 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11369 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/21/11369.aspx Modes de prévention Régions anatomiques Dos TMS membres TMS Lombaire Intervention spécifique Modification des outils ou équipements de travail Lombalgie Revue de littérature Exosquelettes Exosquelettes au travail : impact sur la santé et la sécurité des opérateurs état des connaissances <p>Ce guide, destin&eacute; aux pr&eacute;venteurs, fait un point sur les connaissances actuelles des exosquelettes afin de mettre en &eacute;vidence les int&eacute;r&ecirc;ts et les limites de leur usage en mati&egrave;re de pr&eacute;vention des troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS).<br />L&#39;objectif est d&#39;aider &agrave; mieux appr&eacute;hender l&#39;impact des exosquelettes pour accompagner efficacement l&#39;entreprise dans sa d&eacute;marche d&#39;acquisition et d&#39;int&eacute;gration d&#39;un exosquelette.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206311" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206311">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206311</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 21 Nov 2018 14:29:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/21/11369.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-21T14:29:00Z 2018-11-21 14:29 +00:00 2018-11-21 09:29 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11368 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/21/11368.aspx Utilisation Vêtements de protection Secteur de l'administration publique Équipement de protection individuel Secteurs d'activités Vêtement de flottaison individuel A 10-year descriptive analysis of UK Maritime and Coastguard data on lifejacket use and drowning prevention <p>The study investigated if incidences of death by drowning in the UK could have been prevented through the use of lifejackets over a ten year period. This study was a retrospective analysis of fatal maritime incident data collected by the Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA) between the years 2007 and 2016. A Casualty Review Panel (CRP) met annually to categorise incidents into five groups based on the likelihood of a lifejacket preventing death. Descriptive analyses were performed on the overall fatalities, data were stratified by year, sex, age, and activity. Ten year data were categorised based on the outcome of the CRP, these data were further stratified by year and activity, with trends being reported. Potentially 180 lives (82% of all cases successfully categorised) could have been saved if a lifejacket had been worn. An 18% reduction in the number of cases referred to the CRP was observed from the first 5?years (2007&ndash;2011?=?59% of all referrals) to the last 5?years (2007&ndash;2011?=?41% of all referrals), with 42% less cases referred in 2016 compared to 2007. The data generated by the CRP over the ten years has provided a unique insight into coastal deaths, it has provided a clear rationale for the use of lifejackets and has helped target national and activity-specific campaigns for water safety and lifejacket use.</p> <p>Source: Pointer, K., Milligan, G. S., Garratt, K. L., Clark, S. P. et&nbsp;Tipton, M. J. (2018). <em>Safety Science, 109</em>, 195-200.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.003" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.003">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.003</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 21 Nov 2018 14:22:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/21/11368.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-21T14:22:00Z 2018-11-21 14:22 +00:00 2018-11-21 09:22 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11366 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/21/11366.aspx Appréciation du risque Méthodes Risque machine Risk assessment in safety of machinery <p><strong>Impact of construction flaws in risk estimation parameters</strong><br />In the risk assessment approach as defined in the International Standard ISO 12100: 2010, risk estimation is an essential step that allows machinery designers and users to determine the level of risk, and to identify the most critical hazardous situations. Previous studies demonstrated that the numerous qualitative tools proposed to estimate risks in safety of machinery take several forms, and that many of their features can significantly influence the level of risk obtained.<br />In this study, the impact of some of these features was assessed, and construction rules regarding the parameters used in risk estimation tools were validated through an experimental study involving several users mainly from the industry. Five potential construction flaws of the risk estimation parameters were analyzed. The experimental results show that when the users perceive a certain challenge in the utilization of a risk estimation parameter, they are usually able to associate it with the presence of the flaw affecting the parameter. The results also demonstrate quite clearly that the impact of the construction flaws in the parameters is not uniform. In addition to the presence of the flaws within these parameters, the results obtained suggest that the assessment of the probability of harm is a problematic aspect of the risk estimation process in safety of machinery that requires further research. These results could contribute to the improvement of the robustness and the reliability of the existing tools, and help to support the training actually given by the partners in the risk assessment field.</p> <p>Source: Gauthier, F., Chinniah, Y., Burlet-Vienney, D., Aucourt, B. et&nbsp;Larouche, S. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety Science, 109</em>, 421-433.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.024" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.024">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.024</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 21 Nov 2018 13:52:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/21/11366.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-21T13:52:00Z 2018-11-21 13:52 +00:00 2018-11-21 08:52 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11362 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/19/11362.aspx Facteurs de risque Équipements Formation Maintenance Organisation de la prévention Réduction du risque Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Risque machine Guide Secteurs d'activités Guidance on Safety in Concrete Pumping <p>The aim of this guidance is to improve standards of safety during concrete pumping and reduce the incidence of collapse of concrete pump rigs and injuries due to incidents involving pressurisation of pipework or other equipment. <br /><br />As with all construction equipment, the safe operation of concrete pumps depends on a number of factors including the selection and maintenance of the pump and placing boom, the planning and supervision of their<br />use and the competence of the operator and other personnel. If any of these are deficient, the risk of a serious accident increases significantly, so it is essential that site managers ensure that all concrete pumping operations are planned, supervised and carried out safely.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/guidance_on_safety_in_concrete_pumping.81983.shortcut.html" title="https://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/guidance_on_safety_in_concrete_pumping.81983.shortcut.html">https://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/guidance_on_safety_in_concrete_pumping.81983.shortcut.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 19 Nov 2018 14:08:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/19/11362.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-19T14:08:00Z 2018-11-19 14:08 +00:00 2018-11-19 09:08 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11355 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/16/11355.aspx Estimation du niveau sonore Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Bruit impulsif Prévention du bruit Méthodes de mesure Outils portatifs Réduction du bruit Réduction à la source Réduction des vibrations main-bras Réduction des vibrations Nivaux vibratoires des outils portatifs Niveaux d'exposition et caractérisation Estimation du niveau sonore des outils portatifs Cloueuses portatives - Développement de méthodes de diagnostic vibratoire et acoustique <p>Le fonctionnement des cloueuses portatives &eacute;tant bas&eacute; sur un processus d&#39;impact visant &agrave; enfoncer un clou, l&#39;utilisation de ces outils expose les travailleurs &agrave; des bruits et &agrave; des vibrations &agrave; caract&egrave;re impulsionnel, en g&eacute;n&eacute;rant des niveaux tr&egrave;s &eacute;lev&eacute;s pendant un tr&egrave;s court laps de temps. Par ailleurs, l&#39;exposition aux bruits et aux vibrations impulsionnels engendre un risque de d&eacute;velopper des maladies professionnelles. Des &eacute;changes avec l&#39;Association paritaire pour la sant&eacute; et la s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail du secteur de la construction (ASP Construction) ont confirm&eacute; que ce type d&#39;outil est tr&egrave;s utilis&eacute; par les travailleurs de la construction qui, au Qu&eacute;bec, se classent parmi les 5 premiers groupes de travailleurs en ce qui concerne le nombre d&#39;indemnisations pour surdit&eacute; professionnelle. Il est donc n&eacute;cessaire de choisir et de concevoir des cloueuses<br />moins bruyantes et pour lesquelles le niveau de vibration &agrave; la poign&eacute;e est r&eacute;duit. Il s&#39;agit d&#39;une t&acirc;che difficile &agrave; r&eacute;aliser, car tr&egrave;s peu d&#39;information existe sur les niveaux de bruit et de vibrations de ces outils, ainsi que sur les moyens de les r&eacute;duire.<br />Ce projet vise trois objectifs : (i) v&eacute;rifier si les normes actuelles pour le bruit (EN 12549) et les vibrations (ISO 8662) permettent de mesurer en laboratoire des valeurs d&#39;&eacute;mission acoustique et vibratoire comparables aux valeurs mesur&eacute;es sur le terrain; (ii) d&eacute;velopper et utiliser des m&eacute;thodes de diagnostic des sources de bruit et vibrations en laboratoire; (iii) formuler des pistes de solution visant &agrave; r&eacute;duire les niveaux de bruit et de vibrations des cloueuses.</p> <p>Source: <a href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101011/n/cloueuses-portatives">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101011/n/cloueuses-portatives</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 16 Nov 2018 13:16:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/16/11355.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-16T13:16:00Z 2018-11-16 13:16 +00:00 2018-11-16 08:16 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11359 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/13/11359.aspx Équipements Machines fixes Presses Risque machine Secteur de l'industrie manufacturière Guide Secteurs d'activités Presses plieuses hydrauliques pour le travail à froid des métaux <p><strong>Am&eacute;lioration de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; sur les machines en service dans le cadre de leur r&eacute;novation. Sp&eacute;cifications techniques &agrave; l&#39;usage des utilisateurs, des pr&eacute;venteurs et des r&eacute;novateurs</strong><br />Ce guide concerne les presses plieuses hydrauliques &agrave; chargement et/ou &agrave; d&eacute;chargement manuel, non marqu&eacute;es &quot;CE&quot;.<br />Il est destin&eacute; &agrave; guider les utilisateurs et les pr&eacute;venteurs, aid&eacute;s du r&eacute;novateur, dans le diagnostic de s&eacute;curit&eacute; des presses plieuses hydrauliques, et &agrave; d&eacute;finir les points sur lesquels la s&eacute;curit&eacute; peut &ecirc;tre am&eacute;lior&eacute;e, tout en prenant en compte les contraintes de la production.<br />Il se veut une aide au choix des solutions les mieux adapt&eacute;es &agrave; la s&eacute;curit&eacute; des op&eacute;rateurs, tout en conservant autant que possible les circuits existants.<br />Il pr&eacute;sente au r&eacute;novateur les solutions techniques &agrave; mettre en oeuvre pour am&eacute;liorer la s&eacute;curit&eacute;.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%20927" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%20927">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%20927</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 13 Nov 2018 13:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/13/11359.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-13T13:49:00Z 2018-11-13 13:49 +00:00 2018-11-13 08:49 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11354 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/11/09/11354.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Accidents Recension des écrits Méthodes et types d’études Affections Recension systématique des écrits Tête Affections non associées au travail A systematic review and meta-analysis of return to work after mild Traumatic brain injury <p>Objective: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of return to work (RTW) times for adult patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).<br />Methods: Six databases and six trials registries were searched. Inclusion: studies reporting RTW, &gt; 30 patients, adults, with mTBI. Exclusion: final measurement RTW &lt; 30 days after injury, first measurement &gt; 1 year.<br />Results: Of 978 records, 14 eligible studies were identified. Two included patients exclusively in paid employment pre-injury; four included paid employment, students, homemakers or other activities; seven included pre-injury occupational status described but unclear; one included patients whose pre-injury occupational status not described. Three reported average RTW, 12 reported proportions of patients RTW at pre-specified time-points (1 both). Average RTW times varied from 13 to 93 days. At 1 month the proportion of patients RTW (three pooled studies) was 0.56 (95% CI 0.30&ndash;0.79), at 6 months (six studies) 0.83 (0.74&ndash;0.89), at 12 months (seven studies) 0.89 (0.83&ndash;0.93).<br />Conclusion: More than half of patients with mTBI have returned to work by 1 month after injury, and more than 80% by 6 months. Most studies had poor internal validity. Reporting of outcomes in mTBI is variable, and this accounted for some of the heterogeneity found in this review.</p> <p>Source: Bloom, B., Thomas, S., Ahrensberg, J. M., Weaver, R., Fowler, A., Bestwick, J., ...&nbsp;et Pearse, R. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Brain injury</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2018.1532111" title="https://doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2018.1532111">https://doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2018.1532111</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 09 Nov 2018 15:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/11/09/11354.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-09T15:48:00Z 2018-11-09 15:48 +00:00 2018-11-09 10:48 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11351 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/09/11351.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Effets sur la santé Évaluation des risques Surdité Risques dus au bruit Atteinte auditive Occupational Noise-Induced Hearing Loss <p>Occupational hearing loss is preventable through a hierarchy of controls, which prioritize the use of engineering controls over administrative controls and personal protective equipment. The occupational and environmental medicine (OEM) physician plays a critical role in the prevention of occupational noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). This position statement clarifies current best practices in the diagnosis of occupational NIHL.</p> <p>Source: Mirza, R., Kirchner, D. B., Dobie, R. A., Crawford, J.&nbsp;et ACOEM Task Force on Occupational Hearing Loss. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 60</em>(9), e498-e501.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001423" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001423">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001423</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 09 Nov 2018 15:21:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/09/11351.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-09T15:21:00Z 2018-11-09 15:21 +00:00 2018-11-09 10:21 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11352 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/08/11352.aspx Protection contre les chutes de même niveau Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Slips, Trips, and Falls Among Home Care Aides <p><strong>A Mixed-Methods Study</strong><br />Objective: To address the gap of knowledge about slips, trips, and falls (STFs) among home care aides (HCAs) who work in clients&#39; homes.<br />Methods: This mixed method study used survey and focus group data of HCAs in a Medicaid-funded homecare program.<br />Results: STFs were common with over 12% of HCAs reporting occurrence in the previous 12 months, of whom 58% fell to the ground. Both survey and focus group data identified ice, clutter, workload, rushing and other hazards. Focus group data explained the reasons for not reporting STFs, even among those who sustained injury, and added HCAs&#39; voices to the understanding of causes, consequences and prevention strategies for STFs.<br />Conclusions: Empowering HCAs with knowledge, training, and involvement may transform &ldquo;near miss&rdquo; STFs into opportunities to prevent STFs among care workers and their clients.</p> <p>Source: Muramatsu, N., Sokas, R. K., Chakraborty, A., Zanoni, J. P.&nbsp;et Lipscomb, J. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 60</em>(9), 796-803.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001355" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001355">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001355</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 08 Nov 2018 15:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/08/11352.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-08T15:17:00Z 2018-11-08 15:17 +00:00 2018-11-08 10:17 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11348 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/08/11348.aspx Équipements Machines mobiles et véhicules Normes Matériel agricole Matériel de travaux forestiers Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture Secteurs d'activités Improving farm safety: standards for agricultural machinery just updated <p>The series of standards ISO 25119, Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry &ndash; Safety-related parts of control systems, is widely used by the agricultural industry and its suppliers and has recently been updated. It sets out the general principles for the design and development of safety-related parts of control systems on tractors and self-propelled ride-on machines used in agriculture and forestry. It can even be applied to mobile equipment used in municipalities such as street-sweeping machines.<br />The standards in the series are:<br />&middot;&nbsp; ISO 25119-1, <em>Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry &ndash; Safety-related parts of control systems &ndash; Part 1: General principles for design and development</em><br />&middot;&nbsp; ISO 25119-2, <em>Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry &ndash; Safety-related parts of control systems &ndash; Part 2: Concept phase</em><br />&middot;&nbsp; ISO 25119-3, <em>Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry &ndash; Safety-related parts of control systems &ndash; Part 3: Series development, hardware and softw</em>are<br />&middot;&nbsp; ISO 25119-4, <em>Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry &ndash; Safety-related parts of control systems &ndash; Part 4: Production, operation, modification and supporting processes</em></p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.iso.org/news/ref2343.html" title="https://www.iso.org/news/ref2343.html">https://www.iso.org/news/ref2343.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 08 Nov 2018 13:23:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/08/11348.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-08T13:23:00Z 2018-11-08 13:23 +00:00 2018-11-08 08:23 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11344 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/07/11344.aspx Évaluation et mesure Évaluation des facteurs de risque Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture TMS Secteurs d'activités Musculoskeletal disorders of agricultural workers in the greenhouses of Almería (Southeast Spain) <p>In southeast Spain (Almer&iacute;a), we find the highest concentration of greenhouse crops in Europe, an agricultural sector that directly employs 55,000 people. The objective of this research was to evaluate the musculoskeletal working conditions of greenhouse workers through the standardized Nordic questionnaire. This questionnaire presents 28 multiple choice questions referring to different parts of the body. A total of 1002 questionnaires were completed, and information was collected on nine socio-demographic variables for each worker: sex, age, height, weight, surface area, cultivation, staking, greenhouse and nationality. Although the results show a high overall rate of symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), these findings do not mean that the workers are unable to perform agricultural tasks.</p> <p>Source: L&oacute;pez-Arag&oacute;n, L., L&oacute;pez-Liria, R., Callej&oacute;n-Ferre, &Aacute;. J.&nbsp;et P&eacute;rez-Alonso, J. (2018). <em>Safety Science, 109</em>, 219-235.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.023" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.023">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.023</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 07 Nov 2018 13:32:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/07/11344.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-07T13:32:00Z 2018-11-07 13:32 +00:00 2018-11-07 08:32 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11349 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/11/06/11349.aspx Australie Réadaptation au travail Océanie Enquêtes Champs de recherche Australia - National Return to Work survey 2018 <p>The National Return to Work survey is undertaken on a biannual basis and compares the return to work experiences and outcomes of injured workers against a number of variables, including returning to work, workplace rehabilitation and employer support.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/media-centre/news/new-national-return-work-survey-report-released" title="https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/media-centre/news/new-national-return-work-survey-report-released">https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/media-centre/news/new-national-return-work-survey-report-released</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 06 Nov 2018 21:35:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/11/06/11349.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-06T21:35:00Z 2018-11-06 21:35 +00:00 2018-11-06 16:35 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11347 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/06/11347.aspx Appareils de levage Équipements Appréciation du risque Machines fixes Secteur de l'industrie extractive Secteurs d'activités Treuil Fault tree analysis and risk mitigation strategies for mine hoists <p>Mine hoist are an essential part of an underground mine. In addition to extracting the ore from the mine, this machine transports the miners from the surface to the various underground levels of the mine. The two main hazards to which minors in the cage are exposed to are rope severance and loss of control of the hoisting machine. In both cases, the risk is the crashing of the cage at one end of the shaft. Hoisting accident and fatalities are rare but still happen despite the use of safety catches to retain the cage in the event of rope severance. The objective of this article is to improve mine hoist safety and to prevent the crash of a cage (of more generally any conveyance) at the shaft boundaries. Fault Trees (FT) are used to analyze the accidents scenarios of a cage crash in a shaft. Two generic fault trees are presented: one based on rope severance and the other based on loss-of-control of the conveyance. Results of the study indicate that, in the case of a rope severance, most of the root causes are based on secondary failure of the safety catches. In the case of a loss-of-control of the conveyance, most of the root causes are based on command failures that prevent the cage from stopping before reaching the shaft boundaries. This article suggests general mitigation measures and recommends the use of machinery safety standards in order to improve the reliability of hoisting machines.</p> <p>Source: Giraud, L.&nbsp;et Galy, B. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety science, 110</em>, 222-234.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.08.010" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.08.010">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.08.010</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 06 Nov 2018 15:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/06/11347.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-06T15:26:00Z 2018-11-06 15:26 +00:00 2018-11-06 10:26 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11343 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/06/11343.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Effets sur la santé Études épidémiologiques Risques dus au bruit Neurinome de l'acoustique Exposure to loud noise and risk of vestibular schwannoma <p><strong>Results from the INTERPHONE international case-control study</strong><br />Objective: Studies of loud noise exposure and vestibular schwannomas (VS) have shown conflicting results. The population-based INTERPHONE case?control study was conducted in 13 countries during 2000&ndash;2004. In this paper, we report the results of analyses on the association between VS and self-reported loud noise exposure.<br />Methods: Self-reported noise exposure was analyzed in 1024 VS cases and 1984 matched controls. Life-long noise exposure was estimated through detailed questions. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using adjusted conditional logistic regression for matched sets.<br />Results: The OR for total work and leisure noise exposure was 1.6 (95% CI 1.4&ndash;1.9). OR were 1.5 (95% CI 1.3&ndash;1.9) for only occupational noise, 1.9 (95% CI 1.4&ndash;2.6) for only leisure noise and 1.7 (95% CI 1.2&ndash;2.2) for<br />exposure in both contexts. OR increased slightly with increasing lag-time. For occupational exposures, duration, time since exposure start and a metric combining lifetime duration and weekly exposure showed significant trends of increasing risk with increasing exposure. OR did not differ markedly by source or other characteristics of noise.<br />Conclusion: The consistent associations seen are likely to reflect either recall bias or a causal association, or potentially indicate a mixture of both.</p> <p>Source: Deltour, I., Schlehofer, B., Massardier-Pilonch&eacute;ry, A., Schlaefer, K., Armstrong, B. Giles,G.G.,&nbsp;...&nbsp;INTERPHONE Study Group (2018). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3781" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3781">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3781</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 06 Nov 2018 14:34:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/06/11343.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-06T14:34:00Z 2018-11-06 14:34 +00:00 2018-11-06 09:34 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11338 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/05/11338.aspx Types de tâches Travail assis Travail de bureau Travail statique Intervention Acute Effects of Interrupting Sitting on Discomfort and Alertness of Office Workers <p>Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of 4 hours of sitting interrupted with hourly bouts of standing and/or pedaling versus uninterrupted sitting on alertness and discomfort among sedentary office workers.<br />Methods: Fifteen middle-aged sedentary workers were randomized to three 4-hour conditions: (1) uninterrupted sitting; (2) sitting interrupted with 10 minutes of standing/hour; and (3) sitting interrupted with 10 minutes of pedaling/hour. Self-reported measures of alertness and discomfort were collected.<br />Results: Uninterrupted sitting significantly increased discomfort (P &lt; 0.001). Discomfort was lower in both the standing (P &lt; 0.001) and pedaling (P &lt; 0.001) conditions than the uninterrupted sitting condition. Short-lived improvements in alertness were observed immediately following several standing (50%) and pedaling (100%) interruptions.<br />Conclusion: Prolonged sitting increases discomfort while brief standing and pedaling interruptions attenuate impairments in discomfort among sedentary workers.</p> <p>Source: Benzo, R. M., Kruse, N. T., Hughes, W. E., Casey, D. P.&nbsp;et Carr, L. J. (2018). <em>Journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 60</em>(9), 804-809.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001329" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001329">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001329</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 05 Nov 2018 14:37:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/05/11338.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-05T14:37:00Z 2018-11-05 14:37 +00:00 2018-11-05 09:37 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11335 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/02/11335.aspx Vêtements de protection Vêtements de protection contre le feu Guide Les vêtements de protection appropriés aux travaux de soudage et de techniques connexes <p>Ce guide porte sur les v&ecirc;tements de protection qui doivent &ecirc;tre port&eacute;s par les soudeurs et tous les travailleurs et employeurs qui utilisent des proc&eacute;d&eacute;s de soudage ou des techniques connexes, r&eacute;guli&egrave;rement ou &agrave; l&#39;occasion. Les techniques connexes sont les op&eacute;rations qui pr&eacute;sentent des risques semblables &agrave; ceux du soudage, par exemple l&#39;oxycoupage, le gougeage &agrave; la flamme ou &agrave; l&#39;arc et la projection thermique. Il s&#39;adresse &agrave; l&#39;ensemble des responsables intervenant dans la cha&icirc;ne de fabrication, de distribution, d&#39;achat, d&#39;entretien et d&#39;utilisation des v&ecirc;tements de protection pour les travaux de soudage et de techniques connexes. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC-200-995.aspx" title="https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC-200-995.aspx">https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC-200-995.aspx</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 02 Nov 2018 15:35:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/02/11335.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-02T15:35:00Z 2018-11-02 15:35 +00:00 2018-11-02 11:35 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11336 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/11/02/11336.aspx Europe Contexte de travail Conditions de travail France Champs de recherche Bilans du Conseil d’orientation sur les conditions de travail <p>Ces ouvrages, pr&eacute;par&eacute;s annuellement par le minist&egrave;re charg&eacute; du travail et pr&eacute;sent&eacute; aux partenaires sociaux r&eacute;unis au sein du Conseil d&rsquo;orientation sur les conditions de travail (COCT), dessinent un panorama global de l&rsquo;action en faveur de la pr&eacute;vention des risques professionnels et de l&rsquo;am&eacute;lioration des conditions de travail.