Derniers billets 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11380 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/11/29/11380.aspx Agents chimiques Secteur du transport et de l'entreposage Pesticides Secteurs d'activités Manutention des conteneurs fumigés dans les ports - risques pour la santé et pratiques de prévention <p>Ce rapport examine les risques potentiels pour la s&eacute;curit&eacute; et la sant&eacute; li&eacute;s &agrave; la manutention, dans les ports, de conteneurs ayant &eacute;t&eacute; fumig&eacute;s avec des pesticides.<br />Les auteurs examinent la l&eacute;gislation et la litt&eacute;rature internationales (publications scientifiques mais aussi lignes directrices et articles), identifient les risques li&eacute;s &agrave; la s&eacute;curit&eacute; et &agrave; la sant&eacute; au travail et d&eacute;crivent des exemples pratiques de mesures et de strat&eacute;gies pr&eacute;ventives. Ils concluent qu&#39;il existe des lacunes importantes dans nos connaissances ainsi que dans les pratiques en mati&egrave;re de pr&eacute;vention. En outre, le probl&egrave;me est souvent sous-estim&eacute; parce que les effets ind&eacute;sirables pour la sant&eacute; sont insuffisamment r&eacute;pertori&eacute;s et parce que les conteneurs fumig&eacute;s sont rarement &eacute;tiquet&eacute;s correctement.<br />Les auteurs recommandent d&#39;accorder la priorit&eacute; aux mesures de contr&ocirc;le, telles que l&#39;&eacute;valuation des risques avant l&#39;ouverture des conteneurs, le contr&ocirc;le de routine des conteneurs arrivant dans les ports et les mesures visant &agrave; faire respecter la r&eacute;glementation sur l&#39;&eacute;tiquetage des conteneurs.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/handling-fumigated-containers-ports-health-risks-and-prevention/view" title="https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/handling-fumigated-containers-ports-health-risks-and-prevention/view">https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/handling-fumigated-containers-ports-health-risks-and-prevention/view</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 29 Nov 2018 16:56:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/11/29/11380.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-29T16:56:00Z 2018-11-29 16:56 +00:00 2018-11-29 11:56 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11377 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/29/11377.aspx Organisation temporelle Effets sur les travailleurs Organisation de la production Travail posté Night and rotational work exposure within the last 12 months and risk of incident hypertension <p>Objectives: Shift work, such as alternating day and nights, causes chronobiologic disruptions which may cause an increase in hypertension risk. However, the relative contributions of the components of shift work ? such as shift type (eg, night work) and rotations (ie, switching of shift times; day to night) ? on this association are not clear. To address this question, we constructed novel definitions of night work and rotational work and assessed their associations with risk of incident hypertension.<br />Methods: A cohort of 2151 workers at eight aluminum manufacturing facilities previously studied for cardiovascular disease was followed from 2003 through 2013 for incident hypertension, as defined by ICD-9 insurance claims codes. Detailed time-registry data was used to classify each worker&#39;s history of rotational and night work. The associations between recent rotational work and night work in the last 12 months and incident hypertension were estimated using adjusted Cox proportional hazards models.<br />Results: Elevated hazard ratios (HR) were observed for all levels of recent night work (&gt;0&ndash;5, &gt;5&ndash;50, &gt;50&ndash;95, &gt;95&ndash;100%) compared with non-night workers, and among all levels of rotational work (&lt;1, 1&ndash;10, &gt;10&ndash;20,<br />&gt;20&ndash;30, and &gt;30%) compared with those working &lt;1% rotational work. In models for considering the combination of night and rotational work, workers with mostly night work and frequent rotations (&ge;50% night and<br />&ge;10% rotation) had the highest risk of hypertension compared to non-night workers [HR 4.00, 95% confidence interval (CI )1.69&ndash;9.52].<br />Conclusions: Our results suggest recent night and rotational work may both be associated with higher rates of incident hypertension.</p> <p>Source: Ferguson, J.M., Costello, S., Neophytou, A.M., Balmes, J.R., Bradshaw, P.T., Cullen, M.R., Eisen, E.A.. (2018). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp;&nbsp;Health</em>. <br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3788" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3788">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3788</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 29 Nov 2018 16:56:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/29/11377.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-29T16:56:00Z 2018-11-29 16:56 +00:00 2018-11-29 11:56 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11376 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/29/11376.aspx Facteurs de risque Régions anatomiques Charge mentale Charge physique Dos Facteurs psychosociaux Stress Lombalgie Mechanical and psychosocial work exposures: the construction and evaluation of a gender-specific job exposure matrix (JEM) <p>Objectives: The aim of this study was to (i) construct and evaluate a gender-specific job exposure matrix (JEM) for mechanical and psychosocial work exposures and (ii) test its predictive validity for low-back pain.<br />Methods: We utilized data from the Norwegian nationwide Survey of Living Conditions on work environment in 2006 and 2009. We classified occupations on a 4-digit level based on the Norwegian version of the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88). The mechanical and psychosocial exposure information was collected by personal telephone interviews and included exposures that were known risk factors for low-back pain. We evaluated the agreement between the individual- and JEM-based exposure estimates, with kappa, sensitivity and specificity measures. We assessed the JEM&#39;s predictive validity by testing the associations between low-back pain and the individual- and JEM-based exposure.<br />Results: The results showed an overall fair-to-moderate agreement between the constructed JEM and individual work exposures. The JEM performed considerably better for mechanical work exposures compared with psychosocial work exposures. The predictive validity of the mechanical and psychosocial JEM showed a consistently lower but predominantly reproducible association with low-back pain for both genders.<br />Conclusions: The mechanical estimates and psychosocial stressors, such as psychological demands, monotonous work and decision latitude in the constructed JEM, may be useful in large epidemiological register studies. The predictive validity of the matrix was evaluated as being overall acceptable and can be an effective and versatile approach to estimate the relationship work exposures and low-back pain.</p> <p>Source: Hanvold, T. N., Sterud, T., Kristensen, P.&nbsp;et Mehlum, I. S. (2018). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3774" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3774">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3774</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 29 Nov 2018 13:54:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/29/11376.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-29T13:54:00Z 2018-11-29 13:54 +00:00 2018-11-29 08:54 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11375 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/11/28/11375.aspx Canada Normes et législation Ce que nous avons entendu : La modernisation des normes du travail fédérales <p>Les normes du travail f&eacute;d&eacute;rales &eacute;tablissent les droits fondamentaux des employ&eacute;s en ce qui a trait aux heures de travail, aux jours f&eacute;ri&eacute;s, aux cong&eacute;s, &agrave; la r&eacute;mun&eacute;ration et &agrave; toute autre condition de travail. Elles ont &eacute;t&eacute; mises en place dans les ann&eacute;es 1960, alors que la plupart des emplois &eacute;taient des emplois &agrave; temps plein et permanents.<br />Cependant, avec les changements &eacute;conomiques et technologiques importants qui ont entra&icirc;n&eacute; une mutation du monde du travail au cours des derni&egrave;res ann&eacute;es, il est devenu &eacute;vident que les normes du travail f&eacute;d&eacute;rales doivent &ecirc;tre modernis&eacute;es pour mieux tenir compte des r&eacute;alit&eacute;s du milieu de travail du XXIe si&egrave;cle et relever les d&eacute;fis auxquels doivent faire face les travailleurs et les employeurs.<br />Une enqu&ecirc;te a &eacute;t&eacute; men&eacute;e entre mai 2017 et mars 2018 aupr&egrave;s&nbsp;des Canadiens, des syndicats et des organisations syndicales, des employeurs et des organisations d&rsquo;employeurs, des universitaires, d&rsquo;autres experts et groupes de revendication pour conna&icirc;tre leur point de vue sur ce que devraient &ecirc;tre des normes de travail f&eacute;d&eacute;rales rigoureuses et modernes. Le message qui a &eacute;t&eacute; livr&eacute; tout au long des consultations &eacute;tait clair : la fa&ccedil;on dont les Canadiens travaillent a chang&eacute;, mais pas les normes du travail f&eacute;d&eacute;rales. Les Canadiens ont t&eacute;moign&eacute; de leur exp&eacute;rience concr&egrave;te ainsi que de la nature changeante du travail et des cons&eacute;quences de ces changements dans le milieu de travail et dans leur vie personnelle.&nbsp;Le pr&eacute;sent rapport r&eacute;sume les points de vue qui ont &eacute;t&eacute; communiqu&eacute;s au cours des consultations.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.canada.ca/fr/emploi-developpement-social/services/normes-travail/rapports/modernisation-normes-federales.html" title="https://www.canada.ca/fr/emploi-developpement-social/services/normes-travail/rapports/modernisation-normes-federales.html">https://www.canada.ca/fr/emploi-developpement-social/services/normes-travail/rapports/modernisation-normes-federales.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 28 Nov 2018 19:28:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/11/28/11375.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-28T19:28:00Z 2018-11-28 19:28 +00:00 2018-11-28 14:28 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11374 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/11/28/11374.aspx Agents chimiques Effets sur la santé Toxicité Évaluation épidémiologique Fibres minérales Cancérogénicité Fer Cancer Système respiratoire Secteur de l'industrie extractive Systèmes et maladies Poumon Secteurs d'activités Fibres Agents fibrogènes et cancérogènes dans les mines d’or et de fer du Québec - Étude exploratoire <p>De r&eacute;centes &eacute;tudes ont mis en &eacute;vidence que les travailleurs des mines d&rsquo;or du Dakota et des mines de fer du Minnesota sont expos&eacute;s &agrave; des particules min&eacute;rales allong&eacute;es (PMA). En particulier, les mineurs du Minnesota pr&eacute;sentent un risque plus &eacute;lev&eacute; de d&eacute;c&egrave;s par cancer du poumon, par m&eacute;soth&eacute;liome et par maladies cardiaques que la population g&eacute;n&eacute;rale. Comme l&rsquo;int&eacute;r&ecirc;t renouvel&eacute; pour l&rsquo;exploration de nouveaux gisements d&rsquo;or et de fer dans le Nord-du-Qu&eacute;bec laisse entrevoir une augmentation du nombre de travailleurs dans ces secteurs, il s&rsquo;imposait de proc&eacute;der &agrave; une premi&egrave;re appr&eacute;ciation de ces milieux. Dans le but d&rsquo;&eacute;valuer l&rsquo;&eacute;tat des connaissances sur la pr&eacute;sence des PMA dans les mines d&rsquo;or et de fer du Qu&eacute;bec et de d&eacute;terminer leur contribution potentielle dans l&rsquo;&eacute;tiologie des cancers et des maladies pulmonaires, une &eacute;tude int&eacute;grant diff&eacute;rentes m&eacute;thodes et disciplines a &eacute;t&eacute; entreprise pour r&eacute;pondre aux objectifs sp&eacute;cifiques suivants : (1) dresser le bilan des &eacute;tudes &eacute;pid&eacute;miologiques sur les cancers et les maladies pulmonaires chez les travailleurs des mines d&rsquo;or et de fer; (2) r&eacute;aliser le bilan des connaissances sur la toxicit&eacute; des poussi&egrave;res de ces mines, en particulier des PMA amiantiformes et non amiantiformes; (3) d&eacute;crire la g&eacute;ologie des mines d&rsquo;or et de fer mondiales ayant fait l&rsquo;objet d&rsquo;&eacute;tudes sanitaires et la comparer &agrave; celle des mines qu&eacute;b&eacute;coises.<br />Une analyse des articles de la litt&eacute;rature internationale portant sur les agents fibrog&egrave;nes et canc&eacute;rog&egrave;nes (et leurs niveaux d&rsquo;exposition) dans les mines d&rsquo;or et de fer a d&rsquo;abord &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;e. Cette analyse a identifi&eacute; certaines r&eacute;gions pour lesquelles des cancers et des maladies pulmonaires d&rsquo;origine professionnelle ont &eacute;t&eacute; rapport&eacute;s chez les mineurs. En parall&egrave;le, une analyse des &eacute;tudes toxicologiques portant principalement sur les PMA a fait ressortir diff&eacute;rents param&egrave;tres de toxicit&eacute; de ces particules. Une autre revue de la litt&eacute;rature a ensuite document&eacute; les diff&eacute;rents contextes g&eacute;ologiques des mines d&rsquo;or et de fer des pays et r&eacute;gions identifi&eacute;s dans les &eacute;tudes &eacute;pid&eacute;miologiques et une derni&egrave;re recherche documentaire a explor&eacute; la pr&eacute;sence de PMA d&rsquo;amphiboles dans les mines d&rsquo;or et de fer du Qu&eacute;bec. Ces informations ont ensuite &eacute;t&eacute; compl&eacute;t&eacute;es par la caract&eacute;risation min&eacute;ralogique d&rsquo;&eacute;chantillons provenant des mines d&rsquo;or et de fer qu&eacute;b&eacute;coises pour d&eacute;terminer si ces mines sont susceptibles de contenir des PMA d&rsquo;amphiboles.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101012/n/fibrogenes-cancerogenes-mines" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101012/n/fibrogenes-cancerogenes-mines">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101012/n/fibrogenes-cancerogenes-mines</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 28 Nov 2018 13:18:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/11/28/11374.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-28T13:18:00Z 2018-11-28 13:18 +00:00 2018-11-28 08:18 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11373 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/27/11373.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Santé psychologique Outils de prise en charge Mental health first aid in the workplace: A feasibility study <p>Increasing people&#39;s awareness of mental health, reducing stigma, and promoting and facilitating early help-seeking are recognised as key strategies for a mentally healthy workplace. However, people may delay seeking help because workplace support systems are not available, not accessible, or not known. In this context Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) has emerged as an international programme that seeks to raise awareness of mental ill health and improve attitudes. It also educates people about the ways that they can support those experiencing a mental health crisis, through a range of training programmes.<br />However, MHFA is not specifically a workplace intervention and there has been little research conducted around its impact or success in the workplace or on the mental health of those receiving MHFA. This study seeks to address the gaps in the evidence-base by investigating the implementation, use and utility of MHFA in the workplace.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.iosh.co.uk/MHFAworkplace" title="https://www.iosh.co.uk/MHFAworkplace">https://www.iosh.co.uk/MHFAworkplace</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 27 Nov 2018 19:01:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/27/11373.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-27T19:01:00Z 2018-11-27 19:01 +00:00 2018-11-27 14:01 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11372 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/11/26/11372.aspx États-Unis Contexte de travail Santé psychologique Champs de recherche Régions géographiques Suicide Rates by Major Occupational Group - 17 States, 2012 and 2015 <p>During 2000&ndash;2016, the suicide rate among the U.S. working age population (persons aged 16&ndash;64 years) increased 34%, from 12.9 per 100,000 population to 17.3 (<a href="https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars">https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars</a>). To better understand suicide among different occupational groups and inform suicide prevention efforts, CDC analyzed suicide deaths by Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) major groups for decedents aged 16&ndash;64 years from the 17 states participating in both the 2012 and 2015 National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) (<a href="https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/nvdrs">https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/nvdrs</a>). The occupational group with the highest male suicide rate in 2012 and 2015 was Construction and Extraction (43.6 and 53.2 per 100,000 civilian noninstitutionalized working persons, respectively), whereas the group with the highest female suicide rate was Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media (11.7 [2012] and 15.6 [2015]). The largest suicide rate increase among males from 2012 to 2015 (47%) occurred in the Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media occupational group (26.9 to 39.7) and among females, in the Food Preparation and Serving Related group, from 6.1 to 9.4 (54%). CDC&rsquo;s technical package of strategies to prevent suicide is a resource for communities, including workplace settings.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6745a1.htm" title="https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6745a1.htm">https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6745a1.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 26 Nov 2018 19:31:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/11/26/11372.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-26T19:31:00Z 2018-11-26 19:31 +00:00 2018-11-26 14:31 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11370 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/26/11370.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Santé psychologique Normes Prise en charge Évaluation du risque Third party audits of the psychosocial work environment in occupational health and safety management systems <p>Occupational health and safety management (OHSM) systems certified according to OHSAS 18,001 are gaining importance. A key element in OHSAS 18,001 is third party audits. Psychosocial risks are only briefly mentioned in the standard, and the question therefore remains whether audits in practice cover these risks to a sufficient extent. The article provides a first answer to this question through a study of the whole value chain from accreditation of certification bureaus to the subsequent audits and workplace reactions. The results indicate that the accreditation body pays limited attention to psychosocial risks. Furthermore, auditors are often uncertain as to how they should handle such risks. As a consequence, although auditors may pin point psychosocial work environment issues, auditing practices do not ensure a consistent and encompassing coverage of these issues in their audit reports. Of particular concern is the fact that the strongest instrument (non-conformity) is not utilised at all when auditing psychosocial work environment issues. In sum, the results call for stronger inclusion of the psychosocial work environment in the standard as well as in the accreditation and audit processes.</p> <p>Source: Hohnen, P. et&nbsp;Hasle, P. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety Science, 109</em>, 76-85.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.04.028" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.04.028">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.04.028</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 26 Nov 2018 12:57:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/26/11370.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-26T12:57:00Z 2018-11-26 12:57 +00:00 2018-11-26 07:57 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11371 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/11/26/11371.aspx Canada Québec Travailleuses enceintes Travail des femmes Travailleurs vieillissants Travailleurs immigrants Prospective Main d'oeuvre Visage changeant de la main-d’œuvre : enjeux et impacts sur la SST <p>Le march&eacute; du travail est de plus en plus marqu&eacute; par l&rsquo;&eacute;volution du contexte sociod&eacute;mographique. Le vieillissement de la population s&rsquo;acc&eacute;l&egrave;re, entra&icirc;nant d&rsquo;importants enjeux de disponibilit&eacute; de la main-d&rsquo;&oelig;uvre. Pour y faire face, diverses avenues sont envisag&eacute;es dont le maintien ou le retour au travail de travailleurs exp&eacute;riment&eacute;s. Une pr&eacute;sence plus soutenue des jeunes travailleurs est &eacute;galement anticip&eacute;e.<br />Ainsi, en 2021, selon les donn&eacute;es pr&eacute;visionnelles de la F&eacute;d&eacute;ration des chambres de commerce du Qu&eacute;bec, 85 % de la population active sera compos&eacute;e d&rsquo;individus appartenant aux g&eacute;n&eacute;rations X, Y et Z. En plus, la part des immigrants dans la population en emploi au Qu&eacute;bec tend &agrave; augmenter, de m&ecirc;me que le taux d&rsquo;activit&eacute; des femmes. Il en r&eacute;sulte donc une cohabitation de populations multiples dans les milieux de travail.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/colloque-2018" title="https://www.irsst.qc.ca/colloque-2018">https://www.irsst.qc.ca/colloque-2018</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 26 Nov 2018 12:56:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/11/26/11371.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-26T12:56:00Z 2018-11-26 12:56 +00:00 2018-11-26 07:56 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11367 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/23/11367.aspx Santé psychologique Secteur du transport et de l’entreposage Effets sur les travailleurs Secteurs d'activités Stress Role stressors in Australian transport and logistics workers <p><strong>Psychosocial implications</strong><br />Psychosocial injury is an important issue for the transport and logistics sector. Indeed, these workers typically face multiple role stressors that compromise mental health and, in turn, have a deleterious effect on safety outcomes. The present study investigated the interactive effects of three roles stressors on employee strain (psychological strain and sleep disturbances) and employee morale (job dissatisfaction and turnover intentions) in 443 Australian road transport and logistics workers. Regression analyses using PROCESS revealed significant three-way interactions among role overload, role ambiguity, and role conflict. When both role ambiguity and role conflict were low, the negative consequences of role overload on employee outcomes were buffered. In other words, low role conflict and low role ambiguity helped insulate employees from the impact of role overload. Conversely, when both role ambiguity and role conflict were high, psychological strain, sleep disturbances, job dissatisfaction, and turnover intentions remained high, regardless of the level of role overload. Implications for theory and practice in the transport and logistics sector are discussed.</p> <p>Source: Tucker, M. K., Jimmieson, N. L.&nbsp;et Jamieson, J. E. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety Science, 109</em>, 12-19.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.007" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.007">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.007</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 23 Nov 2018 15:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/23/11367.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-23T15:04:00Z 2018-11-23 15:04 +00:00 2018-11-23 10:04 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11369 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/21/11369.aspx Modes de prévention Régions anatomiques Dos TMS membres TMS Lombaire Intervention spécifique Modification des outils ou équipements de travail Lombalgie Revue de littérature Exosquelettes Exosquelettes au travail : impact sur la santé et la sécurité des opérateurs état des connaissances <p>Ce guide, destin&eacute; aux pr&eacute;venteurs, fait un point sur les connaissances actuelles des exosquelettes afin de mettre en &eacute;vidence les int&eacute;r&ecirc;ts et les limites de leur usage en mati&egrave;re de pr&eacute;vention des troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS).<br />L&#39;objectif est d&#39;aider &agrave; mieux appr&eacute;hender l&#39;impact des exosquelettes pour accompagner efficacement l&#39;entreprise dans sa d&eacute;marche d&#39;acquisition et d&#39;int&eacute;gration d&#39;un exosquelette.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206311" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206311">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206311</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 21 Nov 2018 14:29:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/21/11369.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-21T14:29:00Z 2018-11-21 14:29 +00:00 2018-11-21 09:29 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11368 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/21/11368.aspx Utilisation Vêtements de protection Secteur de l'administration publique Équipement de protection individuel Secteurs d'activités Vêtement de flottaison individuel A 10-year descriptive analysis of UK Maritime and Coastguard data on lifejacket use and drowning prevention <p>The study investigated if incidences of death by drowning in the UK could have been prevented through the use of lifejackets over a ten year period. This study was a retrospective analysis of fatal maritime incident data collected by the Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA) between the years 2007 and 2016. A Casualty Review Panel (CRP) met annually to categorise incidents into five groups based on the likelihood of a lifejacket preventing death. Descriptive analyses were performed on the overall fatalities, data were stratified by year, sex, age, and activity. Ten year data were categorised based on the outcome of the CRP, these data were further stratified by year and activity, with trends being reported. Potentially 180 lives (82% of all cases successfully categorised) could have been saved if a lifejacket had been worn. An 18% reduction in the number of cases referred to the CRP was observed from the first 5?years (2007&ndash;2011?=?59% of all referrals) to the last 5?years (2007&ndash;2011?=?41% of all referrals), with 42% less cases referred in 2016 compared to 2007. The data generated by the CRP over the ten years has provided a unique insight into coastal deaths, it has provided a clear rationale for the use of lifejackets and has helped target national and activity-specific campaigns for water safety and lifejacket use.</p> <p>Source: Pointer, K., Milligan, G. S., Garratt, K. L., Clark, S. P. et&nbsp;Tipton, M. J. (2018). <em>Safety Science, 109</em>, 195-200.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.003" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.003">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.003</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 21 Nov 2018 14:22:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/21/11368.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-21T14:22:00Z 2018-11-21 14:22 +00:00 2018-11-21 09:22 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11365 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/21/11365.aspx Travail en mouvement Secteur des arts spectacles et loisirs Conditions de travail Secteurs d'activités Enquêtes Live Theatre and Events Industry Survey 2018 <p>Late in 2017, elected MEAA entertainment, crew, and sport representatives from across the live theatre and events industry decided to join together to build an industry-wide campaign to improve members&#39; working lives across the sector. The first step is this survey. The survey provides a snapshot of the wages, conditions, and health and safety standards that crew, technical, front-of-house, and events workers in live theatre and venues are faced with every day.<br />Some parts of the survey were developed in response to the 2017 Sexual Harassment in Live Theatre survey conducted by MEAA Equity, but prior to the release of the Code of Practice: Preventing discrimination, sexual harassment, and bullying that Live Performance Australia has developed in partnership with MEAA.<br />Workers in the theatre, live events, and entertainment industries often work long, unsociable hours to provide the community with the creative outlets that enrich our lives. They are skilled and dedicated workers who, as we will see, do not consistently receive the payments or entitlements commensurate with the work they do, particularly when it comes to overtime and higher duties; and who often deal with inconsistent health and safety standards, bullying, harassment, or fatigue.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.meaa.org/download/live-theatre-and-events-industry-survey-2018/" title="https://www.meaa.org/download/live-theatre-and-events-industry-survey-2018/">https://www.meaa.org/download/live-theatre-and-events-industry-survey-2018/</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 21 Nov 2018 13:57:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/21/11365.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-21T13:57:00Z 2018-11-21 13:57 +00:00 2018-11-21 08:57 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11366 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/21/11366.aspx Appréciation du risque Méthodes Risque machine Risk assessment in safety of machinery <p><strong>Impact of construction flaws in risk estimation parameters</strong><br />In the risk assessment approach as defined in the International Standard ISO 12100: 2010, risk estimation is an essential step that allows machinery designers and users to determine the level of risk, and to identify the most critical hazardous situations. Previous studies demonstrated that the numerous qualitative tools proposed to estimate risks in safety of machinery take several forms, and that many of their features can significantly influence the level of risk obtained.<br />In this study, the impact of some of these features was assessed, and construction rules regarding the parameters used in risk estimation tools were validated through an experimental study involving several users mainly from the industry. Five potential construction flaws of the risk estimation parameters were analyzed. The experimental results show that when the users perceive a certain challenge in the utilization of a risk estimation parameter, they are usually able to associate it with the presence of the flaw affecting the parameter. The results also demonstrate quite clearly that the impact of the construction flaws in the parameters is not uniform. In addition to the presence of the flaws within these parameters, the results obtained suggest that the assessment of the probability of harm is a problematic aspect of the risk estimation process in safety of machinery that requires further research. These results could contribute to the improvement of the robustness and the reliability of the existing tools, and help to support the training actually given by the partners in the risk assessment field.</p> <p>Source: Gauthier, F., Chinniah, Y., Burlet-Vienney, D., Aucourt, B. et&nbsp;Larouche, S. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety Science, 109</em>, 421-433.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.024" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.024">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.024</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 21 Nov 2018 13:52:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/21/11366.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-21T13:52:00Z 2018-11-21 13:52 +00:00 2018-11-21 08:52 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11364 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/11/20/11364.aspx Agents chimiques Effets sur la santé Silicose Silice Particules et poussières Système respiratoire Systèmes et maladies Quartz Exposure-response relationships for silicosis and its progression in industrial sand workers <p>Objectives: This study aimed to characterize the relationship between radiographic silicosis and exposure to respirable quartz and determine how exposure affects disease progression.<br />Methods: Surveillance chest radiographs from a cohort of 1902 workers were examined to identify 67 cases of radiographic silicosis and 167 matched controls. Exposures were estimated by linking work histories to a job exposure matrix (JEM) based on samples collected by the participating companies and historical estimates. Conditional logistic regression was used to examine exposure-response relationships. Sequential radiographs from silicosis cases were used to assess associations between exposure and disease progression.<br />Results: Risk of silicosis increased with cumulative exposure [odds ratio (OR) 1.43 per 1 mg/m3 years, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.23&ndash;1.66], average exposure concentration (OR 1.30 per 0.10 mg/m3, 95% CI 1.11&ndash;1.51) and net exposure duration (OR 1.10 per year, 95% CI 1.05&ndash;1.16). Multivariate analyses indicated that the risk associated with cumulative exposure varied depending on exposure duration and concentration. Analysis of the time worked at differing exposure levels indicated that exposures &le;0.05 mg/m3 were not significantly associated with silicosis risk after adjustment for years worked at higher concentrations. Disease progression was related to subsequent exposure concentration, with a yearly increase in small opacity profusion of 0.052 subcategory per each 0.10 mg/m3 increase in concentration.<br />Conclusions: Workers with longer exposure at lower concentrations were at higher risk for silicosis than those with the same cumulative exposure who worked for a shorter time at higher concentrations. The rate of silicosis progression was related to subsequent exposure concentration.</p> <p>Source: Vacek, P.M., Glenn, R.E., Rando, R.J., Parker, J.E., Kanne, J.P., Henry, D.A., Meyer, C.A. (2018). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health. <br /></em><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3786" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3786">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3786</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 20 Nov 2018 20:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/11/20/11364.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-20T20:24:00Z 2018-11-20 20:24 +00:00 2018-11-20 15:24 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11363 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/20/11363.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Travailleurs Prise en charge Outils de prise en charge Effets sur les travailleurs Conditions physiques Conditions psychologiques Strategies to improve the implementation of workplace-based policies or practices targeting tobacco, alcohol, diet, physical activity and obesity <p>Implementation strategies are meant to improve the adoption and integration of evidence-based health interventions into routine policies and practices within specific settings. <br />This review examined whether using these strategies improved the implementation of policies and practices in the workplace promoting:<br />&bull;Healthy eating<br />&bull;Physical activity<br />&bull;Weight control<br />&bull;Tobacco cessation<br />&bull;Prevention of risky alcohol consumption<br />The review authors also wanted to know if these strategies changed employees&#39; health behaviours, caused any unintended effects, and were good value for money.<br />Workplaces are a good setting for programmes that aim to improve health-related behaviours like diet, physical activity and tobacco use, as adults spend a long time at work each day. However, these kinds of workplace-based interventions are often poorly implemented, limiting their potential impact on employee health. Identifying strategies that are effective in improving the implementation of workplace-based interventions has the potential to increase their impact on chronic disease prevention. Examples may include a workplace healthy catering policy, employee gym membership subsidies, or tobacco control policies.</p> <p>Source: Wolfenden, L., Goldman,&nbsp;S., Stacey,&nbsp;F.G., Grady,&nbsp;A., Kingsland,&nbsp;M., Williams,&nbsp;... Yoong, S.L. (2018). <em>Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/controlpanel/blogs/posteditor.aspx/10.1002/14651858.CD012439.pub2" title="10.1002/14651858.CD012439.pub2">10.1002/14651858.CD012439.pub2</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 20 Nov 2018 13:33:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/20/11363.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-20T13:33:00Z 2018-11-20 13:33 +00:00 2018-11-20 08:33 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11361 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/19/11361.aspx Santé psychologique Profils et scénarios Bilans statistiques Workplace bullying among employees in Germany <p><strong>Prevalence estimates and the role of the perpetrator</strong><br />Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of workplace bullying in Germany while also taking the perpetrator and severity level (measured by frequency) into account and considering the role of gender, age and socioeconomic status.<br />Methods: We used data from a large representative sample (N = 4143) of employees in Germany subject to social security contributions. Self-reported bullying was assessed for different combinations of perpetrators (co-workers, superiors) and according to severity, i.e., being exposed at all and to severe bullying (at least weekly).<br />Results: Prevalence estimates varied from 2.9% for severe bullying by co-workers to 17.1% for overall bullying (i.e., without distinguishing by perpetrator, less severe bullying also included). Unskilled workers reported more bullying by both perpetrators than academics/managers. We also observed an age trend for severe bullying by superiors (i.e., bossing), with younger employees being more affected from bossing than elder. No gender differences were detected.<br />Conclusions: The findings indicate that it is crucial to consider type of perpetrator and severity of the behaviors when examining the prevalence of workplace bullying. The way bullying is defined and operationalized strongly contributes to the prevalence estimates. Differences between subgroups and associations or cause-effect relationships should be analyzed with these variations in mind.</p> <p>Source: Lange, S., Burr, H., Conway, P. M.&nbsp;et Rose, U. (2018).&nbsp;<em>International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1366-8" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1366-8">https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1366-8</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 19 Nov 2018 14:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/19/11361.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-19T14:09:00Z 2018-11-19 14:09 +00:00 2018-11-19 09:09 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11362 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/19/11362.aspx Facteurs de risque Équipements Formation Maintenance Organisation de la prévention Réduction du risque Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Risque machine Guide Secteurs d'activités Guidance on Safety in Concrete Pumping <p>The aim of this guidance is to improve standards of safety during concrete pumping and reduce the incidence of collapse of concrete pump rigs and injuries due to incidents involving pressurisation of pipework or other equipment. <br /><br />As with all construction equipment, the safe operation of concrete pumps depends on a number of factors including the selection and maintenance of the pump and placing boom, the planning and supervision of their<br />use and the competence of the operator and other personnel. If any of these are deficient, the risk of a serious accident increases significantly, so it is essential that site managers ensure that all concrete pumping operations are planned, supervised and carried out safely.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/guidance_on_safety_in_concrete_pumping.81983.shortcut.html" title="https://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/guidance_on_safety_in_concrete_pumping.81983.shortcut.html">https://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/guidance_on_safety_in_concrete_pumping.81983.shortcut.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 19 Nov 2018 14:08:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/19/11362.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-19T14:08:00Z 2018-11-19 14:08 +00:00 2018-11-19 09:08 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11355 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/16/11355.aspx Estimation du niveau sonore Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Bruit impulsif Prévention du bruit Méthodes de mesure Outils portatifs Réduction du bruit Réduction à la source Réduction des vibrations main-bras Réduction des vibrations Nivaux vibratoires des outils portatifs Niveaux d'exposition et caractérisation Estimation du niveau sonore des outils portatifs Cloueuses portatives - Développement de méthodes de diagnostic vibratoire et acoustique <p>Le fonctionnement des cloueuses portatives &eacute;tant bas&eacute; sur un processus d&#39;impact visant &agrave; enfoncer un clou, l&#39;utilisation de ces outils expose les travailleurs &agrave; des bruits et &agrave; des vibrations &agrave; caract&egrave;re impulsionnel, en g&eacute;n&eacute;rant des niveaux tr&egrave;s &eacute;lev&eacute;s pendant un tr&egrave;s court laps de temps. Par ailleurs, l&#39;exposition aux bruits et aux vibrations impulsionnels engendre un risque de d&eacute;velopper des maladies professionnelles. Des &eacute;changes avec l&#39;Association paritaire pour la sant&eacute; et la s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail du secteur de la construction (ASP Construction) ont confirm&eacute; que ce type d&#39;outil est tr&egrave;s utilis&eacute; par les travailleurs de la construction qui, au Qu&eacute;bec, se classent parmi les 5 premiers groupes de travailleurs en ce qui concerne le nombre d&#39;indemnisations pour surdit&eacute; professionnelle. Il est donc n&eacute;cessaire de choisir et de concevoir des cloueuses<br />moins bruyantes et pour lesquelles le niveau de vibration &agrave; la poign&eacute;e est r&eacute;duit. Il s&#39;agit d&#39;une t&acirc;che difficile &agrave; r&eacute;aliser, car tr&egrave;s peu d&#39;information existe sur les niveaux de bruit et de vibrations de ces outils, ainsi que sur les moyens de les r&eacute;duire.<br />Ce projet vise trois objectifs : (i) v&eacute;rifier si les normes actuelles pour le bruit (EN 12549) et les vibrations (ISO 8662) permettent de mesurer en laboratoire des valeurs d&#39;&eacute;mission acoustique et vibratoire comparables aux valeurs mesur&eacute;es sur le terrain; (ii) d&eacute;velopper et utiliser des m&eacute;thodes de diagnostic des sources de bruit et vibrations en laboratoire; (iii) formuler des pistes de solution visant &agrave; r&eacute;duire les niveaux de bruit et de vibrations des cloueuses.</p> <p>Source: <a href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101011/n/cloueuses-portatives">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101011/n/cloueuses-portatives</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 16 Nov 2018 13:16:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/16/11355.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-16T13:16:00Z 2018-11-16 13:16 +00:00 2018-11-16 08:16 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11357 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/15/11357.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Travailleurs Environnement de travail Représentations et culture de métier ÉPI/ÉPC Culture de prévention Risk Perceptions and Barriers to Protective Behavior Use Among Chemical Tank Cleaners <p><strong>An Exploratory Study</strong><br />Chemical tank cleaners&#39; occupational diseases and injuries are largely unknown due to a lack of monitoring and limited research. Their potential exposure to highly corrosive chemicals&mdash;including sodium hypochlorite, sodium hydroxide, and ferric chloride&mdash;suggests that tank cleaners represent an at-risk occupational group. This pilot study explored tank cleaners&#39; risk perceptions and barriers to using personal protective equipment and other protective behaviors in their workplace. Data sources included a survey (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;29) and interviews (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;9) with sodium hypochlorite tank cleaners in the United States. Although sodium hypochlorite may become reactive under high temperatures, 12 questionnaire respondents indicated not being concerned about high temperatures within the tank, and 15 were not concerned about exposure via ingestion. Analyses of survey and interview results provide evidence of inadequate training among tank cleaners, their lack of understanding of basic chemical properties and routes of exposure, and limited access to and an incomplete understanding of how to properly use personal protective equipment, particularly respiratory protection. These findings can inform researchers, educators, and safety engineers in developing future studies, interventions, and training to improve tank cleaners&#39; health and safety.</p> <p>Source: Persaud, E. et&nbsp;LePrevost, C. (2018). <em>The Journal of Primary Prevention</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10935-018-0527-6" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10935-018-0527-6">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10935-018-0527-6</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 15 Nov 2018 14:55:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/15/11357.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-15T14:55:00Z 2018-11-15 14:55 +00:00 2018-11-15 09:55 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11360 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/11/13/11360.aspx Agents chimiques Amiante Ventilation Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Prévention et contrôle Moyens physiques de prévention Réduction à la source Secteurs d'activités Guide Amiante. Aéraulique des chantiers d'amiante sous confinement <p><strong>Guide pratique de ventilation</strong><br />Ce guide propose une d&eacute;marche permettant une acquisition didactique de la m&eacute;thode du bilan a&eacute;raulique des chantiers sous confinement, depuis la reconnaissance des lieux jusqu&#39;&agrave; la v&eacute;rification sur chantier, en passant par le dimensionnement et l&#39;implantation du mat&eacute;riel n&eacute;cessaire.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206307" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206307">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206307</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 13 Nov 2018 14:18:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/11/13/11360.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-13T14:18:00Z 2018-11-13 14:18 +00:00 2018-11-13 09:18 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11359 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/13/11359.aspx Équipements Machines fixes Presses Risque machine Secteur de l'industrie manufacturière Guide Secteurs d'activités Presses plieuses hydrauliques pour le travail à froid des métaux <p><strong>Am&eacute;lioration de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; sur les machines en service dans le cadre de leur r&eacute;novation. Sp&eacute;cifications techniques &agrave; l&#39;usage des utilisateurs, des pr&eacute;venteurs et des r&eacute;novateurs</strong><br />Ce guide concerne les presses plieuses hydrauliques &agrave; chargement et/ou &agrave; d&eacute;chargement manuel, non marqu&eacute;es &quot;CE&quot;.<br />Il est destin&eacute; &agrave; guider les utilisateurs et les pr&eacute;venteurs, aid&eacute;s du r&eacute;novateur, dans le diagnostic de s&eacute;curit&eacute; des presses plieuses hydrauliques, et &agrave; d&eacute;finir les points sur lesquels la s&eacute;curit&eacute; peut &ecirc;tre am&eacute;lior&eacute;e, tout en prenant en compte les contraintes de la production.<br />Il se veut une aide au choix des solutions les mieux adapt&eacute;es &agrave; la s&eacute;curit&eacute; des op&eacute;rateurs, tout en conservant autant que possible les circuits existants.<br />Il pr&eacute;sente au r&eacute;novateur les solutions techniques &agrave; mettre en oeuvre pour am&eacute;liorer la s&eacute;curit&eacute;.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%20927" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%20927">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%20927</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 13 Nov 2018 13:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/13/11359.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-13T13:49:00Z 2018-11-13 13:49 +00:00 2018-11-13 08:49 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11358 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/13/11358.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Organisation de la production Chaîne logistique <p>Si le fonctionnement des cha&icirc;nes logistiques est pens&eacute; avant tout pour faire gagner en efficacit&eacute; et en productivit&eacute;, il peut aussi &ecirc;tre vecteur de pr&eacute;vention. Encore faut-il que les diff&eacute;rents acteurs se coordonnent pour consid&eacute;rer l&#39;ensemble des maillons de leur organisation et ainsi pouvoir mettre en place une strat&eacute;gie &laquo; gagnant-gagnant &raquo; en mati&egrave;re de sant&eacute; et s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail.</p> <p>Source: (2018). <em>Travail &amp; s&eacute;curit&eacute;</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier/La%20cha%C3%AEne%20logistique.html" title="http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier/La%20cha%C3%AEne%20logistique.html">http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier/La%20cha%C3%AEne%20logistique.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 13 Nov 2018 13:32:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/13/11358.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-13T13:32:00Z 2018-11-13 13:32 +00:00 2018-11-13 08:32 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11353 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/12/11353.aspx Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Effets sur les travailleurs Conditions de travail Does paid vacation leave protect against depression among working Americans <p><strong>A national longitudinal fixed effects analysis</strong><br />Objectives: The United States is the only advanced economy globally that does not guarantee its workers paid vacation leave. Although empirical studies have linked paid vacation leave to happiness and stress, no study has investigated the association between paid vacation leave and depression. Using a nationally-representative longitudinal sample of 3380 working men and women aged 45&ndash;52 years from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, this study explored whether paid vacation leave may protect against depression. <br />Methods: Multivariate linear and logistic regression models were employed to estimate the impacts of the number of annual paid vacation days of leave measured at age 40 on depression measured using the 7-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) short form (CES-D-SF) scale at age 50. Models were adjusted for demographic and socioeconomic factors, physical health, weekly hours, and individual fixed effects.<br />Results: For every ten additional days of paid vacation leave, the odds of depression in women was 29% lower [odds ratio (OR) 0.71, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.55&ndash;0.92, P=0.01); there was no association in men. Linear regression models showed no association in either men or women. For every 10 days of paid leave, the odds of depression were 36% lower in White women and 38% lower in women with &ge;2 children.<br />Conclusions: This study provides the first evidence on the linkage between paid vacation leave and depression, and supports a protective effect in White women with &ge;2 children. Should this association be truly causal, and assuming a uniform effect across all ages in working adult women, the results from this study would suggest that a hypothetical increase in the average number of days of paid vacation leave of 10 days could avoid an estimated 568 442 cases of depression in women each year and lead to a cost savings of US$2.94 billion annually. Policies that mandate paid vacation leave may have marked positive impacts on the population health and economic burden of depression among working women in the USA.</p> <p>Source: Kim D. (2018). <em>Scandinavian Journal of&nbsp;Work, Environment &amp;&nbsp;Health</em>.&nbsp;<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3751" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3751">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3751</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 12 Nov 2018 14:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/12/11353.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-12T14:04:00Z 2018-11-12 14:04 +00:00 2018-11-12 09:04 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11356 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/11/12/11356.aspx Agents chimiques Mesure Méthode et technique Étude comparative des banques de données de mesures d’exposition IMIS (OSHA) et LIMS (IRSST) <p>Une bonne connaissance des niveaux d&#39;exposition des travailleurs aux contaminants chimiques est fondamentale dans un programme de ma&icirc;trise, de pr&eacute;vention et de gestion des risques associ&eacute;s &agrave; ces substances. Au Qu&eacute;bec, l&#39;Institut de recherche Robert-Sauv&eacute; en sant&eacute; et en s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail (IRSST) administre un syst&egrave;me de gestion de l&#39;information du laboratoire (LIMS &ndash; Laboratory Information Management System). Cette banque de donn&eacute;es &eacute;lectronique contient l&#39;ensemble des r&eacute;sultats d&#39;analyse li&eacute;s &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;valuation de l&#39;exposition telle que mesur&eacute;e par les &eacute;quipes de sant&eacute; au travail depuis 1985. Les donn&eacute;es du LIMS sont int&eacute;ressantes pour &eacute;tablir des portraits d&#39;exposition. Cependant, leur interpr&eacute;tation est limit&eacute;e par le peu d&#39;&eacute;l&eacute;ments d&#39;information sur les circonstances et les objectifs associ&eacute;s &agrave; chaque pr&eacute;l&egrave;vement. La banque de donn&eacute;es Integrated Management Information System (IMIS) de l&#39;agence am&eacute;ricaine Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), qui contient les r&eacute;sultats des analyses d&#39;&eacute;chantillons recueillis depuis 1979 par ses inspecteurs, renferme une information plus compl&egrave;te sur le contexte des pr&eacute;l&egrave;vements que celle collig&eacute;e dans le LIMS. De plus, contrairement au LIMS qui pr&eacute;sente seulement les valeurs de concentration de l&#39;&eacute;chantillon, la majorit&eacute; des r&eacute;sultats dans l&#39;IMIS sont des mesures d&#39;exposition individuelles calcul&eacute;es, directement comparables aux valeurs limites d&#39;exposition.</p> <p>Consid&eacute;rant la similarit&eacute; des activit&eacute;s socio-&eacute;conomiques am&eacute;ricaines et qu&eacute;b&eacute;coises, l&#39;objectif g&eacute;n&eacute;ral de cette activit&eacute; de recherche &eacute;tait de comparer les donn&eacute;es d&#39;exposition recueillies par l&#39;agence OSHA et les donn&eacute;es du LIMS pour &eacute;valuer leur utilit&eacute; comme source d&#39;information sur les conditions d&#39;exposition des travailleurs qu&eacute;b&eacute;cois.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101009/n/imis-lims" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101009/n/imis-lims">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101009/n/imis-lims</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 12 Nov 2018 13:59:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/11/12/11356.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-12T13:59:00Z 2018-11-12 13:59 +00:00 2018-11-12 08:59 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11354 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/11/09/11354.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Accidents Recension des écrits Méthodes et types d’études Affections Recension systématique des écrits Tête Affections non associées au travail A systematic review and meta-analysis of return to work after mild Traumatic brain injury <p>Objective: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of return to work (RTW) times for adult patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).<br />Methods: Six databases and six trials registries were searched. Inclusion: studies reporting RTW, &gt; 30 patients, adults, with mTBI. Exclusion: final measurement RTW &lt; 30 days after injury, first measurement &gt; 1 year.<br />Results: Of 978 records, 14 eligible studies were identified. Two included patients exclusively in paid employment pre-injury; four included paid employment, students, homemakers or other activities; seven included pre-injury occupational status described but unclear; one included patients whose pre-injury occupational status not described. Three reported average RTW, 12 reported proportions of patients RTW at pre-specified time-points (1 both). Average RTW times varied from 13 to 93 days. At 1 month the proportion of patients RTW (three pooled studies) was 0.56 (95% CI 0.30&ndash;0.79), at 6 months (six studies) 0.83 (0.74&ndash;0.89), at 12 months (seven studies) 0.89 (0.83&ndash;0.93).<br />Conclusion: More than half of patients with mTBI have returned to work by 1 month after injury, and more than 80% by 6 months. Most studies had poor internal validity. Reporting of outcomes in mTBI is variable, and this accounted for some of the heterogeneity found in this review.</p> <p>Source: Bloom, B., Thomas, S., Ahrensberg, J. M., Weaver, R., Fowler, A., Bestwick, J., ...&nbsp;et Pearse, R. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Brain injury</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2018.1532111" title="https://doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2018.1532111">https://doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2018.1532111</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 09 Nov 2018 15:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/11/09/11354.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-09T15:48:00Z 2018-11-09 15:48 +00:00 2018-11-09 10:48 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11345 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/09/11345.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Collectif de travail Travailleurs Comportements sécuritaires Secteur de l’industrie manufacturière Secteurs d'activités Social influence and safe behavior in manufacturing <p>This research presents a model designed to explore the cognitive and social mechanisms that mediate the relationship between organizational safety climate and safety behaviors. Specifically the presented research demonstrates the usefulness of Sussmann and Vecchio (1982) social influence interpretation of worker motivation to understand safety motivation. Survey data was collected from 428 employees in seven factories within the electronics industry in China. The data were analyzed using structural modelling. The results suggest that factory workers with more knowledge about the products, organization, goals/objectives and customers of the factory engage in safer work behavior. From social influence theory this may be understood as a process of identification, where factory workers through their involvement and increased knowledge of the factory are socially committed and influenced to work safely via their increased attractiveness of membership in the organization. This complements existing research and shows how other types of knowledge not directly related to safety knowledge may be important for improving safe work behavior. Another finding from the presented research indicate that the total effects of a factory workers experience with safety and health problems seems to affect safe work behavior negatively, and that this is caused by a decrease in confidence and abilities to work safely. In relation to practical implications the present study demonstrate how manufacturing managers can purposely adopt value related; identity related and utility related interpersonal influence processes to influence and improve factory workers commitment to work safely.