Contraintes biomécaniques exercées aux membres supérieurs lors de l’utilisation de petits outils dans le secteur des services à l’automobile(Biomechanical constraints exerted on the upper limbs in the use of small tools in the automobile services sector)Marchand, Denis; Giguère, DenisÉtudes et recherches / Rapport
R-726, Montréal, IRSST, 2012, 88 pages.
Accident statistics in the automobile services sector indicate that musculoskeletal upper limb disorders are more serious than in other environments, considering the longer absences and higher costs associated with them. The weight of the tools and the postures that their use involves bring together factors favourable for the appearance of these injuries. However, the muscle constraints imposed by the use of these tools on mechanics, painters and body workers are not yet understood and evaluated in such a way that solutions can be found to reduce them. This study will investigate the physical constraints related to postures and the tools for the tasks that workers carry out in garages, and will propose work methods that are less muscularly demanding.