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/ministere/documentation-et-publications-officielles/rapports/article/rapports-bilans-du-conseil-d-orientation-sur-les-conditions-de-travail-coct" title="https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/ministere/documentation-et-publications-officielles/rapports/article/rapports-bilans-du-conseil-d-orientation-sur-les-conditions-de-travail-coct">https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/ministere/documentation-et-publications-officielles/rapports/article/rapports-bilans-du-conseil-d-orientation-sur-les-conditions-de-travail-coct</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 02 Nov 2018 15:32:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/11/02/11336.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-02T15:32:00Z 2018-11-02 15:32 +00:00 2018-11-02 11:32 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11329 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/01/11329.aspx Modes de prévention Types de tâches Manutention manuelle Secteur des services de santé Intervention spécifique Modification des outils ou équipements de travail Secteurs d'activités Participatory organizational intervention for improved use of assistive devices in patient transfer <p><strong>A&nbsp;single-blinded cluster randomized controlled trial</strong><br />Objectives: This randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluated the effect of a participatory organizational intervention for improved use of assistive devices (AD) in patient transfer. <br />Methods: We randomly allocated 27 departments from five hospitals in Denmark to a participatory intervention (14 clusters, 316 healthcare workers) or a control group (13 clusters, 309 healthcare workers). The intervention consisted of 2&times;2 hour workshops with managers, the hospital&#39;s health and safety staff, and 2&ndash;5 healthcare workers from each department. Based on an assessment of barriers and solutions conducted prior to randomization, participants developed an action plan for implementing department-specific solutions for improving the use of AD. Use of necessary AD (using digital counters as primary outcome), and general use of AD (using accelerometers as secondary outcome), pain intensity in the low-back, work-related back injuries during patient transfer, and communication and guidance in the use of AD were measured at baseline, 6 and 12 months.<br />Results: Use of necessary AD (primary outcome), low-back pain, and back injuries did not change in the intervention compared with control group at 12-month follow-up. However, general use of AD measured with accelerometers as well as communication and guidance improved significantly in the intervention versus control group.<br />Conclusion: The intervention did not result in more frequent use of the necessary AD but led to more general use of AD, as well as increased communication and guidance.</p> <p>Source: Jakobsen, M. D., Aust, B., Kines, P., Madeleine, P.&nbsp;et Andersen, L. L. (2018). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp;&nbsp;Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3769" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3769">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3769</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 01 Nov 2018 14:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/01/11329.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-01T14:04:00Z 2018-11-01 14:04 +00:00 2018-11-01 10:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11332 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/31/11332.aspx Protection de la face et des yeux Visières Normes et législation Casque de protection NF EN 14458 - Visières haute performance uniquement destinées à une utilisation avec des casques de protection <p>La pr&eacute;sente Norme europ&eacute;enne sp&eacute;cifie les exigences minimales s&#39;appliquant aux visi&egrave;res sp&eacute;cifiquement con&ccedil;ues pour une utilisation exclusive avec des casques de protection, tels que des casques de sapeurs-pompiers, conformes &agrave; l&#39;EN 443, l&#39;EN 16471 et l&#39;EN 16473 et des casques de protection &agrave; haute performance pour l&#39;industrie conformes &agrave; l&#39;EN 14052. Il peut s&#39;agir de visi&egrave;res fix&eacute;es de mani&egrave;re permanente au casque, ou de visi&egrave;res amovibles.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/pr-nf-en-14458/equipement-de-protection-des-yeux-visieres-haute-performance-uniquement-destinees-a-une-utilisation-avec-des-casques-de-protec/article/870026/fa163575" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/pr-nf-en-14458/equipement-de-protection-des-yeux-visieres-haute-performance-uniquement-destinees-a-une-utilisation-avec-des-casques-de-protec/article/870026/fa163575">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/pr-nf-en-14458/equipement-de-protection-des-yeux-visieres-haute-performance-uniquement-destinees-a-une-utilisation-avec-des-casques-de-protec/article/870026/fa163575</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 31 Oct 2018 13:28:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/31/11332.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-31T13:28:00Z 2018-10-31 13:28 +00:00 2018-10-31 09:28 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11326 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/30/11326.aspx Régions anatomiques Types de tâches Membres supérieurs Travail de bureau TMS Analyse ergonomique du travail Cou Intervention spécifique Intervention Revue de littérature Ergonomic interventions for preventing work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the upper limb and neck among office workers <p>Work-related upper limb and neck musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the most common occupational disorders worldwide. Studies have shown that the percentage of office workers that suffer from MSDs ranges from 20 to 60 per cent. The direct and indirect costs of work-related upper limb MSDs have been reported to be high in Europe, Australia, and the United States. Although ergonomic interventions are likely to reduce the risk of office workers developing work-related upper limb and neck MSDs, the evidence is unclear. This is an update of a Cochrane Review which was last published in 2012. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008570.pub3/full" title="https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008570.pub3/full">https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008570.pub3/full</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 30 Oct 2018 14:06:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/30/11326.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-30T14:06:00Z 2018-10-30 14:06 +00:00 2018-10-30 10:06 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11325 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/29/11325.aspx Réduction du risque Systèmes de commande et automatisation Risque machine Congrès Sécurité des systèmes industriels automatisés (SIAS) 2018 <p>Organis&eacute; par l&#39;INRS &agrave; Nancy du 10 au 12 octobre 2018, le congr&egrave;s international S&eacute;curit&eacute; des syst&egrave;mes industriels automatis&eacute;s (SIAS) a accueilli plus de 110 participants originaires de 13 pays. Il a apport&eacute; un &eacute;clairage sur l&#39;industrie du futur et les usages des nouvelles technologies. <br />Cette neuvi&egrave;me &eacute;dition de la conf&eacute;rence a permis de faire le point sur les avanc&eacute;es concernant la s&eacute;curit&eacute; des syst&egrave;mes industriels automatis&eacute;s tant du point de vue de l&#39;ing&eacute;nierie (d&eacute;marche de conception, outils de simulation, analyse des risques, mesures de pr&eacute;vention, etc.) que de la place de l&#39;Homme dans les syst&egrave;mes de production.<br />Car l&#39;&eacute;mergence des nouvelles technologies, comme la mise en r&eacute;seau des machines, la robotique collaborative ou encore les syst&egrave;mes autonomes, impacte profond&eacute;ment les industries qui&nbsp; en multiplient l&#39;usage. Cette &eacute;volution fait appara&icirc;tre de nouveaux risques professionnels.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs-sias2018.fr/index.php" title="http://www.inrs-sias2018.fr/index.php">http://www.inrs-sias2018.fr/index.php</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 29 Oct 2018 14:10:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/29/11325.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-29T14:10:00Z 2018-10-29 14:10 +00:00 2018-10-29 10:10 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11316 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/29/11316.aspx Évaluation des interventions TMS Intervention SST Analyse ergonomique du travail Intervention spécifique Intervention Évaluation des processus : comprendre comment le contexte des entreprises influence le déroulement des premières étapes d’interventions ergonomiques <p>Bien qu&#39;il soit g&eacute;n&eacute;ralement convenu que les ergonomes adaptent leur intervention au contexte de chaque entreprise, la fa&ccedil;on pr&eacute;cise dont ils y parviennent et sur quels crit&egrave;res cette adaptation se base sont peu renseign&eacute;s au plan scientifique. Une &eacute;valuation des processus a &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;e en adoptant un devis d&#39;&eacute;tude de cas multiple, en vue d&#39;identifier les indicateurs de contexte ayant influenc&eacute; quatre interventions du courant de l&#39;ergonomie de l&#39;activit&eacute;, r&eacute;alis&eacute;es par des ergonomes en formation. L&#39;&eacute;valuation a port&eacute; sur les &eacute;tapes de l&#39;intervention pr&eacute;c&eacute;dant l&#39;implantation des changements, soit de l&#39;analyse de la demande jusqu&#39;au moment o&ugrave; le plan d&#39;action est convenu avec les acteurs-cl&eacute;s. La collecte des donn&eacute;es a &eacute;t&eacute; effectu&eacute;e gr&acirc;ce &agrave; un journal de bord, des documents produits dans le cadre de l&#39;intervention, ainsi que des entretiens avec les intervenants et les acteurs-cl&eacute;s impliqu&eacute;s dans l&#39;intervention. Nos r&eacute;sultats pr&eacute;sent&eacute;s sous forme de mod&egrave;les logiques font ressortir 12 indicateurs de contexte ayant repr&eacute;sent&eacute; des leviers ou des obstacles au d&eacute;roulement de l&#39;intervention ou au plan d&#39;action. Des combinaisons d&#39;indicateurs ont eu un effet synergique positif ou n&eacute;gatif sur les cas. Le mod&egrave;le d&#39;&eacute;valuation propos&eacute; dans cette &eacute;tude interdisciplinaire pourrait &ecirc;tre repris lors d&#39;&eacute;tudes subs&eacute;quentes pour bonifier la compr&eacute;hension de l&#39;influence du contexte dans d&#39;autres situations d&#39;interventions ergonomiques. </p> <p>Source: Albert, V., V&eacute;zina, N., Bilodeau, H.&nbsp;et Coutarel, F. (2018). <em>Activit&eacute;s</em>, (15-2).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3411" title="https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3411">https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3411</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 29 Oct 2018 12:11:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/29/11316.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-29T12:11:00Z 2018-10-29 12:11 +00:00 2018-10-29 08:11 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11314 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/26/11314.aspx Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture TMS Intervention SST Intervention spécifique Programme d'exercices physiques Intervention Secteurs d'activités Intégration de la préparation physique dans l’approche ergonomique <p><strong>Quel dispositif pour quel(s) objectif(s)?</strong><br />L&#39;article pr&eacute;sente un cas d&#39;intervention ergonomique proposant la pr&eacute;paration physiologique des ouvriers comme levier de pr&eacute;vention des Troubles Musculo-Squelettiques dans le secteur agroalimentaire. Dans une entreprise dont les activit&eacute;s pr&eacute;sentent de fortes contraintes organisationnelles et physiologiques, la place des marges de man&oelig;uvre dans un tel dispositif est questionn&eacute;e. La mise en &oelig;uvre d&#39;&eacute;chauffements au sein d&#39;une entreprise n&eacute;cessite d&#39;une part de disposer de comp&eacute;tences tant ergonomiques que sur la pr&eacute;paration physiologique. D&#39;autre part, l&#39;int&eacute;gration des &eacute;chauffements, forme de pr&eacute;paration physiologique ici mise en &oelig;uvre, imposerait une construction sociale sp&eacute;cifique de l&#39;intervention. Enfin, les conditions de r&eacute;ussite du projet tant du point de vue des intervenants que de l&#39;entreprise devraient &ecirc;tre pos&eacute;es au pr&eacute;alable afin de garantir le succ&egrave;s du dispositif global de pr&eacute;vention.</p> <p>Source: Uguen, C., Sablon, S.&nbsp;et Carballeda, G. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Activit&eacute;s</em>, (15-2).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3537" title="https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3537">https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3537</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 26 Oct 2018 18:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/26/11314.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-26T18:04:00Z 2018-10-26 18:04 +00:00 2018-10-26 14:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11318 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/25/11318.aspx Lois et réglementations Organisation de la prévention Risques électriques Code de construction du Québec, Chapitre V - Électricité - Code canadien de l'électricité <p>L&#39;&eacute;dition 2018 du Chapitre V - &Eacute;lectricit&eacute; du Code de construction du Qu&eacute;bec comprend le Code canadien de l&#39;&eacute;lectricit&eacute;, Premi&egrave;re partie (vingt-troisi&egrave;me &eacute;dition) de 2015, adopt&eacute; par la province du Qu&eacute;bec et comporte des exigences modifi&eacute;es propres au Qu&eacute;bec. Cette 23e &eacute;dition a subi une refonte majeure et compte toutes les importantes modifications et mises &agrave; jour d&eacute;coulant des deux &eacute;ditions pr&eacute;c&eacute;dentes du Code (publi&eacute;es en 2012 et en 2015). <br />Dans cette &eacute;dition, bon nombre de sections ont fait l&#39;objet d&#39;importantes r&eacute;visions. Ainsi, la section 4 &eacute;nonce maintenant des exigences visant le courant admissible des c&acirc;bles haute tension et les articles visant la temp&eacute;rature &agrave; l&#39;extr&eacute;mit&eacute; des conducteurs ont &eacute;t&eacute; clarifi&eacute;s. En outre, le nouveau tableau 39 simplifie le choix des conducteurs de branchement et d&#39;art&egrave;re destin&eacute;s &agrave; un usage r&eacute;sidentiel. Plus d&#39;options sont donn&eacute;es pour le calcul de la charge et de la chute de tension.<br />Des clarifications ont &eacute;t&eacute; apport&eacute;es au choix du conducteur de continuit&eacute; des masses gr&acirc;ce &agrave; l&#39;ajout des tableaux 16A et 16B. En outre, dans la section 12 on a ajout&eacute; et r&eacute;vis&eacute; des exigences visant les m&eacute;thodes de c&acirc;blage et on a augment&eacute; les tableaux visant le nombre de conducteurs dans un conduit.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://store.csagroup.org/ccrz__ProductDetails?viewState=DetailView&amp;cartID=&amp;sku=C22.10-18&amp;isCSRFlow=true&amp;portalUser=&amp;store=&amp;cclcl=fr_CA" title="https://store.csagroup.org/ccrz__ProductDetails?viewState=DetailView&amp;cartID=&amp;sku=C22.10-18&amp;isCSRFlow=true&amp;portalUser=&amp;store=&amp;cclcl=fr_CA">https://store.csagroup.org/ccrz__ProductDetails?viewState=DetailView&amp;cartID=&amp;sku=C22.10-18&amp;isCSRFlow=true&amp;portalUser=&amp;store=&amp;cclcl=fr_CA</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 25 Oct 2018 14:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/25/11318.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-25T14:04:00Z 2018-10-25 14:04 +00:00 2018-10-25 10:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11313 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/25/11313.aspx TMS Intervention SST Analyse ergonomique du travail Intervention spécifique Intervention Ergonomie Intervention, conception et transformations : comment construire une prévention durable des TMS <p>Cet article a pour but de participer aux r&eacute;flexions sur le r&ocirc;le de l&#39;ergonome dans l&#39;intervention en entreprise. Il pr&eacute;sente une intervention-formation relative &agrave; la pr&eacute;vention de la p&eacute;nibilit&eacute; et des TMS au travail. Cette intervention, men&eacute;e comme une conduite de projet, s&#39;est bas&eacute;e sur l&#39;adoption de principes fondamentaux pour l&#39;ergonomie dite centr&eacute;e sur l&#39;activit&eacute; (Daniellou &amp; Rabardel, 2005). Ces principes portent sur (1) la conception et la p&eacute;rennisation des d&eacute;marches de pr&eacute;vention durable, (2) la conduite et l&#39;efficacit&eacute; des interventions en ergonomie. Sur la base de ce corps de connaissances et de nos pratiques d&#39;intervention ant&eacute;rieures, nous postulons que la mobilisation des acteurs et la transformation des repr&eacute;sentations/perceptions sur le travail et la sant&eacute; participent &agrave; l&#39;augmentation du pouvoir d&#39;agir des acteurs en mati&egrave;re de pr&eacute;vention. Ces principes sont illustr&eacute;s et discut&eacute;s &agrave; partir des r&eacute;sultats d&#39;une intervention men&eacute;e dans un abattoir de canards.</p> <p>Source: Ciccone, E., Cuvelier, L., Decortis, F.&nbsp;et Bationo-Tillon, A. (2018). <em>Activit&eacute;s</em>, (15-2).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3450" title="https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3450">https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3450</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 25 Oct 2018 14:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/25/11313.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-25T14:04:00Z 2018-10-25 14:04 +00:00 2018-10-25 10:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11312 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/23/11312.aspx Cadenassage Réduction du risque Risque machine Secteur de l'industrie manufacturière Références en ligne Guide Secteurs d'activités Hazardous Energy Control (Lockout and Other Means) <p>It is a matter of life and death. Hazardous energy control is more than Lockout. It encompasses Machine Guarding, Alternative Measures (alternative guarding arrangement that prevents exposure to hazardous energy), Lockout, and other methods of ensuring worker safety from contact with hazardous energy. Here you will find information on regulatory requirements, general guidance and procedures that your company can use to implement an effective Hazardous Energy Control (Lockout/Tagout) Program and prevent unexpected energizing, start-up or release of stored energy which could cause serious injury or death to workers. Injuries related to Lockout often occur when an employee services or repairs a machine or tries to clear a jam but fails to de-energize the machine and lockout sources of energy.&nbsp; Problems can also occur during the process of re-energizing.<br />Sources of energy are not only electrical; they can also include mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, chemical, thermal, or other sources of energy. The failure to develop and use hazardous energy control (Lockout) procedures is one of OSHA&#39;s annual top 10 most frequently cited workplace safety violations. Injuries and fatalities that happen for failure to implement a Lockout Program are much more costly than the citations (not only in economic terms). A comprehensive, written, diligently planned and executed Hazardous Energy Control (Lockout) Program protects the life, and the safety and health of workers; it is a very important part of machine maintenance and production servicing operations.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/nora/councils/manuf/loto/default.html" title="https://www.cdc.gov/nora/councils/manuf/loto/default.html">https://www.cdc.gov/nora/councils/manuf/loto/default.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 23 Oct 2018 17:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/23/11312.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-23T17:19:00Z 2018-10-23 17:19 +00:00 2018-10-23 13:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11308 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/22/11308.aspx Évaluation et mesure Régions anatomiques Dos Surveillance Recurrent back pain during working life and exit from paid employment <p><strong>A&nbsp;28-year follow-up of the Whitehall II Study</strong> <br />Objectives To examine the impact of recurrent, as compared with single, reports of back pain on exit from paid employment over decades of follow-up.<br />Methods The study sample was from the British Whitehall II Study cohort (n=8665, 69% men, aged 35&ndash;55 at baseline), who had provided information about their reports of back pain between 1985 and 1994. Data about exit from paid employment (health-related and non-health related exit, unemployment and other exit) were collected between 1995 and 2013. Repeated measures logistic regression models were fitted to examine the associations, and adjust for covariates.<br />Results Recurrent pain was reported by 18% of participants, while 26% reported pain on an occasion and 56% did not report pain. Report of back pain on an occasion was not associated with health-related job exit, whereas recurrent pain was associated with such an exit (OR 1.51; 95%&thinsp;CI 1.15 to 1.99), when compared with those who did not report pain. These associations were somewhat stronger among middle-grade and lower-grade employees, while these associations were not seen among higher-grade employees. Differences in associations by age and psychosocial working conditions were small.<br />Conclusions These results highlight the need for early detection of recurrent back pain to prevent exit out of paid employment for health reasons. As the risk varies by occupational grade, this emphasises the importance of identification of high-risk groups and finding ways to address their modifiable risk factors.</p> <p>Source: Lallukka, T., M&auml;nty, M., Cooper, C., Fleischmann, M., Kouvonen, A., Walker-Bone, K. E., ...&nbsp;et Halonen, J. I. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Occupational &amp; Environmental Medicine, 75</em>(11), 786-791.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105202" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105202">http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105202</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 22 Oct 2018 15:42:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/22/11308.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-22T15:42:00Z 2018-10-22 15:42 +00:00 2018-10-22 11:42 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11307 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/18/11307.aspx Europe Agents physiques France Champs de recherche Régions géographiques La radioprotection des travailleurs <p><strong>Exposition professionnelle aux rayonnements ionisants en France: bilan 2017</strong><br />Le bilan de la surveillance des expositions professionnelles aux rayonnements ionisants concerne l&#39;ensemble des secteurs d&#39;activit&eacute; soumis &agrave; un r&eacute;gime d&#39;autorisation ou de d&eacute;claration, y compris ceux de la d&eacute;fense, dans les domaines des activit&eacute;s m&eacute;dicales et v&eacute;t&eacute;rinaires, de l&#39;industrie nucl&eacute;aire ou non nucl&eacute;aire, de la recherche et de l&#39;enseignement, ainsi que les secteurs concern&eacute;s par une exposition &agrave; la radioactivit&eacute; naturelle.<br />L&#39;effectif suivi en 2017 dans le cadre des activit&eacute;s soumises &agrave; autorisation ou &agrave; d&eacute;claration est en augmentation de 0,9 % par rapport &agrave; 2016, avec 360 694 travailleurs. Parall&egrave;lement, la dose collective1 mesur&eacute;e par<br />dosim&eacute;trie externe passive s&#39;&eacute;tablit &agrave; 53,5 h.Sv pour 2017, contre 66,7 h.Sv en 2016. Avec une forte baisse par rapport &agrave; 2016 (- 20 %), cette valeur marque une rupture par rapport &agrave; celles observ&eacute;es en 2015 et 2016. Cette baisse significative de la dose collective est li&eacute;e majoritairement &agrave; une baisse d&#39;activit&eacute; dans le domaine du nucl&eacute;aire (volume de travaux de maintenance chez EDF moindre qu&#39;en 2016) et de fa&ccedil;on compl&eacute;mentaire &agrave; un changement m&eacute;thodologique de plusieurs laboratoires de dosim&eacute;trie, intervenu courant 2017, qui &eacute;vite de sousestimer le bruit de fond lorsque le dosim&egrave;tre t&eacute;moin n&#39;est pas retourn&eacute; par l&#39;employeur avec les dosim&egrave;tres individuels. La dose individuelle annuelle moyenne, d&#39;une valeur de 0,72 mSv, est quant &agrave; elle stable par rapport &agrave; l&#39;ann&eacute;e pr&eacute;c&eacute;dente. Parmi les 12 712 travailleurs ayant re&ccedil;u plus de 1 mSv (limite annuelle r&eacute;glementaire fix&eacute;e pour la population g&eacute;n&eacute;rale), 2 079 travailleurs ont re&ccedil;u une dose annuelle sup&eacute;rieure &agrave; 5 mSv2. Une dose externe annuelle sup&eacute;rieure &agrave; 20 mSv (limite r&eacute;glementaire de la dose efficace fix&eacute;e pour les travailleurs) a &eacute;t&eacute; enregistr&eacute;e pour 2 travailleurs. Quatre cas de d&eacute;passement de la limite de dose &eacute;quivalente aux extr&eacute;mit&eacute;s (500 mSv) ont &eacute;galement &eacute;t&eacute; enregistr&eacute;s.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.irsn.fr/FR/expertise/rapports_expertise/Documents/radioprotection/IRSN_Rapport-Exposition-travailleurs-2017.pdf" title="https://www.irsn.fr/FR/expertise/rapports_expertise/Documents/radioprotection/IRSN_Rapport-Exposition-travailleurs-2017.pdf">https://www.irsn.fr/FR/expertise/rapports_expertise/Documents/radioprotection/IRSN_Rapport-Exposition-travailleurs-2017.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 18 Oct 2018 12:51:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/18/11307.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-18T12:51:00Z 2018-10-18 12:51 +00:00 2018-10-18 08:51 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11292 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/10/16/11292.aspx TMS Interventions Méthodes et types d’études Milieux de pratique Pourvoyeurs de services Affections Types d'interventions Recherche qualitative Physiothérapie Milieu clinique Physiotherapy for injured workers in Canada: are insurers’ and clinics’ policies threatening good quality and equity of care? <p><strong>Results of a qualitative study</strong><br />In recent years, significant efforts have been made to improve the provision of care for compensated injured workers internationally. However, despite increasing efforts at implementing best practices in this field, some studies show that policies overseeing the organisation of care for injured workers can have perverse influences on healthcare providers&#39; practices and can prevent workers from receiving the best care possible. The influence of these policies on physiotherapists&#39; practices has yet to be investigated. Our objectives were thus to explore the influence of 1) workers&#39; compensation boards&#39; and 2) physiotherapy clinics&#39; policies on the care physiotherapists provide to workers with musculoskeletal injuries in three large Canadian provinces.<br />The Interpretive Description framework, a qualitative methodological approach, guided this inquiry. Forty participants (30 physiotherapists and 10 leaders and administrators from physiotherapy professional groups and workers&#39; compensation boards) were recruited in British Columbia, Ontario and Quebec to participate in an in-depth interview. Inductive analysis was conducted using constant comparative techniques.<br />Narratives from participants show that policies of workers&#39; compensation boards and individual physiotherapy clinics have significant impacts on physiotherapists&#39; clinical practices. Policies found at both levels often place physiotherapists in uncomfortable positions where they cannot always do what they believe to be best for their patients. Because of these policies, treatments provided to compensated injured workers markedly differ from those provided to other patients receiving physiotherapy care at the same clinic. Workers&#39; compensation board policies such as reimbursement rates, end points for treatment and communication mechanisms, and clinic policies such as physiotherapists&#39; remuneration schemes and restrictions on the choice of professionals had negative influences on care. Policies that were viewed as positive were board policies that recognize, promote and support physiotherapists&#39; duties and clinics that provide organisational support for administrative tasks.<br />In Canada, workers&#39; compensation play a significant role in financing physiotherapy care for people injured at work. Despite the best intentions in promoting evidence-based guidelines and procedures regarding rehabilitation care for injured workers, complex policy factors currently limit the application of these recommendations in practice. Research that targets these policies could contribute to significant changes in clinical settings.</p> <p>Source: Hudon, A., Hunt, M.&nbsp;et Feldman, D. E. (2018). <em>BMC Health Services Research, 18</em>(1), 682.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-3491-1" title="https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-3491-1">https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-3491-1</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 16 Oct 2018 12:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/10/16/11292.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-16T12:44:00Z 2018-10-16 12:44 +00:00 2018-10-16 08:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11299 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/12/11299.aspx Machines fixes Lois et réglementations Techniques de sécurité Risque machine Guide Ponts roulants - Manuel de sécurité <p>Longtemps rest&eacute;e dans le domaine de l&#39;empirisme, l&#39;utilisation des engins fait aujourd&#39;hui l&#39;objet de r&egrave;gles nombreuses touchant &agrave; la fois au choix, aux v&eacute;rifications et &agrave; la maintenance du mat&eacute;riel, &agrave; la formation du personnel, ainsi qu&#39;&agrave; la conduite proprement dite.<br />C&#39;est pourquoi ce manuel comprend deux parties : l&#39;une consacr&eacute;e aux aspects purement r&eacute;glementaires, l&#39;autre plus sp&eacute;cifiquement d&eacute;di&eacute;e aux r&egrave;gles de bonnes pratiques en mati&egrave;re de conduite d&#39;engins.<br />Un large public pourra ainsi trouver dans ce manuel les r&eacute;f&eacute;rences qui lui seront n&eacute;cessaires : chefs d&#39;&eacute;tablissements, charg&eacute;s de s&eacute;curit&eacute;, formateurs, et bien s&ucirc;r les conducteurs eux-m&ecirc;mes (pontiers, conducteurs de ponts roulants, de portiques et semi-portiques).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206105" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206105">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206105</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 12 Oct 2018 13:46:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/12/11299.