</p> <p>Source: Hald, K. S. (2018). <em>Safety Science, 109</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.008" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.008">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.008</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 09 Nov 2018 15:22:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/09/11345.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-09T15:22:00Z 2018-11-09 15:22 +00:00 2018-11-09 10:22 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11351 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/09/11351.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Effets sur la santé Évaluation des risques Surdité Risques dus au bruit Atteinte auditive Occupational Noise-Induced Hearing Loss <p>Occupational hearing loss is preventable through a hierarchy of controls, which prioritize the use of engineering controls over administrative controls and personal protective equipment. The occupational and environmental medicine (OEM) physician plays a critical role in the prevention of occupational noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). This position statement clarifies current best practices in the diagnosis of occupational NIHL.</p> <p>Source: Mirza, R., Kirchner, D. B., Dobie, R. A., Crawford, J.&nbsp;et ACOEM Task Force on Occupational Hearing Loss. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 60</em>(9), e498-e501.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001423" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001423">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001423</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 09 Nov 2018 15:21:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/09/11351.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-09T15:21:00Z 2018-11-09 15:21 +00:00 2018-11-09 10:21 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11352 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/08/11352.aspx Protection contre les chutes de même niveau Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Slips, Trips, and Falls Among Home Care Aides <p><strong>A Mixed-Methods Study</strong><br />Objective: To address the gap of knowledge about slips, trips, and falls (STFs) among home care aides (HCAs) who work in clients&#39; homes.<br />Methods: This mixed method study used survey and focus group data of HCAs in a Medicaid-funded homecare program.<br />Results: STFs were common with over 12% of HCAs reporting occurrence in the previous 12 months, of whom 58% fell to the ground. Both survey and focus group data identified ice, clutter, workload, rushing and other hazards. Focus group data explained the reasons for not reporting STFs, even among those who sustained injury, and added HCAs&#39; voices to the understanding of causes, consequences and prevention strategies for STFs.<br />Conclusions: Empowering HCAs with knowledge, training, and involvement may transform &ldquo;near miss&rdquo; STFs into opportunities to prevent STFs among care workers and their clients.</p> <p>Source: Muramatsu, N., Sokas, R. K., Chakraborty, A., Zanoni, J. P.&nbsp;et Lipscomb, J. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 60</em>(9), 796-803.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001355" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001355">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001355</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 08 Nov 2018 15:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/08/11352.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-08T15:17:00Z 2018-11-08 15:17 +00:00 2018-11-08 10:17 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11348 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/08/11348.aspx Équipements Machines mobiles et véhicules Normes Matériel agricole Matériel de travaux forestiers Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture Secteurs d'activités Improving farm safety: standards for agricultural machinery just updated <p>The series of standards ISO 25119, Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry &ndash; Safety-related parts of control systems, is widely used by the agricultural industry and its suppliers and has recently been updated. It sets out the general principles for the design and development of safety-related parts of control systems on tractors and self-propelled ride-on machines used in agriculture and forestry. It can even be applied to mobile equipment used in municipalities such as street-sweeping machines.<br />The standards in the series are:<br />&middot;&nbsp; ISO 25119-1, <em>Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry &ndash; Safety-related parts of control systems &ndash; Part 1: General principles for design and development</em><br />&middot;&nbsp; ISO 25119-2, <em>Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry &ndash; Safety-related parts of control systems &ndash; Part 2: Concept phase</em><br />&middot;&nbsp; ISO 25119-3, <em>Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry &ndash; Safety-related parts of control systems &ndash; Part 3: Series development, hardware and softw</em>are<br />&middot;&nbsp; ISO 25119-4, <em>Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry &ndash; Safety-related parts of control systems &ndash; Part 4: Production, operation, modification and supporting processes</em></p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.iso.org/news/ref2343.html" title="https://www.iso.org/news/ref2343.html">https://www.iso.org/news/ref2343.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 08 Nov 2018 13:23:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/08/11348.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-08T13:23:00Z 2018-11-08 13:23 +00:00 2018-11-08 08:23 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11342 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/11/08/11342.aspx Agents chimiques Secteur de l'administration publique Diesel Fumées Méthode et technique Secteurs d'activités Historical changes in chemical exposures encountered by Danish firefighters <p>Objective: This study aimed to demonstrate the possibility of using history science methods in occupational studies by evaluating overall historical changes in Danish firefighting modifying chemical exposures from smoke and fire trucks.<br />Methods: Data on changes in Danish firefighting after World War II were searched for in both museums and the Danish library catalogue REX, accessing collections of literature from all institutes of the University of Copenhagen and the Danish Royal Library.<br />Results: Several historical changes were identified either increasing or reducing chemical exposures in Danish firefighting. New sources of chemical exposures included more toxic smoke combustion from plastic materials introduced in the 1950s, exhaust from new diesel engines introduced in the 1960s and new assignments relating to chemical cleanups in the 1970s and traffic accidents in the 1990s. Nevertheless, several improvements in the profession&#39;s work environment may have reduced chemical exposures, for example, mandatory use of more effective respiratory protection equipment in the 1970s, incorporation of mechanical exhaust systems in the 2000s, and filters and selective catalytic reduction (SCR) for diesel engines in the 2010s.<br />Conclusion: The data showed that the work environment in Danish firefighting has undergone several improvements during the last decades. At the same time, however, several new chemical hazards have also been introduced. Consequently, no strong conclusions as to whether Danish firefighting overall has become a less hazardous profession can be made.</p> <p>Source: Pedersen, J. E., Petersen, K. U.&nbsp;et Hansen, J. (2018). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3784" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3784">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3784</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 08 Nov 2018 13:22:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/11/08/11342.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-08T13:22:00Z 2018-11-08 13:22 +00:00 2018-11-08 08:22 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11344 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/07/11344.aspx Évaluation et mesure Évaluation des facteurs de risque Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture TMS Secteurs d'activités Musculoskeletal disorders of agricultural workers in the greenhouses of Almería (Southeast Spain) <p>In southeast Spain (Almer&iacute;a), we find the highest concentration of greenhouse crops in Europe, an agricultural sector that directly employs 55,000 people. The objective of this research was to evaluate the musculoskeletal working conditions of greenhouse workers through the standardized Nordic questionnaire. This questionnaire presents 28 multiple choice questions referring to different parts of the body. A total of 1002 questionnaires were completed, and information was collected on nine socio-demographic variables for each worker: sex, age, height, weight, surface area, cultivation, staking, greenhouse and nationality. Although the results show a high overall rate of symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), these findings do not mean that the workers are unable to perform agricultural tasks.</p> <p>Source: L&oacute;pez-Arag&oacute;n, L., L&oacute;pez-Liria, R., Callej&oacute;n-Ferre, &Aacute;. J.&nbsp;et P&eacute;rez-Alonso, J. (2018). <em>Safety Science, 109</em>, 219-235.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.023" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.023">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.023</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 07 Nov 2018 13:32:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/07/11344.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-07T13:32:00Z 2018-11-07 13:32 +00:00 2018-11-07 08:32 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11346 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/07/11346.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Culture de prévention Bibliometric analysis of safety culture research <p>The concept of safety culture is characterised by complexity. On the one hand, the concept is challenging content-wise, and on the other hand, is it a multi-dimensional and cross-disciplinary research domain. In this paper, bibliometric analysis has been applied to the field of safety culture to identify fundamental influences and to obtain a structured overview of the characteristics and the developments in this research domain. In total, 1789 publications published between 1900 and 2015 related to safety culture were identified in Web of Science. The 1789 publications cover 4591 authors, 775 journals, 76 countries or territories, and 1866 institutions. Two main research areas can be distinguished in the domain of safety culture: (1) organisational safety culture and (2) health-care and patient safety culture. The latter research area stands in a dominant position in safety culture research nowadays. Key publications are from Guldenmund (2000) and Sexton et al. (2006). Furthermore, &lsquo;Safety Science&#39; is the key journal publishing on safety culture research, and the USA, England and China are the countries that dominate the publication production. It can be concluded that there is much collaborative research in the safety culture domain as multi-authored publications make up about three quarters of all publications. Also, safety culture research is characterised by a wide variety of research themes and multidisciplinarity. Geographical inequality in the publication output is identified as a point of concern. A movement away from technical aspects towards more human aspects could be detected as a noteworthy change in research focus.</p> <p>Source: van Nunen, K., Li, J., Reniers, G. et&nbsp;Ponnet, K. (2018). <em>Safety Science, 108</em>,&nbsp;248-258.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.08.011" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.08.011">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.08.011</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 07 Nov 2018 13:31:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/07/11346.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-07T13:31:00Z 2018-11-07 13:31 +00:00 2018-11-07 08:31 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11350 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/11/07/11350.aspx Orientations stratégiques Océanie Australie Safe Work Australia Annual Report 2017-18 <p>The Safe Work Australia Annual Report is published to inform Parliament, ministers, governments and the community about our performance in delivering improvements to key work health and safety and workers&#39; compensation arrangements across Australia.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/safe-work-australia-annual-report-2017-18" title="https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/safe-work-australia-annual-report-2017-18">https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/safe-work-australia-annual-report-2017-18</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 07 Nov 2018 13:29:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/11/07/11350.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-07T13:29:00Z 2018-11-07 13:29 +00:00 2018-11-07 08:29 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11349 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/11/06/11349.aspx Australie Réadaptation au travail Océanie Enquêtes Champs de recherche Australia - National Return to Work survey 2018 <p>The National Return to Work survey is undertaken on a biannual basis and compares the return to work experiences and outcomes of injured workers against a number of variables, including returning to work, workplace rehabilitation and employer support.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/media-centre/news/new-national-return-work-survey-report-released" title="https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/media-centre/news/new-national-return-work-survey-report-released">https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/media-centre/news/new-national-return-work-survey-report-released</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 06 Nov 2018 21:35:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/11/06/11349.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-06T21:35:00Z 2018-11-06 21:35 +00:00 2018-11-06 16:35 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11347 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/06/11347.aspx Appareils de levage Équipements Appréciation du risque Machines fixes Secteur de l'industrie extractive Secteurs d'activités Treuil Fault tree analysis and risk mitigation strategies for mine hoists <p>Mine hoist are an essential part of an underground mine. In addition to extracting the ore from the mine, this machine transports the miners from the surface to the various underground levels of the mine. The two main hazards to which minors in the cage are exposed to are rope severance and loss of control of the hoisting machine. In both cases, the risk is the crashing of the cage at one end of the shaft. Hoisting accident and fatalities are rare but still happen despite the use of safety catches to retain the cage in the event of rope severance. The objective of this article is to improve mine hoist safety and to prevent the crash of a cage (of more generally any conveyance) at the shaft boundaries. Fault Trees (FT) are used to analyze the accidents scenarios of a cage crash in a shaft. Two generic fault trees are presented: one based on rope severance and the other based on loss-of-control of the conveyance. Results of the study indicate that, in the case of a rope severance, most of the root causes are based on secondary failure of the safety catches. In the case of a loss-of-control of the conveyance, most of the root causes are based on command failures that prevent the cage from stopping before reaching the shaft boundaries. This article suggests general mitigation measures and recommends the use of machinery safety standards in order to improve the reliability of hoisting machines.</p> <p>Source: Giraud, L.&nbsp;et Galy, B. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety science, 110</em>, 222-234.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.08.010" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.08.010">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.08.010</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 06 Nov 2018 15:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/11/06/11347.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-06T15:26:00Z 2018-11-06 15:26 +00:00 2018-11-06 10:26 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11343 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/06/11343.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Effets sur la santé Études épidémiologiques Risques dus au bruit Neurinome de l'acoustique Exposure to loud noise and risk of vestibular schwannoma <p><strong>Results from the INTERPHONE international case-control study</strong><br />Objective: Studies of loud noise exposure and vestibular schwannomas (VS) have shown conflicting results. The population-based INTERPHONE case?control study was conducted in 13 countries during 2000&ndash;2004. In this paper, we report the results of analyses on the association between VS and self-reported loud noise exposure.<br />Methods: Self-reported noise exposure was analyzed in 1024 VS cases and 1984 matched controls. Life-long noise exposure was estimated through detailed questions. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using adjusted conditional logistic regression for matched sets.<br />Results: The OR for total work and leisure noise exposure was 1.6 (95% CI 1.4&ndash;1.9). OR were 1.5 (95% CI 1.3&ndash;1.9) for only occupational noise, 1.9 (95% CI 1.4&ndash;2.6) for only leisure noise and 1.7 (95% CI 1.2&ndash;2.2) for<br />exposure in both contexts. OR increased slightly with increasing lag-time. For occupational exposures, duration, time since exposure start and a metric combining lifetime duration and weekly exposure showed significant trends of increasing risk with increasing exposure. OR did not differ markedly by source or other characteristics of noise.<br />Conclusion: The consistent associations seen are likely to reflect either recall bias or a causal association, or potentially indicate a mixture of both.</p> <p>Source: Deltour, I., Schlehofer, B., Massardier-Pilonch&eacute;ry, A., Schlaefer, K., Armstrong, B. Giles,G.G.,&nbsp;...&nbsp;INTERPHONE Study Group (2018). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3781" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3781">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3781</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 06 Nov 2018 14:34:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/11/06/11343.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-06T14:34:00Z 2018-11-06 14:34 +00:00 2018-11-06 09:34 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11339 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/11/06/11339.aspx Nanotechnologies Particules et poussières Méthodes et outils Nanotubes Méthode et technique Caractérisation Particules ultrafines Assessment of nanofibre dustiness by means of vibro-fluidization <p>Dustiness testing probes for the propensity of a powdery material to release dust particles following agitation. For high aspect-ratio materials like nanotubes, the most important dust fraction is that of potentially carcinogenic fibres(WHO-fibres).Wedeveloped the fluidizer particularly for fibres thatmakes use of vibro-fluidization in order to effectively disentangle single fibres and agglomerates of multi-walled carbon nanotube powders. Counting rules for morphological characterization of collected particles by means of electron microscopywere established, allowing quantifying the WHO-fibre fraction. Dustiness tests on 15 different multi-walled carbon nanotubes were performed using two different levels of energy input for each material. The fluidizer accomplished bubbling fluidization for 13 out of the 15 multi-walled carbon nanotubes, resulting in continuous aerosol generation with stable particle number concentration and a high fraction of single fibres. Dustiness measurands like average particle number concentrations varied by three orders of magnitude. Morphological characterization of particles on aerosol samples proved to be essential to overcome the limitations of the applied aerosol instruments in quantifying theWHO-fibre fraction, therefore allowing material ranking based on associated risk. The materials showed strong ordering discrepancy when ranked based on total dustiness and WHO-fibre dustiness. Several multiwalled carbon nanotubes showed WHO-fibre concentrations high enough to potentially cause workplace exposure at hazardous concentration levels in case powders are handled carelessly.</p> <p>Source: Bro&szlig;ell, D., Heunisch, E., Meyer-Plath, A., B&auml;ger, D., Bachmann, V., K&auml;mpf, K., ...&nbsp;et Plitzko, S. (2019). <em>Powder Technology 342</em>, 491&ndash;508.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2018.10.013" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2018.10.013">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2018.10.013</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 06 Nov 2018 14:06:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/11/06/11339.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-06T14:06:00Z 2018-11-06 14:06 +00:00 2018-11-06 09:06 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11341 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/06/11341.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Environnement SST Législation Systematic literature review on the effects of occupational safety and health (OSH) interventions at the workplace <p>Objectives: The aim of this review was to assess the evidence that occupational safety and health (OSH) legislative and regulatory policy could improve the working environment in terms of reduced levels of industrial injuries and fatalities, musculoskeletal disorders, worker complaints, sick leave and adverse occupational exposures.<br />Methods: A systematic literature review covering the years 1966?2017 (February) was undertaken to capture both published and gray literature studies of OSH work environment interventions with quantitative measures of intervention effects. Studies that met specified in- and exclusion criteria went through an assessment of methodological quality. Included studies were grouped into five thematic domains: (i) introduction of OHS legislation, (ii) inspection/enforcement activity, (iii) training, such as improving knowledge, (iv), campaigns, and (v) introduction of technical device, such as mechanical lifting aids. The evidence synthesis was based on meta-analysis and a modified Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach.<br />Results: The search for peer-reviewed literature identified 14 743 journal articles of which 45 fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were eligible for meta-analysis. We identified 5181 articles and reports in the gray literature, of which 16 were evaluated qualitatively. There was moderately strong evidence for improvement by OHS legislation and inspections with respect to injuries and compliance.<br />Conclusions: This review indicates that legislative and regulatory policy may reduce injuries and fatalities and improve compliance with OHS regulation. A major research gap was identified with respect to the effects of OSH regulation targeting psychological and musculoskeletal disorders.</p> <p>Source: Andersen, J. H., Malmros, P., Ebbehoej, N. E., Flachs, E. M., Bengtsen, E.&nbsp;et Bonde, J. P. (2018). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3775" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3775">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3775</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 06 Nov 2018 14:06:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/06/11341.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-06T14:06:00Z 2018-11-06 14:06 +00:00 2018-11-06 09:06 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11338 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/05/11338.aspx Types de tâches Travail assis Travail de bureau Travail statique Intervention Acute Effects of Interrupting Sitting on Discomfort and Alertness of Office Workers <p>Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of 4 hours of sitting interrupted with hourly bouts of standing and/or pedaling versus uninterrupted sitting on alertness and discomfort among sedentary office workers.<br />Methods: Fifteen middle-aged sedentary workers were randomized to three 4-hour conditions: (1) uninterrupted sitting; (2) sitting interrupted with 10 minutes of standing/hour; and (3) sitting interrupted with 10 minutes of pedaling/hour. Self-reported measures of alertness and discomfort were collected.<br />Results: Uninterrupted sitting significantly increased discomfort (P &lt; 0.001). Discomfort was lower in both the standing (P &lt; 0.001) and pedaling (P &lt; 0.001) conditions than the uninterrupted sitting condition. Short-lived improvements in alertness were observed immediately following several standing (50%) and pedaling (100%) interruptions.<br />Conclusion: Prolonged sitting increases discomfort while brief standing and pedaling interruptions attenuate impairments in discomfort among sedentary workers.</p> <p>Source: Benzo, R. M., Kruse, N. T., Hughes, W. E., Casey, D. P.&nbsp;et Carr, L. J. (2018). <em>Journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 60</em>(9), 804-809.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001329" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001329">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001329</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 05 Nov 2018 14:37:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/05/11338.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-05T14:37:00Z 2018-11-05 14:37 +00:00 2018-11-05 09:37 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11334 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/05/11334.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge PME Understanding Small Enterprises: Proceedings from the 2017 Conference <p><strong>Focus on Safety and Health in Small Businesses</strong><br />Given the disproportionate burden of occupational injuries, illnesses, and fatalities experienced by small businesses in the United States and worldwide, small business occupational safety and health (OSH) is of increasing concern to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Although researchers in public health have addressed multiple OSH issues, the very large group of academics and researchers specializing in the area of OSH has not been very active in the area of small business OSH. The USE 2017 conference brought together experts in the area of small business OSH and researchers from public health to build connections and to move forward a research agenda for small business OSH. This conference represents the leading thinkers in the small business OSH research community from around the world. The conference is relatively new, having convened three times since 2009, but it has already had a significant impact in moving the OSH community to focus on small businesses. The conference aims to enhance the work environment for people within small firms.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2019-108/default.html" title="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2019-108/default.html">https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2019-108/default.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 05 Nov 2018 14:36:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/05/11334.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-05T14:36:00Z 2018-11-05 14:36 +00:00 2018-11-05 09:36 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11340 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/11/05/11340.aspx Effets sur la santé Toxicité Mesure Milieu Tests in vivo Comparison of Inhalation and Intratracheal Instillation as Testing Methods for Characterisation of Granular Biopersistent Particles (GBP) <p>Comparison of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) data<br />The comparison of the inflammatory potency of the 6 GBP candidates came out with a good accordance of the polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) levels in the differential cell count for &micro;-TiO2. On day 3 post-treatment, PMN were not increased statistically significantly in the low and high dose groups, neither after instillation nor after inhalation. Thus, a very low inflammogenicity confirmed &micro;-TiO2 as GBP. &micro;-BaSO4 (low dose groups) showed a behaviour similar to &micro;-TiO2. However, for nano-TiO2 P25 an evident difference was observed as a strong induction of PMN after instillation was not mirrored after inhalation. &micro;-Eu2O3, &micro;-ZrO2 and nano-SiO2 showed all a strong acute inflammation not meeting this GBP criterion. <br />Comparison of chemical analysis data of the lung burdens<br />Post-instillation, an average retention of approx. 70% of the total dose was analytically detected; therefore, the target lung loads for the inhalation study were calculated at this day 3 dose level using the MPPD model. The analysis revealed that these values were achieved satisfactorily in average. The clearance half-time showed a value close to the physiological rat lung clearance of approx. 60 days in both &micro;-TiO2 &quot;Bayertitan T&quot; dose groups and in the nano-TiO2 P25 low dose group; in the latter high dose group t1/2=100 days was only moderately increased (overload effect). In the &micro;-BaSO4 and amorphous silica groups, values similar to the instillation test were observed (25-30 days; low values indicating an additional dissolution effect). In the &micro;-Eu2O3 and &micro;-ZrO2 groups increased half-times vs. the physiological value (= 60 days) indicated a clear surface chemistry-related toxicity and clearance retardation.<br />Conclusion<br />Considering the percentual PMN as well as the absolute PMN concentrations, the predominant observation is that inhalation induced a smaller PMN influx (with exception of biosoluble &micro;-BaSO4 and nano-SiO2) at similar doses. This can be expected because of the physiological dust uptake and deposition by inhalation that is more gentle than intratracheal instillation (bolus effect!). Effects detected after instillation will not always allow a &#39;non inert&#39; statement. The final setting of maximum tolerable clearance t1/2 and PMN levels to define the GBP category should include inhalation. Doses at instillation testing of nanoparticles should not exceed volumetric values of 0.3 &micro;l (using the correct agglomerate density).</p> <p>Source: <a href="https://www.baua.de/EN/Service/Publications/Report/F2364.html">https://www.baua.de/EN/Service/Publications/Report/F2364.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 05 Nov 2018 14:33:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/11/05/11340.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-05T14:33:00Z 2018-11-05 14:33 +00:00 2018-11-05 09:33 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11335 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/02/11335.aspx Vêtements de protection Vêtements de protection contre le feu Guide Les vêtements de protection appropriés aux travaux de soudage et de techniques connexes <p>Ce guide porte sur les v&ecirc;tements de protection qui doivent &ecirc;tre port&eacute;s par les soudeurs et tous les travailleurs et employeurs qui utilisent des proc&eacute;d&eacute;s de soudage ou des techniques connexes, r&eacute;guli&egrave;rement ou &agrave; l&#39;occasion. Les techniques connexes sont les op&eacute;rations qui pr&eacute;sentent des risques semblables &agrave; ceux du soudage, par exemple l&#39;oxycoupage, le gougeage &agrave; la flamme ou &agrave; l&#39;arc et la projection thermique. Il s&#39;adresse &agrave; l&#39;ensemble des responsables intervenant dans la cha&icirc;ne de fabrication, de distribution, d&#39;achat, d&#39;entretien et d&#39;utilisation des v&ecirc;tements de protection pour les travaux de soudage et de techniques connexes. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC-200-995.aspx" title="https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC-200-995.aspx">https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC-200-995.aspx</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 02 Nov 2018 15:35:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/11/02/11335.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-02T15:35:00Z 2018-11-02 15:35 +00:00 2018-11-02 11:35 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11333 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/11/02/11333.aspx Agents chimiques Effets sur la santé Cancérogénicité Carcinogenicity of some nitrobenzenes and other industrial chemicals <p>In October, 2018, 14 experts from six countries met at the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in Lyon, France, to finalise their evaluation of the carcinogenicity of ortho-phenylenediamine and its dihydrochloride salt, 2-chloronitrobenzene, 4-chloronitrobenzene, 1,4-dichloro-2-nitrobenzene, 2,4-dichloro-1-nitrobenzene, 2-amino-4-chlorophenol, para-nitroanisole, and N,N-dimethylacetamide. These assessments will be published in Volume 123 of the IARC Monographs. </p> <p>Source: (2018). <em>The Lancet Oncology</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(18)30823-4" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(18)30823-4">https://doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(18)30823-4</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 02 Nov 2018 15:34:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/11/02/11333.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-02T15:34:00Z 2018-11-02 15:34 +00:00 2018-11-02 11:34 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11337 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/02/11337.aspx Travail en mouvement Bilans statistiques Conditions de travail Bilans du Conseil d’orientation sur les conditions de travail <p>Ces ouvrages, pr&eacute;par&eacute;s annuellement par le minist&egrave;re charg&eacute; du travail et pr&eacute;sent&eacute; aux partenaires sociaux r&eacute;unis au sein du Conseil d&rsquo;orientation sur les conditions de travail (COCT), dessinent un panorama global de l&rsquo;action en faveur de la pr&eacute;vention des risques professionnels et de l&rsquo;am&eacute;lioration des conditions de travail.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/ministere/documentation-et-publications-officielles/rapports/article/rapports-bilans-du-conseil-d-orientation-sur-les-conditions-de-travail-coct" title="https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/ministere/documentation-et-publications-officielles/rapports/article/rapports-bilans-du-conseil-d-orientation-sur-les-conditions-de-travail-coct">https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/ministere/documentation-et-publications-officielles/rapports/article/rapports-bilans-du-conseil-d-orientation-sur-les-conditions-de-travail-coct</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 02 Nov 2018 15:32:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/02/11337.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-02T15:32:00Z 2018-11-02 15:32 +00:00 2018-11-02 11:32 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11336 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/11/02/11336.aspx Europe Contexte de travail Conditions de travail France Champs de recherche Bilans du Conseil d’orientation sur les conditions de travail <p>Ces ouvrages, pr&eacute;par&eacute;s annuellement par le minist&egrave;re charg&eacute; du travail et pr&eacute;sent&eacute; aux partenaires sociaux r&eacute;unis au sein du Conseil d&rsquo;orientation sur les conditions de travail (COCT), dessinent un panorama global de l&rsquo;action en faveur de la pr&eacute;vention des risques professionnels et de l&rsquo;am&eacute;lioration des conditions de travail.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/ministere/documentation-et-publications-officielles/rapports/article/rapports-bilans-du-conseil-d-orientation-sur-les-conditions-de-travail-coct" title="https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/ministere/documentation-et-publications-officielles/rapports/article/rapports-bilans-du-conseil-d-orientation-sur-les-conditions-de-travail-coct">https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/ministere/documentation-et-publications-officielles/rapports/article/rapports-bilans-du-conseil-d-orientation-sur-les-conditions-de-travail-coct</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 02 Nov 2018 15:32:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/11/02/11336.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-02T15:32:00Z 2018-11-02 15:32 +00:00 2018-11-02 11:32 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11329 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/01/11329.aspx Modes de prévention Types de tâches Manutention manuelle Secteur des services de santé Intervention spécifique Modification des outils ou équipements de travail Secteurs d'activités Participatory organizational intervention for improved use of assistive devices in patient transfer <p><strong>A&nbsp;single-blinded cluster randomized controlled trial</strong><br />Objectives: This randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluated the effect of a participatory organizational intervention for improved use of assistive devices (AD) in patient transfer. <br />Methods: We randomly allocated 27 departments from five hospitals in Denmark to a participatory intervention (14 clusters, 316 healthcare workers) or a control group (13 clusters, 309 healthcare workers). The intervention consisted of 2&times;2 hour workshops with managers, the hospital&#39;s health and safety staff, and 2&ndash;5 healthcare workers from each department. Based on an assessment of barriers and solutions conducted prior to randomization, participants developed an action plan for implementing department-specific solutions for improving the use of AD. Use of necessary AD (using digital counters as primary outcome), and general use of AD (using accelerometers as secondary outcome), pain intensity in the low-back, work-related back injuries during patient transfer, and communication and guidance in the use of AD were measured at baseline, 6 and 12 months.<br />Results: Use of necessary AD (primary outcome), low-back pain, and back injuries did not change in the intervention compared with control group at 12-month follow-up. However, general use of AD measured with accelerometers as well as communication and guidance improved significantly in the intervention versus control group.<br />Conclusion: The intervention did not result in more frequent use of the necessary AD but led to more general use of AD, as well as increased communication and guidance.</p> <p>Source: Jakobsen, M. D., Aust, B., Kines, P., Madeleine, P.&nbsp;et Andersen, L. L. (2018). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp;&nbsp;Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3769" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3769">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3769</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 01 Nov 2018 14:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/11/01/11329.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-01T14:04:00Z 2018-11-01 14:04 +00:00 2018-11-01 10:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11330 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/01/11330.aspx Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Organisation de l’entreprise Effets sur les travailleurs Stratégies d’affaires Organizational change and employee mental health <p><strong>A prospective multilevel study of the associations between organizational changes and clinically relevant mental distress</strong><br />Objective: The goal of this paper was to elucidate the relationship between exposure to separate, multiple or repeated organizational change at both individual- and work-unit level and subsequent clinically relevant mental distress amongst employees two years after change had taken place. <br />Methods: A full panel, prospective design was utilized. Data were collected at two time-points two years apart, by self-administered, online questionnaires. Organizational change was measured by six items pertaining to separate types of change. Mental distress was measured using HSCL-10, with cut-off set to &ge;1.85 to identify clinically relevant distress. Baseline sample consisted of 7985 respondents, of whom 5297 participated at follow-up. A multilevel analytic strategy was chosen as data were nested within work-units. Effects associated with exposure to organizational change at both individual- and work-unit level were estimated.<br />Results: Separate change: At the individual level, company reorganization [odds ratio (OR) 1.29, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.01?1.65], downsizing (1.51, 95% CI 1.12?2.03) and layoffs (OR 1.46, 95% CI 1.01?2.12)<br />were prospectively associated with mental distress. At work-unit level, company reorganization (OR 1.46, 95% CI 1.04-2.04) was associated with mental distress, but the statistically significant association diminished when adjusting for the work factors job control, job demands and support. Multiple changes: At the individual level, exposure to multiple organizational changes at baseline were associated with mental distress at follow-up (OR 1.75, 95% CI 1.28?2.38). Repeated change: At the individual level, exposure to repeated organizational change was associated with mental distress at follow-up (OR 1.84, 95% CI 1.29?2.63).<br />Conclusions: Exposure to organizational changes at the individual level indicated an elevated risk of subsequent clinically relevant mental distress following both separate, multiple and repeated organizational changes. These associations were also present at work-unit level, but diminished when adjusting for certain work factors, indicating a possible mediating effect.</p> <p>Source: Fl&oslash;vik, L., Knardahl, S.&nbsp;et Christensen, J. O. (2018). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health</em>.<br />&lt;<a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3777" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3777">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3777</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 01 Nov 2018 14:03:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/11/01/11330.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-11-01T14:03:00Z 2018-11-01 14:03 +00:00 2018-11-01 10:03 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11332 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/31/11332.aspx Protection de la face et des yeux Visières Normes et législation Casque de protection NF EN 14458 - Visières haute performance uniquement destinées à une utilisation avec des casques de protection <p>La pr&eacute;sente Norme europ&eacute;enne sp&eacute;cifie les exigences minimales s&#39;appliquant aux visi&egrave;res sp&eacute;cifiquement con&ccedil;ues pour une utilisation exclusive avec des casques de protection, tels que des casques de sapeurs-pompiers, conformes &agrave; l&#39;EN 443, l&#39;EN 16471 et l&#39;EN 16473 et des casques de protection &agrave; haute performance pour l&#39;industrie conformes &agrave; l&#39;EN 14052. Il peut s&#39;agir de visi&egrave;res fix&eacute;es de mani&egrave;re permanente au casque, ou de visi&egrave;res amovibles.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/pr-nf-en-14458/equipement-de-protection-des-yeux-visieres-haute-performance-uniquement-destinees-a-une-utilisation-avec-des-casques-de-protec/article/870026/fa163575" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/pr-nf-en-14458/equipement-de-protection-des-yeux-visieres-haute-performance-uniquement-destinees-a-une-utilisation-avec-des-casques-de-protec/article/870026/fa163575">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/pr-nf-en-14458/equipement-de-protection-des-yeux-visieres-haute-performance-uniquement-destinees-a-une-utilisation-avec-des-casques-de-protec/article/870026/fa163575</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 31 Oct 2018 13:28:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/31/11332.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-31T13:28:00Z 2018-10-31 13:28 +00:00 2018-10-31 09:28 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11331 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/31/11331.aspx Agents chimiques Méthodes et outils Normes Méthode et technique Aérosol Analyse Qualité de l'air NF X43-215 - Prélèvement et analyse des aérosols semi-volatils <p><strong>Exigences et m&eacute;thodes d&#39;essai</strong><br />Le pr&eacute;sent document d&eacute;crit les proc&eacute;dures de mise au point, de validation et de mise en oeuvre de m&eacute;thodes de pr&eacute;l&egrave;vement et d&#39;analyse d&#39;agents chimiques pr&eacute;sents sous la forme d&#39;un m&eacute;lange de particules a&eacute;riennes et de vapeur pour l&#39;&eacute;valuation des expositions professionnelles.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-x43-215/qualite-de-l-air-air-des-lieux-de-travail-prelevement-et-analyse-des-aerosols-semi-volatils-exigences-et-methodes-d-essai/article/909349/fa191295" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-x43-215/qualite-de-l-air-air-des-lieux-de-travail-prelevement-et-analyse-des-aerosols-semi-volatils-exigences-et-methodes-d-essai/article/909349/fa191295">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-x43-215/qualite-de-l-air-air-des-lieux-de-travail-prelevement-et-analyse-des-aerosols-semi-volatils-exigences-et-methodes-d-essai/article/909349/fa191295</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 31 Oct 2018 13:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/31/11331.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-31T13:24:00Z 2018-10-31 13:24 +00:00 2018-10-31 09:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11328 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/10/31/11328.aspx Travail en mouvement Organisation temporelle Secteur des services de santé Organisation de la production Secteurs d'activités Travail posté Short time between shifts and risk of injury among Danish hospital workers <p><strong>A&nbsp;register-based cohort study</strong><br />Objectives: Short time between consecutive work shifts (quick returns, ie, &le;11 hours between shifts) is associated with sleepiness and fatigue, both of which have been linked to risk of injury. This paper aims to study quick returns between work shifts and risk of injury among Danish hospital workers. <br />Method: The study population included 69 200 employees, primarily working at hospitals, corresponding to 167 726 person years at risk between 2008&ndash;2015. Information on working hours was obtained from payroll data in the Danish Working Hour Database and linked, at an individual level, with data on 11 834 injury records identified in the National Patient Register and the Danish Register of Causes of Death. Multivariate Poisson regression models were used to calculate incidence rate ratios (IRR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI).<br />Results: Results showed the shorter the time between shifts, the higher the risk of injury. Thus, an elevated risk of injury was observed after quick returns compared with the standard 15&ndash;17 hours between shifts (IRR 1.39, 95% CI 1.23&ndash;1.58). Furthermore, when assessing the number of days since a quick return, the risk of injury was especially high within the first two days (day 1: IRR 1.39, 95% CI 1.23&ndash;1.58; day 2: IRR 1.39, 95% CI 1.21&ndash;1.58) following a quick return.<br />Conclusions: Our results suggest that quick returns increased the risk of injury, in particular within the first two days following a quick return. These findings point towards avoiding or reducing the number of quick returns in order to lower employees&#39; risk of injury.</p> <p>Source: Nielsen, H. B., Hansen, &Aring;. M., Conway, S. H., Dyreborg, J., Hansen, J., Kolstad, H. A., ... et Garde, A. H. (2018). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment&nbsp;&amp; Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3770" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3770">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3770</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 31 Oct 2018 13:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/10/31/11328.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-31T13:14:00Z 2018-10-31 13:14 +00:00 2018-10-31 09:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11327 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/10/30/11327.aspx Travail en mouvement Santé psychologique Travailleurs Parcours Effets sur les travailleurs Long-term occupational trajectories and suicide <p><strong>A&nbsp;22-year follow-up of the GAZEL cohort study</strong><br />Objective: Most suicides occur among individuals of working age. Risk is elevated in some occupational groups, however relations between long-term occupational trajectories and suicide are not well known. We describe career-long occupational trajectories and examine their influence on suicide.<br />Methods: Data come from GAZEL, a French cohort study set among employees of a large national utilities company. Occupational grade was obtained from company records from the time of hiring (1953?1988). Groupbased trajectory models were used to define occupational trajectories over a mean time period of 25.0 (standard deviation 6.5) years. Causes of mortality, coded using the International Classification of Diseases, were recorded from 1993?2014 and studied using Cox regression models.<br />Results: Of the 20 452 participants included in the study, 73 died by suicide between 1993?2014. Results suggested an increased risk of suicide [hazard ratio (HR) 2.57, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08&ndash;6.15] among<br />participants with persistently low occupational grade compared to those with higher occupational grade and career development. After adjustment for all covariates, especially psychological factors, this association was<br />reduced and no longer statistically significant (HR 2.02, 95% CI 0.82&ndash;4.95).<br />Conclusions: Persistently low occupational grade could be related to an elevated risk of suicide. This association partly reflects psychological and health characteristics, which can influence occupational trajectories and be reinforced by unfavorable work conditions.</p> <p>Source: Azevedo, M. D. S., Younes, N., Leroyer, A., Plancke, L., Lemogne, C., Goldberg, M., ...&nbsp;et Melchior, M. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3767" title="https://doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3767">https://doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3767</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 30 Oct 2018 14:42:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/10/30/11327.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-30T14:42:00Z 2018-10-30 14:42 +00:00 2018-10-30 10:42 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11326 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/30/11326.aspx Régions anatomiques Types de tâches Membres supérieurs Travail de bureau TMS Analyse ergonomique du travail Cou Intervention spécifique Intervention Revue de littérature Ergonomic interventions for preventing work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the upper limb and neck among office workers <p>Work-related upper limb and neck musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the most common occupational disorders worldwide. Studies have shown that the percentage of office workers that suffer from MSDs ranges from 20 to 60 per cent. The direct and indirect costs of work-related upper limb MSDs have been reported to be high in Europe, Australia, and the United States. Although ergonomic interventions are likely to reduce the risk of office workers developing work-related upper limb and neck MSDs, the evidence is unclear. This is an update of a Cochrane Review which was last published in 2012. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008570.pub3/full" title="https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008570.pub3/full">https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008570.pub3/full</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 30 Oct 2018 14:06:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/30/11326.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-30T14:06:00Z 2018-10-30 14:06 +00:00 2018-10-30 10:06 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11325 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/29/11325.aspx Réduction du risque Systèmes de commande et automatisation Risque machine Congrès Sécurité des systèmes industriels automatisés (SIAS) 2018 <p>Organis&eacute; par l&#39;INRS &agrave; Nancy du 10 au 12 octobre 2018, le congr&egrave;s international S&eacute;curit&eacute; des syst&egrave;mes industriels automatis&eacute;s (SIAS) a accueilli plus de 110 participants originaires de 13 pays. Il a apport&eacute; un &eacute;clairage sur l&#39;industrie du futur et les usages des nouvelles technologies. <br />Cette neuvi&egrave;me &eacute;dition de la conf&eacute;rence a permis de faire le point sur les avanc&eacute;es concernant la s&eacute;curit&eacute; des syst&egrave;mes industriels automatis&eacute;s tant du point de vue de l&#39;ing&eacute;nierie (d&eacute;marche de conception, outils de simulation, analyse des risques, mesures de pr&eacute;vention, etc.) que de la place de l&#39;Homme dans les syst&egrave;mes de production.<br />Car l&#39;&eacute;mergence des nouvelles technologies, comme la mise en r&eacute;seau des machines, la robotique collaborative ou encore les syst&egrave;mes autonomes, impacte profond&eacute;ment les industries qui&nbsp; en multiplient l&#39;usage. Cette &eacute;volution fait appara&icirc;tre de nouveaux risques professionnels.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs-sias2018.fr/index.php" title="http://www.inrs-sias2018.fr/index.php">http://www.inrs-sias2018.fr/index.php</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 29 Oct 2018 14:10:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/29/11325.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-29T14:10:00Z 2018-10-29 14:10 +00:00 2018-10-29 10:10 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11324 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/10/29/11324.aspx Travail en mouvement Main d’œuvre en mutation Environnement socio-économique Environnement de travail Structure démographique Effets sur les travailleurs Développements technologiques The world(s) of work in transition <p>The report of the third joint ETUI-ETUC conference, held on 27-29 June 2018, summarises the three days of discussion that took place when over 500 delegates gathered in Brussels to debate the future of work. The&nbsp; ambition of the 2018 event was to analyse the impact of the four key &lsquo;megatrends&rsquo; &ndash; globalization, climate change, digitalization and the demographic transition disrupting societies and economies.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.etui.org/Publications2/Conference-reports/The-world-s-of-work-in-transition" title="https://www.etui.org/Publications2/Conference-reports/The-world-s-of-work-in-transition">https://www.etui.org/Publications2/Conference-reports/The-world-s-of-work-in-transition</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 29 Oct 2018 13:01:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/10/29/11324.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-29T13:01:00Z 2018-10-29 13:01 +00:00 2018-10-29 09:01 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11316 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/29/11316.aspx Évaluation des interventions TMS Intervention SST Analyse ergonomique du travail Intervention spécifique Intervention Évaluation des processus : comprendre comment le contexte des entreprises influence le déroulement des premières étapes d’interventions ergonomiques <p>Bien qu&#39;il soit g&eacute;n&eacute;ralement convenu que les ergonomes adaptent leur intervention au contexte de chaque entreprise, la fa&ccedil;on pr&eacute;cise dont ils y parviennent et sur quels crit&egrave;res cette adaptation se base sont peu renseign&eacute;s au plan scientifique. Une &eacute;valuation des processus a &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;e en adoptant un devis d&#39;&eacute;tude de cas multiple, en vue d&#39;identifier les indicateurs de contexte ayant influenc&eacute; quatre interventions du courant de l&#39;ergonomie de l&#39;activit&eacute;, r&eacute;alis&eacute;es par des ergonomes en formation. L&#39;&eacute;valuation a port&eacute; sur les &eacute;tapes de l&#39;intervention pr&eacute;c&eacute;dant l&#39;implantation des changements, soit de l&#39;analyse de la demande jusqu&#39;au moment o&ugrave; le plan d&#39;action est convenu avec les acteurs-cl&eacute;s. La collecte des donn&eacute;es a &eacute;t&eacute; effectu&eacute;e gr&acirc;ce &agrave; un journal de bord, des documents produits dans le cadre de l&#39;intervention, ainsi que des entretiens avec les intervenants et les acteurs-cl&eacute;s impliqu&eacute;s dans l&#39;intervention. Nos r&eacute;sultats pr&eacute;sent&eacute;s sous forme de mod&egrave;les logiques font ressortir 12 indicateurs de contexte ayant repr&eacute;sent&eacute; des leviers ou des obstacles au d&eacute;roulement de l&#39;intervention ou au plan d&#39;action. Des combinaisons d&#39;indicateurs ont eu un effet synergique positif ou n&eacute;gatif sur les cas. Le mod&egrave;le d&#39;&eacute;valuation propos&eacute; dans cette &eacute;tude interdisciplinaire pourrait &ecirc;tre repris lors d&#39;&eacute;tudes subs&eacute;quentes pour bonifier la compr&eacute;hension de l&#39;influence du contexte dans d&#39;autres situations d&#39;interventions ergonomiques. </p> <p>Source: Albert, V., V&eacute;zina, N., Bilodeau, H.&nbsp;et Coutarel, F. (2018). <em>Activit&eacute;s</em>, (15-2).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3411" title="https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3411">https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3411</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 29 Oct 2018 12:11:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/29/11316.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-29T12:11:00Z 2018-10-29 12:11 +00:00 2018-10-29 08:11 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11321 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/29/11321.aspx Agents chimiques Effets sur la santé Fibres minérales Amiante Cancer Fibres Asbestos: Modern Insights for Toxicology in the Era of Engineered Nanomaterials <p>Asbestos fibers are naturally occurring silicates that have been extensively used in the past, including house construction, but because of their toxicity, their use has been banned in 63 countries. Despite this, more than one million metric tons of asbestos are still consumed annually in countries where asbestos use has not been banned. Asbestos-related disease incidence is still increasing in several countries, including those countries that banned the use of asbestos more than 30 years ago. We highlight here recent knowledge obtained in experimental models about the mechanisms leading to tumor development following asbestos exposure, including genetic and epigenetic changes. Importantly, the landscape of alterations observed experimentally in tumor samples is consistent with alterations observed in clinical tumor samples; therefore, studies performed on early/precancer stages should help inform secondary prevention, which remains crucial in the absence of an efficient primary prevention. Knowledge gathered on asbestos should also help address future challenges, especially in view of the increased production of new materials that may behave similarly to asbestos fibers.</p> <p>Source: Felley-Bosco, E.&nbsp;et MacFarlane, M. (2018). <em>Chemical Research in Toxicology, 31</em>(10), 994-1008.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrestox.8b00146" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrestox.8b00146">http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrestox.8b00146</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 29 Oct 2018 12:10:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/29/11321.