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-12T13:46:00Z 2018-10-12 13:46 +00:00 2018-10-12 09:46 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11298 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/12/11298.aspx Évaluation et mesure Analyse ergonomique du travail Secteur de l'administration publique Analyse du travail Intervention Secteurs d'activités Démarche multidisciplinaire appliquée à l’analyse d’une activité dans un environnement dynamique <p><strong>La conduite de v&eacute;hicules l&eacute;gers &agrave; La Poste pour la distribution du courrier et des colis</strong><br />Activit&eacute; complexe diff&eacute;rente de la conduite personnelle, la conduite professionnelle de v&eacute;hicules l&eacute;gers prend une importance croissante dans le secteur de la livraison/messagerie confront&eacute; aux nouveaux modes de consommation. Peu &eacute;tudi&eacute;s, les risques pour la sant&eacute; autres que les accidents de la route ont &eacute;t&eacute; approch&eacute;s dans une &eacute;tude exploratoire multidisciplinaire men&eacute;e en collaboration avec le groupe La Poste. Son objectif a &eacute;t&eacute; d&#39;explorer, en situation de travail, les diff&eacute;rentes composantes de l&#39;activit&eacute; de distribution de courrier/colis, et particuli&egrave;rement l&#39;activit&eacute; de conduite comme partie structurante de l&#39;activit&eacute; de distribution. La d&eacute;marche m&eacute;thodologique alliant des analyses ergonomiques et une approche m&eacute;dicale a mis en &eacute;vidence des contraintes ainsi que des plaintes en relation principalement avec les caract&eacute;ristiques des tourn&eacute;es de distribution. Ces r&eacute;sultats ont permis d&#39;orienter la construction d&#39;une &eacute;tude &eacute;pid&eacute;miologique visant &agrave; analyser les facteurs de risque sp&eacute;cifiques &agrave; la conduite de v&eacute;hicules l&eacute;gers dans les activit&eacute;s de distribution.</p> <p>Source: Hella, F., Radauceanu, A., Atain-Kouadio, J. J., Payet, R.&nbsp;et Colin, R. (2018). <em>Perspectives interdisciplinaires sur le travail et la sant&eacute;</em>, (20-2).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://journals.openedition.org/pistes/5733" title="https://journals.openedition.org/pistes/5733">https://journals.openedition.org/pistes/5733</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 12 Oct 2018 13:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/12/11298.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-12T13:44:00Z 2018-10-12 13:44 +00:00 2018-10-12 09:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11295 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/11/11295.aspx États-Unis Indemnisation Maladies professionnelles Lésions professionnelles Champs de recherche TMS Rates of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome in a State Workers’ Compensation Information System, by Industry and Occupation <p><strong>California, 2007&ndash;2014</strong><br />Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) occurs when the median nerve becomes compressed as it passes through the wrist within the carpal tunnel, resulting in pain, tingling, weakness, or numbness in the hand or the wrist. Occupational risk factors for CTS include engaging in work activities that require forceful, repetitive tasks, prolonged use of the hands or wrists in an awkward posture, or vibration. To assess trends and identify high-risk industries and occupations for CTS, the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) analyzed California workers&#39; compensation claims for CTS by industry (2007&ndash;2014) and occupation (2014) and calculated rates per full-time equivalent (FTE) worker. During 2007&ndash;2014, a total of 139,336 CTS cases were reported (incidence = 6.3 cases per 10,000 FTE) in California workers; the rate among women (8.2) was 3.3 times higher than that among men (2.5). Industries with the highest rates of CTS were textile, fabric finishing, and coating mills (44.9), apparel accessories and other apparel manufacturing (43.1), and animal slaughtering and processing (39.8). Industries with high rates of CTS should consider implementing intervention measures, including ergonomic evaluations and development of tools and instruments that require less repetition and force and that correct awkward postures.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6739a4.htm" title="https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6739a4.htm">https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6739a4.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 11 Oct 2018 13:28:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/11/11295.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-11T13:28:00Z 2018-10-11 13:28 +00:00 2018-10-11 09:28 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11284 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/11/11284.aspx Appareils à adduction d'air Protection respiratoire Appareils pour la protection respiratoire Normes et législation NF EN 14594 - Appareils de protection respiratoire <p>Le pr&eacute;sent document sp&eacute;cifie les caract&eacute;ristiques minimales exig&eacute;es des appareils de protection respiratoire (APR) isolants &agrave; adduction d&#39;air comprim&eacute; &agrave; d&eacute;bit continu utilis&eacute;s avec des masques complets, des demi-masques, des cagoules, des casques ou des combinaisons, ainsi que des appareils utilis&eacute;s dans les op&eacute;rations de projection d&#39;abrasifs en tant qu&#39;appareils de protection respiratoire.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-14594/appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-isolants-a-adduction-d-air-comprime-a-debit-continu-ex/article/875333/fa188028" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-14594/appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-isolants-a-adduction-d-air-comprime-a-debit-continu-ex/article/875333/fa188028">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-14594/appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-isolants-a-adduction-d-air-comprime-a-debit-continu-ex/article/875333/fa188028</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 11 Oct 2018 13:27:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/11/11284.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-11T13:27:00Z 2018-10-11 13:27 +00:00 2018-10-11 09:27 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11294 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/10/11294.aspx Régions anatomiques Membres supérieurs TMS Épaule Cou Santé mentale Bi-directional relation between effort-reward imbalance and risk of neck-shoulder pain <p><strong>Assessment of mediation through depressive symptoms using occupational longitudinal data</strong><br />Objectives: Bi-directional associations between perceived effort?reward imbalance (ERI) at work and neckshoulder pain have been reported. There is also evidence of associations between ERI and depressive symptoms, and between depressive symptoms and pain while the links between ERI, depressive symptoms and pain have not been tested. We aimed to assess whether depressive symptoms mediate the association between ERI and neck-shoulder pain, as well as the association between neck-shoulder pain and ERI.<br />Methods: We used prospective data from three consecutive surveys of the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH) study. ERI was assessed with a short version of the ERI questionnaire, and pain was defined as having had neck-shoulder pain that affected daily life during the past three months. Depressive symptoms were assessed with a continuous scale based on six-items of the (Hopkins) Symptom Checklist. Counterfactual mediation analyses were applied using exposure measures from 2010/2012 (T1), depressive symptoms from 2012/2014 (T2), and outcomes from 2014/2016 (T3), and including only those free of outcome at T1 and T2 (N=2876?3239).<br />Results: ERI was associated with a higher risk of neck-shoulder pain [risk ratio (RR) for total effect 1.24, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.02&ndash;1.50] and 40% of this total effect was mediated through depressive symptoms.<br />Corresponding RR for association between neck-shoulder pain and ERI was 1.36 (95% CI 1.13&ndash;1.65), but the mediating role of depressive symptoms was less consistent.<br />Conclusions: Depressive symptoms appear to be an intermediate factor in the relationship between ERI and neck-shoulder pain.</p> <p>Source: Halonen, J. I., Lallukka, T., Virtanen, M., Rod, N. H.&nbsp;et Hanson, L. L. M. (2018). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3768" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3768">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3768</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 10 Oct 2018 18:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/10/11294.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-10T18:17:00Z 2018-10-10 18:17 +00:00 2018-10-10 14:17 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11291 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/10/10/11291.aspx Accidents cérébrovasculaires Méthodes et types d’études Affections Méthodes non-expérimentales Étude longitudinale Étude épidémiologique Recherche quantitative Intervention Types d'interventions Affections non associées au travail Return to work after specialized rehabilitation <p><strong>An explorative longitudinal study in a cohort of severely disabled persons with stroke in seven countries</strong><br />Introduction: Stroke may impose disabilities with severe consequences for the individual, with physical, psychological, social, and work-related consequences. The objective with the current study was to investigate to what extent persons with stroke were able to return to work, to maintain their financial situation, and to describe the follow-up services and participation in social networks and recreational activities.<br />Methods: The design was a prospective, descriptive study of specialized stroke rehabilitation in nine rehabilitation centers in seven countries. Semistructured interviews, which focused on the return to work, the financial situation, follow-up services, the maintenance of recreational activities, and networks, were performed 6 and 12 months post discharge from rehabilitation.<br />Results: The working rate before the onset of stroke ranged from 27% to 86%. At 12 months post stroke, the return to work varied from 11% to 43%. Consequently, many reported a reduced financial situation from 10% to 70% at 6 months and from 10% to 80% at 12 months. Access to postrehabilitation follow-up services varied in the different countries from 24% to 100% at 6 months and from 21% to 100% at 12 months. Physical therapy was the most common follow-up services reported. Persons with stroke were less active in recreational activities and experienced reduced social networks. Associations between results from the semistructured interviews and related themes in LiSat-11 were small to moderate. The study shows that education, age, and disability are predictors for return to work. Differences between countries were observed in the extent of unemployment.<br />Conclusions: In this international multicentre study, return to work after severe stroke and specialized/comprehensive rehabilitation was possible, depending on the extent of the disability, age, and education. Altered financial situation, reduced social networks, and reduced satisfaction with life were common psychosocial situations for these patients.</p> <p>Source: Langhammer, B., Sunnerhagen, K. S., S&auml;llstr&ouml;m, S., Becker, F.&nbsp;et Stanghelle, J. K. (2018). <em>Brain and Behavior, 8</em>(8).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://dx.doi.org/10.1002%2Fbrb3.1055" title="https://dx.doi.org/10.1002%2Fbrb3.1055">https://dx.doi.org/10.1002%2Fbrb3.1055</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 10 Oct 2018 17:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/10/10/11291.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-10T17:19:00Z 2018-10-10 17:19 +00:00 2018-10-10 13:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11282 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/09/11282.aspx Europe Accidents du travail Régions géographiques Eurostat - Accidents at work statistics 2015 <p>Highlights:<br />There were 3 876 fatal accidents at work in the EU-28 during 2015, an increase of 102 deaths compared with the year before. <br />More than one fifth of all fatal accidents at work in the EU-28 took place within the construction sector. <br />In 2015, three quarters of all non-fatal accidents at work in the EU-28 concerned: wounds and superficial injuries; dislocations, sprains and strains; or concussion and internal injuries. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/pdfscache/11539.pdf" title="https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/pdfscache/11539.pdf">https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/pdfscache/11539.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Oct 2018 12:10:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/09/11282.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-09T12:10:00Z 2018-10-09 12:10 +00:00 2018-10-09 08:10 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11283 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/09/11283.aspx Évaluation Performance Protection chimique Vêtements de protection Vêtements de protection chimique Normes et législation NF EN 14325 - Habillement de protection contre les produits chimiques <p>La pr&eacute;sente Norme europ&eacute;enne sp&eacute;cifie la classification de la performance et les m&eacute;thodes d&#39;essai pour les mat&eacute;riaux utilis&eacute;s dans les v&ecirc;tements de protection chimique, y compris les gants et les chaussures. Lorsque les gants et les bottes font partie int&eacute;grante du v&ecirc;tement, il convient que les exigences en mati&egrave;re de barri&egrave;re de protection chimique auxquelles ils sont soumis soient les m&ecirc;mes pour que pour les &eacute;toffes. Il s&#39;agit d&#39;une norme de r&eacute;f&eacute;rence &agrave; laquelle les normes de performance des v&ecirc;tements de protection chimique peuvent faire r&eacute;f&eacute;rence en tout ou partie, mais cette norme n&#39;est pas exhaustive, au sens o&ugrave; les normes de produits peuvent aussi exiger des essais selon des normes de m&eacute;thodes d&#39;essai qui ne figurent pas dans la pr&eacute;sente norme.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/pr-nf-en-14325/vetements-de-protection-contre-les-produits-chimiques-methodes-d-essai-et-classification-de-performance-des-materiaux-couture/article/867700/fa163979" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/pr-nf-en-14325/vetements-de-protection-contre-les-produits-chimiques-methodes-d-essai-et-classification-de-performance-des-materiaux-couture/article/867700/fa163979">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/pr-nf-en-14325/vetements-de-protection-contre-les-produits-chimiques-methodes-d-essai-et-classification-de-performance-des-materiaux-couture/article/867700/fa163979</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Oct 2018 12:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/09/11283.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-09T12:09:00Z 2018-10-09 12:09 +00:00 2018-10-09 08:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11286 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/09/11286.aspx Appareils de levage Équipements Machines fixes Normes NF EN 13135+A1 - Appareils de levage à charge suspendue <p>La pr&eacute;sente Norme europ&eacute;enne sp&eacute;cifie des prescriptions pour la conception et le choix des &eacute;quipements &eacute;lectriques, m&eacute;caniques, hydrauliques et pneumatiques utilis&eacute;s pour tous les types d&#39;appareils de levage &agrave; charge suspendue et leurs accessoires fixes de levage de charge, dans le but de s&#39;assurer de la fiabilit&eacute; des fonctions et de prot&eacute;ger le personnel des ph&eacute;nom&egrave;nes dangereux qui pourraient affecter leur sant&eacute; et leur s&eacute;curit&eacute;.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-13135a1/appareils-de-levage-a-charge-suspendue-securite-conception-prescriptions-relatives-a-l-equipement/article/913052/fa190546" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-13135a1/appareils-de-levage-a-charge-suspendue-securite-conception-prescriptions-relatives-a-l-equipement/article/913052/fa190546">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-13135a1/appareils-de-levage-a-charge-suspendue-securite-conception-prescriptions-relatives-a-l-equipement/article/913052/fa190546</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Oct 2018 12:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/09/11286.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-09T12:09:00Z 2018-10-09 12:09 +00:00 2018-10-09 08:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11288 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/05/11288.aspx Québec Indemnisation Canada Coûts des lésions professionnelles Lésions professionnelles Régions géographiques CNESST - Statistiques annuelles 2017 <p>Ce document contient une s&eacute;rie de tableaux et graphiques qui pr&eacute;sentent les diff&eacute;rentes activit&eacute;s de la CNESST au cours de l&#39;ann&eacute;e 2017, en regard des &eacute;l&eacute;ments de sa mission, soit la pr&eacute;vention-inspection, la r&eacute;paration, le financement, les normes du travail et l&#39;&eacute;quit&eacute; salariale.??? </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_1046.aspx" title="http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_1046.aspx">http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_1046.aspx</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 05 Oct 2018 14:33:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/05/11288.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-05T14:33:00Z 2018-10-05 14:33 +00:00 2018-10-05 10:33 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11285 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/05/11285.aspx Engins de terrassement Équipements Machines mobiles et véhicules Normes NF ISO 5006 - Engins de terrassement <p>Le pr&eacute;sent document sp&eacute;cifie une m&eacute;thode d&#39;essai statique qui permet de d&eacute;terminer et d&#39;&eacute;valuer le champ de vision de l&#39;op&eacute;rateur, mesur&eacute;e sur un contour rectangulaire entourant l&#39;engin et sur un cercle d&#39;essai de visibilit&eacute; (VTC) de 12 m de rayon. Il s&#39;applique aux engins de terrassement tels que d&eacute;finis dans l&#39;ISO 6165, qui ont un poste de l&#39;op&eacute;rateur assis, et qui sont destin&eacute;s &agrave; fonctionner sur des chantiers et circuler sur les voies publiques. Il fournit des crit&egrave;res de performance de visibilit&eacute; pour des engins ayant une masse en service maximale selon l&#39;ISO 6016, d&eacute;pendant du type de la famille d&#39;engins &eacute;num&eacute;r&eacute;s dans le Tableau 1. Pour les engins non mentionn&eacute;s dans le Tableau 1, y compris les engins de grand gabarit, les engins de terrassement d&eacute;riv&eacute;s et autres types d&#39;engins de terrassement, les modes op&eacute;ratoires d&#39;essai de visibilit&eacute; peuvent &ecirc;tre utilis&eacute;s avec le processus de l&#39;appr&eacute;ciation du risque d&eacute;fini en 10.4.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-5006/engins-de-terrassement-visibilite-du-conducteur-methode-d-essai-et-criteres-de-performance/article/914157/fa194622" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-5006/engins-de-terrassement-visibilite-du-conducteur-methode-d-essai-et-criteres-de-performance/article/914157/fa194622">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-5006/engins-de-terrassement-visibilite-du-conducteur-methode-d-essai-et-criteres-de-performance/article/914157/fa194622</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 05 Oct 2018 13:02:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/05/11285.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-05T13:02:00Z 2018-10-05 13:02 +00:00 2018-10-05 09:02 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11281 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/04/11281.aspx Québec Indemnisation Canada Lésions professionnelles Régions géographiques CNESST - Appendice statistique 2017 (version préliminaire) <p>L&rsquo;appendice statistique est un compl&eacute;ment d&rsquo;information aux donn&eacute;es d&rsquo;exploitation, sous forme de tableaux et graphiques uniquement, regroupant quelques informations de base relatives au secteur SST. Notamment, la Direction des communications et des relations publiques y r&eacute;f&egrave;re pour r&eacute;pondre &agrave; des demandes m&eacute;dias. On y retrouve entre autres :<br />&middot; Statistiques r&eacute;gionales et sectorielles sur les &eacute;tablissements, dossiers d&rsquo;intervention en pr&eacute;vention-inspection, dossiers accept&eacute;s pour l&eacute;sions professionnelles, d&eacute;c&egrave;s et donn&eacute;es financi&egrave;res ;<br />&middot; Historique sur 10 ans de l&rsquo;&Eacute;tat du r&eacute;sultat global du FSST et &eacute;l&eacute;ments relatifs &agrave; la situation financi&egrave;re de celui-ci ;<br />&middot; Historique depuis l&rsquo;ann&eacute;e 2000 de l&rsquo;estimation du nombre de travailleurs couverts par la LSST.</p> <p>Source: <a href="http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Pages/DC-300-328.aspx">http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Pages/DC-300-328.aspx</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 04 Oct 2018 14:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/04/11281.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-04T14:24:00Z 2018-10-04 14:24 +00:00 2018-10-04 10:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11270 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/01/11270.aspx Conséquences Facteurs de risque Absentéisme Facteurs psychosociaux TMS Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Santé mentale Comorbid symptoms of depression and musculoskeletal pain and risk of long term sickness absence <p>Background: Symptoms of depression and musculoskeletal pain have both been found to be associated with increased risk of long term sickness absence (LTSA). The comorbidity between depression and pain i.e. simultaneous presence of both symptoms, is well established in the literature. The aim for the current investigation was to investigate whether the presence of comorbid pain influences the associations between depressive symptoms and LTSA or if the presence of comorbid depressive symptoms influences associations between musculoskeletal pain and LTSA.<br />Methods: A sample of 6572 Danish female health care workers responding to a questionnaire about health and working conditions were followed up in a national register of social transfer payments (DREAM) for 550 days. We estimated the risk for LTSA of four weeks or more, associated with depressive symptoms and number of musculoskeletal pain locations using a Cox proportional hazards model allowing multiple observations per individual. We conducted a test for multiplicative interaction between musculoskeletal pain locations and depressive symptoms, and presented stratified regression models to facilitate the interpretation of the results.<br />Results: The severity of depressive symptoms was correlated with the number of pain locations reported (Spearman&#39;s rho&thinsp;=&thinsp;.24, p&thinsp;&lt;&thinsp;0.001). We found a significant multiplicative interaction between depressive symptoms and musculoskeletal pain in predicting the risk of LTSA. Depressive symptoms and number of musculoskeletal pain locations were associated with increased risk of LTSA for individuals who did not have comorbid symptoms. However, we found no significant associations between the two predictors and LTSA among participants who reported comorbid symptoms.<br />Conclusions: The risk of LTSA associated with depressive symptoms and musculoskeletal pain appears to be moderated by the presence of comorbid symptoms. The modified risk for LTSA among workers with comorbid symptoms requires further investigation.</p> <p>Source: Melkevik, O., Clausen, T., Pedersen, J., Garde, A. H., Holtermann, A.&nbsp;et Rugulies, R. (2018). <em>BMC public health, 18</em>(1).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5740-y" title="https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5740-y">https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5740-y</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 01 Oct 2018 12:30:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/01/11270.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-01T12:30:00Z 2018-10-01 12:30 +00:00 2018-10-01 08:30 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11278 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/01/11278.aspx Conception Vêtements de protection Conception des textiles Analyse du potentiel d’application des textiles intelligents en santé et en sécurité au travail <p>Les textiles intelligents sont des structures capables de d&eacute;tecter, de r&eacute;agir et de s&#39;adapter &agrave; un grand nombre de stimuli : &eacute;lectriques, magn&eacute;tiques, thermiques, optiques, acoustiques, m&eacute;caniques, chimiques, etc. Ils offrent potentiellement des perspectives tr&egrave;s int&eacute;ressantes dans le domaine de la sant&eacute; et de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail, par exemple, pour des syst&egrave;mes de localisation int&eacute;gr&eacute;s, le suivi des conditions physiologiques des travailleurs, des syst&egrave;mes chauffants et refroidissants int&eacute;gr&eacute;s, des dispositifs de communication, la captation d&#39;&eacute;nergie, etc. Cette &eacute;tude avait pour objectif de r&eacute;aliser une synth&egrave;se des connaissances tir&eacute;es de la litt&eacute;rature technique et scientifique et d&#39;identifier les technologies, solutions et produits sur le march&eacute; des textiles intelligents qui peuvent avoir des applications en sant&eacute; et en s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail (SST), afin de mettre en &eacute;vidence des pistes de recherche et de d&eacute;veloppement dans ce domaine.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101008/n/textiles-intelligents" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101008/n/textiles-intelligents">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101008/n/textiles-intelligents</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 01 Oct 2018 12:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/01/11278.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-01T12:05:00Z 2018-10-01 12:05 +00:00 2018-10-01 08:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11277 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/09/28/11277.aspx Outils d'évaluation de la santé TMS Incapacité Patient-oriented outcomes Santé psychologique au travail Affections Évaluation de la capacité fonctionnelle Étude des qualités psychométriques de l’Outil d’identification de la situation de handicap au travail (OISHT) utilisé auprès de travailleurs ayant un trouble musculosquelettique ou un trouble mental courant <p>L&#39;outil d&#39;identification de la situation de handicap au travail (OISHT) consiste en une entrevue structur&eacute;e qui a &eacute;t&eacute; d&eacute;velopp&eacute;e pour aider les cliniciens &agrave; identifier de fa&ccedil;on syst&eacute;matique les facteurs li&eacute;s &agrave; l&#39;incapacit&eacute; au travail. L&#39;OISHT est un des rares outils disponibles en r&eacute;adaptation pour la client&egrave;le en phase chronique d&#39;incapacit&eacute; au travail. Il tient compte de l&#39;influence de diff&eacute;rents syst&egrave;mes (personnel, sant&eacute;, travail, indemnisation) et a &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;labor&eacute; pour les deux principales probl&eacute;matiques de sant&eacute; associ&eacute;es &agrave; l&#39;incapacit&eacute; au travail, soit les troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS) et les troubles mentaux courants (TMC).<br />L&#39;objectif de cette &eacute;tude visait la validation de l&#39;OISHT aupr&egrave;s de personnes absentes du travail, en raison de TMS ou de TMC. Plus pr&eacute;cis&eacute;ment, il s&#39;agissait de d&eacute;crire les qualit&eacute;s psychom&eacute;triques suivantes de l&#39;OISHT : 1) la validit&eacute; de construit, 2) la coh&eacute;rence interne, 3) la fid&eacute;lit&eacute; interjuges et 4) la validit&eacute; convergente.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101007/n/outil-identification-de-la-situation-handicap-au-travail-oisht-trouble-musculosquelettique-trouble-mental-courant" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101007/n/outil-identification-de-la-situation-handicap-au-travail-oisht-trouble-musculosquelettique-trouble-mental-courant">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101007/n/outil-identification-de-la-situation-handicap-au-travail-oisht-trouble-musculosquelettique-trouble-mental-courant</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 28 Sep 2018 13:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/09/28/11277.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-28T13:24:00Z 2018-09-28 13:24 +00:00 2018-09-28 09:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11262 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/27/11262.aspx Évaluation et mesure Types de tâches Charge physique Manutention manuelle Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Overall risk index for patient transfers in total assistance mode executed by emergency medical technician-paramedics in real work situations <p>Few studies have quantified the risk of musculoskeletal disorders during patient transfers in total assistance mode in real-life prehospital emergency care situations. An index to assess the overall risk of patient transfers was created; it makes it possible to quantify risk based on the patient&#39;s position and the height of the patient&#39;s location. An analysis of 71 transfers executed by paramedics in actual work situations showed that moving a patient from the ground was characterized by acute sagittal flexions and axial rotations, respectively, 42% and 12% of the time. When the patient was lying on a raised surface, the lifting index and perceived exertion were the lowest (2.55; easy). According to the overall risk index, patient transfers from the ground are the riskiest. Paramedics execute many risky lifts even in favorable patient handling contexts.</p> <p>Source: Larouche, D., Bellemare, M., Prairie, J., Hegg-Deloye, S. et&nbsp;Corbeil, P. (2019). <em>Applied Ergonomics, 74</em>, 177-185.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.08.029" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.08.029">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.08.029</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 27 Sep 2018 17:43:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/27/11262.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-27T17:43:00Z 2018-09-27 17:43 +00:00 2018-09-27 13:43 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11274 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/26/11274.aspx Évaluation et mesure Types de tâches Charge physique Genre Manutention manuelle Biomécanique Instrument de mesure Population et entreprise A comparison of lumbar spine and muscle loading between male and female workers during box transfers <p>There is a clear relationship between lumbar spine loading and back musculoskeletal disorders in manual materials handling. The incidence of back disorders is greater in women than men, and for similar work demands females are functioning closer to their physiological limit. It is crucial to study loading on the spine musculoskeletal system with actual handlers, including females, to better understand the risk of back disorders. Extrapolation from biomechanical studies conducted on unexperienced subjects (mainly males) might not be applicable to actual female workers. For male workers, expertise changes the lumbar spine flexion, passive spine resistance, and active/passive muscle forces. However, experienced females select similar postures to those of novices when spine loading is critical. This study proposes that the techniques adopted by male experts, male novices, and females (with considerable experience but not categorized as experts) impact their lumbar spine musculoskeletal systems differently. Spinal loads, muscle forces, and passive resistance (muscle and ligamentous spine) were predicted by a multi-joint EMG-assisted optimization musculoskeletal model of the lumbar spine. Expert males flexed their lumbar spine less (avg. 21.9&deg; vs 30.3-31.7&deg;) and showed decreased passive internal moments (muscle avg. 8.9 % vs 15.9-16.0 %; spine avg. 4.7 % vs 7.1-7.8 %) and increased active internal moments (avg. 72.9 % vs 62.0-63.9 %), thus producing a different impact on their lumbar spine musculoskeletal systems. Experienced females sustained the highest relative spine loads (compression avg. 7.3 N/BW vs 6.2-6.4 N/BW; shear avg. 2.3 N/BW vs 1.7-1.8 N/BW) in addition to passive muscle and ligamentous spine resistance similar to novices. Combined with smaller body size, less strength, and the sequential lifting technique used by females, this could potentially mean greater risk of back injury. Workers should be trained early to limit excessive and repetitive stretching of their lumbar spine passive tissues.</p> <p>Source: Gagnon, D., Plamondon, A.&nbsp;et Larivi&egrave;re, C. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Journal of Biomechanics</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.09.017" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.09.017">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.09.017</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 26 Sep 2018 12:10:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/26/11274.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-26T12:10:00Z 2018-09-26 12:10 +00:00 2018-09-26 08:10 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11263 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/25/11263.aspx Évaluation et mesure Régions anatomiques Types de tâches Travail répétitif Biomécanique Instrument de mesure Poignet-main Two-dimensional biomechanical thumb model for pipetting <p>Manual pipetting imposes repetitive movements, high force, and awkward postures on the thumb, fingers, and wrist, increasing the risk of musculoskeletal injuries. The purpose of this study is to provide a linear regression model to estimate the optimal pipetting grip height based on the two-dimensional biomechanical static thumb model developed in this study. This biomechanical static thumb model uses hand anatomy and static equilibrium conditions to estimate internal tendon forces against a given external force. Based on the model, we conclude that the optimal grip height is 3 cm in males and 2 cm in females in terms of grip strength and force efficiency. In addition, the model is validated by RMS EMG data from correlation analysis between the predicted internal tendon forces, with RMS EMG values of 0.65 for Flexor Pollicis Longus, 0.57 for Flexor Pollicis Brevis, and 0.61 for Adductor Pollicis.</p> <p>Source: Kim, E.&nbsp;et Freivalds, A. (2018).&nbsp;<em>International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 68</em>, 165-175.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2018.07.008" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2018.07.008">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2018.07.008</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 25 Sep 2018 12:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/25/11263.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-25T12:44:00Z 2018-09-25 12:44 +00:00 2018-09-25 08:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11273 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/25/11273.aspx Traitement acoustique des locaux Prévention du bruit Réduction du bruit Étude de terrain pour l'évaluation de l'effet du masquage sonore sur la santé et le bien-être au travail dans les bureaux ouverts. <p>Les syst&egrave;mes de masquage sonore d&#39;aujourd&#39;hui sont pr&eacute;sent&eacute;s comme des outils pour r&eacute;duire les nuisances sonores dans les bureaux ouverts. Ces syst&egrave;mes comprennent des haut-parleurs qui augmentent artificiellement le bruit de fond pour r&eacute;duire l&#39;intelligibilit&eacute; de la parole et, selon leurs fabricants, ils r&eacute;duisent les perturbations et la fatigue cognitive. Ces arguments reposent sur des &eacute;tudes dont la repr&eacute;sentativit&eacute; reste limit&eacute;e puisqu&#39;elle ne repose que sur des exp&eacute;riences de laboratoire impliquant des temps d&#39;exposition courts. C&#39;est ce manque de donn&eacute;es repr&eacute;sentatives qui justifie la pr&eacute;sente &eacute;tude, dont l&#39;objectif est d&#39;&eacute;valuer in situ les effets d&#39;un syst&egrave;me de masquage sur diff&eacute;rents &eacute;tats psychologiques (fatigue, stress, charge mentale) et sur les nuisances sonores. Pour atteindre cet objectif, un syst&egrave;me de masquage acoustique du commerce a &eacute;t&eacute; s&eacute;lectionn&eacute; sur la base de crit&egrave;res techniques tels que la possibilit&eacute; de g&eacute;n&eacute;rer un champ acoustique uniforme dans la pi&egrave;ce ou la possibilit&eacute; d&#39;ajuster automatiquement le niveau &eacute;mis au niveau sonore environnant. Le syst&egrave;me a &eacute;t&eacute; install&eacute; pendant plusieurs semaines dans un bureau ouvert d&#39;une grande soci&eacute;t&eacute; bancaire fran&ccedil;aise. Deux types de mesures ont &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;s tout au long de la p&eacute;riode de mise en oeuvre du syst&egrave;me. (1) Mesures objectives : les caract&eacute;ristiques de performance acoustique de la pi&egrave;ce ont &eacute;t&eacute; mesur&eacute;es (d&eacute;gradation spatiale du niveau sonore - D2, S et DL2 - et temps de r&eacute;verb&eacute;ration) ainsi que le bruit ambiant &agrave; diff&eacute;rents moments de fonctionnement du syst&egrave;me. (2) Mesures subjectives &agrave; l&#39;aide de questionnaires. Ces mesures subjectives nous ont permis d&#39;&eacute;valuer les effets du masquage sonore sur les diff&eacute;rents &eacute;tats psychologiques susmentionn&eacute;s. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/dms/inrs/Presse/presse-2018/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR.pdf" title="http://www.inrs.fr/dms/inrs/Presse/presse-2018/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR.pdf">http://www.inrs.fr/dms/inrs/Presse/presse-2018/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 25 Sep 2018 12:38:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/25/11273.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-25T12:38:00Z 2018-09-25 12:38 +00:00 2018-09-25 08:38 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11260 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/24/11260.aspx Modes de prévention Régions anatomiques Membres supérieurs Secteur des services de santé Poignet-main Intervention spécifique Modification des outils ou équipements de travail Secteurs d'activités An ergonomic field study to evaluate the effects of a rotatable handle piece on muscular stress and fatigue as well as subjective ratings of usability, wrist posture and precision during laparoscopic surgery <p><strong>An explorative pilot study</strong><br />Purpose: The interface between surgeon and the laparoscopic instrument is an important factor in biomechanical stress that may increase the risk of musculoskeletal complaints in surgeons. This article investigates the effect of a laparoscopic instrument with a rotatable handle piece (rot-HP) on muscular stress and fatigue during routine laparoscopic procedures (LP) as well as usability, wrist posture and working precision.<br />Methods: 40 LP (subtotal hysterectomies) performed by 11 surgeons were investigated. 20 LP were carried out with the rot-HP and 20 with a fixed (standard) laparoscopic handle piece instrument. Shoulder and arm muscle activity was monitored via surface electromyography (sEMG). The electrical activity (EA) and median power frequency (MPF) were used to determine muscular stress and fatigue. Usability, wrist posture, and working precision between handle piece conditions were assessed by a survey.<br />Results: Using the rot-HP did not reduce muscular stress. A tendency of muscular fatigue (increasing EA, decreasing MPF) occurred in the upper trapezius, middle deltoid and extensor digitorum muscles; however, no differences were found between handle pieces. Wrist posture was more comfortable using the rot-HP and working precision and usability tended to be preferred using the standard handle piece.<br />Conclusions: Although wrist posture seemed to be optimized by the rot-HP, no effect on muscular stress and fatigue was observed in routine LP (&lt;&thinsp;60 min duration). Optimization of wrist posture may provide positive effects in mid- or long-term procedures. However, sufficient familiarization with the new instrument is crucial since working precision and usability could be impaired.</p> <p>Source: Kraemer, B., Seibt, R., Stoffels, A. K., Rothmund, R., Brucker, S. Y., Rieger, M. A.&nbsp;et Steinhilber, B. (2018). <em>International archives of occupational and environmental health</em>.<br /><a title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1344-1 " href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1344-1" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1344-1</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 24 Sep 2018 12:03:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/24/11260.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-24T12:03:00Z 2018-09-24 12:03 +00:00 2018-09-24 08:03 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11261 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/21/11261.aspx Évaluation et mesure Facteurs de risque Régions anatomiques Types de tâches Charge physique Dos Manutention manuelle Biomécanique Instrument de mesure The influence of external load configuration on trunk biomechanics and spinal loading during sudden loading <p>Sudden loading is a major risk factor for work-related lower back injuries among occupations involving manual material handling (MMH). The current study explored the effects of external weight configuration on trunk biomechanics and trunk rotational stiffness in the sagittal plane during sudden loading. Fifteen asymptomatic volunteers experienced sudden loadings using the same magnitude of weight (9&thinsp;kg) with two different configurations (medially- or laterally-distributed) at three levels of height (low, middle and high). Results of this study showed that the medially distributed weight resulted in a significantly higher peak L5/S1 joint compression force (2861 N vs. 2694 N) and trunk rotational stiffness (2413&thinsp;Nm/rad vs. 1785&thinsp;Nm/rad) compared to the laterally distributed weight. It was concluded that when experiencing sudden loading, a more laterally distributed weight could increase the load&#39;s resistance to physical perturbations and alleviate spinal loading during sudden loading events.</p> <p>Source: Madinei, S., Motabar, H.&nbsp;et Ning, X. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Ergonomics</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2018.1489068" title="https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2018.1489068">https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2018.1489068</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 21 Sep 2018 19:10:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/21/11261.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-21T19:10:00Z 2018-09-21 19:10 +00:00 2018-09-21 15:10 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11257 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/20/11257.aspx Évaluation et mesure Modes de prévention Types de tâches Évaluation des interventions Travail assis Intervention What do Workers do to Reduce Their Sitting Time? <p><strong>The Relationships of Strategy use and Workplace Support with Desk-Based Workers&#39; Behaviour Changes in a Workplace-Delivered Sitting-Reduction and Activity-Promoting Intervention</strong><br />Objective: To explore workers&#39; sitting-reduction and activity-promoting strategy use following an intervention targeting these changes, and whether strategy use and perceived workplace support impacted on three-month sitting and activity outcomes.<br />Methods: This secondary analysis in desk-based workers (n = 83) utilised data collected on questionnaire-derived strategy use and workplace support, and activPAL3TM-derived sitting (total; prolonged, &ge;30mins) and activity (standing; stepping) at work.<br />Results: Fourteen strategies were commonly used during the intervention. Increased usage of some strategies were significantly (p &lt; 0.05) associated with beneficial changes in prolonged sitting or stepping only. Workplace support was significantly beneficially associated with changes in sitting, prolonged sitting, and stepping; these associations were largely independent of strategy use changes.<br />Conclusions: Strategies were highly used, with increased use associated with some behavioural improvements. Workplace support appears essential for improving sitting and activity in the workplace.</p> <p>Source: Brakenridge, C. L., Healy, G. N., Winkler, E. A.&nbsp;et Fjeldsoe, B. S. (2018). <em>Journal of occupational and environmental medicine</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001419" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001419">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001419</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 20 Sep 2018 19:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/20/11257.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-20T19:14:00Z 2018-09-20 19:14 +00:00 2018-09-20 15:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11265 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/09/20/11265.aspx États-Unis Indemnisation Coûts des lésions professionnelles Lésions professionnelles Régions géographiques Reoccurring Injury, Chronic Health Conditions, and Behavioral Health <p><strong>Gender Differences in the Causes of Workers&#39; Compensation Claims</strong><br />Objective: The aim of this study was o examine how work and nonwork health-related factors contribute to workers&#39; compensation (WC) claims by gender.<br />Methods: Workers (N = 16,926) were enrolled in the Pinnacol Assurance Health Risk Management study, a multiyear, longitudinal research program assessing small and medium-sized enterprises in Colorado. Hypotheses were tested using gender-stratified logistic regression models.<br />Results: For both women and men, having incurred a prior WC claim increased the odds of a future claim. The combination of incurring a prior claim and having metabolic health conditions resulted in lower odds of a future claim. Behavioral health risk factors increased the odds of having a claim more so among women than among men.<br />Conclusion: This study provides data to support multifactorial injury theories, and the need for injury prevention efforts that consider workplace conditions as well as worker health.</p> <p>Source: Schwatka, N. V., Shore, E., Atherly, A., Weitzenkamp, D., Dally, M. J., vS Brockbank, C., ...&nbsp;et Newman, L. S. (2018). <em>Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 60</em>(8), 710-716.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001301" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001301">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001301</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 20 Sep 2018 12:27:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/09/20/11265.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-20T12:27:00Z 2018-09-20 12:27 +00:00 2018-09-20 08:27 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11247 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/19/11247.aspx Dextérité Conception Gants de protection Protection des mains et des bras Caractéristiques de conception des équipements ASTM F2010 / F2010M - 18 - Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Glove Effects on Wearer Finger Dexterity Using a Modified Pegboard Test <p>Scope:&nbsp;This test method is used for evaluating finger dexterity while wearing gloves.<br />This test method covers procedures in which the wearer picks up small objects between the thumb and index finger.<br />This test method is suitable for evaluating gloves and other forms of hand protection that allow the wearer to pick up small objects between their thumb and index finger.<br />This test method does not address all effects of glove use on hand function. Other methods should be considered to evaluate the effects of gloves on grip, tactility, and other hand functions of interest.<br />The values stated in SI units or in other units shall be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system must be used independently of the other, without combining values in any way.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2010.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2010.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2010.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 19 Sep 2018 12:40:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/19/11247.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-19T12:40:00Z 2018-09-19 12:40 +00:00 2018-09-19 08:40 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11248 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/09/18/11248.aspx Canada Contexte de travail Champs de recherche Régions géographiques Données administratives Ontario Violence Gender differences in injuries attributed to workplace violence in Ontario 2002-2015 <p>Objectives: The aim of the study is to compare trends in the incidence of injury resulting from workplace violence for men and women at the population level over the period 2002&ndash;2015 among working-age adults in Ontario, Canada.<br />Methods: Administrative records of injury resulting from workplace violence were obtained from two population-based data sources in Ontario: 21&thinsp;228 lost-time workers&#39; compensation claims (2002&ndash;2015) and 13&thinsp;245 records of non-scheduled emergency department visits (2004&ndash;2014), where the main problem was attributed to a workplace violence event. Denominator counts were estimated from labour force surveys conducted by Statistics Canada, stratified by age and sex. Age-standardised rates were calculated using the direct method.<br />Results: Over the observation period, workplace violence incidence rates were in the range of 0.2&ndash;0.5 per 1000 full-time equivalent workers. Incidence rates of injury due to workplace violence among women increased over the observation period, with an average annual per cent change (APC) of 2.8% (95% CI 1.7% to 3.9%) in compensation claims and 2.7% (95% CI 1.0% to 4.4%) in emergency department visits. In contrast, there was no change in workplace violence injury rates among men in compensation claims (APC: &minus;0.2% (95% CI &minus;1.2% to 0.9%)) or in emergency department visits (APC: &minus;0.5% (95% CI &minus;1.6% to 0.6%)). A pronounced increase in workplace violence injury rates was observed in the education sector with an APC=7.0% (95% CI 5.6% to 8.5%) for women and an APC=4.1% (95% CI 0.9% to 7.4%) for men.<br />Conclusions: Differences in the risk of injury resulting from workplace violence for women relative to men in Ontario between 2002 and 2015 were verified by two data sources. The relative risk of violence for men and women also differed across industries.</p> <p>Source: Chen, C., Smith, P. M. et&nbsp;Mustard, C. (2018). <em>Occup Environ Med</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105152" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105152">http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105152</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 18 Sep 2018 15:56:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/09/18/11248.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-18T15:56:00Z 2018-09-18 15:56 +00:00 2018-09-18 11:56 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11251 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/09/17/11251.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Facteurs organisationnels Méthodes et types d’études Méthodes non-expérimentales Étude longitudinale Étude épidémiologique Facteurs liés à l’environnement de travail Workplace Social System and Sustained Return-to-Work: A Study of Supervisor and Co-worker Supportiveness and Injury Reaction <p>Objective: To examine the impact of the social workplace system on sustained return-to-work (SRTW). Methods: A random sample of workers&#39; compensation claimants was recruited to complete a survey following claim acceptance (baseline), and 6 months later (time 2). SRTW, at baseline and time 2, was classified as those reporting being back at work for &gt;28 days. Co-worker and supervisor support were assessed using five and seven items, respectively, and total scores were produced. A list of potential supervisory and co-worker reactions were presented to participants who were asked whether the reaction applied to them; response were coded as positive or non-positive. Demographic and injury characteristics, and work context factors were collected. Baseline and at time 2 multivariable models were conducted to examine the impact of supervisory and coworker support and injury reaction on SRTW. Results: 551 (baseline) and 403 (time 2) participants from the overall cohort met study eligibility criteria. At baseline, 59% of all participants indicated SRTW; 70% reported SRTW at time 2. Participants reported moderate support from their supervisor (mean&thinsp;=&thinsp;8.5&thinsp;&plusmn;&thinsp;3.9; median&thinsp;=&thinsp;8.2; range&thinsp;=&thinsp;5&ndash;15) and co-workers (mean&thinsp;=&thinsp;10.2&thinsp;&plusmn;&thinsp;4.5; median&thinsp;=&thinsp;10.3; range&thinsp;=&thinsp;5&ndash;25). Over half reported a positive supervisor (59%) or co-worker injury reaction (71%). Multivariable models found that a positive supervisor injury reaction was significantly associated with SRTW at baseline (OR 2.3; 95% CI 1.4&ndash;3.9) and time 2 (OR 1.6; 95% CI 1.1&ndash;2.3). Conclusions: Promoting supervisor positivity towards an injured worker is an important organizational work disability management strategy.</p> <p>Source: Jetha, A., LaMontagne, A. D., Lilley, R., Hogg-Johnson, S., Sim, M.&nbsp;et Smith, P. (2018). <em>Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 28</em>(3),&nbsp;486-494.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9724-z" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9724-z ">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9724-z</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 17 Sep 2018 18:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/09/17/11251.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-17T18:44:00Z 2018-09-17 18:44 +00:00 2018-09-17 14:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11250 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/09/17/11250.aspx Europe Décès Lésions professionnelles Régions géographiques Irlande HSA - Statistic Report 2017 <p>Annual Summary of Workplace Injury, Illness and Fatality Statistics presents the most recently available statistics on occupational injury, illness and workplace fatalities in Ireland. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/Statistics_Report_2017.81204.shortcut.html" title="https://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/Statistics_Report_2017.81204.shortcut.html">https://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/Statistics_Report_2017.81204.shortcut.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 17 Sep 2018 17:43:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/09/17/11250.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-17T17:43:00Z 2018-09-17 17:43 +00:00 2018-09-17 13:43 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11237 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/17/11237.aspx Protection biologique Secteur des services de santé Utilisation Équipement de protection individuel Secteurs d'activités Risk of self-contamination during doffing of personal protective equipment <p>Background: The aim of this study was to describe the risk of self-contamination associated with doffing of personal protective equipment (PPE) and to compare self-contamination with various PPE protocols.<br />Methods: We tested 10 different PPE donning and doffing protocols, recommended by various health organizations for Ebola. Ten participants were recruited for this study and randomly assigned to use 3 different PPE protocols. After donning of PPE, fluorescent lotion and spray were applied on the external surface of the PPE to simulate contamination, and ultraviolet light was used to count fluorescent patches on the skin.<br />Results: After testing 30 PPE sequences, large fluorescent patches were recorded after using &ldquo;WHO coverall and 95&rdquo; and &ldquo;North Carolina coverall and N95&rdquo; sequences, and small patches were recorded after using &ldquo;CDC coverall and N95&rdquo; and &ldquo;Health Canada gown and N95&rdquo; sequences. Commonly reported problems with PPE use were breathing difficulty, suffocation, heat stress, and fogging-up glasses. Most participants rated PPE high (18/30) or medium (11/30) for ease of donning/doffing and comfort. PPE sequences with powered air-purifying respirators (PAPRs) and assisted doffing were generally associated with fewer problems and were rated the highest.<br />Conclusion: This study confirmed the risk of self-contamination associated with the doffing of PPE. PAPR-containing protocols and assisted doffing should be preferred whenever possible during the outbreak of highly infectious pathogens.</p> <p>Source: Chughtai, A. A., Chen, X.&nbsp;et Macintyre, C. R. (2018).&nbsp;<em>American journal of infection control</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2018.06.003" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2018.06.003">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2018.06.003</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 17 Sep 2018 14:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/17/11237.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-17T14:14:00Z 2018-09-17 14:14 +00:00 2018-09-17 10:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11245 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/17/11245.aspx Matériaux acoustiques Prévention du bruit Méthodes de mesure Réduction du bruit Méthodologie innovante pour la caractérisation des matériaux acoustiques en laboratoire et étude de son applicabilité sur le terrain <p>La performance d&#39;un traitement insonorisant se traduit par un coefficient d&#39;absorption, qui est d&eacute;fini th&eacute;oriquement entre une valeur de 0 (mat&eacute;riau non absorbant) et une valeur de 1 (mat&eacute;riau parfaitement absorbant). Peu pr&eacute;cise &agrave; plusieurs &eacute;gards, la mesure de ce coefficient est uniquement r&eacute;alis&eacute;e en laboratoire. Elle est caract&eacute;ris&eacute;e par la grande variabilit&eacute; des r&eacute;sultats entre les laboratoires de test et les valeurs d&#39;absorption obtenues atteignent souvent des valeurs non physiques en pratique (sup&eacute;rieures &agrave; 1). Pourtant, ces valeurs servent actuellement &agrave; choisir des mat&eacute;riaux pour des traitements absorbants, ou pour r&eacute;aliser des calculs pr&eacute;visionnels de bruit (pour lesquels la principale source d&#39;erreur reste la connaissance pr&eacute;cise de ces coefficients).<br />Sur la base d&#39;une premi&egrave;re preuve de concept, la pr&eacute;sente &eacute;tude propose une m&eacute;thode de caract&eacute;risation robuste et fiable des traitements absorbants en laboratoire et &eacute;value son applicabilit&eacute; sur le terrain, afin de pouvoir mesurer les performances r&eacute;elles des mat&eacute;riaux apr&egrave;s leur installation. L&#39;approche propos&eacute;e repose sur la mesure de la propagation acoustique entre une source mobile (formant une &laquo; antenne &raquo; virtuelle) et un doublet microphonique fixe &agrave; faible distance d&#39;un &eacute;chantillon du mat&eacute;riau test&eacute;. Dans une &eacute;tape de post-traitement ult&eacute;rieure, ces donn&eacute;es sont utilis&eacute;es pour obtenir le coefficient d&#39;absorption dans des conditions de champ acoustique diffus.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101005/n/caracterisation-materiaux-acoustiques" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101005/n/caracterisation-materiaux-acoustiques">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101005/n/caracterisation-materiaux-acoustiques</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 17 Sep 2018 12:53:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/17/11245.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-17T12:53:00Z 2018-09-17 12:53 +00:00 2018-09-17 08:53 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11236 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/13/11236.aspx Évaluation Profil d’accidents/incidents Protection biologique Secteur des services de santé Équipement de protection individuel Secteurs d'activités Identification and Characterization of Failures in Infectious Agent Transmission Precaution Practices in Hospitals <p><strong>A Qualitative Study</strong><br />Importance:&nbsp;Using personal protective equipment (PPE) and transmission-based precautions are primary strategies for reducing the transmission of infectious agents.<br />Objective: To identify and characterize failures in transmission-based precautions, including PPE use, by health care personnel that could result in self-contamination or transmission during routine, everyday hospital care.<br />Design, Setting, and Participants: This qualitative study involved direct observation inside and outside patient rooms on clinical units from March 1, 2016, to November 30, 2016. Observations occurred in the medical and/or surgical units and intensive care units at an academic medical center and a Veterans Affairs hospital, as well as the emergency department of the university hospital. Trained observers recorded extensive field notes while personnel provided care for patients in precautions for a pathogen transmitted through contact (eg, Clostridium difficile, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) or respiratory droplet (eg, influenza). Specific occurrences involving potential personnel self-contamination were identified through a directed content analysis. These occurrences were further categorized, using a human factors model of human error, as active failures, such as violations, mistakes, or slips.<br />Conclusions and Relevance: Active failures in PPE use and transmission-based precautions, potentially leading to self-contamination, were commonly observed. The factors that contributed to these failures varied widely, suggesting the need for a range of strategies to reduce potential transmission risk during routine hospital care.</p> <p>Source: Krein, S. L., Mayer, J., Harrod, M., Weston, L. E., Gregory, L., Petersen, L., ...&nbsp;et Drews, F. A. (2018). <em>JAMA Intern Med.,&nbsp;178</em>(8), 1051-1057. <a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/0.1001/jamainternmed.2018.1898%20" title="http://dx.doi.org/0.1001/jamainternmed.2018.1898 ">http://dx.doi.org/0.1001/jamainternmed.2018.1898 </a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 13 Sep 2018 14:38:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/13/11236.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-13T14:38:00Z 2018-09-13 14:38 +00:00 2018-09-13 10:38 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11234 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/12/11234.aspx Protection biologique Secteur des services de santé Vêtements de protection Équipement de protection individuel Secteurs d'activités Normes et législation Vêtements de protection d'urgence médicale NFPA 1999 - Standard on Protective Clothing and Ensembles for Emergency Medical Operations <p>This standard specifies requirements for EMS protective clothing to protect personnel performing patient care during emergency medical operations from contact with blood and body fluid-borne pathogens. It also includes additional requirements that provide limited protection from specified CBRN terrorism agents.