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-29T12:10:00Z 2018-10-29 12:10 +00:00 2018-10-29 08:10 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11323 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/10/26/11323.aspx Europe Orientations stratégiques Annual review of working life 2017 <p>The annual review of developments in Working Life in Europe collates information based on reports from Eurofound&rsquo;s network of European correspondents throughout 2017, complemented by recent research findings, including data from Eurofound&rsquo;s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/report/2018/annual-review-of-working-life-2017" title="https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/report/2018/annual-review-of-working-life-2017">https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/report/2018/annual-review-of-working-life-2017</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 26 Oct 2018 19:20:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/10/26/11323.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-26T19:20:00Z 2018-10-26 19:20 +00:00 2018-10-26 15:20 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11322 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/10/26/11322.aspx Travail en mouvement Environnement socio-économique Bilans statistiques Conditions de travail ERM report 2018: Impact of restructuring on working conditions <p>Using data from the sixth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS), carried out in 2015, the ERM report 2018 examines how workplace factors may influence the relationship between restructuring (with job losses) and the outcomes for employees. It also reviews policy and academic research on good practice in restructuring. The findings are then distilled into a model that may contribute to the design and implementation of effective measures to support the stayers. The good practice elements are exemplified by company case studies from four countries &ndash; Bulgaria, Germany, the Netherlands and Spain &ndash; showing different approaches.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/annual-report/2018/impact-of-restructuring-on-working-conditions" title="https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/annual-report/2018/impact-of-restructuring-on-working-conditions">https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/annual-report/2018/impact-of-restructuring-on-working-conditions</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 26 Oct 2018 18:50:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/10/26/11322.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-26T18:50:00Z 2018-10-26 18:50 +00:00 2018-10-26 14:50 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11314 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/26/11314.aspx Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture TMS Intervention SST Intervention spécifique Programme d'exercices physiques Intervention Secteurs d'activités Intégration de la préparation physique dans l’approche ergonomique <p><strong>Quel dispositif pour quel(s) objectif(s)?</strong><br />L&#39;article pr&eacute;sente un cas d&#39;intervention ergonomique proposant la pr&eacute;paration physiologique des ouvriers comme levier de pr&eacute;vention des Troubles Musculo-Squelettiques dans le secteur agroalimentaire. Dans une entreprise dont les activit&eacute;s pr&eacute;sentent de fortes contraintes organisationnelles et physiologiques, la place des marges de man&oelig;uvre dans un tel dispositif est questionn&eacute;e. La mise en &oelig;uvre d&#39;&eacute;chauffements au sein d&#39;une entreprise n&eacute;cessite d&#39;une part de disposer de comp&eacute;tences tant ergonomiques que sur la pr&eacute;paration physiologique. D&#39;autre part, l&#39;int&eacute;gration des &eacute;chauffements, forme de pr&eacute;paration physiologique ici mise en &oelig;uvre, imposerait une construction sociale sp&eacute;cifique de l&#39;intervention. Enfin, les conditions de r&eacute;ussite du projet tant du point de vue des intervenants que de l&#39;entreprise devraient &ecirc;tre pos&eacute;es au pr&eacute;alable afin de garantir le succ&egrave;s du dispositif global de pr&eacute;vention.</p> <p>Source: Uguen, C., Sablon, S.&nbsp;et Carballeda, G. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Activit&eacute;s</em>, (15-2).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3537" title="https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3537">https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3537</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 26 Oct 2018 18:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/26/11314.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-26T18:04:00Z 2018-10-26 18:04 +00:00 2018-10-26 14:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11320 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/26/11320.aspx Nanotechnologies Normes Nanoparticules ASTM E2535 - Standard Guide for Handling Unbound Engineered Nanoscale Particles in Occupational Settings <p>This guide is intended for use by entities involved in the handling of UNP in occupational settings. This guide covers handling principles and techniques that may be applied, as appropriate, to the variety of UNP materials and handling settings. These settings include research and development activities, material manufacturing, and material use and processing. This guide may also be used by entities that receive materials or articles containing or comprising nanoscale particles fixed upon or within a matrix (that is, bound nanoscale particles), but whose own processes or use may reasonably be expected to cause such particles to become unbound.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2535.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2535.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2535.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 26 Oct 2018 18:03:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/26/11320.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-26T18:03:00Z 2018-10-26 18:03 +00:00 2018-10-26 14:03 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11317 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/10/25/11317.aspx Travailleurs Prise en charge Environnement socio-économique Formation à la prévention Jeunes travailleurs Mécanismes de formation La formation initiale <p>Le d&eacute;veloppement de comp&eacute;tences en sant&eacute; et s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail dans l&#39;enseignement professionnel et sup&eacute;rieur doit permettre aux jeunes d&#39;acqu&eacute;rir une culture de pr&eacute;vention avant m&ecirc;me leur premier emploi. Il contribue &eacute;galement &agrave; la diffusion de celle-ci dans l&#39;entreprise.<br />Les 18-24 ans ont pr&egrave;s de deux fois plus d&#39;accidents du travail que les autres salari&eacute;s, selon la Caisse nationale d&#39;assurance mala-die (Cnam). En revanche, une &eacute;tude de l&#39;INRS montre que les jeunes en formation professionnelle ont deux fois moins d&#39;accidents du travail que les autres quand ils ont re&ccedil;u un enseignement en sant&eacute; et s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail (ES&amp;ST) en formation initiale. Pour permettre l&#39;int&eacute;gration d&#39;un tel enseignement d&egrave;s la pr&eacute;paration des dipl&ocirc;mes professionnels, mais &eacute;galement &agrave; l&#39;universit&eacute; ou dans les &eacute;coles sup&eacute;rieures, la mobilisation de nombreux acteurs est indispensable. </p> <p>Source: (2018). <em>Travail &amp; S&eacute;curit&eacute;</em> (798).<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier/La%20formation%20initiale.html" title="http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier/La%20formation%20initiale.html">http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier/La%20formation%20initiale.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 25 Oct 2018 14:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/10/25/11317.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-25T14:04:00Z 2018-10-25 14:04 +00:00 2018-10-25 10:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11318 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/25/11318.aspx Lois et réglementations Organisation de la prévention Risques électriques Code de construction du Québec, Chapitre V - Électricité - Code canadien de l'électricité <p>L&#39;&eacute;dition 2018 du Chapitre V - &Eacute;lectricit&eacute; du Code de construction du Qu&eacute;bec comprend le Code canadien de l&#39;&eacute;lectricit&eacute;, Premi&egrave;re partie (vingt-troisi&egrave;me &eacute;dition) de 2015, adopt&eacute; par la province du Qu&eacute;bec et comporte des exigences modifi&eacute;es propres au Qu&eacute;bec. Cette 23e &eacute;dition a subi une refonte majeure et compte toutes les importantes modifications et mises &agrave; jour d&eacute;coulant des deux &eacute;ditions pr&eacute;c&eacute;dentes du Code (publi&eacute;es en 2012 et en 2015). <br />Dans cette &eacute;dition, bon nombre de sections ont fait l&#39;objet d&#39;importantes r&eacute;visions. Ainsi, la section 4 &eacute;nonce maintenant des exigences visant le courant admissible des c&acirc;bles haute tension et les articles visant la temp&eacute;rature &agrave; l&#39;extr&eacute;mit&eacute; des conducteurs ont &eacute;t&eacute; clarifi&eacute;s. En outre, le nouveau tableau 39 simplifie le choix des conducteurs de branchement et d&#39;art&egrave;re destin&eacute;s &agrave; un usage r&eacute;sidentiel. Plus d&#39;options sont donn&eacute;es pour le calcul de la charge et de la chute de tension.<br />Des clarifications ont &eacute;t&eacute; apport&eacute;es au choix du conducteur de continuit&eacute; des masses gr&acirc;ce &agrave; l&#39;ajout des tableaux 16A et 16B. En outre, dans la section 12 on a ajout&eacute; et r&eacute;vis&eacute; des exigences visant les m&eacute;thodes de c&acirc;blage et on a augment&eacute; les tableaux visant le nombre de conducteurs dans un conduit.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://store.csagroup.org/ccrz__ProductDetails?viewState=DetailView&amp;cartID=&amp;sku=C22.10-18&amp;isCSRFlow=true&amp;portalUser=&amp;store=&amp;cclcl=fr_CA" title="https://store.csagroup.org/ccrz__ProductDetails?viewState=DetailView&amp;cartID=&amp;sku=C22.10-18&amp;isCSRFlow=true&amp;portalUser=&amp;store=&amp;cclcl=fr_CA">https://store.csagroup.org/ccrz__ProductDetails?viewState=DetailView&amp;cartID=&amp;sku=C22.10-18&amp;isCSRFlow=true&amp;portalUser=&amp;store=&amp;cclcl=fr_CA</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 25 Oct 2018 14:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/25/11318.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-25T14:04:00Z 2018-10-25 14:04 +00:00 2018-10-25 10:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11313 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/25/11313.aspx TMS Intervention SST Analyse ergonomique du travail Intervention spécifique Intervention Ergonomie Intervention, conception et transformations : comment construire une prévention durable des TMS <p>Cet article a pour but de participer aux r&eacute;flexions sur le r&ocirc;le de l&#39;ergonome dans l&#39;intervention en entreprise. Il pr&eacute;sente une intervention-formation relative &agrave; la pr&eacute;vention de la p&eacute;nibilit&eacute; et des TMS au travail. Cette intervention, men&eacute;e comme une conduite de projet, s&#39;est bas&eacute;e sur l&#39;adoption de principes fondamentaux pour l&#39;ergonomie dite centr&eacute;e sur l&#39;activit&eacute; (Daniellou &amp; Rabardel, 2005). Ces principes portent sur (1) la conception et la p&eacute;rennisation des d&eacute;marches de pr&eacute;vention durable, (2) la conduite et l&#39;efficacit&eacute; des interventions en ergonomie. Sur la base de ce corps de connaissances et de nos pratiques d&#39;intervention ant&eacute;rieures, nous postulons que la mobilisation des acteurs et la transformation des repr&eacute;sentations/perceptions sur le travail et la sant&eacute; participent &agrave; l&#39;augmentation du pouvoir d&#39;agir des acteurs en mati&egrave;re de pr&eacute;vention. Ces principes sont illustr&eacute;s et discut&eacute;s &agrave; partir des r&eacute;sultats d&#39;une intervention men&eacute;e dans un abattoir de canards.</p> <p>Source: Ciccone, E., Cuvelier, L., Decortis, F.&nbsp;et Bationo-Tillon, A. (2018). <em>Activit&eacute;s</em>, (15-2).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3450" title="https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3450">https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3450</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 25 Oct 2018 14:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/25/11313.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-25T14:04:00Z 2018-10-25 14:04 +00:00 2018-10-25 10:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11310 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/25/11310.aspx Agents chimiques Air Oxygène et dérivés A health risk assessment of working in hypoxic atmospheres <p>Hypoxic atmospheres - those in which the ambient oxygen level is lower than normal &ndash; may be specifically generated in some workplaces, particularly for fire prevention. Such atmospheres potentially present a health risk to workers who are required to enter the hypoxic space. This report reviews the impact of hypoxia on human physiology, behaviour, and cognitive function, in order to provide information about the potential occupational health risks arising from working in hypoxic atmospheres.<br />The available evidence suggests that hypoxic environments in which the levels of oxygen are greater than 15% but below 21%, are safe for most healthy, fit individuals. However, prior to entry into such environments, risk assessments should be performed to cover: the working environment; the work and tasks undertaken; and the worker. Occupational health assessments should be in place for all workers who have a potential requirement to enter these atmospheres. Careful consideration should be given to: workers carrying out tasks that require higher levels of physical activity; and pregnant workers.<br />For hypoxic working environments between 12% and 15% oxygen, there is a lack of evidence-based or expert consensus-led guidance that addresses medical conditions and their severity. There is therefore an insufficient evidence-base to provide guidelines for safe working in hypoxic environments between 12-15% oxygen, other than relating to the use of supplemental oxygen.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1137.htm" title="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1137.htm">http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1137.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 25 Oct 2018 13:02:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/25/11310.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-25T13:02:00Z 2018-10-25 13:02 +00:00 2018-10-25 09:02 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11319 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/24/11319.aspx Agents chimiques Filtres Particules et poussières Diesel Normes Carbone Échantillonnage ASTM D6877 - Standard Test Method for Monitoring Diesel Particulate Exhaust in the Workplace <p>This test method covers determination of organic and elemental carbon (OC and EC) in the particulate fraction of diesel engine exhaust, hereafter referred to as diesel particulate matter (DPM). Samples of workplace atmospheres are collected on quartz-fiber filters. The method also is suitable for other types of carbonaceous aerosols and has been widely applied to environmental monitoring. It is not appropriate for sampling volatile or semi-volatile components. These components require sorbents for efficient collection.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/D6877.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/D6877.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/D6877.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 24 Oct 2018 17:02:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/24/11319.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-24T17:02:00Z 2018-10-24 17:02 +00:00 2018-10-24 13:02 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11315 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/10/23/11315.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Représentations et culture de métier Secteur des services de santé Organisation de la production Secteurs d'activités Développement de la santé au travail: complémentarité de l’analyse de l’activité et des représentations du risque <p><strong>Retours sur un dispositif de conception participative de l&#39;organisation du travail en pr&eacute;sence de risque biologique en milieu hospitalier</strong><br />Cet article illustre la diversit&eacute; des potentialit&eacute;s de la psychologie du travail et de l&#39;ergonomie, en se basant sur une recherche-action conduite en milieu hospitalier, mobilisant une compl&eacute;mentarit&eacute; de pratiques. Dans un contexte de conception organisationnelle de situations de travail pr&eacute;sentant un risque biologique, l&#39;&eacute;tude vise &agrave; concilier les enjeux de pr&eacute;vention des risques professionnels et d&#39;efficacit&eacute; du travail, qui visent ensemble le d&eacute;veloppement de la sant&eacute; au travail.<br />L&#39;analyse de l&#39;activit&eacute; est enrichie des repr&eacute;sentations du risque, dans une vis&eacute;e pr&eacute;ventive et d&eacute;veloppementale de la sant&eacute; au travail.<br />Cet article prend la forme de deux retours d&#39;exp&eacute;rience sur l&#39;int&eacute;gration de m&eacute;thodes et analyses compl&eacute;mentaires, dont la rencontre se fait autour de l&#39;activit&eacute; de travail. Nos r&eacute;sultats montrent comment l&#39;analyse de l&#39;activit&eacute; peut b&eacute;n&eacute;ficier de la prise en compte des repr&eacute;sentations individuelles et collectives pour la co-conception de situations de travail et leur am&eacute;lioration continue. Les enjeux de d&eacute;veloppement de la sant&eacute; au travail, s&#39;appuyant sur des ressources individuelles, collectives et organisationnelles, sont ainsi mis en lumi&egrave;re.</p> <p>Source: Cottin, I.&nbsp;et Vall&eacute;ry, G. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Activit&eacute;s</em>, (15-2).&nbsp;<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3498" title="https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3498">https://journals.openedition.org/activites/3498</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 23 Oct 2018 18:06:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/10/23/11315.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-23T18:06:00Z 2018-10-23 18:06 +00:00 2018-10-23 14:06 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11312 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/23/11312.aspx Cadenassage Réduction du risque Risque machine Secteur de l'industrie manufacturière Références en ligne Guide Secteurs d'activités Hazardous Energy Control (Lockout and Other Means) <p>It is a matter of life and death. Hazardous energy control is more than Lockout. It encompasses Machine Guarding, Alternative Measures (alternative guarding arrangement that prevents exposure to hazardous energy), Lockout, and other methods of ensuring worker safety from contact with hazardous energy. Here you will find information on regulatory requirements, general guidance and procedures that your company can use to implement an effective Hazardous Energy Control (Lockout/Tagout) Program and prevent unexpected energizing, start-up or release of stored energy which could cause serious injury or death to workers. Injuries related to Lockout often occur when an employee services or repairs a machine or tries to clear a jam but fails to de-energize the machine and lockout sources of energy.&nbsp; Problems can also occur during the process of re-energizing.<br />Sources of energy are not only electrical; they can also include mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, chemical, thermal, or other sources of energy. The failure to develop and use hazardous energy control (Lockout) procedures is one of OSHA&#39;s annual top 10 most frequently cited workplace safety violations. Injuries and fatalities that happen for failure to implement a Lockout Program are much more costly than the citations (not only in economic terms). A comprehensive, written, diligently planned and executed Hazardous Energy Control (Lockout) Program protects the life, and the safety and health of workers; it is a very important part of machine maintenance and production servicing operations.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/nora/councils/manuf/loto/default.html" title="https://www.cdc.gov/nora/councils/manuf/loto/default.html">https://www.cdc.gov/nora/councils/manuf/loto/default.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 23 Oct 2018 17:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/23/11312.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-23T17:19:00Z 2018-10-23 17:19 +00:00 2018-10-23 13:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11311 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/10/23/11311.aspx Orientations stratégiques Grande-Bretagne Stakeholder evidence to inform the development of HSE’s Health and Work Strategy <p>HSE&rsquo;s Health and Work Strategy was launched in December 2016. It has three priorities: occupational lung disease, musculoskeletal disorders and work-related stress. To inform the development of the strategy, and the prioritisation decisions to maximise HSE&rsquo;s impact on improving occupational health, a significant exercise was undertaken to review and refresh the evidence base on health and work. This review used a multistranded approach which included targeted stakeholder consultation, focussed evidence reviews of recent literature, analysis of occupational health statistics, foresight work to explore the future world of work, and gathering views of those with medical, health, scientific and regulatory expertise.<br />This report describes the targeted stakeholder consultation used to explore the workplace health priorities of frontline occupational health providers, workplace health and safety representatives, apprentices and young workers. A multimethod approach was used with survey data collection and the use of qualitative research. Overall, the results across all groups supported mental ill-health (predominantly stress, anxiety or depression) and musculoskeletal disorders as the most significant ill-health issues in the workplace, now, and in the future, with lung and breathing problems also a concern.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1136.htm" title="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1136.htm">http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1136.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 23 Oct 2018 15:55:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/10/23/11311.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-23T15:55:00Z 2018-10-23 15:55 +00:00 2018-10-23 11:55 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11309 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/23/11309.aspx Agents chimiques Mesure Diacétyle Méthode et technique Échantillonnage Cétones Microscopie Validation of a measurement method for diacetyl using sorbent tubes and thermal desorption <p>Diacetyl, also known as 2,3-butanedione, and the closely related chemical 2,3-pentanedione, are naturally occurring substances with a characteristic butter-like odour found in foods such as dairy products, beer and fruits. Diacetyl is also added to various food products as artificial butter flavouring and both substances are present in emissions generated by coffee roasting and grinding. Occupational levels of diacetyl exposure has been linked with the lung disease bronchiolitis obliterans which is life threatening and irreversible. In Great Britain, occupational exposure limits to protect workers&#39; health are based on recommendations from SCOEL (the European Commission Scientific Committee on Occupational Exposure Limits). SCOEL has recommended introducing an 8-hour time weighted average occupational exposure limit for diacetyl of 20 ppb and a short term exposure limit (STEL) of 100 ppb. Existing scientific measurement methods lack the necessary sensitivity to measure these levels of exposure.<br />This report describes a new sensitive method for measurement of diacetyl based on the use of thermal desorption tubes for sampling and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for analysis. The samplers may be used in either pumped (active) or diffusive (passive) mode. For measurement of short duration peak concentrations, or determining compliance with the STEL, pumped sampling is most effective. For longer sampling periods, in particular whole shift monitoring, diffusive sampling is preferable. This method is also applicable to 2,3-pentanedione.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1138.htm" title="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1138.htm">http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1138.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 23 Oct 2018 15:35:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/23/11309.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-23T15:35:00Z 2018-10-23 15:35 +00:00 2018-10-23 11:35 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11308 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/22/11308.aspx Évaluation et mesure Régions anatomiques Dos Surveillance Recurrent back pain during working life and exit from paid employment <p><strong>A&nbsp;28-year follow-up of the Whitehall II Study</strong> <br />Objectives To examine the impact of recurrent, as compared with single, reports of back pain on exit from paid employment over decades of follow-up.<br />Methods The study sample was from the British Whitehall II Study cohort (n=8665, 69% men, aged 35&ndash;55 at baseline), who had provided information about their reports of back pain between 1985 and 1994. Data about exit from paid employment (health-related and non-health related exit, unemployment and other exit) were collected between 1995 and 2013. Repeated measures logistic regression models were fitted to examine the associations, and adjust for covariates.<br />Results Recurrent pain was reported by 18% of participants, while 26% reported pain on an occasion and 56% did not report pain. Report of back pain on an occasion was not associated with health-related job exit, whereas recurrent pain was associated with such an exit (OR 1.51; 95%&thinsp;CI 1.15 to 1.99), when compared with those who did not report pain. These associations were somewhat stronger among middle-grade and lower-grade employees, while these associations were not seen among higher-grade employees. Differences in associations by age and psychosocial working conditions were small.<br />Conclusions These results highlight the need for early detection of recurrent back pain to prevent exit out of paid employment for health reasons. As the risk varies by occupational grade, this emphasises the importance of identification of high-risk groups and finding ways to address their modifiable risk factors.</p> <p>Source: Lallukka, T., M&auml;nty, M., Cooper, C., Fleischmann, M., Kouvonen, A., Walker-Bone, K. E., ...&nbsp;et Halonen, J. I. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Occupational &amp; Environmental Medicine, 75</em>(11), 786-791.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105202" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105202">http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105202</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 22 Oct 2018 15:42:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/22/11308.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-22T15:42:00Z 2018-10-22 15:42 +00:00 2018-10-22 11:42 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11302 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/22/11302.aspx Agents biologiques Méthodes et outils Micro-organismes Bactéries Normes Méthode et technique Mycobactéries Comptage ASTM E2563 - 18 - Standard Practice for Enumeration of Non-Tuberculosis Mycobacteria in Aqueous Metalworking Fluids by Plate Count Method <p>This practice allows for the recovery and enumeration of viable and culturable, non-tuberculosis, rapidly growing <em>Mycobacteria</em>&nbsp; (<em>M. immunogenum</em>, <em>M. chelonae</em>, <em>M. absessus</em>, <em>M. fortuitum</em>, and <em>M. smegmatis</em>) in the presence of high Gram-negative background populations in metalworking fluid field samples. During the past decade, it has become increasingly apparent that non-tuberculous <em>Mycobacteria</em> are common members of the indigenous MWF bacterial population. This population is predominantly comprised of Gram-negative bacteria and fungi. Mycobacterial contamination of metalworking fluids has been putatively associated with hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) amongst metalgrinding machinists. The detection and enumeration of these organisms will aid in better understanding of occupational health-related problems and a better assessment of antimicrobial pesticide efficacy.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2563.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2563.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2563.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 22 Oct 2018 14:12:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/22/11302.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-22T14:12:00Z 2018-10-22 14:12 +00:00 2018-10-22 10:12 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11306 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/18/11306.aspx Agents physiques Radiations ionisantes Surveillance La radioprotection des travailleurs <p><strong>Exposition professionnelle aux rayonnements ionisants en France: bilan 2017</strong><br />Le bilan de la surveillance des expositions professionnelles aux rayonnements ionisants concerne l&#39;ensemble des secteurs d&#39;activit&eacute; soumis &agrave; un r&eacute;gime d&#39;autorisation ou de d&eacute;claration, y compris ceux de la d&eacute;fense, dans les domaines des activit&eacute;s m&eacute;dicales et v&eacute;t&eacute;rinaires, de l&#39;industrie nucl&eacute;aire ou non nucl&eacute;aire, de la recherche et de l&#39;enseignement, ainsi que les secteurs concern&eacute;s par une exposition &agrave; la radioactivit&eacute; naturelle.<br />L&#39;effectif suivi en 2017 dans le cadre des activit&eacute;s soumises &agrave; autorisation ou &agrave; d&eacute;claration est en augmentation de 0,9 % par rapport &agrave; 2016, avec 360 694 travailleurs. Parall&egrave;lement, la dose collective1 mesur&eacute;e par<br />dosim&eacute;trie externe passive s&#39;&eacute;tablit &agrave; 53,5 h.Sv pour 2017, contre 66,7 h.Sv en 2016. Avec une forte baisse par rapport &agrave; 2016 (- 20 %), cette valeur marque une rupture par rapport &agrave; celles observ&eacute;es en 2015 et 2016. Cette baisse significative de la dose collective est li&eacute;e majoritairement &agrave; une baisse d&#39;activit&eacute; dans le domaine du nucl&eacute;aire (volume de travaux de maintenance chez EDF moindre qu&#39;en 2016) et de fa&ccedil;on compl&eacute;mentaire &agrave; un changement m&eacute;thodologique de plusieurs laboratoires de dosim&eacute;trie, intervenu courant 2017, qui &eacute;vite de sousestimer le bruit de fond lorsque le dosim&egrave;tre t&eacute;moin n&#39;est pas retourn&eacute; par l&#39;employeur avec les dosim&egrave;tres individuels. La dose individuelle annuelle moyenne, d&#39;une valeur de 0,72 mSv, est quant &agrave; elle stable par rapport &agrave; l&#39;ann&eacute;e pr&eacute;c&eacute;dente. Parmi les 12 712 travailleurs ayant re&ccedil;u plus de 1 mSv (limite annuelle r&eacute;glementaire fix&eacute;e pour la population g&eacute;n&eacute;rale), 2 079 travailleurs ont re&ccedil;u une dose annuelle sup&eacute;rieure &agrave; 5 mSv2. Une dose externe annuelle sup&eacute;rieure &agrave; 20 mSv (limite r&eacute;glementaire de la dose efficace fix&eacute;e pour les travailleurs) a &eacute;t&eacute; enregistr&eacute;e pour 2 travailleurs. Quatre cas de d&eacute;passement de la limite de dose &eacute;quivalente aux extr&eacute;mit&eacute;s (500 mSv) ont &eacute;galement &eacute;t&eacute; enregistr&eacute;s.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.irsn.fr/FR/expertise/rapports_expertise/Documents/radioprotection/IRSN_Rapport-Exposition-travailleurs-2017.pdf" title="https://www.irsn.fr/FR/expertise/rapports_expertise/Documents/radioprotection/IRSN_Rapport-Exposition-travailleurs-2017.pdf">https://www.irsn.fr/FR/expertise/rapports_expertise/Documents/radioprotection/IRSN_Rapport-Exposition-travailleurs-2017.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 18 Oct 2018 12:51:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/18/11306.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-18T12:51:00Z 2018-10-18 12:51 +00:00 2018-10-18 08:51 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11307 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/18/11307.aspx Europe Agents physiques France Champs de recherche Régions géographiques La radioprotection des travailleurs <p><strong>Exposition professionnelle aux rayonnements ionisants en France: bilan 2017</strong><br />Le bilan de la surveillance des expositions professionnelles aux rayonnements ionisants concerne l&#39;ensemble des secteurs d&#39;activit&eacute; soumis &agrave; un r&eacute;gime d&#39;autorisation ou de d&eacute;claration, y compris ceux de la d&eacute;fense, dans les domaines des activit&eacute;s m&eacute;dicales et v&eacute;t&eacute;rinaires, de l&#39;industrie nucl&eacute;aire ou non nucl&eacute;aire, de la recherche et de l&#39;enseignement, ainsi que les secteurs concern&eacute;s par une exposition &agrave; la radioactivit&eacute; naturelle.<br />L&#39;effectif suivi en 2017 dans le cadre des activit&eacute;s soumises &agrave; autorisation ou &agrave; d&eacute;claration est en augmentation de 0,9 % par rapport &agrave; 2016, avec 360 694 travailleurs. Parall&egrave;lement, la dose collective1 mesur&eacute;e par<br />dosim&eacute;trie externe passive s&#39;&eacute;tablit &agrave; 53,5 h.Sv pour 2017, contre 66,7 h.Sv en 2016. Avec une forte baisse par rapport &agrave; 2016 (- 20 %), cette valeur marque une rupture par rapport &agrave; celles observ&eacute;es en 2015 et 2016. Cette baisse significative de la dose collective est li&eacute;e majoritairement &agrave; une baisse d&#39;activit&eacute; dans le domaine du nucl&eacute;aire (volume de travaux de maintenance chez EDF moindre qu&#39;en 2016) et de fa&ccedil;on compl&eacute;mentaire &agrave; un changement m&eacute;thodologique de plusieurs laboratoires de dosim&eacute;trie, intervenu courant 2017, qui &eacute;vite de sousestimer le bruit de fond lorsque le dosim&egrave;tre t&eacute;moin n&#39;est pas retourn&eacute; par l&#39;employeur avec les dosim&egrave;tres individuels. La dose individuelle annuelle moyenne, d&#39;une valeur de 0,72 mSv, est quant &agrave; elle stable par rapport &agrave; l&#39;ann&eacute;e pr&eacute;c&eacute;dente. Parmi les 12 712 travailleurs ayant re&ccedil;u plus de 1 mSv (limite annuelle r&eacute;glementaire fix&eacute;e pour la population g&eacute;n&eacute;rale), 2 079 travailleurs ont re&ccedil;u une dose annuelle sup&eacute;rieure &agrave; 5 mSv2. Une dose externe annuelle sup&eacute;rieure &agrave; 20 mSv (limite r&eacute;glementaire de la dose efficace fix&eacute;e pour les travailleurs) a &eacute;t&eacute; enregistr&eacute;e pour 2 travailleurs. Quatre cas de d&eacute;passement de la limite de dose &eacute;quivalente aux extr&eacute;mit&eacute;s (500 mSv) ont &eacute;galement &eacute;t&eacute; enregistr&eacute;s.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.irsn.fr/FR/expertise/rapports_expertise/Documents/radioprotection/IRSN_Rapport-Exposition-travailleurs-2017.pdf" title="https://www.irsn.fr/FR/expertise/rapports_expertise/Documents/radioprotection/IRSN_Rapport-Exposition-travailleurs-2017.pdf">https://www.irsn.fr/FR/expertise/rapports_expertise/Documents/radioprotection/IRSN_Rapport-Exposition-travailleurs-2017.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 18 Oct 2018 12:51:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/18/11307.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-18T12:51:00Z 2018-10-18 12:51 +00:00 2018-10-18 08:51 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11305 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/10/17/11305.aspx Santé psychologique Normes Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Z1003.1-F18 - Santé et sécurité psychologiques dans les organismes de services paramédics <p>Cette norme fournit aux organismes de services param&eacute;dics et aux autres intervenants importants des lignes directrices sur les pratiques exemplaires relatives &agrave; la d&eacute;termination et l&#39;appr&eacute;ciation des dangers, de m&ecirc;me qu&#39;&agrave; la gestion des dangers pour la sant&eacute; et la s&eacute;curit&eacute; psychologiques (SSP) des organismes de services param&eacute;dics et pour promouvoir l&#39;am&eacute;lioration de la sant&eacute; et de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; psychologique.<br />Elle s&#39;appuie sur CAN/CSA-Z1003-13/BNQ 9700-803/2013, Sant&eacute; et s&eacute;curit&eacute; psychologiques en milieu de travail et propose une approche syst&eacute;matique de la gestion des dangers SSP et des risques associ&eacute;s pour les organismes de services param&eacute;dics. Elle fournit &eacute;galement des lignes directrices utiles et pertinentes pour la protection et la promotion de la sant&eacute; et de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; psychologiques des travailleurs au Canada.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://store.csagroup.org/ccrz__ProductDetails?viewState=DetailView&amp;cartID=&amp;sku=Z1003.1-18&amp;cclcl=fr_CA" title="https://store.csagroup.org/ccrz__ProductDetails?viewState=DetailView&amp;cartID=&amp;sku=Z1003.1-18&amp;cclcl=fr_CA">https://store.csagroup.org/ccrz__ProductDetails?viewState=DetailView&amp;cartID=&amp;sku=Z1003.1-18&amp;cclcl=fr_CA</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 17 Oct 2018 13:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/10/17/11305.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-17T13:05:00Z 2018-10-17 13:05 +00:00 2018-10-17 09:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11303 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/17/11303.aspx Agents chimiques Nanotechnologies Toxicité Nanoparticules Encres Literature study on the uses and risks of nanomaterials as pigments in the European Union <p>This report provides a review on the safe use of nano-sized pigments when used by professionals, workers or consumers. Extensive literature searches were carried out in combination with analyses of data from national nano-inventories to capture the current state of play. The report provides a list of nano-sized pigments currently identified on the EU market and discusses potential risks arising from their use in paints, coatings, printer toner cartridges, personal care products, tattooes as well as other potential uses of nanopigments. Data for hazard and risk assessment are not available for the vast majority of identified nanopigments. Evidence-based conclusions on the safety of most nanopigments uses cannot be drawn, however, some general observations and conclusions can be derived. Dry pigments present the highest concern because they can be easily inhaled and ingested. Exposures to nano-sized pigments that are integrated into polymer, paint or coating matrices are not thought to be significant, and the risks to consumers from such uses are low. The report also discusses uncertainties associated with the identification of nanopigments (and nanomaterials in general), measurements of exposure to nano-sized pigments and methods of toxicity testing.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://publications.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/dd38af13-bca7-11e8-99ee-01aa75ed71a1/language-en/format-PDF" title="https://publications.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/dd38af13-bca7-11e8-99ee-01aa75ed71a1/language-en/format-PDF">https://publications.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/dd38af13-bca7-11e8-99ee-01aa75ed71a1/language-en/format-PDF</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 17 Oct 2018 13:03:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/17/11303.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-17T13:03:00Z 2018-10-17 13:03 +00:00 2018-10-17 09:03 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11304 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/10/16/11304.aspx Orientations stratégiques États-Unis How Can Workers' Compensation Systems Promote Occupational Safety and Health? <p><strong>Stakeholder Views on Policy and Research Priorities</strong><br />Stakeholders involved in workers&#39; compensation systems have long voiced concerns about the extent to which workers&#39; compensation serves to promote occupational safety and health (OSH) and the well-being of injured workers. However, it is not clear how much consensus there is about the specific challenges to OSH and worker well-being in the workers&#39; compensation system or how to address those challenges.<br />The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) requested that RAND explore the beliefs and priorities of key workers&#39; compensation stakeholder groups about system challenges and research priorities that, if addressed, would be most useful for reforming workers&#39; compensation systems to promote OSH and the well-being of workers. To address these questions, RAND conducted a literature scan to identify published criticisms of current workers&#39; compensation systems, focusing on the implications of workers&#39; compensation for workers&#39; safety, health, and economic well-being. After producing a compendium of such critical perspectives, RAND then convened a series of conversations with selected representatives from five key stakeholder groups: workers, employers, claims administrators, state agency leaders, and occupational health care providers.<br />The findings of this study can be organized into three groupings. First, major themes were distilled from published critiques of workers&#39; compensation policy. Second, stakeholder perspectives on the most important system challenges were gathered. Third, policy solutions and research needs suggested by stakeholders were identified. In general, stakeholders agreed with the published critiques but placed a greater emphasis on concerns about health care delivery, return to work, and injury prevention.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR2566.html" title="https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR2566.html">https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR2566.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 16 Oct 2018 19:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/10/16/11304.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-16T19:44:00Z 2018-10-16 19:44 +00:00 2018-10-16 15:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11301 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/16/11301.aspx Agents biologiques Micro-organismes Bactéries Normes Méthode et technique Mycobactéries Microscopie ASTM E2564 - 18 - Standard Practice for Enumeration of Mycobacteria in Metalworking Fluids by Direct Microscopic Counting (DMC) Method <p>During the past decade, it has become increasingly apparent that non-tuberculous mycobacteria are common members of the indigenous MWF bacterial population. Measurement of mycobacterial cell count densities is an important step in establishing a possible relationship between mycobacteria and occupational health-related allergic responses, for example, hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) in persons exposed to aerosols of metalworking fluids. It is known that the viable mycobacteria count underestimates the total mycobacterial levels by not counting the non-culturable, possibly dead or moribund population that is potentially equally important in the investigation of occupational health-related problems. The direct microscopic counting method (DMC) described here gives a quantitative assessment of the total numbers of acid-fast bacilli. It involves using acid-fast staining to selectively identify mycobacteria from other bacteria, followed by enumeration or direct microscopic counting of a known volume over a known area. Although other microbes&mdash;particularly the Actinomycetes&mdash;also stain acid-fast, they are differentiated from the mycobacteria because of their morphology and size. Non-mycobacteria, acid-fast microbes are 50 to 100 times larger than mycobacteria. This practice provides quantitative information on the total (culturable and non-culturable viable, and non-viable) mycobacteria populations. The results are expressed quantitatively as mycobacteria per mL of metalworking fluid sample.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2564.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2564.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2564.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 16 Oct 2018 13:31:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/16/11301.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-16T13:31:00Z 2018-10-16 13:31 +00:00 2018-10-16 09:31 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11300 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/10/16/11300.aspx Travail en mouvement Travailleurs Environnement socio-économique Gestion des ressources humaines Précarité Les ouvriers intérimaires sont-ils plus exposés aux risques professionnels? <p>En France, les ouvriers int&eacute;rimaires, qui repr&eacute;sentent la majorit&eacute; des personnes en int&eacute;rim et 8 % des ouvriers, sont tr&egrave;s fortement expos&eacute;s &agrave; des contraintes physiques dans leur travail. Ils sont 22 % &agrave; manipuler des charges lourdes plus de 20 heures par semaine contre 12 % pour l&rsquo;ensemble des ouvriers. Ces contraintes s&rsquo;expliquent toutefois davantage par les caract&eacute;ristiques des m&eacute;tiers qu&rsquo;exercent les int&eacute;rimaires que par leur statut d&rsquo;int&eacute;rimaire.<br />&Agrave; premi&egrave;re vue, les ouvriers int&eacute;rimaires semblent moins expos&eacute;s aux produits chimiques dangereux que les autres ouvriers. Mais ce r&eacute;sultat doit &ecirc;tre nuanc&eacute; du fait d&rsquo;une large m&eacute;connaissance de leurs expositions par les m&eacute;decins du travail ou par eux-m&ecirc;mes.<br />Les rythmes de travail des ouvriers int&eacute;rimaires sont particuli&egrave;rement contraints. Selon l&rsquo;enqu&ecirc;te Surveillance m&eacute;dicale des expositions aux risques professionnels, ils d&eacute;clarent deux fois plus souvent que les autres ouvriers que leur rythme de travail est d&eacute;termin&eacute; par le d&eacute;placement automatique d&rsquo;un produit (23 % contre 11 %) ou par la cadence automatique d&rsquo;une machine (25 % contre 12 %).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/dares-analyses-dares-indicateurs-dares-resultats/article/les-ouvriers-interimaires-sont-ils-plus-exposes-aux-risques-professionnels" title="https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/dares-analyses-dares-indicateurs-dares-resultats/article/les-ouvriers-interimaires-sont-ils-plus-exposes-aux-risques-professionnels">https://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/dares-analyses-dares-indicateurs-dares-resultats/article/les-ouvriers-interimaires-sont-ils-plus-exposes-aux-risques-professionnels</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 16 Oct 2018 13:02:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/10/16/11300.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-16T13:02:00Z 2018-10-16 13:02 +00:00 2018-10-16 09:02 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11292 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/10/16/11292.aspx TMS Interventions Méthodes et types d’études Milieux de pratique Pourvoyeurs de services Affections Types d'interventions Recherche qualitative Physiothérapie Milieu clinique Physiotherapy for injured workers in Canada: are insurers’ and clinics’ policies threatening good quality and equity of care? <p><strong>Results of a qualitative study</strong><br />In recent years, significant efforts have been made to improve the provision of care for compensated injured workers internationally. However, despite increasing efforts at implementing best practices in this field, some studies show that policies overseeing the organisation of care for injured workers can have perverse influences on healthcare providers&#39; practices and can prevent workers from receiving the best care possible. The influence of these policies on physiotherapists&#39; practices has yet to be investigated. Our objectives were thus to explore the influence of 1) workers&#39; compensation boards&#39; and 2) physiotherapy clinics&#39; policies on the care physiotherapists provide to workers with musculoskeletal injuries in three large Canadian provinces.<br />The Interpretive Description framework, a qualitative methodological approach, guided this inquiry. Forty participants (30 physiotherapists and 10 leaders and administrators from physiotherapy professional groups and workers&#39; compensation boards) were recruited in British Columbia, Ontario and Quebec to participate in an in-depth interview. Inductive analysis was conducted using constant comparative techniques.<br />Narratives from participants show that policies of workers&#39; compensation boards and individual physiotherapy clinics have significant impacts on physiotherapists&#39; clinical practices. Policies found at both levels often place physiotherapists in uncomfortable positions where they cannot always do what they believe to be best for their patients. Because of these policies, treatments provided to compensated injured workers markedly differ from those provided to other patients receiving physiotherapy care at the same clinic. Workers&#39; compensation board policies such as reimbursement rates, end points for treatment and communication mechanisms, and clinic policies such as physiotherapists&#39; remuneration schemes and restrictions on the choice of professionals had negative influences on care. Policies that were viewed as positive were board policies that recognize, promote and support physiotherapists&#39; duties and clinics that provide organisational support for administrative tasks.<br />In Canada, workers&#39; compensation play a significant role in financing physiotherapy care for people injured at work. Despite the best intentions in promoting evidence-based guidelines and procedures regarding rehabilitation care for injured workers, complex policy factors currently limit the application of these recommendations in practice. Research that targets these policies could contribute to significant changes in clinical settings.</p> <p>Source: Hudon, A., Hunt, M.&nbsp;et Feldman, D. E. (2018). <em>BMC Health Services Research, 18</em>(1), 682.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-3491-1" title="https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-3491-1">https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-3491-1</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 16 Oct 2018 12:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/10/16/11292.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-16T12:44:00Z 2018-10-16 12:44 +00:00 2018-10-16 08:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11296 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/12/11296.aspx Agents biologiques Secteur des services de santé Virus Micro-organismes Secteurs d'activités Infection Rates and Risk Factors for Infection Among Health Workers During Ebola and Marburg Virus Outbreaks <p><strong>A Systematic Review</strong><br />Infection in health workers (HWs) has characterized outbreaks of Ebola virus disease (EVD) and Marburg virus disease (MVD). We conducted a systematic review to investigate infection and mortality rates and common exposure risks in HWs in EVD and MVD outbreaks.<br />We searched the EMBASE and PubMed databases to identify articles posted before 27 December 2017, with no language restrictions. Data on the number, frequency, and mortality of HW infection and exposure risks were extracted.<br />Ninety-four articles related to 22 outbreaks were included. HW infections composed 2%&ndash;100% of cases in EVD and 5%&ndash;50% of cases in MVD outbreaks. Among exposed HWs, 0.6%&ndash;92% developed EVD, and 1%&ndash;10% developed MVD. HW infection rates were consistent through outbreaks. The most common exposure risk situations were inadequate personal protective equipment and exposure to patients with unrecognized EVD/MVD. Similar risks were reported in past EVD/MVD outbreaks and in the recent outbreak in West Africa.<br />Many outbreaks reported high proportions of infected HWs. Similar HW infection rates and exposure risk factors in both past and recent EVD and MVD outbreaks emphasize the need to improve the implementation of appropriate infection control measures consistently across all healthcare settings.</p> <p>Source: Selvaraj, S. A., Lee, K. E., Harrell, M., Ivanov, I.&nbsp;et Allegranzi, B. (2018).&nbsp;<em>The Journal of infectious diseases </em>(sous presse).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiy435" title="https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiy435 ">https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiy435</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 12 Oct 2018 13:52:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/12/11296.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-12T13:52:00Z 2018-10-12 13:52 +00:00 2018-10-12 09:52 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11297 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/10/12/11297.aspx Mécanismes de prise en charge Santé psychologique Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités What could make a difference to the mental health of UK doctors? <p><strong>A review of the research evidence</strong><br />Doctors are at considerable risk of work-related stress, burnout and mental health problems such as depression and anxiety. The risk is greater than that of the general working population and is increasing over time in line with the growing demands and complexity of the job, a faster pace of work and diminishing resources.<br />The risk of suicide, especially among general practitioners, psychiatrists and trainees, and among women, is high compared to the general population.<br />General practitioners are more vulnerable to burnout (particularly emotional exhaustion), work-related stress and common mental health problems than doctors in most other specialities. This has been linked to the increased demands placed on primary care along with diminishing financial and staffing resources.<br />Trainee and junior doctors are also at particular risk of mental health problems. Of particular concern is the evidence that many doctors are experiencing symptoms of burnout and distress so early in their career.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.som.org.uk/sites/som.org.uk/files/What_could_make_a_difference_to_the_mental_health_of_UK_doctors_LTF_SOM.pdf" title="https://www.som.org.uk/sites/som.org.uk/files/What_could_make_a_difference_to_the_mental_health_of_UK_doctors_LTF_SOM.pdf">https://www.som.org.uk/sites/som.org.uk/files/What_could_make_a_difference_to_the_mental_health_of_UK_doctors_LTF_SOM.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 12 Oct 2018 13:52:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contexte/archive/2018/10/12/11297.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-12T13:52:00Z 2018-10-12 13:52 +00:00 2018-10-12 09:52 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11299 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/12/11299.aspx Machines fixes Lois et réglementations Techniques de sécurité Risque machine Guide Ponts roulants - Manuel de sécurité <p>Longtemps rest&eacute;e dans le domaine de l&#39;empirisme, l&#39;utilisation des engins fait aujourd&#39;hui l&#39;objet de r&egrave;gles nombreuses touchant &agrave; la fois au choix, aux v&eacute;rifications et &agrave; la maintenance du mat&eacute;riel, &agrave; la formation du personnel, ainsi qu&#39;&agrave; la conduite proprement dite.<br />C&#39;est pourquoi ce manuel comprend deux parties : l&#39;une consacr&eacute;e aux aspects purement r&eacute;glementaires, l&#39;autre plus sp&eacute;cifiquement d&eacute;di&eacute;e aux r&egrave;gles de bonnes pratiques en mati&egrave;re de conduite d&#39;engins.<br />Un large public pourra ainsi trouver dans ce manuel les r&eacute;f&eacute;rences qui lui seront n&eacute;cessaires : chefs d&#39;&eacute;tablissements, charg&eacute;s de s&eacute;curit&eacute;, formateurs, et bien s&ucirc;r les conducteurs eux-m&ecirc;mes (pontiers, conducteurs de ponts roulants, de portiques et semi-portiques).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206105" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206105">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%206105</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 12 Oct 2018 13:46:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/12/11299.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-12T13:46:00Z 2018-10-12 13:46 +00:00 2018-10-12 09:46 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11298 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/12/11298.aspx Évaluation et mesure Analyse ergonomique du travail Secteur de l'administration publique Analyse du travail Intervention Secteurs d'activités Démarche multidisciplinaire appliquée à l’analyse d’une activité dans un environnement dynamique <p><strong>La conduite de v&eacute;hicules l&eacute;gers &agrave; La Poste pour la distribution du courrier et des colis</strong><br />Activit&eacute; complexe diff&eacute;rente de la conduite personnelle, la conduite professionnelle de v&eacute;hicules l&eacute;gers prend une importance croissante dans le secteur de la livraison/messagerie confront&eacute; aux nouveaux modes de consommation. Peu &eacute;tudi&eacute;s, les risques pour la sant&eacute; autres que les accidents de la route ont &eacute;t&eacute; approch&eacute;s dans une &eacute;tude exploratoire multidisciplinaire men&eacute;e en collaboration avec le groupe La Poste. Son objectif a &eacute;t&eacute; d&#39;explorer, en situation de travail, les diff&eacute;rentes composantes de l&#39;activit&eacute; de distribution de courrier/colis, et particuli&egrave;rement l&#39;activit&eacute; de conduite comme partie structurante de l&#39;activit&eacute; de distribution. La d&eacute;marche m&eacute;thodologique alliant des analyses ergonomiques et une approche m&eacute;dicale a mis en &eacute;vidence des contraintes ainsi que des plaintes en relation principalement avec les caract&eacute;ristiques des tourn&eacute;es de distribution. Ces r&eacute;sultats ont permis d&#39;orienter la construction d&#39;une &eacute;tude &eacute;pid&eacute;miologique visant &agrave; analyser les facteurs de risque sp&eacute;cifiques &agrave; la conduite de v&eacute;hicules l&eacute;gers dans les activit&eacute;s de distribution.</p> <p>Source: Hella, F., Radauceanu, A., Atain-Kouadio, J. J., Payet, R.&nbsp;et Colin, R. (2018). <em>Perspectives interdisciplinaires sur le travail et la sant&eacute;</em>, (20-2).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://journals.openedition.org/pistes/5733" title="https://journals.openedition.org/pistes/5733">https://journals.openedition.org/pistes/5733</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 12 Oct 2018 13:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/12/11298.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-12T13:44:00Z 2018-10-12 13:44 +00:00 2018-10-12 09:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11295 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/11/11295.aspx États-Unis Indemnisation Maladies professionnelles Lésions professionnelles Champs de recherche TMS Rates of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome in a State Workers’ Compensation Information System, by Industry and Occupation <p><strong>California, 2007&ndash;2014</strong><br />Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) occurs when the median nerve becomes compressed as it passes through the wrist within the carpal tunnel, resulting in pain, tingling, weakness, or numbness in the hand or the wrist. Occupational risk factors for CTS include engaging in work activities that require forceful, repetitive tasks, prolonged use of the hands or wrists in an awkward posture, or vibration. To assess trends and identify high-risk industries and occupations for CTS, the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) analyzed California workers&#39; compensation claims for CTS by industry (2007&ndash;2014) and occupation (2014) and calculated rates per full-time equivalent (FTE) worker. During 2007&ndash;2014, a total of 139,336 CTS cases were reported (incidence = 6.3 cases per 10,000 FTE) in California workers; the rate among women (8.2) was 3.3 times higher than that among men (2.5). Industries with the highest rates of CTS were textile, fabric finishing, and coating mills (44.9), apparel accessories and other apparel manufacturing (43.1), and animal slaughtering and processing (39.8). Industries with high rates of CTS should consider implementing intervention measures, including ergonomic evaluations and development of tools and instruments that require less repetition and force and that correct awkward postures.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6739a4.htm" title="https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6739a4.htm">https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6739a4.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 11 Oct 2018 13:28:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/11/11295.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-11T13:28:00Z 2018-10-11 13:28 +00:00 2018-10-11 09:28 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11284 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/11/11284.aspx Appareils à adduction d'air Protection respiratoire Appareils pour la protection respiratoire Normes et législation NF EN 14594 - Appareils de protection respiratoire <p>Le pr&eacute;sent document sp&eacute;cifie les caract&eacute;ristiques minimales exig&eacute;es des appareils de protection respiratoire (APR) isolants &agrave; adduction d&#39;air comprim&eacute; &agrave; d&eacute;bit continu utilis&eacute;s avec des masques complets, des demi-masques, des cagoules, des casques ou des combinaisons, ainsi que des appareils utilis&eacute;s dans les op&eacute;rations de projection d&#39;abrasifs en tant qu&#39;appareils de protection respiratoire.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-14594/appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-isolants-a-adduction-d-air-comprime-a-debit-continu-ex/article/875333/fa188028" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-14594/appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-isolants-a-adduction-d-air-comprime-a-debit-continu-ex/article/875333/fa188028">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-14594/appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-appareils-de-protection-respiratoire-isolants-a-adduction-d-air-comprime-a-debit-continu-ex/article/875333/fa188028</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 11 Oct 2018 13:27:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/11/11284.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-11T13:27:00Z 2018-10-11 13:27 +00:00 2018-10-11 09:27 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11294 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/10/11294.aspx Régions anatomiques Membres supérieurs TMS Épaule Cou Santé mentale Bi-directional relation between effort-reward imbalance and risk of neck-shoulder pain <p><strong>Assessment of mediation through depressive symptoms using occupational longitudinal data</strong><br />Objectives: Bi-directional associations between perceived effort?reward imbalance (ERI) at work and neckshoulder pain have been reported. There is also evidence of associations between ERI and depressive symptoms, and between depressive symptoms and pain while the links between ERI, depressive symptoms and pain have not been tested. We aimed to assess whether depressive symptoms mediate the association between ERI and neck-shoulder pain, as well as the association between neck-shoulder pain and ERI.<br />Methods: We used prospective data from three consecutive surveys of the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH) study. ERI was assessed with a short version of the ERI questionnaire, and pain was defined as having had neck-shoulder pain that affected daily life during the past three months. Depressive symptoms were assessed with a continuous scale based on six-items of the (Hopkins) Symptom Checklist. Counterfactual mediation analyses were applied using exposure measures from 2010/2012 (T1), depressive symptoms from 2012/2014 (T2), and outcomes from 2014/2016 (T3), and including only those free of outcome at T1 and T2 (N=2876?3239).<br />Results: ERI was associated with a higher risk of neck-shoulder pain [risk ratio (RR) for total effect 1.24, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.02&ndash;1.50] and 40% of this total effect was mediated through depressive symptoms.<br />Corresponding RR for association between neck-shoulder pain and ERI was 1.36 (95% CI 1.13&ndash;1.65), but the mediating role of depressive symptoms was less consistent.<br />Conclusions: Depressive symptoms appear to be an intermediate factor in the relationship between ERI and neck-shoulder pain.</p> <p>Source: Halonen, J. I., Lallukka, T., Virtanen, M., Rod, N. H.&nbsp;et Hanson, L. L. M. (2018). <em>Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment &amp; Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3768" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3768">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3768</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 10 Oct 2018 18:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/10/11294.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-10T18:17:00Z 2018-10-10 18:17 +00:00 2018-10-10 14:17 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11291 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/10/10/11291.aspx Accidents cérébrovasculaires Méthodes et types d’études Affections Méthodes non-expérimentales Étude longitudinale Étude épidémiologique Recherche quantitative Intervention Types d'interventions Affections non associées au travail Return to work after specialized rehabilitation <p><strong>An explorative longitudinal study in a cohort of severely disabled persons with stroke in seven countries</strong><br />Introduction: Stroke may impose disabilities with severe consequences for the individual, with physical, psychological, social, and work-related consequences. The objective with the current study was to investigate to what extent persons with stroke were able to return to work, to maintain their financial situation, and to describe the follow-up services and participation in social networks and recreational activities.<br />Methods: The design was a prospective, descriptive study of specialized stroke rehabilitation in nine rehabilitation centers in seven countries. Semistructured interviews, which focused on the return to work, the financial situation, follow-up services, the maintenance of recreational activities, and networks, were performed 6 and 12 months post discharge from rehabilitation.<br />Results: The working rate before the onset of stroke ranged from 27% to 86%. At 12 months post stroke, the return to work varied from 11% to 43%. Consequently, many reported a reduced financial situation from 10% to 70% at 6 months and from 10% to 80% at 12 months. Access to postrehabilitation follow-up services varied in the different countries from 24% to 100% at 6 months and from 21% to 100% at 12 months. Physical therapy was the most common follow-up services reported. Persons with stroke were less active in recreational activities and experienced reduced social networks. Associations between results from the semistructured interviews and related themes in LiSat-11 were small to moderate. The study shows that education, age, and disability are predictors for return to work. Differences between countries were observed in the extent of unemployment.<br />Conclusions: In this international multicentre study, return to work after severe stroke and specialized/comprehensive rehabilitation was possible, depending on the extent of the disability, age, and education. Altered financial situation, reduced social networks, and reduced satisfaction with life were common psychosocial situations for these patients.</p> <p>Source: Langhammer, B., Sunnerhagen, K. S., S&auml;llstr&ouml;m, S., Becker, F.&nbsp;et Stanghelle, J. K. (2018). <em>Brain and Behavior, 8</em>(8).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://dx.doi.org/10.1002%2Fbrb3.1055" title="https://dx.doi.org/10.1002%2Fbrb3.1055">https://dx.doi.org/10.1002%2Fbrb3.1055</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 10 Oct 2018 17:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/10/10/11291.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-10T17:19:00Z 2018-10-10 17:19 +00:00 2018-10-10 13:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11290 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/10/11290.aspx Agents chimiques Silice Secteur de l'industrie extractive Prévention et contrôle Surveillance Secteurs d'activités Moyens physiques et techniques NIOSH Releases Beta Version of New Respirable Crystalline Silica Monitoring Software <p>Mines can now monitor worker exposure to hazardous respirable crystalline silica (RCS) more effectively thanks to new software developed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Mining Program in beta version. This novel, field-based tool called &ldquo;FAST&rdquo; (Field Analysis of Silica Tool), works together with commercially available FTIR analyzers (Fourier Transform Infrared) to determine a worker&#39;s exposure to RCS dust, providing detailed results immediately following a worker&#39;s shift.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/updates/upd-10-03-18.html" title="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/updates/upd-10-03-18.html">https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/updates/upd-10-03-18.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 10 Oct 2018 13:12:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/10/11290.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-10T13:12:00Z 2018-10-10 13:12 +00:00 2018-10-10 09:12 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11282 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/09/11282.aspx Europe Accidents du travail Régions géographiques Eurostat - Accidents at work statistics 2015 <p>Highlights:<br />There were 3 876 fatal accidents at work in the EU-28 during 2015, an increase of 102 deaths compared with the year before. <br />More than one fifth of all fatal accidents at work in the EU-28 took place within the construction sector. <br />In 2015, three quarters of all non-fatal accidents at work in the EU-28 concerned: wounds and superficial injuries; dislocations, sprains and strains; or concussion and internal injuries. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/pdfscache/11539.pdf" title="https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/pdfscache/11539.pdf">https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/pdfscache/11539.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Oct 2018 12:10:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/09/11282.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-09T12:10:00Z 2018-10-09 12:10 +00:00 2018-10-09 08:10 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11283 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/09/11283.aspx Évaluation Performance Protection chimique Vêtements de protection Vêtements de protection chimique Normes et législation NF EN 14325 - Habillement de protection contre les produits chimiques <p>La pr&eacute;sente Norme europ&eacute;enne sp&eacute;cifie la classification de la performance et les m&eacute;thodes d&#39;essai pour les mat&eacute;riaux utilis&eacute;s dans les v&ecirc;tements de protection chimique, y compris les gants et les chaussures. Lorsque les gants et les bottes font partie int&eacute;grante du v&ecirc;tement, il convient que les exigences en mati&egrave;re de barri&egrave;re de protection chimique auxquelles ils sont soumis soient les m&ecirc;mes pour que pour les &eacute;toffes. Il s&#39;agit d&#39;une norme de r&eacute;f&eacute;rence &agrave; laquelle les normes de performance des v&ecirc;tements de protection chimique peuvent faire r&eacute;f&eacute;rence en tout ou partie, mais cette norme n&#39;est pas exhaustive, au sens o&ugrave; les normes de produits peuvent aussi exiger des essais selon des normes de m&eacute;thodes d&#39;essai qui ne figurent pas dans la pr&eacute;sente norme.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/pr-nf-en-14325/vetements-de-protection-contre-les-produits-chimiques-methodes-d-essai-et-classification-de-performance-des-materiaux-couture/article/867700/fa163979" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/pr-nf-en-14325/vetements-de-protection-contre-les-produits-chimiques-methodes-d-essai-et-classification-de-performance-des-materiaux-couture/article/867700/fa163979">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/pr-nf-en-14325/vetements-de-protection-contre-les-produits-chimiques-methodes-d-essai-et-classification-de-performance-des-materiaux-couture/article/867700/fa163979</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Oct 2018 12:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/09/11283.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-09T12:09:00Z 2018-10-09 12:09 +00:00 2018-10-09 08:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11286 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/09/11286.aspx Appareils de levage Équipements Machines fixes Normes NF EN 13135+A1 - Appareils de levage à charge suspendue <p>La pr&eacute;sente Norme europ&eacute;enne sp&eacute;cifie des prescriptions pour la conception et le choix des &eacute;quipements &eacute;lectriques, m&eacute;caniques, hydrauliques et pneumatiques utilis&eacute;s pour tous les types d&#39;appareils de levage &agrave; charge suspendue et leurs accessoires fixes de levage de charge, dans le but de s&#39;assurer de la fiabilit&eacute; des fonctions et de prot&eacute;ger le personnel des ph&eacute;nom&egrave;nes dangereux qui pourraient affecter leur sant&eacute; et leur s&eacute;curit&eacute;.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-13135a1/appareils-de-levage-a-charge-suspendue-securite-conception-prescriptions-relatives-a-l-equipement/article/913052/fa190546" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-13135a1/appareils-de-levage-a-charge-suspendue-securite-conception-prescriptions-relatives-a-l-equipement/article/913052/fa190546">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-13135a1/appareils-de-levage-a-charge-suspendue-securite-conception-prescriptions-relatives-a-l-equipement/article/913052/fa190546</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 09 Oct 2018 12:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/09/11286.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-09T12:09:00Z 2018-10-09 12:09 +00:00 2018-10-09 08:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11288 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/05/11288.aspx Québec Indemnisation Canada Coûts des lésions professionnelles Lésions professionnelles Régions géographiques CNESST - Statistiques annuelles 2017 <p>Ce document contient une s&eacute;rie de tableaux et graphiques qui pr&eacute;sentent les diff&eacute;rentes activit&eacute;s de la CNESST au cours de l&#39;ann&eacute;e 2017, en regard des &eacute;l&eacute;ments de sa mission, soit la pr&eacute;vention-inspection, la r&eacute;paration, le financement, les normes du travail et l&#39;&eacute;quit&eacute; salariale.??? </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_1046.aspx" title="http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_1046.aspx">http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_1046.aspx</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 05 Oct 2018 14:33:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/05/11288.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-05T14:33:00Z 2018-10-05 14:33 +00:00 2018-10-05 10:33 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11287 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/10/05/11287.aspx Orientations stratégiques Asie Japon Japan Industrial Safety & Health Association (JISHA) - Annual Report 2018 <p>JISHA annually publishes &quot;Annual Report&quot; describing the organization and activities of JISHA for overseas occupational safety and health organizations, stakeholders and person concerned. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.jisha.or.jp/international/pdf/JISHA_Annual_Report_2018.pdf" title="https://www.jisha.or.jp/international/pdf/JISHA_Annual_Report_2018.pdf">https://www.jisha.or.jp/international/pdf/JISHA_Annual_Report_2018.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 05 Oct 2018 13:16:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/10/05/11287.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-05T13:16:00Z 2018-10-05 13:16 +00:00 2018-10-05 09:16 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11285 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/05/11285.aspx Engins de terrassement Équipements Machines mobiles et véhicules Normes NF ISO 5006 - Engins de terrassement <p>Le pr&eacute;sent document sp&eacute;cifie une m&eacute;thode d&#39;essai statique qui permet de d&eacute;terminer et d&#39;&eacute;valuer le champ de vision de l&#39;op&eacute;rateur, mesur&eacute;e sur un contour rectangulaire entourant l&#39;engin et sur un cercle d&#39;essai de visibilit&eacute; (VTC) de 12 m de rayon. Il s&#39;applique aux engins de terrassement tels que d&eacute;finis dans l&#39;ISO 6165, qui ont un poste de l&#39;op&eacute;rateur assis, et qui sont destin&eacute;s &agrave; fonctionner sur des chantiers et circuler sur les voies publiques. Il fournit des crit&egrave;res de performance de visibilit&eacute; pour des engins ayant une masse en service maximale selon l&#39;ISO 6016, d&eacute;pendant du type de la famille d&#39;engins &eacute;num&eacute;r&eacute;s dans le Tableau 1. Pour les engins non mentionn&eacute;s dans le Tableau 1, y compris les engins de grand gabarit, les engins de terrassement d&eacute;riv&eacute;s et autres types d&#39;engins de terrassement, les modes op&eacute;ratoires d&#39;essai de visibilit&eacute; peuvent &ecirc;tre utilis&eacute;s avec le processus de l&#39;appr&eacute;ciation du risque d&eacute;fini en 10.4.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-5006/engins-de-terrassement-visibilite-du-conducteur-methode-d-essai-et-criteres-de-performance/article/914157/fa194622" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-5006/engins-de-terrassement-visibilite-du-conducteur-methode-d-essai-et-criteres-de-performance/article/914157/fa194622">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-5006/engins-de-terrassement-visibilite-du-conducteur-methode-d-essai-et-criteres-de-performance/article/914157/fa194622</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 05 Oct 2018 13:02:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/10/05/11285.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-05T13:02:00Z 2018-10-05 13:02 +00:00 2018-10-05 09:02 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11281 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/04/11281.aspx Québec Indemnisation Canada Lésions professionnelles Régions géographiques CNESST - Appendice statistique 2017 (version préliminaire) <p>L&rsquo;appendice statistique est un compl&eacute;ment d&rsquo;information aux donn&eacute;es d&rsquo;exploitation, sous forme de tableaux et graphiques uniquement, regroupant quelques informations de base relatives au secteur SST. Notamment, la Direction des communications et des relations publiques y r&eacute;f&egrave;re pour r&eacute;pondre &agrave; des demandes m&eacute;dias. On y retrouve entre autres :<br />&middot; Statistiques r&eacute;gionales et sectorielles sur les &eacute;tablissements, dossiers d&rsquo;intervention en pr&eacute;vention-inspection, dossiers accept&eacute;s pour l&eacute;sions professionnelles, d&eacute;c&egrave;s et donn&eacute;es financi&egrave;res ;<br />&middot; Historique sur 10 ans de l&rsquo;&Eacute;tat du r&eacute;sultat global du FSST et &eacute;l&eacute;ments relatifs &agrave; la situation financi&egrave;re de celui-ci ;<br />&middot; Historique depuis l&rsquo;ann&eacute;e 2000 de l&rsquo;estimation du nombre de travailleurs couverts par la LSST.</p> <p>Source: <a href="http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Pages/DC-300-328.aspx">http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Pages/DC-300-328.aspx</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 04 Oct 2018 14:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/10/04/11281.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-04T14:24:00Z 2018-10-04 14:24 +00:00 2018-10-04 10:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11270 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/01/11270.aspx Conséquences Facteurs de risque Absentéisme Facteurs psychosociaux TMS Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Santé mentale Comorbid symptoms of depression and musculoskeletal pain and risk of long term sickness absence <p>Background: Symptoms of depression and musculoskeletal pain have both been found to be associated with increased risk of long term sickness absence (LTSA). The comorbidity between depression and pain i.e. simultaneous presence of both symptoms, is well established in the literature. The aim for the current investigation was to investigate whether the presence of comorbid pain influences the associations between depressive symptoms and LTSA or if the presence of comorbid depressive symptoms influences associations between musculoskeletal pain and LTSA.<br />Methods: A sample of 6572 Danish female health care workers responding to a questionnaire about health and working conditions were followed up in a national register of social transfer payments (DREAM) for 550 days. We estimated the risk for LTSA of four weeks or more, associated with depressive symptoms and number of musculoskeletal pain locations using a Cox proportional hazards model allowing multiple observations per individual. We conducted a test for multiplicative interaction between musculoskeletal pain locations and depressive symptoms, and presented stratified regression models to facilitate the interpretation of the results.<br />Results: The severity of depressive symptoms was correlated with the number of pain locations reported (Spearman&#39;s rho&thinsp;=&thinsp;.24, p&thinsp;&lt;&thinsp;0.001). We found a significant multiplicative interaction between depressive symptoms and musculoskeletal pain in predicting the risk of LTSA. Depressive symptoms and number of musculoskeletal pain locations were associated with increased risk of LTSA for individuals who did not have comorbid symptoms. However, we found no significant associations between the two predictors and LTSA among participants who reported comorbid symptoms.<br />Conclusions: The risk of LTSA associated with depressive symptoms and musculoskeletal pain appears to be moderated by the presence of comorbid symptoms. The modified risk for LTSA among workers with comorbid symptoms requires further investigation.</p> <p>Source: Melkevik, O., Clausen, T., Pedersen, J., Garde, A. H., Holtermann, A.&nbsp;et Rugulies, R. (2018). <em>BMC public health, 18</em>(1).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5740-y" title="https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5740-y">https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5740-y</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 01 Oct 2018 12:30:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/10/01/11270.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-01T12:30:00Z 2018-10-01 12:30 +00:00 2018-10-01 08:30 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11279 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/01/11279.aspx Agents chimiques Effets sur la santé Évaluation épidémiologique Secteur de l'industrie manufacturière Cancer Mesure Fluides de coupe Systèmes et maladies Méthode et technique Vessie Secteurs d'activités Cancer de la vessie et expositions professionnelles aux fluides de coupe <p><strong>&Eacute;tude &eacute;pid&eacute;miologique parmi les travailleurs de la sid&eacute;rurgie en France</strong><br />L&#39;objectif de cette &eacute;tude est de rechercher s&#39;il existe un risque de cancer de la vessie associ&eacute; &agrave; des expositions professionnelles &agrave; des brouillards d&#39;huiles, issus de l&#39;utilisation d&#39;huiles enti&egrave;res ou de fluides aqueux. Une &eacute;tude cas-t&eacute;moins a &eacute;t&eacute; mise en place au sein d&#39;une cohorte de 22 795 travailleurs de la sid&eacute;rurgie du Nord - Pas-de-Calais. Les cas de cancer de vessie ont &eacute;t&eacute; diagnostiqu&eacute;s entre 2006 et 2012. Trois t&eacute;moins par cas ont &eacute;t&eacute; tir&eacute;s au sort parmi les sujets de la cohorte. L&#39;&eacute;valuation des expositions professionnelles a &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;e par deux experts.<br />Cette &eacute;tude sugg&egrave;re que des expositions professionnelles aux huiles enti&egrave;res sont associ&eacute;es &agrave; un risque accru de cancers de la vessie survenant 5 &agrave; 25 ans apr&egrave;s ces expositions.<br />Elle ne peut pas exclure un lien avec des expositions r&eacute;centes aux fluides solubles. En revanche, aucune association n&#39;est mise en &eacute;vidence avec des expositions plus anciennes, ni avec les expositions aux fluides synth&eacute;tiques.</p> <p>Source: Bourgkard, E., Colin, R., Bertrand,&nbsp;C., Veille, M., Genoud, J., Rousselle,&nbsp;D., Girardey,&nbsp;C., Goutet,&nbsp;P., Wild,&nbsp;P., Grzebyk,&nbsp;M. (2018). <em>R&eacute;f&eacute;rences en sant&eacute; au travail</em> (155), 51-63.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=TF%20258" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=TF%20258">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=TF%20258</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 01 Oct 2018 12:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/10/01/11279.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-01T12:26:00Z 2018-10-01 12:26 +00:00 2018-10-01 08:26 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11278 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/01/11278.aspx Conception Vêtements de protection Conception des textiles Analyse du potentiel d’application des textiles intelligents en santé et en sécurité au travail <p>Les textiles intelligents sont des structures capables de d&eacute;tecter, de r&eacute;agir et de s&#39;adapter &agrave; un grand nombre de stimuli : &eacute;lectriques, magn&eacute;tiques, thermiques, optiques, acoustiques, m&eacute;caniques, chimiques, etc. Ils offrent potentiellement des perspectives tr&egrave;s int&eacute;ressantes dans le domaine de la sant&eacute; et de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail, par exemple, pour des syst&egrave;mes de localisation int&eacute;gr&eacute;s, le suivi des conditions physiologiques des travailleurs, des syst&egrave;mes chauffants et refroidissants int&eacute;gr&eacute;s, des dispositifs de communication, la captation d&#39;&eacute;nergie, etc. Cette &eacute;tude avait pour objectif de r&eacute;aliser une synth&egrave;se des connaissances tir&eacute;es de la litt&eacute;rature technique et scientifique et d&#39;identifier les technologies, solutions et produits sur le march&eacute; des textiles intelligents qui peuvent avoir des applications en sant&eacute; et en s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail (SST), afin de mettre en &eacute;vidence des pistes de recherche et de d&eacute;veloppement dans ce domaine.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101008/n/textiles-intelligents" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101008/n/textiles-intelligents">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101008/n/textiles-intelligents</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 01 Oct 2018 12:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/10/01/11278.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-10-01T12:05:00Z 2018-10-01 12:05 +00:00 2018-10-01 08:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11277 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/09/28/11277.aspx Outils d'évaluation de la santé TMS Incapacité Patient-oriented outcomes Santé psychologique au travail Affections Évaluation de la capacité fonctionnelle Étude des qualités psychométriques de l’Outil d’identification de la situation de handicap au travail (OISHT) utilisé auprès de travailleurs ayant un trouble musculosquelettique ou un trouble mental courant <p>L&#39;outil d&#39;identification de la situation de handicap au travail (OISHT) consiste en une entrevue structur&eacute;e qui a &eacute;t&eacute; d&eacute;velopp&eacute;e pour aider les cliniciens &agrave; identifier de fa&ccedil;on syst&eacute;matique les facteurs li&eacute;s &agrave; l&#39;incapacit&eacute; au travail. L&#39;OISHT est un des rares outils disponibles en r&eacute;adaptation pour la client&egrave;le en phase chronique d&#39;incapacit&eacute; au travail. Il tient compte de l&#39;influence de diff&eacute;rents syst&egrave;mes (personnel, sant&eacute;, travail, indemnisation) et a &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;labor&eacute; pour les deux principales probl&eacute;matiques de sant&eacute; associ&eacute;es &agrave; l&#39;incapacit&eacute; au travail, soit les troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS) et les troubles mentaux courants (TMC).<br />L&#39;objectif de cette &eacute;tude visait la validation de l&#39;OISHT aupr&egrave;s de personnes absentes du travail, en raison de TMS ou de TMC. Plus pr&eacute;cis&eacute;ment, il s&#39;agissait de d&eacute;crire les qualit&eacute;s psychom&eacute;triques suivantes de l&#39;OISHT : 1) la validit&eacute; de construit, 2) la coh&eacute;rence interne, 3) la fid&eacute;lit&eacute; interjuges et 4) la validit&eacute; convergente.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101007/n/outil-identification-de-la-situation-handicap-au-travail-oisht-trouble-musculosquelettique-trouble-mental-courant" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101007/n/outil-identification-de-la-situation-handicap-au-travail-oisht-trouble-musculosquelettique-trouble-mental-courant">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101007/n/outil-identification-de-la-situation-handicap-au-travail-oisht-trouble-musculosquelettique-trouble-mental-courant</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 28 Sep 2018 13:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/09/28/11277.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-28T13:24:00Z 2018-09-28 13:24 +00:00 2018-09-28 09:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11262 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/27/11262.aspx Évaluation et mesure Types de tâches Charge physique Manutention manuelle Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Overall risk index for patient transfers in total assistance mode executed by emergency medical technician-paramedics in real work situations <p>Few studies have quantified the risk of musculoskeletal disorders during patient transfers in total assistance mode in real-life prehospital emergency care situations. An index to assess the overall risk of patient transfers was created; it makes it possible to quantify risk based on the patient&#39;s position and the height of the patient&#39;s location. An analysis of 71 transfers executed by paramedics in actual work situations showed that moving a patient from the ground was characterized by acute sagittal flexions and axial rotations, respectively, 42% and 12% of the time. When the patient was lying on a raised surface, the lifting index and perceived exertion were the lowest (2.55; easy). According to the overall risk index, patient transfers from the ground are the riskiest. Paramedics execute many risky lifts even in favorable patient handling contexts.</p> <p>Source: Larouche, D., Bellemare, M., Prairie, J., Hegg-Deloye, S. et&nbsp;Corbeil, P. (2019). <em>Applied Ergonomics, 74</em>, 177-185.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.08.029" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.08.029">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.08.029</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 27 Sep 2018 17:43:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/27/11262.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-27T17:43:00Z 2018-09-27 17:43 +00:00 2018-09-27 13:43 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11276 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/09/27/11276.aspx Agents biologiques Micro-organismes Bioaérosols Prévention et contrôle Surveillance Qualité de l'air Moyens physiques et techniques Utilisation des cellules dendritiques en tant que biosenseurs pour la surveillance de la qualité biologique de l’air <p>Le nombre d&#39;environnements de travail touch&eacute;s par des probl&eacute;matiques de sant&eacute; reli&eacute;es aux bioa&eacute;rosols est si consid&eacute;rable qu&#39;il est difficile d&#39;en faire un d&eacute;nombrement pr&eacute;cis. Les exemples les plus connus sont les porcheries, fermes laiti&egrave;res, tourbi&egrave;res, scieries et usines alimentaires. Aucune limite d&#39;exposition n&#39;existe pour les diff&eacute;rentes composantes des bioa&eacute;rosols, hormis les recommandations pour les endotoxines et certaines poussi&egrave;res. Toutefois, il est bien connu que l&#39;&eacute;tat sanitaire de ces environnements diff&egrave;re de site en site et selon leur classe. La nature des bioa&eacute;rosols d&eacute;tect&eacute;s dans ces environnements n&#39;est que partiellement d&eacute;finie. Cette situation rend difficile la mise en place des mesures pr&eacute;ventives ad&eacute;quates. L&#39;&eacute;laboration d&#39;une m&eacute;thode permettant d&#39;&eacute;tablir des indices sanitaires ou d&#39;am&eacute;liorer notre compr&eacute;hension des d&eacute;terminants de la qualit&eacute; de l&#39;air pourrait donc contribuer &agrave; favoriser des conditions propices &agrave; la sant&eacute; respiratoire des travailleurs. Les cellules dendritiques sont des cellules du syst&egrave;me immunitaire qui expriment divers marqueurs d&#39;activation en pr&eacute;sence d&#39;une multitude d&#39;agents exog&egrave;nes. Ainsi, l&#39;hypoth&egrave;se g&eacute;n&eacute;rale de cette &eacute;tude s&#39;appuie sur le fait que les cellules dendritiques puissent &ecirc;tre utilis&eacute;es en tant que biosenseurs afin d&#39;&eacute;valuer la qualit&eacute; de l&#39;air des environnements de travail. Les objectifs sont : 1) &eacute;tablir une m&eacute;thode de culture de cellules dendritiques permettant de discriminer les agents toxiques/immunog&egrave;nes des agents inoffensifs; 2) tester l&#39;impact inflammatoire d&#39;&eacute;chantillons environnementaux complexes; 3) &eacute;valuer la relation entre l&#39;activation des cellules dendritiques in vitro et l&#39;inflammation aigu&euml; caus&eacute;e dans un mod&egrave;le murin.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101002/n/cellules-dendritiques-biosenseurs-qualite-biologique-air" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101002/n/cellules-dendritiques-biosenseurs-qualite-biologique-air">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101002/n/cellules-dendritiques-biosenseurs-qualite-biologique-air</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 27 Sep 2018 12:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/09/27/11276.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-27T12:14:00Z 2018-09-27 12:14 +00:00 2018-09-27 08:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11274 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/26/11274.aspx Évaluation et mesure Types de tâches Charge physique Genre Manutention manuelle Biomécanique Instrument de mesure Population et entreprise A comparison of lumbar spine and muscle loading between male and female workers during box transfers <p>There is a clear relationship between lumbar spine loading and back musculoskeletal disorders in manual materials handling. The incidence of back disorders is greater in women than men, and for similar work demands females are functioning closer to their physiological limit. It is crucial to study loading on the spine musculoskeletal system with actual handlers, including females, to better understand the risk of back disorders. Extrapolation from biomechanical studies conducted on unexperienced subjects (mainly males) might not be applicable to actual female workers. For male workers, expertise changes the lumbar spine flexion, passive spine resistance, and active/passive muscle forces. However, experienced females select similar postures to those of novices when spine loading is critical. This study proposes that the techniques adopted by male experts, male novices, and females (with considerable experience but not categorized as experts) impact their lumbar spine musculoskeletal systems differently. Spinal loads, muscle forces, and passive resistance (muscle and ligamentous spine) were predicted by a multi-joint EMG-assisted optimization musculoskeletal model of the lumbar spine. Expert males flexed their lumbar spine less (avg. 21.9&deg; vs 30.3-31.7&deg;) and showed decreased passive internal moments (muscle avg. 8.9 % vs 15.9-16.0 %; spine avg. 4.7 % vs 7.1-7.8 %) and increased active internal moments (avg. 72.9 % vs 62.0-63.9 %), thus producing a different impact on their lumbar spine musculoskeletal systems. Experienced females sustained the highest relative spine loads (compression avg. 7.3 N/BW vs 6.2-6.4 N/BW; shear avg. 2.3 N/BW vs 1.7-1.8 N/BW) in addition to passive muscle and ligamentous spine resistance similar to novices. Combined with smaller body size, less strength, and the sequential lifting technique used by females, this could potentially mean greater risk of back injury. Workers should be trained early to limit excessive and repetitive stretching of their lumbar spine passive tissues.</p> <p>Source: Gagnon, D., Plamondon, A.&nbsp;et Larivi&egrave;re, C. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Journal of Biomechanics</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.09.017" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.09.017">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.09.017</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 26 Sep 2018 12:10:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/26/11274.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-26T12:10:00Z 2018-09-26 12:10 +00:00 2018-09-26 08:10 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11275 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/09/25/11275.aspx Europe Développements technologiques Quelles conditions de travail pour les travailleurs des plateformes numériques ? <p>Les plateformes num&eacute;riques de services marchands font r&eacute;guli&egrave;rement la Une de l&rsquo;actualit&eacute;, en raison de la rapidit&eacute; fulgurante de leur d&eacute;veloppement et des conditions de travail de leurs op&eacute;rateurs. Ce dossier vise &agrave; faire le point sur les questions que ces nouveaux acteurs &eacute;conomiques posent au monde du travail. De quoi parle-t-on ? Quels sont les effets induits sur les conditions de travail?</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://veille-travail.anact.fr/produits-documentaires/quelles-conditions-de-travail-pour-les-travailleurs-des-plateformes" title="https://veille-travail.anact.fr/produits-documentaires/quelles-conditions-de-travail-pour-les-travailleurs-des-plateformes">https://veille-travail.anact.fr/produits-documentaires/quelles-conditions-de-travail-pour-les-travailleurs-des-plateformes</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 25 Sep 2018 14:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/09/25/11275.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-25T14:09:00Z 2018-09-25 14:09 +00:00 2018-09-25 10:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11263 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/25/11263.aspx Évaluation et mesure Régions anatomiques Types de tâches Travail répétitif Biomécanique Instrument de mesure Poignet-main Two-dimensional biomechanical thumb model for pipetting <p>Manual pipetting imposes repetitive movements, high force, and awkward postures on the thumb, fingers, and wrist, increasing the risk of musculoskeletal injuries. The purpose of this study is to provide a linear regression model to estimate the optimal pipetting grip height based on the two-dimensional biomechanical static thumb model developed in this study. This biomechanical static thumb model uses hand anatomy and static equilibrium conditions to estimate internal tendon forces against a given external force. Based on the model, we conclude that the optimal grip height is 3 cm in males and 2 cm in females in terms of grip strength and force efficiency. In addition, the model is validated by RMS EMG data from correlation analysis between the predicted internal tendon forces, with RMS EMG values of 0.65 for Flexor Pollicis Longus, 0.57 for Flexor Pollicis Brevis, and 0.61 for Adductor Pollicis.</p> <p>Source: Kim, E.&nbsp;et Freivalds, A. (2018).&nbsp;<em>International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 68</em>, 165-175.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2018.07.008" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2018.07.008">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2018.07.008</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 25 Sep 2018 12:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/25/11263.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-25T12:44:00Z 2018-09-25 12:44 +00:00 2018-09-25 08:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11273 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/25/11273.aspx Traitement acoustique des locaux Prévention du bruit Réduction du bruit Étude de terrain pour l'évaluation de l'effet du masquage sonore sur la santé et le bien-être au travail dans les bureaux ouverts. <p>Les syst&egrave;mes de masquage sonore d&#39;aujourd&#39;hui sont pr&eacute;sent&eacute;s comme des outils pour r&eacute;duire les nuisances sonores dans les bureaux ouverts. Ces syst&egrave;mes comprennent des haut-parleurs qui augmentent artificiellement le bruit de fond pour r&eacute;duire l&#39;intelligibilit&eacute; de la parole et, selon leurs fabricants, ils r&eacute;duisent les perturbations et la fatigue cognitive. Ces arguments reposent sur des &eacute;tudes dont la repr&eacute;sentativit&eacute; reste limit&eacute;e puisqu&#39;elle ne repose que sur des exp&eacute;riences de laboratoire impliquant des temps d&#39;exposition courts. C&#39;est ce manque de donn&eacute;es repr&eacute;sentatives qui justifie la pr&eacute;sente &eacute;tude, dont l&#39;objectif est d&#39;&eacute;valuer in situ les effets d&#39;un syst&egrave;me de masquage sur diff&eacute;rents &eacute;tats psychologiques (fatigue, stress, charge mentale) et sur les nuisances sonores. Pour atteindre cet objectif, un syst&egrave;me de masquage acoustique du commerce a &eacute;t&eacute; s&eacute;lectionn&eacute; sur la base de crit&egrave;res techniques tels que la possibilit&eacute; de g&eacute;n&eacute;rer un champ acoustique uniforme dans la pi&egrave;ce ou la possibilit&eacute; d&#39;ajuster automatiquement le niveau &eacute;mis au niveau sonore environnant. Le syst&egrave;me a &eacute;t&eacute; install&eacute; pendant plusieurs semaines dans un bureau ouvert d&#39;une grande soci&eacute;t&eacute; bancaire fran&ccedil;aise. Deux types de mesures ont &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;s tout au long de la p&eacute;riode de mise en oeuvre du syst&egrave;me. (1) Mesures objectives : les caract&eacute;ristiques de performance acoustique de la pi&egrave;ce ont &eacute;t&eacute; mesur&eacute;es (d&eacute;gradation spatiale du niveau sonore - D2, S et DL2 - et temps de r&eacute;verb&eacute;ration) ainsi que le bruit ambiant &agrave; diff&eacute;rents moments de fonctionnement du syst&egrave;me. (2) Mesures subjectives &agrave; l&#39;aide de questionnaires. Ces mesures subjectives nous ont permis d&#39;&eacute;valuer les effets du masquage sonore sur les diff&eacute;rents &eacute;tats psychologiques susmentionn&eacute;s. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/dms/inrs/Presse/presse-2018/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR.pdf" title="http://www.inrs.fr/dms/inrs/Presse/presse-2018/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR.pdf">http://www.inrs.fr/dms/inrs/Presse/presse-2018/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR/INRS-communication-Hiroshima-FR.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 25 Sep 2018 12:38:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/25/11273.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-25T12:38:00Z 2018-09-25 12:38 +00:00 2018-09-25 08:38 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11260 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/24/11260.aspx Modes de prévention Régions anatomiques Membres supérieurs Secteur des services de santé Poignet-main Intervention spécifique Modification des outils ou équipements de travail Secteurs d'activités An ergonomic field study to evaluate the effects of a rotatable handle piece on muscular stress and fatigue as well as subjective ratings of usability, wrist posture and precision during laparoscopic surgery <p><strong>An explorative pilot study</strong><br />Purpose: The interface between surgeon and the laparoscopic instrument is an important factor in biomechanical stress that may increase the risk of musculoskeletal complaints in surgeons. This article investigates the effect of a laparoscopic instrument with a rotatable handle piece (rot-HP) on muscular stress and fatigue during routine laparoscopic procedures (LP) as well as usability, wrist posture and working precision.<br />Methods: 40 LP (subtotal hysterectomies) performed by 11 surgeons were investigated. 20 LP were carried out with the rot-HP and 20 with a fixed (standard) laparoscopic handle piece instrument. Shoulder and arm muscle activity was monitored via surface electromyography (sEMG). The electrical activity (EA) and median power frequency (MPF) were used to determine muscular stress and fatigue. Usability, wrist posture, and working precision between handle piece conditions were assessed by a survey.<br />Results: Using the rot-HP did not reduce muscular stress. A tendency of muscular fatigue (increasing EA, decreasing MPF) occurred in the upper trapezius, middle deltoid and extensor digitorum muscles; however, no differences were found between handle pieces. Wrist posture was more comfortable using the rot-HP and working precision and usability tended to be preferred using the standard handle piece.<br />Conclusions: Although wrist posture seemed to be optimized by the rot-HP, no effect on muscular stress and fatigue was observed in routine LP (&lt;&thinsp;60 min duration). Optimization of wrist posture may provide positive effects in mid- or long-term procedures. However, sufficient familiarization with the new instrument is crucial since working precision and usability could be impaired.</p> <p>Source: Kraemer, B., Seibt, R., Stoffels, A. K., Rothmund, R., Brucker, S. Y., Rieger, M. A.&nbsp;et Steinhilber, B. (2018). <em>International archives of occupational and environmental health</em>.<br /><a title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1344-1 " href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1344-1" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1344-1</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 24 Sep 2018 12:03:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/24/11260.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-24T12:03:00Z 2018-09-24 12:03 +00:00 2018-09-24 08:03 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11261 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/21/11261.aspx Évaluation et mesure Facteurs de risque Régions anatomiques Types de tâches Charge physique Dos Manutention manuelle Biomécanique Instrument de mesure The influence of external load configuration on trunk biomechanics and spinal loading during sudden loading <p>Sudden loading is a major risk factor for work-related lower back injuries among occupations involving manual material handling (MMH). The current study explored the effects of external weight configuration on trunk biomechanics and trunk rotational stiffness in the sagittal plane during sudden loading. Fifteen asymptomatic volunteers experienced sudden loadings using the same magnitude of weight (9&thinsp;kg) with two different configurations (medially- or laterally-distributed) at three levels of height (low, middle and high). Results of this study showed that the medially distributed weight resulted in a significantly higher peak L5/S1 joint compression force (2861 N vs. 2694 N) and trunk rotational stiffness (2413&thinsp;Nm/rad vs. 1785&thinsp;Nm/rad) compared to the laterally distributed weight. It was concluded that when experiencing sudden loading, a more laterally distributed weight could increase the load&#39;s resistance to physical perturbations and alleviate spinal loading during sudden loading events.</p> <p>Source: Madinei, S., Motabar, H.&nbsp;et Ning, X. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Ergonomics</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2018.1489068" title="https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2018.1489068">https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2018.1489068</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 21 Sep 2018 19:10:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/21/11261.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-21T19:10:00Z 2018-09-21 19:10 +00:00 2018-09-21 15:10 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11257 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/20/11257.aspx Évaluation et mesure Modes de prévention Types de tâches Évaluation des interventions Travail assis Intervention What do Workers do to Reduce Their Sitting Time? <p><strong>The Relationships of Strategy use and Workplace Support with Desk-Based Workers&#39; Behaviour Changes in a Workplace-Delivered Sitting-Reduction and Activity-Promoting Intervention</strong><br />Objective: To explore workers&#39; sitting-reduction and activity-promoting strategy use following an intervention targeting these changes, and whether strategy use and perceived workplace support impacted on three-month sitting and activity outcomes.<br />Methods: This secondary analysis in desk-based workers (n = 83) utilised data collected on questionnaire-derived strategy use and workplace support, and activPAL3TM-derived sitting (total; prolonged, &ge;30mins) and activity (standing; stepping) at work.<br />Results: Fourteen strategies were commonly used during the intervention. Increased usage of some strategies were significantly (p &lt; 0.05) associated with beneficial changes in prolonged sitting or stepping only. Workplace support was significantly beneficially associated with changes in sitting, prolonged sitting, and stepping; these associations were largely independent of strategy use changes.<br />Conclusions: Strategies were highly used, with increased use associated with some behavioural improvements. Workplace support appears essential for improving sitting and activity in the workplace.</p> <p>Source: Brakenridge, C. L., Healy, G. N., Winkler, E. A.&nbsp;et Fjeldsoe, B. S. (2018). <em>Journal of occupational and environmental medicine</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001419" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001419">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001419</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 20 Sep 2018 19:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/20/11257.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-20T19:14:00Z 2018-09-20 19:14 +00:00 2018-09-20 15:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11265 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/09/20/11265.aspx États-Unis Indemnisation Coûts des lésions professionnelles Lésions professionnelles Régions géographiques Reoccurring Injury, Chronic Health Conditions, and Behavioral Health <p><strong>Gender Differences in the Causes of Workers&#39; Compensation Claims</strong><br />Objective: The aim of this study was o examine how work and nonwork health-related factors contribute to workers&#39; compensation (WC) claims by gender.<br />Methods: Workers (N = 16,926) were enrolled in the Pinnacol Assurance Health Risk Management study, a multiyear, longitudinal research program assessing small and medium-sized enterprises in Colorado. Hypotheses were tested using gender-stratified logistic regression models.<br />Results: For both women and men, having incurred a prior WC claim increased the odds of a future claim. The combination of incurring a prior claim and having metabolic health conditions resulted in lower odds of a future claim. Behavioral health risk factors increased the odds of having a claim more so among women than among men.<br />Conclusion: This study provides data to support multifactorial injury theories, and the need for injury prevention efforts that consider workplace conditions as well as worker health.</p> <p>Source: Schwatka, N. V., Shore, E., Atherly, A., Weitzenkamp, D., Dally, M. J., vS Brockbank, C., ...&nbsp;et Newman, L. S. (2018). <em>Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 60</em>(8), 710-716.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001301" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001301">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001301</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 20 Sep 2018 12:27:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/09/20/11265.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-20T12:27:00Z 2018-09-20 12:27 +00:00 2018-09-20 08:27 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11254 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/19/11254.aspx Évaluation et mesure Évaluation d'outils et d’équipements Anthropometry of the Canadian adult population <p>Developing comprehensive, updated normative-reference standards<br />Introduction: Applications of structural anthropometric measurements include user-centered design, health risk appraisal and assessment of biological maturity. It is important that anthropometric normative-reference standards are current, comprehensive, and population specific. Previous work by Pheasant (1996) included thirty-six anthropometric measurements to create a comprehensive and comparable list of data. However, Canadian studies have included nineteen or less body dimensions, and relatively small sample sizes. The aims of this investigation were to create current and comprehensive anthropometric normative-reference standards for a young Canadian adult population and to analyze the differences in anthropometric data between subjects in this study and those of a previous study on a similar population.<br />Methods: Thirty-six structural body dimensions were manually measured on a sample size of 197 male and 204 female Ontario, Canada university-aged subjects. Descriptive statistics were reported based on sex and independent samples t-tests were used to compare the anthropometric dimensions of the current study with that of a similar, previous study on Nova Scotia, Canada university-aged subjects.<br />Results: Percentiles and standard deviations of the subjects&#39; 36 body dimensions were tabulated and are reported based on sex. For example, male and female 50th percentile values for stature are 1783?mm and 1641?mm, respectively. All differences in body dimensions between both male populations were statistically significant at p?&lt;?0.01. All but four differences in body dimensions between both female populations were statistically significant at p?&lt;?0.01.<br />Discussion &amp; Conclusions: The current study was able to present anthropometric normative-reference standards of a large Canadian sample that are more comprehensive and current than known to exist. Moreover, as there were many significant differences between the current (Ontario) and previous (Nova Scotia) populations&#39; anthropometric data, it is suggested that a Canada wide study be investigated.</p> <p>Source: Deneau, J., van Wyk, P. M., Mallender, M.&nbsp;et Duquette, A. (2018).&nbsp;<em>International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 68</em>, 199-204.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2018.08.001" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2018.08.001">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2018.08.001</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 19 Sep 2018 18:30:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/19/11254.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-19T18:30:00Z 2018-09-19 18:30 +00:00 2018-09-19 14:30 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11247 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/19/11247.aspx Dextérité Conception Gants de protection Protection des mains et des bras Caractéristiques de conception des équipements ASTM F2010 / F2010M - 18 - Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Glove Effects on Wearer Finger Dexterity Using a Modified Pegboard Test <p>Scope:&nbsp;This test method is used for evaluating finger dexterity while wearing gloves.<br />This test method covers procedures in which the wearer picks up small objects between the thumb and index finger.<br />This test method is suitable for evaluating gloves and other forms of hand protection that allow the wearer to pick up small objects between their thumb and index finger.<br />This test method does not address all effects of glove use on hand function. Other methods should be considered to evaluate the effects of gloves on grip, tactility, and other hand functions of interest.<br />The values stated in SI units or in other units shall be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system must be used independently of the other, without combining values in any way.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2010.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2010.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2010.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 19 Sep 2018 12:40:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/19/11247.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-19T12:40:00Z 2018-09-19 12:40 +00:00 2018-09-19 08:40 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11248 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/09/18/11248.aspx Canada Contexte de travail Champs de recherche Régions géographiques Données administratives Ontario Violence Gender differences in injuries attributed to workplace violence in Ontario 2002-2015 <p>Objectives: The aim of the study is to compare trends in the incidence of injury resulting from workplace violence for men and women at the population level over the period 2002&ndash;2015 among working-age adults in Ontario, Canada.<br />Methods: Administrative records of injury resulting from workplace violence were obtained from two population-based data sources in Ontario: 21&thinsp;228 lost-time workers&#39; compensation claims (2002&ndash;2015) and 13&thinsp;245 records of non-scheduled emergency department visits (2004&ndash;2014), where the main problem was attributed to a workplace violence event. Denominator counts were estimated from labour force surveys conducted by Statistics Canada, stratified by age and sex. Age-standardised rates were calculated using the direct method.<br />Results: Over the observation period, workplace violence incidence rates were in the range of 0.2&ndash;0.5 per 1000 full-time equivalent workers. Incidence rates of injury due to workplace violence among women increased over the observation period, with an average annual per cent change (APC) of 2.8% (95% CI 1.7% to 3.9%) in compensation claims and 2.7% (95% CI 1.0% to 4.4%) in emergency department visits. In contrast, there was no change in workplace violence injury rates among men in compensation claims (APC: &minus;0.2% (95% CI &minus;1.2% to 0.9%)) or in emergency department visits (APC: &minus;0.5% (95% CI &minus;1.6% to 0.6%)). A pronounced increase in workplace violence injury rates was observed in the education sector with an APC=7.0% (95% CI 5.6% to 8.5%) for women and an APC=4.1% (95% CI 0.9% to 7.4%) for men.<br />Conclusions: Differences in the risk of injury resulting from workplace violence for women relative to men in Ontario between 2002 and 2015 were verified by two data sources. The relative risk of violence for men and women also differed across industries.</p> <p>Source: Chen, C., Smith, P. M. et&nbsp;Mustard, C. (2018). <em>Occup Environ Med</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105152" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105152">http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2018-105152</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 18 Sep 2018 15:56:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/09/18/11248.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-18T15:56:00Z 2018-09-18 15:56 +00:00 2018-09-18 11:56 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11253 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/09/17/11253.aspx Secteur de l’industrie manufacturière Europe Orientations stratégiques Secteurs d'activités France Rapport sur les maladies et pathologies professionnelles dans l’industrie et les moyens à déployer pour leur élimination <p>L&rsquo;industrie. Environ trois millions de personnes travaillent dans le secteur, malgr&eacute; la destruction massive d&rsquo;emplois ces derni&egrave;res d&eacute;cennies. Parmi eux, ces ouvriers, ces invisibles dont le travail est essentiel &agrave; r&eacute;pondre aux besoins mat&eacute;riels. Ils, elles sont la cat&eacute;gorie la plus touch&eacute;e. Bien s&ucirc;r, on peut contracter des maladies professionnelles dans tous types de postes de travail, y compris ailleurs que dans l&rsquo;industrie. Mais il faut bien dire que les unit&eacute;s de production industrielle sont des lieux o&ugrave; l&rsquo;on est particuli&egrave;rement expos&eacute;. Parce que c&rsquo;est l&agrave; que l&rsquo;on manipule la mati&egrave;re, y compris la mati&egrave;re dangereuse, pour la transformer par des proc&eacute;d&eacute;s parfois lourds, et parfois complexes. Parce que c&rsquo;est l&agrave; que les machines les plus gigantesques s&rsquo;agitent, que les tonnes de marchandises s&rsquo;accumulent, se stockent, transitent. Parce que c&rsquo;est l&agrave; un des lieux o&ugrave; s&rsquo;exercent le plus, peut-&ecirc;tre, les&nbsp;contradictions du monde, avec des restructurations, des mutations, des r&eacute;organisations. Et comment n&eacute;gliger les effets des &eacute;volutions des activit&eacute;s industrielles, qui se modifient avec l&rsquo;utilisation de nouvelles techniques et de nouvelles technologies pour produire autrement, et utilisent de nouveaux modes de production et d&rsquo;organisation en recourant &agrave; la<br />fragmentation et &agrave; l&rsquo;externalisation des t&acirc;ches, ou encore &agrave; l&rsquo;automatisation, la robotisation et la num&eacute;risation?