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=1999" title="https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=1999">https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=1999</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 12 Sep 2018 17:37:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/12/11234.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-12T17:37:00Z 2018-09-12 17:37 +00:00 2018-09-12 13:37 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11233 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/11/11233.aspx Vêtements de protection Vêtements de protection chimique Secteurs d'activités Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture NF EN ISO 27065 - Habillement de protection - Exigences de performance pour les vêtements de protection portés par les opérateurs appliquant des pesticides et pour les travailleurs de rentrée <p>Le pr&eacute;sent document &eacute;tablit les exigences de performance minimale, de classification et de marquage pour les v&ecirc;tements de protection port&eacute;s par les op&eacute;rateurs manipulant des pesticides ainsi que par les travailleurs de rentr&eacute;e. Aux fins du pr&eacute;sent document, le terme &quot;pesticide&quot; s&#39;applique aux insecticides, herbicides, fongicides et autres substances appliqu&eacute;es sous forme liquide qui sont destin&eacute;s &agrave; pr&eacute;venir, d&eacute;truire, repousser ou contenir les organismes nuisibles ou les mauvaises herbes en milieu agricole, dans les espaces verts, sur les bords de routes, etc. Il ne couvre pas les produits biocides utilis&eacute;s en milieu agricole et non agricole. La manipulation des pesticides inclut les op&eacute;rations de m&eacute;lange et chargement et d&#39;application, et d&#39;autres activit&eacute;s telles que le nettoyage des &eacute;quipements et r&eacute;cipients contamin&eacute;s. Les pesticides concentr&eacute;s font g&eacute;n&eacute;ralement l&#39;objet de manipulations lors du m&eacute;lange et du chargement. Les v&ecirc;tements de protection concern&eacute;s par le pr&eacute;sent document comprennent, entre autres, les chemises, vestes, pantalons, combinaisons, tabliers, manchettes de protection, casquettes/chapeaux et autres couvre-chefs (exclusion faite des casques de protection constitu&eacute;s de mat&eacute;riaux rigides, par exemple les casques port&eacute;s par les travailleurs du b&acirc;timent) , ainsi que les accessoires utilis&eacute;s en dessous des pulv&eacute;risateurs &agrave; dos. Le pr&eacute;sent document ne traite pas des articles utilis&eacute;s pour la protection des voies respiratoires, des mains et des pieds. Il ne traite pas de la protection contre les fumigants.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-iso-27065/habillement-de-protection-exigences-de-performance-pour-les-vetements-de-protection-portes-par-les-operateurs-appliquant-des-pes/article/822857/fa176009" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-iso-27065/habillement-de-protection-exigences-de-performance-pour-les-vetements-de-protection-portes-par-les-operateurs-appliquant-des-pes/article/822857/fa176009">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-iso-27065/habillement-de-protection-exigences-de-performance-pour-les-vetements-de-protection-portes-par-les-operateurs-appliquant-des-pes/article/822857/fa176009</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 11 Sep 2018 17:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/11/11233.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-11T17:26:00Z 2018-09-11 17:26 +00:00 2018-09-11 13:26 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11230 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/09/10/11230.aspx Équipements Machines fixes Grues Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Secteurs d'activités Tower crane safety on construction sites: A complex sociotechnical system perspective <p>Tower crane is the lifeline of the construction industry, but tower crane accidents are still too frequent. Despite the significant progress in tower crane safety research, system thinking-based approaches are lacking. The aim of this paper is to analyze tower crane safety from a complex sociotechnical system perspective through implementing both qualitative and quantitative analysis methods. Characteristics of five tower crane safety system components are summarized with a new framework comprised of five system-based levels based on Rasmussen&#39;s risk management theory. Fifty-six contributing factors of tower crane safety were identified. The AcciMap technique was applied to qualitatively build a generic model for tower crane safety, which comprehensively presents the systems levels and casual paths of the contributing factors. A survey was conducted to quantitatively research the tower crane safety system. Nine main dimensions and 25 critical factors were found pertaining to the tower crane safety system. These results provide a new lens for tower crane safety and contribute new systems thinking applications in tower crane safety management.</p> <p>Source: Zhou, W., Zhao, T., Liu, W.&nbsp;et Tang, J. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety Science, 109</em>, 95-108.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.001" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.001">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.001</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 10 Sep 2018 13:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/09/10/11230.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-10T13:17:00Z 2018-09-10 13:17 +00:00 2018-09-10 09:17 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11232 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/10/11232.aspx Chaussures de sécurité Normes et réglementation Protection des pieds ASTM F2412 - 18a - Standard Test Methods for Foot Protection <p>These test methods contain requirements to evaluate the performance of footwear for the following:<br />- Impact resistance for the toe area of footwear (I),<br />- Compression resistance for the toe area of footwear (C),<br />- Metatarsal protection that reduces the chance of injury to the metatarsal bones at the top of the foot (Mt),<br />- Conductive properties which reduce hazards that may result from static electricity buildup, and reduce the possibility of ignition of explosives and volatile chemicals (Cd),<br />- Electric hazard to protect the wearer when accidentally stepping on live electric wires (EH),<br />- Static dissipative properties to reduce hazards that result from a build up of static charge where there is an underlying risk of accidental contact with live electrical circuits (SD), and<br />- Puncture resistance footwear devices (PR).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2412.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2412.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2412.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 10 Sep 2018 13:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/10/11232.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-10T13:14:00Z 2018-09-10 13:14 +00:00 2018-09-10 09:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11231 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/09/06/11231.aspx Facteurs humains Facteurs de risque Protecteurs ou dispositifs de protection Appréciation du risque Risque machine Sécurité des machines Literature review on the incentives and solutions for the bypassing of guards and protective devices on machinery <p>Bypassing guards and protective devices on machinery can lead to serious and fatal accidents. The aim of this paper is to conduct a comprehensive review that sheds light on the definition of bypassing, related regulations and standards, workers&#39; incentives to bypass, and possible solutions to overcome this issue. The review generated 72 incentives to bypass guards and protective devices and 82 solutions. Some of the most frequent incentives included the necessity to remove safeguards in order to perform activities (e.g. adjustment, troubleshooting, maintenance, and installation), a lack of visibility, failures and a lack of reliability of the safeguards. This literature analysis suggests classifying the incentives into five categories: ergonomics, productivity, machine or safeguarding, behavior, and corporate climate. The solutions, which are related to the design, manufacturing, and usage phases, are classified into technical, organizational, and individual factors. These are all factors that influence the prevention of bypassing. The review shows that there is a lack of an integrated tool to prevent bypassing. This paper serves as a foundation to develop such a tool, as well as to provide useful insights into the incentives for bypassing, as well as preventive solutions that could be used as a guideline for researchers and OHS preventionists.</p> <p>Source: Haghighi, A., Chinniah, Y.&nbsp;et Jocelyn, S. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety Science</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.07.010" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.07.010">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.07.010</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 06 Sep 2018 19:38:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/09/06/11231.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-06T19:38:00Z 2018-09-06 19:38 +00:00 2018-09-06 15:38 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11229 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/06/11229.aspx Effets sur la santé Force de préhension Vibrations main-bras TMS Outils portatifs Facteurs de risque Occupational biomechanical risk factors for surgically treated ulnar nerve entrapment in a prospective study of male construction workers <p>Evidence was provided for forceful hand-grip work, with and without vibration, as a risk factor for ulnar nerve entrapment (UNE) surgery in a large cohort of Swedish construction&nbsp; workers. Several individual biomechanical factors comprising such work were associated with increased risk of UNE, including: increased grip force, upper extremity load, frequency of hand-held tool use, and hand arm vibration.</p> <p>Source: Jackson, J. A., Olsson, D., Punnett, L., Burdorf, A., J&auml;rvholm, B.&nbsp;et Wahlstr&ouml;m, J. (2018). <em>Scandinavian journal of work, environment &amp; health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3757" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3757">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3757</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 06 Sep 2018 18:29:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/06/11229.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-06T18:29:00Z 2018-09-06 18:29 +00:00 2018-09-06 14:29 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11225 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/05/11225.aspx Évaluation Garde-corps Protection contre les chutes de hauteur Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Secteurs d'activités Preventing falls: Choosing compatible Fall Protection Supplementary Devices (FPSD) for bridge maintenance work using virtual prototyping <p>Apart from struck-by safety incidents, fall-related injuries are a major concern in bridge maintenance work. To protect against falls from bridge decks, maintenance workers largely rely on existing bridge guardrails. However, a large number of bridge guardrails do not comply with the regulatory height requirement of 42 &plusmn; 3 in. for sufficient fall protection &ndash; although appropriate for vehicular traffic. To address this fall protection issue, a few departments of transportation (DOTs) have adopted Fall Protection Supplementary Devices (FPSDs). These devices are temporarily installed on existing bridge guardrails to sufficiently increase the barrier height while work is performed on bridge decks. However, not all FPSDs are compatible with every bridge guardrail. Therefore, to provide sufficient protection, DOT decision makers are tasked with identifying FPSDs that are compatible for each guardrail application. This generally has involved physically installing FPSDs and assessing compatibility on a trial-and-error basis. The use of such inefficient techniques have resulted in significant errors, wasted resources, productivity losses, and an increased likelihood of struck-by safety incidents. To address this issue, the objective of this study is to propose an efficient, cost-effective, and safe approach to assessing compatibility using virtual prototyping methods. In addition, to illustrate the use of the proposed method, a case example of the compatibility testing between two bridge guardrails in North Carolina and three separate FPSDs is presented. It is expected that the proposed method will provide a useful mechanism for DOTs to select suitable FPSDs to protect their workforce.</p> <p>Source: Zuluaga, C. M.&nbsp;et Albert, A. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety science, 108</em>, 238-247.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.08.006" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.08.006">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.08.006</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 05 Sep 2018 19:33:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/05/11225.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-05T19:33:00Z 2018-09-05 19:33 +00:00 2018-09-05 15:33 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11218 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/09/04/11218.aspx Appréciation du risque Méthodes Risque machine Sécurité des machines Estimation of probability of harm in safety of machinery using an investigation systemic approach and Logical Analysis of Data <p>In safety of machinery, estimating the probability of occurrence of harm is a recurrent problem. This paper proposes and applies a new method to estimate that probability. Information regarding accidents involving machinery that is gathered and analyzed by experts is formatted based on a systemic-inspired model using the MELITO concept. Then, Logical Analysis of Data (LAD) is used to extract knowledge automatically to characterize accidents. MELITO describes the context in which the accident has occurred, gathering information about the moment (M), equipment (E), location (L), individual (I), task (T) and organization (O). LAD is a data mining algorithm that infers knowledge learning from a database. In this paper, a case study consisting of twenty-three fatal and serious accident reports involving belt conveyors is presented. Data on these accidents is classified according to MELITO. The inferred knowledge is presented in the form of interpretable patterns that characterize and distinguish fatalities from non-fatal harm. Each pattern consists of a Boolean equation from MELITO and covers a subset of accidents. Based on each pattern, the probability of the occurrence of harm related to a hazardous situation is estimated. Such probability is useful in monitoring risk behavior after the occurrence of a new accident, for instance.</p> <p>Source: Jocelyn, S., Ouali, M. S.&nbsp;et Chinniah, Y. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety science, 105</em>, 32-45.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.01.018" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.01.018">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.01.018</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 04 Sep 2018 12:56:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/09/04/11218.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-04T12:56:00Z 2018-09-04 12:56 +00:00 2018-09-04 08:56 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11213 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/08/31/11213.aspx Canada Équipements de protection Bruit et vibrations Enquêtes Champs de recherche Régions géographiques Canadiens vulnérables au bruit en milieu de travail <p>Contexte : Les lois relatives &agrave; la sant&eacute; et &agrave; la s&eacute;curit&eacute; visent &agrave; prot&eacute;ger les travailleurs des dangers, y compris du bruit excessif. Cependant, certains travailleurs ne sont pas tenus d&#39;utiliser des dispositifs de protection de l&#39;ou&iuml;e en cas d&#39;exposition &agrave; du bruit intense et ils peuvent en subir les r&eacute;percussions n&eacute;fastes, notamment des troubles auditifs et des acouph&egrave;nes.<br />Donn&eacute;es et m&eacute;thodes : Les donn&eacute;es pour les personnes &acirc;g&eacute;es de 19 &agrave; 79 ans (n = 6 571) ont &eacute;t&eacute; recueillies de 2012 &agrave; 2015 dans le cadre de l&#39;Enqu&ecirc;te canadienne sur les mesures de la sant&eacute;. Les personnes expos&eacute;es &agrave; du bruit intense en milieu de travail sont celles qui doivent &eacute;lever la voix pour communiquer avec une personne se trouvant &agrave; la distance d&#39;un bras. Les travailleurs vuln&eacute;rables sont ceux qui ne sont pas tenus d&#39;utiliser, pendant leur travail dans des environnements bruyants, des dispositifs de protection de l&#39;ou&iuml;e et qui ne les utilisent que parfois, rarement ou jamais.<br />R&eacute;sultats : On estime que 11 millions de Canadiens (43 %) ont travaill&eacute; dans des environnements bruyants et que plus de 6 millions d&#39;entre eux (56 %) sont class&eacute;s comme &eacute;tant vuln&eacute;rables au bruit en milieu de travail. M&ecirc;me si le pourcentage de femmes vuln&eacute;rables (72 %) &eacute;tait sup&eacute;rieur &agrave; celui des hommes (48 %), le nombre d&#39;hommes d&eacute;passait celui des femmes dans ce contexte pour atteindre 3,7 millions (par rapport &agrave; 2,4 millions de femmes). Les travailleurs autonomes &eacute;taient plus susceptibles d&#39;&ecirc;tre vuln&eacute;rables que les employ&eacute;s, tout comme les cols blancs &eacute;taient plus susceptibles d&#39;&ecirc;tre vuln&eacute;rables que les cols bleus. Les travailleurs vuln&eacute;rables &eacute;taient plus enclins &agrave; d&eacute;clarer souffrir de troubles auditifs et d&#39;acouph&egrave;nes que les personnes n&#39;ayant jamais travaill&eacute; dans un environnement bruyant.<br />Interpr&eacute;tation : Un pourcentage &eacute;lev&eacute; de travailleurs expos&eacute;s &agrave; un milieu de travail bruyant &eacute;tait vuln&eacute;rable parce que l&#39;utilisation d&#39;un dispositif de protection de l&#39;ou&iuml;e n&#39;&eacute;tait pas obligatoire ni courante</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/fr/pub/82-003-x/2018008/article/00002-fra.pdf" title="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/fr/pub/82-003-x/2018008/article/00002-fra.pdf">https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/fr/pub/82-003-x/2018008/article/00002-fra.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 31 Aug 2018 14:00:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/08/31/11213.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-31T14:00:00Z 2018-08-31 14:00 +00:00 2018-08-31 10:00 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11212 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/31/11212.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Équipement de protection Équipement de protection individuel Canadiens vulnérables au bruit en milieu de travail <p>Contexte : Les lois relatives &agrave; la sant&eacute; et &agrave; la s&eacute;curit&eacute; visent &agrave; prot&eacute;ger les travailleurs des dangers, y compris du bruit excessif. Cependant, certains travailleurs ne sont pas tenus d&#39;utiliser des dispositifs de protection de l&#39;ou&iuml;e en cas d&#39;exposition &agrave; du bruit intense et ils peuvent en subir les r&eacute;percussions n&eacute;fastes, notamment des troubles auditifs et des acouph&egrave;nes.<br />Donn&eacute;es et m&eacute;thodes : Les donn&eacute;es pour les personnes &acirc;g&eacute;es de 19 &agrave; 79 ans (n = 6 571) ont &eacute;t&eacute; recueillies de 2012 &agrave; 2015 dans le cadre de l&#39;Enqu&ecirc;te canadienne sur les mesures de la sant&eacute;. Les personnes expos&eacute;es &agrave; du bruit intense en milieu de travail sont celles qui doivent &eacute;lever la voix pour communiquer avec une personne se trouvant &agrave; la distance d&#39;un bras. Les travailleurs vuln&eacute;rables sont ceux qui ne sont pas tenus d&#39;utiliser, pendant leur travail dans des environnements bruyants, des dispositifs de protection de l&#39;ou&iuml;e et qui ne les utilisent que parfois, rarement ou jamais.<br />R&eacute;sultats : On estime que 11 millions de Canadiens (43 %) ont travaill&eacute; dans des environnements bruyants et que plus de 6 millions d&#39;entre eux (56 %) sont class&eacute;s comme &eacute;tant vuln&eacute;rables au bruit en milieu de travail. M&ecirc;me si le pourcentage de femmes vuln&eacute;rables (72 %) &eacute;tait sup&eacute;rieur &agrave; celui des hommes (48 %), le nombre d&#39;hommes d&eacute;passait celui des femmes dans ce contexte pour atteindre 3,7 millions (par rapport &agrave; 2,4 millions de femmes). Les travailleurs autonomes &eacute;taient plus susceptibles d&#39;&ecirc;tre vuln&eacute;rables que les employ&eacute;s, tout comme les cols blancs &eacute;taient plus susceptibles d&#39;&ecirc;tre vuln&eacute;rables que les cols bleus. Les travailleurs vuln&eacute;rables &eacute;taient plus enclins &agrave; d&eacute;clarer souffrir de troubles auditifs et d&#39;acouph&egrave;nes que les personnes n&#39;ayant jamais travaill&eacute; dans un environnement bruyant.<br />Interpr&eacute;tation : Un pourcentage &eacute;lev&eacute; de travailleurs expos&eacute;s &agrave; un milieu de travail bruyant &eacute;tait vuln&eacute;rable parce que l&#39;utilisation d&#39;un dispositif de protection de l&#39;ou&iuml;e n&#39;&eacute;tait pas obligatoire ni courante</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/fr/pub/82-003-x/2018008/article/00002-fra.pdf" title="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/fr/pub/82-003-x/2018008/article/00002-fra.pdf">https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/fr/pub/82-003-x/2018008/article/00002-fra.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 31 Aug 2018 13:59:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/31/11212.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-31T13:59:00Z 2018-08-31 13:59 +00:00 2018-08-31 09:59 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11211 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/27/11211.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Caractérisation du bruit des machines Émission du bruit Secteur de l’industrie manufacturière Exposition au bruit industriel Secteurs d'activités Control of noise risk in the printing industry <p>Machinery used in the printing industry is inherently noisy. Noise levels in this industry have the potential to cause work-related hearing damage, if the risks are not properly assessed and managed. HSE has undertaken a study of noise levels and exposures in the printing industry, to determine noise risks and identify control measures.<br />The noise levels measured in this study indicate that print workers are exposed to hazardous levels of noise: 93% of the study population had noise exposure estimates exceeding the lower exposure action value (LEP,d 80 dB) specified in the Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005.<br />However, many effective noise control features were observed, which, when fully and properly used, can be effective in reducing noise exposures.<br />The inherently noisy nature of the industry, even in more modern print works where quieter machinery is used, means that there is likely to be an ongoing requirement for the use of hearing protection. Although hearing protection was observed to be widely provided and used, failure to correctly fit plug-type protection was commonly observed.<br />Instruction handbooks, obtained for a sample of printing machinery, were found, in most cases, to contain declared noise emission information that would help the user assess and manage real-use risk.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1102.htm" title="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1102.htm">http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1102.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 27 Aug 2018 18:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/27/11211.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-27T18:19:00Z 2018-08-27 18:19 +00:00 2018-08-27 14:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11193 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/13/11193.aspx Prévention du bruit Secteur des services de santé Fatigue auditive Équipement de protection individuel et collectif Secteurs d'activités Alarme sonore The impact of workload on the ability to localize audible alarms <p>Very little is known about people&#39;s ability to localize sound under varying workload conditions, though it would be expected that increasing workload should degrade performance. A set of eight auditory clinical alarms already known to have relatively high localizability (the ease with which their location is identified) when tested alone were tested in six conditions where workload was varied. Participants were required to indicate the location of a series of alarms emanating at random from one of eight speaker locations. Additionally, they were asked to read, carry out mental arithmetic tasks, be exposed to typical ICU noise, or carry out either the reading task or the mental arithmetic task in ICU noise. Performance in the localizability task was best in the control condition (no secondary task) and worst in those tasks which involved both a secondary task and noise. The data does therefore demonstrate the typical pattern of increasing workload affecting a primary task in an area where there is little data. In addition, the data demonstrates that performance in the control condition results in a missed alarm on one in ten occurrences, whereas performance in the heaviest workload conditions results in a missed alarm on every fourth occurrence. This finding has implications for the understanding of both &lsquo;inattentional deafness&#39; and &lsquo;alarm fatigue&#39; in clinical environments.</p> <p>Source: Edworthy, J., Reid, S., Peel, K., Lock, S., Williams, J., Newbury, C., ...&nbsp;et Farrington, M. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Applied ergonomics, 72</em>, 88-93.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.05.006" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.05.006">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.05.006</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 13 Aug 2018 15:10:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/13/11193.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-13T15:10:00Z 2018-08-13 15:10 +00:00 2018-08-13 11:10 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11192 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/08/13/11192.aspx TMS Membres supérieurs Recension des écrits Méthodes et types d’études Affections Main Sickness absence after carpal tunnel release <p><strong>A&nbsp;systematic review of the literature</strong><br />Objectives: The aim of this systematic review was to provide an overview of time to return to work (RTW) after carpal tunnel release (CTR), including return to different occupations and working patterns.<br />Methods: A systematic search from inception to 2016 was conducted using nine electronic databases, trial registries and grey literature repositories. Randomized controlled trials and observational studies reporting RTW times after CTR were included. Study risk of bias was assessed using Cochrane risk of bias assessment tools. Time to RTW was summarized using median and range.<br />Results: A total of 56 relevant studies were identified: 18 randomized controlled trials and 38 observational studies. Only 4 studies were rated as having a low risk of bias. Reported RTW times ranged from 4&ndash;168 days. Few studies reported occupational information. Among 6 studies, median time to return to non-manual work was 21 days (range 7&ndash;41), compared with 39 days for manual work (range 18&ndash;101). Median time to return to modified or full duties was 23 days (ranges 12&ndash;50 and 17&ndash;64, respectively), as reported by 3 studies. There was no common method of defining, collecting or reporting RTW data.<br />Conclusions: This review highlights wide variation in reported RTW times after CTR. Whilst occupational factors may play a role, these were poorly reported, and there is currently limited evidence to inform individual<br />patients of their expected duration of work absence after CTR. A standardized definition of RTW is needed, as well as an agreed method of collecting and reporting related data.</p> <p>Source: Newington L., Stevens M., Warwick D., Adams J. et&nbsp;Walker-Bone K. (2018). <em>Scand J Work Environ Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3762" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3762">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3762</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 13 Aug 2018 14:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/08/13/11192.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-13T14:14:00Z 2018-08-13 14:14 +00:00 2018-08-13 10:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11189 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/08/09/11189.aspx Québec Canada Travail des femmes Régions géographiques Pour une maternité sans danger - Statistiques 2013-2016 <p>Les statistiques pr&eacute;sent&eacute;es dans le document concernent les principales caract&eacute;ristiques des travailleuses dont les r&eacute;clamations relatives au programme Pour une maternit&eacute; sans danger ont &eacute;t&eacute; re&ccedil;ues et accept&eacute;es. Le document porte notamment sur les risques les plus fr&eacute;quents pour la femme enceinte ou l&#39;enfant &agrave; na&icirc;tre et sur la r&eacute;partition des r&eacute;clamations selon le secteur d&#39;activit&eacute;, la profession, l&#39;&acirc;ge de la travailleuse et l&#39;&eacute;tat d&#39;avancement de la grossesse. ? </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Pages/DC_300_254.aspx" title="http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Pages/DC_300_254.aspx">http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Pages/DC_300_254.aspx</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 09 Aug 2018 19:11:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/08/09/11189.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-09T19:11:00Z 2018-08-09 19:11 +00:00 2018-08-09 15:11 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11184 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/08/08/11184.aspx Australie Océanie Régions géographiques Secteurs d'activités Safe Work Australia - Priority industry snapshots 2018 <p>These snapshots provide WHS insights into the industries identified as a priority in the <em>Australian Work Health and Safety Strategy 2012-2022</em>.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/collection/priority-industry-snapshots-2018" title="https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/collection/priority-industry-snapshots-2018">https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/collection/priority-industry-snapshots-2018</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 08 Aug 2018 20:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/08/08/11184.