</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/15/rap-enq/r1181.asp" title="http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/15/rap-enq/r1181.asp">http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/15/rap-enq/r1181.asp</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 17 Sep 2018 19:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/09/17/11253.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-17T19:05:00Z 2018-09-17 19:05 +00:00 2018-09-17 15:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11252 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/17/11252.aspx Évaluation et mesure Régions anatomiques Dos Surveillance Lombaire Lombalgie Surveillance de la lombalgie en lien avec le travail <p><strong>Comparaison de quatre sources de donn&eacute;es et perspectives pour la pr&eacute;vention</strong> <br />&bull;Quatre sources de donn&eacute;es sur les lombalgies en lien avec le travail sont compar&eacute;es dans les Pays de la Loire : trois issues du r&eacute;seau multi-volets de surveillance &eacute;pid&eacute;miologique des TMS de Sant&eacute; publique France et de l&rsquo;Universit&eacute; d&rsquo;Angers, et une issue du syst&egrave;me de r&eacute;paration des maladies professionnelles de l&rsquo;Assurance maladie.<br />&bull;Pour chaque source, les secteurs d&rsquo;activit&eacute; prioritaires pour la pr&eacute;vention ont &eacute;t&eacute; identif&eacute;s &agrave; partir des taux de fr&eacute;quence par secteurs d&rsquo;activit&eacute; et de l&rsquo;indice de pr&eacute;vention, puis les r&eacute;sultats ont &eacute;t&eacute; compar&eacute;s entre sources.<br />&bull;Chez les hommes, les secteurs de la construction, de l&rsquo;industrie manufacturi&egrave;re, des transports et communications et de l&rsquo;agriculture ressortaient pour les 4 sources amenant &agrave; les cibler prioritairement pour les actions de pr&eacute;vention alors que chez les femmes, le secteur de l&rsquo;industrie manufacturi&egrave;re, le secteur de la sant&eacute;, action sociale, et le secteur du commerce devaient &ecirc;tre prioritaires en termes d&rsquo;actions de pr&eacute;vention des lomboradiculalgies.<br />&bull;Les r&eacute;sultats sont coh&eacute;rents et compl&eacute;mentaires, cependant l&rsquo;utilisation d&rsquo;une source unique pour la surveillance nationale des lombalgies pour orienter la pr&eacute;vention ne ref&egrave;terait qu&rsquo;un aspect du probl&egrave;me.<br />&bull;Au niveau national, l&rsquo;utilisation combin&eacute;e de plusieurs sources de surveillance, chacune avec sa pertinence et ses limites, permet de d&eacute;tecter les secteurs d&rsquo;activit&eacute; &agrave; cibler de fa&ccedil;on prioritaire et mettre en oeuvre des programmes de pr&eacute;vention.<br />&bull;D&rsquo;autres indicateurs, et notamment les arr&ecirc;ts de travail prolong&eacute;s et le co&ucirc;t engendr&eacute; par ces arr&ecirc;ts, auraient tout leur int&eacute;r&ecirc;t pour la surveillance nationale des lombalgies en lien avec le travail utile pour la mise en place de programmes de pr&eacute;vention.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2018/Surveillance-de-la-lombalgie-en-lien-avec-le-travail-comparaison-de-quatre-sources-de-donnees-et-perspectives-pour-la-prevention" title="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2018/Surveillance-de-la-lombalgie-en-lien-avec-le-travail-comparaison-de-quatre-sources-de-donnees-et-perspectives-pour-la-prevention">http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2018/Surveillance-de-la-lombalgie-en-lien-avec-le-travail-comparaison-de-quatre-sources-de-donnees-et-perspectives-pour-la-prevention</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 17 Sep 2018 18:52:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/17/11252.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-17T18:52:00Z 2018-09-17 18:52 +00:00 2018-09-17 14:52 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11251 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/09/17/11251.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Facteurs organisationnels Méthodes et types d’études Méthodes non-expérimentales Étude longitudinale Étude épidémiologique Facteurs liés à l’environnement de travail Workplace Social System and Sustained Return-to-Work: A Study of Supervisor and Co-worker Supportiveness and Injury Reaction <p>Objective: To examine the impact of the social workplace system on sustained return-to-work (SRTW). Methods: A random sample of workers&#39; compensation claimants was recruited to complete a survey following claim acceptance (baseline), and 6 months later (time 2). SRTW, at baseline and time 2, was classified as those reporting being back at work for &gt;28 days. Co-worker and supervisor support were assessed using five and seven items, respectively, and total scores were produced. A list of potential supervisory and co-worker reactions were presented to participants who were asked whether the reaction applied to them; response were coded as positive or non-positive. Demographic and injury characteristics, and work context factors were collected. Baseline and at time 2 multivariable models were conducted to examine the impact of supervisory and coworker support and injury reaction on SRTW. Results: 551 (baseline) and 403 (time 2) participants from the overall cohort met study eligibility criteria. At baseline, 59% of all participants indicated SRTW; 70% reported SRTW at time 2. Participants reported moderate support from their supervisor (mean&thinsp;=&thinsp;8.5&thinsp;&plusmn;&thinsp;3.9; median&thinsp;=&thinsp;8.2; range&thinsp;=&thinsp;5&ndash;15) and co-workers (mean&thinsp;=&thinsp;10.2&thinsp;&plusmn;&thinsp;4.5; median&thinsp;=&thinsp;10.3; range&thinsp;=&thinsp;5&ndash;25). Over half reported a positive supervisor (59%) or co-worker injury reaction (71%). Multivariable models found that a positive supervisor injury reaction was significantly associated with SRTW at baseline (OR 2.3; 95% CI 1.4&ndash;3.9) and time 2 (OR 1.6; 95% CI 1.1&ndash;2.3). Conclusions: Promoting supervisor positivity towards an injured worker is an important organizational work disability management strategy.</p> <p>Source: Jetha, A., LaMontagne, A. D., Lilley, R., Hogg-Johnson, S., Sim, M.&nbsp;et Smith, P. (2018). <em>Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 28</em>(3),&nbsp;486-494.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9724-z" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9724-z ">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9724-z</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 17 Sep 2018 18:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/09/17/11251.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-17T18:44:00Z 2018-09-17 18:44 +00:00 2018-09-17 14:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11250 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/09/17/11250.aspx Europe Décès Lésions professionnelles Régions géographiques Irlande HSA - Statistic Report 2017 <p>Annual Summary of Workplace Injury, Illness and Fatality Statistics presents the most recently available statistics on occupational injury, illness and workplace fatalities in Ireland. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/Statistics_Report_2017.81204.shortcut.html" title="https://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/Statistics_Report_2017.81204.shortcut.html">https://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/Statistics_Report_2017.81204.shortcut.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 17 Sep 2018 17:43:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/09/17/11250.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-17T17:43:00Z 2018-09-17 17:43 +00:00 2018-09-17 13:43 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11237 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/17/11237.aspx Protection biologique Secteur des services de santé Utilisation Équipement de protection individuel Secteurs d'activités Risk of self-contamination during doffing of personal protective equipment <p>Background: The aim of this study was to describe the risk of self-contamination associated with doffing of personal protective equipment (PPE) and to compare self-contamination with various PPE protocols.<br />Methods: We tested 10 different PPE donning and doffing protocols, recommended by various health organizations for Ebola. Ten participants were recruited for this study and randomly assigned to use 3 different PPE protocols. After donning of PPE, fluorescent lotion and spray were applied on the external surface of the PPE to simulate contamination, and ultraviolet light was used to count fluorescent patches on the skin.<br />Results: After testing 30 PPE sequences, large fluorescent patches were recorded after using &ldquo;WHO coverall and 95&rdquo; and &ldquo;North Carolina coverall and N95&rdquo; sequences, and small patches were recorded after using &ldquo;CDC coverall and N95&rdquo; and &ldquo;Health Canada gown and N95&rdquo; sequences. Commonly reported problems with PPE use were breathing difficulty, suffocation, heat stress, and fogging-up glasses. Most participants rated PPE high (18/30) or medium (11/30) for ease of donning/doffing and comfort. PPE sequences with powered air-purifying respirators (PAPRs) and assisted doffing were generally associated with fewer problems and were rated the highest.<br />Conclusion: This study confirmed the risk of self-contamination associated with the doffing of PPE. PAPR-containing protocols and assisted doffing should be preferred whenever possible during the outbreak of highly infectious pathogens.</p> <p>Source: Chughtai, A. A., Chen, X.&nbsp;et Macintyre, C. R. (2018).&nbsp;<em>American journal of infection control</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2018.06.003" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2018.06.003">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2018.06.003</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 17 Sep 2018 14:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/17/11237.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-17T14:14:00Z 2018-09-17 14:14 +00:00 2018-09-17 10:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11245 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/17/11245.aspx Matériaux acoustiques Prévention du bruit Méthodes de mesure Réduction du bruit Méthodologie innovante pour la caractérisation des matériaux acoustiques en laboratoire et étude de son applicabilité sur le terrain <p>La performance d&#39;un traitement insonorisant se traduit par un coefficient d&#39;absorption, qui est d&eacute;fini th&eacute;oriquement entre une valeur de 0 (mat&eacute;riau non absorbant) et une valeur de 1 (mat&eacute;riau parfaitement absorbant). Peu pr&eacute;cise &agrave; plusieurs &eacute;gards, la mesure de ce coefficient est uniquement r&eacute;alis&eacute;e en laboratoire. Elle est caract&eacute;ris&eacute;e par la grande variabilit&eacute; des r&eacute;sultats entre les laboratoires de test et les valeurs d&#39;absorption obtenues atteignent souvent des valeurs non physiques en pratique (sup&eacute;rieures &agrave; 1). Pourtant, ces valeurs servent actuellement &agrave; choisir des mat&eacute;riaux pour des traitements absorbants, ou pour r&eacute;aliser des calculs pr&eacute;visionnels de bruit (pour lesquels la principale source d&#39;erreur reste la connaissance pr&eacute;cise de ces coefficients).<br />Sur la base d&#39;une premi&egrave;re preuve de concept, la pr&eacute;sente &eacute;tude propose une m&eacute;thode de caract&eacute;risation robuste et fiable des traitements absorbants en laboratoire et &eacute;value son applicabilit&eacute; sur le terrain, afin de pouvoir mesurer les performances r&eacute;elles des mat&eacute;riaux apr&egrave;s leur installation. L&#39;approche propos&eacute;e repose sur la mesure de la propagation acoustique entre une source mobile (formant une &laquo; antenne &raquo; virtuelle) et un doublet microphonique fixe &agrave; faible distance d&#39;un &eacute;chantillon du mat&eacute;riau test&eacute;. Dans une &eacute;tape de post-traitement ult&eacute;rieure, ces donn&eacute;es sont utilis&eacute;es pour obtenir le coefficient d&#39;absorption dans des conditions de champ acoustique diffus.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101005/n/caracterisation-materiaux-acoustiques" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101005/n/caracterisation-materiaux-acoustiques">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/101005/n/caracterisation-materiaux-acoustiques</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 17 Sep 2018 12:53:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/17/11245.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-17T12:53:00Z 2018-09-17 12:53 +00:00 2018-09-17 08:53 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11236 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/13/11236.aspx Évaluation Profil d’accidents/incidents Protection biologique Secteur des services de santé Équipement de protection individuel Secteurs d'activités Identification and Characterization of Failures in Infectious Agent Transmission Precaution Practices in Hospitals <p><strong>A Qualitative Study</strong><br />Importance:&nbsp;Using personal protective equipment (PPE) and transmission-based precautions are primary strategies for reducing the transmission of infectious agents.<br />Objective: To identify and characterize failures in transmission-based precautions, including PPE use, by health care personnel that could result in self-contamination or transmission during routine, everyday hospital care.<br />Design, Setting, and Participants: This qualitative study involved direct observation inside and outside patient rooms on clinical units from March 1, 2016, to November 30, 2016. Observations occurred in the medical and/or surgical units and intensive care units at an academic medical center and a Veterans Affairs hospital, as well as the emergency department of the university hospital. Trained observers recorded extensive field notes while personnel provided care for patients in precautions for a pathogen transmitted through contact (eg, Clostridium difficile, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) or respiratory droplet (eg, influenza). Specific occurrences involving potential personnel self-contamination were identified through a directed content analysis. These occurrences were further categorized, using a human factors model of human error, as active failures, such as violations, mistakes, or slips.<br />Conclusions and Relevance: Active failures in PPE use and transmission-based precautions, potentially leading to self-contamination, were commonly observed. The factors that contributed to these failures varied widely, suggesting the need for a range of strategies to reduce potential transmission risk during routine hospital care.</p> <p>Source: Krein, S. L., Mayer, J., Harrod, M., Weston, L. E., Gregory, L., Petersen, L., ...&nbsp;et Drews, F. A. (2018). <em>JAMA Intern Med.,&nbsp;178</em>(8), 1051-1057. <a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/0.1001/jamainternmed.2018.1898%20" title="http://dx.doi.org/0.1001/jamainternmed.2018.1898 ">http://dx.doi.org/0.1001/jamainternmed.2018.1898 </a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 13 Sep 2018 14:38:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/13/11236.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-13T14:38:00Z 2018-09-13 14:38 +00:00 2018-09-13 10:38 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11244 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/09/13/11244.aspx Agents chimiques Références en ligne Outils pratiques et orientations concernant les substances dangereuses <p>Un certain nombre d&#39;outils et de documents d&#39;orientation ont &eacute;t&eacute; mis au point par les &Eacute;tats membres, les institutions europ&eacute;ennes, les associations d&#39;entreprises, les partenaires sociaux et d&#39;autres acteurs pour aider les entreprises &agrave; effectuer des analyses de risque compl&egrave;tes et efficaces. Ces outils illustrent une grande vari&eacute;t&eacute; d&#39;approches destin&eacute;es &agrave; g&eacute;rer efficacement les substances dangereuses. Ils couvrent souvent des op&eacute;rations de travail sp&eacute;cifiques, telles que le remplissage ou le pompage de liquides, ou les proc&eacute;d&eacute;s de soudure. D&#39;autres sources donnent un aper&ccedil;u complet de certains groupes de substances, comme les substances sensibilisantes, ou mettent en avant les risques typiques dans certains secteurs.<br />En outre, en plus de contribuer &agrave; une &eacute;valuation des risque de haute qualit&eacute;, la plupart de ces outils proposent de bonnes pratiques, expliquant comment r&eacute;duire les risques dans des contextes professionnels courants comportant une exposition aux substances dangereuses. Il existe &eacute;galement des outils destin&eacute; &agrave; aider des acteurs sp&eacute;cifiques, comme les inspecteurs du travail, les petites et moyennes entreprises et les repr&eacute;sentants des travailleurs, pour ne citer qu&#39;eux. Il vaut donc vraiment la peine d&#39;explorer le site pour d&eacute;couvrir l&#39;aide &agrave; votre disposition.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/themes/dangerous-substances/practical-tools-dangerous-substances" title="https://osha.europa.eu/fr/themes/dangerous-substances/practical-tools-dangerous-substances">https://osha.europa.eu/fr/themes/dangerous-substances/practical-tools-dangerous-substances</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 13 Sep 2018 14:37:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/09/13/11244.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-13T14:37:00Z 2018-09-13 14:37 +00:00 2018-09-13 10:37 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11234 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/12/11234.aspx Protection biologique Secteur des services de santé Vêtements de protection Équipement de protection individuel Secteurs d'activités Normes et législation Vêtements de protection d'urgence médicale NFPA 1999 - Standard on Protective Clothing and Ensembles for Emergency Medical Operations <p>This standard specifies requirements for EMS protective clothing to protect personnel performing patient care during emergency medical operations from contact with blood and body fluid-borne pathogens. It also includes additional requirements that provide limited protection from specified CBRN terrorism agents.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=1999" title="https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=1999">https://www.nfpa.org/codes-and-standards/all-codes-and-standards/list-of-codes-and-standards/detail?code=1999</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 12 Sep 2018 17:37:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/12/11234.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-12T17:37:00Z 2018-09-12 17:37 +00:00 2018-09-12 13:37 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11242 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/09/12/11242.aspx Agents chimiques Législation et réglementation Prévention et contrôle Mission relative à la prévention et à la prise en compte de l’exposition des travailleurs aux agents chimiques dangereux <p>Rapport remis &agrave; la ministre du Travail, Muriel P&eacute;nicaud, le 29 ao&ucirc;t 2018.<br />Mission sur l&#39;exposition aux agents chimiques dangereux confi&eacute;e au Professeur Frimat, professeur des universit&eacute;s et praticien hospitalier de l&#39;universit&eacute; de Lille, sp&eacute;cialiste de la sant&eacute; au travail, avec l&#39;appui et le soutien logistique de la direction g&eacute;n&eacute;rale du travail et de la direction de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; sociale.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/rapport_professeur_frimat.pdf" title="https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/rapport_professeur_frimat.pdf">https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/rapport_professeur_frimat.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 12 Sep 2018 17:36:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/contaminants/archive/2018/09/12/11242.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-12T17:36:00Z 2018-09-12 17:36 +00:00 2018-09-12 13:36 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11241 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/09/12/11241.aspx Europe Orientations stratégiques France Santé au travail: vers un système simplifié pour une prévention renforcée <p>Rapport remis au Premier ministre, &Eacute;douard Philippe, le 28 ao&ucirc;t 2018, en pr&eacute;sence de la ministre du Travail, Muriel P&eacute;nicaud, et de la ministre des Solidarit&eacute;s et de la Sant&eacute;, Agn&egrave;s Buzyn.<br />Mission confi&eacute;e &agrave; Charlotte Lecocq, d&eacute;put&eacute;e du Nord, Bruno Dupuis, consultant senior en management, Henri Forest, ancien secr&eacute;taire conf&eacute;d&eacute;ral CFDT, avec l&rsquo;appui de Herv&eacute; LANOUZIERE, Inspection g&eacute;n&eacute;rale des affaires sociales.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/rapport_lecocq_sante_au_travail_280818.pdf" title="https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/rapport_lecocq_sante_au_travail_280818.pdf">https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/rapport_lecocq_sante_au_travail_280818.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 12 Sep 2018 15:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/09/12/11241.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-12T15:26:00Z 2018-09-12 15:26 +00:00 2018-09-12 11:26 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11233 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/11/11233.aspx Vêtements de protection Vêtements de protection chimique Secteurs d'activités Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture NF EN ISO 27065 - Habillement de protection - Exigences de performance pour les vêtements de protection portés par les opérateurs appliquant des pesticides et pour les travailleurs de rentrée <p>Le pr&eacute;sent document &eacute;tablit les exigences de performance minimale, de classification et de marquage pour les v&ecirc;tements de protection port&eacute;s par les op&eacute;rateurs manipulant des pesticides ainsi que par les travailleurs de rentr&eacute;e. Aux fins du pr&eacute;sent document, le terme &quot;pesticide&quot; s&#39;applique aux insecticides, herbicides, fongicides et autres substances appliqu&eacute;es sous forme liquide qui sont destin&eacute;s &agrave; pr&eacute;venir, d&eacute;truire, repousser ou contenir les organismes nuisibles ou les mauvaises herbes en milieu agricole, dans les espaces verts, sur les bords de routes, etc. Il ne couvre pas les produits biocides utilis&eacute;s en milieu agricole et non agricole. La manipulation des pesticides inclut les op&eacute;rations de m&eacute;lange et chargement et d&#39;application, et d&#39;autres activit&eacute;s telles que le nettoyage des &eacute;quipements et r&eacute;cipients contamin&eacute;s. Les pesticides concentr&eacute;s font g&eacute;n&eacute;ralement l&#39;objet de manipulations lors du m&eacute;lange et du chargement. Les v&ecirc;tements de protection concern&eacute;s par le pr&eacute;sent document comprennent, entre autres, les chemises, vestes, pantalons, combinaisons, tabliers, manchettes de protection, casquettes/chapeaux et autres couvre-chefs (exclusion faite des casques de protection constitu&eacute;s de mat&eacute;riaux rigides, par exemple les casques port&eacute;s par les travailleurs du b&acirc;timent) , ainsi que les accessoires utilis&eacute;s en dessous des pulv&eacute;risateurs &agrave; dos. Le pr&eacute;sent document ne traite pas des articles utilis&eacute;s pour la protection des voies respiratoires, des mains et des pieds. Il ne traite pas de la protection contre les fumigants.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-iso-27065/habillement-de-protection-exigences-de-performance-pour-les-vetements-de-protection-portes-par-les-operateurs-appliquant-des-pes/article/822857/fa176009" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-iso-27065/habillement-de-protection-exigences-de-performance-pour-les-vetements-de-protection-portes-par-les-operateurs-appliquant-des-pes/article/822857/fa176009">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-iso-27065/habillement-de-protection-exigences-de-performance-pour-les-vetements-de-protection-portes-par-les-operateurs-appliquant-des-pes/article/822857/fa176009</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 11 Sep 2018 17:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/11/11233.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-11T17:26:00Z 2018-09-11 17:26 +00:00 2018-09-11 13:26 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11235 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/10/11235.aspx Charge physique Évaluation des facteurs de risque Manutention manuelle Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Overall risk index for patient transfers in total assistance mode executed by emergency medical technician-paramedics in real work situations <p>Few studies have quantified the risk of musculoskeletal disorders during patient transfers in total assistance mode in real-life prehospital emergency care situations. An index to assess the overall risk of patient transfers was created; it makes it possible to quantify risk based on the patient&#39;s position and the height of the patient&#39;s location. An analysis of 71 transfers executed by paramedics in actual work situations showed that moving a patient from the ground was characterized by acute sagittal flexions and axial rotations, respectively, 42% and 12% of the time. When the patient was lying on a raised surface, the lifting index and perceived exertion were the lowest (2.55; easy). According to the overall risk index, patient transfers from the ground are the riskiest. Paramedics execute many risky lifts even in favorable patient handling contexts.</p> <p>Source: Larouche, D., Bellemare, M., Prairie, J., Hegg-Deloye, S.&nbsp;et Corbeil, P. (2019). <em>Applied Ergonomics, 74</em>, 177-185.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.08.029" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.08.029">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.08.029</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 10 Sep 2018 18:01:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/10/11235.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-10T18:01:00Z 2018-09-10 18:01 +00:00 2018-09-10 14:01 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11230 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/09/10/11230.aspx Équipements Machines fixes Grues Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Secteurs d'activités Tower crane safety on construction sites: A complex sociotechnical system perspective <p>Tower crane is the lifeline of the construction industry, but tower crane accidents are still too frequent. Despite the significant progress in tower crane safety research, system thinking-based approaches are lacking. The aim of this paper is to analyze tower crane safety from a complex sociotechnical system perspective through implementing both qualitative and quantitative analysis methods. Characteristics of five tower crane safety system components are summarized with a new framework comprised of five system-based levels based on Rasmussen&#39;s risk management theory. Fifty-six contributing factors of tower crane safety were identified. The AcciMap technique was applied to qualitatively build a generic model for tower crane safety, which comprehensively presents the systems levels and casual paths of the contributing factors. A survey was conducted to quantitatively research the tower crane safety system. Nine main dimensions and 25 critical factors were found pertaining to the tower crane safety system. These results provide a new lens for tower crane safety and contribute new systems thinking applications in tower crane safety management.</p> <p>Source: Zhou, W., Zhao, T., Liu, W.&nbsp;et Tang, J. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety Science, 109</em>, 95-108.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.001" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.001">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.05.001</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 10 Sep 2018 13:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/09/10/11230.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-10T13:17:00Z 2018-09-10 13:17 +00:00 2018-09-10 09:17 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11232 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/10/11232.aspx Chaussures de sécurité Normes et réglementation Protection des pieds ASTM F2412 - 18a - Standard Test Methods for Foot Protection <p>These test methods contain requirements to evaluate the performance of footwear for the following:<br />- Impact resistance for the toe area of footwear (I),<br />- Compression resistance for the toe area of footwear (C),<br />- Metatarsal protection that reduces the chance of injury to the metatarsal bones at the top of the foot (Mt),<br />- Conductive properties which reduce hazards that may result from static electricity buildup, and reduce the possibility of ignition of explosives and volatile chemicals (Cd),<br />- Electric hazard to protect the wearer when accidentally stepping on live electric wires (EH),<br />- Static dissipative properties to reduce hazards that result from a build up of static charge where there is an underlying risk of accidental contact with live electrical circuits (SD), and<br />- Puncture resistance footwear devices (PR).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2412.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2412.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2412.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 10 Sep 2018 13:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/10/11232.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-10T13:14:00Z 2018-09-10 13:14 +00:00 2018-09-10 09:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11231 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/09/06/11231.aspx Facteurs humains Facteurs de risque Protecteurs ou dispositifs de protection Appréciation du risque Risque machine Sécurité des machines Literature review on the incentives and solutions for the bypassing of guards and protective devices on machinery <p>Bypassing guards and protective devices on machinery can lead to serious and fatal accidents. The aim of this paper is to conduct a comprehensive review that sheds light on the definition of bypassing, related regulations and standards, workers&#39; incentives to bypass, and possible solutions to overcome this issue. The review generated 72 incentives to bypass guards and protective devices and 82 solutions. Some of the most frequent incentives included the necessity to remove safeguards in order to perform activities (e.g. adjustment, troubleshooting, maintenance, and installation), a lack of visibility, failures and a lack of reliability of the safeguards. This literature analysis suggests classifying the incentives into five categories: ergonomics, productivity, machine or safeguarding, behavior, and corporate climate. The solutions, which are related to the design, manufacturing, and usage phases, are classified into technical, organizational, and individual factors. These are all factors that influence the prevention of bypassing. The review shows that there is a lack of an integrated tool to prevent bypassing. This paper serves as a foundation to develop such a tool, as well as to provide useful insights into the incentives for bypassing, as well as preventive solutions that could be used as a guideline for researchers and OHS preventionists.</p> <p>Source: Haghighi, A., Chinniah, Y.&nbsp;et Jocelyn, S. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety Science</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.07.010" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.07.010">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.07.010</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 06 Sep 2018 19:38:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/09/06/11231.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-06T19:38:00Z 2018-09-06 19:38 +00:00 2018-09-06 15:38 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11229 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/06/11229.aspx Effets sur la santé Force de préhension Vibrations main-bras TMS Outils portatifs Facteurs de risque Occupational biomechanical risk factors for surgically treated ulnar nerve entrapment in a prospective study of male construction workers <p>Evidence was provided for forceful hand-grip work, with and without vibration, as a risk factor for ulnar nerve entrapment (UNE) surgery in a large cohort of Swedish construction&nbsp; workers. Several individual biomechanical factors comprising such work were associated with increased risk of UNE, including: increased grip force, upper extremity load, frequency of hand-held tool use, and hand arm vibration.</p> <p>Source: Jackson, J. A., Olsson, D., Punnett, L., Burdorf, A., J&auml;rvholm, B.&nbsp;et Wahlstr&ouml;m, J. (2018). <em>Scandinavian journal of work, environment &amp; health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3757" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3757">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3757</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 06 Sep 2018 18:29:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/09/06/11229.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-06T18:29:00Z 2018-09-06 18:29 +00:00 2018-09-06 14:29 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11228 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/06/11228.aspx Conséquences Évaluation et mesure Facteurs de risque Régions anatomiques Types de tâches Genre Membres supérieurs TMS membres Travail répétitif Vibrations Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Biomécanique Instrument de mesure Population et entreprise Secteurs d'activités Coude Occupational biomechanical risk factors for surgically treated ulnar nerve entrapment in a prospective study of male construction workers <p>Evidence was provided for forceful hand-grip work, with and without vibration, as a risk factor for ulnar nerve entrapment (UNE) surgery in a large cohort of Swedish construction&nbsp; workers. Several individual biomechanical factors comprising such work were associated with increased risk of UNE, including: increased grip force, upper extremity load, frequency of hand-held tool use, and hand arm vibration.</p> <p>Source: Jackson, J. A., Olsson, D., Punnett, L., Burdorf, A., J&auml;rvholm, B.&nbsp;et Wahlstr&ouml;m, J. (2018). <em>Scandinavian journal of work, environment &amp; health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3757" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3757">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3757</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 06 Sep 2018 18:29:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/06/11228.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-06T18:29:00Z 2018-09-06 18:29 +00:00 2018-09-06 14:29 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11225 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/05/11225.aspx Évaluation Garde-corps Protection contre les chutes de hauteur Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Secteurs d'activités Preventing falls: Choosing compatible Fall Protection Supplementary Devices (FPSD) for bridge maintenance work using virtual prototyping <p>Apart from struck-by safety incidents, fall-related injuries are a major concern in bridge maintenance work. To protect against falls from bridge decks, maintenance workers largely rely on existing bridge guardrails. However, a large number of bridge guardrails do not comply with the regulatory height requirement of 42 &plusmn; 3 in. for sufficient fall protection &ndash; although appropriate for vehicular traffic. To address this fall protection issue, a few departments of transportation (DOTs) have adopted Fall Protection Supplementary Devices (FPSDs). These devices are temporarily installed on existing bridge guardrails to sufficiently increase the barrier height while work is performed on bridge decks. However, not all FPSDs are compatible with every bridge guardrail. Therefore, to provide sufficient protection, DOT decision makers are tasked with identifying FPSDs that are compatible for each guardrail application. This generally has involved physically installing FPSDs and assessing compatibility on a trial-and-error basis. The use of such inefficient techniques have resulted in significant errors, wasted resources, productivity losses, and an increased likelihood of struck-by safety incidents. To address this issue, the objective of this study is to propose an efficient, cost-effective, and safe approach to assessing compatibility using virtual prototyping methods. In addition, to illustrate the use of the proposed method, a case example of the compatibility testing between two bridge guardrails in North Carolina and three separate FPSDs is presented. It is expected that the proposed method will provide a useful mechanism for DOTs to select suitable FPSDs to protect their workforce.</p> <p>Source: Zuluaga, C. M.&nbsp;et Albert, A. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety science, 108</em>, 238-247.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.08.006" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.08.006">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.08.006</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 05 Sep 2018 19:33:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/09/05/11225.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-05T19:33:00Z 2018-09-05 19:33 +00:00 2018-09-05 15:33 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11217 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/04/11217.aspx Régions anatomiques Types de tâches Absentéisme Dos Évaluation des interventions Travail de bureau Cou Intervention spécifique Programme d'exercices physiques Ergonomie The impact of workplace ergonomics and neck-specific exercise versus ergonomics and health promotion interventions on office worker productivity <p><strong>A cluster-randomized trial</strong><br />A 12-week workplace combined ergonomics and neck-specific exercise intervention improves sickness presenteeism and monetized health-related productivity loss among a general population of office workers and longer-term sickness absenteeism for those with neck pain, when compared to ergonomics and health promotion education combined. This study provides employers of office workers sought-after evidence of health-related productivity benefit from such workplace interventions.</p> <p>Source: Pereira, M., Comans, T., Sj&oslash;gaard, G., Straker, L., Melloh, M., O&#39;Leary, S., ...&nbsp;et Johnston, V. (2018). <em>Scandinavian journal of work, environment &amp; health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3760" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3760">http://dx.doi.org/<span style="text-decoration:underline;"><span style="color:#0066cc;">10.5271/sjweh.3760</span></span></a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 04 Sep 2018 13:06:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/09/04/11217.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-04T13:06:00Z 2018-09-04 13:06 +00:00 2018-09-04 09:06 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11218 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/09/04/11218.aspx Appréciation du risque Méthodes Risque machine Sécurité des machines Estimation of probability of harm in safety of machinery using an investigation systemic approach and Logical Analysis of Data <p>In safety of machinery, estimating the probability of occurrence of harm is a recurrent problem. This paper proposes and applies a new method to estimate that probability. Information regarding accidents involving machinery that is gathered and analyzed by experts is formatted based on a systemic-inspired model using the MELITO concept. Then, Logical Analysis of Data (LAD) is used to extract knowledge automatically to characterize accidents. MELITO describes the context in which the accident has occurred, gathering information about the moment (M), equipment (E), location (L), individual (I), task (T) and organization (O). LAD is a data mining algorithm that infers knowledge learning from a database. In this paper, a case study consisting of twenty-three fatal and serious accident reports involving belt conveyors is presented. Data on these accidents is classified according to MELITO. The inferred knowledge is presented in the form of interpretable patterns that characterize and distinguish fatalities from non-fatal harm. Each pattern consists of a Boolean equation from MELITO and covers a subset of accidents. Based on each pattern, the probability of the occurrence of harm related to a hazardous situation is estimated. Such probability is useful in monitoring risk behavior after the occurrence of a new accident, for instance.</p> <p>Source: Jocelyn, S., Ouali, M. S.&nbsp;et Chinniah, Y. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety science, 105</em>, 32-45.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.01.018" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.01.018">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.01.018</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 04 Sep 2018 12:56:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/09/04/11218.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-09-04T12:56:00Z 2018-09-04 12:56 +00:00 2018-09-04 08:56 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11213 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/08/31/11213.aspx Canada Équipements de protection Bruit et vibrations Enquêtes Champs de recherche Régions géographiques Canadiens vulnérables au bruit en milieu de travail <p>Contexte : Les lois relatives &agrave; la sant&eacute; et &agrave; la s&eacute;curit&eacute; visent &agrave; prot&eacute;ger les travailleurs des dangers, y compris du bruit excessif. Cependant, certains travailleurs ne sont pas tenus d&#39;utiliser des dispositifs de protection de l&#39;ou&iuml;e en cas d&#39;exposition &agrave; du bruit intense et ils peuvent en subir les r&eacute;percussions n&eacute;fastes, notamment des troubles auditifs et des acouph&egrave;nes.<br />Donn&eacute;es et m&eacute;thodes : Les donn&eacute;es pour les personnes &acirc;g&eacute;es de 19 &agrave; 79 ans (n = 6 571) ont &eacute;t&eacute; recueillies de 2012 &agrave; 2015 dans le cadre de l&#39;Enqu&ecirc;te canadienne sur les mesures de la sant&eacute;. Les personnes expos&eacute;es &agrave; du bruit intense en milieu de travail sont celles qui doivent &eacute;lever la voix pour communiquer avec une personne se trouvant &agrave; la distance d&#39;un bras. Les travailleurs vuln&eacute;rables sont ceux qui ne sont pas tenus d&#39;utiliser, pendant leur travail dans des environnements bruyants, des dispositifs de protection de l&#39;ou&iuml;e et qui ne les utilisent que parfois, rarement ou jamais.<br />R&eacute;sultats : On estime que 11 millions de Canadiens (43 %) ont travaill&eacute; dans des environnements bruyants et que plus de 6 millions d&#39;entre eux (56 %) sont class&eacute;s comme &eacute;tant vuln&eacute;rables au bruit en milieu de travail. M&ecirc;me si le pourcentage de femmes vuln&eacute;rables (72 %) &eacute;tait sup&eacute;rieur &agrave; celui des hommes (48 %), le nombre d&#39;hommes d&eacute;passait celui des femmes dans ce contexte pour atteindre 3,7 millions (par rapport &agrave; 2,4 millions de femmes). Les travailleurs autonomes &eacute;taient plus susceptibles d&#39;&ecirc;tre vuln&eacute;rables que les employ&eacute;s, tout comme les cols blancs &eacute;taient plus susceptibles d&#39;&ecirc;tre vuln&eacute;rables que les cols bleus. Les travailleurs vuln&eacute;rables &eacute;taient plus enclins &agrave; d&eacute;clarer souffrir de troubles auditifs et d&#39;acouph&egrave;nes que les personnes n&#39;ayant jamais travaill&eacute; dans un environnement bruyant.<br />Interpr&eacute;tation : Un pourcentage &eacute;lev&eacute; de travailleurs expos&eacute;s &agrave; un milieu de travail bruyant &eacute;tait vuln&eacute;rable parce que l&#39;utilisation d&#39;un dispositif de protection de l&#39;ou&iuml;e n&#39;&eacute;tait pas obligatoire ni courante</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/fr/pub/82-003-x/2018008/article/00002-fra.pdf" title="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/fr/pub/82-003-x/2018008/article/00002-fra.pdf">https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/fr/pub/82-003-x/2018008/article/00002-fra.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 31 Aug 2018 14:00:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/08/31/11213.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-31T14:00:00Z 2018-08-31 14:00 +00:00 2018-08-31 10:00 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11212 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/31/11212.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Équipement de protection Équipement de protection individuel Canadiens vulnérables au bruit en milieu de travail <p>Contexte : Les lois relatives &agrave; la sant&eacute; et &agrave; la s&eacute;curit&eacute; visent &agrave; prot&eacute;ger les travailleurs des dangers, y compris du bruit excessif. Cependant, certains travailleurs ne sont pas tenus d&#39;utiliser des dispositifs de protection de l&#39;ou&iuml;e en cas d&#39;exposition &agrave; du bruit intense et ils peuvent en subir les r&eacute;percussions n&eacute;fastes, notamment des troubles auditifs et des acouph&egrave;nes.<br />Donn&eacute;es et m&eacute;thodes : Les donn&eacute;es pour les personnes &acirc;g&eacute;es de 19 &agrave; 79 ans (n = 6 571) ont &eacute;t&eacute; recueillies de 2012 &agrave; 2015 dans le cadre de l&#39;Enqu&ecirc;te canadienne sur les mesures de la sant&eacute;. Les personnes expos&eacute;es &agrave; du bruit intense en milieu de travail sont celles qui doivent &eacute;lever la voix pour communiquer avec une personne se trouvant &agrave; la distance d&#39;un bras. Les travailleurs vuln&eacute;rables sont ceux qui ne sont pas tenus d&#39;utiliser, pendant leur travail dans des environnements bruyants, des dispositifs de protection de l&#39;ou&iuml;e et qui ne les utilisent que parfois, rarement ou jamais.<br />R&eacute;sultats : On estime que 11 millions de Canadiens (43 %) ont travaill&eacute; dans des environnements bruyants et que plus de 6 millions d&#39;entre eux (56 %) sont class&eacute;s comme &eacute;tant vuln&eacute;rables au bruit en milieu de travail. M&ecirc;me si le pourcentage de femmes vuln&eacute;rables (72 %) &eacute;tait sup&eacute;rieur &agrave; celui des hommes (48 %), le nombre d&#39;hommes d&eacute;passait celui des femmes dans ce contexte pour atteindre 3,7 millions (par rapport &agrave; 2,4 millions de femmes). Les travailleurs autonomes &eacute;taient plus susceptibles d&#39;&ecirc;tre vuln&eacute;rables que les employ&eacute;s, tout comme les cols blancs &eacute;taient plus susceptibles d&#39;&ecirc;tre vuln&eacute;rables que les cols bleus. Les travailleurs vuln&eacute;rables &eacute;taient plus enclins &agrave; d&eacute;clarer souffrir de troubles auditifs et d&#39;acouph&egrave;nes que les personnes n&#39;ayant jamais travaill&eacute; dans un environnement bruyant.<br />Interpr&eacute;tation : Un pourcentage &eacute;lev&eacute; de travailleurs expos&eacute;s &agrave; un milieu de travail bruyant &eacute;tait vuln&eacute;rable parce que l&#39;utilisation d&#39;un dispositif de protection de l&#39;ou&iuml;e n&#39;&eacute;tait pas obligatoire ni courante</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/fr/pub/82-003-x/2018008/article/00002-fra.pdf" title="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/fr/pub/82-003-x/2018008/article/00002-fra.pdf">https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/fr/pub/82-003-x/2018008/article/00002-fra.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 31 Aug 2018 13:59:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/31/11212.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-31T13:59:00Z 2018-08-31 13:59 +00:00 2018-08-31 09:59 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11206 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/08/29/11206.aspx Europe Développements technologiques Prospective Les technologies de surveillance: La recherche du bien-être du XXIe sièlce? <p>Quel est le type de technologie de surveillance qui vous a aid&eacute; &agrave; vous sentir mieux? A-t-il eu cet effet sur le long terme? S&#39;agissait-il du logiciel qui vous for&ccedil;ait &agrave; prendre une pause ou du podom&egrave;tre qui attirait votre attention sur le fait que vous ne bougiez pas assez? Ou &eacute;tait-ce l&#39;outil de discussion professionnel gr&acirc;ce auquel vous pouviez garder le contact avec vos coll&egrave;gues? Ces technologies ne sont-elles que des gadgets ou davantage? Si elles sont davantage que des gadgets, peuvent-elles nous aider dans notre recherche du bien-&ecirc;tre?<br />Le pr&eacute;sent article vise &agrave; r&eacute;pondre &agrave; toutes ces questions. Nous commen&ccedil;ons par expliquer ce que l&#39;on entend par technologies de surveillance, bien-&ecirc;tre et technologies de surveillance en faveur du bien-&ecirc;tre. Ensuite, nous abordons l&#39;invasion du lieu de travail par la surveillance &eacute;lectronique traditionnelle des performances professionnelles (SEP) et les technologies de l&#39;information et de la communication (TIC) et la comparons avec les technologies de surveillance en faveur du bien-&ecirc;tre. &Agrave; partir de cette analyse, il est possible de d&eacute;finir cinq grands d&eacute;fis qui devront dispara&icirc;tre ou &ecirc;tre surmont&eacute;s pour que les technologies de surveillance atteignent leur maturit&eacute;. Enfin, nous cl&ocirc;turons cet article par une br&egrave;ve conclusion.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/monitoring-technology-workplace/view" title="https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/monitoring-technology-workplace/view">https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/monitoring-technology-workplace/view</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 29 Aug 2018 12:35:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/08/29/11206.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-29T12:35:00Z 2018-08-29 12:35 +00:00 2018-08-29 08:35 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11211 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/27/11211.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Caractérisation du bruit des machines Émission du bruit Secteur de l’industrie manufacturière Exposition au bruit industriel Secteurs d'activités Control of noise risk in the printing industry <p>Machinery used in the printing industry is inherently noisy. Noise levels in this industry have the potential to cause work-related hearing damage, if the risks are not properly assessed and managed. HSE has undertaken a study of noise levels and exposures in the printing industry, to determine noise risks and identify control measures.<br />The noise levels measured in this study indicate that print workers are exposed to hazardous levels of noise: 93% of the study population had noise exposure estimates exceeding the lower exposure action value (LEP,d 80 dB) specified in the Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005.<br />However, many effective noise control features were observed, which, when fully and properly used, can be effective in reducing noise exposures.<br />The inherently noisy nature of the industry, even in more modern print works where quieter machinery is used, means that there is likely to be an ongoing requirement for the use of hearing protection. Although hearing protection was observed to be widely provided and used, failure to correctly fit plug-type protection was commonly observed.<br />Instruction handbooks, obtained for a sample of printing machinery, were found, in most cases, to contain declared noise emission information that would help the user assess and manage real-use risk.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1102.htm" title="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1102.htm">http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1102.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 27 Aug 2018 18:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/27/11211.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-27T18:19:00Z 2018-08-27 18:19 +00:00 2018-08-27 14:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11207 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/08/27/11207.aspx Évaluation et mesure Modes de prévention Types de tâches Évaluation des interventions Travail assis Travail de bureau Travail debout Intervention spécifique Modification des outils ou équipements de travail Efficacité des transformations Évaluation coûts/bénéfices Economic evaluation of a randomized controlled trial of an intervention to reduce office workers’ sitting time: the "Stand Up Victoria" trial <p>Multicomponent intervention involving a sit-and-stand desk can reduce sitting time and increase the standing and stepping time during the working hours for office-based workers, and it is likely to promote the cardiovascular fitness. It is cost-effective in the long-term from a societal perspective. This study provides important evidence for policy-makers and workplaces regarding allocation of resources to reduce workplace sitting.</p> <p>Source: Gao, L., Flego, A., Dunstan, D. W., Winkler, E. A., Healy, G. N., Eakin, E. G., ...&nbsp;et Wiesner, G. H. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Scandinavian journal of work, environment &amp; health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3740" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3740">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3740</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 27 Aug 2018 13:51:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/tms/archive/2018/08/27/11207.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-27T13:51:00Z 2018-08-27 13:51 +00:00 2018-08-27 09:51 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11205 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/08/27/11205.aspx Secteur de l'industrie manufacturière Europe Secteurs d'activités Développements technologiques Impression 3D et fabrication additive - Conséquences pour la santé et la sécurité au travail <p>Le pr&eacute;sent article sur l&#39;impression 3D a &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;tabli &agrave; la demande de l&#39;Agence europ&eacute;enne pour la s&eacute;curit&eacute; et la sant&eacute; au travail (EU-OSHA). Ses auteurs passent en revue quelques questions essentielles concernant les possibilit&eacute;s et les d&eacute;fis li&eacute;s &agrave; l&#39;industrie &eacute;mergente de l&#39;impression 3D pour les employeurs, les travailleurs et les nouveaux entrepreneurs qui travaillent &agrave; partir de leur domicile ou dans des lieux de travail informels. L&#39;objectif de ce document de r&eacute;flexion est de pr&eacute;senter l&#39;impression 3D et d&#39;&eacute;tudier son incidence possible tant sur l&#39;environnement de travail existant que sur le nouvel environnement de travail. Enfin, il pr&eacute;sente quelques recommandations &agrave; mettre en oeuvre &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;chelle europ&eacute;enne concernant les mesures qui peuvent &ecirc;tre prises afin de garantir que l&#39;impression 3D favorise un environnement de travail plus s&ucirc;r, plus sain et plus &eacute;panouissant, tant dans le cadre des relations employeur-travailleur existantes que dans le cas des nouveaux &laquo;auto-entrepreneurs&raquo; informels.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/3d-printing-new-industrial-revolution/view" title="https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/3d-printing-new-industrial-revolution/view">https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/3d-printing-new-industrial-revolution/view</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 27 Aug 2018 12:34:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/08/27/11205.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-27T12:34:00Z 2018-08-27 12:34 +00:00 2018-08-27 08:34 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11203 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/08/24/11203.aspx Secteur du commerce Europe Secteurs d'activités Conditions de travail Développements technologiques The future of the (e-)retail sector from an occupational safety and health point of view <p>E-retailing, which continues to grow, is a challenging sector, for example in terms of high consumer expectations and demands.<br />The difficult working conditions associated with the sector as a result of the high value employers place on efficiency &mdash; such as long working hours and fast picking rates &mdash; have become well known.<br />This article explores the safety and health implications that workers in the e-retail sector face, and considers what is being done to manage their safety and health.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/future-e-retail-sector-occupational-safety-and-health-point-view/view" title="https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/future-e-retail-sector-occupational-safety-and-health-point-view/view">https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/future-e-retail-sector-occupational-safety-and-health-point-view/view</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 24 Aug 2018 13:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/08/24/11203.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-24T13:09:00Z 2018-08-24 13:09 +00:00 2018-08-24 09:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11190 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/08/14/11190.aspx Développements technologiques Prospective "Negotiating the algorithm”: Automation, artificial intelligence and labour protection <p>This paper aims at filling some gaps in the mainstream debate on automation, the introduction of new technologies at the workplace and the future of work. This debate has concentrated, so far, on how many jobs will be lost as a consequence of technological innovation. This paper examines instead issues related to the quality of jobs in future labour markets. It addresses the detrimental effects on workers of awarding legal capacity and rights and obligation to robots. It examines the implications of practices such as People Analytics and the use of big data and artificial intelligence to manage the workforce. It stresses on an oft-neglected feature of the contract of employment, namely the fact that it vests the employer with authority and managerial prerogatives over workers. It points out that a vital function of labour law is to limit these authority and prerogatives to protect the human dignity of workers. In light of this, it argues that even if a Universal Basic Income were introduced, the existence of managerial prerogatives would still warrant the existence of labour regulation since this regulation is about much more than protecting workers&#39; income. It then highlights the benefits of human-rights based approaches to labour regulation to protect workers&#39; privacy against invasive electronic monitoring. It concludes by highlighting the crucial role of collective regulation and social partners in governing automation and the impact of technology at the workplace. It stresses that collective dismissal regulation and the involvement of workers&#39; representatives in managing and preventing job losses is crucial and that collective actors should actively participate in the governance of technology-enhanced management systems, to ensure a vital &ldquo;human-in-command&rdquo; approach.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.ilo.org/employment/Whatwedo/Publications/working-papers/WCMS_634157/lang--en/index.htm" title="https://www.ilo.org/employment/Whatwedo/Publications/working-papers/WCMS_634157/lang--en/index.htm">https://www.ilo.org/employment/Whatwedo/Publications/working-papers/WCMS_634157/lang--en/index.