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-08T20:48:00Z 2018-08-08 20:48 +00:00 2018-08-08 16:48 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11174 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/08/11174.aspx Pénétration Vêtements de protection Vêtements de protection chimique Pesticides Secteurs d'activités Normes et législation Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture ASTM F903 - 18 - Standard Test Method for Resistance of Materials Used in Protective Clothing to Penetration by Liquids <p>Significance and Use:&nbsp;This test method is normally used to evaluate the barrier effectiveness against penetration of liquids through materials, seams, closures, or other planar assemblies used in protective clothing and specimens from finished items of protective clothing.&nbsp;Finished items of protective clothing include gloves, arm protectors, aprons, coveralls, suits, hoods, boots, and similar items.<br />Scope: This test method is used to test specimens of protective clothing materials, assemblies such as seams and closures, or interfaces used in the construction of protective clothing. The resistance to visible penetration of the test liquid is determined with the liquid in continuous contact with the normally outside (exterior) surface of the test specimen.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F903.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F903.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/F903.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 08 Aug 2018 18:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/08/11174.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-08T18:24:00Z 2018-08-08 18:24 +00:00 2018-08-08 14:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11179 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/08/07/11179.aspx États-Unis Méthodologie Indemnisation Substances chimiques et agents biologiques Coûts des lésions professionnelles Agents physiques Agents chimiques Champs de recherche Régions géographiques Données administratives TMS Agents biologiques Beyond Determining Compliance: How Can Workers’ Compensation Insurers’ Exposure Data Be Improved and Used? <p>The workers&#39; compensation system can be used for more than processing work-related illness or injury insurance claims. The data collected through this system provide valuable information to identify how these injuries and illnesses happen, so that they can be prevented.<br />In recent years, use of workers&#39; compensation injury and illness data in the public health field has grown. However, occupational exposure data (also known as industrial hygiene data) collected by many workers&#39; compensation insurers is understudied. If analyzed, these data may help identify priority hazards and trends over time because the data include worker exposures to different types of stressors:<br />&bull;Chemical<br />&bull;Physical<br />&bull;Biological<br />&bull;Ergonomic<br />The data could also be used to develop strategies for controlling exposures that would improve worker health.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2018/08/06/using-workers-comp-data/" title="https://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2018/08/06/using-workers-comp-data/">https://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2018/08/06/using-workers-comp-data/</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 07 Aug 2018 12:30:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/08/07/11179.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-07T12:30:00Z 2018-08-07 12:30 +00:00 2018-08-07 08:30 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11173 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/06/11173.aspx Protection chimique Vêtements de protection Vêtements de protection chimique Secteurs d'activités Normes et législation Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture ASTM F2669 - 12(2018) - Standard Performance Specification for Protective Clothing Worn by Operators Applying Pesticides <p>Scope: <br />This specification establishes minimum performance, classification, and labeling requirements for protective clothing worn by operators applying pesticide products, primarily field strength, in liquid form. Protective clothing items covered by this specification include, but are not necessarily limited to, liquid-tight or spray-tight garments, coveralls, jackets, shirts, and pants. This specification addresses protection provided by protective accessories, with the exception of those used for the protection of the head, hands, and feet.&nbsp;This specification does not address protection against biocides, fumigants, or highly volatile liquids.&nbsp;The values given in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2669.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2669.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2669.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 06 Aug 2018 14:22:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/06/11173.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-06T14:22:00Z 2018-08-06 14:22 +00:00 2018-08-06 10:22 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11175 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/03/11175.aspx Protection chimique Protection CBRN Protection biologique Protection nucléaire Protection respiratoire Appareils pour la protection respiratoire Équipement de protection individuel Protection radiation Guide Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) Respiratory Protection Handbook <p>Since 2001, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has established performance and design standards for respiratory protective devices (RPDs) to protect against chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) hazards and toxic industrial chemicals. Prior to 2001, there were no standards for the use of RPDs by U.S. emergency response personnel that covered the full range of expected CBRN threats. Federal regulations require emergency response personnel to use respirators approved by NIOSH for the expected hazards. Equipment performance standards were needed to protect against CBRN threats. Neither industrial nor military respirators provided protection from all potential CBRN respiratory hazards. Several federal agencies partnered to provide research and testing to produce the necessary standards: Department of Justice (DOJ); Department of Homeland Security (DHS); Department of Defense (DoD), U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command (RDECOMa); Department of Commerce (DOC), National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST); and the Department of Labor (DOL), Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2018-166/" title="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2018-166/">https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2018-166/</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 03 Aug 2018 15:31:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/03/11175.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-03T15:31:00Z 2018-08-03 15:31 +00:00 2018-08-03 11:31 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11172 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/02/11172.aspx Évaluation Protection chimique Pénétration Vêtements de protection Vêtements de protection chimique Pesticides Secteurs d'activités Normes et législation Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture ASTM F2130 - 11(2018) - Standard Test Method for Measuring Repellency, Retention, and Penetration of Liquid Pesticide Formulation Through Protective Clothing Materials <p>Significance and Use: This test method can be used for laboratory screening of protective clothing material used to manufacture garments and accessories worn by pesticide workers.&nbsp;This test method can be used for the development and evaluation of new protective clothing materials.&nbsp;This test method can be used for the evaluation of protective clothing materials against new pesticide formulations.<br />Scope: This test method measures repellency, retention, and penetration of a known volume of liquid pesticide when applied to protective clothing material. No external hydrostatic or mechanical pressure is applied to the test specimen during or after the application of the liquid pesticide.&nbsp;This test method is designed to measure performance of protective clothing materials at two levels of contamination. Low level of contamination is achieved by applying 0.1&thinsp;mL liquid formulation and high level by applying 0.2 mL.&nbsp;This test method does not measure resistance to permeation or degradation.&nbsp;This test method is suitable for field-strength pesticide formulations. This test method may not be suitable for testing protective clothing materials against volatile pesticides.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2130.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2130.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2130.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 02 Aug 2018 13:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/02/11172.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-02T13:05:00Z 2018-08-02 13:05 +00:00 2018-08-02 09:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11171 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/01/11171.aspx Évaluation Gants de protection Protection des mains et des bras Secteur de l'administration publique Secteurs d'activités Normes et législation ASTM E3108-18 - Standard Practice for Conformity Assessment of Protective Gloves Worn by Law Enforcement and Corrections Officers <p>Scope:<br />This practice establishes the conformity assessment requirements for protective gloves worn by law enforcement and corrections officers. It was developed based on end user input regarding hazards of concern and operational requirements of officers.2<br />This practice provides two options for conformity assessment: (1) supplier&#39;s declaration of conformity (SDOC) and (2) certification.<br />This practice is intended to be used by purchasers and suppliers in the procurement of gloves that meet Specification E3109, and the purchaser is responsible for selecting either SDOC or certification.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E3108.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E3108.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/E3108.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 01 Aug 2018 12:34:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/01/11171.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-01T12:34:00Z 2018-08-01 12:34 +00:00 2018-08-01 08:34 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11170 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/07/31/11170.aspx Gants de protection Protection des mains et des bras Secteur de l'administration publique Secteurs d'activités Normes et législation ASTM E3109-18 - Standard Specification for Protective Gloves Worn by Law Enforcement and Corrections Officers <p>Scope:<br />This specification addresses protective gloves worn by law enforcement and corrections officers.<br />This specification and related standards were developed by subject matter experts, including experienced end users, using data from a survey of more than 800 U.S. law enforcement and corrections officers.<br />This specification addresses performance requirements, performance ratings, and test methods for whole gloves and for glove components (for example, materials, layers).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E3109.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E3109.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/E3109.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 31 Jul 2018 18:32:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/07/31/11170.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-31T18:32:00Z 2018-07-31 18:32 +00:00 2018-07-31 14:32 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11169 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/07/31/11169.aspx Recension des écrits Méthodes et types d’études Recension systématique des écrits Évaluation d’intervention en réadaptation Interventions Developed with the Intervention Mapping Protocol in Work Disability Prevention <p><strong>A Systematic Review of the Literature</strong><br />Purposes Intervention mapping (IM) is a protocol for developing effective behavior change interventions. It has been used for 10 years to develop work disability prevention (WDP) interventions, but it is not known to what extent and with what success. The main objective of this study was to review the effectiveness of these interventions. Secondary objectives were to review their fidelity to the IM protocol, their theoretical frameworks and their content. Methods A search strategy was conducted in MEDLINE, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Pascal, Francis, and BDSP. All titles and abstracts were reviewed. A standardized extraction form was developed. All included studies were reviewed by two reviewers blinded to each other. Results Eight WDP interventions were identified aimed at return to work (RTW; n&thinsp;=&thinsp;6) and self-management at work (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;2). RTW interventions targeted workers with stress-related mental disorders (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;1), low back pain (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;1), musculoskeletal disorders (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;1), cancer (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;2) and gynecological surgery (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;1). The fidelity to the IM protocol was weaker for the participatory planning group. Matrices of change, change methods, and applications were systematically reported. The main theoretical frameworks used were the attitude-social influence-self efficacy model (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;4) and the theory of planned behavior (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;2). Half of the interventions included a workplace component (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;4). Two interventions were reported as effective, and one partially effective. Conclusion The IM protocol is used in WDP since 2007. The participative dimension appears underused. Few theoretical frameworks were used. Implications are to better consider the stakeholders involvement, and mobilize theoretical frameworks with greater attempts to intervene on the work environment.</p> <p>Source: Fassier, J. B., Sarnin, P., Rouat, S., P&eacute;ron, J., Kok, G., Letrilliart, L.&nbsp;et Lamort-Bouch&eacute;, M. (2018). <em>Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-018-9776-8" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-018-9776-8">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-018-9776-8</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 31 Jul 2018 13:34:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/07/31/11169.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-31T13:34:00Z 2018-07-31 13:34 +00:00 2018-07-31 09:34 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11152 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/07/27/11152.aspx Crème protectrice Protection cutanée Protection des mains et des bras Secteur des services de santé Utilisation Dermatite Secteurs d'activités Influences on use of hand moisturizers in nurses <p>Background: Nurses are at high risk of hand dermatitis. Regular hand moisturizing can prevent dermatitis, but nurses&#39; use of hand moisturizers is suboptimal.<br />Aims: To establish (i) what beliefs about hand dermatitis and hand moisturizer use are associated with hand moisturizer use by nurses at home and at work and (ii) if hand moisturizer use behaviours in nurses are associated with the prevalence of hand dermatitis.<br />Methods: We used a questionnaire to investigate nurses&#39; knowledge, beliefs and behaviours regarding hand dermatitis and use of hand moisturizers.<br />Results: The response rate was 55/65 (85%). Forty-two (76%) participants agreed that applying hand moisturizers reduced the risk of dermatitis, and 53 (96%) agreed that dermatitis increased the risk of skin carrying pathogenic organisms. Frequent moisturizer application was associated with beliefs that it was part of the nurse&#39;s role to apply hand creams, a belief that they had had training in the use of moisturizers and believing that patients approved of them moisturizing their hands.<br />Conclusions: Hand moisturizer use by nurses can be improved by enhancing their beliefs that it is part of their professional role to apply hand cream regularly.</p> <p>Source: Burke, K. M., Wright, A. J., Parsons, V. et&nbsp;Madan, I. (2018). <em>Occupational Medicine, 68</em>(5), 340-342.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqy068" title="https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqy068">https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqy068</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 27 Jul 2018 20:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/07/27/11152.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-27T20:05:00Z 2018-07-27 20:05 +00:00 2018-07-27 16:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11141 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/07/23/11141.aspx Engins de terrassement Équipements Appréciation du risque Machines mobiles et véhicules Sécurité des machines Worker safety and injury severity analysis of earthmoving equipment accidents <p>Introduction: Research on construction worker safety associated with construction equipment has mostly focused on accident type rather than injury severity and the embedded factor relationships. Significant variables and their effects on the degree of injury are examined for earthmoving equipment using data from OSHA. Four types of equipment, backhoe, bulldozer, excavator, and scraper are included in the study. Accidents involving on-foot workers and equipment operators are investigated collectively, as well as separately. Methods: Cross tabulation analysis was conducted to establish the associations between selected categorical variables, using degree of injury as a dichotomous dependent variable (fatal vs. nonfatal) and a number of independent variables having different values. Odds ratios were calculated to determine how much a certain variable/factor increases the odds of fatality in an accident, and the odds ratios were ranked to determine the relative impact of a given factor. Results: It was found that twelve variables were significantly associated with injury severity. Rankings based on odds ratios showed that inadequate safety training (2.54), missing equipment protective system (2.38), being a non-union worker (2.26), being an equipment operator (1.93), and being on or around inadequately maintained equipment (1.58) produced higher odds for fatality. Conclusion: A majority of the earthmoving equipment accidents resulted in fatality. Backhoes were the most common equipment involved in accidents and fatalities. Struck-by accidents were the most prevalent and most fatal. Non-OSHA compliant safety training, missing seatbelt, operator not using seatbelt, malfunctioning back-up alarms, and poorly maintained equipment were factors contributing to accidents and fatalities. On-foot workers experienced a higher number of accidents than operators, while fatality odds were higher for the operators. Practical applications: Safety professionals should benefit from our findings in planning and delivering training and providing oversight to workers in earthmoving equipment operations.</p> <p>Source: Kazan, E.&nbsp;et Usmen, M. A. (2018). <em>Journal of safety research, 65</em>, 73-81.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2018.02.008" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2018.02.008">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2018.02.008</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 23 Jul 2018 19:38:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/07/23/11141.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-23T19:38:00Z 2018-07-23 19:38 +00:00 2018-07-23 15:38 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11121 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/07/16/11121.aspx Appareils de levage Équipements Machines fixes Normes ASME B30.9-2018 - Slings <p>Volume B30.9 includes provisions that apply to the fabrication, attachment, use, inspection, testing, and maintenance of slings used for load handling purposes, used in conjunction with equipment described in other volumes of the B30 Standard, except as restricted in ASME B30.12 and ASME B30.23. Slings fabricated from alloy steel chain, wire rope, metal mesh, synthetic fiber rope, synthetic webbing, and polyester fiber yarns in a protective cover(s) are addressed.<br />Careful application of B30 safety standards will help users to comply with applicable regulations within their jurisdictions, while achieving the operational and safety benefits to be gained from the many industry best-practices detailed in these volumes.<br />Intended for manufacturers, owners, employers, users and others concerned with the specification, buying, maintenance, training and safe use of slings and hooks with B30 equipment, plus all potential governing entities.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.asme.org/products/codes-standards/b309-2018-slings" title="https://www.asme.org/products/codes-standards/b309-2018-slings">https://www.asme.org/products/codes-standards/b309-2018-slings</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 16 Jul 2018 17:47:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/07/16/11121.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-16T17:47:00Z 2018-07-16 17:47 +00:00 2018-07-16 13:47 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11112 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/07/10/11112.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Absentéisme Cancer Affections Maintien en emploi Trajectoires professionnelles Inégalités sociales de santé Affections non associées au travail Conséquences de la survenue du cancer sur les parcours professionnels <p><strong>Une analyse sur donn&eacute;es m&eacute;dico-administratives</strong><br />Ce rapport &eacute;tudie les effets &agrave; court et moyen termes de la survenue d&#39;un cancer sur l&#39;emploi et l&#39;activit&eacute;. Il utilise la base de donn&eacute;es Hygie, produite par l&#39;Irdes &agrave; partir des donn&eacute;es administratives de la Caisse nationale de l&#39;Assurance maladie et de la Caisse nationale d&#39;assurance vieillesse. Hygie permet de reconstituer la carri&egrave;re de l&#39;individu ainsi que les &eacute;v&eacute;nements de sant&eacute;.<br />Une premi&egrave;re partie exploite la dimension r&eacute;trospective li&eacute;e &agrave; la carri&egrave;re et confirme l&#39;effet p&eacute;nalisant du cancer sur l&#39;activit&eacute; et l&#39;augmentation des arr&ecirc;ts maladie. Les r&eacute;sultats d&#39;un mod&egrave;le de double diff&eacute;rence avec appariement exact montrent la persistance des effets de la maladie sur l&#39;&eacute;loignement du march&eacute; du travail, la probabilit&eacute; d&#39;&ecirc;tre employ&eacute; au moins un trimestre dans l&#39;ann&eacute;e diminuant jusqu&#39;&agrave; un horizon de cinq ans. Nous mesurons &eacute;galement l&#39;effet des douze cancers les plus pr&eacute;valents dans la base Hygie et de maladies chroniques ayant un impact potentiel sur le march&eacute; du travail. Les effets les plus marqu&eacute;s sont relatifs au cancer du poumon et des bronches, &agrave; la schizophr&eacute;nie et au VIH. Les maladies chroniques autres que le cancer ont des effets nettement plus att&eacute;nu&eacute;s probablement parce que leurs traitements au long cours am&eacute;liorent la qualit&eacute; de vie.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irdes.fr/recherche/rapports/568-consequences-de-la-survenue-du-cancer-sur-les-parcours-professionnels.pdf" title="http://www.irdes.fr/recherche/rapports/568-consequences-de-la-survenue-du-cancer-sur-les-parcours-professionnels.pdf">http://www.irdes.fr/recherche/rapports/568-consequences-de-la-survenue-du-cancer-sur-les-parcours-professionnels.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 10 Jul 2018 13:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/07/10/11112.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-10T13:49:00Z 2018-07-10 13:49 +00:00 2018-07-10 09:49 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11083 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/06/19/11083.aspx Facteurs humains Risque machine Secteurs d'activités Secteur de l'administration publique Common human factors underlying worker fatalities in the waste and recycling industry <p>Research was carried out to identify common human factors underlying fatal incidents and to provide insights into possible options for concerted action to help reduce the likelihood of serious incidents or fatalities. The research reviewed 18 fatal incidents and included in-depth interviews with HSE inspectors involved in the incident investigations. Of these incidents, 12 were in &lsquo;small and medium enterprises&#39;, SMEs (with less than 250 employees) and 6 in large enterprises (250 or more).<br />The research identified two priority human factors areas to tackle to reduce worker fatalities: equipment factors including design, use and maintenance; and safety management systems. For example, whilst it is foreseeable that some organisations (both SMEs and large) may think their SMS is adequate and well documented the analysis indicated this was not always the case.<br />The research also identified potential options for solutions to tackle these human factors issues. These options are intended to act as discussion points between the regulator and industry to inform decisions on what will work in practice and what can be adapted to work within industry. The options focus on: equipment selection, use and maintenance in the industry; and raising awareness of the risks associated with equipment and the legal requirements for equipment use and maintenance. Related to this is the need for effective safety management systems and the sharing of good practice.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr1128.pdf" title="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr1128.pdf">http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr1128.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 19 Jun 2018 18:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/06/19/11083.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-19T18:44:00Z 2018-06-19 18:44 +00:00 2018-06-19 14:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11073 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/06/15/11073.aspx Équipements Normes Éolienne ANSI/ASSP A10.21 – 2018 Safety Requirements for Safe Construction and Demolition of Wind Generation/Turbine Facilities <p>This standard establishes the minimum requirements for protecting the safety and health of persons involved in construction and demolition operations addressing utility-scale land-based wind generation/turbine facilities.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://store.assp.org/PersonifyEbusiness/Store/Product-Details/productId/101625890" title="https://store.assp.org/PersonifyEbusiness/Store/Product-Details/productId/101625890">https://store.assp.org/PersonifyEbusiness/Store/Product-Details/productId/101625890</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 15 Jun 2018 17:41:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/06/15/11073.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-15T17:41:00Z 2018-06-15 17:41 +00:00 2018-06-15 13:41 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11061 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/06/12/11061.aspx Surdité Risques dus au bruit Revue de littérature Revue de la littérature sur les liens entre la surdité professionnelle et la presbyacousie <p>Cette&nbsp;revue de la litt&eacute;rature a &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;e pour r&eacute;pondre &agrave; une s&eacute;rie de questions concernant le processus d&#39;acquisition de la surdit&eacute; professionnelle. L&#39;objectif g&eacute;n&eacute;ral du projet visait &agrave; documenter comment s&#39;acquiert la surdit&eacute; professionnelle en relation, plus particuli&egrave;rement, avec la presbyacousie.<br />La&nbsp;revue de la litt&eacute;rature visait plus sp&eacute;cifiquement &agrave; 1) d&eacute;terminer si l&#39;exposition au bruit peut acc&eacute;l&eacute;rer le processus de la presbyacousie; 2) &eacute;tablir si l&#39;utilisation de facteurs de correction peut permettre de discriminer la surdit&eacute; professionnelle de la presbyacousie; 3) &eacute;valuer comment &eacute;volue la surdit&eacute; apr&egrave;s l&#39;arr&ecirc;t de l&#39;exposition &agrave; un bruit excessif au travail.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100984/n/revue-litterature-liens-surdite-professionnelle-presbyacousie" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100984/n/revue-litterature-liens-surdite-professionnelle-presbyacousie">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100984/n/revue-litterature-liens-surdite-professionnelle-presbyacousie</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 12 Jun 2018 12:35:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/06/12/11061.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-12T12:35:00Z 2018-06-12 12:35 +00:00 2018-06-12 08:35 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11039 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/06/05/11039.aspx TMS Interventions Essais randomisés Affections Épaules Cou Types d'interventions Thérapie multidisciplinaire Essais comparatifs Return to Work in Employees on Sick Leave due to Neck or Shoulder Pain <p><strong>A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Multidisciplinary and Brief Intervention with One-Year Register-Based Follow-Up</strong><br />Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a multidisciplinary intervention (MDI) compared to a brief intervention (BI) with respect to return to work (RTW), pain and disability in workers on sick leave because of neck or shoulder pain. Methods: 168 study participants with sickness absence for 4&ndash;16 weeks due to neck or shoulder pain were enrolled in a hospital-based clinical study and randomized to either MDI or BI. The primary outcome was RTW obtained by a national registry on public transfer payments. Secondary outcomes were self-reported pain and disability levels. One-year follow-up RTW rates were estimated by Cox proportional hazard regression adjusted for gender, age, sick leave prior to inclusion, part-time sick leave and clinical diagnosis. Secondary outcomes were analysed using logistic and linear regression analysis for pain and disability, respectively. Results: In the MDI group, 50 participants (59%) experienced four or more continuous weeks of RTW while 48 (58%) returned to work in the BI group during the 1 year of follow-up. Results showed a statistically non significant tendency towards a lower rate of RTW in the MDI group than in the BI group (adjusted HR&thinsp;=&thinsp;0.84, 95% CI 0.54, 1.31). There were no statistically significant differences in secondary outcomes between the MDI and BI groups. Conclusion: The brief and the multidisciplinary interventions performed equally with respect to both primary and secondary outcomes. The added focus on RTW in the multidisciplinary group did not improve RTW rates in this group.</p> <p>Source: Moll, L. T., Jensen, O. K., Schi&oslash;ttz-Christensen, B., Stapelfeldt, C. M., Christiansen, D. H., Nielsen, C. V.&nbsp;et Labriola, M. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Journal of occupational rehabilitation</em>, 28,(2),&nbsp;346-356.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9727-9" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9727-9">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9727-9</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 05 Jun 2018 12:42:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/06/05/11039.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-05T12:42:00Z 2018-06-05 12:42 +00:00 2018-06-05 08:42 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11037 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/06/01/11037.