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 14 Aug 2018 12:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/08/14/11190.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-14T12:24:00Z 2018-08-14 12:24 +00:00 2018-08-14 08:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11193 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/13/11193.aspx Prévention du bruit Secteur des services de santé Fatigue auditive Équipement de protection individuel et collectif Secteurs d'activités Alarme sonore The impact of workload on the ability to localize audible alarms <p>Very little is known about people&#39;s ability to localize sound under varying workload conditions, though it would be expected that increasing workload should degrade performance. A set of eight auditory clinical alarms already known to have relatively high localizability (the ease with which their location is identified) when tested alone were tested in six conditions where workload was varied. Participants were required to indicate the location of a series of alarms emanating at random from one of eight speaker locations. Additionally, they were asked to read, carry out mental arithmetic tasks, be exposed to typical ICU noise, or carry out either the reading task or the mental arithmetic task in ICU noise. Performance in the localizability task was best in the control condition (no secondary task) and worst in those tasks which involved both a secondary task and noise. The data does therefore demonstrate the typical pattern of increasing workload affecting a primary task in an area where there is little data. In addition, the data demonstrates that performance in the control condition results in a missed alarm on one in ten occurrences, whereas performance in the heaviest workload conditions results in a missed alarm on every fourth occurrence. This finding has implications for the understanding of both &lsquo;inattentional deafness&#39; and &lsquo;alarm fatigue&#39; in clinical environments.</p> <p>Source: Edworthy, J., Reid, S., Peel, K., Lock, S., Williams, J., Newbury, C., ...&nbsp;et Farrington, M. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Applied ergonomics, 72</em>, 88-93.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.05.006" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.05.006">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.05.006</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 13 Aug 2018 15:10:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/08/13/11193.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-13T15:10:00Z 2018-08-13 15:10 +00:00 2018-08-13 11:10 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11192 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/08/13/11192.aspx TMS Membres supérieurs Recension des écrits Méthodes et types d’études Affections Main Sickness absence after carpal tunnel release <p><strong>A&nbsp;systematic review of the literature</strong><br />Objectives: The aim of this systematic review was to provide an overview of time to return to work (RTW) after carpal tunnel release (CTR), including return to different occupations and working patterns.<br />Methods: A systematic search from inception to 2016 was conducted using nine electronic databases, trial registries and grey literature repositories. Randomized controlled trials and observational studies reporting RTW times after CTR were included. Study risk of bias was assessed using Cochrane risk of bias assessment tools. Time to RTW was summarized using median and range.<br />Results: A total of 56 relevant studies were identified: 18 randomized controlled trials and 38 observational studies. Only 4 studies were rated as having a low risk of bias. Reported RTW times ranged from 4&ndash;168 days. Few studies reported occupational information. Among 6 studies, median time to return to non-manual work was 21 days (range 7&ndash;41), compared with 39 days for manual work (range 18&ndash;101). Median time to return to modified or full duties was 23 days (ranges 12&ndash;50 and 17&ndash;64, respectively), as reported by 3 studies. There was no common method of defining, collecting or reporting RTW data.<br />Conclusions: This review highlights wide variation in reported RTW times after CTR. Whilst occupational factors may play a role, these were poorly reported, and there is currently limited evidence to inform individual<br />patients of their expected duration of work absence after CTR. A standardized definition of RTW is needed, as well as an agreed method of collecting and reporting related data.</p> <p>Source: Newington L., Stevens M., Warwick D., Adams J. et&nbsp;Walker-Bone K. (2018). <em>Scand J Work Environ Health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3762" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3762">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3762</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 13 Aug 2018 14:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/08/13/11192.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-13T14:14:00Z 2018-08-13 14:14 +00:00 2018-08-13 10:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11185 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/08/13/11185.aspx Europe Orientations stratégiques Irlande HSA - Annual Report 2017 <p>This is the second annual report under the Authority&#39;s strategy for 2016 to 2018. The Authority achieved a challenging and broad programme of work in 2017. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Corporate/Annual_Report_2017.html" title="http://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Corporate/Annual_Report_2017.html">http://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Corporate/Annual_Report_2017.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 13 Aug 2018 12:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/08/13/11185.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-13T12:24:00Z 2018-08-13 12:24 +00:00 2018-08-13 08:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11187 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/08/10/11187.aspx Orientations stratégiques Preventing disease through a healthier and safer workplace <p>This assessment is a comprehensive report combining: a) the key evidence linking diseases and injuries to occupational risks; b) a quantitative assessment of the disease burden attributable to selected occupational risks; and c) a compilation of general interventions and selected examples of occupational and environmental interventions that successfully improve health.<br />This study estimates that in 2015, more than 1.2 million deaths globally were attributable to occupational risks, which represent 2.1% of all deaths in the general population. When accounting for both deaths and disability, the fraction of the global disease burden in the general population due to occupation amounts to 2.7%. Noncommunicable diseases contribute 70%, injuries 22% and infectious diseases 8% to the total disease burden from occupational risks. Low- and middle-income countries are disproportionally affected by occupational death and disease.<br />This study provides an approximate estimate of how much disease can be prevented by reducing occupational risks to health. The analysis uses a combination of approaches with a clear focus on comparative risk assessment methods, which apply detailed exposure and exposure-risk information. Of the 1.2 million deaths attributable to occupation, 1.1 million (90%) were estimated using comparative risk assessment methods, and the remaining using more limited epidemiological data and expert opinion. While the evidence has shown that many diseases are caused by occupational risks to health, to date, only a limited number of those<br />could be quantified, suggesting that the disease burden from occupational risks presented in this report remains a conservative estimate.<br />This assessment summarizes extensive information on interventions to reduce the burden of disease due to occupation. It lists general interventions by disease or injury as well as selected examples of occupational and environmental interventions from the epidemiological literature. Occupational risks, in this study, include physical, chemical, biological and psychosocial risks, working conditions and the built environments of workplaces.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/272980/9789241513777-eng.pdf" title="http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/272980/9789241513777-eng.pdf">http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/272980/9789241513777-eng.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 10 Aug 2018 19:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/08/10/11187.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-10T19:26:00Z 2018-08-10 19:26 +00:00 2018-08-10 15:26 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11189 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/08/09/11189.aspx Québec Canada Travail des femmes Régions géographiques Pour une maternité sans danger - Statistiques 2013-2016 <p>Les statistiques pr&eacute;sent&eacute;es dans le document concernent les principales caract&eacute;ristiques des travailleuses dont les r&eacute;clamations relatives au programme Pour une maternit&eacute; sans danger ont &eacute;t&eacute; re&ccedil;ues et accept&eacute;es. Le document porte notamment sur les risques les plus fr&eacute;quents pour la femme enceinte ou l&#39;enfant &agrave; na&icirc;tre et sur la r&eacute;partition des r&eacute;clamations selon le secteur d&#39;activit&eacute;, la profession, l&#39;&acirc;ge de la travailleuse et l&#39;&eacute;tat d&#39;avancement de la grossesse. ? </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Pages/DC_300_254.aspx" title="http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Pages/DC_300_254.aspx">http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Pages/DC_300_254.aspx</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 09 Aug 2018 19:11:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/08/09/11189.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-09T19:11:00Z 2018-08-09 19:11 +00:00 2018-08-09 15:11 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11188 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/08/09/11188.aspx Orientations stratégiques Canada Québec La CNESST en bref - année 2017 <p>Cette publication pr&eacute;sente un portrait sommaire d&#39;information financi&egrave;re ainsi que diverses statistiques sur les grands secteurs de la mission de la CNESST. Elle contient des informations relatives aux l&eacute;sions professionnelles, au programme Pour une maternit&eacute; sans danger, des donn&eacute;es portant sur les normes du travail et sur l&#39;&eacute;quit&eacute; salariale, quelques donn&eacute;es sur la pr&eacute;vention, un portrait financier, certaines donn&eacute;es sur les recours ainsi que quelques comparaisons interprovinciales. Les donn&eacute;es sont soit extraites de rapports comptables ou statistiques existants soit produites &agrave; partir des syst&egrave;mes respectifs. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_1047.aspx" title="http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_1047.aspx">http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_1047.aspx</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 09 Aug 2018 18:59:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/08/09/11188.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-09T18:59:00Z 2018-08-09 18:59 +00:00 2018-08-09 14:59 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11184 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/08/08/11184.aspx Australie Océanie Régions géographiques Secteurs d'activités Safe Work Australia - Priority industry snapshots 2018 <p>These snapshots provide WHS insights into the industries identified as a priority in the <em>Australian Work Health and Safety Strategy 2012-2022</em>.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/collection/priority-industry-snapshots-2018" title="https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/collection/priority-industry-snapshots-2018">https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/collection/priority-industry-snapshots-2018</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 08 Aug 2018 20:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/08/08/11184.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-08T20:48:00Z 2018-08-08 20:48 +00:00 2018-08-08 16:48 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11183 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/08/08/11183.aspx Lésions professionnelles Méthodologie Trends and topics in occupational diseases over the last 60 years from PubMed <p>Objectives: The purpose of this study was to provide an analysis of scientific production on occupational diseases (OD) during the period 1945&ndash;2015 in order to describe publication trends on that topic and identify the major diseases as well as the predominant actors (journals, countries) involved in this field.<br />Methods: A PubMed search was carried out to extract articles related to occupational diseases during the period 1 January 1945 to 31 December 2015 using a specific query. Data were downloaded from PubMed in Extensible Markup Language (XML) and processed through a dedicated parser.<br />Results: A total of 160 025 articles were retrieved from 7127 journals. One third&nbsp;of these articles were published in 39 journals: the core journals according to Bradford&#39;s law. Following exponential growth, OD publications reached a plateau in 2007. The overall dynamics of the OD field are heterogeneous with differences between subfields: psychological diseases emerged in the 1990s while &ldquo;traditional&rdquo; OD are less studied nowadays. Despite a sharp decrease in the proportion of publications, the most productive country remains the USA with 14.5% of the OD publications over the period but Scandinavian countries are, proportionally, the most active in research and publication on OD.<br />Conclusions: The proportion of publications on OD is decreasing in Medline, except for specific subfields of OD. This is discrepant with the global burden of occupational diseases.</p> <p>Source: Gehanno, J. F., Postel, A., Schuers, M.&nbsp;et Rollin, L. (2018). <em>Scandinavian journal of work, environment &amp; health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3750" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3750">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3750</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 08 Aug 2018 19:04:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/08/08/11183.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-08T19:04:00Z 2018-08-08 19:04 +00:00 2018-08-08 15:04 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11174 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/08/11174.aspx Pénétration Vêtements de protection Vêtements de protection chimique Pesticides Secteurs d'activités Normes et législation Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture ASTM F903 - 18 - Standard Test Method for Resistance of Materials Used in Protective Clothing to Penetration by Liquids <p>Significance and Use:&nbsp;This test method is normally used to evaluate the barrier effectiveness against penetration of liquids through materials, seams, closures, or other planar assemblies used in protective clothing and specimens from finished items of protective clothing.&nbsp;Finished items of protective clothing include gloves, arm protectors, aprons, coveralls, suits, hoods, boots, and similar items.<br />Scope: This test method is used to test specimens of protective clothing materials, assemblies such as seams and closures, or interfaces used in the construction of protective clothing. The resistance to visible penetration of the test liquid is determined with the liquid in continuous contact with the normally outside (exterior) surface of the test specimen.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F903.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F903.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/F903.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 08 Aug 2018 18:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/08/11174.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-08T18:24:00Z 2018-08-08 18:24 +00:00 2018-08-08 14:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11179 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/08/07/11179.aspx États-Unis Méthodologie Indemnisation Substances chimiques et agents biologiques Coûts des lésions professionnelles Agents physiques Agents chimiques Champs de recherche Régions géographiques Données administratives TMS Agents biologiques Beyond Determining Compliance: How Can Workers’ Compensation Insurers’ Exposure Data Be Improved and Used? <p>The workers&#39; compensation system can be used for more than processing work-related illness or injury insurance claims. The data collected through this system provide valuable information to identify how these injuries and illnesses happen, so that they can be prevented.<br />In recent years, use of workers&#39; compensation injury and illness data in the public health field has grown. However, occupational exposure data (also known as industrial hygiene data) collected by many workers&#39; compensation insurers is understudied. If analyzed, these data may help identify priority hazards and trends over time because the data include worker exposures to different types of stressors:<br />&bull;Chemical<br />&bull;Physical<br />&bull;Biological<br />&bull;Ergonomic<br />The data could also be used to develop strategies for controlling exposures that would improve worker health.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2018/08/06/using-workers-comp-data/" title="https://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2018/08/06/using-workers-comp-data/">https://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2018/08/06/using-workers-comp-data/</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 07 Aug 2018 12:30:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/08/07/11179.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-07T12:30:00Z 2018-08-07 12:30 +00:00 2018-08-07 08:30 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11173 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/06/11173.aspx Protection chimique Vêtements de protection Vêtements de protection chimique Secteurs d'activités Normes et législation Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture ASTM F2669 - 12(2018) - Standard Performance Specification for Protective Clothing Worn by Operators Applying Pesticides <p>Scope: <br />This specification establishes minimum performance, classification, and labeling requirements for protective clothing worn by operators applying pesticide products, primarily field strength, in liquid form. Protective clothing items covered by this specification include, but are not necessarily limited to, liquid-tight or spray-tight garments, coveralls, jackets, shirts, and pants. This specification addresses protection provided by protective accessories, with the exception of those used for the protection of the head, hands, and feet.&nbsp;This specification does not address protection against biocides, fumigants, or highly volatile liquids.&nbsp;The values given in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2669.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2669.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2669.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 06 Aug 2018 14:22:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/06/11173.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-06T14:22:00Z 2018-08-06 14:22 +00:00 2018-08-06 10:22 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11175 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/03/11175.aspx Protection chimique Protection CBRN Protection biologique Protection nucléaire Protection respiratoire Appareils pour la protection respiratoire Équipement de protection individuel Protection radiation Guide Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) Respiratory Protection Handbook <p>Since 2001, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has established performance and design standards for respiratory protective devices (RPDs) to protect against chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) hazards and toxic industrial chemicals. Prior to 2001, there were no standards for the use of RPDs by U.S. emergency response personnel that covered the full range of expected CBRN threats. Federal regulations require emergency response personnel to use respirators approved by NIOSH for the expected hazards. Equipment performance standards were needed to protect against CBRN threats. Neither industrial nor military respirators provided protection from all potential CBRN respiratory hazards. Several federal agencies partnered to provide research and testing to produce the necessary standards: Department of Justice (DOJ); Department of Homeland Security (DHS); Department of Defense (DoD), U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command (RDECOMa); Department of Commerce (DOC), National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST); and the Department of Labor (DOL), Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2018-166/" title="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2018-166/">https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2018-166/</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 03 Aug 2018 15:31:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/03/11175.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-03T15:31:00Z 2018-08-03 15:31 +00:00 2018-08-03 11:31 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11177 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/08/02/11177.aspx Europe Contexte de travail Conditions de travail France Champs de recherche Régions géographiques Le travail en horaires atypiques : quels salariés pour quelle organisation du temps de travail ? <p>Travailler le soir, la nuit, le samedi ou le dimanche ? en horaires dits &laquo;?atypiques?&raquo; en comparaison des horaires standards en journ&eacute;e, du lundi au vendredi ? ne constitue pas des situations marginales. En 2017, en France (hors Mayotte), 44 % des salari&eacute;s (10,4 millions de personnes) sont, au cours d&#39;un mois, soumis &agrave; au moins un horaire de travail atypique sur leur lieu de travail, &agrave; leur domicile ou ailleurs. Le travail le samedi est le plus r&eacute;pandu avec 35 % des salari&eacute;s mobilis&eacute;s.<br />&nbsp;En 2017, en France (hors Mayotte), 44 % des salari&eacute;s sont, au cours d&#39;un mois, soumis &agrave; au moins un horaire de travail atypique sur leur lieu de travail, &agrave; leur domicile ou ailleurs, ce qui repr&eacute;sente 10,4 millions de personnes. Le travail le samedi est le plus r&eacute;pandu avec 35 % des salari&eacute;s mobilis&eacute;s. Les horaires atypiques concernent davantage les hommes et sont moins fr&eacute;quents chez les plus &acirc;g&eacute;s. Ils se concentrent dans certaines familles professionnelles et certains secteurs d&#39;activit&eacute;, notamment pour assurer la continuit&eacute; de la vie sociale, la permanence des services de soins, la protection et la s&eacute;curit&eacute; des personnes et des biens.<br />&nbsp;M&ecirc;me si les horaires atypiques donnent parfois lieu &agrave; des r&eacute;cup&eacute;rations, les salari&eacute;s qui en effectuent ont &eacute;galement des dur&eacute;es du travail plus longues que les autres salari&eacute;s, &agrave; temps complet comme &agrave; temps partiel, et sont contraints &agrave; une plus grande disponibilit&eacute; au-del&agrave; de leurs horaires habituels de travail.<br />&nbsp;76 % des non-salari&eacute;s, soit 2,4 millions de personnes, sont &eacute;galement soumis &agrave; au moins un horaire atypique un mois donn&eacute;.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/2018-030.pdf" title="http://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/2018-030.pdf">http://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/2018-030.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 02 Aug 2018 17:24:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/08/02/11177.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-02T17:24:00Z 2018-08-02 17:24 +00:00 2018-08-02 13:24 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11172 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/02/11172.aspx Évaluation Protection chimique Pénétration Vêtements de protection Vêtements de protection chimique Pesticides Secteurs d'activités Normes et législation Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture ASTM F2130 - 11(2018) - Standard Test Method for Measuring Repellency, Retention, and Penetration of Liquid Pesticide Formulation Through Protective Clothing Materials <p>Significance and Use: This test method can be used for laboratory screening of protective clothing material used to manufacture garments and accessories worn by pesticide workers.&nbsp;This test method can be used for the development and evaluation of new protective clothing materials.&nbsp;This test method can be used for the evaluation of protective clothing materials against new pesticide formulations.<br />Scope: This test method measures repellency, retention, and penetration of a known volume of liquid pesticide when applied to protective clothing material. No external hydrostatic or mechanical pressure is applied to the test specimen during or after the application of the liquid pesticide.&nbsp;This test method is designed to measure performance of protective clothing materials at two levels of contamination. Low level of contamination is achieved by applying 0.1&thinsp;mL liquid formulation and high level by applying 0.2 mL.&nbsp;This test method does not measure resistance to permeation or degradation.&nbsp;This test method is suitable for field-strength pesticide formulations. This test method may not be suitable for testing protective clothing materials against volatile pesticides.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2130.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2130.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2130.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 02 Aug 2018 13:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/02/11172.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-02T13:05:00Z 2018-08-02 13:05 +00:00 2018-08-02 09:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11171 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/01/11171.aspx Évaluation Gants de protection Protection des mains et des bras Secteur de l'administration publique Secteurs d'activités Normes et législation ASTM E3108-18 - Standard Practice for Conformity Assessment of Protective Gloves Worn by Law Enforcement and Corrections Officers <p>Scope:<br />This practice establishes the conformity assessment requirements for protective gloves worn by law enforcement and corrections officers. It was developed based on end user input regarding hazards of concern and operational requirements of officers.2<br />This practice provides two options for conformity assessment: (1) supplier&#39;s declaration of conformity (SDOC) and (2) certification.<br />This practice is intended to be used by purchasers and suppliers in the procurement of gloves that meet Specification E3109, and the purchaser is responsible for selecting either SDOC or certification.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E3108.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E3108.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/E3108.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 01 Aug 2018 12:34:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/08/01/11171.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-08-01T12:34:00Z 2018-08-01 12:34 +00:00 2018-08-01 08:34 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11170 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/07/31/11170.aspx Gants de protection Protection des mains et des bras Secteur de l'administration publique Secteurs d'activités Normes et législation ASTM E3109-18 - Standard Specification for Protective Gloves Worn by Law Enforcement and Corrections Officers <p>Scope:<br />This specification addresses protective gloves worn by law enforcement and corrections officers.<br />This specification and related standards were developed by subject matter experts, including experienced end users, using data from a survey of more than 800 U.S. law enforcement and corrections officers.<br />This specification addresses performance requirements, performance ratings, and test methods for whole gloves and for glove components (for example, materials, layers).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E3109.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E3109.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/E3109.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 31 Jul 2018 18:32:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/07/31/11170.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-31T18:32:00Z 2018-07-31 18:32 +00:00 2018-07-31 14:32 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11169 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/07/31/11169.aspx Recension des écrits Méthodes et types d’études Recension systématique des écrits Évaluation d’intervention en réadaptation Interventions Developed with the Intervention Mapping Protocol in Work Disability Prevention <p><strong>A Systematic Review of the Literature</strong><br />Purposes Intervention mapping (IM) is a protocol for developing effective behavior change interventions. It has been used for 10 years to develop work disability prevention (WDP) interventions, but it is not known to what extent and with what success. The main objective of this study was to review the effectiveness of these interventions. Secondary objectives were to review their fidelity to the IM protocol, their theoretical frameworks and their content. Methods A search strategy was conducted in MEDLINE, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Pascal, Francis, and BDSP. All titles and abstracts were reviewed. A standardized extraction form was developed. All included studies were reviewed by two reviewers blinded to each other. Results Eight WDP interventions were identified aimed at return to work (RTW; n&thinsp;=&thinsp;6) and self-management at work (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;2). RTW interventions targeted workers with stress-related mental disorders (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;1), low back pain (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;1), musculoskeletal disorders (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;1), cancer (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;2) and gynecological surgery (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;1). The fidelity to the IM protocol was weaker for the participatory planning group. Matrices of change, change methods, and applications were systematically reported. The main theoretical frameworks used were the attitude-social influence-self efficacy model (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;4) and the theory of planned behavior (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;2). Half of the interventions included a workplace component (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;4). Two interventions were reported as effective, and one partially effective. Conclusion The IM protocol is used in WDP since 2007. The participative dimension appears underused. Few theoretical frameworks were used. Implications are to better consider the stakeholders involvement, and mobilize theoretical frameworks with greater attempts to intervene on the work environment.</p> <p>Source: Fassier, J. B., Sarnin, P., Rouat, S., P&eacute;ron, J., Kok, G., Letrilliart, L.&nbsp;et Lamort-Bouch&eacute;, M. (2018). <em>Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-018-9776-8" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-018-9776-8">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-018-9776-8</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 31 Jul 2018 13:34:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/07/31/11169.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-31T13:34:00Z 2018-07-31 13:34 +00:00 2018-07-31 09:34 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11152 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/07/27/11152.aspx Crème protectrice Protection cutanée Protection des mains et des bras Secteur des services de santé Utilisation Dermatite Secteurs d'activités Influences on use of hand moisturizers in nurses <p>Background: Nurses are at high risk of hand dermatitis. Regular hand moisturizing can prevent dermatitis, but nurses&#39; use of hand moisturizers is suboptimal.<br />Aims: To establish (i) what beliefs about hand dermatitis and hand moisturizer use are associated with hand moisturizer use by nurses at home and at work and (ii) if hand moisturizer use behaviours in nurses are associated with the prevalence of hand dermatitis.<br />Methods: We used a questionnaire to investigate nurses&#39; knowledge, beliefs and behaviours regarding hand dermatitis and use of hand moisturizers.<br />Results: The response rate was 55/65 (85%). Forty-two (76%) participants agreed that applying hand moisturizers reduced the risk of dermatitis, and 53 (96%) agreed that dermatitis increased the risk of skin carrying pathogenic organisms. Frequent moisturizer application was associated with beliefs that it was part of the nurse&#39;s role to apply hand creams, a belief that they had had training in the use of moisturizers and believing that patients approved of them moisturizing their hands.<br />Conclusions: Hand moisturizer use by nurses can be improved by enhancing their beliefs that it is part of their professional role to apply hand cream regularly.</p> <p>Source: Burke, K. M., Wright, A. J., Parsons, V. et&nbsp;Madan, I. (2018). <em>Occupational Medicine, 68</em>(5), 340-342.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqy068" title="https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqy068">https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqy068</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 27 Jul 2018 20:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/07/27/11152.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-27T20:05:00Z 2018-07-27 20:05 +00:00 2018-07-27 16:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11145 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/07/27/11145.aspx Europe Santé psychologique Décès Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture France Régions géographiques Secteurs d'activités Mortalité par suicide des salariés affiliés au régime agricole en activité entre 2007 et 2013 <p><strong>Description et comparaison &agrave; la population g&eacute;n&eacute;rale</strong><br />Introduction &ndash; Un exc&egrave;s de mortalit&eacute; par suicide des travailleurs du secteur agricole a &eacute;t&eacute; mis en &eacute;vidence en France et &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;tranger. &Agrave; notre connaissance, aucune &eacute;tude n&#39;a port&eacute; pr&eacute;c&eacute;demment sur la mortalit&eacute; par suicide des salari&eacute;s agricoles affili&eacute;s &agrave; la Mutualit&eacute; sociale agricole (MSA). Les objectifs de l&#39;&eacute;tude &eacute;taient de d&eacute;crire la mortalit&eacute; par suicide des salari&eacute;s agricoles affili&eacute;s &agrave; la MSA en activit&eacute; entre 2007 et 2013, et de la comparer &agrave; celle de la population g&eacute;n&eacute;rale fran&ccedil;aise. <br />M&eacute;thode &ndash; Le nombre de suicides des salari&eacute;s affili&eacute;s &agrave; la MSA en activit&eacute; sur la p&eacute;riode 2007-2013 a &eacute;t&eacute; quantifi&eacute;. Leur r&eacute;partition par mode op&eacute;ratoire a &eacute;t&eacute; ensuite d&eacute;crite. La mortalit&eacute; par suicide des salari&eacute;s a enfin &eacute;t&eacute; compar&eacute;e &agrave; celle de la population g&eacute;n&eacute;rale fran&ccedil;aise &agrave; l&#39;aide de ratios standardis&eacute;s de mortalit&eacute; (SMR) par suicide. <br />R&eacute;sultats &ndash; Les r&eacute;sultats montrent une sous-mortalit&eacute; par suicide des salari&eacute;s en activit&eacute; affili&eacute;s &agrave; la MSA par rapport &agrave; la population g&eacute;n&eacute;rale : SMR=0,81 ; IC95%: [0,75-0,88] chez les hommes, et SMR=0,46 [0,37-0,58] chez les femmes. <br />Discussion-conclusion &ndash; Cette sous-mortalit&eacute; par rapport &agrave; la population g&eacute;n&eacute;rale est classiquement observ&eacute;e dans la surveillance des cohortes professionnelles. Elle s&#39;explique par un ensemble de m&eacute;canismes de s&eacute;lection regroup&eacute;s sous le nom d&#39;effet du travailleur sain, mais ne permet pas de conclure &agrave; l&#39;absence d&#39;exc&egrave;s de risque de certains groupes de ces salari&eacute;s vis-&agrave;-vis du suicide. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/beh/2018/27/2018_27_2.html" title="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/beh/2018/27/2018_27_2.html">http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/beh/2018/27/2018_27_2.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 27 Jul 2018 12:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/07/27/11145.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-27T12:48:00Z 2018-07-27 12:48 +00:00 2018-07-27 08:48 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11144 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/07/25/11144.aspx Europe Maladies professionnelles Secteur du commerce Lésions professionnelles France Régions géographiques Secteurs d'activités Asthme Étude nationale de l’asthme actuel selon le secteur d’activité chez les artisans et commerçants en activité en 2013 <p>Introduction &ndash; L&rsquo;asthme rel&egrave;ve de causes multiples, parmi lesquelles les facteurs professionnels contribuent pour environ 15% des cas. Afin de documenter la situation dans la population sp&eacute;cifique des artisans/commer&ccedil;ants, la pr&eacute;valence d&rsquo;asthme actuel a &eacute;t&eacute; estim&eacute;e et d&eacute;clin&eacute;e selon les secteurs d&rsquo;activit&eacute; professionnelle. <br />M&eacute;thode &ndash; L&rsquo;&eacute;tude a port&eacute; sur l&rsquo;ensemble des artisans et des commer&ccedil;ants en activit&eacute; affili&eacute;s &agrave; la S&eacute;curit&eacute; sociale pour les ind&eacute;pendants (anciennement R&eacute;gime social des ind&eacute;pendants) au 1er janvier 2013. L&rsquo;asthme actuel a &eacute;t&eacute; d&eacute;fini &agrave; partir d&rsquo;un mod&egrave;le pr&eacute;dictif valid&eacute; utilisant les donn&eacute;es de remboursements de m&eacute;dicaments antiasthmatiques entre 2010 et 2012. Des pr&eacute;valences ont &eacute;t&eacute; estim&eacute;es selon le sexe et le secteur d&rsquo;activit&eacute;. Une comparaison de la pr&eacute;valence d&rsquo;asthme actuel entre les secteurs d&rsquo;activit&eacute; a &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;e en calculant des odds ratios (OR) et leurs intervalles de confiance (IC95%) &agrave; l&rsquo;aide de mod&egrave;les logistiques. <br />R&eacute;sultats &ndash; L&rsquo;&eacute;tude a inclus 967 391 artisans/commer&ccedil;ants. La pr&eacute;valence d&rsquo;asthme actuel &eacute;tait de 5,6% chez les hommes (n=40 408) et 6,8% chez les femmes (n=16 547). Compar&eacute; au secteur de l&rsquo;administration d&rsquo;entreprise (activit&eacute; de r&eacute;f&eacute;rence), un risque augment&eacute; d&rsquo;asthme a &eacute;t&eacute; observ&eacute; chez les hommes et chez les femmes exer&ccedil;ant dans la boulangerie-p&acirc;tisserie (respectivement OR=2,1 [2,0-2,3] ; OR=1,2 [1,1-1,5]) ou dans le transport de voyageurs par taxi (respectivement OR=1,2 [1,1-1,3] ; OR=1,3 [1,1-1,6]). Un risque augment&eacute; a &eacute;t&eacute; observ&eacute; chez les hommes dans le secteur des ambulances (OR=1,4 [1,2-1,7]) et celui des man&egrave;ges forains et parcs d&rsquo;attraction (OR=1,4 [1,2-1,6]) et, chez les femmes, dans les &eacute;coles de conduite (OR=1,4 [1,1-1,8]). <br />Discussion &ndash; conclusion &ndash; Les secteurs d&rsquo;activit&eacute; professionnelle connus comme &agrave; risque d&rsquo;asthme ont &eacute;t&eacute; retrouv&eacute;s dans notre &eacute;tude mais d&rsquo;autres, non document&eacute;s dans la litt&eacute;rature, ont &eacute;t&eacute; observ&eacute;s. Ce travail apporte de nouveaux r&eacute;sultats pouvant contribuer &agrave; la pr&eacute;vention. Cependant, une meilleure caract&eacute;risation des expositions professionnelles et environnementales permettrait d&rsquo;en pr&eacute;ciser les actions. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/beh/2018/27/2018_27_1.html" title="http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/beh/2018/27/2018_27_1.html">http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/beh/2018/27/2018_27_1.html</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 25 Jul 2018 18:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/07/25/11144.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-25T18:49:00Z 2018-07-25 18:49 +00:00 2018-07-25 14:49 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11141 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/07/23/11141.aspx Engins de terrassement Équipements Appréciation du risque Machines mobiles et véhicules Sécurité des machines Worker safety and injury severity analysis of earthmoving equipment accidents <p>Introduction: Research on construction worker safety associated with construction equipment has mostly focused on accident type rather than injury severity and the embedded factor relationships. Significant variables and their effects on the degree of injury are examined for earthmoving equipment using data from OSHA. Four types of equipment, backhoe, bulldozer, excavator, and scraper are included in the study. Accidents involving on-foot workers and equipment operators are investigated collectively, as well as separately. Methods: Cross tabulation analysis was conducted to establish the associations between selected categorical variables, using degree of injury as a dichotomous dependent variable (fatal vs. nonfatal) and a number of independent variables having different values. Odds ratios were calculated to determine how much a certain variable/factor increases the odds of fatality in an accident, and the odds ratios were ranked to determine the relative impact of a given factor. Results: It was found that twelve variables were significantly associated with injury severity. Rankings based on odds ratios showed that inadequate safety training (2.54), missing equipment protective system (2.38), being a non-union worker (2.26), being an equipment operator (1.93), and being on or around inadequately maintained equipment (1.58) produced higher odds for fatality. Conclusion: A majority of the earthmoving equipment accidents resulted in fatality. Backhoes were the most common equipment involved in accidents and fatalities. Struck-by accidents were the most prevalent and most fatal. Non-OSHA compliant safety training, missing seatbelt, operator not using seatbelt, malfunctioning back-up alarms, and poorly maintained equipment were factors contributing to accidents and fatalities. On-foot workers experienced a higher number of accidents than operators, while fatality odds were higher for the operators. Practical applications: Safety professionals should benefit from our findings in planning and delivering training and providing oversight to workers in earthmoving equipment operations.</p> <p>Source: Kazan, E.&nbsp;et Usmen, M. A. (2018). <em>Journal of safety research, 65</em>, 73-81.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2018.02.008" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2018.02.008">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2018.02.008</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 23 Jul 2018 19:38:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/07/23/11141.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-23T19:38:00Z 2018-07-23 19:38 +00:00 2018-07-23 15:38 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11140 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/07/23/11140.aspx Vêtements de protection Vêtements de protection contre le feu Normes et législation ANSI/ISEA 203-2018 – American National Standard for Secondary Single-Use Flame Resistant Protective Clothing for Use Over Primary Flame Resistant Protective Clothing <p>ISEA has developed this new standard to establish minimum performance and labeling requirements for secondary single-use flame resistant protective clothing. These are commonly used in utility work and refinery maintenance and in steel processing facilities where metal is being cut or welded.<br />Apparel covered by ANSI/ISEA 203-2018 is designed for use in industrial settings where flame hazards may exist and such clothing will not negatively impact the thermal performance afforded by the primary flame resistant protective clothing that is worn underneath. Compliant items are independently evaluated for flame resistance and evaluated for flash fire exposure by layering the garment over a primary thermal garment.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://safetyequipment.org/product/ansi-isea-203-2018/" title="https://safetyequipment.org/product/ansi-isea-203-2018/">https://safetyequipment.org/product/ansi-isea-203-2018/</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 23 Jul 2018 19:28:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/07/23/11140.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-23T19:28:00Z 2018-07-23 19:28 +00:00 2018-07-23 15:28 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11137 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/07/23/11137.aspx Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Guide Occupational safety and health in public health emergencies <p><strong>A manual for protecting health workers and responders</strong><br />This manual provides an overview of the main OSH risks faced by emergency responders during disease outbreaks and other emergencies, such as natural disasters, chemical incidents, radiological emergencies and emergencies involving conflicts. The intent is to assist organizations and workplaces to better prepare and respond to these events. The manual, which is particularly focused on needs in low-resource settings, provides technical guidance on good practices and procedures in establishing systems that can: 1) reduce occupational exposures, injury, illness and death among response workers; 2) decrease stress and reduce fears; and 3)<br />promote the health and well-being of health-care and other response workers.<br />The manual has three main parts. Chapters 1 to 3 cover managerial and technical tools and strategies for managing OSH in emergency situations. These tools include an OSH management systems approach for use in emergencies, an incident command system (ICS), OSH controls and standard precautions and their application during emergencies. Chapters 4 to 8 cover OSH hazards in different types of emergencies, such as outbreak situations covering clinical and community response settings, chemical incidents, radiation incidents and natural disasters, as well as conflict situations. The Appendix includes a collection of tools and resources compiled from various resources that are intended to provide practical support to users on different aspects of OSH in emergencies and outbreaks.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.who.int/occupational_health/Web_OSH_manual.pdf" title="http://www.who.int/occupational_health/Web_OSH_manual.pdf">http://www.who.int/occupational_health/Web_OSH_manual.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 23 Jul 2018 12:43:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/07/23/11137.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-23T12:43:00Z 2018-07-23 12:43 +00:00 2018-07-23 08:43 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11133 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/07/20/11133.aspx Normes et législation GRI 403: Occupational Health and Safety <p>The new Standard aligns with key international instruments from the International Labour Organization (ILO) and with ISO 45001. And, in accordance with due process, the update was carried out by a diverse group of stakeholders that brought a combination of knowledge and experience in occupational health and safety.</p> <p>Source: <a title="https://www.globalreporting.org/standards/media/1910/gri-403-occupational-health-and-safety-2018.pdf" href="https://www.globalreporting.org/standards/media/1910/gri-403-occupational-health-and-safety-2018.pdf" target="_blank">https://www.globalreporting.org/standards/media/1910/gri-403-occupational-health-and-safety-2018.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 20 Jul 2018 11:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/07/20/11133.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-20T11:09:00Z 2018-07-20 11:09 +00:00 2018-07-20 07:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11128 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/07/19/11128.aspx Développements technologiques France Prospective Restitution de l'exercice de prospective Plateformisation 2027 <p>Associant plusieurs partenaires, l&#39;INRS a pilot&eacute; des travaux de prospective sur le th&egrave;me de la plateformisation de l&#39;&eacute;conomie et ses<br />cons&eacute;quences possibles en sant&eacute; et s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail d&#39;ici 2027. &Agrave; partir d&#39;hypoth&egrave;ses, ont &eacute;t&eacute; formul&eacute;s quatre sc&eacute;narios permettant d&#39;identifier quelques enjeux en sant&eacute;-s&eacute;curit&eacute; et des cons&eacute;quences sur l&#39;emploi et le travail de demain.<br />Des projections dans deux secteurs mettent en &eacute;vidence les points de vigilance et les opportunit&eacute;s en termes de pr&eacute;vention des risques professionnels. Enfin, sont &eacute;voqu&eacute;s les principes g&eacute;n&eacute;raux de pr&eacute;vention au vu de ce nouveau mod&egrave;le &eacute;conomique. </p> <p>Source:&nbsp;Le&iuml;chle, J.,&nbsp;Defrance, M. Malenfer, M., H&eacute;ry, M. (2018). <em>R&eacute;f&eacute;rences en sant&eacute; au travail</em> (154), 105-113.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TM%2045" title="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TM 45">http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TM 45</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 19 Jul 2018 12:21:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/07/19/11128.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-19T12:21:00Z 2018-07-19 12:21 +00:00 2018-07-19 08:21 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11132 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/07/18/11132.aspx États-Unis Agents physiques Champs de recherche Régions géographiques Chaleur Evaluation of Occupational Exposure Limits for Heat Stress in Outdoor Workers — United States, 2011-2016 <p>Heat stress, an environmental and occupational hazard, is associated with a spectrum of heat-related illnesses, including heat stroke, which can lead to death. CDC&#39;s National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) publishes recommended occupational exposure limits for heat stress (1). These limits, which are consistent with those of the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) (2), specify the maximum combination of environmental heat (measured as wet bulb globe temperature [WBGT]) and metabolic heat (i.e., workload) to which workers should be exposed. Exposure limits are lower for workers who are unacclimatized to heat, who wear work clothing that inhibits heat dissipation, and who have predisposing personal risk factors (1,2). These limits have been validated in experimental settings but not at outdoor worksites. To determine whether the NIOSH and ACGIH exposure limits are protective of workers, CDC retrospectively reviewed 25 outdoor occupational heat-related illnesses (14 fatal and 11 nonfatal) investigated by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) from 2011 to 2016. For each incident, OSHA assessed personal risk factors and estimated WBGT, workload, and acclimatization status. Heat stress exceeded exposure limits in all 14 fatalities and in eight of 11 nonfatal illnesses. An analysis of Heat Index data for the same 25 cases suggests that when WBGT is unavailable, a Heat Index screening threshold of 85&deg;F (29.4&deg;C) could identify potentially hazardous levels of workplace environmental heat. Protective measures should be implemented whenever the exposure limits are exceeded. The comprehensive heat-related illness prevention program should include an acclimatization schedule for newly hired workers and unacclimatized long-term workers (e.g., during early-season heat waves), training for workers and supervisors about symptom recognition and first aid (e.g., aggressive cooling of presumed heat stroke victims before medical professionals arrive), engineering and administrative controls to reduce heat stress, medical surveillance, and provision of fluids and shady areas for rest breaks.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6726a1.htm?s_cid=mm6726a1_e" title="https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6726a1.htm?s_cid=mm6726a1_e">https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6726a1.htm?s_cid=mm6726a1_e</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 18 Jul 2018 17:57:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/07/18/11132.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-18T17:57:00Z 2018-07-18 17:57 +00:00 2018-07-18 13:57 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11122 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/07/18/11122.aspx Canada Normes et législation Formation à la SST CAN/CSA-Z1001-18 - Occupational health and safety training <p>This Standard specifies requirements for management and administration of OHS training, identification of OHS training needs, and outlines the development, implementation, and maintenance of an OHS training program and courses. It also specifies how to select training providers with the appropriate qualifications and the requirements for the design and delivery of OHS training courses. Informative Annexes provide guidance on how to implement the requirements of this Standard, it includes information on adult education principles (see Annex A), training for new workers (see Annex C), training for supervisors (see Annex D), training for health and safety committees and health and safety representatives (see Annex F). It also provides guidance on high-risk training (see Annex H). Samples of a training needs assessment (see Annex B), supervisor training matrix (see Annex E), training provider evaluation (see Annex G), trainee evaluation forms (Annex I) and training course conformance checklist (see Annex J) are also included that can be customized for the specific needs of the user. </p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://store.csagroup.org/ccrz__ProductDetails?viewState=DetailView&amp;cartID=&amp;sku=CAN/CSA-Z1001-18&amp;isCSRFlow=true&amp;portalUser=&amp;store=&amp;cclcl=fr_CA" title="https://store.csagroup.org/ccrz__ProductDetails?viewState=DetailView&amp;cartID=&amp;sku=CAN/CSA-Z1001-18&amp;isCSRFlow=true&amp;portalUser=&amp;store=&amp;cclcl=fr_CA">https://store.csagroup.org/ccrz__ProductDetails?viewState=DetailView&amp;cartID=&amp;sku=CAN/CSA-Z1001-18&amp;isCSRFlow=true&amp;portalUser=&amp;store=&amp;cclcl=fr_CA</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 18 Jul 2018 12:29:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/07/18/11122.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-18T12:29:00Z 2018-07-18 12:29 +00:00 2018-07-18 08:29 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11124 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/07/17/11124.aspx Europe Contexte de travail Conditions de travail Enquêtes Champs de recherche Comparaisons européennes des durées du travail - Illustration pour huit pays <p>Les comparaisons europ&eacute;ennes en mati&egrave;re de dur&eacute;e du travail sont complexes, en premier lieu en raison d&#39;une grande diversit&eacute; l&eacute;gislative et institutionnelle sur le temps de travail entre les pays. Dans certains pays, la l&eacute;gislation d&eacute;termine fortement la dur&eacute;e du travail; dans d&#39;autres, elle est quasi-inexistante; dans d&#39;autres enfin, le temps de travail est du ressort de la n&eacute;gociation collective. Au-del&agrave; de ces diff&eacute;rences, les caract&eacute;ristiques de la population en emploi (part de femmes, de jeunes, de seniors en emploi, de cadres, d&#39;ouvriers, du tertiaire dans les secteurs d&#39;activit&eacute;...) peuvent diff&eacute;rer entre les pays et faire varier le temps de travail et la part de salari&eacute;s &agrave; temps partiel.<br />En second lieu, les difficult&eacute;s inh&eacute;rentes &agrave; la mesure s&#39;ajoutent &agrave; cette complexit&eacute;, de par les lacunes de l&#39;harmonisation des concepts de dur&eacute;e du travail et des modes de collecte dans les enqu&ecirc;tes entre pays. Ainsi, la comparaison des dur&eacute;es annuelles de travail reste encore aujourd&#39;hui fragile. L&#39;&eacute;tude compare, en s&#39;appuyant sur les informations pr&eacute;sentes dans les enqu&ecirc;tes sur les Forces de travail (Labour Force Survey ou LFS) et en prenant les pr&eacute;cautions n&eacute;cessaires dans l&#39;analyse au vu des &eacute;l&eacute;ments m&eacute;thodologiques limitant les comparaisons, les dur&eacute;es habituelles hebdomadaires de travail en 2016 de huit &Eacute;tats membres de l&#39;Union Europ&eacute;enne (UE): l&#39;Allemagne, le Danemark, l&#39;Espagne, la France, l&#39;Italie, les Pays-Bas, la Su&egrave;de et le Royaume-Uni. Les dur&eacute;es habituelles sont moins sensibles que les dur&eacute;es effectives &agrave; la fa&ccedil;on dont l&#39;enqu&ecirc;te est con&ccedil;ue; les comparaisons internationales sont alors plus robustes.</p> <p>Source: <a href="http://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/de_220_comparaisons_europeennes_des_durees_du_travail.pdf">http://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/de_220_comparaisons_europeennes_des_durees_du_travail.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 17 Jul 2018 18:34:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/07/17/11124.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-17T18:34:00Z 2018-07-17 18:34 +00:00 2018-07-17 14:34 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11114 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/07/17/11114.aspx Europe Orientations stratégiques France Anses - Contrat d'objectifs et de performance 2018-2022 <p>Le pr&eacute;sent contrat d&eacute;finit les grandes orientations strat&eacute;giques et les objectifs qui permettront &agrave; l&#39;Anses de continuer &agrave; remplir de fa&ccedil;on performante ses missions de s&eacute;curit&eacute; sanitaire : contribuer &agrave; prot&eacute;ger la sant&eacute; humaine, animale, v&eacute;g&eacute;tale et les &eacute;cosyst&egrave;mes, &agrave; pr&eacute;venir les risques &eacute;mergents, et ainsi r&eacute;pondre aux attentes des pouvoirs publics.<br />Ce nouveau contrat d&#39;objectifs et de performance r&eacute;sulte d&#39;une d&eacute;marche qui a mobilis&eacute; l&#39;&eacute;tablissement et ses tutelles pendant l&#39;ann&eacute;e 2017 (10 r&eacute;unions de groupes de travail associant les &eacute;quipes de l&#39;Anses et des tutelles, plusieurs comit&eacute;s de pilotage avec les directeurs g&eacute;n&eacute;raux, nombreux &eacute;changes) et s&#39;appuie sur les recommandations de la mission d&#39;&eacute;valuation du COP pr&eacute;c&eacute;dent (CGEDD - IGAS - CGEFI - CGAAER) dont le rapport a &eacute;t&eacute; rendu &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;t&eacute; 2017.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/ANSES-COP2018-2022pp.pdf" title="https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/ANSES-COP2018-2022pp.pdf">https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/ANSES-COP2018-2022pp.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 17 Jul 2018 12:52:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/07/17/11114.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-17T12:52:00Z 2018-07-17 12:52 +00:00 2018-07-17 08:52 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11123 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/07/16/11123.aspx Europe Marché du travail Enquêtes Régions géographiques Développements technologiques Platform Workers in Europe - Evidence from the COLLEEM Survey <p>The recent surge of digital labour platforms has led to new forms of work organisation and tasks distribution across the workforce. This has raised several questions about the functioning and the benefits deriving from the reorganisation of work that those platforms entail and the associated risks.<br />The European Commission assessed online platforms in a May 2016 communication, focusing on both their innovation opportunities and regulatory challenges. In June 2016 the Commission also adopted its European Agenda for the Collaborative Economy, which clarified the concept and provided some guidance on the employment status of platform workers and the EU definition of worker.