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Recension des écrits Facteurs cognitifs et émotionnels Détresse psychologique Méthodes et types d’études Cancer Affections Facteurs liés à la personne Affections non associées au travail Common Psychosocial Factors Predicting Return to Work After Common Mental Disorders, Cardiovascular Diseases, and Cancers <p><strong>A Review of Reviews Supporting a Cross-Disease Approach</strong><br />Purpose: This systematic review aimed at identifying the common psychosocial factors that facilitate or hinder the return to work (RTW) after a sick leave due to common mental disorders (CMDs), cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), or cancers (CAs). Methods: We conducted a review of reviews searching 13 databases from 1994 to 2016 for peer-reviewed, quantitative, cohort studies investigating factors influencing RTW after a CMD, CVD, or CA. Then, for each disease we identified additional cohort studies published after the date of the latest review included. Data were extracted following a three steps best-evidence synthesis method: the extraction of results about each predictor from studies within each single review and in the additional papers; the synthesis of results across the reviews and additional papers investigating the same disease; and the synthesis of results across the diseases. Results: The search strategy identified 1029 unique records from which 27 reviews and 75 additional studies underwent comprehensive review. 14 reviews and 32 additional cohort studies met eligibility criteria. Specific predictors of RTW with different levels of evidence are provided for each disease. We found four common facilitators of RTW (job control, work ability, perceived good health and high socioeconomic status), and six barriers of RTW (job strain, anxiety, depression, comorbidity, older age and low education). Conclusion: This is the first review to systematically analyze commonalities in RTW after CMDs, CVDs, or CAs. The common factors identified indicate that the RTW process presents many similarities across various diseases, thus supporting the validity of a cross-disease approach.</p> <p>Source: Gragnano, A., Negrini, A., Miglioretti, M. et&nbsp;Corbi&egrave;re, M. (2018). <em>Journal of occupational rehabilitation,&nbsp;28</em>(2),&nbsp;215-231.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9714-1" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9714-1 ">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9714-1</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 01 Jun 2018 17:29:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/06/01/11037.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-01T17:29:00Z 2018-06-01 17:29 +00:00 2018-06-01 13:29 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11038 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/31/11038.aspx Outils d'évaluation de la santé TMS Patient-oriented outcomes Affections Validation de questionnaire Validation of the Readiness for Return-To-Work Scale in outpatient occupational rehabilitation in Canada <p>Purpose: To examine construct and concurrent validity of the Readiness for Return-To-Work (RRTW) Scale with injured workers participating in an outpatient occupational rehabilitation program. Methods: Lost-time claimants (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;389) with sub-acute or chronic musculoskeletal disorders completed the RRTW Scale on their first day of their occupational rehabilitation program. Statistical analysis included exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of the readiness items, reliability analyses, and correlation with related scales and questionnaires. Results: For claimants in the non-job attached/not working group (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;165), three factors were found (1) Contemplation (2) Prepared for Action-Self-evaluative and (3) Prepared for Action-Behavioural. The precontemplation stage was not identified within this sample of injured workers. For claimants who were job attached/working group in some capacity (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;224), two factors were identified (1) Uncertain Maintenance and (2) Proactive Maintenance. Expected relationships and statistically significant differences were found among the identified Return-To-Work (RTW) readiness factors and related constructs of pain, physical and mental health and RTW expectations. Conclusion: Construct and concurrent validity of the RRTW Scale were supported in this study. The results of this study indicate the construct of readiness for RTW can vary by disability duration and occupational category. Physical health appears to be a significant barrier to RRTW for the job attached/working group while mental health significantly compromises RRTW with the non-job attached/not working group.</p> <p>Source: Park, J., Roberts, M. R., Esmail, S., Rayani, F., Norris, C. M.&nbsp;et Gross, D. P. (2018). <em>Journal of occupational rehabilitation, 28</em>(2),&nbsp;332-345.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9721-2" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9721-2">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9721-2</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 31 May 2018 17:32:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/31/11038.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-05-31T17:32:00Z 2018-05-31 17:32 +00:00 2018-05-31 13:32 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11040 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/30/11040.aspx Interventions Cancer Affections Affections non associées au travail Rehabilitation and return to work after cancer - Instruments and practices <p>Being diagnosed with cancer has immediate and long-lasting effects, even after the completion of treatment.<br />This project explores the occupational safety and health challenges that employers and employees face when workers return to work after a diagnosis of cancer. The report provides national examples of successful instruments and practices that help prevent long-term sickness absence and unemployment.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/rehabilitation-and-return-work-after-cancer-instruments-and/view" title="https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/rehabilitation-and-return-work-after-cancer-instruments-and/view">https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/rehabilitation-and-return-work-after-cancer-instruments-and/view</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 30 May 2018 18:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/30/11040.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-05-30T18:14:00Z 2018-05-30 18:14 +00:00 2018-05-30 14:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11036 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/29/11036.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Épuisement professionnel Détresse psychologique Santé psychologique au travail Affections Facteurs liés à l’environnement de travail How Can Supervisors Contribute to the Return to Work of Employees Who have Experienced Depression? <p>Background: In Western countries, work disability due to depression is a widespread problem that generates enormous costs. Objective: The goal of this study was to determine the types and prevalence of supervisor contributions during the different phases of the return-to-work (RTW) process (before and during the sick-leave absence, and during the RTW preparations) of employees diagnosed with depression. Moreover, we sought to determine which contributions actually facilitate employees&#39; RTW, and to identify the work accommodations most frequently implemented by supervisors at the actual time of their employee&#39;s RTW. Methods: Telephone interviews were conducted in Qu&eacute;bec (Canada) with 74 supervisors working with employees who were already back at work or still on sick leave due to depression. A sub-sample of 46 supervisors who had already taken measures to facilitate their employees&#39; RTW was questioned about the work accommodations implemented. Results: Most of the supervisors got along well with their employees before their sick leave and 72% stayed in contact with them during their leave. Nearly 90% of the supervisors encouraged their employees to focus primarily on their recovery before their RTW, but 43% pressured their employees to RTW as soon as possible. Cox regression analyses performed for the entire sample revealed that &ldquo;the supervisors&#39; intention to take measures to facilitate their employees&#39; RTW&rdquo; was the only significant predictor of the RTW at the time of the interview. The Kaplan&ndash;Meier survival curve showed that 50% of the employees were expected to RTW within the first 8 months of absence. Four of the most frequently implemented work accommodations were actions directly involving the supervisor (i.e. providing assistance, feedback, recognition, and emotional support to the employee). Conclusions: This study shed light on the less explored point of view of the supervisor involved in the RTW process of employees post-depression. It highlighted the most frequent and effective supervisor contributions to the process. These results can be used to develop concrete action plans for training supervisors to contribute to the sustainable RTW of employees on sick leave due to depression.</p> <p>Source: Negrini, A., Corbi&egrave;re, M., Lecomte, T., Coutu, M. F., Nieuwenhuijsen, K., St-Arnaud, L., ...&nbsp;et Berbiche, D. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Journal of occupational rehabilitation, 28</em>(2),&nbsp;279-288.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9715-0" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9715-0">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9715-0</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 29 May 2018 17:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/29/11036.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-05-29T17:05:00Z 2018-05-29 17:05 +00:00 2018-05-29 13:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11035 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/05/28/11035.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Agents ototoxiques Prévention du bruit Use of the kurtosis statistic in an evaluation of the effects of noise and solvent exposures on the hearing thresholds of workers <p><strong>An exploratory study</strong><br />The aim of this exploratory study was to examine whether the kurtosis metric can contribute to investigations of the effects of combined exposure to noise and solvents on human hearing thresholds. Twenty factory workers exposed to noise and solvents along with 20 workers of similar age exposed only to noise in eastern China were investigated using pure-tone audiometry (1000&ndash;8000&thinsp;Hz). Exposure histories and shift-long noise recording files were obtained for each participant. The data were used in the calculation of the cumulative noise exposure (CNE) and CNE adjusted by the kurtosis metric for each participant. Passive samplers were used to measure solvent concentrations for each worker exposed to solvents over the full work shift. Results showed an interaction between noise exposure and solvents for the hearing threshold at 6000&thinsp;Hz. This effect was observed only when the CNE level was adjusted by the kurtosis metric.</p> <p>Source: Fuente, A., Qiu, W., Zhang, M., Xie, H., Kardous, C. A., Campo, P.&nbsp;et Morata, T. C. (2018).&nbsp;<em>The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 143</em>(3), 1704-1710.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5028368" title="https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5028368 ">https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5028368</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 28 May 2018 19:23:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/05/28/11035.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-05-28T19:23:00Z 2018-05-28 19:23 +00:00 2018-05-28 15:23 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11031 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/24/11031.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Vieillissement de la main d'oeuvre Caractéristiques des travailleurs Santé psychologique au travail Caractéristiques sociales Âge Facteurs sociodémographiques Maintien en emploi Facteurs liés à l’environnement de travail Secteurs d'activités Secteur de l'enseignement Quels sont les facilitateurs du maintien en emploi en santé des travailleurs seniors dans un milieu d’éducation au Québec? <p>Le pourcentage de travailleurs seniors &acirc;g&eacute;s de 45 ans et plus augmente sans cesse sur le march&eacute; du travail au Qu&eacute;bec. Dans le secteur de l&#39;&eacute;ducation, une large portion de la main-d&#39;&oelig;uvre est &acirc;g&eacute;e de 45 ans et plus (41 %) et un tiers du personnel aura quitt&eacute; son poste entre 2009 et 2018 (Grenier, 2009). Des statistiques r&eacute;centes montrent aussi que les l&eacute;sions tant de nature physique que psychologique des travailleurs qu&eacute;b&eacute;cois du secteur de l&#39;&eacute;ducation sont souvent associ&eacute;es &agrave; une perte de temps indemnis&eacute;e par la Commission des normes, de l&#39;&eacute;quit&eacute;, de la sant&eacute; et de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail (CNESST). Ces l&eacute;sions touchent davantage des travailleurs seniors qui occupent diverses fonctions (p. ex., enseignants, personnel administratif) (Busque, 2012). L&#39;objectif g&eacute;n&eacute;ral de cette &eacute;tude est d&#39;identifier les d&eacute;terminants du maintien en emploi en sant&eacute; des travailleurs seniors &acirc;g&eacute;s de 45 ans et plus &oelig;uvrant dans une commission scolaire (CS) qu&eacute;b&eacute;coise.<br />Cette &eacute;tude a permis de mieux comprendre comment les conditions de travail caract&eacute;ris&eacute;es par la pr&eacute;sence de facteurs psychosociaux favorisent la sant&eacute; psychologique des travailleurs seniors et les encouragent &agrave; rester en emploi &agrave; la CS plut&ocirc;t que de d&eacute;cider &agrave; prendre une retraite h&acirc;tive. Les r&eacute;sultats de la Phase 1 ont mis en &eacute;vidence que les travailleurs en fin de carri&egrave;re montrent de plus hauts niveaux de stresseurs ressentis au travail et d&#39;amotivation comparativement &agrave; ceux qui se trouvent dans l&#39;&eacute;tape interm&eacute;diaire de leur carri&egrave;re. Pour les travailleurs retrait&eacute;s, l&#39;autonomie et la flexibilit&eacute; des horaires contribuaient &agrave; leur satisfaction au travail et &agrave; leur motivation introject&eacute;e. Ces aspects positifs de la sant&eacute; psychologique au travail, &agrave; leur tour, ont d&eacute;termin&eacute; leur choix de se maintenir en emploi &agrave; la CS, et ce, jusqu&#39;&agrave; leur retraite r&eacute;guli&egrave;re. Comparativement au groupe qui a opt&eacute; pour une retraite h&acirc;tive avec des p&eacute;nalit&eacute;s financi&egrave;res, celui des travailleurs qui ont choisi une retraite r&eacute;guli&egrave;re se caract&eacute;rise par des niveaux plus &eacute;lev&eacute;s de satisfaction au travail et de satisfaction envers l&#39;&eacute;tablissement.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100983/n/facilitateurs-maintien-emploi-sante-travailleurs-seniors-milieu-education-quebec" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100983/n/facilitateurs-maintien-emploi-sante-travailleurs-seniors-milieu-education-quebec">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100983/n/facilitateurs-maintien-emploi-sante-travailleurs-seniors-milieu-education-quebec</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 24 May 2018 12:11:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/24/11031.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-05-24T12:11:00Z 2018-05-24 12:11 +00:00 2018-05-24 08:11 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11012 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/05/07/11012.aspx Facteurs de risque Conception sécuritaire Formation Maintenance Lois et réglementations Risques électriques Installations électriques: comment intervenir en toute sécurité? <p>Elle ne se voit pas&nbsp;mais nous percevons les manifestations de son utilisation, telle que la lumi&egrave;re, la chaleur et le mouvement. Aujourd&#39;hui &eacute;nergie la plus utilis&eacute;e, l&#39;&eacute;lectricit&eacute; est devenue indispensable dans la vie courante et dans l&#39;entreprise.&nbsp;La pr&eacute;vention repose, d&#39;une part, sur la mise en s&eacute;curit&eacute; des mat&eacute;riels et installations et, d&#39;autre part, sur le respect des r&egrave;gles de s&eacute;curit&eacute; par les personnes. Ce dossier aborde les diff&eacute;rents aspects de la pr&eacute;vention de ce risque: conception et maintien&nbsp;en &eacute;tat des installations &eacute;lectriques, choix des &eacute;quipements de protection, formation pr&eacute;alable &agrave; l&#39;habilitation, r&eacute;glementation et normalisation. il propose &eacute;galement un retour d&#39;exp&eacute;rience d&#39;une initiative industrielle pour am&eacute;liorer la s&eacute;curit&eacute; lors des interventions.</p> <p>Source: (2018). <em>Revue Hygi&egrave;ne et S&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail</em> (250).<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.hst.fr/dms/hst/data/articles/HST/TI-DO-20/do20.pdf" title="http://www.hst.fr/dms/hst/data/articles/HST/TI-DO-20/do20.pdf">http://www.hst.fr/dms/hst/data/articles/HST/TI-DO-20/do20.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 07 May 2018 19:32:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/05/07/11012.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-05-07T19:32:00Z 2018-05-07 19:32 +00:00 2018-05-07 15:32 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10972 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/04/26/10972.aspx Facteurs de risque Risque machine Travail collaboratif hommes-robots Robotique collaborative : perception et attentes des industriels <p>Gr&acirc;ce aux innovations techniques, la robotique industrielle &eacute;volue et devient &quot;collaborative&quot;. En cr&eacute;ant des situations de coactivit&eacute; entre l&#39;homme et le robot, elle soul&egrave;ve aussi des questions de sant&eacute; et de s&eacute;curit&eacute;. Comment v&eacute;rifier que cette technologie r&eacute;ponde aux exigences de s&eacute;curit&eacute; pour l&#39;op&eacute;rateur, tout en satisfaisant les besoins des industriels? Pour le savoir, une enqu&ecirc;te exploratoire a &eacute;t&eacute; men&eacute;e aupr&egrave;s d&#39;utilisateurs de robots industriels, sur leurs besoins et leur perception des apports potentiels en mati&egrave;re de robotique collaborative. </p> <p>Source: Thay, David. (2018). <em>Hygi&egrave;ne et s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail</em> (250).<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.hst.fr/dms/hst/data/articles/HST/TI-NT-58/nt58.pdf%20" title="http://www.hst.fr/dms/hst/data/articles/HST/TI-NT-58/nt58.pdf ">http://www.hst.fr/dms/hst/data/articles/HST/TI-NT-58/nt58.pdf </a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 26 Apr 2018 15:41:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/04/26/10972.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-26T15:41:00Z 2018-04-26 15:41 +00:00 2018-04-26 11:41 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10955 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/23/10955.aspx Troubles cardio-vasculaires Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Effets sur la santé Exposition - dose Risques dus au bruit Fatigue auditive Cardiovascular conditions, hearing difficulty, and occupational noise exposure within US industries and occupations <p>Background: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of occupational noise exposure, hearing difficulty and cardiovascular conditions within US industries and occupations, and to examine any associations of these outcomes with occupational noise exposure. <br />Methods: National Health Interview Survey data from 2014 were examined. Weighted prevalence and adjusted prevalence ratios of self-reported hearing difficulty, hypertension, elevated cholesterol, and coronary heart disease or stroke were estimated by level of occupational noise exposure, industry, and occupation. <br />Results: Twenty-five percent of current workers had a history of occupational noise exposure (14% exposed in the last year), 12% had hearing difficulty, 24% had hypertension, 28% had elevated cholesterol; 58%, 14%, and 9% of these cases can be attributed to occupational noise exposure, respectively. <br />Conclusions: Hypertension, elevated cholesterol, and hearing difficulty are more prevalent among noise-exposed workers. Reducing workplace noise levels is critical. Workplace-based health and wellness programs should also be considered. </p> <p>Source: Kerns, E., Masterson, E. A., Themann, C. L.&nbsp;et Calvert, G. M. (2018).&nbsp;<em>American journal of industrial medicine</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22833" title="https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22833">https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22833</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 23 Apr 2018 19:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/23/10955.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-23T19:05:00Z 2018-04-23 19:05 +00:00 2018-04-23 15:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10949 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/20/10949.aspx Agents ototoxiques Risques dus au bruit Preventing Hearing Loss Caused by Chemical (Ototoxicity) and Noise Exposure <p>Millions of workers are exposed to noise in the workplace every day and when uncontrolled, noise exposure may cause permanent hearing loss. Research demonstrates exposure to certain chemicals, called ototoxicants, may cause hearing loss or balance problems, regardless of noise exposure. Substances including certain pesticides, solvents, and pharmaceuticals that contain ototoxicants can negatively affect how the ear functions, causing hearing loss, and/or affect balance. The risk of hearing loss is increased when workers are exposed to these chemicals while working around elevated noise levels. This combination often results in hearing loss that can be temporary or permanent, depending on the level of noise, the dose of the chemical, and the duration of the exposure. This hearing impairment affects many occupations and industries, from machinists to firefighters.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2018-124/" title="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2018-124/">https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2018-124/</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 20 Apr 2018 13:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/20/10949.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-20T13:49:00Z 2018-04-20 13:49 +00:00 2018-04-20 09:49 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10933 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/04/12/10933.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Absentéisme Environnement de travail Santé psychologique au travail Exigence du travail Secteur des services de santé Facteurs liés à l’environnement de travail Secteurs d'activités Psychosocial work environment and mental health-related long-term sickness absence among nurses <p>Purpose: We investigated which job demands and job resources were predictive of mental health-related long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in nurses.<br />Methods: The data of 2059 nurses were obtained from the Norwegian survey of Shift work, Sleep and Health. Job demands (psychological demands, role conflict, and harassment at the workplace) and job resources (social support at work, role clarity, and fair leadership) were measured at baseline and linked to mental health-related LTSA during 2-year follow-up. Cox regression models estimated hazard ratios (HR) and related 95% confidence intervals (CI). The c-statistic was used to investigate the discriminative ability of the Cox regression models.<br />Results: A total of 1533 (75%) nurses were included in the analyses; 103 (7%) of them had mental health-related LTSA during 2-year follow-up. Harassment (HR = 1.07; 95% CI 1.01&ndash;1.17) and social support (HR = 0.92; 95% CI 0.87&ndash;0.98) were associated with mental health-related LTSA. However, the Cox regression model did not discriminate between nurses with and without mental health-related LTSA (c = 0.59; 95% CI 0.53&ndash;0.65).<br />Conclusions: Harassment was positively and social support at the workplace was negatively related to mental health-related LTSA, but both failed to discriminate between nurses with and without mental health-related LTSA during 2-year follow-up.</p> <p>Source: Roelen, C. A., van Hoffen, M. F., Waage, S., Schaufeli, W. B., Twisk, J. W., Bjorvatn, B., ...&nbsp;et Pallesen, S. (2018).&nbsp;<em>International archives of occupational and environmental health, 91</em>(2), 195-203.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-017-1268-1" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-017-1268-1 ">https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-017-1268-1</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 12 Apr 2018 14:59:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/04/12/10933.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-12T14:59:00Z 2018-04-12 14:59 +00:00 2018-04-12 10:59 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10924 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/12/10924.aspx Surdité Risques dus au bruit Secteur de l’agriculture et de la sylviculture Atteinte auditive Secteurs d'activités Prevalence of hearing loss among noise-exposed workers within the agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting sector, 2003-2012 <p>Background: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss among noise-exposed US workers within the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting (AFFH) sector. <br />Methods: Audiograms for 1.4 million workers (17&thinsp;299 within AFFH) from 2003 to 2012 were examined. Prevalence, and the adjusted risk for hearing loss as compared with the reference industry (Couriers and Messengers), were estimated. <br />Results: The overall AFFH sector prevalence was 15% compared to 19% for all industries combined, but many of the AFFH sub-sectors exceeded the overall prevalence. Forestry sub-sector prevalences were highest with Forest Nurseries and Gathering of Forest Products at 36% and Timber Tract Operations at 22%. The Aquaculture sub-sector had the highest adjusted risk of all AFFH sub-sectors (PR&thinsp;=&thinsp;1.70; CI&thinsp;=&thinsp;1.42-2.04). <br />Conclusions: High risk industries within the AFFH sector need continued hearing conservation efforts. Barriers to hearing loss prevention and early detection of hearing loss need to be recognized and addressed. <p> <p>Source: Masterson, E. A., Themann, C. L., &amp; Calvert, G. M. (2018). <em>American journal of industrial medicine, 61</em>(1), 42-50.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22792" title="|https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22792">https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22792</a><br />&nbsp;</p> </p> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 12 Apr 2018 14:22:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/12/10924.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-12T14:22:00Z 2018-04-12 14:22 +00:00 2018-04-12 10:22 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10922 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/10/10922.aspx Surdité Risques dus au bruit Secteur de l'administration publique Secteur des services de santé Atteinte auditive Secteurs d'activités Prevalence of Hearing Loss Among Noise-Exposed Workers Within the Health Care and Social Assistance Sector, 2003 to 2012 <p>Objective: The purpose was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss for noise-exposed U.S. workers within the Health Care and Social Assistance (HSA) sector.<br />Methods: Audiograms for 1.4 million workers (8702 within HSA) from 2003 to 2012 were examined. Prevalences and adjusted risks for hearing loss as compared with a reference industry were estimated for the HSA sector and all industries combined.<br />Results: While the overall HSA sector prevalence for hearing loss was 19%, the prevalences in the Medical Laboratories subsector and the Offices of All Other Miscellaneous Health Practitioners subsector were 31% and 24%, respectively. The Child Day Care Services subsector had a 52% higher risk than the reference industry.<br />Conclusion: High-risk industries for hearing loss exist within the HSA sector. Further work is needed to identify the sources of noise exposure and protect worker hearing.</p> <p>Source: Masterson, Elizabeth, A., Themann, Christa, L., Calvert, Geoffrey, M. (2018). <em>Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine,&nbsp;60</em>(4),&nbsp;350&ndash;356.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001214" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001214">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001214</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 10 Apr 2018 19:27:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/10/10922.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-10T19:27:00Z 2018-04-10 19:27 +00:00 2018-04-10 15:27 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10901 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/03/10901.aspx Normalisation et réglementation du bruit Guide ASTM E1374 - Standard Guide for Office Acoustics and Applicable ASTM Standards <p>This guide is intended for the use of architects, engineers, office managers, and others interested in designing, specifying, or operating office environments.<br />It is not intended to be applied to other environments, for example, open plan schools.<br />While this guide attempts to clarify the many interacting variables that influence acoustical performance, it is not intended to supplant the experience and judgment of experts in the field of acoustics. Competent technical advice should be sought for success in the design of offices, including comparisons of test results carried out according to ASTM standards.<br />This guide discusses the principles and interactions that affect the acoustical performance of open and closed offices. It describes the application and use of the relevant series of ASTM standards.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E1374.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E1374.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/E1374.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 03 Apr 2018 17:03:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/03/10901.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-03T17:03:00Z 2018-04-03 17:03 +00:00 2018-04-03 13:03 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10872 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/02/06/10872.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Absentéisme Méthodes et types d’études Facteurs de risque d'incapacité prolongée Méthodes non-expérimentales Étude épidémiologique Recherche quantitative Prediction of long-term absence due to sickness in employees <p><strong>Development and validation of a multifactorial risk score in two cohort studies</strong><br />Objectives: This study aimed to develop and validate a risk prediction model for long-term sickness absence.