<br />The European Pillar of Social Rights aims to address some of the policy challenges associated to new forms of employment, including platform work. As accompanying initiatives, the Commission presented in December 2017 a proposal for a new Directive on transparent and predictable working conditions, and in March 2018 a proposal for a Council Recommendation on access to social protection for workers and the self-employed.<br />A crucial issue in designing the policy response to the emergence of digital labour platforms is the lack of reliable evidence. In 2017, the JRC conducted the COLLEEM pilot survey2 an initial attempt to provide quantitative evidence on platform work, responding to calls by the European Council and the European Parliament. The survey provides a basis for an initial estimation of platform work in 14 Member States.</p> <p>Source: <a href="http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/bitstream/JRC112157/jrc112157_pubsy_platform_workers_in_europe_science_for_policy.pdf">http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/bitstream/JRC112157/jrc112157_pubsy_platform_workers_in_europe_science_for_policy.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 16 Jul 2018 19:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/07/16/11123.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-16T19:48:00Z 2018-07-16 19:48 +00:00 2018-07-16 15:48 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11121 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/07/16/11121.aspx Appareils de levage Équipements Machines fixes Normes ASME B30.9-2018 - Slings <p>Volume B30.9 includes provisions that apply to the fabrication, attachment, use, inspection, testing, and maintenance of slings used for load handling purposes, used in conjunction with equipment described in other volumes of the B30 Standard, except as restricted in ASME B30.12 and ASME B30.23. Slings fabricated from alloy steel chain, wire rope, metal mesh, synthetic fiber rope, synthetic webbing, and polyester fiber yarns in a protective cover(s) are addressed.<br />Careful application of B30 safety standards will help users to comply with applicable regulations within their jurisdictions, while achieving the operational and safety benefits to be gained from the many industry best-practices detailed in these volumes.<br />Intended for manufacturers, owners, employers, users and others concerned with the specification, buying, maintenance, training and safe use of slings and hooks with B30 equipment, plus all potential governing entities.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.asme.org/products/codes-standards/b309-2018-slings" title="https://www.asme.org/products/codes-standards/b309-2018-slings">https://www.asme.org/products/codes-standards/b309-2018-slings</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 16 Jul 2018 17:47:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/07/16/11121.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-16T17:47:00Z 2018-07-16 17:47 +00:00 2018-07-16 13:47 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11118 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/07/16/11118.aspx Secteur des services Europe Secteurs d'activités Sous le vernis, des professionnels de la beauté en danger <p>Parce qu&#39;ils doivent nous apporter du bien-&ecirc;tre, les professionnels de la beaut&eacute; sont rarement consid&eacute;r&eacute;s comme des travailleurs &agrave; risques en mati&egrave;re de s&eacute;curit&eacute; et de sant&eacute;. Ceux qui prennent soin du corps des autres le font pourtant souvent au d&eacute;triment de leur propre sant&eacute;.<br />Tr&egrave;s rares sont les travailleurs de la beaut&eacute; &agrave; &eacute;chapper aux troubles musculosquelettiques. L&#39;usage quotidien de produits cosm&eacute;tiques contenant des mol&eacute;cules chimiques allergisantes ou irritantes pour la peau leur cause de nombreux soucis de sant&eacute;.<br />Le probl&egrave;me est particuli&egrave;rement aigu dans les activit&eacute;s de manucure. Ces derni&egrave;res ann&eacute;es, la mode des ongles artificiels s&#39;est diffus&eacute;e un peu partout dans les pays industrialis&eacute;s. Des salons de manucure &agrave; bas prix ont litt&eacute;ralement envahi certains quartiers des grandes villes. Des produits chimiques toxiques, notamment des solvants, y sont abondamment utilis&eacute;s.<br />La r&eacute;ponse de l&#39;Union europ&eacute;enne &agrave; ces menaces pour la sant&eacute; de dizaines de milliers de travailleurs est insatisfaisante. Ainsi, la Commission europ&eacute;enne s&#39;oppose avec fermet&eacute; &agrave; la transposition en directive d&#39;un accord-cadre conclu par les partenaires sociaux europ&eacute;ens en vue d&#39;am&eacute;liorer la s&eacute;curit&eacute; et la protection de la sant&eacute; dans le secteur de la coiffure. Par ailleurs, la l&eacute;gislation europ&eacute;enne r&eacute;glementant la commercialisation des produits cosm&eacute;tiques prot&egrave;ge avant tout les consommateurs, beaucoup moins les professionnels qui les manipulent au moins une trentaine d&#39;heures par semaine.</p> <p>Source: (2018). <em>HesaMag</em> (17).<br /><a href="http://www.etui.org/fr/Themes/Sante-et-securite/HesaMag">http://www.etui.org/fr/Themes/Sante-et-securite/HesaMag</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 16 Jul 2018 12:55:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/07/16/11118.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-16T12:55:00Z 2018-07-16 12:55 +00:00 2018-07-16 08:55 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11117 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/07/13/11117.aspx Développements technologiques Prospective Occupational health and safety in the industry 4.0 era: A cause for major concern? <p>Real-time communication, Big Data, human&ndash;machine cooperation, remote sensing, monitoring and process control, autonomous equipment and interconnectivity are becoming major assets in modern industry. As the fourth industrial revolution or Industry 4.0 becomes the predominant reality, it will bring new paradigm shifts, which will have an impact on the management of occupational health and safety (OHS).<br />In the midst of this new and accelerating industrial trend, are we giving due consideration to changes in OHS imperatives? Are the OHS consequences of Industry 4.0 being evaluated properly? Do we stand to lose any of the gains made through proactive approaches? Are there rational grounds for major concerns? In this article, we examine these questions in order to raise consciousness with regard to the integration of OHS into Industry 4.0.<br />It is clear that if the technologies driving Industry 4.0 develop in silos and manufacturers&rsquo; initiatives are isolated and fragmented, the dangers will multiply and the net impact on OHS will be negative. As major changes are implemented, previous gains in preventive management of workplace health and safety will be at risk. If we are to avoid putting technological progress and OHS on a collision course, researchers, field experts and industrialists will have to collaborate on a smooth transition towards Industry 4.0.</p> <p>Source: Badri, A., Boudreau-Trudel, B. et&nbsp;Souissi, A. S. (2018). <em>Safety Science, 109</em>, 403-411.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.012" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.012">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.012</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 13 Jul 2018 15:28:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/veille/archive/2018/07/13/11117.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-13T15:28:00Z 2018-07-13 15:28 +00:00 2018-07-13 11:28 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11112 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/07/10/11112.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Absentéisme Cancer Affections Maintien en emploi Trajectoires professionnelles Inégalités sociales de santé Affections non associées au travail Conséquences de la survenue du cancer sur les parcours professionnels <p><strong>Une analyse sur donn&eacute;es m&eacute;dico-administratives</strong><br />Ce rapport &eacute;tudie les effets &agrave; court et moyen termes de la survenue d&#39;un cancer sur l&#39;emploi et l&#39;activit&eacute;. Il utilise la base de donn&eacute;es Hygie, produite par l&#39;Irdes &agrave; partir des donn&eacute;es administratives de la Caisse nationale de l&#39;Assurance maladie et de la Caisse nationale d&#39;assurance vieillesse. Hygie permet de reconstituer la carri&egrave;re de l&#39;individu ainsi que les &eacute;v&eacute;nements de sant&eacute;.<br />Une premi&egrave;re partie exploite la dimension r&eacute;trospective li&eacute;e &agrave; la carri&egrave;re et confirme l&#39;effet p&eacute;nalisant du cancer sur l&#39;activit&eacute; et l&#39;augmentation des arr&ecirc;ts maladie. Les r&eacute;sultats d&#39;un mod&egrave;le de double diff&eacute;rence avec appariement exact montrent la persistance des effets de la maladie sur l&#39;&eacute;loignement du march&eacute; du travail, la probabilit&eacute; d&#39;&ecirc;tre employ&eacute; au moins un trimestre dans l&#39;ann&eacute;e diminuant jusqu&#39;&agrave; un horizon de cinq ans. Nous mesurons &eacute;galement l&#39;effet des douze cancers les plus pr&eacute;valents dans la base Hygie et de maladies chroniques ayant un impact potentiel sur le march&eacute; du travail. Les effets les plus marqu&eacute;s sont relatifs au cancer du poumon et des bronches, &agrave; la schizophr&eacute;nie et au VIH. Les maladies chroniques autres que le cancer ont des effets nettement plus att&eacute;nu&eacute;s probablement parce que leurs traitements au long cours am&eacute;liorent la qualit&eacute; de vie.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irdes.fr/recherche/rapports/568-consequences-de-la-survenue-du-cancer-sur-les-parcours-professionnels.pdf" title="http://www.irdes.fr/recherche/rapports/568-consequences-de-la-survenue-du-cancer-sur-les-parcours-professionnels.pdf">http://www.irdes.fr/recherche/rapports/568-consequences-de-la-survenue-du-cancer-sur-les-parcours-professionnels.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 10 Jul 2018 13:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/07/10/11112.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-07-10T13:49:00Z 2018-07-10 13:49 +00:00 2018-07-10 09:49 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11105 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/06/22/11105.aspx Europe Coûts des lésions professionnelles Agents physiques Espagne Régions géographiques Chaleur Froid Evaluation of the Impact of Ambient Temperatures on Occupational Injuries in Spain <p>Background: Extreme cold and heat have been linked to an increased risk of occupational injuries. However, the evidence is still limited to a small number of studies of people with relatively few injuries and with a limited geographic extent, and the corresponding economic effect has not been studied in detail.<br />Objectives: We assessed the relationship between ambient temperatures and occupational injuries in Spain along with its economic effect. <br />Methods: The daily number of occupational injuries that caused at least one day of leave and the daily maximum temperature were obtained for each Spanish province for the years 1994&ndash;2013. We estimated temperature&ndash;injuries associations with distributed lag nonlinear models, and then pooled the results using a multivariate meta-regression model. We calculated the number of injuries attributable to cold and heat, the corresponding workdays lost, and the resulting economic effect.<br />Results: The study included 15,992,310 occupational injuries. Overall, 2.72% [95% confidence interval (CI): 2.44&ndash;2.97] of all occupational injuries were attributed to nonoptimal ambient temperatures, with moderate heat accounting for the highest fraction. This finding corresponds to an estimated 0.67 million (95% CI: 0.60&ndash;0.73) person-days of work lost every year in Spain due to temperature, or an annual average of 42 d per 1,000 workers. The estimated annual economic burden is &euro;370&thinsp;million, or 0.03% of Spain&#39;s GDP (&euro;2,015).<br />Conclusions: Our findings suggest that extreme ambient temperatures increased the risk of occupational injuries, with substantial estimated health and economic costs. These results call for public health interventions to protect workers in the context of climate change. </p> <p>Source: Mart&iacute;nez-Solanas, &Egrave;., L&oacute;pez-Ruiz, M., Wellenius, G. A., Gasparrini, A., Sunyer, J., Benavides, F. G.&nbsp;et Basaga&ntilde;a, X. (2018). <em>Environmental health perspectives, 126</em>(6).<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP2590" title="https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP2590">https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP2590</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 22 Jun 2018 15:20:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/06/22/11105.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-22T15:20:00Z 2018-06-22 15:20 +00:00 2018-06-22 11:20 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11091 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/06/22/11091.aspx Protection chimique Utilisation Équipement de protection individuel Secteurs d'activités Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture Prévention de l’exposition cutanée aux pesticides chez les producteurs de pommes et facteurs influençant le port des vêtements de protection <p>Des recherches internationales ont d&eacute;termin&eacute; que la peau constituait la principale voie d&#39;exposition aux pesticides utilis&eacute;s en agriculture. L&#39;utilisation des &eacute;quipements de protection individuelle (&Eacute;PI) joue un r&ocirc;le cl&eacute; dans la pr&eacute;vention des risques li&eacute;s &agrave; l&#39;exposition. L&#39;utilisation non syst&eacute;matique des &Eacute;PI prescrits est toutefois document&eacute;e et constitue une cible prioritaire des interventions pour la r&eacute;duction de l&#39;exposition aux pesticides. Cette &eacute;tude approfondit les r&eacute;sultats d&#39;une premi&egrave;re enqu&ecirc;te aupr&egrave;s des producteurs de pommes en ciblant sp&eacute;cifiquement l&#39;exposition cutan&eacute;e aux pesticides et l&#39;utilisation des v&ecirc;tements de protection (VP). Elle a comme objectif de d&eacute;crire les situations d&#39;exposition lors des activit&eacute;s principales li&eacute;es &agrave; l&#39;utilisation des pesticides et de les mettre en relation avec les perceptions du risque des producteurs, leur utilisation des VP et leurs pratiques de pr&eacute;vention. Les r&eacute;sultats contribuent &agrave; l&lsquo;avancement des connaissances sur les facteurs qui facilitent ou qui font obstacle &agrave; l&#39;utilisation des VP.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100993/n/exposition-cutanee-pesticides-producteurs-pommes-vetements-protection" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100993/n/exposition-cutanee-pesticides-producteurs-pommes-vetements-protection">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100993/n/exposition-cutanee-pesticides-producteurs-pommes-vetements-protection</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 22 Jun 2018 11:58:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/06/22/11091.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-22T11:58:00Z 2018-06-22 11:58 +00:00 2018-06-22 07:58 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11083 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/06/19/11083.aspx Facteurs humains Risque machine Secteurs d'activités Secteur de l'administration publique Common human factors underlying worker fatalities in the waste and recycling industry <p>Research was carried out to identify common human factors underlying fatal incidents and to provide insights into possible options for concerted action to help reduce the likelihood of serious incidents or fatalities. The research reviewed 18 fatal incidents and included in-depth interviews with HSE inspectors involved in the incident investigations. Of these incidents, 12 were in &lsquo;small and medium enterprises&#39;, SMEs (with less than 250 employees) and 6 in large enterprises (250 or more).<br />The research identified two priority human factors areas to tackle to reduce worker fatalities: equipment factors including design, use and maintenance; and safety management systems. For example, whilst it is foreseeable that some organisations (both SMEs and large) may think their SMS is adequate and well documented the analysis indicated this was not always the case.<br />The research also identified potential options for solutions to tackle these human factors issues. These options are intended to act as discussion points between the regulator and industry to inform decisions on what will work in practice and what can be adapted to work within industry. The options focus on: equipment selection, use and maintenance in the industry; and raising awareness of the risks associated with equipment and the legal requirements for equipment use and maintenance. Related to this is the need for effective safety management systems and the sharing of good practice.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr1128.pdf" title="http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr1128.pdf">http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr1128.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 19 Jun 2018 18:44:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/06/19/11083.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-19T18:44:00Z 2018-06-19 18:44 +00:00 2018-06-19 14:44 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11081 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/06/19/11081.aspx Europe Contexte de travail Coûts des lésions professionnelles Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Travailleurs vieillissants Champs de recherche Régions géographiques Secteurs d'activités Suisse Absentéisme Worsening Workers' Health by Lowering Retirement Age: The Malign Consequences of a Benign Reform <p>In 2003, the retirement age of Swiss construction workers was lowered from 65 to 60. This reform has been intended to improve their health. Our study shows the opposite outcome. The human capital theory suggests that investments in employees&#39; productivity by the employer and the employees themselves depend on the time remaining until their retirement. Hence, we hypothesize that pension reforms that reduce employees&#39; working horizon decrease investments in work-related human capital, which translates into a higher prevalence of sickness absences, a longer absence duration, and worse health. By econometrically comparing pre- and post-reform cohorts of construction workers with other blue-collar workers, we find that among 56&ndash;60-year-old construction workers, their sickness absences increase from 3.2% to 5.6%, their sickness duration increases by 33%, and their probability of having health problems increases from 9% to 12.7% due to the reform.</p> <p>Source: Bauer, A. B.,&nbsp;et Eichenberger, R. (2018). Center for Research in Economics, Management and the Arts (CREMA).<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.crema-research.ch/papers/2018-02.pdf" title="http://www.crema-research.ch/papers/2018-02.pdf">http://www.crema-research.ch/papers/2018-02.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 19 Jun 2018 17:59:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/06/19/11081.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-19T17:59:00Z 2018-06-19 17:59 +00:00 2018-06-19 13:59 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11074 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/06/15/11074.aspx Évaluation Masque respiratoire Protection respiratoire Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics Équipement de protection individuel Secteurs d'activités A Pilot Study of Nanoparticle Levels and Field Evaluation of N95 Filtering Facepiece Respirators on Construction Sites <p>Little attention has been paid to the generated submicron ultrafine and nanoparticles and their exposure levels on construction jobsites. This information is needed because cytotoxicity of nanoparticles is well known now. In addition, the performance of particulate respirators generally used by construction workers has never been evaluated in field conditions against ultrafine and nano-sized particles. We hypothesized that workers on construction jobsites are exposed to high levels of nanoparticles and current NIOSH-recommended N95 respirators may not provide them adequate protection against aerosolized nanoparticles. Our exposure assessments of ultrafine and nanoparticles on several construction sites using SMPS nanoparticle counters showed that particle mass concentrations ranged between 1.41 and 99.96 &mu;g/m3. The real-time filtration efficiency of N95 respirators against nanoparticles greater than 20.5 nm in aerodynamic diameter was often less than 95%. When surface electrostatic charge was removed in N95 respirators by isopropanol treatment, the filtration efficiency of larger nanoparticles dropped compared to smaller nanoparticles of &lt;27.5 nm sizes.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cpwr.com/sites/default/files/publications/Adhikari-nanoparticle-study-N95-filtering.pdf" title="https://www.cpwr.com/sites/default/files/publications/Adhikari-nanoparticle-study-N95-filtering.pdf">https://www.cpwr.com/sites/default/files/publications/Adhikari-nanoparticle-study-N95-filtering.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 15 Jun 2018 18:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/06/15/11074.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-15T18:19:00Z 2018-06-15 18:19 +00:00 2018-06-15 14:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11073 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/06/15/11073.aspx Équipements Normes Éolienne ANSI/ASSP A10.21 – 2018 Safety Requirements for Safe Construction and Demolition of Wind Generation/Turbine Facilities <p>This standard establishes the minimum requirements for protecting the safety and health of persons involved in construction and demolition operations addressing utility-scale land-based wind generation/turbine facilities.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://store.assp.org/PersonifyEbusiness/Store/Product-Details/productId/101625890" title="https://store.assp.org/PersonifyEbusiness/Store/Product-Details/productId/101625890">https://store.assp.org/PersonifyEbusiness/Store/Product-Details/productId/101625890</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 15 Jun 2018 17:41:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/06/15/11073.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-15T17:41:00Z 2018-06-15 17:41 +00:00 2018-06-15 13:41 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11071 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/06/15/11071.aspx Canada Décès Accidents du travail Lésions professionnelles Régions géographiques 2018 Report on Work Fatality and Injury Rates in Canada <p>Canadian workers compensation boards reported that 904 workers died due to work-related causes in 2016. This report provides a jurisdictional comparison of work-related fatality rates in Canada between 2011 to 2016 using data from the Association of Workers&#39; Compensation Boards of Canada (AWCBC).<br />A comparison of fatality rates is important for identifying trends over time both within and between provinces and territories.<br />Job-related fatalities are classified as injury (e.g., death due to job-related electrocution) or occupational disease related (e.g., death from mesothelioma due to work-related exposure to asbestos).</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.uregina.ca/business/faculty-staff/faculty/file_download/2018-Report-on-Workplace-Fatalities-and-Injuries.pdf" title="https://www.uregina.ca/business/faculty-staff/faculty/file_download/2018-Report-on-Workplace-Fatalities-and-Injuries.pdf">https://www.uregina.ca/business/faculty-staff/faculty/file_download/2018-Report-on-Workplace-Fatalities-and-Injuries.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 15 Jun 2018 17:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/06/15/11071.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-15T17:26:00Z 2018-06-15 17:26 +00:00 2018-06-15 13:26 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11061 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/06/12/11061.aspx Surdité Risques dus au bruit Revue de littérature Revue de la littérature sur les liens entre la surdité professionnelle et la presbyacousie <p>Cette&nbsp;revue de la litt&eacute;rature a &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;e pour r&eacute;pondre &agrave; une s&eacute;rie de questions concernant le processus d&#39;acquisition de la surdit&eacute; professionnelle. L&#39;objectif g&eacute;n&eacute;ral du projet visait &agrave; documenter comment s&#39;acquiert la surdit&eacute; professionnelle en relation, plus particuli&egrave;rement, avec la presbyacousie.<br />La&nbsp;revue de la litt&eacute;rature visait plus sp&eacute;cifiquement &agrave; 1) d&eacute;terminer si l&#39;exposition au bruit peut acc&eacute;l&eacute;rer le processus de la presbyacousie; 2) &eacute;tablir si l&#39;utilisation de facteurs de correction peut permettre de discriminer la surdit&eacute; professionnelle de la presbyacousie; 3) &eacute;valuer comment &eacute;volue la surdit&eacute; apr&egrave;s l&#39;arr&ecirc;t de l&#39;exposition &agrave; un bruit excessif au travail.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100984/n/revue-litterature-liens-surdite-professionnelle-presbyacousie" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100984/n/revue-litterature-liens-surdite-professionnelle-presbyacousie">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100984/n/revue-litterature-liens-surdite-professionnelle-presbyacousie</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 12 Jun 2018 12:35:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/06/12/11061.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-12T12:35:00Z 2018-06-12 12:35 +00:00 2018-06-12 08:35 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11057 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/06/06/11057.aspx États-Unis Méthodologie Santé psychologique Régions géographiques Secteurs d'activités Données administratives Secteur des services de santé Testing a Strategy to Identify Incidence of Nurse Suicide in the United States <p>OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test a strategy for quantifying incidence of nurse suicide using San Diego County data as a pilot for national investigation.<br />BACKGROUND: Worldwide, 1 person dies by suicide every 40 seconds; more than 1 000 000 suicides occur yearly. Suicide rates for nurses in the United States have not been evaluated. This methodological article tested a strategy to identify incidence of nurse suicide compared with those of physicians and the general public.<br />METHOD: Deidentified San Diego County Medical Examiner data from 2005 to 2015 were analyzed with a descriptive epidemiologic approach.<br />RESULTS: Overall RN (18.51) and physician (40.72) incidences of suicide per 100 000 person-years were higher than the San Diego general population, excluding nurses (15.81) normalized to 100 000 person-years.<br />CONCLUSIONS: Establishing incidence of nurse suicide is confounded by variation in reporting mechanisms plus incomplete availability of nurse gender data. Relatively small outcome numbers compared with the general population may underestimate results. Research using a larger sample is indicated. Nurse executives may decrease risk by proactively addressing workplace stressors.</p> <p>Source: Davidson, J. E., Stuck, A. R., Zisook, S.&nbsp;et Proudfoot, J. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Journal of nursing administration, 48</em>(5), 259-265.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NNA.0000000000000610" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NNA.0000000000000610">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NNA.0000000000000610</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 06 Jun 2018 16:29:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/statistiques/archive/2018/06/06/11057.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-06T16:29:00Z 2018-06-06 16:29 +00:00 2018-06-06 12:29 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11039 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/06/05/11039.aspx TMS Interventions Essais randomisés Affections Épaules Cou Types d'interventions Thérapie multidisciplinaire Essais comparatifs Return to Work in Employees on Sick Leave due to Neck or Shoulder Pain <p><strong>A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Multidisciplinary and Brief Intervention with One-Year Register-Based Follow-Up</strong><br />Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a multidisciplinary intervention (MDI) compared to a brief intervention (BI) with respect to return to work (RTW), pain and disability in workers on sick leave because of neck or shoulder pain. Methods: 168 study participants with sickness absence for 4&ndash;16 weeks due to neck or shoulder pain were enrolled in a hospital-based clinical study and randomized to either MDI or BI. The primary outcome was RTW obtained by a national registry on public transfer payments. Secondary outcomes were self-reported pain and disability levels. One-year follow-up RTW rates were estimated by Cox proportional hazard regression adjusted for gender, age, sick leave prior to inclusion, part-time sick leave and clinical diagnosis. Secondary outcomes were analysed using logistic and linear regression analysis for pain and disability, respectively. Results: In the MDI group, 50 participants (59%) experienced four or more continuous weeks of RTW while 48 (58%) returned to work in the BI group during the 1 year of follow-up. Results showed a statistically non significant tendency towards a lower rate of RTW in the MDI group than in the BI group (adjusted HR&thinsp;=&thinsp;0.84, 95% CI 0.54, 1.31). There were no statistically significant differences in secondary outcomes between the MDI and BI groups. Conclusion: The brief and the multidisciplinary interventions performed equally with respect to both primary and secondary outcomes. The added focus on RTW in the multidisciplinary group did not improve RTW rates in this group.</p> <p>Source: Moll, L. T., Jensen, O. K., Schi&oslash;ttz-Christensen, B., Stapelfeldt, C. M., Christiansen, D. H., Nielsen, C. V.&nbsp;et Labriola, M. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Journal of occupational rehabilitation</em>, 28,(2),&nbsp;346-356.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9727-9" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9727-9">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9727-9</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 05 Jun 2018 12:42:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/06/05/11039.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-05T12:42:00Z 2018-06-05 12:42 +00:00 2018-06-05 08:42 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11055 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/06/01/11055.aspx Évaluation Contaminants Protection respiratoire Utilisation Appareils pour la protection respiratoire Secteurs d'activités Secteur de l'industrie manufacturière Respirator use and its impact on particulate matter exposure in aluminum manufacturing facilities <p>Objectives: As part of a large epidemiologic study of particulate health effect, this study aimed to report respirator use among total particulate matter (TPM) samples collected in a major aluminum manufacturing company from 1966‒2013 and evaluate the impact of respirator-use adjustment on exposure estimation. <br />Methods: Descriptive analyses were performed to evaluate respirator use across facilities and by facility type and job. Protection factors were applied to TPM measurements for recorded respirator use. Estimated TPM exposure for each job ‒ before and after respirator-use adjustment ‒ were compared to assess the impact of adjustment on exposure estimation.<br />Results: Respirator use was noted for 37% of 12 402 full-shift personal TPM samples. Measured TPM concentration ranged from less than detectable to 8220 mg/m3, with arithmetic mean, median and standard deviation being 10.6, 0.87 and 130 mg/m3, respectively. Respirators were used more often in smelting facilities (52% of TPM measurements) than in fabricating (17%) or refinery facilities (28%) (P&lt;0.01). Sixty-two percent of jobs in smelting facilities were subject to respirator-use adjustment, whereas it was 20% and 70% in fabricating and refinery facilities, respectively. Applying protection factors to TPM measurements significantly reduced estimated job mean TPM exposures and changed exposure categories in these facilities, with larger impact in smelting than fabricating facilities.<br />Conclusions: Respirator use varied by time, facility and job. Adjusting respirator use resulted in differential impact in smelting and fabricating facilities, which will need to be incorporated into ongoing epidemiologic studies accordingly.</p> <p>Source: Liu S, Noth E, Eisen E, Cullen MR, Hammond K. (2018). <em>Scand J Work Environ Health</em>.&nbsp;<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3735" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3735">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3735</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 01 Jun 2018 19:07:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/protection/archive/2018/06/01/11055.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-01T19:07:00Z 2018-06-01 19:07 +00:00 2018-06-01 15:07 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11037 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/06/01/11037.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Recension des écrits Facteurs cognitifs et émotionnels Détresse psychologique Méthodes et types d’études Cancer Affections Facteurs liés à la personne Affections non associées au travail Common Psychosocial Factors Predicting Return to Work After Common Mental Disorders, Cardiovascular Diseases, and Cancers <p><strong>A Review of Reviews Supporting a Cross-Disease Approach</strong><br />Purpose: This systematic review aimed at identifying the common psychosocial factors that facilitate or hinder the return to work (RTW) after a sick leave due to common mental disorders (CMDs), cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), or cancers (CAs). Methods: We conducted a review of reviews searching 13 databases from 1994 to 2016 for peer-reviewed, quantitative, cohort studies investigating factors influencing RTW after a CMD, CVD, or CA. Then, for each disease we identified additional cohort studies published after the date of the latest review included. Data were extracted following a three steps best-evidence synthesis method: the extraction of results about each predictor from studies within each single review and in the additional papers; the synthesis of results across the reviews and additional papers investigating the same disease; and the synthesis of results across the diseases. Results: The search strategy identified 1029 unique records from which 27 reviews and 75 additional studies underwent comprehensive review. 14 reviews and 32 additional cohort studies met eligibility criteria. Specific predictors of RTW with different levels of evidence are provided for each disease. We found four common facilitators of RTW (job control, work ability, perceived good health and high socioeconomic status), and six barriers of RTW (job strain, anxiety, depression, comorbidity, older age and low education). Conclusion: This is the first review to systematically analyze commonalities in RTW after CMDs, CVDs, or CAs. The common factors identified indicate that the RTW process presents many similarities across various diseases, thus supporting the validity of a cross-disease approach.</p> <p>Source: Gragnano, A., Negrini, A., Miglioretti, M. et&nbsp;Corbi&egrave;re, M. (2018). <em>Journal of occupational rehabilitation,&nbsp;28</em>(2),&nbsp;215-231.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9714-1" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9714-1 ">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9714-1</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 01 Jun 2018 17:29:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/06/01/11037.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-06-01T17:29:00Z 2018-06-01 17:29 +00:00 2018-06-01 13:29 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11038 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/31/11038.aspx Outils d'évaluation de la santé TMS Patient-oriented outcomes Affections Validation de questionnaire Validation of the Readiness for Return-To-Work Scale in outpatient occupational rehabilitation in Canada <p>Purpose: To examine construct and concurrent validity of the Readiness for Return-To-Work (RRTW) Scale with injured workers participating in an outpatient occupational rehabilitation program. Methods: Lost-time claimants (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;389) with sub-acute or chronic musculoskeletal disorders completed the RRTW Scale on their first day of their occupational rehabilitation program. Statistical analysis included exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of the readiness items, reliability analyses, and correlation with related scales and questionnaires. Results: For claimants in the non-job attached/not working group (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;165), three factors were found (1) Contemplation (2) Prepared for Action-Self-evaluative and (3) Prepared for Action-Behavioural. The precontemplation stage was not identified within this sample of injured workers. For claimants who were job attached/working group in some capacity (n&thinsp;=&thinsp;224), two factors were identified (1) Uncertain Maintenance and (2) Proactive Maintenance. Expected relationships and statistically significant differences were found among the identified Return-To-Work (RTW) readiness factors and related constructs of pain, physical and mental health and RTW expectations. Conclusion: Construct and concurrent validity of the RRTW Scale were supported in this study. The results of this study indicate the construct of readiness for RTW can vary by disability duration and occupational category. Physical health appears to be a significant barrier to RRTW for the job attached/working group while mental health significantly compromises RRTW with the non-job attached/not working group.</p> <p>Source: Park, J., Roberts, M. R., Esmail, S., Rayani, F., Norris, C. M.&nbsp;et Gross, D. P. (2018). <em>Journal of occupational rehabilitation, 28</em>(2),&nbsp;332-345.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9721-2" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9721-2">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9721-2</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 31 May 2018 17:32:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/31/11038.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-05-31T17:32:00Z 2018-05-31 17:32 +00:00 2018-05-31 13:32 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11040 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/30/11040.aspx Interventions Cancer Affections Affections non associées au travail Rehabilitation and return to work after cancer - Instruments and practices <p>Being diagnosed with cancer has immediate and long-lasting effects, even after the completion of treatment.<br />This project explores the occupational safety and health challenges that employers and employees face when workers return to work after a diagnosis of cancer. The report provides national examples of successful instruments and practices that help prevent long-term sickness absence and unemployment.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/rehabilitation-and-return-work-after-cancer-instruments-and/view" title="https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/rehabilitation-and-return-work-after-cancer-instruments-and/view">https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/rehabilitation-and-return-work-after-cancer-instruments-and/view</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 30 May 2018 18:14:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/30/11040.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-05-30T18:14:00Z 2018-05-30 18:14 +00:00 2018-05-30 14:14 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11036 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/29/11036.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Épuisement professionnel Détresse psychologique Santé psychologique au travail Affections Facteurs liés à l’environnement de travail How Can Supervisors Contribute to the Return to Work of Employees Who have Experienced Depression? <p>Background: In Western countries, work disability due to depression is a widespread problem that generates enormous costs. Objective: The goal of this study was to determine the types and prevalence of supervisor contributions during the different phases of the return-to-work (RTW) process (before and during the sick-leave absence, and during the RTW preparations) of employees diagnosed with depression. Moreover, we sought to determine which contributions actually facilitate employees&#39; RTW, and to identify the work accommodations most frequently implemented by supervisors at the actual time of their employee&#39;s RTW. Methods: Telephone interviews were conducted in Qu&eacute;bec (Canada) with 74 supervisors working with employees who were already back at work or still on sick leave due to depression. A sub-sample of 46 supervisors who had already taken measures to facilitate their employees&#39; RTW was questioned about the work accommodations implemented. Results: Most of the supervisors got along well with their employees before their sick leave and 72% stayed in contact with them during their leave. Nearly 90% of the supervisors encouraged their employees to focus primarily on their recovery before their RTW, but 43% pressured their employees to RTW as soon as possible. Cox regression analyses performed for the entire sample revealed that &ldquo;the supervisors&#39; intention to take measures to facilitate their employees&#39; RTW&rdquo; was the only significant predictor of the RTW at the time of the interview. The Kaplan&ndash;Meier survival curve showed that 50% of the employees were expected to RTW within the first 8 months of absence. Four of the most frequently implemented work accommodations were actions directly involving the supervisor (i.e. providing assistance, feedback, recognition, and emotional support to the employee). Conclusions: This study shed light on the less explored point of view of the supervisor involved in the RTW process of employees post-depression. It highlighted the most frequent and effective supervisor contributions to the process. These results can be used to develop concrete action plans for training supervisors to contribute to the sustainable RTW of employees on sick leave due to depression.</p> <p>Source: Negrini, A., Corbi&egrave;re, M., Lecomte, T., Coutu, M. F., Nieuwenhuijsen, K., St-Arnaud, L., ...&nbsp;et Berbiche, D. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Journal of occupational rehabilitation, 28</em>(2),&nbsp;279-288.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9715-0" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9715-0">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9715-0</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 29 May 2018 17:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/29/11036.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-05-29T17:05:00Z 2018-05-29 17:05 +00:00 2018-05-29 13:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11035 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/05/28/11035.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Agents ototoxiques Prévention du bruit Use of the kurtosis statistic in an evaluation of the effects of noise and solvent exposures on the hearing thresholds of workers <p><strong>An exploratory study</strong><br />The aim of this exploratory study was to examine whether the kurtosis metric can contribute to investigations of the effects of combined exposure to noise and solvents on human hearing thresholds. Twenty factory workers exposed to noise and solvents along with 20 workers of similar age exposed only to noise in eastern China were investigated using pure-tone audiometry (1000&ndash;8000&thinsp;Hz). Exposure histories and shift-long noise recording files were obtained for each participant. The data were used in the calculation of the cumulative noise exposure (CNE) and CNE adjusted by the kurtosis metric for each participant. Passive samplers were used to measure solvent concentrations for each worker exposed to solvents over the full work shift. Results showed an interaction between noise exposure and solvents for the hearing threshold at 6000&thinsp;Hz. This effect was observed only when the CNE level was adjusted by the kurtosis metric.</p> <p>Source: Fuente, A., Qiu, W., Zhang, M., Xie, H., Kardous, C. A., Campo, P.&nbsp;et Morata, T. C. (2018).&nbsp;<em>The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 143</em>(3), 1704-1710.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5028368" title="https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5028368 ">https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5028368</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 28 May 2018 19:23:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/05/28/11035.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-05-28T19:23:00Z 2018-05-28 19:23 +00:00 2018-05-28 15:23 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11031 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/24/11031.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Vieillissement de la main d'oeuvre Caractéristiques des travailleurs Santé psychologique au travail Caractéristiques sociales Âge Facteurs sociodémographiques Maintien en emploi Facteurs liés à l’environnement de travail Secteurs d'activités Secteur de l'enseignement Quels sont les facilitateurs du maintien en emploi en santé des travailleurs seniors dans un milieu d’éducation au Québec? <p>Le pourcentage de travailleurs seniors &acirc;g&eacute;s de 45 ans et plus augmente sans cesse sur le march&eacute; du travail au Qu&eacute;bec. Dans le secteur de l&#39;&eacute;ducation, une large portion de la main-d&#39;&oelig;uvre est &acirc;g&eacute;e de 45 ans et plus (41 %) et un tiers du personnel aura quitt&eacute; son poste entre 2009 et 2018 (Grenier, 2009). Des statistiques r&eacute;centes montrent aussi que les l&eacute;sions tant de nature physique que psychologique des travailleurs qu&eacute;b&eacute;cois du secteur de l&#39;&eacute;ducation sont souvent associ&eacute;es &agrave; une perte de temps indemnis&eacute;e par la Commission des normes, de l&#39;&eacute;quit&eacute;, de la sant&eacute; et de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail (CNESST). Ces l&eacute;sions touchent davantage des travailleurs seniors qui occupent diverses fonctions (p. ex., enseignants, personnel administratif) (Busque, 2012). L&#39;objectif g&eacute;n&eacute;ral de cette &eacute;tude est d&#39;identifier les d&eacute;terminants du maintien en emploi en sant&eacute; des travailleurs seniors &acirc;g&eacute;s de 45 ans et plus &oelig;uvrant dans une commission scolaire (CS) qu&eacute;b&eacute;coise.<br />Cette &eacute;tude a permis de mieux comprendre comment les conditions de travail caract&eacute;ris&eacute;es par la pr&eacute;sence de facteurs psychosociaux favorisent la sant&eacute; psychologique des travailleurs seniors et les encouragent &agrave; rester en emploi &agrave; la CS plut&ocirc;t que de d&eacute;cider &agrave; prendre une retraite h&acirc;tive. Les r&eacute;sultats de la Phase 1 ont mis en &eacute;vidence que les travailleurs en fin de carri&egrave;re montrent de plus hauts niveaux de stresseurs ressentis au travail et d&#39;amotivation comparativement &agrave; ceux qui se trouvent dans l&#39;&eacute;tape interm&eacute;diaire de leur carri&egrave;re. Pour les travailleurs retrait&eacute;s, l&#39;autonomie et la flexibilit&eacute; des horaires contribuaient &agrave; leur satisfaction au travail et &agrave; leur motivation introject&eacute;e. Ces aspects positifs de la sant&eacute; psychologique au travail, &agrave; leur tour, ont d&eacute;termin&eacute; leur choix de se maintenir en emploi &agrave; la CS, et ce, jusqu&#39;&agrave; leur retraite r&eacute;guli&egrave;re. Comparativement au groupe qui a opt&eacute; pour une retraite h&acirc;tive avec des p&eacute;nalit&eacute;s financi&egrave;res, celui des travailleurs qui ont choisi une retraite r&eacute;guli&egrave;re se caract&eacute;rise par des niveaux plus &eacute;lev&eacute;s de satisfaction au travail et de satisfaction envers l&#39;&eacute;tablissement.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100983/n/facilitateurs-maintien-emploi-sante-travailleurs-seniors-milieu-education-quebec" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100983/n/facilitateurs-maintien-emploi-sante-travailleurs-seniors-milieu-education-quebec">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100983/n/facilitateurs-maintien-emploi-sante-travailleurs-seniors-milieu-education-quebec</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 24 May 2018 12:11:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/05/24/11031.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-05-24T12:11:00Z 2018-05-24 12:11 +00:00 2018-05-24 08:11 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:11012 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/05/07/11012.aspx Facteurs de risque Conception sécuritaire Formation Maintenance Lois et réglementations Risques électriques Installations électriques: comment intervenir en toute sécurité? <p>Elle ne se voit pas&nbsp;mais nous percevons les manifestations de son utilisation, telle que la lumi&egrave;re, la chaleur et le mouvement. Aujourd&#39;hui &eacute;nergie la plus utilis&eacute;e, l&#39;&eacute;lectricit&eacute; est devenue indispensable dans la vie courante et dans l&#39;entreprise.&nbsp;La pr&eacute;vention repose, d&#39;une part, sur la mise en s&eacute;curit&eacute; des mat&eacute;riels et installations et, d&#39;autre part, sur le respect des r&egrave;gles de s&eacute;curit&eacute; par les personnes. Ce dossier aborde les diff&eacute;rents aspects de la pr&eacute;vention de ce risque: conception et maintien&nbsp;en &eacute;tat des installations &eacute;lectriques, choix des &eacute;quipements de protection, formation pr&eacute;alable &agrave; l&#39;habilitation, r&eacute;glementation et normalisation. il propose &eacute;galement un retour d&#39;exp&eacute;rience d&#39;une initiative industrielle pour am&eacute;liorer la s&eacute;curit&eacute; lors des interventions.</p> <p>Source: (2018). <em>Revue Hygi&egrave;ne et S&eacute;curit&eacute; du travail</em> (250).<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.hst.fr/dms/hst/data/articles/HST/TI-DO-20/do20.pdf" title="http://www.hst.fr/dms/hst/data/articles/HST/TI-DO-20/do20.pdf">http://www.hst.fr/dms/hst/data/articles/HST/TI-DO-20/do20.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 07 May 2018 19:32:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/05/07/11012.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-05-07T19:32:00Z 2018-05-07 19:32 +00:00 2018-05-07 15:32 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10972 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/04/26/10972.aspx Facteurs de risque Risque machine Travail collaboratif hommes-robots Robotique collaborative : perception et attentes des industriels <p>Gr&acirc;ce aux innovations techniques, la robotique industrielle &eacute;volue et devient &quot;collaborative&quot;. En cr&eacute;ant des situations de coactivit&eacute; entre l&#39;homme et le robot, elle soul&egrave;ve aussi des questions de sant&eacute; et de s&eacute;curit&eacute;. Comment v&eacute;rifier que cette technologie r&eacute;ponde aux exigences de s&eacute;curit&eacute; pour l&#39;op&eacute;rateur, tout en satisfaisant les besoins des industriels? Pour le savoir, une enqu&ecirc;te exploratoire a &eacute;t&eacute; men&eacute;e aupr&egrave;s d&#39;utilisateurs de robots industriels, sur leurs besoins et leur perception des apports potentiels en mati&egrave;re de robotique collaborative. </p> <p>Source: Thay, David. (2018). <em>Hygi&egrave;ne et s&eacute;curit&eacute; au travail</em> (250).<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.hst.fr/dms/hst/data/articles/HST/TI-NT-58/nt58.pdf%20" title="http://www.hst.fr/dms/hst/data/articles/HST/TI-NT-58/nt58.pdf ">http://www.hst.fr/dms/hst/data/articles/HST/TI-NT-58/nt58.pdf </a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 26 Apr 2018 15:41:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/04/26/10972.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-26T15:41:00Z 2018-04-26 15:41 +00:00 2018-04-26 11:41 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10955 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/23/10955.aspx Troubles cardio-vasculaires Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Effets sur la santé Exposition - dose Risques dus au bruit Fatigue auditive Cardiovascular conditions, hearing difficulty, and occupational noise exposure within US industries and occupations <p>Background: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of occupational noise exposure, hearing difficulty and cardiovascular conditions within US industries and occupations, and to examine any associations of these outcomes with occupational noise exposure. <br />Methods: National Health Interview Survey data from 2014 were examined. Weighted prevalence and adjusted prevalence ratios of self-reported hearing difficulty, hypertension, elevated cholesterol, and coronary heart disease or stroke were estimated by level of occupational noise exposure, industry, and occupation. <br />Results: Twenty-five percent of current workers had a history of occupational noise exposure (14% exposed in the last year), 12% had hearing difficulty, 24% had hypertension, 28% had elevated cholesterol; 58%, 14%, and 9% of these cases can be attributed to occupational noise exposure, respectively. <br />Conclusions: Hypertension, elevated cholesterol, and hearing difficulty are more prevalent among noise-exposed workers. Reducing workplace noise levels is critical. Workplace-based health and wellness programs should also be considered. </p> <p>Source: Kerns, E., Masterson, E. A., Themann, C. L.&nbsp;et Calvert, G. M. (2018).&nbsp;<em>American journal of industrial medicine</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22833" title="https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22833">https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22833</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 23 Apr 2018 19:05:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/23/10955.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-23T19:05:00Z 2018-04-23 19:05 +00:00 2018-04-23 15:05 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10951 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/04/23/10951.aspx Secteur de l’agriculture et de la sylviculture Techniques de sécurité Secteurs d'activités Débroussaillage - 3e édition <p>Cette brochure traite des travaux de d&eacute;broussaillage, des techniques de travail et des situations dangereuses. On y d&eacute;crit &eacute;galement les responsabilit&eacute;s de l&#39;employeur et du travailleur, l&#39;&eacute;quipement de protection individuelle &agrave; utiliser et des r&egrave;gles &agrave; suivre en mati&egrave;re de premiers secours et de premiers soins. Pour cette 3e &eacute;dition, des changements importants ont &eacute;t&eacute; apport&eacute;s aux pages 14-15 et 16 o&ugrave; il est question du choix des lames.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_634.aspx" title="http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_634.aspx">http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_634.aspx</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 23 Apr 2018 11:54:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/04/23/10951.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-23T11:54:00Z 2018-04-23 11:54 +00:00 2018-04-23 07:54 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10949 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/20/10949.aspx Agents ototoxiques Risques dus au bruit Preventing Hearing Loss Caused by Chemical (Ototoxicity) and Noise Exposure <p>Millions of workers are exposed to noise in the workplace every day and when uncontrolled, noise exposure may cause permanent hearing loss. Research demonstrates exposure to certain chemicals, called ototoxicants, may cause hearing loss or balance problems, regardless of noise exposure. Substances including certain pesticides, solvents, and pharmaceuticals that contain ototoxicants can negatively affect how the ear functions, causing hearing loss, and/or affect balance. The risk of hearing loss is increased when workers are exposed to these chemicals while working around elevated noise levels. This combination often results in hearing loss that can be temporary or permanent, depending on the level of noise, the dose of the chemical, and the duration of the exposure. This hearing impairment affects many occupations and industries, from machinists to firefighters.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2018-124/" title="https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2018-124/">https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2018-124/</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 20 Apr 2018 13:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/20/10949.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-20T13:49:00Z 2018-04-20 13:49 +00:00 2018-04-20 09:49 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10946 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/04/19/10946.aspx Cadenassage Réduction du risque Risque machine Qualitative study on the control of hazardous energy on machinery using lockout and alternative methods <p>In Canada, like many countries, the national standard and provincial regulations require that workers performing maintenance, repair, and un-jamming activities on machinery must follow lockout procedures. However, the high number of accidents linked to hazardous energies and machinery shows that organizations have difficulty with the application of lockout arrangements or use of alternative methods. Therefore, it is important to understand how organizations implement lockout programs and procedures, and the extent to which they are in accordance with relevant standards and regulations. In this qualitative research, the application of lockout and alternative methods was studied in 13 organizations in Quebec, through a group interview, document review and site observation in each organization. In each organiztion, the researchers conducted a group interview and completed a questionnaire, which included more than a hundred questions on the lockout program, application of lockout procedures, alternative methods, sub-contractor management, training, and audit/inspection. The researchers then used observation data and documentation collected from each organization to verify interviewee responses and to finalize the questionnaire. The shortcomings found included: (i) incomplete lockout programs; (ii) missing steps in general lockout procedures; (iii) not reading the placards; (iv) using alternative methods without risk assessment; (v) poor training for alternative methods; (vi) absence of supervision and coordination of subcontractors; (vii) and lack of audit tools and documentation of audit results. Despite the shortcomings, actual lockout practices in the organizations visited were better than what was described in their lockout programs. Recommendations for addressing identified shortcomings are proposed.</p> <p>Source: Karimi, B., Chinniah, Y., Burlet-Vienney, D. et&nbsp;Aucourt, B. (2018).&nbsp;<em>Safety Science, 107</em>, 22-34.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.04.005" title="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.04.005">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.04.005</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 19 Apr 2018 18:13:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/04/19/10946.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-19T18:13:00Z 2018-04-19 18:13 +00:00 2018-04-19 14:13 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10933 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/04/12/10933.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Absentéisme Environnement de travail Santé psychologique au travail Exigence du travail Secteur des services de santé Facteurs liés à l’environnement de travail Secteurs d'activités Psychosocial work environment and mental health-related long-term sickness absence among nurses <p>Purpose: We investigated which job demands and job resources were predictive of mental health-related long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in nurses.<br />Methods: The data of 2059 nurses were obtained from the Norwegian survey of Shift work, Sleep and Health. Job demands (psychological demands, role conflict, and harassment at the workplace) and job resources (social support at work, role clarity, and fair leadership) were measured at baseline and linked to mental health-related LTSA during 2-year follow-up. Cox regression models estimated hazard ratios (HR) and related 95% confidence intervals (CI). The c-statistic was used to investigate the discriminative ability of the Cox regression models.<br />Results: A total of 1533 (75%) nurses were included in the analyses; 103 (7%) of them had mental health-related LTSA during 2-year follow-up. Harassment (HR = 1.07; 95% CI 1.01&ndash;1.17) and social support (HR = 0.92; 95% CI 0.87&ndash;0.98) were associated with mental health-related LTSA. However, the Cox regression model did not discriminate between nurses with and without mental health-related LTSA (c = 0.59; 95% CI 0.53&ndash;0.65).<br />Conclusions: Harassment was positively and social support at the workplace was negatively related to mental health-related LTSA, but both failed to discriminate between nurses with and without mental health-related LTSA during 2-year follow-up.</p> <p>Source: Roelen, C. A., van Hoffen, M. F., Waage, S., Schaufeli, W. B., Twisk, J. W., Bjorvatn, B., ...&nbsp;et Pallesen, S. (2018).&nbsp;<em>International archives of occupational and environmental health, 91</em>(2), 195-203.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-017-1268-1" title="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-017-1268-1 ">https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-017-1268-1</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 12 Apr 2018 14:59:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/04/12/10933.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-12T14:59:00Z 2018-04-12 14:59 +00:00 2018-04-12 10:59 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10924 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/12/10924.aspx Surdité Risques dus au bruit Secteur de l’agriculture et de la sylviculture Atteinte auditive Secteurs d'activités Prevalence of hearing loss among noise-exposed workers within the agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting sector, 2003-2012 <p>Background: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss among noise-exposed US workers within the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting (AFFH) sector. <br />Methods: Audiograms for 1.4 million workers (17&thinsp;299 within AFFH) from 2003 to 2012 were examined. Prevalence, and the adjusted risk for hearing loss as compared with the reference industry (Couriers and Messengers), were estimated. <br />Results: The overall AFFH sector prevalence was 15% compared to 19% for all industries combined, but many of the AFFH sub-sectors exceeded the overall prevalence. Forestry sub-sector prevalences were highest with Forest Nurseries and Gathering of Forest Products at 36% and Timber Tract Operations at 22%. The Aquaculture sub-sector had the highest adjusted risk of all AFFH sub-sectors (PR&thinsp;=&thinsp;1.70; CI&thinsp;=&thinsp;1.42-2.04). <br />Conclusions: High risk industries within the AFFH sector need continued hearing conservation efforts. Barriers to hearing loss prevention and early detection of hearing loss need to be recognized and addressed. <p> <p>Source: Masterson, E. A., Themann, C. L., &amp; Calvert, G. M. (2018). <em>American journal of industrial medicine, 61</em>(1), 42-50.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22792" title="|https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22792">https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22792</a><br />&nbsp;</p> </p> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 12 Apr 2018 14:22:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/12/10924.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-12T14:22:00Z 2018-04-12 14:22 +00:00 2018-04-12 10:22 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10922 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/10/10922.aspx Surdité Risques dus au bruit Secteur de l'administration publique Secteur des services de santé Atteinte auditive Secteurs d'activités Prevalence of Hearing Loss Among Noise-Exposed Workers Within the Health Care and Social Assistance Sector, 2003 to 2012 <p>Objective: The purpose was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss for noise-exposed U.S. workers within the Health Care and Social Assistance (HSA) sector.<br />Methods: Audiograms for 1.4 million workers (8702 within HSA) from 2003 to 2012 were examined. Prevalences and adjusted risks for hearing loss as compared with a reference industry were estimated for the HSA sector and all industries combined.<br />Results: While the overall HSA sector prevalence for hearing loss was 19%, the prevalences in the Medical Laboratories subsector and the Offices of All Other Miscellaneous Health Practitioners subsector were 31% and 24%, respectively. The Child Day Care Services subsector had a 52% higher risk than the reference industry.<br />Conclusion: High-risk industries for hearing loss exist within the HSA sector. Further work is needed to identify the sources of noise exposure and protect worker hearing.</p> <p>Source: Masterson, Elizabeth, A., Themann, Christa, L., Calvert, Geoffrey, M. (2018). <em>Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine,&nbsp;60</em>(4),&nbsp;350&ndash;356.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001214" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001214">http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001214</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 10 Apr 2018 19:27:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/10/10922.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-10T19:27:00Z 2018-04-10 19:27 +00:00 2018-04-10 15:27 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10901 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/03/10901.aspx Normalisation et réglementation du bruit Guide ASTM E1374 - Standard Guide for Office Acoustics and Applicable ASTM Standards <p>This guide is intended for the use of architects, engineers, office managers, and others interested in designing, specifying, or operating office environments.<br />It is not intended to be applied to other environments, for example, open plan schools.<br />While this guide attempts to clarify the many interacting variables that influence acoustical performance, it is not intended to supplant the experience and judgment of experts in the field of acoustics. Competent technical advice should be sought for success in the design of offices, including comparisons of test results carried out according to ASTM standards.<br />This guide discusses the principles and interactions that affect the acoustical performance of open and closed offices. It describes the application and use of the relevant series of ASTM standards.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E1374.htm" title="https://www.astm.org/Standards/E1374.htm">https://www.astm.org/Standards/E1374.htm</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 03 Apr 2018 17:03:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/04/03/10901.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-03T17:03:00Z 2018-04-03 17:03 +00:00 2018-04-03 13:03 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10899 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/04/03/10899.aspx Conception sécuritaire Équipements Machines mobiles et véhicules Matériel nautique Réduction du risque Risque machine Secteur de l'agriculture et de la sylviculture Secteurs d'activités Ergonomie et sécurité Critères d’aménagement sécuritaire et ergonomique des postes de haleur et de support à casiers des homardiers du Québec <p>La pratique de la p&ecirc;che commerciale est reconnue comme l&#39;un des m&eacute;tiers les plus dangereux &agrave; l&#39;&eacute;chelle mondiale. Entre 2012 et 2014, elle a fait l&#39;objet de deux projets de recherche qui ont &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;s en Gasp&eacute;sie et aux &Icirc;les-de-la-Madeleine. Le premier visait &agrave; analyser les activit&eacute;s de travail et les risques de chute par-dessus bord des homardiers ainsi que leurs d&eacute;terminants, tandis que le deuxi&egrave;me consistait en l&#39;&eacute;tude des am&eacute;nagements aux postes de travail &laquo; haleur et support &agrave; casiers &raquo;. La pr&eacute;sente recherche d&eacute;coule de ces projets et porte sur l&#39;am&eacute;lioration de l&#39;ergonomie et de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; de ces deux emplacements. Les objectifs poursuivis sont : 1) mettre en &eacute;vidence les avantages du point de vue de l&#39;efficacit&eacute;, de la s&eacute;curit&eacute; et de l&#39;ergonomie de certains am&eacute;nagements aux postes de haleur et de support &agrave; casiers; 2) formuler des param&egrave;tres de conception et &eacute;tudier la faisabilit&eacute; de leur mise en &oelig;uvre lors de modifications d&#39;installations existantes; 3) d&eacute;montrer cette faisabilit&eacute; en r&eacute;alisant trois bancs d&#39;essai; 4) d&eacute;crire et analyser la d&eacute;marche de coconception avec la collaboration des p&ecirc;cheurs.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100972/n/haleur-support-casier-homardier" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100972/n/haleur-support-casier-homardier">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100972/n/haleur-support-casier-homardier</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 03 Apr 2018 13:09:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/04/03/10899.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-04-03T13:09:00Z 2018-04-03 13:09 +00:00 2018-04-03 09:09 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10872 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/02/06/10872.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Absentéisme Méthodes et types d’études Facteurs de risque d'incapacité prolongée Méthodes non-expérimentales Étude épidémiologique Recherche quantitative Prediction of long-term absence due to sickness in employees <p><strong>Development and validation of a multifactorial risk score in two cohort studies</strong><br />Objectives: This study aimed to develop and validate a risk prediction model for long-term sickness absence.<br />Methods: Survey responses on work- and lifestyle-related questions from 65 775 public-sector employees were linked to sickness absence records to develop a prediction score for medically-certified sickness absence lasting &gt;9 days and &ge;90 days. The score was externally validated using data from an independent population-based cohort of 13 527 employees. For both sickness absence outcomes, a full model including 46 candidate predictors was reduced to a parsimonious model using least-absolute-shrinkage-and-selection-operator (LASSO) regression. Predictive performance of the model was evaluated using C-index and calibration plots.<br />Results: Variance explained in &ge;90-day sickness absence by the full model was 12.5%. In the parsimonious model, the predictors included self-rated health (linear and quadratic term), depression, sex, age (linear and quadratic), socioeconomic position, previous sickness absences, number of chronic diseases, smoking, shift work, working night shift, and quadratic terms for body mass index and Jenkins sleep scale. The discriminative ability of the score was good (C-index 0.74 in internal and 0.73 in external validation). Calibration plots confirmed high correspondence between the predicted and observed risk. In &gt;9-day sickness absence, the full model explained 15.2% of the variance explained, but the C-index of the parsimonious model was poor (&lt;0.65).<br />Conclusions: Individuals&#39; risk of a long-term sickness absence that lasts &ge;90 days can be estimated using a brief risk score. The predictive performance of this score is comparable to those for established multifactorial risk algorithms for cardiovascular disease, such as the Framingham risk score.</p> <p>Source: Airaksinen, J., Jokela, M., Virtanen, M., Oksanen, T., Koskenvuo, M., Pentti, J., ...&nbsp;et Kivim&auml;ki, M. (2018). <em>Scandinavian journal of work, environment &amp; health</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3713" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3713">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3713</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 06 Feb 2018 20:00:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/02/06/10872.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-02-06T20:00:00Z 2018-02-06 20:00 +00:00 2018-02-06 15:00 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10858 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/02/01/10858.aspx NF EN ISO 9241-960 - Ergonomie de l'interaction homme-système <p><strong>Partie 960 : cadre et lignes directrices relatives aux interactions gestuelles</strong><br />Le pr&eacute;sent document fournit des lignes directrices pour la s&eacute;lection ou la cr&eacute;ation des gestes devant &ecirc;tre utilis&eacute;s dans une interface gestuelle. Il traite de l&#39;utilisabilit&eacute; des gestes et fournit des informations sur leur conception, le processus de conception et les param&egrave;tres pertinents &agrave; prendre en compte. En outre, il fournit des lignes directrices relatives &agrave; la mani&egrave;re dont il convient de documenter les gestes. Le pr&eacute;sent document concerne les gestes effectu&eacute;s par un humain et non la r&eacute;ponse du syst&egrave;me g&eacute;n&eacute;r&eacute;e lorsque les utilisateurs effectuent ces gestes.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-iso-9241-960/ergonomie-de-l-interaction-homme-systeme-partie-960-cadre-et-lignes-directrices-relatives-aux-interactions-gestuelles/article/829263/fa179824" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-iso-9241-960/ergonomie-de-l-interaction-homme-systeme-partie-960-cadre-et-lignes-directrices-relatives-aux-interactions-gestuelles/article/829263/fa179824">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-iso-9241-960/ergonomie-de-l-interaction-homme-systeme-partie-960-cadre-et-lignes-directrices-relatives-aux-interactions-gestuelles/article/829263/fa179824</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 01 Feb 2018 14:02:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/02/01/10858.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-02-01T14:02:00Z 2018-02-01 14:02 +00:00 2018-02-01 09:02 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10867 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/01/31/10867.aspx Santé psychologique au travail Intervention précoce Intervention psychosociale Secteur du transport et de l'entreposage Intervention Secteurs d'activités Évaluation de différents protocoles de gestion d’incident et de soutien aux employés après un incident grave <p>L&#39;industrie ferroviaire canadienne fait r&eacute;guli&egrave;rement face &agrave; des incidents critiques (IC) associ&eacute;s &agrave; des collisions avec des personnes ou des v&eacute;hicules. Ces incidents peuvent occasionner des blessures graves, ou des d&eacute;c&egrave;s, parmi les victimes, mais aussi des probl&egrave;mes de sant&eacute; mentale chez les ing&eacute;nieurs et conducteurs op&eacute;rant les locomotives. Chaque ann&eacute;e, environ 20 personnes d&eacute;c&egrave;dent lors de collisions avec un train au Qu&eacute;bec et une centaine au Canada. &Agrave; ces incidents mortels s&#39;ajoute un nombre inconnu d&#39;incidents lors desquels des personnes ont &eacute;t&eacute; bless&eacute;es ou des d&eacute;g&acirc;ts mat&eacute;riels ont &eacute;t&eacute; constat&eacute;s. La plupart des ing&eacute;nieurs et conducteurs de train seront expos&eacute;s au moins une fois dans leur carri&egrave;re &agrave; ce type d&#39;&eacute;v&egrave;nement. Ils sont &agrave; la fois t&eacute;moins, victimes, parties prenantes et souvent premiers r&eacute;pondants lorsqu&#39;un tel incident critique se produit.<br />Quelques &eacute;tudes se sont int&eacute;ress&eacute;es aux protocoles de gestion d&#39;IC et de soutien (PGICS) offerts par les employeurs et leurs recommandations visaient souvent &agrave; mettre de l&#39;avant des pratiques visant &agrave; r&eacute;duire l&#39;impact potentiel des IC sur les employ&eacute;s et &agrave; acc&eacute;l&eacute;rer le retour au travail. Par contre, ces protocoles, m&ecirc;me s&#39;ils sont fond&eacute;s sur des &eacute;tudes des cons&eacute;quences des IC et des besoins des employ&eacute;s, n&#39;ont pas encore fait l&#39;objet d&#39;&eacute;valuations empiriques. De telles &eacute;valuations sont n&eacute;cessaires pour d&eacute;terminer les &eacute;l&eacute;ments importants qui g&eacute;n&egrave;rent des effets positifs sur la r&eacute;cup&eacute;ration des employ&eacute;s et pour promouvoir les recommandations fond&eacute;es sur des connaissances scientifiques.<br />Ce projet vise &agrave; &eacute;valuer les PGICS d&eacute;j&agrave; en place au Canada dans l&#39;industrie ferroviaire et leurs effets sur les trajectoires de r&eacute;cup&eacute;ration des employ&eacute;s victimes d&#39;un incident critique et de proposer les pratiques cl&eacute;s pour en r&eacute;duire les effets n&eacute;gatifs.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100968/n/gestion-incident-soutien-employes-incident-grave" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100968/n/gestion-incident-soutien-employes-incident-grave">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100968/n/gestion-incident-soutien-employes-incident-grave</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 31 Jan 2018 20:51:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/01/31/10867.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-01-31T20:51:00Z 2018-01-31 20:51 +00:00 2018-01-31 15:51 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10862 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/01/30/10862.aspx Facteurs de risque Normes Risques électriques Z462-18 - Workplace electrical safety <p>Now in its fourth edition, <em>CSA Z462 &ndash; Electrical Workplace Safety</em> aims to help workers install, operate, and maintain electrical equipment safely and provide additional safeguards to those who work in close proximity to energized electrical equipment. The Standard provides details on recognized methods for identifying electrical hazards &amp; risk assessment, and defines best safety practices and training to help you work on and around electrical equipment.<br />Based on the latest research, and in conjunction with the latest editions of <em>NFPA 70E &ndash; Standard for Electrical Safety in the Workplace</em> and the 2018 <em>Canadian Electrical Code, Part I</em>, the 2018 edition of CSA Z462 builds upon previous editions by including new definitions that harmonize with other safety standards such as <em>CSA Z1000</em> and <em>CSA Z1002</em> and those dealing with arc flash and shock hazards. It also features additional requirements aimed at establishing more robust electrical safety programs.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://shop.csa.ca/en/canada/c221-canadian-electrical-code/z462-18/invt/27029372018" title="http://shop.csa.ca/en/canada/c221-canadian-electrical-code/z462-18/invt/27029372018">http://shop.csa.ca/en/canada/c221-canadian-electrical-code/z462-18/invt/27029372018</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 30 Jan 2018 19:46:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/machines/archive/2018/01/30/10862.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-01-30T19:46:00Z 2018-01-30 19:46 +00:00 2018-01-30 14:46 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10853 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/01/29/10853.aspx Prévention du bruit Réduction du bruit Sound Advice: a Guide to Hearing Conservation Programs <p>Noise is a serious and widespread problem in many workplaces. Over time, if noise from machinery, processes, and equipment is too loud it can cause permanent hearing loss in workers. But occupational hearing loss ca be prevented if employers, supervisors, workers,&nbsp;and WokSafe BC work together to control noise exposure. <br />The most effective way to do that - and to protect workers hearing- is to implement a noise control and hearing conservation program. Such a program is required whenever noise is above regulated limits.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.worksafebc.com/en/resources/health-safety/books-guides/sound-advice-a-guide-to-hearing-conservation-programs" title="https://www.worksafebc.com/en/resources/health-safety/books-guides/sound-advice-a-guide-to-hearing-conservation-programs">https://www.worksafebc.com/en/resources/health-safety/books-guides/sound-advice-a-guide-to-hearing-conservation-programs</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 29 Jan 2018 15:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2018/01/29/10853.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-01-29T15:26:00Z 2018-01-29 15:26 +00:00 2018-01-29 10:26 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10836 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/01/19/10836.aspx TMS Affections Tronc Dos Lombalgie Effets psychologiques et biomécaniques immédiats de deux catégories de ceintures lombaires chez des travailleurs en santé et des travailleurs avec maux de dos <p>Bien que les ceintures lombaires (CL) soient inefficaces pour pr&eacute;venir un premier &eacute;pisode de lombalgie, l&#39;avancement des connaissances soutient leur utilisation chez les travailleurs souffrant d&eacute;j&agrave; de ce mal. Dans la perspective o&ugrave; un retour au travail tardif risque de nuire &agrave; la condition de sant&eacute; des travailleurs, l&#39;option du port de la CL peut potentiellement &ecirc;tre avantageuse, car elle pourrait permettre, lors du retour progressif au travail, d&#39;apporter un soutien psychologique afin de rassurer le patient. Cela pourrait donc repr&eacute;senter un outil additionnel, parmi les moyens entrepris pour intervenir sur les facteurs psychosociaux reli&eacute;s &agrave; l&#39;individu et son environnement de travail, pour faciliter ce retour au travail et &eacute;galement pour aider le travailleur &agrave; se maintenir au travail. Cependant, il importe aussi que la CL apporte un support biom&eacute;canique en mati&egrave;re de stabilit&eacute; m&eacute;canique de la colonne vert&eacute;brale lombaire afin de rehausser la s&eacute;curit&eacute; du travailleur. Deux cat&eacute;gories de ceintures souples permettent un niveau suffisant de confort pour &ecirc;tre utilis&eacute;es en milieu de travail, soit les ceintures (1) extensibles (&eacute;lastiques) ou CL-E; (2) non extensibles ou CL-NE. La pr&eacute;sente &eacute;tude a pour but de comparer ces deux cat&eacute;gories de CL en ce qui a trait aux soutiens psychologique et biom&eacute;canique qu&#39;elles prodiguent, cela autant chez des sujets en sant&eacute; que chez des sujets avec maux de dos (lombalgies). &Agrave; titre exploratoire, il devenait aussi pertinent de v&eacute;rifier si diff&eacute;rents sous-groupes de sujets lombalgiques, d&eacute;termin&eacute;s en fonction d&#39;hypoth&egrave;ses biom&eacute;canique (instabilit&eacute; lombaire) ou psychologique (peurs du mouvement ou de la douleur), pr&eacute;senteraient des effets biom&eacute;caniques diff&eacute;rents.&nbsp; Dans la perspective de l&#39;&eacute;valuation de l&#39;effet du port d&#39;une CL dans un &eacute;ventuel essai clinique, il &eacute;tait n&eacute;cessaire d&#39;&eacute;valuer, aussi &agrave; titre exploratoire, certaines variables associ&eacute;es &agrave; l&#39;adoption &agrave; ce type d&#39;intervention.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100962/n/effets-psychologiques-biomecaniques-ceintures-lombaires-travailleurs-maux-dos" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100962/n/effets-psychologiques-biomecaniques-ceintures-lombaires-travailleurs-maux-dos">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100962/n/effets-psychologiques-biomecaniques-ceintures-lombaires-travailleurs-maux-dos</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 19 Jan 2018 12:49:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/01/19/10836.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-01-19T12:49:00Z 2018-01-19 12:49 +00:00 2018-01-19 07:49 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10790 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/01/04/10790.aspx TMS Absentéisme Méthodes et types d’études Trajectoires thérapeutiques Affections Méthodes non-expérimentales Étude épidémiologique Recherche quantitative Identifying return-to-work trajectories using sequence analysis in a cohort of workers with work-related musculoskeletal disorders <p>Objectives: This study aimed to identify return-to-work (RTW) trajectories among workers with work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) and examine the associations between different MSD and these RTW trajectories.<br />Methods: We used administrative workers&#39; compensation data to identify accepted MSD lost-time claims with an injury date between 2010&ndash;2012 in British Columbia, Canada. Cox regression analyses were used to investigate differences in time to RTW between MSD. Validated day-to-day calendar measures of four RTW states (sickness absence, modified RTW, RTW, and non-RTW) were grouped into RTW trajectories spanning a one-year period using sequence analysis. RTW trajectories were clustered using decision rules that identified a shared trajectory structure. Poisson regression with robust standard errors was used to estimate relative risk ratios (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) between MSD and RTW trajectory clusters.<br />Results: In a cohort of 81 062 claims, 2132 unique RTW trajectories were identified and clustered into nine RTW trajectory clusters. Half of the workers sustainably returned to work within one month. Workers with back<br />strains were most likely to have trajectories characterized by early sustained RTW, while workers with fractures or dislocations were more likely to have prolonged sickness absence trajectories (RR 4.9&ndash;9.9) or non-RTW trajectories (RR 1.4&ndash;7.6).<br />Conclusion: This is the first study that has characterized different types of RTW trajectories of workers with MSD using sequence analysis. The application of sequence analysis and the identification of RTW trajectories<br />yielded a number of key insights not found using conventional cox regression analysis.</p> <p>Source: McLeod C., Reiff E., Maas E., B&uuml;ltmann U. (2017). <em>Scand J Work Environ Health</em>. <br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3701" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3701">http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3701</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 04 Jan 2018 14:00:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2018/01/04/10790.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2018-01-04T14:00:00Z 2018-01-04 14:00 +00:00 2018-01-04 09:00 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10776 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/12/14/10776.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Facteur d'accident du travail Risques dus au bruit Occupational Noise Exposure and the Risk for Work-Related Injury <p><strong>A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis</strong> <br />Objectives: Occupational noise exposure has been linked to work-related injuries. Strategies to control occupational hazards often rely on dose-response relationships needed to inform policy, but quantitative synthesis of the relevant literature has not been done so far. This study aimed to systematically review the epidemiological literature and to perform meta-analysis of the risk for work-related injury due to occupational noise exposure.<br />Methods: PRISMA and MOOSE guidelines were followed. PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar were searched up until 15 December 2016 in English, Russian, and Spanish. Reference lists, grey literature, and expert archives were searched as well. The risk of bias was assessed for each study and incorporated into the meta-analysis weights using the quality effects model.<br />Results: Overall, 21 studies were included at the qualitative review stage: 9 cross-sectional, 6 case-control, 4 cohort, 1 case-crossover, and 1 ecological. Noise exposure was assessed objectively in 13 studies. Information on occupational injuries was elicited from medical records/registry in 13 studies. Meta-analyses showed RR = 1.22 (95% CI: 1.15, 1.29) (n = 59028) per 5 dB increase in noise exposure (Cochran&#39;s Q = 27.26, P &lt; 0.001, I2 = 67%) and RR = 2.16 (95% CI: 1.61, 2.90) (n = 96023) in the most exposed group (&gt;90&ndash;95 dB) compared with the least exposed group (Cochran&#39;s Q = 180.46, P &lt; 0.001, I2 = 90%). Subgroup analysis with meta-regression revealed an overall robust pooled risk per 5 dB.<br />Conclusions: There is a dose-response association between occupational noise exposure and work-related injury risk. However, the quality of evidence is &lsquo;very low&#39;; therefore, the magnitude of this association should be interpreted with caution.</p> <p>Source: Dzhambov, A., &amp; Dimitrova, D. (2017).&nbsp;<em>Annals of work exposures and health, 61</em>(9), 1037-1053.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxx078" title="https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxx078">https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxx078</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 14 Dec 2017 20:23:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/12/14/10776.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-12-14T20:23:00Z 2017-12-14 20:23 +00:00 2017-12-14 15:23 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10768 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2017/12/12/10768.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Facteurs cognitifs et émotionnels Affections Affections non associées au travail Factors associated with return to work in patients with long-term disabilities due to neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders <p>The current study explores factors predicting return to work in a sample of patients with neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders who have attended a prevocational readiness and social skills training programme many years after trauma. Participants were community-dwelling adults with long-term disabilities (N&thinsp;=&thinsp;67). Results of univariate analyses followed by multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that both pre-injury (prior) and post-injury (current) factors influenced the likelihood of employment in our sample: prior employment, current employment readiness, current cognitive competence (particularly memory and executive functioning) and emotional adjustment. Our findings demonstrate that both pre-trauma and current factors interact in predicting return to work not only for individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI), but also for a broader group of patients with long-term disabilities due to a variety of neurological and neuropsychiatric conditions. Thus, our findings provide preliminary support for ongoing long-term management of individuals with long-term disabilities and warrant close attention of future investigators to potential benefits of cognitive remediation, psychotherapy and vocational rehabilitation in terms of maintenance of initial gains and increased probability of return to work many years after trauma.</p> <p>Source: Mitrushina, M., &amp; Tomaszewski, R. (2017). <em>Neuropsychological rehabilitation</em>, 1-19.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/09602011.2017.1395746">https://doi.org/10.1080/09602011.2017.1395746</a> </p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 12 Dec 2017 19:25:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2017/12/12/10768.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-12-12T19:25:00Z 2017-12-12 19:25 +00:00 2017-12-12 14:25 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10765 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2017/12/08/10765.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Affections Maladies chroniques Les pratiques d’orientation en direction des personnes malades chroniques <p><strong>Accompagnement collectif et individuel dans le cadre d&#39;une recherche-action</strong><br />Cet article pr&eacute;sente les pratiques d&#39;orientation individuelles et collectives mises en &oelig;uvre aupr&egrave;s de personnes malades chroniques, dans le cadre d&#39;une recherche-action portant sur les freins et les leviers de leur retour &agrave; l&#39;emploi. Apr&egrave;s avoir expos&eacute; nos ancrages th&eacute;oriques et les choix m&eacute;thodologiques effectu&eacute;s, nous d&eacute;crirons comment des pratiques collectives au sein d&#39;un dispositif d&#39;&eacute;changes et des pratiques individuelles se compl&egrave;tent pour permettre aux sujets de revenir sur leur parcours, de trouver dans le regard des autres un point d&#39;appui &agrave; la mise en &oelig;uvre des strat&eacute;gies individuelles et mettre &agrave; jour de nouvelles potentialit&eacute;s. La dynamique de groupe joue un r&ocirc;le important dans la construction du projet en tant que support &agrave; la transition professionnelle. L&#39;entretien individuel se centre sur la narration des activit&eacute;s, afin de r&eacute;actualiser la perception de soi et l&#39;&eacute;prouv&eacute; des capacit&eacute;s. Lorsque la maladie conduit &agrave; un r&eacute;am&eacute;nagement du parcours de vie, des capacit&eacute;s et des d&eacute;sirs, la construction de projets peut s&#39;appuyer sur l&#39;exp&eacute;rience des activit&eacute;s d&eacute;ploy&eacute;es depuis l&#39;irruption de la maladie : celles-ci sont l&#39;occasion de confronter d&eacute;sirs et possibles.</p> <p>Source: Jo&euml;lle Mezza. (2017).&nbsp;<em>Perspectives interdisciplinaires sur le travail et la sant&eacute;</em>, 19-2.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://journals.openedition.org/pistes/5093%20" title="http://journals.openedition.org/pistes/5093 ">http://journals.openedition.org/pistes/5093 </a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Fri, 08 Dec 2017 13:55:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2017/12/08/10765.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-12-08T13:55:00Z 2017-12-08 13:55 +00:00 2017-12-08 08:55 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10749 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2017/11/27/10749.aspx Outils d'évaluation de la santé Affections Mesures objectives Affections associées au travail Tests quantitatifs sensoriels Modulation du gain auditif central dans une perspective de réadaptation des travailleurs souffrant d’acouphènes <p>L&#39;objectif de l&#39;&eacute;tude 1 &eacute;tait de d&eacute;montrer l&#39;existence du gain auditif central et de le localiser fonctionnellement. Deux groupes d&#39;adultes ayant une audition normale ont port&eacute; des bouchons ou des g&eacute;n&eacute;rateurs de bruit pendant une semaine. Ils ont fait l&#39;objet de tests avant et apr&egrave;s la privation (bouchons) ou la stimulation (g&eacute;n&eacute;rateurs de bruit) sur une batterie d&#39;&eacute;valuation de l&#39;audition contenant des mesures allant de la cochl&eacute;e jusqu&#39;au cortex auditif. Les r&eacute;sultats d&eacute;montrent que le syst&egrave;me auditif module effectivement sa r&eacute;ponse en fonction des conditions acoustiques (privation ou stimulation, quoique plus modestement sur cette derni&egrave;re), et que cette modulation s&#39;effectue non pas au niveau p&eacute;riph&eacute;rique (c&#39;est-&agrave;-dire dans la cochl&eacute;e), mais au sein du cortex auditif, soit au niveau le plus &eacute;lev&eacute; du syst&egrave;me auditif. En effet, aucun changement n&#39;est observ&eacute; en de&ccedil;&agrave; de ce niveau. Ainsi la pr&eacute;sence d&#39;une modulation du gain auditif dont l&#39;origine est purement centrale est appuy&eacute;e par nos donn&eacute;es.<br />L&#39;objectif de l&#39;&eacute;tude 2 &eacute;tait d&#39;examiner si ce gain auditif central peut &ecirc;tre modul&eacute; chez des adultes ayant des acouph&egrave;nes. En effet, chez cette population, il a &eacute;t&eacute; propos&eacute; que le m&eacute;canisme de gain auditif central serait inadapt&eacute; (c&#39;est-&agrave;-dire trop important), et qu&#39;il serait responsable de l&#39;acouph&egrave;ne et de l&#39;hyperacousie, laquelle se d&eacute;finit comme une hypersensibilit&eacute; auditive. En effet, ce mod&egrave;le propose que l&#39;acouph&egrave;ne refl&egrave;terait une hyperactivit&eacute; neurale spontan&eacute;e alors que l&#39;hyperacousie refl&egrave;terait une hyperactivit&eacute; &eacute;voqu&eacute;e par les sons externes. En bref, le gain central auditif serait alt&eacute;r&eacute; de fa&ccedil;on chronique chez les gens avec acouph&egrave;nes et hyperacousie et constituerait le m&eacute;canisme pathophysiologique principal de ces troubles auditifs. Si c&#39;est le cas, un retour &agrave; la normale des m&eacute;canismes d&#39;adaptation du gain devrait se refl&eacute;ter par une diminution de la sensibilit&eacute; observable dans les jugements de sonie de m&ecirc;me qu&#39;une diminution de l&#39;intensit&eacute; de l&#39;acouph&egrave;ne. Dans l&#39;&eacute;tude 2, des participants souffrant d&#39;acouph&egrave;nes sans perte ou avec perte auditive ont port&eacute; des g&eacute;n&eacute;rateurs de bruit pendant trois semaines. Des mesures auditives et psychom&eacute;triques ont &eacute;t&eacute; prises en pr&eacute;intervention, apr&egrave;s une semaine de port de g&eacute;n&eacute;rateurs, apr&egrave;s trois semaines, de m&ecirc;me qu&#39;un mois apr&egrave;s la fin de l&#39;intervention.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100956/n/modulation-gain-auditif-central-readaptation-travailleurs-acouphenes" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100956/n/modulation-gain-auditif-central-readaptation-travailleurs-acouphenes">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100956/n/modulation-gain-auditif-central-readaptation-travailleurs-acouphenes</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 27 Nov 2017 13:46:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2017/11/27/10749.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-11-27T13:46:00Z 2017-11-27 13:46 +00:00 2017-11-27 08:46 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10724 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2017/11/14/10724.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Santé psychologique au travail Determinants of Sickness Absence and Return to Work Among Employees with Common Mental Disorders <p><strong>A Scoping Review</strong><br />Purpose: To present an overview of the existing evidence on prognostic factors of (recurrent) sickness absence (SA) and return to work (RTW) among workers with a common mental disorder (CMD). This scoping review provides information about determinants for SA and RTW, which could be used to develop better interventions aimed at the prevention of SA and promotion of RTW among workers with a CMD. <br />Methods: Relevant articles were identified in PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, PSYNDEX, and SINGLE up to October 2016. In order to be included, studies should provide insight into prognostic factors of SA or RTW of workers with a CMD. We classified all factors according to the domains of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. <br />Results: Our searches identified 2447 possible relevant articles, of which 71 were included for data extraction. There is consistent evidence in &ge;3 studies that previous episodes of CMD, higher symptom severity, previous absenteeism, co-morbidity, high job demands, low job control, high job strain, female gender, lower educational level, smoking behavior, and low perceived general health are predictors of SA in people with CMDs. Earlier RTW is consistently predicted by lower symptom severity, having no previous absenteeism, younger age, and positive expectations concerning sick-leave duration or RTW. <br />Conclusions: The amount of research on determinants for SA and RTW in workers with CMD has increased dramatically in recent years, although most studies are from the Netherlands and Scandinavia. There are some research gaps identified in this scoping review that need further attention in primary and secondary studies. Based on the summary of the evidence, we provide guidance for policy, practice and research.</p> <p>Source: de Vries, H., Fishta, A., Weikert, B., Sanchez, A. R., &amp; Wegewitz, U. (2017).&nbsp;<em>Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9730-1" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9730-1">http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10926-017-9730-1</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 14 Nov 2017 15:35:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2017/11/14/10724.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-11-14T15:35:00Z 2017-11-14 15:35 +00:00 2017-11-14 10:35 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10716 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2017/11/09/10716.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Immigrants et minorités ethnoculturelles Diversité ethnoculturelle Travailleurs vulnérables Le retour au travail des immigrants victimes de lésions professionnelles <p><strong>Les emb&ucirc;ches de la rencontre interculturelle et la pr&eacute;carit&eacute; du lien d&#39;emploi</strong><br />Cet article rapporte une partie des r&eacute;sultats d&#39;une &eacute;tude exploratoire sur le processus de r&eacute;adaptation et de retour au travail en contexte de relations interculturelles. Cette &eacute;tude avait deux objectifs : identifier les strat&eacute;gies mises de l&#39;avant par les diff&eacute;rents acteurs pour faciliter le processus de r&eacute;adaptation et de retour au travail des travailleurs immigrants et d&eacute;crire les contraintes, les obstacles et les aides au processus selon la perspective des diff&eacute;rents acteurs. Des entrevues semi-dirig&eacute;es ont ainsi &eacute;t&eacute; men&eacute;es aupr&egrave;s de 47 r&eacute;pondants : cliniciens, agents d&#39;indemnisation et conseillers en r&eacute;adaptation de la CNESST, employeurs et travailleurs immigrants victimes d&#39;une l&eacute;sion reconnue et indemnis&eacute;e. Au-del&agrave; des barri&egrave;res linguistiques et culturelles, deux facteurs nuisent au retour en emploi des travailleurs immigrants : d&#39;une part, la pr&eacute;carit&eacute; du lien d&#39;emploi freine leurs efforts et mine leur volont&eacute; de consolider leur &eacute;tat de sant&eacute; et, d&#39;autre part, la menace ou la perte r&eacute;elle du lien d&#39;emploi am&egrave;ne une rupture symbolique dans leur processus d&#39;int&eacute;gration. Cette rupture est importante pour ceux qui sont surqualifi&eacute;s pour leur poste, surtout si leur emploi est un passage oblig&eacute; pour acqu&eacute;rir une exp&eacute;rience de travail au Canada et viser ensuite un emploi &agrave; la hauteur de leurs comp&eacute;tences. Le processus de r&eacute;adaptation peut soit se transformer en un &laquo; parcours d&eacute;shonorant &raquo;, soit fournir une occasion d&#39;am&eacute;liorer sa situation sur un march&eacute; du travail discriminant. Adapter les programmes &agrave; la r&eacute;alit&eacute; de ces travailleurs immigrants est possible, mais pose un dilemme moral et &eacute;thique : comment motiver les travailleurs &agrave; se r&eacute;tablir tout en explorant un autre cr&eacute;neau d&#39;emploi si leur lien d&#39;emploi risque d&#39;&ecirc;tre rompu, alors que les r&egrave;gles relatives au droit de retour au travail pr&eacute;voient la r&eacute;int&eacute;gration de l&#39;emploi pr&eacute;l&eacute;sionnel ou tout autre poste jug&eacute; &eacute;quivalent ?</p> <p>Source: C&ocirc;t&eacute;, D., Gravel, S., Dub&eacute;, J., Gratton, D., &amp; White, B. (2017). Comprendre le processus de r&eacute;adaptation et de retour au travail. <em>Alterstice, 7</em>(1), 21-38.<br /><a target="_blank" href="https://www.journal.psy.ulaval.ca/ojs/index.php/ARIRI/article/view/Gravel_Alterstice7%281%29" title="https://www.journal.psy.ulaval.ca/ojs/index.php/ARIRI/article/view/Gravel_Alterstice7%281%29">https://www.journal.psy.ulaval.ca/ojs/index.php/ARIRI/article/view/Gravel_Alterstice7%281%29</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 09 Nov 2017 18:34:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2017/11/09/10716.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-11-09T18:34:00Z 2017-11-09 18:34 +00:00 2017-11-09 13:34 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10706 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/11/06/10706.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Secteur des services de santé Secteurs d'activités Hearing loss associated with repeated MRI acquisition procedure-related acoustic noise exposure <p><strong>An occupational cohort study</strong><br />Objective: To study the effects of repeated exposure to MRI-related acoustic noise during image acquisition procedures (scans) on hearing.<br />Methods: A retrospective occupational cohort study was performed among workers of an MRI manufacturing facility (n=474). Longitudinal audiometry data from the facility&#39;s medical surveillance scheme collected from 1973 to 2010 were analysed by studying the association of cumulative exposure to MRI-related acoustic noise from voluntary (multiple) MRI scans and the hearing threshold of the volunteer.<br />Results: Repeated acoustic noise exposure during volunteer MRI scans was found to be associated with a small exposure-dependent increased rate change of hearing threshold level (dB/year), but the association was only found related to the number of voluntary MRI scans and not to modelled cumulative noise exposure (dB*hour) based on MRI-system type. The increased rate change of hearing threshold level was found to be statistically significant for the frequencies 500, 1000, 2000, 3000 and 4000&thinsp;Hz in the right ear.<br />Conclusions: From our longitudinal cohort study, it appeared that exposure to noise from voluntarily MRI scans may have resulted in a slight amount of hearing loss. Mandatory use of hearing protection might have prevented more severe hearing loss. Lack of consistency in findings between the left and right ears and between the two exposure measures prohibits definitive conclusions. Further research that addresses the study&#39;s methodological limitations is warranted to corroborate our findings.</p> <p>Source: Bongers, S., Slottje, P.&nbsp;et Kromhout, H. (2017).&nbsp;<em>Occup Environ Med</em>.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2016-103750" title="http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2016-103750">http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2016-103750</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 06 Nov 2017 20:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/11/06/10706.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-11-06T20:17:00Z 2017-11-06 20:17 +00:00 2017-11-06 15:17 -05:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10694 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2017/11/01/10694.aspx Déterminants incapacité / retour au travail Système législatif et assuranciel Santé psychologique au travail Compensation Affections Return to work: A comparison of psychological and physical injury claims <p>The report&nbsp;examines the similarities and differences between psychological and physical claims. Two main areas are considered: RTW by potential influencing factors, and employees responses and experiences.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/return-work-comparison-psychological-and-physical-injury-claims" title="https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/return-work-comparison-psychological-and-physical-injury-claims">https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/return-work-comparison-psychological-and-physical-injury-claims</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 01 Nov 2017 13:03:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/readaptation/archive/2017/11/01/10694.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-11-01T13:03:00Z 2017-11-01 13:03 +00:00 2017-11-01 09:03 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10672 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/10/23/10672.aspx Outils prédictifs Prévention du bruit Réduction du bruit Secteurs d'activités Questionnaire GABO (gêne acoustique dans les bureaux ouverts) <p>Le questionnaire GABO (G&ecirc;ne Acoustique dans les Bureaux Ouverts) permet de recueillir le ressenti des salari&eacute;s vis-&agrave;-vis du bruit dans les open-spaces (type de sources sonores g&ecirc;nantes, type de t&acirc;che perturb&eacute;e, &eacute;chelle de sensibilit&eacute; au bruit, perception de leur sant&eacute;, etc.).<br />Il est accompagn&eacute; d&#39;une grille Excel destin&eacute;e &agrave; faciliter l&#39;analyse et la synth&egrave;se des r&eacute;ponses.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=outil62" title="http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=outil62">http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=outil62</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Mon, 23 Oct 2017 17:48:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/10/23/10672.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-10-23T17:48:00Z 2017-10-23 17:48 +00:00 2017-10-23 13:48 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10618 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/09/28/10618.aspx Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Stratégies de mesure de l'exposition Risques dus au bruit Fatigue auditive Mesure de la fatigue auditive chez les téléopérateurs travaillant avec un casque téléphonique <p>L&#39;&eacute;tude a &eacute;t&eacute; men&eacute;e dans 5 centres d&#39;appels (service client, assistance technique et urgence m&eacute;dicale) chez des salari&eacute;s travaillant avec un casque t&eacute;l&eacute;phonique. L&#39;objectif de l&#39;&eacute;tude &eacute;tait de d&eacute;terminer si cette population souffrait de fatigue auditive &agrave; la fin d&#39;une journ&eacute;e de travail et si le mode d&#39;exposition au bruit : sous casque ou exposition environnementale, pouvait influencer la fatigue.<br />L&#39;audition des volontaires a &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;valu&eacute;e avant et apr&egrave;s leur p&eacute;riode de travail par deux tests compl&eacute;mentaires : une audiom&eacute;trie tonale liminaire et le test EchoScan qui s&#39;appuie sur la mesure du seuil de d&eacute;clenchement des r&eacute;flexes auditifs. Les variations de performance &agrave; ces deux tests r&eacute;alis&eacute;s avant et apr&egrave;s la journ&eacute;e de travail a &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;tudi&eacute;e en fonction de l&#39;exposition sonore re&ccedil;ue par l&#39;op&eacute;rateur sous son casque t&eacute;l&eacute;phonique. </p> <p>Source:&nbsp;Venet, T.,&nbsp;Thomas, A. (2017). <em>R&eacute;f&eacute;rences en sant&eacute; au travail</em>, (151), p. 63-69.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/VuDuTerrain/TI-RST-TF-248/tf248.pdf" title="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/VuDuTerrain/TI-RST-TF-248/tf248.pdf">http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/VuDuTerrain/TI-RST-TF-248/tf248.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 28 Sep 2017 19:17:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/09/28/10618.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-09-28T19:17:00Z 2017-09-28 19:17 +00:00 2017-09-28 15:17 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10617 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/09/27/10617.aspx Prévention du bruit Réduction du bruit Normes nationales Réduction de la nuisance sonore dans les bureaux ouverts <p><strong>Un exemple d&#39;utilisation de la norme NF S31-199 en entreprise</strong><br />Dans le secteur tertiaire, les salari&eacute;s des bureaux ouverts se plaignent tr&egrave;s souvent du bruit. Le m&eacute;decin du travail ou le pr&eacute;venteur d&#39;entreprise sont g&eacute;n&eacute;ralement d&eacute;munis pour accompagner une d&eacute;marche globale de r&eacute;duction de cette nuisance. Des &eacute;tudes de terrain ont permis de construire une approche compl&egrave;te permettant &agrave; la fois d&#39;objectiver l&#39;acoustique du local et d&#39;&eacute;clairer les difficult&eacute;s ressenties par les salari&eacute;s. L&#39;analyse de l&#39;activit&eacute; est un point cl&eacute; de cette approche, car les besoins de collaboration<br />ou au contraire d&#39;isolement acoustique sont tr&egrave;s diff&eacute;rents d&#39;une typologie de bureau ouvert &agrave; une autre.<br />Cette approche, d&eacute;clin&eacute;e aujourd&#39;hui dans une norme fran&ccedil;aise, est d&eacute;taill&eacute;e dans cet article et illustr&eacute;e en s&#39;appuyant sur un exemple de la d&eacute;marche engag&eacute;e chez l&#39;op&eacute;rateur Orange. </p> <p>Source:&nbsp;Chevret, P.,&nbsp;Chatillon, J.,&nbsp;Amato, J.N.,&nbsp;Ottaviani, P. (2017). <em>R&eacute;f&eacute;rences en sant&eacute; au travail</em>, (151), p. 43-61.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/InfosARetenir/TI-RST-TF-247/tf247.pdf" title="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/InfosARetenir/TI-RST-TF-247/tf247.pdf">http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/InfosARetenir/TI-RST-TF-247/tf247.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 27 Sep 2017 15:47:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/09/27/10617.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-09-27T15:47:00Z 2017-09-27 15:47 +00:00 2017-09-27 11:47 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10615 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/09/26/10615.aspx Effets sur la santé Atteinte vasculaire Syndrome de Raynaud Vibrations main-bras Physiopathologie du syndrome de Raynaud d'origine vibratoire <p>Pr&egrave;s d&#39;un salari&eacute; sur cinq d&eacute;clare &ecirc;tre expos&eacute; aux vibrations au moins un quart de son temps de travail dans l&#39;Union europ&eacute;enne. Le syndrome des vibrations main-bras susceptible d&#39;en r&eacute;sulter est une pathologie complexe, dont la physiopathologie n&#39;est pas encore totalement connue, associant des signes neurologiques, vasculaires et/ou ost&eacute;o-articulaires. Des travaux de recherche visent &agrave; mieux conna&icirc;tre la relation entre l&#39;exposition aux vibrations mainbras et leurs effets sur les troubles angioneurotiques du membre sup&eacute;rieur, notamment le syndrome de Raynaud d&#39;originie vibratoire, de fa&ccedil;on &agrave; faire progresser la pr&eacute;vention des risques professionnels dans ce domaine. Cet article propose d&#39;en faire une synth&egrave;se non exhaustive. </p> <p>Source: Lecomte, N.,&nbsp;Aublet-Cuvelier, A. (2017). <em>R&eacute;f&eacute;rences en sant&eacute; au travail</em>, (151), p. 23-33.<br /><a target="_blank" href="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/GrandAngle/TI-RST-TC-159/tc159.pdf" title="http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/GrandAngle/TI-RST-TC-159/tc159.pdf">http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/GrandAngle/TI-RST-TC-159/tc159.pdf</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Tue, 26 Sep 2017 15:26:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/09/26/10615.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-09-26T15:26:00Z 2017-09-26 15:26 +00:00 2017-09-26 11:26 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10583 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/09/07/10583.aspx Conduite de véhicules Exposition des travailleurs au bruit Alarme de recul des véhicules Seuil auditif et protecteurs auditifs Équipement de protection individuel et collectif Performance acoustique des alarmes de recul tonales et large bande en milieu ouvert en vue d’une utilisation optimale <p>Ce rapport fait &eacute;tat de travaux portant sur l&#39;audibilit&eacute; et la localisation auditive des deux grands types d&#39;alarmes de recul (tonale [&laquo; bip-bip &raquo;] et &agrave; large bande de fr&eacute;quences [&laquo; pshit-pshit &raquo;]), le fonctionnement des alarmes &agrave; niveau autoajustable et l&#39;effet du positionnement des alarmes sur la distribution sonore &agrave; l&#39;arri&egrave;re des v&eacute;hicules, en vue de favoriser une utilisation optimale de ces dispositifs et de minimiser les risques d&#39;accidents li&eacute;s au recul des v&eacute;hicules. Les deux premiers volets de l&#39;&eacute;tude n&eacute;cessitaient la participation de sujets humains en laboratoire tandis que les deux derniers requ&eacute;raient plut&ocirc;t des mesures de bruit sur des v&eacute;hicules autant en laboratoire que sur le terrain.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100944/n/performance-acoustique-des-alarmes-de-recul-tonales-et-large-bande-en-milieu-ouvert-en-vue-d-une-utilisation-optimale" title="http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100944/n/performance-acoustique-des-alarmes-de-recul-tonales-et-large-bande-en-milieu-ouvert-en-vue-d-une-utilisation-optimale">http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100944/n/performance-acoustique-des-alarmes-de-recul-tonales-et-large-bande-en-milieu-ouvert-en-vue-d-une-utilisation-optimale</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Thu, 07 Sep 2017 12:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/09/07/10583.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-09-07T12:19:00Z 2017-09-07 12:19 +00:00 2017-09-07 08:19 -04:00 4836c0df-51dc-4fe1-ad09-e6b81e2c46f8:10568 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/08/30/10568.aspx Appareils de mesure Méthodes de mesure Vibrations - Généralités Normes nationales Normalisation et réglementation des vibrations ISO 8041-1 - Réponse des individus aux vibrations - Appareillage de mesure <p>Le pr&eacute;sent document donne les sp&eacute;cifications de performances et les limites de tol&eacute;rance pour les instruments destin&eacute;s &agrave; mesurer les valeurs de vibration afin d&#39;&eacute;valuer la r&eacute;ponse des individus aux vibrations. Il inclut les exigences relatives aux essais de conformit&eacute;, ou &agrave; la validation, &agrave; la v&eacute;rification p&eacute;riodique et aux contr&ocirc;les in situ, ainsi que la sp&eacute;cification concernant les calibrateurs de vibration destin&eacute;s aux contr&ocirc;les in situ. Les instruments de mesure des vibrations sp&eacute;cifi&eacute;s dans le pr&eacute;sent document peuvent &ecirc;tre des instruments simples, des combinaisons d&#39;instruments ou des syst&egrave;mes d&#39;acquisition et d&#39;analyse informatis&eacute;s. Les instruments de mesure des vibrations sp&eacute;cifi&eacute;s dans le pr&eacute;sent document sont destin&eacute;s &agrave; mesurer les vibrations pour une ou plusieurs applications, telles que: - les vibrations transmises par la main (voir ISO 5349-1) ; - les vibrations globales du corps (voir ISO 2631-1,ISO 2631-2 et ISO 2631-4) ; et - les vibrations globales du corps en basses fr&eacute;quences dans la gamme de fr&eacute;quences comprises entre 0,1 Hz et 0,5 Hz (voir ISO 2631-1) . Les instruments de mesure des vibrations peuvent &ecirc;tre con&ccedil;us pour effectuer un mesurage selon une ou plusieurs pond&eacute;rations en fr&eacute;quence d&eacute;finies pour chacune de ces applications. Trois niveaux d&#39;essais de performances sont d&eacute;finis dans le pr&eacute;sent document: a) essais de conformit&eacute; ou validation: 1) essais de conformit&eacute;, c&#39;est-&agrave;-dire un essai complet de l&#39;instrument par rapport aux sp&eacute;cifications d&eacute;finies dans le pr&eacute;sent document; 2) validation des &quot;one-off instruments&quot;, c&#39;est-&agrave;-dire un ensemble limit&eacute; d&#39;essais d&#39;un syst&egrave;me de mesure des vibrations individuel par rapport aux sp&eacute;cifications d&eacute;finies dans le pr&eacute;sent document; b) v&eacute;rification p&eacute;riodique, c&#39;est-&agrave;-dire un ensemble interm&eacute;diaire d&#39;essais destin&eacute;s &agrave; s&#39;assurer qu&#39;un instrument donn&eacute; rel&egrave;ve effectivement de la sp&eacute;cification de performances requise; c) contr&ocirc;les in situ, c&#39;est-&agrave;-dire un niveau minimal de v&eacute;rification &agrave; appliquer pour indiquer que l&#39;instrument donn&eacute; fonctionne vraisemblablement selon la sp&eacute;cification de performances requise.</p> <p>Source: <a target="_blank" href="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-iso-8041-1/reponse-des-individus-aux-vibrations-appareillage-de-mesure-partie-1-instrument-de-mesure-a-usage-general/article/875573/fa188928" title="https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-iso-8041-1/reponse-des-individus-aux-vibrations-appareillage-de-mesure-partie-1-instrument-de-mesure-a-usage-general/article/875573/fa188928">https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-iso-8041-1/reponse-des-individus-aux-vibrations-appareillage-de-mesure-partie-1-instrument-de-mesure-a-usage-general/article/875573/fa188928</a></p><div style="clear:both;"></div> Wed, 30 Aug 2017 14:19:00 Z 0 http://comm.irsst.qc.ca/blogs/bruit/archive/2017/08/30/10568.aspx#comments Maryse Gagnon 2017-08-30T14:19:00Z 2017-08-30 14:19 +00:00 2017-08-30 10:19 -04:00