<br />Methods: Survey responses on work- and lifestyle-related questions from 65 775 public-sector employees were linked to sickness absence records to develop a prediction score for medically-certified sickness absence lasting &gt;9 days and &ge;90 days. The score was externally validated using data from an independent population-based cohort of 13 527 employees. For both sickness absence outcomes, a full model including 46 candidate predictors was reduced to a parsimonious model using least-absolute-shrinkage-and-selection-operator (LASSO) regression. Predictive performance of the model was evaluated using C-index and calibration plots.<br />Results: Variance explained in &ge;90-day sickness absence by the full model was 12.5%. In the parsimonious model, the predictors included self-rated health (linear and quadratic term), depression, sex, age (linear and quadratic), socioeconomic position, previous sickness absences, number of chronic diseases, smoking, shift work, working night shift, and quadratic terms for body mass index and Jenkins sleep scale. The discriminative ability of the score was good (C-index 0.74 in internal and 0.73 in external validation). Calibration plots confirmed high correspondence between the predicted and observed risk. In &gt;9-day sickness absence, the full model explained 15.2% of the variance explained, but the C-index of the parsimonious model was poor (&lt;0.65).<br />Conclusions: Individuals&#39; risk of a long-term sickness absence that lasts &ge;90 days can be estimated using a brief risk score. The predictive performance of this score is comparable to those for established multifactorial risk algorithms for cardiovascular disease, such as the Framingham risk score.</p> <p>Source: Airaksinen, J., Jokela, M., Virtanen, M., Oksanen, T., Koskenvuo, M., Pentti, J., ...&nbsp;et Kivim&auml;ki, M. (2018). <em>Scandinavian journal of work, environment &amp; health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3713" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3713">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3713</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 06 Feb 2018 20:00:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/02/06/10872.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-02-06T20:00:00Z 2018-02-06 20:00 +00:00 2018-02-06 15:00 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10867 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/01/31/10867.aspx Santé psychologique au travail Intervention précoce Intervention psychosociale Secteur du transport et de l'entreposage Intervention Secteurs d'activités Évaluation de différents protocoles de gestion d’incident et de soutien aux employés après un incident grave <p>L&#39;industrie ferroviaire canadienne fait r&eacute;guli&egrave;rement face &agrave; des incidents critiques (IC) associ&eacute;s &agrave; des collisions avec des personnes ou des v&eacute;hicules. Ces incidents peuvent occasionner des blessures graves, ou des d&eacute;c&egrave;s, parmi les victimes, mais aussi des probl&egrave;mes de sant&eacute; mentale chez les ing&eacute;nieurs et conducteurs op&eacute;rant les locomotives. Chaque ann&eacute;e, environ 20 personnes d&eacute;c&egrave;dent lors de collisions avec un train au Qu&eacute;bec et une centaine au Canada. &Agrave; ces incidents mortels s&#39;ajoute un nombre inconnu d&#39;incidents lors desquels des personnes ont &eacute;t&eacute; bless&eacute;es ou des d&eacute;g&acirc;ts mat&eacute;riels ont &eacute;t&eacute; constat&eacute;s. La plupart des ing&eacute;nieurs et conducteurs de train seront expos&eacute;s au moins une fois dans leur carri&egrave;re &agrave; ce type d&#39;&eacute;v&egrave;nement. Ils sont &agrave; la fois t&eacute;moins, victimes, parties prenantes et souvent premiers r&eacute;pondants lorsqu&#39;un tel incident critique se produit.<br />Quelques &eacute;tudes se sont int&eacute;ress&eacute;es aux protocoles de gestion d&#39;IC et de soutien (PGICS) offerts par les employeurs et leurs recommandations visaient souvent &agrave; mettre de l&#39;avant des pratiques visant &agrave; r&eacute;duire l&#39;impact potentiel des IC sur les employ&eacute;s et &agrave; acc&eacute;l&eacute;rer le retour au travail. Par contre, ces protocoles, m&ecirc;me s&#39;ils sont fond&eacute;s sur des &eacute;tudes des cons&eacute;quences des IC et des besoins des employ&eacute;s, n&#39;ont pas encore fait l&#39;objet d&#39;&eacute;valuations empiriques. De telles &eacute;valuations sont n&eacute;cessaires pour d&eacute;terminer les &eacute;l&eacute;ments importants qui g&eacute;n&egrave;rent des effets positifs sur la r&eacute;cup&eacute;ration des employ&eacute;s et pour promouvoir les recommandations fond&eacute;es sur des connaissances scientifiques.<br />Ce projet vise &agrave; &eacute;valuer les PGICS d&eacute;j&agrave; en place au Canada dans l&#39;industrie ferroviaire et leurs effets sur les trajectoires de r&eacute;cup&eacute;ration des employ&eacute;s victimes d&#39;un incident critique et de proposer les pratiques cl&eacute;s pour en r&eacute;duire les effets n&eacute;gatifs.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100968/n/gestion-incident-soutien-employes-incident-grave" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100968/n/gestion-incident-soutien-employes-incident-grave">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100968/n/gestion-incident-soutien-employes-incident-grave</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 31 Jan 2018 20:51:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/01/31/10867.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-01-31T20:51:00Z 2018-01-31 20:51 +00:00 2018-01-31 15:51 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10853 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/01/29/10853.aspx Prévention du bruit Réduction du bruit Sound Advice: a Guide to Hearing Conservation Programs <p>Noise is a serious and widespread problem in many workplaces. Over time, if noise from machinery, processes, and equipment is too loud it can cause permanent hearing loss in workers. But occupational hearing loss ca be prevented if employers, supervisors, workers,&nbsp;and WokSafe BC work together to control noise exposure. <br />The most effective way to do that - and to protect workers hearing- is to implement a noise control and hearing conservation program. Such a program is required whenever noise is above regulated limits.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.worksafebc.com/en/resources/health-safety/books-guides/sound-advice-a-guide-to-hearing-conservation-programs" title="https://www.worksafebc.com/en/resources/health-safety/books-guides/sound-advice-a-guide-to-hearing-conservation-programs">https://www.worksafebc.com/en/resources/health-safety/books-guides/sound-advice-a-guide-to-hearing-conservation-programs</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 29 Jan 2018 15:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/01/29/10853.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-01-29T15:26:00Z 2018-01-29 15:26 +00:00 2018-01-29 10:26 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10836 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/01/19/10836.aspx TMS Affections Tronc Dos Lombalgie Effets psychologiques et biomécaniques immédiats de deux catégories de ceintures lombaires chez des travailleurs en santé et des travailleurs avec maux de dos <p>Bien que les ceintures lombaires (CL) soient inefficaces pour pr&eacute;venir un premier &eacute;pisode de lombalgie, l&#39;avancement des connaissances soutient leur utilisation chez les travailleurs souffrant d&eacute;j&agrave; de ce mal. Dans la perspective o&ugrave; un retour au travail tardif risque de nuire &agrave; la condition de sant&eacute; des travailleurs, l&#39;option du port de la CL peut potentiellement &ecirc;tre avantageuse, car elle pourrait permettre, lors du retour progressif au travail, d&#39;apporter un soutien psychologique afin de rassurer le patient. Cela pourrait donc repr&eacute;senter un outil additionnel, parmi les moyens entrepris pour intervenir sur les facteurs psychosociaux reli&eacute;s &agrave; l&#39;individu et son environnement de travail, pour faciliter ce retour au travail et &eacute;galement pour aider le travailleur &agrave; se maintenir au travail. Cependant, il importe aussi que la CL apporte un support biom&eacute;canique en mati&egrave;re de stabilit&eacute; m&eacute;canique de la colonne vert&eacute;brale lombaire afin de rehausser la s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travailleur. Deux cat&eacute;gories de ceintures souples permettent un niveau suffisant de confort pour &ecirc;tre utilis&eacute;es en milieu de travail, soit les ceintures (1) extensibles (&eacute;lastiques) ou CL-E; (2) non extensibles ou CL-NE. La pr&eacute;sente &eacute;tude a pour but de comparer ces deux cat&eacute;gories de CL en ce qui a trait aux soutiens psychologique et biom&eacute;canique qu&#39;elles prodiguent, cela autant chez des sujets en sant&eacute; que chez des sujets avec maux de dos (lombalgies). &Agrave; titre exploratoire, il devenait aussi pertinent de v&eacute;rifier si diff&eacute;rents sous-groupes de sujets lombalgiques, d&eacute;termin&eacute;s en fonction d&#39;hypoth&egrave;ses biom&eacute;canique (instabilit&eacute; lombaire) ou psychologique (peurs du mouvement ou de la douleur), pr&eacute;senteraient des effets biom&eacute;caniques diff&eacute;rents.&nbsp; Dans la perspective de l&#39;&eacute;valuation de l&#39;effet du port d&#39;une CL dans un &eacute;ventuel essai clinique, il &eacute;tait n&eacute;cessaire d&#39;&eacute;valuer, aussi &agrave; titre exploratoire, certaines variables associ&eacute;es &agrave; l&#39;adoption &agrave; ce type d&#39;intervention.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100962/n/effets-psychologiques-biomecaniques-ceintures-lombaires-travailleurs-maux-dos" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100962/n/effets-psychologiques-biomecaniques-ceintures-lombaires-travailleurs-maux-dos">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100962/n/effets-psychologiques-biomecaniques-ceintures-lombaires-travailleurs-maux-dos</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 19 Jan 2018 12:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/01/19/10836.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-01-19T12:49:00Z 2018-01-19 12:49 +00:00 2018-01-19 07:49 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10790 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/01/04/10790.aspx TMS Absentéisme Méthodes et types d’études Trajectoires thérapeutiques Affections Méthodes non-expérimentales Étude épidémiologique Recherche quantitative Identifying return-to-work trajectories using sequence analysis in a cohort of workers with work-related musculoskeletal disorders <p>Objectives: This study aimed to identify return-to-work (RTW) trajectories among workers with work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) and examine the associations between different MSD and these RTW trajectories.<br />Methods: We used administrative workers&#39; compensation data to identify accepted MSD lost-time claims with an injury date between 2010&ndash;2012 in British Columbia, Canada. Cox regression analyses were used to investigate differences in time to RTW between MSD. Validated day-to-day calendar measures of four RTW states (sickness absence, modified RTW, RTW, and non-RTW) were grouped into RTW trajectories spanning a one-year period using sequence analysis. RTW trajectories were clustered using decision rules that identified a shared trajectory structure. Poisson regression with robust standard errors was used to estimate relative risk ratios (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) between MSD and RTW trajectory clusters.<br />Results: In a cohort of 81 062 claims, 2132 unique RTW trajectories were identified and clustered into nine RTW trajectory clusters. Half of the workers sustainably returned to work within one month. Workers with back<br />strains were most likely to have trajectories characterized by early sustained RTW, while workers with fractures or dislocations were more likely to have prolonged sickness absence trajectories (RR 4.9&ndash;9.9) or non-RTW trajectories (RR 1.4&ndash;7.6).<br />Conclusion: This is the first study that has characterized different types of RTW trajectories of workers with MSD using sequence analysis. The application of sequence analysis and the identification of RTW trajectories<br />yielded a number of key insights not found using conventional cox regression analysis.</p> <p>Source: McLeod C., Reiff E., Maas E., B&uuml;ltmann U. (2017). <em>Scand J Work Environ Health</em>. <br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3701" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3701">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3701</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 04 Jan 2018 14:00:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/01/04/10790.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-01-04T14:00:00Z 2018-01-04 14:00 +00:00 2018-01-04 09:00 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10776 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/12/14/10776.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Facteur d'accident du travail Risques dus au bruit Occupational Noise Exposure and the Risk for Work-Related Injury <p><strong>A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis</strong> <br />Objectives: Occupational noise exposure has been linked to work-related injuries. Strategies to control occupational hazards often rely on dose-response relationships needed to inform policy, but quantitative synthesis of the relevant literature has not been done so far. This study aimed to systematically review the epidemiological literature and to perform meta-analysis of the risk for work-related injury due to occupational noise exposure.<br />Methods: PRISMA and MOOSE guidelines were followed. PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar were searched up until 15 December 2016 in English, Russian, and Spanish. Reference lists, grey literature, and expert archives were searched as well. The risk of bias was assessed for each study and incorporated into the meta-analysis weights using the quality effects model.<br />Results: Overall, 21 studies were included at the qualitative review stage: 9 cross-sectional, 6 case-control, 4 cohort, 1 case-crossover, and 1 ecological. Noise exposure was assessed objectively in 13 studies. Information on occupational injuries was elicited from medical records/registry in 13 studies. Meta-analyses showed RR = 1.22 (95% CI: 1.15, 1.29) (n = 59028) per 5 dB increase in noise exposure (Cochran&#39;s Q = 27.26, P &lt; 0.001, I2 = 67%) and RR = 2.16 (95% CI: 1.61, 2.90) (n = 96023) in the most exposed group (&gt;90&ndash;95 dB) compared with the least exposed group (Cochran&#39;s Q = 180.46, P &lt; 0.001, I2 = 90%). Subgroup analysis with meta-regression revealed an overall robust pooled risk per 5 dB.<br />Conclusions: There is a dose-response association between occupational noise exposure and work-related injury risk. However, the quality of evidence is &lsquo;very low&#39;; therefore, the magnitude of this association should be interpreted with caution.</p> <p>Source: Dzhambov, A., &amp; Dimitrova, D. (2017).&nbsp;<em>Annals of work exposures and health, 61</em>(9), 1037-1053.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxx078" title="https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxx078">https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxx078</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 14 Dec 2017 20:23:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/12/14/10776.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-12-14T20:23:00Z 2017-12-14 20:23 +00:00 2017-12-14 15:23 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10768 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2017/12/12/10768.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Facteurs cognitifs et émotionnels Affections Affections non associées au travail Factors associated with return to work in patients with long-term disabilities due to neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders <p>The current study explores factors predicting return to work in a sample of patients with neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders who have attended a prevocational readiness and social skills training programme many years after trauma. Participants were community-dwelling adults with long-term disabilities (N&thinsp;=&thinsp;67). Results of univariate analyses followed by multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that both pre-injury (prior) and post-injury (current) factors influenced the likelihood of employment in our sample: prior employment, current employment readiness, current cognitive competence (particularly memory and executive functioning) and emotional adjustment. Our findings demonstrate that both pre-trauma and current factors interact in predicting return to work not only for individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI), but also for a broader group of patients with long-term disabilities due to a variety of neurological and neuropsychiatric conditions. Thus, our findings provide preliminary support for ongoing long-term management of individuals with long-term disabilities and warrant close attention of future investigators to potential benefits of cognitive remediation, psychotherapy and vocational rehabilitation in terms of maintenance of initial gains and increased probability of return to work many years after trauma.</p> <p>Source: Mitrushina, M., &amp; Tomaszewski, R. (2017). <em>Neuropsychological rehabilitation</em>, 1-19.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/09602011.2017.1395746">https://doi.org/10.1080/09602011.2017.1395746</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 12 Dec 2017 19:25:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2017/12/12/10768.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-12-12T19:25:00Z 2017-12-12 19:25 +00:00 2017-12-12 14:25 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10765 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2017/12/08/10765.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Affections Maladies chroniques Les pratiques d’orientation en direction des personnes malades chroniques <p><strong>Accompagnement collectif et individuel dans le cadre d&#39;une recherche-action</strong><br />Cet article pr&eacute;sente les pratiques d&#39;orientation individuelles et collectives mises en &oelig;uvre aupr&egrave;s de personnes malades chroniques, dans le cadre d&#39;une recherche-action portant sur les freins et les leviers de leur retour &agrave; l&#39;emploi. Apr&egrave;s avoir expos&eacute; nos ancrages th&eacute;oriques et les choix m&eacute;thodologiques effectu&eacute;s, nous d&eacute;crirons comment des pratiques collectives au sein d&#39;un dispositif d&#39;&eacute;changes et des pratiques individuelles se compl&egrave;tent pour permettre aux sujets de revenir sur leur parcours, de trouver dans le regard des autres un point d&#39;appui &agrave; la mise en &oelig;uvre des strat&eacute;gies individuelles et mettre &agrave; jour de nouvelles potentialit&eacute;s. La dynamique de groupe joue un r&ocirc;le important dans la construction du projet en tant que support &agrave; la transition professionnelle. L&#39;entretien individuel se centre sur la narration des activit&eacute;s, afin de r&eacute;actualiser la perception de soi et l&#39;&eacute;prouv&eacute; des capacit&eacute;s. Lorsque la maladie conduit &agrave; un r&eacute;am&eacute;nagement du parcours de vie, des capacit&eacute;s et des d&eacute;sirs, la construction de projets peut s&#39;appuyer sur l&#39;exp&eacute;rience des activit&eacute;s d&eacute;ploy&eacute;es depuis l&#39;irruption de la maladie : celles-ci sont l&#39;occasion de confronter d&eacute;sirs et possibles.</p> <p>Source: Jo&euml;lle Mezza. (2017).&nbsp;<em>Perspectives interdisciplinaires sur le travail et la sant&eacute;</em>, 19-2.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://journals.openedition.org/pistes/5093%20" title="http://journals.openedition.org/pistes/5093 ">http://journals.openedition.org/pistes/5093 </a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 08 Dec 2017 13:55:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2017/12/08/10765.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-12-08T13:55:00Z 2017-12-08 13:55 +00:00 2017-12-08 08:55 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10706 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/11/06/10706.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Hearing loss associated with repeated MRI acquisition procedure-related acoustic noise exposure <p><strong>An occupational cohort study</strong><br />Objective: To study the effects of repeated exposure to MRI-related acoustic noise during image acquisition procedures (scans) on hearing.<br />Methods: A retrospective occupational cohort study was performed among workers of an MRI manufacturing facility (n=474). Longitudinal audiometry data from the facility&#39;s medical surveillance scheme collected from 1973 to 2010 were analysed by studying the association of cumulative exposure to MRI-related acoustic noise from voluntary (multiple) MRI scans and the hearing threshold of the volunteer.<br />Results: Repeated acoustic noise exposure during volunteer MRI scans was found to be associated with a small exposure-dependent increased rate change of hearing threshold level (dB/year), but the association was only found related to the number of voluntary MRI scans and not to modelled cumulative noise exposure (dB*hour) based on MRI-system type. The increased rate change of hearing threshold level was found to be statistically significant for the frequencies 500, 1000, 2000, 3000 and 4000&thinsp;Hz in the right ear.<br />Conclusions: From our longitudinal cohort study, it appeared that exposure to noise from voluntarily MRI scans may have resulted in a slight amount of hearing loss. Mandatory use of hearing protection might have prevented more severe hearing loss. Lack of consistency in findings between the left and right ears and between the two exposure measures prohibits definitive conclusions. Further research that addresses the study&#39;s methodological limitations is warranted to corroborate our findings.</p> <p>Source: Bongers, S., Slottje, P.&nbsp;et Kromhout, H. (2017).&nbsp;<em>Occup Environ Med</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2016-103750" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2016-103750">http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2016-103750</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 06 Nov 2017 20:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/11/06/10706.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-11-06T20:17:00Z 2017-11-06 20:17 +00:00 2017-11-06 15:17 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10672 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/10/23/10672.aspx Outils prédictifs Prévention du bruit Réduction du bruit Secteurs d'activités Questionnaire GABO (gêne acoustique dans les bureaux ouverts) <p>Le questionnaire GABO (G&ecirc;ne Acoustique dans les Bureaux Ouverts) permet de recueillir le ressenti des salari&eacute;s vis-&agrave;-vis du bruit dans les open-spaces (type de sources sonores g&ecirc;nantes, type de t&acirc;che perturb&eacute;e, &eacute;chelle de sensibilit&eacute; au bruit, perception de leur sant&eacute;, etc.).<br />Il est accompagn&eacute; d&#39;une grille Excel destin&eacute;e &agrave; faciliter l&#39;analyse et la synth&egrave;se des r&eacute;ponses.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=outil62" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=outil62">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=outil62</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 23 Oct 2017 17:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/10/23/10672.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-10-23T17:48:00Z 2017-10-23 17:48 +00:00 2017-10-23 13:48 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10618 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/09/28/10618.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Stratégies de mesure de l'exposition Risques dus au bruit Fatigue auditive Mesure de la fatigue auditive chez les téléopérateurs travaillant avec un casque téléphonique <p>L&#39;&eacute;tude a &eacute;t&eacute; men&eacute;e dans 5 centres d&#39;appels (service client, assistance technique et urgence m&eacute;dicale) chez des salari&eacute;s travaillant avec un casque t&eacute;l&eacute;phonique. L&#39;objectif de l&#39;&eacute;tude &eacute;tait de d&eacute;terminer si cette population souffrait de fatigue auditive &agrave; la fin d&#39;une journ&eacute;e de travail et si le mode d&#39;exposition au bruit : sous casque ou exposition environnementale, pouvait influencer la fatigue.<br />L&#39;audition des volontaires a &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;valu&eacute;e avant et apr&egrave;s leur p&eacute;riode de travail par deux tests compl&eacute;mentaires : une audiom&eacute;trie tonale liminaire et le test EchoScan qui s&#39;appuie sur la mesure du seuil de d&eacute;clenchement des r&eacute;flexes auditifs. Les variations de performance &agrave; ces deux tests r&eacute;alis&eacute;s avant et apr&egrave;s la journ&eacute;e de travail a &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;tudi&eacute;e en fonction de l&#39;exposition sonore re&ccedil;ue par l&#39;op&eacute;rateur sous son casque t&eacute;l&eacute;phonique. </p> <p>Source:&nbsp;Venet, T.,&nbsp;Thomas, A. (2017). <em>R&eacute;f&eacute;rences en sant&eacute; au travail</em>, (151), p. 63-69.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/VuDuTerrain/TI-RST-TF-248/tf248.pdf" title="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/VuDuTerrain/TI-RST-TF-248/tf248.pdf">http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/VuDuTerrain/TI-RST-TF-248/tf248.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 28 Sep 2017 19:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/09/28/10618.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-09-28T19:17:00Z 2017-09-28 19:17 +00:00 2017-09-28 15:17 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10617 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/09/27/10617.aspx Prévention du bruit Réduction du bruit Normes nationales Réduction de la nuisance sonore dans les bureaux ouverts <p><strong>Un exemple d&#39;utilisation de la norme NF S31-199 en entreprise</strong><br />Dans le secteur tertiaire, les salari&eacute;s des bureaux ouverts se plaignent tr&egrave;s souvent du bruit. Le m&eacute;decin du travail ou le pr&eacute;venteur d&#39;entreprise sont g&eacute;n&eacute;ralement d&eacute;munis pour accompagner une d&eacute;marche globale de r&eacute;duction de cette nuisance. Des &eacute;tudes de terrain ont permis de construire une approche compl&egrave;te permettant &agrave; la fois d&#39;objectiver l&#39;acoustique du local et d&#39;&eacute;clairer les difficult&eacute;s ressenties par les salari&eacute;s. L&#39;analyse de l&#39;activit&eacute; est un point cl&eacute; de cette approche, car les besoins de collaboration<br />ou au contraire d&#39;isolement acoustique sont tr&egrave;s diff&eacute;rents d&#39;une typologie de bureau ouvert &agrave; une autre.<br />Cette approche, d&eacute;clin&eacute;e aujourd&#39;hui dans une norme fran&ccedil;aise, est d&eacute;taill&eacute;e dans cet article et illustr&eacute;e en s&#39;appuyant sur un exemple de la d&eacute;marche engag&eacute;e chez l&#39;op&eacute;rateur Orange. </p> <p>Source:&nbsp;Chevret, P.,&nbsp;Chatillon, J.,&nbsp;Amato, J.N.,&nbsp;Ottaviani, P. (2017). <em>R&eacute;f&eacute;rences en sant&eacute; au travail</em>, (151), p. 43-61.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/InfosARetenir/TI-RST-TF-247/tf247.pdf" title="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/InfosARetenir/TI-RST-TF-247/tf247.pdf">http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/InfosARetenir/TI-RST-TF-247/tf247.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 27 Sep 2017 15:47:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/09/27/10617.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-09-27T15:47:00Z 2017-09-27 15:47 +00:00 2017-09-27 11:47 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10615 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/09/26/10615.aspx Effets sur la santé Atteinte vasculaire Syndrome de Raynaud Vibrations main-bras Physiopathologie du syndrome de Raynaud d'origine vibratoire <p>Pr&egrave;s d&#39;un salari&eacute; sur cinq d&eacute;clare &ecirc;tre expos&eacute; aux vibrations au moins un quart de son temps de travail dans l&#39;Union europ&eacute;enne. Le syndrome des vibrations main-bras susceptible d&#39;en r&eacute;sulter est une pathologie complexe, dont la physiopathologie n&#39;est pas encore totalement connue, associant des signes neurologiques, vasculaires et/ou ost&eacute;o-articulaires. Des travaux de recherche visent &agrave; mieux conna&icirc;tre la relation entre l&#39;exposition aux vibrations mainbras et leurs effets sur les troubles angioneurotiques du membre sup&eacute;rieur, notamment le syndrome de Raynaud d&#39;originie vibratoire, de fa&ccedil;on &agrave; faire progresser la pr&eacute;vention des risques professionnels dans ce domaine. Cet article propose d&#39;en faire une synth&egrave;se non exhaustive. </p> <p>Source: Lecomte, N.,&nbsp;Aublet-Cuvelier, A. (2017). <em>R&eacute;f&eacute;rences en sant&eacute; au travail</em>, (151), p. 23-33.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/GrandAngle/TI-RST-TC-159/tc159.pdf" title="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/GrandAngle/TI-RST-TC-159/tc159.pdf">http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/GrandAngle/TI-RST-TC-159/tc159.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 26 Sep 2017 15:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/09/26/10615.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-09-26T15:26:00Z 2017-09-26 15:26 +00:00 2017-09-26 11:26 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10583 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/09/07/10583.aspx Conduite de véhicules Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Alarme de recul des véhicules Seuil auditif et protecteurs auditifs Équipement de protection individuel et collectif Performance acoustique des alarmes de recul tonales et large bande en milieu ouvert en vue d’une utilisation optimale <p>Ce rapport fait &eacute;tat de travaux portant sur l&#39;audibilit&eacute; et la localisation auditive des deux grands types d&#39;alarmes de recul (tonale [&laquo; bip-bip &raquo;] et &agrave; large bande de fr&eacute;quences [&laquo; pshit-pshit &raquo;]), le fonctionnement des alarmes &agrave; niveau autoajustable et l&#39;effet du positionnement des alarmes sur la distribution sonore &agrave; l&#39;arri&egrave;re des v&eacute;hicules, en vue de favoriser une utilisation optimale de ces dispositifs et de minimiser les risques d&#39;accidents li&eacute;s au recul des v&eacute;hicules. Les deux premiers volets de l&#39;&eacute;tude n&eacute;cessitaient la participation de sujets humains en laboratoire tandis que les deux derniers requ&eacute;raient plut&ocirc;t des mesures de bruit sur des v&eacute;hicules autant en laboratoire que sur le terrain.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100944/n/performance-acoustique-des-alarmes-de-recul-tonales-et-large-bande-en-milieu-ouvert-en-vue-d-une-utilisation-optimale" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100944/n/performance-acoustique-des-alarmes-de-recul-tonales-et-large-bande-en-milieu-ouvert-en-vue-d-une-utilisation-optimale">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100944/n/performance-acoustique-des-alarmes-de-recul-tonales-et-large-bande-en-milieu-ouvert-en-vue-d-une-utilisation-optimale</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 07 Sep 2017 12:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/09/07/10583.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-09-07T12:19:00Z 2017-09-07 12:19 +00:00 2017-09-07 08:19 -04:00